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  • 151.
    Gejrot, Claes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    The Scandinavian Expeditions to Rome2022In: Scandinavia and the Vatican Archives: Papers from a Conference in Stockholm 14-15 October 2016 / [ed] Kirsi Salonen; Anna-Stina Hägglund; Claes Gejrot, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, 2022Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 152.
    Gejrot, Claes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    “The Syon Martiloge”2010In: Syon Abbey and Its Books: Reading, Writing and Religion, c.1400-1700 / [ed] E.A. Jones and Alexandra Walsham, Woodbridge: The Boydell Press , 2010, 1, p. 203-227Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 153.
    Gejrot, Claes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Svenskt Diplomatarium.
    Travelling Bridgettines2000In: Texts and Tongues Unlimited: Studies in Honour of Tore Janson / [ed] Hans Aili; Peter af Trampe, Stockholm: Institutionen för klassiska språk, Stockholms universitet , 2000, p. 71-81Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 154.
    Gejrot, Claes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    True Emotion or Convention? Sorrow and Joy in the Vadstena Memorial Book2017In: Tears, Sighs and Laughter: Expressions of Emotions in the Middle Ages / [ed] Per Förnegård, Erika Kihlman, Mia Åkestam, Gunnel Engwall, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 155.
    Gejrot, Claes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Utgivningen av Svenskt Diplomatarium2012In: Hunden och lopporna: uppsatser om editionsfilologi / [ed] Karin Hult, Christina Thomsen Törnqvist, Gunhild Vidén, Stockholm: Svenska vitterhetssamfundet, 2012, p. 103-119Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 156.
    Gejrot, Claes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Svenskt Diplomatarium.
    Vadstenadiariet: Latinsk text med översättning och kommentar1996Book (Other academic)
  • 157.
    Gejrot, Claes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Svenskt Diplomatarium.
    Våra äldsta klosterbrev2003In: Kyrka, helgon och vanliga dödliga: Årsbok för Riksarkivet och Landsarkiven 2003, Uppsala: Riksarkivet, 2003, p. 22-34Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 158.
    Gejrot, Claes
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Andersson, Roger
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Svenskt Diplomatarium.
    Ståhl, Peter
    Svenskt Diplomatarium.
    Svenskt diplomatarium 11:1: 13762006Book (Other academic)
  • 159.
    Gejrot, Claes
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Svenskt Diplomatarium.
    Andersson, Roger
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Svenskt Diplomatarium.
    Ståhl, Peter
    Svenskt Diplomatarium.
    Svenskt Diplomatarium 11:2: 13772009Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den som vill fördjupa sig i svenskt 1300-tal har nu fått ytterligare en källa att ösa ur. I Svenskt Diplomatariums senaste utgåva publiceras brev från år 1377. Det är en guldgruva för den som vill se den medeltida verkligheten under ett år.

    Boken innehåller till exempel skrivelser som berättar om eldsvådor, stölder och krigshandlingar mellan olika grupperingar i Sverige. Här finns kung Albrekts bestämmelser om älgjakt med giller, och här hittar man brev som visar hur en tidigare rådman i en svensk stad döms att "mista huden och bägge öronen" efter en påstådd muthärva.

  • 160.
    Gejrot, Claes
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Blomqvist, Oliver
    Risberg, Sara
    Ståhl, Peter
    Hedström, Ingela
    Svenskt Diplomatarium: Tolfte bandet, första häftet, 1382020Book (Other academic)
  • 161.
    Gejrot, Claes
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Hedström, Ingela
    Risberg, Sara
    Ståhl, Peter
    Svenskt Diplomatarium: Elfte bandet, första häftet, 13802017Book (Other academic)
  • 162.
    Gejrot, Claes
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Hedström, Ingela
    Ståhl, Peter
    Svenskt diplomatarium = Diplomatarium Suecanum: Bd 11. H. 4, 13792014Book (Other academic)
  • 163.
    Gejrot, Claes
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Risberg, SaraStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.Åkestam, MiaStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Art History.
    Saint Birgitta, Syon and Vadstena: papers from a symposium in Stockholm 4–6 October 20072010Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 164.
    Gejrot, Claes
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Svenskt Diplomatarium.
    Ström, Annika
    Poems for the Occasion: Three Essays on Neo-Latin Poetry from Seventeenth-Century Sweden1999Book (Other academic)
  • 165.
    Gejrot, Claes
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Svenskt Diplomatarium.
    Ståhl, Peter
    Hedström, Ingela
    Andersson, Roger
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Svenskt Diplomatarium.
    Svenskt Diplomatarium 11:32011Book (Other academic)
  • 166. Gejrot, Claes
    et al.
    Åkestam, MiaStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Art History.Andersson, RogerStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    The Birgittine Experience: Papers from the Birgitta conference in Stockholm 20112013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Birgittine Experience contains a broad overview of recent scholarship on Saint Birgitta and the Birgittine Order. The nineteen papers were originally presented at an international conference in Stockholm in October 2011.The conference and the book are interdisciplinary, gathering scholars that specialise in various fields, for instance Art History, Literature, Scandinavian Languages and History. The authors represent ten countries – Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Finland, Germany, England, Poland, Estonia, the United States and Israel. Three major themes were envisaged for the conference: Birgittine art and culture, vernacular texts and literature, and Birgittine activities outside Vadstena. Although a few papers could easily have been placed in more than one group, these themes also form the structure of the printed book.

