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  • 151. Bertolotti, Virginia
    et al.
    Álvarez López, Laura
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    La doble vida de su merced en América entre los siglos XVI y XIX2020In: Nueva Revista de Filología Hispánica, ISSN 0185-0121, Vol. 68, no 1, p. 105-136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research explores the history of the originally Iberian honorific su merced, currently used by millions of Spanish speakers in the Americas. The analysis is based on 983 occurrences extracted from a corpus of documents written in the Americas between the 16th and the 19th centuries. The paper connects discursive traditions and linguistic change and describes the syntax of su merced. It shows that su merced had two parallel drifts in two well-differentiated communicative practices: the institutional and the interpersonal settings. In the institutional use su merced has been extinguished, while the interpersonal use is linked with current uses.

  • 152.
    Berton, Marco
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    La riqueza léxica en la producción escrita de estudiantes suecos de ELE2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research on lexical richness with Swedish subjects have mostly English as a target language. At the present time, we cannot find investigations having Spanish as a target language. Subjects are usually university students with high proficiency. This study focuses on Spanish as a third language and students with low/intermediate proficiency. Language samples consist of 180 narratives written by Swedish high-school students with a low/intermediate average proficiency in Spanish. The samples have been elicited by means of pictures. According to the two research questions, the main aim of the present study is investigating the relationship between lexical diversity and lexical and morphosyntactic proficiency in Spanish as a third language. Secondly, we compare several measures of lexical diversity searching for results that can reliably discriminate between different proficiency levels in Spanish. The data show a clear effect of proficiency on lexical diversity, even though statistically significant comparisons also point out the influence of the age factor. Regarding the measures, Guiraud’s Index and Carroll’s indicator are the only ones that significantly discriminate among younger participants. They have also proved to be suitable for discriminating comparisons within the older participants’ group. Nevertheless, the statistical results of these two measures correspond to such a high degree that we can consider them as two versions of the same measure, even if they provide different numerical values.

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  • 153.
    Berton, Marco
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Riqueza léxica y expresión escrita en aprendices suecos de ELE: Proficiencia general, competencia léxica pasiva, tipo y complejidad de la tarea2020Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study explored lexical richness in the written production of Swedish university students of Spanish as a foreign language. Two aspects of lexical richness were investigated in the study, i.e., diversity (the ability to use a varied lexical repertoire), and sophistication (the proportion of relatively infrequent words). The written data were elicited by means of two task types, namely a narrative task and a decision-making task. The main aim of the study was investigating the effect of the factors overall proficiency, passive vocabulary knowledge, manipulation of task complexity and task type on lexical richness. Moreover, the study inquired into the predicting power of the first three factors in relation to lexical richness within each task type. Overall proficiency was measured by means of a cloze test, while an estimation of passive vocabulary knowledge was obtained through a word recognition test. The effect of the manipulation of task complexity was examined by using two different versions of each task. The less complex version of the narrative task was based on a cartoon strip with a tight structure and no background events. On the contrary, in the more complex version the cartoon strip depicted a story without a clear sequence and with background events which are relevant to the story plot. Regarding the decision-making task, task complexity was manipulated by changing the number of elements involved. The task itself consisted in writing a message to a friend suggesting a holiday destination. To do so, the participants had to consider the friend´s needs and check them against the possibilities offered by a travel agency. The less complex version included two destinations, while the more complex one contained six. When analysing the effect of manipulating task complexity, structural complexity measures were included with the purpose of investigating if changes in lexical richness go hand in hand with or at the expense of changes in structural complexity. The results of the analysis of these three factors showed different patterns depending on the task type examined. These results suggest that overall proficiency seems to have an effect on lexical richness only in the narrative task, whereas passive vocabulary knowledge would influence lexical richness only in the decision-making task. The manipulation of task complexity apparently affected lexical diversity and structural complexity in the narrative task, on the one hand, and lexical sophistication in the decision-making task, on the other hand. When manipulating task complexity, the relationship between lexical richness and structural complexity turned out to be unclear, as it varied in unpredictable ways depending on the learners´ overall proficiency and passive vocabulary knowledge. The intrinsic complexity inherent to task type, i.e. the different cognitive load that different task types place on the learner, showed the most consistent effect in the study, as it was supported by all the measures of lexical richness and some measures of structural complexity. Finally, the regression model conformed by overall proficiency, passive vocabulary knowledge, and the manipulation of task complexity did not prove to be suitable to predict lexical richness in either of the task types under investigation in the study.

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  • 154.
    Bette, Miriam
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Political tourism?: A critical social analysis on ecotourism and the indigenous struggle in the Ecuadorian Amazons2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Enabled by a Minor Field Study scholarship from SIDA, this thesis examines indigenous involvement in ecotourism in the Ecuadorian Amazons. Indigenous people are the most marginalized social group world-wide, and coincidingly often live in resource rich pristine land. The oil-rich lands of the Amazons is called a resource frontier and is now increasingly important for the tourism sector, which comes to entail conflict of interests between the State and indigenous communities living in this area. Both the global call for sustainable development and national policies of “Buen Vivir” promotes ecotourism as an ecologically, socio-economically, and culturally sustainable activity. Scholarly opinion suggest that ecotourism generates potential tools of empowerment for the involved indigenous communities. With this backdrop and with the theoretical framework of the postcolonial debate, main opportunities and challenges are examined with the correlation of tourism ventures and socio-political implications in the local reality of indigenous organizations in Tena, Napo. Complex impediments are uncovered and analysed within the social field of indigenous ecotourism. The conviction of the study holds the call for attentive cross-cultural communication in order to continue the seemingly inevitable path of globalization in a more sustainable and non-discriminatory manner.

