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  • 301. Borchorst, Anette
    et al.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kantola, Johanna
    Reisel, Liza
    Teigen, Mari
    Institutionalizing Intersectionality in the Nordic Countries: Anti-Discrimination and Equality in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden2012Inngår i: INSTITUTIONALIZING INTERSECTIONALITY: THE CHANGING NATURE OF EUROPEAN EQUALITY REGIMES / [ed] Andrea Krizsan, Hege Skjeie, Judith Squires, Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, s. 59-88Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 302.
    Borg, Stefan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Genealogy as critique in International Relations: Beyond the hermeneutics of baseless suspicion2018Inngår i: Journal of International Political Theory, ISSN 1755-0882, E-ISSN 1755-1722, Vol. 14, nr 1, s. 41-59Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article engages genealogy as a form of critique in International Relations. It demonstrates that Foucault's genealogy has had an important, albeit hitherto unexamined, impact on how critique is understood in post-structuralist International Relations. Specifically, the article argues that a genealogical disposition tends to inscribe violence as foundational to the human condition, and genealogically informed empirical applications in International Relations risk reproducing this gesture. In the first part, the article returns to the first generation of post-structuralist International Relations and also examines examples of contemporary scholarship using frameworks of governmentality and biopolitics. The second part of the article traces the problem of ontologically inscribing violence back to Foucault's genealogical phase. Drawing on the work of John Milbank, the article then contrasts a genealogical ontology of violence with one that refuses violence as foundational. The article ends by arguing that empirical scholarship drawing on governmentality and biopolitics should be careful not to read the genealogical ontology of violence into their analyses of global political life.

  • 303.
    Borg, Stefan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    The politics of universal rights claiming: Secular and sacred rights claiming in post-revolutionary Tunisia2017Inngår i: Review of International Studies, ISSN 0260-2105, E-ISSN 1469-9044, Vol. 43, nr 3, s. 453-474Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article contributes to a theoretical understanding of rights claiming as a specific form of political practice. The article develops and defends a post-foundationalist understanding of rights discourse as a way of making a claim to social change through appealing to a universal and illustrates such an understanding with the contestation over women's rights in post-revolutionary Tunisia. To develop this argument, the article draws on Jacques Ranciere's notion of political subjectification and Ernesto Laclau's engagement with the relation between the universal and the particular. To examine the relevance of such conceptualisation, the article turns to the struggle over women's rights in post-revolutionary Tunisia, where secular and sacred understandings of the universal have been invoked frequently through rights discourse. In this context it is shown that claims to the universal give rhetorical force to rights discourse, and instead of depoliticising social relations, which rights discourse is often charged with, such claims are vital for political efficacy. However, whereas Laclau's position helps us to understand rights as a language of resistance, a more robust defence of the universal is needed to defend rights in terms of emancipatory political change. To pursue this argument, the article turns to Ranciere's defence of axiomatic equality.

  • 304.
    Boréus, Kristina
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Discursive Discrimination: A Typology2006Inngår i: European Journal of Social Theory, ISSN 1368-4310, E-ISSN 1461-7137, Vol. 9, nr 3, s. 405-424Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a typology of discursive discrimination, discrimination carried out through the use of language. It is argued that such a typology should fulfil certin criteria in order to be useful for empirical research. The proposed typology consists of four main concepts: (1) exclusion from discourse; (2) negative other-presentation; (3) objectification; and (4) proposals pointing towards unfavourable non-linguistic treatment. The related concept of othering - the creation of a psychological distance to people understood to belong to groups others than 'us' - is also presented. The manner in which the different forms of discursive discrimination and othering can be operationalised is demonstrated through examples from empirical studies of discourses of people categorized as mentally deficient, as deaf, and as immigrants in public debate in Sweden in the past 75 years.

  • 305.
    Boréus, Kristina
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Discursive discrimination of the 'mentally deficient' in interwar Sweden2006Inngår i: Disability & Society, Vol. 22, nr 6Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article shows, firstly, one way in which discrimination in discourse, that is, discrimination performed through the use of language, can be studied with the help of a set of concepts: exclusion from discourse; negative other-presentation; objectification; and proposals pointing towards unfavourable treatment. The concept of othering is also used. Secondly, an empirical study of the discursive treatment of people labelled 'mentally deficient' in interwar Sweden is presented. The parliamentary debate on a new sterilisation law, encyclopaedic entries and medical descriptions are focused. The results reveal that the group in question was blatantly discriminated against, by means of all of the forms of discursive discrimination mentioned, and was also othered. It is suggested that the set of concepts could be useful for comparative studies of discursive treatment of people categorised as 'mentally deficient' in other countries during the same period and for studies of possible contemporary discrimination.

