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  • 1901.
    Zilibotti, Fabrizio
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för internationell ekonomi.
    Aghion, Philippe
    Burgess, Robin
    Redding, Stephen
    The Unequal Effects of Liberalization: Evidence from Dismanling the License Raj in India2008Inngår i: American Economic Review, ISSN 0002-8282, Vol. 98, nr 4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1902.
    Zilibotti, Fabrizio
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för internationell ekonomi.
    Doepke, Matthias
    Occupational Choice and the Spirit of Capitalism2008Inngår i: Quarterly Journal of Economics, ISSN 0033-5533, Vol. 123, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1903.
    Åhlén, Sara
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Firms, Employment and Distance: Essays on the Swedish Regional Economy2007Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of three essays on the spatial relationships of economic activities in Swedish regions.

    "Governmental Interventions and Market Potential - Determinants of Regional Variations in Firm Births"

    This paper examines determinants of regional variations in Swedish firm births over the period 1992-2002. I examine the role of self-employment grants, regional policy payments and market potential in a fixed effects regression model. Aggregate sector level regressions show that both self-employment grants and market potential have positive effects on firm birth. Regional policy effects are instead insignificant. The results are not sensitive to how we choose to define a new firm but differ between sectors when we introduce data on a disaggregated sector level.

    "Which Economic Structures Foster Job Growth?"

    This paper is an empirical evaluation of how spatial structures affect dynamic externalities and their implication for job growth in different sectors. A model including local economic variables, natural advantages and unobserved regional differences is used to identify the underlying reasons for Swedish employment concentrations between the years 1993 and 2004. The relationship between economic structures and local labor growth is investigated in a municipality setting in order to capture labor transfers and spillovers with limited geographical reach. Special focus is given to the importance of municipal diversity, specialization and market potential. Sectoral regressions are executed in two steps; first by examining structures within the own region and then by including close municipalities to also account for spatial effects.

    "How Good an Approximation to Actual Distance is Crow Distance?"

    This paper examines the importance of how distance is measured. I use a Swedish data set of distance between municipalities and compare four different location and distance collecting methods which are all used in empirical analysis. The first two data sets are given as crow distance between locations and differ in the way we choose to impose a municipality center. I also introduce two journey based distance approaches; shortest road travel distance and travel time. The focus of the paper is to investigate whether the latter more detailed distance data makes a difference to economic empirical research on market potential and regional wage differences. I start the study with an examination of distance differences and continue with an analysis of the impact of distance on total market access measurements. The impact of the different measures is also investigated in a simple wage equation. Due to great data similarities in both market potential and throughout all regressions, I conclude there to be no strong case for not using a simple crow distance measure in this type of regional analysis.

  • 1904.
    Åkerman, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Essays on International Trade, Productivity and Firm Heterogeneity2008Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis consists of three papers, summarized as follows.

    ”Trade, Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Productivity: A Bridge between Theory and Data in Öresund”

    The paper aims at estimating the causal effect of trade liberalisation on aggregate productivity through firm selection as in Melitz (2003). The natural experiment used is the construction of a bridge in the year 2000 across the Öresund Strait linking Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark, with Malmö, the third largest city in Sweden. Substantial, though not entirely conclusive, evidence is found for the model. Firms based in Malmö raise their exports substantially, mainly by firms selecting into exporting. There is also an increase in the aggregate productivity in Malmö and this is mostly due to the reallocation of production from less productive to more productive firms.

    ”Country Size, Productivity and Trade Share Convergence: An Analysis of Heterogenous Firms and Country Size Dependent Beachhead Costs”

    This paper introduces a market size dependent firm entry cost in the Melitz (2003) model, which leads to several new predictions that are in line with the data. Exporters as well as non-exporters based in a large market are, on average, more productive than those based in a smaller market. Moreover, as the fixed entry cost of exporters into each market declines, for instance as the result of economic integration, export shares converge. This result is supported by the empirical part of this paper. Finally, we use a multicountry version of our model to derive a gravity equation.

