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  • 105351.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Landskapet som skapare av regioner: Om hur natur och kultur formar regioner1994In: Den regionala särarten / [ed] Barbro Blomberg & Sven-Olof Lindquist, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 1994, p. 55-66Chapter in book (Other academic)
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    Landskapet regioner
  • 105352.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Linking Nordic landscape geography and political ecology2015In: Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0029-1951, E-ISSN 1502-5292, Vol. 69, no 4, p. 197-206Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Widgren, M. 2015. Linking Nordic landscape geography and political ecology. Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift-Norwegian Journal of Geography Vol. 00, 00-00. ISSN 0029-1951. The article analyses and compares two schools of landscape research - post-war European landscape history and Nordic landscape geography - and compares them with political ecology. Each of them developed within a specific political, environmental, and intellectual context. European landscape history developed as curiosity-driven research, but in the shadow of previous ideological misuse of settlement history. Political ecology developed in the context of the Sahel crisis and provided a radical answer to Malthusian simplifications of the desertification and land degradation. In contrast to that, Nordic landscape geography grew as an intellectual critical reaction to a European situation in which post-productivist landscape policies were on the agenda. The article also speculates on challenges ahead and suggests that the epoch when we understand European landscapes mainly from a post-productivist standpoint may be over.

  • 105353.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Lägerbobygden2016In: Kan man leva på en ödegård? Huvudgårdar, landbotorp och odlingssystem under medeltid i Lägerbobygden, Östergötland / [ed] Hans Andersson, Mats Widgren, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, 2016, p. 51-75Chapter in book (Refereed)
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    fulltext
  • 105354.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Maciej Zaremba slarvar med fakta2011In: Geografiska Notiser, ISSN 0016-724X, Vol. 69, no 2, p. 55-56Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 105355.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Mammas farbror, kung Khama och politisk ekologi1999In: Ymer, ISSN 0044-0477, Vol. 119, p. 101-116Article in journal (Other academic)
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    Mammas farbror
  • 105356.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Mapping Global Agricultural History2010In: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference of Historical Geographers, Kyoto 2009 / [ed] Kinda, A., Komeie, T. Mnamide, S., Mizoguchi, T. & Uesugi, K, Kyoto: Kyoto University Press , 2010, p. 211-212Conference paper (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 105357.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Mapping Global Agricultural History: A Map and Gazetteer for Sub-Saharan Africa, c. 1800 AD2018In: Plants and People in the African Past: Progress in African Archaeobotany / [ed] Anna Maria Mercuri, A. Catherine D'Andrea, Rita Fornaciari, Alexa Höhn, Cham: Springer, 2018, p. 303-327Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent global historical cropland modelling grossly underestimates the pre-colonial development of agriculture in the Americas and many parts of sub-Saharan Africa. Such models are usually developed by back casting from recent land cover, combined with environmentally deterministic algorithms. Historical geographers have been slow in responding to a new demand for a global synthesis. In this paper, a preliminary map of African agricultural systems dating to AD 1800 is presented. It forms a component of the project Mapping Global Agriculture and is based on the existing historical literature, observations by early travelers, archaeology and archaeobotany. It should be emphasized that the generated map should be considered preliminary.

