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  • 151.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Blomster & spark1985Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 152.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Electoral Gender Quotas: Between Equality of Opportunity and Equality of Result2007Ingår i: Representation, ISSN 0034-4893, Vol. 43, nr 2, s. 73-92Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In almost 100 countries throughout the world, parties and parliaments have responded to growing national and international pressure to increase women’s political representation by

    introducing electoral gender quotas.

    Opponents often see quotas as a violation of the liberal principle of merit. In contrast, quota advocates see gender quotas as a compensation for direct or structural discrimination against women and as an effective instrument for achieving gender balance in political institutions, which is considered essential for democratic development.

    Based on data on electoral gender quotas from all over the world, this article discusses the basic principles of gender quotas in politics. It is shown that many different types of gender quotas are in use and that various types are preferred in different regions in the world. Variations are also

    found according to level of democracy and electoral system.

    The implication of different quota regimes, defined as the combination of the electoral system and the quota type applied, is scrutinised in relation to two different concepts of equality: equality of opportunity and equality of result. It is concluded that – contrary to what is commonly believed – electoral gender quotas come closer to providing real equality of opportunity than equality of result. Quota regimes may even increase competition over elected positions, since gender quotas change the most common de facto situation, where men only compete with men.

  • 153.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Engendering representative democracy2011Ingår i: The Future of Representative Democracy / [ed] Sonia Alonso, John Keane and Wolfgang Merkel, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , 2011, s. 144-168Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Fifty years ago politics was totally male dominated. Since then, a process of engendering has taken place. Based on the feminist critique of gender blind democratic theory and practice, this article discusses the ‘how’, the’ who’ and the ‘what’ of representation. It is argued that a new global discourse of exclusion has shifted the focus from women’s (lack of) resources and political differences between women to the lack of inclusiveness of the political institutions themselves. To the normative link between the inclusion of women and other under-represented groups and representative democracy, a new link is added at the meso-level, stressing the procedural link between the how and the who. Gender quotas make such a link, opening up the ‘secret garden of nominations’ in making the important processes of selection and nomination of candidates for election more formalized and transparent.

  • 154.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Introduction1986Ingår i: The new women's movement: feminism and political power in Europe and the USA / [ed] Drude Dahlerup, London: Sage , 1986, s. 1-25Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 155.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kvinder på Tinge (Women in Parliament)1990Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 156.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ligestilling ja! Men Hvordan? Ligestillingstiltag i den offentlige forvaltning.1990Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 157.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ligestillingsforståelser i svenske og daske partier: Er en borgerlig ligestillingspolitik under udvikling?2007Ingår i: Tidsskriftet Politik, ISSN 1604-0058, Vol. 10, nr 2, s. 6-16Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Forskellene er fortsat store mellem svensk og dansk politik, når der gælder de grundlæggende forestillinger om ligestilling. Men den nye svenske, borgerlige regering er på vej til at bryde den socialdemokratisk dominerede konsensus i ligestillingspolitikken. I Danmark er ligestillingen ifølge regeringen stort set opnået - men kun for de indfødte.

  • 158.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Moving on: new perspectives on the women's movement.1991Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 159.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The new women's movement: feminism and political power in the USA and Europe.1986Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 160.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Will Gender Balance in Politics Come by Itself?2007Ingår i: Women & Leadership: The State of Play and Strategy for Change, John Wiley & Sons, San Francisco , 2007, s. 227-49Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Starting from the historical changes in the 'acceptable minimum' of women in political assemblies and governments, this article analyses the discoursive controversies about the recent introduction in many countries of gender quotas in politics. Three positions are analysed. Firstly, the liberal oppositoin to quotas, secondly, the feminist opposition to quotas and finally, the feminist advocacy of quotas.

  • 161.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten.
    Women in Arab Parliaments: Can Gender Quotas Contribute to Democratization?2009Ingår i: al-raida, ISSN 0259-9953, nr 126/127, s. 28-38Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Even if women's representation in parliament in the Arab world is the lowest in the world, by the use of electoral gender quotas in various forms, the Arab world has witnessed the highest rate of increasse during the last decade.