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  • 155.
    Bikic, Bronislava
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    “Al-sabah bono, garme ¿d’ón venis?”: Análisis de la voz femenina como elemento clave en el estudio de losorígenes de las jarchas romances2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    El descubrimiento de las jarchas romances ha dividido a la comunidad académica en dos grupos, en las que secontraponen dos perspectivas principales: la romanista y la arabista. El objeto de la disputa es una visióndiferente de su estructura y fuentes, su pertenencia a una de las dos tradiciones poéticas, así como la posibleinterpretación lingüística de algunas partes en disputa, mientras que el enunciado poético y la voz femenina enlas jarchas quedaron relegados al margen del interés científico en la batalla. Este trabajo presenta un análisis dela voz femenina en las jarchas romances como posible clave para desentrañar algunas cuestiones fundamentales.Al confrontar los resultados de investigación más significativos y relevantes desde ambas perspectivas, apoyadosen un análisis histórico y textual basado en el elemento clave de la voz femenina en las jarchas, este trabajopretende presentar una nueva visión más integral de este tema. A través de un análisis histórico de la sociedadandalusí multicultural, el estudio pretende identificar a las posibles autoras de estos fragmentos poéticos. Otroobjetivo de la investigación es definir y analizar las principales fuentes de inspiración poética de las jarchas. Elúltimo tema abordado es el lenguaje poético y las estrategias que utiliza la voz femenina para reclamar su lugaren el discurso poético. Con los resultados obtenidos, el trabajo pretende contribuir al esclarecimiento de algunascuestiones en torno a la cuestión del origen de las jarchas romances y el carácter híbrido de sus fuentes poéticas,así como probar la autenticidad de la voz femenina (y probablemente autoral) en ellas.

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  • 156.
    Bikic, Bronislava
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    “¡Puta vieja! ¡Puta vieja!”: Celestina como reflejo de los cambios sociohistóricos en la prostitución: Un estudio literario del personaje de Celestina y del mundo de la prostituciónclandestina en la Tragicomedia de Calisto y Melibea2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    En este trabajo pretendemos analizar el personaje de Celestina y el mundo de la prostituciónclandestina en la Tragicomedia de Calisto y Melibea de Fernando de Rojas en su contextosociohistórico. La obra se escribió en el momento de un cambio fundamental en el mundo dela prostitución en la sociedad española medieval y el objetivo de nuestro trabajo es analizarcómo estos cambios se han reflejado en la obra estudiada, en particular en la vida y accionesde uno de sus personajes, Celestina. Nos interesa investigar cómo se presenta este personajeen relación a la prostitución, cómo los cambios sociohistóricos en el mundo de la prostituciónde la TCM han afectado a la vida y acciones de Celestina y qué tipos de prostituciónclandestina se retratan en la obra en relación con ella. Primero presentamos la situación contemporánea en el mundo de la prostitución en Españaen la Baja Edad Media en el momento en que se introdujeron los burdeles públicos y seprohibió la prostitución libre, los cambios en la estructura existente de la prostitución que estecambio supuso y los tipos de prostitución clandestina que cristalizaron tras este cambio. Estecontexto nos permite realizar el análisis del personaje de Celestina, concebir su perfil ehistoria, analizar las causas de los acontecimientos en su vida y comprender los motivos desus decisiones y acciones. Finalmente se presentan dos tipos de la prostitución clandestina ysu relación con Celestina. La elección de Celestina como sujeto literario analizado nospermite capturar de manera bastante detallada el cambio sociohistórico de la época. El punto de partida ideológico para la realización de nuestro análisis radica en el abordajesocial y psicológico que nos permite analizar el personaje de Celestina sin juzgar ni condenarsu vida y comportamiento, sino comprenderlos y explicarlos dentro de su dimensión social ypsicológica. 

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  • 157.
    Bjelkstrand, Isabella
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    "Es algo mio, de mis raíces": El español como lengua de herencia en Suecia2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are many children of Spanish-speaking origin in Sweden. However, for many of these bilinguals, Swedish is a dominant language compared to their heritage language (HL) Spanish because of its role in the social environment. The current thesis is a didactic study and the aim is to investigate the attitude of Spanish-speaking adolescents towards the Spanish language. We have evaluated the factors that contribute to conservation or attrition of the Spanish language and the opinions of the participants regarding the attitude of parents in order to understand how the participants develop their proficiency in Spanish as a heritage language. To better understand the phenomenon of Spanish as a heritage language in Sweden, we studied a group of Spanish-speaking adolescents aged 16-18 years. We used a mixed method approach to collect data using ten anonymous surveys and five individual interviews. For ethical reasons, the names of interviewees have been replaced by fictitious names. Using data obtained from anonymous surveys and individual interviews we answered the research questions: What factors are the most important, according to the adolescents, in order to keep the mother tongue? What do adolescents think about the attitude of parents towards their mother tongue? The interview responses match the data obtained from the surveys, noting that the most influential factor in maintaining the Spanish language was speaking the language. We have observed that the attitude of parents affects adolescents in their linguistic choices. Most adolescents felt that parents had a positive attitude towards the mother tongue. In cases when only Spanish was spoken at home (i.e. without mixing both languages) a higher level of Spanish proficiency was observed. Because of the sociocultural environment (dominated by Swedish), adolescents who were born in Sweden or who entered the country at an early age received more language input in the majority language and therefore, Swedish became the dominant language. We also noted that one of the participants had maintained a high level of proficiency in Spanish despite being born in Sweden.

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  • 158.
    Björklund, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Bilingüismo como lengua de herencia: – Un estudio sobre hispano- y catalanohablantes residentes en Suecia2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    Existen muchos estudios sobre temas relacionados con el bilingüismo, sin embargo, el bilingüismo como lengua de herencia parece ser un campo menos explorado. La presente monografía tiene como objetivo investigar cuáles son las variables decisivas al escoger una lengua familiar, y determinar la selección de idioma(s) a traspasar a la siguiente generación en parejas lingüísticamente mixtas residentes en Suecia, de las cuales como mínimo un integrante de la pareja es de Cataluña. Hemos elegido dedicarnos al bilingüismo catalán/español como lengua de herencia, principalmente por su situación de co-existencia en su lugar de origen.

