Change search
Refine search result
123456 151 - 200 of 295
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 151.
    Klintwall Malmqvist, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Skinner i kuddrummet: Personalfaktorer i förskola som påverkar effekten av beteendeterapi för barn med autism2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Several methods of treatment for autism has been developed and there is good evidence for the use of intensive behavioral therapy (also called applied behavior analysis, ABA). However, the variation in treatment gains are consistently large. Behavioral therapy for children with autism is used in swedish kindergartens, likely with variation in both fidelity and level of success. In this study, 22 kindergartens with 24 children with autism who had received behavioral therapy was investigated retrospectively using a telephone survey. Several factors was analysed for hypothesised covariation with treatment gains measured with an adaptive behavior scale. Level of integration of the treatment in the kindergarten and therapist's allegiance to the treatment was positively correlated to treatment gains. The retrospective design of the study makes causal conclusions of findings impossible. Additional findings was a generally low allegiance to the treatment and a large discrepancy between swedish behavioral therapy and the efficacy studies for ABA for children with autism.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 152. Kraepelien, Martin
    et al.
    Sundström, Christopher
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden; Stockholm Health Care Services, Sweden.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Ivanova, Ekaterina
    Digital psychological self-care for problematic alcohol use: feasibility of a new clinical concept2023In: BJPsych Open, E-ISSN 2056-4724, Vol. 9, no 3, article id e91Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Digital interventions based on cognitive–behavioural therapy and relapse prevention can increase treatment access for people with problematic alcohol use, but for these interventions to be cost-effective, clinician workload needs to remain low while ensuring patient adherence and effects. Digital psychological self-care is the provision of a self-guided digital intervention within a structured care process.

    Aims: To investigate the feasibility and preliminary effects of digital psychological self-care for reducing alcohol consumption.

    Method: Thirty-six adults with problematic alcohol use received digital psychological self-care during 8 weeks, including telephone assessments as well as filling out self-rated questionnaires, before, directly after and 3 months after the intervention. Intervention adherence, usefulness, credibility and use of clinician time were assessed, along with preliminary effects on alcohol consumption. The study was prospectively registered as a clinical trial (NCT05037630).

    Results: Most participants used the intervention daily or several times a week. The digital intervention was regarded as credible and useful, and there were no reported adverse effects. Around 1 h of clinician time per participant was spent on telephone assessments. At the 3-month follow-up, preliminary within-group effects on alcohol consumption were moderate (standardised drinks per week, Hedge's g = 0.70, 95% CI = 0.19–1.21; heavy drinking days, Hedge's g = 0.60, 95% CI = 0.09–1.11), reflecting a decrease from 23 to 13 drinks per week on average.

    Conclusions: Digital psychological self-care for reducing alcohol consumption appears both feasible and preliminarily effective and should be further optimised and studied in larger trials.

  • 153.
    Kruijt, Anne-Wil
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology.
    Parsons, Sam
    Fox, Elaine
    A Meta-Analysis of Bias at Baseline in RCTs of Attention Bias Modification: No Evidence for Dot-Probe Bias Towards Threat in Clinical Anxiety and PTSD2019In: Journal of Abnormal Psychology, ISSN 0021-843X, E-ISSN 1939-1846, Vol. 128, no 6, p. 563-573Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Considerable effort and funding have been spent on developing Attention Bias Modification (ABM) as a treatment for anxiety disorders, theorized to exert therapeutic effects through reduction of a tendency to orient attention towards threat. However, meta-analytical evidence that clinical anxiety is characterized by threat-related attention bias is thin. The largest meta-analysis to date included dot-probe data for n=337 clinically anxious individuals. Baseline measures of biased attention obtained in ABM RCTs form an additional body of data that has not previously been meta-analyzed.

    Method: This paper presents a meta-analysis of threat-related dot-probe bias measured at baseline for 1005 clinically anxious individuals enrolled in 13 ABM RCTs.

    Results: Random-effects meta-analysis indicated no evidence that the mean bias index (BI) differed from zero (k= 13, n= 1005, mean BI = 1.8 ms, SE = 1.26 ms, p = .144, 95% CI [-0.6 - 4.3]. Additional Bayes factor analyses also supported the point-zero hypothesis (BF10 = .23), whereas interval-based analysis indicated that mean bias in clinical anxiety is unlikely to extend beyond the 0 to 5 ms interval. 

    Discussion: Findings are discussed with respect to strengths (relatively large samples, possible bypassing of publication bias), limitations (lack of control comparison, repurposing data, specificity to dot-probe data), and theoretical and practical context. We suggest that it should no longer be assumed that clinically anxious individuals are characterized by selective attention towards threat.

    Conclusion: Clinically anxious individuals enrolled in RCTs for Attention Bias Modification are not characterized by threat-related attention bias at baseline.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 154.
    Kruse, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Negativ Terapeutisk Reaktion: Om motstånd i terapier och om destruktivitetens ursprung2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I föreliggande arbete undersöker jag begreppet negativ terapeutis reaktion. Undersökningen tar sin utgångspunkt i Karl Abrahams artikel från 1919, En speciell form av neurotiskt motstånd mot den analytiska metoden, och fortsätter med en granskning av Sigmund Freuds beskrivning av begreppet i Jaget och Detet 1923. Jag följer sedan begreppets utveckling i arbeten av Joan Riviere (1936), Melanie Klein (1957), Herbert Rosenfeld (1971), Ludvig Igra (1988) och Horacio Etchegoyen (1991).

    Negativ terapeutisk reaktion är en form av motstånd som visar sig i den terapeutiska processen. Den är ett tekniskt begrepp och inget diagnoskriterium. Den tillhör jaget och är att betrakta som en jag-strategi som är omedveten till sin natur. Den är att betrakta som ett uttryck för destruktiva krafter, som ett derivat av dödsdriften.

    De bakomliggande faktorerna kan vara av skilda slag, men det finns gemensamma överensstämmande områden. Dessa är omedveten skuld, ett problematiskt förhållande till överjaget och ett försvagat libidinöst själv. Den anses vanligast förekommande hos patienter med svårare narcissistiska personlighetsstörningar präglade av en narcissistisk omnipotent hållning, en manisk attityd och primitiv avund.

    Förekomsten av negativ terapeutisk reaktion är en signal om att processen är på väg att stanna upp och att det finns problem som behöver avtäckas och analyseras. De bakomliggande faktorerna, vilka oftast har en global karaktär i betydelsen att de inbegriper hela personligheten samt patientens inställning till terapin som helhet och relationen till terapeuten, behöver identifieras. Detta ger då möjliga förklaringar till vad som kan tänkas försiggå i patientens inre. Olika vägar att gå i det kliniska arbetet berörs.

    Den teoretiska genomgången belyses med ett kliniskt exempel.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 155.
    Kurnik, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Bilingual Lexical Access in Reading: Analyzing the Effect of Semantic Context on Non-Selective Access in Bilingual Memory2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recent empirical studies about the neurological executive nature of reading in bilinguals differ in their evaluations of the degree of selective manifestation in lexical access as implicated by data from early and late reading measures in the eye-tracking paradigm. Currently two scenarios are plausible: (1) Lexical access in reading is fundamentally language non-selective and top-down effects from semantic context can influence the degree of selectivity in lexical access; (2) Cross-lingual lexical activation is actuated via bottom-up processes without being affected by top-down effects from sentence context. In an attempt to test these hypotheses empirically, this study analyzed reader-text events arising when cognate facilitation and semantic constraint interact in a 22 factorially designed experiment tracking the eye movements of 26 Swedish-English bilinguals reading in their L2. Stimulus conditions consisted of high- and low-constraint sentences embedded with either a cognate or a non-cognate control word. The results showed clear signs of cognate facilitation in both early and late reading measures and in either sentence conditions. This evidence in favour of the non-selective hypothesis indicates that the manifestation of non-selective lexical access in reading is not constrained by top-down effects from semantic context.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Bilingual Lexical Access in Reading - MA Thesis Mattias Kurnik
  • 156.
    Larsson, Matilda
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sánchez Sequeira, Katia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Utvärdering av internetförmedlad KBT inom primärvården i Östergötland2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Internetförmedlad kognitiv beteendeterapi (iKBT) med behandlarstöd har visat sig vara effektivt för behandling av lindrig till medelsvår depression, oro, ångest, stress och sömnbesvär. Syftet med föreliggande uppsats var att utvärdera om iKBT med behandlarstöd var verksamt för patienter med psykisk ohälsa inom primärvården i Region Östergötland. De iKBT-program som utvärderades var Depressionshjälpen, Ångesthjälpen, Oroshjälpen, Stresshjälpen och Sovhjälpen. Deltagarna fyllde i validerade självskattningsformulär avseende primära utfallsmått vid behandlingsstart (n=265), efter behandling (n=165) och vid tremånadersuppföljning (n=39). Resultaten visade att skattade symptom oavsett program reducerades signifikant på något av de primära utfallsmåtten med medelstor till stor effekt vid eftermätning (d=0.78-3.27) och liten till stor effekt vid tremånaders-uppföljning (d=0.60-3.46). Av patienterna skattade 33-92% reliabla förbättringar på något av de primära utfallsmåtten vid eftermätning och 33-67% vid tremånadersuppföljning. På grund av stort databortfall bör dock resultaten tolkas med försiktighet. Resultaten ger stöd till tidigare forskningsfynd gällande iKBT som en effektiv behandlingsmetod och iKBT bör därför erbjudas inom primärvården.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Matilda Larsson och Katia Sanchez. Utvärdering av internetförmedlad KBT inom primärvården i Östergötland
  • 157.
    Lasselin, Julie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden; Universitätsklinikum Essen, Germany.
    Kemani, Mike K.
    Kanstrup, Marie
    Olsson, Gunnar L.
    Axelsson, John
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Andreasson, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Lekander, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Wicksell, Rikard K.
    Low-grade inflammation may moderate the effect of behavioral treatment for chronic pain in adults2016In: Journal of behavioral medicine, ISSN 0160-7715, E-ISSN 1573-3521, Vol. 39, no 5, p. 916-924Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present pilot study was to explore the moderating role of basal inflammation on the effects of behavioral pain treatment in 41 patients with long-standing pain. Baseline pro-inflammatory status moderated behavioral treatment outcomes: higher pre-treatment levels of Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF)-α and Interleukin (IL)-6 were related to less improvement in pain intensity, psychological inflexibility and in mental health-related quality of life. The treatment outcomes improved in the subgroup that had low levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines at baseline, while the subjects with higher pro-inflammatory status did not. Altogether, results indicate that low-grade inflammation may influence the behavioral treatment outcomes and provide a possible explanation of the heterogeneity in treatment response.

  • 158.
    Le Sabrie, Van
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Effekterna av organisatorisk orättvisa på kontraproduktiva arbetsbeteenden, arbetsrelaterad ohälsa och avsikten att lämna arbetsplatsen.2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Upplevelser av orättvisor på arbetsplatser har kopplats till olika typer av psykisk och fysisk ohälsa. Organisatorisk (o)rättvisa har inom tidigare forskning även visats ha en effekt på medarbetarnas kontraproduktiva jobbeteenden (CWB) och benägenhet att byta arbete eller lämna arbetsplatser (turnover intention). Denna studie undersöker huruvida optikbutikanställdas upplevelser av allmän organisatorisk (o)rättvisa på arbetsplatsen relaterar till CWB och turnover intention samt huruvida arbetsrelaterad ohälsa medierar dessa hypotetiska samband. En digital enkätundersökning genomfördes i två större optikskedjor i Sverige med 180 deltagare varav 80% var kvinnor, 18,5% var män och 1,5% angav annat kön, genomsnittsåldern var 38 år. Data analyserades med hierarkisk multipel regressionsanalys och strukturell ekvationsmodellering (SEM). Resultatet visar att allmän organisatorisk orättvisa var starkt positivt korrelerat med CWB och turnover intention. Allmän organisatorisk orättvisa predicerade också arbetsrelaterad ohälsa vilken i sin tur påverkar CWB och turnover intention. Sambandet mellan (o)rättvisa och CWB samt (o)rättvisa och turnover intention medieras delvis av arbetsrelaterad ohälsa. Studien indikerar att när medarbetare upplever orättvisa på jobbet, ökar CWB och avsikt att lämna arbetsplatser.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 159.
    Le Sabrie, Van
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ska jag stanna eller lämna jobbet?: Effekterna av organisatorisk (o)rättvisa på kontraproduktiva arbetsbeteenden, arbetsrelaterad ohälsa och avsikten att lämna arbetsplatsen2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Upplevelser av orättvisor på arbetsplatser har kopplats till olika typer av psykisk och fysisk ohälsa. Organisatorisk (o)rättvisa har inom tidigare forskning även visats ha en effekt på medarbetarnas kontraproduktiva jobbeteenden (CWB) och benägenhet att byta arbete eller lämna arbetsplatser (turnover intention). Denna studie undersöker huruvida optikbutikanställdas upplevelser av allmän organisatorisk (o)rättvisa på arbetsplatsen relaterar till CWB och turnover intention samt huruvida arbetsrelaterad ohälsa medierar dessa hypotetiska samband. En digital enkätundersökning genomfördes i två större optikskedjor i Sverige med 180 deltagare varav 80% var kvinnor, 18,5% var män och 1,5% angav annat kön, genomsnittsåldern var 38 år. Data analyserades med hierarkisk multipel regressionsanalys och strukturell ekvationsmodellering (SEM). Resultatet visar att allmän organisatorisk orättvisa var starkt positivt korrelerat med CWB och turnover intention. Allmän organisatorisk orättvisa predicerade också arbetsrelaterad ohälsa vilken i sin tur påverkar CWB och turnover intention. Sambandet mellan (o)rättvisa och CWB samt (o)rättvisa och turnover intention medieras delvis av arbetsrelaterad ohälsa. Studien indikerar att när medarbetare upplever orättvisa på jobbet, ökar CWB och avsikt att lämna arbetsplatser.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 160. Lehmivaara, Jörgen
    et al.
    Granqvist, Pehr
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Personality, Social and Developmental Psychology.
    Attachment and socialized religion within the Læstadian revival movement2023In: Nordic Psychology, ISSN 1901-2276, E-ISSN 1904-0016Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present questionnaire study examined attachment-religion connections among 175 believers within the Læstadian revival movement (Lutheran) in Sweden and Finland. Corroborating previous research findings from other religious populations, our findings strongly supported the idea that attachment security (i.e. positive, non-defensive representations of self and others) facilitates the intergenerational transmission of religion from parents to offspring (the socialized correspondence hypothesis) in families within the Læstadian revival movement. Extending previous research, attachment security was also linked to the adoption and transmission of the congregation’s religious standards and to perceived religious support from the congregation. Results pertaining to religion-as-compensation for attachment-related insecurity (the compensation hypothesis) were generally mixed, perhaps due to particularities of Læstadian faith.

  • 161.
    Lilliengren, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Exploring therapeutic action in psychoanalytic psychotherapy: Attachment to therapist and change2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this thesis was to explore therapeutic action in psychoanalytic psychotherapy from different perspectives (patient, therapist, observer), using different methodological approaches (qualitative and quantitative). Study I explores patients’ views of therapeutic action with grounded theory methodology. The results indicated that talking openly in a safe therapeutic relationship led to new relational experiences and expanding self-awareness. Hindering factors included difficulties “opening up” and experiencing something missing in treatment. Study II investigates experienced therapists’ views of therapeutic action. The development of a close and trusting relationship was perceived as the core curative factor. Patients’ fear of closeness hindered treatment from the therapists’ perspective. Study III involves the development and psychometric examination of a new rating scale for patient-therapist attachment (Patient Attachment to Therapist Rating Scale; PAT-RS). Inter-rater reliability was good for three of the subscales (Security, Deactivation, Disorganization), but poor for one (Hyperactivation). Patterns of correlations with other measures suggest construct validity for the reliable subscales. Study IV examines the relationships between secure attachment to therapist, alliance, and outcome. Linear mixed-effects models, controlling for therapist effects, treatment length and patient-rated alliance, indicated that secure attachment to therapist relates to outcome. Further, the unique variance associated with secure attachment to therapist predicted continued gains in functioning during follow-up. The results of this thesis suggest that the development of a secure attachment to the therapist is a central mechanism of therapeutic change. The results are discussed in relation to established notions of therapeutic action in psychoanalytic psychotherapy. Two tentative process models that may be useful for clinical practice and future research are proposed. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 162.
    Lilliengren, Peter
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Falkenström, Fredrik
    Sandell, Rolf
    Risholm Mothander, Pia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Werbart, Andrzej
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Secure attachment to therapist, alliance, and outcome in psychoanalytic psychotherapy with young adults2015In: Journal of counseling psychology, ISSN 0022-0167, E-ISSN 1939-2168, Vol. 62, no 1, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a novel approach to assess attachment to therapist from patient narratives (Patient Attachment to Therapist Rating Scale; PAT-RS), we investigated the relationships between secure attachment to therapist, patient-rated alliance, and outcome in a sample of 70 young adults treated with psychoanalytic psychotherapy. A series of linear mixed-effects models, controlling for length of therapy and therapist effects, indicated that secure attachment to therapist at termination was associated with improvement in symptoms, global functioning and interpersonal problems. After controlling for the alliance, these relationships were maintained in terms of symptoms and global functioning. Further, for the follow-up period, we found a suppression effect indicating that secure attachment to therapist predicted continued improvement in global functioning whereas the alliance predicted deterioration when both variables were modeled together. While limited by the correlational design, this study suggests that the development of a secure attachment to therapist is associated with treatment gains as well as predictive of post-treatment improvement in functioning. Future research should investigate the temporal development of attachment to therapist and its interaction with alliance and outcome more closely. To ensure differentiation from patient-rated alliance, observer-based measurement of attachment to therapist should be considered.

  • 163.
    Lilliengren, Peter
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology.
    Johansson, Robert
    Lindqvist, Karin
    Mechler, Jakob
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Efficacy of Experiential Dynamic Therapy for Psychiatric Conditions: a Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials2016In: Psychotherapy, ISSN 0033-3204, E-ISSN 1939-1536, Vol. 53, no 1, p. 90-104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Experiential dynamic therapy (EDT) is a subgroup of short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy (STPP) that emphasizes patients’ in-session affective processing. To evaluate the efficacy of EDT for psychiatric conditions, we conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Twenty-eight studies published between 1978 and 2014 were included, encompassing 1,782 adult patients with mood, anxiety, personality, or mixed disorders. Across targeted outcome domains, medium-size between-groups effects (Cohen’s ds ranging from 0.39 to 0.65) favored EDT over inactive controls at posttreatment and in symptom measures at follow-up. We found no differences between EDT and active treatments (e.g., medication, cognitive–behavioral therapy, manualized supportive therapy) at posttreatment, but EDT outperformed supportive therapy at follow-up (d = 0.75). In terms of within-group effect sizes, EDT was associated with large improvements in general psychiatric symptoms (d = 1.11), depression (d = 1.33), and anxiety (d = 1.09) and with small to moderate gains in the areas of interpersonal problems (d = 0.55) and global functioning (d = 0.86). Small but significant effects suggested continued improvement between posttreatment and follow-up. Heterogeneity in pre–post effects was explored in subgroup analyses, which indicated that EDT might be most effective in depressive disorders and that individual EDT had larger effects compared with group treatment. In addition, EDT performed better in higher quality studies. We conclude that EDT is a promising treatment for psychiatric conditions in adults. Further high-quality studies evaluating contemporary versions of EDT in specific psychiatric conditions are warranted.

  • 164.
    Lilliengren, Peter
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Werbart, Andrzej
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Therapists' view of therapeutic action in psychoanalytic psychotherapy with young adults2010In: Psychotherapy, ISSN 0033-3204, E-ISSN 1939-1536, Vol. 47, no 4, p. 570-585Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studying experienced therapists' implicit theorizing may contribute to our understanding of what is helpful and what hinders treatment with particular patient populations. In this study, 16 therapists' views of curative factors, hindering factors, and outcome were explored in 22 interviews conducted at termination of individual psychoanalytic psychotherapy with young adults. Grounded theory methodology was used to construct a tentative model of therapeutic action based on the therapists' implicit knowledge. The results indicated that developing a close, safe and trusting relationship was viewed as the core curative factor in interaction with the patient making positive experiences outside the therapy setting and the therapist challenging and developing the patient's thinking about the self. The therapeutic process was experienced as a joint activity resulting in the patient becoming a subject and acquiring an increasing capacity to think and process problems. The patient's fear about close relationships was seen as hindering treatment and leading to core problems remaining. The model is discussed in relation to major theories of therapeutic action in the psychoanalytic discourse and previous research focusing on young adults' view of curative and hindering factors in psychotherapy. Implications for practice and further research are suggested.

  • 165.
    Lilliengren, Peter
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Werbart, Andzej
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    A model of therapeutic action grounded in the patients’ view of curative and hindering factors in psychoanalytic psychotherapy2005In: Psychotherapy, ISSN 0033-3204, E-ISSN 1939-1536, Vol. 42, no 3, p. 324-339Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The patients’ view of curative and hindering factors in psychoanalytic psychotherapy was explored, starting from conducting the Private Theories Interview with 22 young adult patients at termination of their therapies. A tentative theoretical model of therapeutic action was constructed using grounded theory methodology.Talking About Oneself, Having a Special Place and Relationship, and Exploring Together With the Therapist were perceived as curative factors by the patients, leading to therapeutic impacts such as New Relational Experiences and Expanding Self-Awareness. Hindering aspects included experiencing that Talking Is Difficult and that Something Was Missing in therapy, interacting with negative impacts such as Self-Knowledge Is Not Enough and Experiencing Mismatch. Methodological issues, the question of common versus specific factors, and implications for clinical practice are discussed.

  • 166. Linder, Noah
    et al.
    Lindahl, Therese
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Sweden.
    Borgström, Sara
    Using Behavioural Insights to Promote Food Waste Recycling in Urban Households-Evidence From a Longitudinal Field Experiment2018In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 9, article id 352Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Promoting pro-environmental behaviour amongst urban dwellers is one of today's greatest sustainability challenges. The aim of this study is to test whether an information intervention, designed based on theories from environmental psychology and behavioural economics, can be effective in promoting recycling of food waste in an urban area. To this end we developed and evaluated an information leaflet, mainly guided by insights from nudging and community-based social marketing. The effect of the intervention was estimated through a natural field experiment in Hokarangen, a suburb of Stockholm city, Sweden, and was evaluated using a difference-in-difference analysis. The results indicate a statistically significant increase in food waste recycled compared to a control group in the research area. The data analysed was on the weight of food waste collected from sorting stations in the research area, and the collection period stretched for almost 2 years, allowing us to study the short- and long term effects of the intervention. Although the immediate positive effect of the leaflet seems to have attenuated over time, results show that there was a significant difference between the control and the treatment group, even 8 months after the leaflet was distributed. Insights from this study can be used to guide development of similar pro-environmental behaviour interventions for other urban areas in Sweden and abroad, improving chances of reaching environmental policy goals.

  • 167.
    Lindfors, Petra
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Folkesson Hellstadius, Lisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    Östberg, Viveca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    Perceived stress, recurrent pain, and aggregate salivary cortisol measures in mid-adolescent girls and boys2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 58, no 1, p. 36-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Measures of perceived stress have been criticized for theoretical inconsistency. However, the validated pressure activation stress scale has been suggested as a theoretically sound alternative. But it is unclear how pressure and activation stress relate to objective and subjective measures including commonly used aggregate cortisol measures and health complaints respectively. Specifically, this study aimed at investigating how pressure and activation stress were related to aggregate salivary cortisol measures and recurrent pain in mid-adolescent girls and boys. Mid-adolescents (119 girls and 56 boys) provided self-reports in questionnaires on activation and pressure stress and recurrent pain (headache, stomach ache, neck/shoulder and back pain). Additionally, adolescents sampled saliva during an ordinary school day: (1) immediately at awakening; (2) 30 minutes after waking up; (3) 60 minutes after waking up, and (4) at 8 p.m. These samples were analyzed for cortisol. Hierarchical regressions showed no statistically significant associations between activation and pressure stress and cortisol, neither for girls nor for boys. However, activation and pressure stress were significantly associated with recurrent pain but only for girls. The findings may relate to subjective and objective measures reflecting distinct aspects of stress-related functioning. However, the study participants included mid-adolescents whose bodily systems are flexible and still relatively unaffected by the strain of their daily stress perceptions. To conclude, the non-significant relationships between activation and pressure stress and commonly used aggregate measures of cortisol adds to the understanding of how perceived stress may relate to physiological functioning in the daily life of adolescents when using such aggregate measures.

  • 168.
    Lindqvist, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology.
    Making Connections: Outcomes and the Role of the Therapeutic Relationship in Internet-Delivered Psychodynamic Treatment for Adolescent Depression2023Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Major depressive disorder (MDD) is ranked one of the most burdensome disorders for adolescents worldwide. There is an urgent need for accessible interventions, as many adolescents suffering from MDD do not receive treatment. Internet-delivered interventions remove barriers to seeking and receiving treatment, and internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (ICBT) has been found to be effective for adolescent MDD. However, not all are helped by ICBT and treatment alternatives are needed. Internet-delivered psychodynamic therapy (IPDT) has previously been tested with promising effects in adults, but no studies have assessed its efficacy for adolescents. Furthermore, little is known about mechanisms of change in internet interventions targeting adolescent MDD and how adolescents experience the therapeutic relationship in IPDT. This thesis aims to evaluate efficacy as well as processes and experiences of IPDT, from different perspectives.

    Study I investigated effects of IPDT for adolescents aged 15–18 (n = 76) suffering from MDD, compared to control condition. IPDT was found to be significantly more effective than a supportive control condition on reducing depression (d = 0.82). Furthermore, moderate to large significant effects in favour of IPDT were found for comorbid anxiety, emotion regulation and self-compassion.

    Study II explored participants’ (n = 18) experiences of the psychotherapeutic relationship in IPDT. Semi-structured interviews were analysed using thematic analysis. Four themes were created: “a meaningful and significant relationship with someone who cared”, “a helping relationship with someone who guided and motivated me through therapy”; “a relationship made safer and more open by the fact that we didn’t have to meet”; and “a nonsignificant relationship with someone I didn’t really know and who didn’t know me”.

    Study III examined the relationship between therapeutic alliance, emotion regulation and outcome week-by-week in IPDT and ICBT for adolescent depression (n = 272). Results showed that therapeutic alliance, as rated by both therapist and participant, predicted outcome in depressive symptoms week-by-week in both treatments. Furthermore, this relationship was mediated by emotion regulation, again in both treatments.

