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  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Acquiring L2 Syllable Margins: Studies on the simplification of onsets and codas in interlanguage phonology2001Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with developmental, universal, grammatical, and functional factors involved in the acquisition of L2 syllable structure. More specifically, using speech data from Spanish and Chinese learners of Swedish, the thesis examines the production and development of syllable onsets and codas—that is, syllable margins. In doing so, the present work draws on various theoretical considerations and empirical findings from research on L1 and L2 acquisition, phonology and phonetics, language variation and language typology. The thesis includes three empirical studies, all of which are based on longitudinal conver­sational data. Study I deals with the acquisition of word-initial /sC(C)/ onsets by one native Spanish speaker, whereas Study II and Study III focus on the acquisi­tion of word-final codas by three native Chinese speakers. Study I and Study II both showed that onset and coda length and phonetic environment are influen­tial factors in the production of syllable structure, while sonority may not be as reliable a predictor of production difficulty. Next, both Study I and Study III provide evidence of a U-shaped rather than linear development of pronunciation accuracy. This pattern is interpreted as an effect of initial increase in fluency, with more focus on content and less on form. In addition, Study III showed that L2 proficiency is related to the epenthesis-deletion differential. An increasing ratio of epenthesis-to-deletion is the first-order indicator of increasing L2 profi­ciency during early stages of acquisition, but increased target-like production becomes the first-order indicator of development at later stages. Finally, Study III showed that learners are aware of potential ambiguity resulting from simpli­fication in different grammatical/functional categories. Codas that are essential for the retention of semantic information are preserved through higher accuracy rates and higher relative levels of epenthesis errors.

  • 2.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Development and recoverability of L2 codas: A longitudinal study of Chinese/Swedish interphonology.2001Report (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Bjursäter, Ulla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Effekten av fonologisk träning enligt Bornholmsmodellen på elevers språkliga medvetenhet i årskurs 12001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är en del av en longitudinell studie av psykolingvistisk ålder och språklig medvetenhet hos elever i årskurs 1 på två olika skolor i Vallentuna kommun. I studien har material från de tre senaste projektåren bearbetats. Syftet med undersökningen var att undersöka huruvida fonologisk träning enligt den s.k. Bornholmsmodellen under elevernas tid i 6-årsklass återspeglar sig i ökad språklig medvetenhet och högre psykolingvistisk ålder i årskurs 1. Vidare undersöktes om den fonologiska träningen kan ha påverkat barnens arbetsminne. Två typer av test användes: UMESOL för kartläggning av fonologisk medvetenhet och ITPA, ett standardiserat test av psykolingvistiska färdigheter. Resultaten visar att det finns ett klart samband mellan fonologisk träning enligt Bornholmsmodellen i förskolan och elevernas språkliga medvetenhet i grundskolan. Vidare visar resultaten att även om minnesträningen i Bornholmsmodellen inte direkt påverkat resultaten vid ITPA, så finns det ett starkt samband mellan minnestestet i ITPA och elevernas prestation vid UMESOL.

  • 4.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Introduction to Asian sociolinguistics2001In: Language and Society in Hong Kong, The Open University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong , 2001, p. 1-35Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Aylward, LouiseLevine, Paul
    Language and Society in Hong Kong2001Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Bauer, Robert
    The Hong Kong speech community2001In: Language and Society in Hong Kong, The Open University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong , 2001, p. 1-38Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Chen, Katherine
    The sociolinguistics of Chinese in Hong Kong2001In: Language and Society in Hong Kong, The Open University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong , 2001, p. 1-40Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Chen, Katherine
    Varieties of language2001In: Language and Society in Hong Kong, The Open University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong , 2001, p. 1-29Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Hutton, Christopher
    Media mythologies: The case of triad language2001In: Knowledge and Discourse, Longman, London , 2001, p. 147-63Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Jernudd, Björn
    Language management and planning in Hong Kong2001In: Language and Society in Hong Kong, The Open University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong , 2001, p. 1-41Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Dahl, Östen
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Koptjevskaja Tamm, MariaStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    The Circum-Baltic languages: typology and contact: Vol. 1 Past and present Vol. 2 Grammar and typology2001Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Dahl, Östen
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Kinship in grammar2001In: Dimensions of possession / [ed] Irène Baron, Michael Herslund, Finn Sørensen, Philadelphia, Pa.: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2001, p. 201-225Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13. Davis, Babs
    et al.
    Lindblom, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. fonetik.
    Phonetic variability and Baby Talk2001In: Emerging Cognitive Abilities in Early Infancy, Lawrence Erlbaum, Mahwah NJ , 2001, p. 135-171Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Eriksson, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    Thunberg, Gunilla C.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    Syllable prominence: A matter of vocal effort, phonetic distinctness and top-down processing2001In: Proceedings of EuroSpeech-2001, 2001, p. 399-402Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this experiment, subjects had to rate the "prominence" of each of the syllables of 20 versions of the same utterance produced by men, women and children at various levels of vocal effort. The ratings were correlated with measurements of the SPL of the fundamental, spectral emphasis, vowel duration, F0max and F0 rise from the previous syllable. Together with ratings of the perceived vocal effort at which the utterances had been produced, these measurements were used to obtain the possible contributions of vocal effort, prosodic distinctness, and vowel duration to the perceived prominence. Together, these accounted for half of the variance. This was compared with the possible contribution of the linguistic structure of the utterance, which accounted for slightly more of the variance. The predictions of a model based on this analysis came closer to the mean than the average subject.