  • 162.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    "Gender Quotas in Politics - A Constitutional Challenge"2009Ingår i: Susan H Williams, ed., Constituting Equality - Gender Equality and Comparative Constitutional Law, Cambridge University Press, 2009., Cambridge, New York etc: Cambrigde University Press , 2009, s. 29-52Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 163.
    Daniel, Tarschys
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Den offentliga revolutionen1983 (uppl. 2. uppl.)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 164.
    Daniel, Tarschys
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Europe as invention and necessity1999Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 165.
    Davis, Joanna
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Demokrati genom integration: Graden av institutionalisering av Bulgariens och Rumäniens demokratiska institutioner efter EU-medlemskapet2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 166.
    de los Reyes, Paulina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Eduards, MaudStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.Sundevall, FiaStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Internationella relationer: könskritiska perspektiv2013Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Internationella relationer är en introduktion till genusanalytiska frågeställningar och tolkningar av den internationella ordningen. Boken belyser vikten av könskritiska perspektiv på internationella relationer och ger exempel på skilda sätt att förstå och förklara den internationella ordningens betydelser för människors liv i olika delar av världen. Här ställs frågor om hur globalisering och konflikter samspelar med föreställningar om manligt och kvinnligt. Författarna analyserar och diskuterar könskodade maktstrukturer och ojämlik resursfördelning - både lokalt och globalt. Med utgångspunkt i IR-fältets klassiska temaindelningar lyfter artiklarna fram nya perspektiv och problem, vilket vidgar och fördjupar förståelsen av fältet, såväl vetenskapligt som politiskt. Internationella relationer - könskritiska perspektiv vänder sig till studenter i internationella relationer och angränsande ämnen, men också till andra som är intresserade av könskritiska tolkningar av hur den internationella ordningen fungerar.

  • 167.
    Dellmuth, Lisa M.
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Chalmers, Adam W.
    All spending is not equal: European Union public spending, policy feedback and citizens’ support for the EU2018Ingår i: European Journal of Political Research, ISSN 0304-4130, E-ISSN 1475-6765, Vol. 57, nr 1, s. 3-23Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    While public support is central to the problem-solving capacity of the European Union (EU), we know little about when and why the EU can increase its citizens’ support through spending. Extensive research finds that citizens living in countries that are net beneficiaries of the EU budget are more supportive of the EU, assuming that citizens care equally about all forms of spending. We argue, however, that the amount of spending is only part of the story. Understanding the effects of spending on support requires a consideration of how transfers are spent. Drawing on policy feedback theories in comparative politics, we argue that support for the EU is a function of the fit between EU spending and regional need targeted by spending. Results from a statistical analysis of EU spending on human capital, infrastructure, agriculture, energy, and environmental protection in 126 EU regions over the period 2001- 2011 corroborate our argument. As the EU and other international organizations become increasingly publicly contested, the organizations themselves may increasingly try to shore up public support through spending, but they will only be successful under specific conditions.

  • 168.
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The cash divide: the allocation of European Union regional grants2011Ingår i: Journal of European Public Policy, ISSN 1350-1763, E-ISSN 1466-4429, Vol. 18, nr 7, s. 1016-1033Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To promote economic and social cohesion, the European Union (EU) structural funds part-finance public investment programmes in European regions with about E30 billion per year. This article develops an explanation for the apportionment of structural funds across EU regions. It is argued that the Commission’s decisions on regional transfer levels reflect its bureaucratic interest and potentially undermine EU goals. Using a new data set on regional transfer payments in the EU-15 from 2000 to 2006, and qualitative interviews with decision-makers, this argument is tested and corroborated. In doing so, it is shown that the recipient regions’ level of economic affluence is necessary, but no sufficient explanatory factor for regional transfer levels. In contrast to previous findings in the literature, the empirical record does not suggest that regional partisan politics has an effect on the size of regional transfer levels.

