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  • 151.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Incorporation of children of immigrants: the case of descendants of immigrants from Turkey in Sweden2013In: Ethnic and Racial Studies, ISSN 0141-9870, E-ISSN 1466-4356, Vol. 36, no 12, p. 2141-2159Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigatehh ow children of immigrants fromTurkey are integrated into Swedish society. The educational achievements and labour market outcomes of this group are compared with the performance  of the offspring of native.born parents. The aim of the study is to explore whether we can observe a tendency towards 'downwards mobility' among young people of immigrant background in Sweden and thereby provide reflections on the existing fomulationof the 'segmented assimilation' theory.Findings show that descendants of immigrants seem not to be in the process of downward assimilation, that is social exclusion and therefore formation of a distinct' underclassin Sweden. The concept of 'subordinate inclusion' is a more appropriate description of the experiences of children of immigrants.

  • 152.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Social capital and stigmatised immigrants2009In: European perspectives on exclusion and subordination: the political economy of migration / [ed] Anders Neergaard, Maaschtrict: Shaker Publishing, 2009, p. 232-237Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 153.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology. Linköping University.
    The ethnic penalty: immigration, education and the labour market2013In: Ethnic and Racial Studies, ISSN 0141-9870, E-ISSN 1466-4356, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 915-916Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 154.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Rasism: särskiljandets och rangordningens praktik2013In: Migrationens och etnicitetens epok: kritiska perspektiv i etnicitets- och migrationsstudier / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Anders Neergarard, Stockholm: Liber, 2013, 1, p. 168-198Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 155.
    Bejerot, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Örebro universitet.
    Technologies of Hybridization - Capturing the Generic Traits of New Public Management2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 156.
    Bejerot, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Kankkunen Forsberg, Tina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Örebro universitet.
    Två decennier av new public management: Arbetsmiljön i skola och sjukvård2015In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 23-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Reformer och styrformer i linje med new public management har utmanat den professionella regimen i många sektorer under de senaste två decennierna. Även om området är väl beforskat saknas studier som undersöker effekterna av detta över tid. Genom att analysera enkäter som har besvarats av läkare, lärare och skolledare 1992 och på 2010-talet genereras kunskap om hur arbetsmiljön förändrats för dessa grupper från det att välfärdssektorn började transformeras fram till idag.

  • 157.
    Bender, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    "We became sisters, not of blood but of pain": Women's experiences of organization and empowerment in relation to enforced disappearances in Mexico2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Enforced disappearances has been used as a repressive strategy by numerous Latin American states against tens of thousands of presumed political opponents and adversaries, starting in the 1960’s in Guatemala. In contemporary Latin America, Mexico holds the record for disappearances, both politically and non-politically motivated, with more than 30 000 cases reported since the beginning of the drug war in 2006. In response to the silence and impunity from the state, family members have been forced to organize in order to advance in the search for their relatives and for justice. Most of these family members are women. The aim of this study is to analyze women’s experiences of organizing as relatives to the forcefully disappeared in Mexico to explore possible connections between organization and empowerment. Empowerment is here understood from a feminist perspective, as a transformative factor that gives women increased feelings of ‘power to’, ‘power with’ and ‘power within’. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five women organized in four different family members’ organizations in Mexico. The results were analyzed against a theoretical framework consisting of previous research and theories on women’s organizing in Latin America, focusing on strategic and practical gender interests and theories on women’s empowerment, from a feminist and sociologist perspective. The analysis revealed that through the process of organizing, women developed a critical consciousness and access to new skills and resources that resulted in the women becoming more active, political and empowered subjects. The results also showed that despite women’s reasons for organizing being originally practical, to find their loved ones, during the process of organization, these reasons became more strategic and political, as a result of the empowerment process. The study concludes that women’s collective action is a source of empowerment even within organizations that does not have this as an outspoken aim and that the collectives of family members have provided a space for women to become active, conscious and critical citizens.

  • 158.
    Bendt, Pim
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Social Learning and Diversity of Practice in Community Gardens in Berlin2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Genuine advancement towards sustainable development requires broad-based popular supportfor prioritising the environment in our pursuit of social and economic progress. Since citieshave become the dominant human habitat of the century, it is especially critical that urbanpopulations adopt such sentiments. Yet, rapid urbanisation is severing perceived andexperienced links between people and nature, engendering an ‘extinction-of-experience’ asmodern life-styles are adopted and we cease to depend on local resources.Interdisciplinary perspectives on social learning suggest that communities that practicallyengage with nature constitute key forums for the creation and storage of knowledge andexperiences.This study goes further by investigating social learning and practice in locally managed greenareas which are also open to the public, in order to explore their capacity to nurtureexperienced based learning among wider sets of urban citizens. Extensive participatoryobservation and in-depth interviews have been conducted in a number of community gardensin Berlin over a period of 6 months.Findings show that community gardens support institutionally diverse sets of locally anchoredcommunities-of-practice where experienced based learning about nature is generated andstored.. Interestingly, local practice also nurtured experienced based learning about social,political and economic dimensions of life in the city.It is suggested that such open and experimental form of green area management hold promisefor tackling extinction-of-experience among the distinctively heterogeneous urbanpopulations of today. It also contends that community gardens foster progress towardssustainability on the local level through intertwining ecological and social concerns inlearning and practice on the ground.

  • 159.
    Bengtsson, Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    Desecuritizing migrant health: Eurocratic practices between rearticulation, resistance and silencingManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 160.
    Bengtsson, Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    Health security in the European Union: Agents, practices and materialities of securitization2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past two decades, the notion of ‘health security’ has emerged as a central tenet of European Union (EU) public health policy. This PhD thesis examines the rise and implications of health security cooperation, associated with an imperative to fight ‘bioterrorist attacks’, pandemics and other natural or man-made events. The study is composed of an introductory chapter as well as five related but self-contained papers, based on participant observation and 52 in-depth interviews at the European Commission as well as the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). More specifically, the thesis as a whole explores how security perspectives mattered in different ways for the rise and implications of health security cooperation in the EU. Unlike previous studies which have tended to focus on normative aspects and overarching global dynamics, the thesis examines drivers, contradictions and tensions in a particular, highly institutionalized context. In order to answer a set of empirically motivated questions, the papers draw on various understandings of securitization in critical security studies. The over-all findings cast light on the emergence of a new way of understanding health problems as rapidly emerging, and often external, ‘cross-border threats to health’. The latter may include major infectious disease outbreaks, but also deliberate or accidental release of chemical or biological substances, natural disasters or any other unknown event assumed to threaten not only public health but society as a whole. In the search for potential crises, these are to be rapidly detected and contained rather than prevented in line with traditional public health policy. Partly arising from political speech acts after September 11 as well as bureaucratic practices carving out a role for the EU in public health, these new priorities have also been shaped by EU-specific digital surveillance tools, information sharing platforms and methodologies for managing risk. The findings also point to forms of reflexivity and instances of contestation within the EU institutions themselves, especially in relation to migrant health. As a whole, the thesis thus contributes empirically to a better understanding of how both health and security have come to be pursued within the EU institutions. Theoretically it highlights how approaches to securitization, drawn from partially different scholarly traditions, can be employed as empirically sensitive analytical tools and thereby add to a better understanding of the full prism of securitization processes.

  • 161.
    Bengtsson, Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    Which crisis? The promise of standardized risk ranking in the field of infectious disease controlManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 162.
    Bengtsson, Louise
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    Borg, Stefan
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations. Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    Assembling European health security: Epidemic intelligence and the hunt for cross-border health threats2019In: Security Dialogue, ISSN 0967-0106, E-ISSN 1460-3640, Vol. 50, no 2, p. 115-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The securitization of health concerns within the European Union has hitherto received scant attention compared to other sectors. Drawing on the conceptual toolbox of actor-network theory, this article examines how a ‘health security assemblage’ rooted in EU governance has emerged, expanded, and stabilized. At the heart of this assemblage lies a particular knowledge regime, known as epidemic intelligence (EI): a vigilance-oriented approach of early detection and containment drawing on web-scanning tools and other informal sources. Despite its differences compared to entrenched traditions in public health, EI has, in only a decade’s time, gained central importance at the EU level. EI is simultaneously constituted by, and performative of, a particular understanding of health security problems. By ‘following the actor’, this article seeks to account for how EI has made the hunt for potential health threats so central that detection and containment, rather than prevention, have become the preferred policy options. This article draws out some of the implications of this shift.

  • 163.
    Bengtsson, Louise
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    Borg, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    European security and early warning systems: from risks to threats in the European Union’s health security sector2018In: European Security, ISSN 0966-2839, E-ISSN 1746-1545, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 20-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article critically examines a poorly understood aspect of the European security landscape: early warning systems (EWSs). EWSs are socio-technical systems designed to detect, analyse, and disseminate knowledge on potential security issues in a wide variety of sectors. We first present an empirical overview of more than 80 EWS in the European Union. We then draw on debates in Critical Security Studies to help us make sense of the role of such systems, tapping into conceptual debates on the construction of security issues as either "threat" or "risk" related. Finally, we study one EWS - the Early Warning and Response System for infectious diseases - to understand how it works and how it reconciles risk versus threat-based security logics. Contrary to assumptions of a clear distinction between risk-and threat-based logics of security, we show that EWSs may serve as a "transmission belt" for the movement of issues from risk into threats.

  • 164.
    Bengtsson, Louise
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations. Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    Securitisation across borders: the case of ‘health security’ cooperation in the European Union2019In: West European Politics, ISSN 0140-2382, E-ISSN 1743-9655, Vol. 42, no 2, p. 346-368Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Global health governance has increasingly become articulated and acted upon in ways that emphasise ‘health security’. This article applies a collective securitisation approach to understand how a particular governance regime has evolved at the European level, one concerned with large-scale ‘threats’ to public health and societies at large. The analysis shows that alongside elite-level securitisation moves, transnational professional networks and bureaucratic actors have also taken part both as securitising agents and audience, with outcomes reflected not only in policy change but also new EU-specific surveillance technologies, institutional structures, and information-sharing platforms. While these developments are partially interlinked with global trends, we show that the EU has gradually institutionalised its own approach to health security. This new status quo is enshrined in a legal framework and set of practices with an all-hazards approach targeting preparedness, early detection and containment of ‘serious cross-border threats to health’ of any origin – beyond infectious disease.

