Change search
Refine search result
62636465666768 3201 - 3250 of 109613
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 3201.
    Alm, Susanne
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI). Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Future Prospects, Deprivation, and Criminality – A Longitudinal Birth Cohort Study2018In: Deviant behavior, ISSN 0163-9625, E-ISSN 1521-0456, Vol. 39, no 10, p. 1280-1293Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article explores the longitudinal relationship between subjective and objective deprivation in early adolescence on the one hand, and criminal offending in adolescence and early adulthood on the other. Data from the Stockholm Birth Cohort Study (n = 15,117), containing information from surveys and registers are used. Bivariate analyses confirm a relationship between low socioeconomic status and both subjective and objective deprivation. Subjective deprivation alone is related to offending only for those from less privileged background. Subjective and objective deprivation in combination is associated with a higher risk of offending for all individuals, although the less privileged background, the higher the risk.

  • 3202.
    Alm, Susanne
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nelson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nieuwenhuis, Rense
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    The Diminishing Power of One? Welfare State Retrenchment and Rising Poverty of Single-Adult Households in Sweden 1988-20112019In: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, E-ISSN 1468-2672Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we analyse the sharp rise in poverty among working-age singles and single parents in Sweden. In a dual-earner society like Sweden, we show that the return of mass unemployment in combination with the retreat of a generous and inclusive welfare state have substantially increased the poverty risks of single-adult households, who cannot rely on the income buffering effect of the family. Whereas cutbacks to unemployment benefits have been detrimental for the relative income position of single-adult households, the poverty risks of couples with and without children are much less affected. Individual-level characteristics of the poor persons themselves provide little explanatory leverage for why trends in poverty diverge by family form. Our results raise a number of issues of relevance for the wider academic debate about the capacity of the welfare state to adequately respond to both old and new social risk groups.

  • 3203. Alm, Susanne
    et al.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Cause for concern or moral panic? The prospects of the Swedish mods in retrospect2011In: Journal of Youth Studies, ISSN 1367-6261, E-ISSN 1469-9680, Vol. 14, no 7, p. 777-793Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish mods of the 1960s frightened the parental generation like few other youth cultures. Was the concern justified – was the mod culture a hotbed of social maladjustment? Or would the mods come to live conventional lives to the same extent as their peers? We present analyses from a large longitudinal study allowing for a follow-up of individuals identifying with the Swedish mod culture in the late 1960s. Overall, the results point in the least dramatic direction: In mid-life, the vast majority of the former mods lived ordinary lives with work and family. When considering identification with the mod culture only, we do find an over-risk for becoming a social dropout. However, an elaborated analysis identifies the foundations of these problems already in early childhood, i.e. prior to the identification with the mod culture. Social problems in the family may have encouraged these youngsters to turn to a youth culture, but this identification in itself did not contribute to vulnerability. Although the results should be generalised with caution, they could serve as argument against moral panic over teenage identification with youth cultures, and instead shift focus to structures that give some children a disadvantaged start in life.

  • 3204. Alm, Susanne
    et al.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Samhällets olycksbarn, kreatörer eller Svenssons? Modsens framtid i backspegeln2008In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 20-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Modsen var en ungdomskultur som på 1960-talet skrämde och oroade vuxenvärlden. I denna artikel följer vi dem som i ungdomen kallade sig mods upp i vuxen ålder. Hur gick det för dem? Fanns det fog för de vuxnas oro?

  • 3205. Alm, Susanne
    et al.
    Palme, JoakimStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Fjorton perspektiv på framtiden2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 3206.
    Alm, Susanne
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Palme, Joakim
    Westholm, Erik
    Att utforska framtiden: valda perspektiv2012 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Visst går det att utforska framtiden på vetenskaplig grund! I boken ges exempel på hur perspektiv från såväl humaniora som samhälls- och naturvetenskap kan berika studiet även av det forskningsobjekt som ännu inte finns.