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  • 167. Guðnason, Ingólfur
    Örtagården i Skalholt2012In: Medeltida klostergrunder på Island - vegetation och flora, kultur och reliktväxter, samtida växtnamn: rapport från ett forskningsprojekt 2009-2011, Alnarp: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences , 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 168. Hansson, Georg
    et al.
    Holm, OlofStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Gårdar och arrenden: Jämtlands och Härjedalens bygsellängder 1601-16452023Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Accounts of Lease Entrance Fees for Jämtland and Härjedalen 1601–1645. Edited by Georg Hansson and Olof Holm. With an index of place-names by Karl Göran Eriksson.

    This is an edition, with commentary, of a series of accounts of lease entrance fees for the provinces of Jämtland and Härjedalen, dating from 1601 to 1645. Jämtland and Härjedalen are today parts of Sweden, but belonged to Norway until 1645. During the period in question, Norway was part of the Danish-Norwegian state.

    The present accounts were made by the bailiffs serving in Jämtland and Härje­dalen. They report an entrance fee called bygsel collected by the bailiffs when they let out crown land and so-called avradsland, i.e. divided parts of the com­mon land, on lease to individuals. The quantity of crown land in Jämtland dramatically increased from about 4% to 69% of all land after the Kalmar War of 1611–13, when most of the farmers in this province lost their land to the Danish-Norwegian King Kristian IV. The bailiffs were subordinate to the feudal lord residing in Trondheim, who had the right to a share of the entrance fees collected. The rest of the entrance fees went, together with the accounts and other revenues and records as well, to the King’s treasury in Copenhagen. Today all these records are kept in the national archives of Sweden and Norway.

    In the introduction, Olof Holm describes and discusses the contents of the accounts, the lease agreements they deal with, the conditions for the lease­holders, the vast growth of crown land in Jämtland during the period, along with other subjects. In the main part of the edition all text of the bygsel accounts is transcribed. Two appendices are included: 1) excerpts from preserved letters de­scribing leasehold agreements from the period, and 2) testimonies concerning the bailiffs’ collecting of bygsel fees. The book ends with indices of place-names and officials, and a word list.

