Ändra sökning
Avgränsa sökresultatet
1234567 151 - 200 av 4886
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Träffar per sida
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
Markera
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 151. Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Internetbaserad behandling inom allt fler diagnosområden2013Ingår i: Psykologtidningen, ISSN 0280-9702, Vol. 59, nr 9, s. 30-33Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste 15 åren har en intensiv forskning bedrivits kring internetbaserad psykologisk behandling och svenska forskare har i hög grad deltagit i utvecklingen. Här ger Gerhard Andersson och Per Carlbring, båda professorer i klinisk psykologi, en introduktion till internetbaserad psykologisk behandling och en bild av kunskapsläget just nu.

  • 152. Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Furmark, Tomas
    Internet-Delivered Treatments for Social Anxiety Disorder2014Ingår i: The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Social Anxiety Disorder / [ed] Justin W. Weeks, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, 2014, s. 579-587Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter we review the literature on internet-delivered treatment for social anxiety disorder (SAD). There are several different treatment programs that have been tested in randomized controlled trials and evidence now suggests that guided internet-based cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT) can be as effective as face-to-face therapy, that therapists may need less training than in face-to-face treatment, and that ICBT works in representative clinical settings, thereby supporting effectiveness. Moreover, there are studies to suggest that ICBT has enduring effects up to five years after treatment and that it is cost-effective. Since there are advantages with internet treatments, this treatment option should be considered as a complement or alternative to face-to-face treatments for SAD. Treatment mechanisms, including moderators and mediators of outcome, remain to be investigated.

  • 153. Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Klinisk psykologi.
    Hadjistavropoulos, Heather D.
    Internet-Based Cognitive Behavior Therapy2017Ingår i: The Science of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy / [ed] Stefan G. Hofmann, Gordon J. G. Asmundson, London: Elsevier, 2017, s. 531-549Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Internet-based cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT) is an evidence-based form of CBT. Most programs include text, video, and audio files and are similar to face-to-face CBT in terms of content and duration of treatment. Most often ICBT includes some guidance from a therapist, although automated self-guided ICBT programs also exist. Studies suggest that guided ICBT can be as effective as face-to-face CBT for anxiety and mood disorders as well as for distress associated with certain somatic disorders. Transdiagnostic programs, either relying on presentation of common strategies for, or tailoring of treatment to, disorders have generated strong outcomes in controlled trials. Interventions for problems like procrastination also show promise. Studies on predictors and mediators of outcome are emerging, but there is a need to develop intervention-specific theories in order to better understand change mechanisms. In the future, blending of face-to-face CBT and modern information technology are expected to be more common and attractive to therapists.

  • 154. Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Holmes, Emily A.
    Special Issue in Honour of Lars-Göran Öst: Editorial2013Ingår i: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, ISSN 1650-6073, E-ISSN 1651-2316, Vol. 42, nr 4, s. 259-259Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 155. Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Klinisk psykologi.
    Lindefors, Nils
    History and current status of ICBT2016Ingår i: Guided internet-based treatments in psychiatry / [ed] Nils Lindefors, Gerhard Andersson, Springer, 2016, s. 1-16Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We begin this chapter with a discussion of the history of ICBT and its roots in bibliotherapy and computerised CBT. We then provide a brief description of one way of administering guided ICBT, including the role of the therapist and data security issues. This description is followed by examples of conditions that are not covered later in the book, such as specific phobias and addictions. We end this chapter with a discussion of technical developments, cost-effectiveness and implementation.

  • 156. Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Ljótsson, Brjánn
    Hedman, Erik
    Guided Internet-Based CBT for Common Mental Disorders2013Ingår i: Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, ISSN 0022-0116, E-ISSN 1573-3564, Vol. 43, nr 4, s. 223-233Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Internet has become a part of most people’s lives in many parts of the world. Since the late 1990s there has been an intensive research activity in which psychological treatments, such as cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), have been found to be effective when delivered via the Internet. Most research studies indicate that the effects are larger when some form of guidance is provided from a therapist, and unguided treatments tend to lead to more dropout and smaller effects. Guided Internet treatments often consists of book length text materials, but can also include other components such as audio files and video clips. Homework assignment is often included and feedback is given for completed homework. Guided Internet-based CBT (iCBT) has been found to work for problems such as depression, panic-, social anxiety-, and generalized anxiety disorders. There are many research trials in which participants have been recruited via media, and there has been less research conducted in representative clinical settings. Most research has been conducted on adults and in university settings with nationwide recruitment. There is a need for treatments and studies on older adults, children and adolescents. In conclusion, dissemination of the research findings on guided iCBT to regular clinical settings is warranted.

  • 157. Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Klinisk psykologi. University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Rozental, Alexander
    Response and Remission Rates in Internet-Based Cognitive Behavior Therapy: An Individual Patient Data Meta-Analysis2019Ingår i: Frontiers in Psychiatry, ISSN 1664-0640, E-ISSN 1664-0640, Vol. 10, artikel-id 749Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT) was developed over 20 years ago and has since undergone a number of controlled trials, as well as several systematic reviews and meta-analyses. However, the crucial question of response rates remains to be systematically investigated. The aim of this individual patient meta-analysis (IPDMA) was to use a large dataset of trials conducted in Sweden to determine reliable change and recovery rates across trials for a range of conditions.

    Methods: We used previously collected and aggregated data from 2,866 patients in 29 Swedish clinical trials of ICBT for three categories of conditions: anxiety disorders, depression, and others. Raw scores at pre-treatment and post-treatment were used in an IPDMA to determine the rate of reliable change and recovery. Jacobson and Truax’s, (1991) reliable change index (RCI) was calculated for each primary outcome measure in the trials as well as the recovery rates for each patient, with the additional requirement of having improved substantially. We subsequently explored potential predictors using binomial logistic regression.

    Results: In applying an RCI of z = 1.96, 1,162 (65.6%) of the patients receiving treatment were classified as achieving recovery, and 620 (35.0%) were classified as reaching remission. In terms of predictors, patients with higher symptom severity on the primary outcome measure at baseline [odds ratio (OR) = 1.36] and being female (OR = 2.22) increased the odds of responding to treatment. Having an anxiety disorder was found to decrease the response to treatment (OR = 0.51). Remission was predicted by diagnosis in the same direction (OR = 0.28), whereas symptom severity was inversely predictive of worse outcome (OR = 0.81). Conclusions: Response seems to occur among approximately half of all clients administered ICBT, whereas about a third reach remission. This indicates that the efficacy of ICBT is in line with that of CBT based in prior trials, with a possible caveat being the lower remission rates. Having more symptoms and being female might increase the chances of improvement, and a small negative effect of having anxiety disorder versus depression and other conditions may also exist. A limitation of the IPDMA was that only studies conducted in Sweden were included.

  • 158. Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Carlbring, Per
    Svanborg, Cecilia
    Bergström, Jan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Öst, Lars-Göran
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Lindefors, Nils
    Paniksyndrom - ond cirkel av feltolkade kroppsliga signaler2011Ingår i: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 108, nr 14, s. 795-797Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Paniksyndrom kännetecknas av plötsliga, oväntade panikattacker med rädsla för nya attacker eller konsekvenser av dem. En andel patienter har även agorafobi. 

