Change search
Refine search result
23456 201 - 250 of 295
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 201. Nimphy, Cosima A.
    et al.
    Kullberg, Marie-Louise J.
    Pittner, Katharina
    Buisman, Renate
    van den Berg, Lisa
    Alink, Lenneke
    Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Personality, Social and Developmental Psychology. ISPA –University Institute of Psychological, Social and Life Sciences, Portugal.
    Elzinga, Bernet M.
    Tollenaar, Marieke
    The Role of Psychopathology and Emotion Regulation in the Intergenerational Transmission of Childhood Abuse: A Family Study2024In: Child Maltreatment, ISSN 1077-5595, E-ISSN 1552-6119Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies have shown that parents with a history of childhood abuse are at increased risk of perpetrating child abuse. To break the cycle of childhood abuse we need to better understand the mechanisms that play a role. In a cross-sectional extended family design including three generations (N = 250, 59% female), we examined the possible mediating role of parental psychopathology and emotion regulation in the association between a history of childhood abuse and perpetrating child abuse. Parents’ own history of childhood abuse was associated with perpetrating abuse toward their children, and externalizing (but not internalizing) problems partially mediated this association statistically. Implicit and explicit emotion regulation were not associated with experienced or perpetrated abuse. Findings did not differ across fathers and mothers. Findings underline the importance of (early) treatment of externalizing problems in parents with a history of childhood abuse, to possibly prevent the transmission of child abuse. 

  • 202.
    Nordgren Selar, Alexander
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Falkenberg, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Hellgren, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Gagné, Marylène
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    “It’s [Not] All ‘Bout the Money”: How do Performance-based Pay and Support of Psychological Needs Variables Relate to Job Performance?2020In: Scandinavian Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, E-ISSN 2002-2867, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 1-14, article id 9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of performance-based pay is increasing rapidly, but empirical evidence on how and why it relates to job performance, as well as its relative strategical importance, remains unclear. The present study examined the relative importance of performance-based pay variables and support of psychological needs variables for task and contextual performance in a sample of 582 white-collar employees in Sweden. Multiple regression results, based on survey and register data, showed that the instrumentality of the pay system related to lower levels of task and contextual performance. However, supplementary relative weight analysis (RWA) showed that, in relative terms, instrumentality of the pay system was of minor importance for performance. Performance-based pay-raise amount was positively related to contextual performance but not predictive of task performance. Procedural pay-setting justice was unrelated to both outcomes. Among the support of psychological needs variables, feedback and job autonomy had positive associations with both outcomes while social support from colleagues was not predictive of performance. Considering the explained variance (16–17%), the performance-based pay variables combined accounted for up to a third (12.6–29.2%) while support of psychological needs variables accounted for more than half of the explained variance (56.1–68.1%) in task and contextual performance. The results indicate that organizations would benefit from putting support of psychological needs to the forefront of their motivational strategies as a complement to administrating complex compensation systems.

  • 203.
    Nygren, Pär
    Stockholm University.
    Social grammatik: mot en metod för en kritisk socialpsykologi och en teori om mentalvårdarens socialisation1977Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 204.
    Nylén, Eva Charlotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Does a worksite based participatory intervention influence work climate, health and attitudes in human service employees?2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Psychosocial factors, including job demands and poor resources, have consistently been linked to stress, health problems and increasingly negative attitudes to the job. This suggests that worksite based interventions targeting psychosocial factors potentially have effect on individual employees’ perceptions of the work climate, health-related factors and attitudes. This pilot study sets out to investigate the effects of a worksite based participatory organizational intervention including a series of dialogically reflective workshops. Data were collected before and six weeks after the intervention with complete data on all study variables from 40 employees taking part in the intervention and 11 referents working in the same organization. A set of MANOVAs showed a multivariate effect for job demands, with the intervention group reporting reduced quantitative role overload and the comparison group increasing in role ambiguity. There were no significant multivariate effects for job resources, work-related attitudes or health-related factors, however, the intervention group reported a decrease in social support and an increase in turnover intention over time. Although the findings are preliminary and need to be replicated in larger groups, the results are promising and suggest that this worksite based participatory organizational intervention can have positive effects on occupational work climate.

  • 205.
    Nyquist, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Implementering av Mentaliseringsbaserad terapi på en psykiatrisk öppenvårdsmottagning.2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie har varit att utvärdera och kvalitetssäkra implementeringen av en mentaliseringsbaserad terapi på en allmänpsykiatrisk öppenvårdsmottagning. Behandlingen har riktat sig till patienter med diagnosen personlighetsstörning och pågått under 18 månader. 14 patienter inkluderades i studien och behandlingen har bestått av ett individuellt och två gruppbehandlingstillfällen i veckan. Intervjuer och regelbundna självskattningar har genomförts för att undersöka patientens psykiska mående. Samtliga patienter rapporterade vid inklusion ett svårt psykiskt lidande. En preliminär analys visar att efter 6 månaders behandling har patienternas psykiatriska lidande minskat signifikant. Sex patienter har av olika skäl avbrutit behandlingen efter inklusion. Två patienter har fullföljt behandlingen i sin helhet och i dessa patienters uppföljningsdata (24 månader efter inklusion) kan man konstatera att de skattat sitt psykiatriska lidande på samma nivå som den jämförbara svenska normgruppen.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 206.
    Näswall, Katharina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Arbets- och organisationspsykologi.
    Hellgren, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Arbets- och organisationspsykologi.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Arbets- och organisationspsykologi.
    The individual in the changing working life2007Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Working life has been the subject of great change in recent years, with contemporary conditions generally providing increased opportunities and autonomy for individuals. But these benefits can coincide with greater demands and responsibilities, increasing the pressure to work outside of traditional working hours and so creating conflict between work and family life. This book contributes towards our understanding of contemporary working life, considering how recent changes have affected the work climates, attitudes, and well-being of individuals. Combining traditional theoretical frameworks with innovative new research, it discusses both the positive and negative effects contemporary working life has on organizations and employees. International experts in the fields of work and organizational psychology present strategies to prevent negative working conditions and help individuals achieve a healthy work–life balance.

  • 207. Obschonka, Martin
    et al.
    Andersson, Håkan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Silbereisen, Rainer K.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Rule-breaking, crime, and entrepreneurship: A replication and extension study with 37-year longitudinal data2013In: Journal of Vocational Behavior, ISSN 0001-8791, E-ISSN 1095-9084, Vol. 83, no 3, p. 386-396Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Is there an intimate biographical relationship between entrepreneurship and antisocial tendencies? Drawing from Zhang and Arvey's retrospective study [Zhang, Z. Sz Arvey, RD. (2009). Rule breaking in adolescence and entrepreneurial status: An empirical investigation. Journal of Business Venturing, 24(5), 436-447], which found a link between entrepreneurship status of male adults and their recalled early antisocial rule-breaking behavior in adolescence, the present study utilized prospective longitudinal data from a Swedish cohort study to clarify the connection between antisocial rule-breaking, crime, and entrepreneurship by applying a developmental perspective. Regression results, which controlled for early socioeconomic background and intellectual competencies, indeed identified early antisocial rule-breaking behavior in adolescence as a valid positive predictor of a subsequent entrepreneurial career in adulthood in men (but not in women). In contrast, registered crime (teenage crime, adult crime, and prototypical trajectories of criminal behavior) as well as rule-breaking attitude in adolescence, as a more latent form of early antisocial tendencies, were relatively unimportant in the prediction of entrepreneurship in both genders. The results are discussed with a focus on rule-breaking and agency theories of entrepreneurship, youth theories, and the importance of looking at gender differences in entrepreneurial development.

