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  • 2101. Yearworth, Michael
    et al.
    Cornell, Sarah E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Contested Modelling: a Critical Examination of Expert Modelling in Sustainability2016In: Systems research and behavioral science, ISSN 1092-7026, E-ISSN 1099-1743, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 45-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We discuss the role of expert modelling in sustainability using a framework designed to improve the effectiveness of the modelling process. Based on the development of a set of reflective questions that can be used at certain key stages in the lifecycle of projects developing such models, we discuss how using the framework would lead to improvements in the coupling of the process of expert modelling with the process of intervention, which is implied by the existence of the expert modelling project. This questioning pushes the development of a framework beyond considerations of ontology and epistemology into issues of axiology and praxis; extending the notion of contested modelling beyond the narrow scientific sense to a wider social setting. Our framework has been developed through a case study analysis of the effectiveness of four research initiatives that have used expert modelling to address the complexity of intervention in a sustainability context.

  • 2102.
    Yoo, Beom-Sik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Understanding the role of government in climate change adaptation: A comparative analysis of national adaptation strategies of Sweden and the Republic of Korea2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis contributes to the discussion on the role of national governments in climate change adaptation by providing empirical analysis of national adaptation strategies (NASs) in two economically advanced countries, Sweden and the Republic of Korea. A new framework for analyzing NASs focusing on public spending patterns was developed to provide a clear picture of where the priorities are beyond policy rhetoric. The analysis showed that most public spending in the case countries was currently directed toward building adaptive capacity rather than implementing adaptation actions. Both countries’ NASs also showed a similar pattern in terms of adaptation sectors that receive priority funding. Some sectors with private beneficiaries, like agriculture, received more public support when those with a greater number of beneficiaries, like biodiversity protection, received less in our case countries.

    This thesis has also analyzed rationalities for government intervention. Based on mainstream adaptation literature, an assumption was made that rationalities for government intervention will follow a liberal approach where there is a focus on identifying market failures and improving efficiency. However, it was found that NASs were not at all explicit about why government intervention is justified.

    Based on these findings, this study explored government actors’ perception on the appropriate rationality for adaptation intervention by interviewing key government officials in Sweden and the Republic of Korea. Three theories of government intervention in adaptation – the liberal approach, the budget maximizing model, and the social contract theory – were tested to examine their relevance. Although many government actors recognize the liberal approach as the norm for intervening in adaptation, it was found that the high level of uncertainty in climate impacts and the multi-faceted nature of vulnerability hinder this approach from becoming a positive theory in adaptation. Despite denials, the budget maximizing model was found to be highly relevant. Furthermore, the social contract theory was found to be highly relevant in explaining government intervention to short-term catastrophe, but not as effective in explaining adaptation to long-term changes.

  • 2103.
    Yoo, Beom-Sik
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Understanding the role of government in climate change adaptation: A comparative analysis of national adaptation strategies of Sweden and the Republic of Korea2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis contributes to the discussion on the role of national governments in climate change adaptation by providing empirical analysis of national adaptation strategies (NASs) in two economically advanced countries, Sweden and the Republic of Korea. A new framework for analyzing NASs focusing on public spending patterns was developed to provide a clear picture of where the priorities are beyond policy rhetoric. The analysis showed that most public spending in the case countries was currently directed toward building adaptive capacity rather than implementing adaptation actions. Both countries’ NASs also showed a similar pattern in terms of adaptation sectors that receive priority funding. Some sectors with private beneficiaries, like agriculture, received more public support when those with a greater number of beneficiaries, like biodiversity protection, received less in our case countries.

     

    This thesis has also analyzed rationalities for government intervention. Based on mainstream adaptation literature, an assumption was made that rationalities for government intervention will follow a liberal approach where there is a focus on identifying market failures and improving efficiency. However, it was found that NASs were not at all explicit about why government intervention is justified.

     

    Based on these findings, this study explored government actors’ perception on the appropriate rationality for adaptation intervention by interviewing key government officials in Sweden and the Republic of Korea. Three theories of government intervention in adaptation – the liberal approach, the budget maximizing model, and the social contract theory – were tested to examine their relevance. Although many government actors recognize the liberal approach as the norm for intervening in adaptation, it was found that the high level of uncertainty in climate impacts and the multi-faceted nature of vulnerability hinder this approach from becoming a positive theory in adaptation. Despite denials, the budget maximizing model was found to be highly relevant. Furthermore, the social contract theory was found to be highly relevant in explaining government intervention to short-term catastrophe, but not as effective in explaining adaptation to long-term changes.

