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  • 201.
    Carlsson, Carl Mikael
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Det märkvärdiga mellantinget: Jordbrukares sociala status i omvandling 1780−19002016Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    During a period corresponding to approximately 1789−1872 the Swedish system of estates was phased out. New ideas challenged the organic view of society, and through a number of political reforms the estate privileges were abolished one by one. The reforms went hand in hand with a change in the social stratification at that time. The distinct difference between peasants and gentlemen that had characterized the countryside were erased and replaced by new ways of categorising people. This development has been described in broad strokes in previous research, leaving the roles of individuals overshadowed.

    This thesis is about individuals who were on the border between being peasants and gentlemen, how they were viewed by the class society, and the role they played in the dissolution of the same. The focus is centred on a population of wealthy farmers around the rural areas of Västerås during the years 1780−1900, and how they were perceived and acted in terms of title, lineage, education, occupation, farm holdings, building customs, naming customs and political life.

    The investigation shows that the differences between peasants and gentlemen remained during the period, but that it changed in character from a difference in kind, to a difference in degree. Important reasons for this were the gentlemen’s increased interest in agriculture and the emergence of a group of very wealthy farmers. The increase of rich farmers was more prevalent in the first half of the nineteenth century. They embraced some of the gentry’s behaviour, for instance through the acquisition of mansions, but as they often held political positions that by law should be held by peasants, they also preserved their common appearance. In this way the limits for what could be considered common were moved forward, and the difference between peasants and gentlemen weakened. The gentry’s interest in agriculture increased gradually and was marked by the introduction of agricultural institutes in the mid-1800s. As the old elite increasingly devoted themselves to agriculture they used titles as ”possessionat” and ”godsägare” (landlord) to rise above the peasants. They made themselves the elite in the peasants' own field, thus opening up to being associated with rich farmers.

  • 202.
    Carlsson, Carl Mikael
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Filio Unico Moesta Mater: En landsman för 200 år sedan2014Inngår i: Västmanlands-Dala nations skriftserie XVIII / [ed] Johannes Gäverth, Johannes Jonsson, Uppsala: Västmanlands-Dala nation , 2014Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 203.
    Carlsson, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Den tillfälliga husmodern: Hemvårdarinnekåren i Sverige 1940-19602013Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the history of the Swedish public home help service. The public provision of home help is taken as an empirical example of the state’s relationship with the private sphere. Housework and care work are discussed as political issues and as the objects of a professionalization project. The study addresses the creation and distribution of welfare in the form of public services that are delivered in private homes and analyses how visionary government policies worked in practice. In the broadest sense, the thesis aims to increase understanding of the difficult and deeply-rooted problem of how housework and care work can be made ‘real work’.

    Those who started the public home help service argued that it would relieve the shortage of domestic servants, increase the birth rate, reduce poverty and improve public health. In addition, it was believed that paid domestic work, when performed by public home help workers, would be transformed into a respectable occupation through education, selective recruitment and regulated pay and conditions. This ambition, however, was doomed from the start in part because, as this study shows, central actors in the public home help service took an ambivalent approach concerning educational requirements. Professional care work in the household found itself in a paradoxical situation because its central tasks were the same as those all women and mothers were expected to be able to carry out in the private sphere.

    The public home help service had a surprisingly short life span. After sixteen years the state subsidy for public home help workers was withdrawn, and new societal problems and political questions took priority.  At the same time, the gender discourse underwent significant changes. The necessary preconditions for the existence of the home help had disappeared. Nevertheless, the significance of the public home help service is greater than its own short existence. Seen in a wider historical perspective, the home help service represents an important example of how paid housework constantly takes on new forms and how difficult raising the status and value of household labor is, even when it is publicly supported and regulated.  

  • 204.
    Carlsson, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Hemvårdarinnor, pigor och hembiträden: Att välja forskningsfokus igår och idag2014Inngår i: Methods, interventions, and reflections: report from the X Nordic women's and gender history conference in Bergen, August 9-12, 2012 / [ed] Ulla Manns, Fia Sundevall, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2014Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 205.
    Carlsson, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Hemvårdarinnor, pigor och hembiträden: Att välja forskningsfokus i går och idag2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 206.
    Carlsson, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Med blick för klass: Hemhjälpskonsulent Margareta Nordström i välfärdspraktik och politik2015Inngår i: Personhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0031-5699, nr 1, s. 7-25Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 207.
    Carlsson, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Public care work in private contexts: A historical perspective on the Swedish welfare state2010Inngår i: Global Care Work: Gender an Migration in Nordic Societies / [ed] Lise Widding Isaksen, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2010Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 208.
    Carlsson, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Redskapen: Hushållens köksutrustning från 1940-tal till 1980-tal2018Inngår i: Köket: Rum för drömmar, ideal och vardagsliv under det långa 1900-talet / [ed] Ulrika Torell, Jenny Lee, Roger Qvarsell, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 2018Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 209.
    Carlsson, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Rent kök: Materiella förutsättningar och personlig duglighet – hygien och huslighet under 1900-talets första decennier2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 210.
    Carlsson, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Husz, Orsi
    Kökskunskap: Svenska kök mellan social ingenjörskonst och global kommersialism2018Inngår i: Köket: Rum för drömmar, ideal och vardagsliv under det långa 1900-talet / [ed] Ulrika Torell, Jenny Lee, Roger Qvarsell, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 2018Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 211.
    Carlsson, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Lennartsson, Rebecka
    Stadsmuseet i Stockholm .
    Bland kaféer, bordeller, parker, skyltfönster och kök: Mångdimensionella vandringar i stadens rum2019Inngår i: Creating the City.: Identity, Memory and Participation. Conference proceedings / [ed] Pål Brunnström och Ragnhild Cleasson, Malmö: Malmö University Publications in Urban Studies , 2019Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 212.
    Cassel, Pär
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för orientaliska språk. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för orientaliska språk, Avdelningen för kinesiska.
    The Gate of Heavenly Peace-Making2009Inngår i: China in 2008: A Year of Great Significance / [ed] Wasserstrom, Jeffrey, Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. , 2009, s. 140-143Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 213.
    Castaldo Lunden, Elizabeth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier, Modevetenskap.
    Hollywood In and Out: A Look into the Academy Awards Ceremony's Transition from Private Banquet to Public Spectacle2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Academy Awards ceremony is the foremost reference to Hollywood gatherings. Since its inception, in 1929, the event has shifted format and itinerated in different locations, frequently outside the confinements of Hollywood city. Several of these changes of venue bare a close relation with political decisions, the events’ increasing popularity, and the technological developments that turned the ceremony into a media event. Key to this mediatization of the Oscars is how the ceremony transformed from a private banquet into a public spectacle. This paper looks into such a transition from a private gathering into a public spectacle and the consequent spatial reconfigurations.

    It is necessary to problematize the conceptualization of Hollywood, understanding it as a fluid idea that works both as a geographical space and as well as a community striving for prestige. This paper engages with Michel Foucault’s concept of heterotopia to help elucidate how the U.S. film industry’s appropriation of the notion of Hollywood allowed it to function as an abstract conception for the mediascape instead of anchoring the event to a geographical area. The first Oscars ceremony took place at the Roosevelt Hotel, in Hollywood. By 1930, the Academy Awards moved outside Hollywood, at the Ambassador Hotel’s Cocoanut Grove in Los Angeles. A big leap from private gatherings to public spectacle took place in 1944 when the ceremony changed the format and moved into Grauman’s Chinese Theatre. Historical discourses around the event attribute such shift to a search for austerity during wartime. I argue that rather than lowering the event's profile as a gesture of austerity, the move into movie venues turned the ceremony into a grandiose public spectacle that function as the steppingstone for the media event we see today. By 1947, the Oscars had already moved out of Hollywood. Despite the restless migratory patterns that took the ceremony continued carrying its aura as the quintessential spectacle “live from Hollywood.” It was not until the construction of the Kodak Theatre was completed, in 2002, that the ceremony established in Hollywood for good. 

    This presentation provides a historical overview of the Academy Awards Ceremony from a spatial perspective by looking at the venues in which it was organized, their infrastructure, and the arrangements required as a consequence of technological media shifts and the events’ increasing popularity. 

  • 214.
    Castaldo Lunden, Elizabeth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier, Modevetenskap.
    Pre-Code Hollywood: The Final Sparks of the Insubordinate Screen2016Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 215.
    Castaldo Lundén, Elizabeth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier, Modevetenskap.
    Cuerpos de Emulación Pecuniaria: Estrellas de Hollywood como elemento homogeneizador de la femineidad e identidad nacional en los Estados Unidos2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [es]