  • 208.
    Odhammar, Fredrik
    et al.
    The Erica Foundation, Sweden.
    Carlberg, Gunnar
    The Erica Foundation, Sweden.
    Parents' and psychotherapists' goals prior to psychodynamic psychotherapy2015In: European Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling, ISSN 1364-2537, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 277-295Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to explore goals of parents and psychotherapists prior to child psychotherapy, the following questions were asked: (1) How are goals for psychotherapy formulated? (2) How can similarities and differences between parents’ and psychotherapists’ goals be understood? Questionnaires regarding psychodynamic child psychotherapies (n = 33) with parallel parental work were analysed using qualitative methodology. The child psychotherapists’ goals were often connected to the intrapsychic and relational development of the child. The parental therapists formulated goals focused on providing support to parents. The parents’ goals, on the other hand, concerned to a great extent giving the child help and to a lesser degree receiving help for themselves. They expressed their expectations concerning the child’s psychological development with a more everyday use of language, often with an emphasis on general psychological wellbeing. The study also indicated that parents had limited knowledge about the therapy’s implementation and framework. Some clinical conclusions could be made. Negotiating goals prior to parental and child psychotherapy can help create realistic expectations and promote a beneficial therapy situation.

  • 209.
    Oscarsson, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hur väl håller vi våra nyårslöften? En randomiserad kontrollgruppsstudie med tolvmånadersuppföljning2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Varje år avlägger nästan en femtedel av svenskarna ett nyårslöfte, ofta med ambitionen att genomföra en positiv beteendeförändring. Syftet med föreliggande studie var att kartlägga svenskars nyårslöften, mäta hur väl deltagarna håller sina nyårslöften samt undersöka huruvida man kan öka sannolikheten att de lyckas genom att via internet förmedla stöd i form av information och övningar baserade på kognitiv beteendeterapi. Deltagarna randomiserades till tre grupper: en som fick lite stöd, en som fick mycket stöd och en aktiv kontrollgrupp. Totalt följdes 1 066 deltagare under tolv månader, de flesta med nyårslöften avseende fysisk hälsa. Efter ett år uppgav 55% av deltagarna som svarade (n = 699) att de fortfarande var framgångsrika. Deltagare i gruppen som fick lite stöd lyckades i genomsnitt signifikant bättre än deltagare i de andra två grupperna. Resultaten antyder att det finns anledning att vidare studera nyårslöften som ett potentiellt effektivt verktyg för beteendeförändring.

  • 210. Paulin, Johan
    et al.
    Peristera, Paraskevi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Stress Research Institute. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Biological psychology.
    Nyberg, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Stress Research Institute. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Biological psychology. Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Bi-directional associations between gender-based harassment at work, psychological treatment and depressive symptoms2023In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 14, article id 1278570Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The objective of this study was to investigate the bi-directional associations between experienced and witnessed gender-based harassment (GBH) on the one hand, and depressive symptoms and psychological treatment on the other, in an occupational setting. GBH are behaviors that derogate, demean, or humiliate an individual based on his or her gender.

    Methods: The analyses were based on data from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health at 2018 (T1) and 2020 (T2), including 6,679 working participants (60.3% women) with a majority in the age range of 45–64. Using cross-lagged structural equational models, we analyzed experienced and witnessed GBH in relation to depressive symptoms and having received psychological treatment (talked to a counselor or psychological professional) over time.

    Results: Our results showed that neither experienced nor witnessed GBH was prospectively associated with depressive symptoms or psychological treatment over two years. Both higher levels of depressive symptoms (β = 0.002, p ≤ 0.001) and having received psychological treatment (β = 0.013, p = 0.027) weakly predicted experiences of GBH over time. Having received psychological treatment was furthermore weakly associated with witnessed GBH (β = 0.019, p = 0.012).

    Discussion: In conclusion, the hypothesized associations between exposure to GBH and mental health outcomes were not statistically significant, while a weak reverse association was noted. More research addressing bidirectional associations between GBH and mental health outcomes are needed.

  • 211. Pavlova, Iuliia
    et al.
    Krauss, Steven
    Mcgrath, Breeda
    Čehajić-Clancy, Sabina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Personality, Social and Developmental Psychology.
    Bodnar, Ivanna
    Petrytsa, Petro
    Synytsya, Tetiana
    Zhara, Hanna
    Individual and contextual predictors of young Ukrainian adults' subjective well-being during the Russian–Ukrainian war2023In: Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, ISSN 1758-0846, E-ISSN 1758-0854Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Russian invasion of Ukraine is accompanied by horrific losses among civilians. This study investigates various individual (hope, optimism, resilience, post-traumatic growth, and coping strategies) and contextual predictors (experience of life under occupation, actively hostile home environment, and frequent moves) of subjective well-being among the youth living in Ukraine. A total sample of 593 students from several universities participated in the study using surveys that contained questions about sociodemographic characteristics, life satisfaction, hope, optimism, personal post-traumatic growth, resilience, and coping strategies. Data were analyzed using JAMOVI software. The level of dissatisfaction with their own lives was 34.7%; most of the respondents had a higher incidence of minimal/mild hopelessness (88.7%) and high/moderate level of optimism (60.9%). The majority of participants had moderate and high levels of post-traumatic growth (51.9% and 6.7%, respectively) and resilience (46.0% and 14.5%, respectively). Optimism, hope, resilience, post-traumatic growth, using emotional support, and life in occupation predicted life satisfaction among the study sample. 

  • 212.
    Persic Holmlund, Doris
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Birds Relationstemperatur- En valideringsstudie av ett mätinstrument för kartläggning av parrelationer2022Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom parterapi används olika instrument för att kartlägga parrelationsområden. Birds Relationstemperatur är ett nyutvecklat instrument som används av företaget Birds Relations i deras mobilapplikation för att kartlägga relationer och därefter anpassa parövningar. Denna studies syfte var att validera detta instrument gällande dess faktorstruktur, interna konsistens och prediktiva förmåga. I studien ingick sammanlagt 367 individer i parrelation med en ålder på minst 18 år. Data insamlades genom en digitaliserad enkät. EFA resultatet föreslog tvåfaktormodell, vilket utforskades ytterligare med CFA analyser. CFA resultatet visade att Relationstemperaturens teoretiska femfaktorsmodell passade datan bättre än en tvåfaktormodell. Relationstemperatur kunde också predicera relationsnöjdhet samt motivation att stanna i relationen. Studiens resultat tyder på att Relationstemperatur kan användas för att kartlägga parrelationer. Förbättringsmöjligheter gällande instrumentets faktorstruktur med fokus på faktorantal samt att minska några faktorkorrelationer diskuteras. Även användning av andra välmåendemått baserade på multipla-item i syfte att ytterligare undersöka Relationstemperaturs prediktiva förmåga diskuteras.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Birds Relationstemperatur- En valideringsstudie av ett mätinstrument för kartläggning av parrelationer
  • 213.
    Persson, Johanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Familjerådgivning och heterosexuell tvåsamhet: - makt i psykoterapeutrollen2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 60 credits / 90 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate the dynamics of privilege and structural oppression according to the heteronormativ dyad in the context of family councelling through the lense of an intersectional perspective as a framework. The concept ”Portrait of intersectional privilege” by Fors (2020) is central of the study by its focus on the flexibel power balance on heterosexism, idealization of the dyadic realtionship and the norm of monogami. Five semi structured interviews have been made with psychotherapists in the field of Swedish family councelling and the data were interpretated and processed by tematic analysis. The result indicates that it would be of interest to improve knowledge and reflective awareness about intersecitionality when it comes to the heteronormativ dyad in the field of family councelling. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 214.
    Petersen, Helena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Kecklund, Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    D'Onofrio, Paolo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Åkerstedt, Torbjörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Exercise is associated with changes in sleep architecture during stress2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 215. Petersson Troije, Charlotte
    et al.
    Lisberg Jensen, Ebba
    Stenfors, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI). Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Biological psychology.
    Bodin Danielsson, Christina
    Hoff, Eva
    Mårtensson, Fredrika
    Toivanen, Susanna
    Outdoor Office Work: An Interactive Research Project Showing the Way Out2021In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 12, article id 636091Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The physical boundaries of office work have become increasingly flexible. Work is conducted at multiple locations outside the office, such as at clients' premises, at home, in cafés, or when traveling. However, the boundary between indoor and outdoor environment seems to be strong and normative regarding how office work is performed. The aim of this study was to explore how office work may be conducted outdoors, understanding how it is being experienced by office employees and identifying its contextual preconditions. Based on a two-year interactive research project, the study was conducted together with a Swedish municipality. Fifty-eight participants engaged in the collaborative learning process, including 40 half-day workshops and reflective group discussions, co-interviews, and participants' independent experimentation of bringing work activities outdoors. Data was collected via interviews, group discussions and a custom-made mobile application. The results showed that a wide range of work activities could be done outdoors, both individually and in collaboration with others. Outdoor work activities were associated with many positive experiences by contributing to a sense of well-being, recovery, autonomy, enhanced cognition, better communication, and social relations, but also with feelings of guilt and illegitimacy. Conditions of importance for outdoor office work to happen and function well were found in the physical environment, where proximity to urban greenspaces stood out as important, but also in the sociocultural and organizational domains. Of crucial importance was managers' attitudes, as well as the overall organizational culture on this idea of bringing office work outdoors. To conclude, if working life is to benefit from outdoor office work, leaders, urban planners and policymakers need to collaborate and show the way out.