  • 3207.
    Alm, Susanne
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Roxell, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Your Own Personal Jesus? Doctrinal Beliefs versus Personal Spirituality Among Inmates Involved in the Monastery Route in Swedish Prisons2019In: Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, ISSN 0021-8294, E-ISSN 1468-5906, Vol. 58, no 1, p. 192-209Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies, mainly from the United States, have indicated that religious beliefs can help inmates to cope with imprisonment and to build hopes for the future. The purpose of this study was to examine if this is the case also in Sweden, which is usually considered to be one of the most secular countries in the world. The data consist of semistructured interviews with 14 prisoners participating in the so‐called Monastery Route activities within Swedish prisons. Although the activities are based on Christianity, the explicit aim is to invite individuals from all religions, as well as those with an open attitude toward spirituality. How do the inmates formulate their beliefs (if any) along the lines of doctrinal religiousness and personal spirituality, respectively? And, how does this orientation affect the ability to cope with imprisonment, as well as the views of the future? The results show that a small number of the participants defined themselves as Christian, but that the majority had instead developed a more personal form of spirituality. This provided them with a means of working with themselves and gave them a sense of inner calm. The study's findings are contrasted against conflicting results from the United States.

  • 3208. Alm, Sven Erick
    et al.
    Britton, Tom
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics.
    Stokastik2008Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3209. Alm, Sven Erick
    et al.
    Deijfen, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics.
    First Passage Percolation on \(\mathbb {Z}^2\): A Simulation Study2015In: Journal of statistical physics, ISSN 0022-4715, E-ISSN 1572-9613, Vol. 161, no 3, p. 657-678Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    First passage percolation on is a model for describing the spread of an infection on the sites of the square lattice. The infection is spread via nearest neighbor sites and the time dynamic is specified by random passage times attached to the edges. In this paper, the speed of the growth and the shape of the infected set is studied by aid of large-scale computer simulations, with focus on continuous passage time distributions. It is found that the most important quantity for determining the value of the time constant, which indicates the inverse asymptotic speed of the growth, is , where are i.i.d. passage time variables. The relation is linear for a large class of passage time distributions. Furthermore, the directional time constants are seen to be increasing when moving from the axis towards the diagonal, so that the limiting shape is contained in a circle with radius defined by the speed along the axes. The shape comes closer to the circle for distributions with larger variability.

  • 3210.
    Alm Sönnergren, Susanne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stress och välbefinnande hos föräldrar till barn i övre tonåren2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna enkätstudie undersöktes stress och välbefinnande hos 224 slumpmässigt utvalda föräldrar i Stockholmsområdet, med hemmavarande barn i övre tonåren. Ryff Well-Being Scale plus en nykonstruerad föräldrastresskala användes; den sistnämnda visade sig ha god intern konsistens och i övrigt godtagbara psykometriska kvaliteter. Tonårsföräldrarna rapporterade något högre välbefinnande än en tidigare normgrupp. Grad av välbefinnande, specifikt dimensionerna självacceptans (self acceptance) och kontroll över tillvaron (environmental mastery), samt frånvaro av negativa livshändelser under det senaste året, predicerade lägre föräldrastress, med 32 % förklarad varians. Varken föräldrastress eller välbefinnande visade på några systematiska samband med demografiska variabler. Resultaten diskuteras i relation till tidigare forskning och teorier kring utveckling i ett livscykelperspektiv, däribland Eriksons teori om socioemotionell utveckling. Föräldraskapets positiva sidor betonas och föreslås för vidare forskning.