    Olika förklaringsmodeller har förts fram för att beskriva hur paniksyndrom uppstår och vidmakthålls. 

    Flera behandlingar för paniksyndrom finns, och bland dem är det psykologisk behandling i form av kognitiv beteendeterapi (KBT) eller läkemedelsbehandling (i förs­ta hand selektiva serotoninåterupptagshämmare) som rekommenderas och som har stöd i forskningen. 

    I Sverige har Internetbaserad KBT för paniksyndrom utvecklats och prövats med framgång. 

    I valet av behandling bör patientens preferenser vägas in.

  • 159. Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Klinisk psykologi. University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Titov, Nickolai
    Lindefors, Nils
    Internet Interventions for Adults with Anxiety and Mood Disorders: A Narrative Umbrella Review of Recent Meta-Analyses2019Ingår i: Canadian journal of psychiatry, ISSN 0706-7437, Vol. 64, nr 7, s. 465-470Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) has existed for 20 years and there are now several controlled trials for a range of problems. In this paper, we focused on recent meta-analytic reviews of the literature and found moderate to large effects reported for panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and major depression. In total, we reviewed 9 recent meta-analytic reviews out of a total of 618 meta-analytic reviews identified using our search terms. In these selected reviews, 166 studies were included, including overlap in reviews on similar conditions. We also covered a recent review on transdiagnostic treatments and 2 reviews on face-to-face v. internet treatment. The growing number of meta-analytic reviews of studies now suggests that ICBT works and can be as effective as face-to-face therapy.

  • 160. Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Cuijpers, P.
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Riper, H.
    Hedman, E.
    Internet-Based Vs. Face-To-Face Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Psychiatric and Somatic Disorders: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis2014Ingår i: Abstracts from the 44th Congress of the European Association for Behavioural & Cognitive Therapies, Utrecht: EABCT , 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) has been tested in many research trials but to a lesser extent been directly compared against face-to-face delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT). We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis on trials in which guided ICBT was directly compared against face-to-face CBT within the same trial. Studies on psychiatric and somatic conditions were included. Systematic searches resulted in 13 studies (total N=1053) that met all review criteria and were included in the review. There were 3 studies on social anxiety disorder, 3 on panic disorder, 2 on depressive symptoms, 2 on body dissatisfaction, 1 on tinnitus, 1 on male sexual dysfunction, and 1 on spider phobia. Face-to-face CBT was either in the individual format (n=6 ) or in the group format (n=7). We also assessed quality and risk of bias. Results showed a pooled effect size at post-treatment across of Hedges g = -0.01 (95% CI, -0.13 to 0.12), indicating that ICBT and face-to-face treatment produce equivalent overall effects. Study quality did not affect outcomes. While the overall results indicate equivalence, there are still few studies for each psychiatric and somatic condition and many for which guided ICBT has not been compared against face-to-face treatment. Thus, more research is needed to establish equivalence of the two treatment formats.

  • 161. Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Cuijpers, Pim
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Riper, Heleen
    Hedman, Erik
    Guided Internet-based vs. face-to-face cognitive behavior therapy for psychiatric and somatic disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis2014Ingår i: World Psychiatry, ISSN 1723-8617, E-ISSN 2051-5545, Vol. 13, nr 3, s. 288-295Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT) has been tested in many research trials, but to a lesser extent directly compared to face-to-face delivered cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of trials in which guided ICBT was directly compared to face-to-face CBT. Studies on psychiatric and somatic conditions were included. Systematic searches resulted in 13 studies (total N=1053) that met all criteria and were included in the review. There were three studies on social anxiety disorder, three on panic disorder, two on depressive symptoms, two on body dissatisfaction, one on tinnitus, one on male sexual dysfunction, and one on spider phobia. Face-to-face CBT was either in the individual format (n=6) or in the group format (n=7). We also assessed quality and risk of bias. Results showed a pooled effect size (Hedges' g) at post-treatment of −0.01 (95% CI: −0.13 to 0.12), indicating that guided ICBT and face-to-face treatment produce equivalent overall effects. Study quality did not affect outcomes. While the overall results indicate equivalence, there are still few studies for each psychiatric and somatic condition and many conditions for which guided ICBT has not been compared to face-to-face treatment. Thus, more research is needed to establish equivalence of the two treatment formats.

  • 162. Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Hesser, Hugo
    Veilord, Andrea
    Svedling, Linn
    Andersson, Fredrik
    Sleman, Owe
    Mauritzson, Lena
    Sarkohi, Ali
    Claesson, Elisabet
    Zetterqvist, Vendela
    Lamminen, Mailen
    Eriksson, Thomas
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Randomised controlled non-inferiority trial with 3-year follow-up of internet-delivered versus face-to-face group cognitive behavioural therapy for depression2013Ingår i: Journal of Affective Disorders, ISSN 0165-0327, E-ISSN 1573-2517, affectiv, Vol. 151, nr 3, s. 986-994Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Guided internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) has been found to be effective in the treatment of mild to moderate depression, but there have been no direct comparisons with the more established group-based CBT with a long-term follow-up.

    Method

    Participants with mild to moderate depression were recruited from the general population and randomized to either guided ICBT (n=33) or to live group treatment (n=36). Measures were completed before and after the intervention to assess depression, anxiety, and quality of life. Follow-ups were conducted at one-year and three-year after the treatment had ended.

    Results

    Data were analysed on an intention-to-treat basis using linear mixed-effects regression analysis. Results on the self-rated version of the Montgomery–Åsberg Depression Scale showed significant improvements in both groups across time indicating non-inferiority of guided ICBT, and there was even a tendency for the guided ICBT group to be superior to group-based CBT at three year follow-up. Within-group effect sizes for the ICBT condition at post-treatment showed a Cohen′s d=1.46, with a similar large effect at 3-year follow-up,d=1.78. For the group CBT the corresponding within-group effects were d=0.99 and d=1.34, respectively.

    Limitations

    The study was small with two active treatments and there was no placebo or credible control condition.

    Conclusions

    Guided ICBT is at least as effective as group-based CBT and long-term effects can be sustained up to 3 years after treatment.

  • 163. Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Holmes, Emily A.
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Lars-Göran Öst2013Ingår i: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, ISSN 1650-6073, E-ISSN 1651-2316, Vol. 42, nr 4, s. 260-264Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Lars-Göran Öst is one of the most eminent clinical researchers in the field of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) and a founder of CBT in Sweden. He has recently retired from his position as professor in clinical psychology at Stockholm University, Sweden. In this paper, we sketch a brief description of the body of work by Öst. Examples of his innovative and pioneering new treatment methods include the one-session treatment for specific phobias, as well as applied relaxation for a range of anxiety disorders and health conditions. While Öst remains active in the field, he has contributed significantly to the development and dissemination of CBT in Sweden as well as in the world.