    El fin del siglo XIX acarreó cambios sustanciales para las mujeres en los Estados Unidos. El cambio de paradigma que permitió a hombres y mujeres compartir la esfera pública, el creciente rol de la mujer en el ámbito laboral, el surgimiento del culto a la “personalidad,” y la consolidación de la industria del cine tuvieron incidencia directa en la reconfiguración de la femineidad y la búsqueda de una identidad nacional entre las jóvenes inmigrantes de la clase trabajadora de los Estados Unidos. Lentamente, las estrellas de cine ganaron prestigio como símbolos de belleza y movilidad social para miles de jóvenes mujeres gracias a la circulación de imágenes en suplementos dominicales y revistas especializadas en cine. En breve, la industria del cine Estadounidense comenzó a replicar los formatos de revistas como Photoplay y Motion Picture Magazine para los países de habla hispana, propagando su hegemonía a lo largo y a lo ancho del continente. Parte fundamental del proceso de identificación está ligado al creciente uso de estrellas de cine en publicidades de productos de belleza y moda. La agencia de publicidad J. W. Thompson fue el eje fundamental de dicha dinámica. La empresa contaba con un grupo de mujeres ejecutivas a cargo de las cuentas correspondientes as productos de belleza. Estas mujeres, en su mayoría pertenecientes al movimiento sufragista de los Estados Unidos, tuvieron un rol fundamental en el desarrollo de productos y campañas orientadas al público femenino. La presentación dará un paneo histórico sobre la transición de estos cuerpos de emulación pecuniaria con el fin de comprender el cambio cultural que llevó a las estrellas de Hollywood de símbolos la “Americanization” de la diáspora en los Estados Unidos a convertirse en sinónimo de glamour y sofisticación para mujeres alrededor del mundo.

  • 216.
    Castaldo Lundén, Elizabeth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier.
    No Oscar for The Oscar?: Behind Hollywood's Walk of Greed2014Inngår i: Networking Knowledge, ISSN 1755-9944, Vol. 7, nr 4, s. 1-16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1966 the popular interest in the Academy Awards propelled Paramount Pictures to produce The Oscar (Embassy Pictures-Paramount Pictures, 1966), a film based on the homonymous novel by Richard Sale. The Oscar tells the story of an unscrupulous actor willing to do anything in his power to obtain the golden statuette, regardless of whom he has to take down along the way. Building up on fantasies of social mobility, we see the protagonist (Frankie) display his vanity, arrogance and greed to create a less than likeable character whose only hope to put his career back on track lies in obtaining the precious statuette. 

    The movie intends to be a sneak peek behind the scenes of the biggest award ceremony, but also behind the lifestyle of the Hollywood elites, their glory and their misery as part of the Hollywood disposal machinery. Despite not being financed or officially supported by the Academy, the film intertwines elements of fiction and reality by using real footage of the event, and featuring several contemporary representatives of the movie industry such as Edith Head, Hedda Hopper, Frank and Nancy Sinatra, playing cameo roles, adding up to the inter-textual capacities of the story. Head’s participation was particularly exploited for the promotion of the film, taking advantage of her position at Paramount, her status as a multiple winner, and her role as a fashion consultant for the Academy Awards. This paper is an analytical account of the film’s production process. Through a close look to its publicity, it will unravel how the studios relied on the awards, and all possible inter-textual capacities to promote the film, despite the Academy’s distancing from the project. 

  • 217.
    Castaldo Lundén, Elizabeth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier. Stockholm University.
    Oscar Night in Hollywood: Fashioning the Red-Carpet from the Roosevelt Hotel to International Media2018Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the red-carpet phenomenon from a historical perspective, seeking to understand how the Academy Awards’ red-carpet became the most prominent fashion show in media culture. The connections between Hollywood and the fashion industry predate the inception of the ceremony, and so does the role of Hollywood actresses as trendsetters. However, this pseudo-event epitomizes precisely this liaison. This research focuses on several historical constellations to account for the influence of media shifts, the public relations dynamics of the event, the changes in the fashion and film industries, and the role of key players in the dissemination of fashion discourses in relation to Hollywood. By delving into archival sources, and tracing discourses of fashion, stardom, and celebrity surrounding Hollywood and the Oscars, this dissertation shows how the red-carpet gained such status, functioning today as a marquee for celebrity endorsement of high-end fashion brands.

    Chapter 1 provides a historical overview of the event, identifying key moments in the configuration of the Oscars and its red-carpet event. Chapter 2 discusses the role of gatekeepers as mediators of cultural capital. This contextualizes the connections between Hollywood and fashion journalism, and the emergence and development of the best- and worst- dressed lists in the U.S. Chapter 3 analyzes the role of advertising and endorsement practices in the circulation of ideas that set Hollywood personalities as influencers. In addition, the legal aspects of testimonials, the notion of “red-carpet treatment” in association with the emergence of lifestyle advertising, and the coronation of “Oscar” as a celebrity in its own right are discussed. Chapter 4 focuses on the career of Edith Head, looking into her popular appeal as Hollywood’s foremost “fashion expert.” Chapter 5 explores the dynamics of fashion at the Academy Awards, Head’s crucial role as the Academy Awards’ Fashion Consultant, and what may be considered the first Academy Awards’ fashion pre-show. Chapter 6 is pivoted on the role of television networks and sponsors in the inception of the Oscarcast, and the public relations dynamics that set fashion at the forefront by branding this media event as an international fashion show free-for-all. The dissertation closes with a case study of the film The Oscar (Embassy Films, 1966), which amalgamates the kaleidoscope of ideas explored in the previous six chapters.