  • 105358.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Mapping the history of African agricultural systems2015In: Proceedings of the IWAA8 / [ed] Assunta Florenzano, Rita Fornaciari, Modena: Società dei Naturalisti e Matematici di Modena , 2015, Vol. 146, p. 117-119Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The contribution reports on a project mapping the extent of different agricultural systems in Africa in AD 1000, AD 1500 and AD 1800. The project is motivated by the lack of known agricultural history in existing global historical cropland data.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 105359.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Michel Cabouret, L´irrigation des prés de fauche en Europe occidentale, centrale et septentrionale: Essai de géographie historique. Préface d´Erik Bylund. Paris 1999.2000In: Svenska landsmål och svenskt folkliv, ISSN 0347-1837, p. 206-207Article, book review (Other academic)
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    Recension Cabouret
  • 105360.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Om skillnader och likheter mellan regioner: Några kommentarer till 3 figurer1988In: Folkevandringstiden i Norden: En krisetid mellem ældre og yngre jernalder / [ed] Ulf Näsman & Jørgen Lund, Århus: Aarhus Universitetsforlag, 1988, p. 273-287Chapter in book (Other academic)
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    fulltext
  • 105361.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Physical and Mental Landscapes: Introduction2003In: Fishbones and glittering emblems: Southeast Asian archaeology 2002 / [ed] Anna Karlström & Anna Källén, Stockholm: Östasiatiska muséet , 2003, p. 255-256Conference paper (Other academic)
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    PHysical and mental
  • 105362.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Pollenanalys från sjön Flären, Östergötland1977Report (Other academic)
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    Pollenanalys Flären
  • 105363.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Pre-colonial landesque capital: a global perspective2007In: Rethinking Environmental History: World-System History and Global Environmental Change, AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek , 2007, p. 61-78Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter addresses a phenomenon of wide significance for past and future agricultural potential – landesque capital. This is understood as investments made in land with an anticipated life beyond that of the present crop, or crop cycle. Irrigation canals and agricultural terraces are the most obvious forms of landesque capital, but the clearance of stones and the improvement of agricultural soils over the years are other, albeit less spectacular, examples. It is argued, that alongside the more obvious factors of climate and soil, the distribution of landesque capital – and hence the history of land use – is as an important factor in understanding global differences in the productivity of agricultural lands. The occurrence of landesque capital has, over the years, been explained from a number of different perspectives: as a direct or indirect reflection of semi-arid and arid lands, as the result of diffusion, as a consequence of historical ‘siege’ situations, or as resulting from the accumulation strategies of chiefdoms and empires. It is argued that most of these general approaches to the explanation of landesque capital make the mistake of not fully taking into account the spatial aspect of landesque capital. They tend to reflect an historic and economic rather than a geographical understanding of investments. Unlike monetary capital, which is fluid in space but fixed in time, landesque capital is fixed in space but “fluid” in time. The chronological and social contexts of its use, management and further development, can differ significantly from the contexts that once shaped it.

  • 105364.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Reading property in the landscape2006In: Norsk Geografisk Tidskrift - Norwegian Journal of Geography, ISSN 0029-1951, Vol. 60, no 1, p. 57-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An important focus of research in landscape geography has been the documentation, classification and analysis of field patterns. This research has provided examples of how different societies and different property regimes leave their own very specific imprints on the landscape, many of which can still be seen. If this kind of landscape geography is to play a role today, it must be able to show that it can transgress both classification and simple evolutionary schemes and provide original contributions to the study of societies, property regimes and power. This article approaches this problem at two levels. I first discuss the historical role of boundaries versus the role of other ways of solving questions of land rights. Second, I take one particular field type, broad strip parcels (German: Breitstreifenfluren), as a starting point for discussing the relation between societies, property regimes and field geometry. A field system in Marakwet in Kenya, which was undergoing change in the 1990s, will serve as the main empirical example. Property rights seem to be most clearly expressed on the ground during phases of transition and contested rights.

