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  • 101.
    Fredengren, Christina
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Re-wilding the Environmental Humanities: A Deep Time Comment2018Ingår i: Current Swedish Archaeology, ISSN 1102-7355, Vol. 26, s. 50-60Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The reasoning around the Anthropocene starts with a sobering clarification – human agency has not only created high culture, such as buildings, tools or art, by its actions. What are left are also heritages of  species and gender inequalities, scarred landscapes, waste, toxicities, species extinctions, mono-cultures, layers at the beds of oceans, climate and environmental change. This is a mixed heritage (often unlabelled) that is the result of material interferences that change the textures of times, that territorialize futures to come, that shape the spaces and cartographies within which future (multispecies) generations can manoeuvre.

    I ask again, with Haraway (2016:100), what measures need to be taken to make the Anthropocene as thin as possible? What are the means with which the humanities, however loosely formed, can contribute with towards that end? Here I share the visions of Riede, but find the paper somewhat limiting. Does the present predicament not demand of us a more undisciplined academic encounter – and a rewilding of the humanities – to form these transversal modes of querying past, present, futures? Does it not need a lot of creativity to find a range of engagements, knowledges and inspirations to work elsewise? What interests me is how to expand on scientifically informed multi-species storytelling, with a base in archaeological materials that deals with how to tie human-animal knots and temporal relations in other ways. There are other ways to relate to and be related to by the environment (see Fredengren, this volume). For such it is very premature to set boundaries for what archaeology may bring to the Environmental Humanities table, as both subjects are on the move. 

    Likewise, I ask how heritage is captured as time elements, in presentisms, in merges of materialities and meaning, in troubled bodies, in how to deal with anthropocentrism in heritage making, how to capture heritages as process ontologies as human-animal relations (Fredengren 2015, 2018). I also ask what modes and models of stewardship (who cares for whom, according to what ethic and on what mandate) come with the heritage business? I am curious about people’s relationships with the more-than-human, with things, place and spaces, and with care and curatorship in a wider sense. However, I do not envisage the meeting between environmental humanities and archaeology to be limited to these matters, but to be developed through various creative and affirmative encounters. 

    And then I ask … for what causes do we do this? Is it to establish subject boundaries and to carve up academic terrain, or for forming new types of unexpected collaborations? And perhaps, at the end of the day … as many of us would say, don’t we do it … for the love of the world?

  • 102.
    Fredengren, Christina
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Water politics: Wet deposition of human and animal remains in Uppland, Sweden2015Ingår i: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, nr 110, s. 161-183Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents evidence for deposition of human and animal remains in watery locations in Uppland province. Likewise, deposition of artefacts in watery locations also seems to continue into the historical period. This changes the previous understanding of such depositions with regards to their geographical distribution, their contents and how long the practices continued.

    It is argued that the changing water landscape and the deposition of bodily remains of certain human and animal others co-worked agentically to change a variety of relations over time, which had political effects. These assemblages operated to draw attention to and from settlement clusters and central places, and were important in negotiations of boundaries. Furthermore, some depositional sites used in earlier periods seem to have attracted renewed attention at the end of the Viking Period. Hence, these depositions may have been important in the transition from Paganism to Christianity, and also helped merge communities and faiths.

  • 103.
    Fredengren, Christina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Löfqvist, Camilla
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Food for Thor: The Deposition of Human and Animal Remains in a Swedish Wetland2015Ingår i: Journal of Wetland Archaeology, ISSN 1473-2971, E-ISSN 2051-6231, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 122-148Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper publishes an assemblage of human- and animal remains from Torresta, a wetland site in Uppland, mid-Sweden, dating to the Bronze- and Early Iron Ages. The location of this material suggests that the phenomena of depositing bodies in watery places occurred much further north than has formerly been accounted for. It is argued that the understanding of such depositions may gain by a move from an anthropocentric focus to include relationships between humans, animals and landscape. In particular, the study makes an effort to explore whether the remains of human and animal bodies were parts of networks of care or neglect and how they could have worked in a more-than-human landscape. The paper suggests that these depositions could have operated as religious materiality and unfolds cross-temporal links with the landscape, as the depositions are located at a rock-art site by a fording point, which may have been of multi-species importance. In this place a variety of materialities from the past have formatted and attracted later depositional action. The paper works with a feminist posthuman, relational notion of landscape that experiments with the boundaries between nature and culture and between different times in a place where depositions and bodily movement of humans and animals interlace with geological forces such as land-rise and corresponding water-retreat. Thereby the paper experiments with an altered approach to landscape, accounting for landscape as changing sets of relations, which is more than landscape as captured in the eye of a human beholder or captured in meaning-making processes.

  • 104. Furmanek, Miroslaw
    et al.
    Gralak, Tomasz
    Mackiewicz, Max
    Pokutta, Dalia A.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Archaeological Potential of the Early Bronze Age Barrow Burial Ground in Szczepankowice: A Geophysical Survey and Field Evaluation2015Ingår i: Śląskie Sprawozdania Archeologiczne, ISSN 0520-9250, Vol. 57, s. 93-106Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The site of Szczepankowice situated 24 kilometers southwest of Wrocław is considered to be one of the most important for studies of the Early Bronze Age in Central Europe. In this paper, we present a new assessment of the archaeological potential of the Szczepankowice (sites 1–4) and the surrounding area, based on research including metal detecting, field walking, excavations and geophysical prospection undertaken in 2012. The purpose of the evaluation was to determine the presence or absence, extent, condition, character, quality, and date of archaeological deposits within the area. Earlier discoveries including large quantities of boulders still found on the surface potentially indicated presence of funerary monuments such as barrows at Szczepankowice.

  • 105.
    Ghattas Lama, Elias
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Identifying Prehistoric Origin and Mobility: using Strontium analysis and laser ablation on teeth enamel from Viking Age boat-graves XI and XIII from Tuna in Alsike2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The Viking Age cemetery of Tuna in Alsike from the 9th - 11th century AD is located in the eastern part of middle Sweden and contains inhumation boat graves. Here analysis of Strontium isotopes, using laser ablation method on the tooth enamel of the canine and first molar of two individuals buried in boat-graves XI and XIII have been performed. Comparing Strontium isotope evidence with local strontium ratios and variations indicated that at least one individual, the one in boat-grave XIII, were non-local.

  • 106. Gibbs, Kevin
    et al.
    Isaksson, Sven
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Craig, Oliver E.
    Lucquin, Alexandre
    Grishchenko, Vyacheslav A.
    Farrell, Tom F. G.
    Thompson, Anu
    Kato, Hirofumi
    Vasilevski, Alexander A.
    Jordan, Peter D.
    Exploring the emergence of an 'Aquatic' Neolithic in the Russian Far East: organic residue analysis of early hunter-gatherer pottery from Sakhalin Island2017Ingår i: Antiquity, ISSN 0003-598X, E-ISSN 1745-1744, Vol. 91, nr 360, s. 1484-1500Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Neolithic in north-east Asia is defined by the presence of ceramic containers, rather than agriculture, among hunter-gatherer communities. The role of pottery in such groups has, however, hitherto been unclear. This article presents the results of organic residue analysis of Neolithic pottery from Sakhalin Island in the Russian Far East. Results indicate that early pottery on Sakhalin was used for the processing of aquatic species, and that its adoption formed part of a wider Neolithic transition involving the reorientation of local lifeways towards the exploitation of marine resources.

  • 107.
    Glykou, Aikaterini
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Bjerck, Hein B., Heidi M. Breivik, Silje E. Fretheim, Ernesto L. Piana, Angélica M. Tivoli, A. Francisco J. Zangrado og Birgitte Skar (eds.) 2016: Marine Ventures: Archaeological Perspectives on Human-Sea Relations. Eqinox publishing, Sheffiels2018Ingår i: Primitive tider, ISSN 1501-0430, s. 115-119Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 108.
    Glykou, Aikaterini
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Late Mesolithic-Early Neolithic Sealers: a case study on the exploitation of marine resources during the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition in the south-western Baltic Sea.2014Ingår i: Internet Archaeology, ISSN 1363-5387, E-ISSN 1363-5387, Vol. 37Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the economic significance of marine resources in the south-western Baltic Sea during the transition to agriculture. Faunal remains are used in order to explain subsistence patterns, including preferred prey, exploitation of specific ecozones, hunting methods and techniques, butchering and dietary patterns. Seasonality can be linked to specific economic advantages that result from natural faunal abundances and not selective hunting. The importance of marine resources remains steady during the transition to agriculture, as shown by residue analysis on ceramic vessels from the same archaeological context as well as by faunal abundance.

  • 109.
    Glykou, Aikaterini
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Eriksson, Gunilla
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Storå, Jan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Osteoarkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Schmitt, M.
    Kooijman, E.
    Lidén, Kerstin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Intra- and inter-tooth variation in strontium isotope ratios from prehistoric seals by laser ablation multi-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry2018Ingår i: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, ISSN 0951-4198, E-ISSN 1097-0231, Vol. 32, nr 15, s. 1215-1224Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    RationaleStrontium isotope ratios (Sr-87/Sr-86) in modern-day marine environments are considered to be homogeneous (0.7092). However, in the Baltic Sea, the Sr ratios are controlled by mixing seawater and continental drainage from major rivers discharging into the Baltic. This pilot study explores if variations in Sr can be detected in marine mammals from archaeological sites in the Baltic Sea. Methods(87)Sr/Sr-86 ratios were measured in tooth enamel from three seal species by laser ablation multi-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-MC-ICP-MS). The method enables micro-sampling of solid materials. This is the first time that the method has been applied to marine samples from archaeological collections. ResultsThe analyses showed inter-tooth Sr-87/Sr-86 variation suggesting that different ratios can be detected in different regions of the Baltic Sea. Furthermore, the intra-tooth variation suggests possible different geographic origin or seasonal movement of seals within different regions in the Baltic Sea through their lifetime. ConclusionsThe method was successfully applied to archaeological marine samples showing that: (1) the Sr-87/Sr-86 ratio in marine environments is not uniform, (2) Sr-87/Sr-86 differences might reflect differences in ecology and life history of different seal species, and (3) archaeological mobility studies based on Sr-87/Sr-86 ratios in humans should therefore be evaluated together with diet reconstruction.

  • 110.
    Glykou, Aikaterini
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Goldhammer, Julia
    Hartz, Sönke
    Versunkene Steinzeit: Taucharchäologische Untersuchungen an der schleswig-holsteinische Ostseeküste2014Ingår i: Gestrandet, Versenkt, Versunken: Faszination Unterwasserarchäologie / [ed] Florian Huber, Sunhild Kleingärtner, Neumünster: Wachholtz Verlag, 2014, s. 76-97Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 111.
    Granbom García, Joel
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Det Jämtländska köket: En studie i diet i medeltida Västerhus med hjälp av kol-och kväveisotopanalyser2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with isotope analyses of bones and teeth of two individuals from a medieval cemetery in Västerhus, Jämtland with the purpose to ascertain the diet and how much fish the people ate. The stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen have been analysed with isotope-ratio mass sepectrometry and the diet of the people in Västerhus has been studied. The results show that most of the people had a terrestrial diet and by comparing with Sigtuna, Uppland and Varnhem, Västergötland it was possible to conclude that they ate meat and vegetable feed.

  • 112.
    Gustafsson, Ny Björn
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    A Viking Period Metalworking Hoard from Alvena in Mästerby parish, Gotland2011Ingår i: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 3, s. 242-245Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln är en inledande presentation av en nyfunnen, men utplöjd, depå av vikingatida bronsföremål vilken sedan 2006 har återfunnits med metalldetektor i Mästerby socken på Gotland. Totalt har 5 svärdsknappar och 16 fiskhuvudformiga hängen återfunnits och dessa ger en tydlig datering till sent 900-tal e.Kr. Fyndet är av särskillt intresse för förståelsen av gotländskt metallhantverk under denna tid då inga av föremålen har färdigställts utan deponerats i halvfärdigt skick.

  • 113.
    Gustafsson, Ny Björn
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Arkeologisk undersökning av schaktmassor från 1888-års undersökning av grottan Stora Förvar, Stora Karlsö: Fornlämning RAÄ 138:1, Eksta sn, Gotland 20142015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapport över 2014 års undersökning av utschaktat material från grottan Stora Förvar på Stora Karlsö, Eksta sn Go. Totalt undersöktes 6 kvm och fynd med datering från neolitikum till nyare tid återfanns. Jorden schaktades sannolikt ut från grottan under 1888 års grävning. Bland mer notabla fynd ingår borrar av flinta, vikingatida gjutformsfragment (för spännbuckla, typ P 25), ett verktyg av kopparlegering (sannolikt ett dorn för glaspärletillverkning), järnkrampor från en kogg samt ett gotländskt mynt (Örtug/Gote) från 1400-talet. Fynden pekar, förutom på grottans långa brukningsperiod som sedan tidigare är välkänd, mot att den användes som hantverkslokal under äldre vikingatid. Detta då spår av järnsmide, bronsgjutning, ben-/hornslöjd, stenslipning och glaspärletillverkning finns representerade.

  • 114.
    Gustafsson, Ny Björn
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Beyond Wayland: thoughts on early medieval metal workshops in Scandinavia2012Ingår i: Historical Metallurgy: Journal of the Historical Metallurgy Society, ISSN 0142-3304, Vol. 45, nr 2, s. 20-31Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reflects on and summarises the current state of research on early medieval (750-1100 AD) metal workshops in Scandinavia by way of examples from workshops and metalworking sites recovered via archaeological excavations and surveys over the last 30 years. A critique is presented of a number of features which occur perennially in Scandinavian archaeometallurgical presentations, such as the tendency to overemphasise the importance of written accounts and the common habit of over-interpreting archaeometallurgical finds.

  • 115.
    Gustafsson, Ny Björn
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Evaluating Trace Elements Analysis as a Means to Identify Early MetalworkersIngår i: International journal of osteoarchaeology, ISSN 1047-482X, E-ISSN 1099-1212Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the results from Flame Atomic absorption spectroscopy Trace elements analyses for lead, zinc and copper in human bone samples from 31 Scandinavian inhumation graves from the Iron Age and Early Medieval Period (c 200-1100 AD). The analyses were undertaken to evaluate the evidences of a possible connection between raised levels of – primarily – skeletal lead and ante mortem exposure during working of non-ferrous metals. The result showed that significantly elevated levels of skeletal lead were present in samples from two individuals whose burials included tools for metalworking whereas a third individual with elevated lead levels had not been buried with any metalworking insignia. Previous studies have connected increased levels of lead with post mortem diagenetic alteration but despite that it is cautiously argued that the increased levels of skeletal lead should rather be seen as a result of involvement in non-ferrous metalworking.

  • 116.
    Gustafsson, Ny Björn
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    För folk och fä: Om vikingatida fjättrar och deras användning2009Ingår i: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 104, nr 2, s. 89-96Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout and beyond the Norse cultural sphere many Viking Period iron shackles have been recovered. Despite a common notion that the slave trade was important during the era, these shackles are usually interpreted as hobbles for horses and other animals, rather than restraints for humans. Here is argued that there are good reasons to see the shackles as indicators of restrained humans - captives, slaves or both. It is also argued that the distinction between animal hobbles and human restraints is perhaps moot since the shackles could well have served both purposes.

  • 117.
    Gustafsson, Ny Björn
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    In the wake of the hoards: Glimpses of non-ferrous metalworking through the finds of the Gotland hoard project2013Ingår i: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 108, nr 1, s. 1-11Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses non-ferrous metalworking on Gotland, Sweden, c. AD 500–1150 as it is reflected through products and production debris recovered during metal detector surveys over a period of more than 30 years. Since most of the surveys were focused on the recovery of silver hoards the production-related finds have mostly been overlooked by previous research. This is unfortunate since they often offer important clues, both for establishing where non-ferrous metalworking occurred and to how it was organised. An additional number of sites, identified through more traditional archaeological methods are also discussed. Altogether these finds help to increase the understanding of the Gotlandic society in the late Iron Age and Early Medieval Period.

  • 118.
    Gustafsson, Ny Björn
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    New Light on Tempered Clay: 3D White Light Scanning as a Means of Analysis of Early Medieval Casting Moulds2011Ingår i: Lund Archaeological Review, ISSN 1401-2189, Vol. 15-16, s. 5-10Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vid arkeologiska utgrävningar i Kv Trädgårdsmästaren, Sigtuna, åren 1988-90 återfanns, bland mycket annat, vikingatida gjutformar av magrad lera. Dessa återfanns i en grop som kontextuellt dateras till mitten av 1000-talet e.Kr. Många av formarna härrör från gjutning av beslag till ett träns som allmänt ses som Anglo-Danskt. Artikeln belyser olika apekter av vad som framkommit sedan ett av dessa fragmen analyserats med hjälp av 3D vitljusskanner. Vidare ges ett antal tolkande förslag till varför sådana gjutformar hittats i just Sigtuna, långt från tränstypens antagna kärnområde.

  • 119.
    Gustafsson, Ny Björn
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Scrutinizing copper and bronze slag on Gotland: On the making and dismantling of a category of archaeometallurgical finds2013Ingår i: Journal of Nordic Archaeological Science, ISSN 1650-1519, Vol. 18, s. 49-53Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to introduce a relatively unknown and sadly misinterpreted type of archaeological find. Finds of copper and bronze slag have been reported at various settlements on Gotland since the 1930s at least, and from early on this slag was provided with a legend of its own – that it was derived from a little-known local industry producing copper. During the last 30 years the number of finds of this type has risen considerably due to the organized use of metal detectors for investigating ploughed-over settlements. Contrary to the earlier assumptions, examination of a number of these finds has shown that they are by no means slag but fragments of refractorised hearth lining from ploughed-over workshop areas. Rather than copper production, they point to other disciplines associated with non-ferrous metalworking – presumably casting.

  • 120.
    Gustafsson, Ny Björn
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Vikingatida blästerskydd av sten och lera från Mälardalen2009Ingår i: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 104, nr 4, s. 253-261Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents nine bellows shields made of stone from the Lake Mälaren area in Sweden. Previously such objects have predominately been reported from western and southern Scandinavia, but evidently they were also used at East Scandinavian localities. Additionally a tenth possible bellows shield, made of a shard from a broken steatite vessel is presented. Along with the bellows shields of stone a number of ceramic bellow shields are also brought to light and some doubts are expressed as to the common notion that most so-called round clay tuyères or bellows nozzles are all-but impossible to separate from ditto loom weights. This, it is argued, partly builds on old misconceptions which might be dealt with through comparative studies and thorough experiments with traditionally equipped forges.

  • 121.
    Gustafsson, Ny Björn
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Viberg, Andreas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Magnetometerutvärdering av stengrundsbebyggelse. Lyrungs 1:2 (f.d. Stånga Annex 1:1), Raä 48:1, Stånga sn, Gotland2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I november 2011 genomförde Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet, Stockholms universitet, en undersökning inom fastigheten Lyrungs 1:2 (f.d. Stånga Annex 1:1) i Stånga sn, Gotland. Målet med undersökningen var att utpröva och undersöka lämpligheten av magnetometrisk prospektering på en arkeologisk fyndlokal med delvis känd utbredning och stratigrafi (Raä Stånga 48:1 – ett stengrundshus med sekundär, överlagrande vikingatida byggnad). Undersökningen gav mycket goda resultat i fråga om utbredning och avgränsning av i ytan svåröverskådliga eller helt osynliga stenkonstruktioner av icke-gotländsk sten. 1kvm undersöktes och där återfanns fynd av samma karaktär som vid tidigare undersökningar på platsen (glastesserae, slagg, keramiska vävtyngede etc)

  • 122.
    Gustafsson, Ny Björn
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Viberg, Andreas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Tracing High-temperature Crafts: magnetometry on the Island of Gotland, Sweden2012Ingår i: Archaeological Prospection, ISSN 1075-2196, E-ISSN 1099-0763, Vol. 19, nr 3, s. 201-208Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Gradiometer surveys have been carried at three Iron Age and early medieval sites on the island of Gotland, Sweden. Previous experiences of poorly executed magnetic surveys combined with a misconception among archaeologists that the Gotlandic sedimentary bedrock would preclude the success of any magnetic investigations on the island have, until now, prevented the extended use of the method within archaeological projects. The purpose of the present study was to test this presumption while searching for in situ buried remains of high-temperature crafts, such as metal and glass working. The location of the survey grids was guided by concentrations of previously recovered hightemperature craft finds from metal detector surveys and excavations. The results indicate that the magnetometer is a valuable tool for detecting the presence of preserved high-temperature craft structures in the Gotlandic soil. An additional result indicates that in this area the magnetometer can easily identify remains of ploughed-over Iron Age stone foundation houses and stone boundary walls. This is possible because of the prehistoric population’s preference of using glacially deposited, igneous rocks in such constructions. It can thus be concluded that the uniformly nonmagnetic character of the Gotlandic bedrock provides excellent conditions for conducting magnetic surveys.

  • 123.
    Gustafsson, Ny Björn
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Viberg, Andreas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Under plogdjup: Arkeologiska undersökningar inom fornlämning RAÄ 109, Linde sn, Gotland 2009 & 20102011Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 124.
    Gustavsson, Kenneth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Otterböte: New Light on a Bronze Age Site in the Baltic1997Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 125.
    Götherström, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Acquired or inherited prestige?: molecular studies of family structures and local horses in Central Svealand during the Early Medieval period2001Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study of the role of inheritance among the élite in Early Medieval central Svealand and the possibility to study it by molecular genetic methods. The study is a part of the research project Svealand in the Vendel and Viking periods (SIV). The study rests on classical as well as a new type of source material.

    Hypotheses are built on the results from a research tradition resting on more than a century of data gathering and analysis. The boat cemeteries in central Svealand hold a central position in this work. Several models have been constructed over the years to explain the appearance of these special and often rich remains. In this work they are discussed in terms of inherited or acquired status, the status that gave the individual the right to such burial. Since these sites have often been discussed in terms of control of northern trade routs, a discussion on ethnicity is inevitable. A distinction between genetic and cultural belonging is made.

    To test the models, built upon classic archaeological research, molecular genetics is applied to the material. A variety of such molecular systems exist for studies on modern material. Some of them have been selected and heavily modified to be applicable to archaeological material. Systems based on maternally as well as paternally and Mendelian inheritances are used. One of the goals in the methodological work has been to establish which of the methods that may reveal relevant information if applied to archaeological material.

    Bone material from humans as well as from horses was used to test the models. The human material was mainly gathered from excavations of boat cemeteries in central Svealand, but also from an early Christian site in southern Norrland. The horse material was from a wider geographical area, including central Svealand as well as the Baltic islands Öland and Gotland, and sites in Estonia. The material was mainly from contexts of a high social status, but also, to a much lesser extent, from more common society levels. The results reveal an archaeological potential in the genetic studies of ancient bones. Genetic relations were identified on several cemeteries (Badelunda, Alsike and Björned), but also individuals with no genetic relation to the others were identified (Alsike and Björned). Horses of different sexes and with different maternal origin were also identified.

    The results indicate that the kin was an important feature in the upper class during the Early Medieval period in central Svealand. The kin probably had a higher importance than gender belonging. The studied horses reveal a similar situation where features other than the sex seems to have been important. However, the family seems to have been an open unit where it was possible for outsiders to enter and become a part. Thus, inheritance was important, but it was possible for an individual with deviating background to reach a desired position in other ways. There was no absolute connection between social status and genetics. As for one of the main status object, the horse, a dynamic and continuous distribution is suggested, either based on trade or on a gift system.

  • 126.
    Götherström, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Collins, M. J.
    Angerbjörn, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Zoologiska institutionen.
    Lidén, Kerstin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Bone preservation and DNA amplification2002Ingår i: Archaeometry, ISSN 0003-813X, E-ISSN 1475-4754, Vol. 44, nr 3, s. 395-404Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of ancient DNA has increased during the past two decades in several scientific disciplines. However, the underlying mechanism of DNA degradation in bone tissue are poorly understood. Here we address the importance of hydroxyapatite and collagen for DNA preservation in bone. We used two series of bones and teeth, one set of modern experimentally degraded bovid bones and one set of ancient horse bones/teeth. From these samples, we measured crystallinity, DNA presence and extracted collagen. The mtDNA fragments, parts of cytochrome b and the D-loop were amplified and sequenced. Our results show that presence of DNA was strongly related to the crystallinity in the hydroxyapatite and to the amount of collagen. This suggests that the hypothesis that hydroxyapatite has a crucial role in DNA preservation in calcified tissue is valid; and hydroxyapatite and collagen can be used to indicate whether DNA is present in the material. This is what would be expected if DNA is adsorbed to and stabilized by hydroxyapatite in calcified tissue, and collagen is part of the complex system that preserves DNA in bone tissue. Further, since collagen is the preferred material for radiocarbon dating, such bones may be a starting-point for a DNA analysis.

  • 127. Haak, Wolfgang
    et al.
    Lazaridis, Iosif
    Patterson, Nick
    Rohland, Nadin
    Mallick, Swapan
    Llamas, Bastien
    Brandt, Guido
    Nordenfelt, Susanne
    Harney, Eadaoin
    Stewardson, Kristin
    Fu, Qiaomei
    Mittnik, Alissa
    Banffy, Eszter
    Economou, Christos
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Francken, Michael
    Friederich, Susanne
    Pena, Rafael Garrido
    Hallgren, Fredrik
    Khartanovich, Valery
    Khokhlov, Aleksandr
    Kunst, Michael
    Kuznetsov, Pavel
    Meller, Harald
    Mochalov, Oleg
    Moiseyev, Vayacheslav
    Nicklisch, Nicole
    Pichler, Sandra L.
    Risch, Roberto
    Rojo Guerra, Manuel A.
    Roth, Christina
    Szecsenyi-Nagy, Anna
    Wahl, Joachim
    Meyer, Matthias
    Krause, Johannes
    Brown, Dorcas
    Anthony, David
    Cooper, Alan
    Alt, Kurt Werner
    Reich, David
    Massive migration from the steppe was a source for Indo-European languages in Europe2015Ingår i: Nature, ISSN 0028-0836, E-ISSN 1476-4687, Vol. 522, nr 7555, s. 207-+Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We generated genome-wide data from 69 Europeans who lived between 8,000-3,000 years ago by enriching ancient DNA libraries for a target set of almost 400,000 polymorphisms. Enrichment of these positions decreases the sequencing required for genome-wide ancient DNA analysis by a median of around 250-fold, allowing us to study an order of magnitude more individuals than previous studies(1-8) and to obtain new insights about the past. We show that the populations of Western and Far Eastern Europe followed opposite trajectories between 8,000-5,000 years ago. At the beginning of the Neolithic period in Europe, similar to 8,000-7,000 years ago, closely related groups of early farmers appeared in Germany, Hungary and Spain, different from indigenous hunter-gatherers, whereas Russia was inhabited by a distinctive population of hunter-gatherers with high affinity to a similar to 24,000-year-old Siberian(6). By similar to 6,000-5,000 years ago, farmers throughout much of Europe had more hunter-gatherer ancestry than their predecessors, but in Russia, the Yamnaya steppe herders of this time were descended not only from the preceding eastern European hunter-gatherers, but also from a population of Near Eastern ancestry. Western and Eastern Europe came into contact similar to 4,500 years ago, as the Late Neolithic Corded Ware people from Germany traced similar to 75% of their ancestry to the Yamnaya, documenting a massive migration into the heartland of Europe from its eastern periphery. This steppe ancestry persisted in all sampled central Europeans until at least similar to 3,000 years ago, and is ubiquitous in present-day Europeans. These results provide support for a steppe origin(9) of at least some of the Indo-European languages of Europe.

  • 128. Hagenblad, Jenny
    et al.
    Leino, Matti W.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Hernández Afonso, Guacimara
    Afonso Morales, Desirée
    Morphological and genetic characterization of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) landraces in the Canary Islands2019Ingår i: Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, ISSN 0925-9864, E-ISSN 1573-5109, Vol. 66, nr 2, s. 465-480Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Barley has been continuously cultivated in the Canary archipelago for millennia, and to this day landrace barley is the preferred choice for cultivation. We have morphologically and genetically characterized 57 landraces collected during the twenty-first century and conserved in genebanks. The majority of accessions were of the six-row type. Although landraces from the same island tended to be similar, the results showed morphological and genetic diversity both within and in the case of genetic data among islands. Accessions from the easternmost islands were genetically distinct from those from the central and western islands. Accessions from the western islands often had a mixed genetical composition, suggesting more recent exchange of plant material with the central islands. The geographic distribution of diversity suggests that conservation of barley genetic resources needs to consider all islands in the archipelago. Landrace barley from the Canary archipelago was found to be morphologically distinct from continental landrace barley. We suggest the uniqueness of Canarian barley, in terms of morphology and genetic diversity, can be used for marketing purposes providing added market value to the crop.

  • 129.
    Hamrin, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Fosfat- och spårämnesanalys av ett golvlager från smedjan i Björkögarnisonen2003Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay deals with a part of the smithy in the garrison at Björkö, wich was excavated in 2002. Trace element analysis and phosphate analysis has been made on soilsamples from the floor. The results of these analyses are discussed and compared to other results of trace element analysis made recently from the rest of the smithy. It is suggested that this part of the smithy has been in use for a longer period of time than the rest of it, or that it has been the place for dumped scraps left over from the iron-work.

  • 130.
    Hansson, Ann-Marie
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    On plant food in the Scandinavian peninsula in Early Medieval times.1997Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 131. Haydock, Hannah
    et al.
    Clarke, Leon
    Craig-Atkins, Elizabeth
    Howcroft, Rachel
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Buckberry, Jo
    Weaning at Anglo-Saxon raunds: Implications for changing breastfeeding practice in britain over two millennia2013Ingår i: American Journal of Physical Anthropology, ISSN 0002-9483, E-ISSN 1096-8644, Vol. 151, nr 4, s. 604-612Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated stable-isotope ratio evidence of weaning for the late Anglo-Saxon population of Raunds Furnells, Northamptonshire, UK. delta N-15 and delta C-13 values in rib collagen were obtained for individuals of different ages to assess the weaning age of infants within the population. A peak in delta N-15 values at about 2-year-old, followed by a decline in delta N-15 values until age three, indicates a change in diet at that age. This change in nitrogen isotope ratios corresponds with the mortality profile from the site, as well as with archaeological and documentary evidence on attitudes towards juveniles in the Anglo-Saxon period. The pattern of delta C-13 values was less clear. Comparison of the predicted age of weaning to published data from sites dating from the Iron Age to the 19th century in Britain reveals a pattern of changing weaning practices over time, with increasingly earlier commencement and shorter periods of complementary feeding in more recent periods. Such a change has implications for the interpretation of socioeconomic changes during this period of British history, since earlier weaning is associated with decreased birth spacing, and could thus have contributed to population growth.

  • 132.
    Hedberg, Ellinor
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Ett hus i Sandby borg: Elementanalys av jordprover från Hus 42017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 133.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Birka2016Ingår i: Wikinger!, Rosenheim: Koehler im Maximilian Verlag GmbH & Co. KG , 2016, s. 68-71Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 134.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Close encounters with the byzantine border zones: on the eastern connections of the Birka warrior2015Ingår i: Scandinavia and the Balkans: cultural interactions with Byzantium and Eastern Europe in the first millennium AD / [ed] Oksana Minaeva, Lena Holmquist, Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2015, s. 139-152Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Eastern region of Viking-Age Scandinavia. The inhabitants constituted a cultural and social mix including people of various origins and with influences from a vast region of different cultures. This diverse mix of material culture and social practices is particularly noticeable in the context of the warriors. Perhaps more than others, these men were accustomed to the practices and traits of other groups of people and were impressed by foreign weaponry and warfare techniques. They combined high mobility with a tight-knit social structure and openness to new techniques and ideas. Their objective to serve the functions and people of the town, rather than a regional chieftain or petty king, made them stand out as a group, even compared to contemporary groups of warriors from nearby places. The strong presence of influences from the regions east and southeast of Scandinavia is predominantly evident. So what can be said about the evident Eastern connections of the Birka warriors?

  • 135.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Joonas Ahola & Frog with Clive Tolley (eds.): Fibula, Fabula, Fact: The Viking Age in Finland. Studia Fennica Historica 18. Finnish Literature Society, Helsinki 2014. ISBN 978-952-222-603-7. 519 pp.2015Ingår i: Fennoscandia Archaeologica, ISSN 0781-7126, Vol. XXXII, s. 169-171Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 136.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Joonas Ahola, Frog & Jenni Lucenius (eds.): The Viking Age in Åland: Insights into Identity and Remnants of Culture. Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae, Humaniora 372. Academia scientiarum Fennica, Helsinki 2014. ISBN 978-951-41-1098-6. 427 pp.2015Ingår i: Fennoscandia Archaeologica, ISSN 0781-7126, Vol. XXXII, s. 165-168Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 137.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    She came from another place: on the burial of a young girl in Birka2014Ingår i: Viking worlds: things, spaces and movements / [ed] Marianne Hem Eriksen, Unn Pedersen, Bernt Rundberget, Irmelin Axelsen, Heidi Lund Berg, Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2014, s. 90-101Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the mid-10th century a young girl of high social standing was buried in one of the more distinguished burial-grounds in Birka. She was placed in a coffin together with a few personal objects. Her dress was of high quality, as was the jewellery worn with it. The burial at first seems like nothing out of the ordinary. The different elements all occur at this period in time. But when deconstructing the grave it becomes more of an enigma. Though commonly called the “Birka girl”, this 5-year-old most likely did not come from Birka or the surrounding region at all, but from another place all together. What can modern research learn from the skeleton of a child from the 10th century and what do the results from one individual alone tell us about a place like Birka?

  • 138.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Särskilda kvinnor i Klinta2015Ingår i: Grävda minnen: från Skedemosse till Sandbyborg / [ed] Kjell-Håkan Arnell, Ludvig Papmehl-Dufay, Kalmar: Länsstyrelsen Kalmar län , 2015, s. 140-153Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 139.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    The Viking Age Paradox: Continuity and Discontinuity of Fortifications and Defence Works in Eastern Scandinavia2013Ingår i: Landscapes of Defence in Early Medieval Europe / [ed] John Baker, Stuart Brookes, Andrew Reynolds, Turnhout: Brepols, 2013, s. 285-301Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Viking Age proves complex when viewed from a military historical perspective. There is inconsistency in the correlation between home and abroad and between literary sources and archaeological remains. The break in continuity from fortification traditions of earlier periods represents a chnage in the societal structure where individuals become landowners, and there is both the will and the strength to dominate territories. This essay focuses on the continuity and discontinuity of fortifications in eastern Scandinavia in an attempt to understand the paradox of the Viking Age landscape of defence.

  • 140.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Traces of Contacts: Magyar Material Culture in the Swedish Viking Age Context of Birka2012Ingår i: Die Archäologie der Frühen Ungarn: Chronologie, Technologie und Methodik: internationaler Workshop des Archäologischen Instituts der Ungarischen Akademie der Wissenschaften und des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums Mainz in Budapest am 4. und 5. Dezember 2009 / [ed] Tobias Bendeguz, Mainz: Verlag des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums, 2012, s. 29-46Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Excavations of martial structures of the Viking Age trading post of Birka have uncovered new evidence of contacts between Scandinavia and the early Magyar settlement territory. These new finds have led to a revision of the finds in the other contexts of Birka. Both graves and settlement layers show evidence of possible Magyar contacts. Why is it surprising to find objects of Magyar origin in the context of a Viking Age trading post? We know that Scandinavians were frequent travellers during Viking Age; and the cultures and people they came in contact with are reflected in the archaeological material in different ways. There are considerable differences between a casual or occasional contact in a limited situation on the one hand and the deep level of contact resulting from years of living together on the other hand. The transfer of immaterial culture from one group of people to another requires deeper and longer contacts than that of material culture. This paper deals with traces of contacts with the Magyar culture found in the context of the trading post of Birka in Central Sweden.

  • 141.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Kjellström, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Osteoarkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    The urban woman: on the role and identity of women in Birka2014Ingår i: Kvinner i vikingtid / [ed] Nancy L. Coleman, Nanna Løkka, Oslo: Scandinavian Academic Press, 2014, s. 187-208Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 142.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet. Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Kjellström, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Osteoarkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Krzewinska, Maja
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Sobrado, Veronica
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Price, Neil
    Günther, Torsten
    Jakobsson, Mattias
    Götherström, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Storå, Jan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Osteoarkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    A female Viking warrior confirmed by genomics2017Ingår i: American Journal of Physical Anthropology, ISSN 0002-9483, E-ISSN 1096-8644, Vol. 164, nr 4, s. 853-860Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

    The objective of this study has been to confirm the sex and the affinity of an individual buried in a well-furnished warrior grave (Bj 581) in the Viking Age town of Birka, Sweden. Previously, based on the material and historical records, the male sex has been associated with the gender of the warrior and such was the case with Bj 581. An earlier osteological classification of the individual as female was considered controversial in a historical and archaeological context. A genomic confirmation of the biological sex of the individual was considered necessary to solve the issue.

    Materials and methods

    Genome-wide sequence data was generated in order to confirm the biological sex, to support skeletal integrity, and to investigate the genetic relationship of the individual to ancient individuals as well as modern-day groups. Additionally, a strontium isotope analysis was conducted to highlight the mobility of the individual.

    Results

    The genomic results revealed the lack of a Y-chromosome and thus a female biological sex, and the mtDNA analyses support a single-individual origin of sampled elements. The genetic affinity is close to present-day North Europeans, and within Sweden to the southern and south-central region. Nevertheless, the Sr values are not conclusive as to whether she was of local or nonlocal origin.

    Discussion

    The identification of a female Viking warrior provides a unique insight into the Viking society, social constructions, and exceptions to the norm in the Viking time-period. The results call for caution against generalizations regarding social orders in past societies.

  • 143.
    Heljeback, Mikael
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Från utfällning till utställning: Konservering av järnföremål från Svarta jordens hamnområde, Birka RAÄ 119. L.23:II2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose for this paper is to study iron artefacts excavated in the Black Earth harbour district of Birka. This locale, positioned on the island Björkö in Adelsö par. Sweden, is one of the mayor sites in regard to the Scandinavian Viking age.

    The how and why of the corrosive process will be touched upon. Specifically how archaeological iron interacts with the soil in which it is found, and what can be done to prevent unnecessary decay after excavation. This, in turn, leads to an observation of how methods have changed in regard to the conservation of archaeological iron, from the processes used in the early days of the field, to the more present day with the method utilized in this study.

    The conservation of said artefacts is for this study accomplished through the use of a conventional chemical method called EDTA. The usability of this method with waterlogged metallic artefacts is tested.

    The product of the conservation work revealed the objects to be mostly, iron rivets, bolts or nails. Not too surprising when the articles came from an area widely believed to be a harbour.

    This specific chemical solution proved not to be a sufficient conservation method for the waterlogged metal objects examined in this paper. This was due to the notably hard crust that covered the objects and the structural fragility of the artefacts.

    Specific analyses of some of the artefacts were undertaken due to the emergence of substantial amounts of depositions in the final steps of the process. Using XRD, XRF and IR-spectroscopy, the depositions were analysed and the result showed that the depositions most likely consists of a blend of non-water-soluble iron phosphates.

  • 144.
    Hinders, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Dödsrikets livshistorier: Benkemiska isotopanalyser på artikulerade och disartikulerade individer i Frälsegårdens gånggrift2011Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim in this thesis is to use carbon, nitrogen and sulfur isotope analysis on teeth and bone to track diet and mobility of the population as well as the individual level from the articulated and disarticulated individuals from the passage grave Frälsegården, situated in Gökhem parish in the region of Falbygden, western Sweden.

    50 human samples were analyzed from tooth, mandibula and femur, together with 11 faunal samples from different bone elements of local wild and domestic animals.

    The results fall well in line with earlier stable isotope work done on passage grave individuals from Falbygden in stable isotopes: A homogenous group with a diet which was clearly terrestrial and lived on a pretty high trophic level. It also seems that the analyzed individuals deliberately focused their food intake to the cultural and natural, megalith and limestone landscape of Falbygden, and not to its surroundings, even if the passage grave is situated in the outermost areas of the region.

    A small study compares the sulfur results to with earlier work done on strontium isotopes. The results show that the different methods might provide a deeper understanding in the interpretation of the methods, and therefore suggesting that further work should be done to compare the methods.

  • 145.
    Hjulström, Björn
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur. AFL. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Isaksson, Sven
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Identification of activity area signatures in a reconstructed Iron Age house by combining element and lipid analyses of sediments2009Ingår i: Journal of Archaeological Science, ISSN 0305-4403, E-ISSN 1095-9238, Vol. 36, nr 1, s. 174-183Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 146.
    Hjulström, Björn
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Isaksson, Sven
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning.
    Hennius, Andreas
    Organic geochemical evidence for tar production in Middle Eastern Sweden2006Ingår i: Journal of Archaeological Science, ISSN 0305-4403, E-ISSN 1095-9238, Vol. 33, nr 2, s. 283-294Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 147.
    Hjulström, Björn
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Isaksson, Sven
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Karlsson, Christina
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Prominent migration period building2008Ingår i: Acta Archaeologica, ISSN 0065-101X, E-ISSN 1600-0390, Vol. 79, nr 1, s. 62-78Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article presents a study on the prominent house foundation excavated in the parish of Botkyrka, Sweden by the Archaeological Research Laboratory at Stockholm University in Stockholm, Sweden. Lipid analyses and geochemical analyses were conducted in order to obtain several information on the characteristics of the rooms and to know the activities that have occurred in the building. The study concludes that the building is a estate building related with the handling of vegetable products.

  • 148.
    Hjulström, Björn
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Isaksson, Sven
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning.
    Karlsson, Christina
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Prominent Migration Period Building: Lipid and elemental anayses from an excavation at Alby, Botkyrka Södermanland, Sweden2008Ingår i: Acta Archaeologica, ISSN 0065-101X, E-ISSN 1600-0390, Vol. 79, s. 62-78Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 149.
    Holmgren, Felicia
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Inte alla nitar i båten: Identifiering och konservering av järnföremål från Svarta Jordens hamn på Birka2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with iron objects found in the 2015 excavation in Birkas Black Earth harbour on the Island of Björkö, in Adelsö parish. The purpose is to through EDTA -conservation and x-rays identify which objects they derived from, and how they can be linked to activities associated with a harbour environment. 

  • 150.
    Holmquist, Lena
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Aspects on Birka: investigations and surveys 1976-19891993Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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