  • 164. Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Nordgren, Lise B.
    Buhrman, Monica
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Psychological treatments for depression delivered via the Internet and supported by a clinician: an update2014Ingår i: Spanish Journal of Clinical Psychology, ISSN 1136-5420, Vol. 19, nr 3, s. 217-225Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Guided internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) has been tested in many trials since the early studies dating back to the late 1990’s. The aim of this review was to investigate the most recent literature on guided ICBT for depression. We identified 11 controlled studies published between January 2013 and September 2014. Overall, large treatment effects were observed with a few exceptions. A majority (7 studies) provided some information regarding unwanted effects such as deterioration. Three studies directly compared guided ICBT against face-to-face CBT. We added an earlier study and calculated meta-analytic summary statistics for the four studies involving a total of 336 participants. The average effect size difference was Hedges = 0.12 (95% CI: -0.08~0.32) in the direction of favouring guided ICBT, but with no practical importance. We conclude that guided ICBT is a promising treatment for depression and mood disorders and that the research is rapidly expanding.

  • 165. Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Paxling, Bjorn
    Roch-Norlund, Pie
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Östman, Gunnar
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Norgren, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Almlöv, Jonas
    Georen, Lisa
    Breitholtz, Elisabeth
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Dahlin, Mats
    Cuijpers, Pim
    Carlbring, Per
    Silverberg, Farrell
    Internet-Based Psychodynamic versus Cognitive Behavioral Guided Self-Help for Generalized Anxiety Disorder: A Randomized Controlled Trial2012Ingår i: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, ISSN 0033-3190, E-ISSN 1423-0348, Vol. 81, nr 6, s. 344-355Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Guided Internet-based cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT) has been tested in many trials and found to be effective in the treatment of anxiety and mood disorders. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) has also been treated with ICBT, but there are no controlled trials on guided Internet-based psychodynamic treatment (IPDT). Since there is preliminary support for psychodynamic treatment for GAD, we decided to test if a psychodynamically informed self-help treatment could be delivered via the Internet. The aim of the study was to investigate the efficacy of IPDT for GAD and to compare against ICBT and a waiting list control group. Method: A randomized controlled superiority trial with individuals diagnosed with GAD comparing guided ICBT (n = 27) and IPDT (n = 27) against a no treatment waiting list control group (n = 27). The primary outcome measure was the Penn State Worry Questionnaire. Results: While there were no significant between-group differences immediately after treatment on the main outcome measure, both IPDT and ICBT resulted in improvements with moderate to large within-group effect sizes at 3 and 18 months follow-up on the primary measure in the completer analyses. The differences against the control group, although smaller, were still significant for both PDT and CBT when conforming to the criteria of clinically significant improvement. The active treatments did not differ significantly. There was a significant group by time interaction regarding GAD symptoms, but not immediately after treatment. Conclusions: IPDT and ICBT both led to modest symptom reduction in GAD, and more research is needed.

  • 166. Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Riper, Heleen
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Editorial: introducing Internet Interventions — A new Open Access Journal2014Ingår i: Internet Interventions, ISSN 2214-7829, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 1-2Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 167. Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Rozental, Alexander
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Rück, Christian
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Guided Internet-delivered CBT: Can it really be as good as seeing a therapist?2015Ingår i: The Behavior Therapist, ISSN 0278-8403, Vol. 38, nr 5, s. 123-126Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 168. Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Rozental, Alexander
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Klinisk psykologi. University College London, England.
    Shafran, Roz
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Klinisk psykologi. University College London, England.
    Long-term effects of internet-supported cognitive behaviour therapy2018Ingår i: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics, ISSN 1473-7175, E-ISSN 1744-8360, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 21-28Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Internet-supported and therapist-guided cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) is effective for a range of problems in the short run, but less is known about the long-term effects with follow-ups of two years or longer.

    Areas covered: This paper reviews studies in which the long-term effects of guided ICBT were investigated. Following literature searches in PubMed and other sources meta-analytic statistics were calculated for 14 studies involving a total of 902 participants, and an average follow-up period of three years. Studies were from Sweden (n = 11) or the Netherlands (n = 3). Long-term outcome studies were found for panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, depression, mixed anxiety and depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, pathological gambling, stress and chronic fatigue. The duration of the treatments was usually short (8–15 weeks). The pre-to follow-up effect size was Hedge’s g = 1.52, but with a significant heterogeneity. The average symptom improvement across studies was 50%. Treatment seeking in the follow-up period was not documented and few studies mentioned negative effects.

    Expert commentary: While effects may be overestimated, it is likely that therapist-supported ICBT can have enduring effects. Long-term follow-up data should be collected for more conditions and new technologies like smartphone-delivered treatments.

  • 169. Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Rozental, Alexander
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Klinisk psykologi.
    Shafran, Roz
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Klinisk psykologi.
    Long-term effects of internet-supported cognitive behaviour therapy2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Internet-supported and therapist-guided cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) is effective for a range of problems in the short run, but less is known about the long-term effects with follow-ups of two years or longer.This paper reviews studies in which the long-term effects of guided ICBT were investigated. Following literature searches in PubMed and other sources meta-analytic statistics were calculated for 14 studies involving a total of 902 participants, and an average follow-up period of three years. Studies were from Sweden (n = 11) or the Netherlands (n = 3). Long-term outcome studies were found for panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, depression, mixed anxiety and depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, pathological gambling, stress and chronic fatigue. The duration of the treatments was usually short (8–15 weeks). The pre-to follow-up effect size was Hedge’s g = 1.52, but with a significant heterogeneity. The average symptom improvement across studies was 50%. Treatment seeking in the follow-up period was not documented and few studies mentioned negative effects.While effects may be overestimated, it is likely that therapist-supported ICBT can have enduring effects. Long-term follow-up data should be collected for more conditions and new technologies like smartphone-delivered treatments.

  • 170. Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Titov, Nickolai
    Dear, Blake F.
    Rozental, Alexander
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Klinisk psykologi. University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Internet‐delivered psychological treatments: from innovation to implementation2019Ingår i: World Psychiatry, ISSN 1723-8617, E-ISSN 2051-5545, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 20-28Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Internet interventions, and in particular Internet‐delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT), have existed for at least 20 years. Here we review the treatment approach and the evidence base, arguing that ICBT can be viewed as a vehicle for innovation. ICBT has been developed and tested for several psychiatric and somatic conditions, and direct comparative studies suggest that therapist‐guided ICBT is more effective than a waiting list for anxiety disorders and depression, and tends to be as effective as face‐to‐face CBT. Studies on the possible harmful effects of ICBT are also reviewed: a significant minority of people do experience negative effects, although rates of deterioration appear similar to those reported for face‐to‐face treatments and lower than for control conditions. We further review studies on change mechanisms and conclude that few, if any, consistent moderators and mediators of change have been identified. A recent trend to focus on knowledge acquisition is considered, and a discussion on the possibilities and hurdles of implementing ICBT is presented. The latter includes findings suggesting that attitudes toward ICBT may not be as positive as when using modern information technology as an adjunct to face‐to‐face therapy (i.e., blended treatment). Finally, we discuss future directions, including the role played by technology and machine learning, blended treatment, adaptation of treatment for minorities and non‐Western settings, other therapeutic approaches than ICBT (including Internet‐delivered psychodynamic and interpersonal psychotherapy as well as acceptance and commitment therapy), emerging regulations, and the importance of reporting failed trials.