  • 3211.
    Alm Sönnergren, Susanne
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Langenskiöld, Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Bodén, Ebba
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Vägen till målet: Omvandling av politiska mål i Vägverket2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Eftersom myndigheter utövar makt är frågor angående ansvarsrelationer mellan regering och mydigheter centrala. Idén att makten skall vara delegerad är kärnan i statlig ekonomisk styrning där omvandlingen av de politiska målen styrs av i förväg bestämda styrmedel eller koder. Myndigheterna påverkas av fem olika rationaliteter som utgör en teoretisk ram inom vilken den interna styrningen utformas. Denna till synes enkla beskrivning av vilka förutsättningar som styr verksamheten är inte den absoluta sanningen. Något som försvårar bilden är att de olika rationaliteterna inte på ett naturligt sätt framstår som oberoende av varandra, vilket är en förutsättning för objektivitet. Givet vårt syfte och undersökningens uppläggning ger den oss ändå den förståelse vi söker. Indelningsgrunden är enhetlig och beskriver fem sätt att reglera omvandlingen, nämligen genom politiska, legala, ekonomiska, sociala och tekniska rationaliteter. I teorin har vi identifierat de mest väsentliga rationaliteterna på respektive nivå som påverkar omvandlingen av de politiska målen. Dessa relateras sedan genom de empiriska resultaten av studien till problemställningar ur ett myndighetsperspektiv. De slutsatser vi kunnat dra är att det inte är tillräckligt med en förhoppning om att en teoretisk kunskap om rationaliteternas betydelse för att omvandla de politiska målen. Det avgörande är på vilket sätt rationaliteterna, direkt och indirekt används i omvandlingsprocessen.

  • 3212. Alm, Tobias
    et al.
    Heß, Cordelia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Rechtspopulismus kann tödlich sein!: Entwicklung und Folgen des Rechtsrucks in Skandinavien2013Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3213.
    Alm, Ulrika
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology.
    Birgersson, Björn
    Leimar, Olof
    The effect of food quality and relative abundance on food choice in fallow deer2002In: Animal Behaviour, ISSN 0003-3472, Vol. 64, no 3, p. 439-445Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3214.
    Alm, Ulrika
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology. Etologi.
    Leimar, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology. Etologi.
    The effect of food quality and relative abundance on food choice in fallow deer2002In: Animal Behaviour, Vol. 64, p. 439-445Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3215.
    Almaas, Felicia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Relationen mellan sjukpenning och arbetslöshetsersättning: När enskilda faller mellan stolarna2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When a person gets unemployed there is a possibility to apply for unemployment benefit, and if a person gets sick they can apply for using  the mandatory sickness insurance. At first sight this can seem beneficial for individuals, but when taking a closer look at the regulations for the two insurances it is possible to see that that is not always the case. The insurances affect each other in such a way that if a person uses one of the insurances the other insurance cannot be used at the same time. Because if a person is sick they are supposed to use the sickness insurance, and if they are unemployed they are supposed to use the unemployment insurance. Although there is a situation where an individual is neither unemployed nor sick regarding to the regulations. That is the case when a person has received sickness benefit for 180 days. In that situation the Social Insurance Agency is supposed to do an assessment of the person´s possibility to work compared to the whole labor market. If in this case, the Social Insurance Agency finds that the person has a possibility to work, the right to the sickness benefit is withdrawn, even if the person has a medical certificate saying the person is still sick. When the person then turns to the unemployment agency, no unemployment benefit will be granted, since the person is sick and therefor has no possibility to work. The result is that the person is not sick enough according to the sickness insurance, but to sick according to the unemployment insurance. Thus, the person has no right to any of the two insurances.                       The situation mentioned above is the focus for this essay, and the integration between the two regulations will be examined by using different sources of law. In that way it is possible to take different aspects into consideration. The first part of the essay will focus on the regulations and the requirements for receiving benefit. After that the motives to the regulations will be examined, followed by cases illustrating the actual application of the regulations. Analyzes and conclusions will be found in the different chapters of the essay, and they will be put together in a final chapter. The result of the analyze is that the regulations are not applied in a way that is consistent with the motives to the regulations, and the purpose they are supposed to fulfill. Therefor a harmonization of the regulations is needed, so that individuals do not risk being without benefit when they are not able to work and therefor need financial support, which is the purpose with the insurances.