  • 2104.
    Yu, Ae-Li
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Corporate social responsibility and SMEs: Barriers and opportunities in a Swedishperspective2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a global concern and has been adopted by many largemultinational corporations. Although small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are the mostcommon type of business in the EU including Sweden, yet most research on CSR has beenfocused on large corporations. As SMEs run in various settings and there have been littleempirical studies on CSR in SMEs, the purpose of this study is to fill a part of the researchgap and provide an in-depth look at CSR in SME to investigate specific barriers and/oropportunities to addressing CSR. This study reviews the relevant literature of CSR in SMEs.Through semi-constructed interviews with two small-sized organic product companies inSweden, this study analyzed CSR from an SME perspective in a Swedish context by CSRtheory and Resource-Based View (RBV). According to the findings, the main barrier for CSRfor the case companies is financial recourse constraints, while the main opportunity is theircapability for communication. This study contributes and motivates CSR in SMEs bydemonstrating how they understand CSR, how they communicate with both internal andexternal stakeholders of their best practices, and providing examples to share the experiencesfor SMEs.

  • 2105.
    Zawall, Emi-Simone
    Stockholm University, University Library.
    Förslag till modell för utökat stöd för avhandlingspublicering vid Stockholms universitet2013Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2106.
    Zentner, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    The impact of energy- and building policy on property companies in Sweden: Mandatory regulations vs. voluntary commitments2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What forces are today driving large property companies in Sweden to save energy and increase energy performance in buildings? This master thesis focusing on mandatory- and voluntary policy has used a Political Science perspective on Urban Planning questions. In this qualitative case-study, interviews were conducted with 7 out of the 10 biggest property companies in Sweden. It includes both an investigation into which policies are found to be relevant for companies as well as a discussion about which actors are pushing them to reduce energy and become more sustainable. Results show that companies make voluntary commitments that go beyond what current mandatory building- and energy regulations demand. Instead they use voluntary policy 25-35% below BBR-levels, mainly by using building certification Miljöbyggnad, to certify and communicate their efforts. All companies have energy targets published in yearly reports and continuously work to reduce their energy- and emissions output. Yearly reports also show that 6 out of 7 companies now use the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI). Some have joined benchmarking initiative GRESB or the CDP. The use of voluntary informational disclosure systems show that companies are under increasing pressure to become more (verifiably) sustainable. 

  • 2107.
    Zhang, Yanqing
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Juhlin, Oskar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Fashion in Mobile Phone Design – The Emergence of Beautification, Desirability and Variation through Institutional Collaboration2016In: Fashion Practice: the journal of design, creative process & the fashion industry, ISSN 1756-9370, E-ISSN 1756-9389, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 63-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study if and how fashion values, such as beautification, desirability through symbolic interaction, and high variation, are increasingly visible in mobile phone design. We unpack such possible inter-linkages by interviewing eight representatives of both industries. Their comments allow us to discuss whether a process of fashionalization is underway and, if so, how it is taking place. Our findings indicate that fashion values are visible in the design of mobile phones and are accounted for in design. Fashionalization can thus be seen as emanating from institutions related to clothing that extend to and become shared with the mobile industry, such as a shared dependency on trend agencies for color selection and joint events. This interaction, ad hoc and heterogeneous, resists being modeled as a “system,” which has been suggested as a way to explain institutional work within clothing fashion. Drawing on Barbara Czarniawska’s institutional theory, we propose conceptualizing the emerging institutional work in terms of “action nets.” This concept makes visible flexible, situated, and ad hoc activities rather than stable and fixed organizational entities.

  • 2108.
    Zirra, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English. Ghent University, Belgium.
    Shelf Lives: Nonhuman Agency and Seamus Heaney's Vibrant Memory Objects2017In: Parallax, ISSN 1353-4645, E-ISSN 1460-700X, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 458-473Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2109. Zurek, Karolina
    When Lab Results Are Not Sufficient: On the Limitations of Science in Tackling Modern Food Regulatory Concerns2009In: European Policy Analysis, no 5Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2110.
    Änggård, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    How matter comes to matter in children’s outdoor play2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Within children’s geographies the need for studies of materiality and how it affects children has been pointed out. Posthumanist approaches provide tools for such analysis, and in the present paper Karen Barad’s (2007) concept of intra-activity is used to analyse children’s play activities in outdoor environments. The paper is a part of an ongoing project, concerning children’s relations to outdoor places. A total of 41 children between 6 and 8 years in two different schools participated in the study. They were enrolled in a special school form based on outdoor education. A variety of methods were combined in the project; the present paper is based mainly on video observations of play activities and walking tours on schoolyards and in natural environments. Different play activities are analysed with focus on the intra-activity between children, children’s bodies, the physical environment, play themes and other discursive agents. The analysis shows that all those agents have impact on the play activities and the way they evolve. Furthermore, children develop play practices connected to the physical environment. Those practices are part of local peer cultures that are mediated and negotiated among the children.

  • 2111.
    Åberg Yngwe, Monica
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    Östberg, Viveca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    The family's economic resources and adolescents' health complaints - do adolescents' own economic resources matter? 2013In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 24-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The present study focuses on the relevance of economic resources to psychological and psychosomatic health complaints during adolescence. It explores the link between the family's and the adolescent's economic resources and investigates whether or not differences in health complaints by the family's financial situation can be explained by adolescents' own economic resources. Methods: Drawing on data from two Swedish surveys on living conditions during adolescence (in the age group 10-18 years) conducted in 2002-03, logistic regressions were used to assess the associations between adolescents' own and household economic resources on two measures of health complaints. Results: The association between family economic hardship (i.e. lack of cash margin) and adolescents' health complaints largely disappeared when controlling for adolescents' own economic resources. Three measures of own absolute and relative economic resources were used. Out of these, the ability (or not) to buy things that others have was connected with both psychological [Odds ratio (OR) 2.16, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.6-2.9] and psychosomatic complaints (OR 1.67, 95% CI 1.3-2.1), irrespective of age and gender. The importance of lacking a personal cash margin or not being able to join friends seemed to differ between age groups and genders. Conclusions: The importance of different aspects of economic resources seems to vary across age groups and gender. However, not being able to buy things that others have was clearly associated with health complaints irrespective of age and gender. Family economic hardship was associated with adolescents' health complaints, and this association was largely explained by adolescents' own economic resources.

  • 2112.
    Ågren, Ylva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies, Centre for the study of children's culture.
    ”Alla kunde se att jag är här”: Elva barns tankar och synpunkter på sitt eget deltagande i olika barnprogram i TV2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att medelst intervjuer lyfta fram vad barn och ungdomar som har medverkat i olika barnprogram i SVT har för synpunkter och tankar på sitt deltagande.

    Genom nio intervjuer med elva informanter i åldrarna 8-17 år belyses aspekter såsom inflytande, känsla av delaktighet och möjligheter till påverkan, betydelsen av att få medverka i TV samt tankar om kändisskap och att bli sedd. Nämnda aspekter sätts sedan i relation till barnrättskonventionen samt till olika barndomsdiskurser och föreställningar om barndom.

    Studiens teoretiska utgångspunkter har makt som övergripande tema och berör tre områden. Först belyses begreppen makt och diskurser, därefter diskuteras hur kulturstudier har försökt synliggöra de maktstrukturer som produceras i samhället genom bland annat media och slutligen presenteras teorier från barndomsforskning där maktordningen mellan barn och vuxna problematiseras.

    Genom intervjuerna framgår att ett vuxet förhandsarbete präglar TV-produktionerna och att de deltagande barnen har liten eller ingen möjlighet att göra några större förändringar i sitt deltagande. Vuxnas planerande av barnens agerande, utseende och repliker kan sägas gå stick i stäv med barnrättskonventionen. Barnen är därmed styrda och kan ses som symboler, eller representanter för en barndom som vuxna anser viktig att förmedla. Det är diskursen om det naturliga, oskuldsfulla barnet tillsammans med diskursen om det kompetenta, duktiga barnet och barnet med rättigheter som ska förmedlas genom rutan, medan de diskurser som kan urskiljas genom informanternas berättelser är diskursen om barnet som symbol eller representant för en passande barndom och diskursen om det onaturligt naturliga barnet.

    Informanterna bekräftar ett vuxet förhandsarbete men anser inte det vara något problem. De menar att det finns möjligheter att påverka produktionen och ser sig som jämlikar till de vuxna, men förmedlar implicit sin underordnade ställning och vuxnas makt och tolkningsföreträde. Vad informanterna framförallt belyser som centralt är den uppmärksamhet och känslan av kändisskap som följer i spåren av att ha medverkat i TV. Även om ett synliggörande av barn kan vara ett steg i rätt riktning mot jämlikhet mellan barn och vuxna krävs ett vidare arbete med reflektioner över varför barnen ska delta, hur de ska delta och att barnen själva ges möjlighet att komma till tals och delges information och beslut. Annars riskerar barnen att bli till rekvisita och statister i sina egna barnprogram.