  • 171. Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Waara, Johan
    Jonsson, Ulf
    Malmaeus, Fredrik
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Öst, Lars-Göran
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen. Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Internet-Based Exposure Treatment Versus One-Session Exposure Treatment of Snake Phobia: A Randomized Controlled Trial2013Ingår i: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, ISSN 1650-6073, E-ISSN 1651-2316, Vol. 42, nr 4, s. 284-291Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the authors compared guided Internet-delivered self-help with one-session exposure treatment (OST) in a sample of snake phobic patients. A total of 30 patients were included following a screening on the Internet and a structured clinical interview. The Internet treatment consisted of four weekly text modules which were presented on a web page, a video in which exposure was modelled, and support provided via Internet. The OST was delivered in a three-hour session following a brief orientation session. The main outcome was the behavioural approach test (BAT), and as secondary measures questionnaires measuring anxiety symptoms and depression were used. Results showed that the groups did not differ at post-treatment or follow-up, with the exception of a significant interaction for the BAT in favour of the OST. At post-treatment, 61.5% of the Internet group and 84.6% of the OST group achieved a clinically significant improvement on the BAT. At follow-up, the corresponding figures were 90% for the Internet group and 100% for the OST group (completer sample). Within-group effect sizes for the Snake Phobia Questionnaire were large (d = 1.63 and d = 2.31 for the Internet and OST groups, respectively, at post-treatment). It is concluded that guided Internet-delivered exposure treatment is a potential treatment option in the treatment of snake phobia, but that OST probably is better.

  • 172.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Waara, Johan
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Jonsson, Ulf
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Malmaeus, Fredrik
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Carlbring, Per
    Linköpings universitet.
    Öst, Lars-Göran
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Internet-Based Self-Help Versus One-Session Exposure in the Treatment of Spider Phobia: A Randomized Controlled Trial2009Ingår i: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, ISSN 1650-6073, E-ISSN 1651-2316, Vol. 38, nr 2, s. 114-120Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The authors compared guided Internet-delivered self-help with one session of live-exposure treatment in a sample of spider-phobic patients. A total of 30 patients were included following screening on the Internet and a structured clinical interview. The Internet treatment consisted of five weekly text modules, which were presented on a web page, a video in which exposure was modelled, and support provided via Internet. The live-exposure treatment was delivered in a 3-hr session following a brief orientation session. The main outcome measure was the behavioural approach test (BAT), and as secondary measures the authors used questionnaires measuring anxiety symptoms and depression. Results showed that the groups did not differ at posttreatment or follow-up, with the exception of the proportion showing clinically significant change on the BAT. At posttreatment 46.2% of the Internet group and 85.7% in the live-exposure group achieved this change. At follow-up the corresponding figures were 66.7% for the Internet group and 72.7% for the live treatment. Within-group effect sizes for the spider phobia questionnaire were large (d = 1.84 and 2.58 for the Internet and live-exposure groups, respectively, at posttreatment). The authors conclude that guided Internet-delivered exposure treatment is a promising new approach in the treatment of spider phobia.

  • 173.
    Andersson, Gunilla
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Mötet med BUP: Barn berättar om sina erfarenheter2005Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Mot bakgrund av FN:s barnkonventionen strävar Barn-, och Ung-doms-psykiatrin efter att utöka barnperspektivet inom organisationen genom att låta barn framföra sina synpunkter på verksamheten. Sex barn i åldern 7-11 år, har i en kvalitativ undersökning intervjuats om sina erfarenheter kring korta kontakter med BUP. Resultaten visar att samtliga barn i undersökningen beskriver sina besök som "bra" eller "roliga." Information inför besöket, ett avgränsat problem och ett ak-tivt förhållningsätt gentemot sin problematik är faktorer som kan ha bidragit till barnens positiva erfarenheter, liksom mötet med terapeuter som förmått anpassa sin metod utifrån barnens specifika behov, gett konkreta råd och ställt frågor. En oro inför besöken beskrivs som ett pirr i magen. Den positiva erfarenheten förstärks av berättelser om symptomlindring och spänningsreducering i anslutning till besöken, samt ett fortsatt engagemang i sin problematik.

  • 174.
    Andersson, Gunilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Blomberg, Kajsa
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    ”Tänk om jag nu skulle gå ut och skrika på snön, för att jag ska få tussilago att blomma” - En intervjustudie om att vara anhörig till en person med överkonsumtion av alkohol2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Många påverkas runt om personen som överkonsumerar alkohol, men

    forskningen gällande målgruppen är begränsad. Syftet med studien var

    att fånga upplevelsen av att vara anhörig till en närstående som

    överkonsumerar alkohol. Frågeställningar: 1) Vilka former av

    belastning upplever den anhöriga? 2) Vilka känslor är förknippade

    med den belastning den anhöriga upplever? 3) Hur mycket upplever

    den anhöriga att den kan påverka alkoholkonsumtionen? 4) Hur

    mycket upplever den anhöriga att den kan påverka sin belastning?

    Forskningsansatsen var kvalitativ, fenomenologisk. Sju

    semistrukturerade djupintervjuer analyserades genom tematisk analys.

    Resultaten visade att anhöriga upplevde flera stressorer,

    t ex relationssvårigheter, försämrad hälsa och känslomässig

    belastning. Coping-strategier användes i försök att minska

    alkoholkonsumtionen, samt för att hantera belastningen. Varierad

    upplevelse av framgång rapporterades. Studien bekräftade resultat

    från tidigare forskning att socialt stöd är viktigt för anhöriga men

    skam blir ett hinder att söka socialt stöd. Centralt blir därför ett

    respektfullt och icke-dömande bemötande från omgivningen och fråga

    för framtida forskning är om anhörigstöd bör innehålla interventioner

    riktade mot hantering av skam.

  • 175.
    Andersson, Gustav
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Kognitiva genvägar och tankefel: Kan en kortfattad instruktion främja rationellt tänkande?2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Instruktioner har haft en positiv påverkan på rationellt tänkande, bland annat när de har innehållit exempel och kombinerats med träning. Viss forskning har visat att även mindre omfattande instruktioner har främjat rationellt tänkande. Syftet med studien var att undersöka om en kortfattad instruktion kunde leda till mer rationellt tänkande. Totalt slutförde 93 deltagarna studien vilka randomiserades till en av två betingelser, instruktion eller icke-instruktion. Instruktionsgruppen fick läsa en kortfattad instruktion som varnade för kognitiva genvägar och tankefel. Deltagarna besvarade en webbenkät med heuristik och snedvridningsuppgifter samt påstående som tillsammans mätte rationellt tänkande. En tvåvägsvariansanalys visade ingen signifikant huvudeffekt av grupp men en signifikant huvudeffekt av kön, männen fick i genomsnitt signifikant högre poäng på rationellt tänkande än kvinnorna. Ingen signifikant interaktionseffekt mellan grupp och kön uppvisades. Resultatet diskuterades i relation till relevanta teorier och modeller för rationellt tänkande, vilka implicerade att instruktionen endast berörde en del av rationellt tänkande.

