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  • 201.
    Hancock, Victorine
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk, Avdelningen för franska och italienska.
    Sanell, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk, Avdelningen för franska och italienska.
    The acquisition of four adverbs in a learner corpus of L2 French2009Inngår i: Discours : revue de linguistique, psycholinguistique et informatique, nr 5Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This empirical study of a learner corpus of 40 interviews, investigates the acquisition of the four adverbs aussi, peut-être, seulement and vraiment (also, mayby, only and really). Although these four adverbs are non-obligatory elements in the utterance, they seem to have two fundamental modifying functions, namely enhancement (aussi and vraiment) and mitigation (peut-être and seulement). They also appear at early stages of acquisition. The study concentrates on the positions and discourse functions of the adverbs in a developmental perspective. Each adverb is characterized with respect to these two parameters across six developmental stages (Bartning, Schlyter, 2004) and a “near-native” learner variety. We combine a functional framework for acquisition (cf. Klein, Perdue 1997; Benazzo 2000, 2005) with earlier observations from corpus studies concerning the positions and the semantics of the adverbs (Schlyter, 1977; Chanet, 2004; Bilger, 2004). We expected that the number of functions of the adverbs would increase with the stages and we focus on the very advanced levels (stages 5-6). The study is to our knowledge one of the first to cover learner production from beginners to very advanced and “near-native” speakers. One hypothesis generated by the study is that frequency patterns of the target language could be acquired earlier than positional patterns. As a result of the study, we propose an order of acquisition of the four adverbs.

  • 202. Hartelius, Lena
    et al.
    Schalling, Ellika
    Krull, Diana
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för fonetik.
    Lindblom, Björn
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för fonetik.
    Formant Transitions in Ataxic Speech: The Shape and Speed of Formant Trajectories in Individuals with Multiple Sclerosis and Control Speakers2010Inngår i: Journal of medical speech-language pathology, ISSN 1065-1438, Vol. 18, nr 4, s. 54-60Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Trying to identify the acoustic bases of reduced intelligibility, investigators have paid special attention to the behavior of the second formant (F2) examining its extent, duration, and rate of change. In theoretical and clinical work, it would be useful to be able to measure speaking rate defined in terms of both movement speed and number of units per second, and to be able to measure the F2 slope independent of an individual's general rate of speech. The present study evaluates a method for numerically specifying the shape and speed of formant trajectories. The procedure consists of fitting damped exponentials to transitions traced from spectrograms, and determining their time constants. The formant transitions of 10 speakers with ataxic dysarthria due to multiple sclerosis (MS) and 10 control speakers, pronouncing the syllables /da:/, /do:/, and /du:/ in a carrier phrase were analyzed. Results showed that the time constants were significantly different in the two groups. Speakers with MS were slower, and given that this measure is independent of speaking rate, we can conclude that the actual articulatory movements were slower. Future research efforts will focus on exploring the formant trajectories in more speakers with varying severities of dysarthria as well as determining the effects of phonetic context, stress, and word length.

  • 203. Heegård, Jan
    et al.
    Liljegren, Henrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Geomorphic coding in Palula and Kalasha2018Inngår i: Acta Linguistica Hafniensia. International Journal of Structural Linguistics, ISSN 0374-0364, E-ISSN 1949-0763, Vol. 50, nr 2, s. 129-160Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article describes the geomorphic systems of spatial reference in the two Indo-Aryan languages Palula and Kalasha, spoken in adjacent areas of an alpine region in Northwestern Pakistan. Palula and Kalasha encode the inclination of the mountain slope as well as the flow of the river, in systematic and similar ways, and by use of distinct sets of nominal lexemes that may function adverbially. In their verbal systems, only Palula encode, landscape features in a systematic way, but both languages make use of a number of verbal sets that in different ways emphasise boundary-crossing. The article relates the analysis to Palmer's Topographic Correspondence Hypothesis that predicts that the linguistic system of spatial reference will reflect the topography of the surrounding landscape. The analysis of the geomorphic systems in Palula and Kalasha supports this hypothesis. However, data from a survey of spatial strategies in neighbouring languages, i.e., languages spoken in a similar alpine landscape, reveal another system that does not to the same extent or in a similar way encode typical landscape features such as the mountain slope and the flow of the river. This calls for a revision of Palmer's hypothesis that also takes language contact into consideration.

  • 204.
    heinat, fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Adjectives and clausal complementation2012Inngår i: Working Papers in Scandinavian Syntax, ISSN 1100-097X, Vol. 89, s. 37-67Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 205.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Finiteness in Swedish2012Inngår i: Working Papers in Scandinavian Syntax, ISSN 1100-097X, Vol. 90, s. 81-110Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 206.
    heinat, fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Long object shift and reflexives2010Inngår i: Nordic Journal of Linguistics, ISSN 0332-5865, E-ISSN 1502-4717, Vol. 33, nr 1, s. 67-80Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This short communication is concerned with long object shift of reflexives in Swedish. Only 3rd person reflexives can shift across their antecedent. For some reason this is possible even if the antecedent is 1st or 2nd person as well, but certain requirements on the antecedent are necessary. This paper shows that neither a purely syntactic nor a purely semantic analysis can account for all the facts. Instead the best analysis seems to be one that makes use of Bonet's (1995) post-syntactic morphological processes: feature delinking, feature erasure and feature insertion.

  • 207.
    Heldner, Mattias
    KTH Speech, Music and Hearing.
    Detection thresholds for gaps, overlaps and no-gap-no-overlaps2011Inngår i: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, ISSN 0001-4966, Vol. 130, nr 1, s. 508-513Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Detection thresholds for gaps and overlaps, that is acoustic and perceived silences and stretches of overlapping speech in speaker changes, were determined. Subliminal gaps and overlaps were cate- gorized as no-gap-no-overlaps. The established gap and overlap detection thresholds both corre- sponded to the duration of a long vowel, or about 120 ms. These detection thresholds are valuable for mapping the perceptual speaker change categories gaps, overlaps, and no-gap-no-overlaps into the acoustic domain. Furthermore, the detection thresholds allow generation and understanding of gaps, overlaps, and no-gap-no-overlaps in human-like spoken dialogue systems.

  • 208.
    Heldner, Mattias
    KTH Speech, Music and Hearing.
    On the reliability of overall intensity and spectral emphasis as acoustic correlates of focal accents in Swedish2003Inngår i: Journal of Phonetics, ISSN 0095-4470, E-ISSN 1095-8576, Vol. 31, nr 1, s. 39-62Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study shows that increases in overall intensity and spectral emphasis are reliable acoustic correlates of focal accents in Swedish. They are both reliable in the sense that there are statistically significant differences between focally accented words and nonfocal ones for a variety of words, in any position of the phrase and for all speakers in the analyzed materials, and in the sense of their being useful for automatic detection of focal accents. Moreover, spectral emphasis turns out to be the more reliable correlate, as the influence on it of position in the phrase, word accent and vowel height was less pronounced and as it proved a better predictor of focal accents in general and for a majority of the speakers. Finally, the study has resulted in data for overall intensity and spectral emphasis that might prove important in modeling for speech synthesis.

  • 209.
    Heldner, Mattias
    et al.
    KTH Speech, Music and Hearing.
    Edlund, Jens
    KTH Speech, Music and Hearing.
    Pauses, gaps and overlaps in conversations2010Inngår i: Journal of Phonetics, ISSN 0095-4470, E-ISSN 1095-8576, Vol. 38, nr 4, s. 555-568Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores durational aspects of pauses gaps and overlaps in three different conversational corpora with a view to challenge claims about precision timing in turn-taking Distributions of pause gap and overlap durations in conversations are presented and methodological issues regarding the statistical treatment of such distributions are discussed The results are related to published minimal response times for spoken utterances and thresholds for detection of acoustic silences in speech It is shown that turn-taking is generally less precise than is often claimed by researchers in the field of conversation analysis or interactional linguistics These results are discussed in the light of their implications for models of timing in turn-taking and for interaction control models in speech technology In particular it is argued that the proportion of speaker changes that could potentially be triggered by information immediately preceding the speaker change is large enough for reactive interaction controls models to be viable in speech technology.

  • 210.
    Heldner, Mattias
    et al.
    KTH Speech, Music and Hearing.
    Strangert, Eva
    Umeå University.
    Temporal effects of focus in Swedish2001Inngår i: Journal of Phonetics, ISSN 0095-4470, E-ISSN 1095-8576, Vol. 29, nr 3, s. 329-361Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The four experiments reported concern the amount and domain of lengthening associated with focal accents in Swedish. Word, syllable and segment durations were measured in read sentences with focus in different positions. As expected, words with focal accents were longer than nonfocal words in general, but the amount of lengthening varied greatly, primarily due to speaker differences but also to position in the phrase and the word accent distinction. Most of the lengthening occurred within the stressed syllable. An analysis of the internal structure of stressed syllables showed that the phonologically long segments-whether vowels or consonants-were lengthened most, while the phonologically short vowels were hardly affected at all. Through this nonlinear lengthening, the contrast between long and short vowels in stressed syllables was sharpened in focus. Thus, the domain of focal accent lengthening includes at least the stressed syllable. Also, an unstressed syllable immediately to the right of the stressed one was lengthened in focus, while initial unstressed syllables, as well as unstressed syllables to the right of the first unstressed one, were not lengthened. Thus, we assume the domain of focal accent lengthening in Swedish to be restricted to the stressed syllable and the immediately following unstressed one.

  • 211.
    Hellberg, Staffan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    Polysemy across image schemas: Swedish fram2007Inngår i: Studia Linguistica, ISSN 0039 3193, Vol. 61, nr 1, s. 20–58-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There has been some reluctance among scholars to accept the possibility that the image schema structure for a polysemous word can vary from one subsense to another, one image schema dominating for one subsense and another for the other. The aim of this article is to demonstrate that this possibility does indeed exist. For the polysemous Swedish adverb or particle fram, it is shown that no less than four image schemas are primary in different subsenses, viz. the front-back schema, the centre-periphery schema, the source-path-goal schema, and the container schema. Furthermore, although these schemas also appear in backgrounded functions in other subsenses, thus securing the network, no single schema is present in all subsenses.

  • 212. Holmberg, Per
    et al.
    Grahn, Inga-Lill
    Magnusson, Ulrika
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkdidaktik.
    Systemisk-funktionell lingvistik. Att analysera språkets betydelsepotential2014Inngår i: Folkmålsstudier, ISSN 0356-1771, Vol. 52, s. 9-30Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the theory of Systemic functional linguistics (SFL), first developed by Michael Halliday, and exemplifies how the theory can be applied in empirical analysisof text and talk. It shows how SFL is centered on the idea that language functions in social meaning making, and how this idea is theoretically elaborated in terms of stratification, metafunctional diversity, systemic choices and registers. The article includes a theoretical description of these four central notions, followed by a presentation of two empirical studies. Both studies explore lexicogrammatical and semantic choices within the ideational metafunction, though in different registers.The first study is an analysis of the use of grammatical metaphor in text written by monolingual and multilingual upper secondary school students. Grammatical metaphor is the realization of meaning in atypical, or incongruent, ways. In the study, grammatical metaphor is a developmental trait, allowing students to express specialized meanings through new combinations between semantics and lexicogrammar.In the second analysis SFL is applied on talk in interaction and combined with activity analysis. The study explores the successive instantiation of the meaning potentialof language in a certain context, namely when participants talk about thinkingin radio phone-in counseling conversations. An analysis within the ideational metafunctioncombined with the notion of communicative projects describes how, in this specific case, the participants’ lexicogrammatical choices between a verb and a nominalform contributes in a critical way to a successful outcome of the ongoing counseling activity.

  • 213.
    Holmström, Ingela
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    Schönström, Krister
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    Deaf lecturers’ translanguaging in a higher education setting. A multimodal multilingual perspective2018Inngår i: Applied Linguistics Review, ISSN 1868-6303, E-ISSN 1868-6311, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 90-111Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In a few universities around the world courses are offered where the primary language of instruction is a national sign language. Many of these courses are given by bilingual/multilingual deaf lecturers, skilled in both national sign language(s) and spoken/written language(s). Research on such deaf-led practices in higher education are lacking, and this study will contribute to a greater understanding of these practices. Drawing on ethnographically created data from a higher education setting in Sweden, this case study examines the use of different languages and modalities by three deaf lecturers when teaching deaf and hearing (signing) students in theoretic subjects. The analysis is based on video-recordings of the deaf lecturers during classroom activities at a basic university level in which Swedish Sign Language (SSL) is used as the primary language. The results illustrate how these deaf lecturers creatively use diverse semiotic resources in several modes when teaching deaf and hearing (signing) students, which creates practices of translanguaging. This is illustrated by classroom activities in which the deaf lecturers use different language and modal varieties, including sign languages SSL and ASL as well as Swedish, and English, along with PowerPoint and whiteboard notes. The characteristics of these multimodal-multilingual resources and the usage of them will be closely presented in this article.

  • 214.
    Holmström, Ingela
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    Schönström, Krister
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för svenska som andraspråk för döva.
    Vilken kunskap och kompetens finns hos Sveriges kommuner avseende hörselskadade elever i grundskolan?2016Inngår i: DHB-dialog, ISSN 0281-3106, Vol. 43, nr 1, s. 8-9Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 215.
    Hunley, Keith
    et al.
    Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico.
    Dunn, Michael
    Centre for Language Studies, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Lindström, Eva
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Reesink, Ger
    Centre for Language Studies, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Terrill, Angela
    Centre for Language Studies, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Healey, Meghan E.
    Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico.
    Koki, George
    Human Genetics, Institute for Medical Research, Goroka, Papua New Guinea.
    Friedlaender, Françoise R.
    Independent Researcher, Sharon, Connecticut, United States of America.
    Friedlaender, Jonathan S.
    Department of Anthropology, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
    Genetic and Linguistic Coevolution in Northern Island Melanesia2008Inngår i: PLOS Genetics, ISSN 1553-7390, E-ISSN 1553-7404, Vol. 4, nr 10, artikkel-id e1000239Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent studies have detailed a remarkable degree of genetic and linguistic diversity in Northern Island Melanesia. Here we utilize that diversity to examine two models of genetic and linguistic coevolution. The first model predicts that genetic and linguistic correspondences formed following population splits and isolation at the time of early range expansions into the region. The second is analogous to the genetic model of isolation by distance, and it predicts that genetic and linguistic correspondences formed through continuing genetic and linguistic exchange between neighboring populations. We tested the predictions of the two models by comparing observed and simulated patterns of genetic variation, genetic and linguistic trees, and matrices of genetic, linguistic, and geographic distances. The data consist of 751 autosomal microsatellites and 108 structural linguistic features collected from 33 Northern Island Melanesian populations. The results of the tests indicate that linguistic and genetic exchange have erased any evidence of a splitting and isolation process that might have occurred early in the settlement history of the region. The correlation patterns are also inconsistent with the predictions of the isolation by distance coevolutionary process in the larger Northern Island Melanesian region, but there is strong evidence for the process in the rugged interior of the largest island in the region (New Britain). There we found some of the strongest recorded correlations between genetic, linguistic, and geographic distances. We also found that, throughout the region, linguistic features have generally been less likely to diffuse across population boundaries than genes. The results from our study, based on exceptionally fine-grained data, show that local genetic and linguistic exchange are likely to obscure evidence of the early history of a region, and that language barriers do not particularly hinder genetic exchange. In contrast, global patterns may emphasize more ancient demographic events, including population splits associated with the early colonization of major world regions.

  • 216.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Halvhjärtat åtagande2006Inngår i: Invandrare och minoriteter, ISSN 1404-6857, nr 2, s. 10-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 217.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Second language ultimate attainment: Effects of maturation, exercise, and social/psychological factors2018Inngår i: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, ISSN 1366-7289, E-ISSN 1469-1841, Vol. 21, nr 5, s. 921-923Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Mayberry and Kluender (2017) offer a rich review of empirical research that contributes to the understanding of age-related effects on first and second language acquisition. Their keynote article compiles current, primarily linguistic and neurolinguistic, research on the notion of a critical period for language (CPL). The authors conclude “that the putative CPL applies to L1 learning, and that L2 effects are a consequence of this prior learning” (Mayberry & Kluender, 2017: p. 6). As they propose a clear role for CPL in L1 learning, and because their exact position on its role in L2 learning is, to my mind, not as clearly articulated, I will take the opportunity to argue the following: If a CPL exists at all, it should have identifiable implications for all kinds of language acquisition (cf. Gleitman & Newport, 1995). In the case of L2 acquisition what needs to be identified is how maturational constraints (implicated by a CPL) interact with other conditions that are at hand when the second language comes onto the scene.

  • 218.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Vilket undervisningsspråk favoriserar vilka elever?2008Inngår i: Sprogforum, Temanummer: Førstesproget som ressource, ISSN 0909-9328, nr 43, s. 44-48Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 219.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Våra inhemska minoriteter2005Inngår i: Vandringar med böcker, litteraturvägledning från BTJ förlag., ISSN 0503-6968, nr 3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 220.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Age and L2 learning: The hazards of matching practical “implications” with theoretical “facts”.: (Comments on Stefka H. Marinova-Todd, D. Bradford Marshall, and Catherine E. Snow’s “Three misconceptions about age and L2 learning”).2001Inngår i: TESOL quarterly (Print), ISSN 0039-8322, E-ISSN 1545-7249, Vol. 35, nr 1, s. 151-170Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 221.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Introduction: High-Level L2 Acquisition, Learning, and Use2012Inngår i: Studies in Second Language Acquisition, ISSN 0272-2631, E-ISSN 1470-1545, Vol. 34, nr 2, s. 177-186Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 222.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Who can become native-like in a second language? All, some, or none?: On the maturational constraints controversy in second language acquisition.2000Inngår i: Studia Linguistica, ISSN 0039-3193, E-ISSN 1467-9582, Vol. 54, nr 2, s. 150-166Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 223.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Âge de l’exposition initiale et niveau terminal chez des locuteurs quasi-natifs du Suédois L2.2003Inngår i: Acquisition et Interaction en Langue Étrangère, Vol. 18, s. 99-127Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 224.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Bylund, Emanuel
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Park, Hyeon-Sook
    Dominant-language replacement. The case of international adoptees2009Inngår i: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, ISSN 1366-7289, E-ISSN 1469-1841, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 121-140Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article challenges a recent proposal for the theoretical interpretation of L1 and L2 interaction that results from the abrupt change of language environment in internationally adopted children. According to this proposal (Pallier, Dehaene, Poline, LeBihan, Argenti, Depoux and Mehler, 2003; Ventureyra, Pallier and Yoo, 2004), such children experience a total loss of their L1, while, as adults, they exhibit a nativelike ultimate attainment of their L2. These authors suggest that what they see as a total loss of L1 allows a resetting of the neural network that normally subserves L1 retention and hence permits a complete acquisition of the L2. Data from two of our own research projects, one on L1 remnants in Korean adoptees in Sweden (see Park, forthcoming), and the other on age of acquisition and ultimate L2 attainment of Swedish (see Abrahamsson and Hyltenstam, in press), which included data from Latin American adoptees in Sweden among other participants, suggest (i) that L1 remnants are indeed maintained, (ii) that L2 attainment is not enhanced by severe L1 attrition, and (iii) that there is an age dimension to both the degree of L1 attrition and the level of L2 ultimate attainment in international adoptees. We therefore contend that a maturational interpretation of language replacement data is preferable.

  • 225.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Österberg, Rakel
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkdidaktik.
    Foreign language provision at secondary level in Sweden2010Inngår i: Sociolinguistica: Internationales Jahrbuch fuer Europaeische Soziolinguistik, ISSN 0933-1883, E-ISSN 1865-939X, Vol. 24, s. 85-100Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 226. Hyman, Larry M.
    et al.
    Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Lahiri, Aditi
    Nichols, Johanna
    The unabashed typologist: A Frans Plank Schubertiade2017Inngår i: Linguistic typology, ISSN 1430-0532, E-ISSN 1613-415X, Vol. 21, s. 1-8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 227.
    Hynninen, Niina
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    ICL at the micro level: L2 speakers taking on the role of language experts2012Inngår i: AILA Review, ISSN 1461-0213, Vol. 25, s. 13-29Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the construction of language expertise in international, university-level English-medium courses where English is used as a lingua franca. Even if the courses are not language courses, language sometimes becomes the topic of discussion in the form of language correcting and commentary. This paper looks into these instances, where the teachers (i.e. subject experts) and students can be seen to take on, or be allotted, the role of language experts. The findings show that this role can be (1) based on a speaker’s professional role and expertise in the relevant subject,(2) allotted to a native speaker of English, (3) negotiated between speakers, or (4) assigned to an English instructor. The paper discusses the implications of who takes on the role of language expert, and considers, in particular, to what extent the role still falls on native speakers of English. It will be shown that non-native speakers of English take on the role of language experts, and that this has implications for the kind of regulation done in the lingua franca interaction. The findings shed light on the micro-level realisation of Integrating Content and Language in Higher Education.

  • 228.
    Hynninen, Niina
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Kuka päättää, mikä on oikein?2013Inngår i: Tempus, ISSN 0355-8053, nr 5, s. 14-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 229.
    Håkansson, Gisela
    et al.
    Språk- och litteraturcentrum, Lunds universitet.
    Norrby, Catrin
    Dept of Languages and Linguistics, The University of Melbourne.
    Environmental influence on language acquisition: Comparing second and
 foreign language acquisition of Swedish2010Inngår i: Language learning, ISSN 0023-8333, E-ISSN 1467-9922, Vol. 60, nr 3, s. 628-650Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the influence of the learning environment on the second language acquisition of Swedish. Data were collected longitudinally over 1 year from 35 university students studying Swedish in Malmö, Sweden, and in Melbourne, Australia. Three areas were investigated: grammar, pragmatics, and lexicon. The development of grammar was analyzed within the framework of Processability Theory (Pienemann, 1998, 2005). For the pragmatic analysis, the learners’ production in a gap-filling task was measured against answers from 100 native speakers. A scoring system was devised to enable comparisons between learners and native speakers. The lexical analysis was based on a word association test. The results show that the grammar developed similarly in the two groups, whereas differences between the groups were found in pragmatics and lexicon. This variation is explained by differences in target language exposure.

  • 230.
    Hörberg, Thomas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Perception och psykofysik.
    Functional motivations behind direct object fronting in written Swedish: A corpus-distributional account2018Inngår i: Glossa: a journal of general linguistics, E-ISSN 2397-1835, Vol. 3, nr 1, artikkel-id 81Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In Swedish, grammatical functions are primarily encoded by word order. In prototypical transitive sentences, the subject precedes the direct object. However, Swedish also allows for fronting of the direct object, although such sentences are potentially ambiguous with respect to grammatical functions. This study therefore investigates direct object fronting in written Swedish with respect to 1) which functions this construction serves and 2) whether the use of direct object fronting is dispreferred when the grammatical functions cannot be determined on other information types. These questions are investigated on the basis of quantitative differences in the distribution of NP prominence properties (e.g., givenness and animacy) and formal, morphosyntactic cues to grammatical functions (e.g., case marking and verb particles) between OVS and SVO sentences, and between OVS sentences and passives. The results indicate that direct object fronting is used when the object either is topical and highly discourse prominent, or when it is contrastive. I also argue that direct object fronting is used to introduce new topics into the discourse. Subjects are more frequently high in discourse prominence in object-initial sentences than in subject-initial sentences. I suggest that this stems from a motivation to keep the information in object-initial sentences following the sentence-initial object “informationally light” and predictable. Unambiguous formal markers of grammatical functions are used more frequently in OVS sentences than in SVO sentences, but less frequently in passives than in SVO sentences. OVS sentences also more frequently contain an animate subject and an inanimate object than SVO sentences, and in passives, animate subjects and inanimate objects are even less frequent. Writers therefore seem to prefer the structurally unambiguous passive construction over the potentially ambiguous object-initial construction, when grammatical functions cannot be determined on the basis of other formal markers or an NP argument animacy difference. Further, sentences with two animate arguments more frequently contain formal markers than sentences with at most one animate argument. These findings indicate that writers actively avoid direct object fronting when it potentially results in an ambiguity, and provide evidence for the hypothesis that writers are inclined to actively avoid ambiguities more generally.

  • 231.
    Hörberg, Thomas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Influences of form and function on the acceptability of projective prepositions in Swedish2008Inngår i: Spatial Cognition and Computation, ISSN 1387-5868, E-ISSN 1573-9252, ISSN 1387-5868, Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 193-218Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Projective prepositions express the relation between two objects by referring to a direction in space and have traditionally been regarded as expressing purely geometric relations. Recent studies have shown that the appropriateness of English and Spanish projectives also depends on functional relations between objects. This study investigates if the acceptability of the Swedish projectives över, under, ovanför and nedanför are influenced by functional factors as well, and whether över and under are differentially influenced by function than ovanför and nedanför, as has been shown for their English cognates. It also investigates how the shape and parts of the related objects influence their functional interaction, and thereby the acceptability of the prepositions. This is done with respect to the predictions of the AVS-model, a model of the perceptual processes underlying the apprehension of projectives, which takes both the geometric and the functional relation between objects into account. It was found that acceptability judgments about the prepositions are influenced by function as their corresponding English and Spanish prepositions. The acceptability of över was more sensitive to function than ovanför, whereas under and nedanför were not differentially influenced by function, as has been shown for Spanish. It was further found that the shape and parts of both of the related objects influence acceptability regions associated with the prepositions in predictable ways, as functional interactions between objects largely depend on their parts. The results finally show that the AVS-model needs to be further developed in order to account for the form and function of the located object.

  • 232.
    Hörberg, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Kallioinen, Petter
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för fonetik.
    The neurophysiological correlate to grammatical function reanalysis in Swedish2013Inngår i: Language and cognitive processes (Print), ISSN 0169-0965, E-ISSN 1464-0732, Vol. 28, nr 3, s. 388-416Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Language comprehension is assumed to proceed incrementally, and comprehenders commit to initial interpretations even in the absence of unambiguous information. Initial ambiguous object arguments are therefore preferably interpreted as subjects, an interpretation that needs to be revised towards an object initial interpretation once the disambiguating information is encountered. Most accounts of such grammatical function reanalyses assume that they involve phrase structure revisions, and do not differ from other syntactic reanalyses. A number of studies using measurements of event-related brain potentials (ERPs) provide evidence for this view by showing that both reanalysis types engender similar neurophysiological responses (e.g., P600 effects). Others have claimed that grammatical function reanalyses rather involve revisions of the mapping of thematic roles to argument noun phrases (NPs). In line with this, it has been shown that grammatical function reanalysis during spoken language comprehension engenders a N400 effect, an effect which has been shown to correlate with general problems in the mapping of thematic roles to argument NPs in a number of languages. This study investigated the ERP correlate to grammatical function reanalysis in Swedish. Postverbal NPs that disambiguated the interpretation of object-topicalised sentences towards an object-initial reading engendered a N400 effect with a local, right-parietal distribution. This ‘‘reanalysis N400’’ effect provides further support for the view that grammatical function reanalysis is functionally distinct from syntactic reanalyses and rather involves a revision of the mapping of thematic roles to the sentence arguments. Postverbal subject pronouns in object-topicalised sentences were also found to engender an enhanced P300 wave in comparison to object pronouns, an effect which seems to depend on the overall infrequency of object-topicalised constructions. This finding provides support for the view that the ‘‘reanalysis N400’’ in some cases can be attenuated by a task-related P300 component.

  • 233.
    Iannaccaro, Gabriele
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Proverbi meteorologici in ladino dolomitico: una prima ricognizione2015Inngår i: Mondo Ladino, ISSN 1121-1121, Vol. 39, s. 13-46Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper is a first approach to the weather proverbs in Dolomite Ladin, and stands as the first phase of possible research to come. The proverbs come from published sources, but have been controlled through field research, and are discussed under a romanistic, pragmatic and ethnolinguistic point of view.

  • 234.
    Iannaccaro, Gabriele
    et al.
    University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy.
    Dell'Aquila, Vittorio
    Per un atlante paremiologico romanzo2012Inngår i: Géolinguistique: bulletin du centre de dialectologie, ISSN 0761-9081, nr 13, s. 179-230Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 235.
    Iannaccaro, Gabriele
    et al.
    University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy.
    Dell'Aquila, Vittorio
    Una proposta per lo studio della vitalità delle lingue2013Inngår i: Atti del Sodalizio Glottologico Milanese, ISSN 1972-9901, Vol. 2012, nr 7, s. 66-82Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper deals with the establishment of a series of procedures to find out and measure the subjective ethnolinguistic vitalities of lesser used languages when the overall sociolinguistic situation is quite well-known. Such a goal can be achieved through the analysis of a number of sociolinguistic and pragmatic parameters – discussed in depth – and a proper mathematical treatment of the emerging data. Examples are given, taken from research experiences throughout Europe.

  • 236.
    Iannaccaro, Gabriele
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Dell'Aquila, Vittorio
    Borghi, Guido
    Sull’etimo di cianta, gonna ladina2015Inngår i: Mondo Ladino, ISSN 1121-1121, Vol. 39, s. 47-52Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 237. Ibbotson, Paul
    et al.
    Hartman, Rose M.
    Nilsson Björkenstam, Kristina
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för datorlingvistik.
    Frequency filter: an open access tool for analysing language development2018Inngår i: Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, ISSN 2327-3798, E-ISSN 2327-3801, Vol. 33, nr 10, s. 1325-1339Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We present an open-access analytic tool, which allows researchers to simultaneously control for and combine language data from the child, the caregiver, multiple languages, and across multiple time points to make inferences about the social and cognitive factors driving the shape of language development. We demonstrate how the tool works in three domains of language learning and across six languages. The results demonstrate the usefulness of this approach as well as providing deeper insight into three areas of language production and acquisition: egocentric language use, the learnability of nouns versus verbs, and imageability. We have made the Frequency Filter tool freely available as an R-package for other researchers to use at https://github.com/rosemm/FrequencyFilter.

  • 238. Iosad, Pavel
    et al.
    Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Piperski, Alexander
    Sitchinava, Dmitri
    Depth, brilliancy, clarity: Andrey Anatolyevich Zaliznyak (1935 – 2017)2018Inngår i: Linguistic typology, ISSN 1430-0532, E-ISSN 1613-415X, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 175-184Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 239.
    Janson, Tore
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Review of Rudolf Botha & Martin Everaert (eds.), The Evolutionary Emergence of Language: Evidence and Inference2014Inngår i: Nordic Journal of Linguistics, ISSN 0332-5865, E-ISSN 1502-4717, Vol. 37, nr 3, s. 451-457Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 240.
    Jansson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Parkvall, Mikael
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Strimling, Pontus
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Modeling the Evolution of Creoles2015Inngår i: Language Dynamics and Change, ISSN 2210-5824, E-ISSN 2210-5832, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 1-51Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Various theories have been proposed regarding the origin of creole languages. Describing a process where only the end result is documented involves several methodological difficulties. In this paper we try to address some of the issues by using a novel mathematical model together with detailed empirical data on the origin and structure of Mauritian Creole. Our main focus is on whether Mauritian Creole may have originated only from a mutual desire to communicate, without a target language or prestige bias. Our conclusions are affirmative. With a confirmation bias towards learning from successful communication, the model predicts Mauritian Creole better than any of the input languages, including the lexifier French, thus providing a compelling and specific hypothetical model of how creoles emerge. The results also show that it may be possible for a creole to develop quickly after first contact, and that it was created mostly from material found in the input languages, but without inheriting their morphology.

  • 241.
    Jansson, Gunilla
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    Bilingual practices in the process of initiating and resolving lexical problems in students' collaborative writing sessions2007Inngår i: International Journal of Bilingualism, ISSN 1367-0069, Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 157-183Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with the sequential organization of language choice and code-switching between Persian as a first language and Swedish as a second language in the process of initiating and resolving a problem of understanding and producing the correct version of a lexical item. The data consist of detailed transcripts of audio tapings of two bilingual students’ collaborative writing sessions within the frame of a one-year master’s program in computer science in a multilingual setting at a Swedish university. The students, both Persianspeaking, are advanced speakers of Swedish as a second language. For this article, four lexical language-related episodes, where code-switching between Persian and Swedish occurs, are analyzed. The analyzed excerpts in this article are drawn from a corpus of data consisting of language-related episodes identified and transcribed in  the audio tapings. We employ a conversation analysis (CA) approach for the analysis of bilingual interaction. This means that the meaning of the code-switching in the interaction is described in terms of both global (the conversational activity at large) and local interactional factors. In the analysis, a close step-by-step analysis of the turn-taking procedures demonstrates how the communicative meaning of the students’ bilingual behavior in a lexical episode is determined in its local production in the emerging conversational context and how it can be explicated as part of the following social actions: drawing attention to a problem, seeking alliance when a problem is made explicit and confirming intersubjective understanding when the problem is resolved.

  • 242.
    Jansson, Gunilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Svenska/Nordiska språk.
    Wadensjö, Cecilia
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Tolk- och översättarinstitutet.
    Plejert, Charlotta
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Svenska/Nordiska språk. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Managing complaints in multilingual care encounters2017Inngår i: Multilingua - Journal of Cross-cultural and Interlanguage Communication, ISSN 0167-8507, E-ISSN 1613-3684, Vol. 36, nr 3, s. 313-345Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Troubles-telling and complaints are common in contexts of care for older people and need to be managed by care staff in a respectful manner. This paper examines the handling of an older person’s complaints in multilingual care encounters that involve participants who do not share a common language. The data consist of video-recordings and ethnographic fieldwork in a residential home for older people in Sweden that is characterised by a variety of languages and backgrounds. The findings are based on analyses of multi-party interactions involving an Arabic-speaking resident and caregivers with different levels of knowledge in different languages. We focus on complaint sequences when the resident expresses a negative stance (displeasure, anger, etc.) towards some difficult circumstance. Using the methodology of conversation analysis, we analyse the affect-regulating work through which the caregivers attempt to turn a pressing situation into a moment of cheerfulness and intimacy. The analyses bring to light the multilingual practices that the caregivers draw upon in pursuing this work, such as translating and giving voice to the resident’s complaining.

  • 243.
    Johansson, Annika
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för slaviska och baltiska språk, finska, nederländska och tyska, Nederländska.
    Melander, Björn
    Rawoens, Gudrun
    Laureys, Godelieve
    Oosterhof, Albert
    Två språk två försvar2015Inngår i: Språktidningen, ISSN 1654-5028, nr juni, s. 60-65Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 244.
    Johansson, Annika
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för slaviska och baltiska språk, finska, nederländska och tyska, Nederländska.
    Nieuweboer, Rogier
    Verwerving van de Nederlandse positiewerkwoorden staan, zitten en liggen2018Inngår i: Internationale Neerlandistiek, ISSN 1876-9071, E-ISSN 2214-5729, Vol. 56, nr 3, s. 265-276Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims at looking into the acquisition of the Dutch posture verbs staan 'stand', zitten 'sit' and liggen 'lie' by learners of Dutch at Stockholm University and Helsinki University. Firstly, this study presents a systematic semantic description which gives an outline of the uses of the Dutch posture verbs based on categories originating from Lemmens & Perrez (2010) and De Knop & Perrez (2014). Secondly, a pilot study was conducted consisting of two cloze tests to see whether this semantic description can enhance the acquistiton of these particular verbs. Finally, we discuss the outcome of the two cloze tests taken by the Swedish-speaking and Finnish-speaking learners at the universities mentioned above. This part of the article also takes crosslinguistic awareness and CLIL (content and language integrated learning) into consideration as didactic tools when learning a third language.

  • 245.
    Johnen, Thomas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för spanska, portugisiska och latinamerikastudier.
    Alemão é tupi2008Inngår i: Kultur Agenda Alemanha, Vol. 5, s. 88-89Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 246.
    Johnen, Thomas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för spanska, portugisiska och latinamerikastudier, Avdelningen för portugisiska.
    Zur Herausbildung der Kategorie Modalverb in der Grammatikographie des Deutschen (und des Portugiesischen)2006Inngår i: Pandaemonium Germanicum : revista de estudos germanísticos, ISSN 1982-8837, Vol. 10, s. 283-337Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study outlines the formation of the category of modal verb within the grammaticography of German from the beginnings in the 16th century up to its "canonization" in the 1st half of the 20th century, showing at the same time some parallels to the treatment of modal verbs in the grammaticography of Portuguese as well as the influence the German grammaticography had on the formation of this category in the grammaticography of Portuguese.

  • 247.
    Johnen, Thomas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för spanska, portugisiska och latinamerikastudier, Avdelningen för portugisiska.
    Zur Pragmatik von portugiesisch -inho und Partikelentsprechungen im Deutschen1995Inngår i: Lusorama, ISSN 0931-9484, Vol. 27, s. 40-57Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 248. Johnson, Sally
    et al.
    Milani, Tommaso M.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    To legislate or not to legislate?: Language politics and legitimation crises in Germany and Sweden2007Inngår i: Leeds Working Papers in Linguistics and Phonetics :, Vol. 12, s. 21-43Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 249.
    Jon-And, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur. Högskolan Dalarna, Sverige.
    Sekvenser gör människan unik2018Inngår i: Språktidningen, ISSN 1654-5028, nr 1, s. 40-45Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 250.
    Jon-And, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning. Dalarna University, Sweden.
    Aguilar, Elliot
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning. University of Pennsylvania, United States of America .
    A model of contact-induced language change: Testing the role of second language speakers in the evolution of Mozambican Portuguese2019Inngår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 14, nr 4, artikkel-id e0212303Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Language change is accelerated by language contact, especially by contact that occurs when a group of speakers shifts from one language to another. This has commonly been explained by linguistic innovation occurring during second language acquisition. This hypothesis is based on historical reconstructions of instances of contact and has not been formally tested on empirical data. In this paper, we construct an agent-based model to formalize the hypothesis that second language speakers are responsible for accelerated language change during language shift. We compare model predictions to a unique combination of diachronic linguistic and demographic data from Maputu, Mozambique. The model correctly predicts an increased proportional use of the novel linguistic variants during the period we study. We find that a modified version of the model is a better fit to one of our two datasets and discuss plausible reasons for this. As a general conclusion concerning typological differences between contact-induced and non-contact-induced language change, we suggest that multiple introductions of a new linguistic variant by different individuals may be the mechanism by which language contact accelerates language change.

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