  • 216.
    Pettersson, Pär
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Förändringsstress vid teknisk och organisatorisk omvandling: en studie av arbetsledare inom verkstadsindustrin1994Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 217.
    Prytz, Weronica
    et al.
    Stockholm University. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Carlberg, Jenny
    Slöja och identitet: En kvalitativ studie om slöjbärande kvinnors identitetskapande2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en kvalitativ studie om slöjans roll för muslimska kvinnors identitetskapande. Vårt syfte var att ta reda på om det fanns någon relation mellan slöjan och de upplevda identiteterna samt om kvinnor i slöja är begränsade i samhället. Studien bygger på information från tio kvinnor, vilka alla är praktiserande muslimer. Några av dessa kvinnor har valt att inte bära någon slöja medan andra bär huvudbonad av olika slag. I vårt material framgår det att de kvinnor som bär heltäckande klädsel (hjilbab och niqab) ger uttryck för att ha en stark identitet som muslim, vilken går före alla andra identiteter. Detta är en tydlig kontrast till de intervjuade kvinnorna som bär hijab som talar om flertalet identiteter, såsom kvinna, mamma, arbetare etc. Många utav våra informanter berör den muslimska gemenskapen. Vi anser att det finns en koppling mellan denna och slöjan då tillträde och acceptans i vissa fall tycks bli lättare om kvinnan bär slöja. I vårt material finns även mönster som visar att bärandet av en heltäckande klädsel innebär vissa begränsningar i samhället.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT02
  • 218.
    Radun, Igor
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Stress Research Institute. University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Levitski, Andres
    Wahde, Mattias
    Ingre, Michael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden; Institute for Globally Distributed Open Research and Education (IGDORE), Sweden.
    Benderius, Ola
    Radun, Jenni
    Kecklund, Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Sleepy drivers on a slippery road: A pilot study using a driving simulator2022In: Journal of Sleep Research, ISSN 0962-1105, E-ISSN 1365-2869, Vol. 31, no 2, article id e13488Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sleepy drivers have problems with keeping the vehicle within the lines, and might often need to apply a sudden or hard corrective steering wheel movement. Such movements, if they occur while driving on a slippery road, might increase the risk of ending off road due to the unforgiving nature of slippery roads. We tested this hypothesis. Twelve young men participated in a driving simulator experiment with two counterbalanced conditions; dry versus slippery road x day (alert) versus night (sleepy) driving. The participants drove 52.5 km on a monotonous two-lane highway and rated their sleepiness seven times using the Karolinska Sleepiness Scale. Blink durations were extracted from an electrooculogram. The standard deviation of lateral position and the smoothness of steering events were measures of driving performance. Each outcome variable was analysed with mixed-effect models with road condition, time-of-day and time-on-task as predictors. The Karolinska Sleepiness Scale increased with time-on-task (p < 0.001) and was higher during night drives (p < 0.001), with a three-way interaction suggesting a small increased sleepiness with driving time at night with slippery road conditions (p = 0.012). Blink durations increased with time-on-task (p < 0.01) with an interaction between time-of-day and road condition (p = 0.040) such that physiological sleepiness was lower for sleep-deprived participants in demanding road conditions. The standard deviation of lateral position increased with time-on-task (p = 0.026); however, during night driving it was lower on a slippery road (p = 0.025). The results indicate that driving in demanding road condition (i.e. slippery road) might further exhaust already sleepy drivers, although this is not clearly reflected in driving performance.

  • 219.
    Rafi, Jonas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology.
    A Workplace Prevention Program for Problem Gambling2023Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Gambling is an activity that may involve harm for the gambler and others close to the gambler. Since workplaces may be negatively affected by employees who gamble during work or are at-risk problem gamblers, this setting has been proposed as a suitable arena for prevention. However, the potential effects of such initiatives have not been evaluated. This thesis explored the effects of a workplace prevention program for problem gambling. The program comprised gambling policy development and skill development training for managers.

    Study I used pre-intervention measures to explore gambling characteristics of employees (n=3629) in ten organizations, including both private and public sector organizations, and blue- and white-collar workers. About one in 20 employees knew someone who gambled during work, and this proportion was similar for both managers and subordinates. Another finding was that 3.5% of respondents were categorized as at-risk problem gamblers, with a higher prevalence among subordinates (3.8%) than managers (1.3%). A third finding was that 11.4% of employees stated that the organization had a gambling policy, and that this did not differ between managers and subordinates. Gambling policy knowledge was considerably lower than alcohol policy knowledge, as an alcohol policy was believed to exist by 94.3% of managers and 63.3% of subordinates. Lastly, in regression analyses, the two outcomes “knowing about a colleague who gambles during work” and “at-risk/problem gambling” were associated with each other, male gender, and young age. Taken together, the findings offer evidence that gambling may be an important topic to target in workplace settings, although more research is needed to pinpoint specific workplace harms and whether certain gambling types are associated with more workplace harms than others.

    Study II used a cluster-randomized design to investigate the effects of a prevention program. Ten organizations were randomized to an intervention group or a waitlist group. Individuals who were employed on any of three measurement occasions were eligible to participate. A total of n=490 (response rate 73%) managers and n = 4146 (response rate 43.3%) subordinates participated in the study by providing informed consent and responding to the survey at least once. The prevention program included two main components: policy development and skill development training for managers. The main outcome was managers’ inclination to act when worried about an employee regarding gambling or other harmful use (e.g., alcohol), together with a range of secondary outcome measures. The results showed that managers who participated in the skill development training significantly increased their inclination to act compared to the waitlist group, but this finding was not generalized to the whole intervention group. Thus, including managers in the intervention group who did not participate in the skill development training when calculating intervention effects resulted in non-significant effects. The results of secondary outcome measures showed that there were significant intervention effects regarding managers’ knowledge of a gambling policy, their confidence in how to act when concerned about an employee’s possible problem gambling or other harmful use, and the proportion of managers who had acted to provide support. 

      Study III included semi-structured interviews with skill development participants (n=23) to inquire about their experiences of the prevention program. Interviews were transcribed and analyzed using qualitative content analysis, which yielded six distinct themes related to the participants, namely: 1) their expectations, 2) aspects of the skill development training they appreciated, 3) their experiences of PG, 4) their proposed areas of improvement, 5) whether they felt they had  received a good basis for PG and other harmful use, and 6) their thoughts about the so-called “difficult conversation”. Taken together, the findings provide ideas for improving gambling-specific interventions for the workplace and corroborate earlier research findings on workplace interventions in general.

    To conclude, the thesis shows that a workplace preventive intervention for gambling can have positive effects on managers’ intended and performed actions to help an employee who they suspect has a problem with gambling or other harmful use. However, further program improvements and in-depth studies are needed to draw conclusions on explanations, robustness, and mechanisms of change.

