Ändra sökning
Avgränsa sökresultatet
12 1 - 50 av 61
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Träffar per sida
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
Markera
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1.
    Almgren, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will focus on the actions taken by a translator to rid a children’s book of sexist content. First of all the sexist content in the book is located by studying the criticism (of sexist content) the book in question has received since it was published. By using the translation theory of shifts these actions will be exemplified and further discussed by the use of other translation theories.

    With the translator’s actions in focus certain translation strategies will be compared to the ones taken by the translator of the book. The shifts made in the translation will be located, presented and explained. Finally a discussion, of the problems occurring when editing a translation in order to change the effect on the reader and about the responsibilities of translators, will follow.

  • 2.
    Alp, Efrim Daniel
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Swedish Upper-secondary school students’ exposure to and acquisition of the English language2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this sociolinguistic essay was to investigate differences and similarities between how the English language is encountered and used in a suburban school compared to an inner-city school. Moreover, the primary material was collected with the use of a questionnaire, answered by 22 and 26 students between the ages of 16-19 years old from two upper-secondary schools. The results obtained from this study highlight that the students irrespective of their social backgrounds encountered and used the English language in similar ways. However, in relation to the acquisition of the language, the results highlighted that the students who came from a high socio-economic background had an advantage compared to their peers who shared an immigrant or migrant background in the sense that they to a higher extent came from an academic household which can be beneficial regarding language exposure and acquisition. Nevertheless, the differentiating factors behind that advantage were reduced to some extent by the role of social media.

  • 3.
    Andrea, Mogren
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    “It’s kinda intriguing”: A study of assertiveness and non-assertiveness in relation to gender stereotypes at a Swedish university2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The following study investigates if there are any differences in formulating questions and answers in an assertive or non-assertive way between the sexes that could be related to gender stereotypes. The material consists of audio-visual recordings, field notes and a transcription of the recordings, which were recorded and collected at a Swedish university. Four classes with a total of 71 students and four teachers where observed and recorded. The material was analysed and then sorted into categories of answers, questions, sex of the participant, participant role (i.e. student or teacher), assertiveness and non-assertiveness. The results show that although there are some differences between the sexes and different classes, these differences are not great enough to be related to gender stereotypes and are usually due to some circumstance related to the context of the present study instead.

  • 4.
    Asgharirad, Saeideh
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Applying Cognitive Linguistics to L2 Acquisiton: the Case of Over: An Experimental Approach to L2 Acquisition2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Many researchers have recently shown interest to Cognitive Linguistics and its potential intuitions for second language acquisition. There are several discussions and analysis (e.g., Tyler & Evans, 2003) regarding the complexity of interpreting the semantics of English prepositions and whether the distinct meanings associated with a single preposition are systematically related or not. Cognitive linguistics offers a promising analysis to L2 acquisition of prepositions, since it argues that the extended meanings associated with a single preposition are systematically related, and L2 speakers can learn them incrementally. Therefore, this study aims to explore the utility of using a cognitive linguistic based approach to evaluate the accessibility of Persian speakers of English to associated senses with the spatial preposition over. We offer an experimental approach in this study in which we use a cognitive linguistic based methodology to find out if the Persian speakers of English will make significant progresses in identifying the multiple senses of prepositions. Then, we discuss the reason why this approach can account the findings.

     

  • 5.
    Björklund, Ylva
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    Att hantera referenser: En jämförande fallstudie med särskilt fokus på teckenspråksanvändare med sen inlärning av sitt förstaspråk2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med denna jämförande studie vill jag se och jämföra hur tre individer med olika språklig bakgrund och olika förutsättningar att lära svenskt teckenspråk hanterar referenser i en narrativ berättelse. Med särskilt fokus på en döv informant som lärt sig teckenspråk först i vuxen ålder och i jämförelse med en döv med tidig inlärning av teckenspråk som förstaspråk samt en hörande som lärt sig teckenspråk som andraspråk som vuxen har jag tittat på teckenspråkets olika sätt att referera. De tre informanterna har återberättat samma korta filmklipp vilket underlättat en någorlunda rättvis jämförelse. Syftet är att se vilka likheter och skillnader de har i referenshanteringen. Filmerna har transkriberats i ELAN för att sedan plocka ut de olika sätten att referera och jämföra dem inbördes. Resultatet visar på både skillnader och likheter mellan de tre informanterna. Resultatet bekräftar till viss del tidigare forskning och visar att det finns relevant referensmarkering särskilt i de imiterande delarna, i modifierade verb och i blickvridning och kroppsvridning.

  • 6.
    Bohman, Rickard
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    Tycker du om dem här?: En sociolingvistisk undersökning av högskolestudenters attityder till olika former av språkbruk2012Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 7.
    Bouveng, Anne
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Awareness of English varieties among Swedish secondary school pupils2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay reports on a study concerning awareness of English varieties among Swedish secondary school pupils. The aim is to find out whether Swedish secondary school pupils are aware of the differences between English varieties as regards pronunciation, spelling and vocabulary. In addition, the study aims at finding out whether pupils believe in preferences in their environment for any particular variety and what might be influencing their own preferences of English varieties.

     

    The study is questionnaire-based and the respondents are all pupils in two 8th grade classes in Stockholm. The pupils seem to believe that they are aware of the differences between varieties, although only a little more than half of the respondents claim that this includes differences in vocabulary. High recognition is claimed for Indian, Scottish and Australian English.

     

    As to preferences, British and American English dominate. Possible influences may be English textbooks claimed by the pupils to prefer mainly British English. Even English teachers are believed to have preferences mainly for British English but also American English. To the extent that friends are believed to have a preference, it is for American English. Less strong influences seem to come from the Internet, parents and school. The pupils seem to be exposed to English varieties to some extent, but apparently receive little explicit teaching which could increase awareness of English varieties.

  • 8.
    Collantes, Sebastian
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Scrutinizing the use of online data: A critical study of the use of online forum texts in research2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The Internet has given researchers a convenient and accessible tool for collecting data. It enables researchers to find natural occurring language that gives them the opportunity to save time and partake of various advantages the Internet has to offer. Web forums are deep and complex message boards occupied by online communities. These web forums are a rich source for collecting naturally occurring language that can be used for various sorts of research. Several researchers have shown that these web forums have a generous amount of advantages when used as data (Yates, 1996; Hsiung, 2000; Joinson, 2001; Im & Chee, 2006; Newhagen & Rafaeli, 2006; Misoch, 2015). However, it is equally important to understand the nature of the flaws that web forum texts as data may have. The notion of anonymity and the overrepresentation of a certain demographic groups may mislead incautious researchers collecting data from web forums.

