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  • 1501.
    Agic, Edin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    MAR nostrum: om insiderinformation, handelsförbud och personer i ledande ställning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1502. Agmon, Shmuel
    et al.
    Herbst, Ira
    Maad Sasane, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics.
    Persistence of embedded eigenvalues2011In: Journal of Functional Analysis, ISSN 0022-1236, E-ISSN 1096-0783, Vol. 261, no 2, p. 451-477Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider conditions under. which an embedded eigenvalue of a self-adjoint operator remains embedded under small perturbations. In the case of a simple eigenvalue embedded in continuous spectrum of multiplicity m < infinity we show that in favorable situations, the set of small perturbations of a suitable Banach space which do not remove the eigenvalue form a smooth submanifold of codimension in. We also have results regarding the cases when the eigenvalue is degenerate or when the multiplicity of the continuous spectrum is infinite.

  • 1503.
    Agnaou, Fatima
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    SJUKHUS SOM HÄLSOFRÄMJANDE ARBETSPLATS: MER ÄN BARA FRISKVÅRD?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste åren har hälso- och sjukvårdens intresse för det hälsofrämjande arbetet ökat. Studiens syfte var att kontrastera hur det hälsofrämjande arbetet gentemot medarbetarna beskrivs mellan olika hierarkiska nivåer på ett medelstort sjukhus. Vidare var syftet att beskriva hur nyckelpersonerna på central nivå går tillväga för att nå ut till hela verksamheten, relaterat till teori om förändringsarbete. Semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med fem nyckelpersoner på central nivå. Vidare genomfördes en skriftlig kartläggning som besvarades av 58 deltagare beståendes av chefer, hälsoombud, HFS-deltagare och kaizenkonsulter på lokal nivå. Resultaten, som tolkades utifrån en tematisk analys, indikerade att ett medelstort sjukhus arbetar hälsofrämjande gentemot medarbetarna genom friskvård och hälsoombud, samt genom att försöka få med alla delar av hälsa och via systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete. Vidare visar resultaten att användandet av mänskliga resurser förekommer för att informera hela verksamheten. Slutsatsen av studien är att ett hälsofrämjande sjukhus bör ha ett helhetstänk kring hälsa samt använda sig av metoder som inom förändringsarbetet visat sig effektiva. Detta genom exempelvis tydligare och mätbara mål. Bättre målformulering kan även lösa problemet med bristfällig utvärdering och feedback.

  • 1504.
    Agnarson, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The Integration of Ethiopian immigrants in Sweden, 1990-20002006Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this Master Essay is to analyse the integration of Ethiopian immigrants in Sweden between 1990 and 2000. My hypothesis has been that Ethiopian immigrants in Sweden constitute a group whose prospects to integrate are fairly low, but whose prospects to integrate also depend on the sex-composition and the length of staying in Sweden. In my analysis of the chosen group’s immigration pattern and integration, I have used a longitudinal database of the Swedish population where information on income and employment are included. I have analysed the group’s labour market participation and their prospects to reduce and eventually close the income gap in relation to the working aged population in Sweden.

    The regime of control in Ethiopia between 1977 and 1991 forced hundreds of thousands of mostly young Ethiopians to flee to Europe and USA. Between 1985 and 2000, 8033 Ethiopians immigrated to Sweden. The peak years were 1989 and 1991, preceded by a dramatic increase of the number of Ethiopians who immigrated to Sweden. After 1991 the immigration from Ethiopia to Sweden declined rapidly to a similarly low level as before 1985.

    Nevertheless, when analysing the age-composition, those aged 18-29 years were shown to be in majority throughout the whole period as mostly young Ethiopians were forced to flee before 1991. Also, younger persons are more likely to migrate than older persons. The spectacular decrease of Ethiopian immigration to Sweden was probably linked to the former regime’s capitulation in 1991. In addition, Eritrea’s outbreak from Ethiopia in 1991 also had consequences on the numbers of Ethiopian immigrants to Sweden as Eritreans were no longer categorized as Ethiopians. Up to 1991, men were more likely to immigrate, but after then females were clearly in majority.

    The frequency of not being employed has decreased considerably among Ethiopian immigrants throughout the period. At the same time, the income gap between them and the population in general was reduced even though it remained large in the whole period. The decrease in the proportion of Ethiopian immigrants without employment was larger for the females than for the males, and even if men had higher incomes throughout the period, women’s income approached that. Thus it seems that the integration process is on its way for Ethiopian immigrants, especially for the women. The age-composition is probably an important factor behind the group’s relatively successful integration given the large share of working aged persons.

  • 1505.
    Agne, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Democratic founding: we the people and the others2012In: International Journal of Constitutional Law, ISSN 1474-2640, E-ISSN 1474-2659, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 836-861Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In democratic theory, it goes without saying that people should establish their own political orders. However, the making of states or constitutions sometimes involves people with no intention of actually joining the new political order, as in the U.S.-led regime change of Afghanistan and Iraq or the UN administration of postconflict Kosovo and Timor-Leste. Could such policies be reconciled with the conviction that people should establish their own political orders? In this paper I will develop an affirmative answer to this question. The founding of a state is democratic-that is, constituted by the people subject to this foundational decision-when agreed to by as many persons as possible within and beyond the boundaries of the state to be founded. Hence, the very sense in which a state may have been democratically founded in the past presupposes an involvement of people beyond its current boundaries. Moreover, the moral values inherent in the practice of people constituting their own states do not imply restriction of power to the group of future citizens but protection of their autonomy, and, properly understood, the realization of this autonomy is contingent on people who will remain outside the state once founded.

  • 1506.
    Agne, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The autonomy of globalizing states: bridging the gap between democratic theory and international political economy2011In: International Political Science Review, ISSN 0192-5121, E-ISSN 1460-373X, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 43-60Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scholars of democratic theory and international political economy often disagree over the effects of globalization on state autonomy. Yet, each approach pays minimal attention to the contributions of the other to their common object of study. In an effort to remedy this situation, I identify the premises and procedural habits of each approach which tend to make it appear irrelevant to the other, and then adjust them to remove the appearance of irrelevance without impairing the integrity of each approach. The argument is illustrated by observations from Britain, France and Sweden in recent decades.

  • 1507.
    Agnes, Holmerin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Art History.
    Laurie Lipton- En surrealistisk realist2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att ta reda på om Laurie Lipton är en surrealistisk konstnär eller ej. Hur påverkas Lipton av utomstående verkliga/realistiska faktorer?  Vilka känslor, tankar och åsikter uttrycker hennes verk?

    Det huvudsakliga materialet i denna uppsats är bildanalyser av Liptons verk, där analyserandet sker utifrån semiotik, genus, psykoanalys och surrealism. Bilderna jämförs med varandra för att se ett mönster i Liptons val av gestaltningar och teman. Detta i kombination av fakta som presenteras om Lipton, surrealism, realism och tidigare forskning, ska bidra med ett sammanfattande resultat och en avslutande diskussion kring Liptons konstnärskap som surrealist eller ej, i slutet av uppsatsen. Resultaten konstaterar att Lipton bör kategoriseras som en surrealist. Möjligtvis kan hon kallas för en surrealistisk realist på grund av hennes återkommande realistiska innehåll i sin konst.

  • 1508.
    Agneskog, Christian
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Heizinger, Ludvig
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Wagner, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Granskning av svenska internetkonsulter - värdering, värdedrivande faktorer och spekulativa bubblor.1999Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning saknas.

  • 1509. Agnidakis, Paul
    et al.
    Lagerqvist, Maja
    Strandin Pers, Annika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    I riktning mot en normkreativ kulturmiljövård: Metodutveckling utifrån exemplet Statens fastighetsverk i Sverige2018In: Kulturstudier, ISSN 1904-5352, E-ISSN 1904-5352, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 167-198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Utifrån tvärvetenskapliga perspektiv och metoder, hämtade från etnologin och kulturgeografin, och med en empirisk utgångspunkt i tre kulturmiljöer som förvaltas av Statens fastighetsverk (SFV) i Sverige, analyserar artikeln historiebruk i form av kulturarvsproduktion och föreslår ett applicerbart normkritiskt samt i förlängningen normkreativt angreppssätt för att möjliggöra alternativa, varierade och mer inkluderande historieskildringar kring kulturmiljöer. Genom att utveckla och integrera dessa synsätt och verktyg vill artikeln argumentera för att man får tillgång till nya berättelser om platsen; berättelser som går utöver den traditionella, „normala“ historien om staten, enskilda byggnaders materiella utformning och den sociokulturella och ekonomiska eliten. En långsiktig effekt blir att det möjliggör ökad mångfald och inkludering både i fråga om förmedling och representation av platser som komplexa rumsliga och sociokulturella helheter.

  • 1510. Agnini, C
    et al.
    Fornaciari, E
    Rio, D
    Tateo, F
    Backman, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geology and Geochemistry.
    Giusberti, L
    Responses of calcareous nannofossil assemblages, mineralogy and geochemistry to the environmental pertubartions across the Paleocene/Eocene boundary in the Venetian Pre-Alps2007In: Marine micropaleontology, Vol. 63Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1511. Agnini, Claudia
    et al.
    Backman, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geology and Geochemistry.
    An early Eocene carbon cycle perturbation at ~52.5 Ma from the southern Alps: Chronology and biotic response2009In: Paleoceanography, ISSN 0883-8305, E-ISSN 1944-9186, Vol. 24, no PA2209, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1512.
    Agnini, Claudia
    et al.
    University of Padova.
    Backman, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geology and Geochemistry.
    It Paleognee inferiore in facies pelagica ne Venetor nord-orientalie2009In: Rendiconto online Soc. Geol. It, Vol. 4, p. 5-12Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1513. Agnini, Claudia
    et al.
    Fornaciari, Eliana
    Raffi, Isabella
    Catanzariti, Rita
    Paelike, Heiko
    Backman, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences.
    Rio, Domenico
    Biozonation and biochronology of Paleogene calcareous nannofossils from low and middle latitudes2014In: Newsletters on stratigraphy, ISSN 0078-0421, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 131-181Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Calcareous nannofossils have provided a powerful biostratigraphic tool since the 1950's and 1960's, when several milestone papers began to highlight their potential use in dating Cenozoic sediments and rocks. Here, we present a new calcareous nannofossil biozonation for the Paleogene Period, which is based on biostratigraphic data collected during the past 30 years. Semi-quantitative counting methods applied on DSDP/ODP drill sites and marine on-land sections have been used to demonstrate the details of the abundance patterns of each biostratigraphically useful calcareous nannofossil taxon. This new biozonation still partly relies on older biozonations and thus represents an integration between those classical biohorizons that proved reliable and new biohorizons proposed as substitutes for bioevents considered problematic. Thirty-eight new Paleogene biozones are proposed using a new code system: 11 Paleocene biozones (CNP1-CNP11), 21 Eocene biozones (CNE1-CNE21) and 6 Oligocene biozones (CNO1-CNO6). The new scheme uses a limited number of biohorizons, one for each biozone boundary, which guarantees more stability although with a coarser resolution. A series of additional biohorizons are included in almost every biozone. This new Paleogene biozonation has an average duration of 1.1 Myr per biozone, ranging from 0.9 Myr in the Paleocene, to 1.0 Myr in the Eocene, and 1.8 Myr in the Oligocene. Age estimates provided for calcareous nannofossil biohorizons are calculated using both magnetostratigraphic and astronomically tuned cyclostratigraphic data.

  • 1514. Agnini, Claudia
    et al.
    Fornaciari, Eliana
    Rio, Domenico
    Tateo, Fabio
    Backman, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geology and Geochemistry.
    Responses of calcareous nannofossil assemblages, mineralogy, and geochemistry to the environmental perturbations across the Paleocene/Eocene boundary in the Venetian Pre-Alps2007In: Marine Micropaleontology, Vol. 63, p. 19-38Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1515. Agnini, Claudia
    et al.
    Spofforth, David J. A.
    Dickens, Gerald R.
    Rio, Domenico
    Pälike, Heiko
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences.
    Backman, Jan
    Muttoni, Giovanni
    Dallanave, Edoardo
    Stable isotope and calcareous nannofossil assemblage record of the late Paleocene and early Eocene (Cicogna section)2016In: Climate of the Past, ISSN 1814-9324, E-ISSN 1814-9332, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 883-909Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present records of stable carbon and oxygen isotopes, CaCO3 content, and changes in calcareous nannofossil assemblages across an 81 m thick section of upper Paleocene lower Eocene marine sedimentary rocks now exposed along the Cicogna Stream in northeast Italy. The studied stratigraphic section represents sediment accumulation in a bathyal hemipelagic setting from approximately 57.5 to 52.2 Ma, a multi-million-year time interval characterized by perturbations in the global carbon cycle and changes in calcareous nannofossil assemblages. The bulk carbonate delta C-13 profile for the Cicogna section, once placed on a common timescale, resembles that at several other locations across the world, and includes both a long-term drop in delta C-13 and multiple short-term carbon isotope excursions (CIEs). This precise correlation of widely separated delta C-13 records in marine sequences results from temporal changes in the carbon composition of the exogenic carbon cycle. However, diagenesis has likely modified the delta C-13 record at Cicogna, an interpretation supported by variations in bulk carbonate 8180, which do not conform to expectations for a primary signal. The record of CaCO3 content reflects a combination of carbonate dilution and dissolution, as also inferred at other sites. Our detailed documentation and statistical analysis of calcareous nannofossil assemblages show major differences before, during and after the Paleocene Eocene Thermal Maximum. Other CIEs in our lower Paleogene section do not exhibit such a distinctive change; instead, these events are sometimes characterized by variations restricted to a limited number of taxa and transient shifts in the relative abundance of primary assemblage components. Both long-lasting and short-lived modifications to calcareous nannofossil assemblages preferentially affected nannoliths or holococcoliths such as Discoaster,, Fasciculithus, Rhomboaster/Tribrachiatus, Sphenolithus and Zygrhablithus, which underwent distinct variations in abundance as well as permanent evolutionary changes in terms of appearances and disappearances. By contrast, placoliths such as Coccolithus and Tow eius, which represent the main component of the assemblages, were characterized by a gradual decline in abundance over time. Comparisons of detailed nannofossil assemblage records at the Cicogna section and at ODP Site 1262 support the idea that variations in the relative and absolute abundances, even some minor changes, were globally synchronous. An obvious link is through climate forcing and carbon cycling, although the linkages between variations in calcareous nannoplankton, changes in delta C-13 records and oceanography will need additional work.

  • 1516.
    Agnvik, Ilona
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Könsroller i hemmet: En kvalitativ studie om hemarbetsfördelning bland heterosexuella par i Sverige och Estland.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Numera har tvåförsörjarfamilj blivit norm i Europa. Kvinnornas allt högre förvärvsfrekvens har dock inte resulterat i motsvarande ökning av männens insatser i det obetalda arbetet hemma. Även hemarbetet är uppdelat efter kön – kvinnorna lägger sin tid mestadels på sådana hemsysslor som städning, småplock och barnpassning, medan männen ägnar sig till större del åt olika underhållsarbeten. Den könsindelade fördelningen av hemarbetet kan ses som en variant av hur man skapar kön i vardagslivet.

    Syfte med uppsatsen är att se hur kön skapas i hemmet bland heterosexuella par i Sverige och i Estland, samt vilken inverkan har det på hemarbetsfördelningen. Uppsatsen studerar också om det finns några skillnader mellan de svenska och estniska paren i undersökningen. De två grannländerna har varsin historia och det är mot denna bakgrund som jag genomför min studie. Tidigare forskning visar att många av de rutiner som heterosexuella par utvecklar bygger på föreställningar om kvinnlighet och manlighet. Även om paren i teorin vill vara jämställda i sin hemarbetsfördelning följer de ändå de traditionella könsroller och normer som finns i samhället. För att analysera anledningarna till detta har jag använt mig av socialiseringsteorin i Berger och Luckmanns tappning (1979) och teorin om det sociala könet (West och Zimmerman, 1978). Det bästa sättet att ta fasta på varje pars syn på könsroller och attityden till jämställdhet, har jag valt att använda den kvalitativa metoden med semistrukturerade intervjuer. Resultaten visar att alla par, oavsett hemland, följer den traditionella hemarbetsfördelningen. Det framkommer också att paren skapar kön i sin vardag om och om igen genom att tillskriva kvinnor och män vissa bestämda egenskaper. De svenska och estniska paren är rätt lika i sin syn på könsroller och hemarbetsfördelning, dock finns det några märkbara skillnader mellan paren från Sverige och paren från Estland. Exempelvis ser esterna moderskapet som en naturlig del av skillnaden mellan kvinnan och mannen.

  • 1517.
    Agné, Ellen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    Mediebilden av Sture Bergwall och Thomas Quick2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka mediebilden av Sture Bergwall i svensktryckt press och hur eller om mediebilden förändrats mellan 90-talet och idag. De frågorsom ligger till grund för undersökningen är vilka huvudkällor som använts, om det finnsnågra särskilda ord som är signifikanta i beskrivningar av Bergwall samt hur andraaktörer i hans omgivning beskrivs. De metoder jag använder för att söka svar är dels enkvantitativ analys för att få statistik om vilka källor som används. Dels en diskursanalys,där jag har blandat Roger Fowlers och Teun A van Dijks teorier för att bäst kunnaapplicera metoden på mitt material.De sex artiklar som är undersökta genom diskursanalys är hämtade från DagensNyheter, Svenska Dagbladet, Expressen och Aftonbladet. De artiklar som är föremål fören mindre kvantitativ analys är hämtade från samma tidningar, från perioderna 1998-01-01 till 1999-12-31 samt 2009-01-01 till 2010-01-31.De teorietiska ramarna för uppsatsen är både mer allmän teori om det journalistiskauppdraget och mer specifik teori om brott i medier samt moralpanik.Resultatet visade att det finns stora skillnader i hur Bergwall framställs under de bådatidsperioderna. Under 90-talet framställdes han som en brutal seriemördare medan hanidag ofta tillskrivs en offerroll, trots att han fortfarande är dömd för 7 mord.Auktoriteterna som figurerar i artiklarna om Bergwall har också fått ett nyttframställningssätt. En vanlig beskrivning är att de är karriärlystna individer somutnyttjat Bergwall för att nå toppen. Under 90-talet var det dessa personer somlevererade sanningen i artiklar om Bergwall, medan det idag är Sture Bergwall självsom får redogöra för vad som är sanning eller ej.

  • 1518.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    A Dogma of Democratic Theory and Globalization: Why Politics Need not Include Everyone it Affects2006In: European Journal of International Relations, ISSN 1354-0661, E-ISSN 1460-3713, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 433-458Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines and questions a principle in democratic theory which has become particularly fashionable in analyses of globalization and European integration, namely that everyone affected by a decision should be able to participate in making it. It is found that this principle is too strong to fit with the meaning of democracy, leads to tautological arguments, is indeterminate in politically important cases and, if its indeterminacy is rectified, fails to support ideas of political equality and accountability. Removing this principle from the concept of democracy implies, among other things, that empirical analysis becomes more significant, indeed necessary, for assessment of effects of globalization on democracy. Parallel to the development of critical arguments is the defence of a theoretical alternative according to which the delimitation of democratic communities should be decided on the grounds of what effect it produces in terms of autonomy for everyone, those included as well as those excluded.

  • 1519.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Accountability's Effect: Reaction Speed and Legitimacy in Global Governance2016In: Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations, ISSN 1075-2846, E-ISSN 1942-6720, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 575-594Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines whether and how accountability in international organizations (IOs) influences their speed of reaction to economic and humanitarian crises. Reaction speed is one among several factors in the capacity of IOs to handle crisis-like problems and, therefore, also a factor in their capacity to create legitimacy for themselves. Original theoretical arguments and statistical survival analyses of the time it takes for IOs to react to crises confirm that accountability in IOs indeed affects reaction speed. However, the effect varies depending on the use of alternative accountability mechanisms. Transparency speeds up reactions while stake-holder participation slows them down. More generally, this article identifies synergies, trade-offs, and nonlinear relationships between reaction speed and different accountability mechanisms that should be reflected in debates on legitimacy in global governance as well as in the institutional design of legitimate IOs.

  • 1520.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Answering questions in parliament during budget debates: Deliberative reciprocity and globalisation in Western Europe2011In: Parliamentary Affairs, ISSN 0031-2290, E-ISSN 1460-2482, Vol. 64, no 1, p. 153-174Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Much time is spent asking questions during parliamentary debates. To what extent are they answered? This paper investigates this question by examining budget debates in post-1945 France, Sweden, and the UK as well as in the European Parliament from 1996 to 2001. The purpose is to introduce an empirical approach to a theoretical discussion of whether globalisation weakens deliberative democracy within nations while strengthening it between them. It is found that deliberative reciprocity was unexpectedly stable within nations in the course of post-1945 Western globalisation, and that questions are more often answered in national parliaments than in the European Parliament. The paper concludes by considering the implications of these findings for competing visions of political debate as a means for reaching consensus or as an expression of irresolvable conflict.

  • 1521.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Citizen Participation in European Politics1999Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 1522.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Cosmopolitan democratic theory and legitimate founding of political community: why Turkey has a right to participate in the politics of EU enlargement2011In: European democracy and cosmopolitan democracy / [ed] Daniele Archibugi and Guido Montani, Ventotene: Altiero Spinelli Institute for Federalist Studies , 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1523.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Democracy Reconsidered: Britain, France, Sweden, and the EU2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate whether some positions in democratic theory should be adjusted or abandoned in view of internationalisation; and if adjusted, how. More specifically it pursues three different aims: to evaluate various attempts to explain levels of democracy as consequences of internationalisation; to investigate whether the taking into account of internationalisation reveals any reason to reconsider what democracy is or means; and to suggest normative interpretations that cohere with the adjustments of conceptual and explanatory democratic theory made in the course of meeting the other two aims.

    When empirical methods are used, the scope of the study is restricted to West European parliamentary democracies and their international affairs. More particularly, the focus is on the making of budget policy in Britain, France, and Sweden after the Second World War, and recent budget policy in the European Union. The aspects of democracy empirically analysed are political autonomy, participation, and deliberation. The material considered includes parliamentary debates, official statistics, economic forecasts, elections manifestos, shadow budgets, general election turnouts, regulations of budget decision-making, and staff numbers in government and parliament budgetary divisions.

    The study reaches the following conclusions among others. (i) The fact that internationalisation increases the divergence between those who make and those who are affected by decisions is not by itself a democratic problem that calls for political reform. (ii) That international organisations may have authorities delegated to them from democratic states is not sufficient to justify them democratically. Democratisation still needs to be undertaken. (iii) The fear that internationalisation dissolves a social trust necessary for political deliberation within nations seems to be unwarranted. If anything, views argued by others in domestic budgetary debate are taken increasingly serious during internationalisation. (iv) The major difficulty with deliberation seems to be its inability to transcend national boundaries. International deliberation at state level has not evolved in response to internationalisation and it is undeveloped in international institutions. (v) Democratic political autonomy diminishes during internationalisation with regard to income redistribution and policy areas taken over by international organisations, but it seems to increase in public spending. (vi) In the area of budget policy-making there are no signs that governments gain power at the expense of parliaments during internationalisation. (vii) To identify crucial democratic issues in a time of internationalisation and to make room for theoretical virtues like general applicability and normative fruitfulness, democracy may be defined as a kind of politics where as many as possible decide as much as possible.

  • 1524.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Democratic founding: We the people and the others - A rejoinder to Mark Tushnet2012In: International Journal of Constitutional Law, ISSN 1474-2640, E-ISSN 1474-2659, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 866-870Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1525.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Democratism: Towards an explanatory approach to international politics2018In: Review of International Studies, ISSN 0260-2105, E-ISSN 1469-9044, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 547-569Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    International politics has often been viewed as a brutal place where might trumps right and where, as a consequence, questions of democracy are irrelevant to ask. In the last decades, however, scholars and political leaders have increasingly suggested that elements of democracy exist in governance beyond individual states. If this is so, how does democracy beyond the state shape international politics? This article suggests conceptual preliminaries for theorising consequences of democracy beyond the state in general and their implications for problems of peace and conflict in particular. The purpose is twofold: first, to begin reconstructing existing normative democratic theory into an explanatory perspective sensitive to international politics; second, to indicate how this new perspective is able to explain empirical observations pertaining to conflict and cooperation among states; international institutions; foreign policies; human rights protection; and the violence of transnational terrorist networks.

  • 1526.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Demokrati på europeisk nivå1998In: Demokrati på europeisk nivå? / [ed] Hans Agné, Stockholm: Fritzes offentliga publikationer , 1998, p. 7-44Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1527.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Den europeiska föreningen av välfärdsstat och gränsöverskridande kapitalism2000In: Europaperspektiv: årsbok för Europaforskning inom ekonomi, juridik och statskunskap / [ed] Ulf Bernitz, Sverker Gustavsson, Lars Oxelheim, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2000, p. 223-247Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1528.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Does global democracy matter? Hypotheses on famine and war2010In: Transnational Actors in Global Governance: Patterns, Explanations and Implications / [ed] Christer Jönsson, Jonas Tallberg, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010, p. 177-196Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Would an extension of democracy to global politics have a restraining effect on famine and war just as democracy within states is commonly thought to have? This chapter will develop theoretical arguments that suggest an affirmative answer to this question and encourage the building of a research agenda which submits those arguments to empirical testing. For this purpose I will conceive of global democracy as fostered in part by transnational participation in international institutions. This premise is common in the literature to which this volume seeks to contribute, but it also serves to facilitate an empirical grounding of the theory that I seek to develop: observed variation in transnational participation in international institutions can on the basis of this premise be treated as variation also in a necessary but insufficient condition of a particular model of global democracy.

  • 1529.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University.
    Erkänn stater på demokratiska grunder: Debattartikel2008In: Sydsvenska dagbladetArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1530.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University.
    EU-politiken tvingar de nya moderaterna attbekänna färg: Debattartikel2006In: EuropaportalenArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1531.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    European Union Conditionality: Coercion or Voluntary adaptation?2009In: Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, ISSN 1303-5525, E-ISSN 1303-5525, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on the enlargement conditionality of the European Union sustains opposite positions on the question of whether it represents a means of coercion or an invitation to voluntary adaptation. However, it reveals no dialogue between advocates of these opposed views. In an attempt to replace this gap in communication with a research agenda, this article undertakes a theoretical investigation of the main arguments for regarding compliance with conditionality either as an effect of coercion or as a voluntary choice. It is found that both of these views are worth taking seriously but also that they are premature and in need of further theoretical and in particular empirical clarification. It is suggested, moreover, that coercion and voluntary adaptation are best viewed as complementary rather than competing descriptions of complying with conditionality.

    Since the end of the Cold War the European Union has made use of conditionality in an increasing number of policy areas. Lending programs, trade agreements, foreign aid, and the Eastern enlargements have been promulgated through processes in which countries are required to meet certain conditions. Conditionality is also part of an established practice in global governance, featuring most notoriously in the development programs of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. And although trends like China’s economic engagement in Africa and the repayments of foreign debts in South America might limit the impact of Western conditionality, its scope and political significance remain incontestable. Indeed, in Angola, Belarus, Cuba, Indonesia, Macedonia, Serbia, Turkey, Zimbabwe, and many other places, people continue to be subject to conditions set for them by international powers.

  • 1532.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Europeisk demokrati sui generis. En ofta antydd men aldrig utarbetad och intagen ståndpunkt2002Report (Other academic)
  • 1533.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Fel syn på universitetet ger fusk och bristande kvalitet2017In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, , p. 1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1534.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Fiskal union för en starkare demokrati?2011In: Överlever EMU utan fiskal union? / [ed] Ulf Bernitz, Lars Oxelheim & Thomas Persson, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2011, p. 247-273Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1535.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Flyktingkrisen öppnar vägar till en bättre värld2015In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1536.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University.
    Gemensamma skatter ökarfriheten i EMU: Brännpunkt debatt2011In: Svenska dagbladetArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1537.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Irretrievable powers and democratic accountability2009In: The illusion of accountability in the European Union / [ed] Sverker Gustavsson, Christer Karlsson, Thomas Persson, London: Routledge, 2009, p. 51-66Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1538.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Is successful democracy promotion possible?: The conceptual problem2014In: Democratization, ISSN 1351-0347, E-ISSN 1743-890X, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 49-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Is it even logically possible for democracy promotion policies to succeed in the sense that they increase democracy in other countries? Empirical research on the conditions for success in democracy promotion must assume an affirmative answer to this question. To study something empirically, it must be logically possible in the first place. Some critical and normative theorists, on the other hand, answer the same question negatively. They suggest that promotion of democracy from the outside is a contradiction in terms, in particular cases or more generally. This article offers a framework for clarifying this disagreement and for facilitating dialogue across empirical research and normative and critical theory. I draw on this framework also to suggest a conception of democracy that maximizes the political relevance of both normative and empirical analyses of democracy promotion (DP), while freeing that same research from the intellectual blockages of potential contradictions. Such intellectual advantages follow, I argue, by defining democracy as an ideal while making its institutional implications explicit; as an exercise of either constituent or constituted power, depending on the political phase being studied; and as located in the internal relationships of world politics.

  • 1539.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Legitimacy in global governance research: How normative or sociological should it be?2018In: Legitimacy in Global Governance : Sources, Processes, and Consequences / [ed] Jonas Tallberg, Karin Bäckstrand, Jan Aart Scholte, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018, p. 1-22Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As a prelude to the three themes in the volume, this chapterexplores more generally the turn towards legitimacy in globalgovernance research. The chapter suggests that this turn ispartly explained by shortcomings in normative research onglobal democracy, and the potential of research on legitimacyto overcome those problems. The chapter discusses the meritsand demerits of alternative conceptualizations of legitimacy inserving these purposes. The chapter concludes in favor of anormative-sociological understanding of legitimacy that issensitive to beliefs among members of relevant audiencesabout the normative qualities of political institutions that areultimately specified by analysts

  • 1540.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Measuring Democratic Deliberation2006In: Political Concepts. Working papers by The Committee on Concepts and Methods of the International Political Science AssociationArticle, review/survey (Other academic)
  • 1541.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University.
    Omotiverat hårda straff i Göteborg. Vad menar egentligen svenska domstolar med "demokrati?: DN Kultur.2002In: Dagens NyheterArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1542.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Popular power in the European Union: Delegated or Alienated?2015In: The European Union: Democratic Principles and Institutional Architectures in Times of Crisis / [ed] Simona Piattoni, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, p. 46-62Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The important role played by national governments in the creation of European institutions and policies is often invoked to reinforce the democratic legitimacy of the European Union. As long as leaders of all states constitutive of the EU are democratically elected, the EU has a reasonable claim to democratic legitimacy for itself, regardless of how it creates policies and institutions on an everyday basis. The powers of the EU are delegated by, and not alienated from, national democracies. Notwithstanding the importance in political practice of this attempt at defending the democratic legitimacy of the EU, this chapter suggests that it fails on theoretical grounds alone and that the normative problem indicated by this failure is aggravated as a consequence of the euro crisis. The chapter identifies more promising avenues toward a legitimate EU by examining democracy defined as a particular form of constituent power.

  • 1543.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Påtvingad demokrati - det filosofiska problemet2006In: Internationella StudierArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 1544.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University.
    S har inteförstått dagens arbeten: Debattartikel2011In: GöteborgspostenArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1545.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
     The Foundation of Legitimate States: The problem of External Powers2008In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 110, no 1, p. 35-42Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1546.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The Myth of International Delegation: Limits to and Suggestions for Democratic Theory in the Context of the European Union2007In: Government and Opposition, ISSN 0017-257X, E-ISSN 1477-7053Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1547.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    To Share Democratic Legitimacy Between Different Political Levels1999In: Citizen Participation in European Politics, Stockholm: Fritzes , 1999, p. 117-136Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1548.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    We the People and the Others: The Co-founding of Democratic States2009In: ConWEB. Webpapers on Constitutionalism & Governance beyond the StateArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 1549.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Why does global democracy not inspire explanatory research? Removing conceptual obstacles toward a new research agenda2020In: Journal of International Political Theory, ISSN 1755-0882, E-ISSN 1755-1722, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 68-88Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Democratic practices exist in politics within and beyond individual states. To date, however, it is only the democratic practices within states that have been analyzed in search for causal explanations of political outcomes, for example, peace and human rights protection. Having established the problematic nature of this situation, the purpose of this article is to explain why the situation emerges in political science and then to suggest a strategy to overcome it. The lack of attention to global democracy, or democracy beyond the state more generally, in explanatory theory is suggested to depend on prevalent but unnecessary conceptual delimitations of democracy which contradict standard assumptions about international politics. Those contradictions can be avoided, however, by defining democracy as rule by the largest group. It is argued that the concept of rule by the largest group, while protecting traditional virtues of democracy such as freedom and equality of individual persons in politics, allows scholars to describe a wider range of international practices than have been available for empirical research based on the dominating conceptions of democracy in normative and empirical literatures. Most fundamentally, it frees future research on the effects of democracy beyond the state from a key risk of self-contradiction.

  • 1550.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University.
    Öppenhet skapar en säkrare värld: Brännpunkt debatt2010In: GöteborgspostenArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
28293031323334 1501 - 1550 of 109625
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