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  • 1701.
    Widgren, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Håkansson, N. Thomas
    Landesque Capital: what is the concept good for2014In: Landesque capital: the historical ecology of enduring landscape modifications / [ed] N Thomas Håkansson; Mats Widgren, Walnut Creek, Calif.: Left Coast Press Inc., 2014, p. 9-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1702.
    Widgren, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Håkansson, Thomas
    Div of Human Ecology, Lund University.
    Börjeson, Lowe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Introduction: Historical and Regional Perspectives on Landscape Transformations in Northeastern Tanzania, 1850-20002008In: International Journal of African Historical Studies, ISSN 0361-7882, E-ISSN 2326-3016, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 369-382Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article focuses on the historical and regional views on landscape shift in northeastern Tanzania from 1850-2000. It highlights several perspectives on the impact of landscape transformation towards the social relation in the northeastern part of the country. Specifically, it discusses how regional historical method to land cover changes offers an analytical field to bridge social gap. It primarily considers the perspectives of a group of scholars, centering on their views on human-environmental relationships and political economy. In addition, it explores the history and spatial interactions in the region, regarding as well the economic determinants of land use.

  • 1703.
    Widgren, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Lehtinen, Ari
    Lundmark, Mats
    Ostwald, Madelene
    Simonsen, Kirsten
    Geography research in Norway: An evaluation2011Report (Other academic)
  • 1704.
    Widgren, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Maggs, Tim
    Plikk, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Risberg, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Schoeman, Maria H.
    Westerberg, Lars-Ove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Precolonial agricultural terracing in Bokoni, South Africa: Typology and an exploratory excavation2016In: Journal of African Archaeology, ISSN 1612-1651, E-ISSN 2191-5784, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 33-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Earlier work on the terraced settlements of the Bokoni area (16th to 19th century, Mpumalanga province, South Africa) focussed on the homesteads, their contents, layout and chronology. This paper suggests a terminology and typology of agrarian structures in Bokoni in order to improve comparative approaches in Africa and beyond. The typology and an excavation of the terracing have made possible preliminary conclusions relevant for the further analysis of the terracing and stone-walling in Bokoni. The terracing developed incrementally, whereby cultivation, stone-clearing and terracing were intermixed processes. This is supported both by the organic content in a section of a terrace and by a phytolith analysis. The phytolith analysis furthermore indicated that maize was cultivated on the terraces, but this should be seen as a pilot study only, and presence of maize in Bokoni must be tested with other archaeobotanical methods.

  • 1705.
    Widgren, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Sutton, John E.G.
    Islands of intensive agriculture in Eastern Africa: past & present2004Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Islands of intensive agriculture are areas of local cultivation surrounded by low-density livestock herders or extensive cultivators. Along the line of the East Africa Rift Valley, and in the highlands on either side, communities of considerable historical depth have developed highly specialized agricultural regimes, employing such labor-intensive devices as furrow irrigation, hillside terracing, and stall-feeding of cattle.

    This collection continues the advance in the understanding of African agricultural practices through the combination of geographical, ethnographic, and archaeological research, concentrating on actual fields, farming strategies, and cultivation techniques.

  • 1706.
    Wigren, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Från fyrk till urna: om rösträtt, valdeltagande och politisk rekrytering i småländska byar 1875-19461988Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 1707.
    Wiklund, Elin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Rum för alla?: Observationer av den fysiska utformningen i Orminge centrums offentliga utemiljö2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet för uppsatsen var att bidra med en ökad insikt gällande brister i Orminge centrums offentliga utemiljö kopplat till framkomligheten för individer med nedsatt gångförmåga. Detta som ett bidrag inför kommunens kommande framtagning av nya detaljplaner. Observationer har för undersökningen tillämpats för att nå den kunskap som för detta varit nödvändigt. Resultatet från dessa visar på en skillnad gällande framkomligheten för individer med nedsatt gångförmåga och individer utan fysiska begränsningar. Detta på grund utav de faktorer som visat sig vara bidragande till fysiska barriärer i den offentliga utemiljön. 

  • 1708.
    Wikström, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    The Challenge of Change: Planning for social urban resilience.: An analysis of contemporary planning aims and practices.2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recent research has shown that the main challenge regarding urban resilience planning is to broaden the views and go beyond resilience in relation to climate change, and incorporate other important societal aspects. The aim of this thesis is therefor to analyse contemporary planning aims and practices relating to the adaptation and resilience of urban social change. How and to what extent is social change aspects incorporated within the aims and practices of contemporary planning for urban resilience? What means are needed to bridge the gap between urban resilience planning for environmental change and social change? The method used is a textual analysis of five case studies; three international and two Swedish studies, which results in a comparative and theme based analytical matrix. The main findings show that urban resilience is still dominated by its environmental change aspects, and that social urban resilience is not yet a commonly used phrase within contemporary urban planning. By adapting some of the approaches used within environmental urban resilience when planning for social changes however, cities will be more resilient and be able to better identify, adapt to and improve the changing social patterns such as demographic changes and social exclusion.

  • 1709.
    Wilkinson, Cathy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Porter, Libby
    Colding, Johan
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Metropolitan planning and resilience thinking: A practitioner’s perspective2010In: Critical Planning, Vol. 17, p. 2-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Glasgow, Stockholm and Melbourne by resilience and planning scholars, this paper synthesizes practitioner insights into how resilience thinking can inform metropolitan planning. The paper identifies three ways resilience thinking can usefully inform metropolitan planning. First, by offering new metaphors regarding the nature of structural change in linked and complex systems that prioritize change and uncertainty. Second, through the application of new frames and tools for analysis of the dynamics of complex social-ecological urban systems. Third, by examining the relevance of adaptive governance for metropolitan planning.

