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  • 101.
    Axell, Paola
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Man har henne bara till låns: Adoptivföräldrars förhållningssätt till föräldraskapet och sina barns biologiska ursprung2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how adoptive parents related to parenting and how they related to their children’s biological origin. Issues that were used were how adoptive parents described their own parenting, how they described their own thoughts about their children eventually wanting to search their biological origin and how adoptive parents described the child´s country of birth attitudes towards adoptees wishes to search their biological origin. The method used was qualitative research interviews. The theory that was used for analyzing the collected data was attachment theory. Results from the study showed that the interviewees had different opinions on how adoptive parenting was understood. The varying interview answers from the interviewees show that there is no general picture of what is specific to be an adoptive parent compared to a biological parent. At the same time, the data shows that all interviewees had experienced specific situations about their parenting that distinguishes them as adoptive parents. The results also showed that the adoptive parents are very positive about their children biological origin. Furthermore, results also showed that attitudes towards adoptees wishes to search their biological origin vary depending on the country of birth.

  • 102.
    Axelsson, Amy
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Benabdullatek, Saini
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    "Jag kan inte bli mätt när mina föräldrar går hungriga": En kvalitativ studie om ekonomiska remmitteringars betydelse för migranters livssituationer2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Economic remittances are money transfers worldwide from migrants to their country of origin. This study aimed to examine which significance the remittance has for the sender. How do the senders describe their experiences of remittances, what strategies are used in the process of remitting and how has the migrants’ social and economic situation in the host country been affected by remitting? The issues were answered through six semi-structured interviews with remitting migrants. The theoretical approach consisted of the concepts transnational social space, reciprocity and social exclusion. The findings were that remittances had great value to the senders with both negative and positive outcomes. Strategies formed to live up to expectations to remit were group wise, long-term and practical. Remittances had an impact on choices regarding recreational activities, housing and employment. Our conclusion is that remitting is an important act to maintain the bond to the country of origin, despite economic and social sacrifices. Being a participant in dual social worlds in which social and economic conditions differ shapes the experienced requirement to remitt.  Remittance cannot be seen as a sole factor for placing senders in social exclusion, though it can limit the sender economically and socially.

  • 103.
    Axelsson, Thomas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    DISA - En bra metod för tonårspojkar?2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The DISA method is a universal program developed for teenage girls to prevent depression. The program includes cognitive behavioral techniques are suppose to change negative pattern of thinking, give practice of communication, strategies of problem solution and exercises to strengthen the social network.

    The purpose of this study is to find out how a group of teenage boys were affected by the DISA program and what factors that may have impacted the outcome. Material from three different studies have been used, a quantitative study in terms of data from self-assessment form CES-D, materials from two semi-structured focus group interviews with the boys and material from a questionnaire filled out by the boys on two occasions during the DISA method.

     The result of the CES-D indicates that the boys had less depressive symptoms after the final group meeting compared to the first group meeting and also a year later. Analysis of the material from focus group interviews and questionnaire have been made from a communication theory and systems theory perspective and indicate a shift to greater cohesion in the group and demonstrates that communication between the boy-group and group leaders had importance for the outcome. In particular, this study demonstrates how important group values and norms where for the boys, especially with regard to communication of emotions.

  • 104.
    Aziz, Rahil
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Malmebo, Pontus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Individ eller kollektiv: En kritisk diskursanalys kring svensk press framställningar av muslimer respektive icke-muslimer2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The Western world’s view of Muslims became more negative after the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center. International as well as Swedish studies show how negative attitudes towards Muslims increased after the attack. This study analyses discourses regarding Muslims and non-Muslims in Swedish press in relation to two terrorist attacks. This is done by a critical discourse analysis on three newspapers reports on the terrorist attack in Oslo and Utøya 2011 and the terrorist attack on the headquarters of magazine Charlie Hebdo in Paris 2015. The study uses social constructionism and Orientalism as a theoretical framework. Study results show more differences than similarities in the portrayal of the offenders. Main findings include that Breivik was portrayed as an individual, unlike the Kouachi brothers who were portrayed as part of a larger group as well as the fact that the brothers in a high degree were linked to Islam. The study concludes that Swedish press differentiates Muslim and non-Muslim perpetrators. Media affect people’s actions and thoughts and ought to affect how authorities treat this group and it’s therefore important for social workers to be critical of media reporting’s in order to meet clients individually, rather than in a generalising manner.

  • 105. Backe-Hansen, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Höjer, Ingrid
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Storö, Jan
    Out of home care in Norway and Sweden – similar and different2013Inngår i: Psychosocial Intervention, ISSN 1132-0559, E-ISSN 2173-4712, Vol. 22, nr 3, s. 193-202Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    An overview of the current situation in the out-of-home care in Norway and Sweden is presented in this article; also the development in later years is described and discussed. Socially, politically and culturally there are few differences between Norway and Sweden. Child protection and out-of-home placement of children and young people are integrated parts in the welfare state that are shared by the Nordic countries. It is a model that builds on principles of universalism and decommodification of social rights. The welfare model presupposes high public legitimacy for a high level of social expenditure. However the idea of marketization and privatization has also affected the welfare model in Sweden and Norway. Although there are more similarities than differences between the two countries' child protection systems, the article discusses some differences, for example the after care services, new groups of children and young people in the out-of-home care, like young unaccompanied asylum seekers. There are also some differences when it comes to privatization, the introduction of evidence-based methods in the child protection system and the tension between general and residual services for children and young people in the child protection system.

  • 106.
    Backlund, Åsa
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    "De är som en handbok i kommunikation": Utvärdering av Skol- och Familjeteamet i Sollentuna2008Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med utvärderingen har varit att undersöka effekterna av Skol- och Familjeteamets arbete utifrån de idéer och långsiktiga målsättningar som var bakgrunden till att verksamheten startade för sju år sedan. Utvärderingen har därmed syftat till att undersöka huruvida Skol- och Familjeteamet (SFT) har bidragit till att elever med psykosocial problematik i högre utsträckning kan ges adekvat stöd inom ordinarie skola och klass, om de har bidragit till ett minskat tryck på socialtjänstens myndighetsutövning, samt om de samverkar med skolan utan att ta över elevvårdens ansvar. För att besvara utvärderingens frågor har en kombination av kvalitativa och kvantitativa metoder använts. Utvärderingens resultat tyder på att SFT bidrar till att elever med psykosociala och/eller beteenderelaterade problem i större utsträckning kan ges ett bättre stöd inom ramen för ordinarie skola och klass. Föräldrar och skolpersonal som har intervjuats om sina erfarenheter av insatser från SFT anser att insatserna minskat barnets problem i skolan och att de lett till ett bättre samarbete mellan hem och skola. Resultat tyder dock inte på att SFT hittills har haft någon betydelse för i vilken omfattning skolor anmäler oro för barn till socialtjänsten eller för hur stor andel elever som beviljas placering i särskilda resursskolor. Då vi inte kan veta hur det skulle ha sett ut om inte SFT funnits, kan vi dock inte med säkerhet uttala oss om effekterna i detta avseende. SFT tycks däremot i olika avseenden ha bidragit till att ’smörja’ samarbetet mellan skola och socialtjänst och avlasta dessa parter på andra sätt. SFT utgör ett mellanled där en anmälan till socialtjänsten inte anses befogad men det ändå finns en oro kring en elev/familj. Genom sin position och inriktning blir SFT ett alternativt och ”ofarligt” stöd att erbjuda föräldrar, samtidigt som skolan får del av insatsen. Det framkommer dock behov av mer tydlighet och kontakt beträffande relationen och kommunikationen mellan SFT och socialtjänstens Barn- och ungdomsenhet. Utvärderingen tyder överlag på att det råder en relativ konsensus mellan skola och SFT kring deras överlappande verksamhetsdomäner och att detta kan förstås som resultatet av ett lyckat integrationsarbete mellan skola och socialtjänst. SFT uppfattas som en neutral part i samarbetet mellan skola och hem och bistår även med en slags teknologi för detta samarbete.

  • 107.
    Backlund, Åsa
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Elevhälsoarbete i grundskolan - resurser och organisation2009Inngår i: Psykolog i skolan / [ed] Elinor Schad, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, 1:1, s. 21-34Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 108.
    Backlund, Åsa
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Elevvård i grundskolan: Resurser, organisering och praktik2007Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis is to describe and analyse the organization, resources and practice of pupil welfare work in municipal compulsory schools. In one study, telephone interviews with head masters from a random sample of 100 municipal compulsory schools have been carried out. A second study is based on material from two case studies, where the work of the pupil welfare team members and the everyday organizing of pupil welfare, are scrutinized.

    The distribution of special pupil welfare resources varied considerably. Almost one-third of the variation could be explained by organizational and structural variables included in a regression analysis. Practically all schools in the sample had a school nurse, while school social workers and in particular school psychologists, were available to a lesser extent. Regarding the latter two professions, the results indicate that these resources are allocated to pupils of different age groups. The involvement of different kinds of municipal service in pupil welfare work is becoming a common form of organization. The case studies show that these service units can become influential actors in the organizing of local pupil welfare work.

    School nurses appear to be an institutionalized resource, with regard to their presence in schools and the content of their work. The school social worker lacks a specific technology of her own that distinguishes her work from other professions. School social work is performed by several professions and for some tasks domain conflicts can arouse. These conflicts can to a certain degree be rooted in the enhanced consultative role of the pupil welfare specialists, which affects the division of labour between the actors. The pupil welfare meetings studied in the case studies where characterized by asymmetrical relationships, where little space were given for pupils and their parents to be actively involved in the decision-making process.

  • 109.
    Backlund, Åsa
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    En skola för alla? Förutsättningar och utmaningar i det skolsociala arbetet2013Inngår i: Utsatthet, marginalisering och utanförskap / [ed] Lis-Bodil Karlsson, Kirsti Kuusela, Ulla Rantakeisu, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2013, s. 97-129Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur kan vi förstå den pågående samhällsdiskussionen om fattigdom? Varför betonas enskilda människors ansvar framför kollektivets eller samhällets? Hur kan utsatthet inte bara förstås, utan åtgärdas? Boken berör ovanstående frågor utifrån teoretiska presentationer i relation till empiriska exempel, med ambitionen att reda ut de olika begreppen främst i förhållande till socialt arbete.

    Utsatthet, marginalisering och utanförskap presenterar teoretiska begrepp med avstamp i konkreta analyser. Författarna söker svar på frågor om olika begrepps innebörd och hur de förhåller sig till varandra. Här beskrivs hur utanförskapet kan uppkomma i många olika sammanhang och av skilda orsaker. Författarna beskriver utsatthet och marginalisering i skolan, genom arbetslöshet, sjukdom eller funktionsnedsättning, fattigdom och etnisk diskriminering, missbruk och misshandel, men ger även förslag på tänkbara åtgärder för att minska marginalisering och utanförskap.

    Antologin riktar sig till blivande socionomer och andra samhälls- och beteendevetare.

  • 110.
    Backlund, Åsa
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Högdin, Sara
    Spånberger Weitz, Ylva
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Skolsocialt arbete: en introduktion2017Inngår i: Skolsocialt arbete: skolan som plats för och del i det sociala arbetet / [ed] Åsa Backlund, Sara Högdin, Ylva Spånberger Weitz, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2017, s. 15-20Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 111.
    Backlund, Åsa
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Högdin, Sara
    Spånberger Weitz, Ylva
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Socialt arbete i skolan: uppgifter, perspektiv och dilemman2017Inngår i: Skolsocialt arbete: Skolan som plats för och del i det sociala arbetet / [ed] Åsa Backlund, Sara Högdin, Ylva Spånberger Weitz, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2017, s. 221-230Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 112.
    Backlund, Åsa
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Malmsten, Jenny
    Barnets bästa? En studie om asylsökande barn i socialtjänstens barnavård2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Asylsökande barn som är placerade i samhällsvård enligt socialtjänstlagen (SoL) eller lagen med särskilda bestämmelser om vård av unga (LVU) kan samtidigt komma att utvisas enligt utlänningslagen (UtlL). Detta innebär att barnen kan komma att utvisas med sin familj under pågående vårdinsats, även om barnet omhändertagits med tvång. I dagsläget saknas kunskap om hur vanligt det är att asylsökande barn, som kommit till Sverige tillsammans med familj eller vårdnadshavare, får vårdinsatser av detta slag via socialtjänsten. Vi vet inte heller hur de som arbetar inom socialtjänstens barnavård förhåller sig till att barnen kan komma att utvisas eller hur samverkan med Migrationsverket fungerar vid denna typ av ärenden. Detta är bakgrunden till den här studien som syftar till att undersöka hur vanligt det är att asylsökande barn som kommit med sina familjer, placeras i samhällsvård, samt att få kunskap om socialtjänstens erfarenheter av och förhållningssätt i sådana fall. En kvantitativ kartläggning, baserad på telefonintervjuer med företrädare för socialtjänsten, har genomförts i Stockholms och Skåne län. Sammanlagt har representanter för 81 kommuner/stadsdelar kontaktats, varav 78 svarande. Erfarenhet och förhållningssätt inom socialtjänsten har undersökts genom kvalitativa intervjuer med fem socialsekreterare. I studien undersöks vilken betydelse det får för socialtjänstens arbete att barnen är asylsökande.

  • 113.
    Backlund, Åsa
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Anmälningsplikten till skydd för utsatta barn: några kritiska synpunkter2012Inngår i: Rätt, social utsatthet och samhälleligt ansvar: festskrift till Anna Hollander, Stockholm: Norstedts Juridik AB, 2012, s. 389-402Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 114. Banerjee, Albert
    et al.
    Daly, Tamara
    Armstrong, Hugh
    Armstrong, Pat
    Lafrance, Stirling
    Szebehely, Marta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    ‘Out of Control’: Violence against Personal Support Workers in Long-Term Care2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 115.
    Banerjee, Albert
    et al.
    York University.
    Daly, Tamara
    York University .
    Armstrong, Pat
    York University.
    Szebehely, Marta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Armstrong, Hugh
    Carleton University.
    LaFrance, Stirling
    Structural violence in long-term residential care for older people: Comparing Canada and Scandinavia2012Inngår i: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 74, nr 3, s. 390-398Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Canadian frontline careworkers are six times more likely to experience daily physical violence than their Scandinavian counterparts. This paper draws on a comparative survey of residential careworkers serving older people across three Canadian provinces (Manitoba, Nova Scotia, Ontario) and four countries that follow a Scandinavian model of social care (Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden) conducted between 2005 and 2006. Ninety percent of Canadian frontline careworkers experienced physical violence from residents or their relatives and 43 percent reported physical violence on a daily basis. Canadian focus groups conducted in 2007 reveal violence was often normalized as an inevitable part of elder-care. We use the concept of “structural violence”(Galtung, 1969) to raise questions about the role that systemic and organizational factors play in setting the context for violence. Structural violence refers to indirect forms of violence that are built into social structures and that prevent people from meeting their basic needs or fulfilling their potential. We applied the concept to long-term residential care and found that the poor quality of the working conditions and inadequate levels of support experienced by Canadian careworkers constitute a form of structural violence.Working conditions are detrimental to careworker's physical and mental health, and prevent careworkers from providing the quality of care they are capable of providing and understand to be part of their job. These conditions may also contribute to the violence workers experience, and further investigation is warranted.

  • 116.
    Banerjee, Albert
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    James, Robert
    McGregor, Margaret
    Lexchin, Joel
    Nursing Home Physicians Discuss Caring for Elderly Residents: An Exploratory Study2018Inngår i: Canadian Journal on Aging, ISSN 0714-9808, E-ISSN 1710-1107, Vol. 37, nr 2, s. 133-144Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the increasing complexity of nursing home care, the role of physicians caring for residents is largely unexplored. This international, exploratory study sought to learn about physicians' roles, responsibilities, and tasks as well as investigate the unique qualities of medical practice in nursing homes. We conducted interviews with 18 physicians, who reported making important contributions to the quality of resident care, including clarifying the goals of care, working to reduce unnecessary medication and hospitalization, as well as contributing to staff education. Nursing home practice involved physicians in networks of relations that were instrumental to the quality of medical care and physicians' job satisfaction. The importance of these relationships disrupts the oft-drawn boundary between the medical and the social, suggesting that good medical practice depends on good social practice. Reflecting the exploratory nature of the study, we recommend research to better understand and support the relational dimensions of nursing home medicine.

  • 117.
    Baranowski, Petra
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Svebeck, Ursula
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Vem vill och kan lyssna?: Om ungdomars identitetsarbete och hur skolan möter de ungas livsfrågor2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to get increased knowledge of young people and their experience and thoughts about existential questions, and if the adults in Junior highschool take them into consideration. Our purpose to look at the result in a gender perspective was also a part of this work. Our starting point is the theory of youth, their existential questions and the importance of their identity-work in the late modern society. We interviewed six youth at the age of 15-16. We used hermeneutic theory to analyse the text. The result indicates that the common existential everyday questions among the youth where; Friends, family, future, love and grades. Girls existential questions included relations and the boys questions was more about future-projects. The study also indicates the schools lack of interest in youth identity-work and theirs existential questions.

  • 118. Barberis, Eduardo
    et al.
    Bergmark, Åke
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Minas, Renate
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Rescaling development in Europe: convergence or divergence?2010Inngår i: Rescaling social policies: towards multilevel governance in  Europe / [ed] Yiri Kazepov, Farnham: Ashgate, 2010, s. 367-388Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 119.
    Barhanko, Frida
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Doughan, Karine
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Mötet med det svenska samhället: En kvalitativ studie med fem unga vuxna som kommit till Sverige som ensamkommande asylsökande barn2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to reach an understanding of how young adults with permanent residence permit, who came to Sweden as unaccompanied asylum seeking minors, experience their confrontation with the Swedish society. Another purpose was to understand how these young adults view Sweden and its inhabitants, as well as the experience of starting a new life in Sweden. In order to investigate these questions, a qualitative method consisting of five interviews with five young men was conducted.

    The results showed that the respondents feared the meeting with the immigration board and that they feel that school is divided in two groups, Swedes and immigrants. People with nonethnic Swedish background who have lived in Sweden for a long time are seen as Swedes, and in that meaning assimilated. One important conclusion we made was that the division between Swedes and immigrants have a negative influence on the immigrants´ integration in the society. Another conclusion is that school has to take more responsibility to give the children a more meaningful life.

  • 120.
    Baruch, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Berättelser från Fountain House: En narrativ studie2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this undergraduate thesis was to study what the participation in the activities of the Fontain House in Stockholm means to its members. The research questions dealt with how the members describe their participation in the activities, whether they say that it has helped them, and, in that case, in which way. Furthermore, they dealt with how the members argue about their experiences of mental illness and of social help. The study was carried out within the framework of the narrative method. As tools for analyzing the narratives, parts of An-tonovsky’s theories as well as the theoretical concepts of inclusion and exclusion as described by Madsen, were used. Furthermore, earlier research on the Fontain House was applied in the analysis. The results of the study showed that all of the respondents said that the Fontain House was of great importance in their lives and that they could participate in its activities in regard to their own needs and resources. The thesis discusses whether the selection and the execution of the study may have affected the results toward a positive tendency. Concerning how the re-spondents argue about mental illness and about social help, the answers varied strongly.

  • 121.
    Basic, Alma
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Ungdomar med utländsk bakgrund och socialt avvikande beteende: en studie av tre ungas upplevelser av sin livssituation i Sverige2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att få kunskap om hur ungdomar med utländsk bakgrund som har ett socialt avvikande beteende själva beskriver sin livssituation och vilka upplevelser de har haft hittills i sitt liv. Undersökningen har genomförts med hjälp av kvalitativ forskningsmetod och ungdomarna som ingick i undersökningen intervjuades enskilt. För att få en täckande bild av ungdomarnas livssituation delade jag upp den i familjesituation och boende, skolan, kamratrelationer och framtiden. Då min förförståelse var att ungdomars utländska bakgrund på olika sätt påverkar deras livssituation ville jag också veta hur deras utländska bakgrund har påverkat deras upplevelser av deras situation och vilka svårigheter kan finnas för ungdomar med utländsk bakgrund i det svenska samhället. Frågeställningarna besvarades av tre ungdomar vilket också innebär att studien hade ungdomsperspektiv. Ekologisk systemteori valdes för analys av resultatet då den förklarar hur man påverkas av det mänskliga samspelet och hur man påverkas av samhället. Det ekologiska perspektivet betonar helhet och sammanhang i barns uppväxt och utveckling. Med hänsyn till min hypotes om att anledningar till den aktuella problematiken finns på både individ och samhällsnivå har jag valt denna teori då den förklarar samspelet mellan individ och samhälle. De intervjuade ungdomarnas upplevelser skiljer sig från varandras och därmed även den problematik som de brottas med. Hemmiljön är en faktor som har påverkat två av de intervjuade ungdomars problematiska situation och som ungdomarna hade dåliga upplevelser av. Den tredje ungdomens problematik ligger enligt honom i hans egen val men han tror också att den miljö han omgavs av har påverkat hans liv. Det är svårt att dra några slutsatser då alla människor har en egen historia och egna erfarenheter. Det som jag ändå har kommit fram till i min studie är att de otillräckliga förutsättningarna som många människor med utländsk bakgrund har i Sverige påverkar ungdomarnas livsvillkor och hur de upplever sin livssituation.

  • 122.
    Batljan, Ilija
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Demographics and Future Needs for Public Long Term Care and Services among the Elderly in Sweden: The Need for Planning2007Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Long term care and social services (LTCaS) for older people are an important part of the Scandinavian welfare state. The fast growing number of elderly people in Sweden has caused many concerns about increases in future needs (and particularly costs) of age-related social programs such as LTCaS. The general aim of this dissertation is to examine how projected demographic changes may affect future needs for long-term care and services in Sweden assuming different trends in morbidity and mortality. The following data sources are used: national population registers, register data on inpatient/outpatient health care from region Skåne, the Swedish National Survey on Living Conditions (SNSLC) for the period 1975-1999. Three alternative methods to inform simple demographic extrapolations of needs for health and social care for the elderly are presented. Furthermore, a new method for demographic projections has been developed. According to our studies, the health of older people (measured as the prevalence of severe ill-health) has improved during the study period. Taking into account health status, when projecting future needs for LTCaS, will result in a fairly substantial reduction of the rate of the demographically influenced increase in projected LTCaS needs. The changes in population composition regarding education and mortality differentials per educational level may have a significant impact on the number of the elderly in the future. On the other hand, the projected increase in the number of older people suffering from severe ill-health, as a consequence of population ageing, may be counterbalanced to a large extent by changes in the educational composition towards a higher proportion of the population having a high educational level and lower prevalence of severe ill-health. We need to improve our planning tools in order to support policy-makers to plan for uncertainty concerning future needs and demand for LTCaS.

  • 123. Batljan, Ilija
    et al.
    Lagergren, M
    Thorslund, Mats
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Population aging: the effect of change in  educational composition2009Inngår i: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF AGEING, ISSN 1613-9372, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 201-211Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate how expected changes in the educational level composition of the older population may affect future prevalence of severe ill-health among older people in Sweden. Previous research has indicated that the number of older people, given educational differentials in mortality and expected changes in educational composition during the next decades, may increase more than expected following official population projections in Sweden. Eight alternative scenario projections for the possible development in the number of people with severe ill-health in Sweden between 2000 and 2035 are presented. Scenario projections, where both morbidity and mortality inequalities by educational level are taken into account, are compared with scenarios in which only age and gender are modelled. The projections are made with both constant and decreasing mortality. The calculations show that the expected increases in severe ill-health as a result from the ageing of the population in the period 2000-2035 might, to a large extent, be counteracted by the increase in the educational level of the Swedish population. We recommend therefore that in projections of the prevalence of ill-health, in addition to the ageing of the population, also changes in educational level should be taken into account.

  • 124. Batljan, Ilija
    et al.
    Thorslund, Mats
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    The effect of change in educational composition on population ageing2009Inngår i: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF AGEING, ISSN 1613-9372, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 191-200Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Official Swedish demographic projections have systematically underestimated the number of older people. One explanation behind the underestimation may be found in the fact that the demographic projections are not taking into account socio-economic mortality differentials. We performed alternative demographic scenarios based on assumptions of unchanged and continuing declining mortality, with and without taking into account socio-economic gradients in mortality. According to a scenario based on assumption on declining mortality rates per age group, sex and educational level, the number of older persons (65+) in Sweden will increase by 62% during the period 2000-2035. This can be compared to an increase by 54% in a scenario that does not take into account future structural differences in educational levels and the latest trends in socio-economic inequality in life expectancy (the method used by statistical offices). The socio-economic structure of the older population is significantly changing over the years. We project that by year 2035, only 20% of women 80 years and older will have a low educational level, compared to about 75-80% today. The change in socio-economic structure is similar for the older men. Standard demographic projections that do not take into account socio-economic mortality differentials, risk underestimating the number of older people and hiding dramatic changes in population composition. Taking into account socio-economic mortality differentials results in alternative projections giving us new information regarding the future size and socio-economic composition of the older population. We recommend use of this information in health care and long-term care human resources planning or when assessing financial sustainability of health care, long-term care and pension systems in the future.

  • 125.
    Bautista, Sara
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Castañeda, Andrea
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    ”Jag kommer alltid att prata som en invandrare”: en C-uppsats om språk, identitet och handlingsutrymme2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien handlar hur språket påverkar en persons identitet och handlingsutrymme. Det är en kvalitativ studie baserad på fyra intervjuer. Samtliga intervjupersoner är latinamerikanska män, bosatta i Sverige. Två av dem pratar flytande svenska medan de andra två håller på att lära sig. Syftet är att beskriva dessa personers egna erfarenheter av hur deras nya språk, svenskan, har påverkat deras syn på dem själva och deras möjligheter att agera i samhället. Studien syftar även till att ge en jämförande bild mellan de intervjupersoner som kan svenska och de som ännu inte kan. Resultaten av intervjuerna har analyserats med hjälp av de teoretiska begreppen som används i syftet och även med utgångspunkt i symbolisk interaktionism. Studien visar att språket har stor betydelse för hur intervjupersonerna får den egna identiteten att harmonisera med omgivningens uppfattning av dem. Även handlingsutrymmet påverkas på det viset att man utan att kunna svenska hela tiden är beroende av andra för att få saker uträttade. Risken för isolering inom den egna språkgruppen är större eftersom man upplever större handlingsfrihet där. När intervjupersonerna jämförs framgår att de med större svenskkunskaper samtidigt har en större inblick i hur samhället fungerar.

  • 126. Beck, Ingela
    et al.
    Törnquist, Agneta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Broström, Linus
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Having to focus on doing rather than being: nurse assistants' experience of palliative care in municipal residential care settings2012Inngår i: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 49, nr 4, s. 455-464Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Palliative care should be provided, irrespective of setting to all patients facing a life-threatening illness and to their families. The situation and needs of older people differ from those of younger people since they often have several co-existing diseases and health complaints. This implies an extensive need for care and for longer periods of palliative care. The main providers of palliative care for older people are nurse assistants, who are also those with the shortest education.

    Aim

    The aim of this study was to illuminate nurse assistants’ experience of palliative care for older people in residential care.

    Design

    The study had an explorative, descriptive design.

    Settings

    Thirteen residential care units in three different districts in a large city in southern Sweden.

    Participants

    Twenty-five nurse assistants selected to represent variations in age, gender workplace and work experience.

    Methods

    Data were collected from six focus-group interviews and subjected to content analysis to gain an understanding of the phenomenon.

    Results

    The nurse assistants described palliative care as a contrast to the everyday care they performed in that they had a legitimate possibility to provide the care needed and a clear assignment in relation to relatives. Palliative care also meant having to face death and dying while feeling simultaneous that it was unnatural to talk about death and having to deal with their own emotions. They emphasised that they were in need of support and experienced leadership as invisible and opaque, but gained strength from being recognized.

    Conclusion

    In order to support nurse assistants in providing high quality end-of-life care, more focus is needed on the trajectory of older peoples’ dying, on the importance of involving relatives throughout the period of care provision, and on support when encountering death and dying. There is also a need for engaged care leaders, both registered nurses and managers, to recognize the work of nurse assistants and to support care provision for older people within the framework of palliative care philosophy.

  • 127. Beck, Ingela
    et al.
    Törnquist, Agneta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan. Lund University, Sweden.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Nurse assistants’ experience of an intervention focused on a palliative care approach for older people in residential care2014Inngår i: International Journal of Older People Nursing, ISSN 1748-3735, E-ISSN 1748-3743, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 140-150Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background.  Nurse assistants working in residential care facilities need support to ensure that they provide high-quality care for the residents and support for relatives, from admission to bereavement.

    Aim.  The aim was to describe the nurse assistants’ experience of how an intervention with a palliative care approach, had influenced them in their work in residential care for older people.

    Participants.  Fourteen nurse assistants working in three different municipal residential care facilities.

    Methods.  Data were collected by means of semi-structured individual interviews following an intervention consisting of study circles combined with workshops. The data were analysed using content analysis.

    Result.  The nurse assistants felt that, through the intervention, they had gained insight into their understanding of the importance of quality of care. This included an increased awareness of, and respect for, residents’ and relatives’ needs, and an increased understanding of the importance of the outcome of encounters with residents and their relatives. After the intervention, they also felt there was increased openness and understanding between colleagues. However, the nurse assistants also expressed frustration over obstacles to implementing a palliative care approach, such as lack of resources and supportive leadership.

    Conclusion.  The nurse assistants felt that the intervention was positive and encouraged them to provide more person-centred care within the framework of a palliative care approach. Although the intervention was intended to involve and support the management, it was not sufficient. Nurse assistants described lack of resources and supportive leadership. There is, therefore, a need to place greater emphasis on leadership and their support of nurse assistants so that they can provide high-quality care.

  • 128.
    Beckman, Ludvig
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ljungwald, Carina
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Idéanalys2009Inngår i: Juridik och rättsvetenskap i socialt arbete / [ed] Anna Hollander och Katarina Alexius Borgström, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, s. 65-75Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 129.
    Bengtsson, Emma
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Berg, Frida
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Skolkuratorers samverkan med socialtjänsten: En kvalitativ studie om skolkuratorers upplevelse av samverkan och möjligheten att utveckla samverkan utifrån den egna yrkesrollen2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how school counselors experienced collaboration with social services and whether they felt they have the ability to improve upon this collaboration. The empirical data consists of qualitative interviews with eight school counselors from public schools, ages 13 to 15, in eight separate municipalities in the Stockholm area. The main results showed that the school counselors recognized the positive benefits from collaboration, but that they in practice experienced difficulties turning this into a high-quality collaboration. The school counselors experienced that due to uncertain expectations in the collaboration it led to unclear distribution of areas of responsibilities. The school counselors expressed small or no possibilities for them to improve upon collaboration but pointed out that higher commitment and a positive attitude are valuable attributes to improving collaboration. The results of the interviews were analyzed using the new institutional theory of organization and the role theoretic perspective. The conclusion states that the school counselors can help improve collaboration by taking initiative to better communication in order to clarify the collaborators expectations and conditions. The study highlights importance of school counselors trying to overcome obstacles and difficulties presented by different conditions of different organizations.  

  • 130.
    Bengtsson, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Pratig, slarvig, glömsk och plockig: En studie av hur problematiken kan se ut för flickor med diagnosen AD/HD2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att ge en bild av hur problematiken kunde se ut för flickor med AD/HD samt hur professionella inom barn- och ungdomspsykiatrin (BUP) resonerade kring detta. Vidare var syftet att undersöka vilka insatser BUP kunde erbjuda dessa flickor.

    Empirin bestod av tre delar, en litteraturstudie, en mindre registerstudie, som kartlade förekomsten av flickor med AD/HD-diagnos inom BUP i Stockholms län, och en kvalitativ intervjustudie med tre psykologer och en läkare, alla verksamma inom BUP i Stockholm. Studiens vetenskapliga position var hermeneutisk och resultaten analyserades utifrån ett feministiskt perspektiv och ett genusperspektiv. Resultatet visade att kunskapsläget kring flickor med AD/HD idag var bristande. Både forskning och litteratur kring ämnet samt intervjupersonernas utsagor visade att flickor med AD/HD ofta uppvisade andra symptom än pojkar. Kriterierna för AD/HD betonar beteenden som är mer typiska för pojkar vilket kan leda till att flickor ignoreras. Den bristande kunskapen gällande flickors problematik medför att flickor upptäcks senare än pojkar eller förblir oupptäckta.

    Beträffande insatser visade sig könsskillnaderna vara små. Den viktigaste insatsen var att så långt som möjligt anpassa miljön runt barnet och att detta bestod av en kombination av skola, hem och BUP. Insatserna hos BUP bestod främst av individuellt samtalsstöd för barnet samt av föräldragrupper.

  • 131.
    Berber, Nevin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Förutsättningar för integration: en kvalitativ studie om fem män med patriarkala rötter, deras integrationsprocess och synen på heder2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen är en kvalitativ studie med utgångspunkt i intervjuer med fem män. I fokus är deras patriarkala rötter, deras förutsättningar för integration och deras syn på heder. Syftet med denna studie är att fördjupa förståelsen för hur män med patriarkala rötter upplever sin integrationsprocess i det svenska samhället. Målet är att uppnå en förståelse för och insikt i de faktorer som är väsentliga för dessa mäns integration men också de omständigheter som motverkar integration. De forskningsfrågor som legat till grund för studien var: Vilka skäl har de haft för att flytta till Sverige? Hur har de etablerat sig i det nya landet? Känner de sig delaktiga i det svenska samhället? Vilka förändringar har skett i familjestrukturerna? Har synen på heder förändrats sedan migrationen till Sverige? Hur definierar de begreppet heder i dag? Resultaten analyseras utifrån den tidigare presenterade forskningen samt teorier som förändringar i patriarkala familjestrukturer, det civila samhället, stat, marknad, familj och kollektivism kontra individualism. Resultaten visar att det sker ständiga förändringar i familjestrukturer med patriarkala värderingar samt även mentalitetsförändringar hos män med patriarkala rötter i integrationsprocessen. Studiens inriktning på förutsättningar för integration hos män med patriarkala rötter byggdes på integrationsdimensioner såsom arbetsintegration, boendeintegration, socialintegration, medborgarskapsintegration och subjektivintegration, utifrån ett integrationsperspektiv. Studien visade att det fanns omständigheter både på individuell- och samhällsnivå som motverkade integrationen hos män med patriarkala rötter. Resultaten visade också att förändringar som har skett när det gäller synen på heder överlag inte är så stora.

  • 132.
    Berbres, Annika
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Föräldrar med fysiska funktionshinder: intervjuer med politiker och tjänstemän kring samhällets stöd till föräldrar med fysiska funktionshinder2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Många människor lockas av utmaningen att bilda familj och bli föräldrar. Denna C-uppsats handlar om hur politiker och tjänstemän anser sig kunna säkerställa funktionshindrade människors möjlighet att kunna välja och fullfölja föräldraskap och vilket samhällsstöd som erbjuds. Jag har använt mig av en kvalitativ metod nämligen halvstrukturerade kvalitativa intervjuer. Intervjuerna visade att detta var ett område som det inte har forskats eller pratats om i någon större utsträckning. Intervjupersonerna har inte arbetat med frågeställningen trots att flera av dem varit engagerade i handikappolitiken. Samhällets och arbetslivets tillgänglighet för människor med funktionshinder har varit i fokus men de har inte beaktat att vissa av de funktionshindrade även varit föräldrar. Genom delar av Goffmans teori om stigma och Luhmanns systemteori har intervjumaterialet nalyserats. Analysen visade att det sätt som vi kommunicerar om föräldrar med unktionshinder påverkar hur stigmatiserad föräldern ska bli samt att det är vi alla tillsammans – privatpersoner, politiker och tjänstemän med eller utan funktionshinder– som sinsemellan skapar denna kommunikation inom de olika sociala system vi ingår i och därmed vilka värderingar och attityder som blir rådande i samhället.

  • 133.
    Berg, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Österdahl, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
     Unga föräldrar:  En kvalitativ studie om ungt föräldraskap sett utifrån professionellas perspektiv 2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper was to examine how young parenthood is represented by the professionals and their thoughts and experiences from meetings with the young parents, and how the professionals work with this group of parents. As professionals we refer to those who work with young parents, and the definition of young parents are parents in the ages 15-24. The paper also discusses what needs these parents have, and what kind of support the society offers, according to the professionals. The method we worked with was interviews and we interviewed six professionals to find out how the professionals looked upon the young parents and their situation. Earlier research has stated that young parenthood is associated with many risks and disadvantages for both the parents and their children. What we discovered was that young parenthood not necessarily has to be only about disadvantages. Many benefits were brought up during our interviews. Among others the professionals saw the young parents as more spontaneous and more to easy with their children, compared to older parents. The young parents also seemed less concerned than the older parents and their young age made them more biologically suited to have children. Some of the disadvantages we found were that many lacked higher education and trouble finding suitable accommodation because of lack of income. As a conclusion the professionals stated that a social network was of most importance for the young parents.

  • 134.
    Berg, Camilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Larsson, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Det är vår förbannade skyldighet!: En kvalitativ studie av hur socialsekreterare kan uppleva utrymmet för civilkurage2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies public service social workers' opinions regarding their ability to act with moral courage as loyalty conflicts occur. The purpose of the thesis is to describe the social workers' experiences of their possibilities to stand up for what they believe in. We made qualitative interviews with five social workers in Stockholm. In an effort to pinpoint their experiences we asked them questions about what they want but cannot do and what is stop-ping them, what they do not want to do and why, aswell as what the possible solutions would be as loyalty conflicts occur. We were able to identify five different opinions on the organisa-tional cultures and how the employees' experience the extent of their actions. The social workers agree that at the moment they are able to alert a manager should a loyalty conflict occur and neither would want to further complicate the situation by working slower.The ob-stacles for acting in a loyalty conflict is connected to the hierarchies and abuse of power and personal impediments like their own expectations and dejected opinions such as "nothing is going to change anyway". When the social worker chooses not to act it is often because of moral values.

  • 135.
    Berg Eklundh, Lotta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Kontaktfamilj: En förebyggande stödinsats eller mellanvård?2010Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The contact family is a special intervention for supporting children in families with social problems. The child receives an ‘extra family’ with whom he or she can spend limited periods, like one or two weekends every month, one or two weekday nights and some holiday weeks during the year. The concept is that sharing this ‘extra family’s’ everyday life helps the child to build up resiliency and become better able to handle everyday life in the biological family. The members of the contact family can serve as role models and provide good examples of how to handle such situations as family and sibling conflicts. Sometimes the child finds ‘a significant other’ in the contact family, i.e. an adult who understands the child’s needs, listens to the child’s thoughts and worries and assists in evaluating the child’s cognitive abilities. This form of social support is decided on and paid for by the Social Welfare Service in the community where the child lives with the biological family.