  • 165. Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Jacobsson, Kerstin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Europas låga arbetskraftsinvesteringar: ett högt pris att betala?2013In: Ett konkurrenskraftigt EU till rätt pris / [ed] Antonina Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Lars Oxelheim, Thomas Persson, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2013, p. 115-144Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 166. Benjamin, Saija
    et al.
    Niemi, Pia-Maria
    Kuusisto, Arniika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Kallioniemi, Arto
    Lasten ja nuorten katsomusten tutkimisen eettisiä kysymyksiä2019In: Tutkimuseettisestä sääntelystä elettyyn kohtaamiseen: lasten ja nuorten tutkimuksen etiikka 2 / [ed] Niina Rutanen, Kaisa Vehkalahti, Helsinki: Nuorisotutkimusseura , 2019, p. 135-152Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 167.
    Benjaminson, Carin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Ungdomars erfarenheter av emotionell utsatthet under uppväxten2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze the lifeworlds of youths subjected to emotional abuse during their childhoods. The following questions have been formulated: What experiences of emotional abuse do youths recount, and what do these experiences involve for the child? What picture of their encounter with the surrounding society do these youths provide, such as, for example, meetings with those close to them and with people at school, and what do these meetings involve for the child? What feelings have characterized their childhoods, and what consequences do these feelings have for the children’s lives and their transitions to adulthood?

    This study employs a qualitative lifeworld approach. Sixteen youths, 18 year olds have been identified through essays about their childhoods and thereafter have been interviewed about that period of their lives. The youths’ accounts of their emotional abuse depict a constant unpredictability, a lack of closeness, a lack of interest and engagement as well as criticism and abuse. This leads to a feeling among the youth of alienation from their families. The youth describe themselves as pro-active individuals and they experience the world around them as a passive and non-supportive adult world. The youths’ lives and their transitions into adulthood are characterized by feelings of socio-emotional insecurity and an existential loneliness but also a compensatory vitality. The need for emotional support in school so that these youth will be able to overcome emotional abuse and ontological insecurity is brought out. To be able to get through to emotionally abused children the school environment must generally be more relationship-oriented.

  • 168.
    Bennerstedt, Ulrika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Collaborative assessment and game development: professionals’ orientation towards problems, potentials and organizational demands2014In: 4th International Conference Applied Linguistics and Professional Practice, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper address assessment practice as part of professional activity and learning in the domain of game development. A growing body of research has been concerned with the professionalization of games production knowledge, frequently attributed to the coordinated work of numerous actors in technology dense settings. While previous accounts of games development list a multifaceted body of knowledge, there is a gap in the literature focusing on game developers’ professional knowing and learning in situ. With an analytical approach informed by ethnomethodology, this paper aim to make visible professional knowledge and learning when collaboratively evaluating games-in-development. It is focusing on game developers’ assessment work as a way to gain insight in the practical reasoning when orienting towards games and gaming as subject of assessment, and as a way of making professional knowledge bases explicit.

           The empirical material is drawn from three settings: 1) a vocational game education, 2) a national game award event, and 3) a professional game development company. Based on fieldwork augmented with video-recordings, the study investigates how games-in-development are collaborative assessed and specifically the ways professionals evaluate co-workers views and understandings with respect to what constitutes problems and potentials of games-in-development.

           Assessments are at stake in a number of internal and external work practices, such as gate reviews, playtests, and the activity of pitching not-yet-finished-nor-financed games to publishers. Games assessments are a common preoccupation at game companies and game education but also at so-called game awards. Games assessments share similarities with assessment practices in other professional and educational settings, such as design reviews in architectural practices. Both are events where proposals are assessed by externally recruited professionals. However, the assessment activities and object of assessment largely differ. In architectural education, proposals are assessed by considering the qualities visible in the designed material (such as plans, paper posters and digital slideshows) in relation to articulated intentions. This can be contrasted with the object of criticism in games presentations: the object constitutes both digitally visual material and designed ‘playable/interactive’ activities. This means that the qualities of a game cannot only be judged by interpreting the idea communicated in plain words together with some visual layout, it also has to be discovered when engaging with the designed ‘experience’. Hence, professionals’ in the gaming domain are required to account for what hinders or make possible appealing experiences during assessments of digital games.

           By focusing on professionals’ collaborative assessments, the analysis unpacks some recurrent orientations towards games and gaming in professional settings. It is shown that the professionals are faced with a number of institutional and organizational demands with respect to time, technology, conventions, and innovations.

  • 169.
    Bennerstedt, Ulrika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Searching for the best game: professionals’ jury work at a national game-award event2014In: The Second International ProPEL: Professional Practice, Education and Learning Conference, June 25-27, 2014, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates jury-based assessment work as part of professional activity in an emerging profession, the gaming industry. Drawing on prior studies of professional learning (Mäkitalo, 2012), jury deliberations (Garfinkel, 1976), and assessment practices in related settings, assessment is approached as a way of making professional knowledge and learning visible. With an analytical focus informed by ethnomethodology, the paper builds on the idea that detailed studies of local orders of collaborative assessment in creative organizations could contribute to the understanding of assessment in professional learning.

    Although previous research on games development point to a multifaceted body of knowledge and considered its development in terms of professionalization (cf. Bennerstedt, 2013), there is a lack of empirical studies of professional game developers practices, particularly addressing the key object of criticism - the games. Games assessments are not only a common preoccupation at game companies and in game education, but also at so-called game awards where novices send in playable demos. Games evaluations share similarities with assessment practices in other professional and educational settings, such as design reviews in architectural practices (Lymer, 2010). However, the assessment activities and object of assessment largely differ, as the qualities of playable games have to be discovered interactively and therefore include a range of learning trajectories and troubles.

    Based on fieldwork augmented with video-recordings at a game café, the paper explores a small group of invited professionals’ assessment when reviewing a large number of game demos for a national game award event. By focusing on collaborative work conducted in private deliberations, it is shown that the professionals are faced with a number of challenges when ranking and grading the demos. They discover problems and qualities with the games by taking departure in fixed categories, established standards and emergent criteria, but make collaborative decisions that are governed by the jury members’ varied access to the assessed demos. The variations with respect to access are tightly related to the time schedule of the reviewing, but also the design of the interactive material. They accomplished their work by drawing on jury members’ as well as organizers’ access to, and knowledge of, demos in terms of playability, progression, emergence, visual appearance, technical solutions, etc. Critical for overcoming knowledge gaps are the ways the jury manages access by engaging in hybrid activities, i.e. moving between assessments and instructions/demonstrations of demos.

    Pedagogical implications of the analysis are discussed, and it is suggested that the jury-based assessment of digital material shed new light on how professionals deal with ad hoc learning and instruction.

     

    References

    Bennerstedt, U. (2013). Knowledge at play: Studies of games as members’ matters. Göteborg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis.

    Garfinkel, H. (1967). Studies in ethnomethodology. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

    Lymer, G. (2010). The work of critique in architectural education. Göteborg, Sweden: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis.

    Mäkitalo, Å. (2012). Professional learning and the materiality of social practice. Journal of Education and Work, 25(1), 59-78.

  • 170.
    Bennerstedt, Ulrika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Showcasing playable demos via design conventions: game students’ presentations of multimodal phenomena in a jurybased assessment environment2014In: the 4th International Designs for Learning Conference, expanding the field., Stockholm, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 171. Bennett, Elena M.
    et al.
    Peterson, Garry D.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Woodward, Guy
    Linking biodiversity, ecosystem services, and human well-being: three challenges for designing research for sustainability2015In: Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, ISSN 1877-3435, E-ISSN 1877-3443, Vol. 14, p. 76-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ecosystem services have become a mainstream concept for the expression of values assigned by people to various functions of ecosystems. Even though the introduction of the concept has initiated a vast amount of research, progress in using this knowledge for sustainable resource use remains insufficient. We see a need to broaden the scope of research to answer three key questions that we believe will improve incorporation of ecosystem service research into decision-making for the sustainable use of natural resources to improve human well-being: (i) how are ecosystem services co-produced by social–ecological systems, (ii) who benefits from the provision of ecosystem services, and (iii) what are the best practices for the governance of ecosystem services? Here, we present these key questions, the rationale behind them, and their related scientific challenges in a globally coordinated research programme aimed towards improving sustainable ecosystem management. These questions will frame the activities of ecoSERVICES, formerly a DIVERSITAS project and now a project of Future Earth, in its role as a platform to foster global coordination of multidisciplinary sustainability science through the lens of ecosystem services.

  • 172.
    Benzie, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Social Justice and Adaptation in the UK2012In: Symposium: The Governance of Adaptation, 22-23 March 2012, Amsterdam, Netherlands: Programme and Abstracts, 2012, p. 37-Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 173.
    Berg, Alicia
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Empowering the Steel Industry as a Stakeholder: Environmental Management and Communication through a Social-Ecological Approach2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores a case study of a Swedish tool steel company undergoing a transition from traditional environmental management practices to an enterprise identifying its place as part of a social-ecological system. The Corporate Ecosystem Services Review (ESR) was utilized by the company to begin this process by focusing on ecosystem services to determine how an ESR approach contributes to environmental management in practice. What resulted moved beyond the ESR to a tailored methodology, the internalization of a systems perspective, and a proposed new environmental management system.

    The results of the study provide a concrete, effective method for internalizing a systems perspective through a focus on ecosystems and presents a case for further analysis into what made it successful. It also provides an example of translating theory into practice, illustrating how a company can engage in sustainable development by valuing and managing the resilience of social-ecological systems through identifying their place in that system. The value of the results can be high for the case study company as well as for business in general.

  • 174.
    Berg Arbro, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Tysta och passiva elever: Vad gör skolan?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 60 credits / 90 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Ett av grundskolans kunskapsmål är att varje elev ska kunna tala och kommunicera muntligt i ämnena svenska och engelska. Skolan har därmed ansvar för att uppmärksamma och stödja de tysta och passiva eleverna, så att de kan utveckla sin muntliga förmåga till interaktion med andra människor. Därför är syftet med denna studie att undersöka vilka specialpedagogiska insatser som görs för gruppen mycket tysta och passiva elever och vilka effekter de åtgärderna får. Det handlar om elever som har anmälts till elevhälsoteamet, med anledning av att deras tystnad och passivitet bedömdes hindra deras sociala och kunskapsmässiga utveckling. Studien bygger på en kvalitativ metod där åtta semistrukturerade intervjuer angående tre mycket tysta och passiva elever genomfördes med fyra lärare och fyra representanter för elevhälsan på tre skolor i tre kommuner.  Resultaten visar att de tre eleverna var tysta och passiva i klassrummet, men hos speciallärare/specialpedagog var beteendet det motsatta för två av dem. Den tredje eleven ville inte ta emot hjälp av annan lärare, men var däremot öppen för samtal med kuratorn. Förutom sin tystnad och passivitet i klassrummet hade eleverna knappast något annat gemensamt.

    Vissa extra anpassningar för eleverna genomfördes av deras lärare i klassrummet. Elevhälsogruppernas åtgärder bestod av enskild undervisning två timmar i veckan samt erbjudande om psykologutredning. En av de tre eleverna kunde utredas och lärarna samt elevhälsopersonalen upplevde en positiv förändring hos den eleven, som började delta i skolundervisningen efter rekommenderad medicinering.

     

  • 175.
    Berg, Marcus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
    Evaluating Quality of Online Behavior Data2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has two purposes; emphasizing the importance of data quality of Big Data, and identifying and evaluating potential error sources in JavaScript tracking (a client side on - site online behavior clickstream data collection method commonly used in web analytics). The importance of data quality of Big Data is emphasized through the evaluation of JavaScript tracking. The Total Survey Error framework is applied to JavaScript tracking and 17 nonsampling error sources are identified and evaluated. The bias imposed by these error sources varies from large to small, but the major takeaway is the large number of error sources actually identified. More work is needed. Big Data has much to gain from quality work. Similarly, there is much that can be done with statistics in web analytics.

  • 176.
    Berger, Oliver
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Vem har ansvar för bostaden?: - det kommunala bostadsförsörjningsansvaret och relationen mellan kommun och marknad.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att med bakgrund av den rådande bostadsbristen och ett tillägg till den befintliga lagen om kommuners bostadsförsörjningsansvar, studera vilken roll som kommunerna har- och bör ha för bostadsförsörjningen i Sverige. Genom att applicera en innehållsanalys av detaljplaner dess relation till bostadsförsörjningsriktlinjer i Linköping och Norrköping, besvarar denna uppsats frågan om vilket praktiskt inflytande som kommunerna har för bostadsförsörjningen. Bostadsmarknaden är samtidigt inte en marknad som suveränt kantas av offentligt inflytande, utan även är beroende av marknaden för distribuering och produktion. Med anledning av detta, har studien även applicerat en intervjustudie som berör hur bostadsbolagen som står för distribuering och produktion upplever bostadsförsörjningsansvaret. Intervjustudien skapar grund för analys av vilka faktorer som driver marknadens planering och relationen till ansvaret om bostadsförsörjning. Teoretiska koncept i uppsatsen berör maktförhållandet mellan stat och marknad, affärsmässiga bolags agerande och för att förstå implementeringen och dess förutsättningar, innehåller även uppsatsen teorier om policy implementering. Resultatet visar att det finns ett samband mellan riktlinjerna och detaljplanerna men även att det finns en skillnad på synen av nyproduktion mellan offentliga och privata bolag. Intervjustudien konstaterar att det är svårt att reglera behoven i endast detaljplanerna, speciellt eftersom detaljplanerna är begränsade.

  • 177. Berger, Thor
    et al.
    Engzell, Per
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI). University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
    American geography of opportunity reveals European origins2019In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 116, no 13, p. 6045-6050Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A large literature documents how intergenerational mobility-the degree to which (dis)advantage is passed on from parents to children-varies across and within countries. Less is known about the origin or persistence of such differences. We show that US areas populated by descendants to European immigrants have similar levels of income equality and mobility as the countries their forebears came from: highest in areas dominated by descendants to Scandinavian and German immigrants, lower in places with French or Italian heritage, and lower still in areas with British roots. Similar variation in mobility is found for the black population and when analyzing causal place effects, suggesting that mobility differences arise at the community level and extend beyond descendants of European immigrant groups. Our findings indicate that the geography of US opportunity may have deeper historical roots than previously recognized.

  • 178.
    Berggren, Kalle
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Is everything compatible? A feminist critique of Hearn's composite approach to men and masculinity2018In: Australian feminist studies (Print), ISSN 0816-4649, E-ISSN 1465-3303, Vol. 33, no 97, p. 331-344Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since its emergence in the late 1980s, research on men and masculinity has expanded considerably into an established area at the intersection of sociology, gender studies and related disciplines. There is now a wealth of empirical research but the theoretical debates have largely centred on Connell’s notion of hegemonic masculinity. This article focuses instead on the theoretical contribution of Jeff Hearn, arguably one of the central figures within critical studies on men and masculinities over the last few decades. The article identifies the main tenets of Hearn’s theoretical writing and tracks its development over time, and offers a critical discussion of Hearn’s theoretical position. The critique focuses on ambiguous treatments of central concepts and argues that tensions between perspectives such as materialist analysis, queer theory and intersectionality are not fully acknowledged in Hearn’s work.

  • 179.
    Berggren, Kalle
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    "Jag älskar mina boys - no homo!"2017In: Gaudeamus, ISSN 0016-5247, Vol. 93, no 2, p. 14-15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 180.
    Berggren, Kalle
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    "Snubben trodde han var cool för han hade en pistol": Maskulinitet, våld och föräldraskap i svensk rap2016In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 53-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hip hop has grown into a worldwide genre of popular music inrecent decades. While the genre is often associated with sexism and homophobia, this article examines how masculinity is constructed in rap lyrics. It focuses on two central themes in contemporary configurations of masculinity: violence and parenting. The material consists of rap lyrics from 39 rap artists in Sweden during the last two decades. It is analysed from post structuralist and intersectional perspectives, with a discourse analysis combining broad thematic coding with close readings of selected extracts. The article shows how violence is both connected to class and racial dimensions of inequality, but simultenously shared as a gender norm across such differences. Violence is both reinforced as a norm of masculinity, but also called into question through various means, such as use of irony. The analysed lyrics contain descriptions of parent-child relations from the perspective of both positions. These narratives display a similar ambivalence; they simultenously hold fathers to task for perceived parenting failures and reinforce problematic patterns of masculine parenting. In sum, the article shows how violence and parenting are important loci for contemporary configurations of masculinity. The intersectional and poststructuralist theoretical perspectives, which have been relatively downplayed in studies on men and masculinity, enable attention to the ambivalences of gender discourses, which often contain elements of both reinforcement and subversion.

  • 181.
    Berggren, Maja
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Is Growing Larger the Same as Becoming Resilient? A case study of the Gothenburg Pelagic Offshore Fishery2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Scale enlargement and increased use of market mechanisms to improve fisheries’ management are a trend in many fisheries. These developments have economic benefits, but can also lead to loss of social-ecological knowledge, resilience, and employment opportunities in fishing communities. Successful large-scale fishers who have access to quotas benefit from these trends, but they also risk ending up in a lock-in, where a high degree of specialisation of fishing activities makes them vulnerable to economic and ecological fluctuation. Economic theory explains scale enlargement as an effect of economies of scale, but it cannot explain why these effects occur for certain groups of fishers and not for others. This study addresses this knowledge gap by exploring a small group of pelagic offshore fishers in Gothenburg, Sweden, who stand out in terms of their scale enlargement, profitability and political influence. Recently they also contributed to a change of management system towards increased use of economic management tools (Individual Transferable Quotas, ITQs). Using interviews with actors within and outside the pelagic offshore fishery, combined with participant observations, I describe a number of factors that can explain the Swedish development towards scale enlargement. Important for this development, it seems, is the fishers’ ‘entrepreneurial spirit’ and flexibility towards changing conditions. These are qualities that, in turn, have been supported by different contextual factors including abundant pelagic stocks, regulatory changes and a supportive community culture. Understanding the interaction between fishers’ activities and contextual developments can highlight why, and how, different development trajectories emerge in fisheries.

  • 182.
    Berglund, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Hindu Nationalism and Gender in the Indian Civil Society2011In: International feminist journal of politics, ISSN 1461-6742, E-ISSN 1468-4470, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 83-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Indian women's movement has for the last two decades been engaged in a struggle against an aggressive Hindu nationalism. Based on the idea of Hindu supremacy and a revival of traditional Hindu culture, the Hindu nationalist movement has grown as a political force in an era of rapid modernization and globalization. Met with strong resistance from secular forces, this Hindu nationalist challenge has tried to turn civil society into a battlefield challenging feminist liberal and socialist ideas on gender relations, advocating a definition of gender roles based on a traditional Hindu culture. The theoretical starting point of the article is a form of modified civil society theory in which civil society is analysed as an arena where various social and political forces battle against the State, but also against each other. It is argued in the article that despite their significant political success the Hindu nationalist forces have largely failed to gain any ground within the Indian women's movement and remain relatively isolated.

  • 183.
    Bergman, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Feminism, kärlek och ilska: Känsloregler och känslopolitik i 1970-talets Sverige2017In: Känslornas revolution: Kärlek, ilska och lycka på 1970‐talet / [ed] Helena Bergman, Christina Florin, Jens Ljunggren, Stockholm: Appell Förlag , 2017, p. 157-178Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 184.
    Bergman, Helena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Engwall, Kristina
    Gunnarsson-Östling, Ulrika
    Johannesson, Livia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    What about the Future? The Troubled Relationship between Futures and Feminism2014In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 63-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This position paper argues that issues related to the future are worth emphasizing and discussing with more feminist fervour and engagement than is now the case within feminist studies and futures studies. It is concluded that feminists cannot just be critical from an outside perspective, but must engage in creating alternative futures. These futures should not be common goals around which to unite, but a way to inspire feminist thinking about different futures. The authors point out the problem that the futures studies field lacks feminist perspectives, and in this position paper they discuss the gap between futures studies and feminism.

  • 185.
    Bergman Åkerman, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Särskild begåvning - särskilt bemötande?: Föräldrars erfarenhet av skolans bemötande av särskilt begåvade barn2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Elever med särskild begåvning är en elevgrupp som kan behöva stöd och särskilda anpassningar för att utvecklas optimalt i skolan. Skolverket har nyligen uppmärksammat elevgruppen och tagit fram ett stödmaterial för skolor. Kunskap om dessa elevers behov saknas dock i stor utsträckning hos lärare och specialpedagoger, då den varit begränsad tidigare, både i lärarutbildning och i skolan, även om vissa erfarenheter utvecklats under senare tid. Föräldrar till särskilt begåvade barn har erfarenheter som är viktiga att undersöka för en ökad kunskap. För att skapa förutsättningar för en stimulerande skolgång för elevgruppen behöver specialpedagoger på många håll utveckla ett bra bemötande, här har föräldrar till särskilt begåvade barn erfarenheter som är viktiga att undersöka för en ökad kunskap. Syftet med uppsatsen är att belysa hur skolan bemött särskilt begåvade barn. Det görs genom föräldrarnas beskrivningar och erfarenheter. Uppsatsen avser att visa på vilka hindrande faktorer som föräldrarna upplevt i möten mellan hem och skola och vilka möjligheter skolan gett för barnets välmående och en gynnsam utveckling. Studien behandlar hur föräldrarna beskriver att de och deras barn har blivit bemötta av skolan, hur skolans bemötande påverkat barnets välbefinnande och möjlighet till utveckling, samt vilka aktiviteter och åtgärder i skolan som har uppfattats som gynnsamma. Kvalitativ intervju och innehållsanalys har använts i uppsatsen. Undersökningen har ett ekologisk systemteoretiskt perspektiv. Sammanlagt har 18 föräldrar djupintervjuats. Studien beskriver skolerfarenheter som gäller 18 barn; 12 pojkar och 6 flickor, med en medelålder på 11,5 år. Resultat visar när det gäller föräldrars erfarenhet av skolans bemötande att lärare, specialpedagoger och skolledning i hög grad saknar kunskap om särskilt begåvade barn. Konsekvensen av det blir att föräldrar behöver ta stort ansvar för att barnets behov av anpassningar tillgodoses. Majoriteten av föräldrarna har erfarenheter av bristande förståelse och stöd från skolan, och av att ha blivit ifrågasatta. Studien visar också att barnets beteende kan påverka hur barnet blir bemött. Det finns stora skillnader i hur barnen blivit bemötta, alltifrån en vilja att förstå och skapa förutsättningar för ett gott lärande, till en avvisande attityd där barnet direkt eller indirekt ifrågasatts. Skolans bemötande har gett konsekvenser av att många av barnen bytt skola flera gånger i syfte att hitta en skola som klarat av att bemöta barnet utifrån dess förutsättningar. Studien visar också att en bristande kunskap och förståelse hos lärare och skolledning ger risk för utanförskap och att barnets kunskapsutveckling inte sker utifrån den potential som barnet besitter. De gynnsamma aktiviteter och åtgärder som framkommit är en flexibel organisation som tillgodoser barnets behov och skapar anpassningar utifrån barnets helhetssituation. De rekommendationer som kan dras från studien är att åtgärder och anpassningar bör utgå ifrån en helhetsbild av barnets situation, vilket innebär att en pedagogisk kartläggning, förutom barnets kunskapsnivå, även bör innefatta barnets sociala situation och emotionella mognad. Föräldrar och elevens erfarenhet är därför viktiga beståndsdelar i den pedagogiska kartläggningen. Uppsatsen har även visat att viktiga områden att studera vidare är hur man identifierar elever med särskild begåvning. En annan viktig frågeställning gäller de elever vars begåvningsprofil visar på mycket god förmåga inom det visuo-spatiala området. I studien finns indikationer på att det är en grupp som riskerar att komma i kläm i skolan.

  • 186.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Divergent perspectives on the Dodo bird? A comment to Mullen, Shuluk and Soydan2012In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 54-55Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 187.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Svaga argument gentemot Drontens dom - Ett svar till Knut Sundell2012In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 49-51Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 188.
    Bergmo-Prvulovic, Ingela
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Karriär utifrån ett ansträngnings- och belöningsperspektiv2017In: HR: Att ta tillvara mänskliga resurser / [ed] Helene Ahl, Ingela Bergmo-Prvulovic, Karin Kilhammar, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2017, p. 77-94Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 189.
    Bergmo-Prvulovic, Ingela
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Kilhammar, Karin
    HR-arbete med balans och integritet2017In: HR: Att ta tillvara mänskliga resurser / [ed] Helene Ahl, Ingela Bergmo-Prvulovic, Karin Kilhammar, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2017, p. 257-274Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 190.
    Bergsten, Arvid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology.
    Fragmented landscapes: Assessment and communication of landscape connectivity in human-dominated landscapes2012Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This licentiate thesis summarizes the first half of my PhD on the theme of management of fragmented landscapes. The thesis applies – and reflects on the use of – network analysis of connectivity in relation to landscape planning. Relevant theory on knowledge management and spatial ecology is summarized and discussed in connection with two papers.

    Paper I centers on municipal ecologists and environmental planners in the Stockholm region. They state that connectivity is rarely considered enough in planning and that assessment tools are lacking. Paper I studies the benefits and difficulties of using network analysis to manage connectivity in land-use planning. Among the main difficulties was the choice of model species and access to input data. The main strengths were the graphical and quantitative results, the potential for social learning, identification of critical sites and to relate local planning and ecology to the regional landscape.

    Paper II applies network methodology to quantify habitat availability of fragmented lichen-type forests in protected areas in northern Sweden. It studies a dynamic landscape that is continuously rearranged by forestry, with consequences that depend on species’ abilities to compete for resources in protected habitats, and to disperse through unprotected mature forest stands. We discuss the results with reference to the planning of forestry and protected areas, and to the resilience of species to patchy disturbance regimes.

    To end I propose a continuation of research, including a methodological development of network analysis; a sociological study of the acceptance of ecological advice in urban planning; and an integration of social and ecological network analysis to compare patterns of cross-municipal collaboration with landscape connectivity.

  • 191.
    Bergström, Göran
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Svärd, Per-Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Idé- och ideologianalys2018In: Textens mening och makt: metodbok i samhällsvetenskaplig text- och diskursanalys / [ed] Kristina Boréus, Göran Bergström, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, 4, p. 125-168Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 192.
    Bergström, Helena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Petra, Roll Bennet
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    "Jag är inte diktator, jag är också mamma": om föräldrastöd och föräldraansvar kring barns fetma och övervikt2012In: Barn, ISSN 0800-1669, no 4, p. 41-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Sverige liksom i många andra länder har barns övervikt och fetma ökat. Ett sätt att motverka denna problematik är stöd riktat till föräldrar. Föräldrar anses ha en central betydelse för barns matvanor och fysiska aktivitet och stöd och råd till föräldrar poängterar gränssättning, uppmuntran och att föräldern ska fungera som en förebild för barnet. Genom intervjuer med föräldrar till barn med övervikt/fetma visar denna artikel hur föräldrar hanterar råd och anvisningar i sitt dagliga liv. Det visar sig att föräldrarna står inför ett komplext dilemma som innebär att de beaktar såväl fysisk som psykisk hälsa samt den vardagliga förhandlingen mellan föräldrar och barn. Sett ur ett omsorgsetiskt perspektiv utmanas idén om en rationell förälder som handlar i enlighet med kunskaper om vad som är en hälsosam livsstil. Föräldraskap innebär mycket mer än att kontrollera barnets vikt och sätta gränser.

  • 193.
    Bergström, Helena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Roll Bennet, Petra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Om föräldrastöd och föräldraansvar kring barns fetma och övervikt2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 194.
    Bernhardt, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Goldscheider, Calvin
    Goldscheider, Frances
    What integrates the second generation?: Factors affecting family transitions to adulthood in Sweden2008In: International Migration in Europe: New trends and new methods of analysis, Amsterdam University Press , 2008, p. 225-246Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 195.
    Bernhardt, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Demografiska avdelningen.
    Noack, Turid
    Lyngstad, Torkild
    Shared housework in Norway and Sweden: Advancing the gender revolution2008In: Journal of European Social Policy, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 275-288Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 196.
    Berntsson, Theresia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Intervjustudie om läkares självmordstankar: med HOUPE-projektet som bakgrund2007Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Med det kvantitativa HOUPE-projektet som grund utfördes en kvalitativ intervjustudie för att fördjupa sig på området självmordstankar och självmordshandlingar bland läkare. Självmord är idag en av de vanligaste dödsorsakerna i världen. Läkare är överrepresenterade när det gäller självmord bland akademiker, speciellt kvinnliga läkare ligger i riskzonen. Syftet med uppsatsen var att finna bakomliggande faktorer till självmord bland läkare. Det använda materialet byggdes på semistrukturerade djupintervjuer med fem läkare och det analyserades med hjälp av Grundad teori. Bland annat tog läkarna upp tidspressen de upplever, trakasserier eller förnedringar de har varit med om, självmordstankar. Även kraven och pressen många av läkarna erfar. Hur arbetet påverkar deras privatliv. I diskussionen användes krav-resursmodellen för att ge en överblick om hur deras arbetsplats upplevs när det handlar om krav och resurser. Kommunikationen mellan ledning och medarbetare tas upp.

  • 197.
    Berry, Margaret
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Slow Food in Transition: A study of niche development in Stockholm2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Food systems represent one of the most critical resources under threat as a result of an unsustainable dominant regime. It is essential that the agricultural sector and food systems be addressed in order to achieve systemic and lasting change for sustainable development. This study uses transition theory’s strategic niche management approach to analyze a social innovation focused on creating systemic change within the currently unsustainable food system regime in order to influence a sustainability transition, using Slow Food Stockholm (a local level grassroots and social-ecological innovation niche) as a case study. Theoretically informed practical recommendations are given to help the Stockholm Slow Food movement grow and diffuse beyond its niche: to address social network weaknesses by broadening and strengthening relationships with underrepresented groups as well as resourceful and mainstream regime actors; to strengthen learning processes by fostering second-order learning through the creation of a platform for active and critical contemplation and knowledge sharing regarding niche growth and niche related topics; to manage expectations more realistically by identify and clarify niche goals for both the long term and the short term using tangible projects to stimulate involvement and concrete action opportunities for activists. Finally, reflections are given regarding remaining research gaps and the need for further studies relating to innovations for sustainable food system transitions. 

  • 198. Besemer, Sytske
    et al.
    Axelsson, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Sarnecki, Jerzy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Intergenerational Transmission of Trajectories of Offending over Three Generations2016In: Journal of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology, ISSN 2199-4641, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 417-441Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    Crime runs in families: a convicted parent is a risk factor for children’s criminality. What is the extent of intergenerational transmission in Sweden? Is transmission similar for men and women and/or do we see gender-specific transmission? To what extent do children follow similar offending trajectories as their parents?

    Methods

    We used group-based trajectory modelling to study intergenerational transmission in the Stockholm Life Course Project. By merging the samples when running the trajectory models, we get a more robust model than if we had run the samples separately.

    Results

    Children of convicted parents are about 2–2.6 times more likely to have a conviction compared with children of non-convicted parents. We did not find strong support that intergenerational transmission is stronger for same-gender relationships. Transmission seems slightly stronger to daughters and from mothers, but few of these patterns are significant. Although father and offspring trajectories look similar, the significant relationship can be explained by the observation that non-offending fathers are more likely to have non-offending sons. Fathers with more chronic offending trajectories do not necessarily predict sons with similar more chronic offending trajectories.

    Conclusions

    We find strong intergenerational transmission of criminal behaviour, but offspring convictions are related to the fact that fathers have a conviction rather than to what their conviction trajectory looks like.

  • 199. Bharadwaj, Prashant
    et al.
    Bietenbeck, Jan
    Lundborg, Petter
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Birth weight and vulnerability to a macroeconomic crisis2019In: Journal of Health Economics, ISSN 0167-6296, E-ISSN 1879-1646, Vol. 66, p. 136-144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper shows that early-life health is an important determinant of labor market vulnerability during macroeconomic downturns. Using data on twins during Sweden's crisis of the early 1990s, we show that individuals with higher birth weight are differentially less likely to receive unemployment insurance benefits after the crisis as compared to before it, and that this effect is concentrated among workers in the private sector. While differences in early-life health thus lead to increased inequality in employment outcomes, we also find that there is no differential effect of birth weight on total income after the crisis. This suggests that in the context of Sweden, the social safety net is able to mitigate the effects of early-life health on labor market outcomes during economic downturns. 

  • 200.
    Biggs, R.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Carpenter, S.R.
    Brock, W.A.
    Turning back from the brink: Detecting an impending regime shift in time to avert it2009In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, PNAS, ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 106, no 3, p. 826-831Article in journal (Refereed)
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