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  • 201.
    Fjelkestam, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Humanioras nytta bestäms inte av samhällseliten2017In: Feministiskt perspektiv, ISSN 2002-1542, no 42Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 202.
    Fjelkestam, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Kristina Nordström, Det sanna snillet: genus och geni hos Thomas Thorild (Stockholm: Stockholms universitet, 2014)2015In: Sjuttonhundratal, ISSN 1652-4772, Vol. 12, p. 240-242Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 203.
    Fjelkestam, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Känslans kraft: Harriet Bjerrum Nielsen: Feeling Gender2017In: Apollon : Forskningsmagasin for Universitetet i Oslo, ISSN 0803-6926, E-ISSN 0806-3702, no 3, p. 59-59Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 204.
    Fjelkestam, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Retrofili och begäret efter det förflutna2018In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 39, no 2-3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Retrophilia and the Desire for the Past

    In this article, I question hierarchies of temporality by a critical examination of difference, that is, the time conception of a still indicative demarcation between past, present and future characteristic of the historical consciousness in Western society. My approach consists of a tripartite theoretical argument, which makes up for the first part of the article. The first step is constituted by my thesis in which I claim that a pivotal driving force in Western hierarchical historiography consists of the desire for the past, implicating a desire for difference. The second step complicates this desire by establishing a multidimensional model of desire, in which difference is diffused into differences motivated by cognition, emotion, politics and sexuality. The third step raises the possibility of dissolving difference altogether by an analytical concept I name retrophilia, love of the past, where time levels are claimed to be encouraged to collapse. In the second part of the article I concretize my argumentation by a reading of Gabriella Håkansson’s historical novel Aldermanns arvinge (Aldermann’s heir, 2013), set in the eighteenth century. By using a multidimensional model of desire and the figuration of retrophilia as reading tools, I conclude that the novel stages difference in the plural rather than the singular. These differences are evoked by multidimensional desires in which the past does not have to play the part of the Other. Instead embodiment and sensual experience give way to alternative ways of understanding both time and history.

  • 205.
    Fjelkestam, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Retrotopia: Zygmunt Bauman2019In: Ord och bild, ISSN 0030-4492, E-ISSN 1402-2508, no 1, p. 100-102Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 206.
    Fjelkestam, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Siri Margareta Augusta Suber2018In: Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 207.
    Fjelkestam, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Tiden som kvinna eller kvinnans tid? Genus och temporalitet i Eyvind Johnsons Livsdagen lång2015In: Omvägar till sanningen: Nya perspektiv på Eyvind Johnsons författarskap / [ed] Christer Johansson, Anders Lindström, Höör: Symposion Brutus Östlings bokförlag, 2015, p. 169-181Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 208.
    Fjelkestam, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Translitteraturhistorien i belysning: Sam Holmqvist, Transformationer: 1800-talets svenska translitteratur genom Lasse-Maja, C. J. L. Almqvist och Aurora Ljungstedt2018In: Lambda Nordica: Tidskrift om homosexualitet, ISSN 1100-2573, Vol. 23, no 3-4, p. 192-195Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 209.
    Fjelkestam, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Våldsam extas2018In: Ord och bild, ISSN 0030-4492, E-ISSN 1402-2508, no 4, p. 36-40Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 210.
    Folkmarson Käll, Lisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Bodies, Boundaries and Vulnerabilities: Interrogating Social, Cultural and Political Aspects of Embodiment2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 211.
    Folkmarson Käll, Lisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Ellen Feder's Making Sense of Intersex and the Issue of Sexual Difference2016In: Philosophy today (Celina), ISSN 0031-8256, E-ISSN 2329-8596, Vol. 60, no 3, p. 799-807Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 212.
    Folkmarson Käll, Lisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Performativity and Expression: The Case of David Cronenberg’s M. Butterfly2016In: Bodies, Boundaries and Vulnerabilities: Interrogating Social, Cultural and Political Aspects of Embodiment / [ed] Lisa Folkmarson Käll, Springer, 2016, p. 153-174Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Through a reading of David Cronenberg’s 1993 film M. Butterfly, this chapter brings Judith Butler’s idea of the performativity of gender into conversation with Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s writings on the expression of embodied subjectivity. The chapter brings out how the portrayal of the two protagonists in Cronenberg’s film, Song Liling and René Gallimard, on the one hand illustrates Butler’s contention that gender identity is performatively constituted through a stylized reiteration of bodily acts that produce the illusion of an inner core on the surface of the body and on the other hand points to the limitations of a strictly performative framework. The character of Song Liling is portrayed in such a way as to also provoke questions of how to account for subjectivity or a felt sense of self that cannot be captured by third-person descriptions nor reduced to a product of reiterated performative imitation. Challenging Butler’s simplistic account and dismissal of expression, the chapter turns instead to the account of expression offered by Merleau-Ponty and argues that this provides a non-reductive way of understanding subjectivity as embodying both a first- and a third-person perspective in interrelation and of rethinking the relation between interiority and exteriority without reducing one to the other.

