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  • 2051. Wang, Jianglin
    et al.
    Yang, Bao
    Ljungqvist, Fredrik Charpentier
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Luterbacher, Juerg
    Osborn, Timothy J.
    Briffa, Keith R.
    Zorita, Eduardo
    Internal and external forcing of multidecadal Atlantic climate variability over the past 1,200 years2017In: Nature Geoscience, ISSN 1752-0894, E-ISSN 1752-0908, Vol. 10, no 7, p. 512-517Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The North Atlantic experiences climate variability on multidecadal scales, which is sometimes referred to as Atlantic multidecadal variability. However, the relative contributions of external forcing such as changes in solar irradiance or volcanic activity and internal dynamics to these variations are unclear. Here we provide evidence for persistent summer Atlantic multidecadal variability from AD 800 to 2010 using a network of annually resolved terrestrial proxy records from the circum-North Atlantic region. We find that large volcanic eruptions and solar irradiance minima induce cool phases of Atlantic multidecadal variability and collectively explain about 30% of the variance in the reconstruction on timescales greater than 30 years. We are then able to isolate the internally generated component of Atlantic multidecadal variability, which we define as the Atlantic multidecadal oscillation. We find that the Atlantic multidecadal oscillation is the largest contributor to Atlantic multidecadal variability over the past 1,200 years. We also identify coherence between the Atlantic multidecadal oscillation and Northern Hemisphere temperature variations, leading us to conclude that the apparent link between Atlantic multidecadal variability and regional to hemispheric climate does not arise solely from a common response to external drivers, and may instead reflect dynamic processes.

  • 2052.
    Wawrzeniuk, Piotr
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Confessional Civilising in Ukraine: The Bishop Iosyf Shumliansky and the Introduction of Reforms in the Diocese of Lviv 1668-17082005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This work examines and analyses the reform attempts undertaken by the Greek Orthodox and Uniate Bishop of Lviv, Iosyf Shumliansky, during his episcopacy (1668-1708). These reforms are seen as a means of facing the intensified confessionalising pressures at state and regional levels in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The analysis focuses on the Bishop’s model priest as illustrated in his handbook for the clergy; the influence the Bishop and the Consistorial Court had over the parish clergy; the types of litigation and the categories of plaintiff in the cases concerning the parish clergy; and the clergy’s behaviour. Iosyf Shumliansky required the clergy to adjust its behaviour and educational standards to be similar to those of the nobility and Roman Catholic clergy. The parish clergy should refrain from dressing like peasants, becoming too close to the villagers and from participating too enthusiastically in village festivities. They should learn Polish and Latin. The Bishop expected the clergy to adopt a style of dress and behaviour that would distinguish and elevate it as a group above the mass of the peasantry. Included in the analysis, are cases from the Lviv and Halych main deaneries but not the main deanery of Kamianets Podilsky. The Bishop and the Consistorial Court had good control over most of the western and central regions of the Diocese. The Court could not control the situation in the eastern territories, as it was unsafe because of wars, Tatar raids and occupation by Ottoman forces. The possibility for Shumliansky to influence the parish clergy through the Court in these regions was limited. Their participation in court proceedings was negligible. The most common type of litigation was official misconduct by the priests. After that came violence, finance and defamation. The most common category of plaintiff was parish priests, followed by nobles and honest/reputable/townsmen. In the study, violence has been treated as a means of interaction and communication. It would appear that the status of the parish clergy was often frail and had to be publicly, vigorously and violently defended. Many of the clergy could not live up to the demands of the Bishop because they lived as and among peasants.

