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  • 1501.
    Tinnis, Fredrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Volkov, Alexey
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Slagbrand, Tove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Chemoselective Reduction of Tertiary Amides under Thermal Control: Formation of either Aldehydes or Amines2016In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 55, no 14, p. 4562-4566Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The chemoselective reduction of amides in the presence of other more reactive reducible functional groups is a highly challenging transformation, and successful examples thereof are most valuable in synthetic organic chemistry. Only a limited number of systems have demonstrated the chemoselective reduction of amides over ketones. Until now, the aldehyde functionality has not been shown to be compatible in any catalytic reduction protocol. Described herein is a [Mo(CO)6]-catalyzed protocol with an unprecedented chemoselectivity and allows for the reduction of amides in the presence of aldehydes and imines. Furthermore, the system proved to be tunable by variation of the temperature, which enabled for either C−O or C−N bond cleavage that ultimately led to the isolation of both amines and aldehydes, respectively, in high chemical yields.

  • 1502.
    Tolnai, Gergely L.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry. Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Brand, Jonathan P.
    Waser, Jerome
    Gold-catalyzed direct alkynylation of tryptophan in peptides using TIPS-EBX2016In: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 2195-951X, E-ISSN 1860-5397, Vol. 12, p. 745-749Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The selective functionalization of peptides containing only natural amino acids is important for the modification of biomolecules. In particular, the installation of an alkyne as a useful handle for bioconjugation is highly attractive, but the use of a carbon linker is usually required. Herein, we report the gold-catalyzed direct alkynylation of tryptophan in peptides using the hypervalent iodine reagent TIPS-EBX (1-[(triisopropylsilyl)ethynyl]-1,2-benziodoxol-3(1H)-one). The reaction proceeded in 50-78% yield under mild conditions and could be applied to peptides containing other nucleophilic and aromatic amino acids, such as serine, phenylalanine or tyrosine.

  • 1503.
    Tolnai, Gergely L.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Nilsson, Ulf J.
    Olofsson, Berit
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Efficient O-Functionalization of Carbohydrates with Electrophilic Reagents2016In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 55, no 37, p. 11226-11230Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Novel methodology for O-functionalization of carbohydrate derivatives has been established using bench-stable and easily prepared iodonium(III) reagents. Both electron-withdrawing and electron-donating aryl groups were introduced under ambient conditions and without precautions to exclude air or moisture. Furthermore, the approach was extended both to full arylation of cyclodextrin, and to trifluoroethylation of carbohydrate derivatives. This is the first general approach to introduce traditionally non-electrophilic groups into any of the OH groups around the sugar backbone. The methodology will be useful both in synthetic organic chemistry and biochemistry, as important functional groups can be incorporated under simple and robust reaction conditions in a fast and efficient manner.

  • 1504. Tomshich, S V
    et al.
    Komandrova, N A
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Nedashkovskaya, O I
    Shashkov, A S
    Perepelov, A V
    Structure of acidic O-specific polysaccharide from the marine bacterium Cellulophaga baltica2007In: Russian Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry, ISSN 1068-1620, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 83-87Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1505. Tong, Lianpeng
    et al.
    Duan, Lele
    Xu, Yunhua
    Privalov, Timofei
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Sun, Licheng
    Structural Modifications of Mononuclear Ruthenium Complexes: A Combined Experimental and Theoretical Study on the Kinetics of Ruthenium-Catalyzed Water Oxidation2011In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 50, no 2, p. 445-449Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1506.
    Tran, Lien-Hoa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Biomimetic oxidation: water oxidation and 1,4-oxidation2008Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 1507.
    Tran, Lien-Hoa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Biomimetic Reactions: Water Oxidation and Aerobic Oxidation2009Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals mainly with two oxidation reactions: water oxidation and aerobic oxidation, both of which have been applied in a biomimetic fashion. In the former reaction molecular oxygen is generated whereas in the latter it was used as terminal oxidant in oxidation reactions.

    The first part of this thesis describes the synthesis of different ruthenium and manganese complexes that could potentially act as catalysts for water oxidation. This part includes a discussion of the stability and reactivity of a new manganese(III) amide-type complex, that has been used as a catalyst for both epoxidation of stilbene and alcohol oxidation.

    The second part of this thesis discusses the synthesis of two new hybrid catalysts consisting of hydroquinone linked cobalt(II) salophen and cobalt(II) salmdpt, which have been used as oxygen-activating catalysts in aerobic oxidation reactions. The former catalyst was applied to the Pd-catalyzed reactions such as 1,4-diacetoxylation of cyclohexadiene whereas the latter was applied to the Ru-catalyzed oxidation of secondary alcohols to ketones. Moreover, these two hybrid catalysts could be used in the Pd-catalyzed carbocyclization of enallenes. In all cases molecular oxygen was used as the stoichiometric oxidant.

     

  • 1508.
    Tran, Lien-Hoa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry, department of Structural Chemistry.
    Sun, Licheng
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    A New Square Planar Mn(III) Complex for Catalytic Epoxidation of Stilbene2008In: Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, ISSN 0022-328X, E-ISSN 1872-8561, Vol. 693, p. 1150-1153Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1509.
    Tran, Lien-Hoa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Sun, Licheng
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    A new square planar mononuclear MnIII complex for catalytic epoxidation of stilbene2008In: Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, ISSN 0022-328X, Vol. 693, no 6, p. 1150-1153Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1510.
    Tran, Lien-Hoa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    An Efficient and Selective Oxidation of Alcohols to Carbonyl Compounds and Carboxylic Acids Catalyzed by A Dinuclear Ruthenium Complex Using Iodosobenzene as Terminal Oxidant2009In: European Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 1434-193X, E-ISSN 1099-0690Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1511. Trillo, Paz
    et al.
    Slagbrand, Tove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Straightforward alpha-Amino Nitrile Synthesis Through Mo(CO)(6)-Catalyzed Reductive Functionalization of Carboxamides2018In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 57, no 38, p. 12347-12351Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The selective reduction of amides into an intermediate hemiaminal catalyzed by Mo(CO)(6) together with the inexpensive and easy to handle TMDS (1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxane) as reducing agent, followed by subsequent trapping of the hemiaminal with a cyanide source, allows for the straightforward synthesis of alpha-amino nitriles. The methodology presented here, displays high levels of chemoselectivity allowing for the reduction of amides in the presence of functional groups such as ketones, imines, aldehydes, and acids, which affords a simple route for the synthesis of alpha-amino nitriles with a broad scope of functionalities in high yields. Furthermore, the applicability of this methodology is demonstrated by scale up experiments and by derivatization of the target compounds into synthetically interesting products. The selective cyanation is successfully applied in late stage functionalizations of amide containing drugs and prolinol derivatives.

  • 1512.
    Trillo, Paz
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Slagbrand, Tove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Tinnis, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry. Umeå University, Sweden.
    Facile preparation of pyrimidinediones and thioacrylamides via reductive functionalization of amides2017In: Chemical Communications, ISSN 1359-7345, E-ISSN 1364-548X, Vol. 53, no 65, p. 9159-9162Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of an efficient protocol for the reductive functionalization of amides into pyrimidinediones and amino-substituted thioacrylamides is presented. Enamines are generated in a highly chemoselective amide hydrosilylation reaction catalyzed by molybdenum hexacarbonyl in combination with 1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxane. The direct addition of either isocyanate or isothiocyanate generates the corresponding pyrimidinediones and 3-aminothioacrylamides in high yields.

  • 1513.
    Trillo, Paz
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Slagbrand, Tove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Tinnis, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry. Umeå University, Sweden.
    Mild Reductive Functionalization of Amides into N-Sulfonylformamidines2017In: ChemistryOpen, ISSN 2191-1363, Vol. 6, p. 484-487Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of a protocol for the reductive functionalization of amides into N-sulfonylformamidines is reported. The one-pot procedure is based on a mild catalytic reduction of tertiary amides into the corresponding enamines by the use of Mo(CO)6 (molybdenum hexacarbonyl) and TMDS (1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxane). The formed enamines were allowed to react with sulfonyl azides to give the target compounds in moderate to good yields.

  • 1514.
    Träff, Annika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Asymmetric transformation of ß- and γ-functionalized alcohols: Study of combined ruthenium-catalyzed racemization and enzymatic resolution2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The major part of this thesis describes the asymmetric synthesis of β- and γ-amino alcohols through the combination of ruthenium catalyzed racemization and enzymatic kinetic resolution.

    The dynamic kinetic resolution, DKR, protocol for chlorohydrins was improved by employing Bäckvall’s catalyst, which is a base activated racemization catalyst, in combination with Burkholderia cepacia lipase. These optimized conditions broadened the substrate scope and improved the yields and ee’s of the obtained chlorohydrin acetates. The utility of the method was demonstrated in the synthesis of (S)-salbutamol.

    In the second part of the thesis, DKR was utilized in the enantio-determining step of the total synthesis of (R)-duloxetine. Optimized DKR conditions, combining Bäckvall’s catalyst together with Candida antarctica lipase B, afforded a β-cyano acetate in high yield and ee. (R)-Duloxetine was accessible through synthetic alterations of the enantioenriched β-cyano acetate in high overall yield.

    A dynamic kinetic asymmetric transformation, DYKAT, protocol to obtain enantio- and diastereomerically pure γ-amino alcohols was developed. In a first step N-Boc-aminoketones were obtained in high enantiomeric purity through a proline-catalyzed Mannich reaction. Subsequent in situ reduction coupled with a highly efficient DYKAT yielded γ-amino acetates in high dr and ee. The γ-amino alcohols were available through simple hydrolysis/deprotection with retained stereochemistry.

    In the final part of the thesis a heterogeneous bifunctional catalytic system is reported, which combines the catalytic properties of transition metal-catalyzed racemization with enzymatic acylation. A novel ruthenium-phosphonate complex was synthesized and then covalently anchored to the active site of solid supported Candida antarctica lipase B. The partially inhibited beads proved to be catalytically active both in racemization as well as enzymatic acylation.

  • 1515.
    Träff, Annika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Dynamic Kinetic Resolution. A Tool for Bringing Bioorganic and Organometallic Chemistry together.2009Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 1516.
    Träff, Annika
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bogár, Krisztián
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Warner, Madeleine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Highly efficient route for enantioselctive preparation of chlorohydrins via dynamic kinetic resolution2008In: Organic Letters, ISSN 1523-7060, E-ISSN 1523-7052, Vol. 10, no 21, p. 4807-4810Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dynamic kinetic resolution (DKR) of various aromatic chlorohydrins with the use of Pseudomonas cepacia lipase (PS-C “Amano” II) and ruthenium catalyst 1 afforded chlorohydrin acetates in high yields and high enantiomeric excesses. These optically pure chlorohydrin acetates are useful synthetic intermediates and can be transformed to a range of important chiral compounds.

  • 1517.
    Träff, Annika
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bogár, Krisztián
    Warner, Madeleine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Highly efficient route for enantioselective preparation of chlorohydrins via dynamic kinetic resolution2009In: Abstracts of Papers, 238th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Washington, DC, United States, August 16-20, 2009, American Chemical Society , 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1518.
    Träff, Annika
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Lihammar, Richard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    A Chemoenzymatic Dynamic Kinetic Resolution Approach to Enantiomerically Pure (R)- and (S)-Duloxetine2011In: Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0022-3263, E-ISSN 1520-6904, Vol. 76, no 10, p. 3917-3921Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The synthesis of (R)-duloxetine is described. Dynamic kinetic resolution of β-hydroxynitrile rac-1 using Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB, N435) and ruthenium catalyst 6 afforded β-cyano acetate (R)-2 in high yield and in excellent enantioselectivity (98% ee). The subsequent synthetic steps were straightforward and (R)-duloxetine was isolated in 37% overall yield over 6 steps. The synthetic route also constitute a formal total synthesis of (S)-duloxetine.

  • 1519. Träff, Annika
    et al.
    Nilsson, Göran N.
    Szabó, Kálmán
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Eriksson, Ludvig
    Application of iridium pincer complexes in hydrogen isotope exchange reactions2007In: Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, ISSN 0022-328X, Vol. 692, p. 5529-5531Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1520.
    Träff, Annika
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Solarte, Carmen E.
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Chemoenzymatic dynamic kinetic resolution as a key step in the enantioselective synthesis of (S)-salbutamol2011In: Collection of Czechoslovak Chemical Communications, ISSN 0010-0765, E-ISSN 1212-6950, Vol. 76, no 7, p. 919-927Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The synthesis of (S)-salbutamol is described.  By utilizing DKR in the enantiodetermining step, employing Burkholderia cepacia lipase (PS-IM), (S)-acetate ((S)-6) was obtained in excellent enantiomeric excess (98%).  The subsequent transformations yielded the salt of (S)-salbutamol with retained stereochem.

  • 1521. Tsupova, Svetlana
    et al.
    Cadu, Alban
    Stuck, Fabian
    Rominger, Frank
    Rudolph, Matthias
    Samec, Joseph S. M.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Hashmi, A. Stephen K.
    Dual Gold(I)-catalyzed Cyclization of Dialkynyl Pyridinium Salts2017In: ChemCatChem, ISSN 1867-3880, E-ISSN 1867-3899, Vol. 9, no 11, p. 1915-1920Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Novel dialkynyl pyridines were synthesized and protected as alkyl salts for dual gold(I)-catalyzed cycloisomerization. Different alkyl groups and counter ions were screened for the salts, with benzyl and hexafluorophosphate providing the best results. The cyclization led to NMR yields of >95% being obtained for a number of substrates. Step-wise hydrogenation of products could be performed in one-pot by Pd/C, with selective reduction of the double bonds, followed by deprotection of the benzyl group.

  • 1522. Tutkowski, Brandon
    et al.
    Kerdphon, Sutthichat
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Limé, Elaine
    Helquist, Paul
    Andersson, Pher G.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Wiest, Olaf
    Norrby, Per-Ola
    Revisiting the Stereodetermining Step in Enantioselective Iridium-Catalyzed Imine Hydrogenation2018In: ACS Catalysis, ISSN 2155-5435, E-ISSN 2155-5435, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 615-623Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The mechanism for the iridium-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of prochiral imines has been investigated for an experimentally relevant ligand substrate combination using DFT calculations. The possible stereoisomers of the stereodetermining hydride transfer transition state were considered for four possible hydrogenation mechanisms starting from the recently disclosed active catalyst consisting of iridium phosphine-oxazoline with cyclometalated imine substrate. The hydrogenation was found to proceed via an outer sphere pathway. The transition state accurately describes the experimental observations of the active catalyst and provides a structural rationale for the high stereoinduction despite the lack of direct interaction points in the outer-sphere mechanism. The predicted enantioselectivity was consistent with experimental observations. Experimental studies support the hypothesis that the iridacycle forms spontaneously and functions as the active catalyst in the hydrogenation.

  • 1523.
    Ullah, Farman
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zhao, Gui-Ling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Deiana, Luca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zhu, Mingzhao
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Dziedzic, Pawel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ibrahem, Ismail
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Hammar, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry, Department of Structural Chemistry. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Córdova, Armando
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Enantioselective organocatalytic conjugate addition of fluorocarbon nucleophiles to α,β-unsaturated aldehydes2009In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 15, no 39, p. 10013-10017Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A highly chemo- and enantioselective organocatalytic addition of fluorocarbon nucleophiles, such as 1-fluoro-bis(phenylsulfonyl)methane, toα,β-unsaturated aldehydes is presented (see scheme). The reactions are catalyzed by simple chiral amines and give access to optically active fluorine derivatives in good yields and up to 95 % ee. Notably, the methodology can be applied to the formation of a chiral quaternary carbon center bearing a fluorine atom with high enantioselectivity.

  • 1524. Urbina, Felipe
    et al.
    Nordmark, Eva-Lisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Yang, Zhennai
    Weintraub, Andrej
    Scheutz, Flemming
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Structural elucidation of the O-antigenic polysaccharide from the enteroaggregative Escherichia coli strain 180/C3 and its immunochemical relationship with Escherichia coli O5 and O652005In: Carbohydrate Research, ISSN 0008-6215, E-ISSN 1873-426X, Vol. 340, no 4, p. 645-650Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The structure of the O-antigen polysaccharide (PS) from the enteroaggregative Escherichia coli strain 180/C3 has been determined. Sugar and methylation analysis together with 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy were the main methods used. The PS is composed of tetrasaccharide repeating units with the following structure:→2)-β-d-Quip3NAc-(1→3)-β-d-Ribf-(1→4)-β-d-Galp-(1→3)-α-d-GalpNAc-(1→Analysis of NMR data indicates that the presented sequence of sugar residues also represents the biological repeating unit of the O-chain. The structure is closely related to that of O-antigen polysaccharide from E. coli O5 and partially to that of E. coli O65. The difference between the O-antigen from the 180/C3 strain and that of E. coli O5 is the linkage to the d-Quip3NAc residue, which in the latter strain is 4-O-substituted. The E. coli O65 O-antigen contains as part of its linear pentasaccharide repeating unit a similar structural element, namely →4)-β-d-GalpA-(1→3)-α-d-GlcpNAc-(1→2)-β-d-Quip3NAc-(1→, thereby indicating that a common epitope could be present for the two polysaccharides. Monospecific anti-E. coli O5 rabbit serum did not distinguish between the two positional isomeric structures neither in slide agglutination nor in an indirect enzyme immunoassay. The anti-O65 serum did react with both the 180/C3 and O5 LPS showing a partial cross-reactivity.

  • 1525.
    Utas, Josefin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Hydrogen Bonded Phenols as Models for Redox-Active Tyrosines in Enzymes2006Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with the impact of hydrogen bonding on the properties of phenols. The possibility for tyrosine to form hydrogen bonds to other amino acids has been found to be important for its function as an electron transfer mediator in a number of important redox enzymes. This study has focused on modeling the function of tyrosine in Photosystem II, a crucial enzyme in the photosynthetic pathway of green plants.

    Hydrogen bonds between phenol and amines in both inter- and intramolecular systems have been studied with quantum chemical calculations and also in some solid-state structures involving phenol and imidazole.

    Different phenols linked to amines have been synthesized and their possibilities of forming intra- and intermolecular hydrogen bonds have been studied as well as the thermodynamics and kinetics of the generation of phenoxyl radicals via oxidation reactions.

    Since carboxylates may in principle act as hydrogen bond acceptors in a manner similar to imidazole, proton coupled electron transfer has also been studied for a few phenols intramolecularly hydrogen bonded to carboxylates with the aim to elucidate the mechanism for oxidation. Electron transfer in a new linked phenol—ruthenium(II)trisbipyridine complex was studied as well.

    The knowledge is important for the ultimate goal of the project, which is to transform solar energy into a fuel by an artificial mimic of the natural photosynthetic apparatus

  • 1526.
    Utas, Josefin E.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Kritikos, Mikael
    Sandström, Dick
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Water as a hydrogen bonding bridge between a phenol and imidazole. A simple model for water binding in enzymes.2006In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, ISSN 0006-3002, Vol. 1757, p. 1592-1596Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1527.
    Utas, Josefin E.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Olofsson, Berit
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Efficient Synthesis of 2-Substituted Imidazoles by Palladium-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling with Benzylzinc Reagents2006In: Synlett: Accounts and Rapid Communications in Synthetic Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0936-5214, E-ISSN 1437-2096, no 12, p. 1965-1967Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Substituted benzylzinc reagents have been used in novel cross-coupling reactions with 2-iodo imidazoles to form compounds containing both a phenol and an imidazole moiety. The ­intramolecular hydrogen-bonding properties of these compounds were subsequently studied.

  • 1528.
    Utas, Josefin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Irebo, Tania
    Lomoth, Reiner
    Sjodin, Martin
    Sun, Licheng
    Tommos, Cecilia
    Blomberg, Margareta
    Hammarström, Leif
    Åkermark, Björn
    The Effect of Imidazole on Phenol Oxidation – Models for TyrZ and His190 in Photosystem IIManuscript (Other academic)
  • 1529.
    Utas, Josefin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Kritikos, Mikael
    Dvinskikh, Sergey
    Sandström, Dick
    Åkermark, Björn
    Solid-State Structures with Hydrogen Bonds between Phenol and Imi-dazole as Models for Tyrosine and Histidine in ProteinsArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 1530.
    Utas, Josefin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Kritikos, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Sandström, Dick
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Water as a Hydrogen Bonding Bridge between a Phenol and Imida-zole. A Simple Model for Water Binding in Enzymes2006In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics, ISSN 0005-2728, E-ISSN 1879-2650, Vol. 1757, no 12, p. 1592-1596Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The X-ray crystal structure of the mono-hydrate of 2,2-bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)-4-methylphenol has been determined. Three hydrogen bonds hold water very tightly in the crystal, as determined by deuterium solid-state NMR. The hydrogen bond between the phenolic hydroxyl and water appears to have about the same strength as the direct hydrogen bond to imidazole, suggesting that the structure can be a good model for hydrogen bonds that are mediated by a water molecule in enzymes.

  • 1531.
    van der Werf, Angela
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Transformations of Nitrosoarenes and Alkynyl Enones: Selective Synthesis of Nitrogen-Containing Compounds2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The nitrogen atom plays a unique role in organic chemistry. It is abundantly found in organic materials and is responsible for the activity of many biologically relevant compounds. In this thesis, nitrosoarenes and keto- and pyridyl-substituted enynes are used as convenient starting materials for the selective synthesis of nitrogen-containing compounds.

    Nitrosoarenes are versatile compounds that can undergo a broad range of reactions. The nature of the nitroso group is significantly different from that of related nitrogen-based functional groups and this can be used as an advantage in the development of new methodology. In the first part of this thesis, the para-selective halogenation of nitrosoarenes with copper(II) halides as halogenating reagents is explored. The one-pot transformation of the products to the corresponding nitroarenes and anilines is demonstrated. The use of nitrosoarenes for radical N-perfluoroalkylation is presented in the next chapters. N-Perfluoroalkylation is a relatively new field and only a limited number of reagents and substrates have been employed so far. In this thesis, the stable and convenient Langlois reagent was used to achieve selective N-trifluoromethylation of nitrosoarenes to obtain the corresponding hydroxylamines. Longer perfluoroalkyl chains were investigated as well, but the less stable products were defluorinated to form hydroxamic acid derivatives. These products could be reduced to yield perfluoroalkyl amides.

    Keto- and pyridyl-substituted enynes are starting materials designed to undergo cyclization reactions in the presence of a metal catalyst and a nucleophile. This offers the possibility to obtain a variety of more complex molecular structures in a single step. In the second half of the thesis, the reaction between these starting materials and enamines is explored. A range of cyclopenta[c]furans were synthesized in good yields and with high diastereoselectivities from alkynyl enones and enamines with InBr3 as the catalyst. The enamines were formed in situ in a multicomponent reaction. Pyridyl-substituted enynes are the pyridine analogues of alkynyl enones and were found to form polycyclic indolizines in the reaction with cyclic enamines with AgOTf as a catalyst. Good yields and high to excellent diastereoselectivities were obtained. When the reaction was performed with in situ-generated enamines, different indolizine derivatives were obtained.

  • 1532.
    van der Werf, Angela
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Hribersek, Matic
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Selander, Nicklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    N-Trifluoromethylation of Nitrosoarenes with Sodium Triflinate2017In: Organic Letters, ISSN 1523-7060, E-ISSN 1523-7052, Vol. 19, no 9, p. 2374-2377Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A highly efficient N-trifluoromethylation of nitro-soarenes is reported. The inexpensive and convenient Langlois reagent (sodium triflinate) is employed as a Ch(3)-radical source in combination with a copper catalyst and an oxidant. N-Trifluoromethylated hychoxylamines are obtained in high yields within 1 h at room temperature. The addition of hydroquinone was found to be instrumental to prevent the formation of side products. The method is high-yielding is scalable, and displays a high functional group tolerance.

  • 1533.
    van der Werf, Angela
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Selander, Nicklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Para-Selective Halogenation of Nitrosoarenes with Copper(II) Halides2015In: Organic Letters, ISSN 1523-7060, E-ISSN 1523-7052, Vol. 17, no 24, p. 6210-6213Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The para-selective direct bromination and chlorination of nitrosoarenes with copper(II) bromide and chloride is reported. Under mild reaction conditions, a rang of halogenated arylnitroso compounds are obtained in moderate to good yields with high regioselectivity. Additionally, the versatility of the method is demonstrated by the development of a One-pot procedure to obtain the corresponding para-halogenated aniline- and nitrobenzene derivatives.

  • 1534.
    van der Werf, Angela
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zheng, Zhiyao
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Selander, Nicklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    N-Perfluoroalkylation of Nitrosoarenes with PerfluoroalkanesulfinatesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 1535. Vasur, Jonas
    et al.
    Kawai, Rie
    Jonsson, K. Hanna M.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Engström, Åke
    Frank, Martin
    Andersson, Evalena
    Hansson, Henrik
    Forsberg, Zarah
    Igarashi, Kiyohiko
    Samejima, Masahiro
    Sandgren, Mats
    Ståhlberg, Jerry
    Synthesis of cyclic β-glucan using Laminarinase 16A glycosynthase mutant from the basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium2010In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 132, no 5, p. 1724-1730Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Glycosynthases are precise molecular instruments for making specifically linked oligosaccharides. X-ray crystallography screening of ligands bound to the 1,3(4)-β-d-glucanase nucleophile mutant E115S of Phanerochaete chrysosporium Laminarinase 16A (Lam16A) showed that laminariheptaose (L7) bound in an arch with the reducing and nonreducing ends occupying either side of the catalytic cleft of the enzyme. The X-ray structure of Lam16A E115S in complex with α-laminariheptaosyl fluoride (αL7F) revealed how αL7F could make a nucleophilic attack upon itself. Indeed, when Lam16A E115S was allowed to react with αL7F the major product was a cyclic β-1,3-heptaglucan, as shown by mass spectrometry. NMR confirmed uniquely β-1,3-linkages and no reducing end. Molecular dynamics simulations indicate that the cyclic laminariheptaose molecule is not completely planar and that torsion angles at the glycosidic linkages fluctuate between two energy minima. This is the first report of a glycosynthase that joins the reducing and nonreducing ends of a single oligosaccharide and the first reported synthesis of cyclic β-glucan.

  • 1536.
    Vazquez-Romero, Ana
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bermejo Gómez, Antonio
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Martín-Matute, Belén
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Acid- and Iridium-Catalyzed Tandem 1,3-Transposition/3,1-Hydrogen Shift/Chlorination of Allylic Alcohols2015In: ACS Catalysis, ISSN 2155-5435, E-ISSN 2155-5435, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 708-714Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A method for the selective synthesis of alpha-chlorocarbonyls from allylic alcohols is presented. The reaction occurs through an acid- and iridium-catalyzed tandem process that combines a 1,3-transposition, a 3,1-hydrogen shift, and a chlorination process, and can be applied to a wide range of alpha-aromatic and heteroaromatic secondary allylic alcohols. Saturated non-chlorinated ketones or other side-products derived from overchlorination were not detected.

  • 1537.
    Verboom, Renzo C.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Palladium(II)-catalyzed intramolecular 1,4-oxyacyloxylation of conjugated dienes2004Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 1538. Verendel, J. Johan
    et al.
    Nordlund, Michael
    Andersson, Pher G.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Selective Metal-Catalyzed Transfer of H2 and CO from Polyols to Alkenes2013In: ChemSusChem, ISSN 1864-5631, E-ISSN 1864-564X, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 426-429Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1539. Verendel, J. Johan
    et al.
    Pamies, Oscar
    Dieguez, Montserrat
    Andersson, Pher G.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry. Univ KwaZulu Natal, Sch Chem, Durban, South Africa.
    Asymmetric Hydrogenation of Olefins Using Chiral Crabtree-type Catalysts: Scope and Limitations2014In: Chemical Reviews, ISSN 0009-2665, E-ISSN 1520-6890, Vol. 114, no 4, p. 2130-2169Article, review/survey (Refereed)
  • 1540.
    Verho, Oscar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Transition metal-catalyzed hydrogen transfer processes2011Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The first part describes the synthesis of new analogues of Bäckvall’s catalyst with varying electronic properties and their application in the racemization of sec-alcohols. The racemization involves two key steps: (i) β-hydride elimination (dehydrogenation of the alcohol) and (ii) hydride re-addition to the intermediate ketone. The obtained results confirmed our previous theory that the electronic properties of the substrate determine which of these two steps that is rate-determining. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that a dramatic increase in racemization rate could be obtained by matching the electronic properties of catalyst and substrate.

    The second part describes mechanistic studies done on Bäckvall’s catalyst, where the exchange of carbon monoxide was investigated. By monitoring the uptake of 13C-labeled CO by 13C NMR spectroscopy, we could observe that the CO-exchange was approximately 20 times faster in the catalytically active tBuO-species than in the chloride precatalyst. Furthermore, an inhibitory effect could be observed in the racemization reaction of (S)-1-phenylethanol upon addition of CO. These results provide strong experimental support for reversible CO dissociation as a key step in the racemization mechanism of sec-alcohols.

    The third part describes the synthesis and characterization of highly dispersed palladium nanoparticles immobilized on amino-functionalized siliceous mesocellular foam. The catalyst exhibited high activity in the aerobic oxidation of a wide range of primary and secondary alcohols, when using air as source of oxygen. Moreover, the catalyst exhibited excellent recyclability and negligible leaching, making it an environmentally friendly alternative for these transformations.

  • 1541.
    Verho, Oscar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Transition Metal-Catalyzed Redox Reactions: A Journey from Homogeneous Ruthenium to Heterogeneous Palladium Catalysis2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The first part of the thesis covers the development and utilization of electronically modified (pentaarylcyclopentadienyl)Ru-complexes in the racemization of secondary alcohols. This study revealed that the electronic properties of the substrate were the main factors dictating whether β-hydride elimination or hydride re-addition becomes the rate-determining step of the racemization process. With this knowledge in hand, it proved to be possible to design more efficient racemization protocols by matching the electronic properties of catalyst and substrate.

    The second part describes mechanistic work that aimed at elucidating the role of CO dissociation in the mechanism of secondary alcohol racemization catalyzed by a (pentaarylcyclopentadienyl)Ru-complex. From CO exchange studies, we demonstrated that CO dissociation occurred in the catalytically active tert-BuO-species as well as in the chloride precatalyst. Furthermore, an inhibition study showed that an increase of the partial pressure of CO had a negative influence on the racemization rate. Together, these two observations provide strong support for CO dissociation as a key step in the racemization of secondary alcohols.

    The third part concerns the improved synthesis and characterization of a heterogeneous catalyst consisting of Pd nanoparticles immobilized on aminopropyl-functionalized siliceous mesocellular foam. The developed Pd nanocatalyst was found to be a highly efficient and recyclable catalyst for the aerobic oxidation of a wide range of primary and secondary alcohols to the corresponding aldehydes and ketones.

    The fourth part deals with the successful application of the Pd nanocatalyst in chemically-induced H2O oxidation, when using either ceric ammonium nitrate or [Ru(bpy)3]3+ as the terminal oxidant. Remarkably, the Pd nanocatalyst proved to catalyze this reaction with high efficiency and the measured TOF was found to greatly exceed those of current state-of-the-art metal oxide catalysts.

    The fifth and final part describes the co-immobilization of Pd nanoparticles and the enzyme Candida Antarctica Lipase B into the same cavities of mesocellular foam, to generate a “metalloenzyme-like” hybrid catalyst for the dynamic kinetic resolution of a primary amine. The close proximity of the two catalytic species led to an enhanced cooperativity between them and resulted in an overall more efficient tandem process. 

  • 1542.
    Verho, Oscar
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Chemoenzymatic Dynamic Kinetic Resolution: A Powerful Tool for the Preparation of Enantiomerically Pure Alcohols and Amines2015In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 137, no 12, p. 3996-4009Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Chemoenzymatic dynamic kinetic resolution (DKR) constitutes a convenient and efficient method to access enantiomerically pure alcohol and amine derivatives. This Perspective highlights the work carried out within this field during the past two decades and pinpoints important avenues for future research. First, the Perspective will summarize the more developed area of alcohol DKR, by delineating the way from the earliest proof-of-concept protocols to the current state-of-the-art systems that allows for the highly efficient and selective preparation of a wide range of enantiomerically pure alcohol derivatives. Thereafter, the Perspective will focus on the more challenging DKR of amines, by presenting the currently available homogeneous and heterogeneous methods and their respective limitations. In these two parts, significant attention will be dedicated to the design of efficient racemization methods as an important means of developing milder DKR protocols. In the final part of the Perspective, a brief overview of the research that has been devoted toward improving enzymes as biocatalysts is presented.

  • 1543.
    Verho, Oscar
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Dilenstam, Marléne D. V.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Kärkäs, Markus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Johnston, Eric
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Åkermark, Torbjörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Application and mechanistic studies of a water-oxidation catalyst in alcohol oxidation by employing oxygen-transfer reagents2012In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 18, no 52, p. 16947-16954Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By using a dimeric ruthenium complex in combination with tert-butyl hydrogen peroxide (TBHP) as stoichiometric oxidant, a mild and efficient protocol for the oxidation of secondary benzylic alcohols was obtained, thereby giving the corresponding ketones in high yields within 4 h. However, in the oxidation of aliphatic alcohols, the TBHP protocol suffered from low conversions owing to a competing Ru-catalyzed disproportionation of the oxidant. Gratifyingly, by switching to Oxone (2 KHSO5KHSO4K2SO4 triple salt) as stoichiometric oxidant, a more efficient and robust system was obtained that allowed for the oxidation of a wide range of aliphatic and benzylic secondary alcohols, giving the corresponding ketones in excellent yields. The mechanism for these reactions is believed to involve a high-valent RuV–oxo species. We provide support for such an intermediate by means of mechanistic studies.

  • 1544.
    Verho, Oscar
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Gao, Feifei
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Johnston, Eric V.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Wan, Wei
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Nagendiran, Anuja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zheng, Haoquan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zou, Xiaodong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Mesoporous silica nanoparticles applied as a support for Pd and Au nanocatalysts in cycloisomerization reactions2014In: APL materials, ISSN 2166-532X, Vol. 2, no 11, p. 113316-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ultra-small mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) have been synthesized at room temperature with particle sizes ranging from 28 to 45 nm. These MSNs have been employed as heterogeneous supports for palladium and gold nanocatalysts. The colloidal nature of the MSNs is highly useful for catalytic applications as it allows for better mass transfer properties and a more uniform distribution of the nanocatalysts in solution. The two nanocatalysts were evaluated in the cycloisomerization of alkynoic acids and demonstrated to produce the corresponding alkylidene lactones in good to excellent yields under mild conditions. In addition to their high activity, the catalysts exhibit low degree of metal leaching and straight-forward recycling, which highlight the practical utility of MSNs as supports for nanocatalysts. (C) 2014 Author(s). All article content, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

  • 1545.
    Verho, Oscar
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Gustafson, Karl P. J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Nagendiran, Anuja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Tai, Cheuk-Wai
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Mild and Selective Hydrogenation of Nitro Compounds using Palladium Nanoparticles Supported on Amino-Functionalized Mesocellular Foam2014In: ChemCatChem, ISSN 1867-3880, E-ISSN 1867-3899, Vol. 6, no 11, p. 3153-3159Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present the utilization of a heterogeneous catalyst comprised of Pd nanoparticles supported on aminopropyl-functionalized siliceous mesocellular foam (Pd-0-AmP-MCF) for the selective hydrogenation of aromatic, aliphatic, and heterocyclic nitro compounds to the corresponding amines. In general, the catalytic protocol exclusively affords the desired amine products in excellent yields within short reaction times with the reactions performed at room temperature under ambient pressure of H-2. Moreover, the reported Pd nanocatalyst displayed excellent structural integrity for this transformation as it could be recycled multiple times without any observable loss of activity or leaching of metal. In addition, the Pd nanocatalyst could be easily integrated into a continuous-flow device and used for the hydrogenation of 4-nitroanisole on a 2.5 g scale, where the product p-anisidine was obtained in 95% yield within 2 h with a Pd content of less than 1 ppm.

  • 1546.
    Verho, Oscar
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Johnston, Eric
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Karlsson, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Tuning of the Electronic Properties of a Cyclopentadienylruthenium Catalyst to Match Racemization of Electron-Rich and Electron-Deficient Alcohols2011In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 17, no 40, p. 11216-11222Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The synthesis of a new series of cyclopentadienylruthenium catalysts with varying electronic properties and their application in racemization of secondary alcohols are described. These racemizations involve two key steps: 1) β-hydride elimination (dehydrogenation) and 2) re-addition of the hydride to the intermediate ketone. The results obtained confirm our previous theory that the electronic properties of the substrate determine which of these two steps is rate determining. For an electron-deficient alcohol the rate-determining step is the β-hydride elimination (dehydrogenation), whereas for an electron-rich alcohol the re-addition of the hydride becomes the rate-determining step. By matching the electronic properties of the catalyst with the electronic properties of the alcohol, we have now shown that a dramatic increase in racemization rate can be obtained. For example, electron-deficient alcohol 15 racemized 30 times faster with electron-deficient catalyst 6 than with the unmodified standard catalyst 4. The application of these protocols will extend the scope of cyclopentadienylruthenium catalysts in racemization and dynamic kinetic resolution.

  • 1547.
    Verho, Oscar
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Kärkäs, Markus
    Åkermark, Torbjörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Johnston, Eric V.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Gustafson, Karl
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Tai, Cheuk-Wai
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Svengren, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Well-Defined Palladium Nanoparticles Supported on Amino-Functionalized Siliceous Mesocellular Foam: An Efficient Heterogeneous Catalyst for Chemically-Induced H2O OxidationManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 1548.
    Verho, Oscar
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Nagendiran, Anuja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Johnston, Eric V.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Tai, Cheuk-wai
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Nanopalladium on Amino-Functionalized Mesocellular Foam: An Efficient Catalyst for Suzuki Reactions and Transfer Hydrogenations2013In: ChemCatChem, ISSN 1867-3880, E-ISSN 1867-3899, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 612-618Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The applications of a heterogeneous Pd0-AmP-MCF nanoparticle catalyst in Suzuki cross-coupling reactions and transfer hydrogenations of alkenes are described. The catalyst was highly efficient for both transformations, resulting in 1)coupling of a wide range of aryl halides with various boronic acids in high yields and 2)chemoselective reduction of a variety of alkenes with the use of 1-methyl-1,4-cyclohexadiene as hydrogen donor. Moreover, the catalyst can be recycled several times without any significant decrease in activity or leaching of metal into solution, making the protocol economical and environmentally friendly. In the case of the Suzuki cross-coupling, a 15-fold increase in reaction rate was observed if the reaction was performed under microwave irradiation compared to conventional heating in an oil bath.

  • 1549.
    Verho, Oscar
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Nagendiran, Anuja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Tai, Cheuk-Wai
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Johnston, Eric V.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Nanopalladium on Amino-Functionalized Mesocellular Foam as an Efficient and Recyclable Catalyst for the Selective Transfer Hydrogenation of Nitroarenes to Anilines2014In: ChemCatChem, ISSN 1867-3880, E-ISSN 1867-3899, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 205-211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Herein, we report on the use of nanopalladium on amino-functionalized siliceous mesocellular foam as an efficient heterogeneous catalyst for the transfer hydrogenation of nitroarenes to anilines. In all cases, the protocol proved to be highly selective and favored the formation of the desired aniline as the single product in high yields with short reaction times if naturally occurring and renewable -terpinene was employed as the hydrogen donor. Furthermore, the catalyst displayed excellent recyclability over five cycles and negligible leaching of metal into solution, which makes it an eco-friendly and economic catalyst to perform this transformation. The scalability of the protocol was demonstrated with the reduction of 4-nitroanisole on a 2g scale, in which p-anisidine was isolated in 98% yield.

  • 1550.
    Verho, Oscar
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Pourghasemi Lati, Monireh
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Oschmann, Michael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    A Two-Step Procedure for the Overall Transamidation of 8-Aminoquinoline Amides Proceeding via the Intermediate N-Acyl-Boc-Carbamates2018In: Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0022-3263, E-ISSN 1520-6904, Vol. 83, no 8, p. 4464-4476Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Herein a two-step strategy for achieving overall transamidation of 8-aminoquinoline amides has been explored. In this protocol, the 8-aminoquinoline amides were first treated with Boc(2)O and DMAP to form the corresponding N-acyl-Boc-carbamates, which were found to be sufficiently reactive to undergo subsequent aminolysis with different amines in the absence of any additional reagents or catalysts. To demonstrate the utility of this approach, it was applied on a number of 8-aminoquinoline amides from the recent C-H functionalization literature, enabling access to a range of elaborate amide derivatives in good to high yields

28293031323334 1501 - 1550 of 1748
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