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  • 151.
    Dellblad, Carl
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    H.P. Lovecraft: The Outsider2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 152.
    Dilworth, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Slavic Languages.
    Between Death and Resurrection: Dostoevsky's Notes from the House of the Dead on the Eve of the Peasant Emancipation2022Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation is a study of Fyodor Dostoevsky’s Notes from the House of the Dead (1860–1862), a semi-documentary rendition of life in a Siberian prison of the 1850s. The work is read against the background of the pivotal historical event coinciding with its writing and publication: the peasant emancipation of 1861. On the basis of materials from contemporary newspapers and periodicals, the dissertation proposes that the years 1857–1862 saw the evolution a public “discourse of liberation” characterized by the fluctuating use of specific symbolism. The act of emancipation is conceptualized as a civic “resurrection” of the Russian people, whose life under serfdom is equated with imprisonment in the “land of the dead.” This discourse of liberation is shown to intersect with Dostoevsky’s text, which incorporates and adapts its central metaphors. Thereby, the uncertainty of the public mood in the transitional period of the early emancipation era reinforces the fundamental ambivalence of Dostoevsky’s poetics: notes of joyous anticipation and triumph are carried over into the work along with strong undercurrents of doubt and disillusionment. The narrative progression towards resurrection, culminating in the book’s final scene of release from the “dead house” of the prison, is undercut and complicated by a network of parallels and resonances.

    House of the Dead is also examined in relation to the genre of Russian “peasant fiction” prevalent in the decade leading up to the emancipation. Dostoevsky is shown to meet the challenge of truthfully representing the peasant voice in literature both through documentary methods, employing the so-called “Siberian notebook” of his prison years, and through fictionalization, as in the interpolated short story “Akulka’s Husband.” The narration of “Akulka’s Husband” is interpreted as an expression of the frustrated struggle of the peasant voice towards clarity and self-understanding – an unfulfilled, stumbling verbal quest for mental emancipation. It is also argued that Dostoevsky drew on two genres of Russian folklore in order to create an authentic plot and mode of characterization for his “village tale:” the tragic ballad of wife murder and the comic dancing song about the cuckolded husband. The result is a dissonant tale filled with tension, where comedy acts as the catalyst for tragedy, and silence emerges as the chief medium for truth.

    Finally, the dissertation analyzes the role of popular laughter in House of the Dead, focusing on the multiple ambivalent episodes where comic performance is paired with violence. These episodes are linked with elements of traditional Russian laughter culture and folk theatre. Internally connected through a series of echoes and inversions, they are shown to be integral to the book’s dual trajectories of death and resurrection. In his renditions of comic spectacle, Dostoevsky reveals the existence of two forces of laughter: one destructive and corrupting, one creative and redemptive. While both rely on the irrational, convulsive and liberating nature of laughter, each is representative of a distinct potential in the human soul for damnation and salvation.

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  • 153.
    Droste, Heiko
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Salmi-Niklander, Kirsti
    Handwritten Newspapers: An Alternative Medium during the Early Modern and Modern Periods2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is the first edited volume focusing on handwritten newspapers as an alternative medium from a wide interdisciplinary and international perspective. Our primary focus is on handwritten newspapers as a social practice. The case studies contextualize the source materials in relation to political, cultural, literary, and economic history. The analysis reveals both continuity and change across the different forms and functions of the textual materials.

    In the 16th century, handwritten newspapers evolved as a news medium reporting history in the making. It was both a rather expensive public commodity and a gift exchanged in social relationships. Both functions appealed to public elites and their news consumption for about 300 years. From the late 18th century onwards, changing notions of publicness as well as the social needs of private or even secluded groups re-defined the medium. Handwritten newspapers turned more and more into an internal or even clandestine medium of communication. As such, it has served as a means to create social cohesion, political debate, and religious education for nonelite groups until the 20th century. Despite these changes, continuities can be observed both in the material layout of handwritten newspapers and the practices of distribution.

  • 154.
    Duch, Anne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    L’autoportrait textuel par Claude Cahun: Énonciation, formes génériques et détournement dans Aveux non avenus (1930)2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present thesis is to examine the modes of enunciation (“mode d’énonciation”) and the use of text genres in relation to thematic and semantic aspects of Claude Cahun’s book, Aveux non avenus (Disavowals: or, Cancelled Confessions)(1930), which consists of text fragments. Claude Cahun, who is mostly known for her photographic self-portraits, was active on the margins of surrealism in Paris in the 1920s. The text fragments of Aveux non avenus can be compared to a collage technique that she also uses in the photomontages which open each chapter of the book. As an author, Claude Cahun clearly resisted traditional confessional literature (as the title of the book also suggests), and this study focuses on how she creates images of herself through characters borrowed from mythology, the Bible, and popular and literary texts, but also through reflections on specific themes in dialogues, essays and aphorisms.

    The thesis examines how Aveux non avenus differs from an actual autobiography, how the fragmented self-portrait is constructed, and how the book expresses a critique of contemporary society. The method of the thesis is based on textual analysis, with the support of the concepts of modes of enunciation (”mode d’énonciation”), text genres, and détournement (”détournement”). It also rests on the contextualisation of Claude Cahun’s practice of writing in relation to the history of literary genres, surrealist avant-garde movement, and in relation to sources within cultural history and the history of women.

    The thesis analyses how Claude Cahun, through the use of different genres and shifting modes of enunciation, creates a fragmented, diverse, and contradictory portrait of herself, in a way that also conveys a critical image of contemporary society. The text functions, simultaneously, as a collage of different text genres. The conclusion thereby underlines the idea that the text is not arbitrarily fragmentary, but constructed on the principles that the analysis of the work has demonstrated. In previous research on Claude Cahun, the indefinite genre of the book has been emphasised. Instead, this thesis wants to show that the diversity of text genres is deliberately explored to develop varying modes of enunciation that give Claude Cahun the opporturity to reflect and give nuance to representations of the self and to convey a radical critique of society.

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  • 155.
    Dufort, Lucía
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies.
    El feminismo de Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz: – lecturas modernas de su Respuesta2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz se destacó por ser una mujer intelectual que durante su época ingresó en el mundo masculino del conocimiento y rompió con varias convenciones sociales. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar cómo la crítica literaria va adquiriendo nuevas perspectivas a medida que nuevas corrientes ideológicas, sociales y políticas se van desarrollando. Basándonos en tres lecturas modernas de la Respuesta a Sor Filotea de la Cruz de Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz y apoyándonos en la teoría de la recepción, intentaremos señalar la influencia que discursos modernos, más concretamente pensamientos feministas, han tenido en las lecturas de esta carta.

