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  • 101.
    Börstell, Carl
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för teckenspråk.
    Lepic, Ryan
    Commentary on Kita, van Gijn & van der Hulst (1998)2014Inngår i: Sign Language and Linguistics, ISSN 1387-9316, E-ISSN 1569-996X, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 241-250Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 102.
    Börstell, Carl
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för teckenspråk.
    Lepic, Ryan
    Belsitzman, Gal
    Articulatory plurality is a property of lexical plurals in sign language2016Inngår i: Lingvisticæ investigationes, ISSN 0378-4169, E-ISSN 1569-9927, Vol. 39, nr 2, s. 391-407Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Sign languages make use of paired articulators (the two hands), hence manual signs may be either one- or two-handed. Although two-handedness has previously been regarded a purely formal feature, studies have argued morphologically two-handed forms are associated with some types of inflectional plurality. Moreover, recent studies across sign languages have demonstrated that even lexically two-handed signs share certain semantic properties. In this study, we investigate lexically plural concepts in ten different sign languages, distributed across five sign language families, and demonstrate that such concepts are preferentially represented with two-handed forms, across all the languages in our sample. We argue that this is because the signed modality with its paired articulators enables the languages to iconically represent conceptually plural meanings.

  • 103. Callou, Dinah
    et al.
    Avelar, Juanito
    University of Campinas, Brazil.
    Preservação e mudança na história do português brasileiro: de possessivo a existencial2012Inngår i: Matraga, E-ISSN 2446-6905, Vol. 19, nr 30, s. 224-235Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [pt]

    No português brasileiro (PB), o verbo haver ‘existir’ pode ser substituído pelo verbo ter ‘possuir’, em construções existenciais e um aspecto intrigante dessa variação reside no fato de o verbo ter perder as restrições de finitude nos complementos e de haver acionar essa restrição. A hipótese é a de que esse contraste seja resultante do fato de ter, embora tenha sido reanalisado como existencial, mantenha ainda as propriedades de seleção de sentenças possessivas. Os dados analisados (1528 construções existenciais do português falado contemporâneo e 200 construções com haver/ter-sentenças possessivas no português medieval (PM), do século XIII ao XVI) revelam um aspecto crucial das mudanças relevantes que tiveram lugar na história da língua portuguesa: a versão existencial de ter e haver herda os aspectos sintático-semânticos de sua versão possessiva, o que demonstra que um item pode emergir em um novo contexto sem mudar suas propriedades essenciais de seleção.

  • 104. Callou, Dinah
    et al.
    Avelar, Juanito
    University of Campinas, Brazil.
    TER/HAVER constructions and verbal agreement2013Inngår i: Journal of Portuguese Linguistics, ISSN 1645-4537, E-ISSN 2397-5563, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 187-208Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is twofold: (i) to analyze the use of the verbs ter and haver in the history of Portuguese and, more specifically, in a recent stage of Brazilian Portuguese, in which the possessive ter is used as an existential verb; and (ii) to discuss some properties involving ter and haver in possessive and existential domains, in both European and Brazilian Portuguese, pointing to the possibility of verbal agreement with ter/haver-existential constructions. Exploring results from previous analyses it is shown that some properties of existential constructions, in contemporary Brazilian Portuguese, can derive from changes involving subject position, related to the weakening of flectional paradigm.

  • 105.
    Cedergren, Mickaëlle
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk.
    L’écriture biblique dans la littérature du XIXe siècle finissant : le cas de Strindberg2008Inngår i: @nalyses, revue de critique et de théorie littéraire: Articles courants, XIXe siècle., ISSN 1715-9261, nr printemps 2008, s. 6-30Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Inferno constitutes a turning point in Strindberg’s literary production in that scriptural quotations appear more frequently and a new style emerges. This article presents the characteristics of the scriptural quotations appearing in Inferno (1897) and Jacob Wrestles (a fragment following Légendes, written in French and in Swedish in 1898). The linguistic analysis — with includes comparative, discourse, textual and intertextual approaches — is used to define the place and role of scriptural quotations in this literary corpus. This study has revealed three different types of biblical writings which show the spiritual disposition and the religious evolution of the narrator in each text.

  • 106.
    Cortes, Elisabet Eir
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för fonetik.
    Lindblom, Björn
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för fonetik.
    From articulatory to acoustic parameters non-stop: Phonetics in the fast lane2008Inngår i: Proceedings FONETIK 2008Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports an attempt to map the time variations of selected articulatory parameters (from X-ray profiles) directly on the F1, F2 and F3 formant tracks using multiple regression analysis (MRA). The results indicate that MRA can indeed be useful for predicting formant frequencies. Since the results reported here are limited to preliminary observations of F1 only, further studies including F2 and F3 are needed to evaluate the method more definitively.

  • 107.
    Coussé, Evie
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för baltiska språk, finska och tyska.
    Lexical expansion in the have and be perfect in Dutch: A constructionist prototype account2014Inngår i: Diachronica, ISSN 0176-4225, E-ISSN 1569-9714, s. 159-191Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 108.
    Crasborn, Onno
    et al.
    Radboud University Nijmegen.
    Kooij, Els van der
    Radboud University Nijmegen.
    Waters, Dafydd
    UCL Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience.
    Woll, Bencie
    Deafness, Cognition and Language Research Centre, UCL.
    Mesch, Johanna
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för teckenspråk.
    Frequency distribution and spreading behavior of different types of mouth actions in three sign languages2008Inngår i: Sign Language and Linguistics, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 45–67-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we present a comparative study of mouth actions in three European sign languages: British Sign Language (BSL), Nederlandse Gebarentaal (Sign Language of the Netherlands, NGT), and Swedish Sign Language (SSL). We propose a typology for, and report the frequency distribution of, the different types of mouth actions observed. In accordance with previous studies, we find the three languages remarkably similar — both in the types of mouth actions they use, and in how these mouth actions are distributed. We then describe how mouth actions can extend over more than one manual sign. This spreading of mouth actions is the primary focus of this paper. Based on an analysis of comparable narrative material in the three languages, we demonstrate that the direction as well as the source and goal of spreading may be language-specific.