  • 169.
    Hess, Cordelia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Himmelskönigin und Geburtshelferin: Marienverehrung im spätmittelalterlichen Preussen2013In: Cura animarum: Seelsorge im Deutschordensland Preussen / [ed] Stefan Samerski, Köln: Böhlau, 2013, p. 185-199Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 170.
    Hess, Cordelia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Pragmatische Schriftlichkeit in Preußen: die Schuldbücher des Deutschen Ordens, Großschäfferei Königsberg2009In: Die Rolle der Schriftlichkeit in den geistlichen Ritterorden des Mittelalters / [ed] Jürgen Sarnowsky, Roman Czaja, Torun: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Mikolaja Kopernika, 2009, p. 225-240Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 171.
    Hess, Cordelia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Renaissance Medievalisms: International Conference on ‘Renaissance Medievalisms’ held at Victoria College in the University of Toronto on 6-7 October 2006, edited by Konrad Eisenbichler2009In: Reformation and Renaissance Review, ISSN 1462-2459, E-ISSN 1743-1727, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 354-355Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 172.
    Hess, Cordelia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    review for "Die baltischen Lande im Zeitalter der Reformation und Konfessionalisierung: Livland, Estland, Ösel, Ingermanland, Kurland und Lettgallen: Stadt, Land und Konfession 1500 1721, vol. 1, edited by Mathias Asche, Werner Buchholz and Anton Schindling"2009In: Reformation and Renaissance Review, ISSN 1743-1727, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 233-234Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 173.
    Hess, Cordelia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Rezension zu Christian Jörg: Teure, Hunger, grosses Sterben, Stuttgart 20082009In: Zeitschrift für württembergische Landesgeschichte, ISSN 0044-3786, Vol. 68, p. 443-444Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 174.
    Hess, Cordelia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Social imagery in Middle Low German: Didactical Literature and Metaphorical Representations (1470-1517)2013Book (Refereed)
  • 175.
    Hess, Cordelia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Yn dyner rechtferdicheyt vorlose my: Die Semantik der Gerechtigkeit in den vorreformatorischen mittelniederdeutschen Bibelübersetzungen2012In: Archiv für Begriffsgeschichte, ISSN 0003-8946, Vol. 54, p. 45-72Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 176.
    Heß, Cordelia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    A Common Enemy: Late Medieval Anticlericalism revisited2013In: Zeitschrift für Religionswissenschaft, ISSN 0943-8610, E-ISSN 2194-508X, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 77-96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of the term anti-clericalism for a variety of structurally unrelated phenomena has, for the most part, been rejected by German medievalscholarship, while many English-speaking historians and literary scholars use it in order to denote continuities from the Late Middle Ages to the Reformation period. This article seeks to utilize the term anticlericalism, which is admittedly inadequate for the internal differentiation of movements and phenomena, to contextualize texts and groups criticizing the clergy, pointing to similarities between anticlerical and orthodox ideologies, specifically anti-Judaism and antifeminism. This allows for both the points of rupture between the Catholic andanti-clerical movements and the importance of anti-clericalism as an indicator of the epochal break between the Middle Ages and the early modern period to be put into perspective.

  • 177.
    Heß, Cordelia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Gerechtigkeit und Rechtfertigkeit: Untersuchung und Edition des Gedichts von der Gerechtigkeit, des Henselyns bok und des Traktats Kopenschopp to voren2010 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [de]

    Die hier versammelten Texte des späten 15. Jahrhunderts aus Erfurt, Lübeck und Hildesheim haben zwei Gemeinsamkeiten: Sie behandeln eine zentrale Tugend, die gerechticheyt oder rechtferticheyt, und sie leisten eine Anbindung dieser Tugend an unterschiedliche Stände und Gruppen. Daran kann die Transformation sozialer und moralischer Ordnungsformationen im Spätmittelalter gezeigt werden. Mit der neuedition des Gedichts von der Gerechtigkeit, der Inkunabel Henselyns bok und des Traktats Kopenschopp to voren liegt nun für alle drei Texte eine kritische Ausgabe vor, die Überlieferung, Forschungsgeschichte und literarische Vorbilder gemeinsam bietet und damit bisher wenig beachtete Texte der laiendidaktischen Literatur leicht zugänglich macht. Die Untersuchung klärt die jeweiligen Bedeutungen und Implikationen der zentralen Tugend und leistet damit einen Beitrag zur Semantik der spätmittelalterlichen Volkssprachen.

  • 178.
    Heß, Cordelia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Gerrit Deutschländer: Dienen lernen, um zu herrschen2012In: Sehepunkte, ISSN 1618-6168, Vol. 12, no 11Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 179.
    Heß, Cordelia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Hur man skapar ett helgon: Normering och censur i senmedeltida kanonisationsprocesser2010In: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, E-ISSN 2002-4827, Vol. 130, no 2, p. 191-214Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the deliberate formation of different ideals of holiness in three late medieval canonization processes from the Baltic Sea region: the canonization of Bridget of Sweden, of Nikolaus Hermansson and of Dorothy of Montau. A comparison between the acts of these three processes and older versions of vitae and miracle collections, which have survived for all three saints, shows how the clerics who wrote the hagiographic texts shaped different ideals of sainthood for different audiences: one for the community at the saint’s place of worship, another for the pope and the cardinals who read and assessed the acts in order to decide whether or not to canonize the candidate. The normalization of the canonization process of saints from the geographical and cultural peripheries was also part of a process of integrating these regions into the Christian world, as the local clerics needed specialized knowledge to be able to convert the older texts into what they found more suitable for the purpose of canonization.

    The term censorship is used for the distinctive techniques which were used to highlight certain aspects of the saint’s life and to ignore other, such as political action or the saint’s connection to his/her home country or network. The miracle collections played an important role in this process. Both the single miracle and the whole collection had to follow the distinct model of the healing miracles in the New Testament. They had to keep a balance between demonstrating the saint’s strengths and special gifts on the one hand and containing a large number of required miracle types on the other hand. Even if the norm for form and content of the acts was never written down in detail, the results of the normalization for the three processes investigated were strikingly similar.

  • 180.
    Heß, Cordelia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Review of "Medieval Holy Women in the Christian Tradition, c. 1100-1500"2011In: Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters, ISSN 0012-1223, Vol. 67, no 2, p. 710-711Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 181.
    Heß, Cordelia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Serving the Mighty: Schemes of Social Distinction in Catechetical and Penitential Literature for Lay People in the 15th century2013In: (Re-)Contextualizing Literary and Cultural History: The Representation of the Past in Literary and Material Culture / [ed] Elisabeth Wåghäll Nivre, Beate Schirrmacher, Claudia Egerer, Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2013, p. 169-188Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 182.
    Heß, Cordelia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Skirts and Politics: The Cistercian Monastery of Harvestehude and the Hamburg City Council2011In: Medieval Feminist Forum, ISSN 1536-8742, E-ISSN 2151-6073, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 57-92Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 183.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    A Viking Period Sword from Skäckerfjällen with a Decorated Antler Grip2015In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 110, no 4, p. 289-290Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 184.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Borgarståndets riksdagsprotokoll: 12, 1760-17622017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 185.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Brunflo kyrka: Datering av stolpar i klocktornet, 20202020Report (Other academic)
  • 186.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Bygsellängderna som historisk källa2023In: Gårdar och arrenden: Jämtlands och Härjedalens bygsellängder 1601-1645 / [ed] Georg Hansson; Olof Holm, Östersund: Jämtlands läns fornskriftsällskap och Riksarkivet i Östersund , 2023, p. ix-xxxixChapter in book (Refereed)
  • 187.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Dalåsen i Berg och alternativnamnet Dalarna om Härjedalen2022In: Ortnamnssällskapets i Uppsala årsskrift, ISSN 0473-4351, p. 25-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dalåsen in Berg and Dalarna as an alternative name for Härjedalen

    This article examines the village name Dalåsen in Berg parish in Jämtland, which is documented in sources going back to the end of the 15th century. The author argues that the village was named after a Johan Dale, recorded in 1410, who lived in this area. His byname Dale can probably be explained as a designation of origin, meaning ‘man from Härjedalen’. The author points out in this context that, in Jämtland, people from the neighbouring province of Härjedalen could be referred to in earlier times as dalamän, and that the province itself could be called Dalarna.

  • 188.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Dateringen av Västerhus kyrkogård: Ett bidrag till studiet av Jämtlands kristnande2009In: Västerhus: Kapell, kyrkogård och befolkning / [ed] Elisabeth Iregren, Verner Alexandersen, Lars Redin, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, 2009, p. 130-153Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, which is a somewhat extended version of an article originally published in Current Swedish Archaeology 14 (2006), the author uses different dating methods to try to show that the Västerhus cemetery was established between c. 1125 and 1250 and that it ceased to be used between c. 1375 and 1500. In any event the cemetery most likely was in use for more than 200 years. The proposed dates are later than those proposed previously on the basis of 14C analyses of skeletons from the cemetery. In the author’s opinion, the 14C dates are probably misleading on account of reservoir effects.

    The Västerhus church and cemetery – which yielded one of the best preserved and most wellstudied medieval skeletal materials in northern Europe – were thus not established at the time of Jämtland’s official Christianization, as earlier claimed, but instead one or a few generations later. The author points out that several other early churches and cemeteries in Jämtland are just as late. Similar gaps in time between the official Christianization and the widespread building of churches are also known from other parts of Scandinavia.

  • 189.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Det jämtländska bynamnet Helgebacken ur namntypologisk synvinkel2022In: Namn och bygd, ISSN 0077-2704, Vol. 110, p. 87-94Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 190.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Digerdödens följder för jordägandet: Exemplet Jämtland2011In: Historisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0018-263X, E-ISSN 1504-2944, Vol. 90, no 1, p. 7-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The consequences of the Black Death for the ownership of land: The Jämtland case

    To what extent did private landed property in Norway go to the Crown after the Black Death (1349–50) and subsequent epidemics when no one wanted to take up ownership and consequent duties because of the dramatic decline inpopulation? This question, which has not been investigated in earlier research, is studied here with Jämtland as a case in point. In Jämtland it was quite common for farms to be deserted after the Black Death, ownerless even, and to come into the possession of the Crown, especially in the case of smaller, less attractive, landed properties in marginal areas. On the one hand, the Jämtland case demonstrates the consequences of depopulation after the Black Death, and, on the other, the far-reaching regal rights that could be claimed in Norway in the 14th century. Later, however, when the farmers began showing renewed interest in taking over the deserted farms, representatives of the Crown returned the ownership to individuals through a great number of gifts.

  • 191.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Donatorslängden från Alfta i Hälsingland - en 1200-talskälla? Namnskicket som dateringsgrund2020In: Studia Anthroponymica Scandinavica, ISSN 0280-8633, Vol. 35, p. 55-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with a medieval register known from a 16th-century copy, recording the individuals who had donated a meadow to the parsonage of Alfta in Hälsingland. Originally, the register was probably inscribed in one of the liturgical books of Alfta Church. Thirty-eight individuals, including 14 or 15 women, are named in the text. According to the copy, the donation was made in 1276, but the naming custom reflected in the register suggests a considerably later dating, c.1400–1450 (1426?). The erroneous year ‘1276’ probably goes back to a misreading of the Roman numerals Mcd- as Mccl‑.

  • 192.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Ett monogram från barockens tid och målaren Set Knutsson: Attribuering baserad på stilanalys av skrift2020In: Kunst og kultur, ISSN 0023-5415, E-ISSN 1504-3029, Vol. 103, no 4, p. 232-245Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper a hitherto obscure Baroque artist’s monogram is deciphered. It turns out that it belongs to a master named Set Knutsson, who has used his full name as a signature on at least one preserved painting. He worked in Mid-Norway and in Jämtland in present-day Sweden from the 1630s and died in Trondheim in 1682. An attribution method important to this study is comparative style analysis based on painted script.

  • 193.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Förstörelsen av helgonbilder i reformationstidens Jämtland2017In: Historisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0018-263X, E-ISSN 1504-2944, Vol. 96, no 4, p. 389-419Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Breaking of Idols in Reformation-Period Jämtland

    The Reformation implied the abolition of the cult of the saints, but to what extent were images thrown out of the churches in Norway? This question is studied here with Jämtland as a case in point. After having belonged ecclesiastically to Sweden for several hundred years, this province was transferred to the diocese of Trondheim in Norway in 1571. Norway was, at that time, part of the Danish conglomerate state. The author shows that in Jämtland the altar screens from the Catholic period on the high altars in the churches were, to a large extent, replaced by so-called catechism altarpieces towards the end of the 16th century and at the beginning of the 17th. These altarpieces had no images of the saints, but, rather, quotations from the catechisms in Danish; occasionally other quotations from the Scriptures too, in addition to painted symbols or motifs according to Lutheran ideals (Figs. 1–2). In connection with the acquisition of these new altarpieces and other Protestant church fittings, some local vicars chose to throw out all images of the saints, considering them to be idols. Others were more tolerant and allowed them to remain in the churches. On the whole, the tolerance towards images of the saints was obviously lower in the Danish-Norwegian province of Jämtland than in the provinces east of Jämtland, which remained Swedish during the Reformation period. This transformation of the churches of Jämtland in the late Reformation period appears as largely forced through by people in positions of authority, without support from the populace. The author describes one case (Offerdal) where the images of the saints, after having been thrown out by the vicar from the parish church, were taken care of by some locals and placed in small, non-official chapels where they continued to be worshipped.

  • 194.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Gård- och bynamnsbildning i Jämtland från vikingatiden till 1500-talet2020In: Namn och bygd, ISSN 0077-2704, Vol. 108, p. 47-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with a number of prominent types of settlement names in the province of Jämtland, from the Viking period to the 16th century. More specifically, it looks at names in -gård, -by (By) and ‑böle (Böle), and at two special categories of names with first elements containing a personal name or a common noun referring to a person. The aim is to elucidate in broad terms both the history of these name types and the settlement history of the central Scandinavian interior. The author analyses the settlement-historical context of the names, the content of their first elements, the overall chronology of the different name types, and the meaning of the place-name elements in question. The 15th century and the first half of the 16th emerge as a time of dynamic growth in the region – in contrast to the way this period has been portrayed in earlier research.

  • 195.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Hammarnäs, Haftorsnäs och Näset: Gård- och bynamn knutna till en jämtländsk by2020In: Ortnamnssällskapets i Uppsala årsskrift, ISSN 0473-4351, p. 65-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses three place-names: Hammarnäs, the present-day name of a village in Hallen parish in Jämtland, Sweden; Näset, a name occurring in old sources, denoting the same village; and Haftorsnäs, recorded in 1499 as a farm name. It is argued that Näset (OSw. Næs) was the original name of the village and that Hammarnäs (OSw. Homannenæs) and Haftorsnäs were names given to farms in this village during the late Middle Ages. The last two of these names can be explained as containing the name of the mother village as their second element and a genitive form of a male name, OSw. Hamund and Hafthor respectively, as their first element, thus meaning ʻHamund’s farm in Näset’ and ʻHafthor’s farm in Näset’. Local residents bearin gthe male names in question are recorded in the sources. Later on, Hammarnäs became the official name of the whole village, while Haftorsnäs and eventually also Näset disappeared.

  • 196.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Hyveljärn eller samisk skinnskrapa? Ett gåtfullt eggverktyg från järnåldern2016In: Arkeologi i norr, ISSN 0284-558x, Vol. 15, p. 63-89Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Plane Iron or Sámi Hide Scraper? A Puzzling Edge Tool from the Iron Age

    This article addresses the function, use and ethnic affiliation of small iron edge tools of type Rygh 416 (reproduced by O. Rygh in Norske Oldsager in 1885). These are known from many excavated graves and settlement sites especially in Mid-Scandinavia, mainly dating from the Migration and Merovingian Periods (fifth/sixth–eighth centuries AD), but also from at least two places further to the south: the centres for shipbuilding, trade and crafts at Lundeborg on Funen and Paviken on Gotland. The author rejects the possibility that this kind of tool was used as a hide scraper, with a transverse shaft of wood, as recently proposed. Several characteristics of the edge tools found, together with their find contexts, strongly conflict with this notion. Instead the author adheres to the traditional opinion that it is probably a matter of a North-European type of plane iron, although no complete plane with such an iron has been found so far. Possible applications may have been the manufacture of ships at places such as Lundeborg and Paviken, and skis and sledges in Mid-Scandinavia.

    Arguments are also put forward rejecting another conclusion drawn in recent research, namely that this kind of tool represents a specific Sámi material culture. The tool is in fact known from a number of disparate milieus. Thus, it is likely to have been used across ethnic barriers – in so far it is possible to speak about such barriers in Scandinavia during the period in question.

  • 197.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Hälle, Hällne och fsv. *hændil2017In: Namn och bygd, ISSN 0077-2704, Vol. 105, p. 51-70Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses Hälle, the name of a village in Brunflo parish and of a deserted farm in Alsen parish, and Hällne, the name of a village in Oviken parish, all in Jämtland, Sweden. In late medieval sources these places were referred to as Hændla (pl.). This name corresponds to a noun OSw. *hændil m. ‘something similar to a hand’, a word otherwise known from five place-names in Götaland in southern Sweden. The author suggests that the three Hændla places in Jämtland owe their name to metaphorical use of the word *hændil. In one case the name probably referred to a peculiar rock formation, in another to a distinctive erratic boulder, and in the third case possibly to a contour in the terrain.

  • 198.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Jämtland före 1645: Bibliografi 1970-20102011In: Jämtland och den jämtländska världen 1000-1645 / [ed] Olof Holm, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, 2011, p. 242-297Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 199.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Jämtland och den jämtländska världen 1000-16452011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 200.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Jämtlands karaktärsdrag 1000-1645: Försök till en syntes och förslag till vidare forskning2011In: Jämtland och den jämtländska världen 1000-1645 / [ed] Olof Holm, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, 2011, p. 206-241Chapter in book (Refereed)
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