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  • 301.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Conclusion2019Inngår i: The Changing Meanings of the Welfare State: Histories of a Key Concept in the Nordic Countries / [ed] Nils Edling, New Yrok: Berghahn Books, 2019, s. 315-330Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 302.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Creating a National Labour Market: Public Labour Exchanges in Sweden, 1890-19202015Inngår i: The History of Labour Intermediation: Institutions and Finding Employment in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries / [ed] Sigrid Wadauer, Thomas Buchner, Alexander Mejsttrik, New York: Berghahn Books, 2015, 1, s. 92-116Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 303.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    De areella näringarnas välgörare: Kungl. Skogs- och Lantbruksakademien och dess donationer2010Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 304.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Den svenska arbetslösheten tar form2002Inngår i: Lokalt och internationellt: Dimensioner i den nordiska arbetarrörelsen och arbetarkulutren / [ed] Pauli Kettunen, Tammerfors: Sällskapet för forskning i arbetarhistoria i Finland , 2002, s. 296-321Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 305.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet.
    Det fosterländska hemmet: egnahemspolitik, småbruk och hemideologi kring sekelskiftet 19001996Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 306.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Detlef Lehnert (red.), Gemeinschaftsdenken in Europa: Das Gesellschaftskon-zept ”Volksheim” im Vergleich 1900–1938, Historische Demokratiefor-schung 5 (Köln, Weimar & Wien: Böhlau Verlag 2013)2016Inngår i: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 136, nr 2, s. 342-345Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 307.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Exkludering, assimilering eller utrotning? ”Tattarfrågan” i svensk politik 1880–1955, Martin Ericsson, Studia Historica Lundensia, 2015, 289 s.2016Inngår i: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 82, nr 2, s. 130-132Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 308.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Fritiden sågs som ett vapen för demokratins självförsvar: Petter Tistedt, Visioner om medborgerliga publiker Medier och social­reformism på 1930-talet, Symposion 20132014Inngår i: Respons : recensionstidskrift för humaniora & samhällsvetenskap, ISSN 2001-2292, nr 2Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 309.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    För modernäringens modernisering: två studier av Kungl. Skogs- och lantbruksakademiens tillkomst och tidiga historia2003Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 310.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Har Sverige präglat bilden av Norden?: Jonas Harvard & Peter Stadius (eds), Communicating the North. Media Structures and Images in the Making of the Nordic Region2015Inngår i: Respons : recensionstidskrift för humaniora & samhällsvetenskap, ISSN 2001-2292, nr 2, s. 46-47Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 311.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Ideologierna bestäms i dag av negativa erfarenheter: Johan Stenfeldt, Dystopiernas seger. Totalitarism som orienteringspunkt i efterkrigstidens svenska idédebatt2013Inngår i: Respons : recensionstidskrift för humaniora & samhällsvetenskap, ISSN 2001-2292, nr 3Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 312.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Introduction2019Inngår i: The Changing Meanings of the Welfare State: Histories of a Key Concept in the Nordic Countries / [ed] Nils Edling, New York: Berghahn Books, 2019, s. 1-26Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 313.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Kring de sociala kongressernas historia och betydelse2006Inngår i: Ligga till last: fattigdom och utsatthet – socialpolitik och socialt arbete under 100 år / [ed] Hans Swärd, Mari-Anne Egerö, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2006, s. 295-309Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 314.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Limited universalism: unemployment insurance in Northern Europe 1900–20002006Inngår i: The Nordic model of welfare : a historic reappraisal / [ed] Niels Finn Christiansen, Klaus Petersen, Nils Edling, Per Haave, Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, 2006, s. 99-143Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 315.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Multiple Welfare States - Histories of a Keyword2019Inngår i: The Changing Meanings of the Welfare State: Histories of a Key Concept in the Nordic Countries / [ed] Nils Edling, New York: Berghahn Books, 2019, s. 27-75Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 316.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Recension av: Lindkvist, Anna: Jorden åt folket2009Inngår i: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 75, nr 1, s. 135-136Artikkel, omtale (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 317.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Regulating unemployment the Continental way: the transfer of municipal labour exchanges to Scandinavia 1890-19142008Inngår i: European Review of History, ISSN 1350-7486, E-ISSN 1469-8293, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 23-40Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Statistical knowledge, insurance and labour exchanges constituted the principal elements in the policies developed to handle the new social problem of unemployment in the decades before 1914. Political transfer, the exchange of ideas, problems and policies between reformers all over the modern world, contributed heavily to the making of unemployment. This article analyses the introduction of labour exchanges, a German innovation, in the Nordic countries. Special attention is given to the different settings, both extra- and intra-Nordic, for transfer and cross-learning. The aspiration that the municipal labour exchange, providing a free and impartial service to both employers and workers, would reduce unemployment and social tensions explains its swift introduction.

  • 318.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Statistik och arbetslöshetspolitik i skandinavisk arbetarrörelse omkring år 19002005Inngår i: Arbeiderhistorie, Oslo: Arbeiderbevegelsens arkiv og bibliotek , 2005, s. 117-139Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 319.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    The Changing Meanings of the Welfare State: Histories of a Key Concept in the Nordic Countries2019Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In discussions of economics, governance, and society in the Nordic countries, “the welfare state” is a well-worn analytical concept. However, there has been much less scholarly energy devoted to historicizing this idea beyond its postwar emergence. In this volume, specialists from Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Norway, and Iceland chronicle the historical trajectory of “the welfare state,” tracing the variable ways in which it has been interpreted, valued, and challenged over time. Each case study generates valuable historical insights into not only the history of Northern Europe, but also the welfare state itself as both a phenomenon and a concept.

  • 320.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    The Languages of Welfare in Sweden2019Inngår i: The Changing Meanings of the Welfare State: Histories of a Key Concept in the Nordic Countries / [ed] Nils Edling, New York: Berghahn Books, 2019, s. 77-136Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 321.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    The making of Nordic unemployment: Experts and public policy in Denmark and Sweden 1890-19102010Inngår i: In experts we trust: knowledge, politics and bureaucracy in Nordic welfare states / [ed] Åsa Lundqvist, Klaus Petersen, Odense: University Press of Southern Denmark , 2010, s. 123-154Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 322.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    The Primacy of Welfare Politics: Notes on the language of the Swedish Social Democrats and their adversaries in the 1930s2013Inngår i: Multi-layered Historicity of the Present: Approaches to social science history / [ed] Heidi Haggrén, Johanna Rainio-Niemi, Jussi Vauhkonen, Helsinki: University of Helsinki , 2013, 1, s. 125-150Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 323.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Universalism for the Working Class: Northern European Unemployment Insurance in the 20th Century2005Inngår i: "Mercy or right"/"Gnade oder Recht": development of social security systems/Entwicklung der sozialen Sicherungssysteme / [ed] Alexander Prenninger & Brigitte Pellar, Winfried R. Garscha & Eva Himmelstoss, Leipzig: AVA , 2005, s. 179-205Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 324.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Varifrån kommer välfärdsstaten?: Om ett modernt nyckelbegrepps långa historia2018Inngår i: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 115-139Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Where does the welfare state come from? On the long history of a modern key conceptThisarticle charts the history of the term the welfare state in Germany and the United States, the two countries where it was formed. It starts from the premise that political key concepts, such as the welfare state, have multiple meanings and are open to contestation. This means that the objective is to study the different and changing usages and meanings of the term from the 1860s to the 1940s.In the oldest of the four usages, der Wohlfahrtsstaat referred to pre-1789 authoritarian regimes where the welfare of the people constituted the objective and rationale of the state. Gradually during the latter half of the nineteenth century, an alternative understanding emerged in Germany where the culture and welfare state connoted a responsible state, which regulated the modernizing economy. In the early twentieth century, many texts mentioned this new Kultur- und Wohlfahrtsstaat as a fitting label for contemporary Germany. At the same time, this new regulating welfare state became a topic in the United States as well.In the Weimar Republic 1919–33, the idea of the social welfare state was highly contested from the start. This understanding centred on social policy, on the state as the driving force in social reform. Fourthly, the democratic welfare state, a state that catered for the common good and respected civil liberties, was contrasted to authoritarian power states. These four usages should not be seen as separate stages in an orderly historical sequence of conceptual development, but as co-existing layers of meaning that could be mixed in multiple and changing ways. Depending on ideological and political point of view, the modern welfare state, which emerged after 1945, could incorporate one or several of the historical layers (the authoritarian-paternalistic, the regulating, the social and the democratic welfare state). This new idea of the welfare state was a product of the Depression and the War with expanding state activity and ideological mobilization. The United States’ acquired position as global military and moral superpower constituted one prerequisite. The welfare state was in this sense part of the democratic restart after 1945. Two considerations were important for this conception: the state’s responsibility for promoting economic growth and combating unemployment and the emergence of human rights that include social security.

  • 325.
    Edling, Nils
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Petersen, Klaus
    Petersen, Jørn Henrik
    Social Policy Language in Denmark and Sweden2014Inngår i: Analysing Social Policy Concepts and Language: Comparative and Transnational Perspectives / [ed] Daniel Béland, Klaus Petersen, Bristol: Policy Press, 2014, 1, s. 13-34Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 326.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    A Medical Challenge: The Alcohol Disease in Sweden 1946–1955 2019Inngår i: Social history of medicine, ISSN 0951-631X, E-ISSN 1477-4666Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to analyse how alcohol misuse was constructed as a disease in Sweden from 1946 to 1955. During these years, alcohol misuse was intensely medicalised on a conceptual level, albeit not so much within the treatment sector or at the institutional level. Post-war humanism, a search for a solid ground for reformation of an unpopular system, and strong US influence were some of causes for this development. However, a medical framing without a medical cure did not manage to establish itself and the dominant problem description remained mostly social for the better part of the 20th century.

  • 327.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Alcohol consumption as a public health problem 1885–19922018Inngår i: Conceptualising Public Health: Historical and Contemporary Struggles over Key Concepts / [ed] Johannes Kananen, Sophy Bergenheim, Merle Wessel, London: Routledge, 2018, s. 135-155Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 328.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Alkoholen som katalysator2016Inngår i: Ikaros, ISSN 0782-6052, Vol. 13, nr 1-2, s. 17-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 329.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    An all-embracing problem description: the Swedish drug issue as a political catalyst 1982–20002013Inngår i: International journal on drug policy, ISSN 0955-3959, E-ISSN 1873-4758, Vol. 24, nr 6, s. 558-565Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This article examines the political formulation and ideological solution of the Swedish drugproblem in 1982–2000. How was the drug problem described in the Swedish parliament at the time? Howserious was the problem and what solutions were proposed? What were the ideological implications ofthe problem description, and how was the general political and ideological solution formulated?

    Methods: The empirical basis for the textual analysis consists of parliamentary bills, government bills andparliamentary records discussing the drug issue during the years 1982–2000.

    Results: In the prevailing spirit of consensus in the Swedish parliament at the time, both left-wing andright-wing parties portrayed drugs as a threat to the nation, people and the welfare state. Still, as theideological dimension kept growing stronger, the drug question functioned even better as an arena forpolitical discussions and ideological positions than in the 1970s.

    Conclusion: Compared to previous decades, the problem description broadened during the 1980s and1990s, and the drug problem could be used to support arguments on almost any topic. The drug problembecame a highly politicized issue about whom or what to change when the individual and the societyclashed, but also about what the individual and/or society should be changed into.

  • 330.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Arbetsfostran och samhällsförändring: Alkoholens underordnade roll inom 1900-talets alkoholistvård2004Inngår i: Spiritus, ISSN 1404-465x, Vol. 6, s. 79-95Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 331.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Den samhällsfarliga fattigdomen och mellankrigstidens lösdrivarlag2018Inngår i: Bedöma och åtgärda fattigdom: Om välfärdens skiljelinjer och samhällets yttersta skyddsnät / [ed] Hans Swärd, Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, s. 163-178Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 332.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Drogerna: Den nya berusningspolitiken2019Inngår i: RJ:s årsbox 2019: Det nya Sverige / [ed] Jenny Björkman, Patrik Hadenius, Makadam Förlag, 2019Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 333.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Familjen på anstalt: Familjenorm inom anstaltsvården av alkoholmissbrukare under 1940- och 1950-talen2002Inngår i: Familjeangelägenheter: Modern historisk forskning om välfärdsstat, genus och politik, Brutus Östling Bokförlag Symposion , 2002, s. 202-235Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 334.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    From self-control to medicalization.: The framing of the alcohol question at the international alcohol conferences.2015Inngår i: Addiction through the ages.: A review of the development of concepts and ideas about addiction in European countries since the nineteenth century and the role of international organisations in the process., Alice Rap , 2015Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this sub-project was to analyse the alcohol question and its responses through a series of international anti-alcohol conferences from 1885 onwards. How did they view the alcohol problem and its causes; what were the consequences for the individual and the society as a whole; and which solutions merited discussion?

    The conferences before the First World War can be seen as an arrangement for the modern state where the temperance movement placed itself in the service of the state and at the same time demanded that it be given some responsibility for the future development of society. These were years when the nation acted as a point of reference in several questions that were chafing within the modern project: population qualities and the condition of future generations, the notion of citizenship, industrial strength and competitiveness, the role and the strength of the state.

    The first inter-war conferences enjoyed an optimistic and internationalist atmosphere, added to by American prohibition, which had given the temperance movement plenty to be hopeful about. But when the 1920s turned to the 1930s, the conferences were transformed into arenas for national solutions and into outright propaganda pieces. The responses to the alcohol problem debated in the inter-war conferences built on a combination of scientifically masked ideological conviction and ideologically inspired passion for science.

    Several themes from the early part of the twentieth century also dominated the post-war conferences: much of the presented research could easily fall into categories such as control, treatment and prevention; women and youth (who still hold positions as extraordinary but frequently discussed problem groups); and traffic and working life. All these themes are recurrent arenas for the formulation of alcohol and drug problems. But sociological and psychological perspectives are more common now, epidemiological research has grown steadily, the drug problem is ever present and a comprehensive addiction concept has opened up for topics beyond substance misuse.

  • 335.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Harm to others – rediscovered or eternal?2016Inngår i: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 33, nr 5-6, s. 479-482Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 336.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Lösdrivarlagen och den samhällsfarliga lättjan2008Inngår i: Villkorandets politik: Fattigdomens premisser och samhällets åtgärder - då och nu, Égalité förlag, Malmö , 2008, s. 131-143Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 337.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    När toppen stack ned: En solidaritetsrörelses uppgång och fall2005Inngår i: Nordisk alkohol- & narkotikatidskrift, ISSN 1455-0725, Vol. 22, nr 2, s. 181-185Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 338.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    "På grund av sitt alkoholmissbruk och omoraliska leverne...": Lag och norm inom anstaltsvården av alkoholmissbrukande kvinnor 1940-582000Inngår i: Arkiv för studier i arbetarrörelsens historia, ISSN 0436-8990, Vol. 79, s. 56-86Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    This article deals with the close connection between the care of vagrants and the care of inebriates in Sweden. With examples taken from the institutional care of female inebriates during the 1940’s and 1950’s, the author argues that the care of inebriates “inherited” a system of norms from the care of vagrants. This system of norms emanated from a familistic conception of female morality and it came to influence the female clients’ possibilities to assert themselves within the institutional care.

  • 339.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Researchers should avoid conceptual banalization2016Inngår i: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 33, nr 2, s. 119-122Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 340.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Swedish drug policy2017Inngår i: European Drug Policies: The Ways of Reform / [ed] Renaud Colson, Henri Bergeron, New York: Routledge, 2017Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 341.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    The ideological drug problem2013Inngår i: Drugs and Alcohol Today, ISSN 1745-9265, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 9-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - This article investigates the ideological visions embedded in the political formulation of the Swedish drug problem and in the bureaucratic management of the Swedish drug treatment services during the years 1960–2000.

    Design/methodology/approach - The empirical basis for the analysis consists mainly of parliamentary material from the Swedish Parliament (403 parliamentary bills, 66 government bills, 198 parliamentary records, 14 government letters and 159 standing committee statements) as well as archival materials produced in the application process of 73 aspiring treatment homes from the years 1960–2001. The empirical material is partly analyzed from a theoretical understanding of political consensus as a doxa (Bourdieu, 1977) and political debate as permeated by naturalizing ideologies (Freeden, 2003; Eagleton, 2007).

    Findings - The article examines drug consumption as a political problem and its ideological undertones. I show how drugs and drug consumption often have been subordinate in problem descriptions that have fulfilled other political purposes. Worries about politically radical youth, foreign religions or incomprehensible music have been understood as a drug problem. In the Swedish parliament the drug problem have been described in terms of capitalist class oppression, Americanism or cultural superficiality. Modernity, urbanization and industrialization have also been criticized in the name of the drug problem. In the treatment centres and within the ruling bureaucracy it was also elucidated that the drug problem was an ideological problem. The effective treatment method has been elusive, but the effective method has also played second fiddle in the choice of treatment solutions. Other values have been awarded, such as rural romanticism, Swedishness, solidarity and diligence. Individualism, Americanism and profit making have also been opposed within the ideological treatment sector. At the end of the research period such assessments however became subordinate to an overarching ideological quest to make substance abuse treatment a market among others.

    Originality/value - The analyzing of naturalized and apparently self-evident ideology as part of the rational argument rather than it’s very opposite would be useful both for further research on the topic as well as for deepening the democratic discussions on, for instance, evidence-based methods within the drug treatment services.

  • 342.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    The Swedish drug problem and the political use of common ground.2015Inngår i: Drugs - what is the problem and how do we perceive it?: Policies on drugs in Nordic countries. / [ed] Hedda Giertsen & Helgi Gunnlaugsson, Köpenhamn, 2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The project has examined drug consumption as a political problem and its ideological undertones. It is shown how drugs and drug consumption often have been subordinate in problem descriptions that have fulfilled other political purposes. Worries about politically radical youth, foreign religions or incomprehensible music have been understood as a drug problem. In the Swedish parliament the drug problem has been described in terms of capitalist class oppression, Americanism or cultural superficiality. Modernity, urbanization and industrialization have also been criticized in the name of the drug problem. In the treatment centres and within the ruling bureaucracy it was also elucidated that the drug problem was an ideological problem. The effective treatment method has been elusive, but the effective method has also played second fiddle in the choice of treatment solutions. Other values have been awarded, such as rural romanticism, Swedishness, solidarity and diligence. Individualism, Americanism and profit making have also been opposed within the ideological treatment sector. At the end of the research period such assessments however became subordinate to an overarching ideological quest to make substance abuse treatment a market among others.

  • 343.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    The war on good research: Debating research ethics and methods on the basis of Jay Levy’s The war on people who use drugs: The harms of Sweden’s aim for a drug-free society (Routledge, 2017)2019Inngår i: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 36, nr 4, s. 387-396Artikkel, omtale (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 344.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Torken: tvångsvården av alkoholmissbrukare i Sverige 1940-19812004Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation investigates compulsory care of alcohol abusers in Sweden during the years 1940 to 1981. The purposes of the dissertation are twofold: in part to determine the concrete forms which care services for alcohol abusers took during the years focused on, in part to analyze what connections existed between the development of services and conceptions of the reasons for, consequences of and possible solutions to alcohol abuse. One point of departure is that the problem was defined with respect to the interests of influential social actors, and with respect to a very particular view of what a respectable life (free of social problems) was. Among the most influential actors involved in these social services, I argue for a focus not least on so-called “street-level bureaucrats”, with direct influence on the goals and methods of institutional care. The study is thus oriented towards mapping the development of problem definitions and formulation within the praxis of compulsory care in four institutionalized care establishments for alcohol abusers. This development is contrasted to broader trends of institutional and discursive development in the definition of alcohol abuse as a social problem.

    The legislation regulating compulsory care has constantly been founded upon assumptions of the social damage caused by alcohol abuse. At the level of concepts or discourse the consequences of causes for and solutions to alcohol abuse were initially defined in terms of individual morality, with definitions subsequently developing so as to depart from more medicalized terminology. Towards the end of the period the problem descriptions became focused on societal dysfunctions and reforms as the respective causes of and solutions to societally problematic alcohol abuse. At the level of treatment focused upon in the dissertation, societal explanations of alcohol problems departing from societal dysfunctions as causes thereof, and societal reforms as solutions, have never been fully integrated in care services praxis. This was not the case for the simple reason that these care activities, as such, were developed to deal with individuals rather than with society. Neither did a medicalized perspective come to dominate institutionalized care during the period studied – something which can be explained not least with the fact that the perspective’s expansion was not attended by development of medical treatment methods which were convincing with respect to results of use. On one hand, concretely practiced compulsory care thus long remained dominated by problem definitions departing from inmates’ gender-specific moral qualities. On the other hand, certain elements of a more resource-oriented and societal-reformist perspective can certainly be distinguished in the development of care services, albeit on the special terms associated with service implementation in the field.

    In conclusion, the historical development of care services for alcohol abusers shows that alcohol abuse need not necessarily, or primarily, be seen as a problem having to do with individuals’ relationship with alcohol. Other definitions of the problem have focused upon individuals’ relationship also to working life, the family, sexual morals, the gender order, or capitalist oppression. The problem has been seen as a workers’ and poverty problem, a problem of families and violence, a medical problem, or a symptom of societal problems. Causes have been sought in the character of individuals, the ways in which they have been raised or not raised, their spiritual life, their metabolism, their genetic material, their socioeconomic environment, gender and family situation. The proposed solutions have included everything from work, organized coffee breaks, medicines, psychotherapy and democracy to piece-rate wages, no wages, collective care, or solitary confinement. Alcohol itself has been a secondary factor in the problem definitions which have let themselves be attached – either via perceived links of cause or of effect – to more overarching social issues.

  • 345.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Treatment of what?: Class, gender and work ethics within the compulsory institutional care of alcohol abusers in Sweden during the 20th century2005Inngår i: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, Vol. 22, s. 45-61Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims

    The aim of this article is to investigate the problem formulations – the preconceptions about causes and effects and the possible solutions to the problems of alcohol abuse – that characterized the compulsory institutional care of alcohol abusers in Sweden in the 20th century. The article focuses on problem formulations that – beyond institutional and a discursive levels – actually were practised in the institutions.

    Methods & Data

    The main source material is to be found in the archives of four institutionalized care establishments and consists of official reports, correspondence, supply estimates, circulars for consideration and – above all – patient records. From this material you can learn about the institutions’ struggle for autonomy, expansion and legitimacy, and also about the clients’ characteristics and how the clients were viewed. The study of the archives allows you to form a picture of the problem formulations that affected the activities in the institutions directly, a picture that goes beyond the more abstract expectations preferred by official reports and legislation.

    Results

    Within the compulsory institutional care actually carried out, the problem formulations that were stipulated in the sex-neutral legislation and vague regulations became sex-specific and precise. Here it was made clear that the treatment of alcohol abusers was a class and sex related project, aiming not only at encouraging male diligence and the fulfilling of a man’s maintenance obligation but also at female virtuousness and concern for the family.

    Conclusions

    The historical development of care services for alcohol abusers shows that the abuse need not necessarily, or even primarily, be seen as a problem to do with the individual’s relationship with alcohol. Alcohol itself has been a secondary factor in problem definitions which have let themselves be attached – via perceived links with either cause or effect – to more overarching social issues in Sweden. The concerns of emergent family policy in the 1940s, the developmental optimism and scientistic passions of the 1950s, and the systemically critical protest movements of the 1970s are all clearly reflected in trends within social care services for alcohol abusers – albeit much more often at the level of discourse than of praxis.

  • 346.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Un siècle de restrictions sur l’alcool: Un regard international et historique2018Inngår i: Prohibition(s) / [ed] Arnaud Coutant, Paris: Mare & Martin , 2018Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 347.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Vård och ideologi: Narkomanvården som politiskt slagfält2012Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan mitten av 1960-talet har narkotikaproblemet varit ständigt närvarande i politiken. Utredning har följt på utredning, lagar har stiftats, straff har höjts, informationskampanjer sjösatts och nya vårdmetoder har lanserats. I boken Vård och ideologi undersöker historikern Johan Edman den svenska narkomanvårdens historia. Han visar hur narkomanvården varit en fråga som använts för vitt skilda politiska syften, där allt ifrån oro för politiskt radikal ungdom, främmande religioner eller obegriplig musik tolkats som problem med koppling till narkotika. Narkotikabruket har beskrivits som kapitalistiskt klassförtryck, amerikanism och kulturell förflackning samtidigt som svenskhet, solidaritet och arbetsamhet varit värden som präglat behandlingshemmens arbete.

    I boken studeras den svenska narkomanvården under åren 1960–2000. Den handlar om statens försök att få till stånd en verksam narkomanvård, om de politiska diskussionerna och den byråkratiska organiseringen av ett problem som visat sig vara svårt att lösa. Jakten på den verksamma vårdmetoden tycks vara ett evighetsprojekt: från det tidiga 1900-talets aversionskurer, vitamin- och insulinbehandlingar, via Antabus och psykoterapi, till fostransmodeller, tolvstegsmetoder och substitutionsbehandlingar. Trots 100 år av missbrukarvård efterfrågas fortfarande en verksam kunskap. I den här boken undersöks varför denna jakt tagit sig dessa uttryck, varför den ständiga ambitionen att nå säker kunskap ter sig som ökenvandringar mot en hägring.

    Narkotikaproblemet visar sig vara både politiskt och terapeutiskt, och debatten om narkotikakonsumtionen har ofta haft vitt skilda politiska syften. Oron för politiskt radikal ungdom, främmande religioner eller obegriplig musik har kunnat begripliggöras som narkotikaproblem. Från annat håll har narkotikaproblemet beskrivits som kapitalistiskt klassförtryck, amerikanism och kulturell förflackning. Modernitet, urbanisering och industrialisering har också kritiserats i narkotikaproblemets namn. Högern har ropat på förstärkt polis medan vänstern har önskat krossa det kapitalistiska klassamhället; kristen kärlek och skattesänkningar har på olika sätt motiverats som medel i kampen mot narkotikan.

    De politiska problembeskrivningarna och kampen om de ideologiska lösningarna har också varit intensiv utanför de folkvaldas kammare. På behandlingshemmen och inom den styrande byråkratin har det tydliggjorts att narkotikaproblemet är ett ideologiskt problem. Den verksamma behandlingsmetoden och den attraktiva ideologin har konkurrerat om utrymmet — många gånger har de betraktats som samma sak. Behandlingshem har motarbetats från byråkratiskt håll när de intagit ideologiskt tveksamma positioner. Värden som landsbygdsromantik, svenskhet, solidaritet och arbetsamhet har premierats.

    Däremot kom individualism, amerikanism och profitintresse länge att motarbetas inom den ideologiska narkomanvården. I slutet av undersökningsperioden blev sådana bedömningar dock underordnade en övergripande ideologisk strävan att göra missbrukarvården till en marknad bland andra.

    Författaren visar sammanfattningsvis att narkotikaproblemet i grunden är ett ideologiskt problem. Frågan om vad som är problematiskt med narkotikakonsumtion kan varken ställas eller besvaras utan att man samtidigt berör frågan om den goda medborgarens eller det goda samhällets kvaliteter. Denna ideologiska grundton är uppenbar när man studerar narkotikaproblemets formulering på politisk eller byråkratisk nivå och även på behandlingshemmen. Detta ideologiska perspektiv är nödvändigt om man vill förstå narkotikaproblemets komplexa natur och varför det inte låter sig lösas med aldrig så kunskapsbaserad metodutveckling.

  • 348.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Vård till varje pris: Den psykiatriska tvångsvården av narkotikamissbrukarna 1968-19812009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 349.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    What's in a name?: Alcohol and drug treatment and the politics of confusion2009Inngår i: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, Vol. 26, nr 4, s. 339-353Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims

    The aim of this article is to investigate the use of a rather vague medical conceptual framework within the compulsory treatment of alcohol and drug users in Sweden during the 20th century. Focus lies on exploring how a phenomenon come to be described as pathological, what the causes are for certain actions all of a sudden being interpreted in medical terms, and what consequences that might lead to.

    Design

    Supported by theoretical speculations on medicalization processes and conceptual history, two empirical cases (the compulsory care of alcohol abusers in the 1950’s and the legislative process leading to psychiatric compulsory care of drug users in the late 1960’s) are investigated. The first case draws mainly upon official reports and archive material from alcohol treatment institutions, whilst the second case is built from reading official reports and parliamentary material. The research task for the two empirical cases has not quite been the same: whereas the first case is illustrated by the discrepancies between the labelling of treatment activities and the treatment actually carried out, the second case rather draws upon the enlargement of the field of signification of the disease concept to cover most aspects of drug use.

    Results

    A medicalization process on different levels is traced both in the post-war compulsory treatment of alcohol abusers as well as being a part of the launching of compulsory psychiatric care of drug abusers from the late 1960’s onwards.

    Conclusion

    The investigated cases shows how the medicalization processes gained from a conceptual vagueness, a widening of the conceptual dimensions of both the treatment and disease concepts. In this, the medicalization of alcohol abuse in the 1950’s and drug abuse in the 1960’s made way for a paternalistic justification of compulsory care measures that might otherwise have become politically troublesome.

  • 350.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Örfilar och förnimmelser: Det svenska alkoholistvårdstvångets utveckling under 1900-talet2009Inngår i: Missbruk och behandling: Gamla problem - nya lösningar?, Stockholm: Forskningsrådet för arbetsliv och socialvetenskap (FAS) , 2009, 1, s. 43-53Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
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