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  • 301. Gustavsson, Jakob
    et al.
    Tallberg, JonasStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Internationella relationer2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 302.
    Haandrikman, Karen
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Strömblad, Per
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Neighbourhood Survey 2020: Design and Realisation2022Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes the design and realisation of the Neighbourhood Survey 2020, within the research program “The Neighbourhood Revisited: Spatial polarization and social cohesion in contemporary Sweden”, directed by Bo Malmberg at the Department of Human Geography, Stockholm University. The program, in which the survey is one of the main information sources, is funded by the Swedish Foundation for Humanities and Social Sciences (Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, RJ), grant registration number M18-0214:1. 

    The overarching aim of the survey was to provide the program’s research team with recent tailor-made data, to enable empirical investigations of how spatial polarization may lead to a society that is increasingly divergent in terms of attitudes, values and lifestyles. To this end, the survey was based on a stratified sample of individuals (age 18–80) in 10 different types of residential areas in Sweden. This predefined geographic demarcation of the sample—in the report referred to as the ‘neighbourhood clusters’— stems from an empirically grounded classification developed earlier in the research program. The survey was administered by Statistics Sweden, and 4,784 residents completed the survey (either online or on paper), corresponding to a total response rate of 24 per cent. 

    This report details the background of the survey, as an integrated and integral part of the overall research program. Methodological details concerning the neighbourhood clusters are also provided, whereby the linkage between identified clusters and the sampling frame is elaborated. Furthermore, the construction of the questionnaire is described, along with the actual implementation of the survey. Importantly, the quality of the data obtained is also assessed in terms of measurements, coverage, and non-response.

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  • 303. Haavio-Mannila, Elina
    et al.
    Dahlerup, DrudeStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.Eduards, MaudStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.Gudmundsdottir, Esther
    Det uferdige demokratiet: kvinner i nordisk politikk1983Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 304. Haavio-Mannila, Elina
    et al.
    Dahlerup, DrudeStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.Eduards, MaudStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.Gudmundsdottir, Esther
    Unfinished democracy: women in Nordic politics1985Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 305. Hagevi, Magnus
    et al.
    Sofie, Blombäck
    Demker, Marie
    Hinnfors, Jonas
    Loxbo, Karl
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Party Realignment in Western Europe: Electoral Drivers and Global Constraints2022Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Identifying a crisis for representative democracy in Western European party systems, this essential book studies the widening gap between political parties’ ideological economic Left–Right rhetoric. Combining in-depth theoretical analysis with empirical research, it addresses whether political party ideologies are converging or diverging, and whether these changes are initiated by the parties themselves, aligned with voter demand, or forced by economic globalization.

  • 306.
    Hagård, Birger
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Nils Wohlin: Konservativ centerpolitiker1976Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 307.
    Haldén, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Den Föreställda Förvaltningen: En institutionell historia om central skolförvaltning1997Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall issue addressed in this thesis is that of the problematic relation between politics and administration, and more precisely the misconstrued image of a neutral and solely instrumental administration cleanly seperated from politics, rather than an administration permeated by the political. The purpose of the study is to show how the intricate interplay between the politics of education and the politics of administrative reform in combination with the particular handling of the major political conflicts over national education, in the Swedish context, over time has created a continuous identity dilemma for the National Agency for Education. Politics is here viewed primarily as the construction of meaning, and as such creating the preconditions for political action. The creation of meaning, on the other hand, is viewed as a struggle for order against ambivalence. The study takes as its point of departure the radical reform undertaken in the field of education in the early 1990's, a reform that encompassed a major transferral of responsibility for schools from the central administrative level to the local political level, the introduction of a new system of governance (MBO), replacing the one based on national control of detailed rules, as well as the dramatic dismantling of the National Agency for Education with the subsequent dismissal of all personnel, and the founding of a new Agency to replace the old one. In the process the blame for massive failures on part of the compulsory school system was put on The National Agency for Education, thus turning it into a scapegoat.

    The thesis is divided into two parts of which the first traces the genealogy of the scapegoat, and the second the new Agency in its struggle to create an appropriate identity, thus avoiding the fate of its predecessor. The first part of this institutional history is conducted as a discourse analysis, comprising the discursive as well as the institutional level, and the second part as an analysis of identity construction. The application of discourse analysis makes it possible to discern the discursively created preconditions of identity construction, as vital elements in both parts of the institutional history. Two subsidiary analyses are performed in the concluding chapter in order to situate the problematics of the educational sector in the wider context of the public sector as a whole, and to discuss their wider implications for policy making.

