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  • 2101.
    Tornhill, Sofie
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap.
    A bulletin board of dreams: corporate empowerment promotion and feminist implications2016Ingår i: International feminist journal of politics, ISSN 1461-6742, E-ISSN 1468-4470, Vol. 18, nr 4, s. 528-543Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the premises of corporate solutions to gender inequality in the Global South. In feminist debates, businesses' increasing emphasis on women's empowerment has been discussed both in terms of increasing feminist impact and the co-optation of feminist demands. To explore the ideological effects of corporate gender practices, focus is placed on the Coca-Cola Company's global 5by20 campaign, which has the stated aim to empower five million women as small-scale entrepreneurs around the world and, in a win-win fashion, to double sales by 2020. Based on interviews and participatory observations in Mexico, this article traces a particular narrative of empowerment, envisioned as a transition from dependency to self-sufficiency and threatened by psychological and cultural restraints rather than material conditions. It shows that self-help and positive thinking are essential affective drives, thus reinforcing market-based, individualized development strategies. In response to feminist debates, the article concludes that corporate gender practices can be seen as part of a neoliberal transposition of equality concerns from a political to an economic domain. In effect, when initiatives such as 5by20 promote the accumulation of human capital to enhance gender equality, they simultaneously work to legitimize the inequalities that are necessarily entailed in competitive capitalism.

  • 2102.
    Tornhill, Sofie
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap.
    Gender Equality Incorporated?: Coca-Cola’s and Wal-Mart’s Initiatives for Female Empowerment in Mexico2015Ingår i: Institutionalizing gender equality: historical and global perspectives / [ed] Yulia Gradskova and Sara K. Sanders, Lexington Books, 2015, s. 127-148Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2103.
    Tornhill, Sofie
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Globala produktionsmönster och det "nya" proletariatet2013Ingår i: Internationella relationer: könskritiska perspektiv / [ed] Paulina de los Reyes, Maud Eduards, Fia Sundevall, Stockholm: Liber, 2013, s. 50-65Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2104.
    Tornhill, Sofie
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Pursuing Feminist Radicality2011Ingår i: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 19, nr 3, s. 205-209Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2105.
    Tornhill, Sofie
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Tid och otid: den koloniala destruktionen som modernitetens spegelbild2012Ingår i: Fronesis, ISSN 1404-2614, nr 38-39Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 2106.
    Tornhill, Sofie
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Upp till kamp: socialistisk feminism och Flickorna i Dagenham2014Ingår i: Feminism i rörliga bilder / [ed] Katharina Tollin & Maria Törnqvist, Stockholm: Liber, 2014, 2, s. 86-115Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2107.
    Tornhill, Sofie
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap.
    Brännström, Leila
    Wendy Brown och den radikala politikens subjekt2015Ingår i: Samtida politisk teori / [ed] Stefan Jonsson, Stockholm: Tankekraft , 2015Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2108.
    Torrents, Pau
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Farmers' participation in conservation of rural landscapes: A case study of the Menorca Biosphere Reserve (Spain)2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 40 poäng / 60 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In an European context of agricultural land abandonment, the role of the farming community as landscape stewards is crucial for maintaining the rural landscape as well as the ecosystem services provided by this landscape. Such stewardship is studied here by assessing the participation of the farming community in the management of Menorca Biosphere Reserve, a small Mediterranean island with very well conserved and rich rural landscape which is not escaping this tendency of land abandonment. A survey of 41 farms and interviews with 15 stakeholders were performed in order to assess the role of the farming community in participatory management processes and the effectiveness of the Menorca Biosphere Reserve Agency (MBRA) in facilitating their participation.The results show that the participatory activities of the MBRA are effective and highly valued by participating stakeholders but could be improved by: 1) engaging non-associated farmers and traditional farmers in the MBRA activities 2) finding a consensual and long-term solution on issues related to the access to private rural land 3) providing rapid feedback to participants after meetings and 4) transforming the MBRA structure in order to deal with changes and an uncertain future. Failing to do this could illegitimate further participatory activities, erode trust among stakeholders and alienate the farming community and the society, thereby affecting the maintenance of the rural landscape.This case study highlights the importance of appropriate management structure for adaptive co-management to benefit from the participation of stakeholders in general and farmers in particular. The findings should be of interest to managers, scholars and practitioners using adaptive co-management approaches to manage complex social-ecological systems such as rural, cultural landscapes.

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  • 2109.
    Tostensen, A
    et al.
    Chr. Michelsen Institute, Bergen.
    Stokke, H
    Chr. Michelsen Institute, Bergen.
    Trygged, Sven
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Means, modes and methods: donor support strategies for child rights in Kenya2013Ingår i: Human rights and development in the new millennium: towards a theory of change / [ed] Paul Gready and Wouter Vandenhole, London and New York: Routledge, 2013, 1, s. 70-89Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2110. Tragårdh, Karin
    et al.
    Nilsson, Thomas
    Granath, Sven
    Sturup, Joakim
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    A Time Trend Study of Swedish Male and Female Homicide Offenders from 1990 to 20102016Ingår i: International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, ISSN 1499-9013, E-ISSN 1932-9903, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 125-135Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Homicide committed by female offenders is an understudied phenomenon. This study examines whether incidence rates of male-perpetrated and female-perpetrated homicide have changed from 1990 to 2010, and investigates similarities and differences between male and female homicide offenders, by examining a dataset comprising all cases of homicide in Sweden (N = 1,570). The results indicate a decline in the incidence of both male-perpetrated and female-perpetrated homicide during the observed period, as well as stable proportions of female offenders. There were also pronounced differences between male and female homicide offenders with adult victims: victims of female offenders were more often male, intimate partners, intoxicated at the time of the offense, and killed by sharp force injuries. Previous violence between victim and offender was also more common in cases with female offenders, and they committed homicide-suicide less often. There were less pronounced differences between male and female homicide offenders with child victims, but female offenders more often used asphyxia and less often had previous convictions. It can be concluded that incidence rates for male-perpetrated and female-perpetrated homicide have decreased in Sweden, and that male and female offenders with child victims are more similar than male and female offenders with adult victims.

