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  • 201.
    Trydegård, Gun-Britt
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Arbetsvillkoren i äldreomsorgen måste förbättras2008In: Socionomen, ISSN 0283-1929, no 3, p. 11-17Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln redovisar resultat från en postenkätstudie till all personal i äldreomsorgen i åtta svenska kommuner, här med särskilt fokus på arbetssituationen för omsorgstjänstemännen, dvs biståndshandläggare, enhetschefer, sjuksköterskor och centralt placerade tjänstemän. Studien visar att omsorgstjänstemännen anser sig ha ett mycket stimulerande och engagerande arbete, som uppskattas av de äldre och deras anhöriga, men att deras arbetssituation ofta är svår och problematisk. Många av dem arbetar hårt i en organisation där de inte delar värderingarna, där de inte kan påverka sin arbetssituation och där de inte känner sitt arbete uppskattat av arbetsledning och politiker. Känslan av otillräcklighet inför de äldres behov av hjälp liksom kroppslig och psykisk trötthet visade ett starkt hierarkiskt mönster. Ju närmare de äldre man befann sig i organisationen, desto tyngre upplevde man arbetssituationen.

  • 202.
    Ullström, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Medierna ökar pressen: De politiska staberna om medialiseringen och Regeringskansliets vardag2008In: Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     

    Media and the Swedish Government Office. The Ministerial Staff about the impact of Medialization.

     

     

    This article examines the relationship between media and the partisan ministerial staff of the Government Office. The main objective of the article is to make a contribution to the knowledge about and comprehension of how medialization has affected the work of the partisan ministerial staff. The article is empirically based on four focus groups, with respectively ministers, secretaries of state, political advisors and press secretaries working under the third Persson government (2002-2006). The article demonstrates that media management is an area that The Government Office was not originally adapted for. Therefore media and communication do not enter into the existing routines and formal decision-making processes of the organization. As a result, media challenge both the process behind the government’s collective decision-making and the up-holding of the impression that the government decides collectively. Thus, there is a need for complementary routines for the contacts between the partisan staff and the civil servants.

     

  • 203.
    Ullström, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Styrning bakom kulisserna: Regeringskansliets politiska staber och regeringens styrningskapacitet2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses one of the less explored areas of Swedish politics: the political appointees in the ministerial staffs of the Swedish core executive. The study draws attention to the everyday life of the ministerial staff in order to give an idea of their function: What do the political appointees do? How is the work of the ministerial staffs organized? How is policy coordinated at the political level? The main empirical focus of this thesis is the 2002-2006 term of office.

    The study contributes to an understanding of the role of political advisers in steering and policy making, and, in the light of this, their potential influence on the policy capacity of the government is considered. Political advisers occupy an ambiguous place within the political system. They play a vital political role, but their presence also challenges the traditional relationship between ministers and public servants. The study shows that political advisers certainly have a leeway to participate in the steering of the ministry's civil servants: they can be said to have a number of steering functions. At the same time, it is made clear that this does not mean that the political advisers are in the position to influence government policy to any great extent. In conclusion, it is suggested that the ministerial staffs do have importance for the government's policy capacity in the sense that they reduce the work load of both the minister and the state secretary and thereby make space for them to govern.

    The research questions are answered by means of empirical material gathered through a combination of methods, providing data with a range as well as depth and context rarely found in studies of core executives: a survey, participatory observations, focus groups and a series of interviews. The dissertation demonstrates that the ethnographic method is a useful tool for anyone who seeks to highlight and explain the relationships within political organizations.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 204.
    Ulmanen, Johanna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Gerger Swartling, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Wallgren, Oskar
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Climate Change Adaptation in Swedish Forestry Policy: A Historical Overview, 1990–20102012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report explores how climate change adaptation concerns were integrated into the Swedish forestry discourse in the period 1990–2010. The paper applies a governance perspective, using discourse analysis focused on actors’ beliefs and learning to identify the following: how the forestry discourse evolved, the main adaptation advocates and critics, how other dominant discourses, debates and external events influenced the discourse, the effect this had on forestry policy and the lessons that might be learned for future policymaking. The study shows that academics advocating climate change adaptation,