  • 2053.
    Weibust, Knut
    Stockholm University.
    Deep sea sailors: a study in maritime ethnology1969Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 2054.
    Wellfelt, Emilie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Raja Ampat Ritual Art: Spirit Priests and Ancestor Cults in New Guinea’s Far West, by Raymond Corbey2019In: Bijdragen Tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, ISSN 0006-2294, E-ISSN 2213-4379, Vol. 175, no 1, p. 95-97Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 2055.
    Wellfelt, Emilie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Djonler, Sonny A.
    Islam in Aru, Indonesia: Oral traditions and Islamisation processes from the early modern period to the present2019In: Indonesia and the Malay World, ISSN 1363-9811, E-ISSN 1469-8382Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The coming of Islam in eastern Indonesia is generally assigned to the activities of Muslim traders from the late 15th century onwards. This assumption is an over-simplification, especially in areas outside the main trade centres. In the Aru islands, Islam was introduced by the mid 17th century. We argue that Islamisation in Aru was initially a matter of internal considerations, rather than trade. We present oral traditions about the expansion of Islam as seen from two locations: Ujir, the historical Muslim centre in Aru on the west coast, and Benjuring, a former stronghold of local ancestral beliefs in the east. The oral sources are juxtaposed with European accounts of the 17th century when Muslim and Protestant centres first developed in Aru. The coming of Islam forced people to either convert or leave for non-Muslim areas. By late colonial times (early 20th century), both Islam and the Protestant church had reached remote villages. The most recent wave of conversions in Aru to state-approved world religions took place in the 1970s. In the last 30 years, the population in Aru has grown, especially in the regency capital Dobo. While Muslims used to be a small minority in Aru with their main centre on Ujir island, the point of gravity has shifted to Dobo, a fast-growing town with a large influx of mostly Muslims from other parts of Indonesia. Islamisation is still ongoing in Aru and the character of Islam is changing.

  • 2056. Wennerholm, Bertil
    et al.
    Zetterberg, KentStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Militära ledare under kalla kriget2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 2057.
    Werther, Steffen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    SS-Vision und Grenzland-Realität: Vom Umgang dänischer und „volksdeutscher” Nationalsozialisten in Sønderjylland mit der „großgermanischen“ Ideologie der SS2012Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation examines the implementation of the SS’s Greater Germanic idea in the Danish border region of South Jutland. Its focus is on how Danish and ethnic German (volksdeutsche) national socialists, organised in their respective Nazi parties, dealt with the SS’s crusade on behalf of a supranational racial vision. The study traces why the two groups reacted so negatively to the SS’s ideology - despite the SS’s power, despite the Greater Germanic promise of high racial prestige, and despite shared service in “Germanic” units of the Waffen-SS.

    The SS’s attempts to use a race-based ideology to overcome the disputes that divided South Jutland’s two Nazi parties ran aground on fundamentally nationalist identities. For most members of the German minority, the Greater Germanic ideology was a threat. The German minority hoped for border revision; to acknowledge Danes as racial equals would endanger their political goals. Nor were Danish Nazis more enthusiastic. To be sure, the SS’s vision did provide an ideological weapon in the fight against demands for border vision. But the potential imperialism of the Greater Germanic idea worried those who prized continued Danish sovereignty. After all, the first hope of the Danish Nazis was to rule an independent national-socialist Danish state.

    The study makes it clear, however, that the fate of the Greater Germanic idea cannot be understood simply in terms of Realpolitik. Rather, the conflicts between the SS and its collaboration partners must also be understood as a clash between racial and völkisch concepts of community. The SS's vision of a Greater Germanic Reich based on ideologies of race clashed with the German-minority and Danish national-socialist commitment to Volk-based nationalism. Despite their strong commitment to Nazi ideologies, both collaboration partners found the SS’s racial community “unimaginable”.

