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  • 251.
    Heppling, Elin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Veterandagen: Veteranerna och Sverige. En studie av hur veteranskap presenteras under veterandagen.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the Swedish Veteran’s day as celebrated in Stockholm in 2018. This is investigated in relation to a theoretical background of nationalism and through a lens of ritual theory.The study finds that the formal definition of the veteran that is presented during the Swedish Veteran’s day is not strictly defined. Instead, veteranship is defined by ideological traits such as peace and the nation, and experience-based traits such as risk of violence, suffering or competence. The study finds that different actors put emphasis on different traits. In the ceremony possible paradoxes of some of the traits are hidden in the ritual form. Veteranship occurs in the ceremony in a close relationship to the idea of the nation ofSweden. At times, the nation is depicted as an actor bearing the desirable traits of the veteran.The day in full is furthermore interpreted as a part of a social drama which balances therelationship between the veterans and the nation. 

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    Veteranerna och Sverige
  • 252.
    Hertzberg, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Erfarenhet som diskurs.: Att berätta sig ut ur intervjusituationens relativa underordning.1999In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 13-21Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 253.
    Hertzberg, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Gymnasievalet och bilder av framtiden på en etniskt delad arbetsmarknad2007In: Utbildning, arbete, med­borgarskap: strategier för social inkludering i den mångetniska staden / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Fredrik Hertzberg, Susanne Urban, Aleksandra Ålund, Umeå: Boréa Bokförlag, 2007, p. 129-158Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 254.
    Hjertstrand, Emma
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, Comparative Religion and Gender Studies.
    PANG MUSIK! och indie2006Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att utröna vad genren indie kan vara sett ur ett bredare perspektiv än bara musiken. Uppsatsen ämnar också se hur indie kan konkretiseras i olika sammanhang. Det konkreta sammanhanget utgörs i detta fall av en livemusik-klubb i Uppsala vid namn Pang Musik! Med hjälp av genreteori samt en diskussion om kulturellt kapital vill jag nå mitt syfte att visa vad genren indie kan utgöras av samt vad som inom genren kan anses vara autentiskt. Pang Musik! kallas ”indieklubb” och präglas av genren indie. Genom att fältarbeta på klubben vill jag finna konkreta exempel på vad genren kräver av artister eller anhängare för att dessa skall få erhålla epitetet indie. Med detta åsyftar jag exempelvis särskilda värderingar eller förhållningssätt. Utöver fältarbetet har jag studerat litteratur som rör musikgenrer samt intervjuat personer som är verksamma vid Pang Musik! I Uppsala. Under fältarbetet har deltagande observationer samt strukturerade samtalsintervjuer genomförts. Med hjälp av detta vill jag belysa delar av vad som kulturen indie tar fasta vid och därmed väljer låta utgöra genren. Mina resultat visar bland annat att man inom indie förespråkar anti-kommersialism och artistisk integritet, samt att det är av stor innebörd att tillskrivas autenticitet, som sann indie utövare, av andra anhängare.

    Nyckelord: Genre, Autenticitet, Symboliskt kapital, Kulturellt sammanhang, Indie

  • 255.
    Hughes Tidlund, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Autonomous Åland: A hundred years of borderwork in the Baltic Sea2021Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation applies an ethnological and long-temporal view of borders. The region of Åland, being an autonomous and demilitarised island territory under Finnish sovereignty, serves as an illuminative case of the work that goes into keeping borders fixed for two reasons. The region being maritime is the first one, and it being in a betwixt position between a state and a province is the second. The study seeks to explore the borders as cultural entities composed by layers – legal, geographical, political and social – and the processes through which the borders have been anchored. As important are the ways in which the borders extend into everyday life by creating a local order that activities relate to. Borders are hence seen as both objects and sources of actions. Seeing borders as objects of action function as an entry into an exploration of how the borders have been objects of continuous work since their establishment in 1921. The idea of them being sources of actions serves as a window into how the borders in numerous ways have influenced everyday life for inhabitants. In order to analyse the work that goes into borders as well as the actions borders cause, the study explores both the authoritative borderwork and how the borders or their effects have been encountered and handled by individuals who live within. The multifaceted view is achieved through a broad material consisting of archived documents, archived ethnological interviews, participant observations and contemporary interviews, in combination with studies of law and publications. Through the use of the phenomenological concept of practico-inert, the study reveals both how borders are outcomes of incessant human actions, and how they create an undisputable structure for individuals to observe and relate to, but not necessarily obey. In summary, the study contributes with a detailed description of how bordered places are created, and how individuals navigate the structures that they live within. 

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    Autonomous Åland: A hundred years of borderwork in the Baltic Sea
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  • 256.
    Hughes Tidlund, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Bilder av det förflutna: En etnologisk studie av historieundervisningens framväxt i det åländska samhället2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the development of a local history education, as taught in the compulsory levels of primary, middle and high school in Åland. The Åland islands have had a unique status of autonomy within the state of Finland since 1922, when the islands, after the Finnish independence from Russia, wished to reunite with Sweden but were made autonomous as a compromise. Åland therefore controls its own education system. This essay examines how the contents of school history have been adjusted to a regional interpretation and meaning of the past. The empirical sources are schoolbooks, school curricula, archive documents regarding education, and interviews with teachers, schoolbook authors and officials. The period examined is from 1922 until today. The aim is to show how an understanding of the past correlates with a changing present situation, how the past is made meaningful and embedded in the local region, and how these processes are connected to the formation of a collective identity and its continuation. This is done by integrating theories of collective memory mediation, national identity processes and didactic theories focusing on history as taught in school.

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  • 257.
    Hughes Tidlund, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    En liten ö med stor betydelse: Fallet Märket och dess roll för den finsk-svenska statsgränsen2022In: Geografier, ISSN 2002-102X, Vol. 6, p. 15-19Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 258.
    Hughes Tidlund, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    How to break the rules just right: Åland Smugglers 1920­–19502021In: Facing the Sea: Essays in Swedish Maritime Studies / [ed] Leos Müller and Simon Ekström, Nordic Academic Press, 2021Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 259.
    Hughes Tidlund, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    How to break the rules just right: Åland smugglers, 1920-19502021In: Facing the Sea: Essays in Swedish Maritime Studies / [ed] Simon Ekström, Leos Müller, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2021, p. 239-262Chapter in book (Other academic)
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    fulltext
  • 260.
    Hughes Tidlund, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Märket: The makings and meanings of a border in the Baltic Sea2019In: Heritage and Borders / [ed] Anna Källén, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, 2019, p. 61-82Chapter in book (Refereed)
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    fulltext
  • 261.
    Hughes Tidlund, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    När kriget kom till byn: Åländska minnen av världskrigens lokala följder2021In: Åländsk odling, ISSN 0356-1003, no 72, p. 8-31Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Åland brukar kallas för Fredens öar, men har som bekant inte varit förskonat frånväpnade konflikter. Både första och andra världskriget förde med sig befästningar,soldater och strider. Den här artikeln handlar om tider när krig utspelat sig påÅland, men på ett annat sätt än det vanliga. Texten handlar inte om hur det komsig att olika krig kom att sträcka sig in på demilitariserat område. Den handlarinte heller om hur krigets fronter ryckte fram och åter, beroende på de stridandeparternas framgångar och motgångar. Istället utgår texten från krig sedda frånmarginalen. Krig äger rum på platser där människor bor och verkar i sin vardag,och sysslor och bestyr som hör vardagen till måste fortgå även om en väpnadkonflikt inträder. Så har det varit även på Åland under de krig som utspelats där.Den här texten återberättar hur krigens följder tedde sig för människor som påolika sätt kom att leva sina vardagsliv under en tid när krig ägde rum på Åland.

  • 262.
    Hughes Tidlund, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    ”Och ålänningarna började sköta sig själva”: Ålänningar i historisk vardag berättar om sin plats och sin tid2021In: Styr ålänningarna sitt öde? Demokratiperspektiv på Åland / [ed] Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark, Mariehamn: Ålands fredsinstitut, Cavannus , 2021, p. 289-311Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad tänkte ålänningar om Åland förr? Utifrån intervjumaterial undersöker detta kapitel bilden av Åland ur ett vardagshistoriskt perspektiv. För inte så länge sedan torkades soldatstrumpor på gästgiveriet medan fönstren skallrade av striderna utanför. Isens farbarhet avgjorde ens aktiviteter från dag till dag. Tjusiga ryska soldater bjöd på bröd och spelade balalajka för ungdomen. Med hjälp av sådana berättelser undersöker kapitlet hur levnadshistoriska intervjuer speglar människors förståelser av tid, plats och tillhörighet. Vidare spårar kapitlet framväxandet av ett åländskt ”vi”, grundkompo- nenten i demokrati. Om föreställningar är tänjbara är de också styrbara, vilket knyter an till bokens fråga om huruvida ålänningar styr sitt öde. 

  • 263.
    Hughes Tidlund, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Språk och känsla: En etnologisk studie om vardagen med andraspråk2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Languages are a central aspect of communication, and also strongly related to ideas about belonging and identity. Language is a necessary knowledge to speak, act and make connections with other people, and also seen as an essential aspect of integration. However, as languages are connected to resilient norms in society, there are ideas of “good” and “bad” language use. This study examines migrated academic individuals and their use of acquired Swedish, to see how their language use is experienced as a communication tool and as a marker of inclusion. To live with a second language is different from learning it. A phenomenological perspective is applied to explore the lifeworlds of the individuals, to see how language use and its consequences are embodied and resulting in emotions and strategies. This is done by interviews and observations combined with language portraits and language diaries. The study shows that language is done by languaging (språkande), understood as an action of making language. The making of language includes a range of communicative elements and also the experiences, strategies and emotions that the language experiences result in. With the concept of languaging, the focal point is how language is made meaningful, as a tool that you communicate with, as well as live with.

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    fulltext
  • 264.
    Hughes Tidlund, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Är Fredens öar fridfulla? Vaksamhet och oro i åländsk vardag2022In: Fredsposten, ISSN 0357-2250, no 1, p. 3-5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 265.
    Hughes Tidlund, Ida
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Nystrand von Unge, Elin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Etik och kvalitativa metoder2022In: Etnologiskt fältarbete: Nya fält och former / [ed] Kim Silow Kallenberg; Elin von Unge; Lisa Wiklund Moreira, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2022Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 266.
    Huhtakangas, Sonja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Den föränderliga gränsen: Myndigheternas gränskontroll i Sverige 1918-19242024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    fulltext
  • 267.
    Hulander, Jon
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Dansbandsveckan i Malung: Minne och identitetsprocesser i dansbandsmekka2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis concerns Malung and the annual music and dance festival Dansbandsveckan. The aim is to study collective identity and memory processes connected to this event among the local residents, and to find how aspects of Dansbandsveckan relates to the local history in Malung. The study is based on interviews and observations and the central theoretical concepts used are memory, identity and community. These concepts highlight process, the evolving structures in negotiating different aspects of Dansbandsveckan among the locals. The result shows that Dansbandsveckan is indeed a central economical and social component for the local residents, although they do not take part in the main feature of the event – the dance. Instead other arenas are claimed by the locals and used to strengthen aspects of the social memory and collective identity of Malung. The way the event is organized and structured connects it to the local history through values and ideals such as entrepreneurship and volunteerism. The fading of the old collective identity, the leather industry, is an ongoing trauma for the community since the symbolically important tannery burned down in 2014. Dansbandsveckan claims a stronger presence in the social memory every year and is slowly becoming a new cornerstone in Malungs collective identity as the leather will either slide further into the forgotten or become institutionalized in the cultural memory.

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    fulltext
  • 268.
    Hyltén-Cavallius, Charlotte
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Den mediala barnkammaren: Hur barn använder och förhåller sig till medier2012In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 10-19Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 269.
    Hyltén-Cavallius, Charlotte
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Hur kan vi implementera mångfaldskonventionen?2011In: Samdok-forum, no 1Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 270.
    Hyltén-Cavallius, Charlotte
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Kommentar till genomförandet av konventionen om skydd för och främjande av mångfalden i kulturella uttryck.2011In: När bläcket har torkat. Vad gör vi nu?: Rapport från Svenska Unescorådets konferens om Unescos kulturkonventioner, 1 december 2010, Historiska museet, Stockholm, Stockholm: Svenska unescorådet , 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 271.
    Hyltén-Cavallius, Charlotte
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Kulturens mångfald: Lärdomar från en annan arena2012In: Vem platsar i laget?: En antologi om idrott och etnisk mångfald / [ed] Christine Dartsch & Johan Pihlblad, SISU Idrottsböcker , 2012, p. 65-101Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 272.
    Hyltén-Cavallius, Charlotte
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    ”Tjejigt” och ”killigt” – om hur kön görs och förstås av yngre barn2012In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, Vol. 95, no 2, p. 65-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    “Girly” and “boyish” – On How Gender is Performed and Understood by Young Children

    How is gender performed and understood by young children? And how does gender intersect with class and age? This article is based on interviews with over a hundred children, drawings and a collection of toys. The fieldwork was performed in five different places in the greater Stockholm during 2007 and 2008 (two million homes program areas, two villa suburbs and an industrial town). The study was a follow up by a study carried out by Eva Lis Bjurman in the 1970s that studied the effects of segregation on children’s leisure activities in different parts of Stockholm. The 1970s perspective viewed the children as passive receivers of messages and interpreted the working class children as victims of mass culture. A perspective on how gender, class and age are made in performances, narratives, clothes, materiality and other activities has guided the analysis. The study draws on childhood research which views the child as “being” in the world and not as “becoming” something. But viewing children as capable of interpreting culture has to be combined with an interpretation of the children’s narratives and performances in a societal and historical context. It is significant that the middle class children are more interested in and skilled in discussing gender in terms of difference and the children living in the million program areas are keener on stressing similarity among each other. The study shows that the toys, the colors and the games described as “girly” are constantly undervaluated by both boys and girls in the gender mixed interviews. The girly expressions, the girls games focused on care, dolls and a performed “hyperfemininity” are defined as childish and silly and are valued as “low”. This illustrates an asymmetrical logic where the male is defined as norm and the female is defined as deviator, subordinated or in more general terms – low.

  • 273.
    Hyltén-Cavallius, Charlotte
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, Comparative Religion and Gender Studies.
    Traditionens estetik: Spelet mellan inhemsk och internationell hemslöjd2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this dissertation is to show how a handicraft-aesthetics are shaped and reshaped, with a particular focus on the interplay between domestic and international handicraft. This is studied in a number of forums, and the negotiations often revolve around what it is that characterises good craft. Specific emphasis is put on investigating the conditions under which and where the interface between these categories might occur. With the aim of providing a perspective of the Swedish situation, a comparative study of how the American patriotic women’s movement, Daughters of the American Revolution, took part in the formation of domestic traditions, ideals and aesthetics in the USA during the early part of the 20th century has also been carried out. From an historical perspective it is illustrated how the images we have both of ourselves and others are mutually dependent and ever-changing. The dissertation is based on fieldwork at costume parades, craft markets, costume shows and exhibitions, as well as in projects involving immigrant women where Swedish handicraft is used as a means of teaching the Swedish language. It is also based on archive research (in various Swedish archives, the Ellis Island archive, New York and the National Archive of the Daughters of the American Revolution, Washington DC). Since the 1970s, international handicraft, in connection with immigration policy and the Handicraft Movement network, has been referred to as an “enrichment” and “vitalisation” of Swedish cultural life and Swedish handicraft. In spite of this the actual presence of international craftwork and craft workers with foreign backgrounds is limited within the Movement. International handicraft and Sámi crafts are both included at the same time as they are distinguished as special interests in relation to normative domestic craftwork. Other handicraft traditions have thus constituted the domestic handicraft’s constituent facades.

  • 274.
    Hyltén-Cavallius, Charlotte
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Edström, Nina
    Osmos: Inkluderingsprocesser i kulturlivet2011Book (Other academic)
  • 275.
    Hyltén-Cavallius, Sverker
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    A Swedish Generation? On musical chrontopes and pensionerhood2009In: Samples: Online-Publikationen des Arbeitskreis Studium Populärer Musik, p. -10Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 276.
    Hyltén-Cavallius, Sverker
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Ekoaffekter: Hur sjuttiotalet formas idag2009In: Samtid och museer, ISSN 1402-3512, p. 6-7Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 277.
    Hyltén-Cavallius, Sverker
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Klicka på ikonen.: Populärmusikaliska historieskrivningar på youtube.2009In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, no 3-4, p. 43-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2007, the BMI awarded Peter Gabriel as “Icon of the year”. But how are such icons formed on a day-to-day basis? Youtube, a typical example of web 2.0 products, every day has 90 million visitors out of whom 1 percent actively interact on its platform, sharing and commenting videos. This article analyses different ways of narrating history in members’ comments on a video clip reproducing the song “The battle of Epping forest” from a Genesis concert from 1974. Three major kinds of historiography are discerned. First, the video reproduction in itself and in its relation to other videos from the same channel (tommygun1028) as forms of self-presentations and genre histories. Second, the members’ comments on the video as a form of artist-, band- and genre histories, where certain aspects are mutually agreed upon, while others are debated. And thirdly, these comments as fragments of life histories, claiming both “I was there” and “I wasn’t there” with equal authority, and pointing to links between music, text and personal biographies. To conclude, youtube establishes a platform where popular icons are formed in a polyphony of histories making use of the mythical room created between fans, industry, musicians and youtube members.

  • 278.
    Hyltén-Cavallius, Sverker
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, Comparative Religion and Gender Studies. Etnologi.
    Lika gamla leka bäst.: Ålder och generation som likhetsprojekt.2007In: Åldrandets betydelser, Studentlitteratur, Lund , 2007, p. 91-123Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 279.
    Hyltén-Cavallius, Sverker
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, Comparative Religion and Gender Studies.
    Minnets spelrum: Om musik och pensionärskap2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore how pensionerhood is formed through music-making. What are the building blocks of pensionerhood in musical contexts, and which values are included and excluded? In the study pensionerhood is defined in terms of cultural position, the term forming is used to define conditioning, limiting and enabling forces and the term music-making denotes a wide set of activities from arranging venues to performance. Taking a phenomenological social constructivist point of departure, the study combines analyses of musical sound, social practice and memory. Field work was first conducted intermittently between 1995 and 1998, and then during a continuous period from november 1999 through april 2000. The first two chapters are based on material gathered in and around Stockholm during the first period, and discuss place, space and memory politics in commercial, organization-related pensioner music, and musical settings in institutional care. The following three chapters build on material from the second period of field work in a southern Sweden industrial town, discussing in turn aesthetics, sound and social life in associations, formations of generational memory in musical narratives, and the limitations and possibilities that govern performances of age and generation in various musical and expressive performances. The final and concluding chapter restates and develops the main results of the study.

    Pensionerhood is musically formed in a set of possibilities and limitations. A specific timespace is elaborated in musical settings, whereby pensionerhood is organized as a kind of ethnicity that stresses historical difference, what is here termed chronocity. But pensionerhood also emerges as a social movement that depends upon a cognitive praxis musically developed in a residual structure of feeling characterized by the social modes nostalgia and happy get-together. Finally, pensionerhood is understood as a retrospective interface where interaction in music is defined by memory. To conclude, the thesis argues that the concept of position and interface might translate to a concept of identity whose understanding requires attention to questions of style and aesthetics.

  • 280.
    Hyltén-Cavallius, Sverker
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Retrologier: Musik, nätverk och tidrum2014Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi lever i en tid då stora delar av populärkulturen, från film till mode och musik, använder sig av och anspelar på fragment från svunna tider. Här formas mängder av föreställningar och tolkningar av hur det var – ett slags historia på sätt och vis, men en historia som förvaltas i rörelser, klanger och bilder tillsammans med många berättelser. Den här boken handlar om hur sådana historier, vad som här kallas retrologier, fogas samman av människor som på olika sätt är engagerade i den musik som gjordes under det sena 1960- och tidiga 1970-talet. I sju kapitel får vi här följa nätverk av aktörer i deras formande av berättelser, kroppsligheter, klanger och bilder. På vägen lär vi oss om hur tid och rum kan kopplas samman och åtskiljas, hur exotisering kan fungera och hur distinktioner går till.

  • 281.
    Hyltén-Cavallius, Sverker
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    "Sekunder förvandlas till år": Återfödelse, återklingande och återskapande i sjuttiotalsrock2008In: Kulturella perspektiv, ISSN 1102-7908, no 3-4, p. 56-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    The aim of the article is to explore ways of conceiving and organizing the past in popular music. Empirical basis is observations at music events and internet discussions, and analysis of recorded music, conducted within a current research project.

    The article develops three retrologies, literally “ways of thinking back”. Rebirth is when musicians disappear and after many years reappear. In this case identity – the authority to claim personal continuity – and the capability to represent and manage a lost context, are keys to an authentic performance and central to the musicians’ chances to update and develop their sound. Resounding is the use of past sounds, instruments, grooves and melodic fragments that are put together in new ways.

    These bands are associated to the 70’s, and listeners will find a number of historic references yet rarely or never find actual copies. Recreation is the meticulous work characterizing certain tribute bands in their effort to recreate historical concerts. In this case, the identity of the performing artist is erased in favor of the identity of the performed artist, placing authenticity in the matching of detailed performance and audience expectations. Any improvisations would here be regarded as  istakes.

    To conclude, each retrology points to different conceptions of authenticity, but all place high value in mastering contextual knowledge.

  • 282.
    Hyltén-Cavallius, Sverker
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Trovärdiga färger?: Om att beskriva webbmiljöer2010In: Nätverket: etnologisk tidskrift, E-ISSN 1651-0593, no 17, p. 107-115Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 283. Hyltén-Cavallius, Sverker
    et al.
    Kaijser, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Affective Ordering: On the Organization of Retrologies in Music Networks2012In: Ethnologia Scandinavica, ISSN 0348-9698, E-ISSN 0348-9698, Vol. 42, p. 64-85Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 284.
    Hyltén-Cavallius, Sverker
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Kaijser, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Swedish Prog Rock and the Search for a Timeless Utopia2017In: The Oxford handbook of Popular Music in the Nordic Countries / [ed] Fabian Holt, Antti-Ville Kärjä, New York: Oxford University Press, 2017, p. 219-235Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines the revival of the psychedelic style of Swedish progressive rock called flumprogg, which originated in Stockholm in the 1960s, within evolving transnational geographies and historical complexities of revivalism. In the late 1980s, this music started to experience a revival in a global sphere of Anglophone DIY culture. The prog-rock revival was not limited to Scandinavian prog rock; it also involved a broader international landscape of progressive rock in the 1970s, including German kraut and English folk prog. Inspired by postmodern historiography, the chapter introduces an analytical approach that explores how people make sense of fragments of the past in particular sites of transnational flows. The analytical method involves ethnography of fragments—recordings, photos, and decorations—as found in record stores, for instance. The authors propose the concept of a retrology to account for how these constellations of fragments create utopian timeless spaces that suggest a historical and spatial consciousness.

  • 285.
    Härenstam Nielsen, Felix
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Mer än bara tro: Spiritismens diskursiva kamper om religiös tro och vetenskaplighet i tidskriften Efteråt2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att undersöka hur den svenska spiritistiska rörelsen och tron på andevärlden framställs i de utgåvor av tidskriften Efteråt: Tidskrift för spiritism och dermed beslägtade ämnen som gavs ut mellan år 1899 och 1922. Med en diskursteoretisk utgångspunkt analyseras det sätt tidskriftens författare framställer spiritismen och tillhörande fenomen i förhållande till andra rörelser och idéer i deras samtid, samt hur spiritismen konstrueras som både rörelse och identitet. Undersökningen visar att trovärdighet var en viktig aspekt. Spiritismen framställdes främst som trovärdig på genom att kopplas till samtida vetenskapliga ideal samt genom att liknelser och samhörighet med den svenska kyrkans religiösa utövande framhävs. Utöver detta visar uppsatsen på hur spiritismen gör uttryck för samtida föreställningar om modernitet.

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  • 286.
    Härenstam Nielsen, Felix
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Sport, kultur och sportkultur: En etnologisk studie av relationen mellan ishockey och kultur i Leksand2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur några personer som bor i Leksands kommun förhandlar och resonerar kring relationen mellan ishockey och kultur. Detta har gjorts med hjälp av Bourdieus fältbegrepp för att synliggöra de strategier som används för att uttrycka denna relation. Jag har utfört fem intervjuer med totalt sex personer som på olika sätt är engagerade i frågan. Intervjupersonerna har fått berätta relativt fritt om sina uppfattningar och resonemang, och genom detta förs en diskussion kring hur deras strategiska användande av kapital ser ut och hur detta påverkar såväl dem själva som andra. 

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    Sport, kultur och sportkultur
  • 287.
    Härenstam Nielsen, Felix
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Till sägnernas land: Revitalisering av medeltid och folklore i samtida populärkultur2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att visa hur folklore och medeltid revitaliseras i samtida populärkultur. Detta undersöks med hjälp av en genomgång och analys av dataspelet The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt tillsammans med ett urval av mediematerial från dess marknadsföring. Analysen utförs med utgångspunkt i Erving Goffmans begrepp ramverk och nycklar och relateras till uppfattningar om autenticitet, nostalgi, historiebruk och Michael Dylan Foster och Jeffrey Tolberts begrepp folkloresque. Uppsatsen avslutas med en sammanfattande diskussion om hur folklore och medeltid samverkar med varandra och presenteras i dataspelet som medium.

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    Till sägnernas land
  • 288.
    Högström, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Expressive forms in motion2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Expressive forms are often associated with certain places or nations, or with certain groups of people categorized by nationality, ethnicity, age, social class or sexual orientation. Since my dissertation on Middle Eastern dance in Stockholm (2010), I have a continued interest in expressive forms in motion. What happens when music and or dance associated with a certain cultural or social context is performed in another setting, or by people without the “correct” origin or identity? Such transferred expressive forms are often criticized and considered as lacking in authenticity, since they are performed in the wrong place, by the wrong people or in the wrong way.  The performances are also judged in relation to notions of naturalness, antiquity and consistency over time. Cultural forms spread from the West to the rest of the world can be criticized for producing uniformity and cultural imperialism. When cultural forms from Africa, Asia or Latin America are adopted by Westerners, the performers are often criticized for cultural appropriation or exotization. This critique is important and may often be justified, given the unequal distribution of power and recourses in the world.  However, there is a weakness in this line of argument, since it rests on the apprehension that cultural forms have “natural” connections to certain people and particular places. Taken too far, this argument contradicts the idea of cultural identities, nationality and ethnicity as social constructions, possible to change. It also contradicts the notion of globalization and the flows of people, information and culture. Regardless if the inspiration goes from the West to “the Rest” or in the opposite direction, cultural forms are most often received in creative ways, mixed and transformed into new, local varieties. These new esthetic expressions may entertain, please or provoke. There may also be further implications, since expressive forms and performances contribute to creating, challenging and recreating communities as well as antagonisms.

  • 289.
    Högström, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Fenomenologi2017In: Tillämpad kulturteori / [ed] Jenny Gunnarsson Payne, Magnus Öhlander, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 55-73Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 290.
    Högström, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Getting it right: Learning new movements, manners and attitudes2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Middle Eastern dance classes, courses for jobseekers and an integration project for Somali refugees are examples of how techniques of the body are taught in processes including transmission of attitudes and ideals. There are, however, differences in the participants’ relative power and status.

  • 291.
    Högström, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    How do women in Sweden learn Middle Eastern dance?2013In: Close encounters : contemporary dance didactics: exploration in theory and practice, Stockholm: Dans och cirkushögskolan , 2013, p. 130-140Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 292.
    Högström, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, Comparative Religion and Gender Studies. etnologiska avdelningen.
    'Jag bjuder ut min dans, inte mig själv': Anständighetens gränser inom orientalisk dans i Stockholm2006In: Orienten i Sverige: Samtida möten och gränssnitt, Studentlitteratur, Lund , 2006, p. 329-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 293.
    Högström, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Konstens värde: Om konstnärligt utbildades karriärvägar och konstens betydelse i Stockholm2012Report (Other academic)
  • 294.
    Högström, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Orientalisk dans i Stockholm: Femininiteter, möjligheter och begränsningar2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the dissertation is to describe and analyze the practice and meaning of Middle Eastern dance through the study of a number of performers in Stockholm. In particular, this study emphasises the ways in which the performers seek, create and defend values such as femininity, authenticity, empowerment and respectability in and through their dancing.

    Data for this study consists of field notes from participant observation in dance classes, festivals and gatherings; in-depth interviews and written material, such as leaflets and Internet material. Field notes from a trip to Lebanon with a group of Swedish dancers are also included.

    The performance of Middle Eastern dance in Stockholm may be seen as a way for Swedish women to find new femininities. They strive to combine a glamorous hyper-femininity with strength and respectability. This is a difficult task. The dancers constantly have to maintain a balance. While enjoying the hyper-femininity of oriental dance they must avoid being too sexy and thereby running the risk of being reduced to the position of sexual objects. To avoid losing control of the situation performing in public the dancers use different tactics. Many try to make the performance a clearly bounded event and make distinctions between themselves as individuals and the personas they embody on stage. This gives the performers a chance to playfully embody hyper-femininity. Other dancers have changed the dance itself, removing all movements and costumes that could be perceived as sexually inviting or aiming to please.

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  • 295.
    Högström, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Right manners for convivial coexistence2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bodily and material aspects of human encounters can be the cause of incomprehension and irritation. Behaviours, movements and clothes that are viewed as polite and correct in one context, may be considered totally wrong in others. This makes it harder to achieve conviviality among people from diverse cultural backgrounds. Using ethnographic examples from Sweden, this presentation focuses attempts to overcome such difficulties and thus pave the way to smooth coexistence. Somali immigrants with no previous schooling have not been successful on the Swedish labor market. They have great difficulties understanding how the Swedish society works and what is expected of them. In integration-project Rätt steg (Right step), illiterate Somali refugees get information about Swedish society and are taught new skills, e.g. the “right” way to greet a person (eye-contact and firm handshake). Participants are told how to raise children in Sweden (do not hit them!). They are also encouraged to exercise more and avoid wearing big headscarves. Bodies and minds are thus adapted to the perceived ideals and norms of Swedish society. The ways of Somali refugees are ascribed almost no value in Sweden. The subordinate position of the participants is obvious to everyone, including the teachers.  Sometimes the participants resist the attempts at changing their behavior. However, since they realize that adaption to the Swedish norms is unavoidable, the vast majority of participants deem the course very valuable.  Mastering the basic codes of Swedish society can lead to greater freedom of action, within very limited conditions. 

  • 296.
    Högström, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Rätt kropp för integration och arbete: En etnologisk studie av kurser för nyanlända och arbetssökande2019In: Budkavlen. Tidskrift för etnologi och folkloristik, ISSN 0302-2447, p. 93-120Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 297.
    Högström, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Rätt sätt och rätt hållning2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 298.
    Hörlin, Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Ett (o)kvinnligt yrke?: En etnologisk studie om kön och genus i tatueringsyrket2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie undersöks kvinnliga tatuerares uppfattningar av, och förhållning till, genus och kön inom tatueringsyrket. Studiens syfte är att undersöka hur genus görs och påverkar yrkesidentiteten, med fokus på kvinnor i ett mansdominerat yrke. Uppsatsens material bygger på intervjuer, observationer och frågesvar från en separatistisk, sluten Facebook-grupp om tatueringar för kvinnor och icke-män. Analysen bygger på diskursteori och genusforskning, där grunden lutar sig mot Chantal Mouffe och Ernesto Laclaus diskursteorier, samt Judith Butlers användning av performativitetsbegreppet och den heterosexuella tolkningsmatrisen. Studien visade på att informanternas uppfattning av genusets påverkan på yrkesidentiteten var ostabil. Genuset påverkade utrymmet som informanterna gavs i det maskulina yrkesfältet, där detta utrymme var olika beroende på om de var i sammanhang med andra inom fältet eller utomstående. Yrkesidentiteten påverkades även av hur de utövade och presenterade olika normativa kvinnoideal.  

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  • 299.
    Hörnfeldt, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Att göra (normala) barn: Om fyraårskontroller som konstituerande praktik och dess historiska villkor2007In: Barn och kultur - i samfund?, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 300.
    Hörnfeldt, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Etnologiska möjligheter - Om rörlighet mellan historia och samtid2014In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 30-40Article in journal (Refereed)
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