  • 169.
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Schraff, Dominik
    Stoffel, Michael F.
    Distributive Politics, Electoral Institutions and European Structural and Investment Funding: Evidence from Italy and France2017Ingår i: Journal of Common Market Studies, ISSN 0021-9886, E-ISSN 1468-5965, Vol. 55, nr 2, s. 275-293Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Extensive research suggests that political factors bias the domestic allocation of the European Structural and Investment Funds (SIF) in ways that may not be in line with EU goals. This article offers the first systematic and comparative analysis of the role of electoral institutions in shaping county-level allocations of SIF. Drawing on theories of distributive politics and federalism, this article argues that electoral institutions provide politicians in the executive branch of national government with incentives to use at least a part of the SIF to buy votes in NUTS 3-level counties, whereby vote-buying is more common under majority voting than under proportional representation. The results of a statistical analysis of SIF allocations across 202 Italian and French NUTS 3-level counties during 2007–13 confirm this argument. The article concludes by discussing the findings and their implications for future research on EU budgetary implementation and cohesion policy.

  • 170.
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Stoffel, Michael F.
    Distributive politics and intergovernmental transfers: The local allocation of European Union structural funds2012Ingår i: European Union Politics, ISSN 1465-1165, E-ISSN 1741-2757, Vol. 13, nr 3, s. 413-433Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Union budget is distributed primarily in the form of intergovernmental grants to sub-state governments, which invest the grants in local projects. Transfers are allocated under the auspices of the European structural funds. This article assesses the causal links between electoral incentives on the recipient side, European funding goals, and local grant allocation. Tobit regressions of the allocation patterns in 419 local districts in Germany for the period 2000–6 suggest the following: although recipient sub-state governments enjoy substantial discretion in selecting projects, their distributive choices are largely in accord with European goals. As theoretically predicted, however, there is robust evidence that sub-state governments’ electoral concerns distort the local allocation of structural funds.

  • 171.
    Dingu-Kyrklund, Elena
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om internationell migration och etniska relationer (CEIFO).
    Politische Partizipation in Schweden und damit verbundene Aspekte der Integration von ImmigrantInnen2003Ingår i: Wiener Hefte zu Migration und Integration in Theorie und Praxis. Defizitäre Demokratie - MigrantInnen in der Politik. Heft 1-2003,, Drava Förlag, Wiener Integrationsfonds, Wien. , 2003Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article takes up the issue of democratic participation of immigrants in general and in Sweden in particular, especially in the context of elections, in point of access, participation and as an issue of societal integration.

  • 172.
    Doeser, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    In Search of Security After the Collapse of the Soviet Union: Foreign Policy Change in Denmark, Finland and Sweden, 1988-19932008Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explain the evolution of foreign policy in Denmark, Finland and Sweden with regard to Western security cooperation between 1988 and 1993. The study sets out to test two theoretical perspectives on the security cooperation policies of these three small states. The external political perspective is based on the idea that foreign policy is determined by the challenges of a state’s external political environment. The domestic political perspective is based on the idea that phenomena at the domestic level of the state have an impact on how governments cope with external constraints. The primary theoretical ambition is to integrate the findings from these two analyses in order to further an understanding of the mechanisms of foreign policy change in small states.

    In order to study the relationship between the environment and foreign policy change, the author applies a perceptual approach, which means that his intention is to explain foreign policy action on the basis of the perceptions actors have of the environment.

    The author draws a number of conclusions with regard to the mechanisms of foreign policy change. First, a perceptual approach is needed in order to analyze a state’s specific responses to international political change. Second, domestic factors are not only important for foreign policy in general but also for the evolution of security cooperation policy in small states under conditions of fundamental shift in the international system. Third, it is possible to attribute some degree of relative explanatory power to external factors and to assign a range of different roles to domestic factors. Fourth, governments of Western democratic small states pay relatively equal attention to external and domestic considerations when making their foreign policies. However, depending on the situation, the relative potency of external and domestic factors can vary.