    Se pretende responder a las preguntas de investigación, sobre qué factores ganan o pierden importancia respectivamente al encontrarse en un nuevo entorno lingüístico, y si surgen factores nuevos que influyen en la decisión de la transmisión lingüística. Partimos de la premisa de que existen factores determinantes en el lugar de origen, que pierden su valor una vez los hablantes se encuentran en otro entorno lingüístico. La hipótesis de la investigación es que la identidad tiene un papel determinante en la decisión, debido a la polémica que existe por la convivencia de los dos idiomas en cuestión. Para realizar nuestra investigación hemos aplicado una metodología cualitativa, realizando 4 entrevistas semi-estructuradas, cuya estructura se basa en un estudio sobre la transmisión lingüística intergeneracional realizado en Cataluña por Boix-Fuster & Torrens Guerrini (2011). De los 4 informantes, uno era hombre, y tres eran mujeres, dos tenían hijos y dos no.

    Nuestros resultados muestran, entre otras cosas, que el estatus de la lengua es un factor que pierde valor y que la creencia de impacto por parte de los padres (la creencia de que los padres pueden ejercer cierto control sobre la funcionalidad lingüística de sus hijos) gana valor por el hecho de que el papel de los padres gana importancia cuando la lengua se convierte en una lengua de herencia. En cambio, no hemos detectado factores nuevos que influyan en la decisión. Además, hemos encontrado una situación que no podría ocurrir en Cataluña: niños que crecen con el catalán como una de sus lenguas habituales, pero sin saber el español.

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    Bilingüismo como lengua de herencia
  • 159.
    Bladh, Elisabeth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Entre écriture translingue et autotraduction – Greta Knutson (1899–1983) et sa recherche d’un public en langues française et allemande2022In: Revue nordique des études francophones, E-ISSN 2003-0401, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 109-123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the use of self-translation by Greta Knutson (1899–1983), aSwedish-born painter, art critic and writer, who lived most of her life in France. AlthoughKnutson wrote mainly in French, towards the end of her life she started self-translatingher texts into German. She also occasionally self-translated in the opposite direction.Three perspectives were applied to her texts, which were published in journals and/orin two monographs in German (Bestien, 1980, 1982) and French (Lunaires, 1985). First,an attempt was made to establish a chronology of her self-translated writings; second,the visibility of the “self-translation pact” (Ferraro 2016) was examined according totarget culture and genre; and third, the degree of rewriting was studied by means of a three-level categorization. Ultimately, it was not possible to establish a reliablechronology of her self-translated texts, mainly due to the lack of dated texts. The “selftranslation pact” was clearly signaled in the German monograph only. Accordingly, itwas suggested that Knutson was launched, in 1980, as a writer closely connected tothe German target culture, in 1982, as a foreign author of French-Swedish origin, and in1985, as a French author. The degree of rewriting varied, but few texts showed a highrate of rewriting compared to the version(s) in the other language. It was also noted thatself-translation rarely influenced revisions in French texts which were published twice.The paper includes a list with Knutson’s literary publications in French and German, aswell as an inventory of her German texts and, when relevant, their counterparts in French.

  • 160.
    Blanken, Gwendelien Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Nordic Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Climate Governance: A Polycentric Approach in Eastern Caribbean2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Natural disasters are on the rise in the Caribbean due to climate change that affects several OECS member states in the Eastern Caribbean region. However, OECS governments have developed structures for reducing vulnerability and building resilience. Climate change and disaster resilience projects were implemented, and regional, national, and local support is provided. A prominent voice in climate governance debate is late Elinor Ostrom, who argues that global climate agreements should be decentralized and taken place locally rather than centrally. According to Ostrom, a bottom-up approach creates a more multilevel governing system. This approach is described as a "polycentric approach" by Ostrom. A polycentric governance is argued to provide several benefits and is effective in combating climate change. Our study examines whether the existing regional and local climate projects and programmes of the OECS member states follow a polycentric approach to climate governance. In this study, the data were analysed by employing two frameworks that are related to the theory of polycentric approaches to climate governance, that have been used in previous studies. With this we aim to capture the multifaceted nature of polycentric climate governance.

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    Climate Governance
  • 161.
    Blanquet, Sarah Martine Dominique
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Puentes interculturales: Implicaciones de las creencias sobre la competencia intercultural de profesores en formación pertenecientes al máster MULTIELE2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Within the Erasmus Mundus program for Teaching and Learning Spanish in Multilingual and International Contexts (MULTIELE), pre-service teachers from different backgrounds participate in academic stays in several universities located in different countries and complete their internships in an external context. This research paper seeks to analyze the beliefs of seven pre-service teachers regarding intercultural competence, taking into account their life experiences and the master’s program. Through the qualitative study of seven semi-structured interviews, results show a lack of definition in the concept of intercultural competence and its teaching, a tight link between life experiences and the conception of this competence and a need for theoretical training during the master’s program regarding this topic. The discussion and conclusions offer some proposals based on these observations and suggest further research lines. 

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  • 162.
    Blom, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    « Peau d’Âne » de Perrault et de Ben Jelloun: La corrélation entre la conception du mal et la structure du récit2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 163.
    Blomberg, Elias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    The shifting role of the Brazilian Military since 1985: A study of changes in the civil-military relations2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis will investigate the development of civil-military relations in Brazil since the democratization in 1985. The two most important previous studies, by Alfred Stepan and Wendy Hunter, will be presented and discussed. They where published in 1988 and 1997, respectively. There is therefore a need for a study that includes the development during the long period since these two books were published. The focus will be on three indicators, civilianization of government, how the role of the military has been defined, and military expenditures. The conclusions are that there are contradicting tendencies regarding the development of the civil-military relations, and that the strengthening of civilian institutions is paramount in order to consolidate democracy in Brazil.

