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  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Inlärningsålder och uppfattad inföddhet i andraspråket – lyssnarexperiment med avancerade L2-talare av svenska2006In: Nordand: nordisk tidsskrift for andrespråksforskning, ISSN 0809-9227, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 9-36Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Ahlgren, Inger
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. Avdelningen för teckenspråk.
    Bergman, Brita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. Avdelningen för teckenspråk.
    Det svenska teckenspråket2006In: Teckenspråk och teckenspråkiga. Kunskaps och forskningsöpversikt: Betänkande av utredningen Översyn av teckenspråkets ställning, 2006, p. 11-70Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Bardel, Camilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages.
    La connaissance d’une langue étrangère romane favorise-t-elle l’acquisition d’une autre langue romane?: influences translinguistiques dans la syntaxe d’une L32006In: AILE : Acquisition et interaction en langue étrangère, ISSN 1243-969X, Vol. 24, p. 149-179Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper considers cross-linguistic influence from previously acquired second languages (L2) into L3 syntax. The object under study is the acquisition of the pre-verbal placement of sentence negation in Italian L3. Data was collected from a group of 16 year-old learners of Italian in a Swedish high school; all were native speakers of Swedish, a language with post-verbal negation in the main clause. One third of the learners only had knowledge of Germanic background languages (Swedish L1, English and German L2), while the other two thirds had studied French or Spanish, instead of German. Since negation is positioned differently in all the previously acquired non-native languages (English, German, French and Spanish), and Spanish is the only of these languages that precisely reflects the pre-verbal placement of negation in the TL, sentence negation offers an interesting opportunity to test the role of the different L2s in relation to the typology factor. The results point at positive transfer from Spanish L2 into Italian L3: the group that had studied Spanish produced only pre-verbal negation, while the students who only had experience of Germanic languages (Swedish, English and German) before learning Italian, produced mainly post-verbal negation together with non thematic verbs. Post-verbal negation was also found among students that had studied French, however to a lesser extent than among those who only had experience of Germanic languages.

  • 4.
    Bardel, Camilla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages.
    Nystedt, JaneStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages.
    Progetto Dizionario Italiano-Svedese: Atti del Primo Colloquio,Stoccolma 10-12 febbraio 20052006Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    How much vocabulary does a second language learner need? How many words do native speakers know? How many words are needed to do the things that a language user needs to do? And – the question that justifies the text of this presentation – What is a dictionary? Che cos’è un vocabolario?, to echo the title used by Bruno Migliorini in 1951, and which is one of the main questions of the 1st Colloquium on the ”Progetto dizionario italiano-svedese”, held at Stockholm University on February 10-12, 2005. The colloquium was sponsored by the Henrik Granholm Foundation and by the Italian Foreign Ministry through the Italian Institute of Culture in Stockholm, and we are deeply grateful for their support. The opening ceremony was presided over by the Vice Chancellor of our University, the Rettore Magnifico Kåre Bremer, the Italian Ambassador Giulio Vinci Gigliucci and the Director of the Italian Institute, Cultural Counsellor Giuseppe Manica.

    The program included the main themes we outlined for this colloquium issues concerning vocabularies, dictionaries and the acquisition of Italian as an L2. We thank our speakers for providing us with their texts, which have been published in a two-fold format, as a printed version and on the web-site of the project: www.fraita.su.se/lexikonprojektet.

  • 5.
    Bjursäter, Ulla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    A Study of Simultaneous-masking and Pulsation-threshold Patterns of a Steady-state Synthetic Vowel: A Preliminary Report2006In: Working Papers 52 (2006): Proceedings from FONETIK 2006, Lund, June 7-9, 2006 / [ed] Ambrazaitis, G. & Schötz, S., Lund: Lund University, Centre for Languages and Literature , 2006, p. 13-16Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study will be a remake in part of Tyler & Lindblom "Preliminary study of simultaneous masking and pulsation-threshold patterns of vowels" (1982), with the use of today's technology. A steady-state vowel as masker and pure tones as signals will be presented using simultaneous-masking (SM) and pulsation-threshold (PT) procedures in an adjustment method to collect the vowel masking pattern. Vowel intensity is changed in three steps of 15 dB. For SM, each 15 dB change is expected to result in about a 10-13-dB change in signal thresholds. For PT, the change in signal thresholds with vowel intensity is expected to be about 3-4 dB. These results would correspond with the results from the Tyler & Lindblom study. Depending on technology outcome, further experiments can be made, involving representations of dynamic stimuli like CV-transitions and diphthongs.

  • 6.
    Brylla, Charlotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    "Sedan lärde jag mig svenska en gång till": Om tvärspråkligt inflytande i tyska inlärares svenska interimspråk2006In: Grenzgänger: Festschrift zum 65. Geburtstag von Jurij Kusmenko / [ed] Antje Hornscheidt, Kristina Kotcheva, Tomas Milosch, Michael Rießler, Berlin: Nordeuropa-Institut der Humboldt-Universität , 2006, p. 17-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Cortes, Elisabet Eir
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Gustavsson, Lisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Lindblom, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Lacerda, Francisco
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    From movements to sound Contributions to building the BB speech production system2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In terms of anatomical geometry the infant Vocal Tract undergoes significant change during development. This research note reports an attempt to reconstruct an infant VT from adult data. Comparable landmarks were identified on the fixed structures of adult articulatory lateral profiles (obtained from X-ray images) and matching infant profiles (obtained from published data in the literature, Sobotta [Putz & Pabst 2001, and personal communication from author Prof. Dr. med. R. Pabst]. The x-coordinates of the infant landmarks could be accurately derived by a linear scaling of the adult data whereas the y-values required information on both the x- and the y-coordinates of the adult. These scaling rules were applied to about 400 adult articulatory profiles to derive a set of corresponding infant articulations. A Principal Components Analysis was performed on these shapes to compare the shapes of the infant and adult articulatory spaces. As expected from the scaling results the infant space is significantly compressed in relation to the adult space suggesting that the main articulatory degree of freedom for the child is jaw opening. This finding is in perfect agreement with published descriptions of the phonetics of early vocalizations. 

  • 8.
    Edlund, Jens
    et al.
    KTH Speech, Music and Hearing.
    Heldner, Mattias
    KTH Speech, Music and Hearing.
    /nailon/ – software for online analysis of prosody2006In: Proceedings Interspeech 2006, Pittsburgh, PA, USA: ISCA , 2006, p. 2022-2025Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Fraurud, Kari
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Boyd, Sally
    University of Gothenburg.
    The native–non-native speaker distinction and the diversity of linguistic profiles of young people in Swedish multilingual urban contexts2006In: Language Variation – European Perspectives. : Selected papers from the Third International Conference on Language Variation in Europe (ICLaVE 3), Amsterdam, June 2005 / [ed] Hinskens, Frans, Amsterdam: John Benjamins , 2006, 1, p. 53-69Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The notion of native speaker (NS) has played a central role in all areas of linguistics, but it is also perennially questioned. This paper aims to contribute to the discussion of the usefulness of the binary distinction between native and non-native speakers (NNS) by exploring a relatively large body of empirical data collected in a study of language and language use among young people in contemporary multilingual urban settings in Sweden.

    Data about linguistic background and practices from 222 informants were analyzed by means of so called linguistic profiling – here involving a number of variables reflecting various nativeness criteria. The resulting complex and varied linguistic profiles display the great diversity among informants. This diversity is presumably not unique to these 222 young people, but can also be expected to be found in other similar contexts. The application of a binary NS/NNS distinction in such contexts will either – if a single criterion is used – result in a categorization of informants into two widely heterogeneous groups, or – if multiple criteria are combined and only clear cases considered – result in the exclusion of a considerable number of language users from the object of study. These observations should also have implications for the study of language variation and change in multilingual contexts more generally.