  • 173.
    Eduards, Maud
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Feminist Interventions, Gender Equality and Academic Resistance: A Swedish Political History2010Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 174.
    Eduards, Maud
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Förbjuden handling: om kvinnors organsiering och feministisk teori2002Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 175.
    Eduards, Maud
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kroppspolitik: Om Moder Svea och andra kvinnor2007Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kroppspolitik behandlar hur svensk offentlighet förhållit sig till kvinnors kroppar under 150 år, med tonvikt på de senaste decennierna. Tanken är att kvinnokroppen idealiseras och tillmäts kulturellt värde samtidigt som levande kvinnor riskerar att utsättas för kontroll, marginalisering och övergrepp. Kvinnors kroppsliga villkor är präglade av motsättningar och splittrade innebörder. På vilket sätt står kvinnors kroppar till nationens förfogande? Hur har staten disciplinerat respektive frigjort det kroppsliga? Fem teman tas upp: landets säkerhet, abort, prostitution, högre utbildning och kvinnorörelser.

  • 176.
    Eduards, Maud
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kvinnor och politik: fakta och förklaringar1977 (uppl. 1. uppl.)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 177.
    Eduards, Maud
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kön, makt, medborgarskap: kvinnan i politiskt tänkande från Platon till Engels.1983Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 178.
    Eduards, Maud
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Elgqvist-Saltzman, IngaLundgren, EvaSjöblad, ChristinaSundin, ElisabethWikander, UllaStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Rethinking change: current Swedish feminist research1992Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 179.
    Eduards, Maud
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Gustafsson, GunnelRönnblom, Malin
    Towards a New Democratic Order?: Women's Organizing in Sweden in the 1990's1997Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 180.
    Ehn, Peter
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Maktens administratörer: ledande svenska statstjänstemäns och politikers syn på tjänstemannarollen i ett förändringsperspektiv1998Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall theme for this dissertation is the position of higher Swedish civil servants in the borderland between politics and administration and between flexibility, loyalty, impartiality, and autonomy. An important assumption is that the attitudes and beliefs are especially significant in a system such as the Swedish, where civil servants may act under conditions of substantial autonomy. The dissertation is based on interviews with higher civil servants and a sample of members of the Swedish parliament. Among the civil servants the study is limited to the higher echelons in the national public administration - undersecretaries of state, assistant undersecretaries of state, and director-generals of administrative agencies. The study is comparative - comparisons are made between 1971/73 and 1990. The central instruments of analysis consist of three role conceptions of civil servants. They are constructed from three fundamental coordinating principles and are designated the judicial, the political and the market-oriented civil servant roles. In a second step, the theoretical role typology is adapted to "the practice" which is manifested in the Swedish public administration's development in a longer perspective.

    How the role of the civil servants in the political system was perceived, as well as the political positions, was found to be dependent on the positions of the interviewees in the politico-administrative system. This meant that the undersecretaries, irrespective of role perception, found themselves farthest to the left among the studied groups, then followed by the assistant undersecretaries and farthest right the director-generals. An exception to this rule was the politically-oriented director-generals, who were left of all the assistant undersecretaries irrespective of role perception and even to the left of the judicially-oriented undersecretaries. An important observation was that the market-oriented role of civil servants had strengthened its position over time. It could also be observed in 1990 that the undersecretaries were clearly different from their colleagues in 1971 through applying more of a political perspective of the civil servant role. The analyses showed that among the non-political civil servants - the assistant undersecretaries - the political role model had a strong position at both interview occasions. Furthermore, both politicians and civil servants showed a more negative attitude to politics and the administration. The higher civil servants had begun to waiver somewhat in their belief in themselves and the capacity of the state. The analyses of the role perception of the MPs showed that their opinions were closely connected with their political affiliation. Among social democrats and members from the Left Party (the former Communist party), the political role conception was dominating at both times and among non-socialists the judicial. An important observation when dealing with the views of the members of parliament was how surprisingly unfamiliar politicians were with the work of the public administation.

