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  • 251. Good, Michael R. R.
    et al.
    Yelshibekov, Khalykbek
    Ong, Yen Chin
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita). Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China.
    On horizonless temperature with an accelerating mirror2017In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 3, article id 013Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A new solution of a unitary moving mirror is found to produce finite energy and emit thermal radiation despite the absence of an acceleration horizon. In the limit that the mirror approaches the speed of light, the model corresponds to a black hole formed from the collapse of a null shell. For speeds less than light, the black hole correspondence, if it exists, is that of a remnant.

  • 252. Goudelis, A.
    et al.
    Herrmann, B.
    Stål, Oscar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    Dark matter in the inert doublet model after the discovery of a Higgs-like boson at the LHC2013In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 9, p. 106-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    \We examine the Inert Doublet Model in light of the discovery of a Higgs-like boson with a mass of roughly 126GeV at the LHC. We evaluate one-loop corrections to the scalar masses and perform a numerical solution of the one-loop renormalization group equations. Demanding vacuum stability, perturbativity, and S-matrix unitarity, we compute the scale up to which the model can be extrapolated. From this we derive constraints on the model parameters in the presence of a 126GeV Higgs boson. We perform an improved calculation of the dark matter relic density with the Higgs mass fixed to the measured value, taking into account the effects of three- and four-body final states resulting from off-shell production of gauge bosons in dark matter annihilation. Issues related to direct detection of dark matter are discussed, in particular the role of hadronic uncertainties. The predictions for the interesting decay mode h(0) -> gamma gamma are presented for scenarios which fulfill all model constraints, and we discuss how a potential enhancement of this rate from the charged inert scalar is related to the properties of dark matter in this model. We also apply LHC limits on Higgs boson decays to invisible final states, which provide additional constraints on the mass of the dark matter candidate. Finally, we propose three benchmark points that capture different aspects of the relevant phenomenology.

  • 253.
    Gouteraux, Blaise
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita).
    Charge transport in holography with momentum dissipation2014In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 4, article id 181Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, we examine how charge is transported in a theory where momentum is relaxed by spatially dependent, massless scalars. We analyze the possible IR phases in terms of various scaling exponents and the (ir) relevance of operators in the IR effective holographic theory with a dilaton. We compute the (finite) resistivity and encounter broad families of (in) coherent metals and insulators, characterized by universal scaling behaviour. The optical conductivity at zero temperature and low frequencies exhibits power tails which can violate scaling symmetries, due to the running of the dilaton. At low temperatures, our model captures features of random-field disorder.

  • 254.
    Gouteraux, Blaise
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita). Université Paris Diderot, France.
    Kiritsis, E.
    Quantum critical lines in holographic phases with (un)broken symmetry2013In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 4, p. 053-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    All possible scaling IR asymptotics in homogeneous, translation invariant holographic phases preserving or breaking a U(1) symmetry in the IR are classified. Scale invariant geometries where the scalar extremizes its effective potential are distinguished from hyperscaling violating geometries where the scalar runs logarithmically. It is shown that the general critical saddle-point solutions are characterized by three critical exponents (theta, z, zeta). Both exact solutions as well as leading behaviors are exhibited. Using them, neutral or charged geometries realizing both fractionalized or cohesive phases are found. The generic global IR picture emerging is that of quantum critical lines, separated by quantum critical points which correspond to the scale invariant solutions with a constant scalar.

  • 255.
    Goutéraux, Blaise
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita).
    Universal scaling properties of extremal cohesive holographic phases2014In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 1, p. 080-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We show that strongly-coupled, translation-invariant holographic IR phases at finite density can be classified according to the scaling behaviour of the metric, the electric potential and the electric flux introducing four critical exponents, independently of the details of the setup. Solutions fall into two classes, depending on whether they break relativistic symmetry or not. The critical exponents determine key properties of these phases, like thermodynamic stability, the (ir)relevant deformations around them, the low-frequency scaling of the optical conductivity and the nature of the spectrum for electric perturbations. We also study the scaling behaviour of the electric flux through bulk minimal surfaces using the Hartnoll-Radicevic order parameter, and characterize the deviation from the Ryu-Takayanagi prescription in terms of the criti cal exponents.

  • 256.
    Goutéraux, Blaise
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita).
    Jokela, Niko
    Ponni, Arttu
    Incoherent conductivity of holographic charge density waves2018In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 7, article id 004Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The DC resistivity of charge density waves weakly-pinned by disorder is controlled by diffusive, incoherent processes rather than slow momentum relaxation. The corresponding incoherent conductivity can be computed in the limit of zero disorder. We compute this transport coefficient in holographic spatially modulated breaking translations spontaneously. As a by-product of our analysis, we clarify how the boundary heat current is obtained from a conserved bulk current, de fined as a suitable generalization of the Iyer-Wald Noether current of the appropriate Killing vector.

  • 257.
    Goutéraux, Blaise
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita). Stanford University, USA; Université Paris, France.
    Martin, Victoria L.
    Spectral weight and spatially modulated instabilities in holographic superfluids2017In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 5, article id 005Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Free fermions form a Fermi surface, which results in non-zero spectral weight at low energy and finite wavevector k(F). In this work, we find similar features in holographic phases dual to strongly coupled quantum superfluid matter. At zero temperature, the phases we consider exhibit semi-local criticality in the IR and all the charge is carried by the scalar condensate outside the black hole horizon. Depending on the value taken by the IR critical exponents, we find Fermi surfaces in the transverse sector, Fermi shells in the longitudinal sector or no spectral weight at all. When there is non-zero transverse spectral weight, the IR can be subject to an instability at finite wavevector, the endpoint of which is likely a spatially modulated phase.

