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  • 2051.
    Wojnar-Johansson, Malgorzata
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    SEM-EDS analys av brända benfragment2010Report (Other academic)
  • 2052.
    Wojnar-Johansson, Malgorzata
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    SEM-EDS analys av guldring, fnr 10096, Botkyrka, RAÄ 932008Report (Other academic)
  • 2053.
    Wojnar-Johansson, Malgorzata
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    SEM/EDS analys av två gjutformar från Up Sigtuna, Kv. Humlegården2007Report (Other academic)
  • 2054.
    Wojnar-Johansson, Malgorzata
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    SEM-EDS analys av två silvermynt, Sten Store den yngre 15122009Report (Other academic)
  • 2055.
    Wojnar-Johansson, Malgorzata
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Spårämnesanalys av ben- och jordprover från en kyrkogård utanför Sala silvergruva2008Report (Other academic)
  • 2056.
    Wojnar-Johansson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    SEM-EDS analys av metallspån från Elsa Beata och Magdalena Brahe kista2011Report (Other academic)
  • 2057.
    Wretemark, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Från ben till boskap: Kosthåll och djurhållning med utgångspunkt imedeltida benmaterial från Skara1997Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Diet and stock raising in medieval society is studied through the animal osteological material from different parts of Sweden. This dissertation is based on the analysis results of a total of c. 5.5 tons of animal bone from different urban and rural environments. More than 1.5 tons of this material have been analyzed by the author. In this study, emphasis is placed on the conditions that existed in the medieval town of Skara in the province of Västergötland between 1050 and 1400 AD. A number of different osteological variables have been investigated in order to study the problems from a broad spectrum of basic osteological data.

    The medieval diet is understood as decidedly based on various animal foodstuff with a generally high degree of household food storage in Skara and in other towns. The most important animal products in this diet were dairy products, beef and fish. Age distribution and sex ratios evidenced in the osteological material indicate that the keeping of beef animals as well as sheep was strongly directed towards the production of milk. However variations appear in different regions of Sweden especially concerning the produce from sheep. In the area of Söderköping in the province of Östergötland, for instance, there was an emphasis on the production of wool in the period prior to c. 1200 AD.

    Fish seems to have gained increasing importance in the 1100s. This is understood as having been related to the church´s idealization of fish as a part of the fasting diet. In the 1000s and 1100s, mainly freshwater fish was consumed in the inland town of Skara, along with herring which was imported from Sweden´s west coast. Cod also appears in the second half of the 1100s which indicates that the local resources alone were no longer sufficient, and also that the transportation of daily products over longer distances was becoming a more established part of the food supply structure.

    One of the important results of this study, which may be tied to larger social changes and especially to agricultural development, are the signs of new cultivations and deforestation which are indirectly mirrored in the osteological material from Skara as well as in other places. We can follow a development in colonization in the first centuries of the Medieval period which seems to have stagnated in the mid-1200s.

  • 2058. Yang, Yanpeng
    et al.
    Clément, Romain J. G.
    Ghirlanda, Stefano
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Centre for Cultural Evolution. Brooklyn College, United States; The Graduate Center of the City University of New York (CUNY), United States.
    Porfiri, Maurizio
    A Comparison of Individual Learning and Social Learning in Zebra fish Through an Ethorobotics Approach2019In: Frontiers in Robotics and AI, E-ISSN 2296-9144, Vol. 6, article id 71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social learning is ubiquitous across the animal kingdom, where animals learn from group members about predators, foraging strategies, and so on. Despite its prevalence and adaptive benefits, our understanding of social learning is far from complete. Here, we study observational learning in zebra fish, a popular animal model in neuroscience. Toward fine control of experimental variables and high consistency across trials, we developed a novel robotics-based experimental test paradigm, in which a robotic replica demonstrated to live subjects the correct door to join a group of conspecifics. We performed two experimental conditions. In the individual training condition, subjects learned the correct door without the replica. In the social training condition, subjects observed the replica approaching both the incorrect door, to no effect, and the correct door, which would open after spending enough time close to it. During these observations, subjects could not actively follow the replica. Zebra fish increased their preference for the correct door over the course of 20 training sessions, but we failed to identify evidence of social learning, whereby we did not register significant differences in performance between the individual and social training conditions. These results suggest that zebra fish may not be able to learn a route by observation, although more research comparing robots to live demonstrators is needed to substantiate this claim.

