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  • 2151.
    Tryggvason, Marja-Terttu
    Stockholm University, The Stockholm Institute of Education, Department of Curriculum Studies and Communication .
    Language - mirror of culture: a case study on language socialization with Finns living in Finland and Sweden, and Swedes living in Sweden2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was to compare language socialization, i.e. how to use language and how to socialize children to use language, in three cultural groups: Finns living in Finland and Sweden and Swedes living in Sweden. Since language socialization is assumed to result in a conversational style, this was studied from different angles. The participants consisted of 20 families in each group with a target child, aged 9-13 years. The empirical data was collected by video recording a mealtime conversation with each family. The video recordings were transcribed by using the CHAT system. The analyses of data demonstrated cultural variations in interaction between Finns and Swedes. The Swedes displayed a higher involvement style than the Finns in different ways. The Swedes produced more talk and they had shorter inter-turn pauses. They elicited talk using more varied syntactic forms which also were somewhat more implicit than the forms used by Finns. The Swedish preference for negotiating and even arguing in immediate responses to negative comments provided a further difference. The Finns spoke mainly about facts, and did not leave an opening for discussion. The groups also differed from one another by showing different social norms and values. The Swedes commented more on moral and ethic issues whereas the Finns commented more on table manners. On the whole, a comparison of two neighbor countries indicated different conversational styles which are assumed to arise from different socialization styles. The cross-cultural comparison of Finns in two communities displayed a strong SwedishFinnish conversational adherence to the Finnish style. The children showed conversational congruity with the parents in each group. The findings indicated that Finnish and Swedish children in meeting each other, for example, in a classroom might have different conversational abilities when contributing to conversations.

  • 2152.
    Turunen, Riina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    English Vocabulary Proficiency of Synonyms Applied to Semantic Fields in Swedish Upper Secondary School2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This study investigates the lexical synonym proficiency within semantic fields, of Swedish upper secondary school students studying English 5, 6 and 7. English is a language with large lexica (Lightbown & Spada, 2013, p. 61). Therefore, it may be assumed that vocabulary proficiency is essential to master English. In this study, vocabulary knowledge is highlighted as a fundamental factor in second language acquisition. Since the English lexicon contains many synonyms, the suggestion of learning synonyms in semantic fields to enhance vocabulary proficiency is explored. Paradigmatic semantic field theory is utilized as the framework for this study, since it supports structuring the lexicon by paradigmatic semantic relations, in this case synonymy. This study investigates empirical data from vocabulary tests and questionnaires to achieve perception concerning lexical synonym proficiency within the semantic fields of physical world, sense perception, social relations, religion & beliefs and emotion. From the five selected semantic fields, students know most synonyms within social relations and least synonyms within religion & beliefs and emotion. The results from the questionnaires reveal that the students from all tested groups agree to some extent that learning new words in semantic fields is helpful. In this study, testing and learning synonyms in semantic fields is suggested to assess and enhance vocabulary proficiency of Swedish upper secondary school students.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

     

    Keywords

    Vocabulary Proficiency, Synonyms, Semantic Field, Paradigmatic Semantic Field Theory, Swedish Upper Secondary School, Second Language Acquisition.

  • 2153.
    Tuva, Janhans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    "The Only Woman in the Room": Female leaders in the Swedish gaming industry on creating and performing communication.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Female leaders in the gaming industry are a minority, and previous research states that

    women mould their identity to the male-dominated industry. Leadership is commonly

    associated with masculinity, and the feminine style of communication is viewed as

    subordinate. The present study investigates how female leaders in a male-dominated

    industry use language and communicate with their colleagues. A semi structured

    interview, field observation, and questionnaire was utilized. The results indicate that

    female leaders in the gaming industry utilize several speech strategies to communicate;

    however, favouring the masculine style. Three interesting points derived from the

    interviews; fear of misinterpretations; humour usage limitations; and, communication

    restrictions.