  • 258. Gran, U.
    et al.
    Tornsö, M.
    Zingg, Tobias
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita).
    Exotic holographic dispersion2019In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 2, article id 032Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For strongly interacting systems, where perturbation theory is not applicable, holographic duality is a powerful framework for computing e.g. dispersion relations. Using the standard Reissner-Nordstrom black hole as a holographic model for a (strange) metal, we obtain exotic dispersion relations for both plasmon modes and quasinormal modes for certain intermediate values of the charge of the black hole.The obtained dispersion relations show dissipative behavior which we compare to the generic expectations from the Caldeira-Leggett model for quantum dissipation. Based on these considerations, we investigate how holography can predict higher order corrections for strongly coupled physics.

  • 259. Gran, U.
    et al.
    Tornsö, M.
    Zingg, Tobias
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita).
    Holographic plasmons2018In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 11, article id 176Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since holography yields exact results, even in situations where perturbation theory is not applicable, it is an ideal framework for modeling strongly correlated systems. We extend previous holographic methods to take the dynamical charge response into account and use this to perform the first holographic computation of the dispersion relation for plasmons. As the dynamical charge response of strange metals can be measured using the new technique of momentum-resolved electron energy-loss spectroscopy (M-EELS), plasmon properties are the next milestone in verifying predictions from holographic models of new states of matter.

  • 260. Gran, U.
    et al.
    Tornsö, M.
    Zingg, Tobias
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita).
    Holographic response of electron clouds2019In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 3, article id 019Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to make progress towards more realistic models of holographic fermion physics, we use gauge/gravity duality to compute the dispersion relations for quasinormal modes and collective modes for the electron cloud background, i.e. the non-zero temperature version of the electron star. The results are compared to the corresponding results for the Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordstrom black hole backgrounds, and the qualitative differences are highlighted and discussed.

  • 261. Gran, Ulf
    et al.
    Greitz, Jesper
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita).
    Howe, Paul
    Nilsson, Bengt E. W.
    Topologically gauged superconformal Chern-Simons matter theories2012In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 12, p. 046-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By coupling N = 8 superconformal matter to N = 8 superconformal Chern-Simons gravity in three dimensions we obtain theories with novel terms in the scalar potential leading to AdS(3) solutions and superconformal symmetry breaking. If we start from the theory derived by Bagger, Lambert and Gustavsson, our coupled theory either inherits the SO(4) gauge group or reduces it to SO(3). If the construction is instead based on a free matter theory we find that the gravitational topological gauging also requires the introduction of a Chern-Simons gauge sector resulting in a consistent theory for any SO(N) gauge group.

  • 262.
    Greitz, J.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita).
    Howe, P. S.
    Half-maximal supergravity in three dimensions: supergeometry, differential forms and algebraic structure2012In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 6, p. 177-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The half-maximal supergravity theories in three dimensions, which have local SO(8) x SO(n) and rigid SO(8, n) symmetries, are discussed in a superspace setting starting from the superconformal theory. The on-shell theory is obtained by imposing further constraints; it is essentially a non-linear sigma model that induces a Poincare supergeometry. The deformations of the geometry due to gauging are briefly discussed. The possible p-form field strengths are studied using supersymmetry and SO(8, n) symmetry. The set of such forms obeying consistent Bianchi identities constitutes a Lie super co-algebra while the demand that these identities admit solutions places a further constraint on the possible representations of SO(8, n) that the forms transform under which can be easily understood using superspace cohomology. The dual Lie superalgebra can then be identified as the positive sector of a Borcherds superalgebra that extends the Lie algebra of the duality group. In addition to the known p = 2, 3, 4 forms, which we construct explicitly, there are five-forms that can be non-zero in supergravity, while all forms with p > 5 vanish. It is shown that some six-forms can have non-trivial contributions at order alpha'.

  • 263. Grignani, Gianluca
    et al.
    Harmark, Troels
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita).
    Marini, Andrea
    Obers, Niels A.
    Irselli, Marta
    Thermal string probes in AdS and finite temperature Wilson loops2012In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 6, p. 144-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We apply a new description of thermal fundamental string probes to the study of finite temperature Wilson loops in the context of the AdS/CFT correspondence. Previously this problem has been considered using extremal probes even though the background is at finite temperature. The new description of fundamental string probes is based on the blackfold approach. As a result of our analysis we find a new term in the potential between static quarks in the symmetric representation which for sufficiently small temperatures is the leading correction to the Coulomb force potential. We also find an order 1/N correction to the onset of the Debye screening of the quarks. These effects arise from including the thermal excitations of the string probe and demanding the probe to be in thermodynamic equilibrium with the Anti-de Sitter black hole background.

  • 264. Gromov, Nikolay
    et al.
    Kazakov, Vladimir
    Leurent, Sebastien
    Volin, Dmytro
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita). Trinity College Dublin, Ireland.
    Quantum spectral curve for arbitrary state/operator in AdS(5)/CFT42015In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 9, article id 187Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We give a derivation of quantum spectral curve (QSC) - a finite set of Riemann-Hilbert equations for exact spectrum of planar N = 4 SYM theory proposed in our recent paper Phys. Rev. Lett. 112 (2014). We also generalize this construction to all local single trace operators of the theory, in contrast to the TBA-like approaches worked out only for a limited class of states. We reveal a rich algebraic and analytic structure of the QSC in terms of a so called Q-system - a finite set of Baxter-like Q-functions. This new point of view on the finite size spectral problem is shown to be completely compatible, though in a far from trivial way, with already known exact equations (analytic Y-system/TBA, or FiNLIE). We use the knowledge of this underlying Q-system to demonstrate how the classical finite gap solutions and the asymptotic Bethe ansatz emerge from our formalism in appropriate limits.

  • 265. Gromov, Nikolay
    et al.
    Levkovich-Maslyuk, Fedor
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita). King’s College London, U.K..
    Quark-anti-quark potential in=4 SYM2016In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 12, article id 122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We construct a closed system of equations describing the quark-anti-quark potential at any coupling in planar = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. It is based on the Quantum Spectral Curve method supplemented with a novel type of asymptotics. We present a high precision numerical solution reproducing the classical and one-loop string predictions very accurately. We also analytically compute the first 7 nontrivial orders of the weak coupling expansion. Moreover, we study analytically the generalized quark-anti-quark potential in the limit of large imaginary twist to all orders in perturbation theory. We demonstrate how the QSC reduces in this case to a one-dimensional Schrodinger equation. In the process we establish a link between the Q-functions and the solution of the Bethe-Salpeter equation.

  • 266. Gromov, Nikolay
    et al.
    Levkovich-Maslyuk, Fedor
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita).
    Sizov, Grigory
    New construction of eigenstates and separation of variables for SU(N) quantum spin chains2017In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 9, article id 111Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We conjecture a new way to construct eigenstates of integrable XXX quantum spin chains with SU(N) symmetry. The states are built by repeatedly acting on the vacuum with a single operator B-good(u) evaluated at the Bethe roots. Our proposal serves as a compact alternative to the usual nested algebraic Bethe ansatz. Furthermore, the roots of this operator give the separated variables of the model, explicitly generalizing Sklyanin's approach to the SU(N) case. We present many tests of the conjecture and prove it in several special cases. We focus on rational spin chains with fundamental representation at each site, but expect many of the results to be valid more generally.

  • 267. Haisch, Ulrich
    et al.
    Pani, Priscilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. CERN, Switzerland.
    Polesello, Giacomo
    Determining the CP nature of spin-0 mediators in associated production of dark matter and t(t)over-bar pairs2017In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 2, article id 131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the framework of spin-0 s-channel simplified models, we explore the possibility of assessing the structure of dark matter interactions through the associate production of dark matter and t (t) over bar pairs. To this purpose, final states with two leptons are considered and the kinematic properties of the dilepton system is studied. We develop a realistic analysis strategy and provide a detailed evaluation of the achievable sensitivity for the dark matter signal assuming integrated luminosities of 300 fb(-1) and 3 ab(-1) at the 14TeV LHC. Furthermore, upper limits on the mediator masses for which the two different CP hypotheses can be distinguished are derived. The obtained limits on the signal strengths are finally translated into constraints on the parameter space of two spin-0 simplified models including a scenario with an extended Higgs sector.

  • 268.
    Hassan, S. Fawad
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    Lundkvist, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    Analysis of constraints and their algebra in bimetric theory2018In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 8, article id 182Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We perform a canonical analysis of the bimetric theory in the metric formulation, computing the constraints and their algebra explicitly. In particular, we compute a secondary constraint, that has been argued to exist earlier, and show that it has the correct form to eliminate the ghost. We also identify a set of four first class constraints that generate the algebra of general covariance. The covariance algebra naturally determines a spacetime metric for the theory. However, in bimetric theory, this metric is not unique but depends on how the first class constraints are identified.

  • 269.
    Hassan, S. Fawad
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    Rosen, Rachel A.
    Bimetric gravity from ghost-free massive gravity2012In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, Vol. 1202, article id 126Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Generically, non-linear bimetric theories of gravity suffer from the same Boulware-Deser ghost instability as non-linear theories of massive gravity. However, recently proposed theories of massive gravity have been shown to be ghost-free. These theories are formulated with respect to a flat, non-dynamical reference metric. In this work we show that it is possible to give dynamics to the reference metric in such a way that the consistency of the theory is maintained. The result is a non-linear bimetric theory of a massless spin-2 field interacting with a massive spin-2 field that is free of the Boulware-Deser ghost. To our knowledge, this is the first construction of such a ghost-free bimetric theory.

  • 270.
    Hassan, S. Fawad
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    Rosen, Rachel A.
    Confirmation of the secondary constraint and absence of ghost in massive gravity and bimetric gravity2012In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 4, article id 123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In massive gravity and in bimetric theories of gravity, two constraints are needed to eliminate the two phase-space degrees of freedom of the Boulware-Deser ghost. For recently proposed non-linear theories, a Hamiltonian constraint has been shown to exist and an associated secondary constraint was argued to arise as well. In this paper we explicitly demonstrate the existence of the secondary constraint. Thus the Boulware-Deser ghost is completely absent from these non-linear massive gravity theories and from the corresponding bimetric theories. Equivalently, this proves the existence of classically ghost-free theories of massive spin-2 fields, in both fixed and dynamical gravitational backgrounds.

  • 271.
    Hassan, S. Fawad
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    Rosen, Rachel A.
    On non-linear actions for massive gravity2011In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 7, p. 009-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work we present a systematic construction of the potentially ghost-free non-linear massive gravity actions. The most general action can be regarded as a 2-parameter deformation of a minimal massive action. Further extensions vanish in 4 dimensions. The general mass term is constructed in terms of a deformed determinant from which this property can clearly be seen. In addition, our formulation identifies non-dynamical terms that appear in previous constructions and which do not contribute to the equations of motion. We elaborate on the formal structure of these theories as well as some of their implications.