  • 2113.
    Åhgren, Camilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hinder och svårigheter i att nå en forskarkarriär - Forskarvärlden ur ett kvinnoperspektiv2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Människor ser på varandra i form av man eller kvinna, något som

    medför att vi behandlar könen olika. Tidigare genusforskare

    omnämner en maktobalans där mannen ses som norm. Forskning kan

    betraktas som ett maktmedel där det råder en obalans mellan könen

    och där det manliga könet premieras. Detta gör att kvinnor inte får

    samma möjlighet till karriärutveckling. Syftet med föreliggande studie

    var att undersöka karriärhinder kvinnor upplevt under sin forskartid.

    Urvalet består av disputerade kvinnor vid Psykologiska institutionen

    vilka inte har en tjänst inom akademin innehållande forskning. Sex

    kvinnor intervjuades och data analyserades med hjälp av en induktiv

    tematisk analys. Resultaten visar att kvinnor upplever otydliga

    karriärvägar samt ansenlig konkurrens. En stor tidspress upplevs i

    jakten på meriter samt att den mansdominerade miljön motarbetar

    kvinnlig medverkan. Slutligen påtalas valet mellan forskarkarriär och

    familj vilket kan hänföras till maktobalansen mellan könen och de

    könsstrukturer som råder i den samhälliga kontexten.

  • 2114.
    Åhlund, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Jonsson, Rickard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Peruvian meatballs? Constructing the Other in the performance of an inclusive school2016In: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, ISSN 1799-649X, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 166-174Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Swedish schools, newly arrived refugee and immigrant students are provided with a language introductory programme, designed for integration into the mainstream school system. Drawing upon ethnographic fieldwork on classroom conversations in one such introductory programme, this study analyses how Swedish as second language (SSL) students are positioned and position themselves in everyday discursive practices. The participants strive to qualify for mainstream programmes through performing a ‘regular’ student identity. Although educational aim and the students’ investments coincide, in doing the inclusive school, the institution calls for the students to perform ethnicity. The student identities thus emerge in and through a cluster of performative effects of how they are addressed by the school as ‘ethnic’ students, and how they manage those very positionings. Paradoxically, an institutional construction of an inclusive school draws on a discourse of Otherness in which the student’s voices are invited but seem to be ignored.

  • 2115.
    Åhman, Kat
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Linjer mot lycka: En kunskapsfördjupning rörande transpersoner med ätstörningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att genom att använda ett specifikt teoretiskt ramverk kunna undersöka och problematisera den stora förekomsten av transpersoner med erfarenhet av ätstörningar. Ramverket är baserat på Sara Ahmeds teorier om orientering och bygger på synen på samhället som uppbyggt av heteronormativa linjer vilka transpersoner förhåller sig till. Genom att välja ut illustrerande exempel från två antologier kretsade kring kropp och identitet har jag kunnat peka på att den press som transpersoner utsätts för i samhället leder till minskat handlingsutrymme, maktlöshet, kroppslig dysfori och assimilation. Med behovet av att reglera de känslor som uppstår samt den fysiska kroppen kan ätstörningen ses som ett verktyg med dubbel funktion. Dels för att hantera maktlösheten inför världen och återta kontroll över den kropp som någon annan definierat och begränsat. Och dels utifrån behovet av att skapa sig själv som begriplig inför sig själv och världen - för att kunna existera. 

  • 2116.
    Åkermalm, Bengt
    Stockholm University, University Library.
    Arbetslivsbibliotekets samlingar på Stockholms universitetsbibliotek2009Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Beskrivning av ALI-samlingens tillkomst, uppbyggnad och väsentliga delar.

  • 2117.
    Åkerman, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, Comparative Religion and Gender Studies.
    Tuttar och terrorister: Om mediarapporteringen kring Göteborgskravallerna2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay focuses on the press coverage of the riots in Gothenburg 2001. The questions it aims to answer are, How is it that although the media was gender-neutral in its news reports, the lasting memory is one of rioting men, and why did the media simultaneously exaggerate and minimize the importance of the riots?

    The material consists of articles and photographs from Swedish mainstream newspapers. The method is text analysis, with a heavy influence of discourse theory. The conclusions are that since the hegemonic discourse on gender does not allow women to be active and violent, all bodies in the riot automatically become men, no matter how female they seem to be in other contexts. The tendency of the press to both enhance and lessen the significance of the riots is because the power balance between the hegemonic discourse (represented by the police) and the challenging discourse (represented by the rioteers) shifted, and perhaps it shifted more than anyone was prepared for. The hegemonic discourse has to re-instate itself as hegemonic, and thus the press has to reduce the impact of the riots. The augmentation of the significance is intended to portray rioting as something normal people does not do, by portraying the rioteers as hooligans and terrorists.