  • 1710. Willcock, Simon
    et al.
    Hooftman, Danny
    Sitas, Nadia
    O'Farrell, Patrick
    Hudson, Malcolm D.
    Reyers, Belinda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Eigenbrod, Felix
    Bullock, James M.
    Do ecosystem service maps and models meet stakeholders' needs? A preliminary survey across sub-Saharan Africa2016In: Ecosystem Services, ISSN 2212-0416, E-ISSN 2212-0416, Vol. 18, p. 110-117Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To achieve sustainability goals, it is important to incorporate ecosystem service (ES) information into decision-making processes. However, little is known about the correspondence between the needs of ES information users and the data provided by the researcher community. We surveyed stakeholders within sub-Saharan Africa, determining their ES data requirements using a targeted sampling strategy. Of those respondents utilising ES information (> 90%; n = 60), 27% report having sufficient data; with the remainder requiring additional data - particularly at higher spatial resolutions and at multiple points in time. The majority of respondents focus on provisioning and regulating services, particularly food and fresh water supply (both 58%) and climate regulation (49%). Their focus is generally at national scales or below and in accordance with data availability. Among the stakeholders surveyed, we performed a follow-up assessment for a sub-sample of 17 technical experts. The technical experts are unanimous that ES models must be able to incorporate scenarios, and most agree that ES models should be at least 90% accurate. However, relatively coarse-resolution (1-10 km(2)) models are sufficient for many services. To maximise the impact of future research, dynamic, multi-scale datasets on ES must be delivered alongside capacity-building efforts.

  • 1711.
    Wilson, Ben
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. London School of Economics, UK.
    Kuha, Jouni
    Residential segregation and the fertility of immigrants and their descendants2018In: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 24, no 3, article id e2098Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Measures of community population composition, such as residential segregation, are important theoretical mechanisms that have the potential to explain differences in fertility between immigrants, their descendants, and destination natives. However, only a handful of studies explore these mechanisms, and most are limited by the fact that they carry out cross-sectional analysis. This study proposes a new approach, which focuses on community composition in childhood. It uses longitudinal census data and registered births in England and Wales to investigate the relationship between completed fertility and multiple measures of community composition, including residential segregation. The results show that the fertility of immigrants is closer to native fertility if they grow up in less segregated areas. This provides evidence in support of the childhood socialisation hypothesis. Furthermore, residential segregation explains some of the variation in completed fertility for second-generation women from Pakistan and Bangladesh, the only second-generation group to have significantly higher completed fertility than natives. This suggests one reason why the fertility of some South Asians in England and Wales may remain culturally entrenched. All of these findings are consistent for different measures of community composition. They are also easier to interpret than the results of previous research because exposure is measured before childbearing has commenced, therefore avoiding many issues relating to selection, simultaneity, and conditioning on the future.

  • 1712.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    An Exploration of Feelings in the Migration Process among Queer Partners: Recension av Sara Ahlstedt, The Feeling of Migration: Narratives of Queer Intimacies and Partner Migration (2016)2017In: Lambda Nordica: Tidskrift om homosexualitet, ISSN 1100-2573, Vol. 22, no 2-3, p. 185-188Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 1713.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Beyond Bright City Lights: The Migration Patterns of Gay Men and Lesbians2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most persistent popular notions of gay men and lesbians is that they either live in or move to larger cities. In this thesis, the geography and migration paths of gay men and lesbians are studied using the life course perspective to challenge this idea. It is argued that gay men and lesbians are affected by the time and place into which they are born. Like heterosexuals, they are subject to the normative conceptions of life paths that are present at a specific historical period and place. Adopting a mixed-methods approach, four studies related to this aim are conducted.

    The first study shows that the tendency for gay men and lesbians to be concentrated to the largest cities in Sweden is greater than for heterosexuals. However, it also shows that the concentration tendency of lesbians and couples is less strong. The second study illustrates that tolerance plays no role in the geographical concentration of gay men and lesbians. Although perceived tolerance is often assumed to matter, this study shows that measured intolerance does not have an effect on the concentration tendency. The third study explores the migration motives of gay men and lesbians living in the city of Malmö, Sweden. It shows that the life stories of older cohorts resembled typical rural-urban flight stories but that the youngest cohort stressed motives similar to the overall population. This is in sharp contrast to the fourth study, which scrutinises migration stories from Izmir, Turkey. Because legal recognition is lacking, following the same life path as heterosexuals is problematic for gay men and lesbians. Because moving out is connected to this path, they remained living at home longer or never moved. Accordingly, the family played a core role in their lives rather than the rural-urban binary.

    Taken together, these four studies show that the geography and migration patterns of gay men and lesbians are more multifaceted than living in or moving to a larger city.

  • 1714.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Boendesegregation i Sverige – en översikt av det aktuella forskningsläget2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna rapport ges en översikt av det aktuella forskningsläget gällande boendesegregationen i Sverige med avseende på omfattning och utveckling. Studier visar att den etniska boendesegregationen ökade på 1990-talet men att den under 2000-talet varit stabil eller till och med minskat. Vidare diskuteras vilka effekter olika uppväxtmiljöer får för individers livslopps, så kallade grannskapseffekter. Flera studier visar att uppväxt i olika typer av grannskap påverkar individers utbildningsbanor och arbetsmarknadsintegration. Slutligen diskuteras ett antal apsekter som forskningen kan bidra med till den aktuella debatten.

  • 1715.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Homemaking and perpetual liminality among queer refugees2019In: Social & cultural geography (Print), ISSN 1464-9365, E-ISSN 1470-1197Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As people continue to flee repressive regimes, discussions of refugees’ state of liminality have intensified. Refugee camps and detention centres tend to force refugees to endure living in liminality for long periods of time. Taking fleeing as a point of departure, this study suggests a change from the notion of fleeing as movement to a search for home and homemaking. This understanding shifts the analysis away from state-controlled spaces to a wider consideration of spaces of importance for homemaking. Widening the discussion on liminality to homemaking indicates that liminality can be experienced in a variety of spaces. Using material from interviews with queer refugees in the Swedish countryside, I discuss their travels, displacements and homemaking. Their stories show that creating a home is a continuous process delimited by norms in families, ethnic networks, host societies and queer networks. Not adhering to these norms renders homemaking difficult and pushes some queer refugees to liminal spaces. Thus, I suggest an understanding of some queer refugees as constantly rejected and pushed into a perpetual state of liminal homemaking. An analysis that illuminates refugees’ displacements from belonging moves discussions of liminality away from state-controlled spaces and highlights the norms that govern the homemaking process.

  • 1716.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Is It Really Tolerance? Expanding the Knowledge About Diversity for the Creative Class2014In: Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, ISSN 0040-747X, E-ISSN 1467-9663, Vol. 105, no 1, p. 46-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Among current theories on regional development the creative capital has received major attention. Several assessments of the theory have shown that tolerance and creativity cannot be ignored. However, as the focus in these assessments mainly has been to replicate the results of Richard Florida, they have put less emphasis on the issues the tolerance measures pose. This paper argues that tolerance has only been measured by diverse population and that this is insufficient. To solve this issue a variety of tolerance measures are introduced and underlying effects of other variables are tested for. Surprisingly, the only measure significant in the model is the bohemian measure. On the one hand, this renders support for the creative capital theory and suggests that attracting bohemian employees can gain economic growth. On the other hand, it problematises the tolerance concept and indicates that tolerance is hard to grasp and add to economic models.