  • 272.
    Hassan, S. Fawad
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    Rosen, Rachel A.
    Schmidt-May, Angnis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    Ghost free massive gravity with a general reference metric2012In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 2, p. 026-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Theories of massive gravity inevitably include an auxiliary reference metric. Generically, they also contain an inconsistency known as the Boulware-Deser ghost. Recently, a family of non-linear massive gravity actions, formulated with a flat reference metric, were proposed and shown to be ghost free at the complete non-linear level. In this paper we consider these non-linear massive gravity actions but now formulated with a general reference metric. We extend the proof of the absence of the Boulware-Deser ghost to this case. The analysis is carried out in the ADM formalism at the complete non-linear level. We show that in these models there always exists a Hamiltonian constraint which, with an associated secondary constraint, eliminates the ghost. This result considerably extends the range of known consistent non-linear massive gravity theories. In addition, these theories can also be used to describe a massive spin-2 field in an arbitrary, fixed gravitational background. We also discuss the positivity of the Hamiltonian.

  • 273.
    Hassan, S. Fawad
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    Schmidt-May, Angnis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    von Strauss, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    Metric Formulation of Ghost-Free Multivielbein TheoryIn: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We formulate the recently proposed ghost-free theory of multiple interacting vielbeins in terms of their corresponding metrics. This is achieved by reintroducing all local Lorentz invariances broken by the multivielbein interaction potential which, in turn, allows us to explicitly separate the gauge degrees of freedom in the vielbeins from the components of the metrics by an appropriate gauge choice. We argue that the gauge choice does not spoil the no-ghost proof of the multivielbein theory, hence the multimetric theory is ghost-free. We further show the on-shell equivalence of the metric and vielbein descriptions, first in general and thereafter in two illustrative examples.

  • 274.
    Hassan, S. Fawad
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    Schmidt-May, Angnis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    von Strauss, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    On Consistent Theories of Massive Spin-2 Fields Coupled to Gravity2013In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 5, p. 086-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider the issues that arise out of interpreting the ghost-free bimetric theory as a theory of a spin-2 field coupled to gravity. This requires identifying a gravitational metric and parameterizing deviations of the resulting theory from general relativity. To this end, we first consider the most general bimetric backgrounds for which a massless and a massive spin-2 fluctuation with Fierz-Pauli mass exist. These backgrounds coincide with solutions in general relativity. Based on this, we obtain nonlinear extensions of the massive and massless spin-2 fields. The background value of the nonlinear massive field parameterizes generic deviations of the bimetric theory from GR. It is also shown that the nonlinear massless field does not have standard ghost-free matter couplings, and hence cannot represent the gravitational metric. However, an appropriate gravitational metric can still be identified in the weak gravity limit. Hence in the presence of other neutral spin-2 fields, the weak gravity limit is crucial for compatibility with general relativity. We also write down the action in terms of the nonlinear massive spin-2 field and obtain its ghost-free couplings to matter. The discussion is then generalized to multimetric theories.

  • 275.
    Hassan, S. Fawad
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    Schmidt-May, Angnis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    von Strauss, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    On Partially Massless Bimetric GravityIn: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We extend the notion of the Higuchi bound and partial masslessness to ghost-free nonlinear bimetric theories. This can be achieved in a simple way by first considering linear massive spin-2 perturbations around maximally symmetric background solutions, for which the linear gauge symmetry at the Higuchi bound is easily identified. Then, requiring consistency between an appropriate subset of these transformations and the dynamical nature of the backgrounds, fixes all but one parameter in the bimetric interaction potential. This specifies the theory up to the value of the Fierz-Pauli mass and leads to the unique candidate for nonlinear partially massless bimetric theory.

  • 276.
    Hassan, Sayed Fawad
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    Kocic, Mikica
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    On the local structure of spacetime in ghost-free bimetric theory and massive gravity2018In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 5, article id 099Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ghost-free bimetric theory describes interactions of gravity with another spin-2 field in terms of two Lorentzian metrics. However, if the two metrics do not admit compatible notions of space and time, the formulation of the initial value problem becomes problematic. Furthermore, the interaction potential is given in terms of the square root of a matrix which is in general nonunique and possibly nonreal. In this paper we show that both these issues are evaded by requiring reality and general covariance of the equations. First we prove that the reality of the square root matrix leads to a classification of the allowed metrics in terms of the intersections of their null cones. Then, the requirement of general covariance further restricts the allowed metrics to geometries that admit compatible notions of space and time. It also selects a unique definition of the square root matrix. The restrictions are compatible with the equations of motion. These results ensure that the ghost-free bimetric theory can be defined unambiguously and that the two metrics always admit compatible 3+1 decompositions, at least locally. In particular, these considerations rule out certain solutions of massive gravity with locally Closed Causal Curves, which have been used to argue that the theory is acausal.

  • 277. Howe, Paul
    et al.
    Lindstroem, Ulf
    Wulff, Linus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    On the covariance of the Dirac-Born-Infeld-Myers action2007In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 2, p. 70-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A covariant version of the non- abelian Dirac-Born-Infeld-Myers action is presented. The non-abelian degrees of freedom are incorporated by adjoining to the (bosonic) worldvolume of the brane a number of anticommuting fermionic directions corresponding to boundary fermions in the string picture. The proposed action treats these variables as classical but can be given a matrix interpretation if a suitable quantisation prescription is adopted. After gauge-fixing and quantisation of the fermions, the action is shown to be in agreement with the Myers action derived from T-duality. It is also shown that the requirement of covariance in the above sense leads to a modified WZ term which also agrees with the one proposed by Myers.

  • 278.
    Johansen, Marianne
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    Edsjö, Jokaim
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    Hellman, Sten
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    Milstead, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    Long-lived Stops in MSSM Scenarios with a Neutralino LSP2010In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 8, article id 005Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This work investigates the possibility of a long-lived stop squark in supersymmetric models with the neutralino as the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP). We study the implications of meta-stable stops on the sparticle mass spectra and the dark matter density. We find that in order to obtain a sufficiently long stop lifetime so as to be observable as a stable R-hadron at an LHC experiment, we need to fine tune the mass degeneracy between the stop and the LSP considerably. This increases the stop-neutralino co-anihilation cross section, leaving the neutralino relic density lower than what is expected from the WMAP results for stop masses ≲1.5 TeV/c 2. However, if such scenarios are realised in nature we demonstrate that the long-lived stops will be produced at the LHC and that stop-based R-hadrons with masses up to 1 TeV/c2 can be detected after one year of running at design luminosity.

  • 279.
    Johansson, Henrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita). Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Kälin, Gregor
    Mogull, Gustav
    Two-loop supersymmetric QCD and half-maximal supergravity amplitudes2017In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 9, article id 019Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using the duality between color and kinematics, we construct two-loop four point scattering amplitudes in N = 2 super-Yang-Mills (SYM) theory coupled to N-f fundamental hypermultiplets. Our results are valid in D <= 6 dimensions, where the upper bound corresponds to six-dimensional chiral N = (1, 0) SYM theory. By exploiting a close connection with N = 4 SYM theory-and, equivalently, six-dimensional N = (1, 1) SYM theory we find compact integrands with four-dimensional external vectors in both the maximally-helicity-violating (MHV) and all-chiral-vector sectors. Via the double-copy construction corresponding D-dimensional half-maximal supergravity amplitudes with external graviton multiplets are obtained in the MHV and all-chiral sectors. Appropriately tuning N-f enables us to consider both pure and matter-coupled supergravity, with arbitrary numbers of vector multiplets in D = 4. As a bonus, we obtain the integrands of the genuinely six-dimensional supergravities with N = (1, 1) and N = (2, 0) supersymmetry. Finally, we extract the potential ultraviolet divergence of half-maximal supergravity in D = 5-2 is an element of and show that it non-trivially cancels out as expected.

  • 280.
    Johansson, Henrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita). Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Mogull, Gustav
    Teng, Fei
    Unraveling conformal gravity amplitudes2018In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 9, article id 080Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Conformal supergravity amplitudes are obtained from the double-copy construction using gauge-theory amplitudes, and compared to direct calculations starting from conformal supergravity Lagrangians. We consider several different theories: minimal N = 4 conformal supergravity, non-minimal N = 4 Berkovits-Witten conformal supergravity, mass-deformed versions of these theories, as well as supersymmetry truncations thereof. Coupling the theories to a Yang-Mills sector is also considered. For all cases we give the gravity Lagrangians that the double copy implicitly generates. The two main results are: we determine a Lagrangian for the non-minimal Berkovits-Witten theory, and we uncover the double-copy prescription for the minimal N = 4 conformal supergravity.

  • 281.
    Johansson, Henrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita). Uppsala University, Sweden; CERN, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Ochirov, Alexander
    Color-kinematics duality for QCD amplitudes2016In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 1, article id 170Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We show that color-kinematics duality is present in tree-level amplitudes of quantum chromodynamics with massive flavored quarks. Starting with the color structure of QCD, we work out a new color decomposition for n-point tree amplitudes in a reduced basis of primitive amplitudes. These primitives, with k quark-antiquark pairs and (n - 2k) gluons, are taken in the (n - 2)!/k! Melia basis, and are independent under the color-algebra Kleiss-Kuijf relations. This generalizes the color decomposition of Del Duca, Dixon, and Maltoni to an arbitrary number of quarks. The color coefficients in the new decomposition are given by compact expressions valid for arbitrary gauge group and representation. Considering the kinematic structure, we show through explicit calculations that color-kinematics duality holds for amplitudes with general configurations of gluons and massive quarks. The new (massive) amplitude relations that follow from the duality can be mapped to a well-defined subset of the familiar BCJ relations for gluons. They restrict the amplitude basis further down to (n - 3)!(2k - 2)/k! primitives, for two or more quark lines. We give a decomposition of the full amplitude in that basis. The presented results provide strong evidence that QCD obeys the color-kinematics duality, at least at tree level. The results are also applicable to supersymmetric and D-dimensional extensions of QCD.

  • 282. Kahlhoefer, Felix
    et al.
    Schmidt-Hoberg, Kai
    Schwetz, Thomas
    Vogl, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC). Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT), Germany.
    Implications of unitarity and gauge invariance for simplified dark matter models2016In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 2, article id 016Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We show that simplified models used to describe the interactions of dark matter with Standard Model particles do not in general respect gauge invariance and that perturbative unitarity may be violated in large regions of the parameter space. The modifications necessary to cure these inconsistencies may imply a much richer phenomenology and lead to stringent constraints on the model. We illustrate these observations by considering the simplified model of a fermionic dark matter particle and a vector mediator. Imposing gauge invariance then leads to strong constraints from dilepton resonance searches and electroweak precision tests. Furthermore, the new states required to restore perturbative unitarity can mix with Standard Model states and mediate interactions between the dark and the visible sector, leading to new experimental signatures such as invisible Higgs decays. The resulting constraints are typically stronger than the 'classic' constraints on DM simplified models such as monojet searches and make it difficult to avoid thermal overproduction of dark matter.

  • 283. Kazakov, Vladimir
    et al.
    Leurent, Sébastien
    Volin, Dmytro
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita). Trinity College Dublin, Ireland.
    T-system on T-hook: Grassmannian solution and twisted Quantum Spectral Curve2016In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 12, article id 044Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose an efficient grassmannian formalism for solution of bi-linear finite-difference Hirota equation (T-system) on T-shaped lattices related to the space of highest weight representations of g|(K-1,K-2|M) superalgebra. The formalism is inspired by the quantum fusion procedure known from the integrable spin chains and is based on exterior forms of Baxter-like Q-functions. We find a few new interesting relations among the exterior forms of Q-functions and reproduce, using our new formalism, the Wronskian determinant solutions of Hirota equations known in the literature. Then we generalize this construction to the twisted Q-functions and demonstrate the subtleties of untwisting procedure on the examples of rational quantum spin chains with twisted boundary conditions. Using these observations, we generalize the recently discovered, in our paper with N. Gromov, AdS/CFT Quantum Spectral Curve for exact planar spectrum of AdS/CFT duality to the case of arbitrary Cartan twisting of AdS(5) x S-5 string sigma model. Finally, we successfully probe this formalism by reproducing the energy of gamma-twisted BMN vacuum at single-wrapping orders of weak coupling expansion.

  • 284. Keränen, Ville
    et al.
    Sybesma, Watse
    Szepietowski, Phillip
    Thorlacius, Lárus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC). University of Iceland, Iceland.
    Correlation functions in theories with Lifshitz scaling2017In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 5, article id 033Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The 2+1 dimensional quantum Lifshitz model can be generalised to a class of higher dimensional free field theories that exhibit Lifshitz scaling. When the dynamical critical exponent equals the number of spatial dimensions, equal time correlation functions of scaling operators in the generalised quantum Lifshitz model are given by a d-dimensional higher-derivative conformal field theory. Autocorrelation functions in the generalised quantum Lifshitz model in any number of dimensions can on the other hand be expressed in terms of autocorrelation functions of a two-dimensional conformal field theory. This also holds for autocorrelation functions in a strongly coupled Lifshitz field theory with a holographic dual of Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton type. The map to a two-dimensional conformal field theory extends to autocorrelation functions in thermal states and out-of-equilbrium states preserving symmetry under spatial translations and rotations in both types of Lifshitz models. Furthermore, the spectrum of quasinormal modes of scalar field perturbations in Lifshitz black hole backgrounds can be obtained analytically at low spatial momenta and exhibits a linear dispersion relation at z = d. At high momentum, the mode spectrum can be obtained in a WKB approximation and displays very different behaviour compared to holographic duals of conformal field theories. This has implications for thermalisation in strongly coupled Lifshitz field theories with z > 1.

  • 285. Kristjansen, Charlotte
    et al.
    Semenoff, Gordon W.
    Young, Donovan
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita).
    Chiral primary one-point functions in the D3-D7 defect conformal field theory2013In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 1, p. 117-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We compute the one-point functions of chiral primary operators in the non-supersymmetric defect conformal field theory that is dual to the IIB string theory on AdS(5) x S-5 background with a probe D7 brane with internal gauge field flux, both in perturbative Yang-Mills theory and in the string theory dual. The former is expected to be accurate at weak coupling whereas the latter should be accurate in the planar strong coupling limit of the gauge theory. We consider the distinct cases where the D7 brane has geometry AdS(4) x S-4 with an instanton bundle of the worldvolume gauge fields on S-4 and AdS(4) x S-2 x S-2 with Dirac monopole bundles on each S-2. The gauge theory computation and the string theory computation can be compared directly in the planar limit and then a subsequent limit where the worldvolume flux is large. We find that there is exact agreement between the two in the leading order.

  • 286. Könnig, Frank
    et al.
    Nersisyan, Henrik
    Akrami, Yashar
    Amendola, Luca
    Zumalacárregui, Miguel
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita). Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, Germany.
    A spectre is haunting the cosmos: quantum stability of massive gravity with ghosts2016In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 11, article id 118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many theories of modified gravity with higher order derivatives are usually ignored because of serious problems that appear due to an additional ghost degree of freedom. Most dangerously, it causes an immediate decay of the vacuum. However, breaking Lorentz invariance can cure such abominable behavior. By analyzing a model that describes a massive graviton together with a remaining Boulware-Deser ghost mode we show that even ghostly theories of modified gravity can yield models that are viable at both classical and quantum levels and, therefore, they should not generally be ruled out. Furthermore, we identify the most dangerous quantum scattering process that has the main impact on the decay time and find differences to simple theories that only describe an ordinary scalar field and a ghost. Additionally, constraints on the parameters of the theory including some upper bounds on the Lorentz-breaking cutoff scale are presented. In particular, for a simple theory of massive gravity we find that a breaking of Lorentz invariance is allowed to happen even at scales above the Planck mass. Finally, we discuss the relevance to other theories of modified gravity.

  • 287.
    Kühnel, Florian
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    Sundborg, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    High-energy gravitational scattering and Bose-Einstein condensates of gravitons2014In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 12, p. 016-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Quantum black holes are difficult to describe. We consider two seemingly divergent approaches, high-energy scattering and the proposal to regard black holes as Bose-Einstein condensates of gravitons, and establish a connection between them. Results from the eikonal approximation of high-energy scattering are reconsidered and processed further by a saddle-point approximation. The dominant contribution to the scattering amplitude comes from a ladder diagram with the exchange of N gravitons, and the number of gravitons follows a Poisson distribution. This approximation supports the picture of a graviton Bose-Einstein condensate with an extent equal to the Schwarzschild radius, which grows with N in a way determined by the saddle point. The approach permits calculations of 1/N corrections from the fluctuations around the saddle points and we comment on these. Scattering methods might be useful probes of quantum black holes, especially when interpreted in terms of condensates.

  • 288. Litim, Daniel F.
    et al.
    Mojaza, Matin
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita).
    Sannino, Francesco
    Vacuum stability of asymptotically safe gauge-Yukawa theories2016In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 1, article id 081Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the phase diagram and the stability of the ground state for certain four-dimensional gauge-Yukawa theories whose high-energy behaviour is controlled by an interacting fixed point. We also provide analytical and numerical results for running couplings, their crossover scales, the separatrix, and the Coleman-Weinberg effective potential. Classical and quantum stability of the vacuum is established.

  • 289. Lowe, David A.
    et al.
    Thorlacius, Larus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC). University of Iceland, Iceland.
    A holographic model for black hole complementarity2016In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 12, article id 024Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We explore a version of black hole complementarity, where an approximate semiclassical effective field theory for interior infalling degrees of freedom emerges holographically from an exact evolution of exterior degrees of freedom. The infalling degrees of freedom have a complementary description in terms of outgoing Hawking radiation and must eventually decohere with respect to the exterior Hamiltonian, leading to a breakdown of the semiclassical description for an infaller. Trace distance is used to quantify the difference between the complementary time evolutions, and to de fine a decoherence time. We propose a dictionary where the evolution with respect to the bulk effective Hamiltonian corresponds to mean field evolution in the holographic theory. In a particular model for the holographic theory, which exhibits fast scrambling, the decoherence time coincides with the scrambling time. The results support the hypothesis that decoherence of the infalling holographic state and disruptive bulk effects near the curvature singularity are complementary descriptions of the same physics, which is an important step toward resolving the black hole information paradox.

  • 290. Lowe, David A.
    et al.
    Thorlacius, Larus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC). University of Iceland, Iceland.
    Black hole holography and mean field evolution2018In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 1, article id 049Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Holographic theories representing black holes are expected to exhibit quantum chaos. We argue if the laws of quantum mechanics are expected to hold for observers inside such black holes, then such holographic theories must have a mean field approximation valid for typical black hole states, and for timescales approaching the scrambling time. Using simple spin models as examples, we examine the predictions of such an approach for observers inside black holes, and more speculatively inside cosmological horizons.

  • 291. Lowe, David A.
    et al.
    Thorlacius, Lárus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC). University of Iceland, Iceland.
    Quantum information erasure inside black holes2015In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 12, article id 096Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An effective field theory for infalling observers in the vicinity of a quasi-static black hole is given in terms of a freely falling lattice discretization. The lattice model successfully reproduces the thermal spectrum of outgoing Hawking radiation, as was shown by Corley and Jacobson, but can also be used to model observations made by a typical low-energy observer who enters the black hole in free fall at a prescribed time. The explicit short distance cutoff ensures that, from the viewpoint of the infalling observer, any quantum information that entered the black hole more than a scrambling time earlier has been erased by the black hole singularity. This property, combined with the requirement that outside observers need at least of order the scrambling time to extract quantum information from the black hole, ensures that a typical infalling observer does not encounter drama upon crossing the black hole horizon in a theory where black hole information is preserved for asymptotic observers.

  • 292.
    Medina-Rincon, Daniel
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita). Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Tseytlin, Arkady A.
    Zarembo, Konstantin
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita). Uppsala University, Sweden; Trinity College, Ireland; ITEP, Russia.
    Precision matching of circular Wilson loops and strings in AdS(5) x S-52018In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 5, article id 199Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous attempts to match the exact N = 4 super Yang-Mills expression for the expectation value of the 1/2-BPS circular Wilson loop with the semiclassical AdS(5) x S-5 string theory prediction were not successful at the first subleading order. There was a missing prefactor similar to lambda(-3/4) which could be attributed to the unknown normalization of the string path integral measure. Here we resolve this problem by computing the ratio of the string partition functions corresponding to the circular Wilson loop and the special 1/4-supersymmetric latitude Wilson loop. The fact that the latter has a trivial expectation value in the gauge theory allows us to relate the prefactor to the contribution of the three zero modes of the transverse fluctuation operator in the 5-sphere directions.

  • 293.
    Milstead, David A.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    Silverstein, Samuel B.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Sensitivity of the SHiP experiment to Heavy Neutral Leptons2019In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 4, article id 077Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Heavy Neutral Leptons (HNLs) are hypothetical particles predicted by many extensions of the Standard Model. These particles can, among other things, explain the origin of neutrino masses, generate the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry in the Universe and provide a dark matter candidate. The SHiP experiment will be able to search for HNLs produced in decays of heavy mesons and travelling distances ranging between O(50 m) and tens of kilometers before decaying. We present the sensitivity of the SHiP experiment to a number of HNL's benchmark models and provide a way to calculate the SHiP's sensitivity to HNLs for arbitrary patterns of flavour mixings. The corresponding tools and data files are also made publicly available.

  • 294. Mueller, Dennis
    et al.
    Muenkler, Hagen
    Plefka, Jan
    Pollok, Jonas
    Zarembo, Konstantin
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita).
    Yangian symmetry of smooth Wilson loops in N=4 super Yang-Mills theory2013In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 11, p. 081-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We show that appropriately supersymmetrized smooth Maldacena-Wilson loop operators in N = 4 super Yang-Mills theory are invariant under a Yangian symmetry Y[psu(2, 2 vertical bar 4)] built upon the manifest superconformal symmetry algebra of the theory. The existence of this hidden symmetry is demonstrated at the one-loop order in the weak coupling limit as well as at leading order in the strong coupling limit employing the classical integrability of the dual AdS(5) x S-5 string description. The hidden symmetry generators consist of a canonical non-local second order variational derivative piece acting on the superpath, along with a novel local path dependent contribution. We match the functional form of these Yangian symmetry generators at weak and strong coupling and find evidence for an interpolating function. Our findings represent the smooth counterpart to the Yangian invariance of scattering superamplitudes dual to light-like polygonal super Wilson loops in the N = 4 super Yang-Mills theory.

  • 295.
    Ohlsson Sax, Olof
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita).
    Stefanski, Bogda
    Closed strings and moduli in AdS(3)/CFT22018In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 5, article id 101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    String theory on AdS(3) x S-3 x T-4 has 20 moduli. We investigate how the perturbative closed string spectrum changes as we move around this moduli space in both the RR and NSNS flux backgrounds. We find that, at weak string coupling, only four of the moduli affect the energies. In the RR background the only effect of these moduli is to change the radius of curvature of the background. On the other hand, in the NSNS background, the moduli introduce worldsheet interactions which enable the use of integrability methods to solve the spectral problem. Our results show that the worldsheet theory is integrable across the 20 dimensional moduli space.

  • 296.
    Ouyang, Hao
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita).
    Holographic four-point functions in Toda field theories in AdS(2)2019In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 4, article id 159Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider Toda field theories in a classical Euclidean AdS(2) background. We compute the four-point functions of boundary operators in the a(1), a(2) and b(2) Toda field theories. They take the same form as the four-point functions of generators in the corresponding W-algebras. Therefore we conjecture that the boundary operators are in one-to-one correspondence with the generators in the W-algebras.

  • 297.
    Rosen, Rachel A.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    Phase transitions of charged scalars at finite temperature and chemical potential2010In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 12, p. 24-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We calculate the grand canonical partition function at the one-loop level for scalar quantum electrodynamics at finite temperature and chemical potential. A classical background charge density with a charge opposite that of the scalars ensures the neutrality of the system. For low density systems we find evidence of a first order phase transition. We find upper and lower bounds on the transition temperature below which the charged scalars form a condensate. A first order phase transition may have consequences for helium-core white dwarf stars in which it has been argued that such a condensate of charged helium-4 nuclei could exist.

  • 298. Roy, Bitan
    et al.
    Juricic, Vladimir
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita). Utrecht University, The Netherlands.
    Herbut, Igor F.
    Emergent Lorentz symmetry near fermionic quantum critical points in two and three dimensions2016In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 4, article id 018Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the renormalization group flow of the velocities in the field theory describing the coupling of the massless quasi-relativistic fermions to the bosons through the Yukawa coupling, as well as with both bosons and fermions coupled to a fluctuating U(1) gauge field in two and three spatial dimensions. Different versions of this theory describe quantum critical behavior of interacting Dirac fermions in various condensed matter systems. We perform an analysis using one-loop 6-expansion about three spatial dimensions, which is the upper critical dimension in the problem. In two dimensions, we find that velocities of both charged fermions and bosons ultimately flow to the velocity of light, independently of the initial conditions, the number of fermionic and bosonic flavors, and the value of the couplings at the critical point. In three dimensions, due to the analyticity of the gauge field propagator, both the U(1) charge and the velocity of light flow, which leads to a richer behavior than in two dimensions. We show that all three velocities ultimately flow to a common terminal velocity, which is non-universal and different from the original velocity of light. Therefore, emergence of the Lorentz symmetry in the ultimate infrared regime seems to be a rather universal feature of this class of theories in both two and three dimensions.

  • 299. Russo, J. G.
    et al.
    Zarembo, Konstantin
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita). Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Massive N=2 gauge theories at large N2013In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 11, p. 130-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using exact results obtained from localization on S 4, we explore the large N limit of N = 2 super Yang-Mills theories with massive matter multiplets. We focus on three cases: N = 2* theory, describing a massive hypermultiplet in the adjoint representation, SU(N) super-Yang-Mills with 2 N massive hypermultiplets in the fundamental, and super QCD with massive quarks. When the radius of the four-sphere is sent to infinity the theories at hand are described by solvable matrix models, which exhibit a number of interesting phenomena including quantum phase transitions at finite 't Hooft coupling.

  • 300. Russo, Jorge G.
    et al.
    Widén, Erik
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita). Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Zarembo, Konstantin
    Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita). Uppsala University, Sweden.
    N=2 phase transitions and holography2019In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 2, article id 196Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We clarify the relationship between probe analysis of the supergravity dual and the large-N solution of the localization matrix model for the planar N=2 super-Yang-Mills theory. A formalism inspired by supergravity allows us to systematically solve the matrix model at strong coupling. Quite surprisingly, we find that quantum phase transitions, known to occur in the N=2 theory, start to be visible at the third order of the strong-coupling expansion and thus constitute a perturbative phenomenon on the string worldsheet.

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