    This transdisciplinary study concludes that WWII marked a turning point in the history of the Academy Awards. The postwar culture was characterized by the power-shift towards television, the emergence of celebrity culture, the expansion of consumer culture, the reactivation of transatlantic trade, the growth of fashion journalism, and an increasing circulation of national and international designer names in the media. In this context, promotional practices that put Hollywood designers and stars at the forefront turned into an optimal platform for the proliferation of fashion discourses around the Oscars. This has been momentous for the conceptualization of the Oscarcast as a fashion show since its inception in 1953. 

  • 218.
    Castaldo Lundén, Elizabeth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier, Modevetenskap.
    Oscar Night in Hollywood: the Emergence of the Academy Awards' Fashion Pre-Show2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 219.
    Castaldo Lundén, Elizabeth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier, Modevetenskap.
    The Future in the Past: Exploring Barbarella’s Intergalactic Catwalk2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite its controversial reception in 1968, Barbarella (Dino De Laurentiis Cinematografica, 1968) looms large in popular culture. Disguised under its sartorial splendor, the film’s narrative clearly negotiates social anxieties of the late ‘60s. Similarly, its production design incorporates contemporary elements present in art, architecture and fashion that stand today as a symbol of the space age design. Arguably, these elements of style, along with its camp representation of the future, played a key role in catapulting the film to its cult status. Spanish designer Paco Rabanne is frequently credited for the creation of Jane Fonda’s onscreen parade of highly stylized costumes. Moreover, fashion magazines oftentimes associate the overall aesthetic of his brand to his past contrubution in the film, which has served for framing runway shows and inspiring collections to date. However, the man responsible for creating fashion for Roger Vadim's vision of the year 40,000 was French costume designer Jacques Fonteray. The case of Paco Rabanne and Barbarella serves as an interesting example of how popular culture appropriates history, contributing to the construction of myths through media. Grounded on archival research, this article explores the role of Jacques Fonteray in the overall creation of the Jane Fonda's costumes, debunking popular misconception regarding Paco Rabanne’s influence on the film’s overall aesthetics.

  • 220.
    Castaldo Lundén, Elizabeth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier, Modevetenskap.
    Who Cares About the Best Dressed?: Mr. Blackwell’s Infamous List and the Art of Self-Branding2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Before Joan Rivers’s Fashion Police (E! Entertainment, 2002- ), there was a man who made a reputation in Hollywood for his outspoken criticism of celebrity style. Provocative, overopinionated, controversial, admired, hated and feared; self proclaimed fashion’s advocate Richard Blackwell achieved worldwide recognition after launching his annual 10 Worst Dresed List in 1960. His outrageous comments against celebrities catapulted him to stardom, and turned him into a popular culture icon. Yet, the articulation of his list was a clear act of Winchellism rather than a sincere call for style. But, how much did Blackwell know about fashion? How did he become an authority on how American women should dress and behave? Overlooked by the fashion industry, Mr. Blackwell achieved a status among popular audiences that his more knowledgable detractors could not outshine. This paper looks at historical reception of Mr. Blackwell as a victimizer, but also a victim of celebrity culture. A master of performance and self branding rather than a fashion conoceur. A man seeking fame and recognition, who cleverly found a nische in the enterteinment industry through his controversial statements about stars, style and fashion, propelling a skyrocketing career in Hollywood he so longed for, and becoming a symbol for “all publicity is good publicity.”