    Download full text (pdf)
    A Workplace Prevention Program for Problem Gambling
    Download (jpg)
    Omslagsframsida
  • 220.
    Ramnerö, Jonas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Törneke, Niklas
    The ABCs of Human Behavior2008Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    When behavior and cognitive therapy mixed into cognitive behavior therapies, largely during the 1980s, cognitive models became dominant and basic behavior principles were largely sidelined in clinical psychology curricula. Issues in cognition became the focus of case conceptualization and intervention planning for most therapists. In recent years there has been a renewed interest in learning theory, and basic behavior principles are once again becoming central in clinical practice. This is especially true in the new "third-wave" behavior therapies which begin to address areas of concern in the cognitive models. If you've been practicing for a while, classical behaviorism may not have been a major part of your clinical education. In order to broaden your understanding of learning theory and make the best use of the newer psychotherapies, you need to revisit basic behavioral principles from a practical angle.

    The ABCs of Human Behavior offers you, the practicing clinician, a solid and practical introduction to the basics of modern behavioral psychology. The book focuses both on the classical principles of learning as well as more recent developments that explain language and cognition in behavioral and contextual terms. These principles are not just discussed in the abstract--rather the book shows how the principles of learning apply in a clinical context. Practical and easy to read, the book walks you through both common sense and clinical examples that will help you use behavioral principles to observe, explain, and influence behavior in a therapeutic setting.

    From the Publisher

    The ABCs of Human Behavior the first book to present modern behavioral psychology to practicing clinicians. The book focuses both on the classical principles of learning, as well as the more recent developments that help explain language and cognition.

  • 221. Ramstetter, Lena
    et al.
    Rupprecht, Silke
    Mundaca, Luis
    Osika, Walter
    Stenfors, Cecilia U. D.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Biological psychology.
    Klackl, Johannes
    Wamsler, Christine
    Fostering collective climate action and leadership: Insights from a pilot experiment involving mindfulness and compassion2023In: iScience, E-ISSN 2589-0042, Vol. 26, no 3, article id 106191Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent research suggests that mindfulness, compassion, and self-compassion relate to inner transformative qualities/capacities and intermediary factors that can support increased pro-environmental behavior and attitudes across individual, collective, organizational, and system levels. However, current insights focus on the individual level, are restricted to certain sustainability fields, and wider experimental evidence is scarce and contradictory. Our pilot study addresses this gap and tests the aforementioned proposition in the context of an intervention: an EU Climate Leadership Program for high-level decision-makers. The intervention was found to have significant effects on transformative qualities/capacities, intermediary factors, and pro-environmental behaviors and engagement across all levels. The picture is, however, more complex for pro-environmental attitudes. With due limitations (e.g., small sample size), this preliminary evidence confirms the feasibility and potential of mindfulness- and compassion-based interventions to foster inner-outer transformation for sustainability and climate action. Aspects that should be taken into account in larger confirmatory trials are discussed.

  • 222.
    Reuterskiöld, Lena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Öst, Lars-Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Real World Applications of One-Session Treatment2012In: Intensive One-Session Treatment of Specific Phobias / [ed] Thompson E. Davis III, Thomas H. Ollendick, Lars-Göran Öst, New York: Springer , 2012, 1, p. 127-141Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Randomized Clinical Trials (RCTs) using cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and specifically one-session treatment (OST) for the treatment of a broad spectrum of specific phobias have been conducted in both adult and child samples, and across countries. Furthermore, in clinical practice, OST has been extended to include even more unusual phobias such as fish, mushrooms, knees, and ET (the Extra-Terrestrial movie character) with equally good treatment effects overall. Despite these positive outcomes the dissemination of OST in the real world has not been as evident. There are several explanations for why clinicians might not choose OST for patients presenting with various specific phobias.

  • 223.
    Richter, Anne
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Schraml, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Leineweber, Constanze
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Work-family conflict, emotional exhaustion and performance-based self-esteem: reciprocal relationships2015In: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, ISSN 0340-0131, E-ISSN 1432-1246, Vol. 88, no 1, p. 103-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: The three constructs of work-family conflict, emotional exhaustion and performance-based self-esteem are all related to tremendous negative consequences for the individual, the organization as well as for society. Even though there are studies that connect two of those constructs, the prospective relations between all three of them have not been studied yet.

    METHODS: We explored the prospective relations between the three constructs in a large Swedish data set representative of the Swedish workforce. Gender differences in the relations were investigated. Longitudinal data with a 2-year time lag were gathered from 3,387 working men and women who responded to the 2006 and 2008 waves of the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health. Four different cross-lagged models were analysed.

    RESULTS: In the best fitting model, higher levels of work-family conflict at time 1 were associated with an increased level of performance-based self-esteem at time 2, but not with emotional exhaustion, after controlling for having children, gender, education and age. Also, relationships between emotional exhaustion at time 1 and work-family conflict and performance-based self-esteem at time 2 could be established. Furthermore, relationships between performance-based self-esteem time 1 and work-family conflict and emotional exhaustion time 2 were found. Multiple-group analysis did not show any differences in the relations of the tested constructs over time for either men or women.

    CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the three constructs are interrelated and best understood through a reciprocal model. No differences were found between men and women.

  • 224.
    Rindstedt, Camilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Children's strategies to handle cancer: a video ethnography of imaginal coping2014In: Child Care Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, E-ISSN 1365-2214, Vol. 40, no 4, p. 580-586Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This article explores how children use fantasy, play, and coping (imaginal coping) in order to handle chronic illness. Imaginal coping, as a theoretical construct, is defined as the use of imagination to deal with the hardships of illness. The overarching aim has been to investigate the various ways in which categories of staff members (doctors, nurses, play therapists, and hospital clowns) and parents support children in their coping. Focus has thus been on collaborative or interactive aspects of playful coping.

    Method: A large proportion of the data collected consists of 93 h of video-recorded interactions between children, parents and staff. The collection of data involved fieldwork carried out with the use of a video ethnographic method, making it possible thereby to analyse and work with data in greater detail. For more than one year, five children with leukaemia were followed as each made their regular visits to a children's cancer clinic in a children's hospital in Sweden.

    Results: Collaborative storytelling, humorous treatment practices, playful rituals, as well as role-reversal play, were all types of events involving staff–child collaboration and creative improvisation.

    Conclusions: Staff, along with parents, played a significant role in the coping process. In various ways, the staff members helped the parents to respond to their children in ways adaptive for coping. It can be seen that imaginal coping is a highly interactional business. In this study it is shown that parents socialize coping; this is sometimes undertaken explicitly, for example, through coaching (in the form of instructions or suggestions) and teaching. But often it is achieved through modelling or intent participation, with the child observing staff members' treatment practices.

  • 225.
    Ringer, Noam
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Living with ADHD: A Meta-Synthesis Review of Qualitative Research on Children’s Experiences and Understanding of Their ADHD2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective

    The aim of the following study was to systematically search for and review qualitative research on children’s and adolescents’ everyday experiences and understanding of their ADHD, and to suggest an integrative synthesis of the results.

    Methods

    The method that was used as a guide for the synthesis of the qualitative studies is the one suggested by Sandelowski and Barroso (2007). This broadly used method in the context of health-care research (Saini & Shlonsky, 2012) aims to systematically review and integrate the findings from various qualitative research reports and to suggest an understanding of the phenomenon in a manner entailing more than merely the sum of all the studies’ results (Sandelowski & Barroso, 2007). The method consists of three stages: firstly, a systematic search for and retrieval of qualitative research reports; secondly, a critical appraisal of the identified reports according to inclusion criteria; and thirdly, an interpretative integration of the findings of those studies regarded as eligible by creating a categorisation of these findings.

    Results / Discussion

    In total, 16 published and unpublished qualitative studies on the subject were identified. The analysis identified four categories: (1) experiences related to one’s body and psychological abilities: lack of control, having difficulties, and the biological determination of these experiences; (2) ambivalent experiences related to one’s own psychological needs: a need to adjust oneself and a need to be accepted as ‘who I am’; (3) ambivalent experience related to social others: demands and expectations are a problem, experiencing lack of belonging and stigma, but also receiving help from close social others; and (4) experiences related to the formation of personal identity.

  • 226.
    Ringer, Noam
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Managing children with challenging behaviour. Parents' meaning-making processes in relation to their children's ADHD diagnoses2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective

    This study investigates parents’ lived experiences of having a child diagnosed with ADHD. The particular aim was to explore parents’ meaning -making processes in relation to their children’s ADHD with a focus on understanding the potential impact that receiving a diagnosis had on the parents’ perceptions of, and ways of managing, their children’s challenging behaviours.

    Methods

    Drawing on data collected through semi-structured interviews with 12 parents recruited to the study by school psychologists in Sweden, we carried out a content analysis of the parents’ accounts, producing a range of categories describing different aspects of the parents’ meaning-making processes in relation to their child receiving an ADHD diagnosis.

    Results / Discussion

    Five conceptual categories were identified, describing components of a process of adaptation through which the parents —using the diagnosis as a tool —were able to transform feelings of distress over their difficulties in managing their child’s challenging behaviours into feelings of being able to cope with these challenges of integrating the ADHD diagnosis into everyday family life.

  • 227.
    Risholm Mothander, Pia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. kliniska avdelningen.
    Grette Moe, Rigmor
    Småbarnspsykiatrisk diagnostik med DC 0-32007In: Socialmedicinsk tidskrift, ISSN 0037 833X, Vol. 84, no 1, p. 66-77Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    This paper describes Diagnostic Classification of Mental Health and Developmental Disorders of Infancy and Early Childhood (DC: 0-3) a descriptive classification system designed to address the need for descriptions of mental health difficulties in the first 4 years of life. DC: 0-3 was implemented in a Psychiatric Program for Infants and Toddlers (Nic Waals Institute) in Norway. DC: 0-3 was used in parallel with earlier established clinical routines and ICD 10 classification. A group of 138 children was classified according to DC: 0-3, Axes I and II. 59% of the children were classified with a Primary Diagnosis according to Axis I, and 48 % with a Relationship Classification according to Axis II. The clinicians found DC: 0-3 criteria to be more clinically relevant for this age group than the ICD 10, and they appreciated the use of Axis II to describe the relationship.

  • 228.
    Roll-Pettersson, Lise
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Ala i´-Rosales, Shahla
    University of North Texas.
    Using Blended and guided technologies in a unversity course for scientist practitioners: teaching applied behaviour analysis to autism professionals2009In: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, ISSN 1744-6295, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 113-142Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the incidence of autism spectrum disorders is increasing worldwide, there is a shortage of professionals trained to provide effective interventions. The article describes an advanced university course in Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) and autism tailored to meet the needs of Swedish professionals from multiple disciplines. The course implemented both blended-learning technologies (web, telecommunication, and in vivo) and guided-design (problem-solving) exercises to promote the scientist-practitioner model. Overall, students advanced their skills related to identifying extant scientific literature, choosing appropriate single-subject design evaluation methods, and critically analysing the effects of attempted interventions. Students rated the course as having high social validity and predicted the course content would positively affect their professional practice. The relevance of the course and future directions are discussed in the context of meeting the global need for effective autism intervention professionals.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 229.
    Roll-Pettersson, Lise
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Gena, Angeliki
    Eldevik, Sigmund
    Moderato, Paolo
    Sigurdardottir, Zuilma Gabriela
    Dillenburger, Karola
    Keenan, Mickey
    Ala’i-Rosales, Shahla
    Higher education and behavior analysis in Europe: creating a unified approach for the training of autism professionals2020In: European Journal of Behavior Analysis, ISSN 1502-1149, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 158-184Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Training of behaviour analysts for autism services, has improved notably within a European higher education context. However, regional discrepancies associated with economic, health care, social services, and institutional policies magnify the importance of creating appropriate unified training and consumer protection. Although the European Association for Behaviour Analysis (EABA) has endorsed the Behavior Analyst Certification Board’s (BACB) designations, the absence of European and national regulations, recognition, and accreditation remain significant barriers to quality training and implementation. These challenges are  particularly pertinent in light of BACB decision to limit certification to residents in the USA and Canada after 2022. Advances, challenges, and future directions are discussed within the context of higher education in the United Kingdom, the Czech Republic, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Norway, and Sweden. The post-Bologna European agenda for higher education, globalization and opportunities for the training of behaviour analysts within European higher education are outlined.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 230.
    Roll-Pettersson, Lise
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Odom, Sam
    Waligorska, Anna
    Hall, Laura
    Bejnö, Hampus
    International and Cultural Adaptations of Early Intervention Practices for Children with Autism2020Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Rationale: Much of the research literature on early intervention for young children with autism has emerged from the United States (US).  The majority of the studies documenting the efficacy of individual practices (Wong et al., 2015) and comprehensive intervention models (Odom, Boyd, Hall, & Hume, 2014) are conducted by US researchers, conducted in US early intervention programs and schools, and published in US journals. However, there is great interest in adoption and use of these practices in other countries.  Implementation Science informs us that adoption of programs, especially across international contexts, often requires adaptations to fit the cultural and sociopolitical context. The purposes of this panel are to describe the adaptations occurring of an intervention approach developed in the US and employed in research projects in Sweden and Poland and provide a forum for discussion with audience participations about their experiences.

    Objectives: 

    1. To describe cultural and sociopolitical adaptations in Sweden and Poland necessary of implementation of a US-developed intervention program for children with autism.

    2. To identify common themes of adaptation across the two programs.

    3. To provide a forum for discussion among audience members about adaptations they have made to support adoption and implementation of US developed practices and programs in other countries.

  • 231.
    Roos, Johanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Left behind: A review of therapist and process variables influencing dropout from individual psychotherapy2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Dropping out from psychotherapy is a complex phenomenon that has impact on the mental health of the dropout patients primarily and the mental health care secondarily and needs to be understood from many different angles. Among potential predictors, patient variables are so far most thoroughly examined. This tends to simplify the causal explanations that may result in adjustment of treatment procedures that are inadequate for addressing the problem. The aim of this review is to examine the current state of knowledge about therapist and process factors influencing dropout from individual psychotherapy. After electronic searches in databases 40 relevant studies published 2000–2011 were identified. The results show that the therapist skills and degree of education and experience has a great impact on dropout rates, psychotherapeutic progress and outcome, and the quality of alliance and relationship. The conclusions are that the therapists need training, peer and organisational support for accomplishment and enhancement.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 232.
    Rozental, Alexander
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology.
    Negative effects of Internet-based cognitive behavior therapy: Monitoring and reporting deterioration and adverse and unwanted events2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Internet-based cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT) has the potential of providing many patients with an effective form of psychological treatment. However, despite helping to improve mental health and well-being, far from everyone seem to benefit. In some cases, negative effects may also emerge. The overall aim of the present thesis was to establish the occurrence and characteristics of such incidents in ICBT using a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods. Study I determined deterioration, non-response, and adverse and unwanted events in a sample of 133 patients undergoing ICBT for social anxiety disorder. The results indicated that up to 6.8% fared worse during the treatment period, depending on the self-report measure and time point, as determined using the Reliable Change Index (RCI), while the non-response rate was between 29.3 to 86.5% at post treatment assessment, and 12.9% experienced other negative effects. Study II investigated the responses to open-ended questions on adverse and unwanted events among 556 patients in four separate clinical trials of ICBT; social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, major depressive disorder, and procrastination. In total, 9.3% reported negative effects, with a qualitative content analysis revealing two categories and four subcategories; patient-related, i.e., gaining insight and experiencing new symptoms, and treatment-related, i.e., difficulties applying the treatment interventions and problems related to the treatment format. Study III explored the number of patients achieving reliable deterioration, as determined using the RCI on the individual raw scores of 2866 patients from 29 clinical trials of ICBT. The results showed that the deterioration rate was higher among patients in a control condition, 17.4%, in comparison to treatment, 5.8%. Predictors were related to decreased odds of deterioration for patients receiving treatment; clinical severity at pre treatment assessment, being in a relationship, having a university degree, and being older. As for the control condition, only clinical severity at pre treatment assessment was associated with decreased odds of deterioration. Study IV examined a newly developed self-report measure for monitoring and reporting adverse and unwanted events, the Negative Effects Questionnaire. The results suggested a six-factor solution with 32 items; symptoms, quality, dependency, stigma, hopelessness, and failure. One-third of the patients reported experiencing unpleasant memories, stress, and anxiety, with novel symptoms and a lack of quality in the treatment and therapeutic relationship having the greatest negative impact. The general finding of the present thesis is that negative effects do occur in ICBT and that they are characterized by deterioration, non-response, and adverse and unwanted events, similar to psychological treatments delivered face-to-face. Researchers and clinicians in ICBT are recommended to monitor and report negative effects to prevent a negative treatment trend and further the understanding of what might contribute to their incidents. Future research should investigate the relationship between negative effects and treatment outcome, especially at follow-up, to examine if they are transient or enduring. Also, interviews could be conducted with those achieving reliable deterioration to explore if and how it is experienced by the patients and to see if it is attributed to the treatment interventions or other circumstances.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Negative effects of Internet-based cognitive behavior therapy
    Download (jpg)
    Omslagsframsida
  • 233.
    Rozental, Alexander
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Malmquist, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Sverige.
    Opportunities and restrictions: A discourse analysis of lesbian womens’ experiences of creating a family through assisted reproduction in Swedish public healthcare2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Female same-sex couples in Sweden have had access to fertility treatment within public health care since 2005. Treatment is generally tax funded, with a minimal of personal expenses. After birth, both mothers gain legal status as the child’s parents. This article draws on findings from interviews with 29 lesbian mothers, all of whom have sought treatment at fertility clinics within the Swedish public health care system. Parts of the interviews in which the mothers describe deficiencies in the provided treatment have been scrutinized in detail. Results show how heteronormative assumptions about the family and a feeling of exposure in the role of patient give rise to vulnerability in lesbian mothers. Furthermore, neither routines nor the offered treatment are adapted to lesbian women’s specific needs. Regarding dealing with deficiencies, the interviews are filled with expressions of acceptance, which rhetorically minimize the impact of potential stressors. A main conclusion is that legal inclusion of lesbians in fertility treatment is of groundbreaking importance to lesbians with a desire to become parents. The next step is to address heteronormativity within the health care institutions in order to develop treatment adapted to lesbian couples’ specific needs.

  • 234. Rydstedt, Leif W.
    et al.
    Deveraux, Jason
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Avdelningen för arbets- och organisationspsykologi.
    Comparing and combining the demand-control-support model and the effort-reward imbalance model to predict long-term mental strain2007In: European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, ISSN 1359-432X, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 261-278Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A first purpose of this prospective study was to investigate whether the levels of mental strain and the working conditions included in the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) model and the Demand-Control-Support (DCS) model differed for managers/professionals (n = 658) and manual workers (n = 343). An additional purpose was to compare the predictive power of the DCS and ERI models in the regard to long-term mental strain for these two groups. The study further aimed to investigate whether combining the models would improve the predictive power of long-term mental strain. Managers/professionals reported higher job demands and intrinsic efforts than did the manual workers, as well as slightly higher mental strain, but also higher decision latitude, social support, and rewards from work. Both models explained small albeit significant proportions of variance in mental strain for both occupational groups. A tentative conclusion from the study is that combining the two models may slightly increase the explanatory power to predict work-related mental strain.

  • 235.
    Rönnberg, Sten
    Stockholm University.
    Beteendeanalys: riktlinjer för analys, datainsamling och utvärdering i beteendeterapi1978Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 236. Sallinen, Mikael
    et al.
    Sihvola, Maria
    Puttonen, Sampsa
    Ketola, Kimmo
    Tuori, Antti
    Härmä, Mikko
    Kecklund, Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Åkerstedt, Torbjörn
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Sleep, alertness and alertness management among commercial airline pilots on short-haul and long-haul flights2016In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 98, p. 320-329Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Airline pilots' sleep and on-duty alertness are important focus areas in commercial aviation. Until now, studies pertaining to this topic have mainly focused on specific characteristics of flights and thus a comprehensive picture of the matter is not well established. In addition, research knowledge of what airline pilots actually do to maintain their alertness while being on duty is scarce. To address these gaps in research knowledge, we conducted a field study on a representative sample of the airline pilots of a medium-sized airline. The sample consisted of 90 pilots, of whom 30 flew long-haul (LH) routes, 30 short-haul (SH) routes, and 30 flew both. A total of 86 pilots completed the measurements that lasted for almost two months per pilot. The measurements resulted in a total of 965 flight duty periods (FDPs) including SH flights and 627 FDPs including LH flights. During the measurement periods, sleep was measured by a diary and actigraphs, on-duty alertness by the Karolinska Sleepiness Scale (KSS) in all flight phases, and on-duty alertness management strategies by the diary. Results showed that SH and LH FDPs covering the whole domicile night (00:00-06:00 at home base) were most consistently associated with reduced sleep-wake ratio and subjective alertness. Approximately every 3rd FDP falling into this category involved a reduced sleep-wake ratio (1:3 or lower) and every 2nd a reduced level of subjective alertness (KSS rating 8-9 in at least one flight phase). The corresponding frequencies for the SH and LH FDPs that partly covered the domicile night were every 10th and every 5th FDP and for the pure non-night FDPs every 30th and every 36th FDP, respectively. The results also showed that the pilots tended to increase the use of effective on-duty alertness management strategies (consuming alertness-promoting products and taking strategic naps) in connection with the FDPs that overlapped the domicile night. Finally, the results showed that the frequency of flights involving reduced subjective alertness depended on how alertness was assessed. If it was assessed solely in the flight phase just before starting the landing procedures (top of descent) the phenomenon was less frequent than if the preceding cruise phase was also taken into account. Our results suggest that FDPs covering the whole domicile night should be prioritised over the other FDPs in fatigue management, regardless of whether an FDP is a short-haul or a long-haul. In addition, the identification of fatigue in flight operations requires one to assess pilots' alertness across all flight phases, not only at ToD. Due to limitations in our data, these conclusions can, however, be generalise to only LH FDPs during which pilots can be expected to be well acclimatised to the local time at their home base and SH night FDPs that include at least 3h of flying in the cruise phase.

  • 237. Salomonsson, Sigrid
    et al.
    Santoft, Fredrik
    Lindsäter, Elin
    Ejeby, Kersti
    Ljótsson, Brjánn
    Öst, Lars-Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Ingvar, Martin
    Lekander, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Hedman-Lagerlöf, Erik
    Stepped care in primary care - guided self-help and face-to-face cognitive behavioural therapy for common mental disorders: a randomized controlled trial2018In: Psychological Medicine, ISSN 0033-2917, E-ISSN 1469-8978, Vol. 48, no 10, p. 1644-1654Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Common mental disorders (CMD) cause large suffering and high societal costs. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) can effectively treat CMD, but access to treatment is insufficient. Guided self-help (GSH) CBT, has shown effects comparable with face-to-face CBT. However, not all patients respond to GSH, and stepping up non-responders to face-to-face CBT, could yield larger response rates. The aim was to test a stepped care model for CMD in primary care by first evaluating the effects of GSH-CBT and secondly, for non-responders, evaluating the additional effect of face-to-face CBT.

    Methods

    Consecutive patients (N = 396) with a principal disorder of depression, anxiety, insomnia, adjustment or exhaustion disorder were included. In Step I, all patients received GSH-CBT. In Step II, non-responders were randomized to face-to-face CBT or continued GSH. The primary outcome was remission status, defined as a score below a pre-established cutoff on a validated disorder-specific scale.

    Results

    After GSH-CBT in Step I, 40% of patients were in remission. After Step II, 39% of patients following face-to-face CBT were in remission compared with 19% of patients after continued GSH (p = 0.004). Using this stepped care model required less than six therapy sessions per patient and led to an overall remission rate of 63%.

    Conclusions

    Stepped care can be effective and resource-efficient to treat CMD in primary care, leading to high remission rates with limited therapist resources. Face-to-face CBT speeded up recovery compared with continued GSH. At follow-ups after 6 and 12 months, remission rates were similar in the two groups.

  • 238.
    Seddigh, Aram
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Berntson, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Westerlund, Hugo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Does personality matter for performance in different office types?: A study of how personality and office type interact in relation to self-rated job performanceManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Office design and personality traits have both separately been show to affect indicators of job performance.  In this study we investigated the joint effect of office designs (individual office rooms, shared rooms, flex offices, and different sizes of open-plan office environments) and individual differences in personality, measured by the Big Five personality traits and stimulus screening ability, on self-rated indicators of employees’ performance. We collected data from 5 different organizations in both the private and public sectors and conducted 6 separate MANCOVAs to study the interaction effect of office type and individual differences. Our data suggest that agreeableness is the only trait that interacts with office type. People who work in medium-sized open-plan offices, large open-plan offices and flex offices report higher distraction if they score high on agreeableness. People who work in small and medium-sized open-plan offices report higher job satisfaction if they are highly agreeable. Furthermore, the results of this study indicate that except for emotional stability and stimulus screening, office type, and not individual differences, is the strongest predictor of performance. 

  • 239.
    Simonsson-Sarnecki, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    KOGNITIV PROBLEMLÖSNING UNDER STRESS: PÅVERKAR FYSIOLOGISK AROUSAL PRESTATIONEN?2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Förmågan att prestera under akut eller kraftig stress är en förutsättning för en del yrken. Forskningsresultaten gällande hur stress påverkar prestation pekar åt olika håll. Denna studie undersökte sambandet mellan fysiologisk arousal och kognitiv problemlösningsförmåga under stress. Trettiotvå polisstudenter testades på Ravens test av flytande intelligens APM set II både före och efter att antingen ha sprungit i tjugo minuter eller haft en självskyddslektion på ca fyrtio minuter. Resultaten från en mixed ANOVA för beroende mätningar visade på en signifikant interaktionseffekt (F (30) = 6,547, p < 0,05) – en ökning i prestationen hos självskyddsgruppen med arton procent och en minskning med femton procent hos löpningsgruppen. En möjlig förklaring till skillnaden i prestation kan vara att självskyddsträningen ger upphov till en annorlunda mental och kognitiv aktivering än löpningen. Graden av arousal kunde vidare inte förklara skillnaderna mellan grupperna och begreppets användbarhet i detta sammanhang kan kanske ifrågasättas.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 240.
    Siv, Boalt Boethius
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ögren, Marie-Louise
    Department of Psychology.
    Sjövold, Endre
    Sundin, Eva
    Experiences of Group Culture and Patterns of Interaction in Psychotherapy Supervision Groups.2004In: Clinical Supervisor: The journal of supervision in psychotherapy & mental health, ISSN 0732-5223, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 101-121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Beginner supervisees (n=84) and their psychotherapy supervisors who worked in 28 supervision groups in an academic training context participated in this study. SYMLOG self-ratings of actual and ideal experiences of the group intereractions were collected at three measurement points: the beginning, middle and end of the supervision. The main purpose was to examine group members´(supervisees and supervisors) experiences of polarization in terms of development of subgroups within the supervision group, and group culture in terms of flexibility. The results showed that, for the majority of groups, experiences of patterns of interaction, as measured at the three measurement points, involved changes in the role functions or degree of of polarization among group members. The group members tended to become slightly more satisfied with their informal roles and the group culture over time. Group members who experienced that the group interactions did not become more flexible also experienced that subgroups, characterized by Nurture and Dependency, had emerged in their groups. In conclusion, the significance or polarization patterns and flexibility was emphasized. A certain degree of opposition and conflict in the supervision group seemed to further development and flexibility in the group.

  • 241.
    Sjöberg, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Grill, Martin
    A validity study of a work sample test of leadership behavior using supervisor and subordinate ratings as criteria2024In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 65, no 1, p. 129-135Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Work sample tests gather information about behavior that is consistent with the behavior being predicted. This criterion-related validity study examines whether a work sample test can predict behaviors more than 6 months later among managers (N = 127) in a large municipal organization. Ratings from both the subordinates (SOR) and supervisors (SVR) of the managers were used as criteria for the leadership dimensions of Influencing others, Consideration, and Planning. In total, six hypotheses were tested. The results were corrected for range restriction in the predictors and for unreliability in the criteria. The hypothesis that the work sample test score of Consideration predicted subordinates' ratings of Consideration received full support (𝛒¯ = 0.33; CI [0.06–0.56]). The Consideration work sample test score also showed a positive relationship with supervisor ratings of Consideration (𝛒¯ = 0.22; CI [−0.01 to 0.43]), although the confidence interval includes zero. No significant criterion-related validity was found for Influencing others or Planning. Given the results, the work sample test can primarily be used to predict Consideration. The results are discussed, and suggestions for further research are provided.

  • 242.
    Sjöberg, Sofia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The utility gain of leaving professional judgment outside of prediction: Clinical versus mechanical interpretation of GMA and personalityManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study was to analyze and illustrate the margin utility of using clinical versus mechanical data combination for personnel selection purposes using measures of personality and general mental ability as predictors of job performance.

    Design/methodology/approach – By utilizing meta-analytic estimates for personality and general mental ability to predict job performance, and for clinical versus mechanical data combination predicting work criteria, utility analysis was applied to estimate the margin utility between data combination approach for different selection scenarios.

    Findings – The findings indicate that in a selection context, the difference in financial outcome is likely to be extensive between the two data combination methods. The gain in utility of combining data mechanically corresponds to an amount likely to represent the difference between failure and success for many organizations.

    Implications – This comparison provide professionals with the opportunity to gain insight into the difference in financial outcome of applying data combination method and by that increase the likelihood of acceptance and use of the mechanical approach. It also provides the reader with an example of how to utilize estimates provided by research, how to apply them for data combination purposes, and how to estimate the margin utility in their own selection practice.

    Originality/value – This is the first study to illustrate the superiority of mechanical data combination compared to clinical for job performance and selection purposes in financial terms.

  • 243.
    Sjöberg, Sofia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Langhammer, Kristina
    Södertörns högskola.
    Sjöberg, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lindevall, Thomas
    Preference for hiring approach: Cognitive style or context dependent?Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite consistent research evidence for the superiority of a mechanical hiring approach using standardized methods for collecting and combining data about job applicants, a clinical approach, relying on professional judgment, is predominating in selection practice. Identifying crucial factors driving practitioners’ preferences is a pre-requisite for guiding actions aimed at increasing the level of acceptancy and use of a mechanical approach. The results in this study showed that practitioners with an intuitive decision-making style prefer a clinical approach, while contextual aspects, accountability for the selection process and responsibility for the selection decision, did not impact practitioners’ preferences. Thus, individuals who rely on feelings and hunches in their everyday decisions also prefer intuitive judgments professionally, regardless pressure of accountability and responsibility. 

  • 244. Smoktunowicz, Ewelina
    et al.
    Maciejewski, Jan
    Lesnierowska, Magdalena
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology.
    Bridging the adherence gap in internet interventions: A randomized controlled trial study protocol investigating context-specific self-efficacy2024In: Internet Interventions, ISSN 2214-7829, Vol. 35, article id 100697Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Low adherence in self-guided internet interventions is linked to poorer outcomes. Although some predictors of adherence have been identified, few are modifiable for widespread application. One personal variable with the potential to increase adherence in internet interventions is context-specific self-efficacy. This protocol outlines a randomized controlled trial design, divided into two phases. In Phase 1 (students, N = 216), participants will complete a self-efficacy-enhancing exercise, which will be compared to a waitlist control group to test its effectiveness in increasing internet intervention adherence self-efficacy. Phase 2 will be the main two-arm trial, where all participants (medical students, N = 952) will undergo an internet intervention called Med-Stress Student. In the experimental group, the program will be preceded by the self-efficacy-enhancing exercise developed in Phase 1. We anticipate that participants in the experimental group will show higher adherence (primary outcome) to the intervention and greater improvement in intervention outcomes (secondary outcomes i.e., lower stress and higher work engagement) at posttest, as well as at six-month and one-year follow-ups. If effective, enhancing context-specific self-efficacy could be recommended before any internet intervention as a relatively simple way to boost participants' adherence.

  • 245. Snoek, Frank J.
    et al.
    Anarte-Ortiz, Maria Teresa
    Anderbro, Therese
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology.
    Cyranka, Katarzyna
    Hendrieckx, Christel
    Hermanns, Norbert
    Indelicato, Liliana
    Mcguire, Brian E.
    Mocan, Andreia
    Nefs, Giesje
    Polonsky, William H.
    Stewart, Rose
    Vallis, Michael
    Roles and competencies of the clinical psychologist in adult diabetes care: A consensus report2024In: Diabetic Medicine, ISSN 0742-3071, E-ISSN 1464-5491, Vol. 41, no 5, article id e15312Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: Psychological care is recognised as an integral part of quality diabetes care. We set out to describe the roles and competencies of the clinical psychologist as a member of the multidisciplinary adult diabetes care team, focused on secondary care.

    Methods: The authors are clinically experienced psychologists involved in adult diabetes care, from Australia, Europe and North America, and active members of the international psychosocial aspects of diabetes study group. Consensus was reached as a group on the roles and competencies of the clinical psychologist working in adult diabetes secondary care, building both on expert opinion and a selective review and discussion of the literature on psychological care in diabetes, clinical guidelines and competency frameworks.

    Results: The clinical psychologist fulfils multiple roles: (1) as a clinician (psychological assessment and therapy), (2) as advisor to the healthcare team (training, consulting), (3) as a communicator and promotor of person-centred care initiatives and (4) as a researcher. Four competencies that are key to successfully fulfilling the above-mentioned roles in a diabetes setting are as follows: (a) specialised knowledge, (b) teamwork and advice, (c) assessment, (d) psychotherapy (referred to as STAP framework).

    Conclusions: The roles and competencies of clinical psychologists working in diabetes extend beyond the requirements of most university and post-graduate curricula. There is a need for a comprehensive, accredited specialist post-graduate training for clinical psychologists working in diabetes care, building on the proposed STAP framework. This calls for a collaborative effort involving diabetes organisations, clinical psychology societies and diabetes psychology interest groups.

  • 246.
    Sousa-Ribeiro, Marta
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Lindfors, Petra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Knudsen, Katinka
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sustainable Working Life in Intensive Care: A Qualitative Study of Older Nurses2022In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, no 10, article id 6130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To counteract the shortage of nurses in the workforce, healthcare organizations must encourage experienced nurses to extend their working lives. Intensive care (IC) has higher nurse-to-patient ratios than other settings, which includes a particular susceptibility to staff shortage. This qualitative study investigated how older IC nurses experienced their working life and their reflections on the late-career and retirement. Semi-structured interviews with 12 IC nurses in Sweden (aged 55–65 years) were analyzed using an interpretative phenomenological analysis approach. The results showed that nurses planned to continue working until the age of 65 and beyond. When reflecting on their late-career decisions, nurses considered nine areas covering individual, work, and organizational factors as being central to their ability and willingness to stay. Overall, the nurses had good health and were very satisfied and committed to their job and to the organization. They mentioned having both the job and personal resources required to cope with the physical and mental job demands, which were perceived as motivational challenges, rather than hinders. They also reflected on various human resource management practices that may promote aging-in-workplace. These findings may inform organizations aiming at providing adequate conditions for enabling healthy and sustainable working lives for IC nurses. 

  • 247.
    Sousa-Ribeiro, Marta
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Persson, Linda
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Lindfors, Petra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Approaching retirement: A qualitative study of older nursing assistants' experiences of work in residential care and late-career planning2022In: Journal of Aging Studies, ISSN 0890-4065, E-ISSN 1879-193X, Vol. 60, article id 100994Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In many countries, eldercare workers are approaching retirement. To remain attractive to older and experienced workers, organizations need to understand how employees nearing retirement think about and experience theirwork situation. This qualitative study investigated how older nursing assistants within residential care for older people experienced aging at work, their psychosocial work environment, and their late-career planning. Semistructured interviews with eight nursing assistants (aged 55–61 years) in Sweden were analyzed using an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis approach. The results show that the psychosocial work environment was perceived as stressful and considered a long-term health risk, and that (future) health and work ability were key factors determining nursing assistants' late-career planning. Moreover, personal resources and social support from colleagues seemed protective against job demands. Aspects considered in late-career planning also included personal finances and meaningfulness of work. While these findings may be sample-specific, they still provide insights into the experiences of an important occupational group. This means that the findings can be useful for organizations aiming at promoting successful and sustainable aging-in-workplace and encouraging extended working lives.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 248.
    Sousa-Ribeiro, Marta
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology. North-West University, South Africa.
    Coimbra, Joaquim Luís
    De Witte, Hans
    Intentions to Participate in Training Among Older Unemployed People: A Serial Mediator Model2018In: Journal of career development, ISSN 0894-8453, E-ISSN 1573-3548, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 268-284Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While a considerable number of studies have focused on factors driving employees to voluntarily participate in training programs, much less is known on this topic with regard to the unemployed population, in particular the older unemployed, who often are in a vulnerable labor market position due to educational deficits and skills obsolescence. This study proposes and investigates a serial mediator model of older unemployed individuals’ training intentions grounded in propositions from social cognitive theory and the theory of planned behavior as well as prior models of employee involvement in training. The results, based on cross-sectional questionnaire data from 176 unemployed Portuguese individuals aged 40þ, suggest that age, education, and proactivity have an indirect effect on training intentions via learning self-efficacy and training-related outcome expectations. Age was also directly related to stronger training intentions. These results may be useful for interventions aiming to encourage older unemployed individuals’ participation in training.

  • 249.
    Strömberg, Dag
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Sömn2022In: Vänskap skola familjeliv: anpassningar och färdigheter för barn med autism / [ed] Anna Backman, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2022, p. 156-171Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 250.
    Strömberg, Dag
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Awasthi, Smita
    Roll-Pettersson, Lise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Teaching Eye Contact to Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder Through Parent Training Via Telehealth: Using Shaping Without Prompting in Social Play2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Deficits in eye contact are a common feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and has been found to negatively affect learning opportunities. Previous research has shown shaping without prompting to be effective in teaching eye contact to children diagnosed with ASD (Fonger & Malott, 2019). The current collaborative study between Behavioral Momentum, India, and Stockholm University, Sweden, conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic, evaluated the effects of a shaping procedure, implemented by parents trained and supervised via telehealth, to teach two preschool-aged children with ASD to make eye contact in naturalistic social play interactions. A changing criterion design across settings was used. For each child, eye contact was taught in three different child-preferred play settings where the parent was a necessary component. The target behavior was divided into Mve successive shaping phases. Both children acquired eye contact for a duration of 1 to 2 seconds across several settings. Results suggested a high degree of social validity, as measured by the participating parents' selfreports as well as individualized indices of happiness observed in the two children.Furthermore, this study conMrms that when cultural aspects are taken into consideration, telehealth can be used to train and supervise parents across geographical regions.

23456 201 - 250 of 295
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf