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  • 3451.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies.
    'Iorubá brasileiro': representações da linguagem do candomblé2006In: Publication of the Afro-Latin/American Research Association : PALARA, ISSN 1093-5398, no Fall issue, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3452.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies.
    Language within the sacred space of Candomblé: identity markers and re-Africanization2002In: Ibero-Americana, Nordic Journal of Latin American Studies, ISSN 0046-8444, Vol. XXXII, no 2, p. 97-102Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 3453.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies.
    O papel da linguagem na formação de identidades alternativas em contexto sócio-cultural afro-brasileiro2003In: Estudos Portugueses e Africanos, ISSN 0103-1821, no 41, p. 5-13Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3454.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Proposta para um estudo dos africanismos no Brasil2000In: XIV Skandinaviska romanistkongressen: Stockholm 10-15 augusti 1999 / [ed] Nystedt, Jane, Stockholm, 2000Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3455.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Quem eram os minas? Notas sobre a 'nação' mina no sul do Brasil e no Prata no século XIX2015In: Dinâmicas Afro-Latinas: Língua(s) e História(s) / [ed] Juanito Ornelas de Avelar, Laura Álvarez López, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2015, p. 43-63Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The collection covers topics of interest to both the historical and linguistic study of the contacts between speakers of African and Iberian languages in the constitution of Latin American societies. Supported by historical and demographic data, the twelve chapters cover topics of interest to the discussion on the formation of Latin American varieties of Portuguese and Spanish. Moreover, the book draws attention to the need to articulate the fields of Linguistics and History and contributes to the discussion on the formation of varieties of Latin American Portuguese and Spanish.

  • 3456.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies.
    Spanish in the world: assessing the positive value of multilingual encounters2007In: Spain and its languages - A comparative view on the regional and minority language policies and developments of Spain and Sweden: Papers from the Erkänd 2 Conference / [ed] Jarmo Lainio, Eskilstuna: Mälardalens Högskola , 2007, p. 46-63Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3457.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    The Language of the Slave Spirits in Brazilian Umbanda: Memories of Ancestral Dignity2019In: Shackled Sentiments: Slaves, Spirits, and Memories in the African Diaspora / [ed] Eric J. Montgomery, Lanham: Lexington Books, 2019, p. 177-194Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter focuses on the speech of slave spirits, or pretos-velhos (‘old Blacks’), that we meet in Umbanda communities in Brazil. Such spirits are understood as old African slaves who may possess initiated mediums during the state of trance in rituals. Pretos-velhos represent the memory of slavery by showing a linguistic behavior associated with their condition of enslaved Africans brought from Africa to Brazil: a particular way of speaking, as if an old speaker of African languages who had learned Portuguese as a second language. Earlier studies discuss linguistic characteristics that distinguish the speech of pretos-velhos from other varieties of Brazilian Portuguese, and compare their speech with literary representations of the speech of Africans and their descendants in Brazil, affirming that the contact between speakers of Portuguese and African languages can explain the emergence of specific linguistic features. This chapter will analyze both recordings with one preto-velho called Pai João (‘Father John’) gathered by the author during fieldwork in an Umbanda community in 2005, and written representations of the speech of pretos-velhos in books with Umbanda ritual songs. The findings indicate that, at some point in time, the linguistic features represented in the speech of pretos-velhos were characteristic of all speakers of African languages who learned Portuguese as a second language informally in Brazilian colonial settings. Moreover, the use of certain phonetic and grammatical features in the speech of pretos-velhos has contributed to the characterization of the linguistic behavior of native speakers of African languages who acquired Portuguese as a second language. Some of the features are also present in the so-called Brazilian vernacular Portuguese (and may even be explained by contact with African languages), other signal the speech of a foreigner. The oral representations can be used to complement the limited written data available to us on the speech of the slave population. Finally, we believe that in sacred spaces, where the agents or owners of discourse belong to Afro-Brazilian religious communities, specific or innovative linguistic features seem to recreate African ancestral dignity. After all, the pretos-velhos, spirits of the light, born in Africa, are always ready to help people who often come to Umbanda temples the consult them.

  • 3458.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies.
    Toyin Falola and Matt D. Childs (eds.) The Yoruba Diaspora in the Atlantic World. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 20042005In: Ibero-Americana, Nordic Journal of Latin American Studies, ISSN 0046-8444, Vol. XXXV, no 2, p. 69-73Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 3459.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Who named slaves and their children? Names and naming practices among enslaved Africans brought to the Americas and their descendants with focus on Brazil2015In: Journal of African Cultural Studies, ISSN 1369-6815, E-ISSN 1469-9346, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 159-171Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the paper is to discuss names and naming practices among Africans and their descendants in slave societies in the Americas and to present a brief overview of naming systems among these groups in colonial as well as modern Brazil. Data from previous research on names and naming practices in a number of slave societies in the Americas constitutes the point of departure for discussing who named enslaved Africans and their sons and daughters, in order to provide an overview of the different types of names that have been registered for such groups, and to comment on how these names may have been chosen and used, as well as how they reflect power relations and express resistance. The paper shows that owners were not always the name-givers of slaves and that, although African names are rare in historical records, modern naming practices may still include components of African origins and evoke memories of collective experiences. 