  • 2154.
    Tönnes, Emma
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Institute for Interpreting and Translation Studies.
    SCUM på svenska: En uppsats om Sara Stridsbergs översättning av SCUM Manifesto och hennes tillhörande förord2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay has three purposes, all relating to the Swedish translation of Valerie Solanas’s SCUM Manifesto by Sara Stridsberg. These are: to do a characterization of the translation, to investigate and present keywords in the translated text, and to describe the interplay between Stridsberg’s foreword and translation. Models for text analysis by Yvonne Lindqvist, Lennart Hellspong and Per Ledin are applied for investigating both the general translation, a selection of the keywords and the foreword. The results indicate that Stridsberg’s translation is a free one, where the focal points are style and diction, and also that the foreword is a supplement to the translation that invites the reader to different ways in which to read the manifesto. The discussion deals with both the question of what my results mean in relation to previously existing research, and what they mean according to André Lefeveres theories about ideology and poetics being the most important factors when making choices in tranlation. The conclusion of the essay is that Stridsberg translated the text mainly as a literary text as opposed to as a political brochure or pamphlet, and that the foreword presents Stridsberg’s perspectives on the text and helps the reader do a literary reading of the manifesto.

  • 2155.
    Törnqvist, Jennifer
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Using Coh-Metrix to investigate changes in student texts: Comparing student writing from 1999 and 20092015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates Swedish students’ texts from two time periods: 1999 and 2009, in search of cohesive evidence indicating a change of quality influenced by the development of the Internet. The method used in this study is the application of a computational tool that provides measures of language and discourse called Coh-Metrix, which provides measures along several cohesion variables, including word concreteness, deep cohesion, verb cohesion and lexical diversity. The results showed that the student texts from 2009 had higher lexical diversity, suggesting a larger vocabulary, which is closely connected to text quality. The results also showed a higher use of deep cohesion in the texts from 2009, which suggest that the writers know how to use connectives. In contrast, the student texts from 1999 showed a higher use of verb cohesion, suggesting the texts being written in a more narrative style, which is often connected to younger students. By using Coh-Metrix to study evidence of cohesion, this study could contribute with relevant findings about how students’ written English has changed over a period of time. 

  • 2156.
    Uddén, Julia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Biological psychology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    Männel, Claudia
    Artifical Grammar Learning and its Neurobiology in Relation to Language Processing and Development2018In: The Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics / [ed] Shirley-Ann Rueschemeyer, M. Gareth Gaskell, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018, 2, p. 755-783Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The artificial grammar learning (AGL) paradigm enables systematic investigation of the acquisition of linguistically relevant structures. It is a paradigm of interest for language processing research, interfacing with theoretical linguistics, and for comparative research on language acquisition and evolution. This chapter presents a key for understanding major variants of the paradigm. An unbiased summary of neuroimaging findings of AGL is presented, using meta-analytic methods, pointing to the crucial involvement of the bilateral frontal operculum and regions in the right lateral hemisphere. Against a background of robust posterior temporal cortex involvement in processing complex syntax, the evidence for involvement of the posterior temporal cortex in AGL is reviewed. Infant AGL studies testing for neural substrates are reviewed, covering the acquisition of adjacent and non-adjacent dependencies as well as algebraic rules. The language acquisition data suggest that comparisons of learnability of complex grammars performed with adults may now also be possible with children.

  • 2157.
    Uhlén, Inger
    et al.
    Hörselkliniken, Karolinska universitetssjukhuset.
    Bergman, Brita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. Avdelningen för teckenspråk.
    Eriksson, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. Avdelningen för teckenspråk.
    Cecilgård, Margareta
    Hägg, Åsa
    Tvåspråkighet - en jämförande studie2007In: Audio-Nytt, ISSN 0347-6308, Vol. 34, no 1-2, p. 12-14Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2158.
    Uhlén, Inger
    et al.
    Karolinska universitetssjukhuset i Huddinge.
    Bergman, Brita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. Avdelningen för teckenspråk.
    Hägg, Åsa
    Karolinska universitetssjukhuset i Huddinge.
    Eriksson, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. Avdelningen för teckenspråk.
    Tvåspråkighet avseende tidig parallell tal- och teckenspråksutveckling hos barn med hörselskada eller dövhet.2005In: Logopednytt, no 6, p. 12-16Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2159.
    Ullenius, Susanne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    L2 and L1 repairs: Speech production in a comparative perspective2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    I investigated and compared L2 and L1 speech errors and repairs. A speech error may be defined as a linguistic item that is partially or wholly articulated but disagrees with the speaker’s desired communicative intention. A self-repair usually comprises a speech error, a self-interruption, and a repair. Repairs reveal information about the speech production process and in particular about the monitoring component. Errors and repairs were collected from 24 L1 and L2 English speakers who were audio recorded while describing patterns of multi-coloured interconnected nodes. The methodology is a modified version of Levelt’s (1982; 1983) methodology in his study of L1 Dutch speakers, and his results are incorporated in the analysis section for comparison purposes. The hypothesis that L2 speakers produce more repairs than L1 speakers was confirmed. The hypothesis that they produce more lexical errors and less appropriateness errors compared to L1 speakers was confirmed in relation to the English L1 group but not in relation to Levelt’s Dutch L1 group. The hypothesis that L2 speakers leave a larger proportion of their lexical errors unrepaired was not confirmed. The significant differences in numbers and types of errors between the L1 and the L2 data may be related to Paradis’s (2009) theory of declarative knowledge and procedural competence, which entails a higher demand on attentional resources during L2 production. Data may be influenced by methodological inconsistencies, and may also be too small to generalise upon. 

  • 2160.
    Umberto, Ansaldo
    Stockholm University.
    A typology of comparatives in Sinitic: grammaticalization, patterns and language contact1999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 2161.
    Untracht Forsberg, Mikaela
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Identity Buliding in Social Media: The role of mediated language in the online fitness industry2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The domain of social media and social network sites is a comparatively new and extensive phenomenon in today’s society. Since their introduction, social network sites, such as Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter have attracted millions of users and are distinguished as an element of immense time consumption in many people’s lives. This thesis investigates the use of Instagram, a social network site where users are able to share pictures, videos and texts with the community. The main focus of the study is the analysis of the relationship between language, gender, and identity building in this social network. Previous research has tackled many different aspects of social media related to gender and identity. However, the focus has mainly been on the general area of images and language devoid of finding specific connections between the authors behind the analyzed materials. Therefore, this study adds to previous studies by also integrating the focus of a specific field in the analyses, that of fitness as a lifestyle. To collect the data, a number of well-known English-speaking fitness bloggers were selected from different countries including Venezuela, Colombia, Germany, France, Australia, Puerto Rico and the USA. In order to analyze the data, multimodal discourse analysis is incorporated using the theory of systemic functional linguistics, developed by Halliday (1994), including ideational, interpersonal, and textual metafunctions. Conclusively, although certain posts appear to be ‘more masculine’ than others, there are many similarities in the use of language by both men and women. The language used in men and women’s posts does not differ vastly contingent on the gender of the bloggers.

  • 2162.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Another look at preposition stranding2015In: From clerks to corpora: essays on the English language yesterday and today: essays in honour of Nils-Lennart Johannesson / [ed] Philip Shaw, Britt Erman, Gunnel Melchers, Peter Sundkvist, Stockholm: Stockholm University Press, 2015, p. 319-343Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2163.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Another look at spatial prepositions and the modification problem2013In: Iberia: An International Journal of Theoretical Linguistics, ISSN 1989-8525, E-ISSN 1989-8525, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 1-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of this paper is to propose a unification of two strands of research within the semantics of spatial prepositions. The first strand focuses on the so-called modification problem, which can be stated as follows. Some, but not all spatial prepositions can be modified by measure phrases, such as ten meters (e.g. ten meters in front of the car). The second strand focuses on so-called prepositional aspect, in particular the fact that some but not all spatial prepositions can occur with the temporal adverbial phrase in one hour (e.g. to). A simple unified syntactic and semantic approach of aspect properties is offered, to account the data. This unified account is shown to explain and predict why telic/non-cumulative prepositions cannot combine with measure phrases (viz. *ten meters to the park). It is discussed whether prepositions that can combine with measure phrases, such as ten meters in front of the car and ten meters towards the car, have different lexical aspect properties, such as cumulativity and/or monotonicity. The answer is offered via a standard analysis of the distribution of these complex phrases with the temporal adverbs in one hour/for one hour. The consequences of the unified analysis are discussed in detail.

  • 2164.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Ave' and Tene': Another look at auxiliary selection in Aquilan2014In: Dialectologia, ISSN 2013-2247, E-ISSN 2013-2247, no 13, p. 115-143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a unified approach on two poorly understood problems of auxiliary selection in the Aquilan dialect. The first problem pertains to the distribution of an auxiliary verb that denotes the notion of “possession”, tene’. The second problem pertains to the distribution of a more standard auxiliary verb, ave´, which denotes the notion of “existence” in compound tenses, in suppletive distribution with esse. A proposed solution is that the distribution of both auxiliary verbs can be accounted via a simple analysis of Aquilan’s person-driven agreement: how a verb interacts with its arguments. This analysis is based on a formal (type-logical) representation of Distributed Morphology combined with Type-Logical calculi, and shown to correctly account and predict the distribution of these auxiliary verbs.

  • 2165.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Book review “Language, Cognition and Space: The State of The Art and New Directions”2013In: Cognitive Linguistics, ISSN 1613-3641, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 729-738Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 2166.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Experimental Entailments: The Case of Spatial Prepositions2014In: Nordic Journal of English Studies, ISSN 1654-6970, E-ISSN 1654-6970, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 112-138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we present an experimental study on native speakers’ access to lexical relations among spatial relations. Our main focus is a still poorly understood domain: the lexical relations that hold between (pairs of) directional spatial prepositions (from, to) and locative prepositions (at). Two broad families of proposals exist in the literature. One family suggests that the members of these two classes of prepositions are connected via the entailment relation. Another family suggests that the overlap relation connects directional and locative prepositions. These two proposals differ with respect to the predictions they make on how speakers can accept and logically connect sentences that include such pairs of prepositions. We offer an experimental study, based on a variant of the Truth-Value Judgment Task, which aims to adjudicate which family of proposals makes the correct predictions. Then, we discuss the theoretical import of the results.

  • 2167.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Jerrold M. Saddock. 2012. The Modular Architecture of Grammar2016In: Canadian Journal of Applied Linguistics (CJAL), ISSN 1481-868XArticle, book review (Other academic)
  • 2168.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Metaphoric and Literal Readings for Spatial Prepositions: The Case of Boolean Phrases2015In: Language and Semiotic Studies, ISSN 2096-031X, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 52-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an account of how literal and metaphoric readings of spatial prepositions in so-called “Boolean Phrases” can arise. The account aims to explain how metaphoric and literal readings can interact, when two (spatial) prepositional phrases are the arguments of one phrase headed by Boolean connectives and and or (e.g. in front of the car and over his problems). It is shown that these phenomena can receive a more thorough compositional analysis by assuming that both types of readings are part of a larger semantic domain for spatial prepositions, logical connectives and their combinations thereof.

  • 2169.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    On the Distributed Morphology of Spatial Prepositions and Anaphors2013In: Proceedings of the 15th Seoul International Conference on Generative Grammar (SICOGG 15): Seoul, South Korea, 07-Aug-2013 - 10-Aug-2013, / [ed] Il-Jae Lee and Uujinbai Dolgormaa, Hankuk University Press , 2013, p. 447-468Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a Distributed Morphology approach to the morphology and semantics of spatial prepositions (in front of) and anaphors (here), complete with a situation semantics interpretation. The proposal is shown to account both known and recalcitrant data, such as anaphoric relations between elements of the two categories. Ideal follow-up to the "Borealis" paper.More Info: Conference proceeding in which we introduce a type-logical version of Distributed Morphology, with a Situation Semantics interpretation.

  • 2170.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    On the Syntax and Semantics of Haber and Tener2013In: Lingue e linguaggio, ISSN 1720-9331, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 89-120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a novel approach on the syntax and semantics of the two spanish auxiliary verbs haber and tener and their distributional properties. It is argued that these verbs share key syntactic properties, but denote two different types of semantic relations. While tener denotes a property ascribed to the subject, haber only introduces the temporal reference of a sentence. This proposal on the semantics of tener and haber is then inserted in a broader proposal on auxiliary verbs, copulae and their distribution. It is shown that the current proposal can correctly account the distribution of tener and haber, and be seamlessly integrated with standard approaches to ser and estar.

  • 2171.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    On The Syntax and Semantics of Spanish Spatial Prepositions2013In: Borealis: A journal of International Spanish Linguistics, ISSN 1893-3211, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 117-166Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2172.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Review of "Anaphora and Language Design"2013In: Canadian Journal of Linguistics, ISSN 0008-4131, Vol. 58, no 1, p. 137-140Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 2173.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English. 2Centre for Cognition and its Disorders (CCD), Macquarie University.
    The interpretation of Spatial 'At': An Experimental Study2013In: Journal of cognitive science, ISSN 1598-2327, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 47-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an experimental study on the interpretation of the spatialpreposition at in adult speakers, based on a variant of the Truth ValueJudgment Task. It is shown that speakers can interpret at as denoting a spatialrelation that stands in the “lexical entailment” relation with other spatial prepositions(e.g. inside, in front of, on top of, behind). For instance, if multiplelocated entities are involved in this relation, then they may occupy locationsthat can be “internal”, “external”, or placed on different verses of the samedirection, e.g. in front or behind a certain landmark object. It is discussed whichsemantic hypothesis correctly predicts these findings, and what the implicationscould be, for a theory of spatial prepositions and their Semantics.

  • 2174.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Macquarie University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science.
    The Language Of Space: The Acquisition And Interpretation of Spatial Adpositions In English2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis by publication presents a study on English adpositions (e.g. to, in, at, from, in frontof, through). It attempts to offer a solution to the following three outstanding problems, whichare presented in each of the three parts making up the thesis, preceded by a general introduction(chapter 1) and followed by the general conclusions (chapter 7). The first part includes chapter2, and discusses the problem of What is the relation between adpositions and the non-linguistic,visual content they represent. The second part includes chapters 3 and 4, and discusses theproblem ofwhat is a proper compositional theory of the Syntax and Semantics of adpositions.The third part includes chapters 5 and 6, and discusses the problem of what is the psychologicalreality of this theory, regarding adults and children’s data.The following three solutions are suggested. First, the relation between adpositions and theircorresponding visual information is an isomorphism: adpositions capture how we “see” possiblespatio-temporal relations between objects, at a flexible level of fine-grainedness. Second, aproper compositional treatment of adpositions treats each syntactic unit (in front, of ) as offeringa distinct semantic contribution, hence spelling out a restricted instance of a spatio-temporalpart-of relation. Third, this compositional treatment of adpositions can also stand as a theory ofon-line interpretation in adults and a theory of their acquisition in children.These three answers are couched within a single theoretical approach, that of Discourse Representation Theory, and offer a unified solution to three apparently distinct problems regardingspatial adpositions and their linguistic properties.

  • 2175.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    WHICH MODEL OF BIOLOGICAL PLAUSIBILITY FOR LANGUAGE? THE CASE OF “WHAT DARWIN GOT WRONG”2013In: Language and information society, ISSN 1598-1886, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 103-139Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2176.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Akagi, Nobuaki
    The interpretation of plural definites in discourse: the case of spatial prepositions2013In: Linguistics and the human sciences, ISSN 1742-2906, E-ISSN 1743-1662, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 201-226Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    n this paper we offer a study on the interpretation of plural definites in discourse (‘the tank engines’) and their interaction with spatial adpositions (‘to’ and ‘at’). The novel empirical findings in the paper support the following assumptions on the contribution of spatial adpositions to the interpretation of plural definites. First, the interpretation of plural definites can be influenced by the lexical aspect type of adpositions. While ‘to’ as ‘telic’ predicate can license both a ‘collective’ and a ‘distributive’ reading for plural definites, ‘at’ as an ‘atelic’ predicate only licenses a ‘collective’ reading. Second, the precise lexical content of adpositions determines which interpretation is accessed. It is claimed that ‘at’ denotes a ‘general location’ relation between locatum and landmark object, and thus licenses a collective reading for plural definites.

  • 2177.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Huang, Aijun
    Objects and Nouns: Ontologies and Relations2014In: Online Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Action, Perception and Language (APL 2) / [ed] Simon Dobnik, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper sketches a theory, based on the notion of infomorphism, on the ontological structures that underlie two related cognitive processes within vision and language: object recognition and noun interpretation. It is suggested that such a proposal can shed notion on at least three phenomena (reference, lexical variation, and “thinking-for speaking”).

  • 2178.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Nobuaki, Akagi
    Macquarie University .
    The Acquisition of English Spatial Prepositions: The Case of Logical Relations2013In: Proceedings of the 2012 Conference of the Australian Linguistic Society: Selected papers (17 out of 100) / [ed] John Henderson, Marie-Eve; Ritz and Celeste Rodríguez Louro, Perth: Australian Linguistics Society , 2013, p. 201-219Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2179.
    Vafaeian, Ghazaleh
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Breaking paradigms: A typological study of nominal and adjectival suppletion2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Suppletion is a term used to describe the occurrence of unpredictable and irregular patterns. Although typological research has been devoted to verb suppletion, not as much attention has been given to suppletion in nominal and adjectival paradigms. The thesis presents the cross-linguistic distribution of nominal and adjectival suppletion. The lexical distribution as well as the features involved are presented. The results of nominal suppletion show that nouns referring to humans are most often suppletive, that number is the most common grammatical feature involved in nominal suppletion and that „child‟ is by far the most common noun to be suppletive cross-linguistically. The results on adjectival suppletion show that adjectival suppletion is well spread though not very common cross-linguistically. A study of 8 Semitic languages shows that „woman‟ versus „women‟ are stable suppletive forms in this language family.