  • 181.
    Ek, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Varför finns det inte ensamordnare för informationssäkerhet inom Regeringskansliet?: Detta trots att flera utredningar under 20 år och flera inträffade incidenter har pekat på behovet!2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 180 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    För att försöka förklara den rubricerade frågan har jag använt teori om säkerhetisering av hotbilder. Metoden har varit en kvalitativ jämförande fallstudie. Jag har undersökt tre fall - två inom informationssäkerhet och ett inom krishantering.Vad krävs för att en säkerhetspolitisk fråga (hotbild) ska bryta igenom ’glastaket’ och hamna på den högsta politiska nivån (i detta fall inom Regeringskansliet)? Sårbarhets- och säkerhetsutredningen föreslog 2001 samordningsfunktioner inom Regeringskansliet för både informationssäkerhet och krishantering. Regeringen valde dock att delegera ansvaret för bägge funktionerna till myndighetsnivån när Krisberedskapsmyndigheten bildades 2002. Ett antal ytterligare utredningar inom informationssäkerhet har sedan föreslagit detta på nytt, utan något resultat. Den ”Oxenstiernska”byråkratimodellen med självständiga myndigheter är svår att ändra! Den enda avgörande skillnaden mellan fallen är tsunamin 2004, där resultatet blev en krishanteringsfunktion inom Regeringskansliet. En möjlig slutsats av detta är att det kommer att krävas en ’cyber-tsunami’ för att motsvarande ska ske inom informationssäkerhet! Alternativt att samhällsdebatten förändras på ett avgörande sätt och tunga aktörer börjar kräva en sådan funktion.

  • 182.
    Eldén, Åsa
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för Asien-, Mellanöstern- och Turkietstudier, Institutet för Turkietstudier (SUITS).
    Levin, Paul T.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för Asien-, Mellanöstern- och Turkietstudier, Institutet för Turkietstudier (SUITS).
    Swedish Aid in the Era of Shrinking Space – the Case of Turkey2018Rapport (Refereegranskat)
  • 183.
    Engelbrekt, Kjell
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    “Bulgaria’s EU Accession and the Issue of Accountability: An End to Buck-Passing?”2007Ingår i: Problems of Post-Communism, Vol. 54, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In September 2006 the European Commission demanded that Bulgaria and Romania redouble their efforts to meet membership conditions before accession in January 1, 2007, but also put in place ‘safeguard measures’ that are valid beyond that date. In Bulgaria’s case, the main source of concern relates to the judiciary and enforcement capacity, especially the absence of a robust normative and institutional framework for evaluating and ‘individualizing’ accountability.

  • 184.
    Engelbrekt, Kjell
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Mörkenstam, Ulf
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Forskarutbildningen: Att forska är att inte distraheras2016Ingår i: Att forska: praktiker och roller inom samhällsvetenskapen / [ed] Linus Hagström, Niklas Bremberg, Arita Holmberg, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2016Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 185.
    Enqvist, Anneli
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Mångkulturalismen är död! Leve gemenskapen?: Sammanhållning, identitet och gränsdragningar i brittisk integrationspolitik2010Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Storbritannien har traditionellt sett bejakat kulturell mångfald som en del av det brittiska samhället, ”en gemenskap av gemenskaper”. De våldsamheter som uppstod mellan asiatiska och vita ungdomar, polis och medlemmar ur högerextrema organisationer i flera nordengelska städer sommaren 2001 markerade emellertid en brytpunkt i den brittiska diskursen om integration och kulturell mångfald, vilken förstärktes ytterligare i de politiska svaren på självmordsbombningarna i Londons tunnelbana 2005. En rad utredningar och rapporter publicerades som signalerade ett tydligt politiskt skifte från fokus på antirasism och skillnadstänkande till en betoning av en gemensam nationell identitet över de kulturella skillnaderna och vikten av att skapa sammanhållning kring en uppsättning ”brittiska värden”.