  • 2118.
    Åkerman, Ebba
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Children’s systems telling and the story of a meatball’s social-ecological system: A narrative approach to systems thinking in early childhood education for sustainable development2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate how young children’s narration of an everyday object, the meatball, is a beneficial approach to systems thinking and if something emerges that could be useful in education for sustainable development in early childhood education. In a world of complexities, our role as participants in systems encompassing food, energy and waste is neglected in favor of drawing attention to individual events. Systems thinking is about understanding complexity, a key aspect of the resilience approach to sustainable development. Research shows valuable return-on-investments from early childhood education for sustainable development, but the field lack academic attention. The research method is case studies at pre-schools based on narrative inquiry. The study creates situations where children explore their own boundaries. Findings show that humans are largely missing from the children’s social-ecological system and a difference in the approach of acknowledging uncertainty vs. imaginary explanations to phenomena surrounding a meatball. It finds that zooming out from one familiar object is a simple way to introduce systems thinking in early childhood education and that narration is a useful approach to identify knowledge gaps.

  • 2119.
    Åkesdotter, Marie
    Stockholm University, interfaculty units, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Strömmar av vatten och politik - en studie om policyprocesser och anpassning.2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    One of the distinguishing features of successful societies is the ability to adapt to change, both

    social but also natural changes like climate change. Climate change is a complex, dynamic,

    non-linear process with a great deal of uncertainty concerning the time perspective, risks and

    consequences. A combination of factors like climate change, geographical vulnerability, a

    densely populated and highly built up coast line along with factors like deficient handling of

    surface runoff and a large usage of ground water leads to an increasingly vulnerable society. It

    also puts a greater pressure on the society to have preventive measures in place.

    The number of actors working with preparing society to the expected impacts of climate

    change and variability is increasing. However more than half of Sweden’s municipalities do

    not consider changing climatic conditions when planning, and many times even allow the

    construction of new living areas in known climatically vulnerable areas. Certain geographical

    areas in Sweden are characterized by environmental problems which enhance the predicted

    effects of climate change. The coast of Scania (Skåne) is one such area, where people for a

    long time have had to adjust to conditions like coastal erosion, recurring high tides, low lying

    areas and sinking land.

    The following study elaborates the politics of adaptive capacity. It is based on a comparative

    case study of two different policy processes regarding adjustments to climatic conditions in

    the coastal municipalities of Vellinge and Lomma in south-western Scania. In other words,

    this study explores the underlying factors that can explain what drives anticipatory measures

    to strengthen the ability and possibility to handle effects related to climate change. The

    theoretical framework consists of theories regarding policy changes in social ecological

    systems, and adaptation to climate. Structural actor based perspective, as well as system

    oriented and process oriented have been applied.

    The results are based on 14 interviews with key politicians, officials and stakeholders from

    non-governmental organizations. The study is also based on reports, a citizen’s survey from

    Statistics Sweden (SCB), newspaper articles, municipal documents, web sites and literature.

    The results show that the municipality of Vellinge implemented adaptation strategies years

    before Lomma municipality. Policy change was triggered by observed vulnerabilities in

    ecological systems which affected the social systems. It resulted in an intense debate (a

    window of opportunity), which in turn opened a policy window.

    The driving forces in policy process are central actors and shadow networks with access to

    knowledge. The results show that knowledge and understanding of ecological systems is

    essential for policy changes in climate adaptations. Research is needed, but research by itself

    will not be sufficient, research and knowledge must be transferred to decision-makers.

    Knowledge transferring is even important for officials and public. That means that an

    understanding of ecological systems is necessary for forming attitudes and for planning a

    society with the ability to meet climate change and the insecurities which are connected with

    it.

  • 2120.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    The gendered myth of protection2019In: The Routledge handbook of gender and security / [ed] Caron E. Gentry, Laura J. Shepherd, Laura Sjoberg, London: Routledge, 2019, p. 273-283Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2121.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Gendering the new hero narratives: Military death in Denmark and Sweden2018In: Cooperation and Conflict, ISSN 0010-8367, E-ISSN 1460-3691, Vol. 53, no 1, p. 23-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the 20th century, wars were fought primarily in the name of protecting the homeland.Making the ‘ultimate sacrifice’ was a national masculine duty and a key feature of military heroism.Today, human rights and international values justify war-making and legitimise military action.In one of these post-national wars, the International Security Assistance Force operation inAfghanistan, more than 700 European soldiers have lost their lives. How have these deaths beenlegitimised, and how has the new security discourse affected notions of masculinised heroism andsacrifice? This article investigates how the dimensions of national/international and masculinity/femininity are negotiated in media narratives of heroism and sacrifice in Denmark and Sweden.Regarding scholarly discussions on the professionalisation, individualisation and domesticationof military heroism, the empirical analysis demonstrates that the Danish/Swedish nationremains posited as the core context for military heroism and sacrifice. In the media narratives,professionalism is represented as an expression of specific national qualities. The media narrativesconflate nation and family and represent military heroes as distinctively masculine and nationalfigures. It is argued that a family trope has become vital in present-day hero narratives. This tropeis disposed towards collective emotions, national loyalty and conservative gender ideals.

  • 2122.
    Åslund, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Edlund, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    AS-bra arbetskraft: En studie om personer med Aspergers syndrom (AS) och arbete2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to highlight the type of actions that can facilitate people with Asperger syndrome to get and keep a job in the regular labour market. Four interviews were done with people who have been diagnosed with Asperger syndrome and who got a job in the regular labour market. The study shows that efforts from society and friends at work have played a role when they had got their jobs and when they managed to keep it. The study shows that these efforts have strengthened their self-image and confidence. The study also shows that adaptations in the work, the ability to control over social contacts and the importance of having a job may have contributed to the respondents stayed in the workplace. The study also shows that counseling has played a role in the investigated people’s career development and helped them to find a job. The study draws no general conclusions when the result concerns four peoples own views.  However, the above factors have played a role for the respondents. The result cannot be interpreted to apply to all persons who have Asperger syndrome, it is important to see the individual behind the diagnosis.

  • 2123.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Refugee youth who arrived in Sweden as unaccompanied minors and separated children: Education and labour market well-being2019In: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, ISSN 1799-649X, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 179-200Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, Sweden has been one of the largest receiving countries of unaccompanied minors, compared to other EU member states. Recent studies have increasingly stressed the strength, resilienceand agency of unaccompanied minors, despite the traumatic experiences and challenges they face. In this article, we study unaccompanied minors in the Swedish education system and the labour market using register-based data covering the period 2003–2014. We compare this group with accompanied minors and persons of the same age born in Sweden to investigate the mechanisms that facilitate and/or hinder their labour market well-being. We find that unaccompanied minors have problems in completing secondary school but do well in the labour market with regard to finding employment. Our results draw attention to the multifaceted processes that facilitate and/or hinder their labour market well-being.

  • 2124. Öberg, Britt-Marie
    et al.
    Närvänen, Anna-LiisaNäsman, ElisabetOlsson, ErikStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Changing worlds and the ageing subject: dimensions in the study of ageing and later life2004Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 2125.
    Öhlund, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ungdomskulturellt socialt kapital i marginaliserade bostadsområden2011In: Socialt kapital: i ett välfärdsperspektiv / [ed] Bengt Starrin, Rolf Rønning, Malmö: Liber , 2011, 1:1, p. 253-265Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2126.
    Öhlund, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lindgren, S Åke
    Svensk ungdomsforskning: inriktning, organisation och finansiering1996Report (Other academic)
  • 2127.
    Öhman, Margareta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies, Centre for the study of children's culture.
    ”Det viktigaste är att få leka”: Om tillhörighet, makt och kön som organiserande princip i fyra förskolebarns livsberättelser.2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Enligt Konventionen om barnets rättigheter och Läroplanen för förskolan har barn rätt att göra sina röster hörda och bli lyssnade till. Hur detta ser ut i praktiken och vad som krävs av den vuxne för att samtal med barn ska fungera ömsesidigt är vad denna studie försöker inringa. Utifrån samtal och deltagande observationer under tio dagar av två femåriga pojkar och två femåriga flickor vid en förskola har fyra ögonblicksbilder, kallade livsberättelser, tolkats fram. Syftet är att undersöka hur barnen gestaltar sin livsberättelse i samtal och samspel och vad som framstår som viktigt i deras liv vid undersökningstillfället.

    Studien utgår från hermeneutisk tolkningslära, narrativ teori och ett relationellt psykologiskt perspektiv. En problematisering ges av begreppet barnperspektiv, vilket är centralt för förståelsen av barns livsvärld. I forskningsöversikten ges en kortfattad beskrivning av detta begrepp relaterat till aktuell forskning. Också forskning om barnsamtal beskrivs.

    Tre gemensamma teman i barnens livsberättelser, så som de presenteras i studien, kan läsas fram; tillhörighet, makt och kön som organiserande princip. Tillhörighet handlar om tillgång till olika gemenskaper som femårsgruppen, flickorna, pojkarna och bästisar. Tillhörighet innebär social inkludering, vars subjektiva dimension utgörs av barnets upplevelse av att ”få vara med”. Barn konstruerar tillhörighet genom likhet i intressen, kamratlighet och snällhet. Makt handlar om rangrodning och hierarkier, Att vara stor är liktydigt med makt. Social exkludering är ett maktuttryck, vars subjektiva dimension är barnets upplevelse av att bli utesluten. Exkludering kan också vara ett sätt att värna om en upprättad gemenskap. Kategorisering och genrekonstruktioner påverkar barnets möjligheter att delta. Kön som organiserande princip manifesteras i tydliga flick- respektive pojkgemenskaper där barn gör kön, men barnen utmanar också den traditionella tudelningen mellan feminina och maskulina positioner.

  • 2128.
    Ölfvingsson, Petter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    A new course or simply discourse?: The security discourse strategies of Felipe Calderón Hinojosa and Enrique Peña Nieto in the Mexican war on drugs2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the beginning of the Mexican war on drugs in late 2006, violence has increased dramatically. By examining six presidential speeches from different years and with an analysis grounded in the work of Norman Fairclough and his Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA), this thesis analyses the security discourse strategies used by the two Mexican Presidents Felipe Calderón Hinojosa and Enrique Peña Nieto. By studying the parts where they talk about insecurity and organized crime, the study aims to reveal the strategies used and thus contribute not only to more understanding of the Mexican war on drugs but also to a broader discussion of how political discourse can be used in violent contexts. By applying CDA both as theory and method, this thesis concludes that the security discourse used by Calderón differs much from that of his successor, Peña Nieto. Calderón, for example, uses more metaphors and discursive tactics against organized crime. This study also concludes that there are both similarities and differences between the security strategies of the two.

  • 2129.
    Östberg, Wilhelm
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Sluttande plan för Lööf2018In: Dagens ETC, ISSN 1652-8980Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2130.
    Österberg, Chriss
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Talent Management: Möjlighet eller hot? Sett ur HR-anställdas perspektiv.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to contribute with new knowledge of  how Talent Management can be seen as a an opportunity or threat for organizational development, concerning competence, on the basis of HR. The research questions asked are: Out of wich aspects can Talent Management be seen as an opportunity or threat on the basis of HR-employees? How can it affect the work of HR? To answer these questions qualitative interviews with five employees within HR from four different companies has been executed. The essay has been investigated on the basis of an explorative aim and with a qualitative method. The empirical results has indicated common themes such as director support, HRs view of Talent Management, HRs development and shifts of generations. Talent Management can be seen as a possibility for employees within HR to work with comtemporary HR-questions and for them to secure key competence for thier companies. Talent Management can be seen as a threat against HRs own development, since their mian focus is to develop others. The support from directors and management and their influence on the work of HR and HRs oportunity to development need to be examined in a future, more extensive, study.

  • 2131.
    Österholm, Maria Margareta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Rainbow coloured dots and rebellious old ladies: The gurlesque in two contemporary Swedish comic books2018In: The European Journal of Women's Studies, ISSN 1350-5068, E-ISSN 1461-7420, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 371-383Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The term gurlesque refers to an aesthetics that mixes feminism, femininity, the grotesque and the cute. This article explores how contemporary Swedish feminist comic books do gurlesque theory with the aim of contributing to the theoretical conversation about feminine aesthetics and gurlesque. The study focuses on two contemporary Swedish comic books, Jag ar din flickvan nu (I Am Your Girlfriend Now) (2006) by Nina Hemmingsson and Allt kommer bli bra (Everything Will Be Fine) (2013) by Lisa Ewald. The article views gurlesque as a queer aesthetics, as a form of wilful misinterpretation and taunting of perceptions of femininity. The word gurlesque draws from the word girl', and questions the connection between girlhood and young age from a queer perspective. Although the gurlesque is rooted in images of girlhood, it has the potential to grasp femininities of all ages.

  • 2132.
    Österholm, Maria Margareta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies. Uppsala university.
    Skrubben. Skrivandets skeva utrymmen2012In: Queera läsningar: [litteraturvetenskap möter queerteori] / [ed] Ann-Sofie Lönngren, Katri Kivilaakso, Rita Paqvalén, Hägersten: Rosenlarv förlag , 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2133.
    Österholm, Maria Margareta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    The Song of the Marsh Queen: Gurlesque and Queer Desire in Monika Fagerholm's novels The American Girl and The Glitter Scene2016In: Novel Districts: Critical Readings of Monika Fagerholm / [ed] Kristina Malmio, Mia Österlund, Helsinki: Finnish Literature Society , 2016, p. 99-116Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2134.
    Österholm, Maria Margareta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Världens äckligaste prinsesskalas: om ett gurleskt flickrum i samtidslitteraturen2013In: Flicktion : perspektiv på flickan i fiktionen / [ed] Eva Söderberg, Mia Österlund, Bodil Formark, Malmö: Universus Press, 2013, p. 105-119Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2135.
    Östlund, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    A knower and friend of human beings, not machines: The business career of the terminology of social engineering, 1894-19102007In: Ideas in History, ISSN 1890-1832, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 43-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The terminology of ‘social engineers’ and ‘social engineering’ has been used in divergent ways in different historical contexts. Against the backdrop of the predominantly negative usages of recent decades, not least in critical evaluations of the Swedish welfare state, this article brings out the application that originally turned the terms into common goods. The business career of the expressions started in 1894 with an essay by the relatively radical Dutch industrialist J. C. Van Marken, and received its last major impetus in a book by the moderate American social reformer W. H. Tolman in 1909 (in French 1910). The main idea was that there was a parallel function to fill, alongside that of technical expertise, within modern industry. Dealing with human beings, solving problems within (and perhaps around) the workplace, was just as important for private companies as handling materials and machinery, not least in terms of efficiency and profitability due to motivation and loyalty among the workers. Van Marken’s and Tolman’s approaches are compared, mirroring the encounter between social reform and business management within ‘the labour question’ of the era. The functional parallel introduced by them, stressing the non-technical nature of the social engineer’s professional qualifications, including the talents of the diplomat, is also contrasted with the original version of the usages revolving around the machine metaphor (still the conceptual core in latter-day pejorative applications of the terminology), which was popularized as a positively-charged rhetorical tool in a religious context in 1911.

  • 2136.
    Östlund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Femininitet, sexualitet, kropp och makt: En semiotisk bildanalys av Kim Kardashian Wests selfies på Instagram2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen syftar till att undersöka hur Kim Kardashian West porträtterar sig själv i sina selfies och porträtt på sitt Instagramkonto. Fokus ligger på att undersöka detta utifrån maktaxlarna kön och sexualitet och hur hon iscensätter dessa i sina bilder. En av frågeställningarna som uppsatsen syftar till att besvara är hur hennes selfies och porträtt kan tolkas i relation till femininitet, sexualitet, kropp och makt. En annan frågeställning syftar till att besvara huruvida selfien som fenomen är sexistisk och objektifierande, eller om den är ett uttryck för självbestämmande över ens kropp.

    Materialet som används för att besvara frågeställningarna är fyra bilder som Kim Kardashian West har lagt upp på sitt Instagramkonto. Två av dessa är selfies och två är porträtt. Tre av bilderna föreställer Kim Kardashian West lättklädd och sexuellt poserande. En av bilderna porträtterar henne i ett entreprenörssammanhang. Uppsatsen utgår från flera teoretiska ramverk, exempelvis Erikssons och Göthlunds redogörelse för teoribildningen om hur kvinnokroppen har porträtterats genom tiderna och Mulveys teori om ”the male gaze”. Vidare redogör uppsatsen för tidigare forskning om bland annat selfies och porträtt och vikten av att ha ett personligt varumärke i en tid av medialisering och kändiskultur.

    Analysen baseras på en semiotisk bildanalys uppdelad i två olika nivåer, denotativ och konnotativ, på alla fyra bilder. Efter analysen följer en avslutande diskussion som återkopplar till frågeställningarna och drar slutsatser kring dessa. Resultatet pekar på att selfien är ett komplext fenomen. Trots att Kim Kardashian Wests selfies ofta anspelar heteronormativa ideal kring sexualitet och den kvinnliga kroppen, så kan selfien likväl tolkas som ett uttryck för självbestämmande som ett uttryck för sexism och objektifiering.

    Nyckelord: Kim Kardashian West, Instagram, selfie, sociala medier, kändiskultur, the male gaze, kvinnokroppen, femininitet, performativitet, objektifiering.

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