    ”Industry Location in Export Processing Zones with Vertical Linkages and Agglomeration”

    This paper provides a rationale for the common use of Export Processing Zones (EPZs) in third world countries, as an alternative to liberalising foreign trade for all regions. Using a model from the New Economic Geography literature with vertically linked industries (to account for the fact that EPZ industry is typically characterised by the assembly of intermediate goods), I analyse the effect of an EPZ policy on the location of industry.

  • 1905.
    Åkerman, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Helpman, Elhanan
    Itskhoki, Oleg
    Muendler, Marc-Andreas
    Redding, Stephen
    Sources of Wage Inequality2013Inngår i: The American Economic Review, ISSN 0002-8282, E-ISSN 1944-7981, Vol. 103, nr 3, s. 214-219Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1906.
    Åkerman, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Larsson Seim, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    The global arms trade network 1950-20072014Inngår i: Journal of comparative economics (Print), ISSN 0147-5967, E-ISSN 1095-7227, Vol. 42, nr 3, s. 535-551Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Using SIPRI data on all international transfers of major conventional weapons 1950-2007, we study the relationship between differences in polity and arms trade. To study whether states tend to trade arms within their political vicinity we estimate gravity models of the likelihood of trade at the bilateral level and study the evolution of the global network over time. We find a stable negative relationship between differences in polity and the likelihood of arms trade for the duration of the Cold War, but not in recent years. In line with these results, the global arms trade network changes drastically over the sample period in several respects: it grows more dense, clustered and decentralized over time. The differences between the NATO and Warsaw Pact sub-networks that we find corroborate the common perception that the Warsaw Pact was more strongly centralized around the USSR than NATO around the UK, the US and France. 

  • 1907.
    Ångman, Josefin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    What is driving house prices in Stockholm?2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    An increased mortgage cap was introduced in 2010, and as of May 1st 2016 an amortization requirement was introduced in an attempt to slow down house price development in Sweden. Fluctuations in the house prices can significantly influence macroeconomic stability, and with house prices in Stockholm rising even more rapidly than Sweden as a whole makes the understanding of Stockholm’s dynamics very important, especially for policy implications. Stockholm house prices between the first quarter of 1996 and the fourth quarter of 2015 is therefore investigated using a Vector Error Correction framework. This approach allows a separation between the long run equilibrium price and short run dynamics. Decreases in the real mortgage rate and increased real financial wealth seem to be most important in explaining rising house prices. Increased real construction costs and increased real disposable income also seem to have an effect. The estimated models suggest that around 40-50 percent, on average, of a short-term deviation from the long-run equilibrium price is closed within a year. As of the last quarter 2015, real house prices are significantly higher compared to the long run equilibrium price modeled. The deviation is found to be around 6-7 percent.

  • 1908. Åslund, Olof
    et al.
    Böhlmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI). CReAM, UK.
    Nordström Skans, Oskar
    Childhood and Family Experiences and the Social Integration of Young Migrants2015Inngår i: Labour Economics, ISSN 0927-5371, E-ISSN 1879-1034, Vol. 35, s. 135-144Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We study how age at migration affects social integration in adulthood. Using Swedish register data, we estimate the effects of age at migration by comparing siblings arriving (as children) at the same time, but at different ages. Migrants who were older when they arrived are less likely to live close to, work with, and marry natives. We also study 2nd generation immigrants and show that parental time in the host country has similar (although somewhat weaker) effects for this group. The effects do not appear to be propagated through socioeconomic status. Instead, preferences or cultural identities appear as key mechanisms.

  • 1909.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Ensamkommandes framtidsutsikter i Sverige2017Inngår i: Socionomen, ISSN 0283-1929, nr 3, s. 46-47Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1910.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    De unga utrikes föddas etablering på arbetsmarknaden: en kvantitativ bild2018Inngår i: Unga inför arbetslivet: om utanförskap, lärande och delaktighet / [ed] Jonas Olofsson, Fredrik Wikström, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, s. 277-302Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1911.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Dropping out of Education: Refugee Youth Who Arrived as Unaccompanied Minors and Separated Children2019Inngår i: Unaccompanied Children: From Migration to Integration / [ed] Işık Kulu-Glasgow, Monika Smit, Ibrahim Sirkeci, Transnational Press London , 2019Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1912.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Ensamkommande barns och ungas väg in i det svenska samhället2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur går det för ensamkommande barn och unga att utbilda sig och etablera sig på den svenska arbetsmarknaden? Den frågan försöker vi besvara med hjälp av registerdata för dem som fick uppehållstillstånd i Sverige 2003–2014. Vi undersöker hur olika faktorer som ålder vid uppehållstillstånd, ursprungsland, tid i Sverige, utbildning, och bostadslän, påverkar etableringen. Andra aspekter vi studerar är ensamkommandes hälsa och civilstånd. I analysen jämför vi både med unga som har invandrat till Sverige med sina föräldrar från samma länder och med unga födda i Sverige med svenskfödda föräldrar.

  • 1913.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Ensamkommande flickor på väg in i samhället2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1914.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Ensamkommande flyktingbarns väg till utbildning och arbetsmarknad2017Inngår i: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 23, nr 1, s. 103-117Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1915.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Kartläggning av erfarenheter och forskning om ensamkommande flyktingbarn i Sverige och andra länder: Rapport till Arbetsmarknadsdepartementet2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1916.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Missuppfattningar om studier av ensamkommande barn2016Inngår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 44, nr 2, s. 73-77Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1917.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Nyanlända på väg mot etablering i Stockholm: Underlagsrapport2017Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 1918.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Policies, Practices and Prospects: The Unaccompanied Minors in Sweden2017Inngår i: Social Work & Society, ISSN 1613-8953, E-ISSN 1613-8953, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 1-16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1919.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Sweden: Intergenerational mobility patterns in immigrant and native families2018Inngår i: Catching Up? Country Studies on Intergenerational Mobility and Children of Immigrants, OECD Publishing, 2018, s. 121-143Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter investigates the labour market situation of Swedish native-born sons and daughters in immigrant and native families with regard to their parents’ education, as well as intergenerational educational mobility patterns for these families. The latter are compared in order to ascertain whether the roles played by institutions and family background vary across these two groups. Rather than focussing solely on father-son pairs, the chapter looks at all family combinations, including mothers and daughters and mixed couples. Since there can be differences across countries of origin for those families with an immigrant background, all country groups of interest are analysed separately. Transmission patterns are also investigated separately for different household types with regard to parental composition.

  • 1920.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Unaccompanied minors and separated refugee children in Sweden: an outlook on demography, education and Employment2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1921.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Utbildning och arbetsmarknad för ensamkommande ungdomar2019Inngår i: Ensamkommandes upplevelser & professionellas erfarenheter- integration, inkludering och jämställdhet / [ed] Mehrdad Darvishpour, Niclas Månsson, Liber, 2019Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1922.
    Öberg, Erik
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för internationell ekonomi.
    On Money and Consumption2017Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Price Level Determination When Tax Payments Are Required in Money. We formalize the idea that the price level can be determined by a requirement that taxes be paid in money. We show that if households have to pay a money tax of a fixed real value and the money supply is constant, there is a unique stationary price level, and a continuum of non-stationary deflationary equilibria. The non-stationary equilibria can be excluded if we introduce an arbitrarily lax borrowing constraint. Thus, in the basic model, tax requirements can uniquely determine the price level. When money has liquidity value, tax requirements can exclude self-fulfilling hyperinflations.

    The New Keynesian Transmission Mechanism: A Heterogeneous-Agent Perspective. We argue that a two-agent version of the standard New Keynesian model - where a "worker'' receives only labor income and a "capitalist'' only profit income - offers insights about how income inequality affects the monetary transmission mechanism. Under rigid prices, monetary policy has no effect on output as workers choose not to change their hours worked in response to wage movements. In the corresponding representative-agent model, in contrast, hours do rise after a monetary policy loosening due to a wealth effect on labor supply: profits fall, thus reducing the representative worker's income. If wages are rigid too, however, the monetary transmission mechanism is active and resembles that in the corresponding representative-agent model.

    Consumption Dynamics under Time-varying Unemployment Risk. We argue that adjustment frictions for durable goods generate a powerful amplification channel from fluctuations in unemployment risk to aggregate consumption demand. First, we use survey data to document that durable expenditures react strongly to increased unemployment risk, while the effect on nondurable expenditures is indistinguishable from zero. Second, we propose and calibrate a buffer-stock savings model that includes adjustment frictions for durable goods. Although not targeted in the calibration, we find that the model reproduces the semi-elasticities of expenditures to unemployment risk estimated in the data. Using the model, we find that the inclusion of adjustment frictions raises the aggregate demand response of durable goods to fluctuations in perceived unemployment risk by approximately 200 percent. Moreover, upon experiencing an adverse risk shock, the responsiveness of aggregate demand for durable goods to the interest rate and transitory income shocks is dampened.

    Consumption Dynamics under Time-varying Unemployment Risk: Evidence from Time Series Data. We investigate the relationship between consumption expenditures and unemployment risk using aggregate time series data for the US and ten EU countries. As a proxy for perceived unemployment risk, we use data on households' subjective expectations over the future unemployment rate. First, we employ a single-equation framework to test whether subjective unemployment expectations predict aggregate consumption growth when controlling for predicted aggregate income growth. Second, we exploit the timing of the survey interviews in relation to the publication of official statistics to isolate exogenous innovations to unemployment expectations in a small-scale vector autoregression. For the US, both methods suggest that there is a large effect of unemployment risk on aggregate consumption. For the ten EU countries, the evidence is mixed.

  • 1923.
    Öller, Lars-Erik
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statistiska institutionen.
    Jakten på syndabockar2009Inngår i: Forum för ekonomi och teknik, Vol. 5, s. 30-30Artikkel, omtale (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 1924.
    Österling, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Housing Markets and Mortgage Finance2017Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This Ph.D. thesis deals with questions related to the housing market, and answers the questions: "Does it matter if housing markets are underpriced?" and "How do the legal system and the loan contract affect those who default on their mortgage payments?

    "When selling a home, a popular marketing strategy is to set the list price far below market value. The idea is that a low list price will attract loads of buyers, who will push up the sale price. This thesis finds that a voluntary reform can reduce underpricing in the short run. Further, underpriced housing markets do indeed require more attention from potential buyers during all stages — online, at open houses, and during the bidding. This extra search effort is costly to society. However, underpricing is found not to affect the sale price, the time to sell, who the buyers are, or how hard the real estate agent works.

    The household's choice to default on a mortgage depends on the cost of the default (the legal system) and the mortgage contract. By studying a heterogeneous agent consumption/savings lifecycle model, this thesis finds that households prefer "lender friendly" laws that are costly for the homeowners upon default. This is because costly defaults yield fewer defaulters and thus lower interest rates, and thus are cheaper for non-defaulters. Households always prefer non-amortizing mortgages except when defaults do not have any cost associated with them, and they prefer adjustable rates over fixed rates. The benefits of costly defaults are particularly large for non-amortizing mortgages.

    The thesis concludes with the development of a new mathematical method to solve a particular class of dynamic programming problems, using stochastic simulated grids and nearest-neighbour interpolation.​

  • 1925.
    Östh, John
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Lindgren, Urban
    DO CHANGES IN GDP INFLUENCE COMMUTING DISTANCES?: A STUDY OF SWEDISH COMMUTING PATTERNS BETWEEN 1990 AND 20062012Inngår i: Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, ISSN 0040-747X, E-ISSN 1467-9663, Vol. 103, nr 4, s. 443-456Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Several studies have analysed the relationships between individuals' commuting distances and individual characteristics, discrimination, societal structure and planning. Largely left unexplored, however, are the long-term relationships between changes in the economic cycle and the effects on individual commuting distances. Using regression analyses, this study focuses on the relationship between changes in GDP and commuters' response reflected in commuting distances. The empirical data consist of records of almost 12 million Swedish commuting events between 1990 and 2006. Results of the analyses indicate that changes in GDP growth rate have an impact on commuting distances, especially for younger workers, the recently unemployed and commuters in metropolitan areas.

  • 1926.
    Östling, Robert
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för internationell ekonomi.
    Economic Influences on Moral Values2009Inngår i: The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, ISSN 1935-1682, Vol. 9, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper extends standard consumer theory to account for endogenous moral motivation. Building on cognitive dissonance theory, I show how moral values are affected by changes in prices and income. The key insight is that changes in prices and income that lead to higher consumption of an immoral good also affect the moral values held by the consumer so that the good is considered less immoral. A preliminary empirical analysis based on the World Values Survey is consistent with the model's predictions with respect to income.

  • 1927.
    Östling, Robert
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för internationell ekonomi.
    Varför värna den personliga integriteten?2012Inngår i: Integritet i en digital värld: sju texter om individ och internet / [ed] Isobel Hadley-Kamptz [och sex andra], Stockholm: Fores , 2012Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1928.
    Östling, Robert
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för internationell ekonomi.
    Martin, Flodén
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Från nationalekonomi till ekonomik?2009Inngår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 37, nr 3, s. 3-4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 1929.
    Özcan, Gülay
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Essays on Labor Market Disparities and Discrimination: Immigration, Education and Gender2011Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis consists of four papers, summarized as follows.

    Do Host Country Educations Even Out the Playing Field? Immigrant-Native Labor Market Gaps in Sweden

    This study follows a cohort of students from Swedish compulsory school graduation in 1988 until 2002 to document differences in education, including grades and field of education, and labor market outcomes between immigrants and natives. Results indicate initial differences in youth labor market status and long term differences in employment rates, most notably for those with Non-European backgrounds.

    Acculturation Identity and Higher Education: Is There a Trade-off Between Ethnic Identity and Education?

    This paper examines the role of identification to home and host cultures on the pursuit of higher educations for individuals with immigrant backgrounds. Identity is defined according to a two-dimensional acculturation framework based on strength of identification to both ethnic background cultures and the majority culture. The results put into question the premise of oppositional identities.

    Is It How You Look or Speak That Matters? -An Experimental Study Exploring the Mechanisms of Ethnic Discrimination

    Using a laboratory experiment, we explore the following questions: Are beliefs about performance affected by if a candidate is perceived to have looks that are non-stereotypical for the dominant population? Do these beliefs change if the candidate has a native-like vs. accented speech? We find that candidates not perceived as stereotypically Swedish are considered to be worse performers. When candidates are presented by both looks and speech, we find negative beliefs for candidates that speak Swedish with a foreign-accent.

    Sector Differences in the Glass Ceiling in Sweden -Is Occupational Segregation the Explanation?

    This paper explores sector differences in how the gender wage gap varies across the wage distribution and examines the role of occupational segregation in explaining this variation for Sweden. Results indicate that the phenomenon known as the glass ceiling is stronger in the public sector than in the private sector. This difference is found to be due to occupational segregation.

  • 1930.
    Üstünel, Besim
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för internationell ekonomi.
    A Note on the Choice of a Growth Model: For the case Study of Sweden, Japan and Turkey1972Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1931.
    Üstünel, Besim
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för internationell ekonomi.
    Economic Growth in Sweden, Japan and Turkey: A Comparison of Success and Failure1972Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1932.
    Üstünel, Besim
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för internationell ekonomi.
    Growth, Trade and Technology: From "Trade-Generated-Growth" to "Growth-Generated-Trade" and the Cases of Sweden, Japan, Turkey1972Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1933. Joint Programming Initiative, ()
    Wadensjö, Eskil ()
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    More Years, Better Lives: Strategic Research Agenda on Demographic Change2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
36373839 1901 - 1933 of 1933
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