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  • 201.
    Feldman, Jonathan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Civil Rights and Transportation2014Ingår i: Encyclopedia of Transportation: Volume 1 / [ed] Mark Garrett, Sage Publications, 2014, s. 367-371Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 202.
    Feldman, Jonathan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    From Warfare State to ‘Shadow State: Militarism, Economic Depletion and Reconstruction2007Ingår i: Social Text, ISSN 0164-2472, E-ISSN 1527-1951, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 143-168Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 203.
    Feldman, Jonathan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Green transportation2014Ingår i: Encyclopedia of transportation: social science and policy / [ed] Mark Garrett, Los Angeles: Sage Publications, 2014, s. 640-647Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 204.
    Feldman, Jonathan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Light rail transit2014Ingår i: Encyclopedia of transportation: social science and policy / [ed] Mark Garrett, Los Angeles: Sage Publications, 2014, s. 879-884Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 205.
    Feldman, Jonathan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    The Foundations for Extending Green Jobs: The case of the rail-based mass transit sector in North America2010Ingår i: International Journal of Labour Research, ISSN 2076-9806, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 269-291Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 206.
    Feldman, Jonathan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    The Limits and Possibilities of Ethnic Entrepreneurship : The Case of ICT Firms in Sweden2006Ingår i: International Journal of Multicultural Studies, ISSN 1817-4574, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 84-101Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 207.
    Feldman, Jonathan Feldman
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Hermansen, Linnéa
    Alternative automotive fuels2014Ingår i: Encyclopedia of transportation: social science and policy / [ed] Mark Garrett, Los Angeles: Sage Publications, 2014, s. 146-150Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 208.
    Feldman, Jonathan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Gray, Mia
    Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
    Kurihara, Tomoko
    Social and Political Science, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
    Hommen, Leif
    Division of Innovation, Lund Institute of Technology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Networks of exclusion: job segmentation and social networks in the knowledge economy2007Ingår i: Equal Opportunities International, ISSN 0261-0159, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 144-161Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This paper aims to highlight the need to understand the mechanisms of inclusion and exclusion in the workplace which are often embedded in micro-level work practices. It explores how social networks and the resources contained within them function differentially among workers to reinforce existing patterns of preferential access to the most desirable positions in the labour market.

    Design/methodology/approach – Using in-depth interviews of electrical engineers in a case study firm in the IT industry in Cambridge, England, the paper outlines the strong gendered and ethnic patterns of segmentation within the engineering occupation.

    Findings – The paper finds significant inequalities in access to, and awareness of, the resources contained within some social networks in the workplace.

    Originality/value – The study critiques the extension of social capital theory into the workplace due to its conceptual and methodological focus on positive outcomes.

     

  • 209.
    Feldman, Jonathan M.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    From Warfare State to "Shadow State": MILITARISM, ECONOMIC DEPLETION, AND RECONSTRUCTION2007Ingår i: Social Text, ISSN 0164-2472, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 143-168Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article discusses the permanent war, economy and group of war making institutions in the U.S. The state's military welfare and subsidy has helped people who are economically dependent on permanent war and the war-making institutions, led by the Pentagon and private military contractors that promotes approaches to foreign policy between wars. Militarism has weakened the American economy's ability to respond to new international competition

  • 210.
    Feldman, Jonathan M.
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Gray, Mia
    Kurihara, Tomoko
    Hommen, Leif
    Networks of exclusion: job segmentation and social networks in the knowledge economy2007Ingår i: Equal Opportunities International, ISSN 0261-0159, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 144-161Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This paper aims to highlight the need to understand the mechanisms of inclusion and exclusion in the workplace which are often embedded in micro-level work practices. It explores how social networks and the resources contained within them function differentially among workers to reinforce existing patterns of preferential access to the most desirable positions in the labour market.

    Design/methodology/approach – Using in-depth interviews of electrical engineers in a case study firm in the IT industry in Cambridge, England, the paper outlines the strong gendered and ethnic patterns of segmentation within the engineering occupation.

    Findings – The paper finds significant inequalities in access to, and awareness of, the resources contained within some social networks in the workplace.