  • 308. Halkia, Matina
    et al.
    Ferri, Stefano
    Schellens, Marie K.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography. European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Italy; University of Iceland, Iceland.
    Papazoglou, Michail
    Thomakos, Dimitrios
    The Global Conflict Risk Index: A quantitative tool for policy support on conflict prevention2020In: Progress in Disaster Science, ISSN 2590-0617, Vol. 6, article id 100069Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In an effort to bridge the gap between academic and governmental initiatives on quantitative conflict modelling, this article presents, validates and discusses the Global Conflict Risk Index (GCRI), the quantitative starting point of the European Union Conflict Early Warning System. Based on open-source data of five risk areas representing the structural conditions characterising a given country (political, economic, social, environmental and security areas), it evaluates the risk of violent conflict in the next one to four years. Using logistic regression, the GCRI calculates the probability of national and subnational conflict risk. Several model design decisions, including definition of the dependent variable, predictor variable selection, data imputation, and probability threshold definition, are tested and discussed in light of the model's direct application in the EU policy support on conflict prevention. While the GCRI remains firmly rooted by its conception and development in the European conflict prevention policy agenda, it is validated as a scientifically robust and rigorous method for a baseline quantitative evaluation of armed conflict risk. Despite its standard, simple methodology, the model predicts better than six other published quantitative conflict early warning systems for ten out of twelve reported performance metrics. Thereby, this article aims to contribute to a cross-fertilisation of academic and governmental efforts in quantitative conflict risk modelling.

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  • 309.
    Hallberg, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ages of liberty: social upheaval, history writing, and the new public sphere in Sweden, 1740-17922003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation investigates how different social groups used history as a political instrument in Sweden during the second half of the eighteenth century (1740-1792). More specifically, it analyzes how representations of the past were used to influence behavior, legitimize claims to power, mould opinion and forge collective identities. In addition to analyzing how historians conceived of the relationship between history writing and society, the study considers how three social groups or actors -commoners, nobles and the King - used history to advance claims to power during a time of intense social conflict. These questions are pursued within the context of competing efforts to describe society and social relationships and the ways in which they were reformulated in the emerging public sphere. Combining textual analysis and diffusion studies, the dissertation examines both the meaning and the transmission of texts. The empirical material consists of government documents, textbooks, history books, subscription lists, political pamphlets, journals and speeches. The study shows that history was commonly viewed as a branch of ethics and that its social benefits were related to the creation and maintenance of civil society. In the late 1760s and early 1770s, this function was complemented with a radical historical discourse that advanced anti-aristocratic opinions, introduced ideas of democratic traditions and helped shape a collective identity for commoners. The nobility's reactions to these efforts show that they were unable to adapt their approach to the past to the demands of a new political culture. A study of Gustavus III's official rhetoric shows that historical elements were mobilized to support the idea of a revolution in favor of restoring liberty and national traditions. On a more general level, this dissertation argues that there were numerous ways to understand society and that these were contingent on ideological considerations. By conducting a study of the social make-up of the subscribers to one of the period's most important history books the study shows that the emerging "middle class" constituted a core group of readers. Moreover, the language of history increasingly became the national language (Swedish). The media of history became more variegated, books became cheaper, and the audience played a more decisive role in publishing; all of which contributed to the formation of a new Swedish public sphere.

  • 310.
    Hallberg, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Svenska värderingar?: Att se och ompröva den invanda2002Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 311.
    Hallenberg, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The demise of the Soviet union: analysing the collapse of a state2002Book (Other academic)
  • 312.
    Hallengren, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Nelson Mandela and the Rainbow of Culture2003In: The Star, no 17 JulyArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Special feature issue of the Johannesburg Star, the country's largest-circulation daily paper.

  • 313.
    Hallengren, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    The code of Concord: Emerson's search for universal laws1994Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this work is to detect a pattern: the concordance of Ethics and Aesthetics, Poetics and Politics in the most influential American thinker of the nineteenth century. It is an attempt to trace a basic concept of the Emersonian transcendentalist doctrine, its development, its philosophical meaning and practical implications. Emerson’s thought is analyzed genetically in search of the generating paradigm, or the set of axioms from which his aesthetic ideas as well as his political reasoning are derived. Such a basic structure, or point of convergence, is sought in the emergence of Emerson’s idea of universal laws that repeat themselves on all levels of reality.

    A general introduction is given in Part One, where the crisis in Emerson’s life is seen as representing and foreshadowing the deeper existential crisis of modern man.