  • 1717.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Masculinities and Place edited by Andrew Gorman-Murray and Peter Hopkins, Routledge, New York, 20142017In: The Canadian Geographer / Le Géographe canadien, ISSN 0008-3658, E-ISSN 1541-0064, Vol. 61, no 1, p. e15-e16Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 1718.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Metoder och angreppssätt för att fånga in social hållbarhet och nytta2017In: Metoder och verktyg för sociala nyttoberäkningar i kollektivtrafiken / [ed] Thomas Wimark, Stockholm: Kulturgeografiska institutionen, Stockholms Universitet , 2017, p. 1-8Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I olika kommuner och regioner har det skett ett arbete under det senaste decenniet för att fånga in vad som menas med social hållbarhet/nytta och hur det ska kunna mätas. Det har inte vuxit fram någon konsensus från detta arbete. Det saknas därför kunskap om vilka aspekter av social hållbarhet som är viktiga för kollektivtrafikplaneringen. Vidare saknas information om hur sociala nyttor skall kunna kvantifieras och integreras i olika kalkyler i kollektivtrafiksatsningar. Det är med bakgrund i denna problematik som detta forskningsprojekt skapades. Projektet var utformat som en tredelad förstudie där den första delen syftade till att kartlägga vilka metoder och verktyg som används inom forskningen. Syftet med den andra delen var att utforska en kvantitativ metod för att fånga in social nytta. Den tredje delen var designad för att se till vilka kompletterande effekter kvalitativa angreppssätt kan ge till att ringa in social nytta. I denna inledning beskrivs de huvudsakliga resultaten och därefter diskuteras de i det avslutande delkapitlet. 

  • 1719.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Metoder och verktyg för sociala nyttoberäkningar i kollektivtrafiken2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I olika kommuner och regioner har det skett ett arbete under det senaste decenniet för att fånga in vad som menas med social hållbarhet/nytta och hur det ska kunna mätas. Det har inte vuxit fram någon konsensus genom detta arbete. Det saknas fortfarande kunskap om vilka aspekter av social hållbarhet som är viktiga för kollektivtrafikplaneringen. Vidare saknas information om hur sociala nyttor skall kunna kvantifieras och integreras i olika kalkyler i kollektivtrafiksatsningar. Det är med bakgrund i denna problematik som detta forskningsprojekt skapades. Projektet var utformat som en tredelad förstudie där den första delen syftade till att kartlägga vilka metoder och verktyg som används inom forskningen. Syftet med den andra delen var att utforska en kvantitativ metod för att fånga in social nytta. Den tredje delen var designad för att se till vilka kompletterande effekter kvalitativa angreppssätt kan ge till att ringa in social nytta. Vi hoppas att denna bok kan fylla igen den lucka i diskussionerna om social hållbarhet och nytta inom infrastruktursatsningar. Den kan fungera som en utgångpunkt för diskussioner om social hållbarhet och nytta och föranleda en starkare fokusering på social hållbarhet i planeringen av kollektivtrafiken.

  • 1720.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Migration motives of gay men in the new acceptance era: a cohort study from Malmö, Sweden2016In: Social & cultural geography (Print), ISSN 1464-9365, E-ISSN 1470-1197, Vol. 17, no 5, p. 605-622Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Greater diversity in life courses has become both possible and real in the twenty-first century, affecting the relocation behaviours of individuals. Therefore, it is logical that the relocation patterns of minorities have been receiving increasing attention. In particular, the migration patterns of gay men have been studied, with a focus on the embodied reasons for mobility. This downsized analysis has shown the importance of identity building and identity search. However, this article argues that analysis of migration among gay men also needs to be upsized. This study aims to show how both context and embodiment has affected the mobility of gay men. Through a case study within the context of a strong welfare state (Sweden) that adopted sexual equality early, gay men’s motives for migration are studied. The results suggest that the migration patterns of gay men are becoming more similar to those of the general population. This finding shows that current conceptualisations of the migration patterns of gay men can be advanced by acknowledging contextual effects. The integration of a downsized and an upsized understanding also offers the possibility of moving beyond the identity specifics showing that populations are becoming increasingly diverse and homogeneous simultaneously.

  • 1721.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Sexualitet och flyttningsmönster2016In: Samhällskroppen – om samhälle, kön och sexualitet: Ett kunskapsmaterial för lärare i samhällsorienterade ämnen i grundskolan och gymnasieskolan / [ed] Katarina Lindberg, Hans Olsson, Stockholm: RFSU (Riksförbundet för sexuell upplysning) , 2016, p. 155-164Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1722.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Sexualitetens geografi – nya möjligheter med normkritisk pedagogik2013In: Geografiska Notiser, ISSN 0016-724X, Vol. 71, no 3, p. 114-123Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1723.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Sexuality and Emotions Situated in Time and Space2019In: Affective Dimensions of Fieldwork and Ethnography / [ed] Thomas Stodulka, Samia Dinkelaker, Ferdiansyah Thajib, Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 157-166Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, I discuss sexual emotions erupting during fieldwork and argue that sexualities are situated in time and space. In order to understand these emotions, we need to recognize that sexualities are conceptualized in many ways and that different ways of expressing sexuality coexist and are interlinked. Drawing from experiences from three fieldwork periods, I propose a framework for analyzing researcher emotions with an emphasis on individuals without ignoring structure and context. Building on the life course concept, this entails thinking of affect as divided into a “feeling position” and “feeling experience.” Developing a unique feeling position, closest to an understanding of a mental state, it is deeply individual and dependent on the bodies, structures and contexts as individuals go through in life. Feeling positions both enable and disable feeling experiences in the daily lives, i.e., the expressed emotions at any point of time. However, feeling experiences also feed back to the position and ultimately prompt individual change. The fieldwork experiences discussed in this chapter demonstrate how sexuality and race, albeit from a privileged position, are conceived in different ways depending on time and space. Traveling through these times and spaces means being interpellated in ways, perhaps other than learned, and simultaneously adding yet other ways to be understood. These potentially confusing situations can become tangible through the emotions expressed or felt in the field. Applying the proposed life course concept is one way to made sense of these situations.

  • 1724.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Skolan - ett heterosexuellt rum?2009In: Geografiska Notiser, ISSN 0016-724X, no 3, p. 150-156Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den senaste tiden har det dykt upp fler och fler arbeten inom kulturgeografi som använder sig av queerteori. Denna artikel behandlar begreppet queer och queerteori. Den framhåller även möjligheterna för kulturgeografer att använda queerteorin och visar exempel på hur forskningen om skolan skulle kunna berikas genom att implementera ett queerperspektiv.

  • 1725.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    The impact of family ties on the mobility decisions of gay men and lesbians2016In: Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, ISSN 0966-369X, E-ISSN 1360-0524, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 659-676Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the twenty-first century, life paths are becoming ever more unpredictable and unstandardised as lives are lived in more diverse ways. Theories of individualisation suggest that this is a sign of an increased focus on the individual and the weakening family ties. Gay and lesbian migration studies that have focused on the importance of individual identity and coming out fit well into this narrative. However, as most of these studies have been conducted in the West, less is known of the lives of gay men and lesbians in other contexts. This study examines how a non-Western context differs from the Western experience through a case study involving interviews with gay and lesbian individuals in Izmir, Turkey. The results of the interviews highlight four themes: (1) the importance of the family as both constraining and supportive, (2) the emergence of gay and lesbian identities in Turkey leading to different cohort experiences, (3) the significance of emotional ties and intergenerational living and (4) empowering educational and work trajectories. It is argued that gay and lesbian migration must be reconceptualised beyond the view of the family as an entity to escape from. Rather, the study highlights the significance of the family and demonstrates that while individuals are becoming more independent, family ties are not necessarily weakening. Instead other trajectories, such as education and employment function as empowering paths in order to support and sustain identities. Thus, in contexts where the act of coming out is challenging, the potential for other life course trajectories should be considered.

  • 1726.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    The life course and emotions beyond fieldwork: affect as position and experience2017In: Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, ISSN 0966-369X, E-ISSN 1360-0524, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 438-448Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A key debate about emotions in the field of human geography exists between geographies of affect, emphasising the non-cognitive, and emotional geography, emphasising the cognitive. In this paper, I draw on life course theory to present a parallel between the two. By dividing affect into two entities, känsloläge and känsloupplevelse, referring to a ‘feeling position’ and a ‘feeling experience’, I argue that a unique life course position can be analysed through känsloläge, while the feelings that are actually expressed and felt can be analysed through feeling rules in känsloupplevelse. To exemplify this relationship, I draw on affects and emotions from my own fieldwork, illustrating the ways in which känsloläge and känsloupplevelse affect both the research process and the researcher. In the conclusion section, the need for further exploration of the juxtaposition between the feeling position and the feeling experience, where the subject is centred but is not the sole owner of affect, is emphasised.

  • 1727.
    Wimark, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Andersson, Eva K.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Tenure type landscapes and housing market change: a geographical perspective on neo-liberalization in Sweden2020In: Housing Studies, ISSN 0267-3037, E-ISSN 1466-1810, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 214-237Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Discussions of tenure mix have received renewed interest as many have suggested that neo-liberalization has made way for gentrification of neighbourhoods and increasing segregation. Yet, few scholars have studied country-wide changes in tenure mix, due to the lack of data and appropriate methods. In this article, we propose to use tenure type landscapes to analyse changes in housing policy. We do so while acknowledging the evolution of housing policies in Sweden since 1990. Using individualized and multi-scalar tenure type landscapes to measure change in neighbourhoods, we analyse housing clusters in 1990 and 2012. We show that the tenure landscape in 1990 at the height of the welfare state was fairly diverse and mixed. During the next 22 years, however, the landscape changed to become more homogenized and dominated by ownership through tenure conversions and new housing. We argue that awareness of these changes is essential to understanding present and future segregation and gentrification processes.

  • 1728.
    Wimark, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Haandrikman, Karen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Nielsen, Michael Meinild
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Migrant labor market integration: the association between initial settlement and subsequent employment and income among migrants2019In: Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography, ISSN 0435-3684, E-ISSN 1468-0467, Vol. 101, no 2, p. 118-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The neighborhood effects literature indicates that a person’s place of residence may affect their socio-economic situation. This study examines the association between initial settlement and immigrants’ employment and income. Previous studies mostly used administratively defined geographical units of study, which may have led to an underestimation of neighborhood effects. The current study uses individualized neighborhoods, where neighborhoods are constructed based on each individual’s closest neighbors using geocoded register data, on different scales. In this way, more of the individual’s actual neighborhood is captured. The longitudinal study follows three cohorts of migrants and examines the relationship between the initial neighborhoods that migrants settle in and their employment and income, in the short and medium-long term. The results show clear associations between neighborhoods of initial settlement and labor market integration. Starting off in neighborhoods with high levels of deprivation is associated with lower levels of employment, while settling in affluent neighborhoods is associated with higher incomes. Findings are stable for different migrant cohorts and in the short and long term. Neighborhood effects are substantial especially for those settling in the most deprived or the most affluent neighborhoods.

  • 1729.
    Wimark, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hedlund, Daniel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Samlevnad som ideologi i migrationslagstiftningen2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 1-2, p. 69-90Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we study how homosexuality has legally gone from exclusion to inclusion in migration law and what ideological understandings that underpin this inclusion. The data corpus of the study consisted of the preparatory work concerning same-sex sexuality, cohabitation and migration. Data was coded for patterns concerning the public administrative understandings of same-sex sexuality as described in the preparatory works. The coding was theoretically driven by critical and Marxist approaches to ideology. Conducting a thematic analysis, four themes were identified in the data. The overall finding is that the preparatory works give precedence to sexuality in terms of disposition (läggning) when it is linked to identity and intensions to engage in a long-term relationship. This means that alternative sexual identities and practices not compatible with the ”heterosexual matrix” have been excluded from the ideological lens. The ideological focus in the preparatory works could be seen as a reflection of the capitalist system, where some social categories are viewed as desirable to include in a capitalist society.