  • 2058.
    Whiteley, Giles
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Blanchot’s L’ârret de mort: Allegory and the Trauma of History2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Blanchot’s L’ârret de mort (1948) has long been recognised as a seminal modernist text, but after Derrida it has tended to be read for its ‘writerly’ qualities. Perhaps for this reason, while scores of readings have focused on Blanchot’s meditations on questions such as the nature of writing, on the figure of night and language, and on parallels to his monumental ‘La Littérature et le droit à la mort’ (1948), the question of history as it is developed in the récit (the spectre of the Holocaust, ‘nach Auschwitz’) has been discussed (e.g. Hess 1999; Rothberg 2000) but not fully examined, nor have the ways in which L’ârret de mort may be reread after the publication of the semi-autobiographical L’instant de ma mort (1994). This paper will examine Blanchot’s translation of history and trauma in the récit, framed through a theoretical discussion of the nature of allegory as translation. Comparing Benjamin’s influential discussion of allegory in his Trauerspiels (1928) with Blanchot’s discussion of similar themes (somewhat differently) in ‘Le langage de la fiction’ (1949), the idea of allegory as a response to historical trauma will be introduced to challenge the idea that ‘there is simply no place for hermeneutical or rhetorical considerations’ (Shaviro 1990) when reading L’ârret de mort. The text operates as an allegory not simply of traumatic French political history (the Munich Crisis, Operation Paula, and more obliquely, the Holocaust), but of Blanchot’s own traumatic history, his experience of surviving a firing-squad recounted in the later récit. It is precisely insofar as Blanchot’s allegory refuses simplistic metaphrase (for instance, in the ways in which the very precision of the text’s dating is displaced - was 13th October 1938 a Wednesday or Thursday?) that we know it to be allegory as such: it is only thus that we know that what is at stake here is not simply a question of mourning but melancholia, the trauma of history, of a wound (τραύμα) which can never be fully healed.

  • 2059.
    Wibacke, Elis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Alternativa fakta i 1300-talets krönikor: Olika perspektiv i senmedeltida historiografi på olyckan vid Clemens V:s kröning 13052018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to analyse the construction of a historical event in late medieval chronicles, in a way that increases our understanding of the mechanisms behind historiography. The analysis is based on how the coronation of Pope Clement V in 1305 and the accident which then took place, in which a wall crashed and killed a number of people, is depicted in a selection of 14th century chronicles, mainly from France. This event has been largely overlooked by previous research on Clement V and the Avignon Papacy, which has tended to emphasise its meaning as a bad omen for the pope. Through a close reading of the chronicles inspired by a comparative methodological approach and the theoretical framework of Suzanne Fleischman this thesis proves that the French chronicles do not give much actual support for the interpretation of the accident as a bad omen and that the event occurs in multiple versions, which can be explained by the chroniclers’ different attitudes towards the alliance between Pope Clement and King Philip the Fair of France. The different versions are dependent on the texts’ contrasting aims and uses of narratives and facts, and is ultimately defined by the communicative situation between writer and reader.

  • 2060.
    Widestedt, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    "En skål för den stora och mäktiga ryska nationen!": Wilhelm och Maria Pavlovna2015In: Politik och passion: svenska kungliga äktenskap under 600 år / [ed] Henric Bagerius, Louise Berglund, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2015, p. 189-224Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2061.
    Widing, Tomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Att jämna vägen för kommunismen: Sveriges Kommunistiska Parti, folkfrontspolitiken och Jansson-Mineur-kommittén 1935–19382018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Popular Front Policy of the Communist International contributed to the unity of the Popular Front coalitions in France and Spain that won the elections in 1936. It also led to progress for the Communist Party. This never happened in Sweden, but there was some anti-fascist unity within the working class movement. Communist and Social Democrats worked together within the Jansson-Mineur-Committee (1935–1938), an organisation working for the release of two Swedish seamen imprisoned in Nazi Germany. This study examines the Popular Front Policy of the Communist Party of Sweden within the Committee. In relation to previous research, this study’s main contribution is a detailed analysis of the Popular Front Policy on a practical organisational level. The Communists had decisive influence on the Committee, which achieved considerable anti-fascist unity. But unlike in France or Spain, this anti-fascist unity did not lead to broader unity and to progress for the Communist Party, because the dominant Social Democratic Party blocked the Communists efforts. Also, the anti-fascism in France and Spain was different from the Swedish anti-fascism which was mainly directed against foreign fascism. These factors constrained the possibilities of transferring the anti-fascist unity into a general unity within the working class movement.

  • 2062.
    Wijk, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    ”Andra världskrigets vardag med ransoneringar, tysktåg och kaffesurrogat” – Recension av Birgitta Skarin Frykman, Annika Nordström och Ninna Trossholmen (red.), Västsvenskt vardagsliv under andra världskriget2015In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, no 1, p. 154-159Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 2063.
    Wijk, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    De "glömda" mästerskapen i Oslo 1946 - om tävlingarna där Europas idrottare åter kunde mötas efter krigets slut och om medaljerna som Arne Andersson aldrig fick ta.2009In: Idrottsforum.org, no 20 majArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 2064.
    Wijk, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Den idrottshistoriska scenen - utveckling och minnen2013In: Årsbok för Riksarkivet och landsarkiven, ISSN 1103-8233Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 2065.
    Wijk, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Det folkliga genombrottet för tennis i TV-sofforna - om Janne Lundqvist, Uffe Schmidt och de första TV-sända Davis Cup-matcherna från Båstad i början av 1960-talet.2009In: Idrott, historia & samhälle. Svenska idrottshistoriska föreningens årsskrift., ISSN 0280-2775Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2066.
    Wijk, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Det "idrottstokiga" Australien och dess sportidentitet - recension av Sport in Australian National Identity: Kicking Goals2011In: idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224, no 9 marsArticle, book review (Other academic)
  • 2067.
    Wijk, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Folkhemmet på is: ishockey, modernisering och nationell identitet i Sverige 1920-19722010In: Idrott, historia och samhälle : Svenska idrottshistoriska föreningens årsskrift. 2010, ISSN 0280-2775, p. 129-137Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 2068.
    Wijk, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Idrott, krig och nationell gemenskap: om riksmarscher, fältsport och Gunder Hägg-feber2005Book (Refereed)
  • 2069.
    Wijk, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Idrott, krig och svenska löparstjärnor: om idrottens samhällsetablering och den massmediala uppmärksamheten kring Gunder Hägg och friidrotten under andra världskriget2000In: Studier i idrott, historia och samhälle: tillägnade professor Jan Lindroth på hans 60-årsdag 23 februari 2000 / [ed] Johan R. Norberg, Stockholm: HLS Förlag, 2000, p. 293-325Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2070.
    Wijk, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Idrotten tjänar på de politiska aktionerna och hot om bojkotter - om Davis Cup-matchen i Malmö och historien om politiska bojkotter runt idrotten.2009In: Newsmill.se, no 7 marsArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2071.
    Wijk, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Idrottens framgångsspiral: om orsakssamband och framgångsfaktorer utifrån exemplen svensk tennis och svensk golf och deras prallella framgångsberättelser2010In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224, Vol. 15 decemberArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 2072.
    Wijk, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Idrottshistoriska pionjärer går i pension. Recension av Sport as History: Essays in Honor of Wray Vamplew2011In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224, no 14 decArticle, book review (Other academic)
  • 2073.
    Wijk, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Kvinnor som utmanar män: Om elitidrottskvinnor som idrottsproffs, meideobjekt och celebriteter, samt upptåndelsen kring idrottsliga "könskamper" utifrån exemplen Billie Jean King och Annika Sörenstam2013In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, no 17 septemberArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 2074.
    Wijk, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Nationell identitet i Kanada - före ishockeyn2010In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224, Vol. 6 juniArticle, book review (Other academic)
  • 2075.
    Wijk, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Om idrott, kropp, diskurser och nationell identitet - vilken verklighet är det vi studerar i massmedias konstruktioner av verkligheten?2009In: Idrottsforum.org, no 25 febrArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 2076.
    Wijk, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Om idrott, kropp, diskurser och nationell identitet - vilken verklighet är det vi studerar i massmedias konstruktioner av verkligheten?2009In: Idrott, historia & samhälle. Svenska idrottshistoriska föreningens årsskrift 2009., ISSN 0280-2775Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2077.
    Wijk, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Oviktiga detaljkunskaper - Om Levande historias syn på historielärare och historieämnets förutsättningar.2009In: Historielärarnas förenings årsskrift, ISSN 0439-2434w, p. 73-76Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2078.
    Wijk, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Svarta börsen - samhällslojalitet i kris: livsmedelsransoneringarna och den illegala handeln i Sverige 1940-19491992Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 2079.
    Wijk, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Svarta börsen i Sverige under andra världskriget1987In: Krig og moral: kriminalitet og kontroll i Norden under andre verdenskrig / [ed] Hannu Takala, Henrik Tham, Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 1987, p. 261-280Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2080.
    Wijk, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Veckan då Sörenstam utmanade männen och blev "Annika" med världen: Om idrottsstjärnor, celebriteter och känslor, eller en idrotsbagatell som blev en massmedial världshändelse2012In: Idrott, historia & samhälle, ISSN 0280-2775, no 1, p. 94-111Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2081.
    Wiklund, Martin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Pereira Caldas, Pedro Spinola
    Introduction: History as Diagnosis2019In: Tempo, ISSN 1413-7704, E-ISSN 1980-542X, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 667-672Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The very idea of a theme issue about History as Diagnosis emerged from a need to show how Historical Theory could be understood as an independent approach towards ready-made theories and abstract models, especially in historical moments immediately perceived as critical. The idea of history as diagnosis offers possibilities of interpreting symptoms and identifying pathologies in both society and in research in an empirically sensitive and theoretically innovative way

  • 2082.
    Wikström, Lars
    Stockholm University.
    Kungsholmen intill 1700-talets början: studier i en stadsdels förhistoria, uppkomst och tidigaste utveckling1975Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 2083.
    Wikén Bonde, Ingrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of German. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Scandinavian Languages, Department of Dutch.
    Fredrik Coyet, ein Schwede (?) im Dienst der Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie: ein Versuch schwedische Studenten ohne Schwimmweste nach Deshima schwimmen zu lassen2002In: Text im Kontext 4: Beiträge zur 4. Arbeitstagung schwedischer Germanisten / [ed] Edelgard Biedermann, Magnus Nordén, Stockholm: Germanistisches Institut der Universität Stockholm , 2002, p. 245-252Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 2084.
    Wikén Bonde, Ingrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Freud på svenska -- medicin eller skönlitteratur2007In: Gränslösa texter: Perspektiv på översättning / [ed] Yvonne Lindqvist, Uppsala: Hallgren & Fallgren , 2007, p. 91-117Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2085.
    Wikén Bonde, Ingrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Scandinavian Languages. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Scandinavian Languages, Department of Dutch.
    Nederlands in Stockholm. Dutch in Stockholm.2006In: vakTaal: Tijdschrift van de landelijke vereniging van Neerlandici., ISSN 0921-5867, Vol. 19:e årg., no 2/3, p. 14-17Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2086. Williams, Howard
    et al.
    Klevnäs, Alison
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Dialogues with the Dead in Vikings2019In: Vikings and the Vikings: Essays on Television's History Channel Series / [ed] Paul Hardwick, Kate Lister, McFarland, 2019, p. 128-152Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2087. Wilson, Evan
    et al.
    Seerup, Jakob
    Hammar, AnnaSara
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    The education and careers of naval officers in the long eighteenth century: an international perspective2015In: Journal of Maritime Research, ISSN 1697-4840, E-ISSN 1697-9133, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 17-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the long eighteenth century, European navies saw the emergence of a class of highly specialised and professionalised naval officers. These officers were in command of ships and squadrons at major naval battles, led explorations, and in some countries also served ashore as administrators of admiralties and dockyards. Officer training differed from country to country, and careers in different navies were subject to a variety of systems of ranks and promotions that relied both on cultural and on systemic factors. This article explores how the three northern European nations of Sweden, Denmark and Britain developed systems suited to the particular demands of their social and political situations. It presents the results of new research in a comparative context to examine the factors that shaped the development of officer training systems and the criteria used for determining officers' career prospects. Shore-based academies are a useful point of comparison: despite a common curriculum, the development and significance of each navy's academy varied widely. All three navies struggled with the tension between the fundamental demands of life at sea and the behavioural and educational expectations of gentlemen officers. By focusing in particular on officer training, this article provides a variety of perspectives on the origins, emergence, and development of professionalism and expertise in the eighteenth-century maritime world.

  • 2088.
    Winkler, Andreas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Classical Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Some Astrologers and their Handbooks in Demotic Egyptian2016In: The Circulation of Astronomical Knowledge in the Ancient World / [ed] John M. Steele, Leiden: Brill Nijhoff, 2016, p. 245-286Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2089.
    Winkler, Andreas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Classical Archaeology and Ancient History.
    The Affairs of the Lesonis in Roman Tebtunis and Two More Receipts Related to the Temple2016In: Chronique d'Égypte, ISSN 0009-6067, Vol. 91, no 182, p. 264-284Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The two papyri edited here, P.Tebt.Suppl. 1432 and PSI inv. D 106, augment the modest corpus of Roman-period Demotic receipts from Tebtunis. The texts can be classified as records of payments for the διδραχµία (Σούχου), a tax levied on the transfer of property which benefitted the coffers of the temple. This impost is attested from the second century BC until the second century AD and seems by and large to be confined to the Fayum, though similar taxes are known from other parts of Egypt. The office of the “lesonis” and the temple's economic role are also discussed.

  • 2090.
    Wistisen, Lydia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Mellisen var drömmen om ett annat Sverige2017In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2091.
    Wottle, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Det lilla ägandet: Korporativ formering och sociala relationer inom Stockholms minuthandel 1720-1810.2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    In the second half of the 18th century, the Stockholm retail trades started to organise themselves in legal corporations, called trade societies. In this, they were frequently opposed by the State. Swedish society was still basically a corporatist society, based on privileged bodies, with defined functions and rights. Corporations on a concrete level, claiming legal status as intermediaries between the Individual and the public did, however, not fit into the plans of the State anymore. This dissertation deals with the following problems concerning this late addition to the corporate world of early-modern Sweden: What were the driving forces behind this corporate formation? And what were its consequences, for the relations between corporation and individual on the one hand, and between the corporations and the public on the other?

    The theoretical framework includes a discussion concerning conflicting conceptions of property. I will argue that the corporate ideals presuppose an 'embedded' notion of property, whereas 'new' ideas of property as a purely material commodity were starting to make their way into 18th century Swedish society. The second theoretical assumption is, that the action of the trade societies may be seen from a petite bourgeoisie perspective, where both the preconditions for their business and social status, as well as their collective action, show great affinity with that of advocates of petty property and small-scale business in the late 19th and early 20th century.

    I will argue that the combined phenomena of perceived relative deprivation and subsequent real economic hardship proved conducive to the decision of the retail trades to start forming proper corporations, meaning legally recognised (and protected) occupational associations. This process included a shift of strategy, as the trade societies turned inward: A closer adherence to the question of a moral economy, and claims to mutuality and surveillance within the society, were combined with strengthened claims concerning the question of credentials and professional skill.

    In their relations to individuals, the trade societies were obvious exponents of the patriarchal society. Young men within the retail trades, although closely supervised, faced reasonably fair chances of one day becoming tradesmen, burgesses and members of the corporation. Where conformity was lacking, however, both corporations and individuals were prone to litigation. The strengthened legal position of the trade societies proved to be conducive also to strengthened position vis-à-vis individuals. During the latter part of the century, the municipal courts showed greater adherence to the arguments and statutes of the corporations.

    The patriarchal system did also contain the relations between men and women. Here is introduced the concept of the corporate gender-order, for describing the trade societies' relations to women within and in the periphery of the corporation. Independent women, working outside any patriarchal control, was seen as a serious threat to the identity of these trades as exclusive, and as 'professions'. As a conclusion the retailers show a certain affinity with the petite bourgeoisie, in their individual as well as their collective behaviour.

  • 2092. Wråkberg, Urban
    et al.
    Lindberg-Wada, Gunilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Oriental Languages. Avdelningen för japanska.
    An Arctic Passage to the Far East: The Visit of the Swedish Vega Expedition to Meiji Japan in 18792002Book (Other academic)
  • 2093. Wästberg, Per
    et al.
    Mansén, ElisabethStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Marmorbruden: Stockholmsberättelser i urval2017Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2094.
    Wästfelt, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Att bruka men inte äga: arrende och annan nyttjanderätt till mark i svenskt jordbruk från medeltid till idag2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 2095.
    Wåghall Nivre, Elisabeth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, German.
    Looking Back, Gaining Knowledge, Heading Forward: Early Modern Studies in Sweden in the Twenty-First Century2019In: The Sixteenth Century Journal, ISSN 0361-0160, E-ISSN 2326-0726, Vol. 50, no 1, p. 295-301Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The author reports on the doctoral program in Sweden and its relation to early modern studies. She mentions the educational reforms that created smaller but more focused doctoral programs, the problem of lack of students to build a substantial base in early modern studies, and the impact of funding on programs.

  • 2096.
    Wåghäll Nivre, Elisabeth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    Att skriva ett liv. Drottning Kristina som litterär och historisk figur2013In: Bilder av Kristina. Drottning av Sverige – Drottning i Rom: Images of Christina, Queen of Sweden - queen in Rome / [ed] Per Sandin, Stockholm: Livrustkammaren , 2013, p. 247-262Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2097.
    Wåghäll Nivre, Elisabeth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    I filmens värld: Drottning Kristina och Greta Garbo2013In: Bilder av Kristina: drottning av Sverige - drottning i Rom / [ed] Per Sandin, Stockholm: Livrustkammaren , 2013, p. 283-297Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2098. Xu, Chi
    et al.
    Chen, Bin J. W.
    Abades, Sebastián
    Reino, Luís
    Teng, Shuqing
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Huang, Zheng Y. X.
    Liu, Maosong
    Macroecological factors explain large-scale spatial population patterns of ancient agriculturalists2015In: Global Ecology and Biogeography, ISSN 0960-7447, Vol. 24, no 9, p. 1030-1039Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: It has been well demonstrated that the large-scale distribution patterns of numerous species are driven by similar macroecological factors. However, understanding of this topic remains limited when applied to our own species. Here we take a large-scale look at ancient agriculturalist populations over the past two millennia. The main aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the patterns of agriculturalist populations were shaped by relevant macroecological factors.

    Location: China.

    Methods: Using detailed historical census data, we reconstructed spatial patterns of human population density over 13 imperial dynasties in ancient China, which was dominated by agrarian societies. We used simultaneous autoregressive models to examine the population densities of agriculturalists in relation to climatic, topographic, edaphic and hydrological variables, together with the spatial structure of a concentration of population toward national capitals. The pure and shared effects of these variables and the population-concentration structure were decomposed using a variation partitioning procedure.

    Results: Spatial population patterns of ancient agriculturalists can be well modelled by climate, topography, soil properties and local hydrological systems. A plausible explanation is that by influencing crop yield these environmental factors essentially drive the distribution of agriculturalists. The population-concentration structure can also explain agriculturalist patterns to a considerable extent. This structure and those environmental factors have largely shared effects in simultaneously shaping these agriculturalist patterns.

    Main conclusions: While humans can effectively temper environmental constraints at small spatial scales, our results demonstrate that macroecological factors underpin the spatial patterns of humans at large scales. Macroecological constraints and their relative importance are found to be similar for humans and other species, suggesting that similar mechanisms are likely to underlie these macroecological patterns. Our findings have potential implications for the assessment of future responses of humans to global environmental changes.

  • 2099.
    Ylva, Waldemarson
    Stockholm University.
    Kvinnor och klass - en paradoxal skapelseberättelse: LOs kvinnoråd och makten att benämna 1898-19672000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 2100.
    Yurchuk, Yuliya
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Reordering of Meaningful Worlds: Memory of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists and the Ukrainian Insurgent Army in Post-Soviet Ukraine2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Ukrainian society faced a new reality. The new reality involved consolidation and transformation of collective identities. The reinvigoration of national identity led to a change in the emphasis on how the past was dealt with – many things which were regarded as negative by the Soviet regime became presented as positive in independent Ukraine. The war-time nationalist movement, represented by the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) and the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA), became one of the re-configured themes of history.

    While most of the studies of memory of the OUN and UPA concentrated on the use of this history by nationalist parties, this study goes beyond the analysis and scrutinizes the meaning of this history in nation- and state-building in relation to memory work realized on the small-scale regional and local levels. Moreover, this book focuses not only on the “producers” of memory, but also on the “consumers” of memory, the area which is largely understudied in the field of memory studies.

    Drawing on studies about post-colonial subjectivities and theories of remediation developed in memory studies, this book explores the changes in memory culture of contemporary Ukraine and examines the role of memory in producing new meanings under the rapidly changing conditions after the collapse of the Soviet Union up to 2014.

    The book contributes to the studies of memory culture in post-Communist countries as well as to the studies of society in contemporary Ukraine.

3940414243 2051 - 2100 of 2150
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