    Partiendo de la base de que se hacen distintas lecturas de un texto dependiendo de la época en la que se lee, haremos un análisis de texto para determinar como tres lecturas modernas de los escritores Octavio Paz, Jean Franco y Meri Torras reciben esta carta de Sor Juana Inés. La hipótesis de este trabajo es que las lecturas modernas de la Respuesta a Sor Filotea de la Cruz están influenciadas por corrientes modernas feministas. Estas influencias convierten a la Respuesta en un texto feminista escrito por la mano de una feminista, a pesar de que dicha corriente política no existía en la época en que fue producido el texto.

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  • 156.
    Duhan, Alice
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Les langues du roman translingue: Une étude de Nancy Huston, Vassilis Alexakis et Andreï Makine2021Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Although literary translingualism, defined as the practice of writing literature in a second language, is by no means new, it is only in the past two decades that a specialized research field has emerged around the phenomenon. Synthesizing recent developments and drawing on several existing research strands, this study sets out to examine translingual writing in French in its contemporary expressions, with a particular focus on the novel. Do contemporary writers understand their translingualism differently from their predecessors? Can translingual studies be productively put into dialogue with developments in world literature studies? And how should we understand translingual writing in relation to the theoretical “translingual turn” affecting literary studies more broadly? This dissertation argues that contemporary translingual writing in French must be understood as part of a wider shift affecting both creative and critical practices, as the forces of globalization prompt us to reassess the relationship between literature and its language(s).

    Following a theoretical discussion, the analysis chapters aim to shed light on contemporary understandings of translingualism as articulated in the poetics of three major authors. The chapter focusing on Nancy Huston’s bilingual novel, Danse noire, investigates forms of novelistic self-reflexivity that demonstrate a renewed attentiveness to translation as it underpins literary mimesis. What is here called her translational storytelling not only foregrounds the representation of diegetic languages, but also draws our attention to the hermeneutic processes and ethical implications of writing and reading stories which potentially reach beyond our own linguistic, geographic and social realms. The following chapter turns to the linguistic autofiction of Vassilis Alexakis. After establishing how Alexakis’ ambilingual practice – his alternation between writing in French and Greek – leads him to interrogate his own position within world literary exchanges, it analyses both his novel, Les Mots étrangers, and his collaboration on the bilingual anthology, Âtënë tî Bêafrîka. Paroles du cœur de l’Afrique, within the framework of an “uneven translingual event” (Helgesson & Kullberg). The final chapter considers the fact that Andreï Makine’s Le Testament français has come to be viewed as the archetypal French translingual novel. A reading of this novel alongside Makine’s pseudotranslations and pseudonymic works prompts an examination of the notion of translingualism as exophony, a voyage outside of the mother tongue, and of how such writing positions itself in relation to national, monolingual literary space.

    Previous studies of translingualism in a French context have tended to view translingual authors as language migrants, who abandon their mother tongue in favour of a monolingual literary production in French. Recent work has brought the focus back to the multilingual processes informing translingual creativity, but may have overestimated the capacity of such writing to transgress the monolingual paradigm. Drawing on work by critics such as Apter, Beecroft, Gramling and Yildiz, this dissertation shows how contemporary translingual poetics can be understood as at once the result of homogenizing forces which favour monolingual and “translatable” writing in major world languages, and as partaking in the emergence of new aesthetic practices seeking to register and respond to linguistic diversity in literature.

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  • 157.
    Duke, Karl Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Narrative Disappearances: A Study of Disappearances in Paul Auster's Works with a Focus on Invisible2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 158.
    Durán, Jeritza
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Decires duales de la selva frente al avance de la Modernidad.: Un enfoque ecocrítico en la novela La vorágine de José Eustasio Rivera (1924) y en el cuento ‟Anaconda” (1921) de Horacio Quiroga.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    n the contemporary context of the disappearance of jungle biotopes in Latin America, this thesis aims to update the study of the representations of the jungle in the literature of the Latin American jungle in the context of the clash between Modernity and nature, in conjunction with the advances of science and extractive activities of the 1920s. From a focus on narrative voices in the short story "Anaconda" (1921) by Horacio Quiroga and in the novel La vorágine (1924) by José Eustasio Rivera, the study objective of the study is to illuminate the literary representations of the missionary and Amazon jungle areas, respectively. We start from the identification of a problem that lies in a duality in the interpretations of this topic. While a seriesof studies has proposed that in the novela de la selva, the genre to which the corpus belongs despite being a story, the jungle is presented as a “green hell” (Rueda, 2003) for the human being. Other current studies define the jungle as a “contagion zone” (Andermann, 2018) between human beings and the jungle. From an ecocritical perspective (Glotfelty, 1996; Marcone, 1998; Gunnels, 2006; Arévalo Viveros, 2009; Camasca, 2020; Heffes, 2014, 2021), in this thesis we analyze the representations of the forest that are articulated in the two texts, and how such representations are related to the conflict of the clash between Modernity and nature. As the main results, the analysis shows that the jungle is represented through personification and anthropomorphism, where the narrative voice gives characteristics and human actions, to the plants in Rivera and to the vipers in Quiroga, where the jungle is so hostile or as a victim. However, in this representation, we also find instances of mutual contagion, where nature and human beings act violently towards each other. Likewise, we also observe a new variant in these representations of the jungle related to the apathy and indifference of the human being towards nature, and a reaction of nature related to its silence, which implies that this literature of the jungle of the 20s can provide the necessary knowledge to understand the current disappearance of forests in Latin America

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  • 159.
    Ekelund, Bo G
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    The Anglophone Caribbean2013In: Postcolonial Texts and Events: Cultural Narratives from the English-speaking World / [ed] Ulrika Andersson Hval, Alastair Henry, and Catharine Walker Bergström, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2013, p. 157-198Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 160.
    Ekelund, Bo G.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Worldly vernaculars in the Anglophone Caribbean2018In: World Literatures: Exploring the Cosmopolitan-Vernacular Exchange / [ed] Stefan Helgesson, Annika Mörte Alling, Yvonne Lindqvist, Stockholm: Stockholm University Press, 2018, p. 150-161Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Returning to the canonical opposition between Derek Walcott and Kamau Brathwaite as an illustration, this essay argues that the rendering of place is an indispensable category for studying the tensions between cosmopolitan and vernacular orientations, as instanced in the work of these poets. More particularly, different strategies are associated with distinct forms of claiming place, and vice versa. Both Walcott and Brathwaite can be seen as affirming the local – “the smaller place” – at the expense of the “larger world”, but they do so by means of their access to the distant places their poems register. The essay ends up holding up a full matrix engendering a rich set of possibilities: the smaller place may be claimed with cosmopolitan means or in the vernacular; the larger world may be invested with cosmopolitan expressivity or with vernacular forms.

  • 161.
    Ekelund, Bo G.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Mahmutovic, AdnanStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.Wulff, Helene
    Claiming Space: Locations and Orientations in World Literatures2021Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book explores literary works and practices – always existing in the dynamic relation between locations and orientations – in a series of carefully designed case studies. Explicitly expressed or implied, manifesting itself sometimes as dislocation and disorientation, the claiming of space by any symbolic means necessary is revealed as a constant effect of literary endeavors. In dialogue with geopolitics of culture, sociology and anthropology, attention to literary locations and orientations brings spatial particularity into the study of world literatures.