  • 1730.
    Wimark, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Lewis, Nathaniel M.
    Caretta, Martina A.
    A life course approach to the field and fieldwork2017In: Area (London 1969), ISSN 0004-0894, E-ISSN 1475-4762, Vol. 49, no 4, p. 390-393Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Life course scholars have theorised the relationship between individual life trajectories and geographic phenomena such as migration, partnering, reproduction and locational choice. They have engaged less frequently with the politics of fieldwork or the interrelationship of the life course and the field. Feminist geographers, in contrast, have made significant interventions into the social dynamics of fieldwork (e.g. relationships between researchers and participants), but less so on the life trajectories that precede and follow the fieldwork encounter. This special section thus contributes to both life course geographies and ongoing feminist interventions into the fieldwork process. In understanding fieldwork experiences through a life course approach, the contributors to this special section simultaneously deepen and systematise much of feminist geographic research on fieldwork. Their work highlights how life events and turning points, including those before, during and beyond fieldwork, can profoundly change – or be changed by – research experiences and outcomes. They also reveal how the trajectories of researchers, participants and the field itself become interconnected within specific historical times and contexts.

  • 1731.
    Wimark, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Nielsen, Michael Meinild
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Haandrikman, Karen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Boende och integration: Samband mellan invandrades initiala bosättning och deras sysselsättning och inkomst2017Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine the association between residential segregation and immigrants’ employment and income. Residential segregation, i.e. when individuals or groups with different characteristics live at geographical separate locations, is usually seen as problematic given its consequences for individual outcomes such as educational achievement and employment. When individuals live separately, they can be affected differently depending on what kind of neighbourhood they live in, through so-called neighbourhood effects. These neighbourhood effects have positive as well as negative outcomes for the individual’s socio-economic situation. For example, local norms concerning attitudes to higher education may influence the individual’s choice to seek higher education. There are studies showing that immigrants’ earnings may be affected positively if they settle in areas with a high share of immigrants, due to them benefitting from ethnic networks. On the other hand, several studies point to negative effects from living in socioeconomically disadvantaged areas on employment integration. Generally, three political strategies to counteract the negative effects of segregation have been used in Sweden. The strategy of mixed housing is based on the idea that a mixed development of different forms of tenure, types of properties and housing sizes leads to a mixed population composition. Refugee allocation, i.e. spreading the refugee population evenly over Swedish municipalities, has been another strategy to decline segregation. Finally, the Metropolitan Development Initiative was launched as a strategy where conditions for economic development were created in a number of vulnerable areas in metropolitan municipalities. Research has shown that none of these strategies managed to counteract the levels of residential segregation to any significant degree. With a background of increasing ethnic segregation trends in Sweden, this study aims to answer the following research question: How are the initial neighbourhoods that migrants settle in associated with their labour market integration, both on the short and the medium long term? Previous studies that analysed changes in levels segregation over time and the association between segregation and individual outcomes only used administratively defined geographical units of study. This may have led to an underestimation of neighbourhood effects. The current study uses individualized neighbourhoods, where we construct neighbourhoods based on each individual’s closest neighbours using geocoded register data, on different scales. In this way, we can better capture individuals’ actual neighbourhoods. The longitudinal study follows three cohorts of migrants and examines the relationship between initial settlement after registration and employment and income on the short and medium long term. The migrant cohorts arriving to Sweden in the years 1995, 2001 and 2007 were included. The reason for studying three different migrant cohorts is to analyse whether a possible association between initial neighbourhood and labour market integration is sustainable over time and across cohorts. Labour market integration was measured as employment status and income four and ten years after arrival. We tested the association between initial residential neighbourhood and labour market integration through a model including both individual socioeconomic and demographic characteristics, whether people moved, municipal labour market conditions, and type of initial neighbourhood. We find a negative association between starting off in neighbourhoods with a high level of deprivation and the probability that migrants find employment, both in the short and medium long run. In addition, there is a clear association between initial neighbourhood and income level among those that have a job, by and large on the short and medium long term. The higher the level of wealth in the initial neighbourhood, the higher the probability for employment and the higher the income among those with a job, both on the short and long term. Similarly, the higher the level of deprivation in the neighbourhood, the lower the probability for work on the short and medium long term and the lower the income level on the short term. We also show that the association between migrants’ labour market integration and individual characteristics, especially for gender, education and mode of legal entry, is stronger than the association with initial neighbourhood. Our results show a negative correlation between initially residing in deprived areas and individual socio-economic outcomes. The results also show that there is a positive correlation between initially residing in neighbourhoods with high levels of affluence and individual socio-economic outcomes. A weakness of this type of study is that it is not possible to determine whether the measured correlations are causal, i.e. the associations may be due to other non-measured variables. Our model controls for mobility patterns and individual background factors, but there may be other factors that are not captured in our study. For example, we have no information about immigrants’ individual motivations, economic capital, contacts, etc. we can therefore not draw causal conclusions about how the initial neighbourhood affects immigrant labour market integration. Notwithstanding the study’s shortcomings, the results do give lead to reconsiderations of past policies. Firstly, the findings point in the direction of support for investment in new construction in prosperous areas to create better conditions for newly arrived immigrants. Since newly built apartments generally have higher rents or higher housing prices, they can be difficult to access for new immigrants. Therefore, we encourage solutions that enable housing opportunities for newly arrived immigrants in such areas to be cre- ated. Secondly, our findings also give support for strategies where new immigrants are allocated housing across geographical areas. One possibility might be to not only allocate newly arrived refugee migrants to municipalities, but also to consider what type of neighbourhood these groups are placed in. Thirdly, our results also hint at support for area-based initiatives that seek to counteract the negative correlations between settling in deprived areas and individual labour market outcomes. Previous research has advocated areabased initiatives that take into account disadvantages for immigrants to settle in disadvantaged neighbourhoods as well as advantages of settling close to the own ethnic group. Finally, we would like to point out that immigrant labour market integration is influenced by many different factors. The neighbourhood is one of these factors, but our results and previous research point to the importance of other factors, especially individual-level factors such as gender, mode of legal entry and educational level. This study has demonstrated the importance of individual socio-economic background, the municipal labour market and migration within the country, but there are more factors that influence labour market integration. Strategies aimed at improving the entrance of immigrants into the labour market need to take into account all these factors.

  • 1732.
    Wimark, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Östh, John
    The City as a Single Gay Male Magnet?: Gay and Lesbian Geographical Concentration in Sweden2014In: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 20, no 8, p. 739-752Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last two decades, an increasing number of studies on the geographies of gay and lesbian couples have been carried out, stressing the urban significance, tolerance, and amenities. In this study, it is argued that former studies have only mapped a fraction of the gay and lesbian population, that is, the couples, and present a new method for retrieving information from the Internet to map gay and lesbian singles and couples. The findings indicate that there is a significant difference between gay and lesbian singles and couples and that the urban significance is much stronger for singles than for couples. In the conclusion, it is suggested that a life course perspective could explain this where gay and lesbian singles tend to concentrate in cities, but when they have found a partner and decide to move together, the city is less important. Finally, a recommendation reconsidering partnership data is made as it can be problematical to generalise such data for a gay and lesbian population.

  • 1733.
    Winander Schönning, Andreas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Maktspelet bakom Östlig förbindelse: Vetenskapens roll i beslutsfattandet och kontrollen av informationen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med arbetet är att studera makt och påverkan i anslutning till ett större infrastrukturprojekt, i detta fall Östlig förbindelse. För att undersöka syftet har fyra intervjuer genomförts med personer som är insatta i samhällsdebatten kring projektet och som i varierande utsträckning kan påverka. Dessa intervjuer har tillsammans med officiella dokument rörande projektet granskats med en argumentationsanalys för att ta reda på i vilken utsträckning det råder konsensus och vilken mån det finns en skillnad i olika aktörers perspektiv på påverkande och makt. Resultaten redovisas under tre frågeställningar, den första ger en bakgrund till problemformuleringen till projektet, den andra analyserar detta och prövar om premisser som problemformuleringen samt lösningen bygger på håller och den sista frågeställningen kopplar detta till påverkande och makt. Slutsatsen ligger i linje med tidigare litteratur och visar att det finns ett maktspel i beslutsprocesser samt att vetenskapens och forsknings roll är begränsad i sammanhanget.

  • 1734.
    Windelhed, Bengt
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Barknåre by: markanvändning och bebyggelse i en uppländsk by under tusen år1995Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 1735.
    Winge, Oscar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Visioner om en svunnen tid: Om arkitektonisk estetik, evidensbaserat byggande och en frustration på internet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att undersöka hur den klassiska arkitekturen uttrycks i det moderna stadsbyggandet. Den ideella föreningen Arkitekturupproret, som ställer sig kritiska till att modernismen är det arkitektoniska formspråk som dominerar i samhällsbyggandet, har granskats. I studien undersöks dels hur föreningen motiverar att den modernistiska arkitekturen har en för dominant roll i stadsdesignen men också vilka kvaliteter och värden inom arkitektonisk estetik som de lyfter fram som acceptabla. Vidare undersöks på vilket sätt som Arkitekturupproret argumenterar för förespråkande av äldre tiders arkitekturideal. Metoden som jag huvudsakligen har använt mig av för informationsinsamlande bygger på e-metodologi, där data hopsamlats från föreningens elektroniska plattformar under löpande tid via föreningens dagliga uppdateringar av länkar, omröstningar, exempel på nybyggen och undersökningar gällande arkitektonisk preferensestetik. Genom att dagligen följa föreningens uppdateringar har jag under tidens gång med denna uppsats kunnat få ihop en tillfredsställande mängd material för att besvara mina frågeställningar. Resultatet har sedan analyserats utifrån valda teorier om estetik och elitism. Föreningen menar på att en allt bredare opinion tycks missnöjda med den arkitektoniska formgivningen som appliceras vid nybyggnationer och att denna problematik kan finna sin lösning i att arkitekturen istället söker sin inspiration från stilepoker innan modernismens genombrott. Under modernismens erkännande på 30-talet tycktes de funktionalistiska arkitekterna praktisera elitism där allmänhetens önskemål inte i tillräcklig grad respekterades och utifrån den infallsvinkel som tyder på att det än idag ofta inte byggs utifrån de allmänna preferenserna, tycks denna elitism fortfarande utgöra en problematik i dagens moderna samhällsbygge. Vidare studier bör bedrivas på detta område för att ytterligare påvisa fenomenets existens och minska missförståndsglappet mellan formgivare och användare. 

     

  • 1736. Wolifson, Peta
    et al.
    Drozdzewski, Danielle
    University of New South Wales.
    Co-opting the night: the entrepreneurial shift and economic imperative in NTE planning2017In: Urban Policy and Research, ISSN 0811-1146, E-ISSN 1476-7244, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 486-504Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1737.
    Wolk, Lars Teodor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    I sökandet efter nya vindkraftsområden: En studie om vindkraft i Södermanland2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    År 2009 antog den Europeiska Unionen förnybarhetsdirektivet. I anslutning till detta satte Sverige upp ett mål att producera 30 TWh el från vindkraftverk tills år 2020. Dock producerade vindkraft endast 16.32 TWh el år 2015. För att uppnå de nationella målen, måste det därför ske en kraftig expansion under de kommande åren och man måste identifiera nya områden med bra förutsättningar för vindkraft. Denna studie tematiserar detta problem och undersöker potentialen för vindkraft i Södermanlands län, ett län som enligt länsstyrelsen har goda förutsättningar för vindkraftsetableringar, men som endast har uppfört 8 vindkraftverk tills idag. Studien syftar till att redogöra för vindkraftssituationen och kartlägga hinder och möjligheter för vindkraft i länet. Med hjälp av en sammanställning av statistisk data och intervjuer med lokala aktörer för vindkraft visar studien att utvecklingen i Södermanland inte har tagit fart i jämförelse med andra svenska län. Detta beror främst på få investeringar från vindkraftprojektörer, vilket i sin tur är kopplat till flera andra geografiska och institutionella faktorer som gör Södermanland till ett oattraktivt område att investera i. Vidare visar resultaten även att det finns enstaka områden i länet som är lämpliga för utbyggnad, även för storskaliga projekt. Denna studie bidrar till forskning om hinder och möjligheter för vindkraft genom att undersöka ett område som inte har undersökts tidigare. Studien visar även att politiska trender, en faktor som inte nämns i den tidigare forskningen, kan spela roll för vindkraftsetableringar, och att möjligheter för vindkraft förändras över tid. Detta skapar nya intressanta forskningsfrågor inom området.