    This study concerns 50 children living in four municipalities in Sweden who had received contact families in year 2000. It is a longitudinal study conducted over a period of seven years comprising both interviews and analysis of the social service offices’ documentation on each of the 50 children in the study. The empirical material was collected on four occasions (2000, 2003, 2005 and 2007. Interviews were conducted with a number of social workers involved in the cases, 15 of the children, their biological parents and the contact parents.

    The theoretical foundation for the study is the ecological model of human development, which places the child in the centre surrounded by the four systems and  with the contact family as a possible ‘proximal process’. The analyses were made from the perspective of the social workers’ scope of action and that of the participating children’s perspectives.

    The results showed that the parents who applied for a contact family (often a single parent, usually the mother) did so in order to obtain some relief from their parental duties and/or because they lacked a social network. The majority of the children had parents with social problems, such as substance addiction, a mental disorder or other health problems. As many as 30 of the children had experienced domestic violence. Nearly 40% had also experienced being placed with a contact family that in periods functioned as a short-term emergency children’s home or foster home.

    Only two of the children had the possibility to participate in choosing whether or not to have a contact family. Several of the children participated in the ongoing process of arranging for the contact family and in making the decision to terminate the arrangement, or to move in with the contact family as foster children or with the contact family functioning as a form of supported housing.

  • 136.
    Berg, Emma
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Ungdomar som lämnar samhällsvård vid 18 år: vilket ansvar har socialtjänsten?2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats var att undersöka utslussning och eftervård av ungdomar som är familjehemsplacerade då de blir myndiga. För att uppnå syftet gjordes en redogörelse för den rättsliga regleringen av eftervården samt hur eventuella förberedande insatser för vårdens avslut planeras. Genom intervjuer med socialsekreterare studerades även hur socialtjänsten i praktiken förbereder ungdomar för livet efter en familjehemsplacering. Både en juridisk och rättsociologisk metod användes i undersökningen. Resultaten av datainsamlingen analyserades utifrån ett empowerment perspektiv. Genomgången av lagstiftningen visade att det inte finns några rättsregler som specifikt reglerar utslussning och eftervård av familjehemsplacerade ungdomar. Socialsekreterare som arbetar med den aktuella klientgruppen har huvudsakligen generella mål och principer som ledstjärnor i sitt arbete. Socialsekreterarna lägger en stor del av ansvaret för utslussningen på familjehemsföräldrarna och det framkom att ungdomarnas delaktighet i utformningen av vården var begränsad. Många av de ungdomar som lämnar vården vid 18 års ålder har fortfarande mycket stora behov av stöd och hjälp och de insatser som socialtjänsten har att erbjuda upplevs inte vara tillräckliga.

  • 137.
    Berg, Lisa
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Brännström, Lars
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Evicted children and subsequent placement in out-of-home care: A cohort study2018Inngår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, nr 4, artikkel-id e0195295Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Evictions may have serious consequences for individuals’ health and wellbeing. Even though an eviction may be experienced as a significant crisis for the family, there is little previous knowledge on consequences for evicted children. This study represents the first attempt to examine to what extent children from evicted households were separated from their parents and placed in out-of-home care (foster family or residential care) using population-based data, net of observed confounding factors related to the socioeconomic and psychosocial circumstances of their parents.

    Methods

    This study takes advantage of information from a Swedish national database, consisting of about 8 000 evicted individuals and a random sample of 770 000 individuals from the national population, linked to individual-level, longitudinal data from Swedish national registers. Our analytical sample consists of information for more than 250 000 children born in 1995–2008, including 2 224 children from evicted households. We used binary logistic regression based on the Karlson/Holm/Breen method to account for observed imbalances at baseline between evicted and non-evicted children.

    Results

    Compared to non-evicted children, the crude odds ratio for placement in out-of-home care in evicted children was 12.10 (95% CI 8.54–17.14). Net of observed confounding factors related to the socioeconomic and psychosocial circumstances of the parents, evicted children had a twofold elevated risk of being placed in out-of-home care (odds ratio 2.26, 95% CI 1.55–3.27). Crude OR for evicted children in comparison with children under threat of eviction (eviction not formally executed) was 1.71 (95% CI 1.17–2.49) and adjusted OR 1.58 (95% CI 1.06–2.35).

    Conclusion

    Children who experience eviction constitute a disadvantaged group and are at significant risk of being separated from their parents and placed in out-of-home care. These results demonstrate the importance of providing support for these children and their parents. Strategies to prevent households with children from being evicted seem to be an important and viable intervention path.

  • 138.
    Berg, Lisa
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om ojämlikhet i hälsa (CHESS).
    Bäck, Karin
    Vinnerljung, Bo
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Hjern, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om ojämlikhet i hälsa (CHESS). Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Parental alcohol-related disorders and school performance in 16 year olds - a national cohort study2016Inngår i: Addiction, ISSN 0965-2140, E-ISSN 1360-0443, Vol. 111, nr 10, s. 1795-1803Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To study the links between parental alcohol-related disorders and offspring school performance and, specifically, whether associations vary by gender of parent or child and whether associations are mediated by other adverse psychosocial circumstances commonly appearing together with parental alcohol problems, such as parental mental health problems or criminal behaviour.

    Register study in a national cohort.

    Setting

    Sweden.

    740 618 individuals born in Sweden in 1990-1996.

    Parental hospital admissions for alcohol-related disorders and school performance in their offspring, in the final year of compulsory school at age 15-16, was analysed in relation to sociodemographic confounders and psychosocial covariates, using linear and logistic regressions.

    Both mothers’ and fathers’ alcohol-related hospital admissions were associated with lower z-scores of grades and national mathematic tests scores. After adjustment for parental education and sociodemographic confounders, beta-coefficients of z-scores of grades were -0.42 (95% CI -0.45, -0.39) and -0.42 (95 % CI -0.43,-0.40), and beta-coefficients of mathematic tests scores were -0.36 (95% CI -0.39, -0.33) and -0.31 (95% CI -0.33, -0.29), for mothers’ and fathers’ alcohol-related disorders, respectively. Adjusted ORs for not being eligible for secondary school were 1.99 (95% CI 1.84-2.15) and 2.04 (95% CI 1.95-2.15) for mothers’ and fathers’ alcohol-related disorders, respectively. Adjusting the analyses for psychosocial factors in the family almost eradicated the statistical effects of parental alcohol-related disorders on offspring school performance to beta-coefficients of 0.03 to -0.10 and ORs of 0.89 to 1.15. The effect of a mother's alcohol-related hospital admission on school performance was stronger in girls than in boys, whereas no gender differences were seen for a father's alcohol-related hospital admission.

    Conclusions

    In Sweden, alcohol-related disorders in both mothers and fathers are associated with lower school performance in their children at age 15-16, with most of the statistical effects being attributed to psychosocial circumstances of the family, such as parental psychiatric disorders, drug use, and criminality and receipt of social or child welfare interventions.

  • 139.
    Berg, Lisa
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om ojämlikhet i hälsa (CHESS). Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Hjern, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om ojämlikhet i hälsa (CHESS). Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Barn till föräldrar med cancer – hur många berörs och vilka är konsekvenserna i ett livsloppsperspektiv?2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 140.
    Bergbäck, Tina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Gormaz, Percival
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Föräldraskap, vad är det?: en studie där lesbiska föräldrar som fått barn genom insemination står i fokus2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vår uppsats var att visa föräldrabegreppets mångfacettering och vi exemplifierade föräldraskapet genom att studera lesbiska föräldrar som fått barn genom insemination. För att uppnå syftet gjordes både litteraturstudier och kvalitativa respondentintervjuer. Studien hade ett socialkonstruktivistiskt perspektiv, rättsligt baserade perspektiv och ett visst barnperspektiv som teoretiska utgångspunkter. Dessa nyttjades även som analysverktyg och för att utforska motsägelserna i vårt material användes ett dialektiskt analysverktyg. Materialet analyserades enligt en ad-hoc metod. Ny fertilitetsteknik har gjort det möjligt för lesbiska att välja ett föräldraskap utan pappa. Utifrån det socialkonstruktivistiska synsättet framkom det att samhällets syn är baserad på gamla uppfattningar av vad föräldraskap är. Kärnfamiljen finns integrerad som norm både i lagstiftningen och hos människor, men dagens föräldrar konstruerar sitt föräldraskap utifrån sina egna premisser.

  • 141.
    Bergfeldt, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Bergman, Pia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Om att våga lyfta frågan: en kvalitativ studie om orsaker till hedersrelaterat förtryck och frivilligorganisationers attitydförändringsarbete2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research has been to investigate possible reasons for why honour related oppression exist in Sweden as well as to find out how some voluntary organisations work to change honour oppression related attitudes. The questions that the reserachers were trying to answer were (1) What are the possible causes for honour related oppression in Sweden? (2) How can honour related oppression be identified? (3) What are the voluntary organisations doing to change these attitudes? To answer these questions a qualitative method was used. The reserachers examined what leading researchers in this area thought were the reasons to why honour related oppression exist and then carried out interviews with participants from four voluntary organisations. A social constructional approached were chosen as the theoretical framework for this research and the results were also analysed from several perspectives. The reserachers found that the reasons for the honour related oppression links to the upkeep of old traditions and customs as well as gaps in the Swedish integration of immigrants. The researchers concluded that the honour related oppression exist due to old habits that can change over time.

  • 142.
    Bergfors, Gisela
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Cernvall, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Den förlorade barndomen: - en studie av sex tidigare fosterbarns upplevelser av vanvård vid placering i samhällsvård2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study has been to describe and analyze how former foster children experienced foster care which have been filled with maltreatment and neglect and how this has influenced their adult life when it comes to health, education and relationships. We also wanted to study how the former foster children coped with their placement. Furthermore we wanted to study whether there has been any turningpoints during their growth. Finally we wanted to describe how the former foster children experienced the authorities control. To make the purpose of this study complete we chose to use qualitative interviews with six former foster children as our research method. When we analyzed the results we used developmentalpsychopathology, sense of coherence and earlier research. Our results shows that former foster children who have been maltreated and neglected in foster care have health problems, both mental and physical, they enter adolescence with low education and they have problems with close relationships. Our results also shows that former foster children who have been in foster care for a longer timer tend to have lower Sense of coherence. Furthermore our study shows that our interviewees are satisfied with their lives today.

  • 143.
    Berglund, Camilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Karlsson, Eva
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    ”Det feta barnet”: en diskursanalys av dagspressens framställning av barn som bedöms som överviktiga eller feta2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this undergraduate thesis was to examine the media’s portrayal of overweight and obese children and their surroundings, using the first and third dimensions of Fairclough’s three dimensional model for critical discourse analysis. The study addressed the following questions: How does the press, in this study represented by two newspapers, portray overweight and obese children? What discourses regarding overweight and obesity among children are the most prominent in these two newspapers? What risks and negative influences in the child’s surroundings are identified, and how are they described? What social representations can the images of overweight and obese children originate from? The analyzed material consisted of 62 articles from Dagens Nyheter and Aftonbladet, which were analyzed using the earlier mentioned method for discourse analysis, as well as the theory of social representations. The results showed that “the fat child” and its environment were portrayed exclusively in negative terms, and a discourse linking obesity and ill-health dominated a large part of the material. A number of risks, for example food risks and lifestyle risks said to play a part in the child’s ill-health were identified. Three social representations were identified throughout the material and said to contribute to, as well as result from, the images of “the fat child”.

  • 144.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    A reasonable cost?:  On politics, dubious calculations and involuntary consumers2010Inngår i: Nordisk Alkohol- og narkotikatidsskrift (NAT), ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Nordic studies on alcohol and drugs, Vol. 27, s. 335-337Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 145.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Den evidensbaserade praktikens gränser – om konsekvenserna av ”the Dodo bird verdict”2009Inngår i: Alkohol och Droger – samhällsvetenskapliga perspektiv. / [ed] Hübner, L. & Billinger K., Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2009Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 146.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Den vetenskapliga grunden för psykosocial missbruksbehandling2010Inngår i: Socionomens forskningssupplement, nr 28, s. 20-27Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 147.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Drug misuse - psychosocial interventions2009Inngår i: Addiction, ISSN 0965-2140, E-ISSN 1360-0443, ISSN 0965-2140, Vol. 104, nr 4, s. 676-677Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 148.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Guidelines and Evidence-based Practice: A critical appraisal of the Swedish national guidelines for addiction treatment2007Inngår i: Nordisk alkohol- och narkotikatidskrift, Vol. 24, nr 5, s. 445-455Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 149.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Interpretation of the outcome of the COMBINE study2008Inngår i: Addiction, Vol. 103, nr 5, s. 710-710Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 150.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Koloss på lerfötter?:  Svagt empiriskt stöd för Missbruksutredningens förslag (SOU 2011:35)2011Inngår i: Nordisk Alkohol- og narkotikatidsskrift (NAT), ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, Vol. 28, nr 4, s. 393-396Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
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