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  • 101.
    Baltander, Richard
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wages and Wage Distributions for the Deaf/Hearing Impaired and the Blind/Visually Impaired with and without Wage SubsidyManuskript (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Mincer-equations with a wage subsidy dummy are estimated and wage distributions are studied for the deaf/hearing impaired and the blind/visually impaired. The coefficient for the wage subsidy dummy is discussed. From the wage distributions for full-time employed people we see that employed people with a wage subsidy have a more compact wage distribution compared to employed people without a wage subsidy.

  • 102. Bay, Ann-Helén
    et al.
    Falch, Torberg
    Holgersen, Gudrun
    Ståhlberg, Ann-Charlotte
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Vaage, Kjell
    Folketrygdens ytelser til etterlatte: Forslag till reform2017Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 103. Bender, German
    et al.
    Tåhlin, Michael
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Myt om jobbpolarisering göder växande populism2019Inngår i: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, nr 12 majArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det har blivit en etablerad sanning att de medelkvalificerade jobben minskar, medan de lägst och högst kvalificerade jobben ökar – att vi är på väg mot en jobbpolarisering. Men vi kan i en ny rapport visa att det inte stämmer att mitten av jobbfördelningen urholkats. Felsynen kan få allvarliga konsekvenser, skriver German Bender och Michael Tåhlin.

  • 104.
    Berg, Lisa
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Brännström, Lars
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Evicted children and subsequent placement in out-of-home care: A cohort study2018Inngår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, nr 4, artikkel-id e0195295Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Evictions may have serious consequences for individuals’ health and wellbeing. Even though an eviction may be experienced as a significant crisis for the family, there is little previous knowledge on consequences for evicted children. This study represents the first attempt to examine to what extent children from evicted households were separated from their parents and placed in out-of-home care (foster family or residential care) using population-based data, net of observed confounding factors related to the socioeconomic and psychosocial circumstances of their parents.

    Methods

    This study takes advantage of information from a Swedish national database, consisting of about 8 000 evicted individuals and a random sample of 770 000 individuals from the national population, linked to individual-level, longitudinal data from Swedish national registers. Our analytical sample consists of information for more than 250 000 children born in 1995–2008, including 2 224 children from evicted households. We used binary logistic regression based on the Karlson/Holm/Breen method to account for observed imbalances at baseline between evicted and non-evicted children.

    Results

    Compared to non-evicted children, the crude odds ratio for placement in out-of-home care in evicted children was 12.10 (95% CI 8.54–17.14). Net of observed confounding factors related to the socioeconomic and psychosocial circumstances of the parents, evicted children had a twofold elevated risk of being placed in out-of-home care (odds ratio 2.26, 95% CI 1.55–3.27). Crude OR for evicted children in comparison with children under threat of eviction (eviction not formally executed) was 1.71 (95% CI 1.17–2.49) and adjusted OR 1.58 (95% CI 1.06–2.35).

    Conclusion

    Children who experience eviction constitute a disadvantaged group and are at significant risk of being separated from their parents and placed in out-of-home care. These results demonstrate the importance of providing support for these children and their parents. Strategies to prevent households with children from being evicted seem to be an important and viable intervention path.

  • 105. Berger, Thor
    et al.
    Engzell, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI). University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
    American geography of opportunity reveals European origins2019Inngår i: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 116, nr 13, s. 6045-6050Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A large literature documents how intergenerational mobility-the degree to which (dis)advantage is passed on from parents to children-varies across and within countries. Less is known about the origin or persistence of such differences. We show that US areas populated by descendants to European immigrants have similar levels of income equality and mobility as the countries their forebears came from: highest in areas dominated by descendants to Scandinavian and German immigrants, lower in places with French or Italian heritage, and lower still in areas with British roots. Similar variation in mobility is found for the black population and when analyzing causal place effects, suggesting that mobility differences arise at the community level and extend beyond descendants of European immigrant groups. Our findings indicate that the geography of US opportunity may have deeper historical roots than previously recognized.

  • 106. Berggren, Niclas
    et al.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Stern, Charlotta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    The Political Opinions of Swedish Social Scientists.2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the political opinions of Swedish social scientists in seven disciplines. A survey was sent to 4,301 academics at 25 colleges and universities, which makes the coverage of the disciplines included more or less comprehensive. When it comes to party sympathies there are 1.3 academics on the right for each academic on the left—a sharp contrast to the situation in the United States, where Democrats greatly dominate the social sciences. The corresponding ratio for Swedish citizens in general is 1.1. The most left-leaning disciplines are sociology and gender studies, the most right-leaning ones are business administration, economics, and law, with political science and economic history somewhere in between. The differences between the disciplines are smaller in Sweden than in the more polarized U.S. We also asked 14 policy questions. The replies largely confirm the pattern of a left-right divide – but overall the desire to change the status quo is tepid.

  • 107. Berglund, Tomas
    et al.
    Esser, Ingrid
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Matching Work Values With Job Qualities for Job Satisfaction: A Comparison of 24 OECD Countries in 20152019Inngår i: Work Orientations: Theoretical Perspectives and Empirical Findings / [ed] Bengt Furåker, Kristina Håkansson, New York: Routledge, 2019, s. 219-236Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Well-being in the workplace is central to sustainable work lives, warranting attention to how (preferred) job qualities matter for job satisfaction. The chapter starts with a description of how work values, job qualities and their matching in eight central dimensions of job quality vary across 24 OECD countries. A novel multidimensional approach to matching between work values and job qualities is proposed, grounded in theoretical expectations of how individuals may prefer several job qualities, to varying degrees. Then the independent importance of matching to job qualities for job satisfaction is assessed—that is, in addition to the direct effects of a wide range of job qualities on job satisfaction. Survey data from the International Social Survey Programme’s Work Orientation Module 2015 are used. Results show how vast majorities strongly value multiple, both extrinsic and intrinsic, value dimensions, but how jobs providing multiple job qualities are generally scarcer, although countries differ greatly in this respect. Importantly, matching to job qualities plays a substantial role for job satisfaction—that is, over and above the direct effects of job quality, where matching to intrinsic job qualities emerges as somewhat more important.

  • 108. Berglund, Tomas
    et al.
    Esser, Ingrid
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Modell i förändring: landrapport om Sverige2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [no]

    Denne rapporten skildrer den svenske velferdsstatens og det svenske arbeidsmarkedets utvikling fra 1990 og fram mot i dag. Perioden preges av store og avgjørende forandringer på en rekke områder. Lavere organisasjonsgrad og større sosiale forskjeller er to utviklingstrekk ved det svenske samfunnet.

    Rapportens ambisjon er å gi en bred beskrivelse av utviklingen basert på tidligere forskning.

  • 109.
    Bergmark, Åke
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Från socialbidrag till självförsörjning? Dynamiska analyser av avslutat socialbidragstagande: Forskningssupplement nr. 272010Inngår i: Socionomens forskningssupplement, ISSN 0283-1929, nr 4, s. 78-87Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 110.
    Bergmark, Åke
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    När det tillfälliga blir permanent – om långvarigt socialbidragstagande2012Inngår i: Fattigdom utan gränser / [ed] Hans Swärd & Lena Engelmark, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2012Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 111.
    Bergmark, Åke
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Vad händer med socialbidragstagarna?: Om flöden in och ut från socialbidrag2011Inngår i: Utsatthetens olika ansikten, Stockholm: Dialogos , 2011Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 112.
    Bergmark, Åke
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Minas, Renate
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Organizing local social service measures tocounteract long-term social assistance receipt. What works? Experiences from Sweden2017Inngår i: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 20, nr 4, s. 548-559Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Active labour market policies and programs (ALMPs) have over the lastdecades been established as main instruments to promote the transitionfrom welfare to work. In this article we study strategies employed bySwedish municipalities to help recipients ending spells of socialassistance take-up. By using a combination of quantitative andqualitative data we try to identify which approaches stand out as moresuccessful than others with respect to social assistance duration. Wehave formed pairs of municipalities similar in important respects, butwith different social assistance exit rates as predicted by a statisticalmodel. Then we conducted case studies in the selected municipalities’social assistance units, gathering information on how work is carried outand organized. Information was collected by semi-structured interviewswith department managers and front-line social workers. In theinterviews we identified various elements of practice that emerged asrelevant, suggesting that shorter spells follow from activation with afocus on human resource development, programmes targeted at youngadults, well-functioning collaboration, and use of sanctions or an overallapproach characterized by systemized efforts.

  • 113.
    Bergmark, Åke
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Minas, Renate
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Vägar ur socialbidrag? Om socialtjänstens insatser och det ekonomiska biståndets varaktighet2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 114.
    Berlin, Martin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    BNP och alternativa välfärdsmått2015Inngår i: Nationalekonomi för miljöintresserade: tio nationalekonomer om en ödesfråga / [ed] Ulrika Stavlöt, Stockholm: Fores , 2015Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 115.
    Berlin, Martin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Hur bör man mäta välfärd?2017Inngår i: Nationalekonomins frågor, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2017, s. 403-434Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 116.
    Berlin, Martin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Regeringen siktar mot fel mål2017Inngår i: Dagens samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511, nr 14 decemberArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 117.
    Berlin, Martin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Vad kan vi lära av lyckoforskningen?2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Subjektivt välbefinnande kan användas som ett välfärdsmått. Det är slutsatsen i den nya SNS-rapporten ”Vad kan vi lära av lyckoforskningen?”. Rapporten ger en översikt av forskningen om lycka och diskuterar hur denna kan utgöra underlag för politiska beslut.

  • 118.
    Berlin, Martin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Fors Connolly, Filip
    The association between life satisfaction and affective well-being2019Inngår i: Journal of Economic Psychology, ISSN 0167-4870, E-ISSN 1872-7719, Vol. 73, s. 34-51Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We estimate the correlation between life satisfaction and affect-two conceptually distinct dimensions of subjective well-being. We propose a simple model that distinguishes between a stable and a transitory component of affect, and which also accounts for measurement error in self-reports of both variables, including current-mood bias effects on life satisfaction judgments. The model is estimated using momentarily measured well-being data, from an experience sampling survey that we conducted on a population sample of Swedes aged 18-50 (n = 252). Our main estimates of the correlation between life satisfaction and long-run affective well-being range between 0.78 and 0.91, indicating a stronger convergence between these variables than many previous studies that do not account for measurement issues.

  • 119.
    Berlin, Martin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Fors, Filip
    The Association Between Life Satisfaction and Affective Well-Being2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    We estimate the correlation between life satisfaction and affective (emotional) well-being—two conceptually distinct dimensions of subjective well-being. We propose a simple model that distinguishes between a stable and a transitory componentof affective well-being, and which also accounts for measurement error in self-reportsof both variables, including current mood-bias effects on life satisfaction judgments. The model is estimated using momentarily measured well-being data, from an experience sampling survey that we conducted on a population sample of Swedes aged 18–50 (n= 252). Our main estimates of the correlation between life satisfaction and long-run affective well-being range between 0.78 and 0.91, indicating a stronger convergence between these variables than many previous studies that do not account for measurement issues.

  • 120.
    Berlin, Martin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Kaunitz, Niklas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Beyond Income: The Importance for Life Satisfaction of Having Access to a Cash Margin2015Inngår i: Journal of Happiness Studies, ISSN 1389-4978, E-ISSN 1573-7780, Vol. 16, nr 6, s. 1557-1573Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We study how life satisfaction among adult Swedes is influenced by having access to a cash margin, i.e. a moderate amount of money that could be acquired on short notice either through own savings, by loan from family or friends, or by other means. We find that cash margin is a strong and robust predictor of life satisfaction, also when controlling for individual fixed-effects and socio-economic conditions, including income. Since it shows not to matter whether cash margin comes from own savings or with help from family members, this measure captures something beyond wealth.

  • 121.
    Berlin, Martin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Kaunitz, Niklas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Subjective Well-Being, Income and Economic Margins2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses the Swedish Level of Living Survey to study how satisfaction with living conditions and daily life covary with economic resources, in the cross-section and in a decade-long panel. We find that self-reported lack of economic margins is a powerful determinant of satisfaction, its magnitude being comparable even to that of marriage or cohabitation. In contrast, although income is positively associated with satisfaction, the relationship is less robust than for economic margins, and the estimated gradients vary substantially depending on the choice of satisfaction measure, income measure and model specification. 

  • 122. Besley, Timothy
    et al.
    Folke, Olle
    Persson, Torsten
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för internationell ekonomi. Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR), Canada.
    Rickne, Johanna
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI). Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Sweden; Uppsala Center for Labor Studies (UCLS), Sweden.
    Gender Quotas and the Crisis of the Mediocre Man: Theory and Evidence from Sweden2017Inngår i: The American Economic Review, ISSN 0002-8282, E-ISSN 1944-7981, Vol. 107, nr 8, s. 2204-2242Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We develop a model where party leaders choose the competence of politicians on the ballot to trade off electoral success against their own survival. The predicted correlation between the competence of party leaders and followers is strongly supported in Swedish data. We use a novel approach, based on register data for the earnings of the whole population, to measure the competence of all politicians in 7 parties, 290 municipalities, and 10 elections (for the period 1982-2014). We ask how competence was affected by a zipper quota, requiring local parties to alternate men and women on the ballot, implemented by the Social Democratic Party in 1993. Far from being at odds with meritocracy, this quota raised the competence of male politicians where it raised female representation the most. We argue that resignation of mediocre male leaders was a key driver of this effect.

  • 123. Bharadwaj, Prashant
    et al.
    Bietenbeck, Jan
    Lundborg, Petter
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Birth weight and vulnerability to a macroeconomic crisis2019Inngår i: Journal of Health Economics, ISSN 0167-6296, E-ISSN 1879-1646, Vol. 66, s. 136-144Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper shows that early-life health is an important determinant of labor market vulnerability during macroeconomic downturns. Using data on twins during Sweden's crisis of the early 1990s, we show that individuals with higher birth weight are differentially less likely to receive unemployment insurance benefits after the crisis as compared to before it, and that this effect is concentrated among workers in the private sector. While differences in early-life health thus lead to increased inequality in employment outcomes, we also find that there is no differential effect of birth weight on total income after the crisis. This suggests that in the context of Sweden, the social safety net is able to mitigate the effects of early-life health on labor market outcomes during economic downturns. 

  • 124. Bharadwaj, Prashant
    et al.
    Lundborg, Petter
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Birth Weight in the Long Run2018Inngår i: The Journal of human resources, ISSN 0022-166X, E-ISSN 1548-8004, Vol. 53, nr 1, s. 189-231Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the effect of birth weight on long-run outcomes using data on Swedish twins born between 1926 and 1958 linked to administrative records spanning entire life-time labor market histories. We find that birth weight positively affects permanent income and income across large parts of the lifecycle. The timing of the birth weight–income relationship is in line with the role of birth weight in determining takeup of sickness benefits and morbidity. The effect of birth weight on labor market outcomes even for cohorts born 30 years apart are similar; for short run health outcomes, birth weight plays a decreasing role over time.

  • 125.
    Bihagen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Class origin effects on downward career mobility in Sweden 1982-20012007Inngår i: Acta Sociologica, Vol. 50, nr 4, s. 415-430Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 126.
    Bihagen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Does Class Matter Equally for Men and Women? A Study of the Impact of Class on Wage Growth in Sweden 1999-20032008Inngår i: Journal of Sociology, ISSN 1440-7833, E-ISSN 1741-2978, Vol. 42, nr 3, s. 522-540Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been suggested that class schemas are appropriate for analysing class relations among men but not among women.This article examines wage growth patterns, i.e. a crucial aspect of class relations. There are several reasons why class would be less effective as a predictor of wage growth for women than for men: for example, that factors such as discrimination blur this association for women; and that women are over-represented in occupational sectors where this association is less strong.The analyses are based on a Swedish panel data set of employees (age 30—35 years) in large private firms and in the public sector who had the same employer in 1999 and 2003 (N about 99,000). Class is measured using the European Socio-economic Classification — ESeC. Contrary to some expectations class patterns of wage growth are similar for women and men and for different sectors of the labour market.