    These case studies demonstrate that four key terms (cosmopolitan, vernacular, location, orientation) can frame analyses of very different types of literary acts and texts in the contemporary period, allowing for distinctions that are not captured within the grids of other conceptual pairs like centre-periphery, local-global, postcolonial-metropolitan, North-South. With this framing, expressive practices in a wide range of regions – including Europe, Africa, the Middle East and the Pacific – are analysed in ways that bring out how spatiality is at stake in the cosmopolitan-vernacular dynamic.

  • 162. Ekorong, Alain Fleury
    et al.
    Ngamaleu, Armel Jovensel
    Premat, Christophe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Introduction: Assumer l’écart incommensurable entre poétique et politique du témoignage2023In: Poétiques et politiques du témoignage dans la fiction contemporaine / [ed] Alain Fleury Ekorong; Armel Jovensel Ngamaleu; Christophe Premat, Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2023, p. 13-26Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    J’ai passé ma première nuit de voyage à reconstruire dans ma mémoire le côté de chez Swann et c’était un excellent exercice d’abstraction. Moi aussi, je me suis longtemps couché de bonne heure, il faut dire. J’ai imaginé ce bruit ferrugineux de la sonnette, dans le jardin, les soirs où Swann venait dîner. J’ai revu dans la mémoire les couleurs du vitrail, dans l’église du village. Et cette haie d’aubépines, seigneur, cette haie d’aubépines était aussi mon enfance. J’ai passé la première nuit de ce voyage à reconstruire dans ma mémoire le côté de chez Swann et à me rappeler mon enfance (Semprun, 1963 : 42).

    Et voilà l’essentiel du message testimonial qui passe dans le sang de la réalité à travers l’épiderme de la fiction (Derrida, 1998)Dans le premier extrait, Jorge Semprun, survivant de l’Holocauste, réécrit cette première phrase de Proust pour évoquer le destin du souvenir. Le livre porte ainsi sur un narrateur se souvenant, l’effet de mise en abyme permettant d’installer le lecteur à la place du témoin de ce récit autobiographique. En effet, il s’agit bien ici de témoigner de l’indicible à partir de l’insertion de références littéraires accompagnant ce récit. Comme le rappelait Jorge Semprun dans un entretien, « quand j’ai écrit Le Grand Voyage, je l’ai fait avec l’innocence des déportés qui ont vécu le camp nazi » (Alliès, 1994 : 28). On sent bien ici la manière dont le témoignage individuel est relié à une mémoire collective, celle ←13 | 14→des déportés qui sont revenus et dont le défi immense était de rapporter les horreurs innommables qu’ils avaient vécues (Halbwachs, 1994). Le choix de la fiction est moins dû à une volonté d’esthétiser cette narration historique, qu’à un souci d’efficacité dans le montage de cette écriture. Dans cet ouvrage, Jorge Semprun utilise le futur du passé de manière systématique, car comme il l’écrivait, la génération de la Shoah avait pour mission d’être l’avenir d’une mémoire (Premat, 2018 : 194). Il s’agissait d’effectuer un choix entre l’écriture comme possibilité de relayer des témoignages individuels et collectifs et la vie comme disposition à l’oubli.

  • 163. Ekorong, Alain Fleury
    et al.
    Ngamaleu, Armel JovenselPremat, ChristopheStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Poétiques et politiques du témoignage dans la fiction contemporaine2023Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    Le présent ouvrage a pour ambition de contribuer à une meilleure articulation des liens entre fiction et témoignage. Il présuppose que l’oeuvre littéraire, lorsqu’elle est lue autrement, constitue un lieu efficace de restitution de la vérité. En effet, les contributions de l’ouvrage partent toutes de la volonté d’une lecture de l’inéligible, une lecture de l’inexprimable, de l’indémontrable vérité, celle qui ne peut être affirmée qu’entre parenthèses, comme sous-titre, recul, pour repenser la manière dont la littérature témoigne. L’ouvrage réaffirme surtout l’idée que le témoignage déborde le cadre historique et juridique pour se constituer en tâtonnement vers l’inconnu, vers l’imprévu, vers des territoires non explorés, en quête de ce qui est vrai, et qui va au-delà de ce que nous appréhendons comme vérité. Le présent ouvrage montre que ce que la fiction fait au témoignage, c’est lui éviter de se faire doubler par une introduction – l’histoire introduit – et de réussir à parler éternellement pour ceux et celles qui ne peuvent le faire. L’ouvrage théorise avec force que la fiction littéraire libère le témoignage de l’opposition entre vérité et duplicité, car elle seule est à même de rendre obsolète la question de savoir si oui ou non le témoin dit la vérité. Nous affirmons que, peut-être, seule la fiction dit toute la vérité, permet de nous sacrifier nous-mêmes pour la vérité, jusqu’aux limites mêmes de l’innocence. 

  • 164.
    Ekstrand, Julian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    "A Nakedness of Mind": Gender, Individualism and Collectivism in Jack Kerouac's On the Road2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay focuses on gender roles, individualism and collectivism in Jack Kerouac’s classic road-trip novel On the Road. In order to put the discussion into a meaningful context, I look at the novel from a historical perspective and examine how it relates to post-war American society. I argue that the novel is, in many ways, representative of a society existing in a field of tension between individualism and collectivism, and that its notion of individual freedom, at the time revolutionary, can be seen as retrogressive with regard to the book’s portrayal and treatment of women. The essay features a discussion of what kind of individual freedom is presented in On the Road and how this freedom relates to typical American individualism as well as American post-war societal norms, the norm of the nuclear family in particular. This is followed by a brief analysis of how the novel influenced future generations, specifically in terms of sexual liberation. This analysis introduces a discussion of the way in which women are portrayed in the book and how this portrayal both represents collective progress in post-

    war America—women are often described as financially independent—and a phallocentric type of individualism. I then show that this individualism is connected to an unthinking optimism which, I argue, is one of the key causes of the retrogressive view of women exemplified by the book. My study ultimately demonstrates that the novel’s notion of individualism—an individualism which was highly influential for future generations and is usually viewed as progressive—can arguably be seen as retrogressive in terms of Kerouac's representation of gender roles.