  • 221.
    Castaldo Lundén, Elizabeth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier, Modevetenskap.
    Who Cares About the Best-Dressed?: Mr. Blackwell's Infamous List and the Art of Self-Branding2014Inngår i: : Mr. Blackwell's Infamous List and the Art of Self-Branding, 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Before Joan Rivers’s Fashion Police (E! Entertainment, 2002- ), there was a man who made a reputation in Hollywood for his outspoken criticism of celebrity style. Provocative, overopinionated, controversial, admired, hated and feared; self proclaimed fashion’s advocate Richard Blackwell achieved worldwide recognition after launching his annual 10 Worst Dresed List in 1960. His outrageous comments against celebrities catapulted him to stardom, and turned him into a popular culture icon. Yet, the articulation of his list was a clear act of Winchellism rather than a sincere call for style. But, how much did Blackwell know about fashion? How did he become an authority on how American women should dress and behave? Overlooked by the fashion industry, Mr. Blackwell achieved a status among popular audiences that his more knowledgable detractors could not outshine. This paper looks at historical reception of Mr. Blackwell as a victimizer, but also a victim of celebrity culture. A master of performance and self branding rather than a fashion conoceur. A man seeking fame and recognition, who cleverly found a nische in the enterteinment industry through his controversial statements about stars, style and fashion, propelling a skyrocketing career in Hollywood he so longed for, and becoming a symbol for “all publicity is good publicity.”

  • 222.
    Cederqvist, Jane
    Stockholms universitet.
    Arbetare i strejk: studier rörande arbetarnas politiska mobilisering under industrialismens genombrott : Stockholm 1850-19091980Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 223. Cetrez, Önver A.
    et al.
    Donabed, Sargon G.Makko, AryoStockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    The Assyrian heritage: threads of continuity and influence2012Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Assyrian Heritage: Threads of Continuity and Influence is a collection of essays discussing Assyrian culture and identity from language, ritual, symbol, and identity perspectives from the ancient world to the modern day. The theoretical interpretations and methodological approaches covered in the book aim to narrate the past, presence and future of the cultural and linguistic heritage of the Assyrian people.

  • 224.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för medeltidsstudier.
    1600-talet – det kallaste århundradet2011Inngår i: Sveriges historia : 1600–1721 / [ed] Nils Erik Villstrand, Stockholm: Norstedts , 2011, s. 441-445Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 225.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för medeltidsstudier.
    A new reconstruction of temperature variability in the extra-tropical Northern Hemisphere during the last two millennia2010Inngår i: Geografiska Annaler. Series A, Physical Geography, ISSN 0435-3676, E-ISSN 1468-0459, Vol. 92A, nr 3, s. 339-351Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A new temperature reconstruction with decadal resolution, covering the last two millennia, is presented for the extra-tropical Northern Hemisphere (90–30°N), utilizing many palaeotemperature proxy records never previously included in any large-scale temperature reconstruction. The amplitude of the reconstructed temperature variability on centennial time-scales exceeds 0.6°C. This reconstruction is the first to show a distinct Roman Warm Period c. AD 1–300, reaching up to the 1961–1990 mean temperature level, followed by the Dark Age Cold Period c. AD 300–800. The Medieval Warm Period is seen c. AD 800–1300 and the Little Ice Age is clearly visible c. AD 1300–1900, followed by a rapid temperature increase in the twentieth century. The highest average temperatures in the reconstruction are encountered in the mid to late tenth century and the lowest in the late seventeenth century. Decadal mean temperatures seem to have reached or exceeded the 1961–1990 mean temperature level during substantial parts of the Roman Warm Period and the Medieval Warm Period. The temperature of the last two decades, however, is possibly higher than during any previous time in the past two millennia, although this is only seen in the instrumental temperature data and not in the multi-proxy reconstruction itself. Our temperature reconstruction agrees well with the reconstructions by Moberg et al. (2005) and Mann et al. (2008) with regard to the amplitude of the variability as well as the timing of warm and cold periods, except for the period c. AD 300–800, despite significant differences in both data coverage and methodology.

  • 226.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Arngrímur Jónsson och hans verk2003Inngår i: Scripta Islandica, ISSN 0582-3234, Vol. 54, s. 57-74Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 227.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Bannlyst kung av Guds nåde: Maktlegitimering och kungaideologi i Sverris saga2008Inngår i: Collegium Medievale: Tverrfaglig tidsskrift for middelalderforskning, ISSN 0801-9282, Vol. 21, s. 3-66Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    A Divine King Excommunicated: Legitimisation of Power and Ideology of Kingship in Sverris Saga

    This article investigates how Sverrir Sigurðarson, ruler of Norway between 1177 and 1202, is ideologically legitimised as king in the biography Sverris saga. In previous research, the perception that Sverrir is portrayed as a Christian rex iustus has competed with the perception that Sverrir is depicted as a traditional Old Norse warrior king, who gains his legitimacy through his military successes. This article demonstrates that the rex iustus idea is central in the saga when it comes to legitimising Sverrir, and that his seizure of power is also placed in the salvation-historical worldview of the time. Fully in accordance with the way contemporary continental European kings legitimised their claims to power, Sverrir’s royal power is justified in the saga through a combination of the notion that God has chosen Sverrir as king and the notion of a line of succession to the throne through paternal blood ties. The article also demonstrates that the saga, like the polemic pamphlet A Speech against the Bishops (Ett tal mot biskoparna), propagates against the perception that the Church is above the royal power and dismisses the Church’s excommunication of Sverrir as unjust and invalid.

  • 228.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Den långa medeltiden: Den nordiska ländernas historia från folkvandringstid till reformation2015Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Medeltidshistorikern Fredrik Charpentier Ljungqvist bjuder på en lättläst exposé över den politiska, ekonomiska, sociala och kulturella utvecklingen i Norden under tusen år med utgångspunkt i de senaste rönen från arkeologisk och historisk forskning. Den långa medeltiden är en introduktion till Nordens historia från folkvandringstiden på 500-talet fram till reformationen på 1500-talet. Till skillnad från tidigare översiktsverk behandlas här hela Norden, och inte bara ett enskilt nordiskt land, och den traditionella uppdelningen mellan medeltid och forntid överges.

    Ett av kapitlen skildrar den politiska utvecklingen, men i övrigt står de sociala förhållandena i centrum i denna översikt. Hur bodde man och vad åt man? Vilka möjligheter fanns det att resa och hur utvecklades skeppsbyggnadskonsten? När skedde klimatförändringar och hur påverkade de människor? Vilka redskap användes i jordbruket, för hantverk och för att bygga hus och skepp? I vilken grad levde människor av självförsörjning och hur utvecklad var handeln? Hur såg lag och rätt ut?

    I boken behandlas allt från framväxten av nordiska kungariken och städer till jordbrukets och konsthantverkets utveckling och människors hälsa under forna tider. Vi får bekanta oss med livet för såväl kungar som trälar och följa med genom sociala omvälvningar som kristnandet, digerdöden och ståndssamhällets framväxt. Geografiskt rör vi oss från den karga nordnorska kusten i norr till den bördiga danska myllan i söder, med avstickare till Island och Grönland och med vikingafärder i öster- och västerled.

  • 229.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för medeltidsstudier.
    Den medeltida värmeperioden i Skandinavien2009Inngår i: Sveriges historia 2: 600–1350 / [ed] Dick Harrison, Stockholm: Norstedts Förlag, 2009, s. 147-148Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 230.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för medeltidsstudier.
    Det kaotiska klimatet under senmedeltiden och Vasatiden2010Inngår i: Sveriges historia: 1350–1600 / [ed] Dick Harrison och Bo Eriksson, Stockholm: Norstedts , 2010, s. 83-86Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 231.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    En bondekultur på marginalen i en tid av klimatförändringar2013Inngår i: Iluliaq: föreningen Sverige-Grönlands medlemsblad, nr 2, s. 10-13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 232.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Female Shame, Male Honor: The Chastity Code in Juan Luis Vives’ De institutione feminae Christianae2012Inngår i: Journal of Family History, ISSN 0363-1990, E-ISSN 1552-5473, Vol. 37, nr 2, s. 139-154Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the light of some key concepts from the chastity codes described by anthropological research for honor societies in the Mediterranean region and the Middle East, this article examines the chastity code for women that the Spanish Renaissance humanist Juan Luis Vives (1492/3–1540) advocated in his work De institutione feminae Christianae (1524/1538). Aspects, such as gender order, restrictions on women’s physical freedom of movement, regulations and instructions regarding women’s clothing, and various rules for women’s outward conduct, are studied. It can be established that Vives advocated a very traditional, patriarchal view of women, exhorting very strict gender segregation and female seclusion. He prescribed very tight restrictions on women’s freedom, with a view to controlling female sexuality, an aspect of Vives that previous research has not paid full attention to.

  • 233.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Forntidens klimat en nyckel2018Inngår i: Sveriges natur: Svenska naturskyddsföreningens tidskrift, ISSN 0039-6974, Vol. 4Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 234.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Global nedkylning: klimatet och människan under 10 000 år2009Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Klimatet har förändrats både regionalt och globalt sedan senaste istiden tog slut, ofta med dramatiska konsekvenser för naturen och människan. Fastän det talas så mycket om klimatförändringar idag är det få som vet särskilt mycket om hur klimatet har varierat förr.

    Det är först under de senaste åren som forskningen börjat kunna beskriva vad som faktiskt hänt med klimatet under olika tider, på olika platser. Historikern Fredrik Charpentier Ljungqvist har tagit ett samlat grepp på den senaste forskningen och resultatet är en resa i vått och torrt, i hetta och kyla, jorden runt under 10 000 år. Vi får stifta bekantskap med många olika folk och kulturer – babylonier, romare, mayaindianer och vikingar – som alla under historiens gång varit utsatta för klimatförändringar.

  • 235.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Heder och sexuellt våld: En undersökning av medeltida isländska källor2005Inngår i: Hedersmord: Tusen år av hederskulturer, Historiska media, Lund , 2005, s. 47-75Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 236.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Hirdmännen hade många uppgifter2007Inngår i: Populär Historia, nr 10, s. 62-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 237.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Hon försvarade Stockholm mot danske kungen2012Inngår i: Populär Historia, ISSN 1102-0822, nr 4, s. 55-55Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 238.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Human and societal dimensions of past climate change2017Inngår i: Issues and Concepts in Historical Ecology: The Past and Future of Landscapes and Regions / [ed] Carole L. Crumley, Tommy Lennartsson, Anna Westin, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017, s. 41-83Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 239.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Jakten på kung Magnus2013Inngår i: Populär Historia, ISSN 1102-0822, nr 11, s. 30-35Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 240.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Klimat, missväxt och extremt väder 1830–19202012Inngår i: Sveriges historia : 1830–1920 / [ed] Bo Stråth, Stockholm: Norstedts Förlag, 2012, s. 289-292Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 241.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för medeltidsstudier.
    Klimat och väder i Sverige 1721–18302011Inngår i: Sveriges historia 1721–1830 / [ed] Elisabeth Mansén, Stockholm: Norstedts Förlag, 2011, s. 124-126Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 242.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för medeltidsstudier.
    Klimatet i backspegeln2016Inngår i: Gaudeamus, ISSN 0016-5247, nr 3, s. 12-13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 243.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Klimatet och människan under 12 000 år2017Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I boken presenteras för första gången på svenska resultaten från den senaste klimathistoriska forskningen för en bred publik. I en välblandad mix av historia och klimatvetenskap får läsaren följa med på en medryckande resa genom världshistorien då kraftiga och plötsliga klimatförändringar emellanåt dramatiskt förändrat livsvillkoren för miljoner människor.

    För 6 000 år sedan var till exempel Sahara en frodig savann i stället för världens största öken, samtidigt som klimatet var varmt nog i Sverige för sköldpaddor och vilda vindruvor.  Senare under historien har stora variationer i monsunregnen i Asien gett upphov till antingen välstånd eller hungersnöd för miljontals människor.

    För tusen år sedan kollapsade indianska civilisationer av torka, samtidigt som ett varmare klimat tillät nordbor att kolonisera södra Grönland. Den så kallade lilla istiden, som kulminerade på 1600-talet, orsakade försörjningskriser i Europa och Kina och på många andra håll i världen.

    Författaren ger oss åtskilliga spännande och lärorika exempel på hur klimatförändringar under historien påverkat utvecklingen i olika delar av världen och hur människor hanterat eller inte hanterat konsekvenserna av klimatförändringar. Det är insikter som är mycket relevanta i vår tid.

  • 244.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Klimatets variationer i Europa de senaste tusen åren2009Inngår i: Historisk tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 129, nr 1, s. 152-158Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 245.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för medeltidsstudier.
    Klimatkris på medeltiden2009Inngår i: Populär Historia, ISSN 1102-0822, nr 12, s. 48-52Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 246.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Kristen kungaideologi i Sverris saga2006Inngår i: Scripta Islandica, ISSN 0582-3234, Vol. 57, s. 79-95Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 247.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Kungaideologin i Sverris saga2006Inngår i: The fantastic in Old Norse/Icelandic literature. Sagas and the British Isles: Preprint Papers of The 13th International Saga Conference. Durham and York, 6th–12th August, 2006 II, 2006, s. 583-592Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I det traditionella norröna samhället var en god kung detsamma som en framgångsrik kung. Det var framgången som legitimerade rätten till tronen. När kungamakten institutionaliserades förändrades kraven som ställdes på kungen. En religiös legitimitet för maktutövningen blev nödvändig, representerad i den rex iustus-doktrin som gjorde sitt intåg genom integrationen med det kristna Europa.

    Sverrir Sigurðarson († 1202) gjorde anspråk på den norska kronan under vad som måste betecknas som övergångsskedet mellan den gamla och nya kungaideologin. Den nästan samtida biografin över honom, Sverris saga, ger ett unikt porträtt av ett medeltida härskarliv, som möjliggör en analys av den ideologi som hans maktanspråk legitimeras genom. Sverre Bagge har i sin tongivande forskning menat att sagan legitimerar Sverrir genom hans framgångar på slagfältet. Med andra ord menar Bagge att sagan präglas av främst traditionell norrön kungaideologi. I mitt paper kommer jag att diskutera den uppfattningen med utgångspunkt från att forskare som Aron J. Gurevich, Ludvig Holm-Olsen, Halvdan Koht och Gerhard Loescher inte har delat Bagges uppfattning, utan istället framhållit den religiösa retorikens betydelse för legitimitetsskapandet.

    Ideologin i Sverris saga uttalas sällan direkt, utan måste istället sökas såväl i dialoger, tal och drömmar som i beskrivningen av kungen och hans handlande. Jag syftar i mitt paper till att utreda och åtskilja vilka element i Sverris saga som bör kopplas till ett traditionellt norrönt kungaideal, respektive vilka som bör kopplas till rex iustus-doktrinen. På det viset vill jag kunna nå ett steg längre än i tidigare forskning när det gäller att fastslå i vilken utsträckning de bägge kungaideologierna finns företrädda i sagan. En sak som jag vill lägga särskild vikt vid är om sätten, som Sverrirs rätt till tronen legitimeras på i sagan, förändras sedan han har blivit bannlyst av påven.

  • 248.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Kungamakten och lagen: En jämförelse mellan Danmark, Norge och Sverige under högmedeltiden2014Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The dissertation is a comparative study of the expansion of law-regulated royal power in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden c. 1150–1350. The aim is to examine how the king’s judicial and military authority and functions, and their effect on the power position of the regional legal assembly and the church, is expressed and how it changed over time in the extant law material. The starting point is the pan-European consolidation of royal power in the High Middle Ages, and the dissertation considers international research on the medieval state formation process and its driving forces. The processual concepts of centralization, institutionalization, hierarchization, and territorialization occupy a central place in the analysis.

    Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish laws all reflect a significant increase in royal power. A growing number of societal functions were vested in the increasingly institutionalized kingship, and there was a growth in its power resources. At the same time, it is possible to identify crucial inter-Scandinavian differences. A main finding is that the law-regulated royal power, in most respects, was strongest in Norway and weakest in Sweden. Another important conclusion is that executive royal power first emerged after the judicial and also legislative power had already to a large extent come under royal control.

    It is demonstrated that Scandinavian kingship in the High Middle Ages was characterized by increasingly centralized and institutionalized territorially based power, with a greater monopoly on the use of legitimate force, and thereby strengthened the ongoing state formation process. The expansion of law-regulated royal power primarily concerned the judicial sphere and only secondarily the military and fiscal spheres. That state formation was driven by judicial development rather than militarization is also shown by the fact that Norway, despite having the least professionalized and resource-demanding armed forces, was the Scandinavian country with the most centralized and institutionalized royal power.

  • 249.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Lagfäst kungamakt under högmedeltiden: en komparativ internnordisk studie2016Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna bok behandlar lagregleringen av den expanderande kungamakten i det högmedeltida Danmark, Norge och Sverige ur ett komparativt perspektiv. Utifrån bevarat lagmaterial undersöks utvecklingen av kungamaktens rättsliga och militära befogenheter och funktioner i relation till tingsmenigheternas och kyrkans förändrade maktställning. Dessa statsrättsliga frågeställningar, som ägnats förhållandevis lite intresse under senare år, blir belysta utifrån den numera omfattande internationella forskningen om den medeltida statsbildningsprocessen i Europa. Såväl danskt, norskt som svenskt lagmaterial ger uttryck för en påtaglig ökning av samhälleliga funktioner underställda en allt starkare kungamakt. Likväl framträder samtidigt betydande internordiska skillnader avseende såväl omfattningen av, som formerna för, den kungliga maktutövningen. Den lagreglerade kungamakten var, i de flesta avseenden, starkast och tidigast utvecklad i Norge och svagast och senast utvecklad i Sverige. Studien visar att den allt mer centraliserade och institutionaliserade kungliga maktutövningen, som präglades av en ökad ensamrätt till bruket av legitimt våld, kan betraktas som uttryck för en pågående statsbildningsprocess. Lagregleringen av rättslig makt framstår som avsevärt viktigare för denna utveckling än regleringen av militär eller fiskal makt. Ett annat viktigt resultat är att kunglig exekutiv makt först uppträdde efter etableringen av dömande, och i många avseenden även lagstiftande, kunglig makt.

  • 250.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    L'Anse aux Meadows - sagornas leifbodar?2001Inngår i: Populär arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014X, Vol. 19, nr 3, s. 26-27Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
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