  • 306.
    Boréus, Kristina
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Diskriminering med ord2005Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken behandlar på ett populärvetenskapligt sätt hur man kan analysera diskriminering med språkliga medel. Den presenterar ett analysschema för olika former av diskriminering med ord och ger exempel från tre empiriska studier: en om den diskursiva behandlingen av "sinnesslöa" i svensk offentlig debatt på 1920- och 1930-talet, en om den diskursiva behandlingen av "dövstumma" och döva på 1930-talet, 1970-talet och 1990-talet, samt en om mediedebatt om invandrare och mångkultur på 2000-talet.

  • 307.
    Boréus, Kristina
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Diskrimineringens retorik: En studie av svenska valrörelser 1988-20022006Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I studien undersöks strukturell diskriminering med språkliga medel riktad mot den invandrade delen av befolkningen i svenska valrörelser 1988-2002.

  • 308.
    Boréus, Kristina
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten.
    Högervåg: nyliberalismen och kampen om språket i svensk debatt 1969-19891994Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 309.
    Boréus, Kristina
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Makt2009Inngår i: Politisk teori, Malmö: Liber , 2009, s. 114-132Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 310.
    Boréus, Kristina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Bergström, GöranStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Textens mening och makt: metodbok i samhällsvetenskaplig text- och diskursanalys2012Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 311.
    Boréus, Kristina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Bergström, Göran
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Textens mening och makt: Metodbok i samhällsvetenskaplig textanalys2000Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 312.
    Boréus, Kristina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Mörkenstam, Ulf
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Patterned Inequalities and the Inequality Regime of a Swedish Housing Company2015Inngår i: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 5, nr 4, s. 105-124Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the authors analyze inequalities between different groups of employees at a housing company in a larger Swedish city. The concept of inequality regime is taken as a point of departure. The purposes of the article are three: first, to add to knowledge of how inequality is generated at an organizational level at specific workplaces; second, to contribute to the understanding of how different practices, processes, and meanings of inequality regimes may interact to create and reinforce inequalities between natives and immigrants; and, third, to contribute to the empirical usefulness of the concept of inequality regime by demonstrating how it can be operationalized and combined with other concepts in the analysis. The study shows how the practices, processes, and meanings at the given workplace generated and reproduced different kinds of inequalities: unequal wages, an ethnic division of labor, unequal influence and job security, and unequal opportunities to capitalize on useful skills (i.e., language competence). Important conclusions are that different kinds of inequalities may reinforce each other by creating vicious circles, and subtler forms of inequality may partly explain explicit wage inequalities.

  • 313. Bossong, Raphael
    et al.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen. Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    European internal security as a public good2013Inngår i: European Security, ISSN 0966-2839, E-ISSN 1746-1545, Vol. 22, nr 2, s. 129-147Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This introduction argues for a new research agenda on European internal security cooperation from the perspective of public goods. We set out our case in three parts. First, we identify new empirical puzzles and demonstrate significant explanatory gaps in the existing internal security literature which public goods theory could help address. Second, we outline the building blocks of a public goods approach and provide an overview of its application, both existing and potentially, in various areas of regional security and European integration. Third, we present three complementary ways of using public goods theory to analyse internal security in the European Union, with the aim of spurring new research questions while accepting some limitations of this theoretical approach.

  • 314. Bossong, Raphael
    et al.
    Rhinard, MarkStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Explaining EU Internal Security Cooperation: the Problem(s) of Producing Public Goods2015Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Internal security is often hailed as a rapidly expanding area of European integration, with a growing number of strategies, policies and framework agreements in recent years. Yet actual cooperation, when viewed closely, proceeds at a halting pace – raising questions as to why cooperation appears so problematic. This book presents a novel, theoretically-informed way to understand internal security cooperation in Europe. The approach treats internal security as a "public good" requiring collective action amongst sovereign governments. All governments must contribute to the production of a public good; once produced, the public good benefits all governments. Fundamental obstacles to producing a public good thus arise, and can help explain the underlying difficulties facing European cooperation on internal security matters. The chapters in this book apply a public goods approach to different internal security issues, ranging from terrorism to border management, and from environmental security to natural disasters. Each study demonstrates how the various goals of internal security cooperation resemble different forms of public goods – and thus present different kinds of obstacles to effective cooperation. This book fills a theoretical gap in the literature on European internal security cooperation with a proven approach increasingly used in other scholarly fields.