  • 176.
    Andersson, Håkan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Childhood Self-Regulation, Academic Achievement, and Occupational Attainment2012Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The general aim of this thesis was to extend knowledge of the interplay between self-regulation (SR) skills during childhood in relation to academic achievement and later adult educational and occupational attainment.

    Previous research has shown that cool SR (i.e., cognitive) is more closely linked to academic achievement than hot SR (i.e., motivational/emotional). However, studies investigating both cool and hot SR in relation to academic achievement have been restricted to young children. Therefore, Study I assessed cool and hot SR in relation to academic achievement over a longer time period. The results showed that cool SR at age 3 was related to achievement already at age 6. Hot SR at age 3 did not predict achievement until later on in elementary school.

    Study II investigated the contribution of interference control and attention skills at age 6 to concurrent and later academic achievement at age 10. As the learning material becomes increasingly more complex throughout elementary school and teachers may give less support, interference control was expected to have a delayed effect on academic achievement relative to attention skills. Results showed that attention skills were related to academic achievement at age 6, whereas interference control only predicted academic achievement at age 10.

    Study III investigated task persistence in young adolescence in relation to academic achievement later in school and educational and occupational attainment in midlife. Results showed that task persistence contributed to change in grades between ages 13 and 16. Further, task persistence predicted later educational and occupational attainment (men only). Importantly, individual differences in intelligence, motivation, social background, and later educational attainment did not account for these effects. The findings point to a fundamental role of self-regulation in childhood for successful academic achievement and later attainment in adulthood.

  • 177.
    Andersson, Håkan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Det moderna arbetslivets krav ur ett vuxenutvecklingspsykologiskt perspektiv2006Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Det moderna arbetslivet präglas av att nya krav ställs på individen. En förståelse för vilka dessa krav är och framför allt hur individen kan hantera dessa och vilka psykologiska förmågor som individen behöver är inte så väl undersökt i Sverige. Syftet med detta arbete är därför att ta reda på vilka psykologiska förmågor som krävs för att hantera kraven i det moderna arbetslivet. Som metod för att undersöka detta gjordes en litteraturstudie av forskning kring det moderna arbetslivets krav och resultaten analyserades utifrån ett utvecklingspsykologiskt perspektiv baserade på Kegans teorier om vuxnas utveckling. Resultaten visar på att det moderna arbetslivet ställer krav på att vi kan utforma, själva ta initiativ och styra vårt arbete. Individen måste själv kunna skapa en rågång i sitt liv mellan arbete, privatliv och normsystem och kunna ta ansvar för sitt välmående på och utanför arbetet, inneha social och situationsanpassad kompetens och till sist kunna se sin del i ett större perspektiv. Detta ställer krav på individen att minst ha en självförvaltande kompetens vilket innebär en utvecklingsnivå enligt Kegans teorier på minst steg 4, ett så kallat livsförfattande förhållningssätt. Det är först på denna nivå individen har möjlighet att aktivt och självständigt skapa, utforma och ta ansvar för sitt liv.

  • 178.
    Andersson, Håkan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Women's positive adaptation in childhood and adulthood: A longitudinal study2007Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    An area within psychology that looks at the strengths and positive sides of human life has emerged the last decade. It is called positive psychology and one area related to that is positive adaptation. The main purpose of this paper is to describe the natural history of females’ positive extrinsic and intrinsic adaptation from childhood to adulthood, with a focus on typical positive patterns of adaptation and how these patterns develop within the same individual. The sample consisted of about 500 Swedish girls and data were taken at age 13, 15, and 43 from the longitudinal research program Individual Development and Adaptation (IDA). Variable-oriented methods were used to study basic relationships among factors both within age and between childhood and adulthood and person-oriented methods were used to study typical patterns of adaptation and how these patterns develop, using cluster analyses and cross-tabulation of clusters. The overall results show, as expected, more distinct typical positive adaptation patterns in the intrinsic than the extrinsic area in both childhood and adulthood. Significant longitudinal developmental streams between typical positive adaptation patterns in childhood and adulthood were found and these are discussed from a dynamic system perspective suggesting the interaction between factors thru reinforcing feedback processes.

  • 179.
    Andersson, Håkan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Bergman, Lars R.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    The Role of Task Persistence in Young Adolescence for Successful Educational and Occupational Attainment in Middle Adulthood2011Ingår i: Developmental Psychology, ISSN 0012-1649, E-ISSN 1939-0599, Vol. 47, nr 4, s. 950-960Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the importance of task persistence in young adolescence for successful educational and occupational attainment in middle adulthood. Data from age 13 (N = 1,092) and adult age (age 43 for women, N = 569 and age 47 for men, N = 393) were taken from the Swedish longitudinal research program entitled Individual Development and Adaptation. In line with previous research, task persistence was found to be related to changes in grades between age 13 and age 16, over and above other childhood factors. Task persistence at age 13 was also a significant predictor of both income and occupational level in middle adulthood for the men, controlling for a number of childhood factors (including intelligence), and even when educational attainment in adulthood was taken into account. Finally, task persistence was related to educational attainment in adulthood. The authors suggest that task persistence is a second fundamental factor besides general mental ability, influencing attainment within the area of working life and education. The influence of task persistence is discussed in form of personality environment selection mechanisms.

  • 180.
    Andersson, Håkan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Grabell, Adam
    Department of clinical and developmental psychology, University of Michigan, MI, United States.
    Chang, Hyein
    Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, South Korea.
    Lovén, Johanna
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om äldre och åldrande (ARC), (tills m KI).
    Olson, Sheryl
    Department of clinical and developmental psychology, University of Michigan, MI, United States.
    The Contribution of Hot and Cool Self-Regulation in Early Childhood to Later Academic AchievementManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the contribution of hot (emotional/motivational) and cool (cognitive) self-regulation in early childhood to lateracademic achievement in kindergarten (math) and late elementary school (math andlanguage). In a sample of 235 preschoolers, higher levels of cool self-regulation predicted better math achievement in kindergarten and this head-start effect persisted into late elementary school. In contrast, higher levels of hot self-regulation predicted better language but not math achievement in late elementary school. These findings support the notion that cool self-regulation is important for the development of academic skills already inkindergarten, whereas the effects on academic achievement of hot self-regulation are delayed, which may be a result of increasing demands through elementary school.

  • 181.
    Andersson, Håkan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Grabell, Adam
    Department of clinical and developmental psychology, University of Michigan, MI, United States.
    Olson, Sheryl
    Department of clinical and developmental psychology, University of Michigan, MI, United States.
    Complex Interference Control in Kindergarten and Concurrent and Later Academic AchievementManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Several studies have shown the important role of the self-regulatory skill interference control in early childhood for the development of good academic skills. However, few have investigated this relation longitudinally over the period spanning kindergarten through the late school age years. The present study investigated the contribution of complex interference control in kindergarten to concurrent and later academic achievement at age 10. In a sample of 213 kindergartners, complex interference control predicted later, but not concurrent, academic achievement (language, math). Complex interference control and early math achievement were the only significant predictors of later academic achievement. These results are in line with an increased demand throughout elementary school on the child to handle complex and conflicting information. The results also support the notion that there is a developmental lag between the acquisition of complex interference control skills and the ability to apply them in real-life settings.

  • 182. Andersson, Håkan
    et al.
    Lovén, Johanna
    Bergman, Lars R.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    The Importance of High Competence in Adolescence for Career Outcomes in Midlife2014Ingår i: RESEARCH IN HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, ISSN 1542-7609, Vol. 11, nr 3, s. 204-216Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Earlier studies have indicated the importance of IQ, educational aspirations, school grades, and task persistence during childhood and adolescence for later educational and vocational attainment. In this study, these characteristics were studied from a person-oriented perspective, identifying typical competence profiles using cluster analysis. The aim was to investigate a potential career bonus for adolescents with a highly positive competence profile for later educational and occupational success. Data were analyzed from the longitudinal Swedish Individual Development and Adaptation (IDA) study (N = 1326) with career outcomes measured in midlife (age 43-47). Results showed that having a highly positive competence profile predicted higher income and increased the probability of having a high occupational level, controlling for the separate competence components. The effects were only significant for males. Taken together, our findings support the idea that adolescent boys with a highly positive competence profile are optimized for career success to a larger extent than could be expected from the competence components considered separately.

  • 183.
    Andersson, Jenny
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Konflikthantering på arbetsplatsen2007Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Konflikter är ett komplexet fenomen som existerar i alla delar av samhället, de är inte minst vanligt förekommande i arbetslivet. Det är av största vikt att organisationer kan hantera dessa på ett konstruktivt sätt. Syftet med denna studie var att belysa konfliktproblematik och konflikthanteringsprocessen i organisationer. Intervjuer genomfördes med personalansvariga, anställda och en konsult och resultatet analyserades med tematisk analys. Resultatet påvisade att många negativa konsekvenser uppstår som följd av konflikter och att vilken metod företagen använder har betydelse, men också att otydlighet som skapar osäkerhet på olika nivåer är av avgörande vikt. Undersökningen och tidigare resultat tyder på att företag har mycket att vinna, genom att satsa mer på att förebygga konflikter.

  • 184.
    Andersson, Jenny
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Medarbetarnas upplvelse av gruppdialogen enligt Amforas samtalsmodell.2006Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns idag många olika sätt att benämna och utföra utvecklingssamtal. En av de samtalsmodeller som den senaste tiden nått framgång inom området är Amforas Samtalsmodell Komfortgränsen(R). Denna studie är en beskrivning av hur medarbetare upplever utvecklingssamtal som förs i grupp enligt ovan samtalsmodell samt vilka effekter av gruppdialogen som erfars. Sju halvstrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes, tolkades och bearbetades enligt ett induktivt tematiskt analyssätt. Medarbetarna beskrev tre övergripande delar: gruppdynamiken och processen, effekter av gruppdialogen och gruppdialogens effekt på organisationen. Några av de saker som framkom i ovanstående delar var att gruppdialogen har positiva effekter på beslutsprocessen i organisationen samt vid förändringsarbeten. Samtliga resultat överensstämde med den tidigare knapphändiga forskningen och visar på behovet av att framöver kunna öka denna för att förbättra arbetsprestationer och arbetstrivsel för medarbetare i organisationerna.

  • 185. Andersson, Karin
    Laboratory studies of tobacco smoking, arousal and mental efficiency1976Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 186.
    Andersson Konke, Linn
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Multilingual Multitaskers2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent studies have shown that managing two languages enhances creativity, cognitive flexibility, and divergent thinking. As demands on these and related higher cognitive functions are accentuated in multiple task performance, this study tested the hypothesis that bilinguals are better mulitaskers than monolinguals. Bilinguals were expected to show more efficient executive functioning and spatial ability than monolinguals, which in turn were expected to mediate individual differences in multitasking. A total of 19 bilingual and 18 monolingual undergraduates completed computerized tests of multitasking, executive functioning and spatial ability. Supporting the main hypotheses, bilinguals were better multitaskers than monolinguals (p < .01) and these effects were in part mediated by their superior spatial ability (p < .05).

  • 187. Andersson, Linus
    et al.
    Sandberg, Petra
    Olofsson, Jonas K.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Perception och psykofysik.
    Nordin, Steven
    Effects of Task Demands on Olfactory, Auditory, and Visual Event-Related Potentials Suggest Similar Top-Down Modulation Across Senses2018Ingår i: Chemical Senses, ISSN 0379-864X, E-ISSN 1464-3553, Vol. 43, nr 2, s. 129-134Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A widely held view is that top-down modulation of sensory information relies on an amodal control network that acts through the thalamus to regulate incoming signals. Olfaction lacks a direct thalamic projection, which suggests that it may differ from other modalities in this regard. We investigated the late positive complex (LPC) amplitudes of event-related potentials (ERP) from 28 participants, elicited by intensity-matched olfactory, auditory and visual stimuli, during a condition of focused attention, a neutral condition, and a condition in which stimuli were to be actively ignored. Amplitudes were largest during the attend condition, lowest during the ignore condition, with the neutral condition in between. A Bayesian analysis resulted in strong evidence for similar effects of task across sensory modalities. We conclude that olfaction, despite its unique neural projections, does not differ from audition and vision in terms of task-dependent neural modulation of the LPC.

  • 188.
    Andersson, Malin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Ledares upplevelser av värderingar i organisationen2007Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett etiskt förhållningssätt anses ofta vara nödvändigt för att företag ska slippa hamna i skandalernas rampljus, samtidigt som moraliska värden också kan vara en konkurrensfördel. I denna undersökning ligger fokus på hur ledarna i en värdestyrd organisation tagit till sig och använder sin organisations värderingar. Resultatet från sex intervjuer visade på en spännvidd av uppfattningar om huruvida organisationen av idag var värderingsstyrd. Många intervjupersoner tog upp organisationens grundläggande idé, och de flesta gjorde detsamma med organisationens värderingsdokument. Värderingarnas spridning i organisationen uppfattades i flera fall som begränsad. Konflikter mellan värderingar och ekonomisk effektivitet diskuterades och det visade sig att ledarna i många fall använde strategier för att inte ens uppleva en konflikt. Undersökningen visar att ledare inte kan per automatik kan antas dela organisationens värderingar, och att en medvetenhet om olika beslutsituationers moraliska intensitet är ett viktigt första steg för att kunna uppnå förändring.

  • 189.
    Andersson, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Omlokalisering av statlig verksamhet: Upplevelser och coping bland statsanställda2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Omlokalisering av statlig verksamhet innebär att statliga organisationer flyttar från en ort till en annan. Under 2008 slutförs den största statliga omlokaliseringen i Sverige sedan 1970-talet och detta innebär ett unikt tillfälle att studera en typ av organisationsförändring som är relativt outforskad. Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva hur personalen som valde att inte flytta med organisationen upplevde omlokaliseringen, samt hur de använde coping för att hantera denna organisationsförändring. Induktiv tematisk analys av fyra intervjuer resulterade i fem huvudsakliga teman med underteman. Dessa visade att personalen upplevde omlokaliseringen som påfrestande eftersom den ledde till utanförskap och oro över egen anställningsbarhet. De känslofokuserade copingreaktionerna upplevdes som viktiga för förmågan att hantera förändringen, vilket enligt tidigare forskning kan ha sin orsak i att personalen upplevde bristande kontroll över situationen. Studien identifierade även olikheter i personalens syn på myndighetsledningens roll i förändringsprocessen.

  • 190.
    Andersson, Micaela
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Förskolebarns uppfattningar om lek och andra aktiviteter utifrån ett genusperspektiv2009Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Kön har betydelse för personlighetsutvecklingen eftersom vi, redan från födseln, bemöts på olika sätt beroende av kön och ställs inför skilda förväntningar. Studier visar på att könsskillnader syns långt ner i åldrarna när det gäller bl.a. lekbeteende, val av leksaker och lekkamrater. Barnen vet tidigt vad som förväntas av respektive kön och vilken ordning som gäller dem emellan. Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva förskolebarns uppfattningar om kamrater, fysiska utrymmen, lek och andra aktiviteter utifrån ett genusperspektiv. För att uppnå detta syfte genomfördes halvstrukturerade intervjuer med nio fyra till femåringar. Intervjuerna bearbetades och strukturerades med hjälp av tematisk analys. Resultatet som framkommit visar inte på några tydliga könsskillnader när barnen beskriver sig själva. När barnen beskriver det andra könet framträder fler könstypiska uppfattningar om beteenden och aktiviteter. Slutsatsen är att barn tidigt lär sig de förväntningar som finns på respektive kön och även regler och normer som gäller.

  • 191.
    Andersson, Patrik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik. University of Trento, Italy.
    Ragni, Flavio
    Lingnau, Angelika
    Visual imagery during real-time fMRI neurofeedback from occipital and superior parietal cortex2019Ingår i: NeuroImage, ISSN 1053-8119, E-ISSN 1095-9572, Vol. 200, s. 332-343Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Visual imagery has been suggested to recruit occipital cortex via feedback projections from fronto-parietal regions, suggesting that these feedback projections might be exploited to boost recruitment of occipital cortex by means of real-time neurofeedback. To WA this prediction, we instructed a group of healthy participants to perform peripheral visual imagery while they received real-time auditory feedback based on the BOLD signal from either early visual cortex or the medial superior parietal lobe. We examined the amplitude and temporal aspects of the BOLD response in the two regions. Moreover, we compared the impact of self-rated mental focus and vividness of visual imagery on the BOLD responses in these two areas. We found that both early visual cortex and the medial superior parietal cortex are susceptible to auditory neurofeedback within a single feedback session per region. However, the signal in parietal cortex was sustained for a longer time compared to the signal in occipital cortex. Moreover, the BOLD signal in the medial superior parietal lobe was more affected by focus and vividness of the visual imagery than early visual cortex. Our results thus demonstrate that (a) participants can learn to self-regulate the BOLD signal in early visual and parietal cortex within a single session, (b) that different nodes in the visual imagery network respond differently to neurofeedback, and that (c) responses in parietal, but not in occipital cortex are susceptible to self-rated vividness of mental imagery. Together, these results suggest that medial superior parietal cortex might be a suitable candidate to provide real-time feedback to patients suffering from visual field defects.

  • 192.
    Andersson, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Attribution and judgment: examining the relation between attributing capacities and moral judgments about killing animals2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    A new operationalization was used to model a schema-based approach to moral judgment, as well as compare it to predictions based on the Social Intuitionist Model. Judgments were made about the moral wrongness of killing different animals. At Time 1, only moral judgments were made. At Time 2 judgments were made again, with questions and scales relating to attributing morally relevant cognitive capacities also included; further, two randomized conditions varied the presentation order of the scales. Differences between Time 1 and 2 indicated a reversed perspective-taking effect, with animals of lower capacities rated less empathically at Time 2. Affective ratings and attributed capacities were compared as different predictors, showing attributed capacities being more powerful. A group comparison was also made between active animal rights proponents and non-proponents, showing differences on several factors. These and other findings are discussed with relation to the Social Intuitionist Model and a schema-based account of morality.

  • 193.
    Andersson, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Relevance of the Irrelevant: Using Task-Irrelevant Emotional Stimuli to Test the Load-Hypothesis through ERP’s2010Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of attention and perceptual resources were studied in a one-back task and a letter-search task, both using the same stimuli. In the letter task, pictures were used as task-irrelevant and distracting emotional stimuli. The emotional processing of the pictures was measured through the Late Positive Potential (LPP), an event-related potential (ERP) recorded with EEG. LPP activity was significantly greater to emotional than neutral stimuli during the one-back task; this shows that emotional stimuli were processed during an easy task (low load). However, LPP activity dropped for all stimuli during the difficult perceptual task (high load). Selective processes of attention are discussed, in relation to Load Theory and the ability to ignore task-irrelevant, but emotionally significant, stimuli.

  • 194.
    Andersson, Sara
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Ett positivt psykologiperspektiv på polisarbete:: Helhetsbedömning, återhämtning och sociala resurser2010Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Positiv psykologi, positiva känslor och dess konsekvenser tar mer och mer plats inom den psykologiska forskningen. En kvantitativ studie har utförts med syfte att pröva tre centrala frågeställningar inom den evolutionspsykologiska grunden för positiv psykologi, samband mellan positivitet och tänkesätt (helhetsperspektiv) samt återhämtning och skapande av sociala resurser. Hypoteserna testades genom enkäter som besvarats av 93 poliser i Stockholm. Resultatet visar att positiva känslor korrelerar med den helhetsbedömning poliserna i studien gör, och överblicken polisen anser sig ha, vid ett ingripande. Positiva känslor visar också ett samband med återhämtning. Resultatet indikerar att ökad kunskap om positiva känslor kan gynna den enskilde men också påverka arbetsresultat och verksamhet på ett gynnsamt sätt.

  • 195.
    Andersson, Sara
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Working nine to five? - En studie om gränsdragning mellan arbete och privatliv2011Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

     De styrda tid- och rumsstrukturerna om när och var arbetet ska utföras är under snabb uppluckring. Det blir allt vanligare att den enskilde individen själv får sätta sina gränser mellan arbetsliv och privatliv. Studiens syfte var att undersöka hur individer upplever gränserna mellan dessa domäner, hur dessa upprätthålls samt om olika roller och krav inom de olika domänerna leder till konflikt mellan dessa. Sju semistrukturerade intervjuer gjordes med chefer och andra nyckelpersoner inom olika branscher. Intervjuerna analyserades efter deduktiv teoristyrd analys. Resultaten visade att gränserna mellan domänerna var svårdefinierade och att arbetslivet integrerades i större utsträckning in i privatlivet än vice versa. Konflikter gällande tid uppstod framför allt mellan domänerna. På ett övergripande plan upplevdes dock ett flexibelt arbete positivt och som en förutsättning för att det s.k livspusslet skulle gå ihop. Studien bygger på teorier kring s.k. segmentering och integrering och resultaten diskuteras även utifrån dessa perspektiv.

  • 196.
    Andersson, Sofie
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Krishantering och Ledarskap: En djupintervjustudie om sex ledares uppfattning av krishantering i företag2007Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    De flesta individer eller företag drabbas någon gång av någon form av kris. En kris kräver ett bra ledarskap eftersom viktiga beslut skall fattas, beslut som kan vara livsavgörande för företaget. Syftet med föreliggande rapport var att, genom djupintervjuer med sex olika ledare, få en djupare uppfattning av fenomenet krishantering i företag. Data samlades in genom halvstrukturerade djupintervjuer vilka tolkades enligt induktiv tematisk analys. Begreppet kris beskrivs som något oväntat och plötsligt som inträffar. Det innebär ofta att något negativt sker, men som något man kan dra lärdom av och växa sig starkare ifrån. Flera ledare upplevde sig som mycket uppgiftsorienterade under krishanteringen. Förberedelse för och analys efter krisen framkom som viktiga aspekter i krishanteringen liksom samtalsstöd för de drabbade.

  • 197.
    Andersson-Stråberg, Teresia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Gender differences in perceptions of pay-related justice, equality, and satisfaction.2006Ingår i: The Work, Stress, and Health Conference.: Miami, 3 – 6 March, 2006., 2006Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The practice of individualized pay has brought with it a great many challenges for employers in regard to how the pay-setting process and the communications of criteria and pay-related notifications should be managed. For instance, earlier research has shown that it is foremost pay satisfaction, attitudes towards individualized pay, pay equity and gender equality that contribute to positive work-related attitudes. Given that there is evidence of discrimination – primarily of women – occurring in regard to their pay levels and pay negotiations, the aim of this study is to explore if and how perceptions of the pay setting procedure, pay related justice, gender equality and equal opportunity differ between men and women.

    The empirical basis for this cross-sectional study is comprised of questionnaire data collected among 1316 Swedish government white-collar workers. The response rate was 68 percent (N=895) and the proportion of women was 35 percent. The results suggest that individualized pay as a system is something that both men and women desire and are happy with, although perceptions regarding how equal and fair the pay distribution is, who benefits and has an advantage in pay negotiations differed between men and women. Men perceived that men and women had equal opportunities and advantages in connection to individualized pay. Men were also more satisfied with their pay on the whole and felt that they were able to influence their pay level to a higher degree than women.

  • 198.
    Andersson-Stråberg, Teresia
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Hellgren, Johnny
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Att få vad man förtjänar: Rättviseupplevelser i samband med individuell lönesättning.2005Ingår i: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 93-107Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Sverige har individuell lön haft ett påtagligt genombrott inom den offentliga sektorn sedan början av 1990-talet. Den grundläggande tanken är att individuell lön ska leda till ökad arbetsprestation, men för att detta lönesystem ska fungera som styrmedel måste de anställda acceptera kriterierna för fördelningen av lönemedel och uppleva att lönesättningen sker på ett rättvist sätt. Syftet med denna studie är att ta reda på vilka faktorer som kan bidra till individers upplevelser av rättvisa i lönesättningsprocessen. Sammanfattningsvis tyder resultatet på att det är arbetsklimat (t ex återkoppling på arbetsresultat) och lönefaktorer (t ex kännedom om lönekriterier och jämställdhet i lönefrågor) som har störst betydelse. Däremot tycks bakgrundsfaktorer och personlighet vara av marginell betydelse för individers upplevelser av lönerättvisa.

  • 199.
    Andersson-Stråberg, Teresia
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Hellgren, Johnny
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Näswall, Katharina
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Attitudes towards individualized pay among human service workers in the public sector2005Ingår i: Change and quality in human service work: dedicated to the work of André Büssing / [ed] Christian Korunka & Peter Hoffmann, Munich: Rainer Hampp Verlag, 2005, 1, s. 67-82Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The work climate has gone through immense changes during the recent decades, due to industrial reformation, economic recessions, technical advancements, and an increased global competition (Howard, 1995). The so-called New Public Management movement has inspired many European countries and has among other things led to changes in the way that wages are distributed (Pfeffer, 1997; Wikman, 2001). Wage distribution systems partly based on individual performance are increasingly taking over traditional wage distribution systems in many organizations in Europe (OECD, 1995). Employers appear to have great expectations that individualized performance-based wages will bring about higher employee motivation and performance etc (Lawler, 1991). The aim of this study is to investigate attitudes towards individualized pay among human service workers in the public sector and try to identify some of the factors behind their attitudes. Questionnaire data show that employees with the most positive attitudes towards individualized pay already had part of their salary based on performance. A person’s attitude towards individualized pay also seems to be positively related to perceived workload and mental health complaints. Older employees and employees with longer tenure reported the most negative attitudes towards individualized performance based wages. This study contributes to a better understanding of some of the factors underlying attitudes towards individually based wages among human service employees.

  • 200.
    Andersson-Stråberg, Teresia
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Näswall, Katharina
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    The impact of pay-related justice perceptions on employee work attitudes, psychological well-being, and work-related behavior.2006Ingår i: 7th Conference of the European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology.: Dublin, Ireland, November 8-10, 2006., 2006Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The use of individualized pay has increased during the last decades. Employers expect individualized pay systems to bring about more efficient and motivated employees, who are willing to heighten their work efforts in order to achieve organizational goals. A certain amount of cooperation and communication between supervisor and employee throughout the different parts in the individualized pay-setting process is required. Although research on leadership and its impact on employees perceptions are extensive (Pfeffer, 1997), there is need to study whether interpersonal competency of leaders in the pay-setting process affects outcomes such as employee satisfaction, performance and well-being. It would be reasonable to assume that employees who have a positive view of the supervisor-employee relationship and regards the supervisor’s conduct in the pay-setting process as fair, also would experience a greater satisfaction, commitment, and are less inclined to quit than individuals with more negative perceptions of the relationship with their supervisor and his/her conduct in the pay-setting process. Questionnaire data was collected among 721 health care workers. The response rate was 81 percent (N=582). The proportion of women was 88 percent, and the mean age 48 (SD=10) years. The results indicate that a clear communication concerning expectations and goals is probably the most important supervisor quality for all five outcomes, followed by supervisor legitimacy and competency, respectful treatment and gender equality.

1234567 151 - 200 av 4886
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf