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  • 1.
    Cattaneo, Roger
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Borodianskyi, Evgenii A.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Kalenyuk, Aleksey A.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine.
    Krasnov, Vladimir M.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Russia.
    Superconducting Terahertz Sources with 12% Power Efficiency2021Inngår i: Physical Review Applied, E-ISSN 2331-7019, Vol. 16, nr 6, artikkel-id L061001Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Low power efficiency is one of the main problems of terahertz (THz) sources, colloquially known as “the THz gap.” In this work we present prototypes of THz devices based on whisker crystals of a high-temperature superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ with a record high-radiation power efficiency of 12% at a frequency of approximately 4 THz. We employ various on- and off-chip detection techniques and, in particular, use the radiative cooling phenomenon for accurate evaluation of the emission power. We conclude that such devices can be used for creation of tunable, monochromatic, cw, compact, and power-efficient THz sources.

  • 2.
    Cattaneo, Roger
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Galin, Mikhail A.
    Krasnov, Vladimir M.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Observation of collective excitation of surface plasmon resonances in large Josephson junction arrays2022Inngår i: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology, ISSN 2190-4286, Vol. 13, s. 1578-1588Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Josephson junctions can be used as sources of microwave radiation. However, synchronization of many junctions is required for achieving a coherent amplification of the emitted power. In this work we present an experimental study of large arrays containing up to one thousand Nb/NbxSi1−x/Nb junctions. The arrays exhibit profound cavity mode resonances, corresponding to the formation of standing waves at the electrode/substrate interface. We observe that resonant steps in the current–voltage characteristics appear above some threshold number of junctions, Nth ≈ 100, and then progressively enhance in amplitude with further increment of the number of junctions in the resistive oscillating state. We use an external detector to measure the emission of electromagnetic waves. The emission power correlates with the step amplitude. Our results indicate that the emission is facilitated by the cavity modes in the electrodes. The modes are collectively excited by active junctions. In turn, the standing wave imprints its order on the array, facilitating mutual phase-locking of junctions. This provides an indirect coupling mechanism, allowing for the synchronization of junctions, which do not directly interact with each other. Our results demonstrate that electrodes can effectively work as a common external resonator, facilitating long-range phase-locking of large junction arrays with sizes larger than the emitted wavelength.

  • 3.
    Grebenchuk, S. Yu
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Institute for Physics of Microstructures RAS, Russia.
    Cattaneo, Roger
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Krasnov, Vladimir M.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Nonlocal Long-Range Synchronization of Planar Josephson-Junction Arrays2022Inngår i: Physical Review Applied, E-ISSN 2331-7019, Vol. 17, nr 6, artikkel-id 064032Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We study arrays of planar Nb Josephson junctions with contacts to intermediate electrodes, which allow measurements of individual junctions and, thus, provide an insight into intricate array dynamics. We observe strong indications for array phase locking, despite a significant interjunction separation. Several unusual phenomena are reported, such as a bistable critical current with reentrant superconductivity upon switching of nearby junctions; and “incorrect” Shapiro steps, occurring at mixing frequencies between the external rf radiation and the internal Josephson frequency in nearby junctions. Our results reveal a surprisingly strong and long-range interjunction interaction, which is attributed to nonlocality of planar-junction electrodynamics, caused by the long-range spreading of stray electromagnetic fields. The nonlocality greatly enhances the high-frequency interjunction coupling and enables large-scale synchronization. Therefore, we conclude that planar geometry is advantageous for the realization of coherent Josephson electronics.

  • 4. Krasnov, Mikhail M.
    et al.
    Novikova, Natalia D.
    Cattaneo, Roger
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Kalenyuk, Alexey A.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine; Kyiv Academic University, Ukraine.
    Krasnov, Vladimir M.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Russia.
    Design aspects of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ THz sources: optimization of thermal and radiative properties2021Inngår i: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology, ISSN 2190-4286, Vol. 12, s. 1392-1403Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Impedance matching and heat management are important factors influencing the performance of terahertz sources. In this work we analyze thermal and radiative properties of such devices based on mesa structures of a layered high-temperature superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta. Two types of devices are considered containing either a conventional large single crystal or a whisker. We perform numerical simulations for various geometrical configurations and parameters and make a comparison with experimental data for the two types of devices. It is demonstrated that the structure and the geometry of both the superconductor and the electrodes play important roles. In crystal-based devices an overlap between the crystal and the electrode leads to appearance of a large parasitic capacitance, which shunts terahertz emission and prevents impedance matching with open space. The overlap is avoided in whisker-based devices. Furthermore, the whisker and the electrodes form a turnstile (crossed-dipole) antenna facilitating good impedance matching. This leads to more than an order of magnitude enhancement of the radiation power efficiency in whisker-based, compared to crystal-based, devices. These results are in good agreement with presented experimental data.

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