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  • 1051.
    Zhao, Tony
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Synthesis of functionalized allylic, propargylic and allenylic compounds: Selective formation of C–B, C–C, C–CF3 and C-Si bonds2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is focused on the development of new palladium and copper- mediated reactions for functionalization of alkenes and propargylic alcohol derivatives. The synthetic utility of the 1,2-diborylated butadienes synthesized in one of these processes has also been demonstrated.

    We have developed an efficient procedure for the synthesis of allenyl boronates from propargylic carbonates and acetates. This was achieved by using a bimetallic system of palladium and copper or silver as co-catalyst. The reactions were performed under mild conditions for the synthesis of a variety of allenyl boronates. Furthermore, the synthesis of 1,2-diborylated butadienes was achieved with high diastereoselectivity from propargylic epoxides. The reactivity of the 1,2-diborylated butadienes with aldehydes was studied. It was found that the initial allylboration reaction proceeds via an allenylboronate intermediate. The allenylboronate reacts readily with an additional aldehyde to construct 2-ethynylbutane-1,4-diols with moderate to high diastereoselectivity.

    We have also studied the copper-mediated trifluoromethylation of propargylic halides and trifluoroacetates. It was also shown that a transfer of chirality occurred when an enantioenriched starting material was used.

    In the last part of the thesis, we have described a method for palladium-catalyzed functionalization of allylic C-H bonds for the selective synthesis of allylic silanes. The protocol only works under highly oxidative conditions which suggest a mechanism involving high oxidation state palladium intermediates.

  • 1052.
    Zhao, Tony S. N.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Copper and Palladium-Mediated Transformationsof Allylic and Propargylic Substrates2014Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is focused on the development of new palladium and copper-mediated reactions for functionalization of alkenes and propargylic alcohol derivatives. We have developed an efficient procedure for the synthesis of allenyl and propargyl boronate from propargylic carbonates and acetates. The reactions were performed under mild conditions for the synthesis of a variety of allenyl boronates. We have also observed a switch of regioselectivity for the formation of propargylic boronates using CuCl as a co-catalyst. This is, as far as we know, the first metal-catalyzed reaction for the synthesis of propargylic boronates. Furthermore, the synthesis of 1,2-diborylated butadienes was achieved with high diastereoselectivity from propargylic epoxides. A wide variety of propargylic epoxides could be converted to the corresponding dienes and this is the first catalytic protocol to form 1,2-diborylated butadienes.

    We have also studied the copper-mediated trifluoromethylation of propargylic halides and trifluoroacetates. Depending on the temperature, two different regioselective outcomes were observed. It was also shown that a transfer of chirality occurred when an enantioenriched starting material was used.

    In the last part of the thesis, we have described a method for palladium-catalyzed functionalization of allylic C-H bonds for selective synthesis of allylic silanes. The reaction is regioselective and gives only the linear allylic silane. The protocol only works under highly oxidative conditions which suggest a mechanism involving high oxidation state palladium intermediates.

  • 1053.
    Zhao, Tony S. N.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Szabó, Kálmán J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Trifluoromethylation of Propargylic Halides and Trifluoroacetates Using (Ph3P)(3)Cu(CF3) Reagent2012In: Organic Letters, ISSN 1523-7060, E-ISSN 1523-7052, Vol. 14, no 15, p. 3966-3969Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A copper-mediated trifluoromethylation of propargylic halides and trifluoroacetates was performed with high allenyl or propargyl selectivity. The reaction proceeds smoothly with aliphatic and aromatic substituents bearing either electron-withdrawing or -supplying groups. Preliminary mechanistic results indicate an ionic mechanism involving nucleophilic transfer of the CF3 group from the Cu complex to the propargylic substrate.

  • 1054.
    Zhao, Tony S. N.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Yang, Yuzhu
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Lessing, Timo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Szabó, Kálmán J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Borylation of Propargylic Substrates by Bimetallic Catalysis. Synthesis of Allenyl, Propargylic, and Butadienyl Bpin Derivatives2014In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 136, no 21, p. 7563-7566Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bimetallic Pd/Cu and Pd/Ag catalytic systems were used for borylation of propargylic alcohol derivatives. The substrate scope includes even terminal alkynes. The reactions proceed stererospecifically with formal S(N)2' pathways to give allenyl boronates. Opening of propargyl epoxides leads to 1,2-diborylated butadienes probably via en allenylboronate intermediate.

  • 1055.
    Zheng, Jia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Margarita, Cristiana
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Krajangsri, Suppachai
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Andersson, Pher G.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Asymmetric Total Synthesis of (-)-Juvabione via Sequential Ir-Catalyzed Hydrogenations2018In: Organic Letters, ISSN 1523-7060, E-ISSN 1523-7052, Vol. 20, no 18, p. 5676-5679Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    (-)-Juvabione, a natural sesquiterpene exhibiting juvenile insect hormone activity, was synthesized constructing the two adjacent stereogenic centers via sequential Ir-catalyzed hydrogenations. The first center is generated by hydrogenation of a styrene-type double bond (99% ee). The successive monohydrogenation of a diene intermediate constitutes the key step, granting high levels of regio- and stereocontrol (94:6 dr). This novel strategy allowed the preparation of (-)-juvabione from simple starting materials in 9 steps and 17% total yield.

  • 1056.
    Zhou, Taigang
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Peters, Byron
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Maldonado, Matias F.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Govender, Thavendran
    University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
    Andersson, Pher G.
    Uppsala University, Sweden; University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
    Enantioselective Synthesis of Chiral Sulfones by Ir-Catalyzed Asymmetric Hydrogenation: A Facile Approach to the Preparation of Chiral Allylic and Homoallylic Compounds2012In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 134, no 33, p. 13592-13595Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A highly efficient and enantioselective Ir-catalyzed hydrogenation of unsaturated sulfones was developed. Chiral cyclic and acyclic sulfones were produced in excellent enantioselectivities (up to 98% ee). Coupled with the Ramberg–Bäcklund rearrangement, this reaction offers a novel route to chiral allylic and homoallylic compounds in excellent enantioselectivities (up to 97% ee) and high yields (up to 94%).

  • 1057.
    Zhou, Yihui
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
    Yin, Ge
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
    Asplund, Lillemor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
    Stewart, Kathryn
    Rantakokko, Panu
    Bignert, Anders
    Ruokojärvi, Päivi
    Kiviranta, Hannu
    Qiu, Yanling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
    Ma, Zhijun
    Bergman, Åke
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
    High concentrations of OCDD and related chemicals in heron and tern eggs from Yangtze River Delta indicating PCP originArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 1058.
    Zhu, Can
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Yang, Bin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Jiang, Tuo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Olefin-Directed Palladium-Catalyzed Regio- and Stereoselective Oxidative Arylation of Allenes2015In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 54, no 31, p. 9066-9069Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An olefin-directed palladium-catalyzed oxidative regio- and stereoselective arylation of allenes to afford 1,3,6-trienes has been established. A number of functionalized allenes, including 2,3- and 3,4-dienoates and 3,4-dienol derivatives, have been investigated and found to undergo the olefin-directed allene arylation. The olefin moiety has been proven to be a crucial element for the arylating transformation.

  • 1059.
    Zhu, Can
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Yang, Bin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Qiu, Youai
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Highly Selective Construction of Seven-Membered Carbocycles by Olefin-Assisted Palladium-Catalyzed Oxidative Carbocyclization-Alkoxycarbonylation of Bisallenes2016In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 55, no 46, p. 14405-14408Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An olefin-assisted palladium-catalyzed oxidative carbocyclization-alkoxycarbonylation of bisallenes to afford seven-membered carbocycles has been established. This dehydrogenative coupling reaction showed excellent substrate scope and functional group compatibility. The reaction exhibited high chemo-and regioselectivity, and ester 3 was the only product obtained. The olefin unit has been proven to be indispensable during the reaction. Moreover, intramolecular oxidative coupling suggests that the reaction proceeds via a (pallyl)palladium intermediate.

  • 1060.
    Zhu, Can
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Yang, Bin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Qiu, Youai
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Olefin-Directed Palladium-Catalyzed Regio- and Stereoselective Hydroboration of Allenes2016In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 22, no 9, p. 2939-2943Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An olefin-directed palladium-catalyzed regio- and stereoselective hydroboration of allenes has been developed to afford fully substituted alkenylboron compounds. The reaction showed a broad substrate scope: a number of functionalized allenes, including 2,3-dienoate, 3,4-dienoate, 3,4-dienol, 1,2-allenylphosphonate, and alkyl-substituted allenes, could be used in this olefin-directed allene hydroboration. The olefin unit was proven to be an indispensable element for this transformation.

  • 1061.
    Zhu, Mingzhao
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Jalalian, Nazli
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Olofsson, Berit
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    One-pot synthesis of diaryliodonium salts using toluenesulfonic acid - a fast entry to electron-rich diaryliodonium tosylates and triflates2008In: Synlett: Accounts and Rapid Communications in Synthetic Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0936-5214, E-ISSN 1437-2096, no 4, p. 592-596Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A direct synthesis of symmetric and unsymmetric electron-rich diaryliodonium salts is described. The use of MCPBA and toluenesulfonic acid delivers diaryliodonium tosylates in high yields. An in situ anion exchange has also been developed, giving access to the corresponding triflate salts.

  • 1062.
    Zmudzka, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Polish Acad Sci, Ctr Mol & Macromol Studies.
    Johansson, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Wojcik, Marzena
    Polish Acad Sci, Ctr Mol & Macromol Studies.
    Janicka, Magdalena
    Polish Acad Sci, Ctr Mol & Macromol Studies.
    Nowak, Marian
    Polish Acad Sci, Ctr Mol & Macromol Studies.
    Stawinski, Jacek
    Nawrot, Barbara
    Polish Acad Sci, Ctr Mol & Macromol Studies.
    Novel DNA Analogues with 2-, 3- and 4-Pyridylphosphonate Internucleotide Bonds: Synthesis and Hybridisation Properties2003In: New Journal of Chemistry, ISSN 1144-0546, Vol. 27, no 12, p. 1698-1705Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Oligothymidylates modified with stereodefined 2-pyridyl-, 3-pyridyl- and 4-pyridylphosphonate moieties at one or two juxtaposed internucleotide positions were prepared, and their avidity towards complementary single stranded DNA and RNA, as well as toward double stranded DNA were evaluated by UV melting temperature and CD studies. It was found that the sense of chirality at the phosphorus centre and the position of the nitrogen atom in the pyridyl ring of a pyridylphosphonate moiety are important factors governing stability of double- and triple-stranded complexes formed by these oligonucleotides. DNA/DNA and DNA/RNA duplexes containing oligothymidylate strands with R-P-pyridylphosphonate units differed only slightly from unmodified reference complexes. In contrast to this, the S-P-pyridylphosphonate derivatives exhibited lower binding affinity than both their R-P-counterparts and the unmodified reference oligonucleotide T-20. Triplexes of oligo(thymidyl pyridylphosphonate)s with hairpin oligomer d(A(21)C(4)T(21)) were found mostly to be thermodynamically slightly more stable in pH 7.4 and less stable in pH 5.0 than non-modified complexes. As expected, oligonucleotides with pyridylphosphonate internucleotide bonds were recognised by 3'- and 5'-exonucleases but the chimeric oligonucleotide chains were not cleaved at the modi. cation sites.

  • 1063.
    Åberg, Jenny B.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Mechanistic Studies on Ruthenium-Catalyzed Hydrogen Transfer Reactions2009Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Mechanistic studies on three different ruthenium-based catalysts have been performed. The catalysts have in common that they have been employed in hydrogen transfer reactions involving alcohols and ketones, amines and imines or both.

    Bäckvall’s catalyst, η5-(Ph5C5)Ru(CO)2Cl, finds its application as racemization catalyst in dynamic kinetic resolution, where racemic alcohols are converted to enantiopure acetates in high yields. The mechanism of the racemization has been investigated and both alkoxide and alkoxyacyl intermediates have been characterized by NMR spectroscopy and in situ FT-IR measurements. The presence of acyl intermediates supports a mechanism via CO assistance. Substantial support for coordination of the substrate during the racemization cycle is provided, including exchange studies with both external and internal potential ketone traps. We also detected an unexpected alkoxycarbonyl complex from 5-hydroxy-1-hexene, which has the double bond coordinated to ruthenium.

    Shvo’s catalyst, [Ru2(CO)4(μ-H)(C4Ph4COHOCC4Ph4)] is a powerful catalyst for transfer hydrogenation as well as for dynamic kinetic resolution. The mechanism of this catalyst is still under debate, even though a great number of studies have been published during the past decade. In the present work, the mechanism of the reaction with imines has been investigated. Exchange studies with both an external and an internal amine as potential traps have been performed and the results can be explained by a stepwise inner-sphere mechanism. However, if there is e.g. a solvent cage effect, the results can also be explained by an outer-sphere mechanism. We have found that there is no cage effect in the reduction of a ketone containing a potential internal amine trap. If the mechanism is outer-sphere, an explanation as to why the solvent cage effect is much stronger in the case of imines than ketones is needed.

    Noyori’s catalyst, [p-(Me2CH)C6H4Me]RuH(NH2CHPhCHPhNSO2C6H4-p-CH3), has successfully been used to produce chiral alcohols and amines via transfer hydrogenation. The present study shows that the mechanism for the reduction of imines is different from that of ketones and aldehydes. Acidic activation of the imine was found necessary and an ionic mechanism was proposed.

  • 1064.
    Åberg, Jenny B.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Nyhlén, Jonas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Martín-Matute, Belén
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Privalov, Timofei
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    CO Assistance in ligand exchange of a ruthenium racemization catalyst: identification of an acyl intermediate2009In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 131, no 27, p. 9500-9501Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An acyl intermediate in the activation of eta(5)-(Ph(5)Cp)Ru(CO)(2)Cl by t-BuOK was identified by means of in situ FT-IR measurements and NMR spectroscopy. This strongly supports the conclusion that the ligand exchange takes place via CO assistance, i.e., that the activation occurs via nucleophilic attack by tert-butoxide on one of the CO ligands. The tert-butoxycarbonyl intermediate shows stretching vibrations at 1933 and 1596 cm(-1), corresponding to the CO and COOt-Bu groups, respectively. In the (13)C NMR spectrum, the CO group appears at 209.5 ppm and the COOt-Bu group at 208.7 ppm. The NMR assignments were confirmed by density functional theory calculations. The subsequent alcohol-alkoxide exchange is also thought to take place via CO assistance. However, no intermediate in that step could be detected.

  • 1065.
    Åberg, Jenny B.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Warner, Madeleine C.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Unexpected formation of a cyclopentadienylruthenium alkoxycarbonyl complex with a coordinated C=C bond2009In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 131, no 38, p. 13622-13624Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1066.
    Åberg, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Samec, Joseph S. M.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Mechanistic Investigation on the Hydrogenation of Imines by [p-(Me2CH)C6H4Me]RuH(NH2CHPhCHPhNSO2C6H4-p-CH3). Experimental support for an  Ionic Pathway2006In: Chemical Communications, ISSN 1359-7345, E-ISSN 1364-548X, no 26, p. 2771-2773Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The need for acidic activation in the stoichiometric hydrogenation of benzyl-[1-phenyl-ethylidene]-amine ( 6a) or [1-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-ethylidene]-methyl-amine ( 6b) by Noyori's catalyst [p-(Me2CH)C6H4Me]RuH(NH2CHPhCHPhNSO2C6H4-p-CH3)( 2) is inconsistent with the proposed concerted mechanism and supports an ionic mechanism.

  • 1067.
    Öhberg, Liselotte
    Stockholm University.
    Synthesis of a key derivative of glycosylphosphatidylinositol substances and synthesis of spacer glycosides for use in the formation of glycoconjugates and of self-assembled monolayer surfaces1998Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The first chapter of this thesis describes glycosylation strategies for obtaining derivatives of 2-amino-2-deoxy-a-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->6)-D-myo-inositol, a key building block for synthesis of glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor substances and also proposed to be part of a second messenger for insulin.

    The second chapter describes the synthesis of bifunctional oligoethylene glycol spacers and glycosylation of these for use in formation of glycoconjugates. Synthesis of glycosyl succinimides and their conversion into glycoconjugates are also described.

    In the third chapter, synthesis of various terminated alkane thiols are described for use in formation of self-assembled monolayer surfaces. Globotriose linked alkane thiols with or without oligoethylene glycol spacers in between were mixed with hydroxyl or oligoethylene glycol terminated alkane thiols for formation of model surfaces.

  • 1068. Öksnes Dalheim, Marianne
    et al.
    Björk Arnfinnsdottir, Nina
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Christensen, Björn E.
    The size and shape of three water-soluble, non-ionic polysaccharides produced by lactic acid bacteria: A comparative study2016In: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 142, p. 91-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Three water-soluble, non-ionic extracellular polysaccharides (EPS) obtained from lactic acid bacteria (S. thermophilus THS, L. helveticus K16 and S. thermophilus ST1) were subjected to a comparative study by means of multidetector size-exclusion chromatography, providing distributions and averages of molar masses, radii of gyration and intrinsic viscosities. All polysaccharides displayed random coil character. Further analysis of the data reveals differences in chain stiffness and extension that could be well correlated to structural features. The calculated persistence lengths ranged from 5 to 10 nm and fall within the range typical for many single-stranded bacterial or plant polysaccharides. The ST1 polysaccharide had the highest molar mass but the lowest persistence length, which is attributed to the presence of the flexible (1→6)-linkage in the main chain.

  • 1069.
    Östervall, Jennie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Conformational Dynamics of Carbohydrates Studied by NMR Spectroscopy and Molecular Simulations2006Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Carbohydrates play important roles in biological processes. Their function is closely related to their conformation. In this thesis, conformational studies of carbohydrates by NMR spectroscopy and molecular dynamics computer simulations are described.

    The first two papers discuss the anomalous solubility of β-cyclodextrin compared to other cyclodextrins. Time correlation functions revealed flexibility in all cyclodextrins. Molecular dynamics computer simulations showed that the glycosidic linkages were rather rigid and the flexibility was suggested to be macrocyclic. From spatial distribution functions β-cyclodextrin was found to have greater ability to order the surrounding water than the other cyclodextrins. Paper III deals with some of the difficulties of conformational studies. In Paper IV, a new method, Additative Potential Maximum Entropy, APME, is applied to a disaccharide. Conformational distribution functions are derived from NOEs, J-couplings and residual dipolar couplings and calculated from computer simulations. All distribution functions were found to be in good agreement. In papers V and VI oligosaccharides from human milk are studied. Residual dipolar coupling, J-couplings and cross relaxation rates were measured by NMR spectroscopy and molecular dynamics computer simulations were carried out. Both oligosaccharides showed high flexibility for the β-D-GlcpNAc-(1→3)-β-D-Galp linkage.

  • 1070. Číhalová, Sylva
    et al.
    Dziedzic, Pawel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Córdova, Armando
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Veselý, Jan
    Asymmetric Aza-Morita–Baylis–Hillman-type reactions: The highly enantioselective reaction between unmodified α,β-unsaturated aldehydes and N-acylimines by organo-co-catal2011In: Advanced Synthesis and Catalysis, ISSN 1615-4150, E-ISSN 1615-4169, Vol. 353, no 7, p. 1096-1108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The highly enantioselective organo-co-catalytic aza-Morita–Baylis–Hillman (MBH)-type reaction between N-carbamate-protected imines and α,β-unsaturated aldehydes has been developed. The organic co-catalytic system of proline and 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO) enables the asymmetric synthesis of the corresponding N-Boc- and N-Cbz-protected β-amino-α-alkylidene-aldehydes in good to high yields and up to 99% ee. In the case of aza-MBH-type addition of enals to phenylprop-2-ene-1-imines, the co-catalytic reaction exhibits excellent 1,2-selectivity. The organo-co-catalytic aza-MBH-type reaction can also be performed by the direct highly enantioselective addition of α,β-unsaturated aldehydes to bench-stableN-carbamate-protected α-amidosulfones to give the corresponding β-amino-α-alkylidene-aldehydes with up to 99% ee.The organo-co-catalytic aza-MBH-type reaction is also an expeditious entry to nearly enantiomerically pure β-amino-α-alkylidene-amino acids and β-amino-α-alkylidene-lactams (99% ee). The mechanism and stereochemistry of the chiral amine and DABCO co-catalyzed aza-MBH-type reaction arealso discussed.

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