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  • 1.
    Cederborg, Ann-Christin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Hultman, Elin
    Linköpings Universitet, Linköping.
    LaRooy, David
    Scottish Institute for Policing Research, University of Abertay, United Kingdom.
    The quality of details when children and youths with intellectual disabilities are interviewed about their abuse experiences2012Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 113-125Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The question for this study is to further understand how children and youths with intellectual disabilities (IDs) elicit central and peripheral details when interviewed about their abuse experiences. Through a quantitative method we examined the police officers first formal investigative interview with 32 children and youths with IDs. We analysed their elicited details of abuse in relation to type of question asked. The findings are that few invitations and a large number of option-posing questions were asked. The children and youths tended to agree with option-posing and suggestive statements but were able to report qualitatively strong and important information about their abuse experiences without the “help” from possible contaminating question types.  Even if the sample was retrospective, ‘diagnosis’ of intellectual disability was made from examination of the case notes, and consisted of a wide range of disabilities as well as a wide range of age this study indicates that police officers need to provide children and youths with IDs greater opportunity to report details from invitations. If they are not developing their responses from invitations they should be asked open directive questions because that may facilitate their elicitation of both central and peripheral information.

     

  • 2.
    Holmqvist, Mikael
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Creating the Disabled Person: A Case Study of Recruitment to "Work-for-the-Disabled" Programs2008Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 10, nr 3, s. 191-207Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on how the National Employment Office in Sweden creates the disabled person by recruiting them to work-for-the-disabled programs. As a rule, job applicants who are classified as “disabled” do not consider themselves as such, but they are encouraged to become disabled by adopting the organization's norms, rules and routines, which specify what is expected of them as disabled if they are to be assisted to find a job. Disability is, in other words, a learned social role enacted in a particular organizational context. It is argued that the full implications of a radical constructionist approach to the problem of disability have not yet been tapped in the standard sociological conversation on disability. The potential of society to formally enact anyone as disabled, irrespective of his or her medical and biological condition, raises a number of important social and political questions.

  • 3. Kalinnikova, Liya
    et al.
    Trygged, Sven
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan. Högskolan i Gävle.
    A retrospective on care and denial of children with disabilities inRussia2014Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 229-248Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

     

     

     

    Abstract

    In tsarist Russia, disability care was little developed, yet showed certain similarities with other European countries. Disabled children received support through charities and private philanthropy. The October revolution of 1917 proclaimed a better future for all the country’s citizens. Issues: How did the disability policy discussion change after the Russian revolution? Who took care of the so-called feeble-minded? What did this care consist of? Methodology: Study of political and scientific documentation of the period from the end of the 1800s to 1936, along with reflections on the ongoing situation found in the diaries of the head of one child institution, Ekaterina Gracheva. Outcomes: ‘Educable’ children received schooling, while ‘noneducable’ children were placed in separate institutions. This marginalisation was reinforced by the focus on the productive worker. Soviet Russia developed defectology as a science and increased the use of institutional solutions.

    Keywords: child disability policy; feeble-minded; pedology; defectology; institutions;

    Stalin’s constitution

     

     

  • 4. Mietola, Reetta
    et al.
    Vehmas, Simo
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Specialpedagogiska institutionen.
    'He Is, After All, a Young Man': Claiming Ordinary Lives for Young Adults with Profound Intellectual Disabilities2019Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 21, nr 1, s. 120-128Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses youth and the significance of age in the lives of persons with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities. The analysis is based on an ethnographic research project that explores what makes a good life for this group of people. The findings indicate that whilst the meaning and significance of youth and age were discussed often by care workers and family members, age had very little significance in the lives of our research participants. Youth as a phase of life gets lost in the transition from children's services to adult services: age in the lives of persons with profound intellectual disabilities means merely a move from one service system to another. For the care workers, age provides a way to evaluate and criticize the service system and whether it caters for the individual needs of persons with profound intellectual disabilities.

  • 5.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    The power of identification. Peer support in recovery from mental illness2010Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 83-90Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: Peer support has been described as facilitating individuals’ recovery from mental illness and offer useful support, hope and encouragement. The aim of this study was to explore how individuals with experience of severe mental illness in Sweden perceived peer support facilitating their recovery.

    The results from the grounded theory analysis of 24 in depth interviews illustrated that despite diagnoses of severe mental illness, often described in terms of an inability to interact with other people, the identification when meeting others with similar experiences was powerful. The participants described how peer support meant an end to isolation and became an arena for identification, normalization, connection and being important to others. Involvement in the peer support group was related to time and recovery stage, the participants pay attention to their own achievements in relation to peers and their recovery progress, comparing their level of wellness with that of their peers.

  • 6. Talman, Lena
    et al.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Specialpedagogiska institutionen.
    Stier, Jonas
    Gustafsson, Christine
    Staff’s and Managers’ Conceptions of Participation for Adults with Profound Intellectual Disabilities or Profound Intellectual and Multiple Disabilities2019Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 21, nr 1, s. 78-88Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One goal of disability policies in Sweden and other countries is to ensure that people with disabilities are afforded an equal level of daily life participation as other citizens. However, few studies have examined this in adults with profound intellectual disabilities (PID) or profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD). This study used a phenomenographic approach to interview managers and staff at a social care organisation in a medium-sized Swedish municipality. It aimed to elucidate and describe conceptions of participation to highlight conceptual variations. Divergent conceptualisations were found, reflecting a lack of organisational consensus about the meaning of participation. Trying to fulfil policy goals of daily life participation for adults with PID or PIMD without a common understanding of the meaning of participation is difficult, so people at all levels of an organisation need to have a shared understanding and definition of it.

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