  • 109.
    Crasborn, Onno
    et al.
    Radboud University Nijmegen.
    Mesch, Johanna
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för teckenspråk.
    Waters, Dafydd
    University College London.
    Nonhebel, Annika
    Radboud University Nijmegen.
    Woll, Bencie
    University College London.
    Bergman, Brita
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för teckenspråk.
    Sharing sign languague data online: Experiences from the ECHO project2007Inngår i: International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, ISSN 1384-6655, Vol. 12, nr 4, s. 537-564Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    This article describes how new technological possibilities allow sign language researchers to share and publish video data and transcriptions online. Both linguistic and technological aspects of creating and publishing a sign language corpus are discussed, and standards are proposed for both metadata and transcription categories specific to sign language data. In addition, ethical aspects of publishing video data of signers online are considered, and suggestions are offered for future corpus projects and software tools.

  • 110.
    Dahl, Östen
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    An exercise in a posteriori language sampling2008Inngår i: Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung, ISSN 1867-8319, Vol. 61, nr 3, s. 208-220Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A central methodological issue in language typology is sampling – how to choose a representative set of languages for a typological investigation. Most proposed typological sampling methods are a priori in the sense that they are based on assumed, rather than observed, effects of biasing factors – such as genealogical and areal proximity.The advent of the World Atlas of Language Structures (WALS) creates for the first time a chance to attempt a posteriori sampling. The basic idea is to create a sample by

    removing from the set of available languages one member of each pair of languages whose typological distance – as defined in terms of the features in WALS – does not reach a predefined threshold. In

    this way, a sample of 101 languages was chosen from an initial set of the 222 languages that are best represented in WALS.The number of languages from different macroareas in this sample can be taken as an indication of the internal diversity of the area in question.Two issues are discussed in some detail: (i) the high diversity of the indigenous languages of the Americas and the tendency for these to be underrepresented by previous sampling methods; (ii) the extreme areal convergence of Mainland South East Asian languages. It is concluded that areal factors cannot be neglected in typological sampling, and that it must be questioned whether the creation of elaborate sampling algorithms makes sense.

  • 111.
    Dahl, Östen
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    Animacy and egophoricity: Grammar, ontology and phylogeny2008Inngår i: Lingua, ISSN 0024-3841, E-ISSN 1872-6135, Vol. 118, nr 2, s. 141-150Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Some results of earlier work on animacy by Kari Fraurud and the author are reviewed, demonstrating the close relationship between (i) the role of animacy as a determinant of grammatical rules and the choice between types of referential expressions, and (ii) statistical regularities in discourse. The idea that animacy is an ontological category is developed further. In the final section, the phylogenetic basis of the notions behind animacy and egophoricity is discussed. It is argued that the grammatical animacy hierarchy corresponds to a three-step cognitive scale: the self is the model for other animate individuals, which are in their turn models for inanimate objects when understood as individual ‘things’.

  • 112.
    Dahl, Östen
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    From questionnaires to parallel corpora in typology2007Inngår i: Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung, ISSN 0942-2919, Vol. 60, nr 2, s. 172-181Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This rather programmatic paper discusses the use of parallel corpora in the typological study of grammatical categories. In the author’s earlier work, tense-aspect categories were studied by means of a translational questionnaire, and “cross-linguistic gram-types” were identified through their distribution in the questionnaire. It is proposed that a similar methodology could be applied to multilingual parallel corpora. The possibility of identifying grammatical markers by word-alignment methods is demonstrated with examples from Bible texts.

  • 113.
    Dahl, Östen
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Grammatikens grundfärg är som zebrans2008Inngår i: Språktidningen, Vol. 1, nr 3, s. 44-47Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 114.
    Dahl, Östen
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    How telicity creates time2013Inngår i: Journal of Slavic Linguistics, ISSN 1068-2090, E-ISSN 1543-0391, Vol. 21, nr 1, s. 45-76Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Most treatments of temporal semantics start out from the conception of time as a line stretching from the past into the future, which is then populated with eventualities or situations. This paper explores how time can be seen as emerging from the construction of representations of reality in which the basic building blocks are static—i.e., timeless—representations, which are connected to each other by events that are transitions between them and that create an ordering which can be understood as temporal. This connects to von Wright’s “logic of change” and the “hybrid semantics” suggested by Herweg and Löbner. In this context, telicity is seen as the capacity of events, or of the predicates that express them, to “create time” in the sense of defining a before and an after. The basic elements of the model are global states, which are timeless taken in isolation but are connected by transition events, which transform one global state into another and thereby define the temporal relationships between them. Transition events, corresponding to Vendlerian achievements, represent simple changes which are then the basis for all other constructs in the model, most notably delimited states, Vendlerian activities (atelic dynamic eventualities), and accomplishments (telic non-punctual eventualities), but also time points and intervals. Transition events are further instrumental in constructing narrative structures and are responsible for narrative progression.

  • 115.
    Dahl, Östen
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Hur exotiskt är finska?2008Inngår i: Verkko-Virittäjä, nr 4/2008Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 116.
    Dahl, Östen
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Review of Allen, Cynthia: Genitives in early English2010Inngår i: Diachronica, ISSN 0176-4225, E-ISSN 1569-9714, Vol. 27, nr 3, s. 489-496Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 117.
    Dahl, Östen
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Review of Kurzon, Dennis and Adler, Silvia (eds.), Adpositions: Pragmatic, semantic and syntactic perspectives2010Inngår i: Language, ISSN 0097-8507, E-ISSN 1535-0665, Vol. 86, nr 2, s. 448-450Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 118.
    Dahl, Östen
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Thoughts on language-specific and crosslinguistic entities2016Inngår i: Linguistic typology, ISSN 1430-0532, E-ISSN 1613-415X, Vol. 20, nr 2, s. 427-437Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses questions arising in connection with Martin Haspelmath’s proposal to distinguish between “descriptive categories” at the language-specific level and “comparative concepts” at the crosslinguistic level, where the latter cannot be seen as either crosslinguistic categories or category types (Haspelmath 2010). It is argued that comparative concepts may be better subsumed under the notion of “generalizing concept”, which is not tied to any specific level of analysis, and that the distinction between what is language-specific and what is crosslinguistic is not absolute. Further, it is shown that crosslinguistic pattern clusters as identified in what is here called “bottom-up typology” meshes well with the homeostatic property cluster approach to biological species.

  • 119.
    Dahl, Östen
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Älvdalska - eget språk eller värsting bland dialekter?2008Inngår i: Språktidningen, Vol. 1, nr 6, s. 12-18Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 120.
    Dahl, Östen
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Rich agreement, everything else being equal and large-scale cross-linguistic comparison2010Inngår i: Theoretical Linguistics, ISSN 0301-4428, E-ISSN 1613-4060, ISSN 0301-4428, Vol. 36, nr 1, s. 49-56Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 121.
    Dahl, Östen
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Parkvall, Mikael
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Divan får se upp - nu kommer divalaterna!2010Inngår i: Språktidningen, ISSN 1654-5028, nr aprilArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 122.
    Dahl, Östen
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik. allmän språkvetenskap.
    Reinhammar, Maj
    Williams, Henrik
    Josephson, Olle
    Älvdalska - dialekt eller minoritetsspråk?2007Inngår i: Saga och sed: Kungl. Gustav Adolfs Akademiens Årsbok, s. 75-92Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 123.
    Dahl, Östen
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Wälchli, Bernhard
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Perfects and iamitives: two gram types in one grammatical space2016Inngår i: Letras de Hoje, ISSN 0101-3335, E-ISSN 1984-7726, Vol. 51, nr 3, s. 325-348Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the grammatical space of the two gram types – perfects and iamitives. Iamitives (from Latin iam ‘already’) overlap in their use with perfects but differ in that they can combine with stative predicates to express a state that holds at reference time. Iamitives differ from ‘already’ in having a higher frequency and showing a strong tendency to be grammaticalized with natural development predicates. We argue that iamitives can grammaticalize from expressions for ‘already’. In this study, we extract perfect grams and iamitive grams iteratively starting with two groups of seed grams from a parallel text corpus (the New Testament) in 1107 languages. We then construct a grammatical space of the union of 370 extracted grams by means of Multidimensional Scaling. This grammatical space of perfects and iamitives turns out to be a continuum without sharp boundaries anywhere.

  • 124. Darquennes, Jeroen
    et al.
    Soler, Josep
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    ‘New speakers’ and language policy research: thematic and theoretical contributions to the field2019Inngår i: Language Policy, ISSN 1568-4555, E-ISSN 1573-1863, Vol. 18, nr 4, s. 475-491Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we reflect on the extent to which ‘new speaker’ research feeds into recent theoretical discussions in language policy scholarship, especially in connection to the discursive and ethnographically oriented perspectives which of late have become increasingly prominent. We begin with a brief overview of the ‘new speaker’ concept, its theoretical and empirical origins, and then we situate the discussions on ‘new speakers’ against the background of traditional language policy research. Thereafter the bulk of the article is dedicated to developing two main arguments: first, we provide an overview of the language policy themes that are already present in ‘new speaker’ research; and secondly, we elaborate on how ‘new speaker’ studies can contribute to current discussions in the field of language policy. We conclude with a short overview of future research directions that, in our view, can strengthen the link and the mutual benefits of the connection between ‘new speaker’ and language policy scholarship.

  • 125.
    Di Garbo, Francesca
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Evaluative morphology and noun classification: a cross-linguistic study of Africa2013Inngår i: SKASE Journal of Theoretical Linguistics, ISSN 1336-782X, E-ISSN 1336-782X, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 114-136Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims at illustrating how, in languages with grammatical gender, this feature of noun morphology interacts with evaluative morphology. This is done on the basis of a sample of sixty-two African languages. The paper shows that interactions among gender and evaluative morphology are quite regular in the African languages. Two major types of interactions are found depending on whether a language hasa rich or a limited number of noun classes. The geographic diffusion and diachronic stability of these interactions are discussed. The correlation between gender and evaluation in the African languages has promising implications for our understanding of the two grammatical domains and fostersfurther research questions as to how common the relationships between these domains are cross-linguistically, and why they emerge in the first place.

  • 126.
    Di Garbo, Francesca
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Exploring grammatical complexity crosslinguistically: The case of gender2016Inngår i: Linguistic Discovery, ISSN 1537-0852, E-ISSN 1537-0852, Vol. 14, nr 1, s. 46-85Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes a set of principles and methodologies for the crosslinguistic investigation of grammatical complexity and applies them to the in-depth study of one grammatical domain, gender. The complexity of gender is modeled on the basis of crosslinguistically documented properties of gender systems and by taking into consideration interactions between gender and two other grammatical domains: nominal number and evaluative morphology. The study proposes a complexity metric for gender that consists of six features: “Gender values”, “Assignment rules”, “Number of indexation (agreement) domains”, “Cumulative exponence of gender and number”, “Manipulation of gender assignment triggered by number/countability”, and “Manipulation of gender assignment triggered by size”. The metric is tested on a sample of 84 African languages, organized in subsamples of genealogically related languages. The results of the investigation show that: (1) the gender systems of the sampled languages lean towards high complexity scores; (2) languages with purely semantic gender assignment tend to lack pervasive gender indexation; (3) languages with a high number of gender distinctions tend to exhibit pervasive gender indexation; (4) some of the uses of manipulable gender assignment are only attested in languages with a high number of gender distinctions and/or pervasive indexation. With respect to the distribution of the gender complexity scores, the results show that genealogically related languages tend to have the same or similar gender complexity scores. Languages that display exceedingly low or high gender complexity scores when compared with closely related languages exhibit distinctive sociolinguistic profiles (contact, bi- or multilingualism). The implications of these findings for the typology of gender systems and the crosslinguistic study of grammatical complexity and its distribution are discussed.

  • 127.
    Dobrovol'skij, Dmitrij O.
    et al.
    Vinogradov Russian Language Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federation.
    Pöppel, Ludmila
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för slaviska och baltiska språk, finska, nederländska och tyska, Slaviska språk.
    Constructions to-to i N, v tom-to i N, v tom-to i ves' < ves' i> N: a corpus-based study2016Inngår i: Science for Education Today, ISSN 2658-6762, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 61-72Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [ru]

    Целью настоящего исследования является проверка гипотезы о природе лексической словосочетаемости. В соответствии с традиционными представлениями словосочетания могут быть либо свободными, либо устойчивыми. Причем понятие устойчивости традиционно связывается с понятием неаддитивности смыслов. Значение свободного словосочетания выводится из значений входящих в него элементов, в отличие от устойчивого словосочетания, значение которого не выводится из его составляющих, т. е. не является ни композиционным, ни аддитивным. С появлением больших корпусов текстов и развитием новых лингвистических направлений, таких как грамматика конструкций, открылись возможности исследования частоты употребления языковых единиц и их когнитивной укорененности эмпирическими методами, в том числе с помощью статистических методов. В статье будет показано, что устойчивость словосочетаний не обязательно связана с некомпозиционностью. Многие конструкции, образуемые согласно правилам управления элементами словосочетания, могут тем не менее храниться в памяти как самостоятельные единицы. С помощью больших корпусов текстов, позволяющих получить обширный эмпирический материал, будут проанализированы семантически близкие конструкции то-то и N, в том-то и N и в том-то и весь <весь и> N и их реализации и будет показано, что некоторые реализации конструкций настолько частотны, что их можно считать когнитивно укорененными единицами, хранящимися в памяти как самостоятельные единицы языка. Соответственно, их следует описывать как отдельные единицы лексикона. Будут также выявлены некоторые закономерности распределения филлеров слота N рассматриваемых конструкций и сформулированы соответствующие правила такого распределения.

  • 128. Dobrovol'skij, Dmitrij
    et al.
    Pöppel, Ludmila
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för slaviska och baltiska språk, finska, nederländska och tyska, Slaviska språk.
    Entrenched lexical patterns: the Russian construction2015Inngår i: Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, ISSN 1877-0428, E-ISSN 1877-0428, Vol. 206, s. 18-23Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The primary theoretical goal of the present study is to verify a hypothesis that fixedness of word combinations is notnecessarily connected with non-compositionality. Many constructions formed in accordance with the rules governing the cooccurrenceof their elements can nevertheless be retained in memory as separate units. Using large text corpora for theempirical data we are going to analyze the type of construction в том-то и весь N (that’s /just the whole N) which is realizedin a wide variety of tokens and demonstrate that some tokens of the construction can be so frequent that they can beconsidered to be cognitively entrenched units and are preserved in memory as separate units of the language. Such unitsshould be described as separate items of the lexicon. The practical task of the investigation is to refine our notions about thestructural peculiarities of в том-то и весь N (that’s /just/ the whole N) and its variant в том-то весь и N (that’s /just/ thewhole N).a We are also going to identify some regularities of distribution of fillers of the slot N in both variants of theconstruction and formulate corresponding rules for such distribution.

  • 129.
    Dobrovol'skij, Dmitrij
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för slaviska och baltiska språk, finska, nederländska och tyska, Slaviska språk.
    Pöppel, Ludmila
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för slaviska och baltiska språk, finska, nederländska och tyska, Slaviska språk.
    Pragmatic potential of Russian discursive units: a constructional approach2015Inngår i: Zeitschrift für Slawistik, ISSN 0044-3506, E-ISSN 2196-7016, Vol. 60, nr 4, s. 613-628Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Because different languages often lack semantic equivalents, translation may require looking for other cross-linguistic correlations on the level of the utterance. To find a functional equivalent that is adequate to the translation of a given context, the search should focus on pragmatic correspondences rather than semantic equivalents. The present article examines this phenomenon on the basis of the Russian near-synonymous discursive units with focus-sensitive semantics imenno (just/precisely) and kak raz (just/precisely). They are important elements of communication but have far not been fully described. Using relevant lexicographic information, text corpora, including parallel corpora, and works of fiction, we are going to show that synonymy of these discursive units is not as complete as it appears at first glance. We will analyze their semantic and pragmatic properties, usage peculiarities as well as systemic and translational equivalents in English, German and Swedish.

  • 130. Dohle, Ebany
    et al.
    Grzech, Karolina
    SOAS, University of London, UK.
    Hemmings, Charlotte
    Language Landscape: A digital platform for mapping languages2014Inngår i: Book 2.0, ISSN 2042-8022, Vol. 4, nr 1-2, s. 71-89Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 131.
    Donoso, Alejandra
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Camino, Base y Manera en bilingües de español y sueco: Efectos de una segunda lengua en los patrones de expresión del movimiento de una primera lengua2017Inngår i: Onomazein, ISSN 0717-1285, E-ISSN 0718-5758, nr 36, s. 198-231Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses how Spanish-Swedish early and late bilinguals express motion events in their inherited language or first language: Spanish. We draw on the idea that the habitual conceptualization of events also underlies both L2 usage (Flecken et al, 2014: 51) and L1 usage in bilinguals (Bylund y Jarvis, 2011). Drawing both on studies about second language acquisition and bilingualism we aim to study how the typological patterns for motion encoding of the L2 (a satellite-framed language) may impact on motion encoding in the L1 (a verb-framed language), which the group under study has had but a reduced contact with while growing up in Sweden. Considering this fact and starting off from the assumption that an early age of break with the L1 environment has an impact on how motion events are described in an L1 (Bylund, 2009), we aim to outline the conceptualization of motion events of two groups of bilinguals, in all 32 subjects, and the different sorts of transfer phenomena that may affect their speech.  Oral narratives produced by the bilinguals have been compared to two control groups of Spanish and Swedish monolinguals and then been examined in order to analyze their conflation patterns regarding Manner of motion, Path and Ground information. Our results have lead us finally to conclude that both the individuals’ age of second language acquisition and their length of residence in the L2 environment have affected their L1 conceptualization patterns.

  • 132.
    Edlund, Jens
    et al.
    KTH Speech, Music and Hearing.
    Gustafson, Joakim
    KTH Speech, Music and Hearing.
    Heldner, Mattias
    KTH Speech, Music and Hearing.
    Hjalmarsson, Anna
    KTH Speech, Music and Hearing.
    Towards human-like spoken dialogue systems2008Inngår i: Speech Communication, ISSN 0167-6393, E-ISSN 1872-7182, Vol. 50, nr 8-9, s. 630-645Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an overview of methods that can be used to collect and analyse data on user responses to spoken dialogue system components intended to increase human-likeness, and to evaluate how well the components succeed in reaching that goal. Wizard-of-Oz variations, human-human data manipulation, and micro-domains are discussed ill this context, as is the use of third-party reviewers to get a measure of the degree of human-likeness. We also present the two-way mimicry target, a model for measuring how well a human-computer dialogue mimics or replicates some aspect of human-human dialogue, including human flaws and inconsistencies. Although we have added a measure of innovation, none of the techniques is new in its entirely. Taken together and described from a human-likeness perspective, however, they form a set of tools that may widen the path towards human-like spoken dialogue systems.

  • 133.
    Edlund, Jens
    et al.
    KTH Speech, Music and Hearing.
    Heldner, Mattias
    KTH Speech, Music and Hearing.
    Exploring prosody in interaction control2005Inngår i: Phonetica, ISSN 0031-8388, E-ISSN 1423-0321, Vol. 62, nr 2-4, s. 215-226Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates prosodic aspects of turn-taking in conversation with a view to improving the efficiency of identifying relevant places at which a machine can legitimately begin to talk to a human interlocutor. It examines the relationship between interaction control, the communicative function of which is to regulate the flow of information between interlocutors, and its phonetic manifestation. Specifically, the listener's perception of such interaction control phenomena is modelled. Algorithms for automatic online extraction of prosodic phenomena liable to be relevant for interaction control, such as silent pauses and intonation patterns, are presented and evaluated in experiments using Swedish map task data. We show that the automatically extracted prosodic features can be used to avoid many of the places where current dialogue systems run the risk of interrupting their users, as well as to identify suitable places to take the turn.

  • 134. Ehrensberger-Dow, Maureen
    et al.
    Englund Dimitrova, Birgitta
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Tolk- och översättarinstitutet.
    Hubscher-Davidson, Severine
    Introduction to the special issue2014Inngår i: Translation and Interpreting Studies, ISSN 1932-2798, E-ISSN 1876-2700, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 1-4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses various reports within the issue on topics including role of cultural knowledge in the translation process, translation performance and metaphoricity.

  • 135.
    Ekberg, Lena
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Flerspråkigheten och den nordiska språkgemenskapen2015Inngår i: Språk i Norden, E-ISSN 2246-1701, s. 9-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I artikeln diskuteras vilken roll flerspråkigheten har i nordisk språkpolitik, med utgångspunkt i Deklaration om nordisk språkpolitik. Vidare diskuteras ideologin bakom några av de centrala begreppen i den språkpolitiska diskursen, däribland den nordiska språkgemenskapen. Trots att flerspråkighet är en av fyra arbetsfrågor som pekas ut i deklarationen, är andraspråksperspektivet näst intill osynligt. Målet att alla nordbor i första hand ska kunna kommunicera med varandra på ett skandinaviskt språk ignorerar att runt en fjärdedel inte har ett skandinaviskt språk som modersmål. Slutsatsen är att en översyn av deklarationen är motiverad med hänsyn till de nya immigrationsmönster och språkkontaktsituationer som globaliseringen för med sig.

  • 136.
    Eklund, Ingegerd
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik. Fonetik.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik. Fonetik.
    Comparative study of male and female whispered and phonated versions of the long vowels of Swedish1997Inngår i: Phonetica, ISSN 0031-8388, E-ISSN 1423-0321, Vol. 54, nr 1, s. 1-21Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Confusions in vowel quality and in speaker sex for whispered and phonated versions of the long vowels of Swedish have been analysed. The recognition rate was higher than that obtained in other studies, and this is attributed to the use of real words (letter names). The recognition of vowel quality was observed to interact with that of speaker sex in the whispered versions, but not in the phonated ones. The paper also reports on F0 and the frequency positions of the first three formants, and their dynamics, as well as on the overall spectral shape of the vowels. Intrinsic pitch and the observed upward shift of the lower formants in whispering as well as the spectral level differences agree largely with those found in other languages. Similarities and discrepancies with previous descriptions of the Swedish vowels are discussed.

  • 137.
    Eliaso Magnusson, Josefina
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    "Självklart känns det mer tryggt att vara där inne i huset" - om den sociokulturella kontextens betydelse för språkliga repertoarer och identiteter2015Inngår i: Nordand: nordisk tidsskrift for andrespråksforskning, ISSN 0809-9227, nr 1, s. 7-28Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 138.
    Eliaso Magnusson, Josefina
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Språk, makt och "Den Andre": Erfarenheter av underordning och/eller "möjliggörande" i Sverige2018Inngår i: Paideia, ISSN 1904-9633, nr 16, s. 46-56Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att visa hur språket och kroppen används som gränsmarkörer för att skapa och skilja ut det svenska genom vardaglig språkanvändning. Detta görs med hänvisning till idén om intersektionen av indexikaliteter av "Den Andre". Därmed bidrar artikeln till att göra utbildningsaktörer medvetna om hur olika maktrelationer vävs ihop och omformar olika koncept av svenska samt betydelsen av vad det innebär att kunna svenska. Studiens resultat kan användas för att nå ökad förståelse för språkets roll och de möjligheter och begränsningar som följer av ett visst sätt att tala.

  • 139.
    Eliaso Magnusson, Josefina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Stroud, Christopher
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning. University of the Western Cape, South Africa.
    High proficiency in markets of performance a sociocultural approach to nativelikeness2012Inngår i: Studies in Second Language Acquisition, ISSN 0272-2631, E-ISSN 1470-1545, Vol. 34, nr 2, s. 321-345Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    High-proficiency second language (L2) learners challenge much theory and methodology in contemporary sociolinguistic and L2 acquisition research, which suggests the need for honest interdisciplinarity when working in the interstices of style, stylization, and advanced acquisition processes. When to consider fluent and highly competent speakers of a language to be language learners in ways relevant to SLA theory is a fraught and contentious issue. This study suggests that highly fluent multilinguals provide key data on notions of nativelikeness and near-nativelikeness that are of value for understanding processes of acquisition and use. It suggests that relative judgments of nativelikeness are interactionally accomplished (membership) categorizations made on the basis of specific linguistic features relative to particular linguistic markets. The data for the study are taken from a unique population-namely, young people from multilingual family backgrounds, born and raised in Sweden, all of whom ethnically self-identify as Assyrian-Syrian but whose repertoires are complexly multilingual. All participants are generally perceived to be native speakers of Swedish on a daily basis. Nevertheless, at certain moments, these young people are reclassified as near-native or native-like. The study analyzes their narrative accounts of metalinguistic reflexivity from occasions and interactional moments when they are classified as nonstandard speakers and, therefore, near-natives or learners. The findings suggest the necessity of revisiting notions of nativelikeness and account for the phenomenon in terms of register, voice, and identity relative to different symbolic and linguistic markets.

  • 140.
    Engdahl, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för fonetik.
    Bjerva, Johannes
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för fonetik.
    Marklund, Ellen
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för fonetik.
    Byström, Emil
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för fonetik.
    Lacerda, Francisco
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för fonetik.
    Acoustic analysis of adults imitating infants: a cross-linguistic perspective2012Inngår i: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, ISSN 0001-4966, E-ISSN 1520-8524, Vol. 131, nr 4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigates adult imitations of infant vocalizations in a cross-linguistic perspective. Japanese-learning and Swedish-learning infants were recorded at ages 16-21 and 78-79 weeks. Vowel-like utterances (n=210) were selected from the recordings and presented to Japanese (n=3) and Swedish (n=3) adults. The adults were asked to imitate what they heard, simulating a spontaneous feedback situation between caregiver and infant. Formant data (F1 and F2) was extracted from all utterances and validated by comparing original and formant re-synthesized utterances. The data was normalized for fundamental frequency and time, and the accumulated spectral difference was calculated between each infant utterance and each imitation of that utterance. The mean spectral difference was calculated and compared, grouped by native language of infant and adult, as well as age of the infant. Preliminary results show smaller spectral difference in the imitations of older infants compared to imitations of the younger group, regardless of infant and adult native language. This may be explained by the increasing stability and more speech-like quality of infants' vocalizations as they grow older (and thus have been exposed to their native language for a longer period of time), making their utterances easier for adults to imitate.