  • 10.
    Hallengren, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Konsten att översätta en klassiker: Den ’oklippta’ versionen av Thoreaus Walden har kommit på svenska2006In: ANNEX, Scholarly biannual review supplement of AXESS (discontinued), ISSN ISSN:1651-0941, no 2, p. 22-23Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Heldner, Mattias
    et al.
    KTH Speech, Music and Hearing.
    Edlund, Jens
    KTH Speech, Music and Hearing.
    Carlson, Rolf
    KTH Speech, Music and Hearing.
    Interruption impossible2006In: Nordic Prosody: Proceedings of the IXth Conference, Lund 2004, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2006, p. 97-105Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Halvhjärtat åtagande2006In: Invandrare och minoriteter, ISSN 1404-6857, no 2, p. 10-14Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Modersmålsbaserade utbildningssystem, kunskapskapital och ekonomisk tillväxt2006In: Interkulturell pædagogik.: Flere sprog - problem eller resurce?, Kroghs Forlag, Köpenhamn , 2006, p. 25-42Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Hörberg, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Influences of Form and Function on Spatial Relations: Establishing functional and geometric influences on projective prepositions in Swedish2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present work is concerned with projective prepositions, which express the relation between two objects by referring to a direction in three-dimensional space. The projective prepositions have been regarded as expressing simple schematic relations of a geometric nature. A theory of the apprehension of projective relations can account for their meanings when they express strictly geometric relations. However, many studies have shown that the appropriateness of the prepositions also depends on the functional relation between the objects and that a number of functional factors influence the comprehension of English prepositions. This experimental study investigates if the acceptability of the Swedish prepositions över, under, ovanför and nedanför are influenced by functional factors as well, and whether acceptability judgments about över and under are more sensitive to functional influences than judgments about ovanför and nedanför, as has been shown for the corresponding English prepositions over and under, and above and below, respectively. It also investigates how the shapes and the parts of the related objects influence their functional interaction, and how the acceptability of the prepositions is in consequence influenced by the shapes of the objects. It was found that the theory of apprehension can indeed account for the acceptability of the prepositions when the relation between the objects is strictly geometric. It was further found that acceptability judgments about them are influenced by functional factors in a similar manner to the corresponding English prepositions when the objects are functionally related, although judgments about under and nedanför are not differentially influenced by these factors. Furthermore, the shapes and the parts of both of the related objects influence acceptability judgments about the prepositions in predictable manners. An extension of the theory of apprehension is suggested which can account for the functional influences indicated in the present study.

  • 15.
    Johnen, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies. Stockholm University. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Department for Portuguese.
    Modalverben in gedolmetschten Arzt-Patienten-Gesprächen (deutsch-portugiesisch und deutsch-türkisch)2006In: JAMBON, Sabine (ed.): Deutsch in Lateinamerika. Ausbildung - Forschung – Berufsbezug:: Akten des XII. ALEG-Kongresses auf CD-Rom, La Habana; Leipzig: Universidad de La Habana; Universität Leipzig , 2006, p. 1-6Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Johnen, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Portuguese.
    Sprache und Identität bei einer Langue collatérale: der Fall des Pikardischen2006In: Identitätsbewahrung und Identitätsbegründung durch Sprache: aktuelle Beiträge zum frankophonen Raum / [ed] Sabine Schwarze ..., Hamburg: Kovač , 2006, p. 139-166Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [fr]

    La Picardie est souvent tenue pour une région sans identité (cf. Rey 1996 : 1627) et le picard comme presque mort. Cependant le picard - au Moyen Âge encore en usage devant les tribunaux en Picardie linguistique (cf. carte no. 1) et d’une grande vitalité littéraire - est de nos jours encore assez vivace, même si son usage à coté du français (devenant, dès le 16ème siècle, la langue officielle de la vie publique) a été de plus en plus restreint.

    Il se pose donc la question comment le picard a pu survivre face à la dominance quasiment absolue du français, et cela sans une idéologie de la picardicité (pire encore sans être conçu par les propres locuteurs comme une langue, si on considère les dénominations comme le chti, le chtimi, patois ou rouchi). Le picard ne peut donc être vu indépendant du français. Selon la terminologie très porteuse de Eloy (2004), le picard serait donc une langue collatérale.

    Nos analyses de trois méthodes de picard, des contributions de locuteurs de deux émissions de Radio France Bleu Picardie sur le sujet : “Parlez-vous picard ?”, des contributions des lecteurs de la revue Ch’Lanchron (intégralement en picard) et des forums à l’Internet montrent beaucoup de facteurs pour l’attachement personnel et identitaire à la langue picarde :

    - le picard comme patrimoine immatériel de la région, dans un monde qui change

    - le picard comme langue d’identité personnelle, l’expression naturelles des pensées

    - le picard comme langue de plaisanteries, des liens personnels

    - un code secret envers ceux qui ne le comprennent pas.

     

    L’énumération du picard parmi les langues de France dans le rapport Cerquilini de 1999, ainsi que les activités des linguistes d’Amiens et de Lille ont contribué à un commencement de prise de conscience que le picard est une langue et que les parlers locaux sont des variétés de cette langue, ainsi qu’il est un patrimoine culturel de la région et que parler picard est le droit des individus picardisants. La grande question relative au futur du picard reste cependant la transmission de la langue aux générations qui viennent.

  • 17.
    Johnen, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Portuguese.
    Zu Sprechakten der Kontaktaufnahme im Deutschen und Portugiesischen2006In: Portugiesisch kontrastiv gesehen und Anglizismen weltweit / [ed] Jürgen Schmidt-Radefeldt, Frankfurt am Main ; Berlin ; Bern ; Bruxelles ; Wien: Lang , 2006, p. 9-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [pt]

    O artigo pretende dar uma visão de conjunto dos atos de fala que servem para entrar em contato com uma outra pessoa. A análise mostra que convém distinguir os atos de fala empregados segundo as situações.Também torna-se evidente que existe um grau diferente de convencionalização destes atos de fala em cada uma das duas línguas, assim como diferenças de uso das formas usadas segundo a situação. Um outro resultado é que urge considerar também atos comunicativos não-verbais como BATER PALMA, BUZINAR, MOSTRAR A CARTEIRA.

  • 18.
    Johnen, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Portuguese.
    Zur Anrede im Deutschen und Portugiesischen2006In: Portugiesisch kontrastiv gesehen und Anglizismen weltweit / [ed] Jürgen Schmidt-Radefeldt, Frankfurt am Main ; Berlin ; Bern ; Bruxelles ; Wien: Lang , 2006, p. 75-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [pt]

    Este artigo pretende dar uma visão de conjunto do fenómeno do tratamento eda alocução em alemão e português. Atenção especial é dada às tendências atuais, a alocução como ato de fala, as formas básicas da alocução e às funções da alocução. Analisam-se como exemplos conversações entrevendedores e clientes, discussões da televisião entre políticos e entrevistas da televisão com políticos e escritores em ambas as línguas. Enfim, são apresentadas brevemente duas propostas para a didáctica do tratamento e da alocução no ensino PLE.

  • 19.
    Johnen, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Portuguese.
    Zur Begrüßung im Deutschen und Portugiesischen2006In: Portugiesisch kontrastiv gesehen und Anglizismen weltweit / [ed] Jürgen Schmidt-Radefeldt, Frankfurt am Main ; Berlin ; Bern ; Bruxelles ; Wien: Lang , 2006, p. 31-74Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [pt]

    Este artigo pretende dar uma visão de conjunto das realizações lingüísticas do ato de fala de cumprimentar em português e alemão. Atenção especial é dada às fórmulas das rutinas conversacionais e aos atos que acompanham o ato de cumprimentar (e às vezes podem até subtituí-lo) assim como às diferenças culturais subjacentes.

  • 20.
    Johnen, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Portuguese.
    Zur Herausbildung der Kategorie Modalverb in der Grammatikographie des Deutschen (und des Portugiesischen)2006In: Pandaemonium Germanicum : revista de estudos germanísticos, ISSN 1982-8837, Vol. 10, p. 283-337Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study outlines the formation of the category of modal verb within the grammaticography of German from the beginnings in the 16th century up to its "canonization" in the 1st half of the 20th century, showing at the same time some parallels to the treatment of modal verbs in the grammaticography of Portuguese as well as the influence the German grammaticography had on the formation of this category in the grammaticography of Portuguese.

  • 21.
    Johnen, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Portuguese.
    Zur Übersetzung von dt. Soll ich...? im Portugiesischen2006In: Portugiesisch kontrastiv gesehen und Anglizismen weltweit / [ed] Jürgen Schmidt-Radefeldt, Frankfurt am Main ; Berlin ; Bern ; Bruxelles ; Wien: Lang , 2006, p. 171-184Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [pt]

    Mostra-se neste artigo que é necessário analisar as presuposições e os atos de fala para obter a equivalência em português para al. Soll ich....? No exemplo de Soll ich....? torna-se além disso evidente que uma análise minuciosa do verbo sollen não pode ser feita sem uma análise dos papéis textuais (Weinrich 1993).

  • 22.
    Juvonen, Päivi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education.
    Articles, definite and indefinite2006In: Encyclopedia of language & linguistics. [Vol. 1], [A-Bil] / [ed] Editor-in-chief Keith Brown; co-ordinating editors Anne H. Anderson, Laurie Bauer, Margie Berns, Graeme Hirst, Jim Miller, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2006, 2. uppl., p. 484-487Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Circum-Baltic area2006In: Encyclopedia of language & linguistics. [Vol. 2], [Bil-Con] / [ed] Editor-in-chief Keith Brown; co-ordinating editors Anne H. Anderson, Laurie Bauer, Margie Berns, Graeme Hirst, Jim Miller, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2006, 2. uppl., p. 422-426Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Nominalization2006In: Encyclopedia of language & linguistics. [Vol. 8], [Mel-Nya] / [ed] Editor-in-chief Keith Brown; co-ordinating editors Anne H. Anderson, Laurie Bauer, Margie Berns, Graeme Hirst, Jim Miller, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2006, 2. uppl., p. 652-659Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Nouns2006In: Encyclopedia of language & linguistics. [Vol. 8], [Mel-Nya] / [ed] Editor-in-chief Keith Brown; co-ordinating editors Anne H. Anderson, Laurie Bauer, Margie Berns, Graeme Hirst, Jim Miller, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2006, 2. uppl., p. 720-724Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Partitives2006In: Encyclopedia of language & linguistics. [Vol. 9], [O-Pou] / [ed] Editor-in-chief Keith Brown; co-ordinating editors Anne H. Anderson, Laurie Bauer, Margie Berns, Graeme Hirst, Jim Miller, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2006, 2. uppl., p. 218-221Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Possession, adnominal2006In: Encyclopedia of language & linguistics. [Vol. 9], [O-Pou] / [ed] Editor-in-chief Keith Brown; co-ordinating editors Anne H. Anderson, Laurie Bauer, Margie Berns, Graeme Hirst, Jim Miller, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2006, 2. uppl., p. 765-769Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    The circle that won’t come full:  two potential isoglosses in the Circum-Baltic area2006In: Linguistic Areas: convergence in historical and typological perspective / [ed] Yaron Matras, April McMahon and Nigel Vincent, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan , 2006Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Krull, Diana
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Bertinetto, Pier Marco
    Speaking rate and perceived quantity: an experiment with Italian listeners2006In: Fonetik 2006: Working Papers 52, 2006, p. 81-84Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We have shown in earlier studies that the local speaking rate influences the perception of quantity in Estonian, Finnish and Norwegian listeners. In the present study, Italian listeners were presented the same stimuli. The results show that the languages differ not only in the relative position – preceding or following – of the units that have the strongest influence on the perception of the target segment, but seemingly also in the width of the reference frame.

  • 30.
    Lacerda, Francisco
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Gustavsson, Lisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Exploring and learning the consequences of vocalizations in early infancy2006In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2006, p. 3136-3136Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Lacerda, Francisco
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Sundberg, Ulla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    An Ecological Theory of Language Acquisition2006In: Linguística: Revista de Estudos Linguísticos da Universidade do Porto, ISSN 1646-6195, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 54-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An ecological approach to early language acquisition is presented in this article. The general view is that the ability of language communication must have arisen as an evolutionary adaptation to the representational needs of Homo sapiens and that about the same process is observed in language acquisition, although under different ecological settings. It is argued that the basic principles of human language communication are observed even in non-human species and that it is possible to account for the emergence of an initial linguistic referential function on the basis of general-purpose perceptual, production and memory mechanisms, if there language learner interacts with the ecological environment. A simple computational model of how early language learning may be initiated in today's human infants is proposed.

  • 32.
    Larsson, Jenny Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German.
    Marija Gimbutas: Bibliographical article in the Danish National Encyclopedia2006Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 33.
    Larsson, Jenny Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German.
    Secondary Ablaut in Baltic2006In: Meijerbergs Arkiv för Svensk Ordforskning, Vol. 32, p. 174-176Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Larsson, Jenny Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German.
    The Orthographic Variants <oa> and <ea> – Traces of Accent in the Elbing Vocabulary2006Other (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Lindahl, Carolina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    English in the Swedish Legal System and University Law Programme2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a critical overview of the current use of English within legal education and the legal profession in Sweden. In addition, it attempts to characterize attitudes towards the use of English within Swedish law practice. The paper will make use of information obtained from a selection of law firms, the Swedish National Courts Administration and the Swedish Public Office of Prosecution. It will also make use of comments and information from a selection of professionals and other bodies such as the European Commission, the Swedish Language Council and the Swedish Bar Association.  The central aim of this essay is to present a clear picture of the extent to which English is actually used within current Swedish legal practice. It directly addresses the question of whether the level of English that Swedish law graduates are exposed to in their legal studies adequately provides them with the skills required by the professional legal world.

    It is claimed that there is an apparent miscommunication between legal education and its corresponding profession, which is creating a very unfortunate situation for students. In addition, it is suggested that redesigning the Swedish law programme, as a response to the demands of English within the Swedish legal profession, is necessary to properly prepare students for legal practise in Sweden. The law programme must function as a platform for theoretical growth as well as the future, practical success of students. Striving for excellence among students should not be restricted to the theoretical aspect of a subject but must include the ability of students to put their theoretical knowledge to practical use. It is argued that English is a needed supplement in the successful practise of law in Sweden and as such must be an integrated part of the legal education program.

  • 36.
    Lindblom, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. fonetik.
    Rejecting the phonetics/phonology split2006In: Theoretical Linguistics, ISSN 0301-4428, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 237-243Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Deduce sound structure from language use. Anchor theory construction in the universal conditions under which all speech communication must take place. Start from ‘first principles’ and not circularly from the data to be explained (cf ‘markedness’). At the level of the individual user, model phonological structure, not as autonomous form, but as an emergent organization of phonetic substance acquired by each native speaker in the context of socially shared, ambient knowledge. At the population level, model this knowledge as a use- & user-dependent process that undergoes change along the historical time scale. Get rid of the distinction between “phonological” and “extra-phonological”. Here is a key step: Make the ‘intrinsic content’ an integral part of the theory from scratch. Treat ‘intrinsic content’ as the source that helps generate discrete structure and that constrains both synchronic and diachronic phonological patterning.

  • 37.
    Lindblom, Björn
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. fonetik.
    Mauk, Claude
    Moon, Seung-Jae
    Dynamic specification of speech and sign2006In: Dynamics of speech production and perception, IOS, Amsterdam , 2006Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sensory systems prefer time-varying over static stimuli. An example of this fact is provided by the dynamic spectro-temporal changes of speech signals which are known to play a key role in speech perception. To some investigators such observations provide support for adopting the gesture as the basic entity of speech. An alleged advantage of such a dynamically defined unit - over the more traditional, static and abstract, phoneme or segment - is that it can readily be observed in phonetic records. However, as has been thoroughly documented throughout the last fifty years, articulatory and acoustic measurements are ubiquitously context-dependent. That makes the gesture, defined as an observable, problematic as a primitive of phonetic theory.

    The goal of the present paper is to propose a resolution of the static-dynamic paradox. An analysis of articulatory and sign movement dynamics is presented in terms of a traditional model based on timeless spatial specifications (targets, via points) plus smoothing (as determined by the dynamics of speech effectors). We justify this analysis as follows: A first motivation is empirical: As illustrated in this chapter both articulatory and sign data lend themselves readily to a target-based analysis. The second part of the argument appeals to the principle of parsimony which says: Do not unnecessarily invoke movement to explain movement. Until a deeper understanding is available of how the neuro-mechanical systems of speech contribute to its articulatory and acoustic dynamics, it would seem prudent to put dynamic (gestural) motor commands on hold. Thirdly, if the schema of static-targets plus dynamic-smoothing is an intuitive way of conceptually parsing movements, it is only natural that phoneticians should have given many speech sounds static labels in traditional descriptive frameworks. Static-target control in speech production should in no way be incompatible with dynamic input patterns for perception. Once that fact is acknowledged, there is no paradox.

  • 38.
    Mesch, Johanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Sign Language Section.
    Påminner nationella teckenspråk varandra?2006In: Teckenspråk: Sociala och historiska perspektiv / [ed] Karin Hoyer, Monica Londen och Jan-Ola Östman, Helsingfors: Nordica Institutionen för nordiska språk och nordisk litteratur, Helsingfors universitet , 2006, p. 71-95Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Mesch, Johanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Sign Language Section.
    Teckenspråk i taktil form2006In: Teckenspråk: Sociala och historiska perspektiv / [ed] Karin Hoyer, Monica Londen och Jan-Ola Östman, Helsingfors: Nordica, Institutionen för nordiska språk och nordisk litteratur, Helsingfors universitet , 2006, p. 129-143Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Miestamo, Matti
    Allmän språkvetenskap /General linguistics Helsingfors universitet.
    Book review2006In: Studies in Language, ISSN 0378-4177, E-ISSN 1569-9978, Vol. 30, p. 617-625Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Miestamo, Matti
    Allmän språkvetenskap /General linguistics Helsingfors universitet.
    Book review2006In: Functions of language, ISSN 0929-998X, E-ISSN 1569-9765, Vol. 13, p. 277-284Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Miestamo, Matti
    Allmän språkvetenskap /General linguistics Helsingfors universitet.
    Negation2006In: Handbook of Pragmatics: The 2006 installment / [ed] Östman, Jan-Ola; Verschueren, Jef, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2006, p. 1-25Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Miestamo, Matti
    Allmän språkvetenskap /General linguistics Helsingfors universitet.
    On the complexity of standard negation2006In: A man of measure: Festschrift in Honour of Fred Karlsson on His 60th Birthday / [ed] Mickael Suominen, Antti Arppe, Anu Airola, Orvokki Heinämäki, Matti Miestamo, Urho Määttä, Jussi Niemi, Kari K. Pitkänen & Kaius Sinnemäki, Turku: Linguistic Association of Finland , 2006, p. 345-356Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Miestamo, Matti
    Allmän språkvetenskap /General linguistics Helsingfors universitet.
    On the feasibility of complexity metrics2006In: Finest linguistics.: Proceedings of the Annual Finnish and Estonian Conference of Linguistics. Tallinn, May 6-7, 2004 / [ed] Krista Kerge & Maria-Maren Sepper, Tallinn: Tallinn University Press , 2006, p. 11-26Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Miestamo, Matti
    Allmän språkvetenskap /General linguistics Helsingfors universitet.
    Suomi maailman kielten joukossa eli mikä suomen rakenteessa onkaan erityistä2006In: Kielioppi koulussa / [ed] Harmanen, Minna; Siiroinen, Mari, Helsinki: Äidinkielen opettajain liitto , 2006, p. 43-54Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Parkvall, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Brief Note on Valdman (2005)2006In: Studies in Second Language Acquisition, ISSN 0272-2631, E-ISSN 1470-1545, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 515-516Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Riad, Tomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Scandinavian accent typology2006In: STUF -- Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung, Vol. 59, no 1, p. 36-55Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Schwarz, Iris-Corinna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Measuring vocabulary development in Australian toddlers with the Australian English vocabulary inventory OZI2006In: Karitane STEPS Conference 2006: Little steps - big progress: Toddlers, 15 months - 5 years, 2006, p. 15-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory CDI (Fenson et al, 1993), an American English parental vocabulary checklist, was adapted to Australian English, resulting in the Australian English vocabulary inventory OZI, validated for 16- to 30-month-old children. High correlations between OZI and CDI were observed in a first study (r=.99 for 24-month-olds, r=.97 for 30-month-olds), however the OZI assessed the vocabulary of Australian toddlers more appropriately, as the scores were significantly higher than on the CDI. A frequency count for the first 500 words as well as preliminary vocabulary norms for age groups from several hundred children are presented from the ongoing second study.

  • 49.
    Schwarz, Iris-Corinna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Bowey, Judith A.
    Burnham, Denis
    MARCS Auditory Laboratories, University of Western Sydney, Australia.
    Phoneme sensitivity predicts vocabulary size in 2 1/2- to 3-year-olds2006In: 11th Australasian International Conference on Speech Science and Technology: Auckland, New Zealand, 2006, p. 28-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sixty Australian English speaking toddlers were tested in a longitudinal study at 30, 33, and 36 months on vocabulary size, phoneme sensitivity, language-specific speech perception, and articulation accuracy. Vocabulary size was measured with the Australian English adaptation of the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory and the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test III. Phoneme Sensitivity (PS) comprised scores from mispronunciation detection, rhyme detection, and nonword repetition tasks. Language Specific Speech Perception (LSSP) was calculated by subtracting the score for nonnative speech perception from the native score, indicating the degree of specialisation in the native language. Articulation accuracy (AA) was measured with an adaptation of the Queensland Articulation Test. Results showed (i) linear improvements in all new measures, appropriately depicting the developmental trend; (ii) significant correlations between AA and vocabulary size; (iii) predictability of vocabulary size by PS and vice versa at 30, 33, and 36 months. The results provide further evidence for the important role phoneme-sensitive speech perception plays in the process of lexical acquisition.

  • 50.
    Schwarz, Iris-Corinna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Burnham, Denis
    MARCS Auditory Laboratories, University of Western Sydney, Australia.
    New measures to chart toddlers' speech perception and language development: A test of the lexical restructuring hypothesis2006In: 9th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing: Interspeech 2006 Pittsburgh, PA, 2006, p. 89-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Language acquisition factors at work in toddlers between 2 1/2 and 3 years of age were investigated in the first longitudinal study of this kind. New age-appropriate tasks were devised to measure the development of vocabulary size; articulation accuracy, sensitivity to the phonemic features of, in this case, Australian English; and the degree of specialisation towards the native tongue, as measured by language-specific speech perception; LSSP, with 45 Australian English learning toddlers (18 male, 27 female) at 30, 33, and 36 months of age. Results indicated that (i) that nearly all measures improved linearly over age; (ii) that there were significant correlations between articulation ability and vocabulary size; and (iii) that, in confirmation of the lexical restructuring hypothesis, vocabulary size is significantly predicted by the broad range of native language abilities under the rubric of phoneme sensitivity, but not under the more specific measure of LSSP.

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