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  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Development and recoverability of L2 codas: A longitudinal study of Chinese/Swedish interphonology2003In: Studies in Second Language Acquisition, ISSN 0272-2631, E-ISSN 1470-1545, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 313-349Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with the development and recoverability of word-final codas in Chinese-Swedish interlanguage. The relation between consonant deletion and vowel epenthesis is investigated from both a developmental perspective and a grammatical-functional one. Longitudinal, conversational data from three Chinese beginner learners of Swedish were analyzed. First, it is shown that for these learners the acquisition of Swedish codas was U-shaped rather than linear such that they exhibited relatively high accuracy rates at early stages, lower accuracy rates at later stages, and again high accuracy rates at more advanced stages. It is also demonstrated that the epenthesis-deletion differential is closely related to second language proficiency in that the proportion of epenthesis to deletion errors increases over time. Furthermore, the data show that word-final codas that are relatively important for the retention of semantically relevant information generate lower overall frequencies of simplification and greater epenthesis-deletion proportions than codas containing information that is relatively recoverable from other segments or features in the context.

  • 2.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Universal constraints on L2 coda production: the case of Chinese/Swedish interphonology2003In: La fonologia dell'interlingua: principi e metodi di analisi / [ed] Lidia Costamagna, Stefania Giannini, Milano: FrancoAngeli , 2003, p. 131-162Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Barndomen – en kritisk period för språkutveck­ling?2003In: Barn utvecklar sitt språk / [ed] Louise Bjar, Caroline Liberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2003, 1. uppl., p. 29-56Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Bell, Linda
    et al.
    KTH Speech, Music and Hearing.
    Gustafson, Joakim
    KTH Speech, Music and Hearing.
    Heldner, Mattias
    KTH Speech, Music and Hearing.
    Prosodic adaptation in human-computer interaction2003In: Proceedings ICPhS 2003, Barcelona, Spain: ISCA , 2003, p. 2453-2456Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    State-of-the-art speech recognizers are trained on predominantly normal speech and have difficulties handling either exceedingly slow and hyperarticulated or fast and sloppy speech. Explicitly instructing users on how to speak, however, can make the human–computer interaction stilted and unnatural. If it is possible to affect users’ speaking rate while maintaining the naturalness of the dialogue, this could prove useful in the development of future human–computer interfaces. Users could thus be subtly influenced to adapt their speech to better match the current capabilities of the system, so that errors can be reduced and the overall quality of the human–computer interaction is improved. At the same time, speakers are allowed to express themselves freely and naturally. In this article, we investigate whether people adapt their speech as they interact with an animated character in a simulated spoken dialogue system. A user experiment involving 16 subjects was performed to examine whether people who speak with a simulated dialogue system adapt their speaking rate to that of the system. The experiment confirmed that the users adapted to the speaking rate of the system, and no subjects afterwards seemed to be aware they had been affected in this way. Another finding was that speakers varied their speaking rate substantially in the course of the dialogue. In particular, problematic sequences where subjects had to repeat or rephrase the same utterance several times elicited slower speech.

  • 5.
    Bjursäter, Ulla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Lacerda, Francisco
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Influence of pre-school phonological training on early reading and writing abilities2003In: 15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS) 2003, 2003, p. 2846-2848Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports a study of the possible impact of pre-school phonological training on first and second graders' reading and writing abilities. Two public schools in the Stockholm metropolitan area were selected. The children were divided in two groups, depending on whether or not they had participated in a phonological training program in their last pre-school year. The children's linguistic and literacy development was followed during their first two school years. Psycholinguistic profiles (ITPA) were obtained for all the first grade children, along with an assessment of their phonological awareness. In the second grade, the children were reassessed to map their reading and writing abilities. Although the results suggested an initial advantage in general linguistic awareness for the children enrolled in the phonological training program, that advantage seems to be quickly overshadowed by social and personal factors such as continuity in the pedagogical leadership and attended school.

  • 6. Diehl, Randy
    et al.
    Lindblom, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. fonetik.
    Creeger, Carl
    Increasing Realism of Auditory Representations Yields Further Insights into Vowel Phonetics2003In: XVth International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Barcelona, Spain., 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Granqvist, Svante
    et al.
    Department of Speech, Music and Hearing, KTH.
    Sundberg, Johan
    Department of Speech, Music and Hearing, KTH.
    Cortes, Elisabet Eir
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Larsson, Josefina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Branderud, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    The front and sub-lingual cavities in coronal stops: An acoustic approach to volume estimation.2003In: Proceedings of the XVth International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Barcelona, p. 941-944Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The subapical cavity has been shown to play a significant role in determining the F-patterns of articulations made with a raised tongue blade. This paper reports quantitative data on subapical volumes for Swedish dental and retroflex voiced stops. These estimates were made by means of an acoustic method using pulse excitation of the front cavity. EPG was employed to determine the place of articulation of the consonants. Front cavity volumes were found to vary in an approximately linear fashion as a function of place of articulation. For retroflex consonants, volumes ranged between 2 and 11 cm3. A lawful second-order effect was observed with front vowel contexts tending to shift the pattern towards smaller, and back vowels towards larger volumes.

  • 8.
    Heldner, Mattias
    KTH Speech, Music and Hearing.
    On the reliability of overall intensity and spectral emphasis as acoustic correlates of focal accents in Swedish2003In: Journal of Phonetics, ISSN 0095-4470, E-ISSN 1095-8576, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 39-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study shows that increases in overall intensity and spectral emphasis are reliable acoustic correlates of focal accents in Swedish. They are both reliable in the sense that there are statistically significant differences between focally accented words and nonfocal ones for a variety of words, in any position of the phrase and for all speakers in the analyzed materials, and in the sense of their being useful for automatic detection of focal accents. Moreover, spectral emphasis turns out to be the more reliable correlate, as the influence on it of position in the phrase, word accent and vowel height was less pronounced and as it proved a better predictor of focal accents in general and for a majority of the speakers. Finally, the study has resulted in data for overall intensity and spectral emphasis that might prove important in modeling for speech synthesis.

  • 9.
    Heldner, Mattias
    et al.
    KTH Speech, Music and Hearing.
    Megyesi, Beáta
    KTH Speech, Music and Hearing.
    Exploring the prosody-syntax interface in conversations2003In: ceedings ICPhS 2003, Barcelona, Spain: ICPhS , 2003, p. 2501-2504Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Age of onset and ultimate attain­ment in near-native speakers of Swedish2003In: Multilingualism in global and local perspectives: selected papers from the 8th Nordic Conference on Bilingualism, November 1-3, 2001, Stockholm - Rinkeby / [ed] Kari Fraurud, Kenneth Hyltenstam, Stockholm: Centre for Research on Bilingualism, Stockholm university , 2003, p. 319-340Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Maturational constraints in SLA2003In: The handbook of second language acquisition / [ed] Catherine J. Doughty, Michael H. Long, Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2003, p. 539-588Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Âge de l’exposition initiale et niveau terminal chez des locuteurs quasi-natifs du Suédois L2.2003In: Acquisition et Interaction en Langue Étrangère, Vol. 18, p. 99-127Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Johnen, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Portuguese.
    Die Kennzeichnung von Handlungszielen durch Modalverben im Deutschen und Portugiesischen2003In: Contribuições para a didáctica do português língua estrangeira: Akten der Sektion “Didaktik des Portugiesischen als Fremdsprache” des 4. Deutschen Lusitanistentages (Universität Mainz in Germersheim), 11. bis 14. September 2001 / [ed] Eberhard Gärtner, Maria José Peres Herhuth, Nair Nagamine Sommer, Frankfurt am Main: TFM , 2003, p. 109-143Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [de]

    Mit Modalverben wie dt. wollen oder pg. querer werden Handlungsziele gekennzeichnet. Auf den ersten Blick handelt es sich hierbei um ein für deutschsprachige Portugiesischlernende unproblematisches Kapitel, scheint doch die semantische Äquivalenz zwischen den Handlungsziele kennzeichnenden Modalverben dt. wollen - pg. querer, dt. mögen - pg. gostar de und dt. werden - pg. ir auf der Hand zu liegen. Die Verhältnisse sind jedoch wesentlich differenzierter. Während im Deutschen mit wollen, mögen, möchte, sollen und werden ein relativ stark integriertes Modalverbparadigma vorliegt und die Modalitätsverben wie wünschen, beabsichtigen, gedenken sowie Lexien wie sich mit der Absicht tragen eher am Rande stehen, verfügt das Portugiesische mit querer, gostar de, desejar, pretender, tencionar, haver de, ir - um nur die wichtigsten zu nennen - über ein stark ausdifferenziertes Modalverbparadigma. Vor allem für Fortgeschrittene ist die Beherrschung der aus dieser Ausdifferenzierung resultierenden Nuancen unerlässlich.

    Hinzu kommt, dass die oben erwähnten Äquivalenzbeziehungen ebenfalls nicht ganz unproblematisch sind.

    In diesem Beitrag wird zunächst ein kontrastierender Gesamtüberblick des Deutschen und des Portugiesischen Paradigmas zu geben, um dann auf einige problematische Einzelfälle einzugehen.

  • 14.
    Johnen, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Portuguese.
    O sistema dos verbos modais em português em contraste com o alemão e o francês2003In: 6º Congresso Internacional do Ensino de Português como Língua Estrangeira, 22 a 26 de outubro – 2001 Acatlán, Est. do Méx., México; Unidade de Seminários do Campus Acatlán – UNAM. / [ed] Leonardo Herrera González, México, D.F.: UNAM, Coordinación de Servicios Académicos , 2003, p. 129-159Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Johnen, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Portuguese.
    Review of: "Arntz, Reiner: Fachbezogene Mehrsprachigkeit in Recht und Technik. Hildesheim: Olms 2001 (Studien zu Sprache und Technik 8)"2003In: Informationen Deutsch als Fremdsprache : Info DaF, ISSN 0724-9616, Vol. 30, no 2/3, p. 146-148Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Juvonen, Päivi
    Stockholm University.
    Tilastollinen metodi ja yksilöllinen vaihtelu puhekielisen aineiston kuvauksessa2003In: Låt mig ha kvar mitt språk: den tredje SUKKA-rapporten = Antakaa minun pitää kieleni : kolmas SUKKA-raportti / [ed] Raija Kangassalo, Ingmarie Mellenius, Umeå: Inst. för moderna språk, Umeå univ. , 2003, Vol. 11, p. 151-166Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Juvonen, Päivi
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Parkvall, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Den flerspråkiga världen i siffror2003In: Låt mig ha kvar mitt språk: den tredje SUKKA-rapporten = Antakaa minun pitää kieleni: kolmas SUKKA-raportti / [ed] Raija Kangassalo, Ingmarie Mellenius, Umeå: Inst. för moderna språk, Umeå univérsitet , 2003, 11, p. 13-32Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Kjellberg, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Talperception hos blinda och seende andraspråksinlärare - ett experiment med tal i brus2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 19.
    Koponen, Eeva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Gustafsson, Lisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Lacerda, Francisco
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Effects of linguistic variance on sound-meaning connections in early stages of language acquisition2003In: Proceedings of the 15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences: Barcelona, 3-9 August 2003. Vol. 2/3 / [ed] M.J. Solé, D. Recasens & J. Romero, Adelaide, S. Aust.: Casual Productions , 2003, p. 1975-1978Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To explore the processes underlying early sound-meaning connections an artificial language was created and used in a series of infant speech perception studies. The subjects were tested using the Visual Preference Procedure. The subjects’ responses were quantified in terms of looking times towards objects shown during the audio-visual exposure. Exposure to speech materials with large variance seemed to curtail the subjects’ ability to establish stable sound-meaning connections. However, reducing the linguistic variance led to successful sound-meaning connections. These results indicate that linguistic variance is one of the primary determinants of sound-meaning connections for 1-year old subjects. The paper will discuss how structural differences in natural language settings may account for the infant’s performance on word learning.

  • 20.
    Koponen, Eeva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Lacerda, Francisco
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Klintfors, Eeva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Final lengthening in infant directed speech may function as a cue to phrase constituents2003In: Proceedings from Fonetik 2003, Lövånger, June 2-4, 2003. / [ed] Mattias Heldner, Umeå: Print & Media , 2003, p. 9-12Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the current study was to investigate whether lengthening of word and phrase final vowels in infant directed speech (IDS) occurs to the same degree as lengthening of word and phrase final vowels in adult directed speech (ADS). The stimuli consisted of vowels embedded in a two-syllable nonsense word that were varied systematically with respect to phrase position and focal accent. At phrase level, the results showed that FL in accented words in IDS was significantly greater as compared to ADS. Earlier studies have shown that young children are sensitive to pauses as markers to phrase constituents. In line with these experiments, the perceptual importance of FL in IDS is discussed.

  • 21.
    Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    A woman of sin, a man of duty, and a hell of a mess: non-determiner genitives in Swedish2003In: Noun phrase structure in the languages of Europe / [ed] Frans Plank, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2003, p. 515-558Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Possessive noun phrases in the languages of Europe2003In: Noun phrase structure in the languages of Europe / [ed] Frans Plank, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2003, p. 621-722Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Lacerda, Francisco
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. Fonetik.
    Phonolgoy: An emergent consequence of memory constraints and sensory input2003In: Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, ISSN 0922-4777 (Print) 1573-0905 (Online), Vol. 16, no 1, p. 41-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    This paper presents a theoretical model that attempts to account for the early stages of language acquisition in terms of interaction between biological constraints and input characteristics. The model uses the implications of stochastic representations of the sensory input in a volatile and limited memory. It is argued that phonological structure is a consequence of limited memory resources under the pressure of ecologically relevant multi-sensory information.

  • 24.
    Lacerda, Francisco
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Gustavsson, Lisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Svärd, Nina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Implicit linguistic structure in connected speech2003In: PHONUM, 2003, p. 69-72Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Larsson, Jenny Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German.
    Deverbative Root Nouns in Baltic?2003In: Linguistica Baltica: International Journal of Baltic Linguistics, ISSN 1230-3984, Vol. 10, no 6, p. 99-104Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Larsson, Jenny Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German.
    Solens bröllop – en baltisk myt med indoeuropeiska anor2003In: Bhr̥ĝhn̥tiáhai, Barjow, Bṛhatyai, Brigti: festskrift til Birgit Anette Olsen på 50-årsdagen den 2. april 2002 / [ed] Adam Hyllested, et al, Köpenhamn: Editiones Olander , 2003, p. 81-84Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Lindblom, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. fonetik.
    A numerical model of coarticulation based on a Principal Components analysis of tongue shapes2003In: XVth International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Barcelona, Spain, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Lindblom, Björn
    Stockholm University.
    Patterns of phonetic contrast: Towards a unified explanatory framework2003In: XVth International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Barcelona, Spain., 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Lindström Tiedemann, Therese
    University of Sheffield.
    The First, or one of the First, Treatments of Grammaticalisation in Britain2003In: Bulletin of the Henry Sweet Society for the history of linguistic ideas, no 40, p. 10-16Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Miestamo, Matti
    Allmän språkvetenskap /General linguistics Helsingfors universitet.
    A grammar of Ma'di2003In: Linguist, Vol. 14, no 3284Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Miestamo, Matti
    Allmän språkvetenskap /General linguistics Helsingfors universitet.
    Clausal negation: A typological study2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 32. Moon, Seung-Jae
    et al.
    Lindblom, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. fonetik.
    Two experiments on oxygen consumption during speech production: vocal effort and speaking tempo2003In: XVth International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Barcelona, Spain, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Parkvall, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Reduplication in the Atlantic creoles and other contact languages2003In: Twice as meaningful / [ed] Kouwenberg, Silvia, London: Battlebridge , 2003, p. 19-36Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Parkvall, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Review of Bob Dixon & Alexandra Aikhenvald (eds.): Areal Diffusion and genetic inheritance2003In: Journal of Linguistics, ISSN 0022-2267, E-ISSN 1469-7742, Vol. 39, p. 652-656Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Parkvall, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Review of John Holm: An introduction to Pidgins and Creoles2003In: Nieuwe West-Indische Gids, ISSN 0028-9930, Vol. 77, no 1-2, p. 193-196Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Parkvall, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Språkekologi i siffror2003In: Låt mig ha kvar mitt språk/Antakaa minun pitää kieleni / [ed] Kangassalo, Raija & Ingmarie Mellenius, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2003, p. 13-32Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Parkvall, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    The rise and fall of French Creole on the Commonwealth Lesser Antilles2003In: Papers in Contact Languages / [ed] Grant, Anthony, Bradford: Bradford University Press , 2003, p. 113-163Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Parkvall, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    The sociolinguistics of young languages2003In: Purism in minor languages, endangered languages, regional languages, mixed languages / [ed] Brincat, Joseph, Winfried Boeder & Thomas Stolz, Bochum: Universitätsverlag Dr. N. Brockmeyer , 2003, p. 141-154Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Schwarz, Iris-Corinna
    et al.
    MARCS Auditory Laboratories, University of Western Sydney, Australia.
    Burnham, Denis
    MARCS Auditory Laboratories, University of Western Sydney, Australia.
    Bowey, Judith A.
    An expressive vocabulary inventory adaptation to Australian English2003In: 14th Australian Language and Speech Conference, Brisbane, 2003, p. 43-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory CDI (Fenson et al., 1993) is widely used to assess early expressive vocabulary development. Its toddler form, Words and Sentences, is validated as a parental vocabulary checklist for 16- to 30-month-old children. The CDI was developed for American English, but has been adapted to assess British (Hamilton, Plunkett, & Schafer, 2000) and New Zealand English vocabularies (Reese & Read, 2000). In this study, the CDI is adapted to Australian English, and various limitations, such as length and imbalance of gender-based items are overcome. This inventory omits grammatical aspects of the original CDI in order to shorten the checklist (see WORDS short form), Corkum & Dunham, 1996) and replaces inappropriate words with Australian English equivalents. This Australian adaptation of the CDI, and its correlations with the original CDI based on approximately 100 children (24 and 30 months) will be presented.

  • 40.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. Fonetik.
    Clicks and the idea of a human protolanguage2003In: Fonetik 2003: PHONUM 9, 2003, p. 1-4Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In an earlier experiment, the effect of the speech rate of a short preceding or following context was manipulated in addition to the duration of a V, C or VC-sequence that carried a quantity distinction in Estonian words. In order to see to what extent and in which sense the observed perceptual effects are language dependent, the same stimuli were presented to Finns and a subset to Norwegians, representing languages with a different or smaller functional load of quantity distinctions. The results obtained with Estonian and Finnish listeners are compatible with a model of speech perception in which variations in speaking rate are reflected in the pace of an "inner clock" by which listeners measure segment durations. More ‘absolute’ and narrow scoped results obtained with Norwegians are compatible with such a model only if the inner clocks of listeners with a less demanding linguistic background are assumed to resist such influence to a higher degree.

  • 41.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. Fonetik.
    IPAKLICK: en fonetisk skrivmaskin / a phonetic type-and-clickwriter2003Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    An on-line phonetic 'typewriter' for use in MS Internet Explorer

  • 42.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. Fonetik.
    Eriksson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. Fonetik.
    Ménard, Lucie
    Perception of speaker age, sex and vowel quality inves­tigated using stimuli produced with an articulatory model2003In: Proceedings of the XVth ICPhS, 2003, p. 1739-1742Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the perception of linguistic and paralinguistic qualities conveyed by synthetic vowels produced with an articulatory model in which transfer func­tions of the French vowels /i y e ø E œ/ characteristic of five growth stages were each combined with five different F0 values. Listeners had to judge the speaker's age and sex in addition to vowel quality. Four subgroups of listeners were distinguished, according to sex and frequency of contact with children. The results were subjected to regression analy­sis based on ctitical band rate (z) and logarithmic values of F0, F1 to F5 and calculated values of F2’. This showed (Z1 -0.6 Z0) to correlate highly with vowel openness and 0.8 (Z4 -Z3) with roundedness in addition to Z2'. F0 and the formants above F1 contributed equally to age percep­tion. There were slight but significant differences between listener groups and there was a tendency to perceive vowels as produced by a younger speaker when perceived as rounded - older when not. This can be understood as due to a choice listeners have in interpreting lower formants as due to liprounding or a permanently longer vocal tract indicative of a higher age.

  • 43.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    Krull, Diana
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    The effect of local speaking rate on the perception of quantity in Estonian.2003In: Phonetica, ISSN 0031-8388, Vol. 60, no 3, p. 187-207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Estonian language with its elaborate system of contrasts in quantity, whose essentials are described in the paper, is used to investigate human perception of distinctive contrasts in the duration of vowels, consonants and larger units. In the experiments reported, the speaking rate of a preceding or following syllable was manipulated in addition to that of a target V, C or VC sequence that carried a quantity distinction in disyllabic words. The results confirmed that the second syllable in such words, in particular the duration of its vowel, serves as a reference, but they showed segments of additional syllables to contribute in the same direction. The results provided no support for ascribing quantity to any larger units than phonetic segments. Speech rate effects of similar magnitude have been observed in Japanese, while effects of the same kind were found to be smaller in Dutch. These differences may be linked with the functions durational contrasts have in the different languages. It appears that listeners have to adapt more fully to variations in the local speaking rate when there are no additional cues and the functional load of quantity distinctions is high.

  • 44.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. Fonetik.
    Krull, Diana
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. Fonetik.
    van Dommelen, Wim A.
    Local speaking rate and perceived quantity2003In: Fonetik 2003: PHONUM 9, 2003, p. 41-44Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In an earlier experiment, we have shown that the local speaking rate affects the perception of quantity of Estonian listeners. In order to see if this effect is language dependent, we presented the same stimuli to Finns and a subset to Norwegians, whose languages have a different and smaller functional load of quantity distinctions. The results obtained with Estonian and Finnish listeners are compatible with a model of speech perception in which variations in speaking rate are reflected in the pace of an "inner clock" by which listeners measure segment durations. More 'absolute' and narrow scoped results with Norwegians are compatible with such a model only if the inner clocks of listeners with a less demanding linguistic background are assumed to resist such an influence to a higher degree.

  • 45. Veselinova, Ljuba
    Suppletion in verb paradigms: bits and pieces of a puzzle2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 46. Wälchli, Bernhard
    Co-compounds and natural coordination2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
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