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  • 165.
    Ekström, Daniel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Barriers for Belonging in Fiction: The House on Mango Street as a Resource for Teaching2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish curricula and syllabi constitute a richness of different considerations. Withinthis composition of principles, it is distinctly declared that all Swedish schools should counteract any inclination of discrimination and that intolerance must be answered with different measures, including knowledge (Skolverket, 2011b, 1). Scrutinizing ways in which knowledge can be used as an instrument towards these issues is therefore incentivized. On this token, the following essay investigates the potentiality of usingthe novel The House on Mango Street by Sandra Cisneros in English 7 instruction in upper secondary school, as teaching material for imparting knowledge about different forms of discrimination. To achieve this purpose, the essay first examines the experiences of narrator and protagonist Esperanza Cordero through close reading, to explore how tacit and explicit racial and class-based discrimination shape her identity and inhibit her sense of belonging. Belonging is conceptualized through Benedict Anderson’s notion of imagined communities wherein an individual is viewed as bargaining for belonging towards delimited and delimiting communities. Identity is viewed through a sociological lens as a transformative, negotiable, and revocable phenomenon and as interlinked with asymmetrical power relations. In addition, the essay analyses the findings from the close reading in relation to the syllabus for the course English 7, and the curriculum for upper secondary school. On this basis, the essay maintains that The House on Mango Street is suitable teaching material for the course English 7 at upper secondary school. The results indicate an alignment between the principles stated in the steering documents and the findings of the analyses, illustrating the applicability of The House on Mango Street as teaching material within a Swedish school setting. Furthermore, the results reveal how the novel presents teachers with ample opportunities to mediate how forms of discrimination are intertwined with questions of identity and belonging. 

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    Barriers for Belonging in Fiction: The House on Mango Street as a Resource for Teaching - Daniel Ekström (2022)
  • 166.
    Elevant, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    The Constitution of Animation, Stillness, and Space in Mansfield Park2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Using a phenomenological mode of analysis, the essay proposes that two main types of felt space serve to constitute animation and stillness in Jane Austen’s novel Mansfield Park. Space is organized in the style of immanence or in the style of representation, the latter being a second-order constitution-style that involves an inner or outer staging of feeling in the milieu of social, paternal, or erotic approval. At a more basic level than that, the heroine allows herself to undergo feeling as something that animates space without succumbing to prefabricated space-styles that involve the normative process of making emotion picturesque. The distinction discussed is analytically accessed by phenomenological life-models developed by Edmund Husserl, and applied to the sphere of feeling in innovative ways by the French phenomenologist Michel Henry. The essay gives admittance to ways of understanding the heroine’s retreat from normative behaviour as something other than a culturally conditioned phenomenon that could be understood by means of socio-historical modes of inquiry.

  • 167.
    Elmgren, Charlotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    J.M. Coetzee's Poetics of the Child2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation explores how central tensions in J.M. Coetzee’s fiction converge in and are made visible by the child figure. Its central claim is that the child draws attention to how Coetzee’s poetics is characterized by a constant interplay between responsibility to the other—within and beyond history—on the one hand, and irresponsibility, indeterminacy and play on the other. Key to this argument is Giorgio Agamben’s emancipatory thinking on infancy, or the experience of the impotentiality of language, which can be understood as the capacity to hold thought in suspense. This complements productively those strands of existing Coetzee scholarship that, drawing on Blanchot, Levinas, and Derrida, find in Coetzee’s writing—and in responses to that writing—an ethics of hospitality to an alterity that is always yet to emerge. After an overview of interrelated conceptions and evocations of the child figure in theology, philosophy and literature, the study is organized around five central dynamics of a “poetics of the child” in Coetzee: The first chapter presents the child’s navigation between fictions of the self and of the world in a quest for authenticity as a compelling figure for Coetzee’s writing of fiction in the search for a never available truth of self. The second chapter argues that fictional encounters with “other” child figures within history are ethical in their destabilization of boundaries between self and other and in their foregrounding of ironic remainders made visible through different constructions of the child. In dialogue with Hannah Arendt’s thinking on natality, amor mundi and education, the third chapter shows that the child calls attention to how Coetzee’s working through of the uncertainties of new beginnings is closely linked to a care for the world. Finally, the fourth and fifth chapters engage with how Coetzee’s latest works gesture towards infancy and perpetual study, and, relatedly, towards the redemptive potential of a nonposition beyond the taxonomies of Western metaphysics. Ultimately, the thesis hopes to demonstrate the critical possibilities in thinking about—and with—childlike openness and childish experimentation when approaching the writing and reading of the work of J.M. Coetzee.

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  • 168.
    Elmgren, Charlotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Unhomed and Unstrung: Reflections on Hospitality in J.M. Coetzee's Slow Man2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is concerned with the workings of hospitality towards the other in J.M. Coetzee’s novel Slow Man. The reading proposed here is that the bicycle accident which befalls protagonist Paul Rayment on the novel’s first page, costing him his leg and a large portion of his previous vitality, renders him momentarily “unstrung,” understood here as a state of passive openness to the unknown, of absolute  responsiveness or hospitality towards the other. The other is here defined as that which is—more or less—ungraspable in the self, in another being or in an unexpected event. A key argument put forward is that the accident also accentuates Paul Rayment’s enduring sense of unhomedness, his alienation in relation to body, language and self. The desire for home or belonging with other people brings about deliberate acts of hospitality on his part, as he tries to find a home for himself by inviting others in. The essay examines how these two strands of ideas—being unhomed and being unstrung—intersect in moments of hospitality in Slow Man, and reflects on how hospitality can and cannot succeed in creating a home for the subject. Theories of hospitality by Jacques Derrida, Derek Attridge and Mike Marais are discussed and serve as inspiration to the reading.

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    Unhomed and Unstrung: Reflections on Hospitality in J.M. Coetzee's Slow Man
  • 169.
    Elvira Mathez, Roberto
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Literatura villera: La representación de la villa en la obra de César González y Gustavo Lara2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work aims to define the representations of the villa and the residents of the villa in the works published by Gustavo Lara and César González. To understand the construction of these representations and their distinctive value, we seek to contextualize the works by referring to the history of the literature about the villas, focusing especially in three of its main representatives: Rodolfo Fogwill, César Aira and Horacio Verbitsky. With a clear understanding of the current landscape of the literature of the villas, we will continue with an intersectional approach, delving into the issue of race and gender in the representations. To support this analytical and comparative process, we base it within postcolonial and cultural studies, among which authors we find Alejandro Solomianski, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak and Walter Mignolo. From this proposal and methodology, we hope this study not only can clarify how the representations of the villa and its neighbors are built, but also diffuse the voice of these poets.

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  • 170.
    Engsheden, Åke
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Classical Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Mummies and moonlight at Karnak: On José-Maria de Heredia's Egyptianising poem.2023In: Images, perceptions and productions of and in Antiquity / [ed] Trindade Lopes; Maria Helena, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2023, p. 276-288Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The sonnet cycle “La Vision de Khèm”, published by José-Maria de Herediain its final form in 1893, drew on pharaonic influences with its final sceneevoking a nightly procession of gods and resurrected pharaohs in moonlittemple ruins. According to my interpretation, it is naïve to characterise that feature of the poem simply as an Egyptian-style resurrection. One should not forget that the mummy inspired quite different imagery in 19th-century French literature than in the familiar horror films from Hollywood. Instead, it should be regarded as developing the theme of nightly transformations in literature and lore. Furthermore, I suggest that the setting of the final scene might have been influenced by travellers’ accounts of Karnak in the moonlight. “La Vision de Khèm” is thematically linked to other Egyptianizing poems by contemporary authors, belonging to the so-called Parnassian school of literature, as well as to other poems by Heredia, which thematise remembrance versus oblivion.