  • 105365.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Reading the prehistoric landscape2010In: Ymer, ISSN 0044-0477, Vol. 130, p. 69-85Article in journal (Other academic)
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 105366.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Reflections on landscape and settlement transformations1999In: Settlement and Landscape: Proceedings of a conference in Århus, Denmark, May 4-7 1998. / [ed] Charlotte Fabech & Jytte Ringtved, Århus: Jutland Archaeological Society , 1999, p. 31-33Chapter in book (Other academic)
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    fulltext
  • 105367.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Regelbunda åkersystem från äldre järnålder: Nya aspekter på det äldsta kulturlandskapet i Kinds härad1987In: Västgöta-Dal : en årsbok från Älvsborgs länsmuseum, Vänersborg, p. 176-202Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Download full text (pdf)
    Regelbundna åkersystem Kinds härad
  • 105368.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Resilience thinking versus political ecology: Understanding the dynamics of small-scale, labour-intensive farming landscapes.2012In: Resilience and the Cultural Landscape: Understanding and Managing Change in Human-Shaped Environments / [ed] Tobias Plieninger, Claudia Bieling, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012, 1, p. 95-110Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I examine political ecology and resilience thinking from the perspective of what these different theoretical perspectives can offer for our under standing of farming communities and agricultural landscapes. For the management of agricultural landscapes we need good theories and understandings of the driving forces behind the emergence, endurance and decline of particular types of farming practices and farming systems. The question is not new in landscape studies; much research in landscape history has been aimed towards understanding the rationale behind, and the explanation of a specific type of agrarian landscape. But in this field we are witnessing an increased demand for applied research, whether for formulating landscape policies in Europe or finding ways towards a sustainable agriculture globally. In such a period of demand for research results we need sharp theoretical tools. Recent research on farming communities and agrarian landscapes in Europe and Africa is examined. A focus point is on the empirical insights that research, based on resilience thinking and political ecology respectively, can offer.

  • 105369.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Review of Sing C. Chew ‘The Recurring Dark Ages: Ecological Stress, Climate Changes and Systems Transformation2007In: Environment and History, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 503-506Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    fulltext
  • 105370.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Röjningsröseområden på sydsvenska höglandet: arkeologiska, kulturgeografiska och vegetationshistoriska undersökningar2003Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 105371.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Settlement and farming systems in the early Iron Age: a study of fossil agrarian landscapes in Östergötland, Sweden1983Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
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    fulltext
  • 105372.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Sida måste lyssna på kritiken mot markförvärv2012In: Expressen, ISSN 1103-923XArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 105373.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Sjutton år av historisk geografisk forskning i Stockholm2003In: Med landskapet i centrum: kulturgeografiska perspektiv på nutida och historiska landskap / [ed] Ulf Jansson, Stockholm: Kulturgeografiska institutionen, Stockholms Universitet , 2003, p. 19-34Chapter in book (Other academic)
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    fulltext
  • 105374.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Slaves: inequality and sustainable agriculture in pre-colonial West Africa2012In: Ecology and Power: Struggles over Land and Material Resources in the Past, Present and Future / [ed] Alf Hornborg, Brett Clark, Kenneth Hermele, London: Routledge, 2012, p. 97-107Chapter in book (Other academic)
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    fulltext
  • 105375.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Strip fields in an Iron-Age context: A case study from Västergötland, Sweden1990In: Landscape History, ISSN 0143-3768, E-ISSN 2160-2506, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 5-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As part of a project on the origin of subdivided fields in Western Sweden some surprisingly old planned fields have been investigated in the southern parts of the province of Västergötland. A type of large fossilised field consisting of long strips bounded by banks of stone and earth was found while searching for partially deserted medieval sub-divided fields. The breadth of the strips varies from approximately 7 to 40 metres. To judge from the remaining evidence, the fields often covered areas of over 50 hectares. The spatial relationship between the fields and other ancient monuments points to a date in the last centuries B.C. This dating has also been confirmed by radio-carbon datings from field boundaries, indicating a use in the period 500 B.C. to A.D. 200. The layout of the strips follows geometrical principles rather than the terrain and gives the impression of deliberate planning according to some yet unknown principle. Some of the localities consist of broad strips which have functioned as frameworks within which subdivision into property and/or working plots has later been developed. This land division seems mainly to have its origin in the need to regulate the rights to land. Strips are often too broad to have been working plots and they lack any sign of traction implements. All evidence so far points to collectively organised, subdivided field systems which have many traits in common with the medieval open fields. A metrological analysis shows that the fields were planned, measured and subsequently subdivided. The finds raise principal questions concerning the origin of subdivided fields and of individual and collective rights in the landscape. Two directions for discussion emerge. One concerns the antecedent forms in the landscape and the circumstances under which these land divisions were carried out, the other concerns the principal relations between these field systems and later subdivided fields.

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    fulltext
  • 105376.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    The Migration period farm in Östergötland, Sweden - continuitiy or devastation1981In: Collected papers: presented at the Permanent European conference for the study of the rural landscape held at Roskilde, Denmark, 3-9 June 1979 / [ed] Viggo Hansen, Copenhagen, 1981, p. 51-54Conference paper (Other academic)
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    Continuity or devastation
  • 105377.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    The settlement and farming system in Ostergotland, Sweden A.D. 1 to 5001984In: Settlement and economy in later Scandinavian prehistory / [ed] Kristian Kristiansen, Oxford , 1984, p. 111-127Chapter in book (Other academic)
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    Settlement - BAR 1984
  • 105378.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Towards a global history of agricultural systems2018In: Past global changes magazine, ISSN 2411-605X, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 18-19Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Maps of past agricultural systems suggest two rapid changes: around 1500 CE, as European colonization led to demographic and agricultural collapse in South America, 1870 to 1920 CE, as industrialization and steam transport resulted in a global division of labor.

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    fulltext
  • 105379.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Towards a historical geography of intensive farming in eastern Africa2004In: Islands of intensive agriculture in Eastern Africa: Past and present / [ed] Mats Widgren & John Sutton, Oxford: James Currey Publishers, 2004Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 105380.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Var medeltidens jordbrukssystem uthålliga?: Vägar till ett svar1995In: Miljö och livskvalitet under vikingatid och medeltid: Fem föreläsningar från ett symposium i Stockholm 1990 / [ed] Göran Dahlbäck, Stockholm: Sällskapet Runica et Mediævalia , 1995, p. 77-98Conference paper (Other academic)
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    Medeltidens jordbrukssystem
  • 105381.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Vem tar ansvar för landskapshistorien vid exploateringsundersökningar1990In: Meta: Medeltidsarkeologisk tidskrift, ISSN 0348-7903, no 1-2, p. 14-24Article in journal (Other academic)
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    Vem tar ansvar
  • 105382.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Västsvenskt odlingslandskap under järnålder och medeltid: Några aktuella forskningsfrågo1999In: Problem i västsvensk medeltid / [ed] Lannart Andersson Palm, Göteborg: Humanistiska fakulteten, Göteborgs Universitet , 1999, p. 46-61Chapter in book (Other academic)
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    fulltext
  • 105383.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Västsveriges kulturlandskap från geografisk synpunkt1986In: Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0349-2834, Vol. 10, p. 7-18Article in journal (Other academic)
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    fulltext
  • 105384.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Ödegårdslämningar i några valda regioner: En bakgrund2016In: Kan man leva på en ödegård? Huvudgårdar, landbotorp och odlingssystem under medeltid i Lägerbobygden, Östergötland / [ed] Hans Andersson, Mats Widgren, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, 2016, p. 25-45Chapter in book (Refereed)
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    fulltext
  • 105385.
    Widgren, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Håkansson, N. Thomas
    Landesque Capital: what is the concept good for2014In: Landesque capital: the historical ecology of enduring landscape modifications / [ed] N Thomas Håkansson; Mats Widgren, Walnut Creek, Calif.: Left Coast Press Inc., 2014, p. 9-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 105386.
    Widgren, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Håkansson, Thomas
    Div of Human Ecology, Lund University.
    Börjeson, Lowe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Introduction: Historical and Regional Perspectives on Landscape Transformations in Northeastern Tanzania, 1850-20002008In: International Journal of African Historical Studies, ISSN 0361-7882, E-ISSN 2326-3016, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 369-382Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article focuses on the historical and regional views on landscape shift in northeastern Tanzania from 1850-2000. It highlights several perspectives on the impact of landscape transformation towards the social relation in the northeastern part of the country. Specifically, it discusses how regional historical method to land cover changes offers an analytical field to bridge social gap. It primarily considers the perspectives of a group of scholars, centering on their views on human-environmental relationships and political economy. In addition, it explores the history and spatial interactions in the region, regarding as well the economic determinants of land use.

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    NE Tanzania 1850 200
  • 105387.
    Widgren, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Lehtinen, Ari
    Lundmark, Mats
    Ostwald, Madelene
    Simonsen, Kirsten
    Geography research in Norway: An evaluation2011Report (Other academic)
  • 105388.
    Widgren, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Maggs, Tim
    Plikk, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Risberg, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Schoeman, Maria H.
    Westerberg, Lars-Ove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Precolonial agricultural terracing in Bokoni, South Africa: Typology and an exploratory excavation2016In: Journal of African Archaeology, ISSN 1612-1651, E-ISSN 2191-5784, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 33-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Earlier work on the terraced settlements of the Bokoni area (16th to 19th century, Mpumalanga province, South Africa) focussed on the homesteads, their contents, layout and chronology. This paper suggests a terminology and typology of agrarian structures in Bokoni in order to improve comparative approaches in Africa and beyond. The typology and an excavation of the terracing have made possible preliminary conclusions relevant for the further analysis of the terracing and stone-walling in Bokoni. The terracing developed incrementally, whereby cultivation, stone-clearing and terracing were intermixed processes. This is supported both by the organic content in a section of a terrace and by a phytolith analysis. The phytolith analysis furthermore indicated that maize was cultivated on the terraces, but this should be seen as a pilot study only, and presence of maize in Bokoni must be tested with other archaeobotanical methods.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 105389.
    Widgren, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Pedersen, Ellen Anne
    Agriculture in Sweden: 800 BC-AD 10002011In: The agrarian history of sweden : from 4000 BC to AD 2000 / [ed] Janken Myrdal & Mats Morell, Lund: Nordic academic press , 2011, p. 46-71Chapter in book (Other academic)
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    Pedersen&Widgren_Agriculture_800BC_AD1000
  • 105390.
    Widgren, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Sutton, John E.G.
    Islands of intensive agriculture in Eastern Africa: past & present2004Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Islands of intensive agriculture are areas of local cultivation surrounded by low-density livestock herders or extensive cultivators. Along the line of the East Africa Rift Valley, and in the highlands on either side, communities of considerable historical depth have developed highly specialized agricultural regimes, employing such labor-intensive devices as furrow irrigation, hillside terracing, and stall-feeding of cattle.

    This collection continues the advance in the understanding of African agricultural practices through the combination of geographical, ethnographic, and archaeological research, concentrating on actual fields, farming strategies, and cultivation techniques.

  • 105391.
    Widh, Lisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Cilgin, Roken
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Sverige - IT-metropol i världen?: En studie om hur amerikanska tidskrifter har speglat bilden av Sverige som IT-nation2000Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur pass väl stämmer det som svenska medier skriver om Sverige som IT-nation med det som amerikanska tidskrifter har skrivit. Det visar sig att Sverige inte anses som världsledande. USA på topp och Finland tätt efter.

  • 105392.
    Widh, Lisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Svärd, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Lind, Johanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Dressed for success?: En studie om hur små och medelstora svenska modeföretag går tillväga för att nå framgång vid en internationell etablering2001Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna magisteruppsats studerar vi den svenska modebranschens små- och medelstora företags internationaliseringsprocess. Trenden inom branschen visar på att alltfler företag väljer att blicka utåt mot nya spännande marknader. Syftet med denna magisteruppsats är att förstå hur processen för etablering på den internationella marknaden inom modebranschen ser ut idag. Hur kan man gå tillväga och vilken strategi kan underlätta för små- och medelstora modeföretag i deras internationaliseringsprocess?

  • 105393.
    Widholm, Andreas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    Europe in Transition: Transnational Television News and European Identity2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last two decades, Europe has experienced profound political transformations, resulting in new challenges for the relationship between national and transnational identities. In parallel with these changes, national media systems across the world have been put under pressure from globalization, reflected in the vast increase in the number of transnational news channels operating on the global market. This dissertation explores the news content of two transnational broadcasters, BBC World News and Euronews, and analyzes discursive interconnections between political transformations and collective identity in news reporting. The thesis is divided into two main parts. The initial part is devoted to news forms, and analyzes program scheduling, generic structures and thematic and geographical prioritizations, using both quantitative and qualitative methods. The analyses show that BBC World and Euronews epitomize different news outlooks. Whereas Euronews mainly focuses on news pertaining to Europe and the EU, BBC World’s content is more geographically varied. In addition, the two differ greatly concerning generic structures, which is most evident in the considerable lack of live elements in Euronews. The subsequent part consists of two case studies of political transformations in Europe: The 2004 enlargement of the EU and the ‘Orange Revolution’ in Ukraine. By using critical discourse analysis (CDA), the dissertation reveals that the channels drew upon references to history in the reporting, echoing old but well-established discursive binaries between East and West. While the EU enlargement coverage was centered on the dissolution of political differences, the reporting on the Orange Revolution involved renewed tensions between East and West in Europe. The dissertation concludes that westernization, temporalization, and references to the EU’s spatial boundaries are central discursive resources for the articulation of European identity in transnational news.

  • 105394.
    Widholm, Andreas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Great escapes from the past: Memory and identity in European transnational television news2013In: VIEW Journal of European Television History and Culture, ISSN 2213-0969, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 107-118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last couple of decades, Europe has undergone fundamental political transformations that have challenged old stereotypes about the ‘essence’ of the European identity. This article analyses televisual narratives of the 2004 enlargement of the European Union, turning the analytical spotlight on two of Europe’s largest news broadcasters: BBC World News and Euronews. The article focuses on how Europe is remembered in the news, but also how references to the past are used to explain what Europe is today and what it might look like in the future.

  • 105395.
    Widholm, Andreas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Transnational News Consumption and Digital Content Mobility: Insights from Sweden2019In: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 20, no 10, p. 1472-1490Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the latest decade, the availability of news media from various countries of the globe has increased dramatically as both media production and consumption have been steered towards digital and social platforms. This de-territorialized news ecology has been widely researched in terms of content and distribution, while its broader consequences for news audiences have been less studied. Focusing on the case of Sweden, this article analyses social variations in transnational news consumption including platform selections, motivations, and attitudes connected to this news use. Results show that transnational news consumption is more widespread among people with a background in other countries than Sweden, but all together, more than a quarter of the Swedish population and nearly half of the younger generation are weekly consumers of news from other countries. Hence, transnational news consumption is no longer restricted to a specific elite-segment of society, which has been a common argument in scholarly debates around the globalization of news. Another central finding is that transnational news consumption is rooted in a willingness to understand the outside world through alternative perspectives, rather than in a dissatisfaction with the quality or trustworthiness of the news produced by Swedish outlets.

  • 105396.
    Widholm, Andreas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies. Södertörn University.
    Becker, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Celebrating with the celebrities: Television in public space during two royal weddings2015In: Celebrity Studies, ISSN 1939-2397, E-ISSN 1939-2400, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 6-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent emergence of an increasingly participatory media culture has opened up new ways for audiences to collectively negotiate the cultural meanings surrounding celebrities. Public screens are one such phenomenon, where people gather to witness the live broadcast of celebrity events. Taking our point of departure in two recent royal weddings in the UK and Sweden, we explore the performative displays that public viewing affords, as participants interact with the event on screen, with other participants, and with media representatives in the venue. This article provides a fresh analytical perspective on how audiences engage with royal celebrities in such mass-participatory consumption contexts, illuminating a little-studied area of celebrity culture.

  • 105397.
    Widholm, Andreas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Mårtenson, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Mediekritik driver Twitteraktivitet: Om journalistik som resurs för politisk kommunikation i sociala medier2018In: Fejk, filter och faktaresistens: Hotar sociala medier demokratin? / [ed] Lars Truedson, Stockholm: Institutet för mediestudier , 2018, p. 104-135Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I det nya sociala medielandskapet kan politiker i större utsträckning än tidigare kommunicera direkt med väljarna utan att ta omvägen via de traditionella medierna. De sociala medierna har också skapat nya möjligheter att kritisera och utmana nyhetsmediernas verklighetsbeskrivningar – särskilt via Twitter – vilket förändrat maktdynamiken mellan politiker och journalister. I det här kapitlet analyserar vi hur svenska riksdagsledamöter använder journalistik som resurs för politisk kommunikation på Twitter. Resultaten visar att det fortfarande finns ett tydligt beroendeförhållande mellan politiken och journalistiken, även då debatten flyttar ut i sociala medier. Samtidigt finns det tydliga spår av mediekritik i kommunikationen. Kritik mot nyhetsmedier uttrycks i störst utsträckning av moderata riksdagsledamöter, och för några av dem utgör mediekritiken en kraftfull resurs för att skapa engagemang bland följare och sympatisörer. Främst riktas kritiken mot journalistiken i Public Service.

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  • 105398.
    Widholm, Andreas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Riegert, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Roosvall, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Abundance or crisis? Transformations in the media ecology of Swedish cultural journalism over four decades2019In: Journalism - Theory, Practice & Criticism, ISSN 1464-8849, E-ISSN 1741-3001Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to map and scrutinize developments within Swedish cultural journalism, with a particular focus on transformations in genres, text types and thematic repertoires. Drawing on a constructed week sample from press, television and radio during four decades (1985, 1995, 2005, 2015), we address three aspects of 'the crisis discourse' of cultural journalism: (1) the potential decline in cultural coverage due to economic cutbacks and downsized cultural desks; (2) cultural journalism's perceived 'quality crisis' connected to transformations of thematic repertoires; and (3) the alleged decline of cultural expertise related to changes in cultural journalism's generic structures. The study makes a unique contribution to cultural journalism scholarship by identifying media-specific differences and complementary relationships between media forms, building on media ecology and genre theory. In contrast to the crisis discourse, results show that cultural journalism has expanded significantly through popularization and thematic and generic diversification, but the transformations are different in press, radio and television due to differing role positions in the larger media ecosystem. In addition, some parts of the cultural journalism media ecology appear to be endangered.

  • 105399.
    Widing, Tomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Att jämna vägen för kommunismen: Sveriges Kommunistiska Parti, folkfrontspolitiken och Jansson-Mineur-kommittén 1935–19382018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Popular Front Policy of the Communist International contributed to the unity of the Popular Front coalitions in France and Spain that won the elections in 1936. It also led to progress for the Communist Party. This never happened in Sweden, but there was some anti-fascist unity within the working class movement. Communist and Social Democrats worked together within the Jansson-Mineur-Committee (1935–1938), an organisation working for the release of two Swedish seamen imprisoned in Nazi Germany. This study examines the Popular Front Policy of the Communist Party of Sweden within the Committee. In relation to previous research, this study’s main contribution is a detailed analysis of the Popular Front Policy on a practical organisational level. The Communists had decisive influence on the Committee, which achieved considerable anti-fascist unity. But unlike in France or Spain, this anti-fascist unity did not lead to broader unity and to progress for the Communist Party, because the dominant Social Democratic Party blocked the Communists efforts. Also, the anti-fascism in France and Spain was different from the Swedish anti-fascism which was mainly directed against foreign fascism. These factors constrained the possibilities of transferring the anti-fascist unity into a general unity within the working class movement.

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  • 105400.
    Widinghoff, Andreas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Jarvet, Tiina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Foreign Investment Strategies in Russia: Analysis of the Perception of the Business Environment and the After Entry Sequence of Foreign Investments2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The empirical findings in this thesis suggests that a gradual expansion is generally preferred, rather than a fast and aggressive one. The findings also reveal that the companies tend to have a market strategy rather than a low-cost strategy. The main obstacles in Russian business life were identified as the administrative burden, taxes and custom procedures. It was also concluded that to some extent it seems to be possible for the companies to affect the obstacles or decrease them, for example by having an impact in the local community.

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