    Originality/value – The study critiques the extension of social capital theory into the workplace due to its conceptual and methodological focus on positive outcomes.

  • 211.
    Feldman, Jonathan Michael
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Technology, Power and Social Change: Comparing Three Marx-Inspired Views2016Ingår i: Socialism and Democracy, ISSN 0885-4300, E-ISSN 1745-2635, Vol. 30, nr 2, s. 28-72Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article compares three Marx-inspired views about the relationship between technology and sustainable outcomes.

  • 212.
    Feldman, Jonathan Michael
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    The Managerial Equation and Innovation Platforms: The Case of Linköping and Berzelius Science Park2007Ingår i: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 15, nr 8, s. 1027-1045Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the political and economic origins of a science park in Linköping, Sweden. It shows how different "innovation platforms" emerged to develop the medical industrial sector. An innovation platform is a foundation for growth corresponding to a given set of organizations or networks that incubate and sustain innovative teams tied to a given sector. Large firms and incubator-linked science parks represent different kinds of innovative platforms. The paper centres on the concept of the "managerial equation", arguing that growth projects like science parks build on coalitions and networks linking innovative resources, acquired knowledge tied to a given sector and power linked to decision-making power and financial resources. Changes within these elements of the equation explain the rise and fall of innovative platforms. Failures in learning in one platform lead to the rise of another. An absence of power (such as supporting resources) can also account for platform changes. Regional development decisions do not simply reflect path dependent specializations as regions use related capacities to break into "new" sectors. Commitments to Triple Helix formations linking universities, corporations and the government reflect changes within each branch of the Helix and political decision-making creating a diversity of development pathways.

  • 213.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Britt Wadner2018Ingår i: Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2018Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 214.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Från lagringskultur till streamingkultur: Om att skriva samtidens näthistoria2014Ingår i: Återkopplingar / [ed] Marie Cronqvist, Patrik Lundell, Pelle Snickars, Lund: Mediehistoria, Lunds Universitet , 2014, s. 219-234Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Rasmus Fleischer - Från lagringskultur till streamingkultur
  • 215.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    If the Song has No Price, is it Still a Commodity?: Rethinking the Commodification of Digital Music2017Ingår i: Culture Unbound: Journal of Current Cultural Research, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 146-162Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In music streaming services like Spotify, discrete pieces of music no longer has a price, as has traditionally been the case in music retailing, both analog and digital. This article discusses the theoretical and practical implications of this shift towards subscriptions, starting from a critical review of recent literature dealing with the commodification of music. The findings have a relevance that is not limited to music or digital media, but also apply more broadly on the study of commodification. At the theoretical level, the article compares two ways of defining the commodity, one structural (Marx), one situational (Appadurai, Kopytoff), arguing for the necessity of a theory that can distinguish commodities from all that which is not (yet) commodified. This is demonstrated by taking Spotify as a case, arguing that it does not sell millions of different commodities to its users, but only one: the subscription itself. This has broad economic and cultural implications, of which four are highlighted:(1) The user of Spotify has no economic incentive to limit music listening, because the price of a subscription is the same regardless of the quantity of music consumed.(2) For the same reason, Spotify as a company cannot raise its revenues by making existing customers consume more of the product, but only by raising the number of subscribers, or by raising the price of a subscription.(3) Within platforms like Spotify, it is not possible to use differential pricing of musical recordings, as has traditionally been the case in music retail. Accordingly, record companies or independent artists hence can no longer compete for listeners by offering their music at a discount.(4) Within the circuit of capital. Spotify may actually be better understood as a commodity producer than as a distributor, implying a less symbiotic relationship to the recorded music industry.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 216.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Kan pengar fördelas?2015Ingår i: Glänta, ISSN 1104-5205, nr 3-4Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 217.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Kreditkonsumtion i Sverige, 1945–1985: Avbetalningshandel, kreditkort och dess politiska reglering2016Ingår i: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, E-ISSN 2002-4827, Vol. 136, nr 4, s. 626-657Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna artikel ges en deskriptiv översikt över hur möjligheten att köpa på kredit – på avbetalning eller på kort – bidrog till att forma efterkrigstidens konsumtionssamhälle i Sverige. Bland annat riktas ljuset på de olika motiven för att begränsa kreditgivningen genom särskild lagstiftning och på framväxten av kreditupplysningsregister. Redogörelsen visar bland annat att kreditkonsumtion inte blev en partipolitisk fråga förrän på 1970-talet, efter att Kooperativa förbundet hade övergivit sin restriktiva linje.

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    fulltext
  • 218.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Musik, politik och svenskhet2014Ingår i: Det långa 1990-talet: när Sverige förändrades / [ed] Kristina Abiala, Umeå: Boréa Bokförlag, 2014, s. 405-421Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 219.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Nätutopier och nätdystopier: Om 2000-talets sökande efter internets väsen2017Ingår i: Samtider: Perspektiv på 2000-talets idéhistoria / [ed] Anders Burman, Lena Lennerhed, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2017, s. 261-303Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 220.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    När index satte lönen2023Ingår i: Arbetarhistoria : Meddelande från Arbetarrörelsens Arkiv och Bibliotek, ISSN 0281-7446, Vol. 187–188, nr 3–4, s. 56-66Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under andra världskriget öppnades en ny arena för lönekamp. I Sverige infördes indexlöner som byggde på värderingar av varornas kvalitet. 

  • 221.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Per Lundin, Computers in Swedish Society2014Ingår i: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, E-ISSN 2002-4827, Vol. 134, nr 3, s. 551-553Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 222.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Protecting the musicians and/or the record industry? On the history of ‘neighbouring rights’ and the role of Fascist Italy2015Ingår i: Queen Mary Journal of Intellectual Property, ISSN 2045-9807, Vol. 5, nr 3, s. 327-343Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The early history of the so-called ‘neighbouring rights’, as part of the history of copyright, has so far been given very little attention by scholars. This article sheds light on a European contest over the rights in sound recordings during the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s. This forms an important part of the background to the Rome Convention of 1961. The article first looks separately at how musicians’ unions and the record industry were raising different demands for protective legislation, motivated by the use of new electronic media. At the beginning, no one imagined that these protections would be bundled together as ‘neighbouring rights’. While the International Labour Organization (ILO) put great efforts into creating a convention protecting only the performers, another actor turned out to be more influential in the long run, proposing a hierarchical bundling of rights in which only record companies were entitled to compensation for the use of recordings. This actor was the Fascist government of Italy. The article argues that there are some continuities from the legal philosophy of Italian Fascism to the system of ‘neighbouring rights’ established in the Rome Convention.

  • 223.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Robotarnas kapprustning: Om spam i en nät- och bokhistorisk kontext2014Ingår i: Information som problem: Medieanalytiska texter från medeltid till framtid / [ed] Otfried Czaika, Jonas Nordin & Pelle Snickars, Stockholm: Kungliga biblioteket , 2014, s. 242-257Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 224.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer.
    Spotify älskar Muzak2022Ingår i: Clarté, ISSN 0345-2085, nr 2, s. 28-33Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 225.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Swedish Music Export: The Making of a Miracle2017Ingår i: Made in Sweden: Studies in Popular Music / [ed] Alf Björnberg, Thomas Bossius, New York: Routledge, 2017Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 226.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    The Pirate Bay och den nya nätpolitiken2013Ingår i: Sveriges historia. 1965-2012: [rekordåren, ett socialdemokratiskt århundrade, vänstervind och högervåg, miljö och kärnkraft, kriserna, det mångkulturella Sverige, världens mest jämställda land, den nya individualismen, neutralitetspolitikens fall, maktskifte och systemskifte, från kanal 1 till Internet] / [ed] Kjell Östberg, Jenny Andersson, Stockholm: Norstedts Förlag, 2013, s. 471-474Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 227.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Towards a Postdigital Sensibility: How to get Moved by too Much Music2015Ingår i: Culture Unbound: Journal of Current Cultural Research, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 7, s. 255-269Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article explores the affective consequences of the new mode of instant access to enormous levels of musical recordings in digital format. It is suggested that this "musical superabundance" might weaken the individuals ability to be affected by music in everyday life, while at the same time leading to a renewed interest in collective experience, in ways which are not limited to established notions of musical "liveness". According to a theory of affect influenced by Spinoza, what is at stake is the capacity of the body to be affected by music. The article proposes that a renegotiated relationship between collective and individual modes of experiencing music can be conceptualized with help of Spinozas distinction between two kinds of affections: actions and passions. After scrutinizing the interface of hardware like Apples Ipod and online services like Spotify, the article proceeds by discussing three musical practices which can all be understood as responses to the superabundance of musical recordings: (1) the ascetic practice of "No Music Day"; (2) the revival of cassette culture; (3) the "bass materialism" associated with the music known as dubstep. While none of these approaches provide any solution to the problem of abundance, they can still be understood as attempts to cultivate a "postdigital sensibility". The article tries to conceptualize the postdigital in a way that transcends the narrower notion of "post-digital aesthetics" that has recently been gaining popularity. Finally, it is argued that such a sensibility has a political significance in its potential to subvert the contemporary processes of commodification.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Towards a postdigital sensibility
  • 228.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Two fascisms in contemporary Europe? Understanding the contemporary split of the Radical Right2014Ingår i: In the tracks of Breivik: far right networks in Northern and Eastern Europe / [ed] Mats Deland, Michael Minkenberg, Christin Mays, Berlin: LIT Verlag, 2014, s. 53-70Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Fleischer suggests that the divergences between the far right in Eastern and Northwestern Europe in the late 2000s could be understood as a difference between multi-fascism, concentrated on the preservation and re-birth of ethnic identities, and mono-fascism, pre-occupied with the defense of "Western" values against perceived threats, foremost from Muslim populations. Although, as Fleischer emphasizes in his afterword, these forms now appear to have been transient, his chapter emphasizes the need for a synthesized and theoretically refined perspective on the contemporary far right.

  • 229.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Varukorgen rymmer ett klassamhälle2024Ingår i: Flamman, ISSN 1403-7424, nr 8, s. 16-19Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
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    fulltext
  • 230.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Värdekritisk kristeori: att tänka kapitalets sammanbrott2014Ingår i: Fronesis, ISSN 1404-2614, nr 46-47Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 231.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Snickars, Pelle
    Den svenska enhörningen: Storyn om Spotify2018Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett svenskt bolag har i grunden förändrat hur människor världen över lyssnar på musik. Att Spotify lyser som den svenska företagshimlens klaraste stjärna står bortom allt tvivel. Men Daniel Ek och Martin Lorentzons skapelse har gjort misstag och brutit mot lagen, fått kritik, backat tillbaka, tagit efter andra, försökt på nytt och lyckats. De sagolika framgångarna till trots har Spotify aldrig gjort en enda krona i vinst. I stället har bolaget ständigt behövt uppfinna sig själva på nytt för att säkra ett fortsatt inflöde av riskkapital. Den svenska enhörningen berättar om Spotifys krokiga resa till musik- och techvärldens absoluta mittpunkt.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 232.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Snickars, Pelle
    Discovering Spotify – A Thematic Introduction2017Ingår i: Culture Unbound: Journal of Current Cultural Research, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 130-145Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 233.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Vonderau, Patrick
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier, Filmvetenskap.
    Jeremy W. Morris (2015) Selling Digital Music, Formatting Culture2017Ingår i: Culture Machine, E-ISSN 1465-4121Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 234.
    Florin, Christina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Sommestad, LenaWikander, UllaStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Kvinnor mot kvinnor: om systerskapets svårigheter1999Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 235.
    Forsén, Sofia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    China-Taiwna relations: Changing security relations in the Taiwan strait2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the developments of the China-Taiwan relations and the changing security processes taking place across the Taiwan Strait between the years of 1995-2005. The cross-Strait relations has its origin in the Chinese Civil war ending in 1949, creating a conflict between the Nationalist KMT, taking refuge on the island of Taiwan, and the Communist PLA, in control of the mainland, both claiming to be the power holder of China.  By looking at crucial events and government discourse taking place during this ten-year period the thesis tries to give a further understanding of an issue that has gone through processes of both conflict and rapprochement, creating a complicated and multifaceted relationship. By using the Regional Security Complex Theory (RSCT) the purpose of this paper will be to extend the understanding of why the developments of the relations between China and Taiwan in recent years has taken the path it has. With the hope to give an analysis of the changed relations and to the changing definition of the concept of security with relation to the East Asian region, the thesis can also be used to understand the new threat environment and security governance challenges that faces not only the region for analysis but also other regions as well, including the different actors and activities influencing on the security agenda.

  • 236.
    Franzén, Bo
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Bjørn Poulsen & Søren Michael Sindbæk (red.), Settlement and lordship in viking and early medieval Scandinavia2013Ingår i: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, E-ISSN 2002-4827, Vol. 133, nr 4, s. 723-726Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 237.
    Franzén, Bo
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Bysans byggdes med blandekonomi2009Ingår i: Svenska Dagbladet, nr 12/1 2009Artikel, recension (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 238.
    Franzén, Bo
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Carl Barks som ekonom2011Ingår i: NAFS (k)uriren, nr 40, s. 4-7Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    This small essay claims that the famous cartoonist Carl Barks sometimes made use of fundamental economic ideas when he wrote his fairy tales. Those ideas are always subordinated to the telling of the story and the economic inspiration ranges from micro economics that money in itself is not wealth (e.g. Adam Smith & Eli Heckscher) to macro economics as supply chocks and money illusion (e.g. John M. Keynes).

  • 239.
    Franzén, Bo
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Emancipation och urbanisering i medeltidens Sverige: Trender mot ett mer fritt och rörligt feodalt samhälle cirka 1200–15272009Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In Medieval Sweden, we find that archaic compulsory institutions, such as slavery and serfdom, were not abolished until the middle of the fourteenth century. They, as well as other customs and rules, were a detriment to the development of more numerous and extensive markets. In spite of these signs of economic backwardness, we have good reason to believe that the trends, in the loose federation of provinces that preceded the Swedish nation-state, were in the direction of a greater degree of freedom and increased exchange of free will (i.e. labour and real property markets). The purpose of this study is to examine the Swedish charters by quantitative means, to see how these trends are mirrored by the representation of trading towns versus rural areas, and the percentage of the names of women that appear as first issuer of these charters. Other variables are also applied, e.g. geographical and prosopographic variables. A database (SDhk) published by the National Archives of Sweden contains summaries of more than 39,000 charters from, or attached to, Medieval Sweden, which have been converted into a so called relational database.

    The above mentioned trends generally point upwards. More and more charters were being drawn up in towns until the middle of the fourteenth century, ending with an average urban representation of more than 50%. Generally, the urbanization of early Swedish society seems to have been at its highest point in the last quarter of the thirteenth century. This period appears to parallel the most intense period of emancipation of Swedish slaves, reminding us that the many new towns in Western Europe were characterized by the use of free labour. In the Late Middle Ages, however, the rising urban trend is broken, which here is seen, as an indication that the densely populated towns were more severely hit by the Black Death in the years 1350-1450. The slight relative decrease in urban charters in the fifteenth century can be interpreted as a sign of a higher economic interest in agriculture among the upper strata of Swedish society. There are also interesting geographical differences, showing that Sweden in many ways was a typical feudal (i.e. decentralized) realm. The southern part of Sweden – Götaland – appears to have had an edge in development compared to the northern part of Sweden – Svealand – but the latter part seems to have diminished that gap from the late thirteenth century, up to the Swedish Reformation in the year 1527.

    Across the Middle Ages we find an increasing number of women among the first issuers of Swedish charters. The fact that there were some reversals in this rising trend, particularly in times of civil war, does not change the overall impression of a continually greater acceptance of Medieval Swedish women as active participants in public life. If the new protestant faith meant a step backwards in the process of emancipation, as some scholars have argued was the case in Western Europe, this study does not support the notion of a Medieval patriarchal forerunner.

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  • 240.
    Franzén, Bo
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Fixed versus Floating Capital in the Medieval Iron Trade, 1385–15042011Ingår i: Organizing History: Studies in Honour of Jan Glete / [ed] Edited byAnna Maria Forssberg, Mats Hallenberg, Orsi Husz & Jonas Nordin, Stockholm: Nordic Academic Press , 2011, 1, s. 297-313Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 241.
    Franzén, Bo
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Folkungatidens monetära system: Penningen mellan pest och patriarkat 1254-13702006Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Monetary System of the Folkunga Era / The Swedish Pence between Pestilence and Patriarchate 1254–1370

    This is an economic study of the Swedish monetary system in the transition from the High Middle to the Late Middle Age, i.e. as far back as written sources from market transitions are available. Archaic compulsory institutions – such as slavery and serfdom – were still in use in Sweden in the first half of the fourteenth century; and certainly this obstructed market development in many respects.

    The coins minted by the regents (1291–1370) appear to have often been valued at even less than the intrinsic value of the silver from which they were minted. In other words the seignorage for the minting regent was negative, a phenomenon that is almost impossible to explain in economic terms. That paradox is even more difficult to comprehend in light of the fact that the production of Swedish pences was considerable during the fourteenth century, and had been ongoing since the 1150s. Sweden is no exception in the European story of the Late Middle demographic and agricultural crises after a surge that had been going on at least since the year 1000. The devastation of farms in Sweden was extensive between 1350 and 1450.

    The source material prior to 1370 consist of roughly 10,000 charters, on the basis of which some 2,500 market transactions have been found and recorded in a relational database. In addition, approximately 39,000 individuals were mentioned by name in the Swedish charters from the eleventh century to 1375 and 1401–1420, and these names have also been downloaded into the database. Of those personal rows a great majority are from the upper strata; 9 % are women. However, after the outbreak of the Black Death in 1350 the percentage of women went below 10 % and stabilized around 8 %. I hypothesize that the downward trend was a sign that women were hit harder than men by the frequent outbreaks of the plague.

    There are clear signs of more market relations and fewer compulsory institutions between 1290 and 1370. Most of the market transactions were of two kinds: purchases of real property and loans in which the creditor’s claim was guaranteed in real property. Pawned property, as expected, had a lower value than property on the buying and selling market. Only half of those transactions are described in monetary units of value, with weighted silver being the second most frequent price tag. We find women active in those transactions from the thirteenth century, but the trend has a downward slope, especially in the role as buyer of landed property.

    This is in accordance with the view that the Reformation and the Counter-Reformation in the sixteenth century were preceded by a protracted period of increasing patriarchal trends. The many and severe outbreaks of the plagues in Sweden might have aggravated those tendencies. So while there was greater freedom thanks to bigger and new kinds of markets, there were also opposing forces of misogyny creating obstacles for women’s taking advantage of that freedom.

    The Swedish coins had very divergent contents of silver, and new coins generally had less intrinsic silver value than the older ones. Those factors make it more difficult to carry out price history on the period between 1290 and 1370 than on the fifteenth century, when Swedish pences were more stable. Southern Sweden was quicker to develop towards a more commercial society than the northern part of the country. Land prices in southeastern Sweden (Östergötland) seem to have fallen between 1300 and 1370. The deflation in this respect is even greater when monetary prices are converted into silver prices. In the same period, prices in the provinces around Lake Mälaren seem to have soared. In the north in the fourteenth century there was still a lot of land for reclamation and these opportunities might have attracted aristocratic investors with expectations of major profits in the future. The inflation of the land “bubble” in the north continued for two decades, even after the arrival of the Black Death. In spite of the clerical ban on usury at the time, I have been able to reconstruct a dozen rates of interests from the period 1322–1370. The average interest rate during these years was 5 %.

    Data from this study has been put into an international perspective about human wealth. Swedish Medieval grain prices in silver from 1291 to 1530 were distinctly lower and more volatile than the prices in the more advanced European economies such as England. Low grain prices are a sign of an underdeveloped and not very diversified economy, and the general volatility made any craft outside the agrarian sector a lot more risky an activity in Sweden than in most other countries. In the late Medieval Age there was a clear development in trade and mining, but the economic gap relative to the outside world around did not decrease. This underlines the impression of a primitive society on the periphery of Europe and lagging behind the economic times.

    One can hardly underestimate the positive role of money as a source of information and means of payment in the markets. From a classic point of view (Eli F. Heckscher), it is presumed that markets came first, money second. From an institutional point of view (C. A. E. Goodhart) money and markets are parallel. The Swedish empirical example gives us a third scenario, i.e. the existence of coins for many generations before markets of any magnitude were created.

    Key words: Microeconomics, Monetary Theory, Intrinsic Silver Value, Seignorage, Unit of Account, Means of Transactions, Compulsory Institutions, Commercialization, Market Institutions, Prosopography, Women Participation in Markets, Patriarchate, Inflation and Deflation.

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  • 242.
    Franzén, Bo
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Hade Heckscher rätt? Ekonomisk tillbakagång efter vikingatiden2015Ingår i: Långa linjer och många fält: Festskrift till Johan Söderberg / [ed] Martin Gustavsson, Dag Retsö, Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2015, s. 81-92Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article is inspired by an idea from Eli Heckscher that the Viking Age in Sweden was followed by a long period of economic decline. That sugestion looks plausible when studing monetary conditions 800-1200.

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  • 243.
    Franzén, Bo
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    James Graham-Campbell, Søren M. Sindbæk & Gareth Williams (red.), Silver Economies, Monetisation and Society in Scandinavia 800–11002014Ingår i: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, E-ISSN 2002-4827, Vol. 134, nr 4, s. 742-745Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 244.
    Franzén, Bo
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Kommersiella jordpriser 1200-tal till 1370: Kommersialisering i feodal otakt?2008Ingår i: Jordvärderingssystem från medeltiden till 1600-talet, Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien , 2008Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 245.
    Franzén, Bo
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Kvinnor och jordprismarkörer i jordaffärer 1291-13702009Ingår i: Agrarhistoria på många sätt: 28 studier om människan och jorden: festskrift till Janken Myrdal på hans 60-årsdag / [ed] Britt Liljewall, Stockholm: Kungl. Skogs- och Lantbruksakademien, 2009, s. 73-86Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 246.
    Franzén, Bo
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Nils Hybel & Bjørn Poulsen: "The Danish Resources c. 1000-1550: Growth and Recession". Leiden 2007, Brill. xxvi + 448 sider.2008Ingår i: Historisk Tidsskrift (DK), ISSN 0106-4991, Vol. 108, nr 2, s. 574-580Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 247.
    Franzén, Bo
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Nytt ljus över svenska pengar 995-12902013Ingår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 41, nr 1, s. 56-59Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna recension av två illustrerade numismatiska arbeten är penningteoretiskt och ekonomisk-historiskt inriktad. De två vetenskapliga verken bygger i huvudsak på numismatisk forskning. Enkelt uttryckt fördjupar de den tidigare bilden av ett i Väst-Europas utkant arkaiskt Sverige i ekonomiskt bakvatten 995-1290. Det gäller även vid vid en jämförelse med det samtida Norge och Danmark - två riken vars monetära system dessa intressanta arbeten också uppehåller sig vid.

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  • 248.
    Franzén, Bo
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Recension av "Money, Markets and Trade in Late Medieval Europe / Essays in Honour of John H.A. Munro". Edited by Lawrin Armstrong, Ivana Elbl & Martin M. Elbl. Brill. Leiden Boston 2007.2009Ingår i: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 57, nr 1, s. 108-109Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 249.
    Franzén, Bo
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    SDhk – En källa också för kvantitativa studier2011Ingår i: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, E-ISSN 2002-4827, ISSN 0345-469x, Vol. 131, nr 3, s. 621-630Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 250.
    Franzén, Bo
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Sturetidens monetära system: Pant eller penningar som information i köpstaden Arboga1998Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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