  • 2059.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Anne-Mari Hållans Stenholm, Fornminnen. Det förflutnas roll i det förkristna och kristna Mälardalen2013In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 108, no 4, p. 288-290Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 2060.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Ann-Mari Hållans Stenholm: Fornminnen. Det förflutnas roll i det förkristna och kristna Mälardalen. Lund: Nordic Academic Press 20132014In: Namn och bygd, ISSN 0077-2704, p. 250-256Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 2061.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Arkeologin bakom Rimbert: Om Hergeirs och Gautberts kyrkor och om borgen i Birka2011In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 106, no 2, p. 100-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In his Vita Anskarii, Rimbert describes the Christian mission to the port of the Swedes in the 830s. He mentions two churches there, one built on the family estate of the port bailiff, the other built in the seaport itself by Bishop Gautbert. The loca- tions of these churches have long been discussed. Thanks to archaeological research excavations it is now possible to offer a new suggestion regarding the church of Gautbert. It is argued that the hillfort of Birka, Borg, may be the site of this church and the bishop’s fortified precinct. This would make Birka structurally similar to a number of coeval cities on the Continent, where there was a fortified cathedral hill and a market town at its foot. 9th century finds on and around Borg open up for such a possibility. 

  • 2062.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Barneskallene ved Tviodlo2016In: Møt mennesket: Til jord skal vi bli? Skjeletters liv etter døden: Rogaland gjennom 11.000 år / [ed] Elna Siv Kristoffersen, Stavanger: Arkeologisk museum, Universitetet i Stavanger , 2016, p. 45-48Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Kraniedelar av minst 4 spädbarn hittades på Bø på Jæren, västra Norge i en myr i samband med nyodling. I myren fanns en tvillingkälla med rödfärgat vatten och spädbarnsskallarna hade deponerats i en av dem någon gång under perioden år 1–400 e.Kr. Fyndet är unikt i ett nordiskt perspektiv, men har beröringspunkter med fynd från andra samtida våtmarker. Detta, liksom fyndets landskaps- och bebyggelsemässiga sammanhang, diskuteras i den korta artikeln.

  • 2063.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    De heliga platsernas arkeologi: materiell kultur och miljöer i järnålderns Mellansverige2014In: Den heliga platsen: Handlingar från symposiet Den heliga platsen. Härnösand 15-18 september 2011 / [ed] Eva Nyman, Jörgen Magnusson & Elzbieta Strzelecka, Härnösand: Mittuniversitetet , 2014, p. 87-126Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett urval av järnålderns kultplatser i Mellansverige belyses. I fokus är kultplatsernas roll i den publika kulten. På vilken samhällelig nivå kan vi placera kultplatsen, hur många människor kan den ha betjänat och vilken karaktär har den haft?

  • 2064.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Depositional Traditions in Iron Age Kormt2017In: Avaldsnes: A Sea-Kings' Manor in First-Millenium Western Scandinavia / [ed] Dagfinn Skre, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2017, p. 687-720Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores Iron Age depositions in wetlands and on dry ground in Kormt. The types of objects deposited and their contexts are discussed from a longterm perspective, and the emerging patterns are interpreted in cultural-historical terms.

    The early Iron Age depositions cluster on northeastern and southwestern Kormt, especially in the Avaldsnes and Ferkingstad areas. They indicate the presence of men of military rank and are placed at strategic maritime sites: Ferkingstad and northern Kormt. The depositional traditions of the early Iron Age resemble those of nearby Jæren and southernmost Hordaland, and indeed those of northern Jylland, Denmark. No depositions are known from the period AD 550–700. In the Viking Period, the depositional tradition in Kormt society seems to have played a more limited and less aristocratic role than previously. The depositional traditions differ from neighbouring as well as distant regions with which there formerly were similarities.

  • 2065.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Fjärran ting: Exotiska föremål och nya seder under mellersta järnåldern2011In: Förmodern globalitet: Essäer om rörelse, möten och fjärran ting under 10 000 år / [ed] Anders Andrén, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2011, p. 109-129Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Samhällsförändringen i Mellansverige under tiden 550-700 skisseras och diskuteras med hjälp av exotiska föremål, nya seder som jakten med dresserad rovfågel liksom utmarkernas betydelse i denna process.

  • 2066.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Fullerö: Roman reflections in the rural countryside of Uppland2017In: Interaktionen ohne Grenzen/Interaction without borders: Beispiele archeologischer Forschungen am Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts/Exemplary archaeological research at the beginning of the 21st century. Festschrift für Claus von Carnap-Bornheim zum 60. Geburtstag / [ed] Berit Valentin Eriksen, Angelika Abegg-Wigg, Ralf Bleile & Ulf Ickerodt, Schleswig: Wachholtz Verlag Neumünster , 2017, p. 239-248Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2067.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Gamla Uppsala: på nytt2013In: Gamla Uppsala i ny belysning / [ed] Olof Sundqvist, Per Vikstrand, Uppsala: Swedish Science Press , 2013, p. 161-205Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Gamla Uppsalas historia och landskapet ikring rymmer många svar på varför Uppsala i äldsta vendeltid blev ett ryktbart säte med monumentala gravhögar och höga imposanta hallar. Yngre järnålderns kungsgårdsmiljö med sina äldre historiska rötter är en av de mest komplexa som går att finna i Norden, komplex i avseendet att den avtecknar sig i så många olika typer av källmaterial, något som diskuteras i artikeln.

  • 2068.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Gård, gräns, gravfält: sammanhang kring ädelmetalldepåer och runstenar från vikingatid och tidig medeltid i Uppland och Gästrikland1998Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Silver and gold deposits from the Viking Age give the contemporaneous societies in the Nordic countries, in particular Sweden, a shining and impressive exterior. Why was this gold and silver unclaimed? What kind of cultural traditions surrounded the deposits of silver and gold from the Viking Age and Early Middle Ages? To reach an understanding of this the author analyses two different aspects, namely, the conceptions that can have been associated with deposits of silver and gold, and the reconstructed milieus where the precious metal was deposited in the provinces of Uppland and Gästrikland in middle Sweden.

    A person's fortune was intimately linked to the precious metal he owned. Treasure legends indicate that treasures could be perceived distinctly in the landscape, but at the same time were impossible to reach for anyone but their true owners. If one took a treasure by force, one also stole the other person's well-being and luck. This was probably considered to be a fatal act.

    Both written source material and material culture show that people viewed and treated gold and silver differently. There are 52 silver and 13 gold deposits known from the period c. 850-1200 in Uppland and Gästrikland. The "normal" deposit is small; three fourths of the finds have a weight below 500 grams.

    It is the farm with its farmstead, cemeteries and boundaries that is the relevant context for the silver deposits. The gold deposits, on the other hand, might have belonged to another level in the landscape than the farm. The Late Viking Age rune stone is the key to a deeper understanding of the places for silver deposits. The rune stone is interpreted as a Christian monument which, in words and images, tries to help the deceased remembered on the stone to reach the eternal light. I argue that the older group among these rune stones was erected by people who had a double identity, that is, they were both members of the royally founded town of Sigtuna and owners of farms in the countryside. The later group of rune stones was more closely connected with the Church and can be interpreted as a result of a missionary campaign.

    An analysis of a limited district shows that rune stones during the entire eleventh century were erected at the boundaries of a farm and at certain times also in the farmyard. This is interpreted as if the rune stone constituted a gate inwards to the farm domain and a protection outwards for a Christian farm. The silver deposits from c. 850-1100 can have been part of the heathen rituals to guard and secure the welfare of a farm, whereas the later silver deposits from c. 1100-1200 require a different explanation.

  • 2069.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Helgö: mer än ett vi2011In: Makt, kult, plats: Högstatusmiljöer under den äldre järnåldern. Kultplatser / [ed] Peter Bratt & Richard Grönwall, Stockholm: Stockholms länsmuseum , 2011, p. 69-79Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Helgö i Mälaren bär många spår av religiösa ritualer inom- och utomhus. Här jämförs dessa jämförs med materiella lämningar från järnålderns kultplatser i Mellansverige 

  • 2070.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Händelser vid vatten: om näcken vid Lutbron och de förkristna dödsoffren i sjön Bokaren, Uppland2014In: Saga och sed: Kungl. Gustav Adolfs akademiens årsbok. 2014 / [ed] Maj Reinhammar, Uppsala: Kungliga Gustav Adolfs Akadmien , 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The oral traditions and the archaeological context of the lake Bokaren are in focus in this article. During the Late Iron Age a cultic site where humans and animals were ritually killed was placed in the lake. Nearby was a contemporaneous elite settlement called Hov, marked by a concentration of large burial mounds. Many hundreds of years later a master fiddler was born and bred by the lake. He learnt his extraordinary musical skills from näcken. This occurred at the stream running out of lake and thus by the waters that had passed through platform in the lake with the remains of human and animals. This is viewed as no coincidence, instead it is argued that the oral traditions of näcken can be understood in a deeper time perspective than has formerly been applied.

  • 2071.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Håkon Jarl Ivarsson and Rodr: 2009In: Á austrvega.: Saga and East Scandinavia. Preprint papers of The 14th International Saga Conference. Uppsala 9-15th August 2009. / [ed] Agneta Ney, Henrik Williams & Fredrik Charpentier-Ljungqvist, Gävle: University of Gävle , 2009, p. 1072-1073Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2072.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    I vendelkrigarnas gravkammare Krigarna från Valsgärde: Glimtar från en guld- och granatskimrande forntidKent Andersson2017In: Respons : recensionstidskrift för humaniora & samhällsvetenskap, ISSN 2001-2292, no 4, p. 32-34Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2073.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    II: 31 Sites2019In: Handbook of Pre-Modern Nordic Memory Studies: Interdisciplinary Approaches / [ed] Jürg Glauser, Pernille Hermann, Stephen A. Mitchell, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2019, p. 620-626Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This case study demonstrates how the great mounds and halls in Old Uppsala in central Sweden, erected AD 550–650, were used for expressing cultural memory. By the construction of monumental halls, rulers created arenas for expressing both power and authority, as well as for memory production. The halls left material traces, which makes possible consideration of whether they were also maintained and used in the Viking Age, or if they were abandoned and either remembered or forgotten.

  • 2074.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Kungsämnen i Söderby och kungens Sigtuna: Om den materiella kulturen i och kring Söderby i Danmarks socken2010In: Situne Dei, ISSN 1653-8498, Vol. 5, p. 163-174Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2075.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Property and Honour: Social Change in Cemtral Sweden 200-700 Mirrired in the Area around Old Uppsala2011In: Det 61. Internationale Sachsensymposion 2010 Haderslev, Danmark: Arkeologi i Slesvig / [ed] Linda Boye, Per Ethelberg, Lene Heidemann-Lutz, Sunhild Kleingärtner, Pernille Kruse, Lilian Mathers, Anne Birgitte Sørensen, Neumünster: Wachholtz Verlag Neumünster , 2011, p. 141-156Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social change in Midsweden is mirrored against the development of agrarian landscape around Old Uppsala and the establishment of the royal manor

  • 2076.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Rotary querns and bread: A social history of Sweden2014In: Seen through a millstone / [ed] Lotte Sellsing, Stavanger: Arkeologisk museum, Universitetet i Stavanger , 2014, p. 181-192Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rotary querns were introduced at the same as the oldest known bread appeared in the Nordic countries, c. AD 200. Since these type of querns were very efficient, bread could have been baked and consumed in most social milieus. But this was not the case. The rotary querns first appear at elite settlements, so-called central places, were the cultic dimensions are marked. Altogether the social acceptance for bread in Iron Age Sweden seems to have been slow.

    Kvarnberget in Sala, Västmanland in the region north of Mälaren, is a millstone quarry mountain known from a written source from AD 1490. The quarry was located on the grounds of a lost settlement called Onsala, later split into the villages Ösby and Åby. Onsala might be interptreted as the god Odin's hall or sal. The lost settlement is situated next to a settlement called Hov, a place name that can be interpreted as a settlement where cultic rituals took place. A quarry mountain on the grounds of a Late Iron Age settlement bearing a name connected with the god Odin is an unexpected combination in this region of Sweden, where the plains transitions into the wooded area Bergslagen, renowned for its production of silver, copper, iron and other minerals. Kvarnberget is poorly known but can contribute to a general discussion on the social contexts for the production sites for rotary querns, as well as reflect on the milieus were bread was eaten.

  • 2077.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Scandinavian figurines: relatives of the gold foil figures, and a new find from Old Uppsala2019In: Gold foil figures in focus: a Scandinavian find group and related objects and images from ancient and medieval Europe: papers from an international and interdisciplinary workshop organized by the Centre for Baltic and Scandianvian Archaeology (ZBSA) in Schleswig, Schloss Gottorf, October 23rd-25th 2017 / [ed] Alexandra Pesch, Michaela Helmbrecht, München: Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil , 2019, p. 105-129Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper argues that figurines of gold or (gilded) copper alloy, particularly from the 5th to 7th centuries, can contribute to a better understanding of the gold foil figures. It discusses examplars dating from Late Roman Iron Age, Migration, and Vendel period Scandinavia, especially those from Slipshavn in Funen, Gudum in Zealand, and Guldhullet/Smørenge in Bornholm, all in Denmark, as well as those from Kymbo in Västergötland and Lunda in Södermanland, Sweden, and compares them with gold foil figures. A unique gilded example from the late 7th or early 8th century – so small that it is equal in size to a gold foil figure – recently found in a female burial situated near the royal seat of Old Uppsala in Uppland, Sweden, is also discussed in detail. The figurines relate in posture, gesture, and attributes to the single gold foil figures but not to gold foil figural pairs. Pendants from the 6th to 8th centuries on the other hand, such as those from Kville in Bohuslän and Tuna in Alsike in Uppland and Norsborg in Södermanland, Sweden, allude in gesture, dress, and attributes to both single gold foil figures as well as to gold foil figures depicting pairs. The attributes and gestures of the figurines connect with the pre-Christian cult. If considered in a contemporary Christian European iconography, they would have signalled awe and divine epiphany.

  • 2078.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Sepulkralsten och stenansikte: Om det ovanligas betydelse i miljön kring Resmo2013In: En bok om Resmo: Stort och smått från en Ölandssocken / [ed] L. Papmehl-Dufay, A. Åsenius, K. Gustafsson, L-O Martinsson, E. Willerud, R. Rosenberg, F. Åsenius, H. G. Martinsson, Resmo: Resmo hembygdsförening , 2013, p. 303-313Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Resmo källa var förr berömd. Den var föremål för religiösa ritualer under kristen tid. Till den knyter sig en sägen om en kvinna som omvände människor under missionstiden. Men den var plats för ritualer tidigare ändå. Här hittades ett halvt människoansikte i sten och källan har förknippats med hedniska makter och en runmagiker. I artikeln diskuteras arkeologin och landskapet kring källan, liksom även ett ålderdomligt resealtare hittat i en åker vid Gynge, som kan ha samband med den tingsplats av gammal hävd nämnd i historiska kartor och i ett medeltida dokument. 

  • 2079.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Spår av järnålder på Stadsholmen och malmarna2016In: Stockholm före Stockholm: Från äldsta tid fram till 1300 / [ed] Susanne Thedéen, Torun Zachrisson, Stockholm: Stockholmia förlag, 2016, , p. 264Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Stockholm växte fram i ett landskapsavsnitt med särskilda kvaliteter. Ön låg tätt intill men mellan järnåldersbygderna och i den stora farleden in och ut från Svetjud. Dessutom var ön placerad där flera territoriella gränser sammanstrålade. Vikingatida föremål talar för att de människor som rört sig i hamnar och på Stadsholmen även rört sig på platser som Birka och Sigtuna, liksom förmodligen i österled. Så fort Mälaren skapas omkring år 1000 tycks passagen genom Norrström ha kontrollerats av en spärr i farleden. Vid samma tid lades en rad silverskatter ner på farledsnära platser. Strax därefter finns de första tecknen på fast bebyggelse på Stadsholmen. Stockholms speciella karaktär i äldre tid har sin grund i platsens roll för sjöfarten, särskilt sjökrigsorganisationen under vikingatid och tidig medeltid.

  • 2080.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    Stenansiktet vid Resmo källa2015In: Grävda minnen: från Skedemosse till Sandby borg / [ed] Kjell-Håkan Arnell, Ludvig Papmehl-Dufay, Kalmar: Kalmar läns museum , 2015Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2081.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Stockholm före Stockholm: en oväntat spännande historia2013In: Yngre järnålder i Stockholms län - aktuell forskning / [ed] Jan Owe, Stockholm: Stockholms läns museum , 2013, p. 11-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att Stockholm är en intressant medeltida stad vet vi. Men vad anläggs den egentligen på för plats? Topografiskt har den särskilda kvaliteter, en ö belägen i mötet mellan en brant åsrygg och vatten. Historien börjar i romersk järnålder med ett unikt romerskt fynd, deponerat i de nära omgivningarna. En betalningsring av guld från folkvandringstid funnet i ett tjockt, mörkt kulturlager på krönet av ön talar för att där fanns bebyggelse av speciellt slag. Under 900-talet hettade det till på och runt ön med föremål som indikerar närvaron av en elit. I senvikingatid finns rester av en dendrokronologiskt daterad spärr i strömmen. Samtidigt deponeras en rad silverskatter i trakten. Öns belägenhet och lösfyndens särskilda karaktär gör det befogat att fråga sig om ön varit en helgö? en fredad ö avsedd för handels-, kult- och tingsmöten.

  • 2082.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Tamkatten – en nykomling under tidig järnålder2017In: Fauna och flora : populär tidskrift för biologi, ISSN 0014-8903, Vol. 112, no 2, p. 32-34Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2083.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    The Archaeology of Rimbert: The Churches of Hergeir and Gautbert and Borg in Birka2011In: Viking Settlements & Viking Society: Papers from the Proceedings of the Sixteenth Viking Congress / [ed] Svavar Sigmundsson, Reykjavik: Hid islenzka fornleifafelag & University of Iceland Press , 2011, p. 469-493Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In his Vita Anskarii, Rimbert describes the Christian mission to the port of the Swedes in the 830s. He mentions two churches there, one built on the family estate of the port bailiff, the other built in the seaport itself by Bishop Gautbert. The locations of these churches have long been discussed. Thanks to archaeological research excavations it is now possible to offer a new suggestion regarding the church of Gautbert. It is argued that the hillfort of Birka, Borg, may be the site of this church and the bishop’s fortified precinct. This would make Birka structurally similar to a number of coeval cities on the Continent, where there was a fortified cathedral hill and a market town at its foot. 9th century finds on and around Borg open up for such a possibility.

  • 2084.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    The background of the odal rights: an archaeological discussion2017In: Danish Journal of Archaeology, ISSN 2166-2282, E-ISSN 2166-2290, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 118-132Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The age and origin of the odal rights known from medieval times in Sweden and Norway are debated. Archaeologists tend to view them as old and a part of the pre-Christian society, whereas historians and legal historians view them as established after Christianity was introduced, mirroring canonical laws. In Viking Age runic inscriptions from the eleventh century in the lake Mälaren valley in Sweden, from late tenth to eleventh century in south-western Norway, the term odal, inherited family land occurs together with other expressions concerning landed property. Furthermore, two runestones in Småland and Hälsingland in Sweden, c. 650 km apart, each enumerate five earlier ancestors in a male lineage, the sponsor himself being the sixth generation. As these runic inscriptions were made in different parts of Scandinavia during the late tenth and eleventh century, this indicates that the term and concept odal was widespread already before the canonic laws of the early medieval period were introduced, and quite possibly belongs to an older inheritance structure. The aim of this article is a renewed discussion focussing on the runological sources where the term and concept odal can be found in the Viking Age Scandinavian society (c. 750–1050 CE), but also early medieval written sources. Thereafter, archaeological sources from the Late Iron Age are addressed (c. 550–1050 CE).

  • 2085.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    The Enigmatic Stone Faces: Cult images from the Iron Age?2017In: Life on the Edge: Social, Political and Religious Frontiers in Early Medieval Europe / [ed] Sarah Semple, Celia Orsini, Sian Mui, Wendeburg: Verlag Uwe Krebs , 2017, p. 355-363Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2086.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    The mirage and the hill-fort: Iron Age landscape and material culture on Stora Karlsö2009In: Journal of Nordic Archaeological Science, ISSN 1650-1519, Vol. 16, p. 39-47Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2087.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. Arkeologi.
    The Seated God: The Enthroned Figure with a Heap in his Lap2007In: Cultural interaction between east and west: Archaeology, artefacts and human contacts in northern Europe, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm , 2007, p. 134-139Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2088.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Trälar fanns: att synliggöra ofria 550-1200 e.Kr. i Sverige2014In: Att befolka det förflutna: Fem artiklar om hur vi kan synliggöra människan och hennes handlingar i arkeologiskt material. Från Nordic Tag mötet 2011 på Linnéuniversitetet, Kalmar / [ed] Anne Carlie, Stockholm: Riksantikvarieämbetet , 2014, p. 72-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Thralls. Making bonded people visible 550-1200 AD in Sweden. To be free or unfree was crucial in the Nordic society. A thrall was a person in social isolation, lacked honour, without family, belonging to the owner. The awareness of the role of the bonded people has slowly increased. By a reinterpretation of various archaeological sources it is possible to make bonded people visible to a larger extent, thereby increasing the knowledge of the material culture of bondage. The physical remains of thralls in skeletal as well as cremation graves are discussed. The finds of shackels from Birka and the royal manor of Adelsö that are put forward, can probably be an indication of slave trade. The tools and products of female thralls such as rotary querns and the widespread Baltic ceramics are touched upon. Finally milieus were Late Viking Age runic inscriptions commemorating bonded people, both stewards and homeborn thralls as well as a freed person are discussed. 

  • 2089.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Vetenskapligt program2009In: Stiftelsen Kulturmiljövård Mälardalen Vetenskapligt program 2009 / [ed] Anna Lihammer, Västerås: Kulturmiljövård Mälardalen , 2009, Vol. 1, p. 23-143Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2090.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Volund was here: A Myth Archaeologically Anchored in Viking Age Scania2018In: Old-Norse Mythology: Comparative Perspectives / [ed] Pernille Hermann, Stephen A. Mitchell, Jens Peter Schjødt, Amber J. Rose, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2018, p. 139-162Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A recently discovered object from the Viking Age shows a winged human figure. It has been interpreted as a representation of Volund the smith and more specifically to the version of the legend found in Þiðreks saga. The context for the object is the center Uppåkra in Sweden, is compared with the context presented in saga. The article concludes that an audience in Viking Age Uppåkra would have felt at home with the winged man and the version in Þiðreks saga, but less familiar with the social setting for Volund presented in Vǫlundarkviða that represents a setting that would have been more easily understood further north in Mid-Sweden.

  • 2091.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Kempff Östlind, MargaretaDepartment of the History of Art.
    Ceremoniella rum2007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 2092.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Kempff Östlind, Margareta
    Department of the History of Art.
    Förord2007In: Bebygglesehistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0349-2834, Vol. 52, p. 5-6Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2093.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Kjellström, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Krzewińska, Maja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    The river Fyris route: a stop at Vendel period Tuna in Alsike, Sweden2019In: Early medieval waterscapes: Risks and opportunities of (im)material cultural exchange / [ed] Rica Annaert, Braunschweig, 2019, p. 185-196Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main water route leading into the core of the realm Svithiod is discussed and especially Tuna in Alsike, a site that is situated along it. The identity of a male buried in the late 6th century at Tuna is discussed in detail using osteological, isotope and aDNA analysis in combination with the material objects in the richly furnished burial as well as the settlement context itself.

  • 2094.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Krzewinska, Maja
    The "lynx ladies": Burials furnished with lynx skins from the Migration and Merovingian Periods2019In: Sächsische Leute und Länder: Benennung und Lokalisererung von Gruppenidentitäten im ersten Jahrtausend / [ed] Melanie Augstein & Matthias Hardt, Braunschweig: Verlag Uwe Krebs, Wendeburg , 2019, p. 103-119Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Graves furnished with lynx skin from Iron Age Sweden represents an interesting group of individuals. These burials cluster in time and space and consist mainly of adult or older cremated individuals from the Migration and Merovingian period, c. 400-800 AD. This tradition is especially marked in in Uppland and Gotland, i.e. eastern Sweden. The individuals consist of adult or older women with brooches interred in well furnished burials. In Uppland these women belong to settlements of social standing and memorial rituals were performed at their graves. In Gotland, these women are present at the burial sites of harbours. Some of them were buried with small children. It is concluded that the women would have belonged to a group of ladies, mistresses of wealthy households. Furthermore, the role of the lynx and its possible connection to a female deity is discussed. It is suggested that these "lynx ladies" could have stood under the protection of the godess Freyja and been especially associated with her.

  • 2095.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    Ljung, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Anna, Kjellström
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Osteoarchaeological Research Laboratory.
    Skärningspunkt Sigtuna – en första presentation av ett forskningsprojekt2017In: Situne Dei: årsskrift för Sigtunaforskning, ISSN 2002-4215, p. 52-63Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a new research project: Skärningspunkt Sigtuna – de första människorna i Sveriges äldsta stad (Intersection Sigtuna – the first inhabitants of Sweden’s oldest town), which runs from 2017 to 2020 and is sponsored by  the Swedish Research Council. The project aims to understand cultural transformation in the town’s earliest periods by studying the people who lived and died there. The main source material comprises c. 330 excavated graves dating from the town’s foundation in AD 970/80 until AD 1100. These derive both from five early churchyards as well as so-called “graveyards” (Sw. gravgård) – where individuals were buried in accordance with Christian practice, but not in the proximity of a church building. These early “graveyards” are unique to Scandinavia, but the phenomenon has yet to be subjected to in-depth analysis. Different kinds of burial grounds were partly in use simultaneously in Sigtuna and it is unclear how the interred individuals relate to one another, or what kind of social, cultural and religious communities they represent.

    The project combines archaeological and osteological data with regard to burial-place topography and location, burial custom including grave goods and relation to rune-inscribed stone monuments, isotopic analysis and ancient DNA-analysis of selected individuals. Sigtuna’s material culture in general indicates that it was a cosmopolitan town. The project will extend our knowledge in this regard by focusing on the backgrounds of the  first generations of town dwellers. Our main objective is to understand urbanization, migration, cultural interaction between groups and individuals, early church organization, networks and transnational relations.

  • 2096.
    Árnadóttir, Ragnhildur
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    Production and Trade of Egyptian Faience in the Late Bronze Age: SEM Analysis on Egyptian Faience Beads in Hala Sultan Tekke2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Cyperns olika handelsrelationer med Egypten, Levanten och den Egeiska övärlden under sen bronsålder utreds. I Hala Sultan Tekke på Cypern påträffades egyptiska fajanspärlor. I denna studie analyserades pärlorna med hjälp av svepelektronmikroskop med EDS analysenhet (SEM-EDS). Ett antal analyser utfördes för att få kunskap om vilka element pärlorna bestod av. Resultaten från analyserna visade vilka råmaterial som hade använts vid tillverkningen av pärlorna. Det framkom även att pärlorna hade en glaserad yta som hade uppkommit vid bränningen under glaseringsprocessen. Resultaten från SEM-EDS- analyserna av pärlorna från Hala Sultan Tekke jämfördes med pärlor från Thebe, Egypten, med avsikten att undersöka om pärlorna från Hala Sultan Tekke var lokalt tillverkade eller importerade. Slutsatsen är att de egyptiska fajanspärlorna var tillverkade i Egypten.

  • 2097. Äikäs, Tiina
    et al.
    Spangen, Marte
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    New Users and Changing Traditions—(Re)Defining Sami Offering Sites2016In: European Journal of Archaeology, ISSN 1461-9571, E-ISSN 1741-2722, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 95-121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sami are indigenous people of Northern Fennoscandia. Some Sami offering sites have been used for over a thousand years. During this time, the offering traditions have changed and various people have started using the places based on different motivations. Present day archaeological finds give evidence of both continuing traditions and new meanings attached to these sites, as well as to sites that were probably not originally used for rituals in the Sami ethnic religion. In some cases, the authenticity of the place seems to lie in the stories and current beliefs more than in a historical continuity or any specifically sacred aspects of the topography or nature it is situated in. Today's new users include, for example, local (Sami) people, tourists, and neo-pagans. This paper discusses what informs these users, what identifies certain locations as offering sites, and what current users believe their relationship to these places should be. What roles do scholarly traditions, heritage tourism, and internal culture have in (re)defining Sami offering sites and similarly what roles do ‘appropriate’ rituals have in ascribing meaning to particular places? How do we mediate wishes for multivocality with our professional opinions when it comes to defining sacredness?

39404142 2051 - 2097 of 2097
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