  • 15. Glahn, Esther
    et al.
    Håkansson, Gisela
    Hammarberg, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    Holmen, Anne
    Hvenekilde, Anne
    Lund, Karen
    Processability in Scandinavian second language acquisition2001In: Studies in Second Language Acquisition, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 389-416Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Hammarberg, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Roles of L1 and L2 in L3 production and acquisition2001In: Cross-Linguistic Influence in Third Language Acquisition: Psycholinguistic Perspectives, Multilingual Matters, Clevedon , 2001, p. 21-41Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Heldner, Mattias
    Umeå University, Department of Philosophy and Linguistics.
    On the non-linear lengthening of focally accented Swedish words2001In: Nordic Prosody: proceedings of the VIIIth Conference, Trondheim 2000 / [ed] Wim A. van Dommelen, Thorstein Fretheim, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2001, p. 103-112Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Heldner, Mattias
    Umeå University, Department of Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Spectral emphasis as a perceptual cue to prominence2001In: TMH-QPSR 42, Stockholm: KTH , 2001, p. 51-57Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Heldner, Mattias
    Umeå University, Department of Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Spectral emphasis as an additional source of information in accent detection2001In: Prosody 2001: ISCA Tutorial and Research Workshop on Prosody in Speech Recognition and Understanding, Red Bank, NJ, USA: ISCA , 2001, p. 57-60Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Heldner, Mattias
    et al.
    KTH Speech, Music and Hearing.
    Strangert, Eva
    Umeå University.
    Temporal effects of focus in Swedish2001In: Journal of Phonetics, ISSN 0095-4470, E-ISSN 1095-8576, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 329-361Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The four experiments reported concern the amount and domain of lengthening associated with focal accents in Swedish. Word, syllable and segment durations were measured in read sentences with focus in different positions. As expected, words with focal accents were longer than nonfocal words in general, but the amount of lengthening varied greatly, primarily due to speaker differences but also to position in the phrase and the word accent distinction. Most of the lengthening occurred within the stressed syllable. An analysis of the internal structure of stressed syllables showed that the phonologically long segments-whether vowels or consonants-were lengthened most, while the phonologically short vowels were hardly affected at all. Through this nonlinear lengthening, the contrast between long and short vowels in stressed syllables was sharpened in focus. Thus, the domain of focal accent lengthening includes at least the stressed syllable. Also, an unstressed syllable immediately to the right of the stressed one was lengthened in focus, while initial unstressed syllables, as well as unstressed syllables to the right of the first unstressed one, were not lengthened. Thus, we assume the domain of focal accent lengthening in Swedish to be restricted to the stressed syllable and the immediately following unstressed one.

  • 21.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Age and L2 learning: The hazards of matching practical “implications” with theoretical “facts”.: (Comments on Stefka H. Marinova-Todd, D. Bradford Marshall, and Catherine E. Snow’s “Three misconceptions about age and L2 learning”).2001In: TESOL quarterly (Print), ISSN 0039-8322, E-ISSN 1545-7249, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 151-170Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Koponen, Eeva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Klintfors, Eeva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Assessing the Relevance of Prosodic and Phonotactic Cues on Parsing the Speech Stream by Young Language-Learners2001Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study about how one-year-old Swedish-learning infants presumably use probabilistic information, such as prosody and phonotactic regularity, in segmentation of speech. The variables studied were the Swedish tonal word accents I & II and the distributional regularities of within-word and between-word consonant clusters in Swedish infant-directed speech. The results – which were not as clear-cut as the results obtained in earlier experiments on English-learning infants – suggest that 12-month old Swedish infants might be sensitive to prosodic cues to word boundaries: in experiment 1, altering the phonotactics of the stimuli reversed the infants’ preference for word accent types. However this was not confirmed in experiment 2, instead there was a general preference for listening at the accent II words. The results also suggest that 12-month old Swedish infants might not use phonotactic cues to word boundaries to the extent as expected: in experiment 1 and 2, altering the word accent types did not reverse the infants’ preference for phonotactics. Instead, both in experiment 1 and 2, there was a general preference for listening at the within-word stimuli. When compared with earlier research these findings indicate that infants, besides being able to integrate multiple statistical cues to word boundaries, might early in life be assisted by pattern-recognition in speech segmentation.

