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  • 1.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Ideologías y actitudes lingüísticas en Brasil: lingüística y estudios afrobrasileños en el siglo XX2003Inngår i: Actas: VII Taller Internacional de Africanía en el Caribe, Ortiz-Lachatañeré / [ed] Zaylen Clavería Centurión, Yadine M. Yara González, 2003, 28-39 s.Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2.
    Beckman, Ludvig
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Uggla, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    An Ombudsman for Future Generations: Legitimate and Effective?2016Inngår i: Institutions For Future Generations / [ed] Iñigo González-Ricoy, Axel Gosseries, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016, 117-134 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 3.
    Bender, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    "We became sisters, not of blood but of pain": Women's experiences of organization and empowerment in relation to enforced disappearances in Mexico2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Enforced disappearances has been used as a repressive strategy by numerous Latin American states against tens of thousands of presumed political opponents and adversaries, starting in the 1960’s in Guatemala. In contemporary Latin America, Mexico holds the record for disappearances, both politically and non-politically motivated, with more than 30 000 cases reported since the beginning of the drug war in 2006. In response to the silence and impunity from the state, family members have been forced to organize in order to advance in the search for their relatives and for justice. Most of these family members are women. The aim of this study is to analyze women’s experiences of organizing as relatives to the forcefully disappeared in Mexico to explore possible connections between organization and empowerment. Empowerment is here understood from a feminist perspective, as a transformative factor that gives women increased feelings of ‘power to’, ‘power with’ and ‘power within’. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five women organized in four different family members’ organizations in Mexico. The results were analyzed against a theoretical framework consisting of previous research and theories on women’s organizing in Latin America, focusing on strategic and practical gender interests and theories on women’s empowerment, from a feminist and sociologist perspective. The analysis revealed that through the process of organizing, women developed a critical consciousness and access to new skills and resources that resulted in the women becoming more active, political and empowered subjects. The results also showed that despite women’s reasons for organizing being originally practical, to find their loved ones, during the process of organization, these reasons became more strategic and political, as a result of the empowerment process. The study concludes that women’s collective action is a source of empowerment even within organizations that does not have this as an outspoken aim and that the collectives of family members have provided a space for women to become active, conscious and critical citizens.

  • 4.
    Blomberg, Elias
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    The shifting role of the Brazilian Military since 1985: A study of changes in the civil-military relations2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis will investigate the development of civil-military relations in Brazil since the democratization in 1985. The two most important previous studies, by Alfred Stepan and Wendy Hunter, will be presented and discussed. They where published in 1988 and 1997, respectively. There is therefore a need for a study that includes the development during the long period since these two books were published. The focus will be on three indicators, civilianization of government, how the role of the military has been defined, and military expenditures. The conclusions are that there are contradicting tendencies regarding the development of the civil-military relations, and that the strengthening of civilian institutions is paramount in order to consolidate democracy in Brazil.

     

     

  • 5. Bryld, Erik
    et al.
    Masri-Pedersen, Nadia
    Ouerdane, Nedjma
    Uggla, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet. Indevelop AB, Sweden.
    Evaluation of the Implementation and Results of the Swedish Strategy for Democracy Support for Party Affiliated Organisations 2012-2014 - Final Report2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    2015:5 Sida Decentralised Evaluation / Utvärderingen av den svenska strategin för demokratistöd för part Anslutna Organisationer (PAO) fann PAO att ge stöd som är relevant för den politik den svenska regeringen. Utvärderingen visade utgångar som ska genomföras som planerat och effektivt på individnivå, men med begränsad institutionell förändring. Detta begränsar bidrag till målet strategi av demokratisk politisk utveckling. Effekten är också av PAO beslut att engagera mottagarna från mer än sjuttio länder, ofta från parter med endast marginell nationellt inflytande. Bristerna i den nuvarande utformningen, utan tvekan, härrör från det faktum att medlen till PAO för systerpartistödet fördelas enligt antalet platser i den svenska riksdagen, snarare än prestanda. Det finns således ett behov av att tänka över utformningen i syfte att förbättra kvalitet och hantering av risker.

  • 6.
    Capriola, Margherita
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Climate Crimes: Climate change and deforestation: a case-study of state-corporate crime in Peru2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decades, climate change studies have been focusing more intensely on its anthopocenic essence, as the consequence of production and consumption patterns that require the intensive exploitation of the environment. In line with this school of thought, and new generations of studies on environmental crime, this work aims to present the environmentally and climate-related issues arising from land degradation in the Peruvian Amazon; focusing on those casual mechanisms developed from the collusion between Peruvian-economic policies and new private actors such as transnational corporations (TNCs). Relying on the assumption that: the processes moving the issue of climate change overcome the global space, and can be observed from regional, national or local point of view; this work's purpose is to analyze how a single country as Peru, currently considered of low ecological footprint, could, by means of the definition of national laws (environmentally and economic-related) burden climate change. The analysis focuses on a single case-study identified with the territory within the Northern Ucayali and Southern Loreto regions in Peru, and builds on the theory of state-corporate crime developed in the 1990s by Ronald C. Kramer and Raymond J. Michalowski to define the role of state-corporate relationships in the production of social harms. To show how this relationship is today shaping the globally spread issue of climate change, the analysis of the palm oil industry in Ucayali is presented as main example of a broader phenomenon of transgression and partnership between private and public spheres in Peru. In this optic, the purpose is to give further contributions to the studies of climate change as state-corporate crime, focusing on the analysis of those territory, as the Amazon, whose preservation has been identified as mayor tool against global warming and which is instead harmed by the relation between private and governments interests.