  • 315. Bossong, Raphael
    et al.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen. Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    The EU Internal Security Strategy: towards a more coherent approach to EU security?2013Inngår i: Studia Diplomatica, ISSN 0770-2965, Vol. 66, nr 2, s. 45-58Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 316. Bossong, Raphael
    et al.
    Rhinard, MarkStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Theorizing Internal Security in the European Union2016Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    European Union internal security cooperation has flourished in recent years, drawing unprecedented attention from scholars. Yet studies in the field remain predominantly empirical, with only a smattering of disconnected and disparate theoretical frameworks. At this point in the development of the field, the time is right for a volume that surveys established and promising theoretical frameworks, provides a palette of options for explaining a complicated field, and reviews methodological considerations associated with different theories. This volume brings together leading scholars of different theoretical approaches used in the field, thus providing an essential reference text for new and experienced scholars alike while at the same time helping to consolidate theoretical advancements in the field. The book aims to enhance the prospects of cumulative theorizing in this area, to encourage the quality of theorizing and methodology in this area, and to connect this growing empirical area to broader theoretical debates in EU studies.

  • 317. Boström, Magnus
    et al.
    Micheletti, Michele
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Introducing the Sustainability Challenge of Textiles and Clothing2016Inngår i: Journal of Consumer Policy, ISSN 0168-7034, E-ISSN 1573-0700, Vol. 39, nr 4, s. 367-375Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 318. Brattberg, Erik
    et al.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen. Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    Actorness and effectiveness in international disaster relief: the European Union and United States in comparative perspective2013Inngår i: International Relations, ISSN 0047-1178, E-ISSN 1741-2862, Vol. 27, nr 3, s. 356-374Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the role of the European Union (EU) and United States as actors in international disaster relief. We take the analysis of ‘actorness’ one step further than normal by assessing the extent to which different aspects of EU and US actorness led to effectiveness in actual outcomes. In doing so, we make two contributions. First, we provide a rare comparison between EU and US foreign policy actorness, shedding light on the actor capability of each bloc in the area of international disaster relief. Second, we specify the relationship between actorness and effectiveness, a relationship which is too often assumed rather than explored. Using previous research of EU and US actorness as a starting point, we link four aspects of actorness to effectiveness and assess the resulting hypotheses using the case of the 2010 Haiti earthquake. We find support for our proposed links between actorness and effectiveness, although further research is needed before robust conclusions can be drawn.

  • 319. Brattberg, Erik
    et al.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer. Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    Multilevel Governance and Complex Threats: The Case of Pandemic Preparedness in the European Union and the United States2011Inngår i: Global Health Governance, ISSN 1939-2389, E-ISSN 1939-2389, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 1-21Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The scale of dangers posed by influenza pandemics, combined with a series of actual outbreaks, has led policymakers in both the European Union (EU) and the United States (US) to frame the issue as a security threat and to call for extraordinary action. In the US, the 2006 and 2010 National Security Strategies identified pandemics as a “catastrophic challenge” while the 2006 US Pandemic Plan argued that “pandemics should be viewed as a national security issue.” The EU’s 2008 review of its own European Security Strategy broadened the scope of threats facing the continent to include pandemic influenza. Identifying an influenza pandemic as a security threat, however, is relatively easily done. More challenging is to act upon that designation, through implementing security strategies in practice and managing governance processes in multi-level governance systems. Drawing upon securitization theory and traditional implementation theory, this article compares the extent to which the EU and the US have turned words into action on pandemic preparation. The findings show that increasingly securitized rhetoric following the H5N1 and H1N1 outbreaks has indeed been followed by new policies, structures, and operational capacities. As such, the article provides preliminary evidence that securitizing a public policy problem can increase political leverage over administrative processes of implementation.

  • 320.
    Brattberg, Erik
    et al.
    Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    The EU as a global counter-terrorism actor in the making2012Inngår i: European Security, ISSN 0966-2839, E-ISSN 1746-1545, Vol. 21, nr 4, s. 557-577Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    After the terror attacks of 11 September 2001, the European Union (EU) staked its claim as an important international player in the fight against global terrorism. The EU encouraged new initiatives at the United Nations and devoted newfound attention to aid and assistance programs to third states. The EU's ambitions and heightened activity prompts a number of questions about rhetoric versus action and offers a useful test case for assessing the quality of the EU's ‘actorness’. This article applies the actorness concept to shed light on the EU's behaviour in global counter-terrorism activities. It draws together existing insights on actorness into an analytical framework containing four sets of variables – context, coherence, capability and consistency – and applies the framework to evidence gathered on the EU's international and third country role in countering terrorism. Our results show that the actorness approach sheds considerable light on the EU's international behaviour in global counter-terrorism and suggests the EU has some way to go before becoming a full actor in this area.

  • 321.
    Bremberg Heijl, Niklas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Between a rock and a hard place: Euro-Mediterranean security revisited2007Inngår i: Mediterranean Politics, ISSN 1362-9395, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 1-16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The study of the EU’s relations with its near abroad is increasingly important in the wake of the 2004 enlargement of the Union because it directly relates to the question whether the EU might help to foster peace and stability in its neighbourhood. Euro-Mediterranean relations are highly interesting in this regard since the EU has a rather long, but not entirely successful, history of trying to promote security and cooperation in its southern vicinity. In this article the Regional Security Complex Theory, developed by Buzan and Waever (2003), is applied to shed new light on security aspects of Euro-Mediterranean

    relations. The article’s main argument is that the ‘ups and downs’ of Euro-Mediterranean security cooperation is better understood if the Mediterranean is not considered as a region in itself but rather as a link between two separated regional security complexes.

  • 322.
    Bremberg, Niklas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Exploring the Dynamics of Security Community-Building in the Post-Cold War Era: Spain, Morocco and the European Union2012Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to make a theoretical as well as an empirical contribution to the debate on the security community concept in International Relations (IR) by way of conducting a study of the European Union (EU) as a security community-building institution in the case of Spain and Morocco. The security community concept originally sought to define the conditions under which the threat of inter-state war would be mitigated through social transaction and expectations of peaceful change between societies and states. However, in the post-Cold War era, the challenge is rather to understand how security communities emerge and expand at a time when armed conflicts among states have become less frequent compared to other non-military threats and trans-boundary risks (e.g. terrorism, failed states, organized crime, pandemics, climate change). The argument of this thesis is that the role of international organizations and the changing notion of security need to be taken into account when re-thinking the concept. Drawing on constructivism in IR, especially the notion of communities of practice, the thesis suggests a framework to study how security communities work in the post-Cold War era focusing on the mechanisms of crisis management, transgovernmental networks and multilateral venues. The framework is used to study the EU as a security community-building institution in the case of Spain (member state) and Morocco (non-member), and in the fields of trade, security and defence and civil protection. The main finding of the thesis, which carries broader implications for the debate on security communities in IR, is that the EU has contributed to broadening the repertoire of cooperative security practices between Spain and Morocco, not necessarily through fostering collective identity but by supporting the development of communities of practitioners whom increasingly share a notion of military and civilian crisis management to counter non-military threats and trans-boundary risks.

  • 323.
    Bremberg, Niklas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Security, Governance and Community beyond the European Union: Exploring Issue-Level Dynamics in Euro-Mediterranean Civil Protection2010Inngår i: Mediterranean Politics, ISSN 1362-9395, E-ISSN 1743-9418, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 169-188Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    EU civil protection captures important aspects of the changing security landscape of post-Cold War Europe and the role that the EU now plays in providing safety and security to citizens and societal functions inside and outside the Union. Since the mid-1990s the EU has also promoted regional cooperation on civil protection in the Euro-Mediterranean area. This article aims to explore the issue-level dynamics of Euro-Med civil protection in order to address the main themes of this volume, policy convergence, differentiation and region-building. The main conclusion is that the strong operational component in Euro-Med civil protection has fostered the build-up of a transgovernmental network around the Mediterranean which might serve the goal of partnership and even community-building in the Euro-Mediterranean area.

  • 324.
    Bremberg, Niklas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Security, Governance and Community beyond the European Union: Exploring Issue-Level Dynamics in Euro-Mediterranean Civil Protection2012Inngår i: The Challenge of Differentiation in Euro-Mediterranean Relations: Flexible Regional Cooperation or Fragmentation / [ed] Esther Barbé, Anna Herranz-Surrallés, Routledge, 2012, s. 40-59Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 325. Bremberg, Niklas
    et al.
    Sonnsjö, Hannes
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Mobjörk, Malin
    The EU and climate-related security risks: a community of practice in the making?2019Inngår i: Journal of European Integration, ISSN 0703-6337, E-ISSN 1477-2280, Vol. 41, nr 5, s. 623-639Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change is increasingly acknowledged as a threat to states and societies, and several international organizations are now seeking to respond to climate-related security risks. The EU?s comprehensive approach to security suggests that the Union is particularly well-suited to respond to such risks, but the EU has not yet developed a coherent policy. This article addresses the gap between discourse and policy outcomes by exploring how practice shapes EU climate security policy. It provides unique insights based on practitioners? accounts of the work being done in the European Union External Action Service to align various EU foreign policy tools and instruments in order to address climate-related security risks. A key finding is that a community of practice is emerging on climate security in the EU, but it is characterized by overlapping and conflicting practices relating to climate diplomacy, development, and security and defence.

  • 326.
    Bring, Ove
    Stockholms universitet, Juridiska fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen. Swedish National Defence College, Sweden; Uppsala University, Sweden; Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Sweden.
    The Use of Force under the UN Charter Modification and Reform through Practice or Consensus2014Inngår i: International Law and Changing Perceptions of Security: Liber Amicorum Said Mahmoudi / [ed] Jonas Ebbesson, Marie Jacobsson, Mark Klamberg, David Langlet, Pål Wrange, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2014, s. 1-13Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 327. Brinkemo, Per
    et al.
    Lundberg, JohanStockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur och estetik.
    Klanen: individ, klan och samhälle från antikens Grekland till dagens Sverige2018Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Klanen : Individ, klan och samhälle från antikens Grekland till dagens Sverige beskriver klansamhällen från antikens Grekland till dagens Sverige. En genomgående insikt är att den liberala demokratin utgår från individens rättigheter medan klansamhället bygger på att individen underkastas gemenskapen.

    Kan två så skilda ordningar någonsin förenas i samma stat?

  • 328. Broch, Birte
    et al.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Hansen, Bodil K.
    Vammen, Tinne
    Kvinder i opbrud: en kildesamling om land- og bykvinder i arbejde og forening omkring år 19001982Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 329. Brodin, Katarina
    Studiet av utrikespolitiska doktriner: teori och två empiriska tillämpningar1977Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 330. Brorström, Sara
    et al.
    Argento, Daniela
    Grossi, Giuseppe
    Thomasson, Anna
    Almqvist, Roland
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Translating sustainable and smart city strategies into performance measurement systems2018Inngår i: Public Money & Management, ISSN 0954-0962, E-ISSN 1467-9302, Vol. 38, nr 3, s. 193-202Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper shows how sustainable and smart strategies can be implemented in cities and how these strategies influence, and are influenced by, performance measurement systems. Drawing upon the Foucauldian notion of governmentality, the authors present the case of Gothenburg in Sweden, where they interviewed the key actors involved in a new sustainability strategy. Translating strategy into performance measurement systems requires collaboration across organizational boundaries and considerations of financial goals and social and human aspects.

  • 331. Brosché, Johan
    et al.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Kreutz, Joakim
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Ijla, Akram
    Heritage under attack: motives for targeting cultural property during armed conflict2017Inngår i: International Journal of Heritage Studies (IJHS), ISSN 1352-7258, E-ISSN 1470-3610, Vol. 23, nr 3, s. 248-260Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although attacks on cultural property have caused international outcry, our understanding of this phenomenon is still limited. In particular, little research has been directed towards exploring the motivations for such attacks. Therefore, we ask: What are the motives for attacking sites, buildings or objects representing cultural heritage? By combining insights from peace and conflict research with findings from heritage studies we present a typology of motivations for attacking cultural property. We identify four, not mutually exclusive, broad groups of motives: (i) attacks related to conflict goals, in which cultural property is targeted because it is connected to the issue the warring parties are fighting over (ii), military-strategic attacks, in which the main motivation is to win tactical advantages in the conflict (iii), signalling attacks, in which cultural property is targeted as a low-risk target that signals the commitment of the aggressor, and (iv) economic incentives where cultural property provides funding for warring parties. Our typology offers a theoretical structure for research about why, when, and by whom, cultural property is targeted. This is not only likely to provide academic benefits, but also to contribute to the development of more effective tools for the protection of cultural property during armed conflict.

  • 332.
    Brylla, Charlotta
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för baltiska språk, finska och tyska.
    Die schwedische kommunistische Partei und der Eurokommunismus2010Inngår i: Jahrbuch für historische Kommunismusforschung, ISSN 0944-629X, Vol. XVI, nr 23, s. 81-91Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 333.
    Brylla, Charlotta
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för baltiska språk, finska och tyska.
    Sozialistische Utopie oder bedrohlicher Oststaat?: Darstellungen der DDR im schwedischen öffentlichen Diskurs 1961-19892007Inngår i: Nordeuropa und die beiden deutschen Staaten 1949-1989: Aspekte einer Beziehungsgeschichte im Zeichen des Kalten Krieges / [ed] Jan Hecker-Stampehl, Leipzig & Berlin: Edition Kirchhof & Franke , 2007, s. 199-214Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 334.
    Bäck, Henry
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Den utrikespolitiska dagordningen: Makt, protest och internationella frågor i svensk politik 1965-19731979Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 335. Bäck, Henry
    et al.
    Håkansson, AndersStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Väljare i kommunalvalet: om missnöje, misstroende och politisk kultur1994Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 336. Bäck, Henry
    et al.
    Soininen, Maritta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Den kommunala invandrarpolitiken: arenor, aktörer och barriärer1998Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 337. Bäck, Henry
    et al.
    Soininen, Maritta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Flyktingmottagande i förändring: en utvärdering av de verksamhetsmässiga konsekvenserna av det nya statsbidragssystemet till kommunerna för flyktingmottagandet1993Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 338. Bäck, Mats
    et al.
    Möller, Tommy
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Partier och organisationer2003 (oppl. 6. upp.)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 339.
    Bäckstrand, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kuyper, Jonathan W.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. University of Oslo, Norway.
    The democratic legitimacy of orchestration: the UNFCCC, non-state actors, and transnational climate governance2017Inngår i: Environmental Politics, ISSN 0964-4016, E-ISSN 1743-8934, Vol. 26, nr 4, s. 764-788Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Is orchestration democratically legitimate? On one hand, debates concerning the legitimacy and democratic deficits of international politics continue unabated. On the other, the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has progressively engaged in processes of orchestration culminating in the 2015 Paris Agreement. Scholarship on orchestration has almost exclusively focused on how to ensure effectiveness while excluding normative questions. This lacuna is addressed by arguing that orchestration should be assessed according to its democratic credentials. The promises and pitfalls of orchestration can be usefully analyzed by applying a set of democratic values: participation, deliberation, accountability, and transparency. Two major orchestration efforts by the UNFCCC both pre- and post-Paris are shown to have substantive democratic shortfalls, not least with regard to participation and accountability. Ways of strengthening the democratic legitimacy of orchestration are identified.

  • 340.
    Bäckstrand, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Lövbrand, Eva
    The Road to Paris: Contending Climate Governance Discourses in the Post-Copenhagen Era2019Inngår i: Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, ISSN 1523-908X, E-ISSN 1522-7200, Vol. 21, nr 5, s. 519-532Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we advance discourse analysis to interpret how the state and direction of climate governance is imagined or interpreted by the multitude of actors present at UN climate conferences. We approach the annual Conferences of the Parties (COP) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) as active political sites that project ideas, assumptions and standards for the conduct of global politics. This paper examines to what extent the discourses of green governmentality, ecological modernization and civic environmentalism identified by Backstrand and Lovbrand [(2006). Planting trees to mitigate climate change. Contested discourses of ecological modernization, green governmentality and civic environmentalism. Global Environmental Politics, 6(1), 51-71; Backstrand, K., & Lovbrand, E. (2007). Climate governance beyond 2012. Competing discourses of green governmentality, ecological modernization and civic environmentalism. In M. Pettenger (Ed.), The social construction of climate change. Ashgate] a decade ago still inform how climate governance is imagined and enacted in the post-Copenhagen era. After reviewing scholarship on climate governance and International Relations, we introduce our discursive framework and systematically compare three contending discourses of climate governance articulated at COP 17 in Durban (2011), COP 19 in Warsaw (2013) and COP 20 in Lima (2014). We end by discussing whether the discursive struggles played out at UN climate conferences represent a shift in the ways in which climate governance was imagined and enacted on the road to Paris, and to what extent our findings may help to extend scholarship in this field.

  • 341.
    Bäckström, Einar
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Den europeiska integrationsklyftans förlorare och stödet för politiska system: -En kulturell motreaktion2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study departs from a cleavage-theory by Kriesi et al. in which the globalization and the European integration divides Europeans in winners and losers through a political, a cultural and an economic mechanism (2012). It examines the connection between the polarization following the integration and the support for political systems using Norris’ framework from Democratic deficit (2012) which differs on five levels of support. The main findings show that the polarization has an impact on four out of five levels through the cultural mechanism and that it thus not only may generate support for right-wing populism as shown by Kriesi with more, but for right-wing extremism as well. Even though the effect is limited the results also suggests that the decreasing trust in political institutions in Europe is not to be reduced to normal a fluctuation.

  • 342.
    Cako, Stefan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Politics and ethics of the information retrieving and access in the western modern state: The case of Sweden2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Issues relating to individual legal certainty and security in Sweden, tensions between governmental actions to secure the collectives needs and violations of the individual’s privacy are explored. Due to the tensions between privacy and securitization, this will be achieved through the securitization framework of the Copenhagen school in international relations. A qualitative content analysis using archived files from the Swedish Data Inspection Board for the period of 2001 to 2014 is presented. Changes in discourses, diversions between the individual’s legal certainty and governmental action are noted. Needs for revision of old legal texts and rhetoric are highlighted.

  • 343. Camps-Calvet, Marta
    et al.
    Langemeyer, Johannes
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain.
    Calvet-Mir, Laura
    Gómez-Baggethun, Erik
    March, Hug
    SOWING RESILIENCE AND CONTESTATION IN TIMES OF CRISES: The case of urban gardening movements in Barcelona2015Inngår i: PArticipation and COnflict, ISSN 1972-7623, E-ISSN 2035-6609, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 417-442Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban gardens have been observed to multiply in response to crises. However, the meaning and motivations behind the emergence of gardening movements varies greatly over space and time. In this paper we argue that bottom up urban gardening initiatives taking place in Southern European countries in form of land occupation and communalization represent forms of resistance that enhance social cohesion and collective action in times of need. Specifically, this research examines the role of urban gardens in (i) building community resilience and (ii) articulating forms of resistance and contestation to development pressure and commodified urban lifestyles. Our research is based on data collected among 27 urban gardening initiatives in Barcelona, Spain, including 13 self-governed community gardens and 14 public gardens. Data were collected from semi-structured interviews with gardeners and with staff from the Barcelona City Council. Our results show mechanisms through which urban gardens can contribute to build resilience by nurturing social and ecological diversity, generating and transmitting local ecological knowledge, and by creating opportunities for collective action and self-organization. We further examine collectively managed gardens as urban commons that emerge as a form of resistance to the privatization of public urban space, and that offer opportunities to experiment with new models of urban lifestyles. We show how gardening initiatives can be seen to represent an emerging form of urban green commons that provides a suitable ground to ` sow' resilience and contestation in times of crises and socio-ecological deterioration.

  • 344.
    Carbin, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Det problematiska systerskapet: Purpurfärgen och postkolonial feminism2005Inngår i: Feministisk teori i rörliga bilder / [ed] Katharina Tollin & Maria Törnqvist, Malmö: Liber , 2005, 1, s. 83-110Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 345.
    Carbin, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Det problematiska systerskapet: Purpurfärgen och postkolonial feminism2008Inngår i: Feministisk teori i rörliga bilder / [ed] Katharina Tollin & Maria Törnqvist, Malmö: Liber , 2008, 2, s. 83-110Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 346.
    Carbin, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Mellan tystnad och tal: Flickor och hedersvåld i svensk offentlig politik2010Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the contestations around the question of how violence against young women from ethnic minorities was articulated in Swedish public policy debates from 1995-2008. One core question investigated in this study is how the “new” problem of co called honour killings is categorised and understood within gender equality policies against violence and policies of immigrant integration. The thesis explores how different discourses compete and negotiate to make sense of the violence and try to stabilise meaning. Another aim of the thesis concerns the construction of available subject positions for young women, and the potential effects in terms of possibilities and restrictions for subjects to speak politically. The research material consists of parliamentary debates, major government documents, official government inquiries into integration and gender equality, as well as documents from the Swedish Integration Board and the County Administrative Boards. The analysis draws upon discourse theory and feminist postcolonial theory to explore what positions are made available to young women in policy discourses. Four competing discourses are identified: a multicultural discourse, a discourse of value-clashes, a discourse of structural discrimination and finally a gender power-discourse. However, in policies against honour related violence the violence is primarily understood as originating in a cultural and value-based heritage of certain immigrant communities. This study furthermore illustrates how girls are required to speak and make testimonies on their situation. The ways the stories of the girls are used make them into boundary markers between Swedish and non-Swedish. It is argued that letting the girls speak and listen to them might make it possible to understand some of the potential problems they face. Nevertheless, it might not form an agenda for changing the bigger political picture.

  • 347.
    Carbin, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Beckman, LudvigStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.Mörkenstam, UlfStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.Reinikainen, JouniStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.Näsström, SofiaStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Texter i samtida politisk teori2009Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 348. Carbin, Maria
    et al.
    Jansson, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Introduktion till politisk teori2017Inngår i: Politik och kön: Feministiska perspektiv på statsvetenskap / [ed] Lenita Freidenvall, Maria Jansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, s. 35-52Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 349.
    Carlsen, Henrik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Eriksson, E. Anders
    Dreborg, Karl Henrik
    Johansson, Bengt
    Bodin, Örjan
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Systematic exploration of scenario spaces2016Inngår i: Foresight, ISSN 1463-6689, E-ISSN 1465-9832, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 59-75Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - Scenarios have become a vital methodological approach in business as well as in public policy. When scenarios are used to guide analysis and decision-making, the aim is typically robustness and in this context we argue that two main problems at scenario set level is conservatism, i.e. all scenarios are close to a perceived business-as-usual trajectory and lack of balance in the sense of arbitrarily mixing some conservative and some extreme scenarios. The purpose of this paper is to address these shortcomings by proposing a methodology for generating sets of scenarios which are in a mathematical sense maximally diverse. Design/methodology/approach - In this paper, we develop a systematic methodology, Scenario Diversity Analysis (SDA), which addresses the problems of broad span vs conservatism and imbalance. From a given set of variables with associated states, SDA generates scenario sets where the scenarios are in a quantifiable sense maximally different and therefore best span the whole set of feasible scenarios. Findings - The usefulness of the methodology is exemplified by applying it to sets of storylines of the emissions scenarios of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. This ex-post analysis shows that the storylines were not maximally diverse and given the challenges ahead with regard to emissions reduction and adaptation planning, we argue that it is important to strive for diversity when developing scenario sets for climate change research. Originality/value - The proposed methodology adds significant novel features to the field of systematic scenario generation, especially with regard to scenario diversity. The methodology also enables the combination of systematics with the distinct future logics of good intuitive logics scenarios.

  • 350.
    Carlsson, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Demokratisk innovation eller ett spel för gallerierna?: En demokratiteoretisk utvärdering av Participatory Budgeting i en svensk kommun2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 poäng / 120 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to explore the institutional design of Participatory Budgeting (PB) in Sweden and how the design may contribute to realize central democratic goods. The study records the different PB experiences in Sweden and focuses on one particular case, which is the only case that successfully qualifies as a genuine PB-process according to international standards and definitions. To examine this, the following questions are asked: which municipalities in Sweden have implemented Participatory Budgeting? How can the institutional design of Participatory Budgeting be described and to what extent does it enable the realization of central democratic goods? To what extent does the institutional design enable the realization of the democratic goods inclusion, popular control, considered judgment and transparency? To what extent does the institutional design enable the realization of the institutional goods of efficiency and transferability?

    The study is based on an institutional theory of democracy. The method used is a mixed method ideal type analysis that combines document analysis, surveys and interviews. The results of the study indicates that the PB-institutions has multiple flaws regarding the way it enables the realization of numerous of the democratic goods analyzed. The institutional design does not pay enough attention to inclusion of different social groups including marginalized groups, popular control is restricted to issues of low political salience and the PB process does not live up to the transparency level expected from a democratic institution. On the other hand, the institutional design of the PB process does take into account some aspects of inclusion among the youth inhabitants and the process has been effective in the sense that it has delivered physical results quickly. 

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