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  • 101.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Varats avigsida: Om en ontisk tolkning av Birgitta Trotzigs Dykungens dotter2010In: Kritiker. Nordisk tidskrift för litterär kritik och essäistik, ISSN 1104-196X, no 17/18, p. 112-122Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 102.
    Banegas, Rodolfo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Vinculo Vivo: José María Arguedas, Miguel Angel Asturias och Paulo Coelho2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 25 credits / 37,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The principal questions that are high lightened in this study are: How is the discrimination of the Indigenous people in Latin-America represented in the works of Jose María Arguedas and Miguel Angel Asturias? How are these two authors interrelated in terms of the defense of a cultural belonging? And finally, can these be associated to Paulo Coelho’s narrative content and techniques?

    This work shows how, as Nelson Gonzalez-Ortega names it, a narrative discourse of resistance (based on the consequences of the cultural merging of the European and Latin-American people) is expressed and transformed into modern literature. It shows how the works of these authors protect and transmit the interests and the cultural origins of the Latin-American Indigenous people. These origins are expressed by language, myths, storytelling techniques and the presentation of an alternative perspective of the world. It also shows, through analysis of their writing, how some of these authors as dual cultural human beings struggled to balance the two cultural elements they are constituted of.

    Focus will be on Asturias Hombrez de Maiz, Arguedas Los ríos profundos and Coelhos 11 minutos and El Zahir.

  • 103. Beckett, Sandra
    et al.
    Nikolajeva, MariaStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Beyond Babar: The European Tradition in Children's Literature2006Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 104.
    Beckman, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Gilles Deleuze2017Book (Refereed)
  • 105.
    Beckman, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    J.G. Ballard's Dark Ecologies: Unsettling Nature, Animals, and Litterary Tropes2017In: Animalities: Literary and Cultural Studies Beyond the Human / [ed] Michael Lundblad, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2017, p. 60-79Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 106.
    Beckman, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Posthumanism and narrativity: Beginning again with Arendt, Derrida, and Deleuze2017In: Posthumous life: theorizing beyond the posthuman / [ed] Jami Weinstein, Claire Colebrook, New York: Columbia University Press, 2017, p. 43-64Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 107.
    Belmar Shagulian, Jasmin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies.
    Butamalón, el gran levantamiento: Las Raíces de un Conflicto2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    El propósito de este trabajo es dar a conocer las características generales de la estructura en la nueva novela histórica, género que presenta la novela Butamalón de Eduardo Labarca. Asimismo, queremos saber si la existencia de los discursos que en ella aparecen han contribuido a generar percepciones prejuiciosas que hayan alterado las relaciones entre españoles y mapuches y, luego entre chilenos y mapuches y si en la actualidad, los personajes de la novela tienen alguna validez y juegan algún rol en el conflicto identitario del mestizaje.Sostenemos en la hipótesis que los personajes de Butamalón –que en mapudungun significa gran levantamiento- equivaldrían a una homologación cultural y social de la sociedad que fundaron los conquistadores, la cual alteró para siempre las relaciones entre éstos y los indígenas. Esto -a su vez- tendría repercusiones y marcaría definitivamente, el interactuar de chilenos y mapuches.Así nos detendremos a analizar los discursos que componen la obra, siendo éstos dos: la fábula histórica que relata los hechos históricos documentados de la batalla de Curalaba en 1598, cuando los mapuche se rebelan en contra de las fuerzas invasoras de España y, luego, tenemos la fábula ficcional, donde los personajes se desenvuelven en el Chile de la transición democrática y las vicisitudes que han vivido éstos.Empezaremos identificando los discursos de los personajes novelescos, los ejemplificaremos aplicándoles las teorías literarias de la narración, de la nueva novela histórica y del discurso socio-cultural basándonos en las teorías del discurso racista de Teun Van Dijk. Luego intentaremos acercarnos a una interpretación social y cultural del fenómeno que representa la nueva novela histórica y el discurso.

  • 108.
    Benedikz, Margaret
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Storming the Sadeian Citadel: Disturbing Gender in Angela Carter's Fiction of Transition2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study demonstrates how Angela Carter’s textual contention with the works of the Marquis de Sade forms an interstice, chronologically, thematically and narratively, between the early and late works in Carter’s oeuvre. This period of fictional transition and unrest is exemplified by

    The Sadeian phase in Carter’s writing can be seen as part of a feminist project. I demonstrate how she raids the Sadeian texts not only to explore and parody expressions of oppressive masculine desires, but also to disrupt and destroy the masculine domain of supremacy. The privileging of the masculine is continually thrown into relief as Carter investigates representations of femininity produced by the social and cultural structures. While the texts of transition show woman performing gender by citing cultural scripts and reiterating gender norms, Carter also explores how this repetition can be disrupted by mimicry or misquotation.

    The Infernal Desire Machines of Doctor Hoffman, Fireworks, The Passion of New Eve, and The Bloody Chamber. I argue that by persistently treating the Sadeian sexualisation of the world as part of, and not as a deviation from, the norm, Carter’s texts disturb the representation of gender within the restrictive patriarchal hierarchy of power.

    Carter’s fiction cites and repeats excessive violence, however I propose that this is balanced by her belief in the possibility of change. In particular

    The Bloody Chamber explores a space of in-betweenness where masculine and feminine, self and other meet. This tentative space - the most ambitious of Carter’s projects - questions not only the construction of the self, but also of the self in relation to the other. It is the space of "erotic generosity" that foregrounds the question of ethics, not only feminist ethics, but also the ethics of being.

  • 109.
    Bengtsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    La proposition participiale en moyen francais: le cas de la chose de la chevalerie et de Gargantua2009In: Regards sur la France du Moyen Âge: mélanges offerts à Gunnel Engwall à l'occasion de son départ à la retraite / [ed] Olle Ferm et Per Förnegård, Stockholm: Sällskapet Runica et Mediævalia , 2009, p. 225-245Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 110.
    Bennich-Björkman, Bo
    Uppsala universitet, Litteraturvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kommentarer till Kulturhistoriska studier: [August Strindberg]2009In: Kulturhistoriska studier: [August Strindberg] / [ed] Per Stam och Bo Bennich-Björkman, Stockholm: Norstedts Förlag, 2009, p. 291-443Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 111. Bennich-Björkman, Bo
    Utredning för "Tillkomst och mottagande" i Samlade Verk del 72014In: Textkritisk kommentar till August Strindbergs Samlade Verk del 7. Kulturhistoriska Studier / [ed] Per Stam, Stockholm: Stockholms universitet , 2014, p. 3-312Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 112.
    Benson, Ken
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    El siglo de las luces2013In: Historia de las literaturas hispánicas: Aproximaciones críticas / [ed] Andrea Castro, Eduardo Jiménez Tornatore, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2013, 1, p. 125-148Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 113.
    Benson, Ken
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    El siglo XX2013In: Historia de las literaturas hispánicas: aproximaciones críticas / [ed] Andrea Castro, Eduardo Jiménez Tornatore, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2013, 1, p. 201-228Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 114.
    Benson, Ken
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Castro, Andrea
    "Literatura e historia de la literatura"2013In: Historia de las literaturas hispánicas: aproximaciones críticas / [ed] Andrea Castro, Eduardo Jiménez Tornatore, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2013, p. 17-43Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 115.
    Benson, Ken
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Cedergren, MickaëlleStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.Schwartz, CeciliaStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Special issue on literary mediators from the Romance languages in Sweden2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 116.
    Berglund, Camilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    Arthur Schnitzlers Fräulein Else und die Bedeutung des Todestraumes Elses2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [de]

    Dieser Aufsatz behandelt die Erzählung Fräulein Else von Arthur Schnitzler und im Zentrum steht Elses Schlaftraum auf der Bank. Die Aufgabe des Aufsatzes ist herauszufinden, wie der psychische Zustand Elses ihren Schlaftraum beeinflusst. Um ein tieferes Verständnis für die Traumdeutung zu entfalten, wird auch der bedeutungsvolle Psychoanalytiker Freud, in einem Vergleich mit Arthur Schnitzler, präsentiert. Außerdem wird die Persönlichkeit Elses kurz vorgeführt und dies um Elses Wünsche und Hoffnungen besser verstehen zu können. Ein Einblick in den tatsächlichen Traum wird auch vermittelt aber im Fokus steht die Interpretation des Traumes und die wird natürlich auch eingehend präsentiert. In der Schlussfolgerung ist es außerdem möglich der Analyse des Traumes weiter zu folgen.

  • 117.
    Berglund, Camilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    Intertextuelle Verweise als ironisierende Kritikäußerung: Eine Analyse von intertextuellen Beziehungen zwischen Texten von Christa Wolf und dem Roman Helden wie wir von Thomas Brussig.2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 118.
    Bergqvist, Kim
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Det skandinaviske aristokratiets ideologi på Eufemias tid2012In: Eufemia: Oslos middelalderdronning / [ed] Bjørn Bandlien, Olso: Dreyer Forlag A/S, 2012, 1, p. 125-139Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 119.
    Bergqvist, Kim
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Truth and Invention in Medieval Texts: Remarks on the Historiography and Theoretical Frameworks of Conceptions of History and Literature, and Considerations for Future Research2013In: Roda da Fortuna, ISSN 0235-7089, E-ISSN 2014-7430, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 221-242Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article surveys previous and recent scholarship and theoretical reflections on fictionality, and on the divisions and relations between history and literature in medieval texts. Evidence and examples from scholarly literature will be taken from various geographical contexts, academic disciplines and communities. Thus, it is my intention to set out a state of the question, and furthermore to suggest some lines and prospects for further research in this field.

  • 120.
    Billing, AnnaCarin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education.
    Människa, kanin, text och bild i Anna Höglunds Om detta talar man endast med kaniner2016In: Litteratur och språk, ISSN 1653-1701, no 11, p. 149-156Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 121.
    Bjelkeborn, Joel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    "Ambiguous alternations ": Fantastik och begär i Le Fanus ”Carmilla”2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats behandlar Joseph Sheridan Le Fanus kortroman ”Carmilla”(1871-72). Berättelsen handlar om hur den unga kvinnan Laura lär känna den mystiska Carmilla, och de tycks forälska sig i varandra. Men Carmilla visar sig vara en vampyr, och hon dödas. Tolkningar av verket har gått isär kring huruvida berättelsen ska forstås som ”queer” och transgressiv, eller som patriarkal och konservativ.

    I min läsning av verket utgår jag från Tzvetan Todorovs undersokning av den fantastiska genren i boken The Fantastic: A Structural Approach to a Literary Genre(1975). Den fantastiska genren karaktäriseras enligt Todorov av en hermeneutisk tvekan mellan olika förklaringar av en övernaturlig händelse. Jag undersöker hur ”Carmilla” passar in i denna genre, samt undersöker huruvida Lauras känslor inför Carmilla, där hon tvekar mellan skräck och kärlek, kan förstås som en form av fantastik.

    Slutsatsen är att en fantastisk läsning av ”Carmilla” kan belysa hur verket undflyr en tolkning som ser verkets ideologiska innehåll som fast och entydigt. Istället menar jag att tolkningsarbetet kan ses som ett begär efter kunskap, som speglas av hur Lauras eget begär gestaltas i berättelsen, samt hur själva läsakten kan ses som meningsskapande. 

  • 122. Bjurström, Erling
    et al.
    Fredriksson, MartinOlsson, UlfStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.Werner, Ann
    Senmoderna reflexioner: Festskrift till Johan Fornäs2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Late modern reflexions: Festschrift for Johan Fornäs is an anthology of more than twenty essays dedicated to Johan Fornäs on his 60th birthday 7th of mars 2012. Several of the articles included take Johan Fornäs’ books as their starting point, while others are related, in different ways, to his wide and diverse interests. The book is divided into four thematic parts, dealing with "Theoretical Practices", “Medial Practices”. “Aesthetic Practices” and “Literary Practices”. Articles included under ”Theoretical Practices” discuss different aspects of hermenutics, culturalization, and cultural capital. ”Medial Practices” offers studies of contemporary media phenomena, relating them to questions of democracy and politics.”Aesthetic Practices” include contributions that discuss the function of different cultural practices in the public sphere. The last section, ”Literary Practices”, takes a closer look at both select literary texts and the discourses surrounding them. Most of the Articles are written in Swedish, with the exception of three articles in English.

  • 123.
    Björkblom, Inger
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    The Plane of Uncreatedness: A Phenomenological Study of Anita Brookner's Late Fiction2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The investigation maintains that the late fiction of Anita Brookner exhibits an autonomous region of auto-affective experience. This region shapes the materialization of subjectivity in the artifact. The study proposes that the autonomy of the region establishes the ontological nature of Brooknerian reality as a priority of the uncreated over the created. Using Michel Henry's Eckhartian phenomenology of auto-affection as a methodological and philosophic rationale, the study begins by exploring the experience of emptiness and boredom in the late Brookner novels: Lewis Percy, Visitors, Fraud, Falling Slowly, A Closed Eye, Altered States, Undue Influence, Incidents in the Rue Laugier, Brief Lives, A Family Romance, and A Private View. After excluding extrinsic considerations by means of phenomenological reduction, the study investigates the aesthetic and ontological implications furnished by the tension in the late Brookner novel s between autonomous and non-autonomous spheres of phenomenalization. Following the terminological usage set up in the 14th century by the controversial writings of Meister Eckhart, these two spheres are identified as those of the uncreated and the created. This non-dialectical model of phenomenalization, refined in the phenomenology of Michel Henry, is used in the study for the purpose of clarifying the nature of abstraction in the late Brookner novel: it is demonstrated, especially in close readings of Lewis Percy, Visitors and Falling Slowly, that the extreme experiential reduction accomplished in the Brookner novel through ruthless abstraction of subjectivity leaves an experiential remainder which, in so far as it is a plane of emptiness or a plane of uncreatedness, is analogous to the non-figurative frontality forwarded in the paintings and writings of Wassily Kandinsky as the abstract but material origin of a realm of pure worldlessness. The study shows that the latent excitement discovered in the hidden truth of this plane is descriptively graspable in terms of an understanding of a key factor in Brooknerian real ity: the absence of transcendence. Although subjectivity's reality is firmly situated on the hither side of the world, and although that worldless sphere is essentially one of non-difference, subjective life is nevertheless crucially attuned to a sense of the contrast between two modes of non-difference: the empty and the uncreated. However, these two modes are not experienced as transcendent to each other; they are not two different phenomena, and the passing from the one to the other is not a transcending of a phenomenon but a discovery of its depth.

  • 124.
    Blom, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Förändringar i tiden: Ett intersektionellt perspektiv på några av karaktärerna i Marika Stiernstedts ungdomsroman Ullabella.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 125.
    Blom, Rolf
    Stockholm University.
    Folke Fridell - proletärförfattare: en studie i Folke Fridells författarskap fram till omkring 19501978Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 126.
    Blomberg, Yvonne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Att besvärja döden: Död- och återfödelsetematiken i Lars Noréns författarskap 1963-19992011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Lars Norén’s poetical world is filled with the living and the dead, history and memory. This study is the first one of its kind that treats myths and religious ideas in Norén’s works. Its aim is to examine the centre of his oeuvre, namely a striving in the texts to heal disintegration and to beseech death in order to maintain a life process. The analysis is thematic and focuses on Norén’s texts from 1963-1999. The study shows that mythical patterns recur in the world of Norén’s texts. At first sight, it appears that humans face an inevitable death, but this study shows how linear time, called here chronos, measured by clocks and calendars, becomes a timeless dimension, called kairos.

    The main focus of the dissertation is on how the mythical dimension often acquires a healing effect. Through mythical elements and other religious ideas, a specific poetic worldview becomes clear. Characteristic of this worldview, and that which unifies it, is the theme of death and resurrection, as well as the theme of rebirth.

    The dissertation discusses themes such as “the mythical journey” and “the subterranean landscape of myth”, also noting those of “lilac”, “the cornfield”, “the underworld” and “the bird”. Norén responds to an extensive literary tradition when he uses vegetation and seasons of the year to illustrate life and death. The image of a tree comprises an important part of the life cycle, while leaves on a tree symbolize human death. The masks which appear in Norén’s texts are viewed here as tools for metamorphosis. In particular, the medial border magic of the mask is analysed and presented from various perspectives.

    A non-denominational religiosity is apparent in the texts. Ultimately it appears that great darkness coincides with mysticism’s holistic view. The author’s literary imagination expresses healing processes and mythical actors with the ability to prevent complete disintegration and final death.

  • 127.
    Bloom, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    La vita di Ida Baccini attraverso i carteggi2012In: Actes du XVIIIe congrès des romanistes scandinaves = Actas del XVIII congreso de romanistas escandinavos / [ed] Eva Ahlstedt, Ken Benson, Elisabeth Bladh, Ingmar Söhrman, Ulla Åkerström, Göteborg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis , 2012, p. 160-170Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 128.
    Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    "Allt vad vi önskat": På resa i Turkiet i Gunnar Ekelöfs fotspår2014In: Dragomanen: Årsskrift utgiven av Svenska Forskningsinstitutet i Istanbul, ISSN 1402-358X, , p. 13-18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 129.
    Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Björn Sundberg, Litteraturvetenskapens labyrint. Teori, metod och praxis (2008)2008In: Samlaren: tidskrift för svensk litteraturvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-6133, E-ISSN 2002-3871, Vol. 129, p. 472-473Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 130.
    Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Bruken av Bysans: studier i svenskspråkig litteratur och kultur 1948-712011Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This monograph within the field of literary studies examines various modern representations of Byzantium from a cultural semiotic perspective. In this context, Byzantium was represented not only or chiefly as a static and fallen historical empire, but as a living, multilingual and multinational borderland. The study analyses an extensive body of Swedophone textual material, consisting of fiction, essays, poetry, Byzantine literary history and historiography, travelogues, literary criticism, newspaper articles, broadcasts and Orthodox Christian hymnography translated into Swedish. With a summary in English. 

  • 131.
    Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Bysans som gränsland i Julia Kristevas roman Murder in Byzantium2009In: Bysantinska sällskapet Bulletin, ISSN 1102-674X, Vol. 27, p. 5-18Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the notion of Byzantium and Byzantium’s potential capacities as a multifaceted borderland, as shaped and perceived in Julia Kristeva’s novel Murder in Byzantium. In spite of its title, this is not a historical, but rather a so-called total novel, which reconciles several different plots – romantic, criminal, political and philosophical. It relies on both fictive and historical texts, especially on The Alexiad, written in the 12th  century by the Byzantine princess and the first female historian ever, Anna Comnena. Through a literary analysis, this article shows how Byzantium is shaped in the novel by transgressions of the borders of narration, identity, space and time. Byzantium is thus of great interest to the general public and an academic discussion of borders, origin, history and culture, so important for the discussion of Europe’s role today in – or, as suggested in the novel, perhaps between – Eastern and Western cultures.

  • 132.
    Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Bysantinska inslag och det omvända perspektivet i Gunnar Ekelöfs "En natt vid horisonten"2010In: Nordisk drama. Fornyelser og transgressioner: Foredrag fra den 27. studiekonference i International Association for Scandinavian Studies / [ed] Maria Sibinska, Gdansk: Fundacja Rozwoju Uniwersytetu Gdanskiego , 2010, p. 271-278Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Gunnar Ekelöf (1907-68) återvände om och om igen till sin egen tidiga diktning. 1962 gav han ut sin första diktsamling sent på jorden (1932) tillsammans med andra opublicerade dikter från samma tid i ett Appendix 1962. I volymen ingick även ett tidigare opublicerat ”regihäfte” för fragment av abstrakt teater, kallat En natt vid horisonten 1930-32. Syftet här är att särskilt belysa och diskutera betydelsen av de olika ”byzantinska inslag” som enligt Ekelöf kännetecknar den scen där En natt vid horisonten framförs.

    Utgångspunkten för Ekelöfs återupptagna arbete med En natt vid horisonten är det bysantinska kyrkorummets likhet med teaterscenen och detta rums möjligheter till olika perspektiviska system. I hans nyskrivna inledning från 1962 förläggs den tänkta scenen till despotens av Épiros teater i Árta, som dateras till sent 1500- eller tidigt 1600-tal, och som är ”inbyggd i den forna ikonostasen” i ett tidigare ”huskapell för någon despotissa”. Fragment av den bysantinska inredningen har bevarats där, och mycket av dekorationen är gjord enligt det bysantinska omvända perspektivet. Men samtidigt är teatern utformad i ”Serlios abstrakta anda” och liknar Theatro Olimpico i Vicenza. Ekelöf betonar att teatern är ”en förvirrande blandning av för tiden gammalt och nytt” och att ”både öst och väst” möts här. Hur kommer det sig och vad innebär det att Ekelöf i slutet av sitt liv väljer att förlägga sin ungdoms abstrakta teater till en scen som tidigare varit ett bysantinskt kapell? Vilka samband mellan abstrakt teater, modern poesi och bysantinsk liturgi använder sig Ekelöf av här?

    Det är tydligt att Ekelöf själv uppfattade volymen från 1962 som en slutpunkt. I sina avslutande noter framhåller han att hela hans konstuppfattning är ”att återvända till ursprunget, att börja om och börja om. Ormen biter sig i stjärten. Cirkeln är sluten. Jag skriver inte mera ’poesi’.” Nu blev det ändå inte så, eftersom han kom att skriva ytterligare tre diktsamlingar, Dīwān över Fursten av Emgión(1965), Sagan om Fatumeh (1966) och Vägvisare till underjorden (1967), där inte minst den bysantinska traditionen och estetiken fortsätter vara produktiv. Hur binder de bysantinska inslagen i En natt vid horisonten samman Ekelöfs tidigare och senare dikter?

    En natt vid horisonten har tidigare studerats av främst Reidar Ekner, Anders Olsson, Conradin Perner och Brita Wigforss. På senare tid har även det bysantinska i Ekelöfs poesi studerats ingående av bland andra Anette Fryd, Ulf Thomas Moberg, Elena Oxenstierna och undertecknad. Mot bakgrund av denna tidigare forskning och i gränslandet mellan poesi, dramatik och konst är det också intressant att undersöka hur det omvända perspektivet, som traditionellt används i bysantinska kyrkorum och ortodox ikonkonst, och som förekommer i flera av Ekelöfs dikter, fungerar i texten till En natt vid horisonten.

  • 133.
    Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas, Department of History of Literature.
    Byzantine Literature for Europe? From Karelia to Istanbul with the Swedish Modernist Poet Gunnar Ekelöf2009In: Literature for Europe? / [ed] Theo D'haen and Iannis Goerlandt, Amsterdam & New York: Rodopi , 2009, p. 363-385Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During the 1950s and 1960s the former notion of Byzantine culture as rigid and artificial turns into a challenge and a complex field of interest for several Western European writers. One of them is the well-known Swedish poet Gunnar Ekelöf (1907–1968), who found Byzantine tradi- tions still alive in Orthodox piety, in Istanbul and Greece, as well as in the Balkans and Karelia. Fascinated by these folk traditions he used ele- ments of Orthodox hymns and icons in his poems, whereby they gained a new function of estrangement with modern Swedish readers and cri- tics. Ekelöf never called himself a Christian – he rather saw himself as an outsider. To him, Byzantium held the desirable position of being located outside of traditional Western aesthetic norms and cultural borders, yet close in time and space. Ekelöf’s work is an intriguing metaphor for this paradoxical role played by the Byzantine tradition in modern European literature, itself a subject in need for further study and discussion.

  • 134.
    Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    "Den kyrkan är vackrast i världen". Den ortodoxa kyrkan och ikonerna i Ilon Wiklands barndomsskildring och bildskapande2015In: Barnboken, ISSN 0347-772X, E-ISSN 2000-4389, Vol. 38, p. 1-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ”That Church is the Most Beautiful in the World”: The Orthodox Church and Icons in the Childhood Narratives and Pictures of Ilon Wikland 

    Ilon Wikland (b. Pääbo, 1930), a well-known illustrator of children’s books, has depicted her childhood in Estonia and her search for refuge in Sweden in 1944 in four picturebooks (1995–2007). This article focuses on Den långa, långa resan (1995; The Long, Long Journey, with text by Rose Lagercrantz) and I min farmors hus (2005; In My Grandmother’s House, with text by Barbro Lindgren), with the aim of examining the role of Orthodox churches and icons in Ilon Wikland’s childhood narratives and pictures. Wikland’s grandfather was the leader of the choir in the local Orthodox church in Haapsalu. It is demonstrated that depictions of this church and icons from her grandparents’ home help to place the picturebooks in time and space and contribute to their autobiographical and historical accuracy. Three different themes found in the narratives are explored, since they are essential for the protagonist’s experiences of warfare and ight, and interrelated with the functions of the Orthodox church and its icons. The first is the girl’s sense of freedom and beauty at home and at the Orthodox church. The second theme is her loneliness and desolation when separated from her grandparents and her best friend during the war, situations in which the icons seem to participate in her despair. The third theme is the signi cance of the name, Ilon, for the girl’s emerging identity, as well as for the convergence of the protagonist’s identity with the illustrator’s, similar to how an Orthodox icon is identi ed by means of an inscription containing the name of the depicted person. The conclusion is, that Ilon Wikland has not only rendered the Orthodox church of her childhood and the icons of her grandparents in her pictures. Furthermore, she has recreated their importance for her early life and connected her illustrations with the theology and aesthetics of Orthodox icons. 

  • 135.
    Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Det bysantinska i svensk skönlitteratur2012In: Hellenika, ISSN 0348-0100, no 141, p. 7-8Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 136.
    Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Det levande nuet: Om perception och enargeia i bysantinska och svenska ekfraser ägnade ortodoxa ikoner och kyrkorum2008In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, no 2, p. 53-66Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Här behandlas ett litet urval av bysantinska ekfraser samt några moderna svenska texter, för att belysa och diskutera ekfrasens verkningsmedel och möjligheter. Syftet är att pröva den bysantinologiska forskningens nyvunna förståelse av den bysantinska ekfrasens syfte och funktion (Ruth Webb, Liz James m fl) på några svenska texter med ortodoxa ikoner och kyrkorum som motiv (Fredrika Bremer, Gunnar Ekelöf, Hjalmar Gullberg, Ella Hillbäck, Ingemar Leckius, Artur Lundkvist, Östen Sjöstrand). I artikeln introduceras en läsart för den moderna ekfrastiska texten, som betonar dialogicitet och det dynamiska samspelet mellan läsare, betraktare och motiv. De exempel som tas upp har grupperats kring olika ikonografier, Gudsmodern med barnet och Kristus Pantokrator, samt kring olika kyrkorum, så som det kejserliga Gudsmoderskapellet resp. Hagia Sofia i Konstantinopel och Galla Placidias gravkapell i Ravenna.

  • 137.
    Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Dit du icke vill2016In: Signum : katolsk orientering om kyrka, kultur, samhälle, ISSN 0347-0423, no 3, p. 50-53Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En omläsning av Ulla Isakssons roman Dit du icke vill (1956) om 1670-talets häxförföljelser i Dalarna.

  • 138.
    Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Efterskrift2012In: Romanos Julhymn. Ett nyfött barn, av evighet Gud: Tolkning och inledning Hjalmar Gullberg, Skellefteå: Artos & Norma bokförlag, 2012, 2, p. 32-48Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 139.
    Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    En livsväg mellan öst och väst: Torsten Kälvemark: Vägen mellan öst och väst. Minnen, gränser, samband2013In: Signum : katolsk orientering om kyrka, kultur, samhälle, ISSN 0347-0423, no 2, p. 52-54Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 140.
    Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature. The Newman Institute, Sweden.
    Ett nyfött barn, av evighet Gud2014In: Ortodoksi viesti, ISSN 0788-9194, no 8, p. 18-18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 141.
    Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Ett skópos för undervisningen i litteraturhistoria?2012In: Litteraturens arbetare. En vänbok till Per-Olof Mattsson / [ed] Christer Johansson & Per Anders Wiktorsson, Lund: Ellerströms förlag, 2012, p. 307-313Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 142.
    Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    "Ett större rum än kroppen förmådde" – sinnesintryck av Ravennas mosaiker i modern svensk lyrik och prosa2010In: Meddelanden från Collegium Patristicum Lundense, ISSN 1101-7996, Vol. 25, p. 49-59Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 143.
    Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Eukaristin – enhetens sakrament?2015In: Signum : katolsk orientering om kyrka, kultur, samhälle, ISSN 0347-0423, no 4, p. 4-6Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 144.
    Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    ”Fröjda Dig, Du oförmälda Brud!" Gunnar Ekelöf och Akáthistos-hymnen1992In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, no 4, p. 3-32Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 145.
    Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    "Genom dig öppnades paradiset": Gudsmoderns trädgård i bysantinsk tradition2017In: Signum : katolsk orientering om kyrka, kultur, samhälle, ISSN 0347-0423, no 6, p. 10-17Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 146.
    Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    "Genom dig öppnades paradiset": Gudsmoderns trädgård i bysantinsk tradition2019In: Vägar till Bysans / [ed] Olof Heilo, Artos & Norma bokförlag, 2019, p. 75-87Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 147.
    Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    "Going ashore in Byzantium". On border crossings in Swedophone travelogues from Mount Athos in the 1950s and 60s2015In: Borders and the changing boundaries of knowledge / [ed] Inga Brandell, Marie Carlson, Önver A. Çetrez, Stockholm: Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul , 2015, p. 53-73Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article explores how Byzantium was represented by Mount Athos, the Orthodox Christian monastic republic, in Swedophone travelogues from the 1950s and 60s, and from which bases of knowledge and values this was done. The issue is addressed from a cultural semiotic perspective, based on Yuri Lotman’s concept of the semiosphere in combination with Itamar Even-Zohar’s method of studying cultural and dynamic polysystems.Mount Athos is a cultural and religious centre of great importance to all of “the Byzantine commonwealth”, i.e. a centre within the Byzantine semiosphere. The travellers crossed or faced political, cultural, linguistic and religious borders, yet some of them failed to notice the epistemological border between the semiospheres. Decisive to how Byzantium was represented by Mount Athos was whether the monastic republic was judged and evaluated according to the norms of the Byzantine or the Western cultural system – that is, whether Mount Athos was regarded as central within the Byzantine semiosphere, or as peripheral within the Western semiosphere.

  • 148.
    Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    "Gränslandets österländskhet" - om svenskpråkiga reseskildringar från Valamo2008In: Gränser i nordisk litteratur: Borders in Nordic Literature, IASS XXVI 2006, Vol. II, 2008, p. 670-677Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln visar och diskuterar hur svenskspråkiga reseskildringar från de ortodoxa klostren Gamla och Nya Valamo beskriver och värderar de gränsöverskridanden som där äger rum mellan österländskt och nordiskt, rysk-ortodoxt och lutherskt, himmelskt och jordiskt samt mellan de ryska, finska och svenska språken. Skildringarna av Valamo speglar de ambivalenta och motsägelsefulla värderingar som allmänt kännetecknar det tjugonde seklets västeuropeiska möten med den ortodoxa kulturen och dess bysantinska rötter. Materialet består av reseskildringar och romaner av författare som Hagar Olsson, Olof Enckell, Ellen Rydelius och Tito Colliander samt även av reseskildringar av mindre kända personer. Som jämförelse behandlas även en tidigare, rysk reseskildring av Ivan Sjmeljov. Artikeln anknyter till forskning av Erik Ekelund om karelsk exotism och av Roger Holmström om Hagar Olsson.

  • 149.
    Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    ”Gud, nu har jag bara dig.” Teologiska, berättartekniska och retoriska aspekter av barnets närhet till Gud i Britt G. Hallqvists diktning2014In: Barnboken, ISSN 0347-772X, E-ISSN 2000-4389, Vol. 37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ”God, Now I Have Only You”: Theological, Narratological and Rhetorical Aspects of the Child’s Close Relationship to God in the Poetry of Britt G. Hallqvist

    Works by the Swedish poet and hymn writer Britt G. Hallqvist (1914–97) were of crucial importance for the renewal of Christian poetry for children in Sweden during the 1960’s and 70’s. The aim of this article is to examine how the child’s relationship to God is shaped in Hallqvist’s prayers, poems and hymns for children from this period. Usually hymns for children depict God by means of description, but Hallqvist creates an active and reciprocal relationship between the child and God. She retells well-known Bible stories with a focus on children and from the perspective of children. In her poetry, she allows children to pose questions to God and to speak candidly with God, thereby enabling them to approach God with parrhesia. Furthermore, to characterize God, Hallqvist prefers metonymical devices – contiguity, personal relationships and human actions – and consequently she recognizes and defines God “by the children in his arms” (in a poem translated into English by Gracia Grindal in Preaching from Home, 2011: 223f). By such devices, Hallqvist’s Christian poetry for children becomes an ongoing conversation, characterized not by static definitions and descriptions but by action, movement and dialogue. Her so-called poetic theology turns out as inseparable from child theology, where the little child is placed in the center and regarded as foremost.

  • 150.
    Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Gunnar Ekelöfs brevväxling med Brita Wigforss – "För mig är du en Fatumeh"2019In: Ekelöf'et: medlemsblad för Gunnar Ekelöf-sällskapet, ISSN 1650-8432, no 47, p. 59-75Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Om brevväxlingen (drygt 60 brev) och vänskapen mellan Gunnar Ekelöf och litteraturforskaren och -kritikern Brita Wigforss mellan 1959 och 1968. Brevväxlingen fortsatte sedan efter Gunnar Ekelöfs död mellan Brita Wigforss och Ingrid Ekelöf under nära tre decennier.

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