  • 3460.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies.
    Who speaks Yoruba in Brazil?: africanisms as identity markers and re-africanization2003In: Kyiv National Linguistic University (KNLU) Messenger, ISSN 2415-7333, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 19-24Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3461.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies.
    Alkmim, Tania
    Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Brazil.
    Registros da escravidão: as falas de pretos-velhos e de Pai João2009In: Stockholm Review of Latin American Studies: Afro-Latin American religious Expressions and Representations, ISSN ISSN 1654-0204, no 4, p. 37-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article presents and compares speech varieties associated with two elements of Afro-Brazilian traditions: pretos velhos, i.e. spirits of Black slaves in Umbanda, an Afro-Latin American religion; and Pai João, i.e. Father John, a character from a cycle of traditional stories gathered by various folklorists. While Pai João has been compared to Uncle Tom, the pretos-velhos that we meet in Umbanda communities, are understood as old African slaves that sometimes possess adepts during the state of trance. Both reveal a linguistic behaviour that is distinct from local norms: a language variety marked by a set of features associated with the speech used by Africans during slavery. The presence of the same linguistic characteristics in contemporary oral representations complements the older written sources that have been analyzed until present.

  • 3462.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies.
    Coll, MagdalenaUniversidad de la República, Uruguay.
    Una historia sin fronteras: léxico de origen africano en Uruguay y Brasil2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A history without borders: lexicon of African origin in Uruguay and Brazil

    This volume brings together a series of studies aimed at analyzing the presence of African lexical items in Latin American varieties of Iberoromance languages on both sides of the Uruguayan-Brazilian border. The first chapter introduces the historical perspective and the following articles present results from the linguistic research conducted by the participants of the international research project Afro-Latin Linguistics: language contact in intercultural settings. The two editors, Laura Álvarez López and Magdalena Coll, are also coordinator and co-coordinator of the project. The general aim of this research group is to increase the current knowledge about intercultural encounters and their impact on the dynamics of language and culture by studying language change in socio-cultural contexts where speakers of Spanish, Portuguese and African languages have lived side by side.

  • 3463.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies.
    The role of language in the construction of gender and ethnic-religious identities in Brazilian-Candomblé communities2007In: Language and religious identity: women in discourse / [ed] Allyson Jule, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, p. 149-171Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3464.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies.
    Jonsson, Carla
    Stockholm University, The Stockholm Institute of Education.
    Sustainable development in foreign language teaching: focus on diversity2007In: Linguistic diversity and sustainable development: Papers from the ASLA symposium in Eskilstna, 9-10 November, 2006, Eskilstuna: ASLA (Assocaition suédoise de linguistique appliquée) , 2007, p. 71-87Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3465.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Lundgren, SiljeStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.Machado-Borges, ThaïsStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Contemporary Struggles in Latin America2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 3466.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Seiler Brylla, CharlottaStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.Shaw, PhilipStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Computer mediated discourse across languages2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 3467.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Portuguese.
    Sundberg, Ann-Kari
    Simfors, Per
    Studentcentrerad och forskningsbaserad kursutveckling - en möjlighet?2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3468.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Portuguese.
    Thylefors, MarkelGöteborgs Universitet.Wedel, JohanGöteborgs universitet.
    Afro-Latin American religious expressions and representations2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 3469.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies.
    Wedel, Johan
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Thylefors, Markel
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Introduction2009In: Stockholm Review of Latin American Studies, ISSN 1654-0204, no 4, p. 3-10Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 3470.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies.
    Westerlund, David
    Afroamerikanska religioner2012In: Religion i Latinamerika / [ed] Magnus Lundberg, David Westerlund, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2012, p. 226-259Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3471.
    Alvarez, Margarita
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Bergvall, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Psykisk ohälsa bland barn och ungdomar i socialtjänstens öppenvård.: En kvantitativ studie om psykisk ohälsa, kön och socioekonomi i Södermalm och Rinkeby-Kista utförd med “the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire”(SDQ)2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this quantitative study is to describe the prevalence of mental health problems within the group of children and adolescents who receive support from two in home care units within the social services of Rinkeby-Kista and Södermalm stadsdelsförvaltning in Stockholm. Another purpose is to examine whether socioeconomic background and/or gender are associated with the prevalence of poor mental health, or mental health problems of a specific kind, in the studied population. Mental health is measured with the SDQ, a behavioral screening questionnaire that is widely used in Sweden and internationally. The study is based on data collected by the two units, which routinely screen children and adolescents with the SDQ. The main results of this study indicate that mental health problems are common in the studied population. The proportion of the children and adolescents who are found to be at risk of developing mental health problems that amount to a psychiatric diagnosis is twice as large as in a community sample. Very few statistically significant associations were found between the variables gender or socioeconomic background and mental health. We have analyzed the results of this study with Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory.

  • 3472. Alvarez, Mariano J.
    et al.
    Subramaniam, Prem S.
    Tang, Laura H.
    Grunn, Adina
    Aburi, Mahalaxmi
    Rieckhof, Gabrielle
    Komissarova, Elena V.
    Hagan, Elizabeth A.
    Bodei, Lisa
    Clemons, Paul A.
    Dela Cruz, Filemon S.
    Dhall, Deepti
    Diolaiti, Daniel
    Fraker, Douglas A.
    Ghavami, Afshin
    Kaemmerer, Daniel
    Karan, Charles
    Kidd, Mark
    Kim, Kyoung M.
    Kim, Hee C.
    Kunju, Lakshmi P.
    Langel, Ülo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Neurochemistry. University of Tartu, Estonia.
    Li, Zhong
    Lee, Jeeyun
    Li, Hai
    LiVolsi, Virginia
    Pfragner, Roswitha
    Rainey, Allison R.
    Realubit, Ronald B.
    Remotti, Helen
    Regberg, Jakob
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Neurochemistry.
    Roses, Robert
    Rustgi, Anil
    Sepulveda, Antonia R.
    Serra, Stefano
    Shi, Chanjuan
    Yuan, Xiaopu
    Barberis, Massimo
    Bergamaschi, Roberto
    Chinnaiyan, Arul M.
    Detre, Tony
    Ezzat, Shereen
    Frilling, Andrea
    Hommann, Merten
    Jaeger, Dirk
    Kim, Michelle K.
    Knudsen, Beatrice S.
    Kung, Andrew L.
    Leahy, Emer
    Metz, David C.
    Milsom, Jeffrey W.
    Park, Young S.
    Reidy-Lagunes, Diane
    Schreiber, Stuart
    Washington, Kay
    Wiedenmann, Bertram
    Modlin, Irvin
    Califano, Andrea
    A precision oncology approach to the pharmacological targeting of mechanistic dependencies in neuroendocrine tumors2018In: Nature Genetics, ISSN 1061-4036, E-ISSN 1546-1718, Vol. 50, no 7, p. 979-989Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We introduce and validate a new precision oncology framework for the systematic prioritization of drugs targeting mechanistic tumor dependencies in individual patients. Compounds are prioritized on the basis of their ability to invert the concerted activity of master regulator proteins that mechanistically regulate tumor cell state, as assessed from systematic drug perturbation assays. We validated the approach on a cohort of 212 gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs), a rare malignancy originating in the pancreas and gastrointestinal tract. The analysis identified several master regulator proteins, including key regulators of neuroendocrine lineage progenitor state and immunoevasion, whose role as critical tumor dependencies was experimentally confirmed. Transcriptome analysis of GEP-NET-derived cells, perturbed with a library of 107 compounds, identified the HDAC class I inhibitor entinostat as a potent inhibitor of master regulator activity for 42% of metastatic GEP-NET patients, abrogating tumor growth in vivo. This approach may thus complement current efforts in precision oncology.

  • 3473.
    Alvarez Neminuschiy, Antonio
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies.
    Rosa Montero y la memoria colectiva de España: Importancia de la memoria colectiva en “La loca de la casa”2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    En este trabajo nos proponemos analizar tres diferentes versiones de una misma historia que le sucede al alter ego de la escritora y periodista española Rosa Montero a mediados de los años setenta. La historia, en sus tres versiones, es contada por este alter ego en la novela La loca de la casa (2003). Nuestro objetivo es demostrar la importancia que la memoria colectiva de España ha tenido para la memoria individual del narrador personaje. Los hechos que le suceden a este alter ego de Montero no habrían tenido lugar si en la España de los años setenta del pasado siglo no hubiesen ocurrido ciertos acontecimientos que los españoles de la generación de la escritora recuerdan muy bien, y que hoy forman parte de la memoria colectiva de la nación. Con la ayuda de este estudio veremos cómo la autora juega con la historia de su vida, mostrándonos que las cosas no siempre son lo que aparentan en el mundo de la literatura. También vamos a analizar el papel de algunos de los personajes secundarios del libro, de gran importancia para el análisis. Hay que subrayar que hemos optado por centrarnos en las partes más autobiográficas de la novela, ya que estas son las que más tienen que ver con la memoria y la imaginación. En este análisis penetramos el mundo de la memoria y la literatura y, al mismo tiempo, el del olvido.

  • 3474.
    Alvarez, Patricia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Lund, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Motivation i äldreomsorgen: En fallstudie av enhetschefer och omvårdnadspersonal2001Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats behandlar ämnet motivation inom äldreomsorgen med fokusering på omvårdnadspersonalen. Det råder stor brist på sjuksköterskor, undersköterskor och vårdbiträden idag och att hålla kvar sin personal, deras kunskap och erfarenhet inom organisationen är oerhört viktigt.

  • 3475. Alvarez-Crespo, Mayte
    et al.
    Csikasz, Robert I.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute.
    Martinez-Sanchez, Noelia
    Dieguez, Carlos
    Cannon, Barbara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute.
    Nedergaard, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute.
    Lopez, Miguel
    Essential role of UCP1 modulating the central effects of thyroid hormones on energy balance2016In: Molecular metabolism, ISSN 2212-8778, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 271-282Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Classically, metabolic effects of thyroid hormones (THs) have been considered to be peripherally mediated, i.e. different tissues in the body respond directly to thyroid hormones with an increased metabolism. An alternative view is that the metabolic effects are centrally regulated. We have examined here the degree to which prolonged, centrally infused triiodothyronine (T3) could in itself induce total body metabolic effects and the degree to which brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis was essential for such effects, by examining uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) KO mice. Methods: Wildtype and UPC1 KO mice were centrally-treated with T3 by using minipumps. Metabolic measurements were analyzed by indirect calorimetry and expression analysis by RT-PCR or western blot. BAT morphology and histology were studied by immunohistochemistry. Results: We found that central T3-treatment led to reduced levels of hypothalamic AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and elevated body temperature (0.7 degrees C). UCP1 was essential for the T3-induced increased rate of energy expenditure, which was only observable at thermoneutrality and notably only during the active phase, for the increased body weight loss, for the increased hypothalamic levels of neuropeptide Y (NPY) and agouti-related peptide (AgRP) and for the increased food intake induced by central T3-treatment. Prolonged central T3-treatment also led to recruitment of BAT and britening/beiging (browning) of inguinal white adipose tissue (iWAT). Conclusions: We conclude that UCP1 is essential for mediation of the central effects of thyroid hormones on energy balance, and we suggest that similar UCP1-dependent effects may underlie central energy balance effects of other agents.

  • 3476.
    Alvarinho Gonçalves, Iara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics. Universidade Eduardo Mondlane.
    Direct Images Of Locally Constant Sheaves on Complements to Plane Line Arrangements2015Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 3477.
    Alvarsson, Jesper J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Aircraft noise and speech intelligibility in outdoor living spacesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 3478.
    Alvarsson, Jesper J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Perspectives on wanted and unwanted sounds in outdoor environments: Studies of masking, stress recovery, and speech intelligibility2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    An acoustic environment contains sounds from various sound sources, some generally perceived as wanted, others as unwanted. This thesis examines the effects of wanted and unwanted sounds in acoustic environments, with regard to masking, stress recovery, and speech intelligibility.

    In urban settings, masking of unwanted sounds by sounds from water structures has been suggested as a way to improve the acoustic environment. However, Study I showed that the unwanted (road traffic) sound was better at masking the wanted (water) sound than vice versa, thus indicating that masking of unwanted sounds with sounds from water structures may prove difficult. Also, predictions by a partial loudness model of the auditory periphery overestimated the effect of masking, indicating that centrally located informational masking processes contribute to the effect. Some environments have also been shown to impair stress recovery; however studies using only auditory stimuli is lacking. Study II showed that a wanted (nature) sound improve stress recovery compared to unwanted (road traffic, ambient) sounds. This suggests that the acoustic environment influences stress recovery and that wanted sounds may facilitate stress recovery compared to unwanted sounds. An additional effect of unwanted sounds is impeded speech communication, commonly measured with speech intelligibility models. Study III showed that speech intelligibility starts to be negatively affected when the unwanted (aircraft sound) masker have equal or higher sound pressure level as the speech sound. Three models of speech intelligibility (speech intelligibility index, partial loudness and signal–to–noise ratio) predicted this effect well, with a slight disadvantage for the signal–to–noise ratio model. Together, Study I and III suggests that the partial loudness model is useful for determining effects of wanted and unwanted sounds in outdoor acoustic environments where variations in sound pressure level are large. But, in environments with large variations in other sound characteristics, models containing predictions of central processes would likely produce better results.

    The thesis concludes that wanted and unwanted characteristics of sounds in acoustic environments affect masking, stress recovery, and speech intelligibility, and that auditory perception models can predict these effects.

  • 3479.
    Alvarsson, Jesper, J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stress recovery during exposure to natural sounds and environmental noise2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research suggests that physiological stress reactions may be reduced by visual impressions from natural environments as compared to urban or built-up environments. The present experiment tested whether similar effects might be found by auditory stimulation. Forty university students were tested in an experiment with four consecutive recovery sessions after stressful mental arithmetic tests. The independent variables were type of sound during recovery. The sound was either a natural sound environment (sounds from water and birdsong, at 50 dBA), or three types of noisy environments (traffic noises at 50 or 80 dBA or ambient background sound at 40 dBA). The main dependent variables were physiological recovery from stress, as measured by decrease in heart rate (HR) and skin conductance level (SCL) after the stressful arithmetic test. The main result was that SCL reduction was faster during nature sounds than during the various noises. For HR, no systematic effects of experimental sounds were found. The result for SCL lends some support the hypothesis that exposure to natural sounds facilitate physiological stress recovery.

  • 3480.
    Alvarsson, Jesper J.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nordström, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lundén, Peter
    Nilsson, Mats E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Aircraft noise and speech intelligibility in an outdoor living space2014In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, ISSN 0001-4966, E-ISSN 1520-8524, Vol. 135, no 6, p. 3455-3462Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies of effects on speech intelligibility from aircraft noise in outdoor places are currently lacking. To explore these effects, first-order ambisonic recordings of aircraft noise were reproduced outdoors in a pergola. The average background level was 47 dB L-Aeq. Lists of phonetically balanced words (L-ASmax,L- word = 54 dB) were reproduced simultaneously with aircraft passage noise (L-ASmax,L- noise = 72-84 dB). Twenty individually tested listeners wrote down each presented word while seated in the pergola. The main results were (i) aircraft noise negatively affects speech intelligibility at sound pressure levels that exceed those of the speech sound (signal-to-noise ratio, S/N < 0), and (ii) the simple A-weighted S/N ratio was nearly as good an indicator of speech intelligibility as were two more advanced models, the Speech Intelligibility Index and Glasberg and Moore's [J. Audio Eng. Soc. 53, 906-918 (2005)] partial loudness model. This suggests that any of these indicators is applicable for predicting effects of aircraft noise on speech intelligibility outdoors.

  • 3481.
    Alvarsson, Jesper J.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Wiens, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nilsson, Mats E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stress Recovery during Exposure to Nature Sound and Environmental Noise2010In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 1036-1046Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research suggests that visual impressions of natural compared with urban environments facilitate recovery after psychological stress. To test whether auditory stimulation has similar effects, 40 subjects were exposed to sounds from nature or noisy environments after a stressful mental arithmetic task. Skin conductance level (SCL) was used to index sympathetic activation, and high frequency heart rate variability (HF HRV) was used to index parasympathetic activation. Although HF HRV showed no effects, SCL recovery tended to be faster during natural sound than noisy environments. These results suggest that nature sounds facilitate recovery from sympathetic activation after a psychological stressor.

  • 3482.
    Alvarsson, Josefine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Vittnet som brottsoffer2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3483.
    Alvarsson, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Segerud, Lisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Kvalitet - Vad är det?: Hur kunder till systemleverantörer upplever kvalitet2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Vad är egentligen kvalitet? En allmän uppfattning bland forskare är att kvalitet är en upplevelse hos kunden, och att det är kunden som avgör vad som är kvalitet. Att säljaren erbjuder hög kvalitet kan ses som en grundstrategi då det är kvalitet som kunden i slutändan betalar för. Vilka faktorer som ligger till grund för kundens kvalitetsupplevelse varierar dock från fall till fall. För att kunna leverera kvalitet är det viktigt att säljaren har kännedom om de attribut och egenskaper som är viktiga för just deras målgrupp. Teorier inom kvalitetsområdet är av tämligen generell karaktär. Det finns få empiriska studier som förklarar kundens uppfattning av kvalitet i specifika branscher och sammanhang. Kunskapsföretag som säljer komplexa produkter och tjänster till andra företag växer i antal samtidigt som kvalitetsforskningen kring dessa företag är knapp. Exempel på företag i denna kategori är systemleverantörer. Ur systemleverantörens perspektiv krävs ökad förståelse för vad som ligger till grund för köparnas bedömning av kvalitet. Syfte: Uppsatsen syftar till att öka förståelsen för hur kunder till systemleverantörer upplever kvalitet. Genomförande: Uppsatsen är en kvalitativ studie där en av Sveriges ledande systemleverantörer har fungerat som fallföretag. Studien grundas på personliga intervjuer med kunder till fallföretaget samt intervjuer med andra köpare av leasing- och avbetalningssystem. Resultat: Det finns tio faktorer som var och en påverkar kundens bedömning av kvalitet. Om leverantören besitter och påvisar dessa är det troligt att köparen upplever hög kvalitet i kunderbjudandet. Dessa är utan inbördes rangordning hög systemstandard, långsiktig stabilitet, pålitlighet, god verksamhetskunskap, trevligt bemötande, god kommunikationsförmåga, proaktivitet, snabb och bra support, geografisk närhet samt vilja och förmåga att investera i kundrelationen. Det är svårt att uttala sig om vilken av dessa faktorer som är viktigast för kvalitetsupplevelsen. Det vi vågar säga är att samtliga, på ett eller annat sätt, inverkar på kvalitetsupplevelsen.

  • 3484.
    Alveborg, Isabella
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Tillit genom hållbarhet: En kvalitativ studie av hur Axfood skapar tillit genom kommunikationen av deras hållbarhetsarbete under 2015.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    SYFTE: Uppsatsens syfte är att kartlägga på vilket sätt Axfood kommunicerar sitt hållbarhetsarbete, i avseende att se hur Axfood upprätthåller tillit genom sin kommunikation. Tillit är en viktig komponent i företagsverksamheten och därför vill jag belysa hur olika stilistiska kompositioner både kan främja och hämma tilliten till ett företag. Studien fokuseras till Axfoods avsändarperspektiv med avsikt att strukturera upp och beskriva hur företaget kommunicerar sitt arbete med hållbarhet.

    TEORETISK RAM: Den teoretiska ramen bygger på hur tillit skapas genom kommunikation och utgår ifrån teorier om Corporate Social Responsibility, samt det retoriska begreppet ethos.

    METOD: Övergripande tematisering av materialet, samt en djupgående stilistisk analys av de delar i materialet som kommunicerar Axfoods hållbarhetsarbete.

    SLUTSATSER: Av Axfoods kommunikation är det hållbarhetsarbetet angående miljö som ges störst utrymme. Vidare går det att utläsa vissa stilistiska skillnader beroende på i vilken kommunikationskanal materialet återfinns, samt vilket hållbarhetsarbete som kommuniceras. Det här påverkar de olika tillvägagångssätten att skapa tillit.

  • 3485.
    Alvehed, Ellinor
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Olsson, Elin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Client Acceptance : Hur beslut om nya klienter fattas på stora revisionsbyråer i Sverige2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete handlar om hur risker, som finns i och med att en revisionsbyrå tar sig an en klient, behandlas av revisorer. Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att öka kunskapen om och förståelsen för hur stora revisionsbyråer i Sverige går tillväga vid riskbedömning för accepterande av nya klienter.

  • 3486.
    Alvehed, Ellinor
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Olsson, Elin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Revisorn och klienten: Lagstiftning, hot och möjligheter2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The purpose of this Master Thesis is to examine the pros and cons of long-term relationships between auditors and their clients. Also, our purpose is to examine auditors’ attitude towards current legislation and recommendations on the matter.

  • 3487. Alvehus, Johan
    et al.
    Jensen, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Organisation2015 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 3488.
    Alvemur, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Årsskiftet - En chans till överavkastning: En studie på förloraraktiers beteende kring årsskiftet2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen undersöker hur skattereglerna påverkar den svenska aktiemarknaden kring årsskiftet. Undersökningen sträcker sig tio år tillbaka i tiden, de aktier som ingår i undersökningen är förloraraktier med en historisk negativ utveckling de senaste tolv månaderna varje år. Aktiernas utveckling följs upp under de två månaderna kring årsskiftena, därefter jämförs utvecklingen med index.

  • 3489.
    Alvemur, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Fellenius, Rikard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Analytikernas tips - Goda eller dyra råd?: En studie kring börstips utgivna från tidningar och banker. Hur deras avkastning är jämfört med varandra och generalindex2000Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Mängder av information gällande hur man skall investera sitt sparkapital finns att tillgå. Vilken av denna information som man ska ta till sig är en aktuell och viktig fråga för de flesta.Vi har i denna undersökning jämfört köptips från banker och affärstidningar och sedan jämfört dess avkastning med varandra och index, vi har sedan följt utvecklingen under 1, 3 och 6 månaders tidsintervall. Undersökningen är gjord ur en enskild investerares perspektiv. Studien är gjord på köptips publicerade under perioden september 1999 till och med februari 2000. Resultatet har vi sedan testat i en hypotesprövning, detta för att se om vi kunde fastställa resultatet statistiskt. Vi har även justerat aktiekurserna med risk. Riskjusteringen är gjord med hjälp av aktiens beta värde.

  • 3490.
    Alveryd, Karolina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Manlig styrka och kvinnlig avvikelse?: Fokusgruppsintervjuer med universitets- och högskolestudenter om deras föreställningar om offer och gärningspersoner i nära relationer2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats bygger på tre, av mig och en annan student, genomförda fokusgruppsintervjuer. Sammanlagt intervjuades åtta personer som alla vid tidpunkten för intervjuerna var studerande vid universitet och högskolor i stockholmsområdet. Utgångspunkten är att ur ett genusteoretiskt perspektiv undersöka vilka attityder till och åsikter kring våld i heterosexuella nära relationer som framställs av intervjudeltagarna samt hur dessa i grupp, tillsammans konstruerar föreställningar om män och kvinnor som offer och gärningspersoner. Valet av fokusgruppsintervjuer som metod för kunskapssökande grundar sig i, en hos mig, konstruktivistisk syn på hur kunskap produceras. Detta innebär att jag ser på kunskap som något som skapas i interaktionen mellan människor i en viss socialt och kulturellt betingad kontext och där fokusgrupperna får anses representera en någorlunda verklighetsbaserad sådan. Meningen med intervjuerna är att deltagarna så fritt som möjligt skulle få resonera kring temat våld och genus även om vi som intervjuare hade vissa frågeställningar som vi ville att de skulle diskutera. Intervjuerna gick till så att fem fiktiva vinjetter av varierande längd delades ut. Vinjetterna beskrev händelser och handlingar som skulle kunna betraktas som våldshandlingar, där kön på offer och gärningspersoner varierade liksom om vinjetterna beskrev personer som hade en nära relation eller var för varandra okända.

  • 3491. Alves, Andreia
    et al.
    Giovanoulis, Georgios
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry. Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Ulrika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
    Erratico, Claudio
    Lucattini, Luisa
    Haug, Line S.
    Jacobs, Griet
    de Wit, Cynthia A.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
    Leonards, Pim E. G.
    Covaci, Adrian
    Magner, Jorgen
    Voorspoels, Stefan
    Case Study on Screening Emerging Pollutants in Urine and Nails2017In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851, Vol. 51, no 7, p. 4046-4053Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Alternative plasticizers and flame retardants (FRs) have been introduced as replacements for banned or restricted chemicals, but much is still unknown about their metabolism and occurrence in humans. We identified the metabolites formed in vitro for four alternative plasticizers (acetyltributyl citrate (ATBC), bis(2-propylheptyl) phthalate (DPHP), bis(2-ethylhexyl) terephthalate (DEHTP), bis(2ethylhexyl) adipate (DEHA)), and one FR (2,2-bis (chloromethyl)-propane-1,3-diyltetrakis(2-chloroethyl) bisphosphate (V6)). Further, these compounds and their metabolites were investigated by LC/ESI-Orbitrap-MS in urine and finger nails collected from a Norwegian cohort. Primary and secondary ATBC metabolites had detection frequencies (% DF) in finger nails ranging from 46 to 95%. V6 was identified for the first time in finger nails, suggesting that this matrix may also indicate past exposure to FRs as well as alternative plasticizers. Two isomeric forms of DEHTP primary metabolite were highly detected in urine (97% DF) and identified in finger nails, while no DPHP metabolites were detected in vivo. Primary and secondary DEHA metabolites were identified in both matrices, and the relative proportion of the secondary metabolites was higher in urine than in finger nails; the opposite was observed for the primary metabolites. As many of the metabolites present in in vitro extracts were further identified in vivo in urine and finger nail samples, this suggests that in vitro assays can reliably mimic the in vivo processes. Finger nails may be a useful noninvasive matrix for human biomonitoring of specific organic contaminants, but further validation is needed.

  • 3492.
    Alves D'Agostini, Raquel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Schizofreni och andra icke-affektiva psykotiska syndrom bland barn 12-17 år i Stockholms än: förekomst, samsjuklighet och bakgrundsfaktorer2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3493.
    Alvolin, Jonas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Nisbeth, Filip
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Effekter av likviditetsgarantin: En empiriskt studie av O-listenoterade bolag med likviditetsgaranter2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Efter introduktionen av likviditetsgarantin på Stockholmsbörsen i mitten på år 2003, har en

  • 3494.
    Alvolin, Jonas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Sjöholm, Douglas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Svenska IPO´s: -En empirisk studie av kontraktsformens samt prissättningsförfarandets inverkan på den initiala underprissättningen2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under senare hälften av 1900 – talet har en mängd forskning kring börsintroduktioner visat att det förekommer en stor underprissättning på nyintroducerade aktier. Vi har i den här uppsatsen sökt förklara en del av denna underprissättning utifrån två bakomliggande variabler. Dessa två variabler är den kontraktsform som används vid introduktionen, samt det prissättningsförfarande som används vid introduktionen. Det granskade området har varit introduktioner på Stockholmsbörsen, samt Nya marknaden under åren 1997 – 2004. Den statistiska metodik som har används för att påvisa eventuella skillnader undersökningsvariablerna emellan, är klassisk hypotesprövning med hjälp av t – test. Resultaten visar att den initiala underprissättningens storlek har minskat över tiden. Under denna period har kontraktsformen firm-commitment ökat markant i användande, i jämförelse med tidigare studier av den svenska marknaden, då kontraktsformen best-effort varit klart dominerande. Vid börsintroduktioner där anbudsförfarande används som prissättningsmetod tenderar den initiala underprissättningen att bli lägre, kontra då fastprisförfarande används.

  • 3495.
    Alvring, Simon
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education.
    Laptops in English language teaching2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate the use of laptops in English language teaching, its benefits and disadvantages. Three classroom observations, six student interviews and three teacher interviews were carried out to answer the study’s research questions, namely, what are the benefits and disadvantages of using laptops in the teaching of English at schools under study? How do teachers solve technical and pedagogical problems related to the use of laptops? What kinds of IT-support and possibility to develop teaching skills required by laptops are available for teachers of English?