    In Part 2 we follow the increasingly skeptical theologian’s turn to science, where he tries to secure a safe secular foundation for ethical good and right and to solve the problem of evil.

    Part 3 shows how Emerson’s conception of the laws of nature and ethics is applied in his political philosophy.

    In Part 4, Emerson’s ideas of the arts are seen as corresponding to his views of nature, morality, and individuality.

    Finally, in Part 5, the ancient and classical nature of Concord philosophy is brought into focus.

    The book concludes with a short summary.

  • 314.
    Hammar, Tomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sverige åt svenskarna: Invandringspolitik, utlänningskontroll och asylrätt 1900-19321964Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 315.
    Hamrin, Harald
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Between Bolshevism and Revisionism: The Italian Communist Party 1944-19471975Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 316.
    Hamrin, Tina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Hawai’i, den hawaiianska suveränitetsrörelsen och socialt kapital2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 317.
    Hamrén, Ellinor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    EU, Turkey and the Kurds: The Turkish Discussion on Minority Rights2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study of the Turkish discussion on minority rights. The minority issue in Turkey was placed on the Turkish agenda in connection with intensified negotiations with the European Union on Turkish membership. The unusual and complex circumstances regarding the minority issue in Turkey makes it interesting and relevant to study this topic. The particular focus of this study is on the Kurdish minority and on the alternative discussion regarding the minority issue pursued within civil society groups and the academic sphere. The aim is to contribute to the understanding of the debate on minority rights within these groups. Interviews and collection of literature were made during a field study in Turkey in 2006. A result of this field study was the observation that there are forces working for a change in the notion of Turkish citizenship, and that the minority concept is controversial in Turkey for a number of reasons. Another observation was that the tension between assimilation and cultural identity is an important aspect of the discussion on minorities in Turkey. The Turkish debate has been contrasted to the debate on multiculturalism within political theory. This debate on multiculturalism is about how to deal with culturally diverse societies. There is one main position in favour of multiculturalism and one against. The ideas put forward in the Turkish discussion have been compared with this debate and it has been found that the Turkish discussion differs from this debate in some respects.

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  • 318.
    Hans, Agné
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Why democracy must be global: self-founding and democratic intervention2010In: International Theory, ISSN 1752-9719, E-ISSN 1752-9727, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 381-409Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Globalization, foreign intervention, and failed states have drawn new attention to theoretical issues of how political orders and communities can be legitimately founded, and what it means for a people to be self-governing. In this article, I will challenge an argument in this debate saying that the founding of new political orders is always in some sense illegitimate insofar as it cannot be decided democratically. In opposition to this view, I will suggest that the founding of political orders is legitimate even from a democratic point of view when decided together by people within as well as beyond the boundaries inherent in the foundation. In case of persisting disagreement over boundary issues, political decisions can still derive democratic legitimacy from global procedures that are equally inclusive of everyone capable of contesting those decisions. Elaborating on the implications of this argument, I will also reject the notion that foreign interventions for establishing democracy are themselves necessarily illegitimate or undemocratic.

  • 319.
    Hansson, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Growth without Democracy: Challenges to Authoritarianism in Vietnam2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Vietnam today can clearly be counted as a case of economic success. At a party congress in the mid-1980s, the formal decisions were made on a reform program under the name of Doi Moi (renovation), which aimed at liberalising and reforming the economy. Many believed that a process of democratisation would follow in the path of economic liberalisation. However, it could soon be noted that the initial liberalisation of the political regime experienced in the early reform years quickly came to an end. Low-cost production has been the primary element in the strategy of the regime for creating comparative advantages for entrance into the globalised economy. The major incentive for foreign investors has been cheap and disciplined labour. Given that Vietnam industrialised under an essentially authoritarian regime, severe restrictions were imposed on organisational activities among workers. Rights of association and assembly were ignored at the same time as the Doi Moi industries displayed disturbing levels of human rights abuses and repressive working conditions.

    What are the tensions that arise within an authoritarian party-state when going through a process of economic liberalisation? In this thesis that question is approached by studying the relations between the state and the trade unions in Vietnam and how they deal with the dramatically escalating level of conflict in the labour market that have come with economic liberalisation. The answers provided in this study point in different directions. While authoritarianism was reproduced at the level of the political regime, it was simultaneously challenged by unprecedented strike movements, mainly in the southern industrial zones. In the face of the inability of the regime to respond to the rising level of social conflict, independent forms of organisation were sought outside of the formal framework of the party-state. These organisational activities challenge the basic organisational principles and institutions of the party-state.

  • 320.
    Hansson, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The Vietnam Railway Trade Union1997In: Vietnam: reform and transformation : conference proceedings / [ed] Eva Hansson, Lisa Román, Stockholm: Center for Pacific Asia Studies [Centrum för Stillahavsasienstudier], Stockholms universitet , 1997, p. 179-186Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 321.
    Hansson, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Trade Unions and Doi Moi: The Changing Role of Trade Unions in the Era of Economic Liberalisation in Vietnam1995In: Politics of Development, ISSN 1400-8335, no 2, p. 1-42Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 322.
    Hansson, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Knutsen, Hege M
    Department of Sociology.
    Theoretical Approaches to Changing Labour Regimes in Transformation Economies2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 323.
    Hansson, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Knutsen, Hege Merete
    Department of Sociology and Human Geography, University of Oslo.
    Theoretical Approaches to Changing Labour Regimes in Transition Economies2010In: Missing Links in Labour Geography / [ed] Ann Cecilie Bergene, Sylvi B. Endresen, Hege Merete Knutsen, Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing , 2010, p. 155-169Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter addresses the concept of labour regimes and what dimensions of the concept to focus on in explanations of labour activism in transition economies. The first part of the chapter starts with a review of conceptualizations of factory regimes and labour regimes. The concept of spatial embeddedness is central to the labour regime approach and important in analysis of power relations between state, capital and labour. It also addresses what a welfare regime approach may have to offer studies of labour regimes, and how the struggle for labour rights is interlinked with the struggle for broader political rights. With examples from China and Vietnam, the second part of the chapter examines how labour regimes are formed in the context of transition economies and how this in turn affect labour activism. 

  • 324.
    Harström, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Vad vi inte får se: 100 år av censurpolitik2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis studies Swedish film censorship during the years 1911-2000. The purpose is to describe and analyse governmental standpoints and to relate them to three different normative beliefs. More precisely the objective is to analyse to what extent Swedish film censorship reflects egalitarian, perfectionist or libertarian beliefs

    A chronology expresses the main results of this thesis. In the first period, between 1911 and 1938, perfectionist beliefs are dominating. In the second period, between 1939 and 1959, egalitarian beliefs follow ideas of protection against harm at the expense of perfectionist beliefs about bad taste. In the third period, between 1960 and 1970 the beliefs, an egalitarian approach, rely more on science and research rather than on moral knowledge. Between1971-2000 the theme of protection against harm reflect both egalitarian and perfectionist beliefs.

    The thesis draws three general conclusions. First that there is continuity in the conviction that film could have a harmful influence on children. This continuity is independent of the different normative beliefs. Secondly, no argument has been made that the film sphere could do without any kind state surveillance. Thirdly, orthodox libertarian beliefs are more or less absent in the Swedish discourse. To the extent that such beliefs prevail, they are integrated parts of wider complex of mostly egalitarian beliefs.

     

     

  • 325.
    Hart, Thomas G.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The Dynamics of Revolution: A Cybernetic Theory of the Dynamics of Modern Social Revolution with a Study of Ideological Change and Organizational Dynamics in the Chinese Revolution1971Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 326. He, Liping
    et al.
    Söderberg, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Oriental Languages, Japanese Studies.
    China: how size matters – a comparative study of ownership in Japanese and Swedish aid projects2007In: Aid relationships in Asia: exploring ownership in Japanese and Nordic aid / [ed] Alf Morten Jerve, Yasutami Shimomura, Annette Skovstedt Hansen, Baskingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, p. 153-168Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 327.
    Helin, Elsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    "Som en eldkraft inne i mig": svenska romers berättelser om sitt politiska arbete2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Roma minority in Sweden are discriminated against at the labor market, housing, education, civil society and in political representation. Despite this discrimination several Roma activists have created an arena for themselves where they have played an important role in the struggle for human rights for Romas in Sweden. This thesis aims to explore the conditions under which Roma politicians and activists participate in the political dialogue in Sweden. Iris Marion Young's theories on inclusive democracy with the three nodes of greeting, rhetoric and narrative are used as theoretical framework. The method of the thesis may be described as a micro-ethnography, where five Roma politicians or activists are interviewed and participatory observation is conducted. The material was collected during the Swedish election 2014. The result of the study concludes that it appears as if the political arena is rather open to persons outside the majority normative. Many of the Romas are greeted and welcomed into the political sphere. The lack of a Roma narrative and the lack of tolerance for a rhetoric outside the normative, as well as difficulties due to lack of schooling, makes it difficult for Romas to fully participate and be includes in the political and democratic arena.

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  • 328.
    Helld'en, Daniel
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Robertson, Alexa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    A User's Guide to the Media Archives: A practical handbook for political science students1995Other (Other academic)
  • 329.
    Helldén, Daniel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Demokratin utmanas: Almstriden och det politiska etablissemanget2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis is to describe how the political establishment understood the Elm Conflict (Almstriden) in Stockholm in 1971, and the way in which the establishment expressed that understanding when it made sense of the challenge to itself and to how local politics worked. The political establishment is defined as politicians in central positions in Stockholm and at the national level and the editorial pages of the Stockholm newspapers. Three themes are used to describe the construction of the establishment: a) what the cause was for the elm issue having developed the way it did; b) why that which happened was wrong; and c) why it could happen at all in Sweden. The analysed empirical material consists solely of texts and statements produced at the time of the Elm Conflict. The thesis shows that the establishment, examined at close quarters, explained the Elm Conflict as caused by either media behaviour or political inability. The political establishment was in relative agreement on the matter of local democracy: municipal democracy was first and foremost a matter for the parties and politicians. No priority needed to be given to municipal reforms. What was needed was better information about why politicians had taken specific decisions. The Liberal Party leader and newspapers differed in this respect, however, exercising more caution in pointing at more far-reaching proposals for reform. When it came to political methods, Hjalmar Mehr proved to be the person who condemned the events most strongly, and this would seem to stem from his view of democracy. The Social Democratic Party at the national level was of the view that the conflict should be condemned, but had difficulties with the criticism levelled at local democracy. The newspapers and Liberal Party leader went the farthest in their positive statements concerning the method but had difficulties putting this in words. When it came to the causes of the Elm Conflict in a larger context, explanations were sought in a world gone mad, outside forces that wanted to overturn democracy, and politicians who failed to understand people’s concerns in the face of social change. The thesis also touches on why the politicians in Stockholm found themselves involved in the conflict and on the relationship of the Social Democrats to parts of the radicalisation trend of the late 1960s.

  • 330.
    Hellman, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Televisual Representations of France and the UK under Globalization2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to examine how France and the UK are represented in the television news texts at two different periods in time in order to explore whether and how these representations have changed as globalization has progressed. The thesis contributes to the study of collective identities, political cultures and comparative methods of mass communication. The aim should be understood against the background of the globalization of the media and the national traditions of television and treats the television news media as telling stories about the world that shape public perceptions of that world and have a bearing on the cultivation of collective identities. By using a combination of content and narrative analysis television news texts from 1986 and 1996 are compared.

    The study shows that the televisual representation of the UK remained largely the same while that of France differed. This might be linked to differences in the development of the BBC and the TF1 newsroom cultures, where the BBC remained largely unchanged while TF1 changed as a result of the privatisation of the channel. Both France and the UK were represented as national communities but while the UK was a political community, France changed from having been a political community to be represented as a social and a cultural community. National differences in televisual representations were found to differ with regard to auto- and hetero-identification, where the French news could be characterized by auto- and the British by hetero-identification. The results of the study give reason to argue that globalization of the media gives rise to fragmentation while there is little to suggest that it reinforces moves towards a global village where national borders are depicted as redundant.

  • 331.
    Helmdag, Jan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Kuitto, Kati
    Interdependent policy learning: Contextual diffusion of active labour marketpolicies2018In: Learning in Public Policy / [ed] Claire Dunlop; Claudio Radaelli; Philipp Trein, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, p. 317-346Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter analyses in which ways diffusion based on interdependent policy learning explains expenditure on active labour market policies (ALMP) in the OECD countries. By applying error correction models using multiplicative spatial Prais-Winsten regressions for analyzing the diffusion of ALMPs in 22 OECD countries from 1991–2013, we find evidence of governments adapting labour market policy strategies that have proven successful, that is, perform well in increasing labour market participation in other countries. However, interdependent learning is conditional on the institutional framework: policy-makers rather learn from the experience of other countries in the same welfare regime. Even more importantly, the results point to the importance of the European Employment Strategy (EES) as an international coordination framework facilitating policy learning.

  • 332.
    Hermannsson, Birgir
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Understanding Nationalism: Studies in Icelandic Nationalism, 1800-20002005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation is an attempt to understand nationalism, in a general sense, and Icelandic nationalism in particular. For this purpose the concepts of ideology, political culture, discourse and political language are pushed to the forefront as viable analytical tools to take on the difficult phenomena of nationalism. It is argued that this perspective is useful in conceptualizing and studying nationalism. Moreover, it serves both as a benchmark to evaluate the theoretical field as well as guiding the empirical study.

    There is no consensus on either the correct definition of nationalism or the proper theoretical approach to study it. This is a result of the highly contested nature of nationalism and the politically infused character of all attempts to define it. Both the subject (the scholar) and the object (nationalism) are part of changing historical circumstances, which make all attempts to objectify nationalism fruitless as well as making our understanding conditional. The problematic of the influential “modernist school,” namely state-formation, democratic rule and economic transformation, is accepted as crucial for our understanding of nationalism. Its understanding of culture and ideology is, however, shown to be too instrumental and elitists. Cultural production and reception must be given greater prominence. The role of external models and the problem of imitation are clearly important for the intellectual mobilization of nationalism. The desired model for imitation is not accepted unchanged, but must in some way be adapted to the prevailing traditions or conventions of the adapting country.

    The most important aspect of the Icelandic nationalistic discourse was to open up new discursive horizons by: (1) creating the language and aims of the independent struggle, (2) defining the nation, its history and place in the world; (3) making modernity Icelandic. As such nationalism was an ideological innovation, which marks a radical change in Icelandic political history. This ideology soon became hegemonic within the political discourse: a paradigm that defined the aims and substance of politics. Jón Sigurðsson’s historical language became the main justification for autonomy. This language grew out of the realities of the Danish Monarchy and argued for the status of Iceland as a free country in union with the King. If the dissolution of the Absolutist Monarchy was the political impetus for politics of this kind, the perceived backwardness of Iceland became a more general cause for intellectual mobilization. This discourse was caught between the ingrained “space of experience” that characterized the peasant society and the new “horizon of expectation” most clearly seen in emphasis on progress and change. Parallel to this development was a redefinition of history, which made the Commonwealth (930-1262) the Golden Age of Icelandic history, and had a profound impact on the collective memory of Icelanders and defined the identity of the state they created in 1944.

  • 333.
    Hertzberg, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Demokrati på svenska?: Avslutande reflektioner2005In: Demokrati på svenska?: Om strukturell diskriminering och politiskt deltagande / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt och Fredrik Hertzberg, Stockholm: Fritzes, 2005, 1, p. 261-300Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 334.
    Hertzberg, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Strukturell diskriminering och politiskt deltagande: Inledande tankegångar2005In: Demokrati på svenska?: Om strukturell diskriminering och politiskt deltagande / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt och Fredrik Hertzberg, Stockholm: Fritzes, 2005, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 335.
    Hesserud Persson, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    De inflytelserika: En studie om inkomst och politiskt genomslag2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vilken roll spelar pengar för människors möjligheter att få sina politiska preferenser speglade i det politiska utfallet? Flera internationella studier har funnit att det politiska beslutsfattandet är tydligt vinklat till fördel för höginkomsttagares åsikter. Den här uppsatsen undersöker om samma tendenser gäller även för Sverige. Utifrån teorier om majoritetsstyre respektive elitdrivet beslutsfattande studeras sambandet mellan inkomstgruppers preferenser i politiska sakfrågor och politiskt utfall mellan åren 2002-2021. Detta görs genom regressionsanalyser med uppgifter från de nationella SOM-undersökningarna samt ett egenkodat dataset av 428 politiska utfall under den aktuella tidsperioden. Resultaten visar att endast höginkomsttagargruppens politiska preferenser uppvisar ett signifikant positivt samband med utfallet. Detta gäller för olika politiska områden och oberoende av konjunkturläge och regeringsfärg. Tänkbara förklaringar till resultaten, såsom olika nivåer av politiskt deltagande, lagstiftarnas bakgrund och intressegruppers påverkan diskuteras, liksom fyndens potentiella konsekvenser för det demokratiska systemet.

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  • 336.
    Hesslow, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Blodets biopolitik: Heterosexuell hygien och män som har sex med män2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Following the wake of the AIDS-catastrophe in the beginning of the eighties, homosexual men or 'men who have sex with men' (MSM) have been barred from donating blood throughout the planet. In this thesis I look into the different discourses at play in the context of creating the legal framework for blood donation in Sweden. Genealogically tracing the emergence of the category of MSM and mapping how the category is brought to use in contemporary negotiations on blood safety, I scrutinize how scientific truth is established within blood transfusion practice. I argue that the rationality of risk group exclusion is contingent on economical grounds, and that the foucauldian concept of biopolitics could productively be used to understand this rationality. In particular, the concept of the 'biopolitics of blood' can be employed in order to understand the reluctance from the involved actors to acknowledge the heteronormative consequences of the legal framework of contemporary blood donation.

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  • 337. Hoelscher, Kristian
    et al.
    Nussio, Enzo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Understanding unlikely successes in urban violence reduction2016In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 53, no 11, p. 2397-2416Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The problems of violence in Latin America are often reiterated, yet understanding how and why violence declines is far less common. While urban violence takes different forms and has a range of motivations, we suggest that strengthening political and social institutions are important in violence reduction processes. We examine this using a comparative analysis of two cities which have recently seen unusual and marked reductions in lethal violence: Bogotá in Colombia and Recife in Brazil. Drawing on primary data collection, the case studies suggest that novel leaders who take advantage of critical junctures can deliver unexpected improvements to public security; and improvements are linked with institutionalising progressive security policies, increasing accountability of political institutions, and social reforms encouraging civic values and commitments to non-violence. While findings are specific to these two cases, they may plausibly apply to a broader range of cities, such that commitments to improve public policy and political institutions can overcome structural risk factors that foster violence.

  • 338.
    Horgby, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Constructions, Identifications and Ambivalence: the Encounter between Perceived and Lived Reality of Immigrated Women2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to understand the encounter between the Swedish government’s constructions of immigrated women and the women’s own identifications. By merging post-structural ontology with feminist post-colonial ideas a theoretical framework was created to meet this aim. The government’s constructions were found through discourse analysis of governmental publications and interpellation debates while the immigrated women’s stories were captured through interviews. The findings show that the government homogenizes the immigrated woman and positions her as unemployed, excluded, caring, and dependent etc., while the women recognize themselves as among other things professionals and agents. However, while the government constructs a homogeneous image of the immigrated woman, the women express very diverse identities, and the differences are significant. Thus, there is a clear discrepancy in the perceived and lived reality of immigrated women in Sweden. This could lead to a reproduction of immigrated women as belonging to patriarchal structures, which attributes the women the problem. Accordingly, the women also become the targets for the suggested solutions.

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    Constructions, identifications and ambivalence - Anna Horgby Master Thesis
  • 339. Horgby, Anna
    et al.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History. Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    The EU’s internal security strategy: A historical perspective2015In: Security Journal, ISSN 0955-1662, E-ISSN 1743-4645, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 309-321Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The adoption of an Internal Security Strategy (ISS) in the European Union (EU) in 2010 raised not only expectations but also a number of questions from EU scholars and practitioners. Where did it come from? Who was behind the strategy? What will be its effect on actual cooperation and policy outcomes? This article takes a historical perspective to help answer these questions. We examine the ISS from three perspectives – its origin, its formulation and its eventual content – and examine how these perspectives illuminate the likely impact of the ISS. Using some ‘ideal-type’ benefits attributed to strategies generally – including political-symbolic benefits, cohering effects and operational guidance – we assess whether the history of the ISS is likely to enable or constrain success. While further research is needed, our analysis of developments in the months after adoption of the ISS suggests that its history may serve to undermine its impact on both cooperation and policy.

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  • 340. Houlihan, Erin
    et al.
    Underwood, William
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Emergency Law Responses and the Covid-19 Pandemic: Global State of Democracy Thematic Paper 20212021Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 341.
    Häggroth, Sören
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Den kommunala beslutsprocessen vid fysisk planering1972Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 342.
    Håfström Dehdari, Sirus
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI). Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Matakos, Konstantinos
    Meriläinen, Jaakko
    Tukiainen, Janne
    A Pink Slip for the Blue Reform: Is Selection, Experience, or Ideology the Elixir of Populists’ Survival?2022In: Journal of Political Institutions and Political Economy, ISSN 2689-4823, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 1-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Why do some populist parties thrive while others fail or split? Is it possible for populists to maintain anti-establishment nature while being in a coalition with the mainstream parties? We study the populist Finns Party that split while being part of a coalition government. The splinter party Blue Reform retained its part in government and most of the experienced political personnel, yet it failed in the next election while the rump party remained popular. Leveraging rich data on electoral candidates and voters, we explore various potential drivers of the electoral persistence of populist parties: candidate quality, selection, office perks, and ideological motivations. Our results indicate that ideological proximity with voters and their demand for descriptive representation are keys for the electoral success of populist parties. This has implications for the political and policy consequences of including populists in government. In particular, our work highlights that there are limits on the electoral returns to ideological moderation, and that political experience and the perks of office alone do not guarantee populists’ survival.

  • 343.
    Håkansson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Folket och kommunerna: systemskiftet som kom av sig.1997Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 344.
    Håkansson, Anders
    Lunds universitet.
    Konsten att vinna ett val: en studie av fram- och tillbakagångar för socialdemokraterna i kommunalvalet1992Book (Other academic)
  • 345.
    Ikegami, Masako
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    ‘A Historical Examination on the Decision-making Process of the Use of Nuclear Weapons’: a Japan-US International Workshop ‘Reducing Threats posted by Nuclear Weapons: Possible Cooperation between Japan and the United States’, co-organized by Center for Global Partnership, Pugwash USA, Pugwash Japan, Institute for International Studies, Meiji-Gakuin University, Tokyo, 24-25 January 20092009In: ‘Reducing Threats posted by Nuclear Weapons: Possible Cooperation between Japan and the United States’: Japan-US International Workshop / [ed] Tatsujiro Suzuki, Tokyo: Meiji-Gakuin University Institute for International Studies , 2009, p. 61-78Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 346.
    IKEGAMI, Masako
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Asia in Global Security: An Epicentre of New Instability2006In: The Stockholm Journal of East Asian Studies, ISSN 0284-883X, Vol. 16, p. 9-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In post-Cold War Europe the risk of major armed conflicts has been reduced to a very low level, and unconventional threats such as terrorism currently dominate European security concerns. In Asia by contrast, the picture is much gloomier; there is still a risk of conventional inter-state conflicts and power struggles, as well as unconventional threats. There are two flash-points in East Asia, the Korean Peninsula and the Taiwan Strait, where the risk of inter-state conflict involving weapons of mass destruction (WMD) cannot be ruled out in the worst case of conflict escalation. Additionally, the East China Sea and Spratly Islands can be counted as a risk zone. China’s rapid military build-up is a challenge to many countries in the region. Meanwhile, the USA’s overseas forces are undergoing global re-deployment and re-organization, another factor of regional security uncertainty in the coming years. The lack of credible regional confidence and security building measures in East Asia can only aggravate this already volatile situation.

  • 347.
    Ikegami, Masako
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    China's Grand Strategy of 'Peaceful Rise': A Prelude to a New Cold War?2009In: The Rise of China: Beijing's strategies and implications for the Asia-Pacific / [ed] Hsin-Huang Michael Hsiao & Cheng-yi Lin, London/New York: Routledge , 2009, p. 21-54Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 348.
    Ikegami, Masako
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    ‘Goriteki kakuhaizetsu ni mukete ayumi-hajimeru toki [Time for Rational Nuclear Disarmament]’2009In: Ushio [The Tide], Vol. Nov, no 609, p. 140-145Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 349.
    Ikegami, Masako
    Center for Pacific Asia Studies (CPAS), Stockholm University.
    Kita-Chosen, Mongol nimiru Chugoku no Giji-Manshukoku seisaku [China’s North Korean and Mongolian Strategy: A Contemporary Version of ‘Manchukuo’ Model]2009In: GPI Brief – for Guiding Policy Innovation, Vol. June, no 10, p. 8-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    'China’s North Korean and Mongolian Strategy: A Contemporary Version of‘Manchukuo’ Model', Masako Ikegami (GPI Policy Expert Member and Professor and Director, Center for Pacific AsiaStudies (CPAS), Stockholm University)

    By abusing its rapidly growing economic and military power, Hu Jintao’s China is assuming a highlyaggressive stance to its neighboring countries geopolitically important to China, who are rich innatural resources yet politically vulnerable. North Korea is a prominent case, and the case hasimplications also for Myanmar and Mongolia. If Japan’s Manchukuo policy in the 1930s is interpretedas (1) a large investment in economic infrastructure for extracting natural resources, (2) militaryinterventions for protecting economic interests, and (3) social-political absorption by means of apuppet government, among others, China’s current strategy toward its neighboring countries can wellbe explained with such a historical model.

  • 350.
    Ikegami, Masako
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Saranaru Kaku-Gunshuku Rido wo: Reisen 20-shunen, Aratamete towareru Nihon no yakuwari [Japan to lead further nuclear disarmament: Japan’s role in question 20 years after the end of the Cold War]2009In: Mainichi Shimbun[Mainichi Newspaper], Vol. Sep17, p. 11-11Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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