  • 7.
    Copcutt, Julius
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Against the current: A minor field study on alternative media in Guatemala2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Tales of contemporary society, and who gets the right to tell them, is in this internet era something in motion as new platforms for sharing and getting information have arisen. Where traditional media through newspapers, radio or television has historically been so dominant, more and more voices can make it through as access to new platforms increase. In Latin America and in Guatemala, traditional media has been in the hands of the few and the powerful, concentrating economical and political influence that’s wielded through the power of discourse. Seeing this as hegemonic and representing a society where all are not included, alternative media seeks to counter such discourse and power by telling the untold stories by those historically without voice. This study picks up the perceptions, experiences and views of journalists and activists reshaping what we know about media production and the world, all this in a setting, a moment in time in Guatemala, when the structures of hegemonic power are shaken and put into question. By interviewing representatives of a wide scope of the alternative media sector, this thesis gives account for their aims and contributions as well as the general role and importance of alternative media in Guatemala. What it shows us is that alternative media is perceived as a force changing and adding to narratives about prior marginalized issues in the media as well as countering hegemonic power by contributing to empowerment of the citizenry. This study also show us that alternative media is perceived to open up the space for public opinion to a wider group of people in society and that it has a part to play in monitoring media power. Through these conclusions we gain a better understanding for counter hegemonic voices, ideas and movements and their part to play in society.

  • 8.
    Gustafsson, Maria-Therese
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Uggla, FredrikStockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Pensamiento social sueco sobre América Latina2016Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [es]

    El presente volumen agrupa una selección de disertaciones que fueron producidas en diferentes universidades suecas en años recientes. Decidimos incluir estudios de diversas disciplinas, sobre diferentes países latinoamericanos y temas de investigación. También incluimos autores de distintas universidades para presentar un ejemplo amplio de las investigaciones que tienen lugar en las distintas instituciones suecas. Esta selección no pretende ser representativa de la investigación sueca sobre Latinoamérica. Además, y como será señalado en el anexo, hay un gran número de estudios recientes de excelente nivel que no ha sido posible incluir. Esperamos, sin embargo, que esta selección permita comprender cómo se desarrollan en Suecia los estudios sobre Latinoamérica; cuáles son algunos de sus áreas de interés, así como los desafíos que enfrentan los académicos que se embarcan en la tarea de estudiar un continente lejano. Pero, sobre todo, esperamos que este libro cumpla con el propósito de servir como estímulo para generar más vinculos de investigación entre Suecia y América Latina.

  • 9.
    Hedin, Jakob
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Criminal insurgencies and weak states: Understanding the structural causes of Colombian cartels2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the socio-economic structural causes that favored the creation of drug cartels in Colombia. This paper argues that structural causes are often neglected from research on cartels and drug trafficking and the aim of this paper is to contribute to the understanding of how new policies can be achieved that are based on the comprehension of the deep socio-economic conditions which are a part of the very structures of Colombia and their relation to the cartels. This is done with a focus on the state and the social classes, and their development throughout the Colombian history since independence. The cartels are analyzed as criminal insurgencies in order to achieve a conceptual understanding of them. This paper concludes that the incomplete Colombian state formation, together with a great amount of marginalization of the lower social classes have been decisive factors in the creation of the criminal insurgencies and consequently, that we need to rethink the current policies on the war on drugs, since the policies in place have been rather unsuccessful in blocking the development of powerful cartels, not only in Colombia but Latin America in general.

  • 10. Hoelscher, Kristian
    et al.
    Nussio, Enzo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Understanding unlikely successes in urban violence reduction2016Inngår i: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 53, nr 11, 2397-2416 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The problems of violence in Latin America are often reiterated, yet understanding how and why violence declines is far less common. While urban violence takes different forms and has a range of motivations, we suggest that strengthening political and social institutions are important in violence reduction processes. We examine this using a comparative analysis of two cities which have recently seen unusual and marked reductions in lethal violence: Bogotá in Colombia and Recife in Brazil. Drawing on primary data collection, the case studies suggest that novel leaders who take advantage of critical junctures can deliver unexpected improvements to public security; and improvements are linked with institutionalising progressive security policies, increasing accountability of political institutions, and social reforms encouraging civic values and commitments to non-violence. While findings are specific to these two cases, they may plausibly apply to a broader range of cities, such that commitments to improve public policy and political institutions can overcome structural risk factors that foster violence.

  • 11. Kaplan, Oliver
    et al.
    Nussio, Enzo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Community Counts: The Social Reintegration of Ex-Combatants in Colombia2015Inngår i: Conflict Management and Peace Science, ISSN 0738-8942, E-ISSN 1549-9219Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    What explains the social reintegration of ex-combatants from armed conflicts? Community-level programs to reintegrate ex-combatants into society are based on the theory that the participation of ex-combatants in their communities can promote reconciliation and minimize recidivism to illegal activities. We evaluate community and security-related opportunities for and constraints on social reintegration using a survey of ex-combatants from Colombia. We find ex-combatants in more participatory communities tend to have an easier time with social reintegration and feel less of a need to organize among themselves. These findings suggest that to help ex-combatants, reintegration processes should also work to improve the social vibrancy of receptor communities.

  • 12. Kolangui Nisanof, Tamara
    et al.
    Parra Rosales, Luz Paula
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    El diálogo para la resolución de conflictos2013Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [es]

    ¿Qué hace posible que los seres humanos vivan en paz? Como el conflicto está inmerso en nuestras vidas y es parte de nuestra esencia y de nuestras relaciones cotidianas, debemos aprender cuáles son las figuras de mediación, arbitraje, negociación y todas aquellas habilidades y destrezas que nos llevarán a tener un acuerdo pacífico con los demás, y así crear una situación de ganar-ganar para las dos partes.

    No nacemos conociendo y practicando la violencia, la aprendemos, nos la enseñan, lo cual nos lleva a tener relaciones que destruyen la armonía de nuestro entorno. Por eso hay que aprender a practicar la paz. Tenemos que saber escuchar, no sólo oir; tenemos que aprender a controlar el enojo y la impulsividad, a tener asertividad y empatía. Promovamos la cooperación para llegar al bien común, a la idea de la paz, la justicia y la equidad.