  • 3216. Almagro Armenteros, Jose Juan
    et al.
    Salvatore, Marco
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Emanuelsson, Olof
    Winther, Ole
    von Heijne, Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Elofsson, Arne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Nielsen, Henrik
    Detecting Novel Sequence Signals in Targeting Peptides Using Deep LearningManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 3217. Almagro Armenteros, José Juan
    et al.
    Tsirigos, Konstantinos D.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics. Stockholm University, Science for Life Laboratory (SciLifeLab). Technical University of Denmark, Denmark; Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Germany.
    Kaae Sonderby, Casper
    Nordahl Petersen, Thomas
    Winther, Ole
    Brunak, Søren
    von Heijne, Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics. Stockholm University, Science for Life Laboratory (SciLifeLab).
    Nielsen, Henrik
    SignalP 5.0 improves signal peptide predictions using deep neural networks2019In: Nature Biotechnology, ISSN 1087-0156, E-ISSN 1546-1696, Vol. 37, no 4, p. 420-423Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Signal peptides (SPs) are short amino acid sequences in the amino terminus of many newly synthesized proteins that target proteins into, or across, membranes. Bioinformatic tools can predict SPs from amino acid sequences, but most cannot distinguish between various types of signal peptides. We present a deep neural network-based approach that improves SP prediction across all domains of life and distinguishes between three types of prokaryotic SPs.

  • 3218.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Aspects of the passive and semantic roles2007In: Parasession on Passive, Reflexive, Impersonal and Related Constructions (parasession to ICLC 10), Sopot, Poland, July 12–13, 2007., 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3219.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Figures of Speech2003Book (Other academic)
  • 3220.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Fixed, flexible, or fragmentary?: Types of idiom variation2007In: Collocations and Idioms 1: Papers from the First Nordic Conference on Syntactic Freezes, Joensuu, May 19–20, 2006, Joensuu, Faculty of Humanities, University of Joensuu , 2007, p. 14–26-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3221.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Heading for witty poeticity: wordplay in headlines in The Times Literary Supplement2010In: Humour in language: textual and linguistic aspects / [ed] Anders Bengtsson & Victorine Hancock, Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2010, p. 15-29Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3222.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Iconicity and poeticity in the discourse functions of figures of speech2011In: Selected papers from the 2008 Stockholm Metaphor Festival / [ed] Christina Alm-Arvius, Nils-Lennart Johannesson & David Minugh, Stockholm: Department of English, 2011, p. 95-137Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study deals with the nature of poeticity and iconicity and their role in the discourse functions of figures of speech: schemes and tropes. The concept of poeticity is that of Roman Jakobson. The poetic function is a particular kind of meaning which is created from language-internal material. It is found in rhythmic schematic repetition and more deliberate tropes whose poetic qualities seem foregrounded and aesthetically designed. Accordingly, they will have rhetorical and mnemonic potential. Moreover, poetic uses will have a monistic character, as their form and meaning will fuse, and this may make it difficult to translate and paraphrase them. Metonymic instantiations and conventional, entrenched metaphors will not be noticeably poetic, but the semantic status of a given use will be a result of more specific discourse factors. The poetic function can interact with factually descriptive, affective, and interpersonal meanings, which are extra-linguistically oriented, as well as with meaningful textual structuring. Poeticity is found in many different text types. It will be a global organisational feature in poetry, but tends only to occur locally in prose. In addition, prototypical iconicity concerns motivated similarity between a linguistic form and the kind of phenomenon out in the world that it represents. However, iconicity has also been used about the similarity relation between e.g. a metaphorical meaning and its source. Iconicity and poeticity often occur together, and they will strengthen and help to foreground each other’s characters.

  • 3223.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Incidental nominal compounds in the Skellefte dialect: An example of the interface between word formation and syntax2000In: Language structure and variation, Almqvist & Wiksell International , 2000Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3224.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Introduction to Semantics1998Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3225.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Lexical polysemy2007In: Further Insights into Semantics and Lexicography, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej, Lublin , 2007, p. 43–55-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3226.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Lexical polysemy2006In: Proceedings of the conference New Insights into Semantics and Lexicography, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3227.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Live, moribund and dead metaphors2006In: Nordic Journal of English Studies: Special issue on metaphors, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 7-14Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3228.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Metaphor and Metonymy2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3229.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Metaphor and Metonymy2008In: Selected Papers from the 2006 and 2007 Stockholm Metaphor Festivals / [ed] N.-L. Johannesson & D. Minugh, Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis , 2008, 2, p. 3-24Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    In this article metonymy and metaphor are described in relation to the notion of poetic meaning, the definitional feature shared by all types of figurative uses. Even if both these types of tropes will draw on encyclopaedic experiences, or pre- or extra-linguistic cognitive complexes, they are also formed in relation to established structures in a language system. In other words, their occurrence shows how intertwined linguistic knowledge and experientially based cognition will be. Moreover, it is arguable that at least “fully alive” metaphors will have a more noticeable poetic and figurative character than metonymic uses. The reason for this is that a metaphor brings together domains that are felt to be similar in some respect, although they are also clearly different. In this imaginative coalescence many features in the source are suppressed, and a kind of “fake” superordinate category is created: the generalised target meaning. It spans both the ordinarily concrete source and some other phenomenon, often something more abstract. The poetic or figurative character of metonymies is by comparison more inconspicuous, presumably because they constitute descriptive or referential shortcuts in relation to just one meronymically structured domain or chain of contiguous domains.

  • 3230.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University.
    Metaphor and Other Modes of Meaning Extensions2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Metaphor and Other Modes of Meaning Extension

     

    A key mechanism of metaphorical extension is the suppression of central features or conceptual and structural constraints in a usually concrete and literal source meaning. It involves a selective restructuring of the content and will foreground features that tend to be peripheral, or even just connotative, in the source.

              But there are also meaning extensions that cannot be considered figurative, even if this – as far as I know – has not been discussed much in semantics literature. (Cf. Alm-Arvius 1993:27f) This talk will exemplify and analyse non-metaphorical extensions with similar or at least comparable semantic changes, and compare them with metaphors. In this way metaphorical extension can be positioned within a wider spectrum of semantic processes that seem to be based on or proceed from literal sources by partial suppression and restructuring of their contents. This ought to provide us with more general insights into meaning variation and its inter-relation with cognitive and behavioural capacities in humans that appear crucial for what we are and how we construct and maintain conceptual structures and cultural practices.

              The analytical dimensions we will look at are

    • the contrast between semantic contents – literal or metaphorical – that describe phenomena in the real world and those that deal with things in some merely imaginary situation (cf. other possible worlds)
    • the (related) contrast between different types of world views, in particular pre-scientific, religiously coloured world views and the kind of world view that arose with the enlightenment and the development of modern science
    • the contrasts between factually oriented descriptions, metaphors connected with them, and emotive outbursts

     

    Using these contrastive dimensions as our distinctive criteria, we can analyse the difference between meanings in examples like the following.

                

             1)      Inanimate things like walls cannot see and hear. (Factual claim)

                      These walls can see and hear. (Metaphorical, about a real-world situation)

                      If these walls could see and hear … (About a conceivable but merely imaginary situation)

     

             2)      Horses cannot fly. (Factual claim)

    The horse flew faster than the wind. (Metaphorical, if used about a real-world situation)

    We would like to see that horse develop wings and fly. (Metaphorical? Or about                 a merely imaginary situation?)

    A pegasus is a horse with wings that can fly. (A mythological creature)

     

             3)      That woman is a witch. (Are there witches in the real world, or should this                 use of witch be understood metaphorically? Cf. That woman is like a witch.)