    Med hjälp av Laclau och Mouffes teorier identifikation, gruppbildning och makt och Foucauls fokus på problemformulering, analyserar jag hur makt på olika sätt aktiveras i den nya sammanhållningsagendan och problematiserar de processer genom vilka den brittiska regeringen försöker skapa en förstärkt nationell gemenskap. I uppsatsens sista del för jag samman resultaten i en diskussion kring hur man hade kunnat problematisera det annorlunda och vilka alternativa berättelser som faller utanför blickfånget i diskursen kring ”community cohesion”.

  • 186.
    Enroth, Henrik
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Political Science and the Concept of Politics: A Twentieth-Century Genealogy2004Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation is a historical investigation of the concept of politics in twentieth-century political science. It is set against the backdrop of the comprehensive rethinking of political concepts we are witnessing today in debates about forces like globalization, individualization, multiculturalism, and postcolonialism, and it seeks to account for the apparent difficulties in rethinking politics in similar terms today. Whereas core concepts like people, nation, state, society, and a host of related concepts have recently been reconsidered in light of these forces in the world, the concept of politics seems resistant to such rethinking, instead causing considerable uncertainty about the conceptual identity of politics and, by implication, about the disciplinary identity of political science in a changing world. The dissertation argues that this is largely because modern political thought has long rested on the assumption that politics is only possible and conceivable on the basis of something prior to itself, while all the entities politics has conventionally been thought to be prior to are today in question. Against this contemporary backdrop, the dissertation investigates historically how conceptualizations of politics in twentieth-century political science have consistently both sustained and been sustained by this assumption, by being premised on various descriptions of modern society. Tracing a number of such descriptions of society and related conceptualizations of politics from the early years of the twentieth century to our own day, the dissertation concludes by reconsidering the apparent difficulties in rethinking politics today. Arguing that such a rethinking would mean transcending the assumption that politics is only possible and conceivable on the basis of something prior to itself, the dissertation ends by briefly outlining what would be involved in such a rethinking, and what it would entail for the conceptual identity of politics and the disciplinary identity of political science.

  • 187.
    Enzell, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet.
    Requiem for a constitution: constitutionalism and political culture in early 20th century Sweden2002Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 188.
    Eriksson, Arita
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Europeanization and Governance in Defence Policy: The Example of Sweden2006Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the Swedish Europeanization process with respect to defence policy with the help of analytical tools from policy analysis. The time period studied is 1999–2004. Europeanization is defined as embeddedness, that is, linkages between the national and the European policy processes, and these linkages are conceptualized as participation, problems and solutions. The thesis seeks to analyse the modes of governance that characterizes the Europeanization process and discusses its results in relation to Europeanization mechanisms and the concept of European governance. It also elaborates on the implications of Europeanization for Swedish defence policy.

    Europeanization of participation is found with respect to a number of forums—decision making, implementation and external relations. Participants in the Europeanization process are identified as well as a reorganization of some of the patterns of participation in the Swedish defence policy process. The Europeanization of problems found is at first focused more on security policy issues than defence policy issues, but gradually the latter also become Europeanized, a process which is made visible in the political language of the defence policy bills studied. The main solutions identified in the Europeanization process are the creation of an EU military capability, the establishment of decision-making structures, capability requirements and capability development.

    The Europeanization process in the area of defence policy is found to be characterized by a mix of modes of governance. Various parts of the process contain elements of bargaining, hierarchy and facilitated coordination. The modes of governance may co-exist and change over time.

  • 189. Eriksson, Johan
    et al.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Reuter, Marta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Technocracy, Politicization and Non-involvement: Politics of Expertise in the European Regulation of Chemicals2010Ingår i: Review of Policy Research, ISSN 1541-132X, E-ISSN 1541-1338, Vol. 27, nr 2, s. 167-185Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses the relationship between scientific expertise and policy in European chemicals regulation. We argue that the role of scientific expertise in the European regulation of chemicals varies across decision-making levels, countries, and stages of the policy process. Our case study of the role of scientific expertise in the regulation of brominated flame retardants illustrates considerably different manifestations of this interconnected process across regulatory arenas, even though this case concerns a single group of substances. On the European Union level, we find a mix of technocracy and politicization; in Sweden, a clear-cut politicization; and in Poland, noninvolvement. Such differences can be explained by a combination of factors, in particular frame dominance, and mobilization of advocacy coalitions. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Review of Policy Research is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract.

  • 190.
    Erlandsson, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholms centrum för forskning om offentlig sektor (SCORE).
    Regelförenkling genom konsekvensutredningar: Om kraven på EU:s medlemsländer att i förväg syna konsekvenser av nya lagar och regler - och om Sveriges efterlevnad och motstånd2010Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 191.
    Erlandsson, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholms centrum för forskning om offentlig sektor (SCORE).
    Regeringskansliet och medierna: Den politiska exekutivens resurser och strategier för att hantera och styra massmedier2008Ingår i: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 110, nr 4, s. 335-351Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The professional communicators inside the Swedish Government Offices are today 140 (compared to a single one 40 years ago and just twenty 15 years ago), giving support to the idea that the media now has a major impact on everyday business inside the Government. This article shows that this partly true, as the media mainly have an effect on the politicians, the partisan ministerial staff and the communicators. But the relationship between the Government Offices and the media could also be turned around. The Government have resources for external communication no lesser than an international news agency’s, and does on a daily basis deliver an impressive amount of press releases and conferences – and information leaks – that the media has to handle. This article examines and analyses how the Swedish Government Offices, trough new posts, units and strategies, has institutionalised and centralised its’ media contacts during the last 40 years, as well as the reasons and the internal consequences of this development.

  • 192.
    Erlandsson, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Striderna i Rosenbad: Om trettio års försök att förändra Regeringskansliet2007Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation examines the last thirty years of internal reforms in the Swedish Government Offices. Analysis of the evolution of personnel politics, the formation of one agency and the attempts to introduce a collective activity planning model, show that the immediate problems of the early 1970’s – an over dimensioned staff, territory battles and unclear division of responsibility for personnel and organisation – remains to this day, notwithstanding the many reforms to approach them. One principal explanation behind this is that the key players for successful reorganisations – the politicians – do hardly ever partake. Instead, and on the basis of the perspective of bureaucratic politics, this dissertation demonstrates that the internal development of the Government Offices should be explained as the result of struggles between different bureaucratic actors, with diverse views on problems and their solutions, and with various prospects and strengths to affect the outcome. Due to the choice of politicians to leave this policy field open to bureaucratic politics, the policy is essentially shaped and decided within a bureaucratic context. The dissertation ends in a conclusion that there is an almost constant bureaucratic battle behind internal organisation of the Government Offices, a conflict where tradition, values and strong bureaucratic actors play an important part, and where institutional change is exceptional, since the preserving powers in these processes have the upper hand. But politicians can change – in spite of these traditions, values and bureaucratic agents – if they have the determination. The theoretical aim of this dissertation, through a critical assessment of the bureaucratic politics perspective – an evaluation motivated by the empirical data and inspired by two challenging and related theoretic models; sociological and historical institutionalism – is to display the qualities and shortcomings of the bureaucratic politics model, to develop and improve the original model of bureaucratic politics, and making it more expedient for future studies of institutional change in central political organisations.

  • 193.
    Erman, Eva
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ethics & Global Politics2014Ingår i: Peace Review, ISSN 1040-2659, E-ISSN 1469-9982, Vol. 26, nr 4, s. 479-481Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 194.
    Erman, Eva
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Legitimacy in the Global Normative Order: Justificatory Practices in the Space of Reasons2015Ingår i: Politics and Cosmopolitanism in a Global Age / [ed] Sonika Gupta, Sudarsan Padmanabhan, Routledge, 2015, s. 59-82Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 195.
    Erman, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Möller, Niklas
    Why Political Realists Should Not Be Afraid of Moral Values2015Ingår i: Journal of Philosophical Research (JPR), ISSN 1053-8364, E-ISSN 2153-7984, Vol. 40, s. 459-464Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In a previous article, we unpacked the so-called "ethics first premise"-the idea that ethics is "prior" to politics when theorizing political legitimacy-that is denied by political realists. We defended a "justificatory" reading of this premise, according to which political justification is irreducibly moral in the sense that moral values are among the values that ground political legitimacy. We called this the "necessity thesis." In this paper we respond to two challenges that Robert Jubb and Enzo Rossi raise against our proposal. Their first claim is that our argument for the necessity thesis is question begging, since we assume rather than show that freedom and equality are moral values. The second claim is that Bernard Williams's Basic Legitimacy Demand demonstrates the possibility of giving political legitimacy a non-moral foundation, since it allows for a distinction to be made between politics and sheer domination. We refute both claims.

  • 196. Esiasson, Peter
    et al.
    Hermansson, Jörgen
    Micheletti, Michele
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Petersson, Olof
    Demokrati som dialog1995Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    SNS Demokratiråd bildades 1994 i syfte att studera den svenska demokratins arbetsformer. Författarna fokuserar på ett antal centrala värden: demokrati som medborgarstyrelse, demokratin skall vara förenlig med rättsstatens krav och den skall vara handlingskraftig.

    För att se om den svenska demokratin uppfyller dessa krav undersöks tretton olika indikatorer, bl.a. hur valrörelserna fungerar, vem som har kontrollen över den politiska dagordningen, massmedias roll, medborgarnas tolerans och det politiska deltagandets utveckling.

    Boken avslutas med en bedömning av hur det svenska styrelseskicket lever upp till demokratins ideal, samt hur demokratin utvecklats under de senaste två decennierna.

  • 197.
    Evertsson, Nubia
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Corporate Contributions to Electoral Campaigns: The Current State of Affairs2018Ingår i: Handbook of Political Party Funding / [ed] Jonathan Mendilow, Eric Phélippeau, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, s. 33-54Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 198.
    Fast, Cornelia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    An Ecofeminist Analysis of Swedish Environmental Policies2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The ways in which countries’ environmental performances are assessed are many, and the amount of variables examined to make such assessments is even greater. In the process of managing current and future environmental problems, policy is one of the main tools utilized by states. Motivated by its high position on indexes that measure environmental performance and gender equality respectively, this essay contains a case study where Sweden’s environmental policies are analysed from an ecofeminist perspective – a theoretical stance that highlights the importance of incorporating feminism, ecology and situated knowledge in policy and practice. Such an assessment is performed with an idea analysis and an ecofeminist ideal type, with the aim to provide an alternative view on the qualities of and success in environmental policy. The findings show that all policy categories incorporate the components that the ecofeminist ideal type consists of. However, the level of incorporation differs with regard to how many policies in each category that do so. Thus, there are several policies that ecofeminist theory would suggest need further consideration, while the result also illustrates that an ecofeminist perspective is relevant and useable in the formulation of environmental policy.

    Key words: environmental policy, ecofeminism, idea analysis, Sweden, environment, policy, feminism, case study.

  • 199. Fedorov, Juri
    et al.
    Nygren, BertilStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The Russian presidential election in 2000.2000Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 200. Fedorov, Yuri
    et al.
    Nygren, BertilStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Putin I and Putin II: results of the first term and prospects for the second.2004Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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