  • 13.
    Machado Borges, Thaïs
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    'Have you ever seen a thief wearing a uniform?' Struggling for dignity in southeastern Brazil2015Inngår i: Ethnography, ISSN 1466-1381, E-ISSN 1741-2714, Vol. 16, nr 2, 207-222 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Brazil is a highly unequal and socially segregated society. Within this context, Brazilians' everyday lives are marked by the constant reading of bodies: Who is/could be/looks dangerous? Who should be avoided? Poor working-class people are painfully aware of readings merging poverty and criminality. Based on ongoing ethnographic fieldwork among middle-class and lower-income persons in southeastern Brazil, this photo essay investigates some visual mechanisms at play in processes of social categorization. With a point of departure in the rhetorical question 'Have you ever seen a thief wearing a uniform?' uttered by unskilled workers at moments when their moral status is questioned, this essay examines the dynamic tensions linking physical appearance, morality and social hierarchies in contemporary Brazil. It highlights some of the ways through which unskilled workers' uniforms can be a marker of both marginality and morality as they provide a visual basis for classism in everyday interaction and signal, in other situations, group affiliation, honesty and worker pride.

  • 14.
    Machado-Borges, Thais
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Out of Sight, Out of Mind? Middle-Class Households, Waste, Consumption, and Environmental Awareness in Southeastern Brazil2017Inngår i: Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Anthropology, ISSN 1935-4932, E-ISSN 1935-4940, Vol. 22, nr 2, 298-319 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how middle-class households in the city of Belo Horizonte, southeastern Brazil, deal with the waste that pervades their lives. Processes of classification and disposal are examined and related to consumption practices, the division of labor, and environmental issues. This research also examines how waste is implicated in the performance of middle class-ness, in notions of morality, and in norms and codes classifying and distinguishing the valuable from the worthless. The present study suggests that members of the ethnographic sample seem worried about issues regarding social hierarchies and class belonging, to a much greater degree than they are concerned with the environmental aspects of consumption and waste management. Out of sight, out of mind? In an explicit context of social inequality, behavior toward waste passes first through the lens of class.

  • 15.
    Machado-Borges, Thaïs
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Cheiro Bom, Cheiro Ruim - On Bodies, Senses, and Social Classifications2012Inngår i: Bodies and Borders in Latin America / [ed] Silje Lundgren, Thaïs Machado-Borges, Charlotta Widmark, Stockholm: Stockholm Institute of Latin American Studies, Stockholm University , 2012, 7-14 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 16.
    Machado-Borges, Thaïs
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    "Les voix du rebut ": pratiques orales depositionnement social en contexte d’interactions asymétriques2017Inngår i: Bresil(s): Parcs et jardins, Paris: Maison des sciences de l'homme , 2017, Vol. 12Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Garbage – that which is excluded, put aside, hidden, buried, taken out of sight, and rejected – isthe starting point of this paper. Approached as refuted matter, garbage circulates betweenprivate and public arenas, between centers of power and forgotten peripheries. Approached as asocial metaphor, garbage marks the limits between categories, between those things and peopleconsidered to have value, and those considered to be useless and disposable. In this paper, Idiscuss the use of language as a strategy for social positioning by analyzing some everydayinteractions taking place among women from different social classes gathered during fieldworkin Southeastern Brazil. As I show, when practiced in asymmetric interactions, these « garbagespeeches » not only classify people in terms of status and value, but also reinforce alreadyexisting differences. At focus in the present analysis are oral practices of social positioning wherestatus and social exclusion are harshly negotiated.

  • 17.
    Machado-Borges, Thaïs
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Out of sight, out of mind? Middle-class households, environmental awareness, consumption, and the production of waste2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 18.
    Machado-Borges, Thaïs
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Out of Site, Out of Mind? Middle-class Households, Waste, Consumption, and Environmental Awareness in Southeastern Brazil2017Inngår i: Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Anthropology, ISSN 1935-4932, E-ISSN 1935-4940, Vol. 22, nr 2, 298-319 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how middle-class households in the city of Belo Horizonte, southeastern Brazil, deal with the waste that pervades their lives. Processes of classification and disposal are examined and related to consumption practices, the division of labor, and environmental issues. This research also examines how waste is implicated in the performance of middle class-ness, in notions of morality, and in norms and codes classifying and distinguishing the valuable from the worthless. The present study suggests that members of the ethnographic sample seem worried about issues regarding social hierarchies and class belonging, to amuch greater degree than they are concerned with the environmental aspects of consumption and waste management.Out of sight, out of mind? In an explicit context of social inequality, behavior toward waste passes first through the lens of class.

  • 19.
    Machado-Borges, Thaïs
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Gemzöe, Lena
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Genusvetenskap.
    Genus, Plats och Engagemang2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 20.
    Melián, Virginia
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier, JMK. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Negociando el disenso verde: Prácticas mediáticas, movilizacióny visibilidad 2052016Inngår i: Pensamiento social sueco sobre América Latina / [ed] Maria-Therese Gustafsson, Fredrik Uggla, Buenos Aires: CLACSO , 2016, 205-235 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 21.
    Nussio, Enzo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet. University of St. Gallen, Switzerland.
    Violencia, terrorismo y guerra de discursos: Dos décadas de amenazas a la seguridad vistas por los presidentes colombianos2013Inngår i: Bulletin / Société suisse des américanistes, ISSN 0582-1592, Vol. 75, 43-56 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [es]

    La controversia entre el presidente actual, Juan Manuel Santos, y su antecesor, Álvaro Uribe, sobre si hay o no conflicto armado en Colombia puso en evidencia otro frente en el contexto de las violencias que han azotado a este país desde décadas: el de los discursos. El presente artículo busca identificar las rupturas y continuidades entre estos discursos de los presidentes colombianos en los últimos veinte años. El análisis de como han hablado los presidentes de sus respectivas luchas contra el conflicto político, el narcoterrorismo o la violencia múltiple, facilita la comprensión de las estrategias empleadas para enfrentar las amenazas, como negociaciones políticas, sometimiento a la justicia o confrontación militar.

  • 22.
    Nussio, Enzo
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet. Universidad de los Andes, Colombia.
    Howe, Kimberly
    When Protection Collapses: Post-Demobilization Trajectories of Violence2016Inngår i: Terrorism and Political Violence, ISSN 0954-6553, E-ISSN 1556-1836, Vol. 28, nr 5, 848-867 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The implementation of peacebuilding activities, including the demobilization of non-state illegal actors, does not necessarily bring about a reduction in violence. While there are several theories that address the causes of persistent violence, there are few that adequately explain why rates of violence can rapidly increase in a post-demobilization context. Using the method of process tracing, this article explores the case of Córdoba Department, Colombia, where rates of violence have increased after the demobilization of paramilitary groups (Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia [AUC]) in 2005. We argue that the AUC created and maintained a monopolistic illegal protection system during its years of operation, and this type of local order was able to contain violence. After demobilization, the protection system was disrupted and as a consequence, new competition between post-demobilization criminal organizations for existing illegal rents developed, petty crime became pervasive, and revenge killings spiked, thus contributing to increased rates of violence in the post-demobilization period. Our theory about the breakdown of protection finds support in other AUC-dominated regions of Colombia.

  • 23.
    Nussio, Enzo
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet. University of the Andes Colombia, Colombia.
    Oppenheim, Ben
    Anti-Social Capital in Former Members of Non-State Armed Groups: A Case Study of Colombia2014Inngår i: Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, ISSN 1057-610X, E-ISSN 1521-0731, Vol. 37, nr 12, 999-1023 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Illegal organizations, like mafia syndicates, gangs, and insurgencies, are often highly cohesive and hostile toward the outside world. Such groups cultivate a particular form of anti-social capital, which relies on ingroup bonding and limits outgroup bridging for the purpose of commissioning illicit acts. We argue that experiences within the group leave members with varying intensities of anti-social capital, and that higher intensities lead to significantly weaker relationships with political institutions and civil society, even many years after they exit the group. We test this theory using survey data from 1,485 former members of insurgent and paramilitary groups in Colombia, along with insights from 68 qualitative interviews. We find strong evidence that anti-social capital has individually varying and sticky effects on former members. These effects are pervasive and intense, and exhibit surprising and counterintuitive properties: former members of pro-state militia with higher levels of anti-social capital are systematically less likely to trust political institutions, while members of peasant-based insurgent groups with high levels of anti-social capital are less likely to participate in their communities.

  • 24.
    Nussio, Enzo
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Rettberg, Angelika
    Ugarriza, Juan E.
    Victims, Nonvictims and Their Opinions on Transitional Justice: Findings from the Colombian Case2015Inngår i: International Journal of Transitional Justice, ISSN 1752-7716, E-ISSN 1752-7724, Vol. 9, nr 2, 336-354 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Victims of armed conflict are often seen as driven by trauma-related stark emotions that differentiate them from nonvictims. Based on this premise, they should hold different views from people who have not been directly affected by war about punishing perpetrators of violence, remembering human rights violations, seeking truth and receiving reparations. The resilience literature, on the contrary, has downplayed the role of traumatic experiences in shaping people's views and rather stressed their ability to cope with adversity. In this article, we ask whether there are any differences in attitudes toward transitional justice mechanisms between victims and nonvictims, using a representative sample of the Colombian population (n = 1,843, of whom 315 are conflict victims). We find almost no statistically significant differences. Psychological resilience among victims may account for this counterintuitive finding. However, we suggest that social desirability biases, a pervasive impact of the long conflict beyond the victim/nonvictim divide and social proximity between victims and perpetrators may also be relevant explanations. Our results are relevant for scholars and policy makers, as they question elements of common (yet untested) wisdom about the political and social impact of violence on individuals' attitudes and about the prospects of peaceful coexistence.

  • 25.
    Parra Rosales, Luz Paula
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Conflicts in the City and the possibilities of the Restorative Justice: The case of Mexico2017Inngår i: City and Security. The communities and citizen´s rights in the coproduction of security / [ed] Junna Assiago et al., Mexico: Universidad Alberto Hurtado de Chile , 2017, 131-154 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The tough-on-crime policies that have been implemented by several urban governments as a strategy to reduce crime, insecurity and violence, which range from higher punishments to lowering the age of criminal responsibility, have given contra-productive results so far (Davis, 2013; Muggah, 2012). In addition, catastrophic mid-term and long-term consequences have been documented to generate a greater spiral of organised and unorganised violence, as well as a severe deterioration of the social fabric in the cities where these measures are implemented (Dudley, 2013; PNUD, 2013; Wolf, 2011).

    Different social sectors are expressing an increasing concern and demanding for governmental authorities to act in an even more drastic and efficient way when confronting urban crime and violence (INEGI, 2015; Latinobarómetro, 2015; PNUD, 2013).[1] This brings us to two essential questions: How could the ascending circles of urban violence and insecurity be deactivated? And, how could alternative and efficient responses to the underlying causes of violence and insecurity be generated to reduce them, while contributing to the reconstruction of the social fabric?

    [1]  Latinobarometro of 2015 identifies delinquency as the most significant problem for the Mexican interviewees, with a 23%; well above the unemployment (16%) and the economy (8%). Also, more than 70% of the interviewees consider living in Mexico is less safe every day.

  • 26.
    Parra Rosales, Luz Paula
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    El impacto diferenciado de la inseguridad pública como otra expresión de la inequidad socio-económica: una exploración inicial al caso mexicano2017Inngår i: Anuario Latinoamericano. Ciencias Politicas y Relaciones Internacionales, ISSN 2392-0343, Vol. 4, 61-81 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The unequal impact on public insecurity as another expression of socio-economic inequality: an initial exploration of the Mexican case

    The increasing public insecurity has negatively affected the quality of life of all Mexicans. However, its impact is differentiated among diverse sectors of the population and it has deeper consequences depending on regional, gender, age and ethnic conditions. This situation is particularly sensible because it has aggravated the already historical socio-economic inequalities existing around the whole country. The two questions that this article tries to answer are: how public insecurity has exacerbated socio-economic inequality in Mexico? And what are the different responses of unequal socio-economic sectors to deal with public insecurity? In the article, it is argued that since 2006 when the war on drugs was launched, there has been a notorious increase of criminal violence and insecurity and the state authorities are incapable or unwilling to provide equitable public security to all Mexicans. Therefore, multiples organized and unorganized responses have been generated by the population, which go from contracting of private security forces, integrating self-defense groups, lynching, isolating in private enclaves among many other individual and collective, formal and informal, legal and non-legal measures that implicate differential cost and benefits for the people. The Mexican state representatives have the obligation to provide public security to all sectors without discrimination, but when they decide to decentralize, privatize or simply not act are falling to guarantee public security as a right that is considered a “key right” for the enjoinment of other rights such as free movement, free expression among many others. Consequently, it is damaging even more the already unequal socio-economic conditions experienced by the poorest and more vulnerable sectors in the country. The worsening of public security and the uneven responses from the population expose the lack of governance of the Mexican state representatives and their inability to distribute in an efficient and equitable manner a public good, such as public security. In addition, it shows its lack of capacity to exercise the legitimate monopoly of violence to face and control the non-state actors that generate insecurity and whom aggravated the inequality within the territories they control.  

  • 27.
    Parra Rosales, Luz Paula
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Estrategía de Mediación: Familiar, Escolar y Comunicación.: Metodología de Acción para los programas de Prevención Social de Estados y Municipios.2014Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [es]

    El objetivo de esta metodología de acción es servir como una herramienta de prevención social de la violencia y la delincuencia, contribuyendo a la transformación positiva de los conflictos, a la convivencia ciudadana mediante la formación y la capacitación en mediación y a la generación de espacios de diálogo par ala construcción de acuerdos.

    La presente metodología está integrada por diferentes apartados. Al inicio se expone el marco conceptual y su vínculo con el Programa Nacional de Prevención Social de la Violencia y la Delincuencia. En el siguiente apartado, se señalan los factores de riesgo relacionados con el manejo inadecuado de los conflictos sociales y comunitarios en distintos ámbitos y sectores. Posteriormente, se presentan de manera general las recomendaciones estratégicas de capacitación en mediación y los temas necesarios para trabajar en torno a la mediación familiar, escolar y comunitaria de forma particular. En seguida, se detallan los requisitos necesarios para cre4ar espacios para el diálogo y la construcción de acuerdos. Finalmente, se incluyen los indicadores necesarios para alcanzar los objetivos propuestos en esta metodología, así como la bibliografía y las fuentes relacionadas con las mejores prácticas a nivel nacional e internacional.

  • 28.
    Parra Rosales, Luz Paula
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Manual para la Formación y Capacitación en Mediación Comunitaria2014Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [es]

    Las políticas públicas orientadas a la prevención social deben considerar el apoyo de procesos de mediación para poder conciliar los conflictos sociales presentes en el territorio, en este sentido, la mediación es una herramienta privilegiada para afianzar una cultura de prevención capaz de avanzar hacia la construcción de ciudades más cohesionadas y comprometidas con la co-producción de seguridad. En la actualidad muchas de las violencias y conflictos se generan por el desgaste de las relaciones vecinales, comunitarias, de genero, así como por la perdida de interacciones y reconocimientos entre diferentes grupos presentes en el territorio. A esto se suma el deterioro de la cohesión social derivada de la escasa capacidad mediadora de los gobiernos locales, y de la fuerte presencia de grupos criminales en determinadas zonas del país.

    Sin embargo, si se implementen iniciativas y mecanismos de mediación pueden contrarrestarse esos efectos y disminuir sus riesgos, ofreciendo una forma concreta y efectiva de resolución pacífica de los conflictos. A su vez se promueve el diálogo social generándose espacios de reconstrucción de la cohesión social y el acercamiento entre diversos grupos. En esta guía se presentan los principios básicos de la resolución constructiva de conflictos, y específicamente de la mediación comunitaria, que serán de gran utilidad para todos los que trabajan en la promoción de la cultura de la paz y el desarrollo social en sus comunidades.

  • 29.
    Parra Rosales, Luz Paula
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    The Achievement of a Federal Budget with a Gender Perspective2017Inngår i: Efective Incidence of NGOs in a Congress without Mayorities / [ed] Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE)-Centro de Colaboración Cívica (CCC), Mexico: Centro de Colaboración Cívica , 2017, 1-35 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [es]

    En este estudio de caso se analiza el desempeño de las Organizaciones de la Sociedad Civil (OSC) en la propuesta y aprobación de la iniciativa para un gasto etiquetado para las mujeres. El papel que jugaron las organizaciones por los derechos de las mujeres, coordinadas en la Coalición por la Salud de las Mujeres (la Coalición) y respaldadas por “una bancada de diputadas feministas”, fue determinante para su aprobación y generó un precedente único de organización y colaboración entre las OSC y el poder legislativo en México.

    El presente caso refleja las posibilidades de una interlocución constructiva, coordinada y colaborativa entre distintas organizaciones civiles con saberes y experiencias distintas que en conjunto potencializaron una interlocución positiva y poderosa con el Congreso. Este caso en particular muestra que la formación de coaliciones y alianzas estratégicas son factores claves para realizar una incidencia efectiva por parte de las organizaciones civiles en el avance de agendas compartidas, así como para posicionar temáticas particulares en la agenda pública.  

    En este capítulo se presenta una breve síntesis de los antecedentes del caso de estudio. En seguida se realiza un análisis de los factores que facilitaron el diálogo e interlocución de las organizaciones civiles con el legislativo. Posteriormente, se señalan algunos factores que todavía obstaculizan o representan un reto para que las OSC puedan incidir efectivamente en el Congreso. Finalmente, se profundiza en las lecciones aprendidas, así como en algunas reflexiones finales sobre el papel de la sociedad civil como un actor clave para gobernabilidad democrática en México. 

  • 30.
    Parra Rosales, Luz Paula
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Transformación creativa de los conflictos2016Inngår i: Derechos Humanos y Educación para la Paz / [ed] Victoria Ocejo, Ana P. Hernández Romano, México: Universidad Iberoamericana , 2016, 47-77 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [es]

    Derechos Humanos y educación para la Paz pretende ser un apoyo para maestros y directivos durante la implementación del proyecto Paz en la escuela, así como un acompanamiento en los anos posteriores. Como complemento a la capacitación y asesoría recibidas a lo largo de un ano escolar, este libro busca crear dentro de las escuelas espacios de diálogo y confianza en donde nuestros maestros y alumnos hagan apuestas para mejorar su entorno, resuelvan conflictos, lleguen a acuerdos y aprendan, tanton a reconocer como a agradecer, lo bueno en quienes los rodean.

