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  • 101.
    Andréasson, Gabriel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Planeringsideologier och värdekonflikter: En fallstudie i Hammarbyhöjden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 102.
    Angerbrandt, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. The Nordic Africa Institute, Sweden.
    Deadly elections: post-election violence in Nigeria2018In: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 56, no 1, p. 143-167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two decades after the third wave of democratization', extensive violence continues to follow elections in sub-Saharan Africa. Whereas national processes connected to pre-election violence have received increased scholarly attention, little is known of local dynamics of violence after elections. This article examines the 2011 Nigerian post-election violence with regard to the ways in which national electoral processes interweave with local social and political disputes. The most affected state, Kaduna State, has a history of violent local relations connected to which group should control politics and the state. It is argued that electoral polarisation aggravated national ethno-religious divisions that corresponded to the dividing line of the conflict in Kaduna. A rapid escalation of violence was facilitated by local social networks nurtured by ethno-religious grievances.

  • 103.
    Ango, Tola Gemechu
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Ecosystem Services and Disservices in an Agriculture–Forest Mosaic: A Study of Forest and Tree Management and Landscape Transformation in Southwestern Ethiopia2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The intertwined challenges of food insecurity, deforestation, and biodiversity loss remain perennial challenges in Ethiopia, despite increasing policy interventions. This thesis investigates smallholding farmers’ tree- and forest-based livelihoods and management practices, in the context of national development and conservation policies, and examines how these local management practices and policies transform the agriculture–forest mosaic landscapes of southwestern Ethiopia.

    The thesis is guided by a political ecology perspective, and focuses on an analytical framework of ecosystem services (ESs) and disservices (EDs). It uses a mixed research design with data from participatory field mapping, a tree ‘inventory’, interviews, focus group discussions, population censuses, and analysis of satellite images and aerial photos.

    The thesis presents four papers. Paper I investigates how smallholding farmers in an agriculture–forest mosaic landscape manage trees and forests in relation to a few selected ESs and EDs that they consider particularly beneficial or problematic. The farmers’ management practices were geared towards mitigating tree- and forest-related EDs such as wild mammal crop raiders, while at the same time augmenting ESs such as shaded coffee production, resulting in a restructuring of the agriculture–forest mosaic. Paper II builds further on the EDs introduced in paper I, to assess the effects of crop raids by forest-dwelling wild mammals on farmers’ livelihoods. The EDs of wild mammals and human–wildlife conflict are shown to constitute a problem that goes well beyond a narrow focus on yield loss. The paper illustrates the broader impacts of crop-raiding wild mammals on local agricultural and livelihood development (e.g. the effects on food security and children’s schooling), and how state forest and wildlife control and related conservation policy undermined farmers’ coping strategies. Paper III examines local forest-based livelihood sources and how smallholders’ access to forests is reduced by state transfer of forestland to private companies for coffee investment. This paper highlights how relatively small land areas appropriated for investment in relatively densely inhabited areas can harm the livelihoods of many farmers, and also negatively affect forest conservation. Paper IV investigates the patterns and drivers of forest cover change from 1958 to 2010. Between 1973 and 2010, 25% of the total forest was lost, and forest cover changes varied both spatially and temporally. State development and conservation policies spanning various political economies (feudal, socialist, and ‘free market-oriented’) directly or indirectly affected local ecosystem use, ecosystem management practices, and migration processes. These factors (policies, local practices, and migration) have thus together shaped the spatial patterns of forest cover change in the last 50 years.

    The thesis concludes that national development and conservation policies and the associated power relations and inequality have often undermined local livelihood security and forest conservation efforts. It also highlights how a conceptualization of a local ecosystem as a provider of both ESs and EDs can generate an understanding of local practices and decisions that shape development and conservation trajectories in mosaic landscapes. The thesis draws attention to the need to make development and conservation policies relevant and adaptable to local conditions as a means to promote local livelihood and food security, forest and biodiversity conservation, and ESs generated by agricultural mosaic landscapes.

  • 104.
    Ango, Tola Gemechu
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Impacts of medium-scale forestland 'grabbing' on local livelihoods and forest conservation in the southwestern highlands of EthiopiaArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 105.
    Ango, Tola Gemechu
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Börjeson, Lowe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Senbeta, Feyera
    Crop raiding by wild mammals in Ethiopia: impacts on the livelihoods of smallholders in an agriculture-forest mosaic landscape2017In: Oryx, ISSN 0030-6053, E-ISSN 1365-3008, Vol. 51, no 3, p. 527-537Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We assessed the impacts of crop raiding by wild mammals on the livelihoods of smallholding farmers in south-western Ethiopia. Data were generated through participatory field mapping, interviews and focus groups. The results indicated that wild mammals, mainly olive baboons Papio anubis and bush pigs Potamochoerus larvatus, were raiding most crops cultivated in villages close to forests. In addition to the loss of crops, farmers incurred indirect costs in having to guard and cultivate plots far from their residences, sometimes at the expense of their children's schooling. Raiding also undermined farmers’ willingness to invest in modern agricultural technologies. Various coping strategies, including guarding crops and adapting existing local institutions, were insufficient to reduce raiding and its indirect impacts on household economies to tolerable levels, and were undermined by existing policies and government institutions. It is essential to recognize wild mammal pests as a critical ecosystem disservice to farmers, and to identify ways to mitigate their direct and indirect costs, to facilitate local agricultural development and livelihood security, and integrate wildlife conservation and local development more fully in agriculture–forest mosaic landscapes.

  • 106.
    Ango, Tola Gemechu
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Börjeson, Lowe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Senbeta, Feyera
    Hylander, Kristoffer
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
    Balancing Ecosystem Services and Disservices: Smallholder Farmers' Use and Management of Forest and Trees in an Agricultural Landscape in Southwestern Ethiopia2014In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 19, no 1, article id 30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Farmers' practices in the management of agricultural landscapes influence biodiversity with implications for livelihoods, ecosystem service provision, and biodiversity conservation. In this study, we examined how smallholding farmers in an agriculture-forest mosaic landscape in southwestern Ethiopia manage trees and forests with regard to a few selected ecosystem services and disservices that they highlighted as beneficial or problematic. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected from six villages, located both near and far from forest, using participatory field mapping and semistructured interviews, tree species inventory, focus group discussions, and observation. The study showed that farmers' management practices, i.e., the planting of trees on field boundaries amid their removal from inside arable fields, preservation of trees in semimanaged forest coffee, maintenance of patches of shade coffee fields in the agricultural landscape, and establishment of woodlots with exotic trees result in a restructuring of the forest-agriculture mosaic. In addition, the strategies farmers employed to mitigate crop damage by wild mammals such as baboons and bush pigs, e. g., migration and allocation of migrants on lands along forests, have contributed to a reduction in forest and tree cover in the agricultural landscape. Because farmers' management practices were overall geared toward mitigating the negative impact of disservices and to augment positive services, we conclude that it is important to operationalize ecosystem processes as both services and disservices in studies related to agricultural landscapes.

  • 107.
    Ango, Tola Gemechu
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hylander, Kristoffer
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
    Börjeson, Lowe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Drivers and patterns of forest cover change since the late 1950s in southwest Ethiopia: deforestation, agriculture expansion, and coffee productionManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 108.
    Anneroth, Emelie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Gender Renovation: A case study analysis of the feminist urban development project #UrbanGirlsMovement discussing gender-transformative urban planning techniques as a means for more equal cities2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a case study analysis of the feminist urban development project #UrbanGirlsMovement discussing how gender-transformative urban planning techniques impact local girls in the Million Dwellings Program area Fittja south of Stockholm. The thesis draws on a theoretical framework of feminist geography, intersectionality, and territorial stigmatization to analyze narratives from eleven girls participating in #UrbanGirlsMovement. The girls’ narratives reveal that it has been an empowering experience to be part of an urban development process as it has enabled them to recognize their own abilities. By re-evaluating the role of the planner to take on a more facilitating role, the girls shouldered the role of experts. It legitimized the girls’ ideas and designs, enabling them both to recognize and to use their own agency. Additionally, the process of redesigning a familiar place enabled the girls to regenerate the meaning of the urban public space around Fittja to mirror their own subjective spatial identities. The thesis shows that intersectional planning tools that transform, rather than inform, power and spatial oppression are crucial when renewing the Million Dwellings Program of Swedish suburbs. #UrbanGirlsMovement shows that a planning process is more than physical designs, it is as much a tool for enhanced democracy, equality, and justice in cities.

  • 109.
    Antonson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Landskap och ödesbölen: Jämtland före, under och efter den medeltida agrarkrisen2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines landscape change in the Province of Jämtland during c. 1000–1750 AD. Settlement and arable cultivation are two of the most important sources in this study. They are therefore treated in depth, particularly farmsteads that were deserted during the late medieval agrarian crisis, so-called ödesbölen, and their fossil field-traces. The dissertation contains four major investigations.

    In the first investigation 610 possible ödesbölen were identified. The desertion was estimated at 50 per cent. The second investigation had its focus on the geographic location, and the conclusion was that the ödesbölen may have been deserted when the climate turned colder in the 14th century. The third investigation concerned medieval agriculture. Using historical maps and detailed mapping of fossil field traces it was established that the annually cultivated acreage decreased from the High Middle Ages until early modern times. This probably means that the agrarian crisis caused a change in the agrarian regime, from predominant arable farming to predominant stock-raising. The fourth investigation was whether the ownership or the use of the ödesbölen created obstacles to recolonization when the crisis subsided. This turned out not to be so in the case of ownership, but may have been so with regard to communal forest grazing. According to historical maps the ödesbölen in Jämtland were finally recolonized about 200 years later than for example in southern Sweden. The reasons probably were wars and a worse climate.

    The dissertation is capped off with both a model and a description of landscape change in Jämtland. Characteristic for the development of the landscape has been fluctuations in settlement. The ödesbölen are part of a pattern in which they are colonized, deserted, recolonized and again deserted in a cyclical course of events. The openness of the landscape is not part of this course of events.

  • 110.
    Antonsson, Adam
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Organic farming and agricultural transitions: Understanding the role of agricultural space in Halland, Sweden2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to investigate the attitudes towards organic farming and how agricultural space is understood among organic farmers in the Swedish region of Halland and then to relate this to the ongoing discussion on multifunctional agricultural transition. The research is based on a field study on nine different organic farms in Halland, where qualitative interviews have been conducted for the creation of the empirical results. Using the theory of planned behavior and the concept of the “good farmer”, the thesis has revealed that the organic farming community in Halland is heterogeneous and different perspectives and attitudes are expressed about organic farming and agriculture. While the farmers are driven by many aspects of organic farming, the attitudes towards agriculture are often in line with traditional productivist ideals highlighting clean fields and high yields, even though many organic farmers have started to question the traditional norms often due to the different conditions met by organic farmers. Due to the various attitudes represented, the range within the multifunctional agricultural spectrum is rather wide were some organic farmers understand agricultural space more in line with productivist ideals while others express attitudes in line with organic farming principles, suggesting a strong multifunctional understanding of agricultural space. 

  • 111. Anund, Anna
    et al.
    Fors, Carina
    Ihlstrom, Jonas
    Kecklund, Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Radboud University, The Netherlands.
    An on-road study of sleepiness in split shifts among city bus drivers2018In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 114, p. 71-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bus drivers often work irregular hours or split shifts and their work involves high levels of stress. These factors can lead to severe sleepiness and dangerous driving. This study examined how split shift working affects sleepiness and performance during afternoon driving. An experiment was conducted on a real road with a specially equipped regular bus driven by professional bus drivers. The study had a within-subject design and involved 18 professional bus drivers (9 males and 9 females) who drove on two afternoons; one on a day in which they had driven early in the morning (split shift situation) and one on a day when they had been off duty until the test (afternoon shift situation). The hypothesis tested was that split shifts contribute to sleepiness during afternoon, which can increase the safety risks. The overall results supported this hypothesis. In total, five of the 18 drivers reached levels of severe sleepiness (Karolinska Sleepiness Scale 8) with an average increase in KSS of 1.94 when driving in the afternoon after working a morning shift compared with being off duty in the morning. This increase corresponded to differences observed between shift workers starting and ending a night shift. The Psychomotor Vigilance Task showed significantly increased response time with split shift working (afternoon: 0.337 s; split shift 0.347 s), as did the EEG-based Karolinska Drowsiness Score mean/max. Blink duration also increased, although the difference was not significant. One driver fell asleep during the drive. In addition, 12 of the 18 bus drivers reported that in their daily work they have to fight to stay awake while driving at least 2-4 times per month. While there were strong individual differences, the study clearly showed that shift working bus drivers struggle to stay awake and thus countermeasures are needed in order to guarantee safe driving with split shift schedules.

  • 112.
    Anurova Prykhodko, Nataliya
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Ekologisk och närproducerad mjölk: En fallstudie om Sju Gårdar i Uppland2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 113.
    Appelblad Fredby, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Nilsson, David
    From "All for some" to "Some for all"?: A historical geography of pro-poor water provision in Kampala2013In: Journal of Eastern African Studies, ISSN 1753-1055, E-ISSN 1753-1063, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 40-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the historical mechanisms and geographical factors that have formed the current structure of urban water provision in Kampala, the capital of Uganda. The formation of the urban geography of Kampala dates back to the early colonial period. The high- and middle-income earners have settled on the hills while the poorest part of the population lives in the low-lying areas, dispersed as pockets of unplanned and informal settlements. Public services are underdeveloped in these informal pockets. The government has pledged to improve services for the poor and this article analyses whether the efforts made are likely to lead to a lasting change, seen in a longer time perspective. The public water supply in Kampala has ever since its opening in 1930 focused on the middle- and high-income groups while poor people have been marginalised. Water provision to low-income groups has continued to rely on standpipes since the colonial period. There has also been organisational continuity, with a single centralised organisation in charge of urban water supply in all larger towns. Institutional changes, such as the new connection policy from 2004, have perpetuated the emphasis on middle- and high-income groups. This article argues that the traditional focus on private connections is creating a barrier for expansion of services in informal areas. Pre-paid water distribution, which was tried already in the 1920s, has in recent years seen a revival. This technology offers an important avenue for rectifying inequalities of public services that has been reproduced since the colonial period.

  • 114. Armitage, Derek
    et al.
    Dzyundzyak, Angela
    Baird, Julia
    Bodin, Örjan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Plummer, Ryan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Brock University, Canada.
    Schultz, Lisen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    An Approach to Assess Learning Conditions, Effects and Outcomes in Environmental Governance2018In: Environmental Policy and Governance, ISSN 1756-932X, E-ISSN 1756-9338, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 3-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We empirically examine relationships among the conditions that enable learning, learning effects and sustainability outcomes based on experiences in four biosphere reserves in Canada and Sweden. In doing so, we provide a novel approach to measure learning and address an important methodological and empirical challenge in assessments of learning processes in decision-making contexts. Findings from this study highlight the effectiveness of different measures of learning, and how to differentiate the factors that foster learning with the outcomes of learning. Our approach provides a useful reference point for future empirical studies of learning in different environment, resource and sustainability settings.

  • 115.
    Arnberg, Camilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hållbar infrastruktur - i teori och i praktisk planering2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats syftar till att undersöka om infrastrukturproblem i storstäder bör lösas med ytterligare vägar. Undersökningen har utförts som en argumentationsanalys genom att reda ut vilka de ursprungliga problemen som motiverat Förbifart Stockholm, vilka var brist på tillgänglighet, framkomlighet och miljöproblem. De två förstnämnda faktorerna anges i utredningsmaterialet kunna bromsa den regionala utvecklingen och tillväxten, öka skillnaderna inom Stockholmsregionen och orsaka trafiksäkerhetsproblem. Dessa argument har analyserats genom att prövas mot samhällsvetenskaplig transportteori och -forskning. Teorin och forskningen utgör varierande stöd för argumenten. Sambandet mellan infrastrukturinvesteringar och regional utveckling och tillväxt är svagt, medan åtgärdade framkomlighetsproblem dock bör har god inverkan på miljö och säkerhetsproblem. Forskarnas och teoriernas sammantagna bild av hållbar infrastruktur i storstäder innebär framför allt minskat transportbehov genom strategisk planering. Ytterligare investeringar bör i första hand satsas i och gynna kollektivtrafik, cykel och gång.

  • 116.
    Arnberg, Camilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    I jakten på hållbart resande: en fallstudie om planeringen för minskad bilism2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ökad medvetenhet om hållbarhetsfrågor har medfört ett behov i många kommuner och regioner att verka för ett mer hållbart resande, där minskad bilanvändning ofta är en uttalad målsättning. Syftet med uppsatsen är att beskriva och analysera planeringen för att uppnå ett mer hållbart resande. Analyser av planeringen sker utifrån en modell om färdmedelsvalet med fokus på vanebilisten och kollektivtrafiken. Detta görs i form av en fallstudie baserad på intervjuer i Sveriges fjärde storstadsregion (Linköpings och Norrköpings kommuner). Att åstadkomma ett mer hållbart resande kräver en omställning av kollektivtrafiken, vilket dock är svårt inom en verksamhet som kan antas vara särskilt stigberoende såsom kollektivtrafiken är. Individens val av färdmedel beror på både dess relevans (användbarhet) och dess mervärden (fördelar och nackdelar) jämfört med bilens mervärden. Studien visar fyra faktorer som är viktiga för att förnyelse av planeringen av kollektivtrafik sker, att vissa stigberoenden är svårare att bryta än andra samt att arbetet för att öka kollektivtrafikens relevans och mervärden är komplicerat på grund av det delade ansvaret mellan ett flertal aktörer.

  • 117.
    Arvidsson, Malin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Samhällskollaps - New Orleans2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Examensarbetet i Samhällsplanering III, ”Samhällskollaps – New Orleans”, är skrivet av Malin Arvidsson (2013) och handledd av Lowe Börjesson. Språket i arbetet är svenska och metoden är en litteraturbaserad fallstudie. Litteraturen är vetenskapliga artiklar samt böcker. Syftet är att undersöka vilka huvudorsaker som låg till grund för samhällskollapsen av New Orleans som skedde efter orkanen Katrina år 2005 samt att undersöka vad New Orleans behöver korrigera för att i framtiden kunna undvika liknande katastrofer. Syftet är även att undersöka om klimatförändringarna har någon koppling till kollapsen av New Orleans och om de i framtiden kommer generera fler orkaner eller inte. Resultat som kan presenteras är att kollapsen kan ses som en planeringskatastrof mer än en naturkatastrof och att klimatförändringarna kommer bidra med fler orkaner. Jared Diamonds teori kan inte användas för att förklara kollapsen av New Orleans och den primära orsaken till kollapsen är översvämningarna och orsakerna till dessa. 

  • 118.
    Ashbourne, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hur går samråds- och medborgarmöten till?: En observationsstudie av kommunikativa planeringsideal2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats har visat att utformningen av samråds- och medborgarmöten har en viktig betydelse för dess förutsättningar att genomföras i linje med kommunikativa planeringsideal. Detta har kunnat påvisas genom deltagande observationer av hur samråds- och medborgarmöten sker i praktiken. Observationerna har genomförts med syfte att förstå möjligheter och utmaningar med att bedriva kommunikativ planering utifrån olika planeringsideal.

    För samråd generellt så tycks de allra flesta genomföras på kommuners hemsidor och inte i mötesform och av de som genomförs i mötesform tycks de flesta anordnas i öppet hus. Samtliga observerade möten, såväl samrådsmöten som medborgarmöten, innehöll brister gällande uppfyllande av kommunikativa planeringsideal, om än olika beroende på vilket planeringsideal en utgick från. I mitt arbete har jag utgått från två olika planeringsideal som inspirerats av Habermas (1984) och Mouffe (2000; 2008) och studerat hur två centrala aspekter för kommunikativ planering, konsensus och konflikt, hanterats under de observerade mötena. De mer fritt strukturerade medborgarmötena som inte är knutna till någon detaljplan visade sig generellt sätt ha fler mötesdeltagare och innehålla fler samtal och diskussioner jämfört med samrådsmötena oavsett om de anordnades i strukturerad form eller öppet hus- form. Utformningen av möten visade sig även ha en viktig betydelse för dess utfall oavsett vilket planeringsideal en utgick från. Utformningen är en aspekt som Habermas inte tar hänsyn till i sina idéer om perfekta samtalssituationer och resultatet från denna studie kan därmed anses relevant för framtida forskning att ta hänsyn till för att skapa mer kompletta teorier. Även policyskapare kan rimligtvis ha intresse av att inkludera utformningen av möten som en aspekt i framtida arbete för att förbättra möjligheterna till att kunna bedriva kommunikativ planering. Min studie stärker även Strömgrens (2007) tes att planeringen fortfarande är rationell i grunden, då jag empiriskt visat att tjänstemän rationaliserat vad som är ett lämpligt hållningssätt, med hänvisning till det allmänna intresset. 

  • 119.
    Asplind, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Dancewalks: En fallstudie av alternativa stadsplaneringsmetoder2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Dancewalks is a site-specific contemporary dance performance created and performed in urban spaces. This qualitative case study investigates the outcome of one Dancewalks performed in Malmö in which 30 architects and urban planners participated. The theoretical framework is within Non Representative theory and theories about human interaction in space. The method used in this study is a triangulation of observation, focus groups and non structured interviews. Dancewalks is in itself a performance, which has an impact on the study and therefore the research process. The study concludes that Dancewalks has an influence on; the way the participants interact with space, the participants’ perception of space, their perception of spaces’ impact on them and their awareness of movement patterns. The study also concludes that Dancewalks could be used as a method for urban planning such as collaborative planning, internal and external communication and as a tool to better understand urban spaces. 

  • 120.
    Atay, Itri
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Water Resources Management in Greece : Perceptions about Water Problems in the Nafplion Area2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 121.
    Atroshi, Sozan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Segregation ur ett boendeperspektiv: Vad är det som behövs för att öppna bostadsmarknaden åt alla?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 122.
    Axelsson Björklund, Elias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Upplevd trygghet - en klassfråga?: En fallstudie om upplevd trygghet hos hundägare i två differentierade socioekonomiska områden i Lidingö kommun2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen syftar till att undersöka huruvida det finns en relation mellan hundägande och en ökad upplevd trygghet i närområdet till människans bostad. Med utgångspunkt i promenadintervjun undersöktes den upplevda tryggheten i närheten till två hundrastgårdar på Lidingö kommun. I två områden som ligger fyra kilometer ifrån varandra men med en differentierad socioekonomisk status. De formella frågeställningarna är: Anser hundägare att den upplevda tryggheten påverkas positivt av hundens närvaro? Finns det skillnader i upplevd otrygghet nära den egna bostaden hos hundägare, kopplat till socioekonomisk status, kön och ålder? Vilka åtgärder anser hundägare i två socio-differentierade områden påverkar trygghetsupplevelsen i samma kommun? Resultatet från studien visar på att hunden bidrar till en ökad upplevd trygghet hos hundägaren men även

    att vanliga variabler för att mäta upplevd trygghet i närområdet till bostaden som kön och ålder kan slås ut av en starkare variabel som socioekonomisk- status. Resultatet visar att en ökad belysning är den trygghetsåtgärd som flest hundägare efterfrågar men även att en ökad mänsklig närvaro i parkerna efterfrågas. Studien visar även att den upplevda tryggheten är en jämställdhetsfråga då kvinnliga hundägare upplever en högre otrygghet än manliga hundägare. Studien tyder även på att tiden vi bor i ett grannskap har en positiv korrelation till den upplevda tryggheten.

    Nyckelord: Trygghet, otrygghet, plats, socioekonomisk status, hundar, Lidingö 

  • 123.
    Axelsson, Linn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Living within temporally thick borders: IT professionals’ experiences of Swedish immigration policy and practice2017In: Journal of ethnic and migration studies, ISSN 1369-183X, E-ISSN 1469-9451, Vol. 43, no 6, p. 974-990Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper challenges the claim that highly skilled professionals are offered almost seamless mobility and a comprehensive set of rights. Focusing on highly skilled professionals in Sweden’s information technology industry, it argues that just like the lower skilled, the highly skilled may experience a range of insecurities to do with their immigration status. It explores these insecurities by conceptualising border crossing as a temporal process that begins with the submission of a work permit application and ends with permanent status (or migrant departure) and which, consequently, spans several years. More pointedly, the paper demonstrates that some highly skilled migrants experience several moments of waiting in relation to their admission, labour market access and settlement. These moments of waiting have spatial and temporal consequences in terms of temporary losses of mobility rights, elongated pathways to citizenship, insecurity of presence and feelings of living in limbo. Importantly, the paper shows that the practices of government institutions are every bit as important as legal frameworks in producing these moments of waiting and that it is therefore necessary to extend the analysis of migration management beyond policy analysis in order to more fully appreciate the situation of the highly skilled.

  • 124.
    Axelsson, Linn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Making Borders: Engaging the threat of Chinese textiles in Ghana2012Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The borders of the twenty-first century come in many forms and are performed by an increasing number of actors in a broad variety of places, both within and beyond the territories of nation-states. This thesis sets out a detailed political geography of how borders operate to reconcile the often conflicting demands of open markets and security. Focusing on Ghana, where there is a widespread fear that the inflow of Chinese versions of African prints will lead to the collapse of the local textile industry, the study explores where and when borders are enforced, who performs them and what kinds of borders are enacted in order to maintain and protect the Ghanaian nation and market without compromising the country’s status as a liberal economy. It combines interviews and documentary sources with analysis drawn from border, security and migration studies to explore three sets of spatial strategies that have defined the Ghanaian approach to the perceived threat of Chinese African prints. They are the institution of a single corridor for African print imports, the anti-counterfeiting raids carried out in Ghana’s marketplaces, and the promotion of garments made from locally produced textiles as office wear through the National Friday Wear and Everyday Wear programmes. These strategies stretch, disperse and embody the borders of the state or nation to control trade in ways that resolve the fears of both open flows and closed borders. This thesis thus seeks to show how a geographical analysis can clarify the specificities of how borders now work to control mobility. In doing so, it not only unsettles conventional assumptions about what borders are and where they are supposed to be located, but also the idea that borders primarily are used to constrain the mobility of certain people while facilitating economic flows. Furthermore, this thesis adds to the understanding of the variety of responses to the inflow of Chinese consumer products to the African continent.

  • 125.
    Axelsson, Linn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Om väntan: IT-företags och dataspecialisters erfarenheter av svensk migrationspolitik och praktik2018In: Högutbildade migranter i Sverige / [ed] Maja Povrzanović Frykman, Magnus Öhlander, Lund: Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2018, p. 71-85Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 126.
    Axelsson, Linn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Temporalizing the border2013In: Dialogues in Human Geography, ISSN 2043-8206, E-ISSN 2043-8214, Vol. 3, p. 324-326Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 127.
    Axelsson, Linn
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hedberg, Charlotta
    Emerging topologies of transnational employment: ‘Posting’ Thai workers in Sweden’s wild berry industry beyond regulatory reach2018In: Geoforum, ISSN 0016-7185, E-ISSN 1872-9398, Vol. 89, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper suggests a need to pay closer attention to the fact that employment is increasingly stretched across several regulatory regimes. This may help explain why governments, which rely on national legislative frameworks, struggle to protect the interests of transnationally mobile low-skilled workers. By adopting a topological approach to state regulation and authority, the paper demonstrates how powerful actors have reconfigured employment in Sweden’s wild berry industry in a spatial sense by engaging transnational subcontractors. It argues that transnational subcontracting inserts distance into employment relationships, thereby creating precarious migrant workers whose simultaneous absence and presence in several regulatory regimes places them partly beyond the regulatory reach of any one nation-state or nationally based trade union. The paper also argues that the Swedish government’s response to precarious working conditions in the wild berry industry can be understood as a series of attempts aimed at bringing transnational employment relationships within its regulatory reach. Drawing on topological spatial vocabulary, it shows how these attempts are less about the movement of state infrastructure into transnational space than about the stretching and folding of space itself, in an attempt to establish a powerful Swedish presence across distance. On the other hand, the paper concludes that transnational subcontracting opens up a space which enables wild berry actors to circumvent regulations and, as such, it remains very difficult for the Swedish government to reach into employment relationships in this industry.

  • 128.
    Axelsson, Linn
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Zhang, Qian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    On waiting, work-time and imagined futures: Theorizing temporal precariousness among Chinese chefs in Sweden’s restaurant industry2017In: Geoforum, ISSN 0016-7185, E-ISSN 1872-9398, Vol. 78, p. 169-178Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the precarious working conditions in the Chinese restaurant industry in Sweden – a country considered to have one of Europe’s most liberal labour immigration policies. Drawing upon a theoretical framework inspired by scholarship on precarious work and time geography, the paper argues that precarious work performed by migrant labour can be usefully understood through three interrelated temporal processes that, when they work together, produce and maintain precarious work-life situations. They are: (1) work-time arrangements: that is, actual working hours per day and over the annual cycle, the pace and intensity of work and the flexibility demanded of migrant workers in terms of when work is carried out, (2) the spatio-temporal ‘waiting zones’ indirectly produced by immigration policies that delay full access to labour markets and in which precarious work-time arrangements consequently arise, and (3) migrant workers’ imagined futures, which motivate them to accept precarious work-time arrangements during a transitory period. The paper thus also illuminates that the Chinese chefs in Sweden’s restaurant industry are not just passive victims of exploitative work-time arrangements. Rather, waiting – for a return to China or settlement in Sweden – may be part of migrants’ strategies to achieve certain life course trajectories. 

  • 129.
    Axelsson, Sophie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    CSR i den globala textilindustrin – för vem av vem? En studie om studenters medvetenhet och inställning till klädföretags sociala ansvarstagande2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I en global ekonomi har globala produktionsnätverk kommit att bli en av dem viktigaste organisationsfunktionerna, så även inom den globala textilindustrin. Idag förväntar sig konsumenter kläder till ett lågt pris. Klädföretag måste därför hitta ett kostnadseffektivt tillverkningssätt vilket har resulterat i att produktionen är ofta förlagd i utvecklingsländer som Bangladesh. Den ökade utflyttningen har bidragit till en växande oro om social och miljöpåverkan vilket har lett företag till att börja arbeta alltmer aktivt med CSR (corporate social responsibility). I den här uppsatsen ställs frågan, genom en kvantitativ undersökningsmetod, om studenter är medvetna om klädföretagens CSR-arbete. Resultatet visar att studenter vid Stockholms universitet anser att de inte får tillräckligt med information om klädföretagens CSR-arbete och att de vill veta mer om tillverkningsförhållanden. En ökad efterfrågan på miljömärkta textilier kan stärka textilimportörers och producenters handlingsposition gentemot deras leverantörer. Det skulle i sin tur få en positiv utveckling för framtida CSR-arbete.

  • 130.
    Backman, Sandra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Local Content Policies: En välsignelse eller en politisk förbannelse?: En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 131.
    Backman, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Arbetskraftsmigration till Finland: Upplevelser om integration2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen behandlar arbetskraftsmigration till Finland. Syftet är att förklara arbetskraftsmigranters upplevelser av hur de har blivit integrerade i Finland och hur de upplever den finska arbetskulturen. Efter sex intervjustudier kan man konstatera att de flesta har svårt att bli integrerade, men de har hittat sin plats i samhället, där de kan välja att inkluderas eller exkluderas ur olika sociala rum. Personer med en religiös bakgrund som skiljer sig från den traditionella finska och europeiska sekulariserade kristna traditionen kan stöta på andra typer av svårigheter än de personer som har samma religiösa tillhörighet. De europeiska migranterna stannar i Finland främst för att lönenivån är högre.

  • 132.
    Baheram, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Rätten till överklagan: En fallstudie över den nya instansordningen för överklagan av detaljplaner och dess förändring i praktiken2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen analyserar den förändring som har skett av instansordningen för överklagan av detaljplaner. Den 2 maj 2011 trädde den nya plan- och bygglagen (2010:90) i kraft som bidrog till att det inte längre är regeringen som är med och överprövar en detaljplan utan mark- och miljödomstolarna. Motiven bakom förändringen var främst krav från Europakonventionen och ett möjliggörande av en politiskt oberoende prövning, behov från regeringen att bli avlastade samt en effektivisering av beslutsprocessen genom sammanförning av överklagandemål enligt PBL och miljöbalken till samma instansordning.  

    Studien har genomförts i form av en fallstudie där respondenter kunniga inom plan- och bygglagen har intervjuats. För en ökad förståelse kopplas den erhålla empirin till teorier om organisationer, relationen mellan politik och juridik samt medborgarinflytande.

    Det empiriska materialet visar däremot att det har gått för kort tid för att kunna se en förändring i praktiken som ett resultat av den nya instansordningen. Emellertid är det inte upp till domstol att överpröva ett politiskt beslut. Däremot råder en förhoppning om att den nya instansordningen kan komma att vara mer beredd att ta hänsyn och bevaka fler intressen än vad regeringen skulle ha gjort.

  • 133. Bai, Xuemei
    et al.
    van der Leeuw, Sander
    O'Brien, Karen
    Berkhout, Frans
    Biermann, Frank
    Brondizio, Eduardo S.
    Cudennec, Christophe
    Dearing, John
    Duraiappah, Anantha
    Glaser, Marion
    Revkin, Andrew
    Steffen, Will
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Syvitski, James
    Plausible and desirable futures in the Anthropocene: A new research agenda2016In: Global Environmental Change, ISSN 0959-3780, E-ISSN 1872-9495, Vol. 39, p. 351-362Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While the concept of the Anthropocene reflects the past and present nature, scale and magnitude of human impacts on the Earth System, its true significance lies in how it can be used to guide attitudes, choices, policies and actions that influence the future. Yet, to date much of the research on the Anthropocene has focused on interpreting past and present changes, while saying little about the future. Likewise, many futures studies have been insufficiently rooted in an understanding of past changes, in particular the long-term co-evolution of bio-physical and human systems. The Anthropocene perspective is one that encapsulates a world of intertwined drivers, complex dynamic structures, emergent phenomena and unintended consequences, manifest across different scales and within interlinked biophysical constraints and social conditions. In this paper we discuss the changing role of science and the theoretical, methodological and analytical challenges in considering futures of the Anthropocene. We present three broad groups of research questions on: (1) societal goals for the future; (2) major trends and dynamics that might favor or hinder them; (3) and factors that might propel or impede transformations towards desirable futures. Tackling these questions requires the development of novel approaches integrating natural and social sciences as well as the humanities beyond what is current today. We present three examples, one from each group of questions, illustrating how science might contribute to the identification of desirable and plausible futures and pave the way for transformations towards them. We argue that it is time for debates on the sustainability of the Anthropocene to focus on opportunities for realizing desirable and plausible futures.

  • 134. Baird, Julia
    et al.
    Jollineau, Marilyne
    Plummer, Ryan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Brock University, Canada.
    Valenti, Josh
    Exploring agricultural advice networks, beneficial management practices and water quality on the landscape: A geospatial social-ecological systems analysis2016In: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 51, p. 236-243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Agricultural practices have been linked to detrimental effects on ecosystems, with water quality of particular concern. Research has been devoted to understanding uptake of beneficial, or best, management practices (BMPs) in agriculture; however, sources of advice and subsequent effects on the landscape have not been elucidated. This study set out to understand (1) what sources of information agricultural producers rely on when making land-management decisions; (2) the characteristics of their advice networks; and (3) how the advice network linked spatially to water quality on the landscape. A watershed in Alberta was used as a case study and respondents identified that regional advisors were relied upon most often for advice and these advisors had the most influence on the adoption of BMPs. Results indicate that respondents with connections to regional actors implemented more BMPs that those without. Regional government actors had a greater effect than regional non-governmental actors. Local actors played a lesser role in advice networks related to BMP adoption. A 3D geovisualization was used to explore linkages among advisors, BMPs, and water quality. This technique may be useful for other scenarios and can contribute to policy development and enhanced practices.

  • 135. Baird, Julia
    et al.
    Plummer, Ryan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Brock University, Canada.
    Bodin, Örjan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Collaborative governance for climate change adaptation in Canada: experimenting with adaptive co-management2016In: Regional Environmental Change, ISSN 1436-3798, E-ISSN 1436-378X, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 747-758Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The search for strategies to address 'super wicked problems' such as climate change is gaining urgency, and a collaborative governance approach, and adaptive co-management in particular, is increasingly recognized as one such strategy. However, the conditions for adaptive co-management to emerge and the resulting network structures and relational patterns remain unclear in the literature. To address these identified needs, this study examines social relationships from a network perspective while initiating a collaborative multiactor initiative aimed to develop into adaptive co-management for climate change adaptation, an action research project undertaken in the Niagara region of Canada. The project spanned 1 year, and a longitudinal analysis of participants' networks and level of participation in the process was performed. Evidence of support for climate change adaptation from the process included the development of deliberative and adaptive responses to opportunities presented to the group and the development of a strong subgroup of participants where decision-making was centered. However, the complexity of the challenge of addressing climate change, funding constraints, competing initiatives, and the lack of common views among participants may have contributed to the group, highlighting the finding that beneficial network structural features and relational patterns are necessary but not sufficient condition for the development of an adaptive co-management process. The context of climate change adaptation may require a different social network structure and processes than other contexts for adaptive co-management to occur, and there may be limitations to adaptive co-management for dealing with super wicked problems.

  • 136. Baird, Julia
    et al.
    Plummer, Ryan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Brock University, Canada.
    Moore, Michele-Lee
    Brandes, Oliver
    Introducing Resilience Practice to Watershed Groups: What Are the Learning Effects?2016In: Society & Natural Resources, ISSN 0894-1920, E-ISSN 1521-0723, Vol. 29, no 10, p. 1214-1229Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Resilience as an organizing framework for addressing dynamics of social-ecological systems has experienced strong uptake; however, its application is nascent. This research study aimed to address the gap between resilience thinking and practice by focusing on learning, a key aspect of resilience. Two Canadian watershed groups were led in 2-day workshops focused on resilience. Learning effects were measured using a survey administered both before and after the workshop, and a qualitative survey was administered 6 months later to understand longer term effects. Short-term learning effects were similar between the two case studies, with strong cognitive and relational learning and less normative learning. Longer term effects showed enduring cognitive and normative learning in both cases; however, relational learning persisted only in the watershed where a resilience practice approach to watershed planning had been incorporated. Future research directions include refinements to the learning measurement methodology and continuing to build resilience practice literature.

  • 137.
    Balogh, Péter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography. Södertörn University, Sweden.
    Changing patterns of city-hinterland relations in Central and East European borderlands: Szczecin on the verge of Poland and GermanyManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 138.
    Balogh, Péter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography. Södertörn University, Sweden.
    Perpetual borders: German-Polish cross-border contacts in the Szczecin area2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Borderlands are often peripheral geographically, administratively, and economically. A particularly illustrative case is the Szczecin area at the border between Poland and Germany, where a large city on one side neighbours to a sparsely populated hinterland on the other. There is a number of similar cases throughout Europe, but studies on them point to a mixed level of linkages following the opening and removal of the physical border.

    At the project’s start there were few if any studies on the Szczecin area per se, which was here studied through various methods. On the one hand, different pre-EU enlargement plans and visions for the area’s development were compared with practices and realities of recent years. This shows that earlier imaginations on the development potentials have not quite materialised, although some of them were probably too optimistic and ambitious from the beginning. Some of the area’s potentials following EU-enlargement have been more successfully exploited than others, and disproportionately by actors coming from outside. On the other hand, cross-border contacts were studied in the discourses on and attitudes towards the other side among local and regional elites, and among local residents more generally. This revealed a polarised attitudinal landscape, not least when compared to country-wide opinion surveys in both Germany and Poland. This is in line with other studies showing that identities are particularly accentuated in border situations, where the Other is more frequently encountered.

    These results support recent investigations pointing to a continued relevance of the border even after the physical barriers are removed. At the same time, another contribution of this work to border studies is that the time and contingency of the importance of identities and of the border needs more attention. In the Szczecin area, awareness of national identities and of the boundary appeared to be particularly high just after changes in the border’s status occurred – i.e. in 1989–1991, and then around the years 2007–2010. But while its importance may be fluctuating over time, given the opportunities and resources the boundary provides it will always be maintained in some forms.

  • 139.
    Balogh, Péter
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies.
    Sleeping abroad but working at home: Cross-border residential mobility between transnationalism and (re)bordering2013In: Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography, ISSN 0435-3684, E-ISSN 1468-0467, Vol. 95, no 2, p. 189-204Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cross-border residential mobility (CBRM) has so far largely been approached from a transnational perspective. However, recent developments in border studies and transnationalism give rise to certain doubts. While border studies have come to include mental borders next to physical borderlands, transnationalism today refers not just to cross-border movements but also to identities trans-cending the national. But border studies have shown that the increased crossing of borders is not necessarily coupled with their diminished significance. CBRM is a particularly interesting phenomenon as it entails the continuous crossing of a physical border, but the question is whether it also implies the erosion of mental borders and the emergence of transnational ties. While drawing on experiences from parallel cases, my study focuses on Poles from Szczecin moving just across the boundary to Vorpommern, Germany. Some are integrating there, but their large majority appears to carry on with everyday life in Poland as before moving. This settlement has triggered considerable resentment among local Germans, who as a reaction mark the borderland discursively and physically. As my survey shows, while both groups regularly cross the physical border, many even among the cross-border residents consider it as a necessary dividing line or prefer cooperation to be reserved to some activities. Hence, unlike longdistance migration leading either to diaspora identities or to gradual dissolution in the majority culture, CBRM appears as a specific form of international migration where the physical proximity allows such intensive links with the country of origin that transnational effects are mitigated.

  • 140.
    Balogh, Péter
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies.
    The Outsider Advantage: Interviewing Planners and Other Elites in the Polish-German Borderland2013In: Journal of Settlements and Spatial Planning, ISSN 2248-2199, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 101-108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As conducting interviews with elites is increasingly common, an important debate has emerged around the researcher’s positionality as an insider/outsider also in a geographic sense. Three standpoints can be distinguished. Initially, some emphasised the advantages of the insider in eliciting interesting and sometimes even sensitive information from informants. More recently, several scholars suggested that this position is never stable. Our experiences are however more in line with those who demonstrated the advantages of being an outsider. Coming from outside the study area may be particularly helpful when interviewing elites on sensitive issues such as contacts in a borderland with a troubled history, like between Poland and Germany. Our 38 interviews reveal three patterns. First, blaming the other side is not unusual on both sides of the border. Second, de-emphasising the importance of cooperation is more common on the Polish side, but also occurred on the German side. Finally, a discourse of re-establishing the historically coherent region is clearly present on the German side, but lacks almost entirely on the Polish side. It is doubtful whether we would have been able to elicit such attitudes from both studied groups had we belonged to either one of them.

  • 141.
    Balogh, Péter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    The Russian-Polish borderland: from physical towards mental borders?2014In: The new European frontiers: social and spatial (re)integration issues in multicultural and border regions / [ed] Milan Bufon and Julian Minghi and Anssi Paasi, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014, p. 89-109Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 142. Balvanera, Patricia
    et al.
    Daw, Tim M.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Gardner, Toby A.
    Martin-Lopez, Berta
    Norström, Albert V.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Speranza, Chinwe Ifejika
    Spierenburg, Marja
    Bennett, Elena M.
    Farfan, Michelle
    Hamann, Maike
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
    Kittinger, John N.
    Luthe, Tobias
    Maass, Manuel
    Peterson, Garry D.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Perez-Verdin, Gustavo
    Key features for more successful place-based sustainability research on social-ecological systems: a Programme on Ecosystem Change and Society (PECS) perspective2017In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 22, no 1, article id 14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The emerging discipline of sustainability science is focused explicitly on the dynamic interactions between nature and society and is committed to research that spans multiple scales and can support transitions toward greater sustainability. Because a growing body of place-based social-ecological sustainability research (PBSESR) has emerged in recent decades, there is a growing need to understand better how to maximize the effectiveness of this work. The Programme on Ecosystem Change and Society (PECS) provides a unique opportunity for synthesizing insights gained from this research community on key features that may contribute to the relative success of PBSESR. We surveyed the leaders of PECS-affiliated projects using a combination of open, closed, and semistructured questions to identify which features of a research project are perceived to contribute to successful research design and implementation. We assessed six types of research features: problem orientation, research team, and contextual, conceptual, methodological, and evaluative features. We examined the desirable and undesirable aspects of each feature, the enabling factors and obstacles associated with project implementation, and asked respondents to assess the performance of their own projects in relation to these features. Responses were obtained from 25 projects working in 42 social-ecological study cases within 25 countries. Factors that contribute to the overall success of PBSESR included: explicitly addressing integrated social-ecological systems; a focus on solutionand transformation-oriented research; adaptation of studies to their local context; trusted, long-term, and frequent engagement with stakeholders and partners; and an early definition of the purpose and scope of research. Factors that hindered the success of PBSESR included: the complexities inherent to social-ecological systems, the imposition of particular epistemologies and methods on the wider research group, the need for long periods of time to initiate and conduct this kind of research, and power asymmetries both within the research team and among stakeholders. In the self-assessment exercise, performance relating to team and context-related features was ranked higher than performance relating to methodological, evaluation, and problem orientation features. We discuss how these insights are relevant for balancing place-based and global perspectives in sustainability science, fostering more rapid progress toward inter-and transdisciplinary integration, redefining and measuring the success of PBSESR, and facing the challenges of academic and research funding institutions. These results highlight the valuable opportunity that the PECS community provides in helping build a community of practice for PBSESR.

  • 143. Ban, Natalie C.
    et al.
    Boyd, Emily
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. University of Reading, UK.
    Cox, Michael
    Meek, Chanda L.
    Schoon, Michael
    Villamayor-Tomas, Sergio
    Linking classroom learning and research to advance ideas about social-ecological resilience2015In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 20, no 3, article id 35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an increasing demand in higher education institutions for training in complex environmental problems. Such training requires a careful mix of conventional methods and innovative solutions, a task not always easy to accomplish. In this paper we review literature on this theme, highlight relevant advances in the pedagogical literature, and report on some examples resulting from our recent efforts to teach complex environmental issues. The examples range from full credit courses in sustainable development and research methods to project-based and in-class activity units. A consensus from the literature is that lectures are not sufficient to fully engage students in these issues. A conclusion from the review of examples is that problem-based and project-based, e.g., through case studies, experiential learning opportunities, or real-world applications, learning offers much promise. This could greatly be facilitated by online hubs through which teachers, students, and other members of the practitioner and academic community share experiences in teaching and research, the way that we have done here.

  • 144.
    Barker, Vanessa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Border protests: The role of civil society in transforming border control2015In: Rethinking Border Control for a Globalizing World: A Preferred Future / [ed] Leanne Weber, Abingdon: Routledge, 2015, p. 133-152Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 145. Barnes, Michele L.
    et al.
    Bodin, Örjan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Guerrero, Angela M.
    McAllister, Ryan R. J.
    Alexander, Steven M.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. University of Maryland, USA.
    Robins, Garry
    The social structural foundations of adaptation and transformation in social-ecological systems2017In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 22, no 4, article id 16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social networks are frequently cited as vital for facilitating successful adaptation and transformation in linked social-ecological systems to overcome pressing resource management challenges. Yet confusion remains over the precise nature of adaptation vs. transformation and the specific social network structures that facilitate these processes. Here, we adopt a network perspective to theorize a continuum of structural capacities in social-ecological systems that set the stage for effective adaptation and transformation. We begin by drawing on the resilience literature and the multilayered action situation to link processes of change in social-ecological systems to decision making across multiple layers of rules underpinning societal organization. We then present a framework that hypothesizes seven specific social-ecological network configurations that lay the structural foundation necessary for facilitating adaptation and transformation, given the type and magnitude of human action required. A key contribution of the framework is explicit consideration of how social networks relate to ecological structures and the particular environmental problem at hand. Of the seven configurations identified, three are linked to capacities conducive to adaptation and three to transformation, and one is hypothesized to be important for facilitating both processes. We discuss how our theoretical framework can be applied in practice by highlighting existing empirical examples from related environmental governance contexts. Further extension of our hypotheses, particularly as more data become available, can ultimately help guide the design of institutional arrangements to be more effective at dealing with change.

  • 146.
    Barranco Blasco, Martín
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Situating adscriptions of value on Nature's Contributions to People: The case of traditional farmers in San Pedro, Paraguay.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focus on the unidimensional adscriptions of value behind industrial soybeans production in Paraguay. The thesis aims to present non-economic Nature’s Contributions to traditional farmers’ quality of life, the role of farmers’ traditional knowledge to display these contributions and the efficiency of such knowledge regarding high productive demands. From a theoretical framework based on nature’s contributions to people, ecosystem services, knowledge systems and conservation, the thesis formulates the following research questions: 1) What drives the prioritization of a single economic value on nature’s contributions to people in rural Paraguay? 2) What is the value of non-economic nature’s contributions, and what is the role of traditional farmers on displaying these values? The study mostly relies in primary data obtained through semi-structured interviews conducted during fieldwork period in the study area of San Pedro, Eastern Paraguay. The results present a plural assessment on nature’s contributions and the adaptation of small farmers to modern farming techniques. The thesis concludes that a perspective dominated by unidimensional value can be socially motivated within the rush for development in Paraguay, a concept tied to economic growth and modernization. In addition, nature’s contributions displayed by small farmers suggest that community-based conservation could represent a more sustainable approach for the farmers’ needs and the current environmental challenges of the country.

  • 147.
    Barruylle Voglio, Gabriela
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Krögaren & kocken - vår tids hjälte: En studie om homosocialitet och kreativt entreprenörskap på Stockholms finkrogar2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här uppsatsen undersöks, genom ett exempel från finkrögarbranschen, hur främjandet av företagande inom kreativa näringar i Sverige tenderar att reproducera uppdelande och ojämna könsroller. Och hur detta strider emot den politiska diskursen i Sverige idag. Samtliga tolv års nomineringar från Dagens Nyheters restaurangpris, Gulddraken, utgör tillsammans med fem intervjuer genomförda på krögare och journalister det empiriska materialet. Entreprenörskapsteori gjord ur ett genusperspektiv och Floridas teori om den kreativa klassen utgör teorin för studien. Analysen bygger på homosociala processers samverkan med diskursen kring entreprenörskap och Floridas (2006) teori om den kreativa klassen. Jag argumenterar för att diskursen om kreativt entreprenörskap fungerar som självförstärkande cirklar för att reproducera ojämna könsroller. Visionen av den kreativa entreprenören är genomsyrad av maskulina konnotationer som förstärks genom homosociala processer. Resultatet av studien påvisar att synen på finkrogen som en del av det kreativa entreprenörskapet, bidrar till att finkrogen får en homosocial struktur. 

  • 148.
    Barsom, Kristian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Synen på hemlösa i Stockholms län: Utifrån kyrkoarbetare2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstract

    Syftet med denna studie är att utreda hur synen på de hemlösa ser ut enligt ett urval av människor som arbetar med insatser för hemlösa samt undersöka vad kyrkors insatser mot hemlösa kan ge för positiva effekter på offentliga platser. Studien grundar sig på en kvalitativ metod med intervjuer som datainsamlingsmetod och tidigare forskning inom ämnesområdet.

    Resultatet grundar sig på intervjuer med åtta individer som arbetar inom kyrkor i Stockholms län och som arbetar med insatser för hemlösa. De flesta av intervjupersonerna ser inte de hemlösa som en särskild sort av människor. De ser inte dessa människor på något udda sätt men trots det så har de uppfattningen om att de hemlösa lever ett  hårdare liv och att de tvingas slita mer än andra för att klara av dagen. Samtliga intervjupersoner upplever att människorna lever i utsatthet med en ängslan för vart de ska sova kommande natt. Resultatet visar dessutom att det föreligger skillnader mellan intervjupersonernas syn främst när det kommer till insamlingen av pengar samt hur kontakterna mellan dem ser ut.

    Kyrkors, och andra så kallade ”faith-based organizations”, insatser mot hemlösa kan bidra med många positiva effekter till offentliga platser. Med insatser som bland annat härbärgen och tilldelning av mat blir följden att färre hemlösa vistas i offentliga platser. Detta kan således bidra till minskande känslor av ilska och rädsla, och ökade känslor av trygghet och säkerhet bland invånarna som vistas i dessa områden.

  • 149.
    Barthel, Stephan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. University of Gävle, Sweden.
    Isendahl, Christian
    Vis, Benjamin N.
    Drescher, Axel
    Evans, Daniel L.
    van Timmeren, Arjan
    Global urbanization and food production in direct competition for land: Leverage places to mitigate impacts on SDG2 and on the Earth System2019In: The Anthropocene Review, ISSN 2053-0196, E-ISSN 2053-020X, Vol. 6, no 1-2, p. 71-97Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Global urbanization and food production are in direct competition for land. This paper carries out a critical review of how displacing crop production from urban and peri-urban land to other areas - because of issues related to soil quality - will demand a substantially larger proportion of the Earth's terrestrial land surface than the surface area lost to urban encroachment. Such relationships may trigger further distancing effects and unfair social-ecological teleconnections. It risks also setting in motion amplifying effects within the Earth System. In combination, such multiple stressors set the scene for food riots in cities of the Global South. Our review identifies viable leverage points on which to act in order to navigate urban expansion away from fertile croplands. We first elaborate on the political complexities in declaring urban and peri-urban lands with fertile soils as one global commons. We find that the combination of an advisory global policy aligned with regional policies enabling robust common properties rights for bottom-up actors and movements in urban and peri-urban agriculture (UPA) as multi-level leverage places to intervene. To substantiate the ability of aligning global advisory policy with regional planning, we review both past and contemporary examples where empowering local social-ecological UPA practices and circular economies have had a stimulating effect on urban resilience and helped preserve, restore, and maintain urban lands with healthy soils.

  • 150.
    Beckmann, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Gentrifiering i miljonprogrammet?: Renoveringen av Markbacken i Örebro2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning (abstract)

    Det finns en efterfrågan på studier av gentrifiering i andra miljöer än storstädernas. Mot bakgrund av att stora delar av miljonprogrammet står inför renovering valde författaren av denna fallstudie att undersöka om Markbacken, ett allmännyttigt hyreshusområde från 1960-talet i Örebro, gentrifierats i samband med renovering. Undersökningen, som genomförts med intervjuer och kvantitativ data, visar att så skett. Låginkomsttagarna har minskat påtagligt samtidigt som andelen höginkomsttagare ökat. Trots undanträngningseffekten har inte någon synlig konflikt uppstått. Enligt författaren kan detta vara ett resultat av de boendes förtroende för hyresvärden, lyhördhet och god information från hyresvärden, mjukstart av renoveringen och begränsade hyreshöjningar samt att hyresvärden erbjudit praktiska lösningar som underlättat för hyresgästerna. En orsak till utebliven konflikt kan också vara att den socioekonomiskt svaga grupp som tvingats flytta inte sett någon möjlighet att påverka sin situation utan bara tyst accepterat.

     

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