    This paper aims to analyse several research articles which uses web forum texts as data within two different disciplines, health and social care and linguistics, in addition to classifying them as either high-stakes or low-stakes research. The goal is to investigate how researchers handle possible limitations and risks of such data. Initial results showed that high-stakes are more thorough when discussing and reporting concerns regarding their data. Evidently, health and social care high-stakes research articles reported more concerns than linguistics research articles. Several recommendations based on these results were made in the end of the paper for researchers to use when conducting research based on web forum texts.

  • 9.
    Dervisevic, Melisa
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    A Comparative Study of Possible Early Bilingual Advantages in EFL Writing2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This project involved a quantitative study of written proficiency in the English Language of early balanced bilingual Bosnian/Swedish learners of English as a Foreign Language (EFL). 15 early bilingual Bosnian/Swedish EFL learners were recruited for the study and matched with their respective control groups of intermediate-advanced EFL learners (15 speakers of Bosnian as their first language (L1) and 15 speakers of Swedish as their L1). Prior to the experimental task, the participants and their respective controls were asked to self-assess their linguistic skills on a 6-point Likert scale, then they were instructed to write a reflective text in English without prior preparation about the most significant invention of the 20th century. The written data were analyzed in L2 Syntactic Complexity Analyzer and TL software programs respectively. Data analysis involved measures of syntactical and lexical complexity, specifically t-units and type token ratio. It was found that the participants’ written data were characterized by superior type token ratio values as well as by superior T-units scores.

  • 10.
    Dicle, Ramazan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Location events in bilingual Danish and Turkish language contact: A comparative analysis of location events in Danish, Turkish and bilingual use of the two languages2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Location events can be mainly described as the relationship setting up the location of a particular object(s) in relation to the other object(s). Location events are akin to motion events whose typology is well studied in the literature especially in the work of Talmy (1991, 2000), but differ from them in that ‘motion events’ focuses on the motion, while location events focuses on the spatial relationships between the Figure, object that is being located, and the Ground, object(s) that conform to the location of the Figure. Languages express these locative relationships differently. This study analyzes how two typologically different languages, Turkish and Danish, express the location events and how bilingual speakers of these two languages express location events in both Danish and Turkish. The study utilizes quantitative and qualitative tools to analyze the data gathered from the picture based elicitation from the monolingual and bilingual speakers. The study suggests that language contact in bilingual Turkish and Danish has a major role in the operating typology of the two languages and in the encoding of the spatial relationships in location events.

  • 11.
    Eklås Tejman, Claudia
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för datorlingvistik.
    Automatisk citatidentifiering för nyhetstext på svenska2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Svenskans strategier för att markera citat skiljer sig från många av de övriga europeiska språkens. Eftersom de flesta system för automatisk citatidentifiering är utvecklade för engelska, var det angeläget att utveckla ett system speciellt anpassat för svensk text. En manuellt annoterad guldstandard bestående av 100 citat från SUC 3.0 och 206 citat från rå webbnyhetstext sammanställdes för att analysera citatens syntaktiska struktur och markeringsmönster. Markeringsmönstren användes sedan för att utveckla ett regelbaserat system för citatextrahering. Systemet uppnådde en F-score på 0,79 för partiella matchningar i den oredigerade nyhetstext som innehöll guldstandardcitaten. 13 av 19 markeringsmönster identifierades helt eller delvis av reglerna. Dock kunde systemet inte avgöra om citaten fortsatte efter anföringsfrasen eller ej, då nytt stycke inte fanns utmärkt i den råa textdatan.

  • 12.
    Fröderberg Shaiek, Christopher
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    The Distribution and Spread of English Loanwords: Some Indications from Written Bangla in Articles concerned with Science, Culture, Lifestyle, and Religion.2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    English has served as a donor language of loanwords to many different languages in the world. One of these languages is Bangla. Despite the importance of the English influence on Bangla, few researchers have investigated English loanwords in Bangla and even fewer have looked at the distribution of them between different categories such as science, lifestyle, culture, and religion. The purpose of the present study was to establish whether the distribution of English loanwords varied between these categories, how these results would relate to findings in other languages, and what this would tell us about word-formation processes in relation to English loanwords in general. Articles related to these categories were found and analyzed to find English loanwords which were at the same time counted manually and compared with the overall amount of words in each article. The results showed a clear tendency for a higher number of English loanwords in texts concerned with the topic of science, followed by; lifestyle, culture; and lastly religion; the differences were statistically significant. These findings were also similar to what has been shown in other languages. Future research should aim to include a larger, more balanced sample, but also having a more reliable method of collecting and analyzing texts and words.

  • 13.
    Ghebre, Adi
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Negation in Tigrinya: An Afro-Semitic language2009Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Tigrinya is one of the Afro Semitic languages, traditionally classified as North Ethiopic, and spoken in Eritrean and Northern Ethiopia. In this work Tigrinya negation particles were investigated and analyzed. with the main aim to emphasise distribution of negation particles in different word classes in the language. It is designed to provide some analysis of how the North Afro Semitic languages are related, with some descriptions about how they have different distribution of negation forms. Some linguistic ideas in using Tigrinya negation by comparing it with its sister languages are also given.

  • 14.
    Glaas, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Ett smärtsamt uppsatsvärk: Smärta, värk och ont på svenska2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Smärta kan uttryckas olika beroende på språk och smärtupplevare. Denna studie syftar till att närma sig det svenska språkets smärtuttryck, och baseras på tidigare studier utförda på både svenska och grekiska. Frågor skrivna av smärtupplevare till både läkare och allmänhet, samt bloggar av mer berättande natur fick bilda en korpus uppdelat i tre skilda genrer, där det fokuserades först och främst på de primära smärtorden smärta, värk och ont. Smärtuttrycken analyserades för att ge information om hur gemene man med olika smärtbakgrund tenderar att uttrycka fysisk smärta beroende på mottagare och situation; om det finns någon variation genrerna emellan. Resultaten visade bland annat att val av smärtord till viss del styrs av uppfattning om tidsaspekt, intensitet och även på smärtans lokalisering i kroppen. Hur smärtupplevarna sedan väljer att verbalt uttrycka smärtan skiljer något mellan genrerna, vilket kan bero på hur de ser på sin egen smärta; som en sak, process eller kvalitet.

  • 15.
    Golmann, Stella
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    General L2 Proficiency and Spoken Word Recognition2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This essay concerns the ability of advanced L2 users of English to recognise spoken words in a noisy environment. Its main objective is to see whether there exists any correlation between the proficiency level of an advanced user of L2 English and his/her ability to recognise spoken words. Twenty students in the English Department at Stockholm University were given several proficiency tests as well as a test of spoken word recognition. The spoken words were embedded in a “cocktail party” background noise. The central research question is whether proficiency levels (as reflected in the tests) are related to levels of ability to recognise words in a noisy input situation.

    A secondary goal of this essay is to identify the phonemes that seemed most difficult for the informants to recognise in a noisy environment.

    The results indicate that general L2 proficiency, as measured by three types of tests (vocabulary knowledge, written word recognition, reading comprehension) has no impact on a subjects’ ability to recognise spoken words in a noisy environment. The results also indicate that some phonemes were more difficult to recognise than others. Furthermore, the analysis of mishearings indicate that in doublets (words where both the noun forms and the verb forms were given), the words with first syllable stress (nouns) were correctly recognised considerably more often than words with second syllable stress (verbs). For words with only a single form the stress pattern did not seem to influence recognition. Several lines of future research are discussed.

  • 16.
    Gustafsson, Sara
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Motivation in L2 and L3 learning: A comparative study of Finnish students learning English and Swedish as compulsory school subjects1990Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Motivation has long been recognised to function as a crucial part in language learning. Nonetheless, the linguistic complexity of simultaneous L2 learning as well as L3 learning has been largely overlooked in motivational studies and only a few researchers, such as Dörnyei and his associates (2005) as well as Henry (2011; 2012; 2014), have conducted studies concerning the issue and point to the need of more research in the field. The current study investigates motivation in simultaneous foreign language learning, focusing on Finnish high school students learning English and Swedish as compulsory subjects in school. The study compares the students’ motivation to learn the two target languages and attempts to find explanation to the appearing differences by analysing the collected data in terms of Dörnyei’s (2005) Motivational Self System, which includes the concepts of ideal L2 self, ought-to L2 self and L2 learning experience. Twelve 14-year-old high school students in Åbo area participated in completing a questionnaire and five of these students were asked to take part in a focus group interview. The questionnaire and interview results show generally a more positive attitude towards learning English in all the investigated motivational dimensions in comparison to Swedish. Ought-to L2 self and ideal L2 self were found to be important elements forming the students’ motivation to learn English, ideal L2 self being the stronger motivator of the possible selves. However, the students’ motivation to learn Swedish is merely dominated by ought-to self, and it appears the main factors causing the students’ demotivation to learn Swedish is the difficulty of the language, learning experience as well as lack of instrumentality and contact with the language. Unlike shown in previous research, the current study found the dominating ideal-self in English and ought-to self in Swedish to cause highly similar levels of learning success in the languages, despite the difference in strength of the possible selves in English and Swedish.  

  • 17.
    Hultgren, Annie
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    An Analysis of Rhetorical Devices, with the Focus on Schemes and Repetition, in the Two Speeches “We Shall Fight on the Beaches” and “Invasion of France” by Winston Churchill2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This investigation analyzes two speeches, namely “We Shall Fight on the Beaches” and “Invasion of France”, by Winston Churchill from a semantic point of view. The main focus is on the intra-linguistic components. The aim of this study is to find what kinds of rhetorical devices are used in both speeches, if the rhetorical devices are similar or different when comparing the two speeches, analyze what function the prominent figures of speech have in the speeches, and lastly what the general rhetorical effect of the devices chosen is. This was done by looking at the factually descriptive, the interpersonal, the affective, the poetic, and the textual function. Note that (language) function and (language) meaning are synonymous in this work. Another theoretical framework includes classical rhetoric.

    In “We Shall Fight on the Beaches”, the following was discovered in the poetic meaning. The first characteristic was the use of coordinating two words that are from the same lexical field. The second is about building up a factual scenario in the sentences. The third aspect is about repetition, including parallelism. The last characteristic is the schematic phonological features found throughout the speech, with alliteration as the most noticeable feature.

    In “Invasion of France”, quite similar rhetorical strategies were found. Within the poetic meaning, the use of coordinating two words from the same lexical field was used. The use of repetition, especially the use of verbatim, was also found. The most prominent trope found was the noticeable instances of metaphor.

    Different kinds of rhetorical devices were found in the four other language functions and in classical rhetoric in both speeches. Mostly, they had similar functions and patterns. On the whole, the devices containing potential of rhetorical force used in the speeches make the speeches more coherent, reasonable, smooth, and ultimately more persuasive. All rhetorical aspects contribute in some way to making the speech more convincing, perhaps especially the parallelistic schematic repetitions, which was the main focus of this study.

    Note: italicised words are used to highlight terminology or examples of Churchill’s speech throughout the essay.

  • 18.
    Johansson, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Young learners’ perceptions of and attitudes towards learning English during their first year of English L2 education: A comparative study conducted in rural and urban areas in Sweden2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates perceptions of and attitudes towards English second language [L2] acquisition among primary school pupils in rural and urban areas in Sweden. Sixteen children facing their first year of English L2 education took part in the study and all participants had been settled in the target area for more than 5 years. Data was collected through individual interviews with the children (Patton, 2002) and a parental questionnaire that was constructed for their respective parents. The interview questions were designed to elicit children’s perceptions of English L2 education and to allow expression of their attitudes towards learning the language.  The questionnaire was constructed to attain information about each child’s linguistic background and language exposure, and to identify patterns of external factors which could be traced in each child’s personal perception and attitude. The interviews provided information that confirmed a slight difference between the urban and rural children; the urban participants had a higher ability to picture a future English speaking self and showed evidence of a more positive attitude towards the importance of acquiring English. These results did not correspond with results from the questionnaire. However, parents’ level of education in correlation with their own views of the importance of English proficiency revealed a potential link with differing results found between the children. Overall, the majority of participants expressed awareness of the establishment of English as a lingua franca and emphasised its usefulness in Swedish society. Nevertheless, due to the nature of the study and working with children of a young age the results must be treated with caution.

  • 19.
    Jurkowski, Cassandra
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    A Lexical Field Analysis of Culture-Specific Vocabulary Items in Australian English: With an Examination of Comparable Word Senses in American and British English2008Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    This essay presents a study of culture-specific vocabulary in Australian English (AusE) in the lexical fields of living spaces and family relations. It also examines how the senses of the chosen words used by AusE speakers correspond to comparable word senses used by British English (BrE) and American English (AmE) speakers respectively. The empirical material for the essay was collected through questionnaires filled in by native AmE, BrE and AusE speakers. 95 questionnaires were completed in total with 65 AusE, 20 BrE and 10 AmE informants taking part. Further interviews were carried out via telephone with 10 speakers from each English variety. A lexical field analysis was then carried out on the nouns apartment, flat and unit in the lexical field of living spaces and the word olds in the lexical field of family relations. These nouns are discussed in terms of sense relations, attitudinal meaning and figures of speech.