  • 23.
    Koponen, Eeva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Klintfors, Eeva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Phonotactic and word accent cues for speech segmentation in Swedish one-year-olds2001In: Papers from Fonetik 2001, Örenäs, May 30 - June 1, 2001. / [ed] Anastasia Karlsson, Joost van de Weijer, Lund: Department of Linguistics and Phonetics, Lund University, Printed by UB Media , 2001, p. 90-93Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Two experiments were designed to examine 12-month-old Swedish-learning infants’ ability to use phonotactic and word accent cues to word boundaries. Twenty-five infants were tested using the so-called Visual Preference Procedure. The stimuli were CVC.CVC (experiment 1) and CVC.CVCCVC nonsense words (experiment 2). The word accent of the stimuli signalled either a single word-like unit or two separate units. Also, the cross-syllabic C.C clusters of the stimuli were either typically occurring within words or across word boundaries. The infants looking times at images of objects, presented along the nonsense words, were measured. Compared with results of similar experiments on English-learning infants, the results of the present study were not clear-cut: the infants did not specifically respond to word boundary cues. Instead, a preference for accent 2 stimuli and stimuli with typical word internal phonotactics was found.

  • 24. Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria
    "A piece of the cake" and "a cup of tea": partitive and pseudo-partitive nominal constructions in the Circum-Baltic languages2001In: The Circum-Baltic languages: typology and contact. Vol. 2 Grammar and typology / [ed] Östen Dahl, Maria Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2001, p. 523-568Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Wälchli, Bernhard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    The Circum-Baltic languages: an areal-typological approach2001In: The Circum-Baltic languages: typology and contact. Vol. 2 Grammar and typology / [ed] Östen Dahl, Maria Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2001, p. 615-750Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Larsson, Jenny Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German.
    Proto-Indo-European Root Nouns in the Baltic Languages2001In: Journal of Indo-European Monograph Series, Vol. 40, p. 50-64Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Lindblom, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. fonetik.
    Foreword2001In: The role of speech perception in phonology, 2001, p. vii-xiiChapter in book (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Lindström, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics. La Trobe University, Australia.
    Referring to Space: Studies in Austronesian and Papuan Languages: Ed. by Gunter Senft2001In: Language: Journal of the Linguistic Society of America, ISSN 0097-8507, Vol. 77, no 1, p. 175-176Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Svartholm, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Dövas tvåspråkighet2001In: Språkbitar / [ed] Nystedt, Jane, Stockholm: Svenska Förlaget , 2001, p. 141-143Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30.
    Svartholm, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Sueco Como Segundo Idioma para los Sordos2001In: VI Congreso Latinoamericano de Educacion Bilingüe - Bicultural para Sordos (CD-rom), Santiago de Chile: Universidad Metropolitana de Ciencias de la Educacion y Escuela de Sordos "Dr. Jorge Otto Gabler" , 2001Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Svartholm, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Svenska som andraspråk för döva - vad är det?2001In: Språkbitar / [ed] Nystedt, Jane, Stockholm: Svenska Förlaget , 2001, p. 86-88Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    Size and physiological effort in the production of signed and spoken utterances2001In: Fonetik 2001: Working Papers 49, 2001, p. 164-167Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It is shown that the energy required in order to articulate manual and oral gestures at a given rate varies in proportion with the fifth power of linear body size, while the energy supply varies with its second power. This provides for a better understanding of the differences in peripheralness observed in the formant frequencies of vowels in speech articulated more or less forcefully by men, women and children.

  • 33.
    Vogel, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism.
    Det fördomsfulla språket2001In: Språkbitar / [ed] Jane Nystedt, Stockholm: svenska förlaget , 2001Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
1 - 33 of 33
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