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  • 201.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Keith Hart Answers 11 Questions, Interview by P. Aspers2007In: Economic Sociology, European Electronic Newsletter, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 11-16Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 202.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Knowledge and Valuation in Markets2009In: Theory and society, ISSN 0304-2421, E-ISSN 1573-7853, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 111-131Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 203.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Labelling Fashion Markets2008In: International Journal of Consumer Studies, Vol. 32, p. 633-638Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 204.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Making and Shaping of Markets2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 205.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Markets2011 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our lives have gradually become dominated by markets. They are not only at the heart of capitalistic economies all over the world, but also central in public debates. This insightful book brings together existing knowledge on markets from sociology, economics and anthropology, and systematically investigates the different forms of markets we encounter daily in our social lives.

    Aspers starts by defining what a market actually is, analyzing its essential elements as well as its necessary preconditions and varied consequences. An important theme in the book is that a whole host of markets are embedded within one other and in social life at large, and Aspers discusses these in the context of other forms of economic coordination, such as networks and organizations. Combining theory with empirical examples, the book cuts to the core of understanding how different markets function, the role they have played in history, and how they come into being.

    This accessible and theoretically rich book will be essential reading for upper-level students seeking to make sense of markets and their complex role in social life.

  • 206.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Markets, Evaluations and Rankings2011In: Historical Social Research / Historische Sozialforschung, ISSN 0172-6404, Vol. 36, no 3, p. 19-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Markte, Bewertungen und Klassifizierungen. Starting from the problem of economic coordination, this article defines markets as a social structure for the exchange of rights in which offers are evaluated and priced, and compete with one another. It identifies temporality, the roles of buyers and sellers, the voluntary nature of trade, property rights and competition as key features distinguishing markets from trade and other forms of economic coordination. In order to function, markets require a shared understanding of a product, a common culture as rules of behavior and an agreement over the economic value of an offer. Finally, the article distinguishes between fixed and switch-role markets to show that it is necessary to speak of markets in plural.

  • 207.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Markets in fashion: a phenomenological approach2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 208.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Människor och ting, en interaktionistisk analys av samlandet2007In: Sociologisk Forskning, no 3, p. 87-89Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 209.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Märkten in der globalen Bekleidungsindustrie2007In: Jahrbuch MPIfG, MPIfG, Köln , 2007Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 210.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Order in Garment Markets2008In: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, E-ISSN 1502-3869, no 3, p. 187-202Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this theoretical article is to analyse the social construction of order in two connected markets in the production flow of the global garment industry. The consumer market is identified as a status market, while the production market is defined as a `standard' market. In a `status' market, order is maintained because the identities of actors on both sides of the market are ranked according to status, which is a more entrenched social construction than the commodity traded in the market. In a market characterized by `standard', the situation is the reverse: the commodity is a more entrenched social construction than the identity rankings of actors in the market. The study ties together consumption and production of garments through several markets.

  • 211.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Orderly fashion princeton: a sociology of markets2010Book (Other academic)
  • 212.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Quality and Temporality in Timber Markets2013In: Constructing Quality: The Classification of Goods in Markets / [ed] Jens Beckert and Christine Musselin, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013, p. 58-76Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 213.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Relational Ontology: Being and Order out of Heidegger’s Socioontology2010In: Relationale Soziologie: Zur kulturellen Wende der Netzwerkforschung / [ed] S. Mützel and J. Fuhse, Wiesbaden: VS Verlag , 2010, p. 257-272Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 214.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Sociology of Fashion: Order and Change2013In: Annual Review of Sociology, ISSN 0360-0572, E-ISSN 1545-2115, Vol. 39, p. 171-192Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we synthesize and analyze sociological understanding of fashion, with the main part of the review devoted to classical and recent sociological work. To further the development of this largely interdisciplinary field, we also highlight the key points of research in other disciplines. We define fashion as an unplanned process of recurrent change against a backdrop of order in the public realm. We clarify this definition after tracing fashion's origins and history. As a social phenomenon, fashion has been culturally and economically significant since the dawn of Modernity and has increased in importance with the emergence of mass markets, in terms of both production and consumption. Most research on this topic is concerned with dress, but we argue that there are no domain restrictions that should constrain fashion theories. We identify venues around which sociologists could develop further research in this field.

  • 215.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Symbolisk interaktionism2007In: Social handling och sociala relationer: En grundbok i sociologisk teori, Natur och Kultur, Stockholm , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 216.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The Practice of Defining Markets, A Comment on Charles W. Smith2007In: Canadian Journal of Sociology, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 479-487Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 217.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The Second Road to Phenomenological Sociology2010In: Society (New Brunswick), ISSN 0147-2011, E-ISSN 1936-4725, Vol. 47, no 3, p. 214-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article outlines and discusses the second road to phenomenology. It is argued that Martin Heidegger's approach to phenomenology represents a radical break with the first, and egological, road paved by Edmund Husserl. The article shows that sociologists who have followed Husserl and Schutz, or more generally have assumed the egological approach, in fact operate with a non-sociological starting point. Husserl brackets the lifeworld in order to get to true knowledge. In his view, ego tries to reach out to other egos, and social relations is a consequence of egos attempts. Heidegger, in contrast, argues that our lifeworld is the starting point of any knowledge, and this means that man is essentially constituted as being together with other men.

  • 218.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE). Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The Worth of Goods: Valuation and Pricing in the Economy2011Book (Refereed)
  • 219.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Theory, Reality and Performativity in Markets2007In: American Journal of Economics and Sociology, Vol. 66, no 2, p. 379–398-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 220.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Using design for upgrading in the fashion industry2010In: Journal of Economic Geography, ISSN 1468-2702, E-ISSN 1468-2710, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 189-207Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the article is to analyze upgrading by looking at the design of fashion garments. To that end, I use the theoretical concept of contextual knowledge to understand the problems faced by firms, and their staff, that want to upgrade through design. Contextual knowledge combines a general knowledge of fashion with the lifeworld that actors use for interpretation of fashion. Lifeworld is a notion which refers to what is taken for granted. Producers and consumers in the global fashion industry live in different lifeworlds. The text discusses upgrading strategies of garment manufacturers, drawing on unique empirical material. It provides a theoretical tool for analyzing culturally primed production in a global setting.

  • 221.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Wissen und Bewertung auf Märkten2007In: Berliner Journal für Soziologie, no 4, p. 431-449Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 222.
    Aspers, Patrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Asaf, Darr
    Sebastian, Kohl
    An Economic Sociological Look at Economic Anthropology2007In: Economic Sociology, European Electronic Newsletter, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 3-10Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 223.
    Aspers, Patrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Beckert, Jens
    MPIfG.
    Märkte2007In: Handbuch der Wirtschaftssoziologie, Vs Verlag , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 224.
    Aspers, Patrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Beckert, Jens
    Märkte2008In: Handbuch der Wirtschaftssoziologie, 2008, p. 225-246Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 225.
    Aspers, Patrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Beckert, Jens
    Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
    Value in Markets2011In: The Worth of Goods: Valuation & Pricing in the Economy / [ed] Beckert, Jens and Aspers Patrik, Oxford: Oxford University Press , 2011, p. 3-40Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 226.
    Aspers, Patrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Darr, A.
    Trade shows and the creation of market and industry2011In: Sociological Review, ISSN 0038-0261, E-ISSN 1467-954X, Vol. 59, no 4, p. 758-778Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses the question of the constitution of markets in advanced societies.Specifically, the article studies the role of the traveling trade show in creatingthe real time computing market, which is part of the US electronics sector, duringthe mid-1990’s. Real time computing products assist the transfer, storage and processingof digital signals in real time and support many of the internet applicationswe use today.By applying ethnographic methods,we explore the general question ofhow economic actors cope with uncertainty in the phase of market-making and atthe cutting edge of technology. The paper makes two contributions to the existingliterature. First, it shows that the attempt to organize a trade show in real timecomputing was triggered by the uncertainty experienced by sellers regarding theidentity of prospective buyers and about the exact use to which they would put theemergent technology which is offered for sale. Secondly, we trace the history of anemergent market.We claim that trade shows for innovative products are importantvenues at which markets coalesce.The identification and ordering of market actors,the institutionalization of a distinct business culture and the social networks developedamong market actors and across the subsidiary markets provided the basicsocial infrastructure for what later became known as the real time computingindustry.

  • 227.
    Aspers, Patrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Fuehrer, Paul
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Sverrisson, Árni
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Introduktion2004In: Bild och samhälle: visuell analys som vetenskaplig metod / [ed] Patrik Aspers, Paul Fuehrer, Árni Sverrisson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2004, p. 9-36Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 228.
    Aspers, Patrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Kohl, Sebastian
    MPIfG, Köln.
    Economic theories of Globalization2010In: Handbook of Globalization / [ed] Bryan Turner, London: Routledge , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 229.
    Aspers, Patrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Sverrisson, Arni
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Introduktion2007In: Sosoiologi idag, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 1-13Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 230.
    Asperö Lind, Maja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Rekryteringsprocesser i musikbranschen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Musikindustrin i Sverige blommar och en tilltagande mängd svenska låtskrivare och producenter bidrar till att musikexporten är hög. Det är nästan lika många kvinnor som män som skapar musiken, men fördelningen sysselsatta inom musikbranschen är en tredjedel kvinnor mot resterande män. I ledningsgrupper finns kvinnor representerade med 20 procent och samma fördelning återfinns också i antalet A&R:s (dem som upptäcker nya artister) på musik- och artistbolag.

    Den här studien ser närmare på hur rekryteringsprocesser i musikbranschen går till, då den generella utbildningsnivån är låg men yrkena eftertraktade. Vilka kompetenser eftersöks och vilka personliga egenskaper är eftertraktade? Hur ser dem i rekryteringsroller på sina uppdrag och hur tänker de kring rekryteringar som verktyg för att styra sitt företags utveckling över tid.

    Studiens resultat visar en skepsis inför att förändra nuvarande metoder för rekrytering eftersom branschen är relationsstyrd och bygger på osynliga nätverk. . Då musikbranschen för första gången på lång tid är i en expanderande fas finns nu dock utrymme för att testa nya tillvägagångssätt och ståndpunkter, framförallt då förutsättningarna för att sälja musik ständigt utvecklas och kräver att deras distributörer håller samma takt.

  • 231.
    Aspling, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The private and the public in online presentations of the self: A critical development of Goffman’s dramaturgical perspective2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Erving Goffman is an important sociologist whose dramaturgical perspective on social interaction and presentation of the self is a classic within sociology. However, social interaction and presentations of the self occurs increasingly more online. Goffman’s perspective is, unfortunately, limited to face-to-face interaction. The aim of this study is to discuss how far Goffman’s dramaturgical perspective can take us in a discussion on the private and the public in online presentations of the self in Facebook and personal blogs. The aim is specified with the following research questions: What are the possible constrains and possibilities? What happens to the central concepts in the model? How can the model be critically developed to online presentations of the self? The discussion connects to the distinction between the private and the public, as it implicitly is presented in Goffman’s model.

    The discussion draws on empirical material consisting of reflections of ten individuals on their social practices on Facebook and personal blogs. As all respondents use both applications, it opens up for a comparison between how they present themselves in each forum.

    All respondents presented themselves differently on Facebook compared to their personal blogs. Goffman’s model works better on self-presentations on Facebook than on personal blogs, which are contradictive to the model. Facebook is about staging a successful character. Conversely, the idea with the personal blog was to stage the front stage as a backstage. Performances on the personal blog constitute an inverted model where the intimate is sublimated and ritualized. Additionally, impression management follows an altered logic of selective opening of the backstage. However, the performances are just as, if not even more, theatrical and dramaturgical as performances in Goffman’s model. Moreover, social situations on Facebook and personal blogs are dissimilar to face-to-face situations. Both settings can be seen as an abstract sociability rather than a concrete sociability. There is no immediate co-presence between the interactants which has the consequence of creating an uncertainty of in front of whom the performance actually is held, which in addition makes the social situation diffuse, scattered and harder to define.

  • 232.
    Asplund, Matilda
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Forshaug, Sanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Avdelningen "mjuka frågor" har bytt namn: Hur värdeskapande HR går i både organisationens och professionens intresse2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 1990-talet förändrades synen på personalarbetet och det blev allt viktigare att HR-funktionen tog en annan roll för att kunna mäta sig i de krav som ställdes från omvärlden. Förändringen syftade till att arbetet skulle bli mer effektivt inriktat mot att gå från rollen som stödfunktion till att vara med och utveckla affärsstrategier som skapade värde för viktiga aktörer. Trots att studier visar på hur HR-medarbetare har förändrat sitt arbete med att vara mer strategiskt och värdeskapande så finns det mindre forskning som studerar värdeskapande HR utifrån professionalisering. Denna kvalitativa studie syftar till att undersöka och analysera hur HR-chefer beskriver att de arbetar med värdeskapande HR och på vilket sätt detta kan ses bidra till en ökad professionalisering, i termer av ökad status för yrkesgruppen som sådan. För att besvara detta genomfördes sju semistrukturerade intervjuer med HR-chefer inom sju separata organisationer och empirisk data är analyserat mot en bakgrund av professions- och professionaliseringsteori samt teorin om värdeskapande HR. Studiens resultat visar på att HR-chefer arbetar med värdeskapande HR och att arbetet innebär tydliga strategier för att utveckla och nå organisationens affärsmål. Dessutom visar resultaten på att arbetet kan visa på hur en yrkesgrupp använder sin kunskap och expertis mot att särskilja sig från andra grupper. Vidare pekar resultatet på hur HR-cheferna avgränsar och utökar sitt verksamhetsområde för att professionalisera sig. Det förändrade sättet att arbeta möter också på motstånd från andra grupper. Sammantaget visar studien på ett bidrag till forskningen som tar ett annat perspektiv på profession- och professionalisering rörande yrkesgruppen HR samt problematiken som uppstår när en yrkesgrupp förändrar sitt arbetssätt. 

  • 233. Auguer, Nathalie
    et al.
    Le Serbon, Emelie
    Rostila, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Leaving Sweden behind: gains in life expectancy in Canada2015In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 43, no 4, p. 340-347Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: Sweden and Canada are known for quality of living and exceedingly high life expectancy, but recent data on how these countries compare are lacking. We measured life expectancy in Canada and Sweden during the past decade, and identified factors responsible for changes over time. Methods: We calculated life expectancy at birth for Canada and Sweden annually from 2000 to 2010, and determined the ages and causes of death responsible for the gap between the two countries using Arriaga's method. We determined how population growth, ageing, and mortality influenced the number of deaths over time. Results: During 2000-2010, life expectancy in Canada caught up with Sweden for men, and surpassed Sweden by 0.4 years for women. Sweden lost ground owing to a slower reduction in circulatory and tumour mortality after age 65 years compared with Canada. Nonetheless, population ageing increased the number of deaths in Canada, especially for mental and nervous system disorders. In Sweden, the number of deaths decreased. Conclusions: In only one decade, life expectancy in Canada caught up and surpassed Sweden due to rapid improvements in circulatory and tumour mortality. Population ageing increased the number of deaths in Canada, potentially stressing the health care system more than in Sweden.

  • 234.
    Augustsson, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    A Clash of the Titans: Aesthetics, Economy and Technology in Swedish Interactive Media Production2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 235.
    Augustsson, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Are We Cool or What? A visual analysis of interactive media producers' use of their own websites as status markers2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 236.
    Augustsson, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Att beskriva, förstå och tycka om organisationer.: Undervisningsmaterial för organisationsteori, arbetsorganisation och management. Version 1.02003Other (Other academic)
  • 237.
    Augustsson, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Behind the Scenes of Creating Interactive Media.: Inter-Firm Collaboration and Production Networks in the Swedish Field of Interactive Media Production2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 238.
    Augustsson, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Division of Labour Within and Between Firms. Towards a New Model to Describe the Organisation of Work2001Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 239.
    Augustsson, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The organization of expertise: Swedish organisations' production, subcontracting and purchase of interactive media solutions2005In: Dealing with confidence: the construction of need and trust in management advisory services / [ed] Staffan Furusten, Andreas Werr, Copenhagen: Copenhagen Business School Press, 2005, p. 112-131Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 240.
    Augustsson, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The Provision of IT-Related Expert Knowledge.: Swedish Organisations' Production, Subcontracting and Purchase of Interactive Media Solutions2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 241.
    Augustsson, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    They Did IT: The Formation and Organisation of Interactive Media Production in Sweden2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of the study is to describe and explain the formation and organisation of interactive media production in Sweden from the 1990s to the end of 2003, the period of the so-called IT boom and crash, through the development of a theoretical model and gathering of empirical material.

    In the theory, interactive media production is conceptualised as a practice in part taking place on a social field structured according to the division and integration of labour within and between firms, and logics and status. It is argued that social fields are formed through the entrepreneurial realisation of opportunity structures resting in pre-existing structural configurations, and through the allocation of resources. The organisational outcome is explained by the structural preconditions, aspects of formation (what, who, how) and firms’ demands for stability and flexibility, creating a set of interrelated positions that firms might occupy.

    Empirical data has been collected from four firm and one individual level survey aimed at interactive media producers in Sweden, conducted between 1997 and 2003. A second data source consists of 8,000 news articles and items focussed on IT and interactive media in Sweden. Third, visual analyses of web sites of firms producing interactive media solutions have been conducted. Finally, interviews with people active within the field have been made.

    The results show that the formation of interactive media production in Sweden should be understood in relation to the Swedish economic crisis of the early 1990s, visions of IT, and beliefs in a societal transition to a new economy and knowledge society. These ideas contributed to allocating massive resources, e.g. state initiatives, increased demands and investment capital, to those producers of interactive media solutions that came to be symbols of the new economy. The abundance of resources caused a rapid growth of firms engaged in interactive media production and a financialisation that led to a speculative bubble and a stock market crash, eventually making the social field dissolve.

    The majority of firms that produce interactive media solutions are small and reach flexibility and stability by having a large proportion of permanently employed skilled workers and extensively participating in collaborations with other firms, including customers. The division and integration of labour follows the logics and clusters of activities that structure the social field: techno¬logy, aesthetics and economy. A large proportion of Swedish organisations have further developed inhouse interactive media operations that taken together are larger than the more visible so-called Internet consultants.

  • 242.
    Augustsson, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Vi eller dom, här eller där? Informationsteknik och uppgifters organisatoriska och geografiska lokalisering2000In: Samtida Gränser - Framtida Gränser.: Dokumentation av doktorandkonferens, oktober 2000 / [ed] Lagrelius, Anna-Maria, Sundström,Göran &Thedvall, Renita, Stockholm: SCORE , 2000Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 243.
    Augustsson, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Webbsidor som visuella uttryck2004In: Bild och samhälle: visuell analys som vetenskaplig metod / [ed] Patrik Aspers, Paul Fuehrer, Árni Sverrisson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2004, p. 139-159Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 244.
    Avelin, Anneli
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Den kreativa melankolikern: En betraktelse av en modern ensidig bild av psykiskt sjuka.2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den kreativa melankolikern. Uppsatsens titel sammanfattar det övergripande temat för denna studie. Individer med psykisk skörhet har ofta egenskaper som är förknippade med samhällsnyttiga värden, såsom kreativitet, uppfinnarförmåga och konstnärlighet. Trots det så tycks det som om psykiskt sjuka i det moderna samhället alltjämt kategoriseras och tillskrivs negativa egenskaper som utgör en samhällelig belastning. Vad som sällan eller aldrig uppmärksammas är att psykiskt sjuka personer ofta har långa perioder av friskhet och därmed borde utgöra en samhällelig kraft. Studien ger inledningsvis en skildring av hur psykisk skörhet genom tiderna haft olika status, och ansågs tidigare vara en viktig förutsättning för de stora geniernas framgång. Studien problematiserar det samtida synsättet  på psykiskt sjuka och den kategorisering som skapar dikotomin psykiskt sjuk / samhälligt problem och frisk / samhällelig nytta. Denna diskurs upprätthålls av medierna. Media beskrivs ofta som den tredje makten och utgör därmed ett viktigt fundament i samhället.  Den diskurs som medierna förmedlar är också utgångspunkten för denna studie. Mot denna bakgrund undersöks om det finns något massmedialt forum som ger en mer nyanserad och positiv bild. Studien syftar därför till att undersöka om och hur egenskaper som kreativitet, uppfinnarförmåga och konstnärlighet beskrivs och kopplas samman med psykisk sjukdom i forumet insändare. Undertiteln En betraktelse av en modern ensidig bild av psykiskt sjuka säger något om resultatet, där psykiskt sjuka även i det undersökta materialet ofta associeras med negativa egenskaper som kriminalitet, arbetslöshet och våldsbenägenhet.

  • 245.
    Axelsson, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Äta bör man, annars dör man: Om ekologiska livsmedels effekt på miljöattityder och miljöpåverkan2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Trots att människor i Sverige anser sig ha en hög miljömedvetenhet, ökar konsumtionen av varor årligen. Varje år flyger mer människor utomlands och köpcentrum slår försäljningsrekord. Det verkar helt enkelt som att människors attityder inte överensstämmer med deras beteende. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur relationen mellan miljöattityd och miljöpåverkan ser ut, vilken effekt som köp av ekologiska livsmedel har på relationen, samt vilka individuella faktorer som påverkar relationen. Studiens frågeställningar är följande:

    • Hur ser relationen mellan miljöattityd och miljöpåverkan ut?
    • Kan denna relation, åtminstone delvis, belysas av köpet av ekologiska livsmedel?
    • Vilka individuella faktorer påverkar denna relation?

    Den tidigare forskningen visar att framför allt ekonomiska aspekter har stark effekt på miljöpåverkan, samt köpet av ekologiska livsmedel. Den visar också att oro för specifika miljöproblem är en starkare faktor för miljövänlighet än allmän oro för miljön. Kön har också visat sig ha effekt, där män generellt har en något högre användning av energi och högre koldioxidemission. Utbildning, till sist, är komplicerat att placera in i relationen. Dock visar merparten av tillgängliga studier att variabeln ger effekt på köpet av ekologiska livsmedel.

    Materialet som används samlades in i Stockholmsregionen under 1999, vilket innebär att attityderna och beteendena med all sannolikhet inte ser likadana ut idag. Genom regressionsanalys undersöktes effekten av ovan nämnda variabler. Precis som den tidigare forskningen visat gav ekonomiska faktorer absolut starkast effekt, och inkomst förklarade störst andel varians. Utbildning gav en viss effekt, ju högre utbildning, desto större påverkan genom både emissioner och energianvändning. Effekten av köp av ekologiska livsmedel och kön kan inte sägas ha någon slags effekt på sambandet. De resultat som denna undersökning finner ställer frågan om det faktiskt var så att ekologiska livsmedel under 1999 inte sågs som ett miljövänligt beteende överhuvudtaget. I så fall kan det snarare ses som en effekt av det västerländska konsumtionssamhället där människor konsumerar endast för sig själva.

  • 246.
    Axäll, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Jämställdhet kontra valfrihet: En kritisk diskursanalys av debatten om kvoterad föräldraförsäkring2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie är en kritisk diskursanalys av den debatt som pågår i svensk dagspress om förslaget att införa en mer eller helt kvoterad föräldraförsäkring. Jag har främst fokuserat på hur orden ”jämställdhet” kontra ”valfrihet” konstrueras och ges mening i debatten samt vilka konsekvenser detta får. Studien bygger på ett socialkonstruktionistiskt antagande som ligger till grund för hur det skrivna språket konstrueras och skapar mening hos människor. Som metod har jag använt mig av kritisk diskursanalys där jag utgått från Faircloughts tredimensionella modell vid tolkandet av materialet. Mina data har bestått av 30 tidningsartiklar, utkomna under det senaste året, som på något sätt berört mitt ämne. I studiens resultat framkommer att orden ”jämställdhet” och ”valfrihet” används flitigt i debatten men ges olika innebörd beroende på i vilken kontext de används. Jämställdhetsargumentet utesluter i princip alltid valfrihetsargumentet men omvänt kan de två ståndpunkterna ofta förenas. Debatten ger upphov till att klassiska könsroller reproduceras snarare än omkonstrueras.

  • 247.
    Ayani, Elin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Fernandes, Melissa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    En kvalitativ intervjustudie om organisationen Jehovas vittnen: Avhoppare berättar2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att analysera hur engagemang och underkastelse upprätthålls hos Jehovas vittnens medlemmar. Studien visar hur värvningsprocessen påverkar upprätthållelsen och belyser hur organisationens sanktioner och sociala kontroll påverkar medlemmarna. Studien belyser även hur Jehovas vittnen förhåller sig till uteslutna medlemmar. Studien utgår från ett organisationsteoretiskt perspektiv för att förklara hur Jehovas vittnen lyckas ha ett starkt inflytande över sina medlemmar. Studien genomfördes med semistrukturerade intervjuer där sju avhoppare från Jehovas vittnen medverkade. Studiens resultat visar att då organisationen byråkratiserats fanns det möjlighet för den att upprätthålla ett engagemang hos sina medlemmar. Värvningen är en central del för att fånga nya medlemmar men är också en central del till att bibehålla kontroll och inflytande över existerande medlemmar. Den sociala kontrollen inom Jehovas vittnen sker exempelvis genom angiveri, där medlemmarna kontrollerar och övervakar enskilda medlemmars engagemang. Ett annat sätt för Jehovas vittnen att upprätthålla sin organisation kan vara att utesluta tvivlarna för att de går emot de regler och normer som uppkommit i byråkratiseringen.

  • 248.
    Aytar, Osman
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Integration i mångfald: en studie av sex invandrargruppers upplevda integration i Sverige1999 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 249.
    Aytar, Osman
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Interaktionen mellan invandrarnas riksorganisationer och den svenska staten: ett strukturellt fenomenologiskt perspektiv2003In: Cultural diversity and integration in the Nordic welfare states: proceedings of the 12th Nordic migration conference 2003 / [ed] Annika Forsander, Matti Similä, Helsingfors: [Forskningsinstitutet, Svenska social- och kommunalhögskolan vid Helsingfors universitet] , 2003, p. 83-101Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 250.
    Aytar, Osman
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Kommunikation på olika villkor: om samrådet mellan invandrarorganisationerna och svenska staten2004In: Föreningsliv, makt och intergration: rapport från Integrationspolitiska maktutredningens forskningsprogram / [ed] Bo Bengtsson, Stockholm: Fritzes offentliga publikationer , 2004, p. 65-97Chapter in book (Other academic)
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