  • 127.
    Bihagen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Nya möjligheter för stratifieringsforskning i Sverige: Internationella yrkesklassificeringar och stratifieringsmått över tid2007Inngår i: Sociologisk forskning, Vol. 44, nr 1, s. 52-67Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 128.
    Bihagen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Rosemary Crompton: Class and Stratification2009Inngår i: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, E-ISSN 1502-3869, Vol. 52, nr 2, s. 176-191Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 129.
    Bihagen, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Härkönen, Juho
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Könsskillnader i karriärer. Utveckling för kvinnor och män födda från 1925 till 19812014Inngår i: Ojämlikhetens dimensioner: uppväxtvillkor, arbete och hälsa i Sverige / [ed] Marie Evertsson & Charlotta Magnusson, Stockholm: Liber, 2014, s. 212-234Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 130.
    Bihagen, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Härkönen, Juho
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    The direct and indirect effects of social background on occupational positions in Sweden: new evidence on old questions2016Inngår i: Education, occupation and social origin: a comparative analysis of the transmission of socio‐economic inequalities / [ed] Ballarino, G, and Bernardi, F., Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016, s. 182-198Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter looks at Sweden, long extolled as an egalitarian society with low economic inequalities and high levels of equality of opportunity (e.g., Björklund and Jäntti 2011). Our research questions follow those of the broader project. First, we ask whether direct class background effects are found in Sweden. The second question concerns whether the effects of social background have changed over time. Third, we ask whether direct class background effects are weaker among persons with a tertiary education. Fourth, we are interested in whether class-of-origin effects are stronger or weaker at labour market entry, when employers have less information on potential workers and vice versa, than at later career stages. Finally, we analyse whether direct social origin effects vary by gender. In section 12.2, we discuss the Swedish context and its relevant institutions and characteristics. Then in section 12.3 we review the previous studies pertaining to our research questions. Thereafter, in section 12.4, we present our data. In section 12.5 we present our findings, while section 12.6 provides a discussion.

  • 131.
    Bihagen, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Lambert, Paul
    Can class and status really be disentangled2018Inngår i: Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, ISSN 0276-5624, E-ISSN 1878-5654, Vol. 58, s. 1-10Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Tak Wing Chan and John Goldthorpe (CG) have argued that it makes theoretical and empirical sense to use indicators of both class and status in analyses of cultural consumption, political attitudes and labour market outcomes in order to disentangle different mechanisms of stratification. However, we argue that class and status measured by occupationally based stratification variables are too strongly mutually associated for this to be a reliable approach. We provide empirical analyses, using secondary survey data from the UK’s BHPS, that indicate that the measures of class and status largely tap the same form of stratification. It turns out that class accounts for around 75% and more of the variation in status and even more if excluding outliers. Moreover, class and status are similarly associated with earnings, have similar experience-earnings curves, and patterns in relevant model residuals are not consistent with the theoretical differences between class and status. In conclusion we point out alternative and more accurate usages of Weber’s concepts of status and also suggest a more realistic and pragmatic view on occupationally based stratification variables.

  • 132.
    Bihagen, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Nermo, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Social stratifiering och social klass2012Inngår i: Den orättvisa hälsan: Om socioekonomiska skillnader i hälsa och livslängd / [ed] Mikael Rostila, Susanna Toivanen, Liber, 2012, s. 28-45Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 133.
    Bihagen, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Nermo, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Social stratifiering och social klass2018Inngår i: Den orättvisa hälsan: om socioekonomiska skillnader i hälsa och livslängd / [ed] Mikael Rostila, Susanne Toivanen, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, 2, s. 32-49Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 134.
    Bihagen, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Nermo, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    The Effectiveness of ESeC and EGP in Clustering Occupations: A study of occupational wage growth in Sweden: Rose, D. and Harrison, E. (eds.)2010Inngår i: Social Class in Europe: An introduction to the European Socio-economic Classification, London and New York: Abingdon (Oxon): Routledge , 2010, s. 181-190Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 135.
    Bihagen, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Nermo, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Erikson, Robert
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Social Class and Employment Relations: Comparisons between the ESeC and EGP class schemas using European data2010Inngår i: Social Class in Europe: An introduction to the European Socio-economic Classification: Rose, D. and Harrison, E. (eds.), London and New York: Abingdon(Oxon): Routledge , 2010, s. 89-113Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 136.
    Bihagen, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Nermo, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI). Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Stern, Charlotta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Class Origin and Elite Position of Men in Business Firms in Sweden, 1993-2007: The Importance of Education, Cognitive Ability, and Personality2013Inngår i: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, E-ISSN 1468-2672, Vol. 29, nr 5, s. 939-954Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Using Swedish registry data, we study the impact of class origin on becoming part of the business elite between 1993 and 2007 for men aged 35–44 years. The elite is defined as the top 1 per cent of wage earners within large firms. We find a clear working class disadvantage and, with time, a polarization between those of working class origin and others. Decomposition analyses indicate that differences in educational attainment levels cause a large part of the gap, but less so over time. Differences in personality traits measured at around the age of 18 years also help explain the class origin differentials, and more so over time. The decomposition analyses indicate that the net effect of cognitive abilities is small. The results suggest a change in the value of education and personality in the labour market over time, but as men of working class origins have disadvantages in both domains, the relative disadvantage of coming from the working class was rather stable during the period 1993–2007.

  • 137.
    Bihagen, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Nermo, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Stern, Charlotta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Kvinnor och män i topplönepositioner i svenska privata företag, 1993-20072014Inngår i: Yrke, karriär och lön: kvinnors och mäns olika villkor på den svenska arbetsmarknaden, Stockholm: Fritzes, 2014, s. 135-163Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 138.
    Bihagen, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Nermo, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Stern, Charlotta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    The gender gap in the business elite: stability and change in characteristics of Swedish top wage earners in large private companies, 1993-20072014Inngår i: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, E-ISSN 1502-3869, Vol. 57, nr 2, s. 119-133Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Using unique Swedish register data on all employees in large private companies, we study trends in the gender composition of top wage employees from 1993 to 2007. The analyses reveal that the likelihood of women holding top wage positions has more than doubled since the early 1990s, but men are still markedly over-represented in this group of employees. We focus on educational choices, considering level and field of study as well as university attended. One important conclusion is that, although education is important in reaching a top wage position, field of education and university attended only marginally explain the gender  gap. However, relative to other women, having a career signalling degree (i.e. economics, law or engineering) from a more prestigious university helps women. Dividing the sample into different cohorts indicates that the gender gap is partly a cohort effect, i.e. it is smaller among those born in the 1960s compared to cohorts born in the 1940s and 1950s. It should be noted that there is still a gender gap among employees born in the 1960s and that the gap widens after age 30. Future studies should focus more deeply on this family-related ‘period of divergence’.

  • 139.
    Bihagen, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Nermo, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Stern, Charlotta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Vem rekryteras till eliten? Betydelsen av familjeband och kompetens i privat och offentlig sektor2018Inngår i: Eliter i Sverige: Tvärvetenskapliga perspektiv på makt, status och klass / [ed] Bengt Eriksson, Mikael Holmqvist, Lena Sohl, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, s. 217-246Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 140.
    Bihagen, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Nermo, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Stern, Charlotta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Åberg, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Elite mobility among college graduated men in Sweden: Skills, personality and family ties2017Inngår i: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, E-ISSN 1502-3869, Vol. 60, nr 4, s. 291-308Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Using Swedish registry data, we study the chances of mobility into the Swedish labour market elite for men who graduated in the years 1985-2005. The elite is defined as top earners within mid- and large sized firms and within the public sector organisations (henceforth, we use organisation for both firms and public organisations). Using discrete time event history models, we study the incidence of elite entry in terms of external recruitment and internal promotion. The choice of field of study and of college or university are important, as are personality and, to a limited extent, cognitive ability. What is most striking is that having kin in elite positions increases the chance of elite entry in general, and having parents in top positions in the same organisation increases the likelihood of internal promotion. In sum, elite entry among college-educated males is associated with a diversity of factors, suggesting that complex explanations for labour market success should be considered, where skills, personality, and family ties all seem to matter.

  • 141.
    Bihagen, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Ohls, Marita
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Are women over-represented in dead-end jobs?: A Swedish study using empirically derived measures of dead-end jobs2007Inngår i: Social Indicators Research, Vol. 84, nr 2, s. 159-177Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 142.
    Bihagen, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Ohls, Marita
    Dead-End Jobs2014Inngår i: Encyclopedia of quality of life and well-being research / [ed] Alex C. Michalos., Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014, s. 1461-1464Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 143.
    Billingsley, Sunnee
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Ferrarini, Tommy
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Family Policy and Fertility Intentions in 21 European Countries2014Inngår i: Journal of Marriage and Family, ISSN 0022-2445, E-ISSN 1741-3737, Vol. 76, nr 2, s. 428-445Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    European countries show substantial variation in family policy and in the extent to which policies support more traditional male-breadwinner or more gender egalitarian earner-carer family arrangements. Using data from the European Social Survey, the authors implemented multilevel models to analyze variation in fertility intentions of 16,000 men and women according to individual-level characteristics and family policy across 21 European countries. Both traditional and earner-carer family support generosity were positively related to first-birth intentions for men and women. In contrast, only earner-carer support maintains its positive relationship with second birth intentions. Family policy is not in general related to third and higher order parity intentions.

  • 144.
    Billingsley, Sunnee
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Södertörn University, Sweden.
    Neyer, Gerda
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Wesolowski, Katharina
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI). Uppsala University, Sweden.
    The influence of family policies on women´s childbearing: A longitudinal micro-data analysis of 21 countries2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzes whether and how family policies are related to women’s first and second child transitions in 21 post-industrial countries. We adapt the social investment approach developed in welfare state research and distinguish between investment-oriented family policies and traditional, protection-oriented family policies. Our family policy indicators vary over time and are merged with fertility histories provided by harmonized individual level data. We use multilevel event-history models and control for time-varying unobserved heterogeneity at the country level and individual-level characteristics. Higher family-policy support of both types is correlated with the postponement of first births, particularly among young women, whereas traditional-family support is also correlated with postponement among older women and women in education. Both types of family support are linked to earlier first births among lower educated women. Only investment-oriented support is correlated with second birth transitions and this positive relationship does not vary for women with different educational levels.

  • 145.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ferrarini, Tommy
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Palme, Joakim
    The Generational Welfare Contracts: Justice, Institutions and Outcomes2017Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This groundbreaking book brings together perspectives from political philosophy and comparative social policy to discuss generational justice. Contributing new insights about the preconditions for designing sustainable, inclusive policies for all of society, the authors expose the possibilities of supporting egalitarian principles in an aging society through balanced generational welfare contracts.

  • 146.
    Björklund, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Can We Really Rely on Income Distribution Statistics? Some Issues in the Swedish data2020Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Income Distribution Statistics have shown rising gaps in disposable income since the early 1980s. Several reports have shown that capital income is an important driver behind this development. I identify several weaknesses in the measurement of capital income in these statistics. One weakness is that realised capital gains, which generally are included in Swedish reports on income distribution but not in crossnational ones, are not adjusted for inflation from 1991 and onwards but were so until 1990. A considerable part of the capital gains included in data is thus compensation for inflation and not real gains. Further, there is a considerable rise in income shifting from earned income to capital income in closely held corporations and a decline of income shifting from capital income to pension income. New modes of saving, which are taxed according to a standard revenue principle, will most likely create severe problems for the Statistics in the near future but have not done so yet.

    A final section of the paper argues that the statistics do not account for the rising prevalence of shared residence for children of separated parents. Therefore, the statistics underestimate the economic standard of children with separated parents.

  • 147.
    Björklund, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Comment by Anders Björklund: to: Alison L. Booth's "The glass ceiling in Europe: Why are women doing badly in the labour market?"2007Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 148.
    Björklund, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Does a family-friendly policy raise fertility levels?2007Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 149.
    Björklund, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Family Background and Outcomes Later in Life: A (Partial and Personal) Survey of Recent Research Using Swedish Register Data2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 150.
    Björklund, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Från doktorsexamen till professor – mina år på IUI 1981-19902014Inngår i: IFN 1939—2014 - 75 år av ekonomisk forskning / [ed] Magnus Henrekson och Göran Albinsson Bruhner, Ekerlids förlag, 2014Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
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