    Results of the study indicate that easy access to authentic English through laptops is a benefit when teaching English at two Swedish compulsory schools and one high school. Furthermore, the study has shown that laptops are beneficial tools when teaching writing proficiency and working with problem-solving tasks in the classroom. The results of the study have also pointed to the disadvantage in the use of laptops during classroom activities, which are caused by students who are engaged in browsing off-task websites. However, a solution to this could be to include these websites into English language learning activities. The data from the interviews with the three English language teachers have provided evidence about different possibilities for IT-support and IT-development for these teachers.

    This study makes it clear that a successful implementation of one-to-one laptop programs requires teachers who can invest their time and energy into learning new technology, IT-development provided by the school and municipality through courses, workshops and visits at IT-fairs and other schools with one-to-one laptop program as well as a functional IT-support.

  • 3496.
    Alvsing, Siri
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Sekundära utnyttjanden av TV-sändningar: och begreppet överföring till allmänheten2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3497.
    Alvstad, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Institute for Interpreting and Translation Studies.
    Children’s Literature2019In: The Routledge Handbook of Literary Translation / [ed] Kelly Washbourne, Ben Van Wyke, Routledge, 2019, p. 159-180Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Adults as well both can and do read children's literature, either together with children or without them, just like children and young adults can read diverse literary materials targeting adults. The origins of children's literature are often traced back to early modern educational books for boys and girls that taught religious virtues and good manners to the upper classes. Some kinds of topics are by many adults deemed to be especially difficult for children to deal with, such as books culminating in a suicide, since such a denouement would leave the reader without any hope for a change for the better. After some initial reflections on the translation of children's literature as a performative and multimodal practice, the chapter presents a series of examples of typical interventions that take place in the translation of children's literature regarding violence, religion, racism and sexuality.

  • 3498.
    Alvstad, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Institute for Interpreting and Translation Studies.
    The Proliferating Paths of Jorge Luis Borges’ Work in Translation and the Resistance to an Innovative Trait2019In: Translation and World Literature / [ed] Susan Bassnett, Routledge, 2019, p. 144-158Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter focuses on a few selected translations of Borges literary prose, showing that Borges translators have chosen different paths, and that these are not always reconcilable one with the other. In the story, a Chinese agent working for the Germans in World War I is about to kill a random British citizen named Albert. All the versions, along with scholarly studies on Borges, talks with friends and colleagues, and research visits to the Centro Cultural Borges and the Museo Borges in Buenos Aires are sure to have influenced literature present idea of Borges' literary heritage. Butler and Boldy are clearly discussing the same story and the same sentences here, but the difference between their two readings is striking. Innovative metafiction was also changed into more traditional forms in other Swedish translations of the work of Latin American writers in the 1960s.

  • 3499.
    Alväger, Torsten
    Stockholm College.
    Contributions to the study of nuclear isomerism with special emphasis on isotope separated samples1960Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 3500.
    Alwazae, Meshari
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Template-driven Documentation of Best Practices2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge Management has become a key instrument for identifying, creating and sharing organizational knowledge assets. An attractive means for sharing knowledge is Best Practices (BPs), which are proven as well as efficient and effective solutions to recurring problems. BPs can offer significant benefits, including improved performance, reduced re-work and cost savings. However, it is challenging to share and use BP Documents (BPDs) in organizations, which is the overall problem addressed in this thesis. More precisely, the thesis focuses on two sub-problems: 1) The difficulty of finding and selecting appropriate BPs in large collections of BPs impedes the use of BPs, and 2) The low quality of BPDs impedes the use of BPs. Related to these problems, the thesis addresses two sub-goals. The first one is to design a BP Annotation Template for supporting the identification and selection of BPs in BP repositories. The template can be used for organizing and indexing the contents of BPDs independent of domain. The second sub-goal is to design a BP Document Template for supporting the creation, use and evaluation of BP documentation. The BP Document Template offers a structure for describing BPs in a detailed and systematic way.

     

    The research methodology applied is design science, which is the scientific study and creation of artifacts as they are developed and used by people with the goal of solving practical problems. The first artifact, the BP Annotation Template, has been designed and developed based on a literature study and evaluated using expert interviews. The second artifact, the BP Document Template, has been designed and developed based on a literature study using grounded theory as well as on interviews with KM experts. The BP Document Template has been evaluated using expert interviews and demonstrated by being applied in three real-life cases. By basing the two artifacts on literature studies, the two artifacts consolidate, integrate and extend previous work on BP documentation.

     

    The evaluations indicate that the BP Annotation Template provides a strong foundation for identifying and selecting BPs, independent of domain, and that the BP Document Template can support the structuring of BP documents so that they become complete, uniform and easy-to-use. An identified drawback of the two artifacts is the need for extensive resources for implementing and applying them since they may be complex and time-consuming to use. The artifacts are expected to support BP designers as well as BP managers and BP users.

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