     

             4)      We stepped into a pile of dog shit. (Literal sense; cf. dirt or excrement)

                      The Internet is shit. (Metaphorical)

                      Oh shit! (Exclamation)

     

    Comparative analyses of such examples should, for instance, help us to enquire into how logico-empirical conceptions will be formed, how metaphors help us to deal with actual phenomena, how myths are created and live on, or why emotions have commonly been described as abstract, and in need of metaphorical representation, in spite of their direct experiential or bodily character.

  • 3231.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Metaphors, cognition, language constructions and contexts: Seminar presentation2012Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation will start with an overview of theories about the character and function of metaphor, and then proceed to an examination of central dimensions in metaphor analyses, describing and discussing the status or function of aesthetics, rhetoric, categorisation, (embodied) conceptualisation, and text building in metaphor formation and use. It will conclude with an outline of the perceived weight and value of various attempts at explaining the nature of metaphor in human conception and communication.

  • 3232.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Metonymy2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3233.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Poetic figurative-literal meaning reversals in puns2007In: The Stockholm 2007 Metaphor Festival, Sept. 20–21, 2007, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper metonymy and metaphor are described in relation to the notion of poetic meaning, the definitional feature shared by all types of figurative uses. Even if both these types of tropes will draw on encyclopaedic experiences, or pre- or extra-linguistic cognitive complexes, they are also formed in relation to established structures in a language system. In other words, their occurrence shows how intertwined linguistic knowledge and experientially based cognition will be. Moreover, it is arguable that at least “fully alive” metaphors will have a more noticeable poetic and figurative character than metonymic uses. The reason for this is that a metaphor brings together domains that are felt to be similar in some respect, although they are also clearly different. In this imaginative coalescence many features in the source are suppressed, and a kind of ‘fake’ superordinate category is created: the generalised target meaning. It spans both the ordinarily concrete source and some other phenomenon, often something more abstract. The poetic or figurative character of metonymies is by comparison more inconspicuous, presumably because they constitute descriptive or referential shortcuts in relation to just one meronymically structured domain or chain of contiguous domains.

  • 3234.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Polysemy: conventional and incidental cases2011In: Linguistics Applied, ISSN 1689-7765, Vol. 4, p. 11-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Polysemy is a key question in the field of semantics. Empirical observations, analysis and description of polysemy are important for theoretical considerations and development as well as for applied linguistics, e.g. lexicography.

    Polysemy occurs when a lexical unit or a construction is used to represent different but also related meanings. Polysemous variation is either conventional and systematic or the result of merely incidental, contextually induced meaning shifts. A polyseme has one or more distinct and entrenched sense potentials, but they sometimes combine or fuse in actual language use. In addition, there are more general types of regular polysemy that are only pragmatically instantiated, as well as idiosyncratic and unpredictable meaning changes. By comparison, a monosemic element has only one conventional sense, while homonyms just happen to be formally identical although their meanings are not related.

    Important factors in polysemous variation are (i) the occurrence of different types of meaning, or language functions, (ii) differences in experiential domain connections, and (iii) differences in sense relations. The following types of polysemous variation have been recognised: collocational tailoring, domain shift, metaphor, metonymy, perspective shift, value reversal, irony, emotive colouring, interpersonal signal, and idiom breaking.  

  • 3235.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Semantics and pragmatics2008In: Linguistics Applied, ISSN 1689-7765, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 29-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Christina Alm-Arvius

    English Department,

    Stockholm University

    SE106 91 Stockholm

    Sweden

    Christina.Alm-Arvius@English.su.se

    http://www.english.su.se/

     

     

    Semantics and Pragmatics

     

    Abstract:

    Meanings in natural language use can be either systematic or incidental, but all the same it does not appear possible to identify a set of consistent and non-contradictory criteria for distinguishing two general contrasting meaning categories termed semantics and pragmatics respectively. Instead the most valid theoretical description seems to be to include any possible meanings of a language, or its use, in the qualitative notion of semantics, and, in addition, recognise the occurrence of incidental pragmatic meaning variations and additions. In other words, semantics is the wider or superordinate category, encompassing all and any language meanings, while pragmatics is a smaller, subordinate category, including only situationally induced or personally variable meaning aspects.

     

    Key words: deixis, implicatures, pragmatics, presuppositions, reference, semantics, semantics of understanding, speech acts, truth-conditional semantics

  • 3236.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Göteborgs universitet.
    The English Verb See: A Study in Multiple Meaning1991Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 3237.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    The teaching of semantics in the Department of English2007Report (Other academic)
  • 3238.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    The Word-Class Status of Worth1995In: Studies in Anglistics, Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell International , 1995Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3239.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Trolls2012In: Metaphor in Use: Context, culture, and communication / [ed] Fiona MacArthur, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2012, p. 309-327Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The persistent occurrence of the noun troll in Swedish indicates that it is a culturally entrenched notion in Sweden as well as in other Scandinavian countries. The aim of this chapter is to explore the use of troll in modern Swedish and to show how culturally-entrenched concepts, and the attitudes that are associated with them, are integrated in the language of a speech community as part of its heritage. The noun has a complex and variable sense potential, and both literal and metaphorical uses of the noun are attitudinally coloured, although these attitudes may be ambiguous and even contradictory. Using linguistic evidence gathered from dictionaries and Internet sources, this chapter describes and discusses the rich and partly antithetical set of attitudes expressed by the conventional and novel metaphorical expressions that draw on this Scandinavian mythological concept, and briefly compares Swedish uses of troll with those found in English, finding that even though the word is used also in this comparatively closely related language, it is devoid of the rich cultural associations of the donor term.

  • 3240.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Universal and Language-­‐specific Components of Cultural Metaphors2012In: RaAM 9 Conference: Metaphor in Mind and Society: Book of Abstracts, 2012, p. 43-44Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation examines two lexicalised compounds in Swedish with at least basically metaphorical senses connected with the Swedish Social Democratic vision and attempted practical construction of a modern egalitarian welfare state: folkhemmet: ‘’the people’s home’ and klassresa: ‘class journey’.

    We are going to consider the experiential and conceptual grounding of the compounds folkhemmet and klassresa i) within a specific, Swedish cultural and ideological discourse complex as well as in relation to ii) a set of presumably universal meaning dimensions or functions, and iii) some embodied, also presumably universal image schemas.

  • 3241.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Vad är det för mening med joyceanskan i Finnegan's Wake?2004In: Circularrundbrev, Vol. 1Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 3242.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    We shall soon grow to know each other better: Know, a gradable verb2004In: An International Master of Syntax and Semantics: Gothenburg Studies in English 88, Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, Gothenburg , 2004, p. 21–30-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3243.
    Almas, Ingvild
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for International Economic Studies.
    Cappelen, Alexander W.
    Salvanes, Kjell G.
    Sørensen, Erik Ø.
    Tungodden, Bertil
    Willingness to Compete: Family Matters2016In: Management science, ISSN 0025-1909, E-ISSN 1526-5501, Vol. 62, no 8, p. 2149-2162Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the role of family background in explaining differences in the willingness to compete in a cognitive task. By combining data from a lab experiment conducted with a fairly representative sample of adolescents in Norway and high-quality register data on family background, we show that family background is fundamental in two important ways. First, boys from low socioeconomic status families are less willing to compete than boys from better-off families, even when controlling for confidence, performance, risk preferences, time preferences, social preferences, and psychological traits. Second, family background is crucial for understanding the large gender difference in the willingness to compete. Girls are much less willing to compete than boys among children from better-off families, whereas we do not find any gender difference in willingness to compete among children from low socioeconomic status families. Our data suggest that the main explanation of the role of family background is that the father's socioeconomic status is strongly associated with boys' willingness to compete. We do not find any association between the willingness to compete for boys or girls and the mother's socioeconomic status or other family characteristic that may potentially shape competition preferences, including parental equality and sibling rivalry.

  • 3244. Almberg, Britt
    et al.
    Rönnerfält, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Söderberg, Maria
    Törnquist, Agneta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Mat för äldre - viktigt för alla: Ett Genombrottsprojekt i ett äldre-FoU:s regi2005Report (Other academic)
  • 3245.
    Almberg, Shiu-Pang
    Stockholm University.
    The poetry of Chen Jingrong: a modern Chinese woman poet1988Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Diss.

  • 3246.
    Almberg, Tilde
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Gustafsson, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    På ungdomars uppdrag: En kvalitativ studie om kuratorers tankar om och erfarenheter av möten med ungdomar2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how counselors who work at youth clinics relate to the question of the integrity of adolescents who are under 18 years old in relation to the parents rights to information. The study was based on semi-structured interviews with eight counselors from youth clinics in the StockholmCounty. We have analyzed our empirical material by categorizing the statements from the counselors and by using two different theories. The first one is a consequential ethics theory and the second one is a cognitive theory. These two theories have helped us to understand the thoughts and actions of the counselors. The results show that the counselors try to protect the integrity of the adolescents and that they only consider breaking that trust if they are concerned about the young persons physical or mental health. Often it is only in these situations, when the counselor might have to report to the social services, that the parents are given right to receive information. This indicates that the counselors have a strong belief in letting the adolescents keep their integrity and this ethical dilemma is only present in situations where the counselor is concerned for the adolescent.

  • 3247.
    Almberg, Wah-Sui
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Modelling Epidemic Influenza: A Novel Approach2012Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Modelling the dynamics of socio-biological complex systems is no trivial task. The dynamics of the spread of influenza in a population constitutes such a system. There are various tools for modelling influenza spread. These methods have shortcomings that one would like to resolve, for example, lack of insight into the patterns of geographic spreading or incongruence with observed epidemiological patterns of spread. We suggest that the epidemiological characteristics reflect an informational systemic structure at a fundamental level. ‘Information’ here refers to David Bohm’s conception of ‘active information’, a kind of information that is intrinsically part of nature, without the need of a ‘knower’ or observer of the information.

  • 3248.
    Almberg, Wah-Sui
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Boman, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    An active agent portfolio management algorithm2005In: Artificial intelligence and computer science / [ed] Susan Shannon, Hauppauge, N.Y.: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2005, p. 127-138Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3249.
    Almberg, Wah-Sui
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Boman, Magnus
    An Ontological Quantum Mechanics Model of Influenza2010In: ERCIM News, ISSN 0926-4981, no 82, p. 42-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Seasonal flu has prevailed in the temperate zones for 400 years without adequate scientific explanation. We suggest a novel approach to modelling influenza building on the ideas and theories of David Bohm.

  • 3250.
    Almberg, Wah-Sui
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Kjellin, Harald
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Reusing examples of general patterns for indexing and communicating knowledge2010In: Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference ICT, Society and Human Beings 2010: part of the IADIS MULTI CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER SCIENCE AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS 2010 / [ed] Gunilla Bradley, IADIS Press , 2010, p. 115-121Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Analogies can be used in most areas of human communication to highlight points of special interest. The creation of specific, specialised patterns, examples, or analogies for facilitating communication is resource consuming. We therefore hypothesize that there are universal patterns that can be used and reused more economically, compared to specialised patterns, for indexing and communicating knowledge. We have conducted empirical tests with altogether 204 students that each one was given 20 minutes to solve problems from six different scientific areas. The results of our tests show clearly an improvement of their problem solving skill when universal patterns were employed as cognitive aids. The average result of the test group that used universal patterns was 81 per cent higher than that of the control group.

62636465666768 3201 - 3250 of 109613
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf