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  • 251.
    Druker, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    En dansk förbindelse: den moderna bilderbokens födelse2013In: Svensk illustration: en visuell historia 1900-2000 / [ed] Andreas Berg, Sara Teleman, Malmö: Arena , 2013, p. 103-115Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 252.
    Druker, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    En skuggas dröm är människan: skuggmotivet i barnlitteraturen2012In: Till en evakuerad igelkott : festskrift till Maria Nikolajeva / [ed] Maria Lassén-Seger, Mia Österlund, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2012, p. 251-261Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 253.
    Druker, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Eva Billow: Bilderbokskonstnär i folkhemmet2012In: Opsis barnkultur : om barnkultur för vuxna, ISSN 2000-3277, no 4, p. 36-39Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 254.
    Druker, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Eva Billow: bilderbokskonstnär och författare 2014 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Eva Billow (1902–1993) var bilderbokskonstnär och grafiker, känd bland annat för en rad originella bilderböcker och den populära och långlivade serien ”Kajsa, Klas och Snurran”. Hon arbetade även som lärare på Konstfack i nästan fyrtio år och hade en omfattande produktion som formgivare för stora folkrörelser som Kooperativa Förbundet och Svensk Turistförening. Billows produktion placerar henne mitt i en dynamisk period under 1940- och 1950-talen inom såväl svensk grafisk formgivning som bilderbokshistoria. Drukers monografi är den första övergripande framställningen av Billows liv och verk.

  • 255.
    Druker, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Folkhemmet och den goda husmodern: Skildringar av hemarbete och bostadsplanering i Eva Billows illustrationer2012In: Litteraturens arbetare: En vänbok till Per-Olof Mattsson / [ed] red Christer Johansson, Per Anders Wiktorsson, Lund: Ellerströms förlag, 2012, 1, p. 285-294Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 256.
    Druker, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    From 'Avant-garde' to digital images: Collage in Nordic picturebooks2008In: Bookbird, ISSN 0006-7377, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 45-51Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 257.
    Druker, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Från dystopier till eco chic: Miljökritiska bilderböcker från 1970-talet och i dag2010In: Horisont, ISSN 0439-5530, Vol. 57, no 1, p. 12-17Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med utgångspunkt i ett antal såväl nordiska som anglosaxiska bilderböcker utgivna under 1970-talet respektive 2000-talet diskuterar artikeln hur miljöfrågor behandlas i bilderböcker såväl ideologiskt som uttrycksmässigt.

  • 258.
    Druker, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Från framtidsvisioner till snurrealistiska gallopader: Den moderna bilderboken i Norden2009In: Bogvennen 2008-2009: Børnebilledbogen - inblik & udsyn. Forening for boghaandværk / [ed] Kirsten Bystrup, Pia Jønsson, Christian Kaaber, Maria Lundén, Köpenhamn: Forening for boghaandværk , 2009, p. 63-70Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 259.
    Druker, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    "Jag hälsar eder kära små rutiga barn!": Bilderbokens modernism i Norden2007In: Bilden, barnet och berättelsen: Den samtida bilderboken, Nordiska akvarellmuseet, Skärhamn , 2007, p. 16-19, 30Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Med utgångspunkt i verkanalyser av Ingrid Vang Nyman, Egon Møller Nielsen och Tove Jansson diskuteras hur de nordiska länders moderna bilderbokskonst formades närmast efter andra världskriget. Syftet är att visa hur den moderna bilderboken växer fram i samverkan med litteratur, konst och andra kulturella och ideologiska brytpunkter.

  • 260.
    Druker, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    "Konfettaskar" och "typografiska läckerbitar" eller funktionalistisk formgivning?: om Eva Billow som bilderbokskonstnär och grafiker2011In: Barnboken, ISSN 0347-772X, E-ISSN 2000-4389, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 219-230Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 261.
    Druker, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Mapping absence: Maps as meta-artistic discourse in literature2012In: Visualizing Law and Authority: Essays on Legal Aesthetics / [ed] Leif Dahlberg, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2012, p. 114-125Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The essay analyses fictional maps as intertextual and metafictional figures in literature by examining Lewis Carroll’s The Hunting of the Snark and Tove Jansson’s novel Moominpappa and the Sea. Both stories include fictive maps that connect to cartographic traditions in different ways, but most importantly are used as symbols for adventure, power and control – or the lack of all above.

  • 262.
    Druker, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Med blick för den absurda vuxenvärlden2013In: Opsis barnkultur: om barnkultur för vuxna, ISSN 2000-3277, no 2, p. 36-43Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 263.
    Druker, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Miniatyren i barnlitteraturen2011In: I litteraturens underland: Festskrift till Boel Westin / [ed] Maria Andersson, Elina Druker, Kristin Hallberg, Stockholm/Göteborg: Makadam , 2011, p. 17-27Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 264.
    Druker, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Modernismens bilder: Den moderna bilderboken i Norden2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This doctoral thesis is based on a survey of an extensive corpus of Nordic picture books and illustrated children’s books from mainly the 1940’s and 1950’s. It discusses different aspects of the position of the child, children’s culture and children’s literature in the works of the young generation of artists during this era. The common denominator is a search for a new language and new images. Picture books were used to describe modern childhood, but they were also believed to be instruments for moulding the child. Innovative pedagogical theories were one of the preconditions for the change in picture book aesthetics, but since picture book illustrations belong to a tradition of visual arts as well, the break with the past involved a renegotiation of how pictures were constructed. Motif-wise, picture books show optimism and confidence in the new technologies through a general affirmation of speed and movement, modern means of transportation, and technical innovations. However, an opposite tendency is evident as well. A naïve style and influences from non-European art were other manifestations of modernity, possibly also a reaction against it. Thus, pragmatic attitudes to picture books exist side by side with contrary opinions, which are in line with the anti-authoritarian sentiments of the Nordic post-war era and the ambition to find new images or a new language through surrealistic experiments or the uncanny. The young generation of artists considered the picture book to be an alterative medium, a potential site for stylistic experiments free from the demands of adult literature or art. Just like modernist literature and paintings explore the material and conceptual qualities of the artwork, the materiality of the picture book is put in focus stylistically and thematically. The authors and illustrators explore the physical, visual and conceptual qualities of the picture book, the artistic uses of images and the book medium, the concepts of book and literature.

  • 265.
    Druker, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Picturebook as Conceptual Space: Spatial transformation in Tove Jansson’s Book about Moomin, Mymble and Little My2006In: From Colonialism to the Contemporary: Intertextual Transformation in World Children's and Youth Literature, Cambridge Scholars Press, New York , 2006Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    When picturebook characters play with the borders of their fictional space, the page can function as a stage, as a game of hide-and-seek, or as a map of unknown territories. Playing with and questioning the fictional illusion draws attention to the means of communication. High-lighting the conventions of reading, the concept of the book and the page makes us aware of the book as a whole and of its materiality. Such self-consciousness within the picturebook medium is expressed on many levels. Discussing examples of intertextual and metafictional play in Tove Jansson's The Book about Moomin, Mymble and Little My, Druker illustrates how self-reflectivity involves playful humour and philosophical interrogations of literature and art, of fiction and reality. Spatiality and temporality are key issues in this article, where the construction of the picturebook and the concept of the book as such are examined.

    The compilation of From Colonialism to the Contemporary: Intertextual Transformation in World Children's and Youth Literature has been constructed to convey the essence of its title. In other words, the different chapters have been selected and ordered to illustrate the chronological effects surrounding the phenomenon of Children’s and Youth Literature. While this selection of essays as a whole does not seek to provide an exhaustive historical analysis of literature surrounding and written for children, it does seek to highlight several points in time that will give the reader a sound understanding of certain shifts in ideology found in children’s literature.

  • 266.
    Druker, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Picturebooks and Trojan Horses: The Nordic Picturebook as a Site for Artistic Experiment during the 1950s2010In: New Directions in Picturebook Research / [ed] Teresa Colomer, Bettina Kümmerling-Meibauer, Cecilia Silva-Díaz, Oxford: Routledge , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 267.
    Druker, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    På jakt efter de ting som flytt: Den främmandegjorda vardagen i Eva Lindströms böcker2008In: Barnlitteraturanalyser, 2008Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Med utgångspunkt i Eva Lindströms bilderbok "Vilma och Mona spanar och smyger"(2004) samt prosaberättelsen "Någon flyttar in" (2002) diskuteras Lindströms användning av bekanta barnlitterära motivkretsar med fokus på det främmandegjorda och omvända, att genom leken och fantasin framställa det välbekanta som underligt och avvikande. Den naiva blicken, att skildra händelser eller personer genom ett barns ögon eller tankar, är ett berättartekniskt grepp som Lindström använder i såväl text som bild

  • 268.
    Druker, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Staging the Illusive: Self-Reflective Images in Tove Jansson's Novels2007In: Tove Jansson Rediscovered, Cambridge Scholars Press, London , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Self-reflective focus on the work of art brings to the fore the elements of the image, its margins and frames, and so constitutes a structural investigation of the medium. In Tove Jansson Moominpappa at Sea (1965) the members of the Moomin family leave their home behind and move to an island far out to sea, taking up residence in a seemingly abandoned lighthouse. Thrown out of their familiar roles and routines, the characters discover unexpected things about themselves. The discoveries are often emotionally traumatic, as the sense of self is put under threat. The complexity and instability of the spatial and temporal relations in Moominpappa at Sea express an underlying sense of insecurity. To illustrate this process, this article considers two examples―Moominpappa’s maps and Moominmamma’s mural, comparing the latter with the role of the wall coverings in Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s story “The Yellow Wallpaper” (1892). These transformations of the landscape―whether as intriguing maps or drawings that are brought to life―visualise and stage unrevealed emotions, dreams and fears. Focusing on the material qualities of the image can also point towards a conflict between the fictive world and the world outside it.

  • 269.
    Druker, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    The Animated Still Life: Ingrid Vang Nyman’s Use of Self-Contradictory Spatial Order in Pippi Longstocking2007In: Barnboken, Vol. 1-2, p. 57-65Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Ingrid Vang Nyman’s illustrations to Astrid Lindgren's Pippi Longstocking seem to disobey customary perspective logic. The deviation from linear perspective in the illustrations alters the settings and points to the adventurous potential of every day places and objects. The way pictorial perspective is used, in particular perspective that has been toyed with, has a fundamental function in painting and has often signalled a shift or a turning point. The article discusses the innovative use of pictorial effects and places this technique to a larger context in art history.

  • 270.
    Druker, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    To Mirror the Real: Ideology and Aesthetics in Photographic Picturebooks2011In: Beyond Pippi Longstocking: intermedial and international aspects of Astrid Lindgren’s works / [ed] Astrid Surmatz, Bettina Kümmerling-Meibauer, London: Routledge , 2011, p. 173-183Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Astrid Lindgren and Anna Riwkin-Brick’s series of photographic picturebooks about children from different countries aimed to promote tolerance and international understanding through children’s literature. They represent a very specific tendency within the modernist turn in Nordic children’s literature and furthermore demonstrate how children and childhood are depicted and constructed not only in this specific part of Astrid Lindgren’s production but also in Nordic children’s literature in general. In this artictle, I will analyze the use of photographic images in picturebooks as a part of an aesthetic and ideological context in the decades following the Second World War.

  • 271.
    Druker, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Vandringer i tid og rum: Inre og ydre rum i billedbogen2005In: Passage, ISSN 87 7934 188 8, Vol. 52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Elina Druker behandlar sammanhangen mellan bilderbokens text och illustrationer med utgångspunkt i bilderböcker av Ib Spang Olsen,Thomas Winding och Lilian Brøgger, Anna Clara Tidholm, Egon Möller-Nielsen, Eva Lindström och Mats Letén. Bokmediet används dramaturgiskt och får en självständig uttrycksfunktion. Miljöerna har inte enbart en bakgrundsfunktion utan kan även fungera som metafysiska rum, i första hand knutna till karaktärernas upplevelser och känslor.

  • 272.
    Druker, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Äta eller ätas ?: Måltiden i litteraturen2010In: Opsis barnkultur, ISSN 2000-3277, no 4, p. 40-43Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Måltiden är en socialt konstruerad händelse som indirekt förmedlar normer och beteendemönster. Därmed speglar den också idéer om familjer, föräldrar och barn. I barnlitteraturen uttrycker maten och ätandet samvaro, trygghet och njutning men kan också användas som hot eller bestraffning. Denna dubbelhet i förhållande till maten – det lustfyllda att äta men också hotet av att bli äten diskuteras i artikeln med utgångspunkt i såväl nordiska som internationella bilderböcker.

  • 273.
    Edqvist, Sven-Gustaf
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Textkritisk kommentar till SV 19: Utopier i verkligheten2009Other (Other academic)
  • 274.
    Edström, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    ”Och tavlor såg jag – bilder, mycket skilda”: En undersökning av Birger Sjöbergs ”Konferensman” som ett uttryck förbildorienterad modernism2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen ämnar att 1. Utföra en nykritisk analys av dikten ”Konferensman” av Birger Sjöberg, 2.Etablera och diskutera begreppet bildorienterad modernism, 3. identifiera ”Konferensman som ettuttryck för bildorienterad modernism. För att utföra en nykritisk analys på ”Konferensman” har dennykritik som etablerats av teoretikerna Cleanth Brooks och William K. Wimsatt använts. Dennykritiska analysen har försökt att identifiera olika typer av metaforiska och symboliskarepresentationer av sinnlighet och andlighet i ”Konferensman”. Bildorienterad modernismdefinieras i uppsatsen som den typ av modernistiska poesi som huvudsakligen är intresserad avmetaforen eller symbolen. Vidare definieras nykritiken som en typ av modernistisk bildorienteradanalysmodell. Två andra teorier identifieras också som bildorienterade analyser. Dessa är KjellEspmarks själsöversättande analys av modernistisk poesi, samt metaforkollage, ett begrepputvecklat av uppsatsförfattaren. Dessa två teorier, tillsammans med nykritiken, ses i uppsatsen somolika sätt att analysera bildorienterad modernism på. Uppsatsen identifierar avslutningsvismöjligheten att applicera dessa olika teorier på ”Konferensman” som ett tecken på att dikten kan sessom ett uttryck för bildorienterad modernism.

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    Kandidatuppsats_slutversion_Johnny_Edström
  • 275.
    Eggers, Alice
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    All were still; all were real: transmedieringen av Virginia Woolfs text om Nurse Lugton2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Explores the difference between the two versions of Virginia Woolfs short story about Nurse Lugton.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 276.
    Ekman, Kari Haarder
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas.
    "Mitt hems gränser vidgades": En studie i den kulturella skandinavismen under 1800-talet2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation investigates the cultural side of the very large movement that was Scandinavism. In Norway, Sweden, and Denmark Scandinavism fostered a great interest in the language and literature of the neighbouring countries. This interest emerged at the start of the nineteenth century, marking an about-turn after centuries of war. In six chapters the dissertation shows first how people at the start of the century studied the same kinds of Old Norse texts, which brought insight into shared roots and the fact that the languages had once been the same.

    Later, in the period 1843–1850, Scandinavism took on a political orientation. This is the orientation that has hitherto been in focus, particularly in historical research. It was, however, a short-lived movement that finally died out in 1864. Cultural Scandinavism, on the other hand, was on a much greater scale and was to be significant for very many authors, as the dissertation shows. C. J. L. Almqvist, H. C. Andersen, Fredrika Bremer, and Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson are examples of authors who related in different ways to Scandinavism. All three wrote texts expressing Scandinavistic ideas, and their literary texts, letters, and speeches are examined here. As a way to systematize the elements of Scandinavism, the term “markers of Scandinavism” is used. These are also found, finally, in Georg Brandes, who was highly significant from the 1880s onwards as a critic throughout Scandinavia, not just in Denmark.

    The dissertation shows that Scandinavist ideas were instrumental in the spread of “the modern breakthrough” to the whole of Scandinavia. The sense of community that emerged helped to create a common “literary space”, to use an expression coined by Pascale Casanova, which the authors of the 1880s were able to exploit. The aims and ideas of cultural Scandinavism became generally accepted and are still significant.

    Finally, it is observed that many institutions for cultural cooperation today use exactly the same arguments for collaboration as were used in the nineteenth century.

  • 277.
    Eng, Tord
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Intertextualitet, satir och Heimat i Heinrich Bölls Wanderer, kommst du nach Spa …2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with the short story “Wanderer, kommst du nach Spa ...” (1950) by the German author Heinrich Böll (1917-1985). The well-established interpretation of this famous short story is that it deals with the dismal fact that the Nazis ended the development of Western culture, which cumulatively had been on its way since Greek antiquity. In this paper another reading is proposed, namely that the short story sheds light on the influence of the Romantic era in Germany and that a certain interpretation and use of Romanticism provided some of the seeds to the obscure ideas of the Nazi era.

    Research on Böll´s early writings is presented. The notion of cultural memory is introduced. The intertextual connections between Bölls text and other texts are being uncovered. Most fruitful proves the connection between “Wanderer” and the poem “Der Spaziergang” (1795) by Friedrich Schiller (1759-1805) to be. “Wanderer” can be read as a satirical version of Schillers poem. Reasons for Böll to choose Schiller’s elegy as a target are discussed at length. A parable in the story, ”wie ein Gesicht eines Schlafenden” / like a face of a sleeping person, unfolds an undertext to the short story, a Catholic text. Jesus, the Holy Communion, prayers and the eternal cross are present. Wanderer can be read as a requiem over the young soldier. Further, the inability of the wounded soldier to connect to his surroundings is interpreted as a parallell to Germany at the end of the war; the Nazis had stolen the Heimat from the people and it was no longer possible to interpret the world as something you belonged to. While Heinrich Böll on the surface of the text tries to recapture the German language from its nazi-poisend condition, the protagonist within the text regains his identity by means of his own handwriting - a part of his language.

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    Masteruppsats Tord Eng.pdf
  • 278.
    Eng, Tord
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Männen i Moa Martinsons Kvinnor och äppelträd2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen syftar till att undersöka om en nära läsning av Moa Martinsons Kvinnor och äppelträd med fokus på de manliga karaktärerna förmår öppna texten för tolkning på något nytt sätt, huvudsakligen i ett självbiografiskt perspektiv. Även den omtvistade frågan om Kvinnor och äppelträds strukturella uppbyggnad behandlas i uppsatsen.

          Skildringarna av männen - Förskinnsbonden, Gamlingen, Liter-Olle med sin hund och Videbonden – visar sig leda mot en undertext, som inte frilagts i tidigare analyser. Martinsons sorg efter sina två drunknade söner tränger oupphörligt fram. Hennes kamp för att komma undan sina minnen och gå vidare avspeglas i romanen. Den svåra och kvardröjande sorgen och andra traumatiska, undanträngda händelser från det första äktenskapet kan vara en anledning till att Martinson ständigt återkom till självbiografiska skildringar i sitt författarskap. Inte mindre än nio av hennes romaner är självbiografiska.

         En jämförelse av hur mor Sofi och Sally i boken behandlar de män som kommer till deras innersta rum visar sig kasta ljus över diskussionen om romanens struktur - om denna är litterärt, medvetet uppbyggd eller om de ingående berättelserna är sammanfogade mindre planmässigt, mer fristående gentemot varandra. Den figura som Ebba Witt-Brattström ser som en bekräftelse på romanens stränga, medvetna uppbyggnad, att mor Sofi förebådar sin ättling Sallys öde genom sin moderlighet ställd mot Sallys revolutionära inställning, vänds i uppsatsens perspektiv till sin motsats. Mor Sofi och hennes väninna Fredrika vänder upproriskt upp och ner på hela världen då Förskinnsbonden vågar sig fram till badstugans dörr. I motsvarande situation kapitulerar Sally och gifter sig med inkräktaren, Videbonden. Innebörden är rimligen att Witt-Brattströms tolkning av figuran faller och därmed inte kan användas som argument för något planerat samband mellan det inledande kapitlet om Sofi och de senare berättelserna om Ellen och Sally.

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    Tord Eng, Männen i Moa Martinsons Kvinnor och äppelträd
  • 279.
    Engfelt, Olga
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Barndomen som en metafor: En studie av Agnes von Krusenstjernas Tony växer upp och Inger Edelfeldts Breven till Nattens Drottning i psykoanalytisk belysning2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I fokus för denna uppsats står barndomens metaforik i två litterära verk, nämligen Agnes von Krusenstjernas Tony växer upp (1922) och Inger Edelfeldts Breven till Nattens Drottning (1985). Syftet men uppsatsen är att undersöka hur uppfattningen om barndomen konstrueras och förändras i litterära verk från skilda tider. Metoden bygger på att den jämförande analysen lyfter fram likheter och skillnader i gestaltningen av Krusenstjernas respektive Edelfeldts huvudpersoners själsliv och deras mognadsprocess – ett begrepp som hänger ihop med barndomens skiftande betydelse. Genom att relatera romanerna till 1900-talets psykoanalytiska teorier av Jung, Freud, Fromm och Berne visar textanalysen att Tony från Krusenstjernas berättelse och Edelfeldts romanfigur George Daniel går igenom likadana utvecklingsfaser innan de upplever en slags försoning med livet och övervinner det inre främlingskapet: mötet med Skuggan (personlighetens mörka sida), fascination av döden som smälter samman med kärlek till mänskligheten, det religiösa tvivlet, kroppsliga plågor och saknad efter ömhet. Barndomen skildras som en dramatisk process vars syfte är att uppnå den nya livsfasen då människan känner sig mer mogen och säker. Ur texterna framträder dock en annan uppfattning av barndomen som ett psykiskt ursprungligt jagtillstånd som alltid finns kvar i människans psyke i form av det kärleksfulla och lekfulla barnet. Hos Krusenstjerna konstrueras den unga Tonys intuitiva världsbild. Huvudpersonens barndom gestaltas som en såväl psykisk som fysiologisk process som även präglar den blivande vuxnes varseblivning. Barndomens metaforiska betydelse innebär det verkliga konkreta barnets förlorade oskuld, det lyckliga omedvetna och spontana tillståndet som visar sig i Tonys fantasier och kärleksdramer. Edelfeldts sätt att skildra tonåringens mognadsprocess är däremot analytiskt. I Georges psyke är det levande inre barnet förträngt till förmån för en intellektuell medvetenhet och rationella lekar vilket resulterar i en bild av någon universell schematisk karaktär som saknar åldersgräns och det verkliga ansiktet. I Edelfeldts roman blir barndomen en slags litterär modell av de psykologiska processer som pågår i den moderna människans själsliv. Barndomens metaforik tar sig uttryck i det förlorade arketypiska barnets förbrukade symbol som i olika former förekommer i Georges drömmar och fantasier.

    Uppsatsen tangerar också skillnaden inom det narrativa perspektivet i berättelserna. Den tragiska intonation som ligger i Krusenstjernas roman förvandlas till ett intertextuellt spel i Edelfeldts roman. Krusenstjernas verk saknar den ironiska intonation som genomsyrar Edelfeldts skildring. Tony anses som författarinnans alter ego, bäraren av Krusenstjernas verkliga rädslor och komplex. George D. Bratt i Edelfeldts roman blir däremot upphovsmannens marionett; hans dagbok kan uppfattas som skärningspunkt för psykoanalytiska, filosofiska och bibliska diskurser.

     

     

     

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  • 280.
    Engfelt, Olga
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Den gåtfulla och kusliga främlingen inom oss: En studie av problematiken främlingskap i Walter Ljungquists Källan och Mare Kandres Aliide, Aliide2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I fokus för denna uppsats ligger främlingskapets problematik i två barndomsskildringar, Walter Ljungquists Källan (1961) och Mare Kandres Aliide, Aliide (1991).

    Analysen kretsar kring följande frågor: Hur konstrueras barnets främlingskap i båda berättelserna från två skilda tider? På vilket sätt präglar författarnas filosofiska och estetiska insikter den litterära bilden av barnets främlingskap? Vilka olikheter och likheter finns i de två gestaltningarna av barnets främlingskap i förhållande till den andre och till sig själv?

    Med utgångspunkten i existentiella, psykoanalytiska och antroposofiska perspektiv bildar jag mig en uppfattning om främlingskapets ursprung och dess filosofiska betydelse i olika teoretiska diskurser.

    Min metod kan beskrivas som en pendelrörelse mellan det skönlitterära materialet och teoretiska synvinklar på främlingskap. I frågan om Ljungquists symboliska berättelse använder jag mig av den jungianska arketypteorin och Rudolf Steiners antroposofiska idéer om människans utveckling på väg till det andliga jaget genom en serie inkarnationer. I analysen av Kandres roman stödjer jag mig på Kristevas diskussion om främlingskap och Sartres teori om den andres existens.

    Ett stort intresse för människans kroppsliga och själsliga processer är gemensamt för de samtliga teoretikerna. Kombinationen av flera teoretiska nycklar öppnar vägen till romanernas filosofiska och estetiska bråddjup.

    Med tonvikt på den berörda problematiken tolkar jag texterna som två symboliska sinnebilder för människans inre främlingskap. Dessutom visar jag de skillnader och beröringspunkter som finns i den litterära bilden av människans främlingskap i de analyserade skildringarna.

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  • 281.
    Englund, Axel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Anne Sexton omförhandlade sitt jag i dikten2012In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, Vol. Juni, no 21Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 282.
    Englund, Axel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Bleston Babel: Migration, Multilingualism and Intertextuality in W.G. Sebald’s Mancunian Cantical2013In: Languages of Exile: Migration and Multilingualism in Twentieth-Century Literature / [ed] Axel Englund, Anders Olsson, Oxford, Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Wien,: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2013, p. 261-280Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 283.
    Englund, Axel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Celan gjorde erotiken till lyrik2010In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 24 majArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 284.
    Englund, Axel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Det kodade meddelandet: metaforisk interaktion och dödslängtan i Per Olov Enquists Nedstörtad ängel2006In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, Vol. 1, p. 62-78Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Per Olov Enquist's 1985 novel Nedstörtad ängel (Downfall) is, despite its modest proportions, one of the most poetically powerful and intriguing works in his oeuvre. It consists of a number of disparate stories which are presented as intertwined fragments. This article argues that the novel creates its meaning in the manner of a large-scale metaphor, in which the different stories serve as the constituent subjects.

  • 285.
    Englund, Axel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Dikt och musik i förintelsens skugga: Om Paul Celans poesi2012In: Nutida Musik, ISSN 1652-6082, no 4, p. 36-40Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 286.
    Englund, Axel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Fussl, Irene, "Geschenke an Aufmerksame": Hebräische Intertextualität und mystische Weltauffassung in der Lyrik Paul Celans2010In: Seminar (Toronto), ISSN 0037-1939, E-ISSN 1911-026X, Vol. 46, no 2, p. 184-185Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 287.
    Englund, Axel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas, Department of History of Literature.
    (Im)possibilities of Communication: Celan, Ruzicka, Dittrich2008In: Perspectives of New Music, ISSN 0031–6016, Vol. 46, no 2, p. 5-32Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 288.
    Englund, Axel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Intermedial Topography and Metaphorical Interaction2010In: Media Borders, Intermediality and Multimodality / [ed] Lars Elleström, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan , 2010, p. 69-80Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As illustrated by the title of this volume, we often tend to think of arts and media in terms of geographic areas delineated by definable borders, and consequently of intermedial and interartial studies as a kind of topographical descriptions. Focusing on relations between music and literature, this article points to some of the implications of this topographical model, and contrasts it to another way of conceptualizing intermedial relations, namely as metaphorical phenomena. I argue that many musico-literary artefacts can be understood as a metaphorical interaction between their musical and verbal elements. Such interaction deals with, on the one hand, specific material ideas contained in each musico-literary work and, on the other hand, general ideas about the concepts “music” and “literature”. Hence, each musico-literary artefact can be understood as a meta-medial utterance, potentially altering the way we conceive of these arts and redrawing, as it were, the borders of the medial territories. I believe the metaphorical perspective to be a high-yielding one, but one which also entails at least a partial suspension of the topographical model: the metaphorical interaction between two elements presupposes their simultaneous presence. Such simultaneity, however, is suppressed by the topographical model, since it prompts us to envision the medial areas as spatially separate. As a result of this, the topographical model invites us to conceive of intermedial artefacts as objects which have been transported – carried across the bridge, as it were – into  foreign territory, their identity remaining essentially unaltered even when their medium of origin is out of the picture. The metaphorical perspective, I argue, can help us get past this way of conceptualizing intermediality, as well as the equally questionable notions of media as historically constant and definable in terms of definite, essential characteristics.

  • 289.
    Englund, Axel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Kärlek och uppror: lyrikens målbrott i Sångernas bok2011In: Sångernas bok: Heinrich Heine / [ed] Martin Tegen (urval och tolkning, övers.), Stockholm: Themis , 2011, p. 259-273Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Sångernas bok, som blev Heinrich Heines mest spridda och kända diktverk, uppvisar lyriken i ett förändringsskede; här bryts en romantisk poesi med ironiska drag mot en modernare ton på friare vers.Samlingen innehåller fem delar: Unga smärtor, Lyriskt intermezzo, Hemkomsten, Harzresan och Nordsjön.

  • 290.
    Englund, Axel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Läsa landskap: två dikter av W.G. Sebald2011In: Lyrikvännen, ISSN 0460-0762, no 5, p. 7-14Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 291.
    Englund, Axel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas, Department of History of Literature.
    Modes of Musicality in Paul Celan's Die Niemandsrose2009In: Seminar (Toronto), ISSN 0037-1939, E-ISSN 1911-026X, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 138-158Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 292.
    Englund, Axel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Operakonsten fylld av sexuella maktrelationer2012In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 17 juliArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 293.
    Englund, Axel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Ord, jord, mord: Celans "Huhediblu"2009In: Ordens negativ: till Anders Olsson / [ed] Anders Cullhed, et al., Stockholm/Stehag: Symposion Brutus Östlings bokförlag, 2009, p. 59-75Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 294.
    Englund, Axel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Ordfria stämmor: något om musik och musikalitet i Paul Celans poesi2007In: Kritiker, ISSN 1104-196X, no 6Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 295.
    Englund, Axel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Sluta sår: Wagner och Adorno läser Heine2011In: Okonstlad konst ?: Om äkthet och autenticitet i estetisk teori och praktik / [ed] Axel Englund & Anna Jörngården, Lindome: Brutus Östlings Bokförlag Symposion AB , 2011, p. 183-195Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 296.
    Englund, Axel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Still Songs: Music In and Around the Poetry of Paul Celan2012Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What does it mean for poetry and music to turn to each other, in the shadow of the Holocaust, as a means of aesthetic self-reflection? How can their mutual mirroring, of such paramount importance to German Romanticism, be reconfigured to retain its validity after the Second World War? These are the core questions of Axel Englund's book, which is the first to address the topic of Paul Celan and music. Celan, a Jewish Holocaust survivor who has long been recognized as one of the most important poets of the German language, persistently evoked music and song in his oeuvre, from the juvenilia to the posthumous collections. Conversely, few post-war writers have inspired as large a body of contemporary music, including works by Harrison Birtwistle, György Kurtág, Wolfgang Rihm, Peter Ruzicka and many others. Through rich close readings of poems and musical compositions, Englund's book engages the artistic media in a critical dialogue about the conditions of their existence. In so doing, it reveals their intersection as a site of profound conflict, where the very possibility of musical and poetic meaning is at stake, and confrontations of aesthetic transcendentality and historical remembrance are played out in the wake of twentieth-century trauma.

  • 297.
    Englund, Axel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History of Literature and History of Ideas, Department of History of Literature.
    "Streicht dunkler die Geigen": Berio and Birtwistle in Dialogue with Celan2008In: Sonic Transformations of Literary Texts: From Program Music to Musical Ekphrasis, Hillsdale, NY: Pendragon Press , 2008, p. 119-141Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 298.
    Englund, Axel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Stroke Darkly the Strings: On Paul Celan and Music2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to disclose the oeuvre of the German-Romanian Holocaust survivor Paul Celan as a site of problematic yet productive encounters between poetry and music. It addresses, on the one hand, music as a thematic and structural element in Celan’s poetry and, on the other hand, contemporary musical works interacting with this poetry. These fields are brought together in close readings of poems and scores, to expose a dynamic of musico-literary metaphoricity: in poetry and music alike, the ‘other’ art can be understood as a metaphorical model (or anti-model) aimed at intermedial meta-reflection in the wake of aesthetic rupture and historical trauma.

    The seven chapters of the study demonstrate that music, although vastly neglected by previous research, is a central preoccupation of Celan’s from the earliest poems to the posthumous collections. His work repeatedly throws music into an ambivalent light, thus evading simplistic affirmation or refutation of poetic musicality. Inherited notions of music as paradigmatically pure, transcendent and numinous are either critically deconstructed in the poems, or serve as a poetological image of that from which Celan seeks to distance his work. When the poems tend towards identification with music, it is typically a music configured as terrestrial, corporeal and aimed at inter-human dialogue. For the contemporary compositions, the problem of reference and communication as presented by Celan’s poetry is an ideal means of challenging reductive formalism: by metaphorically projecting this poetry onto their structures, the musical works gain extra-musical relevance without compromising formal complexity. While the musical structures acquire semantic force via the poems, the constant questioning of referential meaning in Celan’s poetry leaks over into the music. Through such dynamic interaction, both poetry and music are able to critically reflect upon their own aesthetic preconditions in the late twentieth century.

  • 299.
    Englund, Axel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    'The Invisible' / 'The Inaudible': Aspects of Performativity in Celan and Leibowitz2012In: Word and Music Studies: Essays on Performativity and on Surveying the Field / [ed] Walter Bernhart, Amsterdam: Rodopi , 2012, p. 121-142Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As a written poem is read aloud or performed in a musical setting, how might the transition from a visible to an audible materiality alter its meaning and its way of generating meaning? What impact does this change have on the relation between semantics and sound structure? How might the particular vocalization of the speaking or singing individual affect the interpretations of the text? The present paper approaches such questions through two late poems by Paul Celan. The poems are followed from their written existence on the page through a recorded reading by the author and, finally, into a musical setting by René Leibowitz. Not only do these texts explicitly thematize their own suspension between writtenness and orality, but they also enact the sensory disappearance and threatening collapse of their own language. Spoken and sung, moreover, the poems are subjected to the risks of misrepresentation and misinterpretation inherent in any performance, with concrete and crucial effects on their meaning as a result. 

  • 300.
    Englund, Axel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    The Mahlerian mask: Heine's voice and visage in post-war Germany2014In: Word and music studies: on voice / [ed] Walter Bernhart, Lawrence Kramer, Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2014, p. 129-148Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The lyrical oeuvre of Heinrich Heine was a vastly important textual source of German vocal music in the nineteenth century. Heine’s impact on music was reciprocated by the composers’ impact on his poetry, which can scarcely be read without the echoes of Ro- mantic lieder making themselves heard. A century later, the critics and composers of post- war Germany attempted to give a different image of the poet precisely by means of music. Heine remained a complex and controversial writer in the twentieth century, and high stakes were invested in his figure – not only because of his status as a canonized poet, but also because of the difficulties he faced as a German-Jewish writer, both in his lifetime and in the afterlife of literary reception. The present paper addresses three musical (or musical- ly tempered) post-war interpretations of his poetry, in which Theodor W. Adorno, Reiner Bredemeyer, and Hans Werner Henze all claim to unmask the ‘real’ Heine, to see his true face or hear his true voice. Interestingly, all three seem to agree that this ‘real’ Heine has much in common with another German-Jewish artist: Gustav Mahler.

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