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  • 101.
    Aronsson, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Aarsand, Pål
    Response cries and other gaming moves: Toward an intersubjectivity of gaming2009In: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, E-ISSN 1879-1387, Vol. 41, p. 1557-1575Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study focuses on the ways in which response cries (Goffman, 1981) are deployed as interactional resources in computer gaming in everyday life. It draws on a large-scale data set of video recordings of the everyday lives of middleclass families. The recordings of gaming between children and between children and parents show that response cries were not arbitrarily located within different phases of gaming (planning, gaming or commenting on gaming). Response cries were primarily used as interactional resources for securing and sustaining joint attention (cf. Goodwin, 1996) during the gaming as such, that is, during periods when the gaming activity was characterized by a relatively high tempo. In gaming between children, response cries co- occurred with their animations of game characters and with sound making, singing along, and code switching in ways that formed something of an action aesthetic, a type of aesthetic that was most clearly seen in gaming between game equals (here: between children). In contrast, response cries were rare during the planning phases and during phases in which the participants primarily engaged in setting up or adjusting the game.

  • 102.
    Aronsson, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Cederborg, Ann-Christin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Family therapy and accountability2012In: Journal of Applied Linguistics and Professional Practice, ISSN 2040-3658, E-ISSN 2040-3666, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 193-212Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 103.
    Aronsson, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Cekaite, A.
    Förhandlingar mellan föräldrar och barn.2009In: Barn, Barndom och föräldraskap. / [ed] A-M. Markström, M. Simonsson, In Söderlind & E. Änggård, Stockholm: Carlssons Bokförlag , 2009, p. 136-154Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 104.
    Aronsson, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Eriksson Barajas, Katarina
    Linköping University.
    Avid versus struggling readers:: Co-construed pupil identities in school booktalk.2009In: Language and Literature, ISSN 0963-9470, E-ISSN 1461-7293, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 281-299Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present article, we argue for a combination of reader reception studies and discursive psychology that we would like to call discursive reception studies: that is, discursive-psychological analyses of reader reception data. Such approaches provide possibilities to analyse the role of social interaction in the co-construction of the reading of a given book (or talk on a film or other reader reception data). Drawing on detailed analyses of video-recorded teacher-led booktalk sessions in grades 4—7, pupils’ self presentations and other types of co-construed categorizations of readers are examined and discussed in relation to the pupils’ and teachers’ co-construction of two contrasting categories of reader positions: avid readers (bokslukare ; literally, book-devourers), on the one hand, and struggling readers , on the other. These categorizations in turn involve two different sets of continua in terms of the participants’ (pupils’) spontaneous positionings: one based on motivation (willing versus unwilling readers) and one based on reading speed (fast versus slow readers). Both sets of contrasting categories involve implicit local hierarchies, yet these two continua do not necessarily overlap. An important finding is that the position of a fast reader does not imply the position of a book-lover. Through detailed examinations of the participants’ co-construed local hierarchies in booktalk, this study documents ways in which discursive reception studies may contribute to a deeper understanding of reading as a situated social practice. Our findings have implications for teacher training, with respect to the promotion of literary reading among children.

  • 105.
    Aronsson, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Forsberg, Lucas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Generationspositioner och förhandlingar vid middagsbordet2010In: Barnets familjer ur barnkulturella perspektiv / [ed] Anne Banér, Stockholm: Centrum för barnkulturforskning , 2010, p. 23-38Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 106.
    Aronsson, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Forsberg, Lucas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Nourishing a Darwinist.: Discussion on the orgines of life in a Swedish evangelical family.2008In: Conference Proceedings., 2008, p. 89-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 107.
    Aronsson, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Gottzén, Lucas
    Generational positions at family dinner: Food morality and social order2011In: Language in society (London. Print), ISSN 0047-4045, E-ISSN 1469-8013, Vol. 40, no 4, p. 405-426Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article concerns generation and food morality, drawing on video recordings of dinners in Swedish middle-class families. A detailed analysis of affect displays during one family dinner extends prior work on food morality (Ochs, Pontecorvo, & Fasulo 1996; Grieshaber 1997; Bourdieu 2003; Wiggins 2004), documenting ways in which participants may shift between distinct GENERATIONAL POSITIONS with respect to affects and food morality (from “irresponsiblechild” to caretaker positions). In our recordings, an elder sibling is shifting between a series of contrasting affective stances (Ochs & Schieffelin 1989; M. Goodwin 2006; Stivers 2008), linked to generational positions along an implicit age continuum: positioning himself, at one end of the continuum, as his young brother’s accomplice, and at the other as an adult, a serious guardian of food morality. This study shows that generational positions are not fixed, but are positions adopted as parts of language socialization and interactional events.

  • 108.
    Aronsson, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Osvaldsson, Karin
    Trust and the Contestation of Blame Narratives: Veiled Stances in an Institutional Assessment Context2014In: Dialogical approaches to trust in communication / [ed] Per Linell, Ivana Marková, Charlotte, N.C.: Information Age Publishing, 2014, p. 29-50Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 109.
    Aronsson, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Collaborations, reciprocity, and shared matter of concern: Educational Neuroscience research methodology in Early Childhood practices2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the millennium, the emergent discipline of Educational Neuroscience has grown rapidly. This transdiscipline aims to bridge the gap between the neurosciences and educational practices, not only to let the neurosciences inform educational practices but also for educational practices to provide new relevant questions for the neurosciences (Fischer et al, 2007). The joint aim is to improve educational practices for future generations. As a researcher in Early Childhood Education with an interest in how knowledge practices are material-discursively produced, I was triggered to do something about this lack of knowledge. What would emerge if brain research became part of the literacy theories and practices of Swedish preschool teachers? Would it be possible to enact a reciprocal and collaborative research methodology together with the practitioners, based on a joint matter of concern? I felt an urge to explore this and in this presentation, I will highlight some methodological implications in this project.

    Researching a problem that ultimately concerns the possibilities, difficulties and problems which emerge in the encounters of two different practices – scientific research practices and educational practices – demands a methodology that engages in the practice of research practices and the problem of how to overcome divisions between humanities, social science and natural sciences (Sismondo, 2004) Hence, the research questions concern how the different disciplines’ power production is negotiated and re-negotiated in the encounter, and what the consequences are for teachers constituted and re-constituted beliefs, theories and practices (Callard & Fitzgerald, 2015). Questions on how this encounter is received, resisted, and in what ways this kind of knowing transforms meaning-making and practices concerning the literacy work performed was an urgent issue in the participating preschools as well. Hence, based on shared matters of concern of the researcher and the participants is a methodology needed that is characterized by reciprocity and collaboration.

  • 110.
    Aronsson, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Min sjukdom är fler än en, men färre än många: Att följa begreppet multipla verkligheter genom olika praktiker som gör och uppför sjukdom2016In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 115-126Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    What is a disease? Can we name it in a coherent way, precisely defined and is it only one? Or is the disease as many as those who are ill, or all of the practices where it appears? A few years ago I was diagnosed with autoimmune hepatitis, which could be a rather serious illness. I experienced bodily changes, had alarming liver values and got side effects from medication, but - ill? To handle the discrepancy, I tried to keep apart "having a serious illness" and "being sick".

    Drawing on Mol's concept Multiple Realities I describe how the disease is performed in various practices and my attempts to become comprehensible when coordinating these practices. At the clinic, in the laboratory, in treatment and in my body the disease is enacted as simultaneous versions. It is not the same disease although it has the same name. One version is available as numerical values in a diagram, in another as questions from a doctor to a patient or as text on a web page. The bodily version is almost invisible to me, but is related to gender, class and other categorizations - that affect relationships and interpretations in all practices. The different versions of the disease consists of human and non-human actors; not just me and the doctor but also tablets, conversations, syringes, computers, edema and compression stockings, Thus, reality does not exist in advance.

    With my disease as an example I discuss what multiple versions of reality can offer beyond what multiple perspectives on the same reality can. Moving away from structures and discursive perspectives to reality as multiple enacted versions, there will be less importance in agreeing on understanding or interpretation. Instead we focus on coordinating, informing and intervening. 

  • 111.
    Aspán, Margareta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Barndomsforskning: Om barnsyn, forskningsfrågor och etiska ställningstaganden2015In: Den problematiska etiken - om barnsyn i forskning och praktik / [ed] Birgitta Qvarsell, Catharina Hällström, Annika Wallin, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2015, p. 9-29Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 112. Astvik, Wanja
    Relationer som arbete: förutsättningar för omsorgsfulla möten i hemtjänsten2003Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 113.
    Atak, Kivanç
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Della Porta, Donatella
    Towards a Global Control? Policing and Protest in a New Century2016In: The SAGE Handbook of Global Policing / [ed] Ben Bradford, Beatrice Jauregui, Ian Loader, Jonny Steinberg, London: Sage Publications, 2016, p. 515-534Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 114.
    Atak, Kıvanç
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Zeynep Gönen, The Politics of Crime in Turkey: Neoliberalism, Police and the Urban Poor, I.B. Tauris, London & New York, 20162018In: Punishment & Society, ISSN 1462-4745, E-ISSN 1741-3095, Vol. 20, no 5, p. 648-650Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 115.
    Augustsson, Frida
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Sjöström, Carolina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Det manliga brottsoffret: En studie om balansgången mellan den förväntade styrkan hos maskuliniteter och den ideala svagheten hos brottsoffret2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I samhället tycks det råda konsensus kring att alla brottsoffer ska känna samhällets stöd. I praktiken tycks dock samhällets definition av brottsoffer främst inkludera kvinnor och barn. Det som synliggörs är en brottsofferdiskurs där mannen inte tycks tillmätas samma offerstatus som kvinnan. I polisförhör kan det tänkas att maskuliniteten, såväl som brottsofferstatusen, sätts på spel. Detta ställer krav på mannen att balansera de motstående identiteterna för att på så sätt tillåtas att skapa ett manligt brottsoffer. Uppsatsen har till syfte att öka förståelsen för relationen mellan maskuliniteter och brottsofferskap samt hur dessa framställs i polisförhör. För att möjliggöra analysen användes en tematisk textanalys på sex förhör med män som har blivit utsatta för misshandel, där studien intresserar sig för hur männen förhandlar om sin brottsofferstatus. Studien tar avstamp i genusteori samt Christies idealtypiska bild av brottsoffret.

    Genom analysen identifierades tre återkommande teman: våldspotential, ett manligt brottsoffer och från offerskap till hjälteskap. Utifrån den genomförda studien kan slutsatsen dras att män modifierar sin brottsofferstatus i förhörssituationen genom uppvisande av styrka, mod och hjälteskap. Genom att uppvisa karaktärsdrag som utgör maskulinitetsmarkörer tillåts männen att modifiera sitt offerskap till ett socialt accepterat uttryck för maskulinitet. Det framkom även i studien att männen, i sina förhör, relaterar till en brottsofferdiskurs där kvinnor och barn definieras som äkta offer, varför de tycks behöva hävda sitt offerskap i stor utsträckning. Männen kan genom sina egna berättelser modifiera sin brottsofferstatus till ett manligt brottsoffer och kan på så sätt såväl behålla sin maskulinitet som erhålla ett offervärde. Studien har sammanfattningsvis i någon mån indikerat att Christies idealtypiska bild av brottsoffer tycks missgynna manliga brottsoffer.

  • 116.
    Averstad Ryd, Malin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    ”Han sa att det är som Arlamjölk och någon annan sorts mjölk. Båda är mjölk men folk föredrar Arla.”: En kvalitativ intervjustudie med nyanlända kvinnliga akademiker om arbetsintegration i Sverige.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats syftar till att, genom kvalitativa intervjuer, lyfta fram och undersöka fyra nyanlända kvinnliga akademikers erfarenheter av arbetsintegration i Sverige. Vilka hinder och möjligheter det innebär samt hur dessa förstås i relation till föreställningar om ’svenskhet’? Studien vilar på ett postkolonialt feministiskt teoretiskt ramverk med fokus på materiellt skillnadsskapande och ’svensk’ identitet samt en forskningsbakgrund som belyser utlandsfödda kvinnor som en marginaliserad grupp på svensk arbetsmarknad. Materialet visar på många dimensioner av hinder och möjligheter där informanterna upplever svårigheter att ta sig in på svensk arbetsmarknad. Identifierade hinder är: att inte kunna svenska, att inte ha ett ’svenskt’ socialt nätverk, att inte känna till relevant information gällande arbetsmarknadens funktioner och att inte ha en utbildning och erfarenhet som värdesätts. Materialet visar tendenser till att svensk arbetsmarknad är uppbyggd och anpassad efter en önskvärd och normativ ’svenskhet’ som omöjligen alla kan uppnå. De som inte passar in i mallen, ’de andra’, förväntas anpassa sig och inta andra ’svenska’ identiteter och positioner i arbetsmarknadens periferi. Detta som en del av ett reproducerande strukturellt skillnadsskapande.

  • 117.
    Averstad Ryd, Malin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    ”Han sa att det är som Arlamjölk och någon annan sorts mjölk. Båda är mjölk men folk föredrar Arla.”: En kvalitativ intervjustudie med nyanlända kvinnliga akademiker om arbetsintegration i Sverige2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats syftar till att, genom kvalitativa intervjuer, lyfta fram och undersöka fyra nyanlända kvinnliga akademikers erfarenheter av arbetsintegration i Sverige. Vilka hinder och möjligheter det innebär samt hur dessa förstås i relation till föreställningar om ’svenskhet’? Studien vilar på ett postkolonialt feministiskt teoretiskt ramverk med fokus på materiellt skillnadsskapande och ’svensk’ identitet samt en forskningsbakgrund som belyser utlandsfödda kvinnor som en marginaliserad grupp på svensk arbetsmarknad. Materialet visar på många dimensioner av hinder och möjligheter där informanterna upplever svårigheter att ta sig in på svensk arbetsmarknad. Identifierade hinder är: att inte kunna svenska, att inte ha ett ’svenskt’ socialt nätverk, att inte känna till relevant information gällande arbetsmarknadens funktioner och att inte ha en utbildning och erfarenhet som värdesätts. Materialet visar tendenser till att svensk arbetsmarknad är uppbyggd och anpassad efter en önskvärd och normativ ’svenskhet’ som omöjligen alla kan uppnå. De som inte passar in i mallen, ’de andra’, förväntas anpassa sig och inta andra ’svenska’ identiteter och positioner i arbetsmarknadens periferi. Detta som en del av ett reproducerande strukturellt skillnadsskapande. 

  • 118.
    Ax, Carola
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Norén, Malin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Visionen “ett Stockholm för alla” - men finns det möjlighet för alla att delta?: En undersökning av styrdokuments beskrivning av möjligheter till deltagande i arbete för individer med neuropsykiatrisk funktionsnedsättning i allmänhet och autismspektrumtillstånd i synnerhet i Stockholms stad2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The last decades, prerequisites on the labour market have changed due to technical development and elevated demands on stress-resistance and social skills. We have distinguished a research gap in terms of examining the possibilities to attend the competitive labour market for adults with autism spectrum disorder in Sweden. The aim of this study is to examine regulatory documents from Stockholm municipality and how they describe requirements and ideals on their employees and which efforts they conduct. This to examine the possibilities for individuals with neuropsychiatric disabilities in general and autism spectrum disorder specifically to participate through employment within the municipality’s various functions. Our conclusion is that the demands on the employees tend to hinder participation in work for the focus group because of demands on social competencies and constant development of the organisations various functions. The demand on personal adaption could contribute to increase participation. Since the efforts within daily activities tend to lack incentives to reach the competitive labour market, a large focus on these efforts might hinder further participation in work for the focus group.

  • 119.
    Axelsson, John
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Sundelin, Tina
    Lasselin, Julie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden; Universitätsklinikum Essen, Germany.
    Lekander, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    How can we improve identification of contagious individuals? Factors influencing sickness detection2018In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, ISSN 0962-8452, E-ISSN 1471-2954, Vol. 285, no 1889Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 120.
    Axelsson, Linn
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hedberg, Charlotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Zhang, Qian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Chinese restaurant workers in Sweden: policies, patterns and social consequences2013Report (Other academic)
  • 121.
    Axelsson, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    HR-medarbetares upplevelser kring spelprevention och policyimplementering på arbetsplatsen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The complex concept regarding harmful use of different nature, could be related to the use of alcohol, drugs or gambling. Such activities could affect the efficiency and productivity of an employee in a workplace environment in a negative way. At the request of the Public Health Agency of Sweden, a group of scientist was given the task to evaluate a project regarding education concerning problematic gambling. The purpose of the current study is to evaluate a project regarding education concerning gambling and gambling prevention, and was carried out by the organization Alna. Thematic analysis was used and collection of data was done with semi structured interviews, with ten HR-employees whose five organisations was included in the project Gambling and gambling preventive efforts directed towards the labour market. The results show that the methods and tools used by Alna is perceived as efficient and valuable by the participants. Some obstacles which works against efficient implementation of updated policies and guidelines were identified and these could consist of time constraints, under staffing or subordinated priority of the gambling issue per se. Furthermore it seems that the education project regarding gambling prevention performed by Alna has contributed to the development of policies and guidelines regarding harmful use of different kinds with focus on the gambling issue.  

  • 122.
    Axelsson Sohlberg, Tove
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Ramstedt, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Tal om tobak 2008: Tobakskonsumtionen i Sverige 20082009Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

     

     

    Under år 2008 fördes cirka 424 miljoner cigaretter in i Sverige från utlandet i samband med svenskars utlandsresor. I jämförelse med år 2007 har ingen förändring skett. Antalet köpta smuggelcigaretter har däremot ökat mellan 2007 och 2008 från 144 miljoner till 440 miljoner dvs. med cirka 205 procent. Köp av privatimporterade cigaretter, det vill säga köp av cigaretter som privatpersoner lagligt fört in i landet och sålt vidare utan kommersiellt syfte, uppgick år 2008 till cirka 134 miljoner vilket i jämförelse med år 2007 är en ökning med cirka 6 procent. Sammantaget så ökade därmed den oregistrerade cigarettkonsumtionen under 2008 med cirka 44 procent i jämförelse med 2007 (998 miljoner mot 694 miljoner).

     

    Den registrerade (i Sverige beskattade) cigarettförsäljningen minskade under 2008 samtidigt som den oregistrerade cigarettkonsumtionens andel av den totala cigarettkonsumtionen (det vill säga den registrerade och den oregistrerade sammantaget), ökade från 9,5 procent under 2007 till 14 procent för 2008. Den totala cigarettkonsumtionen fortsätter dock att minska under 2008 och var ca 2,7 procent lägre än 2007 och 7,7 procent lägre än 2006. Denna utveckling får stöd i andra uppgifter som visar att andelen dagligrökare minskat under samma period.

     

    I denna rapport skattades också den oregistrerade snuskonsumtionen för år 2008 vilken uppgick till cirka 30,8 miljoner dosor varav 17 miljoner var resandeinförda (främst från Finland) och cirka 9,7 miljoner hade beställts via Internet. Köp av smuggelsnus uppgick till cirka 4 miljoner dosor. Detta är i jämförelse med år 2007 en total ökning med cirka 320 procent (30,8 miljoner mot 7,3 miljoner).

  • 123. Babor, Thomas
    et al.
    Stenius, Kerstin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Quality guidelines for addiction journals: Nomenclature and terminology2007Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 124.
    Backman, Sarah
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    The European Union's capacities for managing crises2018In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 261-271Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article draws on a comprehensive new data set of crisis management capacities at the European Union level to highlight key patterns in their development and use. Organised within the categories of detection, sense-making, decision-making, coordination, meaning-making, communication, and accountability, the data show considerable accumulation of capacities in detection and sense-making, while decision-making capacities lag behind. We find that most capacities are sector-oriented rather than cross-sectoral, and reside primarily within the European Commission rather than other EU institutions. Comparing the data to previous studies, we note that capacities overall are increasing and some are undergoing evolution; for example, horizon-scanning tools once limited to collecting information have increasingly been given an analytical, information enrichment function akin to sense-making.

  • 125. Backström, Tomas
    et al.
    Granberg, Otto
    Wilhelmson, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Alternativa former av ledarskap: En kunskapsöversikt om chefers ledarskap2008In: Chefskapets former och resultat: Två kunskapsöversikter om arbetsplatsens ledarskap, Stockholm: Vinnova , 2008, p. 21-116Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 126. Backström, Tomas
    et al.
    Johansson, Peter
    Döös, Marianne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Hazy, James K
    Simulating the emergence of the organizing structures of work2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is a first step toward a visualization and classification system for studying dynamic organizing structures of work. As a first step toward this research objective, this study brings together two active projects. One called “relatonics” studies work group formation and is primarily empirical and inductive. The other called “Human Interaction Dynamics (HID)” imports concepts, relationships and modeling from complexity science and is therefore primarily theoretical and deductive. The vision is to use social media, data gathering, and process simulation technologies to rigorously describe, systematically visualize, and validly model the complex dynamics of work processes of different types. This work will serve as a means to classify, study and improve the performance of work systems. We describe our progress to data and suggest further research.

  • 127.
    Badani Zuleta, Paola
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    An Obstacle to Justice: Impunity, human rights & the Latin American case2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Impunity constitutes a widespread and common example of a lack of constitutional restraint on governments and their actions, as well as the failure of governments to ensure the law to be as binding for their own agents as they are for civilians. Even if constraints of a constitutional nature on state behaviour constitutes an important tool in the promotion and protection of civilians’ social, civil and political liberties, formal “guarantees” of human rights through constitutional restraint do not ensure their complete practical implementation. In the contemporary world, unpunished human rights violations committed by state actors are widespread across the Latin American continent independent of the development, political and economic levels in the individual countries.

    In this thesis, the purpose is to undertake a theoretically-guided empirical study in order to explore the effects of five different independent variables (democracy, press freedom, control of corruption, armed intra-state conflict and GDP/capita) on the occurrence of impunity in a country. For the measurement of the dependent variable, impunity, the creation of a measurement is attempted. This is constructed based on data by the US State Department Human Rights Country Reports, which was complemented by data from Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International. Data in the study are collected on 23 countries of the continent. The aim of the created measurement regarded the provision of an additional dimension to existing measurements of governmental respect to human rights and the rule of law.

    The quantitative analysis of the data conveys a notion that impunity is worse in countries featuring intra-state crises in the form of armed conflicts. It also suggests that the presence of impunity decreases with press freedom. Press freedom is further theorised as constituting a more effective tool in the control of governmental impunity than democracy, in that press freedom yields more constant pressure for accountability on police and military forces than a government does.

  • 128.
    Baginski , Sylwia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Söderberg, Tove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Vad är språkstörning?: En studie av olika insatser kring barn med språkstörning2008Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med detta arbete är att undersöka hur pedagoger och logopeder förhåller sig samt säger sig arbeta med barn som har språkstörning. Rapporten bygger på intervjuer genomförda med sammanlagt åtta personer. Samtliga av de intervjuade arbetar inom skolor med inriktning mot språk.

    I litteraturgenomgången har vi tagit fram olika synsätt kring barn i behov av särskilt stöd. Vi har särskilt lyft historiska, medicinska, sociologiska samt pedagogiska perspektiv. De olika läroplanernas synsätt på integrering har lyfts. Den litteratur som vi har studerat behandlar språkstörning och betonar faktorer som främjar ett fungerande arbetsätt för barn med detta funktionshinder.

    Resultatet av den empiriska studien visar att intervjupersonerna är samsynta kring hur omfattande och för individen unikt funktionshindret kan vara samt vad som krävs för att bli antagen till en språkskola. I studien framkommer även att pedagogerna säger sig tillrättalägga både miljö och sina metoder för att det språkstörda barnet ska få den hjälp som den är i behov av. Logopederna använder sig av på förhand standardiserade tester som till största del utförs enskilt. Värdegrund och förhållningssätt är av stor betydelse i arbetet med dessa barn. Studien visar också att skolorna arbetar olika, den ena utifrån ett inkluderande perspektiv och den andra utifrån ett segregerande perspektiv.

  • 129.
    Baginski, Sylwia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Vad har lekterapin för betydelse för barnets sjukhusvistelse?: En intervjustudie om lekterapeuters, barns och mödrars syn på lekterapins betydelse för barnets sjukhusvistelse.2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med denna undersökning är att ta reda på vad lekterapeuter, barn och mödrar anser att lekterapin har för betydelse för barnets sjukhusvistelse. Undersökningen bygger på kvalitativa intervjuer genomförda med sammanlagt åtta personer. Samtliga av de intervjuade har erfarenhet av lekterapi i form av yrkesprofession eller som patient och anhörig.

    Resultatet av den empiriska studien visar att intervjupersonerna är samsynta kring lekterapins betydelse för barnets sjukhusvistelse. Leken är en betydelsebärande del i tillfrisknandet och en adekvat miljö och ett rikligt pedagogiskt material för barn i alla åldrar har en stor betydelse. I resultatet framgår att lekterapeuterna behöver vara mycket flexibla i arbetet med barn som vistas på sjukhus. Det ena mötet är inte det andra likt. Arbetet bygger mycket på enskilda behov och stor lyhördhet krävs. Värdegrund och förhållningssätt är av stor betydelse i arbetet med dessa barn.

  • 130.
    Baheram, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
    Nollalternativ i en miljökonsekvensbeskrivning2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study of the zero alternatives in an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) constitutes a thesis in the Master's program in Environmental Management and Physical Planning at the Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology at Stockholm University. The work has also been produced in collaboration with WSP Civils.

    In the current situation, it seems to lack a clear consensus over how the zero alternatives in an EIA should be formulated and managed. The purpose of this study was to explore the attitudes towards the zero alternatives (or the no-action alternative) in an EIA and try to give a better understanding of how the alternative should be managed. Therefore, this study describes what the purpose and function of the zero alternatives have in an EIA, together with the aspects that should be considered when dealing with zero alternatives in an EIA.

    The study was conducted using four different methods that together should be able to answer the study's purpose and issues. To provide a better understanding the empirical data was connected to theories of prediction, uncertainties and scenarios in an EIA.

    The results of the study indicate that the purpose of the zero alternatives in an EIA is to put a plan or a project into context, and therefore fulfill an important function. It is important in an EIA to illustrate the uncertainty that exists in the predictions made about the future, which are the basis for the assessments that are made. This is also important for the zero alternatives. Regarding the uncertainty, it is also necessary to consider whether it in all circumstances is appropriate to use the zero alternatives as a reference alternative in relation to the other alternatives in the EIA. The Swedish Environmental Code also has two definitions that describe the zero alternatives, depending on whether it is a plan or a project the EIA should describe. This distinction is unfortunately not always visible in practice.

    During the study, it emerged that there is a demand for advice and recommendations for dealing with zero alternatives in an EIA. One hope is that this study will generate a greater knowledge of the handling of zero alternatives in an EIA.

  • 131.
    Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Antonina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The European Law Institute.
    Michalski, AnnaOxelheim, Lars
    EU och de nya säkerhetshoten2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 132.
    Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Antonina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The European Law Institute.
    Mårtensson, Moa
    Oxelheim, Lars
    Persson, Thomas
    The EU’s Role in Fighting Global Imbalances2015Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The EU’s Role in Fighting Global Imbalances looks at the role of the European Union in addressing some of the greatest challenges of our time: poverty, protectionism, climate change, and human trafficking. Contributions from ten leading scholars in the fields of economics, law, and political science provide in-depth analyses of three key dimensions of EU foreign policy, namely: the internal challenges facing the EU, as its 28 member countries struggle to coordinate their actions; the external challenges facing the EU on the global arena, in areas where global imbalances are particularly pervasive, and where measures taken by the Union can have an important impact; and the EU´s performance on the global arena, in the eyes of other key actors. Based on a broad and interdisciplinary understanding of the concept of global imbalances, this book argues that these challenges follow from pervasive global imbalances, which at root are economic, political, and legal in character.

  • 133.
    Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Antonina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The European Law Institute.
    Persson, ThomasOxelheim, Lars
    Arbetslöshet, migrationspolitik och nationalism: hot mot EU:s sammanhållning?2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 134.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Center for Gender Studies.
    Spinning around the ”lycra-lout”2009In: Centrum med många riktningar : en vänbok till Gunilla Bjerén / [ed] Birgitta Ney, Stockholm: Centrum för genusstudier, Stockholms universitet , 2009, p. 11-24Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 135.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, Comparative Religion and Gender Studies. Genusstudier.
    Studier av VINNOVAnytt -: organisationens ansikte utåt ur ett genusperspektiv2007In: Learning by fighting?: Jämställdhet och genusvetenskap i Vinnovas organisation och verksamhetsområde, Växjö universitet , 2007, p. 49-64Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 136.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, Comparative Religion and Gender Studies. Centrum för genusstudier.
    Westberg, Hanna
    Könssegregering och jämställdhetsarbete i VINNOVAs organisation och verksamhetsområde2007In: Learning by fighting?: Jämställdhet och genusvetenskap i Vinnovas organisation och verksamhetsområde, Växjö universitet , 2007, p. 23-33Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 137. Banerjee, Albert
    et al.
    Daly, Tamara
    Armstrong, Hugh
    Armstrong, Pat
    Lafrance, Stirling
    Szebehely, Marta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    ‘Out of Control’: Violence against Personal Support Workers in Long-Term Care2008Report (Other academic)
  • 138.
    Banér, Anne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies, Centre for the study of children's culture.
    "Allt blir en vara": Barn, kultur och konsumtion2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 139.
    Banér, Anne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies, Centre for the study of children's culture.
    Barn(s)kultur - Nytta eller nöje?: Om barn, estetik och pedagogik2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 140.
    Banér, Anne
    Department of Child and Youth Studies, Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies, Centre for the study of children's culture.
    Konsten att berätta för barn: Barnboken1996Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 141.
    Banér, Anne
    Department of Child and Youth Studies, Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies, Centre for the study of children's culture.
    Kulturarvingarna, typ! Vad ska barnen ärva och varför?2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 142. Baric, Vedrana
    et al.
    Andreassen, Maria
    Öhman, Annika
    Hemmingsson, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Using an interactive digital calendar with mobile phone reminders by senior people - a focus group study2019In: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 19, article id 116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    New technologies such as mobile/smartphones have the potential to help senior people perform everyday activities. However, senior people may find it difficult using mobile/smartphones, especially the digital calendar and short text message features. Therefore, senior people might need user-friendly, flexible, and interactive digital calendars that provide them with active reminders about their everyday activities. This study focuses on community dwelling seniors’ experiences learning and using RemindMe, an interactive digital calendar with active reminders, as part of customizing an intervention appropriate for senior people with cognitive impairments.

    Methods

    Four focus groups were conducted with 20 community dwelling seniors (11 men and 9 women) who all had used RemindMe for six weeks. The focus groups were tape recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analysed using content analysis.

    Results

    For participants in this study, using a calendar was an essential part of their everyday lives, but only a few had experiences using a digital calendar. Although the participants described RemindMe as easy to use, they had a difficult time incorporating RemindMe into their daily routines. In part, these difficulties were the result of the participants needing to change their mobile/smartphone routines. Some participants felt that using an interactive digital calendar was a sign of modernity allowing them to take part in the society at large, but others felt that their inability to use the technology was due to their age, dependence, and loss of function. Participants found that receiving active reminders through short text messages followed by actively acknowledging the reminder helped them perform more everyday life activities. This feature gave them a higher sense of independence and control.

    Conclusions

    Community dwelling seniors found that RemindMe was easy to learn and to use, although they also found it challenging to integrate into their everyday lives. For senior people to make the effort to develop new routines for mobile/smartphone use, a prerequisite for using a digital calendar, they need to be motivated and believe that the technology will make their lives better.

  • 143.
    Barthel, Stephan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Resilience2014In: A Companion to Urban Anthropology / [ed] Donald M. Nonini, Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2014, p. 428-446Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter uses a resilience lens, where resilience is defined as the capacity to absorb shocks, utilize them, reorganize, and continue to develop without losing fundamental functions (Folke 2006). This resilience lens can be used to analyze the role of urban gardens as memory carriers of ways to build food securityin cities (see Chapters 20 and 23, “Memory and Narrative” and “Food and Farming”).

    Comparing Western urban histories in a global frame of reference suggests that a marked conceptual and physical separation between urban and rural sectors emerged largely as a consequence of high modernist time–space compression during the 1900s (Harvey 1990). However, it is estimated that in contemporary cities of the global South, approximately 800 million people are still engaged in urban agriculture, producing approximately 15–20 percent of the world’s food. These numbers are diminishing due to similar processes that drove food production from Western cities. Do such changes in the urban environment influence the capacity of urban people to respond to food shortages in the future?It has been suggested that modernist urbanization severs perceived and experienced relations between people and nature as urban lifestyles are adopted and resilience as access to green areas is reduced. This alienation process has been termedthe “extinction-of-experience” (Miller 2005), an ongoing generational amnesia among city peoples about their relationships to, and dependence upon, diverse ecosystems, including agro-ecosystems. Such social amnesia has been argued to produce food insecurity among growing urban populations, simply because it erodes options of self-sufficiency (Barthel, Parker, and Ernstson 2013). Food security is broadly defined here as having physical and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food to meet dietary needs (FAO 1996). Following Pothukuchi and Kaufman (2000: 113), the food system is defined as “the chain of activities connecting food production, processing, distribution, consumption, and waste management, as well as all the associated regulatory institutions and activities” (see Chapters 23 and 24, “Food and Farming” and “Pollution”). The focus of this essay is on food production, which makes this whole circuit possible. I highlight collectively managed urban gardens as potential “memory workers” to combat the ongoing generational amnesia among city dwellers about the intimate links between local agro-ecosystems and food security (Barthel, Parker, and Ernstson 2013).

  • 144.
    Bartolomei, María Luisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    La Dimensión Global y Sexual de la Ciudadanía en América Latina y los Derechos Humanos: El Caso Argentino2015In: Oñati Socio-Legal Series, ISSN 2079-5971, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 418-446Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper discusses the issue of sexual violence against women during the past military dictatorships in Latin America, especially in Argentina, and some consequences in the current practice of their sexual and reproductive rights. It analyzes the extent the exercise of sexuality has a connection with the exercise of power, which organizes, manages, and prioritizes behavior depending on a political, social and cultural project, in a context of time and space. This means that the public and private, power and sexuality depend on the idea of the nation, class, race and religion, and consequently implies the political control of reproduction and the family model, including expressions of gender sexual violence. The paper discusses feminist theoretical concepts, such as the concept of gender and nation from an intersectional perspective (Yuval Davis), the idea of post colonialism and decolonization of feminism (Mohanty), and the relationship between gender and globalization (Fraser).

  • 145.
    Batljan, Ilija
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Demographics and Future Needs for Public Long Term Care and Services among the Elderly in Sweden: The Need for Planning2007Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Long term care and social services (LTCaS) for older people are an important part of the Scandinavian welfare state. The fast growing number of elderly people in Sweden has caused many concerns about increases in future needs (and particularly costs) of age-related social programs such as LTCaS. The general aim of this dissertation is to examine how projected demographic changes may affect future needs for long-term care and services in Sweden assuming different trends in morbidity and mortality. The following data sources are used: national population registers, register data on inpatient/outpatient health care from region Skåne, the Swedish National Survey on Living Conditions (SNSLC) for the period 1975-1999. Three alternative methods to inform simple demographic extrapolations of needs for health and social care for the elderly are presented. Furthermore, a new method for demographic projections has been developed. According to our studies, the health of older people (measured as the prevalence of severe ill-health) has improved during the study period. Taking into account health status, when projecting future needs for LTCaS, will result in a fairly substantial reduction of the rate of the demographically influenced increase in projected LTCaS needs. The changes in population composition regarding education and mortality differentials per educational level may have a significant impact on the number of the elderly in the future. On the other hand, the projected increase in the number of older people suffering from severe ill-health, as a consequence of population ageing, may be counterbalanced to a large extent by changes in the educational composition towards a higher proportion of the population having a high educational level and lower prevalence of severe ill-health. We need to improve our planning tools in order to support policy-makers to plan for uncertainty concerning future needs and demand for LTCaS.

  • 146.
    Becker, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Hauserman, Nancy
    Gatuförsäljare som globala entreprenörer2014In: Det globaliserade arbetslivet / [ed] Marinette Fogde, Johanna Övling, Gidlund i samarbete med Arbetets museum , 2014, p. 25-34Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 147.
    Beckley, Amber L.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Correlates of War? Towards an understanding of nativity-based variation in immigrant offending2013In: European Journal of Criminology, ISSN 1477-3708, E-ISSN 1741-2609, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 408-423Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study uses Swedish register data to assess the impact of war in the home country on the individual likelihood of registered violent crime among young male immigrants in Stockholm, Sweden. War in the home country during a migrant’s residence is significantly related to a higher likelihood of registration for a violent crime. However, these results were not sustained in a sensitivity analysis, which considered serious property crime. Analysis of the history of war in the home country produces effects opposite to those predicted, with more years of war reducing the likelihood of violent crime. These findings indicate that war is capturing other factors, within the home or the receiving country, that may be related to violent crime.

  • 148.
    Beckman, Björn
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Lindström, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sjögren, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Wärn, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Globalization, imperialism and resistance: an introduction2007In: Globalization, imperialism and resistance / [ed] Lars Lindström, Mats Wärn and Björn Beckman, Stockholm: Politics of Development Group (PODSU), Department of Political Science, Stockholm University , 2007, p. 1-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 149.
    Beckman, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Killing Mothers: Feminisms, Love Power, and Critique: Recension av Lena Gunnarsson, The Contradictions of Love: Towards a Feminist-Realist Ontology of Sociosexuality (2014)2014In: Lambda Nordica: Tidskrift om homosexualitet, ISSN 1100-2573, no 3-4, p. 199-205Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 150.
    Beckman, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Widmalm, S.
    Tunlid, A.
    Efterord2009In: Vetenskapens sociala strukturer: Sju historiska om konflikt, samverkan och makt., Lund: Nordic Academic Press , 2009Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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