     

     

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    Elias Blomberg
  • 164.
    Bloom, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Cordelia, 1881–1942: Profilo storico di una rivista per ragazze2015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this dissertation is to conduct a study of the history of the girls’ magazine Cordelia (1881–1942), founded in Florence by Angelo De Gubernatis. The analysis mainly focuses on the years 1881–1917; however, the latter period is also briefly treated. The theoretical framework consists of sociology of literature and gender history; the dissertation belongs to the field of history of publishing, which is integrated with a gender historical perspective. The methodological challenges faced when dealing with periodicals as research objects are also considered. In order to achieve bibliographic control and examine Cordelia’s contents and contributors, all issues of the magazine’s first 36 years were indexed. The study examines the commercial strategies of the magazine’s publishers, as well as the contributions of the chief editors and writers involved in the making of the magazine. Attention is drawn to the personal relationships between the individuals in these groups. As is shown, the magazine was not very successful in its first three years of publication, during the editorship of De Gubernatis. The two editors who followed, Ida Baccini and Jolanda (pseudonym for Maria Maiocchi Plattis), did succeed, however, in creating a familiar and attractive product for the young female public and to involve them in their magazine. Quantitative surveys of the contributors and contents have shown, for instance, that Baccini and Jolanda relied on regular contributions from relatively few writers and also published serial fiction to arouse the readers’ interest. Their comprehension of the potential of the periodical and the importance of their gender in addressing their readers, together with the capacity of long-time publisher Cappelli to develop commercial strategies to boost sales, seem to have been the reason for the longevity and success of Cordelia.

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  • 165.
    Bloom, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Cordelia e l'immagine della donna italiana di fine Ottocento2011In: Arena Romanistica, ISSN 1890-4580, Vol. 8, p. 88-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article presents the beginning of a research project on the girls' magazine Cordelia. Foglio settimanale per le giovinette italiane (1881-1942), founded in Florence by Angelo De Gubernatis. Referring to 19th century writing on the subject of young women's education and upbringing, the initial study, which covers the period 1880-1890, focuses on the founding of the magazine Cordelia and its explicit aim of encouraging the progress of female education in Italy. With an attempt to inculcate patriotic feeling in the minds of the magazine's female readers and to assign a national identity to young Italian girls, Cordelia mainly focused on the exemplary female role of the queen, Margherita of Savoy, but also on the Italian colonial policy.

  • 166.
    Bloom, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Ida Baccini e la scrittura delle giovinette2013In: Ida Baccini. Cento anni dopo / [ed] Franco Cambi, Rom: Anicia , 2013, p. 151-166Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 167.
    Bloom, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    La vita di Ida Baccini attraverso i carteggi2012In: Actes du XVIIIe congrès des romanistes scandinaves = Actas del XVIII congreso de romanistas escandinavos / [ed] Eva Ahlstedt, Ken Benson, Elisabeth Bladh, Ingmar Söhrman, Ulla Åkerström, Göteborg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis , 2012, p. 160-170Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 168.
    Bokström, Marianne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Le ne dit « explétif » est-il en voie de disparition ?: Développement et usage depuis l´ancien franςais jusqu’au franςais contemporain dans des textes essentiellement littéraires.2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [fr]

    Is the ne explétif on the way to disappearing?  To find an answer we have searched in the French literature from about 800 in A.D., the Chant of Roland, to present times.

    The subject of this essay is the ne expletif, its frequency and development in relation to the conjunctions avant que, à moins que, sans que and their gradual equivalents.

    Our inquiries prove that this phenomenon exists since the era of our occidental literature, contrasting the ideas of some grammarians (Plattner and Togeby). 

    In our essay we have not only described the aspects of the above mentioned conjunctions, but have also found three another exemples of à moins que in the Tales of La Fontaine and not only one “ Un lièvre en son gîte songeait … “ according to Togeby (1965:789).

    The editions of Grevisse from 1949 and 1955 but not the followings only refer to this tale as an exemple of à moins que. We have, among other things, criticized Damourette et Pichon (1911:5:532-533) for their selection of examples regarding avant que … ne.

    We have given some possible answers to our opening question and some future visions for the ne expletif.

     

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  • 169.
    Bouchard, Marie-Eve
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Becoming Monolingual: The Impact of Language Ideologies on the Loss of Multilingualism on São Tomé Island2019In: Languages, E-ISSN 2226-471X, Vol. 4, no 3, article id 50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the loss of the creole languages on São Tomé Island and the societal move from multilingualism to monolingualism in Portuguese. It argues that recognizing the ideologies attached to these languages is key in understanding the language shift, but also the processes leading toward monolingualism. This qualitative study is based on three main theories: Language as social practice, language ideology, and monoglot standardization. Data comes from ethnographic fieldwork and sociolinguistic interviews with 56 speakers from the capital of São Tomé and Príncipe. I argue that the existence of multilingualism on São Tomé Island is not valued at a societal level because of the pejorative ideologies that have been held about the creole languages since colonial times. Also, the use of the creole languages stood as a problem for the creation of a unified Santomean nation, as the different racial groups on the islands had their own creole. Results show how ideologies about the Portuguese language and its association with national unity, modernity, and European-ness favored its expansion on São Tomé Island and a move toward monolingualism.

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  • 170.
    Bouchard, Marie-Eve
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Language shift from Forro to Portuguese: Language ideologies and the symbolic power of Portuguese on São Tomé Island2019In: Lingua, ISSN 0024-3841, E-ISSN 1872-6135, Vol. 228, article id 102712Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates causes of the language shift from Forro to Portuguese around the capital of São Tomé and Príncipe from a language ideology and political economy perspective. It examines the ideological and indexical processes supporting the differentiating social categories and how they are linked to language choice. It shows that accessing ideologies held by Forros is key to understanding how they have historically set themselves apart from the other racial groups on the island by choosing Portuguese as their first language. This research is based on observations in the public and private spheres in São Tomé City and on interviews conducted with 56 Santomean informants. Results indicate that the use and transmission of characterizations and evaluative comments enable Santomeans to convey ideologies of superiority of the Portuguese language and its speakers, and that these ideologies are important forces driving the ongoing language shift.

  • 171.
    Bouchard, Marie-Eve
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Ongoing change in post-independence Sao Tome: The use of rhotics as a marker of national identity among young speakers of Santomean Portuguese2019In: Language Variation and Change, ISSN 0954-3945, E-ISSN 1469-8021, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 21-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines variation in the use of rhotics in Santomean Portuguese. In Portuguese, the distribution of rhotics is determined by syllable structure (Bonet & Mascaro, 1997). However, the emerging variety of Portuguese spoken in Sao Tome and Principe diverges from the standard norm and shows great variability in its use of rhotics; specifically, Santomeans often use a strong-R in positions that require a weak-r in European and Brazilian Portuguese. Sociolinguistic interviews with 56 speakers from the capital of Sao Tome and Principe and its surroundings provide 5287 data points for analysis. Based on the apparent-time construct (Bailey, 2004; Bailey et al., 1991), variation patterns show a language change in progress in the use of the strong-R, with younger speakers using it more frequently. Results also reveal the emergence of rhotic fricatives in the speech of Santomeans born after the independence of the country.

  • 172.
    Bouchard, Marie-Eve
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Álvarez López, Laura, Perpétua Gonçalves and Juanito Ornelas de Avelar (eds.). 2018. The Portuguese Language Continuum in Africa and Brazil2019In: Journal of Ibero-Romance Creoles, E-ISSN 2184-5360, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 445-448Article, book review (Other academic)
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  • 173. Bouzouita, Miriam
    et al.
    Alvarez López, LauraStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Spanish and Portuguese in Contact Outside Europe: Special Issue2020Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the colonial expansion of the Spanish and Portuguese empires, many typologically different languages have come into contact with Spanish and Portuguese in a wide range of geographical, historical and sociocultural settings. This special issue brings together various contributions that focus on such postcolonial contact situations and their linguistic outcomes outside of Europe.1 A variety of different linguistic aspects of these language contact situations are studied empirically in this volume. These include particular case studies of contact-induced change at different language levels, including the syntax and intonation system, (i) in Spanish and Portuguese varieties spoken outside Europe (e.g. in the Americas, Africa, Asia), (ii) in indigenous languages with which these Ibero-Romance languages have come into contact, and (iii) in Spanish- and Portuguese-lexified Creoles. Apart from providing novel empirical data, this thematic volume also offers theoretical insights as several issues surrounding language contact are addressed, such as the formal constraints on borrowability and grammaticalization. The volume comprises, apart from this introduction, which offers a preliminary overview, five articles that reflect contact situations with Spanish and Portuguese in the Americas (Anthony Grant; Melanie Uth; Rodrigo Gutiérrez-Bravo), on Africa (Rita Gonçalves, Anna Jon-And, Juanito Ornelas de Avelar and Laura Álvarez López), and on Asia (Eeva Sippola and Marivic Lesho).

  • 174. Bouzouita, Miriam
    et al.
    Marttinen Larsson, Matti
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Variation and change in the Romance possessive constructions: An overview of nominal, adverbial and verbal uses2020In: Moderna Språk, E-ISSN 2000-3560, Vol. 114, no 3, p. 1-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this introductory article, we will first illustrate the great morpho-syntactic diversity that exists in the Romance possessive systems from a comparative perspective, and then detail the recent changes that have taken place. After discussing the various nominal patterns, the use of tonic possessives in the adverbial and verbal domain will be examined. Subsequently, the various contributions of this special issue will be summarized and evaluated.

  • 175. Bouzouita, Miriam
    et al.
    Álvarez López, Laura
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Spanish and Portuguese in Contact Outside Europe: An Introduction to this Volume2020In: Bulletin of Hispanic studies (Liverpool. 2002), ISSN 1475-3839, E-ISSN 1478-3398, Vol. 97, no 1, p. 1-9Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the colonial expansion of the Spanish and Portuguese empires, many typologically different languages have come into contact with Spanish and Portuguese in a wide range of geographical, historical and sociocultural settings. This special issue brings together various contributions that focus on such postcolonial contact situations and their linguistic outcomes outside of Europe.1 A variety of different linguistic aspects of these language contact situations are studied empirically in this volume. These include particular case studies of contact-induced change at different language levels, including the syntax and intonation system, (i) in Spanish and Portuguese varieties spoken outside Europe (e.g. in the Americas, Africa, Asia), (ii) in indigenous languages with which these Ibero-Romance languages have come into contact, and (iii) in Spanish- and Portuguese-lexified Creoles. Apart from providing novel empirical data, this thematic volume also offers theoretical insights as several issues surrounding language contact are addressed, such as the formal constraints on borrowability and grammaticalization. The volume comprises, apart from this introduction, which offers a preliminary overview, five articles that reflect contact situations with Spanish and Portuguese in the Americas (Anthony Grant; Melanie Uth; Rodrigo Gutiérrez-Bravo), on Africa (Rita Gonçalves, Anna Jon-And, Juanito Ornelas de Avelar and Laura Álvarez López), and on Asia (Eeva Sippola and Marivic Lesho).

  • 176.
    Bravo, Diana
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Aplicaciones de la pragmática sociocultural: actividades de imagen y expresiones de subjetividad en una entrevista de la BBC de Londres al presidente de Ecuador, Rafael Correa2016In: Roles situacionales, interculturalidad y muticulturalidad en abcuetros en espanol / [ed] Domnita Dumitrescu, Diana Bravo, Buenos Aires: Editorial Dunken, 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 177.
    Bravo, Diana
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Cortesía lingüística y communicativa2012In: Fundamentos y modelos del estudio pragmático y sociopragmático del español / [ed] Susana de los Heros, Mercedes Niño-Murcia, Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 2012, p. 114-169Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 178.
    Bravo, Diana
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Introducción: Nuevos avances en el estudio de la cortesía y la descortesía en Latinoamérica2014In: Signo et seña, ISSN 0327-8956, E-ISSN 2314-2189, no 26, p. 3-6Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [es]

    Este breve dossier reúne tres colaboraciones que representan el desarrollo en el transcurso del primer semestre del corriente año de la línea tradicional de trabajo del Programa EDICE, el estudio de la (des)cortesía en español. Con sus particularidades, estos artículos confluyen en un mismo interés analítico: el desarrollo de perspectivas interdisciplinarias que den cuenta de la naturaleza sociocultural del fenómeno de la (des)cortesía, estableciendo relaciones de interdependencia entre aspectos pragmáticos, sociales y culturales del español. Por otro lado, las investigaciones presentadas en estas contribuciones, tienden a resaltar el dinamismo de una lengua que, como el español, se expresa en su extrema diversidad lingüística.

  • 179.
    Bravo, Diana
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Pragmática sociocultural para el análisis social del discurso2015In: Perspectivas sociopragmáticas y socioculturales del análisis del discurso / [ed] Diana Bravo, María Bernal, Buenos Aires: Editorial Dunken, 2015, p. 49-90Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 180.
    Bravo, Diana
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Bernal, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Marco teórico y metodológico para el proyecto COSOPRAG: Algunas aplicaciones para la enseñanza de ELE2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 181.
    Bravo, Diana
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Bernal, MariaStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Perspectivas sociopragmáticas y socioculturales del análisis del discurso2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [es]

    Este volumen es el tercero de una  serie de colecciones de artículos que el Programa EDICE ha publicado con la Editorial Dunken de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires (http://goo.gl/DJva9I).  En los trabajos que lo componen se da cabida a nuevas y tradicionales aplicaciones  de las teorías y metodologías propias de la Pragmática Sociocultural.

  • 182. Briceño Ruiz, José
    et al.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, AndrésStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Regionalism in Latin America: Agents, Systems and Resilience2020Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This interdisciplinary edited volume explores the political economy of regionalism in Latin America. It identifies convergent forces which have existed in the region since its very conception and analyses these dynamics in their different historical, geographic and structural contexts. Particular attention is paid to key countries such as Argentina, Brazil and Mexico, as well as sub-regions like the Southern Cone and Central America.

    To understand the resilience of regionalism in Latin America, this book highlights four main issues. Firstly, that resilience is linked to mechanisms of self-enforcement that are part of the accumulation of experiences, institution building, and common cultural features described in this book as regionalist acquis. Secondly, the elements and driving forces behind the promotion and expression of the regionalist acquis are influenced and shaped by nested systems in which social processes are inserted. Thirdly, when looking at systems, there is a particular influence by national and global ones, which condition the form and endurance of regional projects. Finally, beyond systems, the book highlights the relevance of agents as crucial players in the shaping of the resilience of regionalism in Latin America.

    This insightful collection will appeal to advanced students and researchers in international economics, international relations, international political economy, economic history and Latin American studies.

  • 183. Briceño-Ruiz, José
    et al.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Brazil and Latin America: Between the Separation and Integration Paths2017Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Brazil and Latin America: Between the Separation and Integration Paths challenges the “separatist” bias in the vision of Brazilian relations with its Latin American neighbors. By exploring the parallel existence of a path of integration, the focus of this study is on those forces which have intended to forge different forms of alignment, integration, and, sometimes, rightward union between Brazil and different Latin American countries. The authors analyze the ideas and projects inherent in the mindset of elites even before independence. They show that the path of integration has been more influential than is generally known. Ultimately, this book demonstrates the complexity around policy-making, debates on foreign policy, and the history of shaping the Brazilian self.

  • 184. Briens, Sylvain
    et al.
    Cedergren, MickaëlleStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.Segrestin, MartheSvenbro, Anna
    Strindberg en héritage: colloque de Paris (BNF), 27-29 septembre 20122013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 185.
    Brofjorden, Angelica
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    El disfraz de la crítica social en las Novelas ejemplares de Cervantes2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    El presente estudio se dedica a examinar cómo Miguel de Cervantes utiliza la idea del disfraz para transmitir crítica social en siete de sus novelas ejemplares.

    Este objetivo se logra mediante un análisis histórico literario tradicional que se apoya en una combinación de las consideraciones bajtinianas sobre lo carnavalesco como disfraz en la literatura, el aprovechamiento del pacto de lectura mencionado por Sánchez Zapatero (2010) y que consiste en un pacto implícito entre autor y lector, el cual exige que el autor siempre tenga que contar la verdad en sus narrativas y el lector tenga que confiar en que lo haga,, los conceptos de episteme, poder i saber construidos por Foucault en su propuesta historiográfica y nuestras interpretaciones independientes.

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  • 186.
    Brouillet, Alexandra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Marika Stjernstedt: Femme de lettres suédoise dans la presse française2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The starting point of this essay is an attempt to establish if Marika Stjernstedt was present in the French press at the beginning of the XXIth century. If this is the case, how did the newspaper journalists of this period described her personality? Is that in positive or negative terms? What were the main subjects they wrote about? Which of her books or articles have aroused a lot of interest? How did they introduce her and her culture quite unknown at this epoch in France? Have these journalists conveyed the same stereotyped pictures of the North and the Northerners? Or did they replace them with accurate ones? 

    The analysis is based on eighty-five articles released in the French press between 1914 and 1954. Our principal aim is to show if a famous female Swedish journalist and writer could become a well-known person in a foreign country, using the French language. Because of the sexism we are tempted to think that women were kept out of the celebrity. We assume that some of them were published but their publications were smaller in numbers if we compare them to men’s publications. 

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  • 187. Brown, Joshua
    et al.
    Caruso, Marinella
    Arvidsson, Klara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education.
    Forsberg-Lundell, Fanny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    On 'Crisis' and the pessimism of disciplinary discourse in foreign languages: An Australian perspective2019In: Moderna Språk, E-ISSN 2000-3560, Vol. 113, no 2, p. 40-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates how the disciplinary discourse on the contemporary state of foreign languages in universities hastily refers to these disciplines as being in 'crisis'. This practice is nearly as old as the Humanities itself, and has been employed periodically since at least the 1940s. Despite a period of increasing foreign language enrolment in the first decade of the twenty-first century in Australia, calls of 'crisis' came from across the languages sector. In tracing the use of the term 'crisis', we show how the sector has long been characterised by such alarmist terminology, even when reality suggests otherwise. The article traces this usage in the recent disciplinary discourse in foreign languages. A topical report of the Australian Academy of the Humanities, which shows increased language enrolment over the period 2002-11, leads one to believe that things at universities may not be as bad as first thought. This finding has implications for language enrolments not just in Australia, but around the world.

  • 188. Bryld, Erik
    et al.
    Masri-Pedersen, Nadia
    Ouerdane, Nedjma
    Uggla, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies. Indevelop AB, Sweden.
    Evaluation of the Implementation and Results of the Swedish Strategy for Democracy Support for Party Affiliated Organisations 2012-2014 - Final Report2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    2015:5 Sida Decentralised Evaluation / Utvärderingen av den svenska strategin för demokratistöd för part Anslutna Organisationer (PAO) fann PAO att ge stöd som är relevant för den politik den svenska regeringen. Utvärderingen visade utgångar som ska genomföras som planerat och effektivt på individnivå, men med begränsad institutionell förändring. Detta begränsar bidrag till målet strategi av demokratisk politisk utveckling. Effekten är också av PAO beslut att engagera mottagarna från mer än sjuttio länder, ofta från parter med endast marginell nationellt inflytande. Bristerna i den nuvarande utformningen, utan tvekan, härrör från det faktum att medlen till PAO för systerpartistödet fördelas enligt antalet platser i den svenska riksdagen, snarare än prestanda. Det finns således ett behov av att tänka över utformningen i syfte att förbättra kvalitet och hantering av risker.

  • 189. Burga, Estella
    et al.
    Dusant, Macarena
    Löfgren, Isabel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Nuestras Madres: Forming Political Subjects en la mesa2017In: Architecture and Culture, ISSN 2050-7828, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 401-403Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    NUESTRAS MADRES is an artwork by the art collective IDA performed at the AHRA Architecture and Feminisms Conference (2016), which consisted of a collective ritual and a poetry reading. The ritual created a safe space where a group of participants sat around a table taking turns in sharing their stories about their mothers while embroidering their names on a single tablecloth. These were synthesized into a poem and presented the following day. IDA investigates issues in private and public space connected to knowledge production and gender normativity. Even though the role of mothers and their knowledge is usually connected to the private sphere, the knowledge of our mothers and their mothers shared en la mesa - over the table - is important in the construction of political subjects. How has this knowledge helped us survive in society as women, queer, indigenous, working class, Muslim, immigrant - as human beings?

  • 190.
    Buzaglo, Jorge D.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Planning alternative development strategies: experiments on the Mexican economy1982Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 191. Bédard-Goulet, Sara
    et al.
    Premat, Christophe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Contemporary Collapse: New Narratives of the End: An Introduction2023In: Ecozona, ISSN 2171-9594, E-ISSN 2171-9594, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 1-5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue takes seriously the idea that “global climate change is [...] catastrophic for the human imaginary” (Colebrook 10) and focuses on contemporary narratives that nevertheless seek to imagine the end of the world. It includes articles that explore how these narratives question the significance of the human in a collapsingworld, how this resonates with current issues in ecocriticism and the environmental humanities and allows for an articulation of environmental scholarship with the contributions of collapse and apocalypse studies. The contributions to this special issue investigate a posthuman aesthetics in contemporary literature, which builds on,but mostly shifts Western and anthropocentric conceptions of collapse,and diverges from the apocalyptic tradition. In that sense, this special topic considers the posthumusalong with the posthuman, to think about what happens after death, where the posthumusrenegotiates the assemblage of chains of life between animals, plants and humans (Derrida 285). The issue also includes essays that engage with ethical concerns of apocalyptic narratives, as well as with their epistemological implications, where the presence or absence of human and nonhuman traces determines a specific knowledge and way of knowing in a collapsing world.

    Colebrook, Claire. Death of the PostHuman: Essays on Extinction, Vol. 1. Open Humanities Press, 2014.

    Derrida, Jacques. The Beast and the Sovereign. Translated by Geoffrey Bennington, Chicago University Press, 2010.

  • 192. Bédard-Goulet, Sara
    et al.
    Premat, Christophe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Introduction2023In: Nordic and Baltic Perspectives in Canadian Studies: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Northern Spaces Narratives / [ed] Sara Bédard-Goulet; Christophe Premat, Stockholm: Stockholm University Press, 2023, p. 1-16Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What is the purpose of Canadian Studies? This was the question that was investigated in 1975 by the Commission of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada to understand how the government and the universities could work together to strengthen a better understanding of the diversity of cultures in this country. At that time, the notion of area studies began to raise certain attention among scholars and for the government these studies would contribute to disseminating knowledge on the specificities of Canada. Most of this report is about the self-knowledge of Canada which means the way the Canadian universities and colleges covered the question of Canadian identity from a multidisciplinary perspective. There is also a section devoted to Canadian Studies abroad that updates some of the conclusions of the Massey Commission in 1951 on ‘the projection of Canada abroad’ (Symons, 1975, p. 246) which is one of the most important report on the relation between Canadian identity and culture.

  • 193. Bédard-Goulet, Sara
    et al.
    Premat, ChristopheStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Nordic and Baltic Perspectives in Canadian Studies: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Northern Spaces Narratives2023Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The challenge of this book in Open Access is to go beyond the realm of cultural diplomacy when it comes to outlining Canadian studies. Based on renewed research into the imaginary of the North, the book explores transnordic narrative spaces between Canada, the Nordic countries and the Baltic states.

    Although the book takes cultural studies as its theoretical basis, opposing a diplomatic perspective and arguing that there is a specificity to Canadian culture that requires the attention of the academic world, each chapter draws on theories and methods specific to the various fields of the humanities and social sciences concerned with addressing the narratives (understood in a broad sense and including visual narratives) of this northern space.

  • 194.
    Caliolo, Susanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Non skrattare!: Tipologie di errori nella produzione orale di bambini italo-svedesi2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [it]

    This thesis examines the different typologies of morphosyntactic and lexical errors committed in speaking by bilingual Swedish-Italian children, 7-9 years old, having Swedish as first dominant mother tongue and Italian as first weak mother tongue. Furthermore, this work tries to assess if performance or competence errors are committed. Stated by Green, the bilinguals’ languages are organized in separate subsystems that can be activated to different extents. For the speakers analyzed here, the frequency of use of Swedish implies their predilection for this language, whose ease of access causes a predominance of the Swedish language system over the Italian one. According to the Competition Model, by improving the knowledge of Italian, the subjects adopt the linguistic structures that they gradually acquire and the transfers from the dominant to the weak L1 gradually decrease. The collection of data has been carried out taking into account the theories defining code-switching, code-mixing and slips of the tongue. As expected, the results show that performance errors are prevalent in children with a good knowledge of Italian, especially in the morpho-lexical field (terms not occurring automatically during the production and often drawn from Swedish). On the other hand, competence errors prevail in children with a poor knowledge of Italian: having a very weak ability of normative control and being subject to a very strong interference and mixture with Swedish at every level, they often borrow terms or sentences not occurring in Italian from the dominant language.

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  • 195.
    Calles Hidalgo, Jara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    PORNOGRAPHY AND THE DOMAIN OF PORNOGRAPHY IN THE SPANISH ESSAY [OR WHAT HAPPENS TO THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE NOTIONS OF SEX AND POWER]2018In: Pasavento. Revista de Estudios Hispánicos, E-ISSN 2255-4505, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 17-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study is to address the status of the issue regarding treatment given to a topic such as pornography in contemporary Spanish essays, taking into account that this is about a type of speech which has more often to do with the relationship of power than with sex (Braidotti). The gradual and increasing pornification of the society, the new formats and voices (in particular, the feminine ones) which have been influencing the configuration of a different vision, normalized and more complex about pornography, are included here as elements of an interesting debate about the relationship between pornography, sexuality, identity, gender and power.

  • 196.
    Camps Navajas, Mercè
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Estudio cualitativo de actitudes lingü.sticas: comparación entre estudiantes de bachillerato en Suecia con el español como lengua de herencia o como lengua extranjera2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has been, mainly since the decade of the 70ies a receptor of Spanish-speaking immigrants. Today, Spanish is the most popular modern language in Swedish schools. Thus, we find ourselves in a context characterized by the convergence of Spanish linguistic heritage —from 2nd and 3rd generations of immigrants— and the student’s interest to learn the language. This study is placed within this social circumstances and it aims to locate and analyse the attitudes towards linguistic variation of two groups of students of Spanish as a foreign language in a high-school (gymnasium) in the metropolitan area of Stockholm, one of which is formed by speakers of Spanish as a heritage language. We will therefore focus on the relationship between the interaction of different factors —mainly extralinguistics— and the profile of each subject. We will also take into account the how the academic context may have influenced these attitudes. In relation to the context, we would like to clarify that the students arecurrently enrolled in either Paso 5 (steg 5) or Paso 6 (steg 6) levels, according to the Swedish school system, which, according to the Marco Común Europeo de Referencia par alas Lenguas, corresponds to B1-B2 and B2 levels, respectively. In order to identify these factors and make sure that the results are representative of the attitudes of the subjects, we have decided to combine three methodologies: adirect one (qualitative interview), and two indirect ones (the matched-guise technique and the linguistic self-portraits). The results have showed that the idiosyncrasy of each subject is decisive in relation to the attitudes he shows. However, we determine that the attitudes of the students in the heritage language group are based on identity issues and linguistic pride, whereas motivation when learning the foreign language is the basis for the foreign language group’s attitudes.

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  • 197.
    Capriola, Margherita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Climate Crimes: Climate change and deforestation: a case-study of state-corporate crime in Peru2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decades, climate change studies have been focusing more intensely on its anthopocenic essence, as the consequence of production and consumption patterns that require the intensive exploitation of the environment. In line with this school of thought, and new generations of studies on environmental crime, this work aims to present the environmentally and climate-related issues arising from land degradation in the Peruvian Amazon; focusing on those casual mechanisms developed from the collusion between Peruvian-economic policies and new private actors such as transnational corporations (TNCs). Relying on the assumption that: the processes moving the issue of climate change overcome the global space, and can be observed from regional, national or local point of view; this work's purpose is to analyze how a single country as Peru, currently considered of low ecological footprint, could, by means of the definition of national laws (environmentally and economic-related) burden climate change. The analysis focuses on a single case-study identified with the territory within the Northern Ucayali and Southern Loreto regions in Peru, and builds on the theory of state-corporate crime developed in the 1990s by Ronald C. Kramer and Raymond J. Michalowski to define the role of state-corporate relationships in the production of social harms. To show how this relationship is today shaping the globally spread issue of climate change, the analysis of the palm oil industry in Ucayali is presented as main example of a broader phenomenon of transgression and partnership between private and public spheres in Peru. In this optic, the purpose is to give further contributions to the studies of climate change as state-corporate crime, focusing on the analysis of those territory, as the Amazon, whose preservation has been identified as mayor tool against global warming and which is instead harmed by the relation between private and governments interests.

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  • 198.
    Carlshamre, Katarina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Living the Paradox: The Transition to Motherhood in Two European Novels, the French A Happy Event and the Swedish Bitter Bitch2017In: Women's Studies, ISSN 0049-7878, E-ISSN 1547-7045, Vol. 46, no 2, p. 113-131Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 199. Carlson, Benny
    et al.
    Lundahl, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies. Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Ingvar Svennilson on economic planning in war and peace2017In: History of Economic Ideas, ISSN 1122-8792, E-ISSN 1724-2169, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 115-138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the transition from a wartime to a peacetime economy in the mid-1940s, Sweden experienced a heated debate on economic planning in which a number of Sweden's leading economists were involved. In 1941, Ingvar Svennilson, a member of the so-called Stockholm school of economists, became the head of the Industrial Institute of Economic and Social Research, founded by Swedish industry. During the following years he wrote extensively on the issue of economic planning. Although this issue was ideologically explosive, he managed to strike a balance which earned him respect in most camps. His focus gradually shifted from central planning during the war, toward framework planning and indicative planning after the war, when he designed the first Swedish long-term survey.

  • 200.
    Carlstedt, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Paroles de tolérance: La lettre d'Arnaud du Ferrier à Catherine de Médicis sur la nuit de la Saint-Barthélemy2011In: Omaggio a / Hommage à Luminita Beiu-Paladi / [ed] Camilla Bardel; Jane Nystedt et al., Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2011, p. 45-53Chapter in book (Refereed)
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