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  • 201. Cerrito, Serenella
    et al.
    David, Amélie
    Goranko, Valentin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Optimal Tableaux Method for Constructive Satisfiability Testing and Model Synthesis in the Alternating-time Temoral Logic ATL+2015In: ACM Transactions on Computational Logic, ISSN 1529-3785, E-ISSN 1557-945X, Vol. 17, no 1, article id 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We develop a sound, complete, and practically implementable tableau-based decision method for constructive satisfiability testing and model synthesis for the fragment ATL+ of the full alternating-time temporal logic ALT*. The method extends in an essential way a previously developed tableau-based decision method for ATL and works in 2EXPTIME, which is the optimal worst-case complexity of the satisfiability problem for ATL+. We also discuss how suitable parameterizations and syntactic restrictions on the class of input ATL+formulas can reduce the complexity of the satisfiability problem.

  • 202. Cohnitz, Daniel
    et al.
    Häggqvist, Sören
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Gedankenexperimente in der Philosophie2007In: Abstrakt Exakt Obskur: Philosophische Gedankenexperimente & Kunst, Logos, Berlin , 2007Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 203. Cohnitz, Daniel
    et al.
    Häggqvist, Sören
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Thought experiments in current metaphilosophical debates2018In: The Routledge Companion to Thought Experiments / [ed] Michael T. Stuart, Yiftach Fehige, James Robert Brown, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2018, p. 406-424Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 204. Conradie, Willem
    et al.
    Goranko, Valentin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Logic and Discrete Mathematics: a Concise Introduction2015Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book features a unique combination of comprehensive coverage of logic with a solid exposition of the most important fields of discrete mathematics, presenting material that has been tested and refined by the authors in university courses taught over more than a decade. 

    The chapters on logic - propositional and first-order - provide a robust toolkit for logical reasoning, emphasizing the conceptual understanding of the language and the semantics of classical logic as well as practical applications through the easy to understand and use deductive systems of Semantic Tableaux and Resolution. The chapters on set theory, number theory, combinatorics and graph theory combine the necessary minimum of theory with numerous examples and selected applications.  Written in a clear and reader-friendly style, each section ends with an extensive set of exercises, most of them provided with complete solutions which are available in the accompanying solutions manual.

  • 205. Conradie, Willem
    et al.
    Goranko, Valentin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Robinson, Claudette
    Logic and Discrete Mathematics: a Concise Introduction, Solutions Manual2015Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Solutions manual to accompany Logic and Discrete Mathematics: A Concise Introduction

  • 206.
    Cozzo, Cesare
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Meaning and argument: a theory of meaning centred on immediate argumental role1994Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 207. D'Angelo, Carlos
    et al.
    Tamburrini, Claudio
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Addict to win?: A different approach to doping2010In: Journal of Medical Ethics, ISSN 0306-6800, E-ISSN 1473-4257, Vol. 36, no 11, p. 700-707Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditionally the doping debate has been dominated by those who want to see doping forbidden (the prohibitionist view) and those who want to see it permitted (the ban abolitionist view). In this article, the authors analyse a third position starting from the assertion that doping use is a symptom of the paradigm of highly competitive elite sports, in the same way as addictions reflect current social paradigms in wider society. Based upon a conceptual distinction between occasional use, habitual use and addiction, and focusing on the physical and/or mental dependency caused by the addictive use of a certain drug, we argue that marihuana, stimulants and anabolic steroid abuse-the most frequently detected substances in doping tests-satisfies at least one, often both, of these conditions. A conclusion to be drawn from the authors' arguments is that the prohibitionist view is inappropriate for dealing with doping, as the severe sanctions attached to it will cut the doper off her/his social and professional environment, thereby risking reinforcing her/his addictive conduct. But the ban abolitionist view seems inappropriate as well. At first sight, it seems neither rational nor humane not to intervene when confronted with conduct which is highly harmful for the individual and upon which she has reduced or no control whatsoever. Instead the authors' proposal will be to contextualise dopers' conduct within sport healthcare and see it strictly in relation to each athlete's personal background. Developing preventive programmes-implemented through person-tailored counselling and eventually treatment, rather than severe sanctions or the mere lifting of the ban-seems to be a more reasonable, and probably more efficient, way of conducting 'the war against doping'.

  • 208.
    Dawid, Richard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    A Philosophical Look at the Higgs Boson2017In: Synthese, ISSN 0039-7857, E-ISSN 1573-0964, Vol. 194, no 2, p. 5p. 253-257Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 209.
    Dawid, Richard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Bayesian Perspectives on the Discovery of the Higgs Particle2017In: Synthese, ISSN 0039-7857, E-ISSN 1573-0964, Vol. 194, no 2, p. 377-394Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is argued that the high degree of trust in the Higgs particle before its discovery raises the question of a Bayesian perspective on data analysis in high energy physics in an interesting way that differs from other suggestions regarding the deployment of Bayesian strategies in the field.

  • 210.
    Dawid, Richard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Delimiting the Unconceived2018In: Foundations of physics, ISSN 0015-9018, E-ISSN 1572-9516, Vol. 48, no 5, p. 492-506Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been argued in Dawid (String theory and the scientific method, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, [4]) that physicists at times generate substantial trust in an empirically unconfirmed theory based on observations that lie beyond the theory's intended domain. A crucial role in the reconstruction of this argument of non-empirical confirmation is played by limitations to scientific underdetermination. The present paper discusses the question as to how generic the role of limitations to scientific underdetermination really is. It is argued that assessing such limitations is essential for generating trust in any theory's predictions, be it empirically confirmed or not. The emerging view suggests that empirical and non-empirical confirmation are more closely related to each other than one may expect at first glance.

  • 211.
    Dawid, Richard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    No-Miracles argumentet utan vetenskaplig realism2018In: Filosofisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0348-7482, no 3Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 212.
    Dawid, Richard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Non-Empirical But Scientific: Richard Dawid, reply by George Ellis, in response to: “Physics on Edge” (Vol. 3, No. 2)2017In: Inference, ISSN 2576-4403, Vol. 3, no 3Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 213.
    Dawid, Richard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    String dualities and empirical equivalence2017In: Studies in history and philosophy of modern physics, ISSN 1355-2198, E-ISSN 1879-2502, Vol. 59, p. 21-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    String dualities establish empirical equivalence between theories that often look entirely different with respect to their basic ontology and physical structure. Therefore, they represent a particularly interesting example of empirical equivalence in physics. However, the status of duality relations in string physics differs substantially from the traditional understanding of the role played by empirical equivalence. The paper specifies three important differences and argues that they are related to a substantially altered view on the underdetermination of theory building.

  • 214.
    Dawid, Richard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Theoretical physics: The emperor's new physics: Fashion, Faith, and Fantasy in the New Physics of the Universe, by Roger Penrose2016In: Nature, ISSN 0028-0836, E-ISSN 1476-4687, Vol. 538, no 7623, p. 36-37Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 215.
    Dawid, Richard
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Hartmann, Stephan
    The no miracles argument without the base rate fallacy2018In: Synthese, ISSN 0039-7857, E-ISSN 1573-0964, Vol. 195, no 9, p. 4063-4079Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to an argument by Colin Howson, the no-miracles argument (NMA) is contingent on committing the base-rate fallacy and is therefore bound to fail. We demonstrate that Howson’s argument only applies to one of two versions of the NMA. The other version, which resembles the form in which the argument was initially presented by Putnam and Boyd, remains unaffected by his line of reasoning. We provide a formal reconstruction of that version of the NMA and show that it is valid. Finally, we demonstrate that the use of subjective priors is consistent with the realist implication of the NMA and show that a core worry with respect to the suggested form of the NMA can be dispelled.

  • 216. Demri, Stephane
    et al.
    Goranko, Valentin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Lange, Martin
    Temporal logics in computer science: Finite-state systems2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This comprehensive text provides a modern and technically precise exposition of the fundamental theory and applications of temporal logics in computer science. Part I presents the basics of discrete transition systems, including constructions and behavioural equivalences. Part II examines the most important temporal logics for transition systems and Part III looks at their expressiveness and complexity. Finally, Part IV describes the main computational methods and decision procedures for model checking and model building - based on tableaux, automata and games - and discusses their relationships. The book contains a wealth of examples and exercises, as well as an extensive annotated bibliography. Thus, the book is not only a solid professional reference for researchers in the field but also a comprehensive graduate textbook that can be used for self-study as well as for teaching courses.

  • 217.
    Dypedokk Johnsen, Hege
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Erôs and Education: Socratic Seduction in Three Platonic Dialogues2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Plato’s Socrates is famous for claiming that “I know one thing: That I know nothing” (see e.g. Ap. 21d and Meno 81d). There is one subject that Socrates repeatedly claims to have expertise in, however: ta erôtika (see e.g. Symp. 198d1). Socrates also refers to this expertise as his erôtikê technê (Phdr. 257a7–8), which may be translated as “erotic expertise”. In this dissertation, I investigate Socrates’ erotic expertise: what kind of expertise is it, what is it constituted by, where is it put into practice, and how is it practiced? I argue that the purposes this expertise serve are, to a significant extent, educational in nature. After first having clarified the dissertation’s topic and aim, as well as my methodological approach, I present an initial account of erôs and Socrates’ erotic expertise. While discussing what constitutes Socrates’ erotic expertise, I account for two erotic educational methods: midwifery and matchmaking. I further argue that these methods tend to be accompanied by two psychological techniques, namely charming and shaming. I argue that these methods and techniques are systematically applied by Socrates when he puts his erotic expertise into practice. In the dissertation, three dialogues where Socrates practices his erotic expertise are scrutinized: Lysis, Charmides, and Alcibiades I. I focus on Socrates’ encounters with the eponymous youths of the dialogues, and each dialogue is devoted a chapter of its own. I show how these dialogues are erotically charged, and also how Socrates in these dialogues demonstrates his erotic expertise. I argue that Socrates’ expertise on erôs plays an essential role in his attempts to engage the three youths in the processes of self-cultivation, learning, and the very practice of philosophy. In the final chapter of the dissertation I turn to some questions that arise in light of my readings, and summarize the results of my investigation.

  • 218. Enoch, David
    et al.
    Spectre, Levi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy. Open University Israel, Israel.
    Fisher, Talia
    Statistical Evidence, Sensitivity, and the Legal Value of Knowledge2012In: Philosophy & Public Affairs, ISSN 0048-3915, E-ISSN 1088-4963, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 197-224Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 219.
    Enqvist, Sebastian
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy. University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Seifan, Fatemeh
    Venema, Yde
    An expressive completeness theorem for coalgebraic modal mu-calculi2017In: Logical Methods in Computer Science, ISSN 1860-5974, E-ISSN 1860-5974, Vol. 13, no 2, article id 14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Generalizing standard monadic second-order logic for Kripke models, we introduce monadic second-order logic interpreted over coalgebras for an arbitrary set functor. We then consider invariance under behavioral equivalence of MSO-formulas. More specifically, we investigate whether the coalgebraic mu-calculus is the bisimulation-invariant fragment of the monadic second-order language for a given functor. Using automata theoretic techniques and building on recent results by the third author, we show that in order to provide such a characterization result it suffices to find what we call an adequate uniform construction for the coalgebraic type functor. As direct applications of this result we obtain a partly new proof of the Janin-Walukiewicz Theorem for the modal mu-calculus, avoiding the use of syntactic normal forms, and bisimulation invariance results for the bag functor (graded modal logic) and all exponential polynomial functors (including the game functor). As a more involved application, involving additional non-trivial ideas, we also derive a characterization theorem for the monotone modal mu-calculus, with respect to a natural monadic second-order language for monotone neighborhood models.

  • 220.
    Ericsson, Lars O.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Justice in the distribution of economic resources: a critical and normative study1976 (ed. [Ny utg.])Book (Other academic)
  • 221.
    Eriksson, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Heavy duty: on the demands of consequentialism1994Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 222.
    Erman, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Möller, NiklasStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Risk and Moral Theory: Volume 21, Issue 2, April 20182018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 223.
    Erman, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Möller, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    The Practical Turn in Political Theory2018Book (Refereed)
  • 224.
    Espinoza, Nicolas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    The Small Improvement Argument2008In: Synthese, ISSN 0039-7857, E-ISSN 1573-0964, Vol. 165, no 1, p. 127-139Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 225. Fernández-Duque, David
    et al.
    Goranko, Valentin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Secure aggregation of distributed information: How a team of agents can safely share secrets in front of a spy2016In: Discrete Applied Mathematics, ISSN 0166-218X, E-ISSN 1872-6771, Vol. 198, p. 118-135Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider the generic problem of Secure Aggregation of Distributed Information (SADI), where several agents acting as a team have information distributed amongst them, modelled by means of a publicly known deck of cards distributed amongst the agents, so that each of them knows only her cards. The agents have to exchange and aggregate the information about how the cards are distributed amongst them by means of public announcements over insecure communication channels, intercepted by an adversary “eavesdropper”, in such a way that the adversary does not learn who holds any of the cards. We present a combinatorial construction of protocols that provides a direct solution of a class of SADI problems and develop a technique of iterated reduction of SADI problems to smaller ones which are eventually solvable directly. We show that our methods provide a solution to a large class of SADI problems, including all SADI problems with sufficiently large size and sufficiently balanced card distributions.

  • 226.
    Finneron-Burns, Elizabeth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy. Institute for Futures Studies, Sweden.
    Contractualism and the Non-Identity Problem2016In: Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, ISSN 1386-2820, E-ISSN 1572-8447, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 1151-1163Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper argues that T.M. Scanlon's contractualism can provide a solution to the non-identity problem. It first argues that there is no reason not to include future people in the realm of those to whom we owe justification, but that merely possible people are not included. It then goes on to argue that a person could reasonably reject a principle that left them with a barely worth living life even though that principle caused them to exist, and that current people could not justify creating people with barely worth living lives on the grounds that it caused those people to exist.

  • 227.
    Foultier, Anna Petronella
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Beata Stawarska, Saussure’s Philosophy of Language as Phenomenology: Undoing the Doctrine of the Course2015In: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, ISSN 1538-1617, E-ISSN 1538-1617, no 21 JulyArticle, book review (Other academic)
  • 228.
    Foultier, Anna Petronella
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Incarnated Meaning and the Notion of Gestalt in Merleau-Ponty’s Phenomenology2015In: Chiasmi International, ISSN 1637-6757, E-ISSN 2155-6415, Vol. 17, p. 53-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although it is well known that Gestalt theory had an important impact on Merleau-Ponty’s philosophy throughout his career, there is still no detailed study either of its influence on his ideas or of his own understanding of the notoriously polysemic notion of Gestalt. Yet, this notion is a key to Merleau-Ponty’s fundamental project of overcoming “objective thought” and its inherent dichotomies. By indicating how signification or ideality can be immanent in, rather than opposed to, matter, it compels us to redefine both consciousness and the world it is bound up with. The aim of this article is to clarify Merleau-Ponty’s notion of Gestalt against the historical background that he refers to, including Kurt Goldstein’s theory of the organism that was crucial for his interpretation of it.

  • 229.
    Foultier, Anna Petronella
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy. School of Dance and Circus, Sweden.
    Language and the Gendered Body: Butler's Early Reading of Merleau-Ponty2013In: Hypatia, ISSN 0887-5367, E-ISSN 1527-2001, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 767-783Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Through a close reading of Judith Butler's 1989 essay on Merleau-Ponty's theory of sexuality as well as the texts her argument hinges on, this paper addresses the debate about the relation between language and the living, gendered body as it is understood by defenders of poststructural theory on the one hand, and different interpretations of Merleau-Ponty's phenomenology on the other. I claim that Butler, in her criticism of the French philosopher's analysis of the famous Schneider case, does not take its wider context into account: either the case study that Merleau-Ponty's discussion is based upon, or its role in his phenomenology of perception. Yet, although Butler does point out certain blind spots in his descriptions regarding the gendered body, it is in the light of her questioning that the true radicality of Merleau-Ponty's ideas can be revealed. A further task for feminist phenomenology should be a thorough assessment of his philosophy from this angle, once the most obvious misunderstandings have been put to the side.

  • 230.
    Foultier, Anna Petronella
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Merleau-Ponty's Encounter with Saussure's Linguistics: Misreading, Reinterpretation or Prolongation?2013In: Chiasmi International, ISSN 1637-6757, E-ISSN 2155-6415, Vol. 15, p. 123-142Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The prevailing judgement of Merleau-Ponty’s encounter with Saussure’s linguistics is that, although important for the evolution of his philosophy of language, it was based on a mistaken or at least highly idiosyncratic interpretation of Saussure’s ideas. Significantly, the rendering of Saussure that has been common both in Merleau-Ponty scholarship and in linguistics has been based on the structuralist development of the Genevan linguist’s ideas. This article argues that a reading of Saussure in light of certain passages of the Course of General Linguistics forgotten by the structuralists, and of the manuscripts related to the published works, can show to the contrary that Merleau-Ponty’s account was sustainable. An understanding of Saussure’s ideas that does not flinch from their paradoxical features can throw light upon the French phenomenologist’s views on language and expression. Moreover, the “linguistic turn” in Merleau-Ponty’s philosophical development, identified by James Edie for example, does not seem to have been so clear-cut as have previously been believed; the influence of Saussure’s thought had certainly begun before he wrote the Phenomenology of Perception.

  • 231.
    Foultier, Anna Petronella
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Recasting Objective Thought: The Venture of Expression in Merleau-Ponty’s Philosophy2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about meaning, expression and language in Merleau-Ponty’s philosophy, and their role in the phenomenological project as a whole. For Merleau-Ponty, expression is the taking up of a meaning given either in perception or in already acquired forms of expression, thereby repeating, transforming or congealing meaning into gestures, utterances, artworks, ideas or theories. Contrary to the predominant view in the literature, the relation of expression to meaning, and in particular the problem of expressing new meanings, was of fundamental importance to Merleau-Ponty from the very beginning, in that it was intrinsically related to the overcoming of what he termed “objective thought”. Admittedly, there is an evolution of his philosophy in this respect: from the early stance where the recasting of certain basic categories is taken as pivotal for the development of a new form of thinking, with arguments drawn also from various empirical and social sciences, to what appears to be an effort at an all-pervading reformulation of philosophical language during his last years. But the remoulding of categories was never for Merleau-Ponty a matter simply of finding a few, better adapted concepts, but from the outset an endeavour to think philosophical arguments through to a point where they reveal their inherent inconsistencies. Recasting philosophical expression is thus a risky enterprise, and this is a point I explore further in Essay 1, that focuses especially upon creative expression in painting and to some extent in literature. In Essay 2 I discuss the notion of Gestalt and how it serves this general project, whereas Essay 3 deals with verbal language, on the basis of Merleau-Ponty’s reading of Saussure’s linguistics. Essay 4 examines bodily expression from the point of view of feminist phenomenology and in particular Judith Butler’s early reading of Merleau-Ponty, and finally Essay 5 discusses expression in the art of dance.

  • 232.
    Foultier, Anna Petronella
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    The Dancing Body and Creative Expression: Reflections Based on Merleau-Ponty’s Phenomenology2014In: Senses of Embodiment: Art, Technics, Media / [ed] Mika Elo, Miika Luoto, Bern: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2014, p. 103-112Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 233.
    Foultier, Anna Petronella
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    The First Man Speaking: Merleau-Ponty on Expression as the Task of Phenomenology2015In: Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology, ISSN 0007-1773, E-ISSN 2332-0486, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 195-212Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to establish an understanding of Merleau-Ponty's view of creative expression, and of its phenomenological function, setting out from the intriguing statement in his essay Cezanne's Doubt that the painter (or writer or philosopher) finds himself in the situation of the first human being trying to express herself. Although the importance of primary or creative expression in Merleau-Ponty's philosophy is well known, there is no consensus among commentators with respect to how this notion is to be understood, and of its apparently paradoxical relation to experience in his philosophy. On the one hand, Merleau-Ponty seems to presuppose that there is an original meaning pre-given in experience; on the other hand, expression is described as a hazardous enterprise, because the meaning to be expressed does not exist before expression has succeeded. In order to resolve this tension, I explore the significance of the precariousness of creative expression, arguing that it must be related to its other side: the constituted, all too often petrified meaning that we must start out from.

  • 234.
    Foultier, Anna Petronella
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Towards a Phenomenological Account of the Dancing Body: Merleau-Ponty and the Corporeal Schema2013In: Material of Movement and Thought: Reflections on the Dancer's Practice and Corporeality / [ed] Anna Petronella Foultier, Cecilia Roos, Stockholm: Dans och Cirkushögskolan , 2013Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The essay discusses the dancing body from a phenomenological perspective, against the background of the philosophical conception of the lived body in tradition. In the very young discipline of dance theory, there is a shortage of philosophical concepts and analyses that I believe phenomenology can partly remedy. Although Merleau-Ponty has not written on dance other than in passing, I argue that his thoughts on the body-proper are useful in order to elucidate bodily expression in general and the significations that the dancer’s body manifests in performing a choreographic work in particular. The dynamic notion of the corporeal schema that he appeals to can make us understand how significations are inscribed in the body, and thus how something such as an expression or a choreographic language can exist in dance. Further, the specific forms of spatiality that Merleau-Ponty considers are opened up by artworks, within and beyond the concrete space of the physical body, gives us a clue to the elaboration of a phenomenology of dance.

  • 235.
    Foultier, Anna Petronella
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Roos, Cecilia
    Material of Movement and Thought: Reflections on the Dancer’s Practice and Corporeality2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 236.
    Franzén, Torkel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Provability and truth1987Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 237.
    Frowe, Helen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Can Reductive Individualists Allow Defence Against Political Aggression?2015In: Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy. Volume 1 / [ed] David Sobel, Peter Vallentyne and Steven Wall, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter defends reductive individualism against the claim that it is unable to sanction wars of national defense that seek to protect non-vital interests, such as political goods. It does so by rebutting the two arguments: the Conditional Force Argument and the Proliferation Problem. The Conditional Force Argument holds that, by the reductivist’s own lights, wars that seek to defend only political goods are necessarily disproportionate and therefore always unjust. The Proliferation Problem holds that there is no morally significant difference between states and some other collectives. So, even if it can showed that it is proportionate for states to wage defensive wars against threats to non-vital interests, the grounds are lacking for restricting this permission to states.

  • 238.
    Frowe, Helen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Chatterjee, Deen K., ed. The Ethics of Preventive War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 20132015In: Ethics, ISSN 0014-1704, E-ISSN 1539-297X, Vol. 126, no 1, p. 215-220Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 239.
    Frowe, Helen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Collectivism and Reductivism in the Ethics of War2016In: A Companion to Applied Philosophy / [ed] Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen, Kimberley Brownlee, David Coady, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, 2016, p. 342-355Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 240.
    Frowe, Helen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Defensive killing2014Book (Refereed)
  • 241.
    Frowe, Helen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    II—Claim Rights, Duties, and Lesser-Evil Justifications2015In: Supplementary volume - Aristotelian Society, ISSN 0309-7013, E-ISSN 1467-8349, Vol. 89, no 1, p. 267-285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the relationship between a person's claim right not to be harmed and the duties this claim confers on others. I argue that we should reject Jonathan Quong's evidence-based account of this relationship, which holds that an agent A's possession of a claim against B is partly determined by whether it would be reasonable for A to demand B's compliance with a correlative duty. When B's evidence is that demanding compliance would not be reasonable, A cannot have a claim against B. I suggest that some of the putatively problematic cases that Quong identifies can be resolved by plausibly narrowing the scope of the right not to be harmed. I also argue that Quong's view leads to implausible conclusions, and that his account of what happens to A's claim in the face of lesser-evil justifications is inconsistent with his broader view. I then defend the view that agents are required, and not merely permitted, to act on lesser-evil justifications. I further argue that A may not defend herself against the infliction of harms that are justified on lesser-evil grounds. However, she may defend herself in cases where B is only evidentially, and not objectively, justified in harming her.

  • 242.
    Frowe, Helen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Jeff McMahan, Killing In War, New York: Oxford University Press, 20092013In: Journal of Moral Philosophy, ISSN 1740-4681, E-ISSN 1745-5243, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 112-115Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Killing in War is based upon McMahan’s 2007 Uehiro Lectures, but draws on the substantial body of work on the ethics of war that McMahan has produced over the last decade or so. In this sense, it was a classic before it was written, representing as it does the most sustained, persuasive, and influential attack to date on the ‘ortho-dox’ Walzerian view of just war. It is, undoubtedly, compulsory reading for anyone working in this field, and consolidates McMahan’s position as the most important just war theorist of the last forty years.

  • 243.
    Frowe, Helen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Judging Armed Humanitarian Intervention2014In: The Ethics of Armed Humanitarian Intervention / [ed] Don E. Scheid, Cambridge University Press, 2014Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 244.
    Frowe, Helen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Lesser-Evil Justifications for Harming: Why We're Required to Turn the Trolley2018In: Philosophical quarterly (Print), ISSN 0031-8094, E-ISSN 1467-9213, Vol. 68, no 272, p. 460-480Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Much philosophical attention has been paid to the question of whether, and why, one may divert a runaway trolley away from where it will kill five people to where it will kill one. But little attention has been paid to whether the reasons that ground a permission to divert thereby ground a duty to divert. This paper defends the Requirement Thesis, which holds that one is, ordinarily, required to act on lesser-evil justifications for harming for the sake of others. Cases in which we have lesser-evil justifications of harming for the sake of others are rescue cases. Ordinarily, an agent is under a duty to rescue unless doing so imposes too great a cost on her, or violates someone else's rights. When neither of these defeating conditions obtain, one is required to rescue even if this involves causing harm to innocent people.

  • 245.
    Frowe, Helen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Non-Combatant Liability in War2014In: How We Fight: Ethics in War / [ed] H Frowe and G Lang, Oxford University Press, 2014Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 246.
    Frowe, Helen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    On the Redundancy of Jus ad VimIn: Ethics and International Affairs, ISSN 0892-6794, E-ISSN 1747-7093Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 247.
    Frowe, Helen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    On the Redundancy of Jus ad Vim: A Response to Daniel Brunstetter and Megan Braun2016In: Ethics and International Affairs, ISSN 0892-6794, E-ISSN 1747-7093, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 117-129Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 248.
    Frowe, Helen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    The Ethics of War and Peace: An Introduction2016 (ed. 2)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When is it right to go to war? When is a war illegal? What are the rules of engagement? What should happen when a war is over? How should we view terrorism? The Ethics of War and Peace is a fresh and contemporary introduction to one of the oldest but still most relevant ethical debates. It introduces students to contemporary Just War Theory in a stimulating and engaging way, perfect for those approaching the topic for the first time.

  • 249.
    Frowe, Helen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    The Just War Framework2018In: Oxford Handbook of Ethics of War / [ed] Seth Lazar, Helen Frowe, New York: Oxford University Press, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 250.
    Frowe, Helen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    The Justified Infliction of Unjust HArm2009In: Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, ISSN 0066-7374, E-ISSN 1467-9264Article in journal (Refereed)
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