  • 213.
    Folkmarson Käll, Lisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Vulnerable Bodies and Embodied Boundaries2016In: Bodies, Boundaries and Vulnerabilities: Interrogating Social, Cultural and Political Aspects of Embodiment / [ed] Lisa Folkmarson Käll, Springer, 2016, p. 1-12Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A body, and especially a body considered as a whole, is a mass distinct from other masses. It occupies space, and as a geometric figure, it is three-dimensional having length, breadth, and thickness. Its dimensions and its weight can be measured. To be a body is thus to have boundaries, to be singularized and exclusive of other bodies. However, this view of the body is clearly not as simple and straightforward as it sounds. Even though a body is a mass distinct from other bodies, it nevertheless receives its distinct dimensions and forms only in relation to those other bodies from which it is distinguished. Bodies are thus in their very singularity and exclusivity intimately interrelated with one another. The boundaries distinguishing one body from another are also what constitute their connection. Bodies are interconnected both insofar as they share one another’s distinctive lines of demarcation and insofar as the shared boundaries between them make them parts of one whole. Thus, bodies are exclusive of one another only by virtue of their mutual inclusion within each other’s boundaries and in the world. Further, even though the dimensions and borders of a body can be measured, they are by no means fixed and unchangeable; rather, bodies continuously materialize in new ways as their boundaries are drawn and redrawn, reinforced, transgressed, and altered.

  • 214.
    Foxeus, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Beyond Birth and Death: The Burmese Cult of Semi-Immortal Esoteric Masters2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 215.
    Foxeus, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Contemporary Burmese Buddhism2017In: The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Buddhism / [ed] Michael Jerryson, New York: Oxford University Press, 2017, p. 212-235Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 216.
    Foxeus, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Esoteric Theravāda Buddhism in Burma/Myanmar2013In: Digital religion: based on papers read at the symposium on Digital Religion held at Åbo/Turku, Finland, on 13-15 June 2012 / [ed] Tore Ahlbäck, Björn Dahla, Åbo: Donner Institute for Research in Religious and Cultural History , 2013, p. 55-79Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 217.
    Foxeus, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Från dödsfruktan till lukrativt samarbete: individualistiska, instrumentella och performativa buddhistiska besatthetsritualer i en burmesisk ”ockult ekonomi”2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta paper kommer att behandla individualistiska, instrumentella och performativa besatthetsritualer i en burmesisk ”ockult ekonomi”, ritualer många ägnar sig åt bl.a. för att få framgång i affärer. Dessa ritualer utgör innovationer och verkar ha konstruerats i ett dynamiskt samspel med de ekonomiska reformer och moderniseringsprogram, som implementerades under den föregående militärjuntans (SLORC/SPDC) styre (1988-2011). Dessa ritualers popularitet har ökat dramatiskt i samband med de ekonomiska och politiska reformer samt den vidare liberalisering av den kapitalistiska ekonomin som den nuvarande semi-demokratiska regeringen inledde under den ”demokratiska våren” år 2011.

    Detta paper kommer att fokusera på föreställningen om en ”pakt” människor skall ha ingått i en tidigare existens med andeväsen från underjordiska skattkammare. För att inte behöva dö och återvända till skattkammaren i unga år, måste denna pakt bekräftas och förnyas med en speciell livsförlängande ritual kallad athek-taung, ”en vädjan om (förlängd) livstid” i den mänskliga världen. Ritualen etablerar samtidigt ett samarbete mellan andeväsendet och människan, som gynnar andeväsendet, den enskilde individen och den buddhistiska samhällsordningen. Dess utförande varierar från ett dramatiserat performance av besatta deltagare iförda dyra kostymer till en enkel ritual den enskilde själv kan förrätta framför ett altare.

    Jag kommer att beröra fyra aspekter av ritualerna: 1) bekräftelse av pakten med underjorden; 2) ekonomisk framgång; 3) starka emotioner; 4) upprätthållandet av den ”traditionella” sociokulturella ordningen och källan till kollektiv identitet. Det senare syftar på en rad förkroppsligade religiösa praktiker och andra handlingar med syfte att stärka buddhismens ställning i samhället i en tid av omvälvande sociala, politiska och ekonomiska förändringar då många oroar sig för att buddhismen är hotad.

  • 218.
    Foxeus, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    “I am the Buddha, the Buddha is Me”: Concentration Meditation and Esoteric Modern Buddhism in Burma/Myanmar2016In: Numen, ISSN 0029-5973, E-ISSN 1568-5276, Vol. 63, no 4, p. 411-445Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In postcolonial Burma, two trends within lay Buddhism — largely in tension with one another — developed into large-scale movements. They focused upon different meditation practices, insight meditation and concentration meditation, with the latter also including esoteric lore. An impetus largely shared by the movements was to define an “authentic” Buddhism to serve as the primary vehicle of the quest for individual, local, and national identity. While insight meditation was generally considered Buddhist meditation par excellence, concentration meditation was ascribed a more dubious Buddhist identity. Given this ambiguity, it could be considered rather paradoxical that concentration meditation could be viewed as a source of “authentic” Buddhism. The aim of this article is to investigate the issue of identity and the paradox of authenticity by examining the concentration meditation practices of one large esoteric congregation and tentatively comparing its practices with those of the insight meditation movement. It will be argued that the movements represented two varieties of so-called modern Buddhism (rationalist modern Buddhism and esoteric modern Buddhism) drawing on different Buddhist imaginaries and representing two main trends that are largely diametrically opposed to one another. They therefore represent two ways of constructing an individual, local, and national identity.

  • 219.
    Foxeus, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Mimicking the State in Burma/Myanmar: Royal, Nationalist and Militant Ideology in a New Buddhist Movement2016In: Bijdragen Tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, ISSN 0006-2294, E-ISSN 2213-4379, Vol. 172, no 2-3, p. 197-224Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the early post-independence period in Burma, a large number of hierarchical, initiatory, and secretive esoteric congregations were founded by charismatic leaders in urban areas. These attracted many devotees, including representatives of the state. The relationship between the state and the esoteric congregations was tense, especially during the rule of the military governments (1962–2011), and the state sought to suppress the congregations in the early 1980s.In this article, one esoteric congregation—the ariyā-weizzā organization—is taken as an example of these congregations. First, the article demonstrates how the members of this congregation view themselves as performing the state, and shows what kind of power they perceive themselves to exercise. Second, in socio-political terms, the article seeks to explain why tensions emerged between the state and the esoteric congregations, and it demonstrates how these congregations have contributed to performing the state.

  • 220.
    Foxeus, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Possessed for Success: Prosperity Buddhism and the Cult of the Guardians of the Treasure Trove in Upper Burma2017In: Contemporary Buddhism, ISSN 1463-9947, E-ISSN 1476-7953, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 108-139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Following the global spread of capitalism from the early 1990s, individualistic, non-institutionalised prosperity religion and ‘occult economies’ have emerged throughout the world, including South-East Asia, but have seemingly not yet been investigated with respect to Burma/Myanmar. This article focuses on the cult of the guardians of the treasure trove – a form of ‘prosperity Buddhism’ – in Upper Burma, wherein predominantly business women of lower middle classes perform possession dances to become successful in business. It has partly evolved from the lower status ‘traditional’ possession cult of the 37 Lords. The aim of this article is threefold. Firstly, it examines novel kinds of ‘Buddhicised’ possession rituals of higher status that discard religious specialists. These practices represent a democratisation of public spirit-mediumship and provide a route for success in business, agency and empowerment. Secondly, it is demonstrated that these cults seek to preserve Buddhism in the face of the current rapid changes in Burma. Thirdly, this article shows how these novel cults emerged in dynamic interplay with recent economic, social and political changes in Burma, as well as an increasing impact of globalisation.

  • 221.
    Foxeus, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Prosperity Buddhism in Burma/Myanmar: Capitalism and Protecting Buddhism2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Following the global spread of capitalism in the early 1990s and an increasing impact of globalization, novel kinds of prosperity religions have emerged in Southeast Asia, including Burma/Myanmar. In the latter, it has entailed a gradual transformation of the religious field, with new movements, material infrastructure, rituals and imaginary. After the collapse of the socialist planned economy of General Ne Win’s government, SLORC-SPDC, another military government, seized power in 1988, which implemented modernization programs and a limited market economic system. In interplay with increasing globalization and the gradual development of a capitalist system in the 1990s, a number of “Buddhist” prosperity cults have emerged in Burma/Myanmar and have mushroomed quite recently, especially since 2011, at which time a semi-democratic government replaced the military dictatorship and has implemented a further liberalization of the economy. This paper will demonstrate that a variety of changes in the field of religion in Burma have occurred in interplay with the aforementioned social, economic and political transformations, and will especially focus on a novel kind of possession rituals, in which devotees engage to become successful in business and the like. Moreover, this paper will argue that such phenomena –prosperity religion/Buddhism –can be more conservative than what has otherwise been assumed.

  • 222.
    Foxeus, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Prosperity Buddhism in Burma/Myanmar: Transformed Possession Rituals and a Refashioned Buddhist Imaginary2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 223.
    Foxeus, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Review: The Immortals: Faces of the Incredible in Buddhist Burma by Guillaume Rozenberg trans. Ward Keeler2017In: Nova Religio, ISSN 1092-6690, E-ISSN 1541-8480, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 127-129Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 224.
    Foxeus, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Simon Sorgenfrei (ed.), Mystik och andlighet – kritiska perspektiv. Stockholm: Dialogos förlag 20132014In: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, no 60Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 225.
    Foxeus, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Spirits, Mortal Dread, and Ontological Security: Prosperity and Saving Buddhism in Burma/Myanmar2018In: Journal of the American Academy of Religion, ISSN 0002-7189, E-ISSN 1477-4585, Vol. 86, no 4, p. 1107-1147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Following the global spread of capitalism and increasing impact of cultural globalization since the 1990s, prosperity religion, nationalist movements, and religious fundamentalism have emerged throughout the world. This article argues that such global tendencies intersect in certain forms of "prosperity Buddhism" that have emerged in recent years in Burma/Myanmar. As this article demonstrates, a novel Buddhist imaginary linked to prosperity Buddhism has evolved that represents a transformation of previous notions. The article argues that it can serve as a resource mainly for women to get success in business and can provide them with a way to negotiate Buddhist identity and acquire a sense of ontological security in rapidly changing urban areas. It can also serve as a means for social control and maintaining hegemonic power relations. For ritual specialists, these novel cults serve as the recurrent strategy of saving the Buddha's dispensation in the face of rapid change.

  • 226.
    Foxeus, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    The Buddha was a devoted nationalist: Buddhist nationalism, ressentiment, and defending Buddhism in Myanmar2019In: Religion, ISSN 0048-721X, E-ISSN 1096-1151, Vol. 49, no 4, p. 661-690Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 2012, Buddhist nationalist movements – especially the 969 movement and Ma Ba Tha – have emerged in Burma/Myanmar seeking to defend Buddhism against mainly the Muslim minority, with monks delivering nationalist anti-Muslim sermons to huge audiences. The aim of this article is to demonstrate how a discriminatory nationalist agenda can – by appealing to the common trope of Buddhism-in-danger – appear to be justified to Buddhists. Based mainly on nationalist sermons, as well as on fieldwork and nationalist publications, this article examines discourse on the Buddha as a nationalist. First, it argues that Burmese Buddhist nationalism, analytically, should be understood as a ressentiment ideological discourse that also informs a Buddhist-nationalist discipline claimed to bring karmic merit. Second, it traces the roots of this ideology to the colonial period. Third, the article outlines and seeks to define how ‘Buddhist nationalism’ should be understood in an emic sense.

  • 227.
    Foxeus, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    The Buddhist World Emperor's Mission: Millenarian Buddhism in Postcolonial Burma2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In early postcolonial Burma, a number of so-called royal esoteric associations with a millenarian and eschatological orientation, and founded by persons believed to be the world emperor, emerged in response to political turmoil, nation-building projects, modernization, and after-effects of colonialism. These Theravāda Buddhist esoteric congregations, revivalist and innovative at the same time, were indicative of a general crisis of authority and identity. Like other new religious movements that emerged in Southeast Asia in the wake of World War II, the royal esoteric associations represented a resurgence of religion and a quest for identity in the postcolonial era. 

    This dissertation, based on fieldwork (2005–2008), is a study of one such royal esoteric association founded in the early 1950s. The aim is to analyze the variety of discourses (tenets, practices, speeches, etc.) of the congregation. It is demonstrated that its royal, nationalist, bodhisatta, and millenarian discourses and rhetoric served as important sources of identity and empowerment in the face of modernization and the pervasive presence of the colonial legacy and Western political ideologies. The latter were perceived as threatening to undermine the authority and validity not only of Buddhism but of the indigenous traditions and culture as well. One solution to this postcolonial predicament was a cosmic “battle” against the evil forces, fought by supernatural means, with the aim to decolonize the Burmese mind and society.

    It is also shown that at least three different discourses competed with regard to what constitutes “authentic” Buddhism in postcolonial Burma. Finally, the study critically examines previous scholarship on the royal esoteric associations and seeks to present a new interpretation of this phenomenon.

  • 228.
    Foxeus, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    The world emperor's battle against the evil forces2014In: Champions of buddhism: Weikza cults in contemporary Burma / [ed] Bénédicte Brac de la Perrière, Guillaume Rozenberg, Alicia Turner, Singapore: NUS Press , 2014, p. 83-112Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 229.
    Foxeus, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    The World Emperor's Battle against the Evil Forces2012In: The Journal of Burma Studies, ISSN 1094-799X, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 213-250Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In early postcolonial Burma, millenarian prophecies about the imminent arrival of Setkya Min, the world emperor, circulated. This exalted personage was expected to protect Buddhism, and usher in a golden age for Buddhism and Burma. In the late 1950s and the early 1960s, the anthropologists Michael Mendelson and Melford E. Spiro encountered a perplexing phenomenon — a few so-called royal esoteric congregations whose leaders behaved as kings and were treated as such by their followers. These leaders were held to fulfill the prophecies and thus to be impersonations of the powerful figure Setkya Min, a weikza, a future Buddha, and a righteous king.

    Mendelson and Spiro understood these congregations as being continuous with the anti-colonial and even the pre-colonial millenarian rebellions. Until now, this interpretation has remained uncontested, probably due to lack of empirical evidence, since most scholars have assumed that these kinds of congregations ceased to exist long time ago. However, there still exists one such congregation in Burma, and was founded in the early 1950s. This article demonstrates how this congregation has waged a "battle" with supernatural means against what it perceived as the evil, anti-Buddhist forces to save Buddhism from extinction, and that it is just as anti-colonial and anti-Western as the anti-colonial rebellions. Moreover, the article argues that this congregation is similar to those studied by Mendelson and Spiro, and that these kinds of congregations should be understood as new Buddhist movements emerging in response to crises of authority and identity, to projects of modernization and nation-building, and to political turmoil in the postcolonial period. These congregations represented a quest for identity (individual, communal, and national), and are comparable to the other new religious movements that emerged in Southeast Asia in the postwar period.

  • 230.
    Foxeus, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    The World Emperor's Battle against the Evil Forces2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 231.
    Foxeus, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    This Nice Shirt cannot be dukkha: On Disenchantment and Re-enchantment as Diverging Social Processes among Urban Buddhists in Myanmar2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 232.
    Foxeus, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Vidyādhara (weikza/weizzā)2016In: Oxford Bibliographies, Oxford University Press, 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 233.
    Foxeus, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Världshärskarens fördolda krig mot de onda krafterna: föreställningar om våld, makt och intolerans i en esoterisk buddhistisk organisation i Burma2011In: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, no 53, p. 123-148Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 234.
    Fredholm, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Vänta barn: Förkroppsligande, materialitet och levd graviditet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen bygger på en kvalitativ studie av ett tiotal kvinnors erfarenheter av graviditet i nutid. Studiens syfte är att få kunskap om graviditeten som kulturell process, genom att utforska hur levda erfarenheter formas i relationen mellan kropp och materialitet. Studien fokuseras till fyra tematiska områden som utgörs av graviditetsbeskedet, ultraljudsundersökningen, kroppens förändringar och tankar kring det väntade barnet. Det empiriska materialet består av intervjuer och observationer. Studien visar på att relationen mellan ting och människa framträder under flera av graviditetens faser; så som i kvinnornas strävan efter att bli gravida, i bekräftelsen av graviditeten och i förhållandet till det ofödda barnet. Vidare visar undersökningen hur förkroppsligandet av graviditeten och erfarandet av kroppens förändringar formas i relation till tankar och känslor i kvinnornas medvetande.

  • 235.
    Frihammar, August
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Att göra borta hemma: En undersökning av gästforskares uppfattning om sitt boende i Stockholm2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What is it that makes us feel at home in a place? How do we perceive the experience of moving to an unfamiliar country with the knowledge that we might just stay one or two years? In this thesis, made in collaboration with Sektionen för byggnadsplanering at Stockholm University, these questions are examined by investigating the behavior and thought patterns of guest scientists that have recently started working in Stockholm. During the thesis you get to know the tactics and thought patterns of five guest scientists currently living in Stockholm in relation to three major themes. The themes are “getting to know the city”, “visiting” and “the position in the city”. Under these general themes we get to understand how the guest scientists use different tactics to navigate moving to Stockholm. We also get to understand how they by moving to a place where they have no plans to be joined into a Gemeinschaft can get a bigger drive to work harder on their careers.

  • 236.
    Frihammar, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    "At Last, Garbo is coming home": Celebrity, death and nation2018In: Heritage of Death: Landscapes of Emotion, Memory and Practice / [ed] Mattias Frihammar, Helaine Silverman, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2018, p. 65-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 237.
    Frihammar, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Krona och keps: Victoria och Daniel2015In: Politik och passion: svenska kungliga äktenskap under 600 år / [ed] Henric Bagerius, Louise Berglund, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2015, 1, p. 225-254Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 238.
    Frihammar, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    "Made in Gustavsberg": Det förflutna som vara2016In: Stockholm som vara / [ed] Klas Ramberg, Stockholm: Stockholmia förlag, 2016, p. 246-267Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 239.
    Frihammar, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Maritimt minnesland: om båtar, fritid och nostalgi2016In: Sommarliv: minnen, drömmar och materialitet / [ed] Kerstin Gunnemark, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2016, p. 301-324Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 240.
    Frihammar, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Svenskt fritidsbåtsliv i backspegeln: från nationsbygge till identitetsprojekt2016In: Sjövägen till Sverige: från 1500-talet till våra dagar / [ed] Simon Ekström, Leos Müller, Tomas Nilson, Malmö: Universus Press, 2016, p. 304-322Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 241.
    Frihammar, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Vattnet, ljuden, berättelserna: Veteranfritidsbåten i tre kulturella dimensioner2017In: Angöringar: Berättelser och kunskap från havet / [ed] Simon Ekströ, Leos Müller, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 242.
    Frihammar, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Vrak och övergivna båtar: En armada i minnets marginaler2015In: I utkanter och marginaler: 31 texter om kulturhistoria: en vänbok till Birgitta Svensson / [ed] Matianne Larsson, Anneli Palmsköld, Helena Hörnfeldt, Lars-Eric Jönsson, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag , 2015, 1, p. 165-176Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Som kulturella lämningar är vrak och övergivna fritidsbåtar intressanta eftersom de befinner sig i marginalen på flera sätt. De ger uttryck för flera slags ambivalenser. En ambivalens rör kulturarvsaspekten: de övergivna båtarna är vissa specifika objekt inom en accepterad kulturarvskategori som inte anses som bevarandevärda. En andra ambivalens berör landskapet: övergivna fritidsbåtar lämnas att förfalla i naturen och beroende på vilken typ av båt och sönderfall det är fråga om kan de då antingen bli betraktade som pittoreska eller som svårt vanprydande inslag i landskapet. En äldre eka i trä som ligger till hälften sjunken kan till exempel väcka en slags ruinromantik, medan en dito plastmotorbåt från 80-talet ses som skräp. En tredje ambivalens rör övergivna båtars oreglerade status ur ett rättsligt perspektiv. Ingen bär till exempel ansvaret för en övergiven båt på drift: vems minnen kan en ägarlös båt härbärgera? Vrak efter äldre fritidsbåtar kan därtill knytas till två sidor av moderniteten, dels den industriella fabriksmässiga produktionen, dels fritidens framväxt och idyllisering.

    Med fritidsbåtsvrak som utgångspunkt diskuteras  individuella och kollektiva minnens betydelser och kopplingar, kulturarvets landskap och landskapens kulturarv, makten över förflutenheten och sist men inte minst modernitetens materiella lämningar.

  • 243.
    Frihammar, Mattias
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Kaijser, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Lagerqvist, Maja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography. Uppsala universitet, Sverige.
    Hotet i vägrenen: Blomsterlupinens plats i ett svenskt kulturarvslandskap2018In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 27, no 3-4, p. 13-24Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 244.
    Frihammar, Mattias
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Silverman, Helaine
    Heritage of death: Landscapes of Emotion, Memory and Practice2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, death is being reconceptualised around the world as heritage, replete with material markers and intangible performances. These heritages of death are personal, national and international. They are vernacular as well as official, sanctioned as well as alternative. This book brings together more than twenty international scholars to consider the heritage of death from spatial, political, religious, economic, cultural, aesthetic and emotive aspects. It showcases different attitudes and phases of death and their relationship to heritage through ethnographically informed case studies to illustrate both general patterns and local and national variations. Through analyses of material expressions and social practices of grief, mourning and remembrance, this book shows not only what death means in contemporary societies, but also how individuals, groups and nations act towards death.

  • 245.
    Frihammar, Mattias
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Silverman, Helaine
    Introduction: Heritage of death: emotion, memory and practice2018In: Heritage of Death: Landscapes om emotion, memory and practice / [ed] Mattias Frihammar, Helaine Silverman, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2018, p. 4-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 246.
    Fröhlig, Florence
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Painful legacy of World War II: Nazi forced enlistment: Alsatian/Mosellan Prisoners of War and the Soviet Prison Camp of Tambov2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation concerns the legacy of the Nazi forced enlistment during World War II and focuses more precisely on the case of Alsace/Moselle. Many of these French men, enlisted by force from 1942 in the German army, were sent to the Eastern Front and experienced Soviet prison camps.

    The aim of this thesis is to examine how knowledge and memories about forced enlistment and Soviet captivity have been remembered, commemorated, communicated and passed on since the Alsatian/Mosellan POWs (Prisoners of War) carried the tokens of enemies or traitors when reintegrating their motherland, France.

    Four strategies dealing with the experiences of forced enlistment and of internment in Soviet prison camps are examined. I present how the first and most common strategy, i.e. avoidance, is contributing to an individual and collective construction of silence. Then I argue that a second strategy, the constitution of families of remembrance, is helping them to articulate and narrate their experiences (third strategy). The fourth strategy is the organisation of pilgrimages (emic term) to the former prison camp of Tambov, where the majority of the Alsatian/Mosellan POWs were gathered during the war. This last strategy actualises the issue of the transmission of the war experiences given that pilgrimages bring together three to four generations. Through fieldwork observations of the journeys I show how the pilgrims engage with a sense of the past. They remember and reassess the meaning of the past in terms of the social, cultural and political needs of the present. The importance of place and the aspect of self-in-place are thoughtfully analysed in order to highlight the process of passing on the memory of Tambov.

    I conclude by arguing that the agents of remembrance interviewed for the purpose of this thesis are engaged in turning the tangible and intangible legacies of World War II into heritage. This is done by releasing the legacy of forced enlistment and internment in Soviet prison camp from the private/familial sphere and inscribing it in the public sphere. Yet, the agency of the former POWs and their descendants shows how to let pass a past “that does not want to pass” in a contemporary European context.

  • 247.
    Ganetz, Hillevi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Drottningens kropp och vetenskapens pris2017In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 38, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the relation between science respectively nation, class and gender in the televised Nobel Banquet. The body of the Swedish Queen is used as a lens in order to analyse intersectional power dimensions.  Drawing on cultural, media, and gender studies, this article examines the mediated persona of the Queen in the televised Nobel Banquet via contextualised textual analysis.

    The televised Nobel Banquet, like the awards ceremony preceding it, provides representations of both science and a social elite. But not all representatives of the Swedish elite equally attract the gazes of the cameras: the focus of attention is in particular on the Swedish queen, who since her debut in 1976 has received more TV time than anyone else – male or female, scientist or not. How is her body represented in the televised Nobel Banquet? And what are the consequences of these representations for the image of science?

    The analyses shows that the body of the Queen signifies that heterosexuality, class affiliation, and nationality are important and normative factors in the discourse of science. In the televised Nobel Banquet, her body is a symbol of the aspired status of science, representing its desire to belong among the heterosexual and white elites as well as an acknowledging of a traditional, ideal femininity.

  • 248.
    Ganetz, Hillevi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Fame Factory: Performing Gender and Sexuality in Talent Reality Television2011In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses how gender and sexuality are performed in a highly feminised cultural symbolic context. The object of study is a reality show where the contestants compete in mainstream popular music. Fame Factory is a Swedish talent-hunt television series with many similarities to Pop Idol. The audience may follow the struggle of the young artists off stage in the ‘Fame School’ in addition to seeing and voting on their feats on stage. In the Fame School they learn to sing, perform and dance, but also to perform masculinity, femininity and sexuality, even if this is not explicit. Through an analysis of some key episodes of this reality show, the article discusses how gender and sexuality are produced and reproduced within this music television context. It is shown how the performances rest on highly traditional conceptions of these categories, but there are also certain transgressions, especially concerning sexuality, which undermine hegemonic structures.

  • 249.
    Ganetz, Hillevi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Hillevi Ganetz läser Since I’ve got the Pill: Normbrytare i populärmusiken2012In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, no 3, p. 88-91Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 250.
    Ganetz, Hillevi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Jewel in the Crown: The Nobel Banquet Broadcast as Co-Construction2018In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 111-126Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the aims of the Nobel Banquet broadcast, produced by the Swedish public service company SVT and the Nobel Foundation. The study suggests that the programme can be viewed as a co-construction of science and media, and that the Nobel Foundation has three primary purposes: 1) to teach the audience about science; 2) to honour the laureates; and 3) to maintain and increase the status of the Nobel prize. SVT, for their part, has two main purposes: 1) to teach their audience about science, and 2) to entertain. The aims of the Nobel Foundation and SVT may seem disparate, but they are interrelated. At the same time, the subtleties between the entities create a tension that develops through mutual negotiations. The study ends with a discussion of two unexpected findings: 1) the shared, yet essentially differently-grounded aims of both parties to inform about science, and 2) the fact that their scientific content has increased in both absolute and relative terms over the years, a finding that questions notions of a continuous mediatisation of social institutions.

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