  • 1738. Wollin Elhouar, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Hansen, Kjell
    Tidtabellens tyranni och frihetens pris2011Report (Other academic)
  • 1739.
    Woltter, Michaela
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Ett stadsbyggnadskontors kapacitet: En studie över omställningen till att planera för mer hållbart resande i Västra Roslags-Näsby, Täby kommun2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats har syftat till att öka förståelsen för hur omställningen till att planera för mer hållbart resande upplevs och kan hanteras av tjänstemän på stadsbyggnadskontoret i Täby kommun. Genom en kvalitativ studie har tjänstemän i projektgruppen för Västra Roslags-Näsby liksom konsulter inriktade mot mobility management intervjuats. Utifrån begrepp som hållbar mobilitet, resilienta institutioner, mobility management och livsvärldsperspektiv har respondenternas upplevelser och erfarenheter av att arbeta med hållbart resande i stadsbyggnadsprocessen studerats. Resultatet visar att tjänstemännen upplever en förändring på stadsbyggnadskontoret i hur det talas om transporter och mobilitet på förvaltningen. Idag upplevs det vara mer självklart att även inkludera mer hållbara transportmedel såsom cykel, gång och kollektivtrafik i samhälls- och trafikplaneringen gentemot hur transporter tidigare hanterats på förvaltningen. En viktig anledning till detta tycks vara de enskilda tjänstemännen som utifrån eget engagemang och kunskap driver frågor om hållbart resande och mobility management liksom att omvärlden förändras vilket gör att hållbarhet och hållbart resande även får genomslag i Täbys kommunala planer och strategier. Trots en pågående förändring existerar dock normer och traditioner på stadsbyggnadskontoret som kan försvåra omställningen. Detta innebär att kapaciteten i stor utsträckning tycks finnas i förmågan hos tjänstemännen att utmana dessa strukturer. 

  • 1740.
    Wong, Grace Yee
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Indonesia.
    Loft, Lasse
    Brockhaus, Maria
    Yang, Anastasia Lucy
    Thu, Thuy
    Assembe-Mvondo, Samuel
    Luttrell, Cecilia
    An Assessment Framework for Benefit Sharing Mechanisms to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation within a Forest Policy Mix2017In: Environmental Policy and Governance, ISSN 1756-932X, E-ISSN 1756-9338, Vol. 27, no 5, p. 436-452Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Policy instruments for implementing the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation and the enhancement of forest carbon stocks (REDD+) mechanism operate within an orchestra of policy mixes that affect the forest and other land sectors. How will policymakers choose between the myriad of options for distributing REDD+ benefits, and be able to evaluate its potential effectiveness, efficiency and equity (3Es)? This is a pressing issue given the results-based aspect of REDD+. We present here a three-element assessment framework for evaluating the outcomes and performance of REDD+ benefit sharing mechanisms, using the criteria of effectiveness, efficiency and equity: (1) the structures (objective and policies) of a REDD+ benefit sharing mechanism; (2) the broader institutional and policy contexts underlying forest governance; (3) outcomes of REDD+ including emission reductions, ecosystem service provision and poverty alleviation. A strength of the assessment framework is its flexible design to incorporate indicators relevant to different contexts; this helps to generate a shared working understanding of what is to be evaluated in the different REDD+ benefit sharing mechanisms (BSMs) across complex socio-political contexts. In applying the framework to case studies, the assessment highlights trade-offs among the 3Es, and the need to better manage access to information, monitoring and evaluation, consideration of local perceptions of equity and inclusive decisionmaking processes. The framework does not aim to simplify complexity, but rather serves to identify actionable ways forward towards a more efficient, effective and equitable implementation and re-evaluation of REDD+ BSMs as part of reflexive policymaking.

  • 1741.
    Wong, Grace Yee
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Luttrell, Cecilia
    Loft, Lasse
    Yang, Anastasia
    Thuy, Thu
    Naito, Daisuke
    Assembe-Mvondo, Samuel
    Brockhaus, Maria
    Narratives in REDD plus benefit sharing: examining evidence within and beyond the forest sector2019In: Climate Policy, ISSN 1469-3062, E-ISSN 1752-7457, Vol. 19, no 8, p. 1038-1051Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    REDD+ was designed globally as a results-based instrument to incentivize emissions reduction from deforestation and forest degradation. Over 50 countries have developed strategies for REDD+, implemented pilot activities and/or set up forest monitoring and reporting structures, safeguard systems and benefit sharing mechanisms (BSMs), offering lessons on how particular ideas guide policy design. The implementation of REDD+ at national, sub-national and local levels required payments to filter through multiple governance structures and priorities. REDD+ was variously interpreted by different actors in different contexts to create legitimacy for certain policy agendas. Using an adapted 3E (effectiveness, efficiency, equity and legitimacy) lens, we examine four common narratives underlying REDD+ BSMs: (1) that results-based payment (RBP) is an effective and transparent approach to reducing deforestation and forest degradation; (2) that emphasis on co-benefits risks diluting carbon outcomes; (3) that directing REDD+ benefits predominantly to poor smallholders, forest communities and marginalized groups helps address equity; and (4) that social equity and gender concerns can be addressed by well-designed safeguards. This paper presents a structured examination of eleven BSMs from within and beyond the forest sector and analyses the evidence to variably support and challenge these narratives and their underlying assumptions to provide lessons for REDD+ BSM design. Our findings suggest that contextualizing the design of BSMs, and a reflexive approach to examining the underlying narratives justifying particular design features, is critical for achieving effectiveness, equity and legitimacy. Key policy insights A results-based payment approach does not guarantee an effective REDD+; the contexts in which results are defined and agreed, along with conditions enabling social and political acceptance, are critical. A flexible and reflexive approach to designing a benefit-sharing mechanism that delivers emissions reductions at the same time as co-benefits can increase perceptions of equity and participation. Targeting REDD+ to smallholder communities is not by default equitable, if wider rights and responsibilities are not taken into account Safeguards cannot protect communities or society without addressing underlying power and gendered relations. The narratives and their underlying generic assumptions, if not critically examined, can lead to repeated failure of REDD+ policies and practices.

  • 1742. Wood, Sylvia L. R.
    et al.
    Jones, Sarah K.
    Johnson, Justin A.
    Brauman, Kate A.
    Chaplin-Kramer, Rebecca
    Fremier, Alexander
    Girvetz, Evan
    Gordon, Line J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Kappel, Carrie V.
    Mandle, Lisa
    Mulligan, Mark
    O'Farrell, Patrick
    Smith, William K.
    Willemen, Louise
    Zhang, Wei
    DeClerck, Fabrice A.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. CGIAR, France.
    Distilling the role of ecosystem services in the Sustainable Development Goals2018In: Ecosystem Services, ISSN 2212-0416, E-ISSN 2212-0416, Vol. 29, p. 70-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Achieving well-being for all, while protecting the environment, is one of the most pressing global challenges of our time, and a central idea in the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We believe that integrating ecosystem services, the benefits nature provides to people, into strategies for meeting the SDGs can help achieve this. Many development goals are likely underpinned by the delivery of one or more ecosystem services. Understanding how these services could support multiple development targets will be essential for planning synergistic and cost-effective interventions. Here we present the results of an expert survey on the contributions of 16 ecosystem services to achieving SDG targets linked to environment and human well-being, and review the capacity of modelling tools to evaluate SDG-relevant ecosystem services interactions. Survey respondents judged that individual ecosystem services could make important contributions to achieving 41 targets across 12 SDGs. The provision of food and water, habitat & biodiversity maintenance, and carbon storage & sequestration were perceived to each make contributions to > 14 SDG targets, suggesting cross-target interactions are likely, and may present opportunities for synergistic outcomes across multiple SDGs. Existing modelling tools are well-aligned to support SDG-relevant ecosystem service planning. Together, this work identifies entry points and tools to further analyze the role of ecosystem services to support the SDGs.

  • 1743.
    Wrangsten, Caroline
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Back to the Future: Public Space Design by Girls: A case study of #UrbanGirlsMovement in Fittja, Sweden2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Livability, sustainability, and accessibility in urban public space are growing concerns in urban research and policy agendas. The professional field, however, lacks perspectives for public space qualities. Academic research about women and girls’ involvement in the re-design of public spaces is scarce. The Swedish suburb of Fittja in Botkyrka municipality is characterized by modernism and functionalism and at the beginning of a large refurbishment process. In 2018, think tank Global Utmaning initiated #UrbanGirlsMovement Botkyrka with the purpose of improving the public spaces of Fittja together with multiple stakeholders, particularly girls and young women from Fittja. In this case study, multiple methods and concepts from feminist urban geography and public space research are applied to examine how livability is illustrated and understood by girls and in which ways these learnings can inform urban public space policies. The results highlight ways to discharge patriarchal structures in public space using a compact and multifunctional urban form, accessible to all citizens through a variety of unprogrammed activity options, vibrant hangspace and green beautification. A feminist approach to urban livability shows the importance of understanding the diversity of perspectives to livability in public space, and that these perspectives matter for how we understand planning principles.

  • 1744.
    Wrangsten, Caroline
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Det levda styrelserummet: En studie av emotionell och feministisk geografi i näringslivets styrelserum2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Det levda styrelserummet” är en studie av maktens rum generellt och det svenska näringslivets styrelserum specifikt. Platsen studeras genom ramverket av emotionell och feministisk geografi då förhoppningen är att förstå hur män och kvinnor upplever platsen olika. Med anledning av kvinnors underrepresentation på platsen, studeras hur känslor av ”tillhörighet” skiljer sig mellan könen i styrelserummet. Det övergripande syftet är att öka förståelsen för detta rum ur ett genusperspektiv. Empiriinsamlingen utgörs av fem halvstrukturerade djupintervjuer med erfarna styrelsemedlemmar från näringslivet. Deras svar har analyserats utifrån jämställdhetsdebatten, teorier om genus och makt och inte minst genom studiens två geografiska ramverk. Resultatet visar en entydig övertygelse om platsens maskulina normer, som på olika vis förtrycker kvinnor. Tillhörighetskänslor skapas dock för både män och kvinnor genom att man delar emotionell energi och för att man allihop är invalda. Studien hoppas i och med detta resultat demonstrera att det inte räcker med kvantitativt jämställdhetsarbete, utan att ojämställdhet även tar sig uttryck kvalitativt på platsen.

  • 1745.
    Wästfelt, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Att bruka men inte äga: arrende och annan nyttjanderätt till mark i svenskt jordbruk från medeltid till idag2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 1746.
    Wästfelt, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Begagnade landskap: använt, vårdat och värderat2014Book (Other academic)
  • 1747.
    Wästfelt, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Continuous Landscapes in Finite Space: Making Sense of Satellite Images in Social Science2004Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Questions of landscape values connected to agriculture and environment are always related to local land use. In order to study land use it is necessary to understand the intentions of the users as well as the conditions for land use in a specific landscape. This requires an understanding of the inherent spatial properties of the landscape, both as a social phenomenon and as concrete, material reality.

    The overall aim of this thesis is to combine local understandings of land use with satellite images. A model for social interpretation of landuse and landscape characteristics is developed. In an ethnographic study in the village Sötåsa is shown how land use is informed by different ideals. The inhabitants of Sötåsa continue to value the landscape characteristics of traditional farming.

    The thesis shows also that by perceiving satellite images as social images that hold both physical information and social signs it is possible to interpret physical information in terms of social landuse effects in local landscapes. This is made possible by new methods for describing and analysing qualities and characteristics of the cultivated landscape.

    Treating landscape in society is discussed in relation to the divide between social and natural sciences. The presented ethnographic approach combined with a study of satellite images provides a springboard for a renewed analysis of both land use and landscape. It also makes it possible to bridge the gap between social and natural science.

    The overall conclusion of the thesis is that it is possible to use satellite images in social science, but that it presupposes that the images are analysed with a perception of space in which the analysis handles multiple continuous spaces and where landscape is understood as socially finite.

  • 1748.
    Wästfelt, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Förändringars avtryck och betydelse2017In: Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0349-2834, no 73Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1749.
    Wästfelt, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Shifts in agriculture praxis: Farm modernisation and global integration2018In: Routledge handbook of landscape and food / [ed] Joshua Zeunert, Tim Waterman, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The last few centuries have seen dramatic changes in how agriculture is practised in large parts of the world. Non-mechanised, mostly self-providing farms have been replaced by high-technology, high-input, high-yielding, and global-market-integrated farming. To be a farmer has changed from being a family farmer with many types of produce, where the family was involved in the work on the farm. Now farms are capital-intensive enterprises producing for the international markets. Farms have often become amalgamated into larger units and specialise in a single type of produce. This has been possible through technique development and use of labour-efficient farming methods and because of the reduction in relative costs for long distance transportation. Even though global market integration decreases societal dependence on local farming, agriculture is still dependent on fixed locations in the production processes and is highly dependent on markets and a common subsidy system. This chapter gives examples of farm praxis changes in Sweden and policy changes in Europe.

  • 1750.
    Wästfelt, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Eriksson, Camilla
    Det svenska lantbrukets omvandling 1990-2014: Exemplet Uppsala län2017Report (Other academic)
323334353637 1701 - 1750 of 1811
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