  • 2180.
    Vafaeian, Ghazaleh
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Progressive constructions in Iranian languages2012Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 2181.
    Vafaeian, Ghazaleh
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    Progressives in use and contact: A descriptive, areal and typological study with special focus on selected Iranian languages2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Progressives are grammatical patterns primarily used to refer to events that are ongoing at a specific time. This thesis investigates uses of such patterns in a number of languages as well as the interaction of a number of progressives in contact. The dissertation includes a typological study of the uses of 89 progressive patterns in two parallel corpora, an investigation of the uses and origin of the Persian dāštan progressive and an areal linguistic investigation of 50 Iranian varieties spoken around the Caspian Sea.

    The dissertation presents features that increase the likelihood that a progressive is used. Such features are 1) a focalized (punctual) reference point, 2) the engagement or ‘busyness’ of the agentive subject on the event, 3) an emotive component and 4) the desire to turn the attention of the addressee towards an ongoing event. The significance of these features is expected to weaken as progressives grammaticalize.

    There is a cross-linguistic tendency for progressives to occur more often with present time reference than with past time reference. In some cases, they are even restricted to the former. Among the varieties of the Iranian language Taleshi, on the other hand, we find asymmetric temporal paradigms as a consequence of former progressive patterns having expanded and lost their progressive character in the present but not in the past.

    The study also shows that progressives are used differently in the present and the past: while events with present time reference often have the features mentioned above in 1-4, events with past time reference are often, although not exclusively, background contexts to other events pushing the narration forward.

    The thesis also discusses various peripheral uses of progressives, such as uses in habitual and performative-like contexts, proximative, iterative and futurate uses, uses with stative verbs and temporary and subjective uses. Some of these tend to be found in patterns with higher frequencies and can be regarded as expansions towards the imperfective. Other uses are linked to the type of event to which the progressive applies: the proximative reading is shown to arise with achievements and the iterative use with repeated punctual events.  

    The data from the varieties of the Iranian languages Mazandarani, Gilaki, Taleshi and Tati, as well as from varieties under the influence of Persian, suggests that the progressive in these varieties is highly borrowable. Among the varieties discussed in Chapter 5, an areal cline is noted where constructional schemas used for ongoing events shift towards the imperfective. In the borrowing process, on occasion, a shift from progressive to proximative is also noted. As expected, the data from Caspian varieties shows that there are more progressive patterns than imperfective patterns.

  • 2182.
    Vafaeian, Ghazaleh
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    The Finite Independency: A study of the relevance of the notion of finiteness in Hdi.2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper argues that there is a finiteness distinction in Hdi and that the notion is of value for a description of the language. The definition of finiteness suitable for the language has been suggested to be the one given by Anderson (2007) combined with Bisang (2007). The finite clauses are argued to be the pragmatically independent ones while the non-finite clauses are argued to be the pragmatically dependent. However, no morphological reductions were found in the non-finite clauses relative to the finite ones. What is more, negation in Hdi shows a nontypical behaviour regarding finiteness properties as there are aspectual distinctions made for dependent clauses that are not made for independent. Verbless clauses and imperatives may be viewed as finite and non-finite depending on their capacity to licence independent predication or, alternatively, they may be viewed as not displaying finiteness properties at all. The latter is argued to be preferred in order to avoid a redundant definition of finiteness.

  • 2183.
    Vafaeian, Ghazaleh
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Typology of nominal and adjectival suppletion2013In: Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung, ISSN 0942-2919, Vol. 66, no 2, p. 112-140Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a sample-based typological account of suppletion in nouns and adjectives. The distribution of the grammatical categories involved in the suppletive forms is presented along with the lexical meanings most commonly found to be suppletive. It is demonstrated that nominal suppletion is not a rare phenomenon and most commonly involves the feature number followed by possession. The noun ‘child’ is the most common suppletive noun. In general, nouns referring to humans are more likely to be suppletive than others. The investigation shows that adjectival suppletion is less common than nominal suppletion and affects frequent adjectives with general meanings of the types value and size.

  • 2184. Valdeson, Fredrik
    Dativalternering i modern svenska2017In: Svenskans beskrivning 35: Förhandlingar vid trettiofemte sammankomsten. Göteborg 11–13 maj 2016 / [ed] Emma Sköldberg, Maia Andréasson, Henrietta Adamsson Eryd, Filippa Lindahl, Sven Lindström, Julia Prentice & Malin Sandberg, Göteborg, 2017, p. 355-367Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2185.
    Valentine Bordal, Heidi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    Negation of existential predications in Swedish: A corpus study2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this corpus study is to provide an adequate description of negation strategies in existential predications in Swedish. In Swedish, existential predications may be negated by a standard negative marker. Another possibility to negate existence is by using a negative indefinite pronoun. In negation of existential predications in Swedish, the choice between standard negation and indefinite pronouns, whether negative or not, has not been previously described in any descriptive or theoretical work. It is therefore the purpose of the current study to describe what factors determine the choice of negative marker in existential predications. The results of this study show that there is a strong preference to negate existential predications with a negative indefinite pronoun. Further, it is shown that the negative indefinite pronoun is frequently used as a modifier to the pivot, and thus states an unconditional absence. 

  • 2186.
    Valentine Bordal, Heidi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    Privativa adjektiv och deras motsatsord: En studie i hur frånvaro och närvaro av en egenskap uttrycks i svenska2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2187. van der Auwera, Johan
    et al.
    Veselinova, Ljuba
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Dočekal, Mojmír
    Typologie negace2017In: Nový encyklopedický slovník češtiny online / [ed] Petr Karlík, Marek Nekula, Jana Pleskalová, Prague: Nakladatelství Lidové noviny , 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2188.
    Van Meerbergen, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, Dutch.
    Dick Bruna in Zweedse vertaling: Een multimodale vertaalanalyse van kindbeelden2010In: Literatuur zonder leeftijd, ISSN 0929-8274, Vol. 24, no 81, p. 47-60Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna artikel undersöks hur skilldringen av barnet ändras när en bilderbok om kaninen Miffy av nederländske Dick Bruna översätts till svenska. I artikel undersöks även hur en multimodal textanalys (Kress & van Leeuwen 2006) kan integreras som metod för att undersöka översättning av bilderböcker.

  • 2189.
    Van Meerbergen, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Scandinavian Languages, Dutch.
    Dutch Picture Books in Swedish Translation: Towards a model for multimodal analysis2009In: Translation and the (Trans)formation of Identities.: Selected Papers of the CETRA Research Seminar in Translation Studies 2008. / [ed] De Crom, Dries, Leuven: CETRA , 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper considers the translation of picture books. It explores how multimodal analysis as proposed by Kress & Van Leeuwen (2006) can be integrated into a descriptive model for translation analysis as proposed by Toury (1995). As picture book texts combine both visual and verbal means of expression, a study of the two semiotic modes must be included in a translation analysis of these texts. Because translated picture books are printed in coproduction, visual text components of the source text are combined with new verbal components in the target text. It has been argued that the co-printing of picture books leads to an amalgamate market avoiding culture-specific elements in the images. This view however only takes into consideration the physical appearance of the images and thus ignores the semiotic content that these images get when placed within the context of a text. By using a multimodal analysis as part of a translation analysis not only the changing semiotic interplay between the verbal and the visual can be studied, it also allows the study of how the semiotic content of images changes when placed into a new textual and socio-cultural context.

  • 2190.
    Van Meerbergen, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, Dutch.
    Nederlandse prentenboeken worden Zweeds: Een multimodale vertaalanalyse2011In: de Leeswelp, ISSN 1780-3845, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 32-35Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    This article is written in Dutch and discusses some of the main issues in my doctoral thesis "Nederländska bilderböcker blir svenska. En multimodal översättningsanalys" (2010). The thesis deals with the translation of Dutch and Flemish picture books between 1995 and 2006. It includes a general bibliographical study and also a more detailed translation analysis about the Miffy-books by Dutch picture book artits Dick Bruna. In order to analyse how both words and images are translated, multimodal text analysis is integrated as a tool in the translation analysis.

  • 2191.
    Vejdemo, Susanne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Anpassningsstrategier i lajvspråk2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2192.
    Vejdemo, Susanne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Cross-linguistic Lexical Change: Why, How and How Fast?2010In: Proceedings of WIGL 2010, University of Wisconsin, Madison , 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2193.
    Vejdemo, Susanne
    Eastern Michigan University.
    How do semantic categories influence rates of cross-linguistic lexical change?2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2194.
    Vejdemo, Susanne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Skarp, vass och sharp – semantiska relationer hos tre perceptionsadjektiv2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2195. Vejdemo, Susanne
    The changing nature of Swedish GIRLs -“ report on a corpus study on lexical change: Presentation at the Annual Meeting of the Michigan Linguistic Society2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2196.
    Vejdemo, Susanne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    To Database Meaning: Building the Typological Database of Temperature Terms2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2197.
    Vejdemo, Susanne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Tolklangs in the "€œReal" World2005In: Proceedings of the First International Conference on J.R.R. Tolkien's Invented Languages, Stockholm., 2005Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2198.
    Vejdemo, Susanne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. Stockholms universitet.
    Triangulating Perspectives on Lexical Replacement: From Predictive Statistical Models to Descriptive Color Linguistics2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate lexical replacement processes from several complementary perspectives. It does so through three studies, each with a different scope and time depth.

    The first study (chapter 3) takes a high time depth perspective and investigates factors that affect the rate (likelihood) of lexical replacement in the core vocabulary of 98 Indo-European language varieties through a multiple linear regression model. The chapter shows that the following factors predict part of the rate of lexical replacement for non-grammatical concepts: frequency, the number of synonyms and senses, and how imageable the concept is in the mind.

    What looks like a straightforward lexical replacement at a high time depth perspective is better understood as several intertwined gradual processes of lexical change at lower time depths. The second study (chapter 5) narrows the focus to seven closely-related Germanic language varieties (English, German, Bernese, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, and Icelandic) and a single semantic domain, namely color.  The chapter charts several lexical replacement and change processes in the pink and purple area of color space through experiments with 146 speakers.

    The third study (chapter 6) narrows the focus even more, to two generations of speakers of a single language, Swedish. It combines experimental data on how the two age groups partition and label the color space in general, and pink and purple in particular, with more detailed data on lexical replacement and change from interviews, color descriptions in historical and contemporary dictionaries, as well as botanical lexicons, and historical fiction corpora.

    This thesis makes a descriptive, methodological and theoretical contribution to the study of lexical replacement. Taken together, the different perspectives highlight the usefulness of method triangulation in approaching the complex phenomenon of lexical replacement.

     

     

  • 2199.
    Vejdemo, Susanne
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Hörberg, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Semantic Factors Predict the Rate of Lexical Replacement of Content Words2016In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 1, article id e0147924Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The rate of lexical replacement estimates the diachronic stability of word forms on the basis of how frequently a proto-language word is replaced or retained in its daughter languages. Lexical replacement rate has been shown to be highly related to word class and word frequency. In this paper, we argue that content words and function words behave differently with respect to lexical replacement rate, and we show that semantic factors predict the lexical replacement rate of content words. For the 167 content items in the Swadesh list, data was gathered on the features of lexical replacement rate, word class, frequency, age of acquisition, synonyms, arousal, imageability and average mutual information, either from published databases or gathered from corpora and lexica. A linear regression model shows that, in addition to frequency, synonyms, senses and imageability are significantly related to the lexical replacement rate of content words–in particular the number of synonyms that a word has. The model shows no differences in lexical replacement rate between word classes, and outperforms a model with word class and word frequency predictors only.

  • 2200.
    Vejdemo, Susanne
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    Vandewinkel, Sigi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Extended uses of body-related temperature expressions2016In: The Lexical Typology of Semantic Shifts / [ed] Päivi Juvonen, Katarina Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Mouton de Gruyter, 2016, p. 249-284Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter presents the results of a cross-linguistic study where we examined body-related temperature expressions (brtes), like “warm heart” and “cold eyes”, in English, Ibibio, Japanese, Kannada, Mandarin Chinese, Ojibwe, and Swedish. We found that all the studied languages have brtes, even metaphor-poor Ojibwe, and that certain body related expressions recur in the brtes, mostly ‘heart’, ‘head’, ‘voice’, ‘smile’ and ‘eyes’. We found support for two conceptual metaphors: control is cold/lack of control is hot and caring is warm/uncaring is cold. The temperature scales were found to be translated to scalar target domains, mostly emotions. However, we found little support for the hypothesis that local cultural/climate factors, such as the temperature related humoral theory or the mean temperature of a region, would affect the brtes.

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