  • 141.
    Engel, Hugues
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Interprétation des noms de célébrités dans les traductions: la prise en charge du lecteur2015Inngår i: Moderna Språk, ISSN 2000-3560, E-ISSN 2000-3560, Vol. 109, nr 2, s. 30-50Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [fr]

    L’une des caractéristiques de la célébrité est son « localisme » (Heinich 2012) : la notoriété des personnes célèbres s’arrête en effet souvent aux frontières du pays dans lequel elles sont connues. C’est particulièrement le cas des personnalités télévisuelles, telles que les présentateurs de programmes de divertissement ou de journaux télévisés. Ces célébrités locales sont donc la plupart du temps inconnues du lecteur étranger qui rencontrerait leurs noms dans des traductions. Il nous a donc semblé intéressant d’examiner comment ces noms de personnes célèbres sont traités par les traducteurs. Les traducteurs ajoutent-ils des notes ou des précisions dans le texte afin de faciliter l’identification du référent par le lecteur de traduction ? Nous répondrons à ces questions à partir de l’analyse d’un corpus bidirectionnel (français-suédois / suédois-français) d’ouvrages et textes variés contenant des noms célèbres (un essai, un article de presse, un roman et une bande dessinée) et leurs traductions. Nous verrons que, dans la plupart des cas, le traducteur ne fournit pas d’information supplémentaire au lecteur. Nous nous demanderons donc comment le lecteur étranger, livré à lui-même, interprète ces noms de célébrités, qui lui sont totalement inconnus.

  • 142.
    Engel, Hugues
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Sullet-Nylander, Françoise
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Relations argumentatives en traduction: les connecteurs causaux dans un corpus de textes à teneur scientifique2015Inngår i: Synergies Pays Scandinaves, ISSN 1901-3809, E-ISSN 2261-2807, nr 10, s. 23-38Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [fr]

    Cet article examine la manière dont les connecteurs causaux sont traités en traduction. Le corpus bidirectionnel de l’étude (français-suédois / suédois-français) réunit des textes à « teneur scientifique » (ouvrages académiques ou de vulgarisation scientifique) et leurs traductions. Une question qui retiendra particulièrement notre attention est de savoir si certaines relations de discours marquées dans les textes originaux sont rendues implicites en traduction, ou inversement, si les relations de discours à l’origine implicites sont parfois « traduites » au moyen de connecteurs. Sur le plan théorique, nous nous interrogerons sur la pertinence et la validité de la théorie énonciative pour la description des connecteurs causaux français et suédois.

  • 143.
    Englund Dimitrova, Birgitta
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Tolk- och översättarinstitutet.
    Ehrensberger-Dow, Maureen
    Cognitive space: Exploring the situational interface2016Inngår i: Translation Spaces, ISSN 2211-3711, E-ISSN 2211-372X, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 1-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 144.
    Engstrand, Olle
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik. fonetik.
    Björsten, Sven
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik. fonetik.
    Lindblom, Björn
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik. fonetik.
    Bruce, Gösta
    Eriksson, Anders
    Hur udda är Viby-i? Experimentella och typologiska observationer2000Inngår i: Folkmålsstudier, Vol. 39, s. 83-95Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 145.
    Ericsdotter, Christine
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap med inriktning mot språk och språkutveckling, Lärostudion.
    Abete, Giovanni
    Università degli studi di Napoli Federico II, Dipartimento di Filologia Moderna.
    Forma e funzione dell'espressione "hai capito?" nel dialetto di Pozzuoli2007Inngår i: Bollettino Linguistico Campano, ISSN 1722-0262, Vol. 11-12, s. 57-92Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [it]

    In questo contributo si propone un’analisi fonetica e conversazionale dell’espressione hai capito? (d’ora in avanti HC) in un corpus di parlato dialettale raccolto a Pozzuoli (NA). Questa espressione viene utilizzata frequentemente come appendice di fine enunciato (in inglese ending tag) e presenta realizzazioni molto variabili, raggiungendo spesso gradi molto avanzati di riduzione, sino a comparire talvolta in una forma minimale [trascrizione fonetica: ɛ]. Parallelamente alla riduzione fonetica, HC sembra essere soggetta a un processo di delessicalizzazione, venendo ad assumere funzioni pragmatiche peculiari. Si ipotizza che la variazione di pronuncia sia connessa (1) con funzioni diverse di questa espressione nella conversazione, per esempio se conclude un tema, o se è usata per tenere o lasciare il turno, e (2) con posizioni diverse nella catena sintagmatica, per esempio se è inclusa tra pause o se occorre nel mezzo della catena parlata. Obiettivo di questo lavoro è dunque descrivere la forma e la funzione del tag e discutere le condizioni di un’eventuale relazione tra questi due aspetti. Nei paragrafi 1.1-1.2 vengono introdotte alcune linee di ricerca, relative all’analisi della conversazione e ai modelli della riduzione fonetica, che costituiscono lo sfondo teorico sul quale si colloca il presente lavoro; in § 2 si introduce il fenomeno analizzato e si descrive la metodologia utilizzata; in § 3 si presentano i dati; in § 4 si discutono i risultati e si propone un’ipotesi di classificazione tipologica di HC.

  • 146.
    Eriksson, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik. Fonetik.
    Lacerda, Francisco
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik. Fonetik.
    Charlatanry in forensic speech science: A problem to be taken seriously2007Inngår i: International Journal of Speech, Language and the Law: (formerly Forensic Linguistics: ISSN 1350-1771), ISSN 1748-8885, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 169-193Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A lie detector which can reveal lie and deception in some automatic and perfectly reliable way is an old idea we have often met with in science fiction books and comic strips. This is all very well. It is when machines claimed to be lie detectors appear in the context of criminal investigations or security applications that we need to be concerned. In the present paper we will describe two types of ‘deception’ or ‘stress detectors’ (euphemisms to refer to what quite clearly are known as ‘lie detectors’). Both types of detection are claimed to be based on voice analysis but we found no scientific evidence to support the manufacturers’ claims. Indeed, our review of scientific studies will show that these machines perform at chance level when tested for reliability. Given such results and the absence of scientific support for the underlying principles it is justified to view the use of these machines as charlatanry and we argue that there are serious ethical and security reasons to demand that responsible authorities and institutions should not get involved in such practices.

  • 147.
    Eriksson, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    Perception of vocal effort and distance from the speaker on the basis of vowel utterances.2002Inngår i: Percept Psychophys, ISSN 0031-5117, Vol. 64, nr 1, s. 131-9Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The sound pressure level of vowels reflects several non-linguistic and linguistic factors: distance from the speaker, vocal effort, and vowel quality. Increased vocal effort also involves an emphasis of higher frequency components and increases in F0 and F1. This should allow listeners to distinguish it from decreased distance, which does not have these additional effects. It is shown that listeners succeed in doing so on the basis of single vowels if phonated, but not if whispered. The results agree with a theory according to which listeners demodulate speech signals and evaluate the properties of the carrier signal, which reflects most of the para- and extra-linguistic information, apart from those of its linguistic modulation. It is observed that listeners allow for between-vowel variation, but tend to substantially underestimate changes in both kinds of distance.

  • 148.
    Eriksson, Kimmo
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning. Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Autism-spectrum traits predict humor styles in the general population2013Inngår i: Humor: An International Journal of Humor Research, ISSN 0933-1719, E-ISSN 1613-3722, Vol. 26, nr 3, s. 461-475Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research shows that individuals with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism tend to have impaired processing of humor and laugh at things that are not commonly found funny. Here the relationship between humor styles and the broader autism phenotype was investigated in a sample of the general population. The autism-spectrum quotient (AQ) and the humor styles questionnaire (HSQ) were administered to six hundred US participants recruited through an Internet-based service. On the whole, high scores on AQ were negatively related to positive humor styles and unrelated to negative humor styles. However, AQ subscales representing different autism-spectrum traits exhibited different patterns. In particular, the factor poor mind-reading was associated with higher scores on negative humor styles and the factor attention to detail was associated with higher scores on all humor styles, suggesting a more nuanced picture of the relationship between autism-spectrum traits and humor.

  • 149.
    Erman, Britt
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    There is no such thing as a free combination: a usage- based study of specific construals in adverb- adjective combinations2014Inngår i: English Language and Linguistics, ISSN 1360-6743, E-ISSN 1469-4379, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 109-132Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The study is aimed at revealing collocational adverb-adjective patterns in the British National Corpus (BNC). The adverbs selected for the study include the maximizers absolutely, completely, entirely, fully, perfectly, totally, utterly, wholly. The study involves searches on both the selected adverbs and the adjectives they modify in a bi-directional fashion. It is claimed that only a cognitive and usage-based approach in terms of underlying conceptual structures can provide an accurate description of collocational patterns. The results show that a large proportion of the adjectives have strong bonds with particular maximizers. This is explained through the basic conceptual structure of Boundedness/Scalarity, i.e. the degree to which the adjective lends itself to a bounded or a scalar construal and the adverb is biased towards a totality construal (which is the kind of construal to be expected from maximizers). The results support the hypothesis that a substantial part of the adverb-adjective combinations investigated are (semi)-prefabricated units, presumably easily accessed by native speakers because the combinations are the result of specific construals and their members have close associative and conceptual links in the mental lexicon.

  • 150.
    Eugene, Rivelis
    Slaviska.
    In the Eye of the Beholder, or Are RYBA and MJASO Antonyms?: On Enantiosemy and Imaginary Opposites2008Inngår i: Scando-Slavica, ISSN 0080-6765, Vol. 54, s. 159-178Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Enantiosemy is usually seen as a peculiar and infrequent case of polysemy in

    which some sense of a word is somehow the opposite of another sense of the

    same word. While arguing against this common sense-defying view fed by

    objectivist semantics, the article develops an alternative account of enantiosemy

    based on conceptual analysis of lexical units and the notion of linguistic

    meaning as conceptualization. It shows that enantiosemy, far from being

    rare or whimsical, is a vastly productive cognitive mechanism of “meaning

    creation”. This account explicitly appeals to the “speaker’s stance in the language”

    (E. Benveniste), or the speaker as a sovereign instance of meaning

    production. It can also be seen as one of the steps towards a new, conceptually

    based typology of lexical units in which their combinatorial properties and

    grammatical behavior, hence the limits of the speaker’s exploitations of lexical

    units pro domo sua, are viewed as motivated by their conceptual structure.

    The article includes a number of multilingual analytical examples while maintaining

    a contrastive perspective for those taken from languages other than

    Russian, in accord with lexicographic interests of the author.

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