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  • 2101.
    West, Simon
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Haider, Jamila
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Sinare, Hanna
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Karpouzoglou, Tim
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Beyond divides: Prospects for synergy between resilience and pathways approaches to sustainability2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of rapid social, ecological and technological change, there is rising global demand from private, public and civic interests for trans-disciplinary sustainability research. This demand is fuelled by an increasing recognition that transitions toward sustainability require new modes of knowledge production that incorporate social and natural sciences and the humanities. The Social, Technological and Environmental Pathways to Sustainability (STEPS) Centre’s ‘pathways approach’ and the Stockholm Resilience Centre’s (SRC) ‘resilience approach’ are two distinct trans-disciplinary frameworks for understanding and responding to sustainability challenges. However, the varieties of trans-disciplinarity pursued by the SRC and STEPS each have distinct origins and implications. Therefore, by selecting either the ‘resilience’ or ‘pathways’ approach, or indeed any distinct approach to sustainability, the researcher must contend with a range of foundational ontological and epistemological commitments that profoundly affect the definition of problems, generation of knowledge and prescriptions for action.

    What does an (un)sustainable world look like? How might we ‘know’ and research (un)sustainability? How should sustainability researchers position themselves in relation to civil society, policy, business and academic communities? In this paper we explore how resilience and pathways address these questions, identifying points of overlap and friction with the aim of generating new research questions and illuminating areas of potential synergy. As a group of early-career trans-disciplinary researchers we think that exciting areas of sustainability research lie in the boundaries between emerging trans-disciplinary research communities such as the SRC and STEPS. We propose future research that draws energy from current tensions between, for instance, competing visions of reflexive and policy-relevant research, and between ‘functional’ and ‘equity’ perspectives on social- ecological change. More broadly, we aim to stimulate thinking and debate about possible research agendas for sustainability that are more reflexive about the boundaries of trans-disciplinary research and encourage greater collaboration across and between research with different ontological and epistemological starting points. 

  • 2102.
    West, Simon
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Schultz, Lisen
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Learning to live with social-ecological complexity: An interpretive analysis of learning in 11 UNESCO Biosphere ReservesManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Learning is increasingly considered a means to achieve sustainability in practice and has become a prominent goal of sustainability interventions. The UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves seeks to bring environmental conservation, socio-economic development and research together in ‘learning sites for sustainable development.’ The World Network is globally significant, with 669 sites in 120 countries, yet as with many paradigmatic sustainability interventions there is a widespread notion that biosphere reserves suffer from a ‘concept-reality gap.’ When assessing practical, ‘on-ground’ manifestations of the concept in accordance with UNESCO documentation and formally stated aims and ambitions, observers have often been disappointed. But while many biosphere reserves (BRs) no doubt face significant challenges, these approaches to assessing outcomes – taken alone – may not reveal the complete picture. They tend to assume that BRs are a single, standardized concept (against which local actions should be measured), and carry implicit assumptions about how learning for sustainability should take place and what it should include. In this paper, we suggest that taking the inverse approach – paying close attention to practitioners’ interpretations of BRs and their experiences of working with the BR concept – can help build a richer picture of learning for sustainability, with significant implications for the ways that BR may fulfil their role as learning sites. To this end, we provide an interpretive, multi-case analysis of learning in 11 BRs around the world. We ask: (a) How is the BR concept interpreted and enacted by people involved with BR work? (b) What kinds of learning emerge through BR work, as described by the people involved? We find that participants interpret BRs in a number of different ways, from ‘collaborative platform’ to ‘marketing label’, and that that these meanings are entangled with the institutional, political and ecological histories of each location. BR work therefore encompasses a range of activities, from clearing invasive species to arranging art-science festivals, and these activities shape and are shaped by the meaning of each BR as well as the evolving social-ecological context. Learning occurs around three broad themes across the sites – human-environment relationships; actors and governance arrangements; and skills and capacities to negotiate the ad hoc, unplanned nature of much BR work – but is expressed very differently in each BR.  While our results make identifying generic ‘lessons learned’ difficult, they illustrate the BR’s value in providing opportunities for participants to learn about the complex social-ecological processes involved in pursuing sustainability. In particular, the BR’s position ‘in the middle’ of local, regional and global forces; social, ecological and economic goals; and government, business and civil society actors, points toward a potential role for BRs as experimental arenas for sustainability, rather than replicable models per se. Our interpretive, multi-case approach provides a novel contribution to research on biosphere reserves and the broader literature on learning for sustainability.

  • 2103.
    Westberg Broström, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    "Wild Scouts": Swedish scouting preparing responsible citizens for the twenty-first century2013Ingår i: Child & Youth Services, ISSN 0145-935X, E-ISSN 1545-2298, Vol. 34, nr 1, s. 9-22Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to analyze the Swedish scout program.Socialization is used as a theoretical tool in the analysis. Themethod is inspired by critical discourse analysis. What are childrenand young people being prepared for, how is it accomplished, andby whom? The findings reveal two discourses: doing things as aninvestment for the future versus having fun. In ‘‘the scout factory,’’the movement is the initiator, the leader the performer, and theyoung person the individual who is to become the finalproduct—a responsible citizen.

  • 2104.
    Westberg Broström, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Young or youthful: the Scout Movement and youth discourses2012Ingår i: Leisure/Loisir, ISSN 1492-7713, Vol. 36, nr 1, s. 53-64Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to explore the discourses surrounding the contemporary Swedish Scout Movement and young people. The method is based on discourse analysis. Newspaper articles about, and leaflets from, the movement from 2007 to 2009 were analyzed. The findings suggest that scouts are described as well-behaved, decent, sinful, “geeky,” young or youthful. The leaflets demonstrate that the organization wants to promote itself as youthful. It has trouble recruiting young people and tries to change its image by borrowing symbols from other youth cultures. Paradoxically, this approach leads to a conclusion that the Scout Movement's youth are not seen as youthful by their own organization. They cannot signal youthfulness by themselves.

  • 2105. Westberg, Gustav
    et al.
    Årman, Henning
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Common sense as extremism: the multi-semiotics of contemporary national socialism2019Ingår i: Critical Discourse Studies, ISSN 1740-5904, E-ISSN 1740-5912, Vol. 16, nr 5, s. 549-568Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores how national socialist aesthetics and semiotics are regimented within the Swedish Nazi milieu today. In order to treat fascism as contemporary ideology, the article applies intertextuality and provenance as analytical concepts in the analysis of how Nazism is re-emerging discursively. The analysis contributes unique insights, as the dataset consists of extremist discourse aimed at providing members of the most prominent Swedish Nazi movement with guidance on how to embody and express national socialism in their everyday lives. The analysis reveals that common-sense notions about 'a natural life' and mainstream aesthetics concerning an outdoor lifestyle emerge as central expressions of a 'natural' and 'healthy' embodiment of national socialism. This aesthetic finds its ideological motive in opposition to a 'sick', 'Jewish' and 'parasitical' way of living. Mainstream notions are thus turned into vehicles for political extremism.

  • 2106.
    Westling Allodi, Mara
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Specialpedagogiska institutionen.
    Child care and pre-school in Sweden: An overview of practices, tendencies and research2007Ingår i: Rivista di Pedagogia e Didattica, Vol. 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The system and policy for child care and pre-school education in Sweden are overviewed: its structure and goals in the context of the Swedish society and its general welfare system are described. New challenges and actual problematic tendencies revealed by national evaluations and research are identified: the increasing quality variation, the broader attendance, the lack of qualified teachers, a narrowly interpretation of the curriculum, the rising numbers of children identified as having special educational needs. Some interpretations of the relationships among these emerging factors are suggested.

  • 2107.
    Westling Allodi, Mara
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Specialpedagogiska institutionen.
    Children's experiences of school:: narratives of Swedish children with and without learning difficulties2002Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 46, nr 2, s. 181-205Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The content of texts written by Swedish school children is analysed in order to gain a picture of their experiences of school and these experiences are put in relation to the democratic goals of integration and practices of selection and segregation which are emerging in the Swedish school systems with the increase in pupils enrolled in special units. In a project concerning educational organizations and children receiving special support, 185 children living in 10 Swedish municipalities and attending 16 different schools wrote a text about their school situation. Ninety of these children received special support at school because of learning disabilities/difficulties. The 185 texts have been analysed using narrative approaches. The children experienced school as a place where they are protagonists and pointed out those activities that are meaningful to them. Social relations, ethical issues and learning are areas pertaining to school. Problems at school are mainly due to a lack of stimulation, adult control and influence. The children with support at school were not a homogeneous group. Several of these children, however, treat situations concerning personal rights and justice in their narratives, themes that were not common in the texts of the other children. The perspectives of children with different experiences are thus important in understanding the characteristics and the deficits of educational environments.

  • 2108.
    Westling Allodi, Mara
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Specialpedagogiska institutionen.
    Gränser i skolan.: Vilka funktioner har differentierade grupper?2002Ingår i: Locus: tidskrift för forskning om barn och ungdomar, Vol. 14, nr 1, s. 4-19Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan 1990-talet ökar antalet elever i särskolan dramatiskt. Detta trots att den centralt uttalade intentionen är att skolan ska vara ”en skola för alla” och att segregeringen av elever med funktionshinder ska minska. Hur kan denna motsägelse förklaras? I denna artikel utgår Mara Westling Allodi från intervjuer med specialpedagoger i tre segregerade grupper och diskuterar de förändringar som inträffat i grundskolan under de senaste tio åren.

  • 2109.
    Westling Allodi, Mara
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Specialpedagogiska institutionen.
    Pojkars och flickors psykiska hälsa i skolan: en kunskapsöversikt2010Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är en kunskapsöversikt över forskning om skolfaktorers inverkan på flickors och pojkars psykosociala hälsa. Det är vanligare att flickor i skolan är oroliga, stressade och deprimerade, från de tidiga tonåren. Pojkar har i stället fler uppmärksamhetsstörningar, koncentrationssvårigheter och skolsvårigheter redan från tidig ålder.

  • 2110.
    Westling Allodi, Mara
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Specialpedagogiska institutionen.
    Self concept in children receiving special support at school2000Ingår i: European Journal of special needs education, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 69-78Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate the variations of self-concept in pupils attending basic compulsory schools and special units. It also examines self-concept in pupils receiving support according to different models. The study involved 183 pupils aged nine to 13 years, attending basic compulsory schools or special programme units in Sweden. Seventy-seven pupils were receiving support from special educators, who have completed a supplementary programme in special education. A comparison was made between pupils receiving support and pupils receiving no support and between pupils in different organization models of support. Global self-concept at school does not seem to be related to the model of special support. Pupils at compulsory schools who are receiving support differ from pupils who receive no support, in that peer relations appear to be more important for their self-concept at school. This could be interpreted as being a compensatory strategy to maintain a good self-concept in spite of difficulties at school. Some implications for educational strategies are discussed.

  • 2111.
    Westling Allodi, Mara
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Specialpedagogiska institutionen.
    Specialpedagogik i en skola för alla: Granskning av specialpedagogiska verksamheter i en svensk kommun2005Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kommunerna har en stor frihet i utformningen av stödet till de elever som har rätt till det. Den specialpedagogiska verksamheten får olika skepnader: den kan vara knuten till arbetslag, kan omfatta grupper och klasser tänkta för elever med specifika funktionshinder och som finns i vanliga grundskolor, men den kan även bestå av fristående enheter. Särskoleklasser utgör en verksamhet som ingår i vissa grundskolor, medan ett växand eantal av elever som är berättigade till särskolan väljer att gå i en grundskoleklass. Finansieringen av dessa verksamheter kan ske på olika sätt: med central anslag från utbildningsnämnden eller via skolornas ordinarie budget, eller genom att den ursprungliga skolan köper en plats för en elev på en specialenhet.

    Dessa verksamheter förväntas samverka och samarbeta med den övriga skolorgansiationen, med andra lokala och statliga myndigheter, samt vara lyhörda för föräldrar och elever, i sysftet att tillförsäkra varje elevs rätt till en utbildning som stärker ens känsla av värdighet och integritet.

    Dessa verksamheter behöver hantera kontrasterande målsättningar. Hänsyn till lagar förordningar och politiska styrdokument - både internationella och nationella - ekonomisk effektivitet, kvalité etiska överväganden och individens rättigheter ska vägas samma i verksamheter av olika slag. Om en av dessa målsättninga rblir dominerande kan den motarbeta uppnåendet av de andra målsättningarna.

    Vilka målsättningar styr och vilka krafter påverkar utformningen av specialpedagogiska verksamheter på kommun- och skolnivå?

    Vilka blir konsekvenserna av olika organisatoriska modeller? vilka möjligheter och hinder upplevs i dessa verksamheter? Denna rapport försöker svara på dessa frågor genom att granska specialpedagogiska verksamheter i en kommun.

  • 2112.
    Westling Allodi, Mara
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Specialpedagogiska institutionen.
    Undervisningsmiljö och socialt klimat2010Ingår i: Etik i specialpedagogisk verksamhet / [ed] Rolf Helldin, Birgitta Sahlin, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, s. 49-71Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2113.
    Wickberg Månsson, Ellen
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Genusvetenskap.
    Julin, Josefin
    Vi måste göra någonting åt det: En kvalitativ studie av Svenska skolidrottsförbundets jämställdhets- & inkluderingsarbete2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay came into existence as a result of a collaboration between us, two students in gender studies working on our bachelor thesis, and an employee at Svenska skolidrottsförbundet. The paper explores diversity and gender equality work within this organization, and the main focus is how people holding leading positions within the organization express their view on equality and diversity work. To do this, we have completed interviews with 6 different people in leading positions, as well as participant observation during the association meeting (förbundsmötet), which is the highest decision-making authority within the organization. We have analyzed our data with inspiration from feminist theory, organization theory, as well as some earlier conducted studies from the field of sports, all with a primary focus on gender and diversity questions. The conclusion shows that there is a discrepancy between the self-image some members of the organization express in regard to their equality and diversity work, the work they actually do, and the views they hold in relation to increased equality within the organization. In other words, the actions do not match the description. The reasons behind this are complex, but some possible explanations we found is the reproduction of negative masculinity norms, the homogeneity within the decision-making bodies of the organization, and dissonance in approaches to diversity and equality work between members within the organization. In our opinion, one important element for the organization to regard in future work is to make sure that knowledge concerning gender and diversity is shared with all members involved in their day-to-day activities. Especially since Svenska skolidrottsförbundet is an arena for children and youths to develop, grow and play.

  • 2114.
    Widmark, Catharina
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet.
    Sandahl, Christer
    karolinska institutet.
    Piuva, Katarina
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Bergman, David
    Karolinska institutet.
    Barriers to Collaboration Between Health Care, Social Services and Schools2011Ingår i: International Journal of Integrated Care, ISSN 1568-4156, E-ISSN 1568-4156, Vol. 11Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It is essential for professionals from different organizations to collaborate when handling matters concerning children, adolescents, and their families in order to enable society to provide health care and social services from a comprehensive approach.

    Objective:

    This paper reports perceptions of obstacles to collaboration among professionals in health care (county council), social services (municipality), and schools in an administrative district of the city of Stockholm, Sweden.

    Methods:

    Data were collected in focus group interviews with unit managers and personnel.

    Results and discussion:

    Our results show that allocation of responsibilities, confidence and the professional encounter were areas where barriers to collaboration occurred, mainly depending on a lack of clarity. The responsibility for collaboration fell largely on the professionals and we found that shared responsibility of managers from different organizations is a crucial factor affecting successful collaboration. We conclude that a holding environment, as a social context that facilitates sense making, and a committed management would support these professionals in their efforts to collaborate.

  • 2115.
    Widmark, Wilhelm
    Stockholms universitet, Övriga enheter, universitetsbiblioteket.
    Textbooks as eBooks: A Case Study from the University Library in Stockholm2005Ingår i: Against the Grain, ISSN 1043-2094, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 55-57Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 2116.
    Wijermans, Nanda
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Jorna, René
    Jager, Wander
    van Vliet, Tony
    Adang, Otto
    CROSS: Modelling Crowd Behaviour with Social-Cognitive Agents2013Ingår i: JASSS: Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, ISSN 1460-7425, E-ISSN 1460-7425, Vol. 16, nr 4, artikel-id 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of computer simulations in crowd research is a powerful tool to describe and analyse complex social systems. This paper presents CROSS, a generic framework to model crowd simulations as a social scientific tool for understanding crowd behaviour. In CROSS, individuals are represented by social-cognitive agents that are affected by their social and physical surroundings and produce cognition-based behaviour and behaviour patterns. Understanding is sought by relating intra- and inter-individual levels of behaviour generation with behaviour pattern emergence at group level. By specifying the CROSS framework for a festival context we demonstrate how CROSS meets the need for a theory that reflects the dynamic interplay between individuals and their environment as well as the need for a method that allows for testing.

  • 2117.
    Wijk, Johnny
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Om fotboll som integration och makt - och Evitra Peron - i Argentina2015Ingår i: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, nr 8 septemberArtikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2118.
    Wiklund Abdelmoez, Joel
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för Asien-, Mellanöstern- och Turkietstudier, Avdelningen för mellanösternstudier.
    Muskler, mustascher och machomän: Preliminära tankar om maskulinitet i Egyptisk media2017Ingår i: Orientaliska Studier, ISSN 0345-8997, nr 151, s. 5-19Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie bygger på etnografiskt material insamlat i Kairo, under hösten 2014. Med hjälp av semi-strukturerade intervjuer och internetenkäter undersöks hur maskulinitet(er) talas om och beskrivs i vardagliga sammanhang, samt hur maskulinitet uppfattas i relation till dess medierepresentation.

  • 2119.
    Wikman, Sofia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Boganmeldelse - Vold mod offentligt ansatte: Editors: Kruize, Peter; Sorensen, David Woodrow Mattson; Lassen, David Dreyer.2009Ingår i: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, nr 3Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2120.
    Wikman, Sofia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Hot och våld i vård och omsorg - åtgärdsförslag i arbetsskadeanmälningar 1987, 1997 och 20072012Ingår i: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 19, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Om en arbetstagare skadas, t.ex. på grund av hot och våld, ska arbetsgivaren göra en arbetsskadeanmälan. I anmälan kan förslag till åtgärder som kan förhindra att händelsen sker igen anges. I den här artikeln analyseras de åtgärder som vård- och omsorgspersonal förespråkar från åren 1987, 1997 och 2007.

  • 2121.
    Wikman, Sofia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Hårdare tag i arbetslivet? Åtgärder mot arbetsrelaterat våld i facklig press 1978-20042011Ingår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 48, nr 3, s. 51-73Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Preventing violence at work. A study of descriptions of safety measures in Swedish trade union journals 1978-2004

    The purpose of this study is to examine if perceptions of interventions aimed at violence in the workplace have changed since the 1970s. In the beginning of the study period, structural factors are seen as the dominating explanation for workplace violence. The crime perspective rises in the 1990’s and methods of intervention becomes the control- and justice functions of larger society. The result shows search for accountability to be a salient factor for understanding the development towards an increasing use of penal sanctions.

  • 2122.
    Wikman, Sofia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Joel, P. E., Mad-doctors in the dock: Defending the diagnosis, 1760–1913, Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press, 20162017Ingår i: International Criminal Justice Review, ISSN 1057-5677, E-ISSN 1556-3855, Vol. 27, nr 3, s. 222-223Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2123.
    Wikman, Sofia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Mer personal -TACK!: En studie över åtgärder som hot och våldsutsatta vård- och omsorgsanställda anger i arbetsskadeanmälningar 1987, 1997 och 20072011Ingår i: NSfKs 53 Forskerseminar Balingsholm, Sverige 2011: Kriminalpolitik och Højrepopulism, Prostitution och aktuel forskning / [ed] Ragnheiður Bragadóttir, Háskólaprent ehf., 2011, s. 77-94Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Workplace violence is a complex occupational hazard that nurses are facing working in today's health care environment. Workplace safety is also undergoing a process of ‘responsibilization’. The purpose of this study is to examine the character of the incidents reported as occupational injuries due to violence and threats, over time and what safety measures that are recommended by the staff. The result suggest interventions measures concerning psychosocial factors and structural job aspects such as adequate staffing to be far more important than surveillance, staff training and penal sanctions.

  • 2124.
    Wikman, Sofia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Mer personal, TACK!: En studie över åtgärder som hot och våldsutsatta vård- och omsorgsanställda anger i arbetsskadeanmälningar år 1987, 1997 och 2007.2011Ingår i: The Scandinavian Research Council for Criminology 53th Research Seminar. : Kriminalpolitik och Högerpopulism / [ed] Ragnheiður Bragadóttir, Islands Universitet / Det juridiske fakultet, Reykjavik: Nordisk Samarbejdsråd for Kriminologi , 2011, s. 77-94Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 2125.
    Wikman, Sofia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    The Scandinavian Research Council for Criminology (NSfK) 49th Research Seminar: Våld med eller utan mening. Violence2006Ingår i: Våld i arbetslivet — ett samhällsproblems uppkomst / [ed] Nordiska Samarbetsrådet för Kriminologi (Nsfk)/Mia Söderbärj, Scandinavian Research Council for Criminology, 2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 2126.
    Wikman, Sofia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Violence in Healthcare: A Study of Occupational Injury Incidents in Sweden 1987, 1997 and 20072011Ingår i: 68th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology, 2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Workplace violence is a complex occupational hazard that nurses are facing working in today's health care environment. Workplace safety is also said to be undergoing a process of ‘responsibilization’. The purpose of this study is to examine the character of the incidents reported as occupational injuries due to violence and threats, over time and what safety measures that are recommended by the staff. The result suggest interventions measures concerning psychosocial factors and structural job aspects such as adequate staffing to be far more important than surveillance, staff training and penal sanctions.

  • 2127.
    Wikman, Sofia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Våld i arbetslivet: Utveckling, uppmärksamhet och åtgärder2012Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Våld i arbetslivet har under de senaste två decennierna fått en större uppmärksamhet. Syftet med avhandlingen är att analysera hur utvecklingen av våld i arbetslivet som samhällsproblem kan förstås. I fyra delstudier behandlas omfattningen och utvecklingen av utsatthet för våld i arbetslivet bland olika yrkesgrupper (I), hur våld i arbetslivet uppmärksammats i facklig press (II) och vilka åtgärder som förespråkas i facklig press (III) samt i arbetsskadeanmälningar (IV). Gemensamt för avhandlingens studier är att de tar upp frågor som rör förändring över tid, hur utvecklingen kan förstås och vilka konsekvenser förändringarna för med sig.

    I den första studien visas att utsatthet för arbetsrelaterat hot och våld enligt svenska offerunderökningar har ökat sedan 1980-talets början. Ökningarna är störst för de kvinnodominerade jobben inom välfärdssektorerna. I studie II görs en kvantitativ innehållsanalys av facklig press 1978-2004. Resultaten visar att uppmärksamheten för våld har ökat och pekar på vidgade definitioner av våld och att nya grupper uppmärksammas som offer och förövare. I studie III undersöks hur åtgärder mot hot och våld i arbetslivet uppmärksammas i facklig press. Resultaten indikerar att våld i arbetslivet har gått från att ses som ett problem som skall lösas som en intern arbetsmiljöfråga på arbetsplatsen till att allt oftare ses som ett problem som ska lösas externt med hjälp av polis och rättsväsende. Det har skett en förskjutning mot ett förrättsligande när det gäller hur våld i arbetlivet ska åtgärdas. Utvecklingen kan sammanfattas som en rörelse ett arbetsmiljöproblem till ett brottsproblem. Studie IV utgår från en analys av arbetsskadeanmälningar från vård- och omsorgspersonal som utsatts för våld i arbetet. När man ser till de åtgärdsförslag som de utsatta själva föreslår för att undvika att våldet skall inträffa igen så framgår att det finns en diskrepans mellan de åtgärder som uppmärksammas i facklig press och de åtgärder som personalen efterfrågar. De våldsutsatta ser främst att våldsproblemet, oavsett vilken risksituation som föregått våldet, löses internt på arbetsplatsen. Adekvata resurser i form av tid och personal för att utföra arbetet efterfrågas gång på gång. Insatser av externa aktörer såsom polis och rättsväsende efterfrågas däremot inte.

  • 2128.
    Wikman, Sofia
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Tiby, Eva
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Heber, Anita
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Inledning2012Ingår i: Viktimologisk forskning: brottsoffer i teori och metod / [ed] Anita Heber, Eva Tiby & Sofia Wikman, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, 1, s. 17-24Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2129.
    Wikström, Solveig
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Jonsson, Håkan
    L'Espoir Decosta, Patrick
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    A clash of modernities: Developing a new value-based framework to understand the mismatch between production and consumption2016Ingår i: Journal of Consumer Culture, ISSN 1469-5405, E-ISSN 1741-2900, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 824-851Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses the enduring problem of the mismatch between firms' offerings and consumers' desires. It combines the general framework of modernity theory with the concept of regimes and uses the food area as the empirical context. Our cultural analytical study of consumers' and firms' articulation of values of food and meal demonstrates that firms are largely entrenched in the modern era, characterized by rationality, resource efficiency, and progress as means to improve human lives by providing more and better products. The consumers, on the other hand, have shifted to the late modern era, identified by risk aversion, local production, naturalism, hedonism, and a focus on identity and everyday life. The study concludes that the dichotomy in values and the structural constraints inherent within the contemporary food system explain much of the mismatch between firms and consumers in the Swedish food market. Another reason is that firms have difficulties to respond to new consumer demands. Our results are summarized in a conceptual model of differences in values between firms and consumers. They provide guidelines on how firms can rethink the present structure and better understand consumers.

  • 2130.
    Wintter, Sanne
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Children of the Nation: A Theoretical Study of the (Im)migrant Child’s Cultural Position2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 2131.
    Wojciak-Pleyn, Piotr
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    PERSIST OR FAIL: CAN THE BROAD FRONT FOR PEACE, DEMOCRACY AND SOCIAL JUSTICE SURVIVE TO BECOME A VIABLE POLITICAL PROJECT FOR THE COLOMBIAN LEFT?2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The Broad Front for Peace, Democracy and Social Justice is a Colombian coalition party formed by an array of left-wing social and political movements. It is characterized by an agenda consisting of increased citizen participation and the promotion of the Colombian peace process. The fledgling party has announced its plans to partake in the local elections scheduled for late 2015, with the intent of accruing support in advance of the upcoming presidential ballot. However, similar wide-ranging leftist political projects have traditionally struggled to consolidate themselves on the Colombian political scene. Thus, in order to achieve the comprehensive political and social changes it advocates, the Broad Front has to focus on long-term persistence. This study proposes a theoretical framework measuring social movement-based parties’ potential for persistence. The framework consists of three variables. Firstly, parties concerned with persistence have to be able to offer a participative linkage that existing parties fail to provide. Secondly, they have to exercise this linkage by building bottom-up party structures and maintaining horizontal and democratic internal organization. Finally, they have to develop a leadership of an ideological/charismatic nature, favoring constituency representation over electoral competition. Simultaneous adoption of all three cascading variables is likely to improve the capacity of a new social movement-based party to persist long-term. According to the analysis, the coalition party satisfies all three conditions described by the variables in the framework for persistence. Therefore, the conclusion is that the Broad Front for Peace, Democracy and Social Justice has the potential to persist as a political project.

  • 2132.
    Wold Jakobsson, Joakim
    Stockholms universitet. Stockholms universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Specialpedagogiska institutionen.
    Arbetssätt och individualisering för elever med diagnosen ADHD.: ”På medeltiden hade man säkert jättenytta av lite ADHD, som bra krigare och kung. Men det är inte de kriterier som gäller i dagens samhälle.”2010Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) är en av skolans vanligaste diagnoser och det uppskattas att omkring 2-3 procent av den svenska skolans elever tillhör denna kategori. Syftet med denna studie har varit att undersöka vilka tolkningar som finns för begreppet ADHD. Det har även varit ett syfte att undersökt hur en kommun i Stockholms län, en grundskola i den valda kommunen och grundskolans idrottslärare arbetar utifrån styrdokumenten för att skapa en individualiserad undervisning för elever med diagnosen ADHD.

    Intervjuer har genomförts med en kommunanställd specialpedagog, rektorn på den valda grundskolan samt tre av grundskolans idrottslärare för att spegla arbetet i den dagliga verksamheten.

    Det studien har kommit fram till är att begreppet ADHD är ett väldigt komplicerat begrepp som skolan, kommunen och forskare har svårt att enas om gemensamma förklaringar till. Enligt grundskolans styrdokument är diagnoser inte nödvändiga, men de kan ses som en stor hjälp för skolan och skolans lärare när det kommer till deras förståelse för elevens beteende. Diagnosen ADHD kan ses som ett fenomen i sig för att ge förståelse för personer runt omkring eleven. Om diagnosen ADHD skall användas i skolan bör den endast användas för att hjälpa eleven att på bästa sätt utvecklas kunskapsmässigt och personligt.

    En slutsats är att det behövs mer utbildning om begreppet ADHD i skolan för att undervisningen skall individanpassas till eleven med diagnosen ADHD på bästa möjliga sätt. Intervjupersonerna i studien har samtliga ansett att de själva skulle behöva mer utbildning för att öka förståelsen för en av skolans vanligaste diagnoser, ADHD.

  • 2133.
    Woroniecki, Stephen
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Challenging and Defending the Status Quo - The role of power relations for social-ecological systems transformation in MACEMP Zanzibar2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 40 poäng / 60 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    There is critique that Resilience theory does not adequately address issues of power in socialecological systems (SES). Yet this critique has yet to systematically review approaches used to address power in resilience studies, or outline which types of power concepts can be used to understand powers contribution to processes of social-ecological change (SES). Power is a significant factor facilitating or constraining change; but the balance may depend upon contextual circumstances. The aim of this thesis is to study how power can be usefully addressed in the practical context of achieving transformative change. The first part of the thesis considers potential gaps in resilience theory’s understanding of power; and then identifies several other relevant conceptualisations of power that can help to broaden the appreciation of the role of power in SES contexts. In the second part a power framework is applied to analyse the World Bank’s MACEMP Project, Zanzibar, which is framed as a case of non-transformation. The findings from the case-study show that in order to explain power’s effects on transformation processes, it is necessary to take account of power emanating from dominant actors, but also groups of people perceived as having little power, and even the unexpected effects of the power struggle between these two groups.

  • 2134. Yearworth, Michael
    et al.
    Cornell, Sarah E.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Contested Modelling: a Critical Examination of Expert Modelling in Sustainability2016Ingår i: Systems research and behavioral science, ISSN 1092-7026, E-ISSN 1099-1743, Vol. 33, nr 1, s. 45-63Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We discuss the role of expert modelling in sustainability using a framework designed to improve the effectiveness of the modelling process. Based on the development of a set of reflective questions that can be used at certain key stages in the lifecycle of projects developing such models, we discuss how using the framework would lead to improvements in the coupling of the process of expert modelling with the process of intervention, which is implied by the existence of the expert modelling project. This questioning pushes the development of a framework beyond considerations of ontology and epistemology into issues of axiology and praxis; extending the notion of contested modelling beyond the narrow scientific sense to a wider social setting. Our framework has been developed through a case study analysis of the effectiveness of four research initiatives that have used expert modelling to address the complexity of intervention in a sustainability context.

  • 2135.
    Yoo, Beom-Sik
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Understanding the role of government in climate change adaptation: A comparative analysis of national adaptation strategies of Sweden and the Republic of Korea2012Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 40 poäng / 60 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis contributes to the discussion on the role of national governments in climate change adaptation by providing empirical analysis of national adaptation strategies (NASs) in two economically advanced countries, Sweden and the Republic of Korea. A new framework for analyzing NASs focusing on public spending patterns was developed to provide a clear picture of where the priorities are beyond policy rhetoric. The analysis showed that most public spending in the case countries was currently directed toward building adaptive capacity rather than implementing adaptation actions. Both countries’ NASs also showed a similar pattern in terms of adaptation sectors that receive priority funding. Some sectors with private beneficiaries, like agriculture, received more public support when those with a greater number of beneficiaries, like biodiversity protection, received less in our case countries.

    This thesis has also analyzed rationalities for government intervention. Based on mainstream adaptation literature, an assumption was made that rationalities for government intervention will follow a liberal approach where there is a focus on identifying market failures and improving efficiency. However, it was found that NASs were not at all explicit about why government intervention is justified.

    Based on these findings, this study explored government actors’ perception on the appropriate rationality for adaptation intervention by interviewing key government officials in Sweden and the Republic of Korea. Three theories of government intervention in adaptation – the liberal approach, the budget maximizing model, and the social contract theory – were tested to examine their relevance. Although many government actors recognize the liberal approach as the norm for intervening in adaptation, it was found that the high level of uncertainty in climate impacts and the multi-faceted nature of vulnerability hinder this approach from becoming a positive theory in adaptation. Despite denials, the budget maximizing model was found to be highly relevant. Furthermore, the social contract theory was found to be highly relevant in explaining government intervention to short-term catastrophe, but not as effective in explaining adaptation to long-term changes.

  • 2136.
    Yoo, Beom-Sik
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Understanding the role of government in climate change adaptation: A comparative analysis of national adaptation strategies of Sweden and the Republic of Korea2012Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 40 poäng / 60 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis contributes to the discussion on the role of national governments in climate change adaptation by providing empirical analysis of national adaptation strategies (NASs) in two economically advanced countries, Sweden and the Republic of Korea. A new framework for analyzing NASs focusing on public spending patterns was developed to provide a clear picture of where the priorities are beyond policy rhetoric. The analysis showed that most public spending in the case countries was currently directed toward building adaptive capacity rather than implementing adaptation actions. Both countries’ NASs also showed a similar pattern in terms of adaptation sectors that receive priority funding. Some sectors with private beneficiaries, like agriculture, received more public support when those with a greater number of beneficiaries, like biodiversity protection, received less in our case countries.

     

    This thesis has also analyzed rationalities for government intervention. Based on mainstream adaptation literature, an assumption was made that rationalities for government intervention will follow a liberal approach where there is a focus on identifying market failures and improving efficiency. However, it was found that NASs were not at all explicit about why government intervention is justified.

     

    Based on these findings, this study explored government actors’ perception on the appropriate rationality for adaptation intervention by interviewing key government officials in Sweden and the Republic of Korea. Three theories of government intervention in adaptation – the liberal approach, the budget maximizing model, and the social contract theory – were tested to examine their relevance. Although many government actors recognize the liberal approach as the norm for intervening in adaptation, it was found that the high level of uncertainty in climate impacts and the multi-faceted nature of vulnerability hinder this approach from becoming a positive theory in adaptation. Despite denials, the budget maximizing model was found to be highly relevant. Furthermore, the social contract theory was found to be highly relevant in explaining government intervention to short-term catastrophe, but not as effective in explaining adaptation to long-term changes.

  • 2137.
    Yu, Ae-Li
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Corporate social responsibility and SMEs: Barriers and opportunities in a Swedishperspective2010Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a global concern and has been adopted by many largemultinational corporations. Although small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are the mostcommon type of business in the EU including Sweden, yet most research on CSR has beenfocused on large corporations. As SMEs run in various settings and there have been littleempirical studies on CSR in SMEs, the purpose of this study is to fill a part of the researchgap and provide an in-depth look at CSR in SME to investigate specific barriers and/oropportunities to addressing CSR. This study reviews the relevant literature of CSR in SMEs.Through semi-constructed interviews with two small-sized organic product companies inSweden, this study analyzed CSR from an SME perspective in a Swedish context by CSRtheory and Resource-Based View (RBV). According to the findings, the main barrier for CSRfor the case companies is financial recourse constraints, while the main opportunity is theircapability for communication. This study contributes and motivates CSR in SMEs bydemonstrating how they understand CSR, how they communicate with both internal andexternal stakeholders of their best practices, and providing examples to share the experiencesfor SMEs.

  • 2138.
    Zawall, Emi-Simone
    Stockholms universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Förslag till modell för utökat stöd för avhandlingspublicering vid Stockholms universitet2013Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 2139.
    Zentner, Sara
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    The impact of energy- and building policy on property companies in Sweden: Mandatory regulations vs. voluntary commitments2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    What forces are today driving large property companies in Sweden to save energy and increase energy performance in buildings? This master thesis focusing on mandatory- and voluntary policy has used a Political Science perspective on Urban Planning questions. In this qualitative case-study, interviews were conducted with 7 out of the 10 biggest property companies in Sweden. It includes both an investigation into which policies are found to be relevant for companies as well as a discussion about which actors are pushing them to reduce energy and become more sustainable. Results show that companies make voluntary commitments that go beyond what current mandatory building- and energy regulations demand. Instead they use voluntary policy 25-35% below BBR-levels, mainly by using building certification Miljöbyggnad, to certify and communicate their efforts. All companies have energy targets published in yearly reports and continuously work to reduce their energy- and emissions output. Yearly reports also show that 6 out of 7 companies now use the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI). Some have joined benchmarking initiative GRESB or the CDP. The use of voluntary informational disclosure systems show that companies are under increasing pressure to become more (verifiably) sustainable. 

  • 2140.
    Zhang, Yanqing
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Juhlin, Oskar
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Fashion in Mobile Phone Design – The Emergence of Beautification, Desirability and Variation through Institutional Collaboration2016Ingår i: Fashion Practice: the journal of design, creative process & the fashion industry, ISSN 1756-9370, E-ISSN 1756-9389, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 63-84Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We study if and how fashion values, such as beautification, desirability through symbolic interaction, and high variation, are increasingly visible in mobile phone design. We unpack such possible inter-linkages by interviewing eight representatives of both industries. Their comments allow us to discuss whether a process of fashionalization is underway and, if so, how it is taking place. Our findings indicate that fashion values are visible in the design of mobile phones and are accounted for in design. Fashionalization can thus be seen as emanating from institutions related to clothing that extend to and become shared with the mobile industry, such as a shared dependency on trend agencies for color selection and joint events. This interaction, ad hoc and heterogeneous, resists being modeled as a “system,” which has been suggested as a way to explain institutional work within clothing fashion. Drawing on Barbara Czarniawska’s institutional theory, we propose conceptualizing the emerging institutional work in terms of “action nets.” This concept makes visible flexible, situated, and ad hoc activities rather than stable and fixed organizational entities.

  • 2141.
    Zirra, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen. Ghent University, Belgium.
    Shelf Lives: Nonhuman Agency and Seamus Heaney's Vibrant Memory Objects2017Ingår i: Parallax, ISSN 1353-4645, E-ISSN 1460-700X, Vol. 23, nr 4, s. 458-473Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 2142. Zurek, Karolina
    When Lab Results Are Not Sufficient: On the Limitations of Science in Tackling Modern Food Regulatory Concerns2009Ingår i: European Policy Analysis, nr 5Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2143.
    Änggård, Eva
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    How matter comes to matter in children’s outdoor play2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Within children’s geographies the need for studies of materiality and how it affects children has been pointed out. Posthumanist approaches provide tools for such analysis, and in the present paper Karen Barad’s (2007) concept of intra-activity is used to analyse children’s play activities in outdoor environments. The paper is a part of an ongoing project, concerning children’s relations to outdoor places. A total of 41 children between 6 and 8 years in two different schools participated in the study. They were enrolled in a special school form based on outdoor education. A variety of methods were combined in the project; the present paper is based mainly on video observations of play activities and walking tours on schoolyards and in natural environments. Different play activities are analysed with focus on the intra-activity between children, children’s bodies, the physical environment, play themes and other discursive agents. The analysis shows that all those agents have impact on the play activities and the way they evolve. Furthermore, children develop play practices connected to the physical environment. Those practices are part of local peer cultures that are mediated and negotiated among the children.

  • 2144.
    Åberg Yngwe, Monica
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om ojämlikhet i hälsa (CHESS).
    Östberg, Viveca
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om ojämlikhet i hälsa (CHESS).
    The family's economic resources and adolescents' health complaints - do adolescents' own economic resources matter? 2013Ingår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 23, nr 1, s. 24-29Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The present study focuses on the relevance of economic resources to psychological and psychosomatic health complaints during adolescence. It explores the link between the family's and the adolescent's economic resources and investigates whether or not differences in health complaints by the family's financial situation can be explained by adolescents' own economic resources. Methods: Drawing on data from two Swedish surveys on living conditions during adolescence (in the age group 10-18 years) conducted in 2002-03, logistic regressions were used to assess the associations between adolescents' own and household economic resources on two measures of health complaints. Results: The association between family economic hardship (i.e. lack of cash margin) and adolescents' health complaints largely disappeared when controlling for adolescents' own economic resources. Three measures of own absolute and relative economic resources were used. Out of these, the ability (or not) to buy things that others have was connected with both psychological [Odds ratio (OR) 2.16, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.6-2.9] and psychosomatic complaints (OR 1.67, 95% CI 1.3-2.1), irrespective of age and gender. The importance of lacking a personal cash margin or not being able to join friends seemed to differ between age groups and genders. Conclusions: The importance of different aspects of economic resources seems to vary across age groups and gender. However, not being able to buy things that others have was clearly associated with health complaints irrespective of age and gender. Family economic hardship was associated with adolescents' health complaints, and this association was largely explained by adolescents' own economic resources.

  • 2145.
    Ågren, Ylva
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för barn- och ungdomsvetenskap, Centrum för barnkulturforskning.
    ”Alla kunde se att jag är här”: Elva barns tankar och synpunkter på sitt eget deltagande i olika barnprogram i TV2006Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att medelst intervjuer lyfta fram vad barn och ungdomar som har medverkat i olika barnprogram i SVT har för synpunkter och tankar på sitt deltagande.

    Genom nio intervjuer med elva informanter i åldrarna 8-17 år belyses aspekter såsom inflytande, känsla av delaktighet och möjligheter till påverkan, betydelsen av att få medverka i TV samt tankar om kändisskap och att bli sedd. Nämnda aspekter sätts sedan i relation till barnrättskonventionen samt till olika barndomsdiskurser och föreställningar om barndom.

    Studiens teoretiska utgångspunkter har makt som övergripande tema och berör tre områden. Först belyses begreppen makt och diskurser, därefter diskuteras hur kulturstudier har försökt synliggöra de maktstrukturer som produceras i samhället genom bland annat media och slutligen presenteras teorier från barndomsforskning där maktordningen mellan barn och vuxna problematiseras.

    Genom intervjuerna framgår att ett vuxet förhandsarbete präglar TV-produktionerna och att de deltagande barnen har liten eller ingen möjlighet att göra några större förändringar i sitt deltagande. Vuxnas planerande av barnens agerande, utseende och repliker kan sägas gå stick i stäv med barnrättskonventionen. Barnen är därmed styrda och kan ses som symboler, eller representanter för en barndom som vuxna anser viktig att förmedla. Det är diskursen om det naturliga, oskuldsfulla barnet tillsammans med diskursen om det kompetenta, duktiga barnet och barnet med rättigheter som ska förmedlas genom rutan, medan de diskurser som kan urskiljas genom informanternas berättelser är diskursen om barnet som symbol eller representant för en passande barndom och diskursen om det onaturligt naturliga barnet.

    Informanterna bekräftar ett vuxet förhandsarbete men anser inte det vara något problem. De menar att det finns möjligheter att påverka produktionen och ser sig som jämlikar till de vuxna, men förmedlar implicit sin underordnade ställning och vuxnas makt och tolkningsföreträde. Vad informanterna framförallt belyser som centralt är den uppmärksamhet och känslan av kändisskap som följer i spåren av att ha medverkat i TV. Även om ett synliggörande av barn kan vara ett steg i rätt riktning mot jämlikhet mellan barn och vuxna krävs ett vidare arbete med reflektioner över varför barnen ska delta, hur de ska delta och att barnen själva ges möjlighet att komma till tals och delges information och beslut. Annars riskerar barnen att bli till rekvisita och statister i sina egna barnprogram.

  • 2146.
    Åhgren, Camilla
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Hinder och svårigheter i att nå en forskarkarriär - Forskarvärlden ur ett kvinnoperspektiv2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Människor ser på varandra i form av man eller kvinna, något som

    medför att vi behandlar könen olika. Tidigare genusforskare

    omnämner en maktobalans där mannen ses som norm. Forskning kan

    betraktas som ett maktmedel där det råder en obalans mellan könen

    och där det manliga könet premieras. Detta gör att kvinnor inte får

    samma möjlighet till karriärutveckling. Syftet med föreliggande studie

    var att undersöka karriärhinder kvinnor upplevt under sin forskartid.

    Urvalet består av disputerade kvinnor vid Psykologiska institutionen

    vilka inte har en tjänst inom akademin innehållande forskning. Sex

    kvinnor intervjuades och data analyserades med hjälp av en induktiv

    tematisk analys. Resultaten visar att kvinnor upplever otydliga

    karriärvägar samt ansenlig konkurrens. En stor tidspress upplevs i

    jakten på meriter samt att den mansdominerade miljön motarbetar

    kvinnlig medverkan. Slutligen påtalas valet mellan forskarkarriär och

    familj vilket kan hänföras till maktobalansen mellan könen och de

    könsstrukturer som råder i den samhälliga kontexten.

  • 2147.
    Åhlund, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Jonsson, Rickard
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Peruvian meatballs? Constructing the Other in the performance of an inclusive school2016Ingår i: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, ISSN 1799-649X, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 166-174Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In Swedish schools, newly arrived refugee and immigrant students are provided with a language introductory programme, designed for integration into the mainstream school system. Drawing upon ethnographic fieldwork on classroom conversations in one such introductory programme, this study analyses how Swedish as second language (SSL) students are positioned and position themselves in everyday discursive practices. The participants strive to qualify for mainstream programmes through performing a ‘regular’ student identity. Although educational aim and the students’ investments coincide, in doing the inclusive school, the institution calls for the students to perform ethnicity. The student identities thus emerge in and through a cluster of performative effects of how they are addressed by the school as ‘ethnic’ students, and how they manage those very positionings. Paradoxically, an institutional construction of an inclusive school draws on a discourse of Otherness in which the student’s voices are invited but seem to be ignored.

  • 2148.
    Åhman, Kat
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Genusvetenskap.
    Linjer mot lycka: En kunskapsfördjupning rörande transpersoner med ätstörningar2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att genom att använda ett specifikt teoretiskt ramverk kunna undersöka och problematisera den stora förekomsten av transpersoner med erfarenhet av ätstörningar. Ramverket är baserat på Sara Ahmeds teorier om orientering och bygger på synen på samhället som uppbyggt av heteronormativa linjer vilka transpersoner förhåller sig till. Genom att välja ut illustrerande exempel från två antologier kretsade kring kropp och identitet har jag kunnat peka på att den press som transpersoner utsätts för i samhället leder till minskat handlingsutrymme, maktlöshet, kroppslig dysfori och assimilation. Med behovet av att reglera de känslor som uppstår samt den fysiska kroppen kan ätstörningen ses som ett verktyg med dubbel funktion. Dels för att hantera maktlösheten inför världen och återta kontroll över den kropp som någon annan definierat och begränsat. Och dels utifrån behovet av att skapa sig själv som begriplig inför sig själv och världen - för att kunna existera. 

  • 2149.
    Åkermalm, Bengt
    Stockholms universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Arbetslivsbibliotekets samlingar på Stockholms universitetsbibliotek2009Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Beskrivning av ALI-samlingens tillkomst, uppbyggnad och väsentliga delar.

  • 2150.
    Åkerman, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusstudier.
    Tuttar och terrorister: Om mediarapporteringen kring Göteborgskravallerna2005Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    This essay focuses on the press coverage of the riots in Gothenburg 2001. The questions it aims to answer are, How is it that although the media was gender-neutral in its news reports, the lasting memory is one of rioting men, and why did the media simultaneously exaggerate and minimize the importance of the riots?

    The material consists of articles and photographs from Swedish mainstream newspapers. The method is text analysis, with a heavy influence of discourse theory. The conclusions are that since the hegemonic discourse on gender does not allow women to be active and violent, all bodies in the riot automatically become men, no matter how female they seem to be in other contexts. The tendency of the press to both enhance and lessen the significance of the riots is because the power balance between the hegemonic discourse (represented by the police) and the challenging discourse (represented by the rioteers) shifted, and perhaps it shifted more than anyone was prepared for. The hegemonic discourse has to re-instate itself as hegemonic, and thus the press has to reduce the impact of the riots. The augmentation of the significance is intended to portray rioting as something normal people does not do, by portraying the rioteers as hooligans and terrorists.

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