    Answers from the questionnaires and interviews revealed significant differences between the informants of each English variety as regards the use and the senses of the nouns being analysed. For example, for the English translation of the Swedish word lägenhet, AmE speakers would normally use apartment, while BrE speakers would normally use flat and AusE speakers use unit. BrE and AusE speakers also use apartment as a word for a living space but associate it with higher standards of living. AusE speakers further tend to associate flat with lower standards of living. Syntagmatic sense relations also show differences as regards how the studied lexical items in the lexical field of living spaces are used in word combinations.

    Words used in place of parents also showed differences among the three English varieties. The AusE speakers hardly use the word folks as much as the BrE speakers and especially not as much as the AmE speakers. The AusE speakers in this study are more likely to use olds, which is a word that demonstrates the use of mockery in Australian culture. Olds can be best understood as a figure of speech. It is a straightforward example of metonymy, but also has metaphoric and hyperbolic qualities.

    Generally, this study shows how there are distinct differences between the informants of each English variety, even though all informants are native English speakers. Reasons for these differences include geographical location and cultural differences. Australians, for example, are known for their witty sense of humour.

  • 20.
    Kasaty, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för datorlingvistik.
    Koponen, Eeva
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för datorlingvistik.
    Klintfors, Eeva
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för fonetik.
    Swedish Nominal Morphophonology Implemented within the Two-level Model in PC-Kimmo1998Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a description of Swdish morphophonology and an attempt to create a Swedish pronunciation morpheme lexicon as a part of a text-to-speech system at Telia Research AB.

  • 21.
    Kenntoft Hof, Matilda
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    L2 learners’ perceptions of accents: A study of the attitudes of Swedish 2nd language learners of English to standard and non-standard English accents2011Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to find out what attitudes non-native speakers of English have towards standard and non-standard varieties of British English and how these attitudes correlate with the attitudes of native speakers. This study is restricted to Swedish L2 learners of English taking the courses English 5 and English B in a Swedish Upper Secondary School and it is compared to studies done in the UK. The study shows that there are correlations between the accent attitudes of L2 learners of English and the accent attitudes of native speakers of British English, and reflects over and discusses why these correlations occur and what may have affected them.

  • 22.
    Kjellberg, Helena
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Blind andraspråksinlärares talperception och talproduktion2004Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 23.
    Kjellberg, Helena
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Talperception hos blinda och seende andraspråksinlärare - ett experiment med tal i brus2003Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 24.
    Kurnik, Mattias
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Mid-Atlantic Communication in the Classroom2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study of Swedish upper secondary students aimed to make an analysis of the English that students are using in school with the hope to comment on whether there is a bias towards either one of the two major dialects, GA and RP. To this end, an upper secondary class was asked to complete tests on vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation. The pronunciation test was designed in such a way that the articulation became largely a factor of dialect. Similarly, each question in the vocabulary and spelling tests had its correct answer in both American and British English to elicit either an American or British English response. The speech analysis of the recording was done by using computer programs for spectrographic analysis. The results revealed a bias among the students for American vocabulary and British spelling, and a mix of pronunciation conventions from both varieties in addition to possible future pronunciation patterns of Swedish English.

  • 25.
    Larsson, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    A corpus-based study of anticipatory it patterns in university student writing: The role of nativeness and student levels2012Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The anticipatory it pattern has been found to serve as a means for writers not only to present propositional content in an objective way, but also to achieve a range of different rhetorical purposes. Indeed, its usefulness in academic writing has been confirmed in previous studies (e.g. Thompson, 2009). One of the rhetorical functions of the pattern is as a hedging device. Since it has been shown that appropriate use of hedges and the anticipatory it pattern may pose considerable difficulty for apprentice writers (e.g. Hewings & Hewings, 2002; Hyland & Milton, 1997), a more detailed study of “anticipatory it hedging” would be of particular interest for EAP teaching. The present study aims to investigate university students’ use of the anticipatory it pattern in general and as a hedging device by comparing non-native speaker (NNS) to native speaker (NS) use of the pattern and by investigating the use of the pattern across two NNS student levels. Swedish and British student essays from the Stockholm University Student English Corpus (SUSEC) were investigated for this purpose.

    The results from the comparison of the NS and NNS groups show that the NS students used the anticipatory it pattern significantly more frequently. With regards to function, a statistically significant tendency to use the pattern to hedge claims rather than to make strong claims was found in the NS data. The analysis of “anticipatory it-hedges” with regards to modal verb and linking verb usage shows that the NNS students generally made less frequent use of the different types of “anticipatory it-hedges” and relied more heavily on a smaller set of types. The comparison of the two Swedish student levels shows that there was no statistically significant difference in frequency of use of the pattern. The only statistically significant difference found in terms of function was the more frequent use of the pattern to express difficulty found in the first-term student data. Moreover, an analysis of “anticipatory it-hedges” in terms of modal and linking verb usage revealed that no general development in use was found across the student levels. Taken together, the findings of the study would then suggest that nativeness, contrary to what has been reported in previous studies (cf. Römer, 2009), appears to be an important factor along with other factors such as general language proficiency and expertise in academic writing. Then, in orders to help NNS students further develop their proficiency in academic writing, it would seem that greater emphasis ought to be put on teaching students to use the pattern in an appropriate and varied way.

  • 26.
    Leback, Annika
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Women swearing: A study of selected swearwords in the British National Corpus (BNC)2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    A number of writers have argued that swearing is typical of ‘male language’. However, recent studies (Hughes 1992, Stapleton 2003, McEnery 2006) show that women also swear, although with rather different patterns than men. Hughes (1992) studied swearwords among lower working-class women and Stapleton (2003) studied swearwords among both men and women from a middle-class background. This essay aims to continue these studies by selecting swearwords from the two articles and investigating these in the spoken texts in the British National Corpus (BNC). The research issues for this project are: (i) to investigate the use of selected swearwords by women compared to men in spoken language in the BNC; and (ii) to investigate whether the choice of swearwords is influenced by the social class of the women speakers in the BNC.

    The first part of the essay reviews the relevant literature on the topic, before proceeding to present the results of the investigation into BNC data. The data for this study was collected in the spoken texts in the BNC where fourteen swearwords are analysed with reference to the gender of the speakers and social class of the female speakers. The results show that men swear clearly more than women in the spoken texts in the BNC. However, when it comes to investigating the social class of the female speakers, only tentative inferences can be made because of the large number of missing values for ‘social class’ in the BNC corpus.