    In conclusion, results from this thesis indicate that IPDT may be a viable treatment option for adolescent depression. Furthermore, it is possible to form a close and safe relationship between therapist and participant, experienced as important for the psychotherapeutic process by many participants. Lastly, therapeutic alliance plays an important role in both IPDT and ICBT for adolescent depression, partly through its effect on emotion regulation.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Making Connections: Outcomes and the Role of the Therapeutic Relationship in Internet-Delivered Psychodynamic Treatment for Adolescent Depression
    Download (jpg)
    omslagsframsida
  • 169.
    Lowden, Arne
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    van der Zande, BMI
    Geerdinc, L
    Change to higher illuminance and light colour temperature in open office, implications for sleep and sleepiness in Scandinavian winter2014In: Journal of Sleep Research, ISSN 0962-1105, E-ISSN 1365-2869, Vol. 23, no Suppl., p. 178-179, article id P586Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 170.
    Lundin, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Occupational Stress, Burnout and Teacher efficacy in teachers, special educators and habilitation professionals with and without formal ABA training2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research suggests a correlation between high levels of stress and burnout, and low levels of self- efficacy, in school and habilitation professionals. These findings are also prominent in practitioners in Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) such as teachers, psychologists and Board-Certified Behavior Analysts (BCBAs). This current study aimed to examine the levels in self-reported stress, burnout, and self-efficacy reported in the Ohio State Teacher Efficacy Scale (OSTES), in a Swedish-speaking sample consisting of sixty-seven participants based in school settings, and twenty-five participants based in habilitation settings. All participants were divided into two subgroups: one group who have stated participation in formal post-graduate ABA-training (n = 31), and a group without formal ABA training (n = 61). The hypotheses formulated from previous research were: 1) Teacher Efficacy levels are higher in professionals with ABA-training; 2) Stress-levels are lower in professionals with ABA- training; 3) Burnout levels are lower in professionals with ABA-training; 4) Stress-levels are lower in professionals working in habilitation settings; 5) Burnout levels are lower in professionals working in habilitation settings. Analyzes showed that stress correlated highly positive with burnout, and that teacher efficacy had a negative correlation with stress and burnout. Furthermore, no differences in stress and burnout levels were found between participants from school and habilitation, but the levels in Self-reported Stress and Self-reported Burnout were lower in the ABA group, which therefore confirmed the predictions. Reported OSTES-levels were higher in the ABA-group, but at non- significant levels (except in the sub-item “Efficacy for instructional strategies” where significant levels were found). The conclusion was that educators high in teacher efficacy may be less likely to suffer from stress and burnout, than low-efficacy educators. To address the growing problem of stress-related diseases among Swedish school and habilitation staff, the current teacher efficacy-levels in these occupations must be further highlighted.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Occupational Stress, Burnout and Teacher efficacy in teachers, special educators and habilitation professionals with and without formal ABA training
  • 171.
    Lundin Kleberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Personality, Social and Developmental Psychology.
    Key note: Reinforcement Learning and Social Attention in Rare Genetic Disorders: Results from the Swedish UNIKA Study2022Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 172.
    Lundin Kleberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Personality, Social and Developmental Psychology.
    Williams syndrome: social rewards promote optimal decision making2022Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 173.
    Lundkvist, E.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies. University of St Andrews, UK; Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Sweden.
    Gustafsson, H.
    Davis, P. A.
    Holmström, S.
    Lemyre, N.
    Ivarsson, A.
    The temporal relations across burnout dimensions in athletes2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 1215-1226Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Burnout is a construct that has garnered considerable attention in sport psychology within recent years. Several hypothesized models regarding how the three dimensions (exhaustion, devaluation, and reduced sense of accomplishment) temporally relate to each other have been advanced. One proposal outlined by Maslach and Leiter suggests that exhaustion predicts devaluation which predicts reduced sense of accomplishment. However, there is no consensus among researchers as it has been argued that exhaustion predicts devaluation and reduced accomplishment separately. The aim of this study was to test multiple alternative hypotheses regarding the relationships of the burnout dimensions in athletes. Two samples of Swedish youth elite athletes with differing time spans between measurements were used. Specifically, one sample involved time-intensive measures collected every week over an eight-week period, and the other sample included four measurement points across an 18-month period. Results showed that none of the previously proposed models outlining the temporal relations of burnout dimensions were supported. Statistical analysis of the models including the cross-lagged predictions of dimensions did not have any statistically significant impact except when exhaustion negatively predicted devaluation between time 1 (month 0) and time 2 (month 6) in the 18-month sample; this relation faded in the following time points. Further, issues regarding the stability of devaluation and reduced sense of accomplishment emerged as their autocorrelation were very weak in the time-intensive sample. These findings raise a number of points for further theoretical and practical discussions about the athlete burnout construct.

  • 174.
    Låstad, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Job insecurity climate: The nature of the construct, its associations with outcomes, and its relation to individual job insecurity2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Work is an essential part of most people’s lives. With increasing flexibility in work life, many employees experience job insecurity – they perceive that the future of their jobs is uncertain. However, job insecurity is not just an individual experience; employees can perceive that there is a climate of job insecurity at their workplace as well, as people collectively worry about their jobs. The overall aim of this thesis was to investigate the job insecurity climate construct and how it relates to work- and health-related outcomes and to individual job insecurity. Three empirical studies were conducted to investigate this aim. Study I investigated the dimensionality of the job insecurity construct by developing and testing a measure of job insecurity climate − conceptualized as the individual’s perception of the job insecurity climate at work − in a sample of employees working in Sweden. The results indicated that individual job insecurity and job insecurity climate are separate but related constructs and that job insecurity climate was related to work- and health-related outcomes. Study II examined the effects of individual job insecurity and job insecurity climate on work- and health-related outcomes in a sample of employees working in a private sector company in Sweden. The results showed that perceiving higher levels of job insecurity climate than others in the workgroup was associated with poorer self-rated health and higher levels of burnout. Study III tested the relationship between individual job insecurity and job insecurity climate in a sample of Flemish employees. The results indicated that individual job insecurity is contagious, as individual job insecurity predicted perceptions of job insecurity climate six months later. In conclusion, by focusing on perceptions of the job insecurity climate, the present thesis introduces a new approach to job insecurity climate research, showing that employees can perceive a climate of job insecurity in addition to their own individual job insecurity and, also, that this perception of the job insecurity climate at work has negative consequences for individuals and organizations.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (jpg)
    omslagsframsida
  • 175.
    Låstad, Lena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Stockholm Stress Center, Sweden.
    Berntson, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Stockholm Stress Center, Sweden.
    Näswall, Katharina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. University of Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Stockholm Stress Center, Sweden.
    Job insecurity climate perceptions: Scale validation and a qualitative exploration2012In: Book of Proceedings: 10th Conference of the European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology / [ed] Jain, A., Hollis, D., Andreou, N., Wehrle, F., Nottingham: European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology , 2012, p. 32-33Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Job insecurity is a modern work stressor negatively affecting work attitudes, wellbeing and the health of employees worldwide. It has mainly been investigated as an individual level phenomenon, but drawing on the theoretical framework of social cognitive theory, it could be argued that job insecurity is also a social phenomenon. Behavioral, cognitive or other person-related factors as well as contextual factors interact in a reciprocal relationship, and shape individuals’ perceptions and interpretations of organizational events. Shared perceptions of job insecurity could be referred to as a job insecurity climate (Sora, Caballer, Peiró, & De Witte, 2009). However, it is not yet clear how job insecurity climate should be conceptualized. The multiple operationalizations of climate constructs found in organizational research, along with methodological concerns, motivates a study on the concept of job insecurity climate.

    Aims:

    (1)   A qualitative exploration the job insecurity climate construct

    (2)   A validation study of a newly developed measure of job insecurity climate

    Methods: Interviews were conducted with job insecure informants and informants working in organizations undergoing organizational change and who could be expected to experience some degree of job insecurity. Their participation was secured through snowball sampling, and a thematic analysis was conducted on the transcribed interviews. Further, questionnaire items for measuring job insecurity climate were developed, and data is currently being collected. The data collection will be finalized late November 2011.

    Results/relevance: Preliminary results of the interview study gave an indication of how the job insecurity climate construct can be conceptualized. The thematic analysis revealed that the whole organization needs not be the social unit of a climate. The job insecure climate could rather be ascribed to specific groups, like for instance a group of professionals (e.g. computer technicians), a demographic group (e.g. female doctoral students), or a geographically defined unit (e.g. a branch office of a company). Depending on the focus of the study, job insecurity climate could be conceptualized either as a psychological climate or as an organizational climate. The validation of the questionnaire items will contribute further to our understanding of the job insecurity climate construct.

  • 176.
    Låstad, Lena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Hellgren, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology. North-West University, South Africa.
    Näswall, Katharina
    University of Canterbury, New Zeeland.
    Richter, Anne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology. Karolinska Institutet, Sverige.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology. North-West University, South Africa.
    30 års forskning om anställningsotrygghet: En litteraturöversikt2016In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, E-ISSN 2002-343X, Vol. 22, no 3/4, p. 8-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Anställningsotrygghet – en oro för att mot sin vilja förlora jobbet – är något som de flesta anställda idag upplever under sina yrkesliv. Den beteendevetenskapliga forskningen inom detta område har skjutit fart sedan millennieskiftet, vilket motiverar behovet av en uppdaterad litteraturöversikt. Översikten omfattar prediktorer och konsekvenser av anställningsotrygghet samt vilka faktorer som har identifierats som viktiga när det gäller att mildra anställningsotrygghetens konsekvenser.

  • 177.
    Låstad, Lena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Näswall, Katharina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Berntson, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Seddigh, Aram
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Westerlund, Hugo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Investigating Job Insecurity Climate from a Multilevel Perspective: Its Impact on Psychological Distress, and Ill-Health Symptoms2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Job insecurity is a work stressor that has detrimental effects on work related attitudes, well-being and health. Job insecurity has mainly been investigated as an individual level phenomenon. Consequentially, the focus of past research is only on personal determinants and consequences of the employee’s perception, and social/organizational factors have not been taken into account to any large extent. However, drawing on sense making theory, it can be argued that job insecurity is a social phenomenon as well. Conceptualized as job insecurity climate, job insecurity could be considered a product of the reciprocal relationship between behavior, cognitive and other personal factors, and the social environment.

    The aim of this study is to examine job insecurity from a multilevel perspective and explore to what extent the variance in job insecurity perceptions is dependent on the individual, and how important the work group as a social context in shaping job insecurity perceptions. We also aim to investigate the effects of job insecurity, both climate and individual job insecurity, on job satisfaction, productivity, burnout, and subjective health. By including both individual level job insecurity and job insecurity climate perceptions in the analysis, a deeper understanding is gained of the relation between job insecurity and negative outcomes, and thus contributes to extending our knowledge about job insecurity as a work life stressor.

    Results from a pilot study of a Swedish sample using multilevel modeling showed that the work group accounts for about 5% of the variance in job insecurity climate perceptions and 2.6% of individual job insecurity perceptions. This indicates that the social context has some impact on perceptions of job insecurity. However, since the respondents in this sample perceived a very low sense of job insecurity, these results had to be replicated with another sample. Data from a second sample (N=126) were recently collected, and preliminary results show that belonging to a group accounted for 20% of the variance in job insecurity climate perceptions and 0% of the variance in perceptions of  job insecurity. These results could have implications for future studies on climate, indicating that perceptions of one’s own job insecurity do not necessarily match one’s perceptions of the job insecurity climate.

  • 178.
    Låstad, Lena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Hellgren, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Richter, Anne
    Näswall, Katharina
    Anställningsotrygghet och prestation: resultat från en meta-analys2021In: Konferensbok FALF 14–16 juni 2021, Mälardalens högskola , 2021, p. 88-88Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Anställningsotrygghet, det vill säga en oro för att mot den egna viljan förlora jobbet, har visatsig vara kopplat till olika prestationsrelaterade utfall. Antalet studier är dock få med resultatsom pekar åt delvis olika håll. Därför är det angeläget att försöka sammanställa tidigareforskning på ett systematiskt sätt genom en meta-analys.

    Syfte: Den här studien syftade till att undersöka hur anställningsotrygghet hänger samman med olikaaspekter av prestation i arbetet, däribland arbetsprestation och medarbetarbeteenden. I detingick också att undersöka faktorer som kan påverka dessa samband, såsom metodrelateradefaktorer samt kontextuella faktorer som speglar vilken typ av välfärdssystem en studiegenomförts i.

    Metod: En meta-analys genomfördes på primärstudier som identifierades genom systematisklitteratursökning i för området relevanta databaser

    Resultat: Över lag visar resultaten att anställningsotrygghet hänger samman med försämrad prestation iarbetet. Resultaten är jämförbara oberoende av om studiedesignen var tvärsnittlig ellerlongitudinell. Sambandet mellan hög anställningsotrygghet och försämrad prestation framstårsom svagare i välfärdssystem som är förenade med en högre grad av skyddsnät för den enskildaindividen. Även om merparten av resultaten visar på entydiga samband mellananställningsotrygghet och försämrad prestation behövs dock forskning som inkluderar mer avlongitudinella studier i olika välfärdskontexter för att ytterligare klargöra sambandens karaktär.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 179.
    Låstad, Lena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Tanimoto, Anna Sofia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Lindfors, Petra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    How do job insecurity profiles correspond to employee experiences of work-home interference, self-rated health, and psychological well-being?2021In: Journal of Occupational Health, ISSN 1341-9145, E-ISSN 1348-9585, Vol. 63, no 1, article id e12253Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: Traditional variable-oriented research has shown that employee perceptions of job insecurity (JI) are associated with negative consequences, including more work-home interference, poorer health, and impaired well-being. Besides the negative consequences of high JI, particular combinations of JI perceptions may also be associated with different consequences. Taking a person-oriented approach, this study aimed to investigate (1) whether it is possible to distinguish different combinations of JI perceptions among working women and men and (2) whether such JI profiles involve different experiences of work-home interference, health, and well-being.

    Methods: Self-reports in questionnaires of JI, including both quantitative and qualitative threats of perceived job loss, work-home interference (WHI), health, and psychological well-being came from 1169 white-collar workers (52.4% women) in Sweden. Latent profile analysis was performed to identify JI profiles. Subsequent analyses included comparing profiles with respect to WHI, health, and well-being.

    Results: Four distinct JI profiles were identified: (1) Secure; quality-concerned, (2) Insecure: employment-concerned, (3) Insecure, and (4) Secure. Comparisons of cluster profiles showed significant differences in work-home interference (family-work conflict), self-rated health, and psychological well-being.

    Conclusions: Findings suggest that the Insecure profile may be most vulnerable to adverse consequences of perceived JI. Taken together, different JI profiles may be associated with differential experiences of work-home interference, health, and psychological well-being among working women and men.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 180. Lõhmus, Mare
    et al.
    Stenfors, Cecilia U. D.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI). Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Biological psychology.
    Lind, Tomas
    Lauber, André
    Georgelis, Antonios
    Mental Health, Greenness, and Nature Related Behaviors in the Adult Population of Stockholm County during COVID-19-Related Restrictions2021In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 18, no 6, article id 3303Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    International data suggest that exposure to nature is beneficial for mental health and well-being. The restrictions related to the COVID-19 pandemic have created a setting that allows us to investigate the importance of greenness exposure on mental health during a period of increased isolation and worry. Based on 2060 responses from an online survey in Stockholm County, Sweden, we investigated: (1) whether the COVID-19 pandemic changed peoples' lifestyle and nature-related habits, and (2) if peoples' mental health differed depending on their exposure to greenness. Neighborhood greenness levels were quantified by using the average normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) within 50 m, 100 m, 300 m, and 500 m buffers surrounding the participant's place of residence. We found that the number of individuals that reported that they visited natural areas "often" was significantly higher during the pandemic than before the pandemic. Higher levels of greenness surrounding one's location of residence were in general associated with higher mental health/well-being and vitality scores, and less symptoms of depression, anxiety, and perceived and cognitive stress, after adjustments for demographic variables and walkability. In conclusion, the results from the present study provided support to the suggestion that contact with nature may be important for mental health in extreme circumstances.

  • 181.
    Magnusson Hanson, Linda
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Chungkham, Holendro Singh
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Åkerstedt, Torbjörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Westerlund, Hugo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    The Role of Sleep Disturbances in the Longitudinal Relationship Between Psychosocial Working Conditions, Measured by Work Demands and Support, and Depression.2014In: Sleep, ISSN 0161-8105, E-ISSN 1550-9109, Vol. 37, no 12, p. 1977-1985Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Study Objectives: Because work demands and lack of social support seem to be prospectively linked to sleep problems, and sleep problems are linked to depression, sleep problems may play a role in the relationship between these work characteristics and depressive symptoms. In order to shed more light on this relationship, the current study investigated whether disturbed sleep is a mediator in the longitudinal relationships between work demands, social support, and depression.

    Design: Longitudinal cohort study with repeated survey measures on four occasions.

    Setting: Swedish workforce.

    Participants: 2,017 working participants from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health in 2006, 2008, 2010, and 2012.

    Measurements and results: Work demands (four items) and social support (six items) were assessed with the Demand Control Questionnaire, disturbed sleep (four items) with the Karolinska Sleep Questionnaire, and depressive symptoms with a brief subscale (six items) from the Symptom Checklist. Autoregressive longitudinal mediation models using structural equation modeling were tested. The work characteristics, and disturbed sleep, were found to be separately associated with depressive symptoms in subsequent waves. However, only demands were found to be longitudinally related to subsequent disturbed sleep. The longitudinal autoregressive models supported a weak mediating role of disturbed sleep in the relationship between demands and depressive symptoms (standardized beta 0.008, P < 0.001), but not between support and depressive symptoms.

    Conclusions: These results indicate that higher demands at work might cause an increase in depressive symptoms, in part, by increasing disturbed sleep, although the mediated effect was relatively small compared to the total effect.

  • 182.
    Malm, Alice
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Karlsson, Paulina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Tjänstemannachefers upplevelser av medarbetarnas motivation på en hybridarbetsplats: En kvalitativ studie om hur tjänstemannachefer upplever medarbetarnas motivation vid hybridarbete och hur de motiverar medarbetarna i en sådan kontext2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 183.
    Mannberg, Josefin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Beteendeteterapeutisk intensivträning av adaptiva färdigheter av barn med autism vid en mellansvensk habilitering2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att ha ett autismspektrumtillstånd innebär en omfattande störning i utvecklingen som karaktäriseras av stora brister i förmågan till social interaktion, kommunikation och i hög utsträckning ett ritualistiskt och stereotypt beteende. Det finns en stor variation i uppvisade svårigheter och hur barn svarar på en intervention, vilket försvårar att dra samstämmiga slutsatser om vad som är effektiv träning för barnen. De mest studerade behandlings­programmen är de med tidig intensiv hembaserad beteende­intervention (EIBI). I denna studie undersöktes 11 barn före och efter ett års träning med beteendeterapeutisk intensiv­träning inom rutinvården. Syftet var att se om träningen påverkade barnens adaptiva förmågor och förändring av problembeteenden. Analysen visade en ökning i positiv riktning av adaptiva förmågor i genom­­snitt med 3,7 standardpoäng (Vineland Adaptive behaviour Scales, VABS), men var inte statistiskt signifikant. På domänen Communication (kommunikation) fanns en statistisk signifikant ökning i positiv riktning av standardpoäng med 12,8 poäng. Barnens skalpoäng på Maladaptiv index minskade i positiv riktning i genom­snitt med 3,9 skalpoäng, vilket inte var statistiskt signifikant. På subdomän Communication written (att läsa och skriva) fanns en statistiskt signifikant ökning i positiv riktning med 3,7 skalpoäng, och tendens till ökning med 1,6 skalpoäng på sub­domän Communication expressiv (att kunna uttrycka sig verbalt). På domänen Daily Living Personal (ADL-anpassning till dagligt liv) fanns skillnad på råpoängs­nivå. Undersökningen är gjord på ett litet antal barn och utan kontroll­grupp, vilket har gjort de positiva fynden svåra att generalisera. Samtidigt är området mycket svårstuderat, vilket diskuteras.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 184.
    Marie-Louise, Ögren
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Klinisk psykologi.
    Siv, Boalt Boëthius
    Department of Education.
    Sundin, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    From Psychotherapist to Supervisor.: The significance of group format and supervisors' function as role models in psychotherapy supervision.2008In: Nordic Psychology, ISSN 1901-2276, Vol. 60, no 1, p. 3-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study accounts for supervisees´and supervisors´ experiences of a group format for supervision, as well as the impact of the supervisors´style in a two-year training program consisting of weekly theoretical seminars and group supervision. The training program was based on psychodynamic theory and the prospective supervisors all had a patient in psychotherapy. Both supervisees and supervisors reported that the group format was experienced as particularly suitable for this training level. The "super-supervisors" style was considered as important, as he or she served as a role model for the supervisors in training. The shift of role from psychotherapist to supervisor was especially emphasized.

  • 185.
    Marmolejo-Ramos, Fernando
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hellemans, Kim
    Comeau, Amy
    Heenan, Adam
    Faulkner, Andrew
    Abizaid, Alfonso
    D'Angiulli, Amedeo
    Event-related potential signatures of perceived and imagined emotional and food real-life photos2015In: Neuroscience Bulletin, ISSN 1673-7067, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 317-330Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although food and affective pictures share similar emotional and motivational characteristics, the relationship between the neuronal responses to these stimuli is unclear. Particularly, it is not known whether perceiving and imagining food and affective stimuli elicit similar event-related potential (ERP) patterns. In this study, two ERP correlates, the early posterior negativity (EPN) and the late positive potential (LPP) for perceived and imagined emotional and food photographs were investigated. Thirteen healthy volunteers were exposed to a set of food photos, as well as unpleasant, pleasant, and neutral photos from the International Affective Picture System. In each trial, participants were first asked to view a photo (perception condition), and then to create a visual mental image of it and to rate its vividness (imagery condition). The results showed that during perception, brain regions corresponding to sensorimotor and parietal motivational (defensive and appetitive) systems were activated to different extents, producing a graded pattern of EPN and LPP responses specific to the photo content - more prominent for unpleasant than pleasant and food content. Also, an EPN signature occurred in both conditions for unpleasant content, suggesting that, compared to food or pleasant content, unpleasant content may be attended to more intensely during perception and may be represented more distinctly during imagery. Finally, compared to LLP activation during perception, as well as imagery and perception of all other content, LPP activation was significantly reduced during imagery of unpleasant photos, suggesting inhibition of unwanted memories. Results are framed within a neurocognitive working model of embodied emotions.

  • 186.
    Mechler, Jakob
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology.
    Lindqvist, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology.
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology.
    Topooco, Naira
    Falkenström, Fredrik
    Lilliengren, Peter
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Johansson, Robert
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology.
    Midgley, Nick
    Edbrooke-Childs, Julian
    Dahl, Hanne-Sofie J.
    Sandell, Rolf
    Thorén, Agneta
    Ulberg, Randi
    Lindert Bergsten, Katja
    Philips, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology.
    Therapist-guided internet-based psychodynamic therapy versus cognitive behavioural therapy for adolescent depression in Sweden: a randomised, clinical, non-inferiority trial2022In: The Lancet Digital Health, E-ISSN 2589-7500, Vol. 4, no 8, p. e594-e603Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Adolescent major depressive disorder (MDD) is highly prevalent and associated with lifelong adversity. Evidence-based treatments exist, but accessible treatment alternatives are needed. We aimed to compare internet-based psychodynamictherapy (IPDT) with an established evidence-based treatment (internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy [ICBT]) for the treatment of adolescents with depression.

    Methods: In this randomised, clinical trial, we tested whether IPDT was non-inferior to ICBT in the treatment of adolescent MDD. Eligible participants were 15–19 years old, presenting with a primary diagnosis of MDD according to DSM-5. Participants were recruited nationwide in Sweden through advertisements on social media, as well as contacts with junior and senior high schools, youth associations, social workers, and health-care providers. Adolescents who scored 9 or higher on the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology for Adolescents (QIDS-A17-SR) in an initial online screening were contacted by telephone for a diagnostic assessment using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Participants were randomly assigned to ICBT or IPDT. Both interventions comprised eight self-help modules delivered over 10 weeks on a secure online platform. The primary outcome was change in depression severity measured weekly by the QIDS-A17-SR. Primary analyses were based on an intention-to-treat sample including all participants randomly assigned. A non-inferiority margin of Cohen's d=0·30 was predefined. The study is registered at ISRCTN, ISRCTN12552584.

    Findings: Between Aug 19, 2019, and Oct 7, 2020, 996 young people completed screening; 516 (52%) were contacted for a diagnostic interview. 272 participants were eligible and randomly assigned to ICBT (n=136) or IPDT (n=136). In the ICBT group, 51 (38%) of 136 participants were classified as remitted, and 54 (40%) of 136 participants were classified as remitted in the IPDT group. Within-group effects were large (ICBT: within-group d=1·75, 95% CI 1·49 to 2·01; IPDT: within-group d=1·93, 1·67 to 2·20; both p<0·0001). No statistically significant treatment difference was found in the intention-to-treat analysis. Non-inferiority for IPDT was shown for the estimated change in depression during treatment (d=–0·18, 90% CI –0·49 to 0·13; p=0·34). All secondary outcomes showed non-significant between-group differences.

    Interpretation: IPDT was non-inferior to ICBT in terms of change in depression for the treatment of adolescents with MDD. This finding increases the range of accessible and effective treatment alternatives for adolescents with depression.

  • 187.
    Mehtomaa, Alexandra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    En studie av gymnasieelevers studierelaterade stress2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att öka förståelsen för studierelaterad stress genom att höra och analysera gymnasieelevers beskrivningar av hur de själva upplever studierelaterad stress. Jag har använt mig av ett fenomenologiskt perspektiv då jag sökt svar på studiens frågeställningar med hjälp av den kvalitativa forskningsintervjun som metod. Resultatet visar att samtliga elever har erfarenhet av studierelaterad stress även om det enbart är kvinnorna som upplever hög grad av studierelaterad stress. Eleverna menar att stressen ofta är självförvållad. Dålig planering och betyg är vanliga stressfaktorer. Eleverna upplever att de själva kan påverka stressen, vilket kan tyda på intern locus of control och hög tolerans mot stress enligt krav-kontrollmodellen. Elevinflytandet är å andra sidan begränsat, vilket tyder på motsatsen. Elevernas studiesituation och välmående påverkas negativt av studierelaterad stress. Eleverna tillämpar både emotionsfokuserad och problemfokuserad coping, men har olika preferenser. Studiens slutsatser är följande: problemfokuserad coping är bättre än emotionsfokuserad coping för att reducera studierelaterad stress, betygshets är kontraproduktivt och höga krav på elever är bra om det kombineras med hög kontroll i form av elevinflytande.

    Download full text (pdf)
    En studie av gymnasieelevers studierelaterade stress
  • 188.
    Moell, Birger
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Living SMART: an Internet course for adults with ADHD2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ADHD affects executive functions and pharmacological treatment is the most common intervention. Medication is ineffective for some and psychosocial interventions are scarcely available. CBT that teaches organizational skills for managing ADHD-symptoms has shown promising results. Smartphones can help individuals perform executive tasks such as planning and organizationand they could beefficacious as a support tool for ADHD patients. The current study is aRCT that compares an online course (n=29) based on previouslyeffective CBT treatments for ADHD to a wait-list control (n=29). Theintervention focused on teaching the use of an online calendar and smartphone apps. The intervention brought significant improvement (p < 0.001) to participants regarding ADHD symptoms and 38% of participants were considered clinically significantly improved. This indicates that online treatments using IT-tools for ADHD is effective and that smartphones can be used as a tool for aiding individuals with impairments in executive functions.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Living Smart, an Internet Course for adults with ADHD, Master Thesis Birger Moell
  • 189.
    Mohmand, Sadaf
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Syed, Zara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Aktivt arbete för framgångsrika organisationer: - en kvantitativ studie om kvinnors och mäns upplevelser av organisatoriska- och psykosociala arbetsvillkor inom IT-branschen2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den framtida personal- och kompetensförsörjningen inom IT-branschen står inför utmaningar. Föreliggande studie hade som syfte att undersöka om kvinnor och män upplevde olika organisatoriska och psykosociala arbetsvillkor (såsom upplevd organisatorisk rättvisa, arbetsrelaterad stress och arbetstillfredsställelse) inom IT-branschen. Studien har haft som utgångspunkt i att undersöka om den uttalade könssegregeringen inom IT-branschen kan påverka hur kvinnor och män upplever variationer i arbetsvillkor. De arbetsvillkor som studien har belyst är Krav-kontroll-stödmodellen och organisatorisk rättvisa. Resultaten från urvalsgruppen (N=47, varav 20 var kvinnor) visade att det inte förelåg några könsskillnader. Däremot erhölls positiva samband mellan arbetstillfredsställelse, organisatorisk rättvisa, arbetskrav och arbetsrelaterad stress. Studien utgick från en kvantitativ ansats med digital enkätstudie som metod. Resultaten baserades på upplevelser från anställda inom totalt tio olika organisationer verksamma inom IT-branschen. Chi-tvåtest, t-test för oberoende mätningar och korrelationer har använts för att analysera datan.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 190. Molander, Olof
    et al.
    Wennberg, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Berman, Anne H.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology. Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Center for Dependency Disorders, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The Gambling Disorders Identification Test (GDIT): Psychometric Evaluation of a New Comprehensive Measure for Gambling Disorder and Problem Gambling2023In: Assessment (Odessa, Fla.), ISSN 1073-1911, E-ISSN 1552-3489, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 225-237Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The novel gambling disorder identification test (GDIT) was recently developed in an international Delphi and consensus process. In this first psychometric evaluation, gamblers (N = 603) were recruited from treatment- and support-seeking contexts (n = 79 and n = 185), self-help groups (n = 47), and a population sample (n = 292). Participants completed self-report measures, a GDIT retest (n = 499), as well as diagnostic semistructured interviews assessing gambling disorder (GD; n = 203). The GDIT showed excellent internal consistency reliability (α = .94) and test-retest reliability (6-16 days, intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.93). Confirmatory factor analysis yielded factor loadings supporting the three proposed GDIT domains of gambling behavior, gambling symptoms, and negative consequences. Receiver operator curves and clinical significance indicators were used to estimate GDIT cut-off scores in relation to recreational (<15) and problem gambling (15-19), any GD (≥20), mild GD (20-24), moderate GD (25-29), and severe GD (≥30). The GDIT can be considered a valid and reliable measure to identify and predict GD severity, as well as problem gambling. In addition, the GDIT improves content validity in relation to an international research agreement concerning features of gambling outcome measures, known as the Banff Consensus Agreement.

  • 191.
    Moreno, Claudia R. C.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. University of São Paulo, Brazil.
    Marqueze, Elaine C.
    Sargent, Charli
    Wright Jr, Kenneth P.
    Ferguson, Sally A.
    Tucker, Philip
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Swansea University, UK.
    Working Time Society consensus statements: Evidence-based effects of shift work on physical and mental health2019In: Industrial Health, ISSN 0019-8366, E-ISSN 1880-8026, Vol. 57, no 2, p. 139-157Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Potential effects of shift work on health are probably related to the misalignment between the light-dark cycle and the human activity-rest cycle. Light exposure at night mediates these ef- fects, including social misalignment and leads to an inversion of activity and rest, which, in turn, is linked to changes in behaviours. This article reviews the epidemiological evidence on the association between shift work and health, and possible mechanisms underlying this association. First, evidence from findings of the meta-analyses and systematic reviews published in the last 10 yr is presented. In addition, it reports the larger single-occupation studies and recent large population- based studies of the general workforce. Koch’s postulates were used to evaluate the evidence related to the development of disease as a result of exposure to shift work. Finally, we discussed limitations of the multiple pathways that link shift work with specific disorders and the methodological challenges facing shift work research. We concluded that the clearest indications of shift work being the cause of a disease are given when there is a substantial body of evidence from high quality field studies showing an association and there is good evidence from laboratory studies supporting a causal explanation of the link.

  • 192.
    Mounzer, Wissam
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    لستَ وحدك: دليلي في التواصل مع طفلي: [You Are Not Alone!]2021Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förord

    Jag har gjort mitt bästa för att göra informationen och innehållet i denna bok tydligt, lättfattligt samt försökt att inkludera de vetenskapliga och pålitliga metoder som används för att utveckla barns kommunikations- och interaktionsförmågor. Jag önskar dig trevlig läsning.  

    Vi behöver alla hjälp med att lära oss nya metoder i våra livsfaser. Kanske behovet blir ännu större när det handlar om nya upplevelser, t.ex. av att lära oss ett nytt språk, att leva i ett nytt samhälle, eller att få ett barn i behov av särskilt stöd. Detta behov av hjälp kan variera mellan oss och kan vara mer angeläget när det finns en svaghet i vissa förmågor, eller när man inte vet hur man ska göra och känner att man inte räcker till.

    Boken "Du är inte ensam! Min egen guide för att kommunicera med mitt barn" är en lathund till föräldrar som är på jakt efter strategier och metoder för att hjälpa sina barn som visar svårigheter i sin kommunikationsförmåga, oavsett om barnet har fått diagnos autismspektrumtillstånd, kommunikationssvårigheter eller inte. Boken beskriver en mängd förenklade och konstruktiva övningar som kommer hjälpa dig som föräldrar att utveckla ditt barns kommunikativa och interaktiva färdigheter, från icke-kommunikation och självcentrering till stadiet där barnet kommunicerar med andra. Du som förälder kommer kunna använda innehållet i boken för att skapa en speciell handbok som är anpassad till just ditt barns nuvarande situation och nivå.

    Denna bok är främst baserad på egna erfarenheter från mitt eget program för Future Center for Autism, Syrien. Utöver dessa förekommer även resonemang som är byggda på andra lokala och internationella program som har visat på effektiva resultat när man arbetar med barn med kommunikationssvårigheter, autism och språkstörningar. Några exempel på dessa program är: The Son-Rise Autism Program, Amerika; Hanens Center Kommunikationsprogram i Kanada; Tidig intervention baserad på tillämpade metoder för beteendeanalys, Amerika. 

    Det första kapitlet i denna bok ger några förslag på hur du lär känna ditt barns personlighet, vad barnet tycker och inte tycker om, samt hur man kartlägger barnets sensoriska prestanda/färdigheter. Utöver det ger kapitlet också några förslag på olika sätt som kan bidra till att förstå kommunikationsmetoden som barnet använder. Detta kommer att hjälpa dig att avgöra i vilken  kommunikationsfas ditt barn befinner sig just nu och det kommer att vara en nödvändig grund för att bygga ett interventionsprogram med barnet.

    I kapitel två kommer du att  finna ett verktyg för att sätta realistiska mål, baserade på barnets styrkor och svagheter, och helt anpassat till barnets nuvarande nivå. Detta kapitel ger också förslag på hur man kan börja hjälpa barnet att utveckla sin kommunikationsförmåga genom att erbjuda en fallstudie och följa upp detta fall genom alla kommunikationsstadier.

    Vikten av motivationen i inlärningprocessen belyses i det tredje kapitlet och hur du som förälder kan skapa incitament att kommunicera med ditt barn för att lära sig nya färdigheter. Vidare beskriver kapitlet, hur barnet kan bli en ledare för sina egna aktiviteter, med andra ord att låta barnet bestämma hur det ska gå till och ni som föräldrar enbart följer barnets bestämmelse genom att inta olika roller. Dessa roller kan vara  observatörens roll, intresserad roll, deltagarens roll, och partners roll. Fallet som beskrivs i detta kapitel kommer från en realistisk situation för en flicka som heter Hala.

    I det fjärde kapitlet beskrivs hur du som förälder kan hjälpa ditt barn att utveckla sin imitationsförmåga genom rollspel med möjlighet att välja och genom att erbjuda några praktiska exempel. Detta kapitel fokuserar på hur du kan använda dig av de olika typerna  av direkta och indirekta instruktioner såsom somatiska, fysiska och verbala modeller, visuella hjälpmedel, tips, frågor, instruktioner, anvisningar, och kommentarer.

    Förmågan till social interaktion hos barn som har autismspektrumtillstånd belyses i kapitel fem. Här handlar det om hur du som föräldrar kan använda dig av interaktiva spel i förhållande till barns kommunikationsstadier (självcentrerade stadiet, begärsstadiet, primärkommunikation, och stadiet att kommunicera med andra). Dessutom ges praktiska exempel på utvalda interaktiva lekar som kull, kittling mm med fokus på  att hjälpa barnet att interagera med andra. 

    I kapitel sex presenteras några teoretiska frågor relaterade till språk samt vilka språkkännetecken de flesta barn som har autism uppvisar. Dessutom ges ett brett utbud av exempel och förslag som kan hjälpa till att utveckla barnets språkutveckling.

    I det sista sjunde kapitlet beskrivs de olika faserna som en familj oftast går igenom när någon av familjemedlemmarna har en funktionsnedsättning. Dessutom presenteras i detta kapital några förslag som kan hjälpa dessa familjer att hantera stress. 

    Exemplen som ges i den här boken har prövats och använts av en grupp föräldrar. De har gett individuella återkopplingar hur bokens tekniker och metoder har fungerat för dem i praktiken. Dessa föräldrar har också gett synpunkter på språket för att göra bokens språkbruk så lättförståeligt som möjligt. Dessutom har en grupp specialister faktagranskat innehållet i denna bok. Utöver det har Lina Mahmoud Khaiti, mor till barnet Hala som nämndes i tredje kapitalet, skrivit ett brev om "en ljus sida av autism" som ett tillägg till denna bok.

    Jag tackar varmt Halas familj för samtycke att använda mig av deras barns realistiska exempel i denna bok samt övriga föräldrar och specialister som bidragit med att granska innehållet i boken.

     

  • 193.
    Mounzer, Wissam
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education. Damascus University, Syria.
    Stenhoff, Donald M.
    Arizona State University, USA.
    Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention Program for Children With Autism in Syria2022In: Focus on Autism and other developmental disabilities, ISSN 1088-3576, E-ISSN 1538-4829, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 169-178Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we evaluated the effect of the Future Center Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention program on children’s skills longitudinally by sex, age, and diagnoses as dependent variables. Sixty-seven children ages 1–6 years and diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder were followed up for 2 years in Syria. They were assessed twice across the 2-year program: at their first visit and at the end of the program. Assessments included the Autism Behavior Checklist, Childhood Autism Rating Scale, and Adaptive Behavioral Scale–Arabic version. Results showed that the changes in participants’ scores from pre- to post-test were statistically significant, and the treatment group showed significantly larger gains on all scales. No significant differences were found by sex and age between the pre- and post-test on all scales, while there were significant differences regarding diagnoses. The limitations of this study and suggestions for future research are described.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 194.
    Moëll, Birger
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Living SMART: an Internet course for adults with ADHD2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ADHD affects executive functions and pharmacological treatment is the most common intervention. Medication is ineffective for some and psychosocial interventions are scarcely available. CBT that teaches organizational skills for managing ADHD-symptoms has shown promising results. Smartphones can help individuals perform executive tasks such as planning and organization and they could be efficacious as a support tool for ADHD patients. The current study is a RCT that compares an online course (n=29) based on previously effective CBT treatments for ADHD to a wait-list control (n=29). The intervention focused on teaching the use of an online calendar and smartphone apps. The intervention brought significant improvement (p < 0.001) to participants regarding ADHD symptoms and 38% of participants were considered clinically significantly improved. This indicates that online treatments using IT-tools for ADHD is effective and that smartphones can be used as a tool for aiding individuals with impairments in executive functions.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Living SMART, an Internet course for adults with ADHD master thesis Birger Moell
  • 195. Nanda Biswas, Urmi
    et al.
    Allard, Karin
    Härenstam, Annika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Pousette, Anders
    Cognitive Interviews as a Method for Effective Cross-Cultural Research: A Study of Organisational Leaders in Sweden and India2015In: Indian journal of social work, ISSN 0019-5634, Vol. 76, no 4, p. 521-536Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The research attempts to demonstrate the effectiveness of cognitive interview (CI) techniques used while finalising the survey instrument for establishing the conceptual equivalence of ethical values practiced by the managers of the selected organisations from Sweden and India. The results provided substantive insight into the cultural differences that influence ethical values in the organisations. The paper highlights the types and applications of CI in the study of the different fields of human behaviour.

  • 196. Nemirovski Edlund, Julia
    et al.
    Carlberg, Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. The Erica Foundation, Sweden .
    Psychodynamic psychotherapy with adolescents and young adults: outcome in routine practice2016In: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, ISSN 1359-1045, E-ISSN 1461-7021, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 66-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This naturalistic study examined the outcome of psychodynamic psychotherapy with 218 adolescents and young adults aged 14–24 years. Analysis of variance showed significant improvement of general functioning on Children’s Global Assessment Scale (CGAS) and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) and decreased symptom severity on Symptoms Checklist-90 (SCL-90) upon completion of psychotherapy, as well as a clinically significant improvement in a large percentage of cases. Effect sizes were equivalent to those evident in a clinical comparison group and larger than in prior research. The main limitation of this study was the lack of a control group, partially compensated for through the use of comparison groups and high external validity. The study seeks to fill a gap in an important yet overlooked field of research.

  • 197.
    Nilsonne, Gustav
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Clinical trials, replication, and crowdsourcing2014Other (Other academic)
  • 198.
    Nilsonne, Gustav
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Tamm, Sandra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Månsson, Kristoffer N. T.
    Åkerstedt, Torbjörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Lekander, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Leukocyte telomere length and hippocampus volume: a meta-analysis [version 1; referees: 2 approved]2015In: F1000 Research, E-ISSN 2046-1402, Vol. 4, article id 1073Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Leukocyte telomere length has been shown to correlate to hippocampus volume, but effect estimates differ in magnitude and are not uniformly positive. This study aimed primarily to investigate the relationship between leukocyte telomere length and hippocampus gray matter volume by meta-analysis and secondarily to investigate possible effect moderators. Five studies were included with a total of 2107 participants, of which 1960 were contributed by one single influential study. A random-effects meta-analysis estimated the effect to r = 0.12 [95% CI -0.13, 0.37] in the presence of heterogeneity and a subjectively estimated moderate to high risk of bias. There was no evidence that apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype was an effect moderator, nor that the ratio of leukocyte telomerase activity to telomere length was a better predictor than leukocyte telomere length for hippocampus volume. This meta-analysis, while not proving a positive relationship, also is not able to disprove the earlier finding of a positive correlation in the one large study included in analyses. We propose that a relationship between leukocyte telomere length and hippocamus volume may be mediated by transmigrating monocytes which differentiate into microglia in the brain parenchyma.

  • 199. Nilsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Axelsson, Östen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Perception and psychophysics.
    Visual Aesthetic Perceptions and Preferences in Conserved Objects of Plain Silk: Comparison of Three Conservation Methods2016In: Perceptual and Motor Skills, ISSN 0031-5125, E-ISSN 1558-688X, Vol. 122, no 3, p. 777-798Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Three conservation methods were executed on bonnets in plain monochrome silk, to investigate which method is perceived as the most visually aesthetic; 11 bonnets were produced, 10 given identical damages, and 9 were conserved, 3 with each method. The damage was secured onto a support fabric with laid couching, a long stitch fastened with short perpendicular stitches, or brick couching, short stitches placed like brick-work, or covered with crepeline (a semi-transparent silk). The participants were 30 Swedish textile conservators (29 women; ages 29-78 years, M = 51.9, SD = 12.9), and 30 museum visitors (20 women; ages 15-74 years, M = 41.1, SD = 18.3). The participants' task was to rate the bonnets on a 100-point continuous preference scale, based on how visually attractive they found each bonnet. Preferences were compared between the two groups of participants and the conservation methods. The bonnets with crepeline were the most preferred, and those with laid couching were the least preferred, among both groups of participants.

  • 200.
    Nilsson, Lars-Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Cognitive aging: methodological considerations and some theoretical consequences2012In: Psychologica belgica, ISSN 0033-2879, E-ISSN 2054-670X, Vol. 52, no 2-3, p. 151-171Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper reports and discusses three methodological considerations in research on cognitive aging that have theoretical consequences for the conclusions drawn in studies in the field and potentially for the development of future research in this area. The first issue is about cross-sectional data versus longitudinal data. It is argued that longitudinal data are to be preferred in studies of individual development and change. The second issue deals with the multidisciplinary nature of cognitive aging research. It is argued that such studies should involve behavioural data, brain imaging data and genetic data. For the third issue it is discussed that early cognitive data from childhood and genetic data might be regarded as a proxy for a hard-wired brain reserve that is interacting an experienced-based cognitive reserve that is developing and changing throughout adulthood and old age.

123456 151 - 200 of 295
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf