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  • 102001.
    Öst, Lars-Göran
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Cederlund, Rio
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Reuterskiöld, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Behavioral treatment of social phobia in youth: Does parent education training improve the outcome?2015In: Behaviour Research and Therapy, ISSN 0005-7967, E-ISSN 1873-622X, Vol. 67, p. 19-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social phobia is one of the most common anxiety disorders in children and adolescents, and it runs a fairly chronic course if left untreated. The goals of the present study were to evaluate if a parent education course would improve the outcome for children with a primary diagnosis of social phobia and if comorbidity at the start of treatment would impair the outcome of the social phobia. A total of 55 children, 8-14 years old, were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: 1) Child is treated, 2) Child is treated and parent participates in the course, or 3) A wait-list for 12 weeks. The treatment consisted of individual exposure and group social skills training based on the Beidel, Turner, and Morris (2000) SET-C. Children and parents were assessed pre-, post-, and at one year follow-up with independent assessor ratings and self-report measures. Results showed that there was no significant difference between the two active treatments and both were better than the wait-list. The treatment effects were maintained or furthered at the follow-up. Comorbidity did not lead to worse outcome of social phobia. Comorbid disorders improved significantly from pre-to post-treatment and from post-to follow-up assessment without being targeted in therapy.

  • 102002.
    Öst, Lars-Göran
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden; University of Bergen, Norway; Haukeland University Hospital, Norway.
    Havnen, Audun
    Hansen, Bjarne
    Kvale, Gerd
    Cognitive behavioral treatments of obsessive-compulsive disorder. A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies published 1993-20142015In: Clinical Psychology Review, ISSN 0272-7358, E-ISSN 1873-7811, Vol. 40, p. 156-169Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Obsessive-compulsive disorder is ranked by the WHO as among the 10 most debilitating disorders and tends to be chronic without adequate treatment. The only psychological treatment that has been found effective is cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). This meta-analysis includes all RCTs (N = 37) of CBT for OCD using the interview-based Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale, published 1993 to 2014. The effect sizes for comparisons of CBT with waiting-list (1.31), and placebo conditions (1.33) were very large, whereas those for comparisons between individual and group treatment (0.17), and exposure and response prevention vs. cognitive therapy (0.07) were small and non-significant. CBT was significantly better than antidepressant medication (0.55), but the combination of CBT and medication was not significantly better than CBT plus placebo (0.25). The RCTs have a number of methodological problems and recommendations for improving the methodological rigor are discussed as well as clinical implications of the findings.

  • 102003.
    Öst, Lars-Göran
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Karlstedt, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Widén, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The Effects of Cognitive Behavior Therapy Delivered by Students in a Psychologist Training Program: An Effectiveness Study2012In: Behavior Therapy, ISSN 0005-7894, E-ISSN 1878-1888, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 160-173Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Relatively little is known about the efficacy of clinically inexperienced student therapists carrying out cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) under supervision during a professional, psychologist training program. The current study evaluated this by collecting pre- and posttreatment data on 591 consecutive patients receiving treatment at the Psychotherapy Clinic of the Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Sweden, over an 8-year period. The patients had mainly anxiety disorders or depression with a mean duration of 15 years, and received individual CBT for a mean of 18 sessions. They improved significantly on both general measures (Beck Anxiety Inventory [BAI], Beck Depression Inventory [BDI], and Quality of Life Inventory [QOLI]) and disorder-specific self-report scales. The proportions of recovered patients on the BAI (63%) and the BDI (60%) were higher than those of a comparison effectiveness study. On the specific self-report scales the current sample improved as much as the samples in extant efficacy trials. We conclude that clinically inexperienced student therapists who receive supervision from experienced supervisors can achieve treatment effects that are on a par with those of experienced licensed psychotherapists.

  • 102004.
    Öst, Lars-Göran
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden .
    Ollendick, Thomas H.
    Brief, intensive and concentrated cognitive behavioral treatments for anxiety disorders in children: A systematic review and meta-analysis2017In: Behaviour Research and Therapy, ISSN 0005-7967, E-ISSN 1873-622X, Vol. 97, p. 134-145Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Anxiety disorders are among the most common disorders affecting youths in the general population, with up to 10% of children and 20% of adolescents meeting criteria for an anxiety disorder at any one point in time. Cognitive-behavior therapies (CBT), varying between 9 and 18 weeks of treatment, are considered evidence-based for the treatment of anxiety disorders in youth. During the last two decades treatments that are brief, intensive, or concentrated (BIC) have been developed and this meta-analysis includes 23 RCTs of these new approaches across the anxiety disorders. BIC yielded a lower attrition (2.3%) than standard CBT (6.5%). The effect sizes (ES) for comparison of BIC with waiting-list (1.47) and placebo (0.91) were significant, whereas that with standard CBT (0.01) was not. Regarding remission at post/recovery at follow-up BIC (54%/64%) and standard CBT (57%/63%) were comparable and both were significantly higher than placebo (26%/35%), which was higher than WLC (7%/9%). Within-group ES at post and follow-up were 1.50 and 1.53 for BIC, and 0.98 and 1.05 for standard CBT, indicating maintenance of the effects up to 12 months after therapy. Advantages and disadvantages of BIC are discussed and we suggest that BIC-interventions represent a paradigm shift in the delivery of services for youth with anxiety disorders.

  • 102005.
    Öst, Lars-Göran
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Reuterskiöld, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Specific phobias2013In: CBT for Anxiety Disorders: a practitioner book / [ed] G. Simos, S. G. Hofmann, Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, 2013, p. 107-133Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter summarizes the state of the art for the specific phobias, bringing both updates and discussion on the preliminary recommendations put forward to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) work group. It discusses diagnostic criteria for specific phobia, and two important issues: how we might categorize dental phobia and test anxiety, and the boundary between specific phobia and agoraphobia. It also highlights clinical features (e.g., age of onset, gender, focus of fear, neurobiology and physiology, comorbidity, impairment, risk factors, and treatment response) of specific phobia. Then, it presents a broad overview of evidence-based treatment methods (variants of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)) and the efficacy of these. The chapter concludes with a description of the treatment of a complex case of specific phobia.

  • 102006.
    Öst, Lars-Göran
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden; University of Bergen, Norway.
    Riise, Eili N.
    Wergeland, Gro Janne
    Hansen, Bjarne
    Kvale, Gerd
    Cognitive behavioral and pharmacological treatments of OCD in children: A systematic review and meta-analysis2016In: Journal of Anxiety Disorders, ISSN 0887-6185, E-ISSN 1873-7897, Vol. 43, p. 58-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is ranked by the World Health Organization (WHO) among the 10 most debilitating disorders. The treatments which have been found effective are cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRI). This meta-analysis includes all RCTs of CBT (25) and SRI (9) for OCD in youth using the Children’s Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (C-YBOCS). CBT yielded significantly lower attrition (12.7%) than SRI (23.5%) and placebo (24.7%). The effect sizes for comparisons of CBT with waiting-list (1.53), placebo (0.93), and SRI with placebo (0.51) were significant, whereas CBT vs. SRI (0.22) and Combo (CBT + SRI) vs. CBT (0.14) were not. Regarding response rate CBT (70%) and Combo (66%) were significantly higher than SRI (49%), which was higher than placebo (29%) and WLC (13%). As for remission CBT (53%) and Combo (49%) were significantly higher than SRI (24%), placebo (15%), and WLC (10%), which did not differ from each other. Combo was not more effective than CBT alone irrespective of initial severity of the samples. The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have a number of methodological problems and recommendations for improving research methodology are discussed as well as clinical implications of the findings.

  • 102007. Öst, Lars-Göran
    et al.
    Thulin, Ulrika
    Ramnerö, Jonas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Cognitive behavior therapy vs. exposure in-vivo in the treatment of panic disorder with agoraphobia2004In: Behaviour Research and Therapy, ISSN 0005-7967, Vol. 42, no 10, p. 1105-1127Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 102008.
    Öst, Lars-Göran
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Wicksell, R.
    Moderatorer, mediatorer och verkningsmekanismer2012In: Att göra effektutvärderingar / [ed] Knut Sundell, Stockholm: Gothia Förlag AB, 2012, p. 425-466Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bokinformation: Varje år berörs hundratusentals personer av psykosociala och pedagogiska interventioner. Det handlar exempelvis om behandling av missbruk, insatser för utsatta barn och läsundervisning i grundskolan. Endast undantagsvis har dessa interventioner utvärderats, vilket innebär att vi inte vet vilken effekt de har eller om de rentav kan skada. I antologin Att göra effektutvärderingar beskrivs hur man genomför effektutvärderingar, som ger kunskap om hur interventioner fungerar. Boken ger detaljerad och praktisk vägledning som är till nytta för alla som är intresserade av att lära sig mer om effektutvärderingar – både forskarstuderande och forskare som redan ansvarat för effektutvärderingar. Ämnen som tas upp är bland annat forskningsetik, studiedesign, mätinstrument, urval och rekrytering av undersökningspersoner, datainsamling, ekonomiska analyser, dataanalys och tolkning samt rapportskrivning. Bokens författare har lång erfarenhet inom området och representerar olika discipliner såsom psykologi, folkhälsovetenskap, socialt arbete, pedagogik, statistik, epidemiologi, sociologi, evolutionsbiologi, medicinsk vetenskap och datavetenskap. Redaktör för boken är Knut Sundell, docent i psykologi och socialråd på Socialstyrelsen, som har lång erfarenhet av att utvärdera interventioner inom förskola, skola och socialtjänst.

  • 102009.
    Östangård, Paul S.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Formen för en företagsöverlåtelse: en jämförelse av aktie- och inkråmsöverlåtelse och dess inverkan på beskattningen och behandlingen av goodwill2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 102010.
    Östanskog-Rothoff, Fredrika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Svenska Generation Y:s drivkrafter i arbetet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning på vad som motiverar Generation Y är begränsad då generationen är relativt ny på arbetsmarknaden. Trots detta finns det mycket föreställningar om hur denna generation beter sig. Dagens arbetsgivare står inför utmaningen att uppfatta vad den nya generationen på väg in på arbetsmarknaden drivs av i arbetet samt att kunna tillgodose detta. Syftet med studien var att beskriva vilka drivkrafter den svenska Generation Y upplever att de har i relation till arbetet. Undersökningen utgick från en kvalitativ ansats och utgjordes av semistrukturerade intervjuer. Deltagarna bestod av sex personer som var mellan 21 och 31 år. Resultatet indikerar att deltagarna drivs av återkoppling, utvecklingsmöjligheter, varierande arbetsuppgifter samt möjligheten till att kunna påverka sina arbetstider och uttrycka sina åsikter. Deltagarna är oavsett ålder, roll och branschtillhörighet relativt samstämmiga om vilka drivkrafter som de upplever att de har i relation till arbetet. Resultatet går i linje med vad tidigare forskning och studier har indikerat på.

  • 102011.
    Östberg, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Patienters rätt till självbestämmande under psykiatrisk tvångsvård2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 102012.
    Östberg, Erik Emil
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Yokoichi, Mari
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Huang, Andrea
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Relationers betydelse för etablering i Japan: Utifrån tre svenska IT-företags perspektiv2000Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att belysa hur tre svenska IT-företags egna uppfattningar om relationers betydelse har påverkat deras handlande inför Japanetableringen. En kvalitativ metod har använts för denna undersökning och intervjuer ligger till grund för resultatet. Vi har studerat hur företagens och marknadens internationaliseringsgrad påverkat deras möjligheter att använda sig av befintliga relationer vid sin etablering samt vilken typ av relation som företagen ansett vara viktiga för etableringen och hur företagens nätverkskompetens och förståelse påverkat deras beslut och handlande. Nätverksteorier och förståelse- och handlingsteori tillämpades för att göra undersökningen. Två av IT-företagen har medvetet skapat relationer med japanska företag för att underlätta etableringen. Det finns hos de tre IT-företagen olika grad av nätverkskompetens som bygger på förståelse för målet och syftet med en specifik relation. De tre IT-företagens förståelse för vad som krävs för att lyckas på den japanska marknaden tycks ha påverkat deras beslut och handlande vid etableringen.

  • 102013.
    Östberg, Francesca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Asessments and decisions.: From report to intervention in Child Welfare2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Assessments and decisions. From report to intervention in Child Welfare

    Abstract

    This article discusses the factors that influence decision making in front-line child welfare in Sweden and the implications for different groups of children, types of social problems and for the character of the work.  Data stem from a study of social workers’ handling of reports and requests that were followed until interventions were decided upon or cases closed without intervention. Risks were found to be considered in a narrow perspective. Where no distinct criteria for eligibility are at hand voluntary counselling is offered, mainly directed to mothers. Children are not in focus and the attitude is to keep them out of the system for their own good. In deciding eligibility to scarce services of the ‘right’ clients, high work pressure creates a focus on sorting and gate-keeping activities. This crucial sorting process displays the pattern of a heavily tapered funnel with few interventions at the end. Put into an institutional context, social workers discretion can be explained as a rational way for practice to handle organizational limitations, restricted resources and changing policies. By using a ‘consensual ideology’ to handle the contradictory demands of protection and welfare issues, practice keeps clients at a distance instead of working closely together with them.

     

  • 102014.
    Östberg, Francesca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Barnavårdsutredningar: Stora skillnader beroende på var barnet bor2000In: Socionomen, ISSN 0283-1929, no 3, p. 43-47Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 102015.
    Östberg, Francesca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Bedömningar och beslut: Från anmälan till insats i den sociala barnavården2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this thesis is on social workers’ role in assessing and making decisions in child welfare cases. The primary aim is to identify factors that influence decisions concerning reports assessed, investigated, dismissed or processed to intervention within child welfare agencies in Swedish municipalities. Social policy, professional and organisational factors are perspectives considered in the analysis.

    All reports and requests for support for children and adolescents in the 0–19 age group were collected during two months in two local agencies, in 2003 (n= 260) and followed by interviews with social workers. Factors connected to social workers’ assessments at different stages in the process were tested in regression models and grounds for their assessments explored.

    Main results: two-thirds of reports are sorted out without investigation. One-fifth led to interventions. The highest probability for a report to be investigated was if it was assessed as acute, concerned abuse, came from a professional (not the police) concerned a girl and handled in the integrated agency. The most common problems, such as family conflicts and antisocial behaviour were investigated the least. A majority of the children came from underprivileged families, mainly poor single mothers.

    The process draws the pattern of a heavily tapered funnel with few interventions at the end. Children are not in focus and the attitude is to keep them out of the system for their own good. Social policy and organisational factors restrict social workers’ discretion. Contradictory demands are solved by a ‘consensual ideology’. Parallel tracks appear on risks in a narrow perspective and on voluntary counselling mainly directed to mothers. This forms child welfare into a rejecting practice, where hard social conditions are individualized. Legislation gives municipalities considerable leeway to produce a variety of services and interventions, but practice works on the basis of another kind of rationality.

  • 102016.
    Östberg, Francesca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Child Welfare and Child Protection: Differences and similarities in policy and practice in Sweden and Great Britain2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Results from research on front line practice in Child Welfare in Sweden and in Child Protection in Great Britain have shown interesting similarities in spite of differences in policies and general welfare. Drawing from my own study and two British ones practice strategies to handle policy are discussed. In recent years there have been changing policies in Great Britain to support The Child Protection Services from a protection approach to a more Child Welfare one. However researchers show that the notion of risk is still central and a precondition for interventions as well as for services. They argue that the so-called risk-discourse will lead to more families being referred and investigated and less given help and support. In Sweden Child Protection has been conceived quite differently, with fewer laws dealing specifically with child abuse and neglect, problems that are not a typical reason for providing child-welfare services. The preventive approach implies that investigations are not limited to cases of suspected maltreatment. They may also be initiated if needs of services is assessed as well as by an application from a parent or a child. Policy changes in Sweden have been reversed to them in Great Britain and Child Protection issues are nowadays more stressed acknowledging the best interests of the child. British researchers argue that focus on protection makes social work more investigatory and procedurally driven with more families being referred and resources allocated to the sorting process, thus draining time and resources from prevention and family support. In Sweden as in Great Britain the accountability of social work has been questioned. The critique in Sweden concerns the variety of procedures as well as deficiencies in documentation and reviews leading to a lack of knowledge on the effects of interventions as well as risks of missing maltreated children.

    In the ambition of a more systematic, child focused and evidence based social work Sweden has implemented a Swedish variant of the English system The Integrated Children´s System (ICS) by the National Board of Health and Welfare, Children’s needs in focus (BBIC). It has been adapted to Swedish law and practice and a majority of Swedish municipalities are now licensed to use it. On the whole implementation has been a success, mostly because the profession itself has been a driving force in testing and implementing BBIC. However real knowledge on how it has affected social work is lacking as no thorough evaluation has been done.

    Demands on accountability make social workers ‘risk concerned’. Structured systems for documentation and tools for practice built on scientific knowledge is a way for practice to handle expectations on them to identify those children at greatest risk. The question can be put if more structured procedures and risk-assessment tools will lead to better targeting and a possibility to create necessary resources to develop family support services. Swedish as well as British local studies of practice show that a lot of energy in Child Welfare is put down in gate-keeping activities, with few decided services in the end.

  • 102017.
    Östberg, Francesca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Den nya frivilligheten1998In: Nordisk sosialt arbeid, ISSN 0333-1342, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 2-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The new voluntarism.

    The article is based on an evaluation of the first two years of the Swedish volunteer centre Viljan. The aim is to arrive at a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of voluntary work based on the experience of one volunteer centre. The stydy comprised 39 users and 62 volunteers. Viljan's users consists of two main groups frail, elderly women and single mothers. The group of single mothers needed baby-sitters but also wanted an adult contact for themselves. It is difficult for Viljan to meet this need. The direction taken by Viljan has been a relatively traditional role of befriending the old and the sick, initially with strong control from the social services. All the interviewees were satisfied with the help they had recieved, but it was clear that they want more assistance and contact, which they do not dare to ask for out of fear if becoming a burden. Volunteers and the users appear to have the same needs for social contact which is why they turned to Viljan. There is a serious risk, however, that the volunteer centre may emphasize assistance to people to the expence of meetings between people and that the volunteers may be proffesionalized. The volunteers live all over the Stockholm area, few of them living close to the people they help. The volunteer centre can be seen as a modern welfare phenomenon, which make visible civic needs which the family, the public sphere and the private sphere have not been able to satisfy. Viljan appears to be able to fill this vacuum partially.

  • 102018.
    Östberg, Francesca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    I skuggan av LVU: om tvångsmöjligheternas närvaro i sorteringsprocessen2017In: Tvångsvård av barn och unga: rättigheter, utmaningar och gränszoner / [ed] Pernilla Leviner, Tommy Lundström, Stockholm: Wolters Kluwer, 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 102019.
    Östberg, Francesca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. FoU Södertörn, Sverige.
    Insatser inom socialtjänstens öppna barn- och ungdomsvård i Botkyrka, Gotland, Haninge, Huddinge, Nacka, Nynäshamn, Salem, Södertälje, Tyresö och Värmdö2015Report (Other academic)
  • 102020.
    Östberg, Francesca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Using ‘Consensual Ideology’: A Way to Sift Reports in Child Welfare2014In: British Journal of Social Work, ISSN 0045-3102, E-ISSN 1468-263X, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 63-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the factors that influence decision making in front line child welfare in Sweden and the implications for different groups of children, types of social problems and for the character of the work. Data stem from a study of social workers’ handling of reports and requests that were followed until interventions were decided upon or cases closed without ntervention. Risks were found to be considered in a narrow perspective. Though Swedish child welfare has been recognised as a family service system, need aspects are down-prioritised. Gender-related attitudes are reflected in the labelling of ‘capable’ mothers and in the higher probability of girls being investigated. In deciding eligibility to scarce services of the ‘right’ clients, high work pressure creates a focus on gate-keeping activities and the attitude is to keep children out of the system for their own good. This crucial sorting process displays the pattern of a heavily tapered funnel with few interventions at the end. Put into an institutional context, social workers’ discretion can be explained as a rational way for practice to handle organisational limitations, restricted resources and changing policies. Demands of protection and welfare issues are handled by individualising difficult social conditions and by ‘consensual ideology’.

  • 102021.
    Östberg, Francesca
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Backlund, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    När man misstänker att barn far illa: En studie av hur professionella inom BVC, förskola och skola förhåller sig till anmälningsplikten2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overarching aim of this report was to gain knowledge on how mandated reporters from different professional fields (staff in child health care, pre-school and school) reason and act in case of child maltreatment suspicion of children 0-12. The principal research method was focus groups (n=3) in which participants were discussing themes in accordance with study objective. The groups were homogenous in terms of professional field affiliation and consisted of 8-9 participants in each group. The mode of analysis was qualitative. 

    What to do if you have a suspicion of child abuse? What should social service workers and educators do if there is any suspicion that a child does not fare well? This Save the Children study is about how Child Welfare Service staff and pre-school and shool officials in Sweden are responding to their obligation to report suspected cases of child abuse and neglect. It is based on interviews made to professionals directly working with children who are mandated to inform the proper authorities if there is a reasonable suspicion that a child is being harmed by caregivers. This study was initiated within the framework of the larger project "Educate do not punish" coordinated between Save the Children in Italy, Romania, Lithuania and Sweden, aimed at protecting children from corporal punishment by supporting the inclusion of the explicit ban of corporal punishment in all settings.

  • 102022.
    Östberg, Francesca
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Egelund, Tine
    Socialforskningsinstitutet, Köpenhamn, Danmark.
    Kvilhaug, Anita
    Liebing, Anna
    Social barnavård - kunskap och professionalisering: En komparativ studie av undervisningen om social barnavård i svensk socionomutbildning och dansk socialrådgivarutbildning2000Report (Other academic)
  • 102023.
    Östberg, Francesca
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lönnback, Eva Britt
    Ahmadi, Nader
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Vinjettcirkeln: en metod att fördjupa sin kunskap i tvärkulturellt socialt arbete2005In: Tvärkulturellt socialt arbete: av socialarbetare för socialarbetare / [ed] Nader Ahmadi, Eva britt Lönnback, Stockhom: Socialtjänstförvaltningen, Forsknings- och utvecklingsenheten , 2005, p. 72-93Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 102024.
    Östberg, Francesca
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Organisering, sortering och marknadsorientering2012In: När samhället träder in: Barn, föräldrar och social barnavård / [ed] Ingrid Höjer, Marie Sallnäs, Yvonne Sjöblom, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2012, p. 31-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Social barnavård är den del av socialtjänsten som har det yttersta ansvaret för att ge stöd, hjälp och skydd till socialt utsatta barn och familjer. I När samhället träder in analyseras den sociala barnavården på flera nivåer och utifrån olika perspektiv. Boken behandlar barnavårdens organisatoriska ramar, de insatser de professionella har till sitt förfogande samt hur berörda barn och familjer uppfattar barnavården och dess arbete. I boken diskuteras också insatsers utfall och hur de kan undersökas.

    När samhället träder in vänder sig till studerande vid socionomutbildningar, i socialt arbete och i andra samhällsvetenskapliga ämnen på universitet och högskola samt till yrkesverksamma inom socialt arbete och angränsande områden.

  • 102025.
    Östberg, Francesca
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Backlund, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Signs-of-Safety i praktiken: En studie om användning i Stockholms län2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Signs-of-Safety utvecklades i Australien och kan i grunden ses som en modell för utredning och uppföljning i socialt barnavårdsarbete i avsikt att säkerställa barns säkerhet och skydd. I denna rapport redovisas en studie av modellens spridning och tillämpning i Stockholms stads stadsdelar samt övriga kommuner i Stockholm län. Tre delstudier presenteras. Det övergripande syftet med studien var att undersöka i vilken omfattning och på vilket sätt Signs-of-Safety används i Stockholms län samt att beskriva och analysera principiellt viktiga förtjänster och begränsningar som är förenade med att ta modellen i bruk.

  • 102026.
    Östberg, Francesca
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wåhlander, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Milton, Pia
    Barnavårdsutredningar i sex kommuner: En vinjettstudie2000Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe, analyse and compare different models of child welfare investigation and assessment of families. We selected six local authorities and used vignettes to study investigation/assessment procedures for families with children age 0–12 years, that were reported to the authority for child maltreatment. Each of the local authorities had, in one way or another, attracted wide spread professional attention due to their use of certain models of social work with children.

    The study aims to answer the following questions:

    • Do local authorities use more or less standardardized models in child welfare investigation and family assessment?

    • If yes, how can these models be described?

    • Does the process of the investigation/family assessment vary with the choice of model?

    Results reveal certain patterns in child welfare investigations, mainly based on how local child welfare work is organized. But there are also wide variations between local authorities with similar organisations and even with the same choice of models. Also, there are great variations within most local authorities, regardless of how they are organized or what model of investigation/assessment they use. Results suggest that professed use of a ”model” in investigation/assesment work does not necessarily lead to daily child welfare work becoming more predictable. That is, a child welfare report can generate different investigation processes and outcomes within a local authory, even if social workers claim to use a specific model in their work. A ”model” should be understood as a basic orientation with considerable variety. If a ”model” in child welfare work is defined as a standardized, replicable method of investigation/assessment and decisionmaking, producing a predictable process or outcome in child welfare investigations – then there are no models. One way to study investigation/assessment work in child welfare is to focus the organizational context. In this study we have categorized organisations with a sub-unit doing only investigative work as specialised organisations and organisations where the social worker investi73 gate/assess as well as give advice, administrate placements in care etc. as integrated organisations. Results vary between social workers in specialised and integrated organisations. Social workers in specialised organisations tend to start investigations sooner, use more coercive actions and strive towards ”harder” interventions in the form of placements in residential and foster care. Social workers in integrated organisations tend to vary more in their decisions, and favour mostly in-home-treatment. The study points toward a lack of distinct concepts, assessment standards, predictable procedures and outcomes in child welfare investigations. Results indicate a professional uncertainty about central issues in this most formalised area of child welfare. Investigation procedures and outcomes seem to differ considerably between local authorities and individual professionals – that is depending on the geographic residence of the family and what social worker that is assigned to the case.

  • 102027.
    Östberg, Jacob
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Eating out in europe: Picnics, gourmet dining and snacks since the late eighteenth century2005In: Consumption, markets & culture, ISSN 1025-3866, E-ISSN 1477-223X, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 87-91Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 102028.
    Östberg, Jacob
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Marketing.
    Masculine self-presentation2013In: The Routledge companion to identity and consumption / [ed] Ayalla A. Ruvio and Russell W. Belk, London: Routledge, 2013, p. 129-136Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 102029.
    Östberg, Jacob
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Masculinity and Fashion2012In: Gender, culture, and consumer behavior / [ed] Cele C. Otnes, Linda Tuncay Zaye, London & New York: Routledge, 2012, p. 255-280Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 102030.
    Östberg, Jacob
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Marketing.
    The challenge of the ‘new masculinity’: conservative reactions to a new consumption ethos2012In: Nordic fashion studies / [ed] Peter McNeil and Louise Wallenberg, Stockholm: Axl Books, 2012, p. 37-56Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 102031.
    Östberg, Jacob
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Fashion Studies.
    The Mythological Aspects of Country-of-Origin: The Case of the Swedishness of Swedish Fashion2011In: Journal of Global Fashion Marketing, ISSN 2093-2685, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 223-234Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In both practical marketing management and marketing scholarship the concept of County-of-Origin has been widely employed the last couple of decades. Despite the ubiquity of country-of-origin references in contemporary marketing there are conceptual blind spots in our understanding of the concept. In this article the theoretical perspective of country-of-origin is discussed using the empirical example of Swedish fashion to illustrate how marketing related to the notion of place is al- ways contingent on the various mythologies always already present. Departure is hence taken in the notion that an under- standing of contemporary Swedish fashion cannot be decoupled from an overall understanding of Sweden's role in popular culture. This base in popular culture, together with the partic- ular historicity of Swedish fashion, forms a basis of different versions of Swedishness on which contemporary fashion brands —both Swedish and foreign—can build. A number of different ways in which Swedish fashion brands relate to these available mythologies of Swedishness, as well as other place myth- ologies is outlined. On a theoretical level the paper addresses calls for more research on the symbolic aspects of coun- try-of-origin.

    To argue that the place where something “comes from” is important for the success of a market offering is by no means a novel thought. In mainstream marketing country-of-origin is typically seen as a cognitive cue, i.e. “an informational stim- ulus about or relating to a product that is used by consumers to infer beliefs regarding product attributes such as quality”. Culturally influence marketing researchers have critiqued this notion and added that country-of-origin is not merely a piece of information that goes into making decisions, rather coun- try-of-origin might link a product to a rich product-country im- agery, with sensory, affective and ritual connotations. Furthermore, since contemporary production and branding proc- esses are rather complex, oftentimes encompassing multiple lo- cations, the designation product-country image is sometimes used rather than country-of-origin to signal that it is rather the place that something is associated with that matters, rather than where something is produced.

    Brands are important for consumers for several reasons. In the view of McCracken, consumption objects as well as brands represent bridges to displaced meanings, i.e. properties of our personality that we cannot attain in the here and now. The lack of these properties, we are led to believe, is what pre- vents us from being realized as a better version of ourselves. By the magical whims of advertising it is as if these proper- ties come to reside in the consumption objects. It is in this light that the notion of Swedish fashion, or any other place connected to a product group, needs to be thought about. Brand owners who try to connect their brand to a particular place trust that consumers will value this positively, and con- sumers value the place branding activities since they help them both in making decisions and in constructing a coherent life narrative. Country-of-origin might influence consumer product evaluations in three principle ways: cognitive, affective and normative. Cognitive means that country-of-origin is used as a cue for product quality, e.g. consumers might hold beliefs that garments sown in Italy are of high quality and garments sown in Turkey are of low quality. Affective means that coun- try-of-origin has symbolic and emotional value to consumers, e.g. consumers emanating from a particular country might be emotionally attached to certain brands and products from that country. Normative means that consumers might hold social and personal norms related to products from certain countries, e.g. some might not want to purchase products produced in sweatshops in which worker safety cannot be assured and oth- ers might want to purchase only locally produced products in order not to affect the environment with unnecessary shipping costs.

    In order to discuss the use of Swedishness in the marketing of Swedish fashion the potential marketing positions related to place can be structured according to the two dimensions Intended Market and Place Marketing Approach. Intended Market refers to whether a brand caters to the Intranational (Swedish) Market alone or whether they are also aspiring to a broader International audience. Place Marketing Approach refers to whether a company is leveraging the mythologies rooted in the Intranational (Swedishness) in building their brand or whether a company are using the mythologies the International, which might encompass both other places and no place at all. These two dimensions create four possible positions: provincial, national, pseudo-international, and cosmopolitan. One important insight from this article is that the possible meaning positions that a company can take is not limited to the factual location of the company; either a national or an international marketing approach can be taken by Swedish or international companies.

    A Swedish company leveraging a Swedish marketing approach could be said to have an indexical connection to the place. They can, in some way, claim lineage to the country of Sweden either because production takes place there or because the company in some other way is based in Sweden. Other companies might also leverage the mythologies of Swedishness but they then merely have an iconic connection to the place. There is a resemblance between the expression of the company and that of the available mythologies of the place, but no gen- uine physical connections. The same reasoning goes for the companies adapting a pseudo-international approach; they have an iconic connection to the places from which they draw their mythologies. By thinking about marketing based on coun- try-of-origin in this way we decouple the available strategies from the physical location of the companies and instead view various country-of-origin mythologies as cultural resources that can be leveraged by companies in their brand building activities. Depending on the intended market companies will need to adapt the way in which they perpetuate the available mythologies. This is especially the case for companies with a strong position on the local market but with aspirations to go global. These companies might then oscillate between a provin- cial position on the Swedish market and Swedish position on the international market. 

  • 102032.
    Östberg, Jacob
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Fashion Studies.
    Thou shalt sport a banana in thy pocket: Gendered body size ideals in advertising and popular culture2010In: Marketing Theory, ISSN 1470-5931, E-ISSN 1741-301X, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 45-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article addresses the issue of how idealized accounts of penis size - a bodily feature that plays a crucial role in how masculinity is constructed today-gets produced and reproduced through advertising and popular culture. The analysis shows that there are plenty of normative accounts of a particular penis size, despite a lack of explicit representations in mainstream cultural outlets. These normative messages are so ubiquitous that men in Western consumer cultures are bombarded with the archaic imperative: thou shalt sport a banana in thy pocket. Discourse analysis is used to illustrate the different sets of interpretive repertoires available that circumvent the taboos surrounding penis size in subtle and roundabout ways in order to create a sense of an ideal that should be adhered to. These sets of discourses function to give an ambivalent message in which males are caught in a discursive cross-fire where they are potentially made to feel anxious about their anxiousness and embarrassed about their embarrassedness.

  • 102033.
    Östberg, Jacob
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business, Marketing.
    Vägen till helvetet är kantad av goda intentioner: en kritisk granskning av marknadsföringen2013In: Företagsekonomin och samhället / [ed] Hans Hasselbladh, Mikael Holmqvist, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, 1, p. 273-294Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 102034.
    Östberg, Jacob
    Lund University, Department of Business Administration.
    What's Eating the Eater?: Perspectives on the Everyday Anxiety of Food Consumption in Late Modernity2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 102035.
    Östberg, Jacob
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Fashion Studies.
    Bardhi, Fleura
    Northeastern University, Boston, MA.
    Bengtsson, Anders
    Negotiating cultural boundaries: Food, travel and consumer identities2010In: Consumption, markets & culture, ISSN 1025-3866, E-ISSN 1477-223X, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 133-157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses the role of food in boundary crossing and maintenance processes in the context of short-term mobility. We utilize an identity and practice theory approach to understand the ways travelers relate to food in the encounter with the cultural different Other. The study was conducted through interviews with 28 American consumers after a 10-day trip to China. A semiotic data interpretation revealed the ways the informants made sense of their cultural experience in China through a continuous process of categorization of foods. Counter to the expectations of food consumption as the site of boundary crossing, we find that consumption of food abroad becomes a symbolic project of maintaining boundaries with the Other and sustaining a sense of home. The encounter with the Other through food caused anxiety and alienation, which consumers dealt with by consuming familiar, western foods that enabled the maintenance of an embodied sense of comfort and a familiar sense of home. We further suggest that lack of local cultural capital and marketplace mythologies about the Other as factors that shaped and elevated the negative experience during travel. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Consumption, Markets & Culture is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a list

  • 102036.
    Östberg, Jacob
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Fashion Studies.
    Bengtsson, Anders
    Protobrand, Boston.
    Märken och människor: om marknadssymboler som kulturella resurser2011 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
  • 102037.
    Östberg, Jacob
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Marketing.
    Graffman, Katarina
    Vi är vad vi köper: Konsumtionskulturen är här för att stanna2018Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 102038.
    Östberg, Jacob
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Marketing.
    Hartmann, Benjamin J.
    The Electric Guitar – Marketplace Icon2015In: Consumption, markets & culture, ISSN 1025-3866, E-ISSN 1477-223X, Vol. 18, no 5, p. 402-410Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The electric guitar is an ubiquitous part of contemporary consumer culture. In thisMarketplace Icons contribution, we illuminate the iconicity of the electric guitar and what lies behind its thick layers of distorted riffs, mad soloing escapades and eccentric onstage performances, specifically within the rock genre. The genesis of electric guitar playing involves a series of technological alterations of the guitar that freed it from a mere background instrument allowing for new musical roles. It quickly became apparent that all the technical solutions designed to get rid of what was defined as unwanted noise could be turned “against” the clean tone and instead be used to create a unique sound. The control of these noise elements, such as feedback and distortion, became a core element of mastering the modern electric guitar. Rather than just being a marketplace icon, we argue that the electric guitar is fetishized because both its audio quality – the loudness and the potential roughness of the sound – and its visual looks and onstage performances symbolizes youthful rebellion, the essence of rock and roll.

  • 102039.
    Östberg, Jacob
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Fashion Studies.
    Kaijser, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Konsumtion2010Book (Other academic)
  • 102040.
    Östberg, Jessica
    Stockholm University.
    Något om skyldigheten att iaktta bolagets intresse vid insolvens2016Other (Other academic)
  • 102041.
    Östberg, Jessica
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, Stockholm Centre for Commercial Law.
    Om aktieägares lojalitetsplikt2018In: Svensk Juristtidning, ISSN 0039-6591, no 3, p. 265-303Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln behandlar frågan om aktieägare har en lojalitetsplikt enligt svensk rätt, vad den närmare innebär och lojalitetspliktens rättsgrund. Utblickar görs mot amerikansk, engelsk, tysk, norsk och dansk rätt. Det konstateras att aktieägare i fåmansbolag kan ha en lojalitetsplikt till följd av att de samarbetar och samverkar inom ramen för aktiebolaget, i vissa fall med stöd av ett aktieägaravtal, vilket kan föranleda att ett enkelt bolag föreligger mellan parterna. Vidare konstateras att bolagsstämman, och därmed i praktiken majoritetsaktieägare, är underkastad flera viktiga bestämmelser, vilka kan sägas ge uttryck för en viss lojalitetsplikt, såsom t.ex. vinstsyftet, likhetsprincipen, generalklausulen och jävsbestämmelsen. Dessutom kan aktieägare under vissa förutsättningar ha ett ansvar till följd av att de verkar som en shadow director eller de facto director. Artikeln avslutas med en analys och kommentarer de lege ferenda.

  • 102042.
    Östberg, Jessica
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Styrelseledamöters lojalitetsplikt: Särskilt om förbudet att utnyttja affärsmöjligheter2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Under Swedish law directors of limited liability companies have, without doubt, a duty of loyalty. It is also clear that the duty of loyalty is quite extensive. Due to mainly the lack of legal provisions and case law governing the duty of loyalty, the extent of the duty and the outer limits of it are unclear to both legal experts and practitioners. This legal uncertainty is detrimental to both individuals and companies and may also be detrimental to society at large.

    The overall purpose of the dissertation is to analyse and systematize the duty of loyalty for directors of a limited liability company. Within this overall purpose the aim is also to investigate certain basic principles and issues further, such as:  

    (i) the directors' legal position;

    (ii) to whom the duty of loyalty is owed;

    (iii) the functions of the duty of loyalty;

    (iv) the further meaning and extent of the duty of loyalty, including certain identified specific duties, especially

    (v) the prohibition to exploit corporate opportunities; and

    (vi) the boundaries to other legal rules.

    The dissertation is based on a method of legal dogmatics. Due to the limited material that exist on the topic under Swedish law, comparative outlooks are made to Norwegian law, Danish law, American law, English law and German law. A number of important conclusions are drawn, of which some are presented below.

    The duty of loyalty is mainly derived from the directors' legal position, which is similar to that of an agent (Swe: syssloman). It is owed mainly to the company, which means that only the company may enforce breaches of the duty, save for beaches of the so-called general clause.

    The duty of loyalty is systematized as follows. From the general duty of loyalty, which thus includes a general duty to consider the company's interests and not to promote individual or others' interests to the detriment of the company, a number of particular duties of loyalty are derived, namely: 

    (i) an obligation to avoid and disclose conflicts of interest;

    (ii) a prohibition on competition that may be detrimental to the company;

    (iii) a prohibition on improperly (Swe: otillbörligen) receiving or exploiting benefits or other advantages as a result of the assignment;

    (iv) a duty of obedience;

    (v) a duty of disclosure;

    (vi) a duty of confidentiality; and

    (vii) a prohibition on exploiting corporate opportunities belonging to the company.

    The meaning and extent of each of these duties are analysed further in the dissertation. Furthermore, the sanctions and legal consequences of a breach, such as damages, invalidity, unjust enrichment and the criminal sanctions are analysed briefly.

    Due to mainly the duty of loyalty's importance for investor confidence, its important functions and the breaches of the duty of loyalty that have occurred during the recent decades, it is proposed that the duty of loyalty and some of the specific duties are specified in the Swedish Companies Act. 

  • 102043.
    Östberg, Kjell
    Stockholm University.
    Byråkrati och reformism: en studie av svensk socialdemokratis politiska och sociala integrering fram till första världskriget1990Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 102044.
    Östberg, Malena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Påverkas den psykiska hälsan av vänners riskbeteende?: En flernivåanalys av ungdomar i årskurs nio och andra året på gymnasiet i Stockholm2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att ta reda på om det finns en koppling mellan kompisars riskbeteende (rökning, berusningsdrickande och användande av narkotika) och ungdomars psykosomatiska hälsa samt om det finns en koppling mellan klasskamraternas riskbeteende och ungdomarnas psykosomatiska hälsa. I många undersökningar har man kommit fram till att man påverkas av sina vänners beteende samt personer som finns i ens omgivning. De resultat som framkom för niondeklassarna i denna undersökning visar att det finns en koppling mellan kompisars rökning, alkoholkonsumtion och narkotikaanvändande och ungdomarnas psykosomatiska hälsa. Ingen motsvarande koppling till klasskamraters riskbeteende kunde dock fastställas. Detta kan bero på att klasserna i grundskolan är mer heterogena med flera olika ”klickar” inom klassen som inte integrerar med varandra och då blir inte klassens beteende så viktigt för individens psykiska hälsa. I andra året på gymnasiet finns det ett samband mellan kompisars rökning och narkotikaanvändande å ena sidan och ungdomars psykosomatiska hälsa å andra sidan, men ingen motsvarande effekt av kompisars alkoholkonsumtion. Detta kan bero på att det har blivit betydligt vanligare att dricka alkohol i gymnasiet och ungdomarna påverkas då mer av sin egen alkoholkonsumtion jämfört med kompisarnas och klasskamraternas. I gymnasiet finns det även signifikanta effekter av andelen i klassen som röker och använder narkotika på ungdomars psykosomatiska hälsa. Att denna koppling återfinns bland gymnasieelever, men inte niondeklassare, kan bero på att klasserna (pga. den selektion som äger rum till skolor och klasser i gymnasiet) är mer homogena. Ungdomarna kan då i högre grad tänkas identifiera sig med, och påverkas av, sina klasskamrater. Dock finns det inte någon koppling mellan klasskamraters alkoholkonsumtion och ungdomarnas psykosomatiska hälsa, vilket även här kan bero på att alkoholkonsumtion är ganska vanligt på gymnasiet och att ungdomars egen alkoholkonsumtion är den dominerande påverkansvägen till ungdomarnas psykosomatiska hälsa.

  • 102045.
    Östberg Morales, Silvia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Människa Dator Interaktion - En studie av SEB-koncernens intranät2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Många av de informationsteknologiska investeringarna som man genomför i dagens företag medför inte de goda resultaten man förväntar sig. Ofta beror detta på att man tar för lite hänsyn, om någon alls, till användaren av de IT-verktyg som designas.

  • 102046. Östberg, Per
    et al.
    Fernaeus, Sven-Erik
    Hellström, Åke
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Bogdanovic, Nenad
    Wahlund, Lars-Olof
    Impaired verb fluency: A sign of mild cognitive impairment.2005In: Brain and Language, ISSN 0093-934X, Vol. 95, no 2, p. 273-279Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We assessed verb fluency vs. noun and letter-based fluency in 199 subjects referred for cognitive complaints including Subjective Cognitive Impairment, Mild Cognitive Impairment, and Alzheimer's disease. ANCOVAs and factor analyses identified verb, noun, and letter-based fluency as distinct tasks. Verb fluency performance in Mild Cognitive Impairment differed significantly from Subjective Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer's disease. Reduced verb fluency thus appears to be a linguistic marker for incipient dementia. One possibility is that the verb fluency deficit in Mild Cognitive Impairment results from degenerative processes known to occur in the parahippocampal region.

  • 102047.
    Östberg, Sigfrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Oriental Languages, Korean Studies.
    Svenska Röda Korset-sjukhuset i Pusan 1950-58: En studie av den svenska insatsen med avseende på dess varierande verksamhetsfokus samt generella utveckling2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is two-fold. Firstly, it is the production of a historical and chronological narrative describing the development of the Swedish Red Cross Hospital in Pusan during the years 1950-58. Secondly, it is the investigation of the objectives and aspirations of the organisations and institutions involved and how they affected how the hospital developed during the wartime years and up until the inauguration of the Scandinavian educational hospital, the National Medical Centre, in Seoul. Shortly after the outbreak of the Korean War in 1950 Sweden, a neutral nation, offered to send a contingent for the establishment of a 200 bed mobile field hospital which was to be subjected to the command of the Eighth US Army in Korea. In the end a larger semimobile evacuation hospital was set up in Pusan where both UN soldiers and PoWs were treated, and it came to be known as the Swedish Red Cross Hospital. The decrease in and finally the cessation of hostilities in 1953 opened up for treatment of Korean civilian patients and such work was conducted not only at the Swedish hospital but all over Pusan, though initially it was not formally sanctioned by American and UN authorities. Although still a part of the military system in practice it became a stationary civilian hospital in 1954. The Swedish government hoped to create some continuity between the Swedish hospital in Pusan and the Scandinavian project in Seoul and so sponsored the hospital for a few more years. Even after the main hospital closed in 1957 a Swedish paediatrics team vaccinating children for tuberculosis remained in Pusan until the opening of the National Medical Centre.

  • 102048.
    Östberg, Urban
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Scandinavian Languages.
    Adriaan van Dis: en skildrare av sociala orättvisor, ålderdom och död, samt Nederländernas koloniala historia2018In: Horisont (Svenska Österbottens litteraturförening), ISSN 0439-5530, no 1, p. 38-41Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln presenterar den nederländske författaren Adriaan van Dis med utgångspunkt från hans roman "In het buitengebied" (2017). Han är en tongivande person i hemlandet, men är i stort sett okänd i Sverige. Endast två av hans böcker finns utgivna på svenska. Den senaste av dem, "Indiska sanddyner", diskuteras också i författarpresentationen.

  • 102049.
    Östberg, Urban
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Afrikaans - okänt språk med oviss framtid1995In: Internationella studier, ISSN 0220-952X, no 2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I artikeln diskuteras språket afrikaans ställning i dagens Sydafrika. Vidare behandlas dess säregna ursprung som dotterspråk till nederländskan i Europa.

  • 102050.
    Östberg, Urban
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Alla själars dag2006In: Horisont, ISSN 0439-5530, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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