  • 27.
    Lebenswerd, Patric Joshua
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Distinctive features in Jewish Swedish: A description and a survey2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis presents the contemporary speech used by Swedish Jews, and places it in the context of the most recent understandings in Jewish interlinguistics. Jewish Swedish derives most of its non-Swedish components from the main Jewish liturgical languages, Hebrew and Aramaic, in addition to the foremost ancestral language Yiddish. These components have provided Jewish Swedish with lexical, morpho-syntactic, phonological and semantic features, which distinguish it from Standard Swedish. The thesis, additionally, contains a survey, investigating the correlations between a number of socio-religious factors, and inter- communal variation in use of distinguishing features. The study reveals a great deal of variation between different age groups, social groups, religious groups, men and women, in terms of word knowledge and usage. This study will hopefully contribute to the field of contemporary Jewish linguistics, and the general understanding of speech used by minority communities.

  • 28.
    Lebenswerd, Patric Joshua
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    The Yiddish Imprint in Modern Hebrew Phonology: Tracing the regional Yiddish dialect(s) that founded Modern Hebrew phonology2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper argues that the native phonology of Modern Hebrew is derived from Yiddish phonology, specific of the regions from which the great majority of those involved in the Hebrew language revival emigrated, at the turn of the 20th century. This is evident from the striking similarities in their consonantal inventories, phonotactics and phonological rules. The regional Yiddish dialects that correspond best with Modern Hebrew phonology are situated in the mid-east speech territory, mainly the Ukraine and its surrounding areas. The study provides new data on Modern Hebrew voicing assimilation in sandhi, as well as new phonological parallels between Yiddish and Modern Hebrew.

  • 29.
    Lindblom Carlsson, Christian
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Polite conversational implicature in male and female language2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender equality is a greatly debated topic in modern society, with the linguistic discipline of language and gender being a substantial part of it. Based on the research on female language by Lakoff (1975), as well as the Gricean co-operative principle and its maxims (Grice 1975), this research investigates the relationship between conversational implicature, politeness and gender. In conversational implicature it is possible to imply more than what is expressed and thereby violate/flout the maxims of the co-operative principle. A reason for an utterance to imply more than what is being said may stem from an intention to be polite. Historically, politeness has been seen as more common in female language (Lakoff 1975). In order to investigate if that claim is true in modern and more gender equality-driven society, an empirical study was conducted in London, United Kingdom, on 12 native English speakers who were born after the publication of Lakoff’s findings on female language. The participants were divided into 2 female-female, 2 male-male and 2 female-male groups. The findings were diverse. Some male participants displayed instances of indirect, polite language, while some female participants used rough, impolite language, both flouting the co-operative principle. Both genders adhered to the co-operative principle, as well as flouted it. In conclusion, the recordings show that there is no strict adherence to female and male language for any of the genders. 

  • 30.
    Lundgren, Erik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Prestige & Power: Swedish upper-secondary students' choice and attitudes towards spoken English2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The variety of English adopted by upper-secondary students has changed over the years, as have their attitudes towards those varieties. This essay examines both what variety of English upper-secondary students’ aim for in their spoken English as well as their attitudes towards two of the most common varieties. The examination involved 28 upper-secondary students and focused on their attitudes towards British and American English, while also investigating their media exposure and educational English exposure to determine their effect on varietal aims and attitudes. The results indicate a trend among upper-secondary students where aim for a spoken English resembling American English, but then contrasts that with a clear attitudinal preference for British English. These results are then put into the context of the students’ media and educational exposure of English, where certain patterns emerge, especially between the positive influence of educational exposure and attitudinal preferences.

  • 31.
    Manoukian, Dory
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    The use of profanity in spoken language: A study on swearing habits amongst men and women2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates five profane words (damn, shit, fuck, bitch, and crap) concerning their function and who uses them the most. Two social factors are taken into consideration, age and gender. Prior research shows inconclusiveness regarding which gender uses profanity the most. However, studies show that both genders tend to use more foul language in single-sex conversations. The methodology selected for this paper is corpus linguistics, using the British National Corpus as the primary source to obtain data. With restrictions on both gender and age, a pattern emerged regarding the profane use. Further, all occurrences are categorized as either an auxiliary, abusive, expletive, or other. The results show that in four of the words, males out-swear females. In one word the use is rather similar with a marginal difference for the male group. Regarding the interlocutor’s gender, both males and females tend to swear more in single-sex conversations. Further, the results show that younger people tend to use foul language far more than old people. Finally, the functions of the words vary in the results; however, according to the findings, young speakers tend to use more abusive expressions than older ones do. The rest of the functions are rather similarly used.

  • 32.
    Mardanbigi, Sonja
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Metonymic and metaphorical extensions of English heart and their Swedish translation equivalents2011Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Metonymic and metaphorical extensions of English heart and their Swedish translation equivalents

    Sonja Mardanbigi

    Abstract

    This study explores the usage of English heart in figurative expressions. English is rich in both metonymic and metaphorical expressions making use of the concept heart to speak of emotional issues. The aims of this study have been to investigate how English heart corresponds to Swedish hjärta in figurative uses in the English-Swedish Parallel Corpus. Thus, it has been of interest to see what the translation equivalents are for heart and what the distribution of non-literal equivalents of heart are. A debate has arisen in recent years concerning the interaction between metaphor and metonymy which has given rise to the term metaphtonymy (Goossens 1995). Therefore, it was of interest to examine to what extent metaphor and metonymy were involved in heart In order to accomplish these aims, the translations have been categorized according to Niemeier’s (2000) four categories and the metaphor HEART IS CENTER. These have been set up because each of them shows a different degree of connection between metaphors and metonymies. The results of this research suggest that in the majority of the examples heart was rendered by hjärta. In the examples where hjärta was not used, translators used a variety of lexemes, many of which were only used once. In addition it is shown that categories which have the strongest characteristics of metaphor and metonymy tended get more uniform translations.

     

    Keywords: metaphor, metonymy, metaphtonymy, corpus, translation, cross-linguistic perspective, heart, hjärta, English, Swedish  

     

     

  • 33.
    Markovic, Biljana
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Self-presentation in the asynchronous communication on Facebook in Kenya and Uganda2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Flows of languages, cultural forms and people both in real and virtual space are consequences of globalization. The mobility of people in the virtual sense is facilitated through the Internet, where one of the most popular ways of communication and self-presentation is currently through Facebook. This research focuses on analyzing the orthographic and lexical strategies in self-presentation on Kenyan and Ugandan Facebook profiles, trying to see whether the forms reflecting the East African variety of English are present in asynchronous communication and whether there is appropriation of other varieties and registers. This was done through a reiterative process of reading 10 Kenyan and 10 Ugandan Facebook profiles, comparing the findings with online data on informal sociolinguistic situations in Uganda and Kenya such as YouTube videos and comments, blogs and newspaper articles and through informal conversations with some Kenyans and Ugandans. The results showed that the local forms as described in the literature are used on Facebook and that there are forms unaccounted for in the literature but whose presence was confirmed in the online data and the informal conversations. Appropriation of American English and hip hop and Rastafari languages was found in the sample. It was inferred that English has several usages in the sample, which serve to express the neutral, the local and the appropriated meanings in the asynchronous communication on Facebook and that those meanings are used strategically for the creation of the desired identities.

  • 34.
    Melin, Andreas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Det här makes no sense!: An explorative study about a group of native Swedish speaker’s attitudes towards code switching2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Within the field of Sociolinguistics, this study investigates a group of native Swedish speaker’s attitudes towards code switching. The data were gathered by using an online questionnaire inspired by Dewaele & Wei’s (2014) survey investigating attitudes towards code switching. The data sample consists of responses from 34 participants in total from two generations and 204 answers were given. In addition to the questionnaire, interviews with four participants were conducted. The findings from the questionnaire reveal that code switching is generally accepted by the participants, but also that the younger generation has a more positive attitude towards code switching. However, the interviews reveal some differences in contrast to the questionnaire. Further, the results imply that a change might be undergoing in attitude towards code switching in the older generation. The findings are important for further research.

  • 35.
    Nejström, Emelie
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för spanska, portugisiska och latinamerikastudier.
    El uso de atenuaciones en español entre alumnos suecos del bachillerato: Rechazos, consejos y peticiones2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [es]

    El objetivo principal de este estudio es examinar el uso de las atenuaciones como marcador de cortesía en español entre estudiantes suecos del bachillerato en los actos de habla de rechazos, consejos y peticiones. Compartimos la premisa de que en el uso del español como lengua extranjera hay una falta de competencia comunicativa en general, y también competencia en cuanto a las atenuaciones. Nuestra hipótesis es que en el uso de español como lengua extranjera por parte de estudiantes suecos del bachillerato, hay una competencia comunicativa suficiente como para transmitir contenidos temáticos pero no para expresarse de forma socioculturalmente adecuada en cuanto a los contenidos de cortesía, especialmente hay una falta del conocimiento y del uso de las atenuaciones. Se ha elaborado una encuesta con nueve situaciones, tres para cada tipo de acto de habla, donde 32 estudiantes suecos de bachillerato han tenido que rechazar invitaciones, dar opiniones y consejos y pedir favores. Para poder comparar los resultados tenemos un grupo de control de 10 jóvenes hispanohablantes, sin conocimientos de sueco. Según el Ministerio de Educación sueco, para poder obtener un aprobado en el nivel tres del bachillerato y poder acceder a los estudios universitarios, los estudiantes deben tener suficiente conocimiento de la lengua meta y su sociopragmática para poder adaptarse a diferentes situaciones y usar ciertas estrategias. Los resultados nos muestran que, en la mayoría de los casos, los estudiantes suecos atenúan con marcadores de cortesía, concretamente realizando un sobreuso de agradecimientos: han desarrollado así un sistema propio, o sea, una interlengua del español con elementos suecos, lo cual muestra que estos estudiantes aplican estrategias comunicativas que resultan eficaces. En general, realizan actos amenazantes para las imágenes del emisor y del destinario, bastante más que el grupo de control. Sin atenuaciones, estos actos de habla pueden ser interpretados como descortesía por el interlocutor hispanohablante y podrían surgir problemas en la comunicación.

  • 36.
    Nejström, Emelie
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    English as an academic lingua franca at Stockholm University School of Business: A sociolinguistic study of academic English in parallel-language settings2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on interviews with 20 students with Swedish as mother tongue, and observations from 10 lectures and seminars on advanced level at Stockholm University School of Business. The courses observed use English as a medium of instruction and the study explores how English is used as a lingua franca, how the students adapt to English in academic settings and the sociolinguistic functions of choosing English or Swedish in specific situations.

    The results show that English is used in parallel with Swedish, a great number of Swedish terms and expressions are used, both by students and teachers. Students speak Swedish with each other as well as with Swedish teachers in unofficial settings. English is used whenever a foreign teacher or student is around.

    Many students in the study claim to handle the English medium courses well but in reality they do have some difficulties. The students should be given instruction in English for academic purposes and reconsider their attitudes about what is correct and incorrect English.

  • 37.
    Nerelius, Ulrika
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Plain Language in the EU: Impact of Plain Language in Drafting and Translation of Different Types of EU Legislation2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay assesses the impact of plain language campaigns in EU legislation. Different types of legislation as well as legislation with different intended recipients are analysed. The analysis includes calculating a LIX index score and complementing the index data with data from the texts. The data derives from textual parameters associated with plain language. The distinction between the recipient and the actual reader of legislation in the EU will also be discussed as the general public is asserted by the EU to be the reader of legislative acts. It is, however, shown in this essay that the general public is not the reader of legislative acts directed to them.

    The hypothesis in this essay is that there has been an impact of plain language in legislative acts in the EU over time, as a result of plain language campaigns in the EU. We may also see a difference in the impact of plain language between specific types of legislation and between legislation directed to different intended recipients. A specialist audience may be considered to have a higher competence of the register of law compared to the general public. However, as the results from the analysis are inconclusive we cannot see any coherent impact of plain language in the texts analysed in this essay. The analysis also suggests that using textual features associated with plain language is not an effective tool to use to assess improvement in terms of readability and impact of plain language over time. The different textual parameters do not cohere.

    In addition to the above, the impact of plain language in relation to translation in the EU is discussed. Plain language could perhaps enable more accurate and efficient translation to multiple languages, which is important in the EU’s multilingual environment. Consequently, by making an original language version of legislation less complex, the quality of translations may be improved. The qualitative analysis regarding plain language in translation suggests that a short, non-complex sentence in combination with the use of high frequency words enables a more natural translation in the Swedish language versions. The analysis also suggests some changes seen over time in relation to plain language in the translation process.

  • 38.
    Nilsand, Katja
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    English Abbreviation and Acronym Usage Amongst Swedish Adolescents A Netspeak Inquiry2010Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s media society the Internet and the language that faces us therein is constant. Social Media (i.e. Facebook, Twitter etc.), Weblogs (blogs), Online Network games and the increasing amount of Internet use feed us with the new language features , and with a generation that is “Born to be wired,” a new language evolves.

         The aim of this paper is to find out what kind of English abbreviations and acronyms, springing from Netspeak, do Swedish adolescents from 12-15 years of age use. Which of them do they use in written language and which in spoken? And do they know what the abbreviations they use denote?

         The inquiry is based on a questionnaire survey given to pupils in junior high school and then studied through diverse perspectives.

         The results indicate that the Swedish adolescents to whom this survey was given claim to use Netspeak. The most common words they use are LOL (Laughing out Loud), OMG (Oh my God) and BTW (By the way). However, not all of them use them in spoken language and not all of them know what the abbreviations and acronyms they use mean.

    According to the survey a lot of the pupils read blogs, use Skype and other social medias, which can be a trigger for their massive use of English abbreviations.

  • 39.
    Norrman, Matilda
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Försämringsuttryck på finska: En undersökning av hur uttryck för organiska produkters försämringsprocess väljs i finska2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien syftade till att hitta kategorier till hur olika organiska produkters försämringsprocess beskrivs och hur försämringsuttrycken väljs på finska. Med hjälp av korpusar och ordböcker togs kombinationer av försämringsuttryck och deras subjekt fram samt beskrivningar på de olika uttrycken och deras etymologi. Resultatet blev att många av försämringsuttrycken går att använda med många olika organiska produkter (som mädäntyä ’ruttna’, som både kan användas med köttprodukter och frukter), medan användningen av andra försämringsuttryck kan vara väldigt begränsade och produktkategoriinterna och alltså bara går att användas med en viss organisk produkt (som eltaantua ’härskna’, som bara kan användas med fettprodukter). Alla försämringsuttrycken beskrev en skillnad i någon eller några parametrar – smak, lukt, utseende, konsistens osv., men en gemensam nämnare som alla försämringsuttrycken hade var att de alltid beskriver en skillnad i utseende.

  • 40.
    Olanders, Urban
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Parallelism: A Stylistic Device in Sarah Kane’s Cleansed2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    Literature differs from other types of texts because it tends to use certain stylistic devices more frequently. Among these, parallelism has an important role, because it is very common. Parallelism means that identical or similar words, grammatical constructions, or phonological features occur in the same or adjacent lines in the text. In the present work the occurrence and function of lexical, phonological, syntactic and syntagmatic parallelism in the play Cleansed are examined. Cleansed was written by Sarah Kane and was staged in 1998 at the Royal Court Theatre in London. Parallelism is a common stylistic device in Cleansed. The effect of parallelism is that it contributes to emphasis and coherence to textual passages. In addition, parallelism has a poetic function, as it makes the language formulations themselves prominent. Particularly common forms of parallelism in Cleansed are repetitions of single words, like for instance anaphors in stage directions and repetition of expressions. By repeating words and expressions, or by alliteration, emphasis is given to particular parts of the text, and repetition of identical or similar items also creates coherence.  

  • 41.
    Oletic, Aleksandra
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Evaluative language in student reflections: A corpus-based study of online forum contributions2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    With the widespread use of English in higher education, there are many genres and registers that students need to master (e.g. Hood, 2010; Hyland, 2004; Hüttner, 2008; Kuteeva, 2012). Previous research on evaluation in academic writing has largely focused on expert genres such as research articles or graduate student writing. This paper aims to address the gap in research on student genres by providing a corpus-based analysis of a collection of student writing. The methodology consists of a textual analysis of evaluative language in student writing on data collected from students’ forum comments and reflections posted on Stockholm University’s online learning platform. The theoretical framework for the analysis of evaluative language draws primarily on the theoretical frameworks for the study of evaluative language inspired by Systemic Functional Linguistics. The dataset is labelled for instances of evaluation that express a positive, negative or neutral attitude of the writer. The types of evaluation are categorized into judgments of acceptability, difficulty, expectedness, goodness, importance, interestingness, and usefulness. Overall, the results indicate that students tend to evaluate positively in order to express a positive attitude within all categories of entities found in the data. However, differences exist between evaluations within different categories in terms of the expressed writer’s attitude. In their evaluations limited to discussions within specific research approaches, students tend to limit their evaluation to expressions of a positive or negative attitude. On the other hand, evaluations of theoretical concepts contain a more balanced distribution of attitude types and tend to be contextualized or paired with support in the discourse. Furthermore, a qualitative analysis of individual instances of evaluation shows that it can serve different communicative purposes depending on its form and position in the discourse. Finally, a connection can be drawn between the types of evaluation and the selection of writer’s voice, showing that students assume a range of voices in order to cope with the demand to perform evaluation at different levels of experience.

  • 42.
    Olsson, Sofia
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för fonetik.
    Spädbarns anticipatoriska ögonrörelser som svar på ljud: Inlärning i ett eye-tracker-baserat hörseltest2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Visual Reinforcement Audiometry (VRA) är en metod för att bedöma små barns hörtrösklar. Ett hörseltest med eye-tracking som bygger på VRA är under utveckling, och syftet med denna studie är att vidareutveckla inlärningsfasen i ett sådant hörseltest. Barn i åldern 6,5 till 7,5 månader fick lyssna på ljudstimuli från högtalare på vänster och höger sida om sig och samtidigt se visuella stimuli på motsvarande sida av en bildskärm. Barnens inlärning av det audio-visuella sambandet testades sedan genom att mäta deras ögonrörelser till platsen för visuella stimuli under tiden då ljudet presenterades. Resultaten kan inte tydligt visa att barnen lärt sig associationen, varför testets utformning bör utvecklas vidare för att tillgodose det behov som finns av ett fullt automatiskt och objektivt hörseltest för att utreda spädbarns hörtrösklar.

  • 43.
    Ottersten, Sara
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för teckenspråk.
    Andraspråksinlärares användning av olika verbtyper i det svenska teckenspråket2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Andraspråksinlärare använder speciella regler vid inlärningen av ett nytt språk. Det finns många teorier som beskriver hur. Interimspråkshypotesen och performansanalysen ligger till grund för denna undersökning. Verb är en av ordklasserna i svenska språket och specifikt för verb är att man kan uttrycka tempus. I teckenspråket kan verb ha formen fasta och polysyntetiska tecken, i både icke modifierad och modifierad form. Tidigare undersökningar (bl.a. Stenberg 2009) har fokuserat på de fel andraspråksanvändarna gör och har hittat att förenkling är den vanligast förekommande kategorin. Denna uppsats studerar hur informanterna använder verb. De använder främst fasta tecken för verb men efter mer undervisningstid använder de mer polysyntetiska tecken. Komplexiteten hos verb verkar öka från fasta till modifierade tecken och de polysyntetiska tecknen är de svåraste, i likhet med tyska studier. Man kan se generella likheter med interimspråkets teorier.

  • 44.
    Randén, Petra
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Business English in the Swedish Pharmaceutical Sector: A study of the needs of speakers of Business English when used as a Lingua Franca.2011Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Multinational corporations operating in Sweden often use English as their official corporate language. The employees are expected to communicate using English both internally and with external business contacts. English used for communication between people with different mother tongues is commonly referred to as ELF, English as a Lingua Franca, and when used in business contexts it is referred to as Business English or BELF, Business English as a Lingua Franca. This study was conducted to explore how Business English is used in the pharmaceutical sector in Sweden and what elements of Business English are challenging or necessary for successful communication. In the study five informants were interviewed about their experiences. The study showed that the informants use Business English for all types of communication and are comfortable with English as a lingua franca yet often switch over to Swedish if there are only Swedish speakers present. It was also found that clear, somewhat simplified English with focus on content and getting business done was preferred over grammatically correct and native sounding English. The respondents viewed an industry specific vocabulary as highly important bordering to a pre-requisite. The findings of this study support previous research in the field indicating that there is little difference when it comes to Business English for the pharmaceutical industry compared to other industries.

  • 45.
    Sandin Johansson, Christopher
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    A study of attitudes towards English as a Lingua Franca: Perspectivesand experiences of university students2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    My aim is to study university students’ attitudes towards using English as a first language when studying. This exploratory study will be conducted through a series of interviews but also a review of the students’ course syllabus to see if there occurs any pattern of variation amongst the literature used for their course.The results indicate that there is a favourable attitude towards the use of English because of both overt and covert prestige that is attached to it in academia. However, I have also discovered that there is a link between the students’ proficiency and their confidence in using English as an educational medium. This occurs because of the students’ own acceptance of the material given to them by the educational institutions. This acceptance of the literature is closely related to the students’ own reason to acquire a greater knowledge and proficiency through the use of English literature. By combining Kachru’s theory of concentric circles and the Milroys’ theory about overt and covert prestige, I have discovered that the globalization process has influenced Sweden’s choice of what second language to introduce into the educational system. Looking at the more informal and covert level I have found out that students strive to acquire a high level of proficiency in English due to cultural or social aspects that are involved.

  • 46.
    Seidel, Thorsten
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Language Teachers’ Perception of the Influence of Bilingualism on the Acquisition of English as a Third Language2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    A variety of studies indicate that bilingualism has a positive influence on third language acquisition (TLA) (Brohy, 2001; Sagasta, 2003; Stafford et al., 2010). The purpose of this study is firstly, to confirm the view that bilingualism has a positive influence on TLA and secondly, to identify those features that have the strongest impact on it. The holistic approach Focus on Multilingualism has been applied to the study to meet its variety of influencing factors. The study is based on a qualitative research methodology using semi-structured interviews with three teachers of English. The language teachers are chosen from three different schools in the region of Stockholm, Sweden. The findings of the study indicate that bilingualism per se does not automatically give advantages in the acquisition of a third language but rather has a supportive role. It seems that the contextual factor, extramural English (English outside the school context), and the individual factor, motivation, has the most influential impact on TLA.

  • 47.
    Smith, Carl
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Conventional Polysemy in the English Lexeme Boy: Differences and similarities between its polysemously related senses2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The notion of polysemy is defined as multiple meanings in one and the same lexeme. In polysemy, these meanings are different but also related. Conventional polysemy typically means that the meanings of a given lexeme are entrenched, and shared by proficient language users in a speech community. From a cognitive linguistic perspective, different senses of a polysemous lexeme – a polyseme – are explained by means of associations to certain situations, or specific experiential or cognitive domains. From a functional perspective, different senses of a polyseme can be used with various types of meaning in communicative discourse. From a structural perspective, different senses of a polyseme are described in terms of their paradigmatic or syntagmatic relations to other lexemes. These three perspectives are used as analytical methods in this study.

    This Bachelor Degree Project is a theoretical study of the conventional polysemous variation of the English lexeme boy. The analysis uses the three aforementioned interrelated analytical perspectives – (i) cognitive domains, (ii) language functions, and (iii) sense relations – to look closer at eight conventional senses of boy that appear at least two of the four well-known, synchronic, monolingual dictionaries that constitute the analytic material of study. These senses are described and analysed as regards their differences and similarities, as well as their relation to the primary sense of boy, ‘a male child’, which is also analysed and described. In other words, this analysis presents their polysemous connections – how they are related as well as how they differ – in a way that explicitly specifies the semantic intuitions that seem to have guided the lexicographers. This kind of theoretically based study could arguably be integrated in and improve also lexicographic presentations of polysemy.

  • 48.
    Sormunen, Linus
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Non-native speakers’ self-deprecation towards their English accents: Swedish English and Finnish English assessed by native Finnish and Swedish speakers2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 49.
    Staaf, Katarina
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    The Construction of Leadership in written Corporate Communication: How is a company’s vision visible in top management communication?2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership is a complex area studied in both organisational and business management theories. When performing leadership, the discourse is the core of the process and accordingly an area to be studied also within linguistics. Leadership in communication is done by giving employees a professional identity and a desired behaviour in line with the company’s vision, mission and corporate values. The Chairman’s Statement of an annual report illustrates how the top management leadership style can be visible in written communication, an area less studied than leadership in oral communication which can give a further insight into leadership discourse. In this qualitative study, it is shown that leadership is performed quite differently in four companies from three industry sectors. The vision and mission is clearly guiding all leaders in the study in their performance of their respective leadership as it is harmonised with the corporate identity of each company. Hence, the professional identity given to the employees differs from case to case. The discourse is largely affected on the specific situation for each company which emphasizes the need of analysing discourse in context of its professional practice and culture to understand it properly.

  • 50.
    Säflund, Maud
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Vocabulary Knowledge and Reading Comprehension: Differences and Similarities Between L1 and L2 Subjects2009Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will deal with the questions of what impact knowledge of vocabulary has on L1 readers’ and L2 readers’ reading comprehension respectively. As Koda points out "Research consistently demonstrates that vocabulary knowledge correlates more highly with reading comprehension than other factors including morphosyntactic knowledge" (Koda 2004:49) Philip Shaw and Alan McMillion at Stockholm University are doing a research project called ‘Advanced Reading Project’with in all 140 students at university level. There was a gap-filling test on vocabulary and multiple choice questions for synonyms and antonyms. They have also set up a number of other tests to check reading comprehension etc. The aim of this work is to analyze the vocabulary tests’ data provided by Shaw and McMillion. This is done by entering the data into Excel files and sorting the answers and attempts made for each subject, and by comparing the numbers of correct answers and non- attempts to different questions, patterns could be detected that can show differences or similarities between the subjects. Through this analysis and further research we may find the answers to the questions: Which vocabulary items are easy or difficult for all British and Swedish subjects? And what differences and similarities can be found in the answers given by Swedes and British respectively? Are there any patterns which might suggest reasons for the findings? The vocabulary results will further be compared with the results from the reading comprehension tests. The research reported in this essay will test the thesis expressed by Koda 2004: "Successful comprehension is heavily dependent on knowledge of individual word meaning. The widely recognized relationship between vocabulary and reading comprehension attests to the crucial role word knowledge plays in text understanding among both L1 and L2 readers---". (Koda 2004: 48) Could there be other explanations for good reading comprehension other than vocabulary knowledge?

12 1 - 50 av 61
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf