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  • 1. Atzendorf, Josefine
    et al.
    Aschenbrenner, Annika Berit
    de Matos, Elena Gomes
    Kraus, Ludwig
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences. FT Institut für Therapieforschung, Germany; Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary.
    Kroeger, Christoph
    Delle, Simone
    Piontek, Daniela
    E-Zigaretten: Einschätzung vonGesundheitsgefahren undNutzung zur Tabakentwöhnung2018In: Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz, ISSN 1436-9990, Vol. 61, no 11, p. 1415-1421Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    BackgroundThe perception that e-cigarettes are less harmful than traditional tobacco products can influence the consumption of e-cigarettes.ObjectivesThree questions were examined: (1)How do different population groups perceive health risks of e-cigarettes? (2)Do sociodemographic variables explain differences in the risk assessment of e-cigarettes? (3)Does the perception of health risks predict the use of e-cigarettes for smoking cessation?MethodsData came from the 2015 Epidemiological Survey of Substance Abuse (ESA) with asample size of n=9204 participants, aged 18 to 64years (response rate 52.2%). Data were collected by telephone, online, or by written questionnaires. Assessments of risk perception of e-cigarettes and conventional cigarettes (more harmful, just as harmful, less harmful, do not know) were compared. Descriptive statistics and logistic regressions were performed.ResultsIndividuals with lower education rated e-cigarettes as more harmful. Older people and women perceived e-cigarettes as just as harmful. Smokers considered e-cigarettes to be more harmful than or just as harmful as conventional tobacco products. The likelihood of using e-cigarettes for smoking cessation was higher if people thought they were less harmful than conventional cigarettes.ConclusionsOnly one-third of the population knows that e-cigarettes are less harmful to health than conventional cigarettes. The perception of health risks is related to the usage of e-cigarettes for smoking cessation.

  • 2. Manthey, Jakob
    et al.
    Lindemann, Christina
    Verthein, Uwe
    Frischknecht, Ulrich
    Kraus, Ludwig
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences. IFT Institut für Therapieforschung, Germany; ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary.
    Reimer, Jens
    Grün, Annett
    Kiefer, Falk
    Schulte, Bernd
    Rehm, Jürgen
    Versorgung von Personen mit riskantem Alkoholkonsum und schwerer Alkoholkonsumstörung in Bremen: bedarfsgerecht und leitlinienkonform?2020In: Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz, ISSN 1436-9990, Vol. 63, p. 122-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Early detection of risky alcohol use and severe alcohol use disorders (AUDs) is crucial to avoid adverse health consequences. The German “Guidelines on Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorders” recommend to routinely screen patients for hazardous alcohol use and to subsequently conduct brief interventions, for example in primary healthcare. For severe AUDs, provision of withdrawal treatment is recommended in inpatient settings if complications are anticipated.

    Objectives: To estimate the proportion of people with hazardous alcohol use or severe AUDs receiving healthcare as stipulated by the guidelines.

    Materials and methods: The prevalence of hazardous use (female ≥12 g; male ≥24 g) and severe AUDs (female ≥60 g; male ≥90 g) was estimated using per capita consumption of pure alcohol. Treatment rates were estimated using survey data (for hazardous use) and inpatient admissions (for severe AUDs). All estimates refer to the adult population (15 years or older) of the federal state of Bremen for 2016.

    Results: Physicians screened 2.9% of all people with hazardous alcohol use and conducted brief interventions with 1.4%. Among people with severe AUDs, 7.1% received inpatient treatment. Among people with severe AUDs who required inpatient treatment, 14.1% received withdrawal treatment in inpatient settings. Treatment rates below average were registered among 21- to 39-year-olds.

    Conclusions: In Bremen, provision of guideline-conform healthcare for hazardous alcohol use and severe AUDs is insufficient, especially among 21- to 39-year-olds.

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