  • 171.
    Eriksson, Astrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    “Roughly the size and weight of a young killer whale”: A Study of Anti-fat Attitudes in J. K Rowling’s Harry Potter Series and How Teachers Can Work With Literature to Bring This Subject to Light.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The World Health Organisation stated that as of 2016 over 400 million children are regarded as being obese. As this number climbs, anti-fat attitudes affect more children and young adults than ever before and it is the responsibility of adults and teachers to stop this negative spiral. The magical story of Harry Potter’s life has been read by millions, and soon the generation who grew up alongside Harry Potter and his friends will have children of their own and share this story with a new generation. But this magical world is not so different from our own and it mirrors similar ideas and prejudices as the world we live in. This thesis focuses on showing the anti-fat prejudices that exist within the novels, with focus on the character Dudley Dursley. He is the cousin of Harry Potter and is reduced to not much more than a mean boy who throughout the books gains more and more weight, but who is depicted as a pig already at the age of eleven.

    The essay also discusses how teachers can teach their students about oppression without creating an unsafe environment for their overweight students. Teaching about the structures that enable oppression—through choosing literature that challenges children’s negative views on overweight people, instead of teaching about the oppressed group themselves—is shown to be preferable when trying to change the way students treat their peers. The Harry Potter series itself has been written with anti-fat sentiments used as a way to create comic situations. Therefore it can be hard to use in a constructive way for the purpose of bringing the question of fatphobia to light in an education context.

  • 172.
    Eriksson, Robert
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    The Truce, the Old Truce, and Nattonbuff the Truce: A Creative Reading of James Joyce's Finnegans Wake2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    James Joyce's Finnegans Wake is known as one of the most difficult texts in all of literature. A one-to-one relationship, however, between a decoding reader and a presenting author is something Finnegans Wake does not incorporate in any traditional sense. Because of the ways in which Joyce manipulates language through assonance and multilingual references, his words are essentially freed from their dictionary definitions and rely instead on connotations.

    This essay looks at the text from the perspective of a first reading, a look that is then compared to a more 'authoritative' stance found in various glossaries, to see if the information found there takes precedence over the reader's imagination, and if self-made meanings remain 'appropriate' in the face of the explanations.

    The text is shown to become more of a device with which we produce meaning, rather than a story to which we are only passively listening or otherwise trying to understand. Instead, it celebrates obscure, often contradicting sense relations, which correspond to the dream-like nature of its nocturnal theme.

    Despite the sheer amount of historical references contained within, the first-time reader can proceed without the many glossaries that have been written on the work, and instead rely on a more creative and less disciplined method of examination.

    This essay is thus tainted with an inherent contradiction—it questions the transcriptive act epitomized by eager textual scholars set on elucidating the text's difficulties while simultaneously committing that act, but only in order to encourage readers that Finnegans Wake otherwise scares away and to suggest an alternate method of reading. Readers are thereby asked to relieve themselves of their domesticated behavior, and get involved. The difficulty of Finnegans Wake only appears when we read it in terms of conventional understanding, and should instead encourage us into becoming creative users.

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  • 173.
    Ervall, Matheus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    “A Journey from Nowhere to Nowhere”: How Cormac McCarthy’s Suttree Challenges  Joseph Campbell’s Heroic Journey2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This essay uses McCarthy’s deconstruction of narrative rules in his most autobiographical novel, Suttree, to show how Joseph Campbells’ heroic journey has little bearing on the man of modernity. Cormac McCarthy’s Suttree takes place in the 1950s outskirts of Knoxville, where Suttree has chosen to abandon his prominent family and a wife and an infant son, to live as a vagabond and fisherman, living in a houseboat in the slums of the city.  He lives a meaningless existence, jumping between lovers’ arms to drunken brawls and at times ending up in jail. Suttree is an existential hero, haunted by the awareness that the Universe is indifferent to human suffering, and thus, Suttree too becomes indifferent to the Universe. His sole salvation comes from having a vivid perception of the World’s poetic flavours and trying to live his life authentically in every moment, even with full knowledge that they lead nowhere. The leap of faith that is required for the Campbellian hero’s commitment to some ethical way of life is not one Suttree is ready to make, having lost faith in the authority figures of his society, and the veracity of the tales of tradition has been called into question. Suttree forces the reader to question “Which way is up?”, and I conclude in this thesis that Suttree shows that modernity has stripped mankind from belief in any divine order to the Universe, and a righteous path that can lead him to any higher order of existence is no longer found, but the yearning for some transcendental meaning to life is never lost in Suttree. 

  • 174.
    Ervin, Stephen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    The Animal/Man That Therefore I Am2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Grant Morrison’s Animal Man could be argued to worry the man/animal boundary. Using closereadings of the comics against the backdrop of Jacques Derrida’s and Martin Heidegger’stheories on the boundary between man and animal, I explore the following ideas which seemcommon in the discourses on that which separates humans from animals: intelligence vs. instinct,the human hand vs. the animal’s paw, humanity’s richness-in-world vs. animal’s poorness-inworld,and language.In Animal Man, Morrison gives voice to animal characters by giving them personalities,which seems a romanticizing of the real state of affairs. Alongside all the depicted animals, thereare many hybrid characters, which take on the characteristics of both humans and animals. Theuse of hybrid characters such as the Coyote and Animal Man problematize the boundary betweenman and animal. This study of Animal Man, most importantly, shows that the differences as wellas similarities between humans and animals are based on ideologically produced discourses, andthis includes Morrison’s own philosophy on animal rights and his activism. I argue that Morrisonboth worries the boundary between humans and animals, and keeps it operative in order to makethe reader perceive animals in more anthropocentric terms.

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  • 175.
    Espler, Jimmy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Edgar Allan Poe – The concept of madness and its interpretation in 19th century USA.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Gone down in history as one of the front figures when it comes to the modern detective story, and helped shape the gothic horror-genre, Edgar Allan Poe’s name lives on with prominence. During the 19th century, Poe managed to write several works of fiction, along with numerous poems, despite his short life span. A recurring theme throughout the stories is the human psyche, as well as madness and its characteristics. In a time period where the common thoughts surrounding mental health were partly religious and often defined by the absence of what was thought as reason and rationality, Poe arguably managed to put it in another perspective which went against the common beliefs and is comparable with a modern depiction of mental illness. His “mad” characters distinguished themselves from the popular image of a mad person, which often was compared with a brutal beast in a frenzy, without any reason. Poe authored several stories with the theme of madness from a first-person perspective, a technique which could be said to work as a door into the mind of the character, where thoughts and reason are given. This essay will compare the 19th century general views on madness, with the depictions of it in Poe’s stories, mainly “The Tell-Tale Heart” and “The Imp of the Perverse”. By comparing the short stories with previous research on the subject by John Cleman, as well as bring forth research which investigates the earlier perception about mental health to attain a historical context, it is the aim to argue that Edgar Allan Poe possessed a greater insight into the troubled mind than the common views and by his writings pointed a certain measure of criticism towards the scientific communities and highlighted the flaws in the juridical systems.           

     

     

    Keywords: Edgar Allan Poe; Madness; Insanity; Asylum; 19th century; The Tell-Tale Heart; The Imp of the Perverse

  • 176.
    Espmark, Kjell
    Stockholm University.
    Livsdyrkaren Artur Lundkvist: studier i hans lyrik till och med Vit man1964Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 177.
    Famà, Santi Luca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    «A Bundle of Countless Relations and Situations»: Carlo Emilio Gadda and the Question of Human (and) Nature2022In: Italian Studies across Disciplines. Interdisciplinarity, NewApproaches and Future Directions / [ed] Anna Finozzi, Marco Ceravolo, Aracne editrice, 2022, p.  267-292Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 178.
    Famà, Santi Luca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Decentering the Human through Narrative Forms: The “ImpossibleClosure” of Gadda’s That Awful Mess and VanderMeer’s Southern Reach Trilogy2022In: Incontri: Rivista Europea di Studi Italiani, ISSN 0169-3379, Vol. 37, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article delves into the narrative formal devices used to represent reality as deeply entangled—e.g. as the result of actors and events that are always closely interdependent—and argues that modernism’s innovation of narrative forms paved the way for contemporary posthumanist fiction. Building on Levine’s and Caracciolo’s new formalisms, I examine Gadda’s modernist novel That Awful Mess on the Via Merulana (1957) and VanderMeer’s Southern Reach Trilogy (2014) with the intention of showing how both authors’ use of network-like forms prompts a sense of uncertainty which ultimately exposes human fallibility and marginality. In doing so, I intend to contribute to the field of New Formalism and display the value formal strategies can have in conveying a non-anthropocentric conceptualization of life.

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  • 179.
    Famà, Santi Luca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Mathijs Duyck. La brodaglia e le pentole. Le raccolte “solariane” di Gadda: verso uno studio della politestualità narrativa. Louvain-la-Neuve: Presses universitaires de Louvain, 2019. Pp. 245.2021In: Annali di Italianistica, ISSN 0741-7527, Vol. 39, p. 583-585Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 180.
    Faymonville, Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism.
    Hövisk litteratur och förändringar i det fornsvenska textlandskapet2023Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to shed light on the presence of the Old Swedish courtly literature in the changing profane textual landscape of medieval Sweden to better understand the function and significance of this literature. The point of departure for this study are the three verse romances collectively known as the Eufemiavisor and their properties in their capacity as courtly literature. The material consists of 31 profane literary works and 26 manuscripts produced between 1300 and 1529. The study draws on polysystem theory (Even-Zohar 1990) and makes use of notions and approaches from various fields of textual scholarship such as philology and the history of literature.

    The study is divided into three main parts. The first part focuses on the work perspective and structures the development of the Old Swedish profane textual landscape into four stages: introduction and establishment; diversification and expansion; politicizing and centralisation; and further development and administration of literary traditions. The second part, which analyses the use of a courtly repertoire in the corpus, uses these stages to interpret the results. The courtly repertoire is defined as a set of properties manifested in the Eufemiavisor. The properties included in the analysis are a courtly vocabulary, certain expressions, the form Knittelvers, adventure as a theme, and the intratextual temporal and spatial settings. The analysis shows that certain parts of the repertoire quickly become obsolete while others (such as a core vocabulary and the Knittelvers) remain productive until the end of the Middle Ages but gradually transform into stereotypes or evolve to become useful outside of a courtly literary context. The third part focuses on the manuscript perspective. A network analysis of the texts’ appearances in manuscripts shows that even though the Eufemiavisor had a central position, the rhyme chronicle Erikskrönikan could be considered the central node connecting various interests and textual orientations, keeping the chronicle relevant throughout the Middle Ages. The analysis of the transmission of the Eufemiavisor reveals their dynamic and multifunctional nature. Of the three romances, Hertig Fredrik av Normandie is perhaps the most nuanced, a factor that may have contributed to it being the most copied as well as the longest-lasting of the Eufemiavisor.

    The results suggest a gradual move of the courtly repertoire from a central position towards a peripheral position in the literary system as a consequence of a growing system, new interests, and new groups governing the system. By the end of the Middle Ages, the function of the courtly repertoire appears to have become one of preservation of traditional literary taste.

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  • 181.
    Finozzi, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Italian Studies across Disciplines: Interdisciplinarity, New Approaches, and Future Directions2022 (ed. Aracne)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    What does Italian Studies look like today and what scenarios should we expect in the near future? The aim of the volume is to encourage scholars coming from different backgrounds to tackle the discussions already begun on these questions. By selecting some of the most significant theoretical and methodological inputs to these multifaceted debates — Posthuman and Nonhuman Studies, New Materialism, Media Studies, Feminist Studies, Trauma Studies, Children’s Studies — applied to Italian cultural production, the book reflects on interdisciplinarity and collaboration, and suggests new perspectives on the future of Italian Studies as a lively field of research on a global scale.

  • 182.
    Fitzgerald, Emily
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies.
    Foreignisation and Domestication Strategies in Swedish–Korean Translation: A Case Study on Children’s Literature2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The import of Swedish Children’s Literature has increased in South Korea in recent years. The challenges that arise when translating between two vastly different languages pose another layer of difficulty if the source text contains cultural references that are not shared in the target language culture. What solutions do translators resort to? And which translation strategies do they opt for? The purpose of this study is to identify translation strategies used to translate culture-specific items and to determine foreignisation and/or domestication strategies in the Korean translation of the Swedish children’s book En liten bok om Kärlek. The method used for this study is a descriptive comparative analysis method based on Newmark’s model for categorising culture-specific items. The findings show that the overall text leaned towards an overall foreignisation strategy of culture-specific items. However, in cases where Swedish and Korean differed to a greater extent, domestication strategies were more common.

  • 183.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Robotarnas kapprustning: Om spam i en nät- och bokhistorisk kontext2014In: Information som problem: Medieanalytiska texter från medeltid till framtid / [ed] Otfried Czaika, Jonas Nordin & Pelle Snickars, Stockholm: Kungliga biblioteket , 2014, p. 242-257Chapter in book (Refereed)
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  • 184.
    Fogelberg Rota, Stefano
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    L’introduzione del balletto di corte francese in Svezia2013In: Mélanges de l'École française de Rome. Italie et Méditerranée modernes et contemporaines [en ligne], ISSN 1724-2142, Vol. 125, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines the circumstances leading to the introduction of French court ballet in Sweden during the first half of the seventeenth century. The development of this particular genre during the reign of Queen Christina of Sweden is studied both through a reconstruction of the contacts between the courts of Sweden and France, and also by an analysis of the libretti published on the occasion of the performances. These publications were often written in different languages (French, Swedish and German) with the aim to convey propagandistic messages both within her own court as well as outside. The main subjects of the ballets performed during the personal rule of Christina (1644-1654) center around the Queen’s decision not to marry and on the signing of the Peace of Westphalia (1648). These two major events characterise the ideal image of the Swedish sovereign that, through the use of exempla such as Diana and Pallas, is praised for her capacity of reigning above passions and for her erudition.

  • 185.
    Forsell, Andreas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Are they heroes? A character study of Christopher Paolini’s The Inheritance Cycle2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will study how the two main characters Eragon and Roran in Christopher Paolini’s fantasy series The Inheritance Cycle conform to the literary ideal of the hero and traits of a traditional male according to Jeffrey A. Brown and Leanna Madell who both use Hegemonic Masculinity Theory. The essay does this by a qualitative reading of Inheritance which is the final part in a fantasy novel series and studies how Paolini’s characters fit within the Hero archetype and if their masculinity could be considered hegemonic as per Brown and Madell’s definition of the term. 

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  • 186.
    Forsell, Håkan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Vi vantrivs i staden.: De brustna sammanhangens landskap.2020In: Respons : recensionstidskrift för humaniora & samhällsvetenskap, ISSN 2001-2292, no 6Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 187.
    Forsman, Sebastian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Fundamental Undemocratic Values in Robert A. Heinlein’s Starship Troopers: How to Make Upper Secondary School Students More Self-aware of Their Fundamental Democratic Values2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Democracy and democratic values have stagnated and are under attack. Current criticism of democracy points towards problems with efficiency, leniency towards undemocratic elements, collective problem-solving, and a suspension of the rule of law for public good. One solution to these problems could be to focus on teaching democratic values through literature in school. A suitable novel for this endeavor is the science-fiction novel Starship Troopers, written by Robert A. Heinlein in 1959, since it functions as fictional criticism and an alternative to democracy. However, most of the previous research conducted on Starship Troopers have focused on aspects regarding militarism and fascism. This research paper differs because it focuses specifically on how democracy is critiqued in the novel and how this critique could be used to teach democratic values. Teaching democratic values should be conducted since democracy and democratic values are arguably the most essential aspects of the fundamental values of the Swedish school system. Still, the relevant school policy documents do not define how these fundamental values are connected to the system of democracy and how they could be taught in a classroom. In order to fill that gap, this paper aims to use the theories and methods of didactic potential, Socratic pedagogy, and the politics of advocacy, attack, and assent to help students become more self-aware of their fundamental democratic values. The analysis demonstrates that Starship Troopers criticizes essential elements of democracy and complements those elements with its own alternative fundamental elements and values. The analysis also demonstrates how this critique can be used as a complement in a philosophical discussion that helps students become more self-aware of their fundamental democratic values.       

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  • 188.
    Foster, Jonathan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Mills, Elliott
    Trinity College Dublin.
    Bureaucratic Poetics: Brian O’Nolan and the Irish Civil Service2022In: The Parish Review: Journal of Flann O'Brien Studies, E-ISSN 2634-145X, Vol. 6, no 1Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This guest editorial introduces the topic of this special issue, ‘Brian O’Nolan and the Irish Civil Service,’ and sets out some key points on why the theme of bureaucracy should be considered more closely in O’Nolan criticism. At the same time, the editorial sketches out aspects of the current political and cultural context in which the issue approaches the bureaucrat as a topic of discussion. Calling to attention certain critical interventions on the question of how writers operate when they are concurrently state functionaries, the note sets the stage for O’Nolan to be re-considered as a ‘writer-official.’ Introducing the articles which make up the issue, the authors point towards how the contributors have taken on such a task of critical re-orientation. The note concludes with an appendix, which provides a detailed timeline of O’Nolan’s career in the Irish Civil Service.

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    Bureaucratic Poetics: Brian O'Nolan and the Irish Civil Service
  • 189.
    Franzén, Carin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    L’ambiguïté est dans le genre – une lecture des sentences de Christine de Suède2022In: La reine Christine et ses fictions / [ed] Florence Fix; Corinne François-Denève, Dijon: Éditions universitaires de Dijon , 2022, p. 265-277Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 190.
    Fredriksson, Tea
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Feeling as Perceptibility and Trembling in Mansfield Park 2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 60 credits / 90 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the investigation is to show that Jane Austen’s Mansfield Park is a novel centred on a conflict between feeling understood as represented sentiment and feeling understood as affective immanence. The study uses a phenomenological approach that stands in alignment with Michel Henry’s critique of Martin Heidegger’s phenomenology of transcendence. Attention is drawn to the enmity in Mansfield Park between sensibility’s sentiments and affectivity’s raw feelings. It is suggested that this tension runs through Mansfield Park as an opposition central to its inner structure. It is shown that Fanny Price and Henry Crawford are incompatible on affective rather than moral grounds, and that the focus of the novel is not primarily on the behaviour of characters but on the nature of feeling itself. Mr. Crawford cultivates feeling as something that can be conveniently represented in the world as a world-phenomenon among other world-phenomena, whereas the heroine resists that very understanding of feeling and life. The study delineates the heroine’s struggle against the archetypal man of sentiments not as a prudish struggle against unrestrained erotic passion but as a struggle against a social apparatus for disfiguring the reality of feeling. The essay highlights segments of the literary text that point to a difference between feeling as an interplay of emotions monitored by reason, on the one hand, and, on the other hand, feeling as something with an inner source that is deep and reclusive, withdrawn from the light of the world and from the representational forces of social life. 

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  • 191.
    Friberg, Erica
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    The Professor and the Typist: Characterisation and Plot Devices in Dracula2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Dracula is a novel that has been said to have flat and uninteresting characters. Only two characters have been acknowledged as having depth, Wilhelmina Harker and Abraham Van Helsing. However, no extensive research has been done to determine what it is that makes them complex, leaving a gap in the understanding of Dracula. This essay will appraise the significance of the two characters to the novel by examining how they are characterised and by studying their importance to the plot. This allows for a new perspective on Dracula that revises the standard generic definition of the novel as Gothic. The stereotypical characters in Gothic novels are replaced with more intricate characters and subtleties. For instance, this essay argues that one can find Mina an ambiguous character who is stuck following rules she despises, and Van Helsing might be hiding his fear of Mina behind the mask of appreciation. Furthermore, the importance of Mina and Van Helsing to the plot, shown in several ways where the most prominent one is their associations with knowledge, changes what characters are the real protagonists of Dracula and shows another difference to the traditional Gothic novel. This essay reveals that there are holes in the Dracula research, and that many new readings can still be found. If one resists looking at the novel as purely Gothic, there are nuances that show that it does not quite fit the genre, and characterisation is one aspect that clearly differs.

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  • 192.
    Fröderberg Shaiek, Christopher
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Institute for Interpreting and Translation Studies.
    Copy of a Copy?: Indirect Translations from Bengali into Swedish Translated via English2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates indirect translations translated from Bengali source texts to Swedish target texts via English intermediary texts by comparing Pedersen’s (2011) Extralinguistic Cultural References in coupled pairs from all three languages. The purpose of this study is to examine how indirect translations differ from direct translations and to discern whether there are specific translation strategies that translators use when transferring Extralinguistic Cultural References (ECRs) from a third language. The results were analyzed with a perspective based on translation norms, previous research into indirect translation, and the concept of foreignization/domestication in mind. The results show that an indirect translation can be closer to the original source text than the intermediary text it was based on in the first place. This was demonstrated with the Swedish TTs displaying more source-oriented transfer strategies compared to the English ITs, which displayed a higher amount of target-oriented strategies used by the translators. An unexpected finding was noted in the analysis material, namely that misunderstandings or deviations present in the ITs were not necessarily transferred to the TTs, which goes against previous research into indirect translations (cf. Dollerup 2000; Tegelberg 2011; Ringmar 2016). This supports similar results as found in Adler (2016) and Hekkanen (2014). In conclusion, the results suggest that the tendency of high-prestige literature resulting in adequate translations would be stronger than the tendency of indirect translations resulting in acceptable translations in the context of the Swedish target system. The source-oriented strategies in the TTs could also be seen as resistancy to target norms by the translators to create foreignizing translations.

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    Fröderberg Shaiek Christopher (VT19) Copy of a Copy.pdf
  • 193.
    Fuentes Aedo, Oscar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    La risa abunda en la boca de los postmodernistas: Ironía, sátira y parodia en Nocturno de Chile de Roberto Bolaño2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    En este trabajo se investigará, dentro del contexto de la postmodernidad, las estrategias discursivas presentes en la novela Nocturno de Chile (2000) del autor chileno Roberto Bolaño (1953-2003) y que giran en torno a la ironía o distancia irónica y cómo estas se plasman en sátira y parodia. Esta última, por su importancia como forma ampliamente adoptada por la postmodernidad, reviste un interés especial en nuestro estudio ya que supone una suerte de subversión de las convenciones del arte desde sus adentros, asegurando continuidad y cambio. En la introducción se procurará un acercamiento a una poética de la postmodernidad y al género novelesco de la metaficción historiográfica según los lineamientos de Linda Hutcheon. El análisis parte de esta poética y se complementa con una teoría específica de la parodia, sin desvincularla de la ironía y la sátira. Hemos procurado esquematizar los multifacéticos aspectos del protagonista y la enmarañada red de temas que no pretende, con mucho, ser rígida. Además de la teoría, la postmodernidad exige una aproximación a la praxis del lenguaje en uso, lo que supone una ampliación del marco teórico formalista. Por eso, en nuestro análisis también ponderaremos los comentarios del autor y de los críticos o la academia en orden de contextualizar la producción del texto y facilitar la decodificación. En lo posible, no rehuimos de la discusión que despierta la postmodernidad y presentamos abiertamente algunos de sus aspectos problemáticos, paradojales o contradictorios.

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    fulltext
  • 194. Furuseth, Sissel
    et al.
    Gjelsvik, Anne
    Gürata, Ahmet
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Stockholm University Institute for Turkish Studies (SUITS). University of Agder, Norway.
    Hennig, Reinhard
    Leyda, Julia
    Ritson, Katie
    Climate Change in Literature, Television and Film from Norway2020In: Ecozona, ISSN 2171-9594, E-ISSN 2171-9594, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 8-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental and climatic change has become a frequent motif in contemporary Norwegian literature, television and film, and Norway has the worldwide first organization of writers committed to climate action (The Norwegian Writers’ Climate Campaign, founded in 2013). In this article, we argue that Norwegian climate change fiction and related works draw on elements that relate to specific national and/or Nordic cultural, societal and historical aspects, and that these elements give these works their distinct identity. We focus on four such aspects: (1) references to Norwegian petroculture (since the Norwegian economy is largely based on the export of fossil fuels); (2) an (imagined) intimate connection between Norwegianness and nature, and thus of what often is seen as a typical element of Norwegian national identity; (3) notions of “Nordicity”, and (4) an atmosphere of gloom and melancholia in many of the works (which often has been ascribed to Nordic landscapes, and usually is characteristic for the genre of Nordic noir).

  • 195.
    Färnlöf, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Classique et numérique: Maupassant en Suède au XXIe siècle2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 196.
    Färnlöf, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Zola et la traductologie2018Other (Other academic)
  • 197.
    Galatsky, Natalia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Slavic Languages.
    Variacija na ”Temu s variacijami”2004In: Telling forms, Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2004, p. 68-83Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 198.
    Galatsky, Natalia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Slavic Languages.
    О рифмах одного стихотворения: Иосиф Бродский, "Ночной полет"1990In: Scando-Slavica, ISSN 0080-6765, E-ISSN 1600-082X, Vol. 36, p. 69-86Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 199.
    Gavelius Renwik, Ingrid
    Stockholm University.
    Bo Bergmans tidigare lyrik1966Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 200.
    Gawrieh Ekmark, Yara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    The Ecocritical Instapoet: Digital Media Ecofeminist Poetry2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, a new poetry genre has emerged, currently known as Instapoetry, and its chief practitioners are often young females (Pâquet 2019). Instapoetry has many characteristics influenced by the nature of the Instagram platform on which it is published, such as its brevity and its inclusion of visual effects with the text. However, its resemblance and links to older forms of modernist and post-modernist poetry are undeniable; such as its use of symbolism, expressionism, its move away from tradition, and its sense of activism. The “retrofitting” (Chasar 2020) of modernist poetic themes and formats for a digital medium opens up new possibilities for new ways of thinking. I suggest that this new format which can be seen as restrictive, allows for an opening and for new modes of subjectivity. Instapoetry engages feelings and ideas through an inclusive approach and that is essentially what gives it its potential as an activist and educational facility. Through its penchant for activism, Instapoetry engages in a metamodernist global consciousness shift, which Luke Turner defines as a move away beyond postmodernism and an “emergence of a palpable collective desire for change” (Turner 2015). 

    Female Instapoets often employ nature motifs in their Instapoetry, however, the nature motif is portrayed as something that connects, contrary to the restrictive sense often applied by patriarchal systems. In order to break away from a simplistic reading of Instapoetry as a poetic genre completely closed in by algorithms and word limits and to show the openings that this poetic genre allows, I suggest a new name “Digital Media Ecofeminist Poetry.” I attempt a qualitative methodology, through close reading of various Instapoems by female Instapoets, to demonstrate their nuanced use of form, language, and visuality and I examine the ways in which the digital medium influences this new form of poetry.

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