  • 2111.
    Trevisan, Caterina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om äldre och åldrande (ARC), (tills m KI). University of Padova, Italy.
    Grande, Giulia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om äldre och åldrande (ARC), (tills m KI).
    Vetrano, Davide Liborio
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om äldre och åldrande (ARC), (tills m KI). University of Rome, Italy.
    Maggi, Stefania
    Sergi, Giuseppe
    Welmer, Anna-Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om äldre och åldrande (ARC), (tills m KI). Stockholm Gerontology Research Center, Sweden; Karolinska Institutet, Sweden; Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Rizzuto, Debora
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om äldre och åldrande (ARC), (tills m KI).
    Gender Differences in the Relationship Between Marital Status and the Development of Frailty: A Swedish Longitudinal Population-Based Study2020Ingår i: Journal of Women's Health, ISSN 1540-9996, E-ISSN 1931-843XArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The gender-specific role of marital status for the development of frailty has not been clarified. This study evaluates the gender differences in the association between marital status and frailty development, and the possible modifying effect by age cohort in such a relationship. Methods: The sample included 2179 community-dwelling older adults involved in the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care in Kungsholmen, followed up for 6 years. Participants stable in marital status over time were categorized as partnered, widowed, single, and divorced. Changes were classified as losing one's partner and gaining a partner. Frailty was defined as the presence of three or more criteria among: weight loss, low physical activity, slow walking speed, weakness, and exhaustion. The association between marital status and frailty, with death as an alternative outcome and controlling for confounders, was estimated with multinomial logistic regressions. Results: Men who remained single (odds ratio [OR] = 2.50, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.05 - 5.98) and those who lost their partner (OR = 2.59, 95% CI 1.16 - 5.77) had higher odds of frailty than those with a partner. The OR differed between younger (60-80 years) and older (>= 81 years) women (p-(interaction) = 0.04). The youngest women who remained divorced had a higher risk of frailty (OR = 2.75, 95% CI 1.24 - 6.08) than those who still had a partner. Conversely, older women who lost their partner had 80% (95% CI 0.05-0.86) lower odds of frailty than those with a partner. Conclusions: Marital status can influence frailty development differently for women and men. This gender-specific influence may vary by age cohort, perhaps in response to sociocultural factors.

  • 2112. Trondman, Mats
    et al.
    Lund, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Slutord: En vetenskap om barn och ungdom – karaktär och elementära former2018Ingår i: Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap: Grundläggande perspektiv / [ed] Thomas Johansson, Emma Sorbring, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, s. 653-668Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2113.
    Trygg, Kristina
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Kunskapsarbetarnas geografi2014Ingår i: Geografiska Notiser, ISSN 0016-724X, Vol. 2, nr 72, s. 81-95Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2114.
    Tsoukalas, Ioannis
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Socialantropologiska institutionen.
    Apprentice Cosmopolitans: Social identity, community, and learning among ERASMUS exchange students2019Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The present dissertation is an ethnographic study of the Erasmus Programme, the European Union’s student exchange programme. This programme has, for the last three decades, resulted in an unprecedented exchange of ideas and people within the European Union, and it has quite radically changed the conditions for, and the appearance of, student life in many European universities. Over the years the community has developed a distinctive lifestyle, replete with partying and travel, and is characterized by a strong social cohesion and exclusive ethos.  Empirically the study is a multi-local field study involving participant observation and interviews in two European capitals, namely Stockholm and Athens. Both present and former Erasmus students have been included in the study and were followed for an extended period of time. The study takes a close look at some of the experiential and social processes of the ‘Erasmus lifestyle’ and tries to understand them in the light of wider cultural and political processes such as the European unification process, cosmopolitanism, youth culture, and tourism. In the process it surveys part of the programme’s political history, local configuration, social dynamics, communication practices and global interfaces. According to the present thesis, the Erasmus Programme can be seen as a learning apprenticeship through which the young students gain entrance to and get valuable training in the reality of living in an increasingly interconnected world. The strong experiences engendered by the programme, both emotionally and cognitively, lead to a transformation in the student’s self-perception, social representations and social identity. For some students the programme leads to a drastic reconfiguring of their social networks and extant allegiances (e.g., towards their nation, culture), prompting them, after the end of their sojourn, to explore new venues in terms of career development, family life, and place of residence. Although the students do not seem to integrate with the host country to any significant degree, their extended experience of transnational mobility and their first-hand acquaintance with cultural diversity within the group encourages them to develop a more cosmopolitan outlook on the world and their place within it.

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  • 2115.
    Tucker, Philip
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stressforskningsinstitutet. Swansea University, UK.
    Byrne, A.
    The tiring anaesthetist2014Ingår i: Anaesthesia, ISSN 0003-2409, E-ISSN 1365-2044, Vol. 69, nr 1, s. 6-9Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2116.
    Tuckey, Aaron
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Operationalising transformation theories: Exploring the transformative potential of social-ecological initiatives through qualitative comparative analysis across cases2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 40 poäng / 60 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Achieving sustainability in the Anthropocene requires radical changes to how human societies operate and interact with the environment. The Seeds of Good Anthropocenes (SOGA) project has identified a diverse set of existing initiatives - called “seeds”- that are suggested to have the potential to catalyse transformations towards more sustainable pathways.

    However, there is limited existing empirical testing, especially across arrays of cases, to identify the factors and conditions that can lead to successful sustainability transformations. Furthermore, transformations research has focused largely on northern contexts. I seek to address this gap through a comparative analysis of cases, using African-related social-ecological seeds as an initial piloting inquiry, to explore which factors may aid transformative potential.

    To this end, a subset of eight potentially transformative and eight potentially non-transformative African seeds were selected, from the SOGA database. Transformative potential was classified based on seeds’ international recognition and signals of the amplification of their impact according to expert review. Building on a review of existing theoretical and empirical research, I developed a theoretical framework for assessments of the transformative potential of innovative social-ecological initiatives according to seeds’ (1) learning practices, (2) empowerment and (3) networking.

    Finally, I applied this framework (including 21 questions) to the selected seeds, coding the presence or absence of these factors using secondary and publicly available data and conducting qualitative comparative analysis (QCA). This revealed the emergence of networking as a key feature amongst potentially transformative seeds. My results suggest the feasibility of my approach in assessing transformative potential using QCA. Moving forward, I recommend testing if including additional data sources and methods sheds more light on my remaining transformative categories emerging amongst the potentially transformative seeds.

    Key words: seeds, transformation potential, qualitative comparative analysis.

  • 2117.
    Törnqvist, Nina
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Att göra rätt: En studie om professionell respektabilitet, emotioner och narrativa linjer bland relationsvåldsspecialiserade åklagare2017Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I likhet med många andra länder har våld i nära relation, sexuellt våld och våld mot barn uppmärksammats mer och mer i Sverige de senaste fem decennierna. I takt med att kunskapen om våld i nära relation har ökat har det också vuxit fram en kritik mot brister inom rättsväsendet, i synnerhet när det gäller att ge skydd och upprättelse till de som utsätts för dessa former av våld. Genom denna utveckling ställs det idag andra krav på de rättsliga aktörerna gällande kunskap och bemötande. Syftet med denna avhandling är att utforska hur relationsvåldsspecialiserade åklagare förhandlar om sina professionella identiteter i relation till de förändrade diskurserna om professionalitet inom rättsväsendet.

    Studien bygger på kvalitativa intervjuer med 32 relationsvåldsspecialiserade åklagare på åtta åklagarkammare runt om i Sverige. Utifrån en narrativ och emotionsteoretisk ansats belyser avhandlingen hur dessa åklagare iscensätter en respektabel professionalitet i relation till möten med målsägande, tilltalade och rättsliga aktörer samt i relation till särskilda arbetsuppgifter, så som att leda förundersökningar, fatta beslut om åtal samt vara part i rätten. Avhandlingen synliggör de normativa motsättningar och spänningar som åklagarna upplever och hanterar i sitt arbete. I sina narrativ rör de sig mellan, och förenar, positioneringar kring objektivitet-engagemang, rationalitet-magkänsla, skepticism-lyhördhet, auktoritet-ödmjukhet, distans-närhet och iscensätter på detta sätt en komplex professionell respektabilitet.

    En av avhandlingens centrala slutsatser är att den professionella respektabiliteten iscensätts genom en prövande och ambivalent hållning till den auktoritet och makt som arbetet bygger på. Genom berättelser om tvivel och maktlöshet, snarare än genom berättelser om ofelbarhet och autonomi, konstrueras professionalitet som ett lärande, reflexivt projekt. Inom en professionell kontext där känslor kan anses vara särskilt nedtystade, bidrar analysen av åklagarnas tal om emotioner med ett viktigt perspektiv. Analysen visar att tal om känslor tänjer den diskursiva uppdelningen mellan ett professionellt respektive ett privat jag och fungerar som ett narrativt element som både bekräftar och utmanar gränserna för den professionella respektabiliteten.

    Som helhet, bidrar avhandlingen till det kriminologiska forskningsfältet i de nordiska länderna genom att synliggöra en central rättslig aktör, åklagare, och bidrar till fältet om våld i nära relationer genom att belysa varför strukturer och praktiker som har kritiserats under så lång tid består men också hur de kan förändras.

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  • 2118.
    Törrönen, Jukka
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Using vignettes in qualitative interviews as clues, microcosms or provokers2018Ingår i: Qualitative research journal, ISSN 1443-9883, Vol. 18, nr 3, s. 276-286Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - Recent studies have introduced new productive theoretical orientations to the vignette studies. There is not, however, sufficient analytical discussion on how the vignettes can be used in qualitative interviews for different functions. The paper aims to discuss this issue.

    Design/methodology/approach - Whatever theoretical framing the researcher decides to apply in qualitative interviews using vignettes, the paper proposes that it is always important to consider in what way the chosen vignettes refer to the object under examination, whether they represent it as clues (metonyms, symptoms, enigmatic traces), as microcosms (icons, metaphors, totems, ideal types, homologies) or as provokers (anomalies, taboos, controversies).

    Findings - When vignettes are used as clues in interviews, they can be introduced as puzzling traces, tracks or indexes which together with the interview questions carry out the interviewees to metonymic reasoning. When vignettes are used in interviews as microcosms, the interview questions are built so that they encourage the interviewees to consider the vignettes as icons that mimic reality or realities, their actors, situations, acts, events and processes. And when vignettes are used as provokers, they are selected and produced so that they challenge the forms, boundaries, meanings and habits of the well-known and plausible realities of the interviewees.

    Originality/value - The paper demonstrates with examples how vignettes function in the interviews as clues, microcosms or provokers and shows why it is important to pay attention to this.

  • 2119.
    Törrönen, Jukka
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Rolando, Sara
    Beccaria, Franca
    Masculinities and femininities of drinking in Finland, Italy and Sweden: Doing, modifying and unlinking gender in relation to different drinking places2017Ingår i: Geoforum, ISSN 0016-7185, E-ISSN 1872-9398, Vol. 82, s. 131-140Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we analyze how Finnish, Italian and Swedish men and women are doing, modifying and unlinking gender in relation to different drinking places and situations. In the study, Finland and Sweden represent the Nordic intoxication-oriented drinking cultures, whereas Italy, in turn, represents the Mediterranean meal drinking cultures. The data were collected in a similar way in Finland, Italy and Sweden from 2007 to 2010, covering four different age groups. From each country at least eight male and eight female groups were selected, i.e. two male and two female groups from each age group, one representing higher and the other lower social status professions. All focus groups were asked to interpret a set of pictures representing different kinds of drinking places and situations, such as a couple's moderate wine drinking at a sidewalk table, heavy drinking among men in a bus, and playful drinking among women while dancing. In the analysis we emphasize the flexibility of doing gender and the possibility of challenging conventional gender performances. We assume that doing gender is a multi-dimensional process mediated by structures, hierarchies, identities, situations and agency. Our analysis presents a mosaic repertoire of masculinities and femininities that change shape depending on how the place is seen in terms of a drinking space or situation. The masculinities and femininities are not reducible to any single hierarchy of dominant and subordinate masculinities and femininities. Rather, the doing, modifying and unlinking of masculinities and femininities vary by geographical area, age and/or education, as well as by drinking situation.

  • 2120.
    Törrönen, Jukka
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Roumeliotis, Filip
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Juomisen maskuliinisuudet suomalais- ja ruotsalaisryhmien kuvaamina2013Ingår i: Yhteiskuntapolitiikka, ISSN 1455-6901, Vol. 78, nr 1, s. 35-49Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Drinking masculinities as described in Finnish and Swedish group interviews

    This article works from the assumption that women’s emancipation, increased alcohol use and appearance on traditionally male-dominated drinking scenes in the Nordic countries have combined to challenge the masculine hegemony of drinking and brought greater diversity to gendered drinking styles and in general added to the complexity of the phenomenon. The assumption regarding the diversification of drinking styles is tested in the light of data collected in focus group interviews. The aim is to find out what kinds of drinking masculinities are constructed by Finnish (N=16) and Swedish (N=19) informants in different age groups as they discuss different drinking styles that they consider culturally possible for men and women in different situations.

  • 2121.
    Uggla, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Apéndice. Tesis doctorales suecas sobre América Latina, 2000-20152016Ingår i: Pensamiento social sueco sobre América Latina / [ed] Maria-Therese Gustafsson, Fredrik Uggla, Buenos Aires: CLACSO , 2016, s. 297-305Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2122.
    Uggla, Fredrik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen, Latinamerikainstitutet.
    Gustafsson, Maria-Therese
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Introducción2016Ingår i: Pensamiento social sueco sobre América Latina, Buenos Aires: CLACSO , 2016, s. 9-27Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2123.
    Underwood, William
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Juridiska fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen.
    Bisarya, Sumit
    Zulueta-Fülscher, Kimana
    Interactions between Elections and Constitution-Building Processes in Fragile and Conflict-affected States: Fourth Edinburgh Dialogue on Post-Conflict Constitution-Building, 20172018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    On 4–5 December 2017 International IDEA—together with the Edinburgh Centre for Constitutional Law, the Global Justice Academy and the Political Settlements Research Programme at the University of Edinburgh hosted the fourth Edinburgh Dialogue on postconflict constitution-building. The Edinburgh Dialogue is an annual event that brings together experts and practitioners from the fields of constitution-building, conflict resolution and mediation to advance research on a specific issue in post-conflict constitution-building. The topic of this year’s Edinburgh Dialogue was ‘The Quest for Legitimate Stability: Understanding the Interactions between Elections and Constitutions in Fragile and Conflict-affected State Transitions’.

  • 2124. Urquia, Marcelo L.
    et al.
    Janevic, Teresa
    Hjern, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om ojämlikhet i hälsa (CHESS).
    Smoking during pregnancy among immigrants to Sweden, 1992-2008: the effects of secular trends and time since migration2014Ingår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 122-127Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Smoking during pregnancy has been declining in the past decades in high-income countries, including Sweden. Paradoxically, increasing trends associated with duration of residence have been reported among immigrants. We aimed to clarify how these two contrasting trends have shaped smoking patterns among immigrants. Methods: We conducted a population-based study of 1 598 433 pregnancies in Sweden in the period 1992–2008. We used multinomial logistic regression to estimate the odds of mild and heavy smoking relative to no smoking associated with year of delivery, years since migration, maternal region of birth and their interaction, after controlling for potential confounders. Results: The prevalence of smoking decreased for the Swedish-born and for immigrants during the study period. Among immigrants, duration of residence was independently associated with increases in smoking and varied according to maternal region of birth (P-value for interaction <0.001). The odds ratio associated with a 10-year increase in duration of residence was weakest for mild smoking among former Yugoslav women (adjusted odds ratio; 95% confidence interval: 1.10; 1.04–1.17) and those from other Nordic countries (1.22; 1.17–1.26) and strongest for heavy smoking among East African (4.46; 3.23–6.16) and sub-Saharan African (3.56; 2.68–4.72) women. The association between duration of residence and smoking was attenuated after stratifying by cohorts of arrival among European but not among non-European immigrants. Conclusions: Declines in smoking during pregnancy among immigrants from various regions of the world were differentially affected by opposite increasing trends throughout their residence in Sweden.

  • 2125.
    van Baalen, Sebastian
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Mobjörk, Malin
    Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.
    A coming anarchy?: Pathways from climate change to violent conflict in East Africa2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The warming of the climate system is unequivocal according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and will have a strong impact on the security of humans and states alike. In the past half-century the climate system has changed in unprecedented ways and future climate change and variability will include long-lasting alterations to all components of the climate system. With the warming of the climate system and the recognition of the implications that this has for the availability and quality of renewable natural resources, scholars and policy-makers fear that the impacts of climate change will also increase the risk of violent conflict and affect their dynamics. However, despite the rather large amount of studies in the field, scholars have yet to move beyond a number of interesting patterns to establish results that remain robust across studies. While this is partly a reflection of the inherent challenge of observing links between uncertain structural factors such as climate change and rare social outcomes such as violent conflict, the field has also been repeatedly criticised for a lack of sound theoretical development. This has been exacerbated by the practice of excluding qualitative research from state of the art reviews. The purpose of this report is to fill this gap by contributing to a better theoretical understanding of the linkages between climate change and violent conflict through consulting the combined quantitative-qualitative literature.

    In this report, we seek to answer the question of how, and under what circumstances, climate change influences the risk of violent conflict in East Africa. We specifically focus on the pathways to violence – explanations that link various phenomena – in this case climate change and variability, and violent conflict – through a continuous and contiguous chain of links. We explore the research question through a systematic review of the climate- conflict literature on East Africa, hence obtaining a manageable amount of relevant studies and ensuring some minimal cross-study comparability. East Africa was chosen because of the frequency of violent conflict in the region, its high livelihood dependence on natural resources, high levels of poverty and limited capacity for climate change adaptation. The region is also especially relevant from a Swedish policy perspective, since Sweden has considerable development cooperation engagements in East Africa, for example in assisting climate change adaptation and peacebuilding. The present analysis builds on 44 peer-reviewed articles published between 1989-2015 that examine the relationship between climate-related

    v

    environmental change and violent conflict. By focusing on climate-related environmental change, that is a change in biophysical conditions that are or will be affected by a change in the state of the climate or by variations in the mean state of the climate, we widened our analysis beyond climate change to encompass both short- and long-term environmental change.

    The analysis is summarised in a conceptual framework that identifies five types of pathways from climate-related environmental change to violent conflict in East Africa. In particular, the negative impact of climate-related environmental change on the availability of natural resources can lead to conflict by worsening livelihood conditions, by increasing migration or by changing pastoral mobility patterns. Taken together, these three types of pathways lead to or exacerbate local resource conflicts that sometimes turn violent. Weather conditions and climate variability can also affect the tactical considerations of armed groups and hence contribute to intensified fighting during certain periods. Finally, the analysis shows that local resource conflicts are susceptible to elite exploitation that often significantly increases the risk and intensity of violent conflict. This highlights the critical role of political and economic elites in explaining how local resource conflicts relate to larger processes of civil war, ethnic cleansing and insecurity.

    In the discussion, we deepen the analysis by underlining three critical dimensions inherent in the literature: the temporal, spatial and political dimensions. First, the analysis shows that it is essential to reflect on the temporal dimensions of a climate-conflict link, both with regard to temporal scale of the environmental change in question and the expected time lag from that change to the outbreak of violent conflict. There is no reason to believe that all climate-related environmental changes at different time scales generate the same social outcomes. The bulk of the quantitative literature on East Africa measures conflict onset or intensity as an immediate reaction to climate variability, thus studying the implications of climate variability rather than of climate change. To capture the full spectrum, investigations of a climate-conflict link also need to consider the implications of long-term changes in altered livelihood conditions and rapid- onset disasters such as extreme weather events, as these pose a different kind of challenge for societies to mitigate and respond to. Second, the analysis shows the importance of accounting for the spatial dimension. The impacts of climate-related environmental change are unevenly distributed across space and altered livelihood conditions can offset population movements. There is therefore often no merit in assuming that climate-related environmental change will lead to violence in a certain area without considering how people move between areas characterised by resource scarcity and resource abundance. Third, the analysis emphasises that climate-related environmental change and violent conflict cannot be

    vi

    understood in an apolitical vacuum, since socio-political processes affect the relative distribution of natural resources, the adaptive capacity of individuals, groups and societies, and the risk of violent conflict. For example, absent, corrupt or non-functional political institutions often increase the risk of local resource conflicts turning violent. Thus, while climate-related environmental change in itself has not precipitated an East African anarchy so far, it has already played a role in the dynamics of violent conflict and will probably continue to do so, even though the consequences are ultimately mediated by human behaviour.

    Regarding the implications for policy and future research, three strands of policy implications follow from the analysis. First, since a central claim in the literature is that worsening livelihood conditions make people more likely to engage in violence, efforts that mitigate the impact of climate- related environmental change and that build resilience may also contribute to resilience to violent conflicts. Examples include weather insurance schemes and improved access to markets for pastoralists, income diversification and efforts that improve livelihood conditions. Second, movements across space are a crucial adaptation mechanism for populations affected by climate- related environmental change, particularly for pastoralist groups. This means that efforts that enable and support adaptation to population movements may increase both human security and lower the risk of violent conflict. One example relates to efforts that enable pastoral mobility while providing channels to solve resulting conflicts between pastoralists and farmers. Finally, the analysis shows that institutions, both formal and informal, are crucial for mediating conflicts. Since most communities already have some conflict resolution mechanisms, outside actors should focus on how such local knowledge can be adapted to meet new demands and increased pressure, rather than trying to introduce entirely new mechanisms. Future scholarship should examine the challenges relating to the temporal and spatial dimensions of climate-conflict research by studying the impacts of long-term environmental change rather than climate variability and by accounting for how populations move across space. Future research should also seek to improve data quality, while considering the importance of matching data and methods with the underlying theoretical expectations. 

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  • 2126. Van der Merwe, Susara E.
    et al.
    Biggs, Reinette
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
    Preiser, Rika
    Cunningham, Charmaine
    Snowden, David J.
    O'Brien, Karen
    Jenal, Marcus
    Vosloo, Marietjie
    Blignaut, Sonja
    Goh, Zhen
    Making Sense of Complexity: Using SenseMaker as a Research Tool2019Ingår i: Systems, ISSN 2079-8954, Vol. 7, nr 2, artikel-id 25Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There is growing interest in studying processes of human sensemaking, as this strongly influences human and organizational behavior as well as complex system dynamics due to the diverse lenses people use to interpret and act in the world. The Cognitive Edge SenseMaker((R)) tool is one method for capturing and making sense of people's attitudes, perceptions, and experiences. It is used for monitoring and evaluation; mapping ideas, mind-sets, and attitudes; and detecting trends and weak signals. However, academic literature describing the tool-set and method is lacking. This introduction aims to guide researchers in choosing when to use SenseMaker and to facilitate understanding of its execution and limitations. SenseMaker can provide nuanced insight into system-level patterns of human sensemaking that can provide insight to nudge systems towards more desirable futures, and enable researchers to measure beyond what they know.

  • 2127.
    Van der Velde, Lode
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Missing links in the genesis of type 1 diabetes: A geographical approach to the case of enteroviruses in the Nordic region2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease that destroys the bodies’ insulin producing beta-cells. The disease is understood to be triggered in genetically susceptible individuals by environmental factors. While the genetic side of the etiological model has to some degree been uncovered, there is no clear understanding of which environmental factors play a role in the disease process. Several hypotheses claim to explain the development of T1D, of which enteroviral infections show the most promise. According to this hypothesis high prevalence of enteroviral infections would also mean high incidence rates of T1D. This study focused on four Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden) that as late as 2017 were found in the top 10 countries for incidence rate of childhood-onset T1D in the world. Incidence rates of T1D and prevalence of enteroviruses were mapped and geographically analyzed according to the principles of spatial epidemiology, after which correlation coefficients were calculated. In doing so the study tried to answer to which extent the prevalence of enteroviruses could explain the regional variations in T1D. For all countries no significant correlation was found, but increasing sample size, by grouping countries, showed considerably different outcomes with a small positive correlation in the case of Norway and Finland.

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  • 2128. Vedaa, Øystein
    et al.
    Harris, Anette
    Bjorvatn, Bjørn
    Waage, Siri
    Sivertsen, Børge
    Tucker, Philip
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stressforskningsinstitutet. Swansea University, UK.
    Pallesen, Ståle
    Systematic review of the relationship between quick returns in rotating shift work and health-related outcomes2016Ingår i: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 59, nr 1, s. 1-14Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A systematic literature search was carried out to investigate the relationship between quick returns (i.e. 11.0 hours or less between two consecutive shifts) and outcome measures of health, sleep, functional ability and work-life balance. A total of 22 studies published in 21 articles were included. Three types of quick returns were differentiated (from evening to morning/day, night to evening, morning/day to night shifts) where sleep duration and sleepiness appeared to be differently affected depending on which shifts the quick returns occurred between. There were some indications of detrimental effects of quick returns on proximate problems (e.g. sleep, sleepiness and fatigue), although the evidence of associations with more chronic outcome measures (physical and mental health and work-life balance) was inconclusive. Practitioner Summary: Modern societies are dependent on people working shifts. This study systematically reviews literature on the consequences of quick returns (11.0 hours or less between two shifts). Quick returns have detrimental effects on acute health problems. However, the evidence regarding effects on chronic health is inconclusive.

  • 2129.
    Vehmas, Simo
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Specialpedagogiska institutionen.
    Riddle, Christopher A.
    What can philosophy tell us about disability?2020Ingår i: Routledge handbook of disability studies / [ed] Nick Watson, Simo Vehmas, London: Routledge, 2020, 2, s. 348-361Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 2130.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om internationell migration och etniska relationer (CEIFO).
    A Feminist Sustainable Development: In Between Politics of Emotion, Intersectionality and Feminist Alliances2008Ingår i: Thinking with Beverley Skeggs, Centrum för genusstudier, Stockholm universitet , 2008, s. 95-103Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 2131.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om internationell migration och etniska relationer (CEIFO).
    Barrio Nuevo Barrio Tricolor: Popular Urban Planning in La Cruz, Bucaral, Barrio Nuevo & Bello Campo2011Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This video is devoted to show the way in which popular urban planning works with the program Barrio Nuevo Barrio Tricolor in the popular districs of Barrio Nuevo, Bucaral, Bello Campo and La Cruz, in the municipality of Chacao, State of Miranda, Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela.In the video the participants explain the way in which they perceive the ambitions of the housing program from a participatory and communitarian perspective. There are examples of the complementary division of labour among men and women. In the international debate it has been stressed the displacement of politics. In this particular case this displacement implies the way in which new and popular forms of decision making emerges, for example the “Salas de Batalla Socialista”. As in other instances of participation the role of women is crucial to advance the coordination of the work. Along the communicative skills women show astute ways of exploring potentials and using democratic channels to improve the quality of life of the members of the community.Aparts of the Video are discussed in the paper "El feminismo barrial en la construcción de la ciudad y la ciudadanía: Sus movilizaciones, diagnósticos y formas de participación en la planificación en Medellín, Cochabamba y Caracas", Trienal de investigación FAU 2011 - del 6 al 10 de junio de 2011, available from

    http://www.fau.ucv.ve/cd/documentos/cs/CS-22.pdf

  • 2132.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Socialantropologiska institutionen.
    Barrio women's invited and invented spaces against urban elitisation in Chacao, Venezuela2014Ingår i: Antipode, ISSN 0066-4812, E-ISSN 1467-8330, Vol. 46, nr 3, s. 835-856Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Outright victories against urban elitisation are rare in the current urban revolution. This article highlights how urban elitisation is confronted in Chacao, the most elite and urban part of Venezuela. Initially it reviews how this urban elitisation created the main economic, political and military strongholds of the opposition to the Bolivarian revolution. Then, in contesting it, the urban and Bolivarian revolutions feed each other through women's participation in invited and invented spaces of citizenship. From such spaces, Chacao women in their settler's movement organised struggles of insurgent citizenship to stop elitist urban renewal agendas and develop further forms of insurgent urbanism to conduct an urban renewal from below and establish a New Socialist Community for 600 families. They emerged as a revolutionary class to implement Bolivarian policies addressing the inefficiency and opportunism of the bureaucratic state and contesting urban elitisation with an anti-capitalist and anti-imperialist insurgent urbanism.

  • 2133.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusstudier. Centrum för genusstudier.
    Colombia2008Ingår i: Läsarnas Fria tidning, nr 03-13Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Under mars 2008 attackerade den colombianska regeringstyrkor ett läger som Farc-gerillan hade på ecuadoriansk mark. Det visade sig att attacken var ett sätt från den colombianska regeringen att motarbeta de ansträngningar som feministen Piedad Cordoba hade tagit för att få presidenterna i grannländerna Ecuadoe och Venezuela att engageras för att bland annat få Farc-gerillan att släppa Ingrid Betancourt, ordförande i den colombianska miljöpartiet och tillika feminist. Artikkel beskriver en bakgrund till dessa turer.

  • 2134.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusstudier. Centrum för genusstudier.
    Dialog eller förankring: Statliga satsningars oförutsedda konsekvenser på den lokala demokratin2005Ingår i: Statens offentliga utredningar, ISSN 91-38-22488-7, nr 112, s. 79-112Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    I det här kapitelbidrag ger jag några exempel på hur det inom såväl förvaltning som forskning pågår olika maktspel som påverkar förutsättningarna för människors delaktighet i den lokala utvecklingen och bäddar för att de invånare som reformen riktas mot i stället diskrimineras och utesluts från deltagande.

    För att sätta dessa aspekter i relation till en större filosofisk diskussion resonerar jag kring den deliberativa/kommunikativa vändning som kort presenterades i antologins inledningskapitel. Därefter ger jag mig i kast med tre olika aspekter av planeringens och urbanforskningens arbete med medborgarnas delaktighet i planeringen som har diskriminerande innebörder. Dessa aspekter utgör några av de oförutsedda konsekvenser som insatser mot strukturell diskriminering kan ha.

    Den första handlar om att den regionala politiken bär på ett utifrånperspektiv som hindrar lokala krafter från att formulera de åtgärder de anser vara nödvändiga för att främja integrationen av boende på mångkulturella platser, såväl till varandra som till regionen.

    Den andra aspekten handlar om att det, bortom regionalpolitikens utifrånperspektiv, finns en bestämd förankringsrationalitet bland tjänstemännen på lokal nivå. Den vilar på ett förhållningssätt gentemot medborgarna som begränsar tjänstemännens möjligheter att faktiskt etablera en intersubjektiv kommunikation eller dialog med boende.

    Den tredje aspekten handlar om att det, vid sidan av detta utifrånperspektiv och denna förankringsrationalitet, finns en universalistisk forskardiskurs, som prioriterar rationella överväganden framför demokratiska värden. Trots en vilja att värna en mer demokratisk urban planering, i enlighet med den så kallade kommunikativa/deliberativa vändningen, så tenderar denna hållning att bortse från maktdimensionen och hur den gestaltar sig på mångkulturella platser, i möten mellan tjänstemän och invånare. Eftersom en sådan hållning har genomsyrat väsentliga delar av utvärderingen av tjänstemännens arbete med Storstadssatsningen, kan den i sig gjort det svårare för tjänstemännen att bli varse och ta itu med den diskriminerande förankringspraktik de är involverade i.

    Sammanflätningen av dessa tre aspekter har sannolikt bidragit till att flera av intentionerna bakom storstadspolitiken inte har kunnat uppnås som det var tänkt. Politiken har snarare cementerat den diskriminering och exkludering som drabbat – och fortsatt drabbar – invandrade och andra boende på mångkulturella platser.

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  • 2135.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om internationell migration och etniska relationer (CEIFO).
    Feminiserad segregation och metodologisk nationalism: Om hindren för att byta 'integration' mot delaktighet2008Ingår i: Bidrag till konferensen ”Internationell migration – utmaningar och möjligheter”: - CEIFO- Stockholms universitet, 2008-10-03 Workshop nr. 3 ”Feminisering av migration”, 2008Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 2136.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusstudier. Centrum för genusstudier.
    Fighting racism within the frame of neo-liberal governance.: Lessons from the failed bottom-up approach of Room for every one’06 – Sweden.2007Ingår i: Second Nordic Geographers Meeting: Bergen, Norway, 14-19 June 2007, 2007Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The perceptions on Scandinavian countries have changed in the international community the last years. From been seen as the moral champions of human rights and social equalities until for two or three decades ago the societies begin to be targets for protest against racism and Islamophobia. How this transformation could happen and what different social constellations do to contest this development?

    The transformation of one Scandinavian welfare model into a Neo-liberal regime based on the social differentiations of ethnicities have been studied recently in relation to the achievements of Urban agendas implemented to cope with segregation.

    Although Knowledge on processes of discrimination, segregation and racism has been researched during decades, its results had for the most been communicated with a top-down approach. This made their eventual corrections both naïve and politically undoable. In this frame a group of antiracist lecturers and some of the biggest and historically the most important NGO:s in Sweden met each other within the process Room for everyone’06”. The aim was to discuss the trends, practices, effects and bottom-up alternatives against discrimination, segregation and racism in Swedish cities. As a product of this meeting one Agenda ' 06 and one Charta ' 06 of principles against these problems was agreed to be implemented from below through the NGOs mobilization and researchers participative approaches. But this work stagnated totally. The aim of this article is to study some events from this process and aspects that in that context impeded the expected bottom-up to work with organisations championing the underrepresented groups affected by problems like rasism. The analysis put on the light the difficulties and new roles that the NGOs play in the Neo-liberal governance implanted with the culture of collaborative partnerships. A core question is whether it is still possible to expect mobilization against these topics from NGOs that may be involved in administering the consequences of these problems. How to go out from this circle is one urgent question for the organisations to deal with. The question relates also to the diminished potential that civic society organisations face in Scandinavia when they try to contest racism within the frame of neo-liberal governance.

  • 2137.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om internationell migration och etniska relationer (CEIFO).
    Förord2011Ingår i: Våldets reglerande kraft: en intervjustudie om staden, landet, världen och våldet / [ed] Maja Lundqvist (författare), Stockholm: CEIFO, Stockholms universitet , 2011, , s. 8Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 2138.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om internationell migration och etniska relationer (CEIFO).
    Grass roots in social urban renewal2011Ingår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 2139.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om internationell migration och etniska relationer (CEIFO).
    Internationella solidariteten som bäst: Samarbetet Kuba-Venezuela2011Ingår i: Tidskriften Kuba, ISSN 1402-8638, nr 4, s. 21-22Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
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  • 2140.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusstudier. Centrum för genusstudier.
    intimacy and affect as a key aspect beyond intersectionality and transversal politics –: Evidence from Swedish suburban feminism.2007Ingår i: Second Nordic Geographers Meeting: Bergen, Norway, 14-19 June 2007, 2007Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the process about a series of meetings about local women’s efforts to get a meeting place where they could share problems and collective experiences from its life in a multicultural suburb. The meetings emerged as an interaction between a researcher, a local planner and networks aimed to empower women in local politics, planning and research agendas. One ambition during the meetings was to figure out a participative methodology to find a balance between different situated knowledge. We wanted also to test an anti-colonial methodology to be used in both planning and research.

    Pertaining women’s concerns on empowerment they used different strategies to come together during the meetings. Initially they realised the different positioning they have both to each other and in the society when they interacted. In consequence they put into action an intersectionality approach to understand the way they become marginalised from influencing local politics and research and from becoming a stronger collective. Later on they worked with a strategy of action based on ‘transversal politics’ to get access to a meeting place for all women in the community. Further than these aspects it is an approach based on affect that made these common efforts to work more successfully at the end. Women explained that they could conduct all these efforts because they wanted to make some women happy. On the one hand they wanted to support activist that they have strong respect and affection for in the local community, and on the other hand they wanted to support the local developer (a local planner coordinator) that have shown a strong commitment with women and feminist perspectives in the local planning. They perceived that working for empowering women in such a place is very difficult. In consequence they agreed that it was necessary to work with an affective approach if they wanted to create a stronger sense of community and achieve better results. I will discuss whether these aspects are characteristic of the suburban feminism that takes place in some Swedish multicultural places.

  • 2141.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusstudier. Centrum för genusstudier.
    Mångfald och gemenskap i Alby.: En studie om samverkan mellan människor med skilda kulturella bakgrunder i ett föreningsråd.2001Ingår i: Partnership for Multiethnic Inclusion, PfMI, ISSN 1403-7130, nr 4, s. 1-52Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 2142.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusstudier.
    Papeles de género en la construcción de la chilenidad durante las celebraciones del 18 de septiembre entre chilenos en la diáspora. Evidencias desde España: Evidencias desde España2007Ingår i: Identities in Transition – The Enkidu Summer Conference: Mexico City, June 1 - 5, 2007, 2007Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Los 18 de septiembre cada año los chilenos que viven en diferentes lugares del mundo se reunen para celebrar el dia nacional de Chile. La celebracion es a su vez la fecha del año cuando confluyen una gran cantidad de expresiones de la diaspora chilena. La fiesta consiste de diferentes momentos que apelan a la manera de sentirse chileno y en la que los miembros de la comunidad se organizan para participar en la realizacion de diferentes actividades. Durante los preparativos emergen tanto una negociacion de los papeles de género de los participantes como diferencias de clase social – a lo largo de categorias como el haber sido o ser refugiados politicos, el ser intelectuales, o ser inmigrantes economicos entre otros. El objetivo de este artículo es analyzar la forma como la diaspora chilena neutraliza sus conflictos internos y hace una division de los recursos sociales de la comunidad en aras de poner en escena la identidad chilena durante la celebración. Dos preguntas iluminan el analisis: Cuales actividades se ponen en ejecución y De qué forma mujeres y hombres ponen estas actividades en escena para reproducir tanto los papeles de género como la identidad de la diáspora de cara a la fiesta?

    En el texto se dan ejemplos de cómo los papeles de género toman forma y son puestos en escena por parte de hombres y mujeres. El material empírico esta basado en entrevistas profundas de tipo “Life story” y en observacion participativa entre chilenos residentes en España. Este material ha sido copilado durante el otoño del año 2005 dentro del marco del proyecto “Entre el pais de origen y el de residencia, la diasporalizacion de los chilenos en el extranjero”.

    Para constituirse como una comunidad atractiva los integrantes de la colectividad chilena aplican una serie de estrategias para hacer que el disfrute de la fiesta sea un acontecimiento intenso y memorable para las diferentes asociaciones culturales que sostienen socialmente la diaspora. Las actividades de la colectividad juegan un papel cardinal para evitar que los chilenos sean asimilados totalmente por la sociedad de residencia, o para evitar que sus miembros caigan en un exilio social respecto a la sociedad en Chile. Como una especie de tercer espacio, entre el chile y el pais de residencia, las actividades de la diáspora constituyen un campo que al mismo tiempo contribuye a la reinterpretacion de los papeles de género. Éstas actividades a su vez van afectando así las interpretaciones establecidas – en especial la forma como deben ser puestas en escena para re-presentar la identidad chilena. Este es un proceso en el que las relaciones de género tienen incidencias tanto en dinamicas transnacionales como en nociones de pertenencia diaspóricas y que muestran la forma en que los procesos migratorios afectan la construccion de los papeles de género.

  • 2143.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusstudier. Centrum för genusstudier.
    Remember September: Intersectionality, transversal politics and the politics of emotion among members of the chilean diaspora2007Ingår i: Annual meetin of The Network for Transnationalism and Diaspora Studies: Department of Ethnic Studies, Linköping University, 2007Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to discuss two things about Spanish Chileans. The first is to understand the role that emotions, feelings and sentiments play to become participant in different activities that members prepare in order to generate a sense of Diaspora. The second one is to discuss whether these Diaspora activities indicate the formulation of an ethnic identity indicates a mainstreaming to hegemonic gender and class formations within the frame of a gendered capitalist global order. In order to deal with these aims the paper explores some central topics that the interviewed told about emotions when communicators facilitate a public space for the members of the diaspora. They explained the different emotions attached to September and the events that take place during this month. In order to organize these events, as well as for advancing other ways of becoming organized they related to different types of networks raised on friendship, trustiness and other means of confidentiality. On a further way they were also talking about how these emotions can work to make distinctions on class and gender when they try to relate to chilenity. Facing these distinctions is something that also relates to striving after a commonality towards both Chileans and other social groups to face discrimination and racism. Building this commonality demanded some kind of transversal politics and politics of affect to ground successful structures within the Chilean diaspora. The paper concludes with a discussion on how emotions may be crucial for how performing differents events contribute both to a mainstreaming into reproducing hegemonic gender and class formations in Chile or Spain and the construction of transdiasporal alliances against racism and beyond.

  • 2144.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om internationell migration och etniska relationer (CEIFO).
    Social urbanism och urbant våld i Colombia: Om arkitektur, deltagande planering och kriget som samhällsbyggnad?2010Ingår i: Makten över rummet: Tankar om den hållbara staden / [ed] Göran Graninger och Christer Knuthammar, Linköping: Stiftelsen Vadstena Forum för Samhällsbyggande , 2010, s. 45-77Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2145.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusstudier. Centrum för genusstudier.
    Ur askan i elden: Nyliberal urbanpolitik mot boendesegregation, diskriminering och integration2002Ingår i: Socialistisk debatt: Rasism i nya kläder: Nyrasismen och bilden av De andra, ISSN 0246-1491, nr 3-4, s. 28-33Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här artikeln analyserar samspelet mellan segregation och diskriminering i ett historiskt sammanhang av nyliberala samhällsförändringar som har påverkat planeringens förutsättningar och praktiker. Med exempel från Stockholmsförorten Fittja, diskuteras hur en del av medborgarna, i synnerhet kvinnor, uppfattar diskriminering i sin relation till bostadsförvaltare och myndigheter. Vidare diskuteras diskrimineringens betydelse för regeringsduggligheten på lokal nivå. Avslutningsvis berörs frågan om hur den sociala integrationen skulle kunna främjas med hjälp av ett medvetandegörande av boendesegregationens konsekvenser samt av en ändamålsenlig planering av kommunal bostadspolitik.

  • 2146.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusstudier.
    Women’s meetings about the administration of multicultural places –: local perspectives and structural obstacles.2005Ingår i: The inaugural Nordic Geographers Meeting .: Power over Time-Space. Lund, 2005Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2147.
    Vhendin, Therese
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Svenneborg, Siri
    Stockholms universitet.
    "Lite brännblåsa i rumpan": En diskursanalytisk studie, ur ett genusperspektiv, av pedagogers tal om ett likabehandlingsnätverk i en Reggio Emilia-inspirerad förskoleenhet2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats var att utifrån ett feministiskt poststrukturalistiskt perspektiv, studera hur några medverkande i ett likabehandlingsnätverk i en Reggio Emilia-inspirerad förskoleenhet, talade om kön/genus och normer. Arbetet med nätverket har beskrivits som en ”minipolitisk” arena; för vardagsnära demokratiska förhandlingar – ett möte mellan rådande ”storpolitik”, i form av läroplan och lagar, och lokalt förverkligande. Därmed ville vi bidra med kunskap om hur ett sådant nätverk kan möjliggöra ett praktiskt arbete med genusfrågor, samt om vilka eventuella svårigheter som finns. Vi samlade in material via intervjuer med sex pedagoger, där några precis påbörjat sitt deltagande i nätverket medan andra hade deltagit i ett år. Vi identifierade ett antal diskurser som var verksamma under intervjuerna och organiserade dem i tre övergripande teman. Det första temat kallade vi ”Talet om yttre förutsättningar och krav”, där särskilt förskolans politiska uppdrag dominerade som anledning till att alls, eller till syvende och sist, arbeta med likabehandling och jämställdhet. Ur intervjuerna kunde vi urskilja att genus inte gärna kopplades till ett vidare likabehandlingsarbete, och fick en sämre status än andra likabehandlingsfrågor. Vi kopplade detta tema till relationen mellan stor- och minipolitik, där förskolans uppdrag på den storpolitiska arenan kunde diskuteras på nätverkets mer vardagsnära minipolitiska arena. Vi förstod det inte som att uppdraget kritiskt granskades, men såg nätverket som ett möjligt forum för minipolitiska förhandlingar. Nästa tema kallade vi för ”Talet om barns möjligheter”. Inom detta identifierade vi en dominerande utvecklingspsykologisk diskurs som försvårade att tala om barnen som delaktiga i genusarbetet, då de var för små och omogna. Det handlade istället främst om de vuxna, som jämställdhetsförändrare. Samtidigt riktades uppmärksamhet mot den pedagogiska miljön, något som vi kopplade till Reggiopedagogikens utforskande karaktär, där nätverket sades bidra med könsliga aspekter och dilemman. Detta förde oss till vårt sista tema; ”Talet om att upptäcka”. I detta tema sades nätverket fungera som en väckarklocka, med tillgång till nya sätt att tänka kring normer och genus, och lite som en ”brännblåsa i rumpan”. Därtill identifierade vi även mindre diskurser, som bland annat antydde problem med lokala förutsättningar, och reflekterade kring vår egen roll som aktiva agenter i de teman som vi skrivit fram. 

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Lite brännblåsa i rumpan
  • 2148.
    Vifell, Åsa
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholms centrum för forskning om offentlig sektor (SCORE).
    Enklaver i handelspolitiken2007Ingår i: EU som aktör i världen: Europaperspektiv 2007, Santérus Förlag, Stockholm , 2007, s. 272-Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de första fyrtio åren av det europeiska samarbetet fokuserade EU på att föra medlemsländerna närmare varandra genom att garantera fred och frihandel inom unionens gränser. De senaste årens utveckling har dock i grunden förändrat EU:s roll i världspolitiken. Warszawapaktens upplösning, den snabba ekonomiska utvecklingen i länder som Kina och Indien samt de regional konflikternas ökade betydelse har förstärkt kraven på att EU inte bara skall verka för fred och frihandel i Europa, utan också i andra delar av världen. Sedan en tid tillbaka arbetar därför unionen aktivt med att stärka sin ställning inom världspolitiken. Målet för arbetet är att EU ska utgöra en ledande global aktör.

    I denna bok diskuteras i vad mån EU lever upp till denna målsättning. I vilken utsträckning och inom vilka politikerområden kan unionen sägas vara en ledande global kraft? Med vilka medel utöver EU i så fall detta ledarskap? Vilka är de politiska och ekonomiska konsekvenserna av EU:s sätt att agera i världspolitiken?

    I den tionde årgången av Europaperspektiv presenteras nio bidrag av forskare inom juridik, statskunskap och ekonomiska ämnen, som utifrån olika angreppssätt analyserar EU:s agerande inom den internationella handels-, bistånds-, miljö- och säkerhetspolitiken.

  • 2149.
    Vikström, Mariana
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusstudier.
    "Hon är ju tjej, tänker man": Mäns erfarenheter som offer för våld i nära olikkönade parrelationer2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing attention has been given to men’s experiences as victims of intimate partner violence in the Western world, mostly in quantitative research, within different research fields. The aim of this research paper is to explore men’sspecific experiences of intimate partner violence in heterosexual relationships in a Swedish context, through a gender perspective and with a qualitative research approach. The paper begins by briefly mentioning key findings in existing quantitative and qualitative research, focusing on Sweden. Additionally, areas of divergence with regard to definitions and differing research approaches are discussed. The theoretical framework builds upon theories of patterns of intimate partner violence and constructions of masculinities.

    In the five narratives representing the primary data of the study, varying experiences of psychological and physical violence and views on gender relations and masculinities are expressed. Some key elements are identified in the narratives and these are analyzed in relation to prior research findings/theoretical framework.

    Prior research findings, as well as theoretical suppositions regarding men as victims of intimate partner violence in heterosexual relationships as either unthinkable or stigmatizing, are manifested also in the narratives.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Mäns erfarenheter som offer för våld i nära olikkönade parrelationer
  • 2150.
    Vogiazides, Louisa
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Chihaya, Guilherme Kenji
    Migrants’ long-term residential trajectories in Sweden: persistent neighbourhood deprivation or spatial assimilation?2020Ingår i: Housing Studies, ISSN 0267-3037, E-ISSN 1466-1810, Vol. 35, nr 5, s. 875-902Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite time being a key element in the theories on international migrants’ socio-spatial mobility, it has not been sufficiently addressed in empirical research. Most studies focus on discrete transitions between different types of neighbourhoods, potentially missing theoretically important temporal aspects. This article uses sequence analysis to study the residential trajectories of international migrants in Sweden emphasising the timing, order, and duration of residence in neighbourhoods with different poverty levels. It follows individuals of the 2003 arrival cohort during their first 9 years in the country. Results show that 81% of migrants consistently reside in the same type of neighbourhood; 60% consistently live in a deprived area and mere 12% follow a trajectories starting at deprived and ending at middle-income or affluent neighbourhoods. Thus, spatial assimilation is neither the only nor the most frequent trajectory followed by migrants in Sweden. Lastly, there are persistent differences in neighbourhood attainment between immigrant groups, suggesting either place stratification or ethnic preference.

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