    El ámbito escolar y el familiar son las principales fuentes de formación y aprendizaje durante los primeros anos de via. La escuela y el aula son espacios idóneos para que los ninos y jóvenes aprendan a relacionarse mejor. El respeto, la tolerancia y el diálogo crean comunidades sólidas que rechazan la violencia, comunidades en las que cada voz es importante, en las que cada acuerdo basta para recordarnos el poder del consenso y la palabra.

  • 31.
    Parra Rosales, Luz Paula
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Hernandez, Mauricio
    Reforma Constitucional de Derechos Humanos en México2017Inngår i: Efective Incidence of NGOs in a Congress without Mayorities / [ed] Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE)-Centro de Colaboración Cívica (CCC), Mexico: Centro de Colaboración Cívica , 2017, 1-35 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [es]

    Después de más de 10 años de negociación política y de un proceso legislativo de tres años, finalmente el 11 de junio de 2011 entró en vigor la Reforma Constitucional en materia de Derechos Humanos en México. Miembros de organizaciones civiles, exfuncionarios de gobierno, legisladores, organismos internacionales, académicos y gran parte de la opinión pública coinciden en que se trata de una de las piezas de legislación más importantes que se han aprobado en los últimos tiempos en el país.

    En el entorno creado por las medidas de políticas públicas tomadas por el gobierno federal para el combate a la delincuencia organizada y ante el crecimiento del nivel de violencia a nivel nacional, la aprobación de la Reforma Constitucional en materia de Justicia Penal que entró en vigor en el año 2008 motivó la preocupación de algunas organizaciones civiles y de la Oficina del Alto Comisionado de los Derechos Humanos  en  México (OACNUDH),  las cuales  opinaban  que  esta  legislación  carecía  de  una perspectiva de derechos humanos que garantizara un balance al nuevo marco legal. Por lo tanto, consideraron urgente la aprobación de esta reforma, discutida desde hace mucho tiempo, pero que en esos momentos se percibía como necesaria para brindar protección a la ciudadanía ante la situación de inseguridad en el país.

    Diversos actores intervinieron durante la discusión de la Reforma Constitucional en materia de Derechos Humanos, sin embargo, la incidencia estratégica de algunas organizaciones civiles y organismos internacionales fue determinante a lo largo de todo el proceso de aprobación, pasando por su votación en la Cámara de Diputados y el Senado de la República, hasta llegar a su aprobación final en la mayoría de los congresos estatales del país y su promulgación por parte del Ejecutivo.

  • 32.
    Parra Rosales, Luz Paula
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Hernández, Mara
    Cabildeo Ciudadano y Democrácia en México: Diez anos de sociedad civil e incidencia efectiva2017 (oppl. Instituto Belisario Dominguez del Senado de la República)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [es]

    Este libro presenta 10 casos de incidencia de la sociedad civil en la construcción de acuerdos legislativos multipartidarios, los cuales ilustran el aporte de esta esfera de la sociedad a la calidad de la democracia, así como buenas prácticas de cabildeo ciudadano. En conjunto, los casos documentados dan cuenta de una sociedad civil eficaz y profesional en sus esfuerzos por incidir en la agenda legislativa y la muestran como una esfera ciudadana fluida y multiforme, donde los actores se reparten roles, son capaces de improvisar y adoptan distintas formas organizativas en función de amenazas y oportunidades del contexto. Además de su efectividad, los casos ejemplifican la legitimidad que alcanza la sociedad civil cuando pera en razón de su capacidad de organizarse en redes de colaboración voluntaria, independiente del Estado y del mercado, para identificar y proponer soluciones legislativas a los problemas públicos. Esta capacidad y orientación pública es la base de la legitimidad de su actuación. Cuando logra tanto efectividad como legitimidad, el cabildeo ciudadano se diferencia claramente del cabildeo tradicional para construir una valiosa aportación a la calidad de nuestra democracia desde múltiples dimensiones.

  • 33.
    Pereira Aldacor, Emilio
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Human Rights Violations in Argentina and Uruguay: A study with focus on the legal status of the amnesty laws2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay analyzes in a comparative manner, the cases of Argentina and Uruguay regarding the amnesty laws that both issued to members of the armed forces after the transition to democracy from the authoritarian regime, for violations of human rights committed during the military dictatorship. The research seeks to understand the causes that have made the amnesty law in Argentina from 1986 and 1987, together with the presidential pardoning of 1989 to be declared unconstitutional in 2005 and 2007 by the Argentinian Supreme Court, while the Uruguayan amnesty law issued in 1986 is at the time when this research was made still in force. The focus of this study relies on four main actors that have made an impact on this issue: the Executive; the Supreme Court; the Inter-American system of Human Rights; and the human rights movement.

    Our research intakes a qualitative nature that is the most appropriate method for this kind of study. A comparative methodology is developed studying the cases of Argentina and Uruguay in order to outline similarities and differences between them both, which let us see the different variables that both cases have in an effort to better understand the causes that led to different outcomes regarding the present legal status of the amnesty laws. This essay utilizes as its theoretical framework, theories of Transitional Justice and Human Rights from below, which are applied to the material presented in both cases.

    In Argentina, the Supreme Court, the Executive, the human rights movement and the Inter-American system of Human Rights, have worked together in the last decade to abolish the amnesty laws and the pardoning in the country.

    The Supreme Court in Uruguay acting against the Executive power in the last time is seen as a keen factor to why the amnesty law is still in force today. Here, the referendums in 1989 and 2009 supporting the further upholding of the law influenced the decision of the Supreme Court, and also made a negative impact in the human rights movement.

  • 34.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    21st century geopolitics: integration and development in the age of 'continental states'2017Inngår i: Territory, Politics, Governance, ISSN 2162-2671, Vol. 5, nr 4, 478-494 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a need, in the 21st century, to analyse the interconnection between development and regional integration with a renewed attention to geopolitics. The aim of this paper is to explore the links between states, the economy and the international system in an ongoing process of transformation generating a new world order. Drawing on geopolitical theory, this study advances the argument that in the 21st century, those states in search of increasing autonomy apply strategies of regional integration and development-oriented policies, following a path to constructing new grossraums centred on states that are continental in scope. For this analysis the study proposes using a geopolitical perspective – here called ‘classical geopolitics’ – emphasizing the territorial dimension of state making, which includes economic policies and the formation of national identities. Particular attention is given to the spatial motif observed in international systems.

  • 35.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Autonomía y Geopolítica2015Inngår i: Integración y cooperación regional en América Latina: una relectura a partir de la teoría de la autonomía / [ed] José Briceño Ruiz, Alejandro Simonoff, Buenos Aires: Editorial Biblos , 2015Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 36.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Economia Politica Internacional y Territorio2017Inngår i: Gobernanza de las Integraciones Regionales / [ed] Ma. Antonia Correa Serrano, Federico Manchon, Mexico DF: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Xohimilco e ITACA , 2017, 23-45 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 37.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Kjellén i världen: Brasilien2014Inngår i: Rudolf Kjellén: geopolitiken och konservatismen / [ed] Bert Edström, Ragnar Björk, Thomas Lundén, Stockholm: Hjalmarson & Högberg , 2014, 306-316 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 38.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Rebeldes 'primitivos' e 'institucionalizados': argentinos y uruguayos en conflicto2014Inngår i: Ibero-Americana, Nordic Journal of Latin American Studies, ISSN 0046-8444, Vol. XLIV, nr 1-2, 195-214 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 39.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Thinking globally from the periphery: Raúl Prebisch and the world system2017Inngår i: The Global Political Economy of Raúl Prebisch / [ed] Matias E. Margulis, London: Routledge , 2017Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 40.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Briceño-Ruiz, José
    Brazil and Latin America: Between the Integration and Separation Paths2017Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Brazil and Latin America: Between the Separation and Integration Paths challenges the “separatist” bias in the vision of Brazilian relations with its Latin American neighbors. By exploring the parallel existence of a path of integration, the focus of this study is on those forces which have intended to forge different forms of alignment, integration, and, sometimes, rightward union between Brazil and different Latin American countries. The authors analyze the ideas and projects inherent in the mindset of elites even before independence. They show that the path of integration has been more influential than is generally known. Ultimately, this book demonstrates the complexity around policy-making, debates on foreign policy, and the history of shaping the Brazilian self.  less

  • 41.
    Sandvik, Fanny
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Feminists and Catholics: Perspectives on the Abortion Debate in Bolivia2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is analysing the abortion debate in Bolivia and questions a supposed contradiction of being simultaneouslyfeminist and Catholicregarding opinions on abortion. By analysing texts from three important actors in the abortion debate in Bolivia, the studyshows on what arguments and discourses that are used within the debate, as well asconsideringthe interesting role of Católicas por el Derecho a Decidir (CDD -Catholics for the Right to Decide),that isa feminist organisation fighting for a complete decriminalisation of abortion in Bolivia, but are also Catholics. The two other actors analysed are Colectivo Rebeldía as a representative of the feminist movement, and the Catholic Church asthe greatest abortion opponent. The thesis has a feminist perspective and use a critical discourse analysis in orderto provide different perspectives on the abortion debate in Bolivia. The results indicate that the rights discourse is frequently used by all three actors, although promoting different rights.Whereas the Church promotes the foetus’ right to life, the twofeminist organisations speak of rights in terms of a woman’s right to decide.The Church is using a conservative traditional language and aims to maintain status quo, whereas the feminist organisations use a variety of discourses with the objective of social transformation. Moreover, the fact that the organisation CDD is both feminist and Catholic, might not seem that contradictive when explainedwith the help of feminist theology.

  • 42.
    Sartoretto, Paola
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Exploring Inclusive Ethnography as a Methodology to Account for Multiple Experiences2016Inngår i: Innovative methods in media and communication research / [ed] Sebastian Kubitschko, Anne Kaun, Cham, Switzerland: Springer Publishing Company, 2016, 189-205 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Sartoretto shows the necessity of ethnography inspired methodologies that are attentive to communication as an open-ended process to better understand media related practices. The chapter highlights the ways multimedia ethnographic fieldwork is useful to inform research that seeks to understand realities in transitional and unequal societies outside the Euro-American context. Sartoretto also explicates that a too strong focus on analyzing the significances for social action of new technologies that are unequally available across different groups tends to give an eschewed view of the democratizing potentials of these technologies. By focusing on the experiences of a marginalized group in Brazil that is geographically distant from urban centers and does not have access to the most advanced technologies, the chapter broadens the horizons of analysis of the interplay between social action and media.

  • 43.
    Sartoretto, Paola
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Mobilization as communication: A Latin American Perspective to the Study of Social Movements2016Inngår i: Social Movements Around the World, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a critique to dominant social movement theories problematising their North-centrism and the lack of an in-depth analysis of media and communication's role for social movements. Drawing on Downing’s (2008) argument that there is very little dialogue between the areas of social movement studies and media and communication, a link between social mobilization and communication is identified in Latin American scholarship. The argument advanced is that concepts such as hybridization and conscientization, developed by Latin American scholars to explain social mobilization in the region, can be the missing analytical connection between social movement studies and media and communication. Furthermore, as these concepts were developed to explain social mobilization in post-colonial, underdeveloped and unequal societies, they are presented as a theoretical alternative to the Euro-American universalism of the dominant theories.

  • 44.
    Sartoretto, Paola
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    The Circumstantial Media Activist: An Analysis of the Relation between Media and Political Representation2016Inngår i: Javnost - The Public, ISSN 1318-3222, Vol. 23, nr 3, 273-289 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Alternative or radical media are kinds of media production common among social movements whose members do not see their causes represented in mainstream media. This is the case of the Brazilian Landless Workers Movement (MST), which since 1984 has created media outlets and produced content for different platforms, later becoming active in the area of media and communication rights in Brazil. Based on fieldwork carried out in 2013 and 2014, this article proposes that a perspective of communication rights is attentive to the structural configuration of the media landscape and not only to the provision of technology and production skills. This study shows that collective action and promotion of structural change are still relevant alongside new technologies.

  • 45.
    Sartoretto, Paola
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Watchdogs or influential political players? The blurring line between editorializing and informing in Argentinean and Brazilian news media2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The watchdog role of the press has been a widely accepted concept in political communication for decades. According to this view, by monitoring the conduct of governments, news media play a regulatory role that is vital to democracy, such that their independence from political actors enables them to consider different sources of information and perspectives on an issue and present a balanced coverage to the public, and the quality of their news is defined by rigorous fact-checking, a focus on information rather than infotainment, and due attention to the complexity of the issue covered (including adequate discussion of context, causes and consequences). This view, however, is challenged by the current Latin American scenario, in which the boundaries between editorial line and information are blurred in connection with the engagement of media holdings in society as commercial and political actors with their own interests.  In this paper we approach the problem by way of a comparison of the reporting by Brazilian and Argentinian printed news outlets of two recent stories involving political personalities in government in both countries. . We a) analyze the quality of their respective coverage and b) establish similarities and differences in their approaches. We then compare this coverage with that of four smaller-scale news media outlets (Página/12 daily newspaper and bimonthly magazine Acción in Argentina, and weekly newspaper Brazil de Fato and online newspaper Brasil 247 in Brazil) that are not components of media conglomerates, analyzed following the same approach. Findings of this exploratory study indicate that the coverage of dominant news media outlets fails to meet the quality standards considered a hallmark of watchdog journalism, and reveal commonalities in their approaches to framing the stories under scrutiny. These commonalities call for further comparative investigation of the production of political news by dominant media players in the region. Moreover, our findings illustrate the use of newsmaking to advance specific interests rather than inform the public, and indicate the need to rethink the location of the watchdog role in democracies affected by media concentration. If dominant media groups use their news outlets to advance specific interests and therefore play a powerful role in the democratic game other than duly informing citizens, where should the watchdog role lie?

  • 46.
    Sartoretto, Paola Madrid
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Ativismo mídiatico circunstancial – uma análise da relação entre representações mídiáticas e políticas2016Inngår i: Animus: Revista Interamericana de Comunicação Midiática, ISSN 1677-907X, E-ISSN 2175-4977, Vol. 15, nr 30, 118-129 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [pt]

    Mídia alternativa radical (Downing, 2000) é um tipo de produção midiática comum entre movimentos sociais cujos membros não veem suas causas representadas na mídia dominante. Esse é o caso do Movimento Sem-Terra (MST), que desde 1984 tem criado meios de comunicação próprios e produzido conteúdo para plataformas variadas, tornando-se mais tarde ativo na área da democratização da comunicação. Baseado em trabalho de campo realizado em 2013 e 2014, esse artigo propõe uma perspectiva de direito à comunicação que aborde a configuração estrutural do setor de comunicação e não apenas a provisão de tecnologias e habilidades de produção. O estudo demonstra que ação coletiva e promoção de mudanças estruturais ainda são relevantes, aliadas às novas tecnologias de comunicação.

  • 47.
    Sartoretto, Paola Madrid
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Between opportunities and threats – an analysis of Brazilian Landless Workers’ movement experiences with new media technologies2016Inngår i: OBS - Observatorio, ISSN 1646-5954, E-ISSN 1646-5954Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent discussions and research about the uses of digital social media platforms by social movements and protest organizations have raised questions about threats and challenges represented by these technologies. There is also a debate on whether digital social media platforms can contribute to establish and strengthen long-standing oppositional groups and structural change. In this context, this article analyses how the Brazilian Landless Workers Movement (MST) experiences and views the use of digital social media platforms in its communicative processes. Based on interviews and observations, the article shows how MST militants present ambivalent views towards platforms such as Facebook and Twitter and towards the dynamics of digital communication. Conclusions point that the main concern is threat to the organic collective character of the movement posed by individualistic digital social media platforms. Different from contemporary protest organisations, MST sees a clear separation between the movement and its media. The goal is to appropriate of and control media technologies, which brings many difficulties when dealing with digital social media platforms.

  • 48. Ugarriza, Juan E.
    et al.
    Nussio, Enzo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    ¿Son Los Guerrilleros Diferentes de Los Paramilitares? Una Integración Y Validación Sistemática de Estudios Motivacionales En Colombia2015Inngår i: Análisis Político, ISSN 0121-4705, Vol. 28, nr 85, 189-211 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [es]

    ¿Es el combatiente de grupos de guerrilla y el de grupos paramilitares en el fondo el mismo tipo de persona? La evidencia sugiere que ambos atraviesan diferentes tipos de experiencia de guerra y procesos de socialización, y habría que esperar que se comportaran de forma disímil luego de su desmovilización. En este estudio, demostramos que los miembros de grupos de guerrilla y paramilitares en Colombia se movían por motivaciones claramente distinguibles en su decisión de unirse a sus respectivos grupos, en las que los condicionantes contextuales se mezclan con diferentes lógicas de nivel personal. Nuestro análisis se basa en la integración sistemática de hipótesis relevantes extraídas de estudios previos y una validación de sus hallazgos en una base de datos de 1.485 excombatientes en Colombia.

  • 49.
    Uggla, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Apéndice. Tesis doctorales suecas sobre América Latina, 2000-20152016Inngår i: Pensamiento social sueco sobre América Latina / [ed] Maria-Therese Gustafsson, Fredrik Uggla, Buenos Aires: CLACSO , 2016, 297-305 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 50.
    Uggla, Fredrik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Gustafsson, Maria-Therese
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Introducción2016Inngår i: Pensamiento social sueco sobre América Latina, Buenos Aires: CLACSO , 2016, 9-27 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
12 1 - 50 of 55
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