    together with outside influences such as political pressure for adaptation responses and the negativetive effects of storm Gudrun in 2005, contributed to an increased general awareness and understanding of adaptation issues in the forestry sector. Nonetheless, the influence of adaptation advocates was fairly weak, and the influence of advocates for mitigation and forest production dominated the forestry discourse. This fact has hindered the integration of adaptation into forestry policy, although there have been recent advances in integrating and legitimizing adaptation issues in the sector. Two lessons for policymakers willing to further this integration process are the importance of clear leadership and the importance of creating arenas to enable learning about adaptation among stakeholders.

  • 205.
    Valman, Matilda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm University Baltic Sea Centre, Baltic Nest Institute. Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Beliefs and behavior in international policy making: longitudinal changes in the governance of the Baltic SeaIn: Environmental Policy and Governance, ISSN 1756-932X, E-ISSN 1756-9338Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 206.
    Valman, Matilda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Three faces of HELCOM - institution, organization, policy producer2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite early initiatives during the 1960s and 1970s, and continuing efforts ever since, the Baltic Sea remains in poor condition. The Helsinki Commission (HELCOM) is the governing body tasked with protecting the marine environment from further deterioration through intergovernmental collaboration between the Baltic Sea states and the EU. In 2007, HELCOM launched a new tool – the Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP), of which the so-called ecosystem approach is a cornerstone. However, how and why the BSAP reform was launched, and also what consequences such management reforms can have for transboundary resource management, is unknown.

    By using institutional theory, organizational theory and the advocacy coalition framework, in combination with content analysis of official documents derived from HELCOM, this thesis argues that the BSAP is the end result of a gradual process of change within institutional structures and actor beliefs. This thesis also shows that HELCOM's capacity to detect, process, and react in response to changes in its regulatory objective has not changed as a consequence of the BSAP. In contrast to earlier research, it seems HELCOM responds better to slow and opaque changes than to quick and visible ones. Finally, by comparing HELCOM with two other similar cases, the thesis shows that HELCOM's adaptive capacity could be improved in line with the recommendations of the ecosystem approach.

    This thesis illustrates the importance of studying the emergence of new tools for governing transboundary resources from several theoretical perspectives. The thesis uses an innovative quantitative content analysis and concludes that new methods might be required to enable such studies. The different perspectives used here give various explanations concerning the causes and consequences of the BSAP. In a future Baltic Sea, where environmental changes are likely to be abrupt, a multitude of understandings regarding the governance of the Baltic Sea will be crucial.

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    Kappa
  • 207.
    Valman, Matilda
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm University Baltic Sea Centre, Baltic Nest Institute. Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Duit, Andreas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Blenckner, Thorsten
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    HELCOM, we have a problem: gradually unfolding crises and problem detection in international organisationsIn: Global Environmental Change, ISSN 0959-3780, E-ISSN 1872-9495Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 208.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Grass roots in social urban renewal2011In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, no 4Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 209.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Gräsrot i Social Stadsförnyelse2011Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 210.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Internationella solidariteten som bäst: Samarbetet Kuba-Venezuela2011In: Tidskriften Kuba, ISSN 1402-8638, no 4, p. 21-22Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 211.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Uribe y Chacao: De la “Cultura Ciudadana” a la “Seguridad democrática” contra la Sala de Batalla Socialista Victoria Popular?2011Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [es]

    Hasta hace algunos meses la administración del municipio Chacao había venido trabajando por aproximarse a lo que muy vagamente ha enunciado como la “Cultura Ciudadana”, pero ahora ha cambiado al concepto de “seguridad democrática”. Para abordar este cambio ha requerido la asesoría del expresidente colombiano Alvaro Uribe y su cuerpo de seguidores. Debido al carácter político de este cambio es necesario precisar un poco en que consisten los conceptos a la luz de cómo estos han emergido de las particularidades  políticas en Colombia. Con una mejor comprensión de los conceptos es mas sencillo entender cuales pueden ser las posibles implicaciones de este cambio, tanto para la política local como para las relaciones diplomáticas entre las dos naciones.

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  • 212.
    Vifell, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Enklaver: Om governance och demokrati i den svenska statsförvaltningen2007In: Nordiske Organisasjonsstudier, ISSN 1501-8237, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 61-87Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 213.
    Viström, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Organisationsförändring inom polisen: Exemplet Nationellt bedrägericenter2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a case study regarding organizational change within the Swedish police, using the example National Fraud Center (Nationellt bedrägericenter). The study aims to investigate what requirements and expectations are formulated in the government’s steering documents, and how the police handled these requirements when establishing the fraud center. Theoretically, the study is placed within a combination of neo-institutional organizational theory, and a theory of governance that connects the governance perspective with organizational theory. The material consists of appropriation directives, budget bills and a government assignment, as well as three documents from the police describing the police's considerations during the emergence of the center. A qualitative content analysis shows that the police, by establishing a fraud center, could accommodate many of the government's requirements and expectations. This can be explained by the fact that the government's steering of the police had an impact in this specific case.

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  • 214.
    von Sydow, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Planering i en oförutsägbar tid2017In: Vårt försvar, ISSN 0042-2800, no 2, p. 30-31Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 215.
    Vähämäki, Janet
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE). Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School. janet.vahamaki@score.su.se.
    The results agenda in Swedish development cooperation: cycles of failure or reform success?2015In: The Politics of Evidence and Results in International Development: Playing the Game to Change the Rules? / [ed] Rosalind Eyben, Irene Guijt, Chris Roche and Cathy Shutt, Rugby: Practical Action Publishing, 2015Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sida, the Swedish International Development Agency, has repeatedly, over decades, tried to introduce a stronger focus on 'results' and it has always resulted in a (re-)introduction of a management technology , based on a derivate of the logical framework. Since 2006, the 'results agenda' has been a top political priority, with large organizational and cultural changes within Sida. The chapter concludes that, although there might be factors that support the success of the current effort, these changes may hamper the achievement of development results on the ground and be just another 'tide of reform'. 

  • 216.
    Wallin, Josefina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Styrning genom misstro: En fallstudie om statlig styrning av skolan genom riktade statsbidrag  2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Riktade statsbidrag är öronmärkta för en specifik insats eller ändamål och för att få ta del av denna typ av bidrag måste kommuner och regioner själva ansöka om dem. Trots omfattande kritik mot riktade statsbidrag som allokeringsmedel har de riktade statsbidraget under senare årtionden ökat i både omfattning och antal. Flest riktade statsbidrag delas i dagsläget ut till insatser inom utbildningsväsendet. Denna uppsats är en teorikonsumerande dokumentstudie där tidigare forskning om tillits- och misstrobaserad styrning används som teoretiskt ramverk. Uppsatsen utreder frågan om hur styrning genom riktade statsbidrag kan ses utifrån dessa två styrningsformer och de konsekvenser som detta får. Uppsatsens resultat visar att styrningen genom riktade statsbidrag till skolverksamhet är präglad av misstro samtidigt som inga indikationer på tillitsbaserad styrning identifierades. Den misstropräglade styrningen genom riktade statsbidrag bidrar till att skapa ojämlikhet eftersom mindre kommuner har svårare att uppnå de administrativa krav som ställs för att få ta del av dessa bidrag och i längden blir därmed styrningen också ineffektiv. 

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  • 217.
    Waltman, Max
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Prohibiting Sex Purchasing and Ending Trafficking: The Swedish Prostitution Law2011In: Michigan Journal of International Law, ISSN 1052-2867, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 133-157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish prostitution law from 1999, now followed by Norway and Iceland, criminalized the purchaser and decriminalized the prostituted person. This is analyzed as a cogent state response under international trafficking law, particularly to the obligations set forth in the United Nation’s Trafficking Protocol from 2000. The Protocol states that a person is regarded a trafficking victim when, e.g., someone abuses her “position of vulnerability” in order to exploit her. International jurisprudence and social evidence strongly suggest that prostitution, as practiced in the world, usually satisfies this definition. Further, the Protocol urges states to reduce the demand for prostitution and to protect and assist victims, for instance by adopting laws deterring purchasers of sex, and by supporting those exploited in prostitution. Policy makers, such as the U.S. Department of State, are criticized for taking an inadequate position in face of the growing evidence from the Swedish law's impact.The article shows that Sweden has significantly reduced the occurrence of trafficking in Sweden compared to neighboring countries. It also scrutinizes some misinformation of the law's impact, showing for instance that claims alleging a more dangerous situation for those still in prostitution after 1999 were unfounded. In addition, the article addresses remaining obstacles to the law's effective implementation, arguing that in order to realize the law's full potential to support escape from trafficking, the civil rights of prostituted persons under current law should be strengthened to enable them to claim damages directly from the purchasers for the harm to which they have contributed, and for the violation of the prostituted persons' equality and dignity - a position now recognized by the government to some extent by clarifying amendments made in 2011.

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  • 218.
    Westling Allodi, Mara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Undervisningsmiljö och socialt klimat2010In: Etik i specialpedagogisk verksamhet / [ed] Rolf Helldin, Birgitta Sahlin, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, p. 49-71Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 219. Williams, Tim G.
    et al.
    Bui, Sibylle
    Conti, Costanza
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Debonne, Niels
    Levers, Christian
    Swart, Rebecca
    Verburg, Peter H.
    Synthesising the diversity of European agri-food networks: A meta-study of actors and power-laden interactions2023In: Global Environmental Change, ISSN 0959-3780, E-ISSN 1872-9495, Vol. 83, article id 102746Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Farmers are at the centre of scientific and political debates about sustainability in European agriculture, but rarely do we discuss the roles of other actors who shape their behaviour. Understanding the interactions and balance of power in agri-food systems is critical to effectively govern sustainability transitions. Here, we conduct a meta-study of 71 case studies in European agri-food systems to synthesise evidence on the diversity of actors and network configurations. We characterise the reported power-laden relationships to generate an agri-food network for each case study and then create a typology of archetypical network configurations. Our study provides three major insights. First, we find a diverse range of actors and complex network configurations. This indicates that the predominant focus on farmers in sustainability policy overlooks the other actors in their agri-food networks, thus risking suboptimal policy design and efficacy. Second, the typology identifies three groups of networks – agro-industrial control, multifunctional value chains, and civic food networks – associated with diverging levels of farmer autonomy. Agricultural governance should therefore consider the context-specific agency of farmers; policies that target farmer decision-making can only have impact if farmers have the capacity to change. Third, the typology demonstrates the potentially complementary roles of conventional and alternative value chains, as well as top-down state support and bottom-up civil society mobilisation. Agri-food networks hence provide diverse leverage points for sustainability transformation.

  • 220.
    Wilsby, Unn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Politik och preventivmedel för män: En explorativ kvalitativ studie2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis has studied the relationship between politics and birth control for men. By doing a qualitative content analysis on 18 motions and propositions and carrying out two interviews the two following research questions have been answered: How is the relationship between politics and birth control for men? and How is the relationship between politics and innovations in LARC for men? First of all the results show that the relationship consists of a demand for birth control for men from politicians. However, there is a different point of view regarding birth control for men and politicians than what political institutions such as the Swedish riksdag and the Swedish government believe. The motions and the interviews that I studied showed that birth control for men is about prioritising men’s sexual health and right now it is not prioritised. It also indicates that the relationship between politics and innovations in LARC for men is scarce, not many politicians talk about the need for LARCs both in a general sense but also in a specific sense such as vasectomy. Also different committees do not talk at all about LARCs. The results from the interviews showed that both politicians and scientists feel that birth control for men should be a priority and more should be done in order for change to be made. Lastly, more research needs to be done in order to be able to generalize the results to a bigger population. 

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    Politik och preventivmedel för män, Unn Wilsby
  • 221.
    Winter, Katarina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    The public as infrastructure in policy processes: The case of the abolition of the Swedish alcohol rationing system2023In: International journal of drug policy, ISSN 0955-3959, E-ISSN 1873-4758, Vol. 120, article id 104162Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Swedish political system is based on a strong tradition of commissions of inquiry, which work over the long-term to develop knowledge-based policy. This study explores knowledge processes associated with the work of such commissions, focusing on the case of the abolition of the Swedish alcohol rationing system. The point of departure is the 1944 Temperance Committee and its internal committee work, the committee's reports, and also the resulting governmental bill that led to the abolition of the rationing system in 1955. The focus is directed at how the public was used in arguments for and against the abolition of the system.

    Methods: The article adds to studies of knowledge production in policy by presenting a case study of the various ways in which the arguments used in political processes rely on the public as a carrying infrastructure over the course of a political process. We use the concept of the infrastructure (Star, 1999) as a metaphor to engage with the way the public is taken for granted in policy processes, and with the discursive resources needed to move arguments forward within a political process.

    Results: Political processes involve many activities related to the movement of knowledge, of which we have explored the use of the public as an activity required for the movement of arguments. The public is understood as providing both conversational and legalistic resources for moving arguments from one context to another. While the internal committee documents and the final bill allowed for an everyday use of the public in relation to arguments on hassle, annoyance and freedom, the committee reports combined the use of the public with formal arguments on legal processes and the public's sense of justice.

    Conclusion: Explanations of the movement of knowledge often miss the articulation work (Star, 1991) that takes place within policy processes. The public is indirectly present, as well-behaving witnesses used to emphasize arguments, and as such, they do plenty of work. At the same time, it is the committee documents that facilitate the presence of this public, which often lie far from the publics’ actual potential to make their voices heard. Although a perception of the rationing system's lack of support in popular opinion constituted a backdrop to the work of the committee, there was little knowledge of the publics’ actual views on the rationing system. We show that the public constitute a spoken rather than a material resource that proves quite effective: the public is rarely questioned as long as it is a restricted singular public that behaves well. To date, little attention has been focused on understanding the role of the everyday actors in relation to alcohol policy and other forms of drug policy. We argue that research needs to engage more with the way publics are allowed to indirectly or directly participate in policy processes and what knowledge and policy consequences this participation produces.

  • 222.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Rationalizing military death: the politics of the new military monuments in Berlin and Stockholm2022In: Critical Military Studies, ISSN 2333-7486, E-ISSN 2333-7494, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 77-98Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How do state monuments secure public consent to war efforts? This article examines the official military monuments constructed in Berlin in 2009 and Stockholm in 2013 in reaction to Germany’s and Sweden’s participation in the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan (2001–2014). Monuments express powerful truth claims and participate in the reproduction and transformation of war-justificatory narratives. By comparing the Berlin and Stockholm monuments, the article demonstrates their engagement with national identities and historical experience and their management of gendered military ideals. The Swedish monument Restare by sculptor Monica Dennis Larsen is white and human-sized, has an organic shape and sits in a pastoral setting, while architect Andreas Meck’s massive and austere German Ehrenmal der Bundeswehr is strictly rectangular and placed near military buildings. The article’s comparative analysis foregrounds the planning, names and dedications, locations, and designs of the monuments and the specific ways that they address individual death. A central conclusion is that these monuments repress gendered war histories and the masculinization of the armed forces. Restare disallows Sweden’s historical experience of gendered militarization and bolsters the country’s peace identity so that contemporary military violence appears publicly acceptable. The Bundeswehr monument forestalls linkages between Germany’s contemporary military identity and the country’s history of authoritarian regimes. By invoking neither military masculinity nor the feminized homeland, the monument orchestrates the separation of contemporary military activity from that in the German past.

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